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BUY. PARKS AND GARDENS. UNDERSTAND. NATIONAL MILITARY UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES. SUBWAY. XINJIEKOU. ANCIENT PERIOD.

CAPITAL OF MING. NATIONAL HIGHWAY. CAPITAL OF THE REPUBLIC. USEFUL INFO. ART. CONTEMPORARY. PURPLE MOUNTAIN PASS. 1912 DISTRICT. OPERATED BY THE JOINT COMMISSION OF THE STATE FOREST ADMINISTRATION AND PUBLIC ORDER MINISTRY. AIR. MIDRANGE. CURRENCY. NANJING. SHANGHAI. CAPITAL OF THE SIX DYNASTIES. NATIONAL UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES. TODAY. GET OUT. TOURISM. GOVERNMENT. GET IN. EAT. DUMPLINGS. PROVINCIAL UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES. EMERGENCY NUMBERS. USEFUL INFO. SPORTS AND STADIUMS. GUIDE. WEATHER. MID-RANGE. REFERENCES. THEATRE. ROUTES THROUGH NANJING. EDUCATION. BY BOAT. PRIVATE COLLEGES. ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS. PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC. POPULATION TREND. ECONOMY. INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS. BY BUS. BY TAXI. GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE. REPUBLIC OF CHINA IN MAINLAND PERIOD. STAR. OPERATED BY MINISTRY OF EDUCATION. BEIJING. DRINK. BY PLANE. NOODLE (MIANTIAO) AND POT STICKER (JIAOZI) SHOPS. QING PERIOD. THE AREA AROUND THE CONFUCIUS TEMPLE. BUDGET. RAIL. ROAD. MEDIEVAL PERIOD. REFERENCES. BY BICYCLE. BY ROAD. MUSEUMS. EARLY HISTORY. NANJING. SEE. WORK. SLEEP. BUDGET. CITY INFO. PURPLE MOUNTAIN . HUNAN ROAD. N. A SIMPLE DIET. DO. DEMOGRAPHICS. TRANSPORTATION. OPERATED BY THE GENERAL SPORT ADMINISTRATION. E. RESTAURANTS. BUILDINGS AND MONUMENTS. FOOD COURT UNDERNEATH XINJIEKOU. LIBRARIES. RESTAURANTS. SUNRISE/SUNSET. OPERATED BY MINISTRY OF INDUSTRY AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY. PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION. SISTER CITIES AND FRIENDSHIP CITIES. EARLIER DEVELOPMENT. HISTORY. GET AROUND. TOP BEST RESTAURANTS. BY BUS. CULTURE AND ART. BY SUBWAY. FESTIVALS. BBQ JOINT. STAY SAFE. BY TRAIN. NIGHT LIFE. CITY INFO. WATER. CAPITAL OF THE REPUBLIC. SISTER CITIES AND FRIENDSHIP CITIES. CITY INFO. XINJIEKOU. NOODLE (MIANTIAO) AND POT STICKER (JIAOZI) SHOPS. TOP BEST RESTAURANTS. TODAY. BY TAXI. SUBWAY. REFERENCES. BUDGET. AIR. GUIDE. WATER. SPORTS AND STADIUMS. HISTORY. PROVINCIAL UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES. NATIONAL HIGHWAY. UNDERSTAND. OPERATED BY MINISTRY OF EDUCATION. BY BUS. QING PERIOD. BUILDINGS AND MONUMENTS. BY BICYCLE. FESTIVALS. INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS. EDUCATION. BUY. GOVERNMENT. CURRENCY. E. BY TRAIN. BY PLANE. PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION. BEIJING. DUMPLINGS. 1912 DISTRICT. BY BOAT. USEFUL INFO. WEATHER. RESTAURANTS. PURPLE MOUNTAIN . NANJING. NANJING. EARLIER DEVELOPMENT. NATIONAL MILITARY UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES. DEMOGRAPHICS. BY ROAD. MUSEUMS. BBQ JOINT. FOOD COURT UNDERNEATH XINJIEKOU. CITY INFO. N. PURPLE MOUNTAIN PASS. OPERATED BY MINISTRY OF INDUSTRY AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY. EMERGENCY NUMBERS. POPULATION TREND. PRIVATE COLLEGES. SEE. RESTAURANTS. ROUTES THROUGH NANJING. DRINK. REPUBLIC OF CHINA IN MAINLAND PERIOD. BY SUBWAY. PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC. EAT. HUNAN ROAD. RAIL. WORK. ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS. STAY SAFE. USEFUL INFO. PARKS AND GARDENS. LIBRARIES. A SIMPLE DIET. DO. CONTEMPORARY. ART. ROAD. NIGHT LIFE. CAPITAL OF MING. GET OUT. MID-RANGE. GET IN. TOURISM. CULTURE AND ART. ECONOMY. SHANGHAI. MID-RANGE. ANCIENT PERIOD. TRANSPORTATION. CAPITAL OF THE SIX DYNASTIES. OPERATED BY THE JOINT COMMISSION OF THE STATE FOREST ADMINISTRATION AND PUBLIC ORDER MINISTRY. BY BUS. GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE. THE AREA AROUND THE CONFUCIUS TEMPLE. REFERENCES. GET AROUND. BUDGET. SLEEP. SUNRISE/SUNSET. OPERATED BY THE GENERAL SPORT ADMINISTRATION. EARLY HISTORY. THEATRE. MEDIEVAL PERIOD. STAR. NATIONAL UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES. XINJIEKOU. CITY INFO. CAPITAL OF MING. PURPLE MOUNTAIN PASS. THEATRE. NANJING. ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS. REFERENCES. TODAY. NATIONAL UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES. NOODLE (MIANTIAO) AND POT STICKER (JIAOZI) SHOPS. CAPITAL OF THE REPUBLIC. GUIDE. STAR. THE AREA AROUND THE CONFUCIUS TEMPLE. PROVINCIAL UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES. TOP BEST RESTAURANTS. N. ROAD. MUSEUMS. CAPITAL OF THE SIX DYNASTIES. SUNRISE/SUNSET. BY TAXI. PURPLE MOUNTAIN . DRINK. DEMOGRAPHICS. SPORTS AND STADIUMS. TOURISM. ROUTES THROUGH NANJING. BY BICYCLE. EDUCATION. EARLIER DEVELOPMENT. RESTAURANTS. BY TRAIN. BY PLANE. GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE. PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC. REFERENCES. MID-RANGE. OPERATED BY THE GENERAL SPORT ADMINISTRATION. MEDIEVAL PERIOD. USEFUL INFO. WEATHER. NATIONAL MILITARY UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES. PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION. SEE. CITY INFO. CONTEMPORARY. A SIMPLE DIET. BUDGET. NIGHT LIFE. STAY SAFE. DUMPLINGS. BUILDINGS AND MONUMENTS. DO. ART. EMERGENCY NUMBERS. LIBRARIES. UNDERSTAND. ECONOMY. CURRENCY. AIR. POPULATION TREND. BY BUS. TRANSPORTATION. SISTER CITIES AND FRIENDSHIP CITIES. OPERATED BY THE JOINT COMMISSION OF THE STATE FOREST ADMINISTRATION AND PUBLIC ORDER MINISTRY. REPUBLIC OF CHINA IN MAINLAND PERIOD. BBQ JOINT. GOVERNMENT. MID-RANGE. SLEEP. SUBWAY. FOOD COURT UNDERNEATH XINJIEKOU. E. WORK. INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS. 1912 DISTRICT. CULTURE AND ART. PRIVATE COLLEGES. USEFUL INFO. QING PERIOD. BEIJING. WATER. GET IN. RAIL. FESTIVALS. OPERATED BY MINISTRY OF EDUCATION. NATIONAL HIGHWAY. EAT. BUY. HISTORY. RESTAURANTS. EARLY HISTORY. BY BUS. GET AROUND. ANCIENT PERIOD. GET OUT. BY SUBWAY. HUNAN ROAD. BY ROAD. BUDGET. SHANGHAI. OPERATED BY MINISTRY OF INDUSTRY AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY. BY BOAT. NANJING. PARKS AND GARDENS. STAR. CAPITAL OF MING. XINJIEKOU. SUBWAY. CULTURE AND ART. OPERATED BY THE GENERAL SPORT ADMINISTRATION. WATER. DO. NIGHT LIFE. BBQ JOINT. MID-RANGE. ROAD. WEATHER. GUIDE. USEFUL INFO. BY TAXI. TODAY. DUMPLINGS. LIBRARIES. 1912 DISTRICT. MID-RANGE. OPERATED BY MINISTRY OF INDUSTRY AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY. HISTORY. FOOD COURT UNDERNEATH XINJIEKOU. USEFUL INFO. PARKS AND GARDENS. NANJING. QING PERIOD. PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC. SISTER CITIES AND FRIENDSHIP CITIES. BUDGET. BUY. PRIVATE COLLEGES. PROVINCIAL UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES. DRINK. BY ROAD. ANCIENT PERIOD. BY BUS. EAT. STAY SAFE. GET AROUND. WORK. SPORTS AND STADIUMS. SLEEP. BY TRAIN. PURPLE MOUNTAIN . CITY INFO. NATIONAL UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES. EARLIER DEVELOPMENT. ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS. BY SUBWAY. SUNRISE/SUNSET. POPULATION TREND. UNDERSTAND. GET IN. BY BUS. HUNAN ROAD. NANJING. CAPITAL OF THE SIX DYNASTIES. NATIONAL HIGHWAY. CAPITAL OF THE REPUBLIC. BUILDINGS AND MONUMENTS. E. PURPLE MOUNTAIN PASS. DEMOGRAPHICS. EDUCATION. ECONOMY. INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS. NATIONAL MILITARY UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES. PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION. BEIJING. THE AREA AROUND THE CONFUCIUS TEMPLE. N. EMERGENCY NUMBERS. TRANSPORTATION. OPERATED BY MINISTRY OF EDUCATION. GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE. NOODLE (MIANTIAO) AND POT STICKER (JIAOZI) SHOPS. FESTIVALS. CITY INFO. TOURISM. BY BOAT. AIR. SHANGHAI. RESTAURANTS. A SIMPLE DIET. RAIL. ROUTES THROUGH NANJING. GET OUT. BUDGET. REFERENCES. CONTEMPORARY. ART. MUSEUMS. RESTAURANTS. MEDIEVAL PERIOD. BY BICYCLE. OPERATED BY THE JOINT COMMISSION OF THE STATE FOREST ADMINISTRATION AND PUBLIC ORDER MINISTRY. TOP BEST RESTAURANTS. EARLY HISTORY. REPUBLIC OF CHINA IN MAINLAND PERIOD. CURRENCY. REFERENCES. BY PLANE. SEE. THEATRE. GOVERNMENT. THEATRE. A SIMPLE DIET. PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION. ROUTES THROUGH NANJING. BY BUS. DUMPLINGS. GOVERNMENT. STAY SAFE. BY BICYCLE. PURPLE MOUNTAIN PASS. TRANSPORTATION. OPERATED BY THE JOINT COMMISSION OF THE STATE FOREST ADMINISTRATION AND PUBLIC ORDER MINISTRY. MID-RANGE. ART. BY TAXI. DEMOGRAPHICS. OPERATED BY MINISTRY OF EDUCATION. NANJING. ECONOMY. RESTAURANTS. BUDGET. INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS. MID-RANGE. EDUCATION. TODAY. NANJING. LIBRARIES. BUILDINGS AND MONUMENTS. CITY INFO. PRIVATE COLLEGES. WORK. ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS. SISTER CITIES AND FRIENDSHIP CITIES. SEE. BY TRAIN. THE AREA AROUND THE CONFUCIUS TEMPLE. QING PERIOD. OPERATED BY THE GENERAL SPORT ADMINISTRATION. WEATHER. CAPITAL OF THE REPUBLIC. NATIONAL HIGHWAY. SUNRISE/SUNSET. CAPITAL OF MING. USEFUL INFO. SHANGHAI. EAT. CAPITAL OF THE SIX DYNASTIES. HISTORY. CULTURE AND ART. SUBWAY. GET OUT. WATER. HUNAN ROAD. NIGHT LIFE. BY BOAT. 1912 DISTRICT. REFERENCES. USEFUL INFO. RESTAURANTS. GET AROUND. PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC. UNDERSTAND. XINJIEKOU. NATIONAL UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES. PARKS AND GARDENS. EARLIER DEVELOPMENT. AIR. EARLY HISTORY. PROVINCIAL UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES. SPORTS AND STADIUMS. PURPLE MOUNTAIN . NOODLE (MIANTIAO) AND POT STICKER (JIAOZI) SHOPS. TOP BEST RESTAURANTS. BUY. REPUBLIC OF CHINA IN MAINLAND PERIOD. ROAD. ANCIENT PERIOD. BY ROAD. REFERENCES. BEIJING. FOOD COURT UNDERNEATH XINJIEKOU. BY SUBWAY. GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE. E. DO. BY PLANE. POPULATION TREND. CURRENCY. N. EMERGENCY NUMBERS. CONTEMPORARY. SLEEP. DRINK. MUSEUMS. RAIL. BUDGET. MEDIEVAL PERIOD. BBQ JOINT. BY BUS. GET IN. TOURISM. OPERATED BY MINISTRY OF INDUSTRY AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY. GUIDE. FESTIVALS. STAR. CITY INFO. NATIONAL MILITARY UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES. N. BUILDINGS AND MONUMENTS. NATIONAL MILITARY UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES. TOURISM. STAY SAFE. PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC. CITY INFO. USEFUL INFO. SUBWAY. UNDERSTAND. DEMOGRAPHICS. SHANGHAI. BUY. NANJING. HISTORY. E. EAT. LIBRARIES. PURPLE MOUNTAIN PASS. EDUCATION. DRINK. STAR. TODAY. DO. REFERENCES. CITY INFO. WATER. NOODLE (MIANTIAO) AND POT STICKER (JIAOZI) SHOPS. REPUBLIC OF CHINA IN MAINLAND PERIOD. MID-RANGE. NIGHT LIFE. BBQ JOINT. BY BUS. FOOD COURT UNDERNEATH XINJIEKOU. PURPLE MOUNTAIN . PRIVATE COLLEGES. ART. OPERATED BY MINISTRY OF EDUCATION. NATIONAL HIGHWAY. RESTAURANTS. MUSEUMS. SPORTS AND STADIUMS. BY TRAIN. CONTEMPORARY. BY PLANE. GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE. GOVERNMENT. CULTURE AND ART. GET AROUND. CAPITAL OF THE SIX DYNASTIES. THEATRE. TRANSPORTATION. XINJIEKOU. A SIMPLE DIET. WEATHER. MEDIEVAL PERIOD. 1912 DISTRICT. RESTAURANTS. BY BUS. BY SUBWAY. BUDGET. MID-RANGE. HUNAN ROAD. GET OUT. SEE. PARKS AND GARDENS. EARLIER DEVELOPMENT. NATIONAL UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES. REFERENCES. BY BICYCLE. AIR. THE AREA AROUND THE CONFUCIUS TEMPLE. CAPITAL OF MING. WORK. PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION. USEFUL INFO. ROUTES THROUGH NANJING. BY ROAD. ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS. BUDGET. GUIDE. SISTER CITIES AND FRIENDSHIP CITIES. CURRENCY. BY BOAT. OPERATED BY THE GENERAL SPORT ADMINISTRATION. ANCIENT PERIOD. SLEEP. SUNRISE/SUNSET. RAIL. INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS. QING PERIOD. DUMPLINGS. BEIJING. GET IN. OPERATED BY MINISTRY OF INDUSTRY AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY. OPERATED BY THE JOINT COMMISSION OF THE STATE FOREST ADMINISTRATION AND PUBLIC ORDER MINISTRY. FESTIVALS. POPULATION TREND. EARLY HISTORY. PROVINCIAL UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES. TOP BEST RESTAURANTS. CAPITAL OF THE REPUBLIC. NANJING. ROAD. EMERGENCY NUMBERS. BY TAXI. ECONOMY. RAIL. CAPITAL OF THE REPUBLIC. TRANSPORTATION. BBQ JOINT. GOVERNMENT. REFERENCES. EARLIER DEVELOPMENT. GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE. PRIVATE COLLEGES. E. N. MID-RANGE. SLEEP. MUSEUMS. SUNRISE/SUNSET. HISTORY. THE AREA AROUND THE CONFUCIUS TEMPLE. HUNAN ROAD. STAY SAFE. XINJIEKOU. NANJING. ROUTES THROUGH NANJING. ECONOMY. SEE. CONTEMPORARY. PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION. SISTER CITIES AND FRIENDSHIP CITIES. AIR. PURPLE MOUNTAIN PASS. USEFUL INFO. REPUBLIC OF CHINA IN MAINLAND PERIOD. EARLY HISTORY. SHANGHAI. CITY INFO. BY PLANE. BY TAXI. TOP BEST RESTAURANTS. BUILDINGS AND MONUMENTS. DO. NATIONAL HIGHWAY. OPERATED BY MINISTRY OF EDUCATION. OPERATED BY THE JOINT COMMISSION OF THE STATE FOREST ADMINISTRATION AND PUBLIC ORDER MINISTRY. BUDGET. DEMOGRAPHICS. CULTURE AND ART. NIGHT LIFE. ROAD. MEDIEVAL PERIOD. CITY INFO. POPULATION TREND. RESTAURANTS. SPORTS AND STADIUMS. DUMPLINGS. WATER. BY BUS. ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS. MID-RANGE. WORK. OPERATED BY THE GENERAL SPORT ADMINISTRATION. GET AROUND. BY BICYCLE. EDUCATION. GET IN. BY BOAT. UNDERSTAND. BEIJING. LIBRARIES. FOOD COURT UNDERNEATH XINJIEKOU. BUDGET. WEATHER. FESTIVALS. STAR. PARKS AND GARDENS. OPERATED BY MINISTRY OF INDUSTRY AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY. NATIONAL UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES. NATIONAL MILITARY UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES. A SIMPLE DIET. BY TRAIN. THEATRE. TOURISM. PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC. BY ROAD. CURRENCY. CAPITAL OF THE SIX DYNASTIES. PURPLE MOUNTAIN . ANCIENT PERIOD. TODAY. 1912 DISTRICT. SUBWAY. PROVINCIAL UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES. REFERENCES. USEFUL INFO. EAT. BUY. GUIDE. INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS. QING PERIOD. NOODLE (MIANTIAO) AND POT STICKER (JIAOZI) SHOPS. ART. GET OUT. RESTAURANTS.

