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CHAPTER 1 Navy Ships

The Mission of Navy Ships

The purpose of Navy ships is to carry out the military strategy of the United States.

Strategy
A countrys top-level political and military plan

National Military Strategy of the United States includes three concepts:

Peacetime Engagement Deterrence and Conflict Prevention Fight and Win


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Peacetime Engagement
We deploy our forces overseas and around the world in peacetime to promote economic and political stability.
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Stability
Steadiness or order in the international or political realm

The presence of American ships encourages free trade and peaceful connections among nations by ensuring the security of the seas.
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Deterrence is placing combat power where it cannot be ignored so a potential enemy is less likely to become hostile for fear of reprisal.

Key goal of our military forces


Discourage and stop acts of aggression
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Deterrence
Prevention of war by instilling fear in political enemies

Trivia:
Si vis pacem, para bellum. a Latin adage used by the Romans meaning, If you seek peace, prepare for war.

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FIGHT and WIN

Fight and Win underlies all military force efforts to be combat ready at all times by maintaining a permanent state of readiness.

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Which of these concepts is NOT one of the three elements of US national military strategy? A. Peacetime engagement B. Deterrence and conflict prevention C. Global alert D. Fight and win

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Which of these concepts is NOT one of the three elements of US national military strategy? A. Peacetime engagement B. Deterrence and conflict prevention C. Global alert D. Fight and win

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What element of national military strategy is carried out when US forces maintain a permanent state of readiness for any and all forms of hostile action? A. Peacetime engagement B. Deterrence and conflict prevention C. Global alert D. Fight and win
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What element of national military strategy is carried out when US forces maintain a permanent state of readiness for any and all forms of hostile action? A. Peacetime engagement B. Deterrence and conflict prevention C. Global alert D. Fight and win
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The Navys Mission

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To maintain, train, and equip combat-ready naval forces capable of winning wars, deterring aggression, and maintaining freedom of the seas

Strategic Deterrence

Projection of Power Ashore

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Sea Control

Naval Presence

Strategic
Referring to a countrys longrange weapons or plansthe big picture

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Strategic Deterrence

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The object is to convince an enemy that an attack has unacceptable risk.

The Navy's strategic missile submarine force is the best example of this deterrence. Nuclear powered Fast & maneuverable
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Covert for months Multiple targeting

What element of national military strategy is carried out when US forces place combat power where it cannot be ignored, making a potential enemy less likely to become hostile?
A. Peacetime engagement B. Deterrence and conflict prevention C. Global alert D. Fight and win
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What element of national military strategy is carried out when US forces place combat power where it cannot be ignored, making a potential enemy less likely to become hostile?
A. Peacetime engagement B. Deterrence and conflict prevention C. Global alert D. Fight and win
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Sea Control

Control use of the seas for the United States and our allies. Deny use of the seas to a potential enemy.

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Operation anaconda during the Civil War was a good example of sea control:

The Union blockaded Southern ports to prevent trade with Europe.


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Projection of Power Ashore

The ability to deploy Naval Forces to carry the fight to a potential enemy

Tomahawk missiles
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Tactical aircraft

Tactical
Referring to short-range weapons or to assets used in support of ground forces

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Trivia:
Since the signing of the Declaration of Independence, the United States has only had an enemy force land on its soil only three times: Entire Revolutionary War War of 1812 World War IIAttu & Kiska in the Aleutian Islands
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Naval Presence
The Navy's ability to show the flag around the world on the open seas as a show of force, ranging from silent threat to humanitarian assistance.

The U.S. Navy keeps the seas free and ensures compliance with international law of the sea.

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Humanitarian
Referring to help , such as assistance to disaster victims, given individuals in need without regard to military or political concerns

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What term is used for using the seas to take the fight into the borders of a potential enemy, thus keeping the enemy away from US shores?
A. Naval presence B. Projection of power ashore C. Strategic deterrence D. Sea control

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What term is used for using the seas to take the fight into the borders of a potential enemy, thus keeping the enemy away from US shores?
A. Naval presence B. Projection of power ashore C. Strategic deterrence D. Sea control

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Ship Terminology

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The Navy has a lot of specialized lingo, for military and nautical terms.

Civilian Language vs. Navy Language


Upstairs Downstairs Floor
Ceiling Wall Hallway Bathroom
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Topside Below Deck


Overhead Bulkhead Passageway Head

Directions on board a ship

BOW
AFT

FORE

STERN

Crosswise is athwartships.
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If you are on the stern of a ship and want to go towards the bow, then you would be going forward.
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If you are on the bow of a ship and want to go towards the stern, then you would be going aft.
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Gun Mount

Forward Anchor

The ANCHOR on a ship is forward of the GUN MOUNT.


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Fantail
Flight Deck

The FANTAIL on a ship, is abaft of the FLIGHT DECK.


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Overhead Carrier Drawing The yellow line represents the CENTERLINE. From aft to forward (stern to bow), Starboard is on your RIGHT and Port Port is on your LEFT.

(Left)

Starboard (Right)

Fixtures and equipment are identified in terms of the side of the ship they are on, i.e. port anchor or starboard 39 gangway.

If you go from the PORT side or STARBOARD side to the CENTERLINE, you are going INBOARD.

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If you go from the CENTERLINE to the STARBOARD side or PORT side, you are going OUTBOARD.

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The section around the midpoint area is called amidships.

The extreme width of a ship, usually the midship area, is its beam.

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What phrase means to move toward the stern? A. Go forward B. Go aft C. Go abaft D. Go outboard

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What phrase means to move toward the stern? A. Go forward B. Go aft C. Go abaft D. Go outboard

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In ship terminology, what is a bulkhead? A. Floor B. Hallway C. Ceiling D. Wall

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In ship terminology, what is a bulkhead? A. Floor B. Hallway C. Ceiling D. Wall

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The crew of a ship lives IN or ON BOARD the ship.

Objects, stores, and equipment are ABOARD a ship.


