1.
Negative work by an applied force implies that ______.
a. The Kinetic energy of the object decreases
d. The applied force is perpendicular to the
b. The kinetic energy of the object increases displacement
c. The applied force is changing
e. Nothing. There is no such thing as negative work
2. A 2 kg object moves with a constant speed in a circular track (r = 1 m) with an acceleration of 3.0 m/s ^{2} . What is
the work done on the object after making 2 revolutions? For the next three questions:
Albert Einstein lowers a book of mass m downward a distance h at constant speed v.
3. The work done by the force of gravity is ( +, -, 0)
4. The work done by the force of Albert's hand is ( +, -, 0)
5.net force on the book is ( +, -, 0)
6. Object A has a kinetic energy of KEa. Object B moves in the opposite direction with three times the speed of
Object A. What is Object’s B kinetic energy (in terms of KEa)?
7. Refer to the figure.
A 1 kg object is moved part way around a square loop as shown.
The square is 1m on a side. The final position is 0.5 m lower than where it started. How much work has gravity done on the object during its journey?
8. Compute for the average power of the object in No. 7 if it takes
10 seconds to go the final position.
9. Refer to the figure.
1m
0.5m |
||
start |
||
(up) |
||
finish |
A 10 kg particle moves with a speed of 1.0 m/s when it is at x = 0. It is subjected to a single force Fx that varies with position as shown in the figure. How much work is done by the force as the particle moves from x = 1 to x = 6?
Consider a frictionless ramp inclined 35 ^{o} with respect to the horizontal. The length of the ramp is 20 m.
11. A ball is thrown to slide up the ramp from the ground to the top.
What is the minimum velocity required for the ball to reach the top of the ramp?
12. Consider a block, of mass m, and a spring on a frictionless horizontal surface. The block is pushed against the
spring, compressing it a distance x, and then the block is released. The spring projects the block along the surface, giving the block speed v. The same spring projects a second block of mass 4m, giving it a speed of 2v. By what distance was the spring compressed in the second case? (In terms of distance x)
13. Which of the following statements is always TRUE about the gravitational potential energy?
a. The gravitational potential energy of an object is always relative to a chosen energy
b. Positive work is done when an object is raised to a higher elevation
c. Objects with the same elevation have the same gravitational potential energy
d. Objects with the same masses have the same gravitational energy
e. Gravitational energy is positive when an object is above the ground
Consider the graph of U(x) vs. X. A particle of mass 5.0 kg moves along the x-axis through a region which its potential U(x) varies in the given period.
15. Identify the equilibrium points.
16. Qualify the equilibrium points as stable and unstable.
17. In which interval does the particle experience a positively constant force.
18. An object initially has a kinetic energy K. The object then moves in the opposite direction with twice its initial
speed. What is the kinetic energy now? (in terms of K)
19. You let a cheeseburger slide across a frictionless table, and it bumps into a hamburger, initially at rest. The two
burgers stick together after collision. Which of the following is Necessarily TRUE?
a. The total mechanical energy of the system composed of the two burgers is completely lost in the collision
b. The mechanical energy lost by the cheeseburger during collision was completely transformed into mechanical
energy of the hamburger
c. The two burgers share the same momentum after collision
d. The total momentum of the system composed of the two burgers is conserved during the collision
e. Both C and D
20. Two skaters initially moving towards each other bump into each other on a frictionless horizontal skating rink.
Which of the following is necessarily TRUE?
a. The kinetic energy of each skater is the same before and after the collision
b. The momentum of each skater is the same before and after the collision
c. The total kinetic energy of the system composed of the two skaters is the same before and after the collision
d. The total momentum of the system composed of the two skaters is the same before and after the collision
e. Both C and D
21. After John fired his gun, a bullet (mass = m and velocity = v _{i} ) strikes and becomes embedded in a wooden block
of mass M, which is initially at rest on a frictionless surface. Find the ratio of the velocity of the system after the
collision to the initial velocity of the bullet.
22. A stationary bomb in space exploded into 3 pieces of masses m _{1} , m _{2} and m _{3} . After the explosion, each piece is
moving with a momentum of magnitudes p1, p2 and p3 respectively. What is the total momentum of the bomb pieces?
23. A 1 kg golf ball is thrown onto a hard, heavy wall. It hits the wall with a speed of 40 m/s at an angle 30.0 ^{o} below
the horizontal as shown in the figure below. The ball rebounds with the same speed still oriented at an angle 30.0 ^{o}
below the horizontal, but now moving away from the wall. During the collision, which lasts for 0.0200 s, what is the magnitude of the net force on the ball?
24. A tourist bus of mass 3.5 x 10 ^{3} kg travelling north at 50 km/h collides at an intersection with a truck of mass 4.5
x 10 ^{3} kg travelling west at 40 km/h. The bus and the truck stick together upon colliding. Find the speed of the wreckage just after the collision.
25. A 3.0 kg block is travelling to +x direction at 5.0 m/s and 1.0 kg block is travelling to the –y direction at 3.0 m/s.