NANJING
CUSTOM TRAVEL GUIDE
FROM AUGUST 17 UNTIL AUGUST 17, 2013

JUST MADE FOR SRBIJ

Table of contents
1

Nanjing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
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City info. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
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Understand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Get in. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Get around. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 See. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Do. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Work. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Buy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Eat. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Drink. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Sleep. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Stay safe. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Get out. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 History. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Geography and climate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Government. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Demographics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Economy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Transportation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Culture and art. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sports and stadiums. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tourism. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Education. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . International relations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Restaurants. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
2

15 15 16 16 16 17 19 19 21 21

Useful info. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
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Top Best Restaurants. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Weather. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sunrise/Sunset. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Currency. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Emergency numbers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 23 23 23

References. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25

Nanjing
Nanjing
Nanjing

Nanjing Understand
trip takes about five hours (only about four at night). Many people prefer to take a train to Shanghai then bus, taxi or train to Nanjing.

Understand
Nanjing means "southern capital" (versus Beijing meaning "northern capital".) It is a renowned historical and cultural city and was the capital of several dynasties over the course of Chinese history. It has many historical sites including Ming tombs that are on the UNESCO World Heritage List. It was most recently the capital of China under the Kuomintang, from 1927 until their retreat to Taiwan in 1949. With a current urban population of approximately 5 million people, Nanjing is an important center for commerce and trade in Eastern China.

By train
There are many daily departures to and from Shanghai and Shanghai HongQiao Station, which is about four hours away on slow trains and around 75 minutes on the new fast ones (see High-speed rail in China). Both types of train also stop at Wuxi and Suzhou and some continue on to Hangzhou. Fast trains offer better equipment and are comparable with a business class flight, while slow trains are older and without as many amenities, but may suit people traveling on a budget. Generally, the Chinese train system might appear a bit "weird" for European passengers, but it's comfortable, reliable, and is recommended over a bus for most trips. The main station is simply Nanjing Station, although locals refer to it as Nanjing North. It is situated on the north shore of Xuanwu Lake and is also very close to Zhongyangmen longdistance bus station. It is modern and more like an airport than a train station - the departure areas are on the 2nd and 3rd floors and you'll go through a ticket and security check to enter this area. Look for your train number on the indicator boards to find the right waiting room and when your train is called (usually 10 minutes before departure) just follow the crowd to find the right platform. Arrivals are in the basement, as is the taxi stand and the entrance to the subway station. The ticket office, pedestrian entrance and the local-bus station is on the first floor. Many southbound trains start from Nanjing West, a small terminal staiton just west of the downtown area, however the facilities and public transport connections are nowhere near as good. Nanjing South station (adjacent to Zhonghuamen metro and bus stations) is to undergo a major redevelopment and most long-distance overnight services will depart from here in the future. Although it's only a tiny station with a few services a day, the majority of services between Nanjing and Huangshan (Yellow Mountain) will stop here so it's worth booking a ticket to Nanjing South (Nanjingnan) to avoid a slow 45-minute ride around the eastern suburbs to the main station. The south station is located about 1 block east of Zhonghuamen subway station so onwards connections are easy and usually quicker than from the main station. Nanjing Railway Station Train Timetable