You BOARD a ship or GO ON BOARD, supplies are TAKEN ABOARD

If you climb the mast, stacks, rigging, or any other area above the highest solid structure, you go ALOFT.
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An object hanging against the side, bow, or stern is over the side, bow, or stern. In this picture the fishing nets are over the side. 48

Ship A is off the starboard quarter of Ship B.


Ship A

Ship B

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The USS Benefold is ahead of the USS Shoup and astern of the USS Shiloh

USS Shoup DDG 86 USS Benefold DDG 65

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USS Shiloh CG 67

The cook is in the GALLEY, not the kitchen.

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Supplies and equipment are taken _______ a ship. A. aboard B. inboard C. on board D. on

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Supplies and equipment are taken _______ a ship. A. aboard B. inboard C. on board D. on

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Structural Terms

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Backbone of a ship

Compartment

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Supporting body of a ship

Vertical walls called bulkheads divide the interior of a ships hull into compartments for machinery, berthing, mess or dining purposes, and other purposes.

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Hull

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Ribs of a ship

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BULKHEAD

WATERTIGHT COMPARTMENT

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Large ships have longitudinal side bulkheads to protect the innermost or holding bulkhead.

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The outer tanks are usually filled with oil or water. The inner tanks, called voids, are empty. Outer tanks Inner tanks

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If a torpedo were to hit the ship, the outer tanks, even though ruptured, would absorb enough of the explosion that the holding bulkhead would stay intact.

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WATERLINE
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DRAFT

The red area on the model represents the ship's draft, the vertical distance from the bottom of the keel to the main deck.
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The freeboard is the distance from the waterline to the main deck.

FREEBOARD
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The backbone of the ship is the _______. A. bow B. hull C. beam D. keel

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The backbone of the ship is the _______. A. bow B. hull C. beam D. keel

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In the Navy, what direction means across the ship? A. Abaft B. Athwartships C. Fore D. Aft

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In the Navy, what direction means across the ship? A. Abaft B. Athwartships C. Fore D. Aft

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DECKS
DECKS

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The floors of a ship are called decks. They divide the ship into layers and provide additional hull strength and protection for internal spaces.

Berthing Compartment

Mess Deck

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Generally speaking, you do not use the word room (with some exceptions like wardroom). For instance, you never refer to the space where you sleep as the bedroom nor where you eat as the dining room. These spaces are called the berthing compartment and the mess deck.

WEATHER DECK

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A deck or part of a deck exposed to the weather is called a WEATHER DECK.

A deck that extends from side to side and bow to FLIGHT DECK stern is the complete deck.

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On an aircraft carrier, the uppermost complete deck is the FLIGHT DECK.

For all ships except an aircraft carrier, the uppermost complete deck is the main deck.

Main Deck

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On an aircraft carrier, the hangar deck is the main deck. The hangar deck is where aircraft are stowed and serviced when not on the flight deck.
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A deck exposed to the elements, such as rain and wind, is called the _______. A. weather deck B. forecastle C. main deck D. poop deck

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A deck exposed to the elements, such as rain and wind, is called the _______. A. weather deck B. forecastle C. main deck D. poop deck

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Ladders lead from one deck level to another; they may or may not be covered by hatches.

FOCSLE

Forecastle (focsle) (pronounced folk'sel)on most ships, the forward portion of the weather deck
Poop Decka partial deck above the main deck all the way aft
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Quarterdeck (not an actual deck)an area the Commanding Officer designates for conducting official functions while in port or at anchorage and where the officer of the deck is stationed
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Door and Hatches

Access through bulkheads is provided by doors and through decks by hatches. 83

DOGS

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All doors leading to weather decks are of the watertight variety. The doors are held closed by fittings called dogs, which bear up tight on wedges.

Which of these objects give access through decks? A. doors B. dogs C. hatches D. voids

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Which of these objects give access through decks? A. doors B. dogs C. hatches D. voids

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Ship Size
The size of a ship is given in terms of its displacement in tons. The Navy uses full-load displacement, the condition of the ship ready to deploy.

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USS Avenger (MCM 1) DISPLACEMENT = 1,312 TONS

Displacement
The weight of the volume of water that a ship displaces when afloat; in other words, the weight of a ship by itself

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Ship Identification
USS Nimitz (CVN 68)
USSUnited States Ship Nimitzships name CVNnuclear-powered aircraft carrier 68hull number indicating the number of ships of the same type that have been built 89

USS Wright (CVL 49) (Aircraft Carrier Light)

A ship's hull number never changes unless its designation also changes.

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USS Wright (CC 2) (Command Ship)

Armament and Armor

Gun Mount

Missile Launcher

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Armament describes the offensive weapons a ship carries.

Armor means protective armor.

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Steel Plating

SHIP SPEED
Given in knots (nautical miles per hour), never knots per hour HSV 2 Swift
Length:
Beam: Draft: Displace: Speed:
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331 feet 4 inches


87 feet 5 inches 11 feet 1,463.6 short tons 42 knots

What term refers to the offensive weapons on a ship, such as guns and rockets? A. Armaments B. Armor C. Combatants D. Martial platform

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What term refers to the offensive weapons on a ship, such as guns and rockets? A. Armaments B. Armor C. Combatants D. Martial platform

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Types Of Navy Ships


The Navy divides ships into two categories:
Combatant Ships Auxiliary Ships

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The Navy further classifies combatant ships as warships or other combatants. Warships include aircraft carriers, cruisers, destroyers, frigates, and submarines.
Other combatants are Mine Warfare and Amphibious Ships.

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Types Of Warships Aircraft Carriers


Two types: CVNs CVs

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The (CVs) are multipurpose carriers and the (CVNs) are multipurpose carriers with nuclear propulsion.

A carrier can launch attack planes, recover them and retire before an enemy spots it. Carriers are at the center of carrier battle groups.

