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Number Problems 1. The sum of two numbers is 36.

If the larger number is divided by the smaller, the quotient is 2 and the remainder is 3. Find the numbers. x = smaller number 36 x = larger number =2+ 36 x = 2x + 3 -x 2x = 3 36 x = 11 6 x = 36 11 x = 25 (larger number) 36 x = 11 (smaller number) The numbers are 11 and 25. Source: College Algebra by Leonor Amacio 2. 5 less than twice a certain number is equal to 29. Find the number. x = number 2x 5 = 29 2x = 29 + 5 2x = 34 x = 17 The number is 17. Source: College Algebra by Leonor Amacio 3. The sum of two consecutive integers is 15. Find the numbers. n = first integer n + 1 = second integer n + (n + 1) = 15 2n + 1 = 15 2n = 14 n=7 n+1=8 The numbers are 7 and 8. Source: College Algebra by Leonor Amacio

4. The product of two consecutive negative even integers is 24. Find the numbers. (n)(n + 2) = 24 n2 + 2n = 24 2 n + 2n 24 = 0 (n + 6)(n 4) = 0 The numbers are -6 and -4. Source: College Algebra by Leonor Amacio Age Problems 1. Nena is 41 years old and her daughter is 9. In how many years will Nena be 3 times as old as her daughter? x = required number of years 9 + x = daughters age after x years 41 + x = Nenas age in x years 41 + x = 3(9 + x) 41 + x = 27 + 3x 2x = 14 x = 7 years Nena will be 3 times as old as her daughter in 7 years. Source: College Algebra by Leonor Amacio 2. Jose is 1/5 as old as Rey. In six years Jose will be 1/3 as old. What are their ages? x = present age of Rey = present age of Jose + 6 = (x + 6) 3x + 90 = 5x + 30 3x -5x = 30 90 x = 30 (present age of Rey) = 6 (present age of Jose) Source: College Algebra by Leonor Amacio 3. Alfred is 3 times as old as his brother. 6 years ago, the sum of their ages `was equal to Alfreds present age. How old are Alfred and his brother? x = brothers present age 3x = Alfreds present age (3x 6) + (x 6) = 3x 4x 12 = 3x x = 12 (age of Alfreds brother) 3x = 36 (present age of Alfred) Source: College Algebra by Leonor Amacio

4. One-half of Xavier's age two years from now plus one-third of her age three years ago is twenty years. How old is she now? x = present age x + 2 = age 2 years from now x 3 = age 3 years ago + = 20 3x + 2x = 120 5x = 120 x = 24 (Xaviers present age) Source: College Algebra by Leonor Amacio Work Problems 1. Rey can finish painting a house in 20 hours while Danny can finish the same work in 30 hours. How long will the job take if both men work together? x = number of hours it will take Rey and Danny to finish the job together Time to finish the work Rey 20 hours Danny 30 hours + =1 3x + 2x = 60 5x = 60 x = 12 hours It will take Rey and Danny 12 hours to finish the job together. Source: College Algebra by Leonor Amacio 2. Jose can do a certain task in 3 days. Pedro can do the same task in 6 days. How many days will be required to do the task if they work together? x = number of days required to do the task working together Time to finish the work Jose 3 days Pedro 6 days + = 2x + x = 6 3x = 6 x=2 It will take Pedro and Jose 2 days to do the task together. Source: Stewarts Algebra and Trigonometry

3. Because of an anticipated heavy rainstorm, the water level in a reservoir must be lowered by 1 ft. Opening spillway A lowers the level by this amount in 4 hours, whereas opening the smaller spillway B does the job in 6 hours. How long will it take to lower the water level by 1 ft if both spillways are opened? Time it takes to lower level 1 ft with A and B together = x hour Distance A lowers level in 1 hour = ft Distance B lowers level in 1 hour = ft Distance A and B together lower levels in 1 h ft + = 3x + 2x = 12 5x = 12 x = hours It will take 2 hours, or 2 hours and 24 minutes to lower the water level by 1 ft if both spillways are open. Source: Stewarts Algebra and Trigonometry 4. Michael can complete an inventory in 2 hours. Gabriel can complete the same inventory in 3 hours. If they work together, how long will it take to complete one inventory? Rate Michael Gabriel x+ x=1 3x + 2x = 6 5x = 6 x = 1.2 hours Michael and Gabriel could complete the inventory in 1.2 hours working together. Source: http://learnlab.hfcc.edu Time x x Quantity x x