Get in
By plane
Nanjing's Lukou International Airport is about 35km from the city center and serves inbound international flights from Japan, Korea, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore and Germany. You can also fly to Lukou International from most major cities in China, including Hong Kong (with the exception of Shanghai due to its close proximity to Nanjing.) From the airport, there are several ground transportation options into Nanjing. The 30-minute taxi ride to the downtown area will cost 100 or more (there's a 20 toll about 3 km away from the airport). It usually works out cheaper to take the airport bus to downtown and take a taxi from there. There are two express-bus routes from the airport to downtown Nanjing - both terminate at the railway station and connect with the subway and local city buses. The services run at 15-minute intervals with one line serving Zhonghuamen (also has good subway and bus connections) and Hanzhongmen, while the other runs to the east of the city and stops close to Fuzimiao. A one-way ticket costs 20 and can be purchased from the kiosk outside the arrivals hall. WARNING - if taking the bus to the airport from Zhonghuamen, ignore the touts who hang around outside the bus station and subway station claiming to operate the official bus service - they will usually quote the same price, you'll be loaded into the back of a small, rundown minibus and will usually drop you off several kilometres short of the airport and claim that the fare into the actual airport is several hundred kuai. To find the actual bus service, enter the bus station building and go to Gate 7 - buy the ticket from the kiosk at the gate, not the main ticket office. If you're flying into Shanghai, there are bus and train services that travel to and from Nanjing. The bus runs four times a day from Shanghai Pudong International Airport, with a stop at Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport and then on to Nanjing Zhongyangmen (and back). From there, take the metro or a taxi to your destination. It costs 136 from Shanghai and the

By bus
Nanjing is well connected to Shanghai, Hangzhou and most destinations within Jiangsu, Anhui and northern Zhejiang provicnces by bus as well as longer overnight sleeper services to Beijing (12 hours) and Guangzhou (24 hours). Most services depart from Zhongyangmen bus station, a large, clean modern

Nanjing
terminal in the north of the city approximately 10 minutes walk to the west of the main train station. The station has English signange and announcements but the ticket clerks generally cannot understand English. Some services into Anhui province depart from Nanjing South (Zhonghuamen) station, which is adjacent to Zhonghuamen metro station. There are also bus stations serving nearby destinations at Hanzhongmen, Nanjing East (to the north of Purple Mountain) and Nanjing North (on the west side of the Yangtze River) although they are less useful to travellers.

Nanjing Get around


the driver upon exiting the cab. Don't expect to get a cab during both the morning and afternoon rush hours; demand is high and the drivers make their shift changes around these times, too. Tipping is not expected in cabs in China, so the price on the meter is the price you should pay. Unlike cabbies in Beijing or Shanghai (who frequently shuttle foreigners around and may be accustomed to gratuity under the table) tipping in Nanjing is an alien concept. You are likely to befuddle but please a driver by insisting that they accept additional 'free' money. As with anywhere else in China, you are very unlikely to get a driver who speaks any English, so unless you speak Mandarin, remember to get your hotel's business card, and get hotel staff to write down your destination names in Chinese to show your taxi driver before you set off.

By road
There is a modern highway system between Shanghai and Nanjing, which can allow you to travel quite quickly from city to city. Beware of traffic in the morning and evening rush hours. If you're just one person, it may be much cheaper to travel by train, but if you're in a larger group, sharing a car service can be cheaper. Keep in mind that you need to be a very experienced driver to handle Chinese traffic, so you may be better served using trains and buses between the cities and taxis in the cities, unless you're really on for a challenge. If you are interested in driving yourself, see Driving in China.

By subway
The Subway is a clean, cheap, safe and fast way of getting from A to B quickly - the system has 2 lines and covers most of the central city. The lines are as follows: Line 1 runs from Maigaoqiao in the north, via the railway station and along the length of Zhongshan Lu through the city centre to Andemen - from there the line splits with alternate services going to the Olympic New Town area around the Olympic Sports Centre and to the south towards China Pharmaceutical University via the new South High-Speed train station. Services between Maigaoqiao and Andemen run every 3 minutes, and every 6 minutes on each branch line. Line 2 runs from the new town area in the west and follows Hanzhong Lu and Zhongshan Donglu to the east, terminating nearby the Purple Mountain scenic area. Trains run every 6 to 8 minutes. There are interchanges to Line 1 at Yuantong and Xinjiekou stations. Trains run from approx. 5am to 11pm. Single-journey tokens cost between 2 and 4 yuan depending on distance and can be purchased from vending machines in the station. Stored-value tickets are also available (see above) and give a 5% discount.

By boat
Nanjing is situated on the Yangtze river. Scheduled passenger liner service is available along the Yangtze river between Shanghai downstream and Wuhan in the Hubei province upstream, although, the river is mostly used for transport of goods.

Get around
If you're staying more than a few days it's worth buying a Jinlingtong (also known as IC-tong). These are available from any subway station, most bus termini and from any branch of Huaxia Bank (look for an information window displaying the letters 'IC'). The card costs Y80 and contains Y30 refundable deposit and Y50 credit, and can be topped up at the aformentioned locations. The card can be used on the subway, all city buses (but not all suburban buses), cross-river ferries, taxis (although drivers are reluctant to accept them and may tell you the scanner is broken) and in some Suguo convenience stores.

By bus
Buses are handy for getting around - particularly places that are inaccessible by subway, although Nanjing's bus system feels a little aged compared to Hangzhou and Shanghai and has no English information. However, Google Maps displays bus services for Nanjing and some tourist maps such as those sold around the train station will have bus routes. Buses running within the city proper will carry a route number displayed on a red placard below the front windscreen next to the entrance door. Low-numbered routes (1-100) follow major thoroughfares and link major shopping, residential and transportation hubs. 3-figure route numbers follow indirect routes and run around quieter residential streets and are less handy for travellers, but can be an interesting way of seeing Nanjing's ordinary working class neighbourhoods. Routes displaying the Chinese character for 'you' (travel) are primarily aimed at tourists and link all the major tourist sights. Routes

By taxi
Taxis are a great way to get around and most trips will cost less than 25. The cab driver should start the meter as soon as you are picked up (starting at 9); if the cab driver doesn't start using the meter and you don't say anything he/she may assume you don't know any better and overcharge you at the end of your journey. Ask for a printed receipt detailing the cab number, kilometers traveled, times, and money exchanged from

Nanjing
numbered '8XX' e.g. 801, 806, 813 etc are night buses which run approximately twice an hour between 11pm and 5am when the regular service ends. Buses heading to surrounding suburban towns depart from hubs on the edge of downtown such as Nanjing Train Station (North/East), Changjiang Daqiao (Yangtze River No.1 Bridge - going north-west), Hanzhongmen (West) and Zhonghuamen (South/East). These services display the name of the suburb/town that they serve in Chinese characters and have no route number. Fares are a flat 2 yuan on numbered services except for some routes which run older non-airconditioned buses which charge 1 yuan - no change is given so have some coins ready. For suburban routes, fares are charged by distance and a conductor collects the fares. There's a discount of 20% for IC card users. Note that many bus stops are some distance apart (often 3-4 blocks) so keep an eye out for your stop and an ear out for the stop's name on the PA announcements (which are only in Chinese). If the bus is quiet then press the buzzer next to the door to signal to the driver that you want to alight.