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USS Harry S. Truman (CVN 75)

Nimitz-class CVNs
Length: 1,090 + feet Displacement: 97,000 tons Crew: Approximately 6,000 with Air Wing 100 Can operate 85-90 aircraft almost indefinitely

Nimitz-class CVNs

They carry various defensive systems in addition to their aircraft such as the 20mm Phalanx Close-In Weapon System or (CIWS).
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Angled flight deck to launch and recover simultaneously

Hydraulic elevators rapidly bring planes from the hanger deck to the flight deck.
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The modern carrier can carry out sustained operations with: series of repair shops parts and munitions compartments fast fueling equipment logistical capabilities of power plant and engines massive size speed of 30 + knots sea-keeping ability
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"Where are the carriers?"

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Carriers support and operate aircraft that can carry out attacks on air, surface, subsurface and shore targets that threaten free use of the sea.

Carriers can also engage in sustained operations in support of other forces, such as search-and rescue, amphibious assaults, or troops already ashore.
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Aircraft carriers are deployed worldwide in support of U.S. interests and commitments. They are symbols of U.S. Naval supremacy.
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True or False: The two types of Navy ships are combatant and auxiliary.

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True or False: The two types of Navy ships are combatant and auxiliary. True

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What designation is used for a nuclear-powered aircraft carrier? A. CG B. CV C. CVN D. DDG

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What designation is used for a nuclear-powered aircraft carrier? A. CG B. CV C. CVN D. DDG

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Cruisers
Cruisers (CGs) are the modern Navys primary surface warfare platform. They cruise at over 30 knots) and act as escorts for surface forces and fire support for amphibious operations.

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Ticonderoga (CG 47) Class

USS Philippine Sea (CG 58)

They are designed to carry the Tomahawk cruise missile in addition to the two 5 inch gun mountings and dual-CIWSs to provide a heavy and sustained course of fire in the 112 event of attack.

Ticonderoga (CG 47) Class

USS Philippine Sea (CG 58)

Length: 567 feet Displacement: 10,000 tons full load Speed: 30+ knots (34.5+ mph) Crew: 364 (24 officers, 340 enlisted) 113

Using the Aegis system, Ticonderoga (CG 47) class cruisers can accurately deliver a payload on target from 200 miles away.
USS Philippine Sea (CG 58)

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Modern U.S. Navy guided-missile cruisers perform primarily in a battle force role.

Cruisers are multi-mission surface combatants capable of:

Anti-Air Warfare (AAW)

USS Port Royal (CG 73)

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Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) Anti-Surface Warfare (ASUW) Expeditionary Strike Groups (ESG) amphibious forces reconnaissance flagship for surface-action groups

A Ticonderoga-class ship is a/an _______. A. cruiser B. aircraft carrier C. destroyer D. frigate

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A Ticonderoga-class ship is a/an _______. A. cruiser B. aircraft carrier C. destroyer D. frigate

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Destroyers

Known as the greyhounds of PT 174 the sea for their speed, the worlds navies developed destroyers to counter the speed of torpedo boats.

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USS Sampson (DDG 102)

USS Halyer (DD 997)

USS Mustin (DDG 89)

Destroyers (DDs) and Guided-Missile Destroyers (DDGs) are multi purpose. Fast with a variety of armament but lightly Armored; displacement is 8,300-9,000 tons. Their real advantages are speed and mobility. 120

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Both types of destroyer support carrier battle groups, surface-action groups, amphibious-support groups, and replenishment groups.

USS FARRAGUT (DDG 99)

Destroyers are undersea, air-air, air-surface warfare capable, and the largest group of workhorses for the Navy.
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Spruance-class Destroyers

USS SPRUANCE (DD 963)

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Spruance-class Destroyers
USS SPRUANCE (DD 963)

First commissioned 1975


Gas-turbine propulsion Easily replaceable No warm-up required for operation Displacement 8,000+ tons
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5 guns + missiles Helicopters

Arleigh Burke-class Destroyers

USS Arleigh Burke (DDG 51)

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Arleigh Burke-class Destroyers


First commissioned 1991
Most powerful surface combatant Aegis Combat System Integrates ships sensors and weapons Tracks far distant aircraft movement 56 Tomahawk cruise missiles
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USS Arleigh Burke (DDG 51)

Arleigh Burke-class destroyers displace 9,033 tons and are powered by four 33,600 hp gas-turbine engines turning two controlled-pitch propellers.

USS Chung-Hoon (DDG 93) USS James E. Williams (DDG 95)

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What designation is used for a guidedmissile destroyer? A. CG B. CVN C. DD D. DDG

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What designation is used for a guidedmissile destroyer? A. CG B. CVN C. DD D. DDG

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Frigates
Navys term for ships used for open-ocean escort and patrol.
USS Ingraham (FFG 61)

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Similar to destroyers except: slower single propeller less armament shallower draft

Frigates
USS Ingraham (FFG 61)

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Different classes of frigates carry different armaments.

Oliver Hazard Perry-class FFGs carry guns, missiles, Phalanx (CIWS), MK-32 triple torpedoes tubes, and .50 caliber machine guns.

USS Oliver Hazard Perry (FFG 7)


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USS Antrim (FFG 20) USS Jack Williams (FFG 24)

USS Hawes (FFG 53)

Frigates protect shipping interests for amphibious forces, supply groups, and merchant convoys. They are also used in anti-submarine warfare and coastal defense.
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Guided missile frigates have AAW capabilities and are tough and durable.

USS Jarrett (FFG 33)

But they lack multi-mission capabilities and will be phased out with development of DDX destroyer. 134

An Oliver Hazard Perry-class ship is a _______.

A. cruiser B. destroyer C. frigate D. submarine

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An Oliver Hazard Perry-class ship is a _______.

A. cruiser B. destroyer C. frigate D. submarine

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Submarines

In the 1950s, nuclear powered submarines began to replace diesel powered Submarines.

