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Humanities 110:

Test #2 Review

Your second test will be similar in format and length to the first test. That is, you will have objective questions as well as several short essay questions. Again, use this review as a guide. My aim as always is to be fair, but thorough, in my tests. Please let me know if you have questions. History of Computers and the Development of the Web 1. How old are computers? 2. What does the acronym ENIAC stand for? 3. Why was the ENIAC developed and used for first? 4. How does the ENIAC compare in speed to the recent Intel Duo Core Chip? 5. What is the UNIVAC and how was it different from earlier computers? 6. Know these important dates from the Computer Timeline: When did Google go online? When was MySpace started? Facebook? When was the first digital camera sold? When was the first laptop sold? When did the internet go online? 7. What industry had great influence on the development of the modern computer? 8. What is a microchip? 9. What is Moores Law? Review the comparisons on the handout about Moores law or see this link at Intel: http://www.intel.com/pressroom/kits/events/moores_law_40th/index.htm 10.What is the ARPANET and how is it important in the history of the Internet? 11.According to statistics about the internet from the Pew Internet Initiative and http://www.internetworldstats.com/top20.htm The United States has the largest number of users (239 million out of a population of about 310 million people for a penetration of 79%.) What is the worldwide percentage of internet users? 12.What is necessary for the Internet to continue to operate? From The Future of the Internet 1. What % of people connected wirelessly in 2000? In 2010? 2. In 2000 the internet was built around the single computer. What is it built around now? 3. What is the cloud? How is it different from desktop computing? 4. Do experts think that Google is making us stupid? 5. What effects do experts predict the Internet will have on governments and business?

Computers and Our Daily Lives 1. Know the definitions of these terms: social networks, Web 2.0, WIKI, digital footprints, virtual worlds, and avatar.

2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

What are the three most popular sites on the Internet (visited most often)? How is Web 2.0 different from the original web? What are the most popular SNSs? How are virtual worlds and SNSs different? How will this probably change? What are the pros and cons of living our lives online?

From Computers and Education Notes and readings 1. What is distance learning? 2. What are three trends related to distance learning? 3. What is the distance learning website of the North Carolina Community College called? Give three examples of what you can find there. 4. What does it mean to digitalize books? 5. What are two ways that classrooms of the future will probably be quite different from today? From Man vs. Machine 1. What is artificial intelligence? 2. What are the three types of AI? Which are we most successful at? 3. What is the Turing test? Has a computer ever passed the test? 4. Who is Watson? (What is Watson? Whos on first?) How is he (it) different? 5. Where did Watson appear? Who invented him (it)? 6. Why do you think that Watson was presented as a machine, not as a humanoid robot? Robotics What is a robot? How are robots used most commonly today? What are two of the industries that robots are used in? Which country leads the way in the design of robots? How is a android, telepresent, or humanoid robot different than those traditionally used in industry? 6. Who (what) is the famous humanoid robot built by Honda? 7. Who invented the three laws of the robot? 8. What are the three laws? 9. Who is David Hansen and how are his robots different? 10.Define technological singularity. Who is the main proponent of this theory? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

The Facebook Revolution 1. How many users does FB have worldwide? 2. When was it founded? By whom? 3. FB is the second most powerful Internet company after _____________. 4. How is FB different than Google? 5. What is an algorithm? 6. What is page rank? 7. How does FB compare to other social networks? 8. What are two recent occasions when FB was in the news?

9. What is Wikileaks? 10.Who was the founder of Wikileaks? Why was he arrested? 11.Which country declared the founder of Wikileaks to be a public enemy? Why?