Nanjing See
Zhanyuan Garden, Zhonghua Gate, and the sights along the Taoye Ferry ride to Zhenhuai Bridge.Taking the painted boats to cruise on the Qinhuai River, visitors can not only admire the sights along the river but can also experience the traditional culture of Nanjing. Visitors can take boats at different wharfs to admire the scenery along the river. City Wall of Nanjing (). The City Wall of Nanjing was designed by Emperor Zhu Yuanzhang (r. 1368-1398) after he founded the Ming Dynasty(1368-1644) and established Nanjing as the capital 600 years ago. To consolidate his sovereignty and keep out invaders, he adopted the suggestions of advisor Zhu Sheng to build a higher city wall, to collect grains and to postpone the coronation. Then, he started to build the city wall. It took 21 years for the project, which involved 200,000 laborers to move 7 million cubic meters of earth.

By bicycle
Nanjing is fairly cycle-friendly with segregated bike lanes on most busy roads - however there are a lot of bikes on the road so care should be taken. Generally, the pace is quite slow, and some of the hills in the central-west part of the city can be tiring to climb (but fun and a little scary to descend). Although it's possible to cycle up the Purple Mountain, it should be tackled in the early morning as the roads will be crammed with fast-moving bus and taxi traffic for most of the day, and the roads are narrow with no bike lanes. The bike/pedestrian path around the edge of Xuanwu Lake is a popular place for cyclists, as well as a popular racing ground for local motorcyclists - take care on the many blind corners.

The Nanjing Confucius Temple at night

See
The city pass can be bought for 100 at the entrance to any of the big parks in the city, such as the zoo or Yuhuatai Memorial Park and provides you with free entry to 21 different locations. You need to provide a passport photo for each pass and they are valid for one calendar year. Qin Huai River (). Qin Huai River, a branch of the great Yangtze River, is 110 kilometers (about 68 miles) in length and covers a drainage area of 2,631 square kilometers (about 1,016 square miles). The river was originally called Huai River, and it is said that the river was channeled to the city of Nanjing during the reign of Emperor Qin Shi Huang, so it was named Qin Huai River from then on. Qin Huai River is the largest river in the Nanjing City area and is the 'life blood' of the city. Qin Huai River is so fascinating that it captures the imaginations of people both at home and abroad.There are many famous sites of interest along the banks of the Qin Huai River , including Confucius Temple just 5 minutes away,

Confucius Temple (/). Once an imperial examination testing center for the entire Jiangsu region, this museum comprises a tiny fraction of the once-massive original buildings. The rest of the site is a massive, labyrinthine market; a top tourist draw in Nanjing and a place where you can get all your haggling out of your system. Get your picture taken with the Confucius sculpture and grab some tea on one of the gondolas on the canal. On the southern side of town next to Zhonghua Gate and the Taiping Museum. The Gate of China (Zhonghuamen) (), Zhonghuanan Lu (Take subway line 1 to Zhonghuamen station and get out at exit 2, cross the highway and turn right, keep walking till you get to Yuhua lu, turn left and head straight to the gate). The southern gate of Nanjing's city wall; this massive gate is one of the best preserved parts of Nanjing's city wall, and one of the best remaining examples of early Ming defensive architecture extant anywhere. The wooden castle at top was destroyed by fire, but the immense masonry (each complete with the mason's name and home province by order of the emperor) substructure remains. Two courtyards contain an archery range and vegetable gardens. The main gate has three immense depots within where, long emptied of provisions, you can find some scale models and exhibits

Nanjing
about the gate. In one depot you can find an air raid siren used during the Japanese attack on the city. Free to look. 30 to climb. Ruins of the Ming Dynasty Imperial Palace (Wuchaomen Park), ZhongshanDong Lu (Directly above Minggugong subway station on line 2). The palace was built by the first Ming Emperor in 1366 and originally stretched 2.5km in length. It was completely destroyed in the Qing Dynasty and what remains today barely hints at its size. In the tree shaded southern half are the small section of wall holding the huge arches of the Meridian Gate, five stone 'Outer Dragon' bridges and a array of megaliths, some baring fragments of carvings. The site was effectively a prototype of Beijing's Forbidden City as the layout was copied by the Emperors grandson when he moved the capital northwards in 1421. Free.

Nanjing See
Nationalist government. The Palace includes the former offices of many top governmental officials, including Chiang Kai-shek and Sun Yat-sen, as well as the former residence of Sun Yat-sen. It is one the few places in mainland China where the flag of the Republic of China still flies. Informational placards around the palace are printed in four languages. 40. Taiping Kingdom History Museum (). A small museum focusing on a little-known historical event in the West (1843-68), the Taiping Rebellion. In addition to being one of the most sanguinary episodes in recorded history (some estimates put the loss of life higher than the dead from World War I), it was a crucial moment in China's relationship with the West, modernity, and its relationship to its own imperial history. The quasi-Christian, peasant-lead rebellion overran an area greater than Texas which it ruled, at one point threatening the Qing government in Beijing, from the old Ming capital of Nanjing. On exhibit are documents relating to Taiping history and the grinding reduction of their movement by enterprising Qing generals and their European auxiliaries, culminating in the siege of Nanjing. Next door are the beautiful Zhanyuan Gardens. Jiangsu Province Kunqu Theatre. This highly-regarded theater company in Nanjing will give you a chance to see Kunqu Opera, a traditional Chinese art form, firsthand. Expect the dialogue to be sung in ancient Chinese, but LED subtitling in contemporary Chinese characters is provided. Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge (). This 6km bridge over the Yangtze has sculptures that are classics of Chinese sociallist art; with workers and farmers carrying tools, soldiers carrying weapons, and all of them holding books, most likely Quotations of Chairman Mao Zedong (better known as The Little Red Book). The bridge was built after Soviet advisors left China during the Sino-Soviet Split of the 1960's, and is therefore the first major project built entirely by Chinese, without foreign help. A new town is currently being constructed on the other side, which may include a direct subway connection in the future. Jiming Temple, No.1 Ji Ming Si Road, 025-57715595. Jiming Temple is the most popular temple in Nanjing and it is located convenient to downtown. Near Xuanwu Lake, there are several bus stops nearby with over 20 buses pass like no. 3, 11, 20, 31and so on. Tickets are 5 RMB, which includes 3 free incense with every ticket.