Bonefish (SS 582)

The diesels couldnt stay submerged as long and were prone to detection when surfaced.
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Skate (SSN 578)

SSN

SSBN

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SSGN

The Navy now deploys three types of submarines, all nuclear: attack (SSN), ballistic missile (SSBN), and guided missile (SSGN).

Attack Submarines (SSN)

USS Norfolk (SSN 714)

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Attack Submarines (SSN)

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The mission of nuclear attack submarines is to locate and destroy enemy ships and submarines. Their other missions range from intelligence collection to special forces and supply delivery to rescue and recon. They are the primary defense against enemy submarine attack.

Nuclear power turned the submersible surface ship into a true submarine that no longer requires frequent replenishment of fuel and supplies. The first SSN, Nautilus,
traveled 62,000 miles without refueling, and Triton went 83 days submerged while 141 traveling around the globe.

SSN 23 Jimmy Carter

Todays submarines are even more self-sustaining with: air-revitalization equipment changing the air oxygen extraction from outside seawater 142

The concept of technical superiority over numerical superiority was and still is the driving force in American submarine development. 143

Many developing countries have submarines able to evade many surface systems. While other methods can counter this threat, the best way to find a sub is with another sub.

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The USS Seawolf (SSN 21) completed its initial sea trials in July 1996.

Seawolf-class Attack Submarine

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Length: 353 feet (SSN 21 and 22) or 453 feet (SSN 23) Displacement: 8,060 tons surfaced; 9,150 tons submerged Speed: 25+ knots (28+ mph) Armament: Tomahawk missiles, MK-48 torpedoes, advanced mobile mines

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The Seawolf-class is the premier attack sub to date with a multi-mission capability to seek and destroy enemy submarines and surface ships and to fire cruise missiles in support of surface forces.

What is the name of the Navys first nuclear submarine (SSN)? A. Triton B. Seawolf C. Ohio D. Nautilus

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What is the name of the Navys first nuclear submarine (SSN)? A. Triton B. Seawolf C. Ohio D. Nautilus

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In what decade did nuclear-powered submarines begin to replace diesel subs in the US Navy? A. 1940s B. 1950s C. 1960s D. 1970s

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In what decade did nuclear-powered submarines begin to replace diesel subs in the US Navy? A. 1940s B. 1950s C. 1960s D. 1970s

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Ballistic Missile Submarines (SSBN)

USS Pennsylvania (SSBN 735)


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Fleet Ballistic Missile Submarines are nuclear-powered and armed with long-range strategic missiles.

Strategic deterrence has been the sole mission of the SSBN since its inception in 1960. It is the U.S.s most survivable nuclear strike platform.
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USS Nebraska (SSGN 739)

They represent the most survivable nuclear-strike platform in the US military. A single SSBN could deliver several nuclear payloads on an enemy, even if all other US airborne or land-based missiles were 155 destroyed.

USS Ohio (SSBN 726)

Ohio-class submarine Length: 560 feet Beam: 42 feet Displacement: 18,750 tons submerged Speed: 20+ knots 4 Mk 48 torpedo tubes 24 multi-targetable Ship Launched Ballistic Missiles (SLBMs)
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Ohio-class Trident capable ballistic missile submarines provide the sea-based "leg" of the triad of U.S. 157 strategic deterrent forces.

They are the most destructive weapons platform in the arsenal of the United States.

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Trident I C-4

Trident II D-5

Guided Missile Submarines (SSGN)

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A new attack submarine class, called the Virginia-class, will fully support a new strategic concept. It is the first U.S. submarine to be designed for dominance across a broad spectrum of missions as well as open-ocean, "blue water" missions.

Virginia-class Attack Submarine


Length: 377 feet Displacement: 7,800 tons Speed: 25+ knots (28+ mph) Armament: Tomahawk missiles, MK-48 torpedoes, advanced mobile mines, and 160 unmanned undersea vehicles

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USS Michigan (SSGN 727)

Along with the new Virginia-class attack submarine, the first four Ohio-class ballistic submarines are scheduled for conversion to (SSGN) with an additional capability to transport and support special operations forces.

USS Florida (SSGN 728)

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Now, for the first time in naval history, a submarine force is able to independently destroy targets ashore, on the surface, and beneath the waves without the use of surface ships, nuclear ordnance or the need to truly surface.

Carrying Triton missiles, Ohio-class submarines have what designation? A. SSN B. SSBN C. SSGN D. NSSN

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Carrying Triton missiles, Ohio-class submarines have what designation? A. SSN B. SSBN C. SSGN D. NSSN

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The new Virginia-class submarines will have what designation? A. SSN B. SSBN C. SSGN D. NSSN

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The new Virginia-class submarines will have what designation? A. SSN B. SSBN C. SSGN D. NSSN

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Other Combatant Ships


Mine-Warfare Ships

USS Champion (MCM 4)


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USS Robin (MHC 54)

USS Champion (MCM 4)

USS Robin (MHC 54)

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Mine-Warfare Ships The Navy currently has two types of Mine Warfare Ships designed to clear mines from vital waterways, the Mines Countermeasure Ship (MCM) and the Minehunter, Coastal (MHC).

USS Champion (MCM 4)

USS Robin (MHC 54)

The MCM uses both sonar and video systems to locate mines moored to or on the sea floor, cable cutters to cut the mines moorings, and remote control detonating devices to destroy the mines.
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Mines Countermeasure (MCM) Length: 224 feet Displacement: 1,312 full load Speed: 14 Knots (16.1 mph) Crew: 84 (8 officers, 76 enlisted) Armament: Mine neutralization system; two .50 caliber machine guns
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USS Guardian (MCM 5)

Minehunter, Coastal (MHC)


USS Robin (MHC 54)

The MHC is smaller, lighter, and slower than the MCM and designed with a reinforced fiberglass hull for minesweeping in coastal waters. It has an underwater lifespan of 15 days and depends on a support ship or 171 shore facility for resupply.