Mixture Problem 1. A manufacturer of soft drinks advertises its orange soda as naturally flavored, although it contains only 5% orange juice. A new federal regulation stipulates that to be called natural, a drink must contain at least 10% fruit juice. How much pure orange juice must this manufacturer add to 900 gal of orange soda to conform to the new regulation? 45 + x = 90 + 0.1 x 0.9x = 45 x = 45/0.9 x = 50 The manufacturer should add 50 gal of pure orange juice to the soda. Source: Stewarts Algebra and Trigonometry 2. John has 20 ounces of a 20% of salt solution. How much salt should he add to make it a 25% solution? 0.2 20 + x = 0.25(20 + x) 4 + x = 5 + 0.25x 0.75x = 1 x = 4/3 He should add 4/3 ounces of salt. Source: http://www.onlinemathlearning.com/mixture-word-problems.html 3. John has 20 ounces of a 20% of salt solution. How much water should he evaporate to make it a 30% solution? 0.8 20 1 x = 0.70(20 x) 16 x = 14 0.7x x 0.7x = 16 14 0.3x = 2

He should evaporate 6.67 ounces of water. Source: http://www.onlinemathlearning.com/mixture-word-problems.html 4. A tank has a capacity of 10 gallons. When it is full, it contains 15% alcohol. How many gallons must be replaced by an 80% alcohol solution to give 10 gallons of 70% solution? 0.15 10 0.15 x + 0.8 x = 0.7 10 1.5 0.15x + 0.8x = 7 0.8x 0.15x = 7 1.5 0.65x = 5.5

8.46 gallons of alcohol solution needs to be replaced. Source: http://www.onlinemathlearning.com/mixture-word-problems.html

Distance Problems 1. Bill left his house at 2:00 P.M. and rode his bicycle down Main Street at a speed of 12 mi/h. When his friend Mary arrived at his house at 2:10 P.M., Bills mother told her the direction in which Bill had gone, and Mary cycled after him at a speed of 16 mi/h. At what time did Mary catch up with Bill? Distance Speed Time 16t 16 t 12(t + ) 12 t+

Mary Bill

16t = 12 (t + ) 16t = 12t + 2 4t = 2 t = 0.5 Mary caught up with Bill after cycling for half an hour, that is, at 2:40 P.M. Source: Stewarts Algebra and Trigonometry 2. A 555-mile, 5-hour plane trip was flown at two speeds. For the first part of the trip, the average speed was 105 mph. Then the tailwind picked up, and the remainder of the trip was flown at an average speed of 115 mph. For how long did the plane fly at each speed? 555 = 105t + 115(5 t) 555 = 105t + 575 115t 10 t = 20 t=2 The plane flew for two hours at 105 mph and three hours at 115 mph. http://www.purplemath.com/modules/distance.htm 3. A bus traveling at an average rate of 50 kilometers per hour made the trip to town in 6 hours. If it had traveled at 45 kilometers per hour, how many more minutes would it have taken to make the trip? 45t = 300

The time taken would have been 40 minutes longer. Source: http://www.onlinemathlearning.com/distance-problems.html 4. A bus and a car leave the same place and traveled in opposite directions. If the bus is traveling at 50 mph and the car is traveling at 55 mph, in how many hours will they be 210 miles apart? 50t + 55t = 210 105t = 210 t=2 They will be 210 miles apart in 2 hours. Source: http://www.onlinemathlearning.com/distance-problems.html

Money Problem 1. Daniel needs interest income of \$5,000. How much money must he invest for one year at 7%? 5,000 = p(0.07)1 p = 71,428.57 He must invest \$71,429 Source: http://www.onlinemathlearning.com/money-word-problems.html 2. Paul has \$31.15 from paper route collections. He has 5 more nickels than quarters and 7 fewer dimes than quarters. How many of each coin does Paul have? x = the number of quarters x + 5 = the number of nickels x 7 = the number of dimes 25x + 5(x + 5) + 10(x 7) = 3,115 40x = 3,160 x = 79 Paul has 79 quarters, 84 nickels and 72 dimes. Source: http://www.onlinemathlearning.com/money-word-problems.html 3. A collection of 33 coins, consisting of nickels, dimes, and quarters, has a value of \$3.30. If there are three times as many nickels as quarters, and one-half as many dimes as nickels, how many coins of each kind are there? number of quarters = q number of nickels = 3q number of dimes = (1/2)(3q) = (3/2)q q + 3q + (3/2)q = 33 4q + (3/2)q = 33 8q + 3q = 66 q=6 3q = 18 There are 9 dimes and 18 nickels. Source: http://www.purplemath.com/modules/coinprob.htm 4. You put \$1000 into an investment yielding 6% annual interest; you left the money in for two years. How much interest do you get at the end of those two years? P = \$1000 r = 0.06 I = (1000)(0.06)(2) I = 120 I will get \$120 in interest. Source: http://www.purplemath.com/modules/investmt.htm