The Nanjing Massacre Memorial is a chilling reminder of Nanjing's place in history during World War II

Nanjing Massacre Memorial Hall (), 418 Shuiximen DaJie (Next to YunJinLu Subway station), (nj1937@126.com), . 830-1630; Closed Mon. A memorial for the hundreds of thousands of Chinese who died at the hands of Japanese troops in Nanjing during World War II. Two partially excavated mass-burial sites reveal victims remains in situ, accompanied by insightful information boards around the walkway. The elongated sites sympathetically restrained architecture and beautifully maintained gardens are interspersed with sculptures, murals and other artworks that inspire solemn meditations. Close to the entrance is the recently opened museum exhibiting multitudes of photos, videos and objects to tell the full story, somewhat evenhandedly, that can easily occupy you for hours. Captions are in English, Chinese, and Japanese. Free. Nanjing Museum (), 321 ZhongshanDong Lu (Next to Zhongshan Gate), . 830-1700. Eleven exhibition halls display a mixture of poetry, bronzes and silk artefacts interspersed with cultural displays. Worth pondering over are a jade burial suit and an arched door from the Ming era Porcelain Pagoda. A great place to spend humid or rainy days. Free. Presidential Palace (), 292 Changjiang Lu, . 830-18. Spend a day exploring the headquarters of past emperors and the

Purple Mountain
Some say that Nanjing is all about Tombs. Plan an entire day just exploring the mountain and surrounding areas. The park has a shuttle "train" you can ride and is included in the price

Nanjing
of certain tickets. There is also a cable car going up the hill for 25 one-way and 45 round-trip, or you can walk. Ming Dynasty emperor Tomb. Look out for the stone camels. Dr. Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum (). Resting place of the leader of the 1911 revolution. The tomb of Sun Quan. From the Three Kingdoms period A Purple Mountain pass might be worth buying if you plan on visiting 2 or 3 of the parks on the mountain. The Purple Mountain pass can be bought for 100 at the entrance to Sun Yatsen's Memorial (and possibly at any of the other parks on the mountain) and provides you with entry to nine parks.

Nanjing Do
Locally, jobs - including frequent requests for native speakers of less widely taught languages such as Italian and German are often advertised on the bulletin board at Skyways; see the "Eat" section for its location.

Buy
Xinjiekou is Nanjing's fashion district, the cosmopolitan, fast-paced heart of the city bathed in neon. It's the closest thing Nanjing has to Tokyo or Times Square. All the major retail is centered on this area, which despite its complexity is only a couple of square blocks in size. There are giant department stores including Wal-Mart, Watsons, Suning, and "Fashion Lady" -- a bewildering, subterranean complex of clothing boutiques and vendors that looks like a video game come to life. On the outskirts of Xinjiekou are some higher-end establishments selling everything from single-malt scotch to MINIs. The eight-floor Deji Plaza has a number of retailers such as Cartier, Louis Vuitton, Ermengildo Zegna, Coach, Guess, Versace, Vasque, Crocs, Toys R Us and so on. At DongFang Shopping Centre there's Gucci, Fendi, Celine and so on. While you might be able to get away with haggling at the Fashion Lady don't expect any in Deji Plaza. Hunan Road is a slightly more low-key version of Xinjiekou running between Xuanwu Lake and Zhongshanbei Lu it has most of the same stores including the Phoenix International Bookstore which has a whole floor of English-language books. There is also a small pedestrianised street running south from Hunan Road which is lined with pretty much every variety of restaurant imaginable, including the usual KFC and McD's, several cheap jiaozi and noodle places, some more upmarket Chinese places and a handufl of international restaurants incluing a Thai and Indian restaurant. The area around the Confucius Temple in the south of the city has a lot of shopping, especially clothing and tourist items. It is a maze of tiny individual shops, and fun to explore even if you are not buying. If you are interesting in buying, haggling over prices is the name of the game here. If you are skilled in the art of bargaining you can easily get an asking price of 380 reduced to 80 without breaking a sweat. The streets outside the temple area provide more shopping opportunities, as does the underground mall. The entrance to this mall is sandwiched between two shops but the neon lights provide a clue. This is a Nanjing shopping experience you will want to return to again and again. Opposite Confucius Temple there's Aqua City Shopping Centre with retailers like H&M, Uniqlo, Zara, Mango and so on. While you are there, take a stroll through the temple, and over the historic bridge which offers great photo opportunities. If it's a cup of tea that interests you check out the little gold-roofed floating tea houses on the canal.

Do
Tangshan Regalia - Hot Spring & Spa (), Tangshan Quan Yun Road, +86 25 8713 1188 (toll free: 400 115 3388, sales-nanjing@regalia.com.cn, fax: +86 25 8713 1188), . Tangshan is a historical natural hot springs area in Nanjing and known as one of the popular places to enjoy great vistas of the mountain and it is surrounded by tranquil forests and lake. Regalia Resort & Spa offers private hot springs room coupled with spa treatments to follow. With easy access from Huning Highway that provides accessible public or private transportation, Tangshan is the perfect place to enjoy the relaxing pleasures offered by the natural hot springs. Sun Palace. Between Xuanwu Hu and Purple Mountain is a hotel resort with an indoor waterpark and a nice wavepool (activated on the even hours), and a lazy river around the perimeter, a fantastic children's area, a high-dive, and of course some great slides. This place seems to be closed, though (June 2011) 60. Xuanwu Hu. One of Nanjing's lakes has three islands in the middle all linked by causeways, complete with a amusement park for kids, a small zoo, and lots of great views of the city and Purple Mountain. Paddle boats can be rented as well. The picturesque nature of this lake is a nod to the high esteem held within China of Nanjing's beauty. Free Chaotiangong (). 11:00-17:00. For antique lovers, this place is a small market hosted next to the Confucius Palace. You can find all sorts of small and big objects there, some are real antiques, others are fake. If you want to buy something, be prepared to negotiate the price! This place is fun to stroll around seeing both things to sell and sellers as the environment is quite charming.

Work
All of the universities and various other schools hire language teachers. See Teaching English for ideas on how to find a job teaching English overseas.

Nanjing
Eat
Local specialties include xiaolongbao (), thin skinned dumplings filled with soup and meat, that are served steaming hot in baskets and tangbao (), which are similar, but much larger and filled with crab meat and soup. The soup in these is drank with a straw. Restaurants serving these can be found all over Nanjing usually in small hole in the wall restaurants or dining halls () for cheap. You'll usually be able to find them served along side yaxue fensi duck blood noodles () another local specialty.

Nanjing Eat
you're interested in their 7 menu (the Chinese equivalent of the Dollar Menu). If you want to self-cater of just stock up on snacks/drinks then Nanjing has plenty of supermarkets and convenience stores. The main supermarkets in the central area are Times Extra (on Zhongyang Lu close to Xinmofan Lu subway station), Lotus (near Zhongyangmen Bus Station), Walmart (on the 2nd floor of Wanda Plaza Mall in Xinjiekou) and Carrefour (on Zhongshan Dong Lu). There are also many Suguo CVS convenience stores which are similar to 7-Eleven and stock drinks, snacks, instant noodles and cigarettes. Most Suguo stores accept payment using the IC transport card.