Minehunter, Coastal (MHC)


USS Raven (MHC 61)

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Length: 188 feet Displacement: 893 tons (908 full load) Speed: 10 knots Crew: 51 (5 officers 46 enlisted) Armament: Mine neutralization system; two .50 caliber machine guns

True or False: The Mines Countermeasure Ship (MCM) can find and destroy mines if they are moored to, but not if they are on, the sea floor.

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True or False: The Mines Countermeasure Ship (MCM) can find and destroy mines if they are moored to, but not if they are on, the sea floor.
False

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Amphibious Warfare

Amphibious Warfare is an attack by naval forces and combat troops launched from the sea. Amphibious ships transport the troops, their weapons, and supplies to the hostile shores.
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AMPHIBIOUS WARFARE

Usually begins with surface ships and planes bombing hostile shores. Then amphibious ships bring in ground forces while landing craft and helicopters move those forces from ship to shore to quickly capture or deny the enemy use of land. 176

Amphibious Command Ships


USS Blue Ridge (LCC 19)

Flagship 7th Fleet Yokosuka, Japan

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Amphibious Command ships (LCCs) provide command and control for fleet operations and have become the flagships of fleets.

USS Mount Whitney (LCC/JCC 20)

Flagship 6th Fleet Gaeta, Italy

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Length: 634 feet Beam: 108 feet Displacement: 18,874 tons full load Speed: 23 knots (26.5 mph) Crew: 842 (52 officers, 790 enlisted)

Amphibious Assault Ship (LHA)


USS Belleau Wood (LHA 3)

An Amphibious Assault Ship is able to embark, deploy, and land a marine battalion by helicopters, landing craft, amphibious vehicles, and combinations 179 of these methods.

USS Belleau Wood (LHA 3)

With its five-inch guns and point-defense missiles, the LHA can provide limited shore bombardment and self-defense, but it relies mainly on other ships for defense.
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Amphibious Assault Ship (LHD)


USS Bataan (LHD 5)

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The LHD is designed to embark, transport, and land 2,000 troops and their equipment by means of transport helicopters in vertical envelopment.

USS Bataan (LHD 5)

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The Navy calls this technique of using helicopters instead of landing vehicles to put troops on the beach vertical envelopment. This method is much more effective than the older deployment methods used during World War II.

Vertical Envelopment
Able to place troops and supplies on any position accessible by the air

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Amphibious Assault Ship (LHD)


USS Bataan (LHD 5)

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Vertical envelopment allows the landing troops and not the defenders to choose the areas of engagement, simultaneously making the process of amphibious assault easier and coastal defense significantly more difficult.

USS Essex (LHD 2)

Length: 844 feet Displacement: 40,358 tons full load Speed: 20+ knots 185 Crew: 1,108 (104 officers, 1,004 enlisted)

What designation is given to an amphibious assault ship designed to land troops and equipment primarily using transport helicopters?
A. LCC B. LHD C. LHA D. LPD

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What designation is given to an amphibious assault ship designed to land troops and equipment primarily using transport helicopters?
A. LCC B. LHD C. LHA D. LPD

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USS Nassau (LHA 4)

USS Essex (LHD 2)

Beginning in 2007, as part of its Seapower 21 program, the Navy began replacing its LHAs and LHDs with updated variants.
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Amphibious Transport Dock (LPD)


USS Denver (LPD 9)

The LPD has the capability to transport embarked troops and their equipment together and has the facilities to move troops and equipment by landing craft from the stern or by helicopter.
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USS Ogden (LPD 5)

Length: 680 feet Displacement: 24,900 tons Speed: 21 knots (24.2 mph) Crew: 420 (24 officers, 396 enlisted) 190 Marine detachment: 900

Dock Landing Ships (LSD)


USS Fort McHenry (LSD 43)

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The LSD is designed to transport and launch a variety of amphibious craft and vehicles with embarked crew and troops. These ships also have a helicopter platform.

USS Oak Hill (LSD 51)

Length: 609 feet Beam: 84 feet Displacement: 15,939 tons full load Speed: 20+ knots Crew: 419 officers and men Marine detachment: 402 plus 102 surge
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Landing Craft, Air Cushioned (LCAC)

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This landing craft travels on a cushion of air and is used to transport troops and equipment from ships to shore.

With its four gas turbine engines, the LCAC can transfer 60-75 tons of equipment 200 miles at 40 knots. It can transfer troops and equipment to over 70 percent of the worlds 194 coastline.

Landing Craft, Air Cushion (LCAC)

Length: 88 feet Displacement: 87 tons Speed: 40 knots 195 Crew: 5

What is the primary load of an Amphibious Transport Dock (LPD)? A. Tanks and heavy artillery B. Fuel and supplies C. Marines and their equipment D. Amphibious craft and vehicles

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What is the primary load of an Amphibious Transport Dock (LPD)? A. Tanks and heavy artillery B. Fuel and supplies C. Marines and their equipment D. Amphibious craft and vehicles

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An air cushioned landing craft transporting troops and equipment can travel over the waves at approximately how many knots?
A. 25 B. 30 C. 40 D. 50

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An air cushioned landing craft transporting troops and equipment can travel over the waves at approximately how many knots?
A. 25 B. 30 C. 40 D. 50

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AUXILIARY SHIPS

AOE

ARS

Today's fleet is highly mobile and can respond to an area of conflict quickly. Its ships cannot, however, remain on station indefinitely. Auxiliary ships are the lifeline for fuel, repairs, and supplies.
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Auxiliary Ships are classified by:


First letter: A- Auxiliary Second letter: Indicates service performed Third letter: Secondary service performed
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Replenishment at sea (UNREP) is the term applied to the transfer of fuel, munitions, supplies, and personnel from one vessel to another while 202 ships are underway.

USS Bridge (T-AOE 10)

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An AOE is capable of supplying fuel and ammunition, as well as dry and refrigerated stores. Ships are vulnerable to attack while resupplying, so AOEs must move quickly.

