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South-South Dialogue- BRIC's African agenda

ECAS 4

South- South Dialogue: Indias Africa Agenda


RenuModi1 1.UniversityofMumbai,CentreforAfricanStudies,India africamumbai@gmail.com TectonicchangesthathavetakenplaceintherecentpastontheAfricancontinentandworldwide. Twomajornoteworthydevelopmentsamongstseveralothersare;first,thebipolarworldhascameto an end since 1989, subsequent to the dissolution of the USSR that has given way to a more globalized,inter-dependantandamulti-polarinternationalsystem.Andsecond,therehasbeena dramaticriseinthepastdecadeofcountriesoftheSouth;Brazil,China,India,andseveralcountries inAfricathatareemergingasnewpolesofgrowthintherevampedglobalpolitico-economic order,whereNorthandSouth,EastandWest,arenowpointsonacompass,noteconomic destinies(ZoellickR.,2010) This paper highlights the increasing engagement of India in the present decade, one of the componentsofBRICS(SouthAfricabeingthelatestadditiontothegroup),withcountriesinAfrica, afteralowpointinthe1990s,consideredasalostdecadewhenIndiawasdealingwithherinternal issuesonthedomesticfrontandtryingtoreadapttothepostcoldwarscenario.(BhatiaR.,2010).In the2000stheIndiangovernment'sfivemaininitiatives,namelytheFocusAfricaProgramme'ofthe EximBank(2002-07),theTechno-EconomicApproachforAfricaandIndiaMovement'(TEAM9,2004) to upgrade economic relations with West Africa, the Pan-African e-Network (2007 onwards),the India-Africa Forum Summit (IAFS) in 2008 and the India Africa Partnership Conclaves(anEximBank-IndiaInc.effortledbytheConfederationofIndianIndustries)since2005 andreciprocalexchangesbetweenpoliticaldignitariesandofficialsoftheMinistryofForeignAffairs betweenIndiaandcountriesinAfrica,beartestimonytothereaffirmationofIndiastraditional engagementbeyondpeacekeeping,capacitybuilding,andeducation,ontoanincreasedeconomic engagementthroughtradeandinvestmentswiththecountriesofthecontinentNewerareasof cooperationthathaveimmensepotential,inter-alia,areissuesofmaritimesecurityandcollaborations forcounterpiracyintheIndianOcean TheincreasedengagementbetweenBRICSandcountriesofAfricaandIndiainparticularhas certainlyprovidedmorepolicyspaceandoptionforthepartnersinAfricathatarenowabletoshun theconditionality laden Washington consensus- andto use the populist coinage of the World SocialistForumthescenariohastransformedfromThereAreNoAlternatives(TINA)totheforces ofglobalization,isnowtransformedtoThereAreManyAlternatives(TAMA).However,ifthe engagementresultsinpovertyalleviationonthecontinentdependsontheonwhosetermsdoes countriesinAfricaengagewiththeirBRICSpartners.Thispaperaimstoofferacriticalanalysison thesubject,basedonempiricaldata.