Budget
Nanjing has dozens of small noodle (miantiao) and pot sticker (jiaozi) shops on many of its streets. Qingdao Lu, a secondary street running northbound before the intersection of Shanghai Lu and Guangzhou Lu has a few excellent miantiao shops, including a Hui restaurant (Hui are a Chinese ethnic group that practices Islam), which serves only mutton and beef. Here, a massive bowl of hot soup and noodles will only cost you about 6. The area closer to Nanjing University has plenty of good, cheap eats, including a series of jiaozi vendors. At most Jiaozi shops you order and pay at the cashier desk by the entrance and you'll be given a ticket which you must take to the serving window. If it's late-night munchies you're after, just head down any small backstreet and follow your nose and you're sure to find a small BBQ joint. These smokey little restaurants offer spicy meat kebabs (usually beef or lamb) along with BBQ'd vegetables, bread, fish and even sticky-rice balls and also serve beer at about Y3 per bottle. If you're after genuine hand-made dumplings, there's an excellent dumpling restaurant (with an English menu) just off Ninghai Rd - dumplings come in a variety of fillings in sets of 6 priced between Y2 and Y5, although you must order at least 2 sets. If you can't read chinese and you're a bit picky on what you eat, there's an excellent restaurant called A Simple Diet, located just off Hunan Road (next to McDonalds). Here they have taken the Japanese innovation of recreating the menu items in plastic so that you can simply point and order. You'll be given a card upon entry - when you order, hand it to the staff who will stamp your card. When you leave, take your card to the cashier's desk to pay. You can find inexpensive, Western-style sandwiches at the popular American sub shop Subway, which has four stores in Nanjing; two in the Carrefour stores, one in the Golden Wheel shopping mall, and one in the popular Da Yang department store. The Walmart (wa-er-ma) in Xinjiekou has an extensive grocery and live foods market on the basement level. McDonalds has a number of restaruants in the city, if

Mid-range
Soul Mate, Nan Xiu Cun 15-1 (near Shanghai road), +86 25 8332 8418. Western-style restaurant and coffee bar owned by French expats, with homemade pizzas, burgers, salads and French dishes for reasonable prices. It's a good place to have a few drinks and food in a friendly and relaxed atmosphere. LES 5 SENS , 52-1 Hankou Lu (near Shanghai road), +86 25-83 59 58 59 (info@les5sens.net), . 11h30 to 22h00. French restaurant with a French Chef and a cosy atmosphere, providing traditional and family homemade french dishes. 38 to 119 Rmb. Gold & Silver , . Gold and Silver is located on Jinyin Jie. It has reopened. It is located right across from the Nanjing University International Student Dormitories right off of Shanghai Lu. 1030. Old Place Sichuan Food , . Old Place is located on Jinyin Jie. It is located right across from the Nanjing University International Student Dormitories right off of Shanghai Lu. 1030. Skyways Bakery (also known as the German Bakery). Owned by a German/Belgian couple Their sandwiches are of good quality and quite large and include a drink. They also have good salads and coffee at reasonable prices. Check out the bulletin board for employment opportunities in the city. 27. Shanghai Lu (just South of Bejing Xi Lu), +86 25 8663 4834. 10 Taipingmen Lu, +86 25 8481 2002. German Bread Store. If you're missing some taste from home, or just looking for good bread and sandwiches, try this cafe next to Nanjing Normal University. They serve sandwiches, drinks, and various styles of original German bread. You'll probably find foreign visitors here are all ours, with lots of customers speaking various European languages. 20. Bebbis, Orient Departement Store, floor 1, +86 25 8473 0121, . A fondue restaurant originally established in Inter-

Nanjing
laken, Switzerland, has now opened a second restaurant in Nanjing. Kung, (main gate of the Mei Hua Shan Zhuang compound). ~150 for four. A Korean-owned restaurant, very popular among Nanjing's Korean community. Kung serves a wide variety of traditional Korean dishes such as bulgogi and kimchi (in all its colorful variations). Order a selection of dishes and split them over four or five friends. 24hr Coffee Tea. (Could someone else confirm the closing of 24hr Coffee Tea.) This comfortable, yet unassuming, place has excellent coffee and tea as well as reasonable lunch options. The little Bento box deals are terrific, and come with a cup of soup and fruit. The servers are very attentive and the food typically comes out very fast. Be warned that the menu is all Chinese characters (no pinyin) and the servers do not speak English, so brush up on your Mandarin. Wi-Fi is available if you have either a China Mobile or China Unicom account. The two locations are located right across from each other on either side of the Shanghai Lu. ~100. Blue Sky, (on Shanghai Lu). Expat bar that is particularly popular with Australians with a pool table and jukebox. A sort of eclectic menu that offers pub fare like burgers or Indian food like vindaloo. The service can be slow, so don't try to grab a quick lunch here. If you're hurting for an ale or stout (Chinese beer is invariably light) you can break up the monotony with a nice heavy import. ~100. There is an extensive food court underneath Xinjiekou off of Fashion Lady shopping mall with lots and lots of options. Included is a Dairy Queen.

Nanjing Drink
location for good Italian food and drink (Jack's), is on the last corner before Beijing Lu. The Castle Bar on Zhongyang Lu (close to the Gulou intersection and right next to McDonalds) is Nanjing's most popular student/expat dive and is most crowded (and smokey) on Friday and Saturday nights. Entry is free and drinks are cheap (Y15 for a bud, Y10 for a tequila) and has live music on Saturday nights. Other popular expat drinking spots include Jimmy's (on Hanzhong Rd West, just past the Bank of China) which is next to the YESBar nightclub/KTV and has excellent burgers, pizzas and Mexican food as well as a good choice of imported beers (mostly Australian) for about 20-30RMB a bottle and also has hookah pipes with various flavoured tobaccos (but no illegal substances, although they also stock Rizla Superking rolling papers... they're hard to come by in China). Finnegans Wake Irish Bar is an authentic Irish bar on the Cinnalane development just north of Sanshan Street subway station, just off Zhongshan South Road (walk down the pedestrianised street next to the underground car park entrance the bar is on the left). The bar has excellent food (meals are in the 100RMB range) which use ingredients sourced from Ireland and there is a good choice of drinks including Kilkenny and Guiness (70RMB a pint). Good news if your tab gets too high - they take VISA cards! Bloom's, no. 6 Cinnalane, S. Zhongshan Rd (above Finnegans Wake), 025 52207362, . 5PM-11PM.

Sleep Drink
Night life in Nanjing is very much alive, and you can find the epicenter in Nanjing's 1912 District, which is comparable to Shanghai's Xintiandi District. It is roughly a city block of two and three-story buildings, with paved courtyards between. Almost all are restaurants, bars or nightclubs, with a few spas and upmarket clothing shops in the mix. Many of the buildings look like they might have been around since 1912, and the newer ones match the style of the older ones. The location is great; right downtown just west of the Presidential Palace. There is underground parking for cars and extensive outdoor parking for bikes and motorcycles on the north side of the complex. The area around Shanghai Lu, which runs between Nanjing University and Nanjing Normal University, has quite a few expats - mainly foreign students or English teachers from the two universities - and some places that cater to them. On Shanghai Lu near Guangzhou is "Blue Sky", an Aussie-owned bar with good music and a free pool table. Moving north from there is the Behind-the-Wall Cafe with reasonable Mexican food and drink. You can find good music just off Shanghai Lu, and one