Fast Combat Support Ship (AOE)


USNS Bridge (T-AOE 10)

Receives supplies and redistributes them Capacity: 177,000 barrels of oil 2,150 tons of ammunition 500 tons of dry stores 250 tons of refrigerated stores
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USNS Arctic (T-AOE 8)

The Auxiliary Fast Combat Support Ship (T-AOE) is the Navys largest combat logistic ship. It has the speed and armaments to keep up with carrier strike groups.
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Rescue and Salvage Vessels (ARS)

USS Grapple (ARS 53)

Their mission is to provide fire-fighting, dewatering, battle-damage repair, and rescue towing assistance, often in combat zones or areas of high threat.
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USNS Grasp (ARS-51)

Their focus is to move damaged combat ship out of hostile areas and to tow them to repair ships or bases in safe areas.
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USNS Grasp (ARS 51)

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Part of the ARS vessels mission is to salvage ships owned by the federal government. Sometimes it salvages privately owned ships as well.

Transferring fuel, munitions, supplies, and personnel from one ship to another while ships are underway is called _______.
A. replenishment at sea B. vertical envelopment C. amphibious platform D. engagement at sea

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Transferring fuel, munitions, supplies, and personnel from one ship to another while ships are underway is called _______.
A. replenishment at sea B. vertical envelopment C. amphibious platform D. engagement at sea

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In the fast combat support ships known as AOEs, the E in the designation stands for what word? A. Energy B. Emergency C. Explosives D. Equipment

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In the fast combat support ships known as AOEs, the E in the designation stands for what word? A. Energy B. Emergency C. Explosives D. Equipment

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Shipboard Customs And Courtesies


Customs are behaviors that have been performed for so long that they have become common practice.

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Courtesies are expressions of consideration or respect for others, either by word or action.

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Salutes

Aboard ship: Sailors salute the CO or visiting officers senior to the CO on every meeting.
Sailors salute all other officers only upon the first meeting of the day.
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Side Honors
This ceremony is called side honors. Officials or officers boarding or leaving a ship are saluted by a group of sailors called side boys (even though they can be women). 216

In this ceremony, from four to eight Sailors, depending on the rank of the official or officer, line up half on one side and half on the other side of the ceremonial quarterdeck. 217

The Boatswains Mate of the Watch (BMOW) sounds a pipe and the side boys begin the salute on the first note of the pipe and finish together on the last note. 218

Aboard ship, Sailors salute _______ every time they meet. A. the commanding officer B. all ships officers C. all higher-ranking Sailors and ships officers D. all visiting officers

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Aboard ship, Sailors salute _______ every time they meet. A. the commanding officer B. all ships officers C. all higher-ranking Sailors and ships officers D. all visiting officers

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Passing Honors
Passing honors are performed when two naval vessels pass each other within 600 yards for ships and 400 yards for boats.
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When the vessels pass, Attention is called and all Sailors in view on the deck give a hand salute.

Sailors render passing honors to U.S. Navy and Coast Guard vessels and most foreign navy vessels. 222 222

Colors
The colors ceremony is the hoisting and lowering of the national ensign, our national flag. The flag flies on the fantail at the stern of a ship in port.
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The colors ceremony is performed by a color detail, which usually consists of two junior personnel and one petty officer.
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The colors ceremony is performed twice a day on the fantail when the ship is NOT underway. Morning colors are at 0800 and evening colors Are at sunset.
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Who or what are being saluted in the ceremony known as passing honors? A. Naval vessels B. Visiting officers C. The national flag and the jack D. Retiring commanding officers

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Who or what are being saluted in the ceremony known as passing honors? A. Naval vessels B. Visiting officers C. The national flag and the jack D. Retiring commanding officers

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Ships not underway also raise and lower a flag called the jack at morning and evening colors. It is flown on the jackstaff at the ships bow.
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The U.S. Union Jack carries 50 white stars on a blue field (the upper-left corner of the Stars and Stripes). According to U.S. Navy regulations, the U.S. Union Jack should be the same size as the canton of the National ensign 229 flown at the ships stern.

First Navy Jack "Don't Tread on Me" flag. This powerful American symbol was used by the Continental Navy in 1775 and is being used again by the U.S. Navy in the War on Terrorism.
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When the national anthem is played at morning colors, hoisting of the ensign begins when the music starts.

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At evening colors, lowering of the ensign starts at the beginning of the music and is completed on the last note of the music. If no music is available, a whistle can signal the beginning and end of the ceremony.
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Ships underway DO NOT hold morning or evening colors. The ensign flies day and night.

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How Cadets Render Honors During Colors


In ranks, come to attention. The person in charge of the formation salutes until carry on is sounded. If not in ranks but in uniform, face the colors and salute until carry on is sounded.

If no flag is visible, face the music and make the proper gesture until carry on.
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When in civilian clothes or athletic attire, face the colors standing at attention and place right hand/hat in hand over your 235 heart until carry on is sounded.

Where on a ship does the jack fly?


A. At the bow B. At the stern C. From the quarterdeck D. Near the starboard gangway

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Where on a ship does the jack fly?


A. At the bow B. At the stern C. From the quarterdeck D. Near the starboard gangway

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During the colors ceremony, if not in ranks but in uniform, cadets should take what action between the time they face the colors and hear the order Carry on? A. Stand at Attention B. Stand at Attention and put their right hands or hats in hand over their hearts C. Render a hand salute. D. Render a hand salute and then stand at Attention.
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During the colors ceremony, if not in ranks but in uniform, cadets should take what action between the time they face the colors and hear the order Carry on? A. Stand at Attention B. Stand at Attention and put their right hands or hats in hand over their hearts C. Render a hand salute. D. Render a hand salute and then stand at Attention.
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Boarding, Leaving, or Crossing Naval Vessels

There are special courtesies you must practice.

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Boarding your ship When you reach the top of the brow, come to attention.
Face aft toward the national ensign (if it is flying) and salute.

