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EENG223 Circuit Theory I

INFE221 Electrical Circuits

Spring 2010-11

Instructors:

M. K. Uygurolu

O. Kkrer

Final EXAMINATION

June 3, 2011

Duration : 150 minutes

Number of Problems: 5

Good Luck

STUDENTS

NUMBER

NAME

SURNAME

SOLUTIONS

GROUP NO

Problem Points

1 30

2 20

3 15

4 20

5 15

TOTAL 100

EENG223 Circuit Theory I/INFE221 Electric Circuits Final Examination

M. K. Uygurolu, O. Kkrer June 3, 2011

1. Find the current i

0

in the circuit

shown using

(a) Nodal analysis. (15 pts.)

(b) Mesh analysis. (15 pts.)

Solution:

(a) Nodal analysis

KVL for the 10-V source :

3 2

10 V V =

2 x

v V =

KCL for the supernode:

2 2 1

2 2 1

(

10

2 8 11 42 )

2 4

1

V V V

V V V

+ + = =

KCL for node 1:

1 3 1

1 2 1 2

8 0 2 ( 10) 32 ( 2 = 4 2) 2

4 4

V V V

V V V V

+ + = =

From Eqs.

1 0

& 2 V 20 V 5 A (1) (2)

x

v V i = = =

(b) Mesh analysis

KVL for the supermesh:

3 3 2 1

4 2( ) 10 4 0 (1) i i i i + + + =

For the 8-A current source:

1 3

8 A (2) i i =

2 2 3 2 3

2 2( ) 5 4 ( 3)

x x

i v v i i i i = = =

3 0

(1), (2) & (3) 5 A i i = =

+

i

o

2v

x

+

v

x

2

4

4

10 V

8 A

+

i

o

2v

x

+

v

x

2

4

4

10 V

8 A

supermesh

i

1

i

2

i

3

EENG223 Circuit Theory I/INFE221 Electric Circuits Final Examination

M. K. Uygurolu, O. Kkrer June 3, 2011

2. In the circuit shown, find the value of R that will absorb maximum power from the circuit.

Find also the value of this maximum power. (20 pts.)

Solution:

Th

R R = :

KVL:

3 8( 1) 0 5

4 A 40 V 40

1 A

x x x

t

t Th

V V i V i

V

i V R

+ + + = =

= = = = O

V

Th

:

KVL:

2 2

1

3 8 0

4

x x x

V V i i V + + = =

1 2 1

5

5( ) 2 A 10

4

40 V, 2 80 V

x x x

x Th x

V i i i V V

V V V

= = = +

= = =

2

max

6400

40 W

4 4 40

Th

V

P

R

= = =

+

V

x

5 R 8 2 A

+

3V

x

+

V

x

5 8

+

3V

x

1 A

+

V

t

i

+

V

x

5 8 2 A

+

3V

x

+

V

Th

i

1

i

2

EENG223 Circuit Theory I/INFE221 Electric Circuits Final Examination

M. K. Uygurolu, O. Kkrer June 3, 2011

3. The initial capacitor voltage in the circuit shown is v(0) = 10 V.

(a) Find the capacitor voltage v(t) for t > 0. (10 pts.)

(b) Find the current i

x

at t = 0.5 s. (5 pts.)

Solution:

(a) KCL for node 1:

6

0 0.8

10 10

v v v

i i v

+

+ + = =

2 2

2

0.4

( ) (0) 10 V

t t

dv dv i

i C v

dt dt

v t v e e

= = =

= =

(b)

2 2 1

7

0.7 10 7 A ( 0.5) 7 A

10

t t

x x

v

i e e i t e

= = = = =

10 10

+

6v

0.4 F

+

v

i

x

10 10

+

6v

0.4 F

+

v

i

1

v

v+6v

EENG223 Circuit Theory I/INFE221 Electric Circuits Final Examination

M. K. Uygurolu, O. Kkrer June 3, 2011

4. In the circuit shown, the switch has been in position a for a long time. At t = 0, the switch

moves to b.

(a) Find the current i(t) for t > 0 s. (10 pts.)

(b) Find the voltage v(t) for t > 0 s. (10 pts.)

Solution:

(a) (0) 0 A since for 0 the source current is zero. i t = <

To find ( ) i :

(10/ /10)

( ) 8 2 A

15 (10/ /10)

i = =

+

R

eq

:

15 (10 / /10) 20

100 mH

5 ms

20

eq

eq

R

L

R

t

= + = O

= = =

O

/ /0.005 200

( ) ( ) [ (0) ( )] 2 [0 2] 2(1 )

t t t

i t i i i e e e

t

= + = + =

200 200 200

( )

( ) 15 ( ) 0.1 30 (1 ) 0.2 200 30 10 V

t t t

di t

v t i t e e e

dt

= + = + = +

10

15

10

i()

8 A

10

15

10

R

eq

EENG223 Circuit Theory I/INFE221 Electric Circuits Final Examination

M. K. Uygurolu, O. Kkrer June 3, 2011

5. Find the output voltage v

0

and the output current i

0

of the op-amp circuit shown. (15 pts.)

Solution:

KCL at nodes (-) and V

1

:

1

1

1 0 1 1

0 1

0 1

0

0 0.5 0

1 V

5 k 10 k

0 3 3 V

10 k 10 k 10 k

0.2 mA

10 k

V

V

V v V V

v V

v V

i

= =

O O

+ + = = =

O O O

= =

O

+

10 k

+

v

o

10 k

5 k

i

o

0.5 V

10 k

+

10 k

+

v

o

10 k

5 k

i

o

0.5 V

0 V

V

1

(-)

10 k

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