What is the velocity of the center of mass of the system? 26. Three balls having the same masses m are released
simultaneously from the same elevation with speeds v but with different orientations: θ =90° , θ=45°, θ=30°. Neglecting air resistance, which of the following quantities will be the same for the three balls at the highest point of their motion?
a. Total Mechanical energy
b. Potential energy
c. Kinetic energy
d. momentum
e. speed
26. Three balls having the same masses m are released simultaneously from the same elevation with speeds v but
with different orientations: θ =90° , θ=45°, θ=30°. Neglecting air resistance, which of the following quantities will
be the same for the three balls at the highest point of their motion?
a. Total Mechanical energy
b. Potential energy
c. Kinetic energy
d. momentum
e. speed
27. Two masses, A and B, are on an air track. Mass A is initially moving to the right and approaching B, which is
initially at rest. After the two masses collide elastically both A and B are moving to the right. Which of the following is TRUE?
a. A is heavier than B
b. B is heavier than A
c. The kinetic energy of A after the collision is greater than its value before the collision
d. The total kinetic energy of A and B after the collision is greater than its value before the collision
e. The total kinetic energy of A and B after the collision is less than its value before the collision
28. You release an object from rest at a high altitude. If air resistance is considered, the curve that best represents
the kinetic energy of the body as a function of the distance fallen is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
For the next two questions:
An old-style elevator is connected to a counter weight by a cable that passes over a rotating disk with diameter
4.00 meters. The elevator is raised and lowered by turning the disk, and the cable does not slip on the rim of the disk but turns with it.
29. At how many revolutions per minute (rpm) must the disk turn to raise the elevator at 0.15 m/s?
30. To start the elevator moving, it must be accelerated at half the acceleration due to gravity. What must be the
angular acceleration of the disk in rad/s ^{2} ?
31. The sprockets of a bike are connected by a chain that cannot slip or stretch. When the sprockets rotate
simultaneously as the chain moves, the
_________
on the rim of each sprocket is
to the radius of the
__________
sprocket.
a. linear speed; proportional
b. linear speed; inversely proportional
c. angular speed; proportional
d. angular speed; inversely proportional
e. radial acceleration; proportional
32. A system is made up of two masses m1 = m and m2 = 2m. The center of mass of the system is at a distance d1
from m1, and at a distance d2 from m2. Determine d1/d2.
a. ½
b. 1/3
c. 2/3
d. 2
e. 3
33. If a body moves in such a way that its liner momentum is constant, then
a. its kinetic energy is zero
b. the sum of all the forces acting on it must be zero
c. its acceleration is greater than zero and is constant
d. its center of mass remains at rest
e. the sum of all forces acting on a body is constant and non-zero
34. A 140-kg hoop rolls along a horizontal floor so that its center of mass has a speed of 0.150 m/s. How much
work must be done on the hoop to stop it? (I _{d}_{i}_{s}_{k} = MR ^{2} )
35. A 5.00 kg disk (Icm = ½ MR2) of radius 1.20 m initially rotated at 2.00 rad/s relative to a fixed axis passing
through its center of mass. A 3.00 J work is then added to the system. What will be the kinetic energy of the disk?
For the next three problems: The angular position of an industrial fan changes with time as θ=π t ^{2} rad/s ^{2} . The fan has a radius of 0.250 m.
36. What is the distance travelled by a point on the rim in 2.00 s?
37. What is the average angular velocity between t _{1} = 0 s and t _{2} = 3 s?
38. What is the instantaneous angular acceleration?
39. A windmill rotates with a constant 3.00 rad/s ^{2} angular acceleration. After 3.00 s the mill has rotated thru an
angle of 50.0 rad. What was the angular velocity of the mill at the beginning of the 3.00 s interval?
40. While trying to do a stunt, James grabs a 2.0 kg rope of uniform mass distribution and of length 8 m. James’
mass is 60 kg. If the rope is stretched out in a manner similar to a rod (I _{r}_{o}_{d} at one end = 1/3 mL ^{2} ), what is the best
approximation of the moment of Inertia about the pivot end of James-rope system if James’ center of mass is swinging at the end of the rope?
41. Hayden (H) and Kho (K) are riding in a Flying Fiesta, EK stuff. Their positions relative to the axis of rotation are
indicated in the figure. If for instance the swing ride moved at a constant angular velocity, which of the following is
TRUE?
a. θ _{H} < θ _{K}
b. ω _{H} < ω _{K}
c. v _{H} < v _{K} d. atan _{,}_{H} < atan _{,}_{K}
e. Both C and D
42. The moment of inertia of a solid sphere about an axis through its center is 2/5 MR2. The mass of the sphere is 5
kg and the diameter is 1 m. What is the moment of inertia about an axis tangent to the surface of the sphere?
43. A wheel rotates counter clockwise on the x-y plane. A torque that causes the wheel to slow down is directed
along the _____.