Turn and face the Officer of the Deck (OOD) and salute (even if OOD is enlisted) While holding the salute, show your ID card and say, I request permission to 241 come aboard sir/maam.

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If you are not in uniform, the procedure is the same, but no salute is required.

If boarding a ship other than your own for the first time, follow the same procedures but state the purpose of your business. For instance: Reporting as ordered.
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Leaving your ship

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Step onto the quarterdeck, face the OOD, present your ID card, and salute. Say, I request permission to go ashore, sir/maam.
When permission is given, step onto the brow, face aft and salute the ensign (if it is flying).
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If you are in civilian attire, the procedure is the same, but no salute is required.

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Crossing Another Ship

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When crossing to another ship the procedure is the same as for boarding and leaving a ship except you request permission to cross over.

Military Etiquette Aboard Ship

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The quarterdeck of a ship is a ceremonial area. It should be treated with respect and honor.

Quarterdeck

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You should always be in the uniform of the day when you appear there, unless you are returning from leave or liberty.

Never smoke, eat, or drink on the quarterdeck. Do not lounge in or around the quarterdeck.
Cross the quarterdeck only when 250 necessary.

When moving through passageways, step aside to allow seniors to pass first. If other juniors are present, call out Gangway so everyone can make way for the senior.
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The CO of a ship is addressed as Captain regardless of rank.

If you are in uniform when boarding a Navy ship, what is the third step of the special courtesies you must perform?
A. Show your ID card and say, I request permission to come aboard, sir/maam. B. Come to attention C. Face aft to the flag, if its flying, and salute D. Face the Officer of the Deck and salute
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If you are in uniform when boarding a Navy ship, what is the third step of the special courtesies you must perform?
A. Show your ID card and say, I request permission to come aboard, sir/maam. B. Come to attention C. Face aft to the flag, if its flying, and salute D. Face the Officer of the Deck and salute
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True or False: If you are boarding or leaving your ship in civilian dress, you should follow the same practice as in uniform except that no salute is required.

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True or False: If you are boarding or leaving your ship in civilian dress, you should follow the same practice as in uniform except that no salute is required. True

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Conclusion
National Military Strategy 1. Peaceful engagement 2. Deterrence and conflict prevention 3. Fight and win Navy seeks to fulfill its mission through 1. Strategic deterrence 2. Sea control 3. Projection of power ashore 4. Naval presence
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USS John C. Stennis (CVN 74) Battle Group

The Navy operates a wide range of ships to accomplish its mission.


The aircraft carrier is the center of the modern battle group.

In peace or tension, it projects forward presence.


In war, carriers can fulfill their mission before the enemy can spot them. Under the sea, the SSBNs are the backbone of strategic deterrence.
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USS George Washington (CVN-73) Battle Group

When US forces place combat power where it cannot be ignored, lessening the likelihood that a potential enemy will become hostile, what element of national military strategy is being carried out? A. Deterrence and conflict prevention B. Fight and win C. Peacetime engagement D. Projection of power ashore
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When US forces place combat power where it cannot be ignored, lessening the likelihood that a potential enemy will become hostile, what element of national military strategy is being carried out? A. Deterrence and conflict prevention B. Fight and win C. Peacetime engagement D. Projection of power ashore
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When US forces maintain a permanent state of readiness for any and all forms of hostile actions, what element of national military strategy is being carried out?
A. Deterrence and conflict prevention B. Fight and win C. Peacetime engagement D. Projection of power ashore
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When US forces maintain a permanent state of readiness for any and all forms of hostile actions, what element of national military strategy is being carried out?
A. Deterrence and conflict prevention B. Fight and win C. Peacetime engagement D. Projection of power ashore
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When the presence of US forces around the world promotes economic and political stability, and the presence of Navy ships ensures the security of the seas, what element of national military strategy is being carried out?
A. Deterrence and conflict prevention B. Fight and win C. Peacetime engagement D. Projection of power ashore
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When the presence of US forces around the world promotes economic and political stability, and the presence of Navy ships ensures the security of the seas, what element of national military strategy is being carried out?
A. Deterrence and conflict prevention B. Fight and win C. Peacetime engagement D. Projection of power ashore
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The high visibility of our ships on the open seas around the world accomplishes what part of the Navy mission?
A. Naval presence B. Projection of power ashore C. Strategic deterrence D. Sea control

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The high visibility of our ships on the open seas around the world accomplishes what part of the Navy mission?
A. Naval presence B. Projection of power ashore C. Strategic deterrence D. Sea control

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The ability to use the seas to take the fight into the borders of a potential enemy and keep the enemy away from US shores is what part of the Navy mission? A. Naval presence B. Projection of power ashore C. Strategic deterrence D. Sea control
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The ability to use the seas to take the fight into the borders of a potential enemy and keep the enemy away from US shores is what part of the Navy mission? A. Naval presence B. Projection of power ashore C. Strategic deterrence D. Sea control
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By convincing a potential enemy of the devastating consequence of attacking the US, the Navy is carrying out what part of its mission? A. Naval presence B. Projection of power ashore C. Strategic deterrence D. Sea control
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By convincing a potential enemy of the devastating consequence of attacking the US, the Navy is carrying out what part of its mission? A. Naval presence B. Projection of power ashore C. Strategic deterrence D. Sea control
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Keeping the seas open for the US and other friendly nations, as well as denying their use to a potential enemy, is what part of the Navy mission? A. Naval presence B. Projection of power ashore C. Strategic deterrence D. Sea control
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Keeping the seas open for the US and other friendly nations, as well as denying their use to a potential enemy, is what part of the Navy mission? A. Naval presence B. Projection of power ashore C. Strategic deterrence D. Sea control
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Help given to individuals in need with no military or political consideration is known as what type of assistance?
A. Humanitarian B. Stabilization C. Strategic D. Tactical

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Help given to individuals in need with no military or political consideration is known as what type of assistance?
A. Humanitarian B. Stabilization C. Strategic D. Tactical

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What term is used for the front of a ship? A. Bow B. Hull C. Keel D. Stern

