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STAIR CASE PRESSURIZATION UNIT SOFTWARE

NUMBER OF FLOORS ( N ) = STAIRWELL WALL AREA = 4 FLOOR THE AMOUNT OF CFM FOR EACH FLOOR:

2 139.4496 FT PER FLOOR 2

EXTERIOR BUILDING WALL AREA = OUTSIDE DESIGN TEMPERATURE = STAIRWELL DESIGN TEMPERATURE = Exterior building walls Tight Average Loose Very lose Tight Average Loose 12

18496.44 FT PER FLOOR 115 85 N Y N N N Y N


O

F F A/Aw

574.67 R 544.67 R 0.00021 Average b


O

Stairwell walls

A/Aw

0.00011 Average b

STAIRWELL WALL HEIGHT =

FT PER FLOOR

UNIT SOFTWARE
THE AMOUNT OF CFM

880
FOR EACH FLOOR:

220

CFM

DONE BY: Engineer Hasan Kayed

STAIR CASE PRESSURIZATION UNIT CALCULATIONS


N: Numberof Floors = 4 Floor 18496.44 FT 2 PER FLOOR 115 85
O O

As : Stairwell Wall Area =

139.4496 FT 2 PER FLOOR F F 574.67 R 544.67 O R


O

Aw: Exterior Building Wall Area = To: Outside Design Temperature = Ts: Stairwell Design Temperature = Y: Stairwell Wall Height = 12

FT PER FLOOR

Max. design pressure differences when all stairwell doors are closed is 0.551 in of Water The minimum aloowable pressure differences is 0.052 in of Water.

Using the leakage ratio for an exterior building wall of Average tightness from the table: Abo = = Aw x b 3.88 FT 2

Table-1: Typical Leakage Areas for Walls and Floors of Commercial Buildings Wall Area Ratio Construction Element Tightness A/Aw Exterior building walls a-Tight b-Average c-Loose 0.70x10-4 0.21x10-3 0.42x10-3
-2

Using the leakage ratio for stairwell wall of Average tightness from the table = = As x b 2 0.02 FT Stairwell walls

d-Very loose 0.13x10 a-Tight b-Average c-Loose

0.14x10-4 0.11x10-3 0.35x10-3

The value of flow area between stairwell and building (per floor) equals the lekage area of the stairwell wall plus the gaps around the closed doors ( 0.26 FT2 ), Asb = 0.02 .+ 0.26 = The temperature factor B = 7.64 x ( 1/Ts - 1/To) = 0.00073 in.of Water 0.28 FT 2

The pressure difference at the stairwell bottom is selected as Psbb = 0.080 in. of Water to provide an extra degree of protection above the minimum allowable valueof 0.052 in. of Water. The pressure difference from stairwell to building at stairwell top Psbt is calculated by the equation: Psbt = Psbb + [ ( B x Y x N ) / ( 1 + ( Asb / Abo )2 ) ] = 0.115 in. of Water

Thus, Psbt does not exceed the maximum aloowable pressure The flow rate Q of pressurization air is calculated from the equation: Q = 1740 x N x Asb x {[ (Psbt)3/2 - (Psbb)3/2 ] / [ (Psbt) - (Psbb) ] = 896 CFM 224 04.075571917516220 230 305 05

220