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# Faculty of Engineering

## ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT

EENG223 Circuit Theory I
INFE221 Electrical Circuits

Spring 2010-11

Instructors:

M. K. Uygurolu
O. Kkrer

Final EXAMINATION

June 3, 2011

Duration : 150 minutes

Number of Problems: 5

Good Luck

STUDENTS

NUMBER

NAME

SURNAME
SOLUTIONS
GROUP NO

Problem Points
1 30
2 20
3 15
4 20
5 15
TOTAL 100
EENG223 Circuit Theory I/INFE221 Electric Circuits Final Examination
M. K. Uygurolu, O. Kkrer June 3, 2011
1. Find the current i
0
in the circuit
shown using
(a) Nodal analysis. (15 pts.)
(b) Mesh analysis. (15 pts.)

Solution:

(a) Nodal analysis
KVL for the 10-V source :

3 2
10 V V =
2 x
v V =
KCL for the supernode:

2 2 1
2 2 1
(
10
2 8 11 42 )
2 4
1
V V V
V V V

+ + = =

KCL for node 1:

1 3 1
1 2 1 2
8 0 2 ( 10) 32 ( 2 = 4 2) 2
4 4
V V V
V V V V

+ + = =

From Eqs.
1 0
& 2 V 20 V 5 A (1) (2)
x
v V i = = =

(b) Mesh analysis

KVL for the supermesh:

3 3 2 1
4 2( ) 10 4 0 (1) i i i i + + + =

For the 8-A current source:
1 3
8 A (2) i i =

2 2 3 2 3
2 2( ) 5 4 ( 3)
x x
i v v i i i i = = =

3 0
(1), (2) & (3) 5 A i i = =

+
i
o
2v
x
+
v
x

2
4
4
10 V
8 A
+
i
o
2v
x
+
v
x

2
4
4
10 V
8 A
supermesh
i
1
i
2
i
3
EENG223 Circuit Theory I/INFE221 Electric Circuits Final Examination
M. K. Uygurolu, O. Kkrer June 3, 2011

2. In the circuit shown, find the value of R that will absorb maximum power from the circuit.
Find also the value of this maximum power. (20 pts.)

Solution:

Th
R R = :

KVL:

3 8( 1) 0 5
4 A 40 V 40
1 A
x x x
t
t Th
V V i V i
V
i V R
+ + + = =
= = = = O

V
Th
:

KVL:
2 2
1
3 8 0
4
x x x
V V i i V + + = =

1 2 1
5
5( ) 2 A 10
4
40 V, 2 80 V
x x x
x Th x
V i i i V V
V V V
= = = +
= = =

2
max
6400
40 W
4 4 40
Th
V
P
R
= = =

+
V
x

5 R 8 2 A
+
3V
x
+
V
x

5 8
+
3V
x
1 A
+
V
t

i
+
V
x

5 8 2 A
+
3V
x
+
V
Th

i
1
i
2
EENG223 Circuit Theory I/INFE221 Electric Circuits Final Examination
M. K. Uygurolu, O. Kkrer June 3, 2011
3. The initial capacitor voltage in the circuit shown is v(0) = 10 V.

(a) Find the capacitor voltage v(t) for t > 0. (10 pts.)
(b) Find the current i
x
at t = 0.5 s. (5 pts.)

Solution:

(a) KCL for node 1:
6
0 0.8
10 10
v v v
i i v
+
+ + = =

2 2
2
0.4
( ) (0) 10 V
t t
dv dv i
i C v
dt dt
v t v e e

= = =
= =

(b)
2 2 1
7
0.7 10 7 A ( 0.5) 7 A
10
t t
x x
v
i e e i t e

= = = = =

10 10
+
6v
0.4 F
+
v

i
x
10 10
+
6v
0.4 F
+
v

i
1
v
v+6v
EENG223 Circuit Theory I/INFE221 Electric Circuits Final Examination
M. K. Uygurolu, O. Kkrer June 3, 2011

4. In the circuit shown, the switch has been in position a for a long time. At t = 0, the switch
moves to b.
(a) Find the current i(t) for t > 0 s. (10 pts.)
(b) Find the voltage v(t) for t > 0 s. (10 pts.)

Solution:
(a) (0) 0 A since for 0 the source current is zero. i t = <
To find ( ) i :

(10/ /10)
( ) 8 2 A
15 (10/ /10)
i = =
+

R
eq
:

15 (10 / /10) 20
100 mH
5 ms
20
eq
eq
R
L
R
t
= + = O
= = =
O

/ /0.005 200
( ) ( ) [ (0) ( )] 2 [0 2] 2(1 )
t t t
i t i i i e e e
t
= + = + =

200 200 200
( )
( ) 15 ( ) 0.1 30 (1 ) 0.2 200 30 10 V
t t t
di t
v t i t e e e
dt

= + = + = +

10
15
10
i()
8 A
10
15
10
R
eq
EENG223 Circuit Theory I/INFE221 Electric Circuits Final Examination
M. K. Uygurolu, O. Kkrer June 3, 2011

5. Find the output voltage v
0
and the output current i
0
of the op-amp circuit shown. (15 pts.)

Solution:

KCL at nodes (-) and V
1
:

1
1
1 0 1 1
0 1
0 1
0
0 0.5 0
1 V
5 k 10 k
0 3 3 V
10 k 10 k 10 k
0.2 mA
10 k
V
V
V v V V
v V
v V
i

= =
O O

+ + = = =
O O O

= =
O

+

10 k
+
v
o

10 k
5 k
i
o

0.5 V
10 k
+

10 k
+
v
o

10 k
5 k
i
o

0.5 V
0 V
V
1
(-)
10 k