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What term is used for the front of a ship? A. Bow B. Hull C. Keel D. Stern

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What direction refers to the left side of the ship when youre facing forward? A. Inboard B. Outboard C. Port D. Starboard

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What direction refers to the left side of the ship when youre facing forward? A. Inboard B. Outboard C. Port D. Starboard

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What name is given to the widest part of a ship? A. Stern B. Hull C. Keel D. Beam

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What name is given to the widest part of a ship? A. Stern B. Hull C. Keel D. Beam

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What name is given to the type of deck that extends from side to side and from bow to stern? A. Main deck B. Complete deck C. Weather deck D. Quarterdeck

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What name is given to the type of deck that extends from side to side and from bow to stern? A. Main deck B. Complete deck C. Weather deck D. Quarterdeck

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What term is used for the weight of a ship? A. Volume B. Gross tonnage C. Freeboard D. Displacement

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What term is used for the weight of a ship? A. Volume B. Gross tonnage C. Freeboard D. Displacement

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The term knots is used to describe what aspect of a ship? A. Armaments B. Displacement C. Speed D. Draft

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The term knots is used to describe what aspect of a ship? A. Armaments B. Displacement C. Speed D. Draft

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What term refers to a ships protective steel lining? A. Bulkheads B. Armaments C. Hull D. Armor

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What term refers to a ships protective steel lining? A. Bulkheads B. Armaments C. Hull D. Armor

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What designation is used for a guided-missile destroyer? A. CG B. CVN C. DDG D. DD

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What designation is used for a guided-missile destroyer? A. CG B. CVN C. DDG D. DD

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What designation is used for a nuclear-powered aircraft carrier?


A. CG B. CV C. CVN D. DDG

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What designation is used for a nuclear-powered aircraft carrier?


A. CG B. CV C. CVN D. DDG

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Because they are the center of naval operating forces, in times of crisis the first question is Where are the _______?
A. cruisers B. carriers C. submarines D. destroyers

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Because they are the center of naval operating forces, in times of crisis the first question is Where are the _______?
A. cruisers B. carriers C. submarines D. destroyers

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What ships are known as the greyhounds of the sea and were built in the early 20th center to counter the threat of torpedo boats? A. Carriers B. Frigates C. Destroyers D. Cruisers
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What ships are known as the greyhounds of the sea and were built in the early 20th center to counter the threat of torpedo boats? A. Carriers B. Frigates C. Destroyers D. Cruisers
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The nuclear-powered Fleet Ballistic Missile Submarines have what primary mission?
A. Location and destruction of enemy submarines B. Deterrence of hostilities from any nation C. Escort support of surfaceaction groups D. Air, surface, and undersea reconnaissance
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The nuclear-powered Fleet Ballistic Missile Submarines have what primary mission?
A. Location and destruction of enemy submarines B. Deterrence of hostilities from any nation C. Escort support of surfaceaction groups D. Air, surface, and undersea reconnaissance
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What is the name of the Navys first nuclear submarine (SSN)? A. Seawolf B. Triton C. Nautilus D. Ohio

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What is the name of the Navys first nuclear submarine (SSN)? A. Seawolf B. Triton C. Nautilus D. Ohio

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What is the mission of MCMs and MHCs? A. To clear mines from waterways B. To serve as command ships for amphibious assaults C. To refuel and resupply ships at sea D. To carry out undersea research
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What is the mission of MCMs and MHCs? A. To clear mines from waterways B. To serve as command ships for amphibious assaults C. To refuel and resupply ships at sea D. To carry out undersea research
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What designation is given to a fast combat support ship? A. AOE B. ARS C. LSD D. LCC

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What designation is given to a fast combat support ship? A. AOE B. ARS C. LSD D. LCC

304

What term refers to the technique of using helicopters instead of landing vehicles to put troops on the beach?
A. Vertical extraction B. Vertical envelopment C. Vertical replenishment D. Vertical projection

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What term refers to the technique of using helicopters instead of landing vehicles to put troops on the beach?
A. Vertical extraction B. Vertical envelopment C. Vertical replenishment D. Vertical projection

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Aboard Navy ships, what name is given to words or actions expressing consideration or respect?
A. Ceremonies B. Customs C. Courtesies D. Salutes

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Aboard Navy ships, what name is given to words or actions expressing consideration or respect?
A. Ceremonies B. Customs C. Courtesies D. Salutes

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When are morning colors performed? A. At dawn B. 0600 hours C. 0700 hours D. 0800 hours

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When are morning colors performed? A. At dawn B. 0600 hours C. 0700 hours D. 0800 hours

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What term is given to timehonored behaviors that have become common practice aboard Navy ships?
A. Customs B. Ceremonies C. Salutes D. Courtesies

311

What term is given to timehonored behaviors that have become common practice aboard Navy ships?
A. Customs B. Ceremonies C. Salutes D. Courtesies

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Where on a ship does the national flag fly? A. At the bow B. From the quarterdeck C. Amidships D. At the stern

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Where on a ship does the national flag fly? A. At the bow B. From the quarterdeck C. Amidships D. At the stern

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If you are boarding your ship while in uniform, what should you do first? A. Face the Officer of the Deck and salute B. Face aft to the flag if its flying and salute C. Show your ID and request permission to come aboard D. Come to attention
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If you are boarding your ship while in uniform, what should you do first? A. Face the Officer of the Deck and salute B. Face aft to the flag if its flying and salute C. Show your ID and request permission to come aboard D. Come to attention
316

If you are boarding your ship while in uniform, what is the last step of the courtesy? A. Face the Officer of the Deck and salute B. Face aft to the flag if its flying and salute C. Show your ID and request permission to come aboard D. Come to attention
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If you are boarding your ship while in uniform, what is the last step of the courtesy? A. Face the Officer of the Deck and salute B. Face aft to the flag if its flying and salute C. Show your ID and request permission to come aboard D. Come to attention
318