Budget
Jasmine International Youth Hostel, No 7 Hequnxincun, Shanghai Road, +86 025 8330 0517 (jasminehostel@gmail.com). Clean place, very friendly staff and guests with decent levels of English; you might find only Chinese patrons here and most seem to come just because they like the hostel as opposed to the city. Free Wi-Fi on the ground floor and in the entertainment room. Bar and small menu if you want a quick bite without venturing outside. Bathrooms are all shared, however, and towels are available for purchase. Centrally located, (<5km to most sites in all directions) close to Nanjing University and Grand Hotel. 45 for a bed in 6 bed dorm + 100 deposit returned upon checkout. Nanjing Danfeng International Hotel (), 59-1 Yushi Street, North Floor 6 (), +86 025 8322 6770. Easily the best budget option in Nanjing. Private rooms are spotlessly clean, and excellent size for the money. Although their listing on numerous websites says it is "wireless", each room is equipped with wired Internet connections (you can borrow an Ethernet cable from the recep-

10

Nanjing
tion desk). Those without can share the communal computer for free. Don't share a private room with anyone you don't want to see naked, as the bathroom/toilet is housed inside a strange transparent glass enclosure. Small dorm rooms (3 people/room) from about 50, larger single & double rooms from about 160. Xiyuan: Nanjing University Foreign Student Dorm, No. 18 Jinyin Jie, +86 (0)25 8359 4535. Located in a central part of town, there are plenty of shops, bars, and restaurants in the area. The rooms in this 15-floor building are dorm style: 2-3 share a room, while a common bathroom (squat toilets) and small kitchen is shared by the entire floor. Beginning with floor 11 the rooms got their own small Bathrooms with toilet and shower. Kitchen-like facility though is still available one the floor. Someone has to know that they manage two buildings while the other one have even single rooms to offer, which are though way more expensive. Jin's Inn, 10 locations in Nanjing, . This budget chain hotel has locations all over Nanjing. Chinese breakfast is included, but even picky Westerners will find something to eat. Free wi-fi and free lobby computer; washing machine and dryer let you clean travel-worn clothes, although you'll need to buy detergent. Double rooms (and a few triples) with private bathrooms. Reserve online for discounted rate. 100-200.

Nanjing Stay safe


railway station - always use the official taxi stand and ignore any taxi touts. Although traffic is slightly calmer than most Chinese cities it can still be much more manic than most Western countries take the usual precautions when crossing the road and also remember that right turns on a red light are legal in China so people driving across the crosswalk while the 'walk' sign is showing aren't actually breaking the law. Also be careful of motorbikes and bicycles driving on the pavement. Many older Nanjingese may have a resentment towards the Japanese because of the events during World War II. If you are Japanese, don't let this put you off visiting as the locals will still be very welcoming, however it's recommended not to appear too conspicuously Japanese and keep any opinions to yourself. Younger Nanjingese are more open and will often be more than happy to discuss the war.

Get out
Nanjing Railway Station Train Timetable

Mid-range
International Conference Hotel Nanjing, 2 Sifangcheng Zhongshanling, +86 25 8443 0888 (tprsvns@hubs1.net, fax: +86 25 8443 9255), . Nestled at the foot of Purple Mountain in the province of Jiangsu, this Nanjing hotel provides 4-star accommodation with fantastic scenic views. ~498.

History
Early history

Stay safe
Good news! Nanjing is now officially the safest city in China this was the honour of Hangzhou until a recent rise in hotel robberies put Hangzhou in the headlines. This doesn't mean there is no risks. Pickpocketing is a problem in Fuzimiao as well as on crowded buses, the subway and around the main transport hubs. Because Nanjing has a relatively small number of foreigners for a city its size, the common scams seen in Shanghai and Beijing are almost non-existant, however you may still see the occasional dodgy salesman selling counterfeit goods in Fuzimiao. Be careful if taking the bus to the airport from Zhonghuamen bus station as many touts claim to be the official bus service, however there is a strong risk of being overcharged or driven to a location several kilometres from the actual airport. The official bus departs from Gate 7 and tickets should be paid for at the gate. Bus Tickets are 20 as of March 2010. Also be careful of fake taxis operating from the bus stations and occasionally the

A bixie sculpture at Xiao Xiu's tomb (AD 518)

Nanjing was one of the earliest established cities in what is now China. Fu Chai, Lord of the State of Wu, founded a fort named Yecheng () in today's Nanjing area in 495 BCE according to the legend. Later in 473 BCE, the State of Yue conquered Wu and constructed the fort of Yuecheng () on the outskirts of the present-day Zhonghua Gate. In 333 BCE, after eliminating the State of Yue, the State of Chu built Jinling Yi () in the western part of present-day Nanjing. Under the Qin and Han

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Nanjing
dynasties, it was called Moling (). Since then, the city has experienced destruction and renewal many times.

Nanjing History
Medieval period

Capital of the Six Dynasties


Nanjing first became a capital in 229 CE, where Sun Quan of the Wu Kingdom during the Three Kingdoms Period relocated its capital to Jianye (), a city he extended on the basis of Jinling Yi in 211 CE. Although conquered by the West Jin Dynasty in 280, Nanjing and its neighboring areas had been well cultivated and developed into one of the commercial, cultural, and political centers of China during the rule of East Wu. This city would soon play a vital role in the following centuries. Shortly after the unification of the region, the West Jin state collapsed in wars. It was at first rebels of eight Jin princes for the throne and later rebels and invasion from Xiongnu and other nomadic peoples that destroyed the rule of Jin in the north. In 317, remnants of the Jin court, as well as nobles and wealthy families, fled from the north to the south and reestablished the Jin court in Nanjing, which was then called Jiankang (). Nanjing remained the capital of the North-South Division period for more than two and a half centuries. During this time, Nanjing was the international hub of the East Asia and one of the largest city in the world. Based on historical documents, the city had 280,000 registered households. A number of sculptural ensembles of that era, erected at the tombs of royals and other dignitaries, have survived (in various degrees of preservation) in Nanjing's northeastern and eastern suburbs, primarily in Qixia District. Possibly the best preserved of them is the ensemble of the Tomb of Xiao Xiu (475518), a brother of Emperor Wu of Liang. The period of division ended when the Sui Dynasty reunified China and destroyed almost the entire city, turning it into a small town.

The arra pagoda in Qixia Temple. It was built in 601 and rebuilt in the 10th century.

The city of Nanjing was razed after Sui took it. It was reconstructed during late Tang Dynasty. It was again named capital (then known as Jinling () during the short-lived Southern Tang (937975), who succeeded the Wu. Jiankang's textile industry burgeoned and thrived during Song Dynasty despite the constant threat from the northern foreign invasions. The Mongolians, the occupiers of China, further consolidated the city's status as a hub of the textile industry under the Yuan Dynasty.

Capital of Ming
Zhonghua Gate is the south gate of the walled city of Nanjing. The city wall was built in the 14th century and is the longest in the world.

The first emperor of the Ming Dynasty Zhu Yuanzhang (the Hongwu Emperor) who overthrew the Yuan Dynasty rebuilt this city and made it the dynastic capital in 1368. He constructed what was the longest city wall in the world at that time. It took 200,000 laborers 21 years to finish the project. The present-day city wall of Nanjing was mainly built during that time, and it is the longest surviving city wall in the world.

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Nanjing
Nanjing remained the capital of the Ming Empire until 1421, when the third emperor of the dynasty, Zhu Di, relocated the capital to Beijing. It is believed that Nanjing was the largest city in the world from 1358 to 1425 with a population of 487,000 in 1400. Besides the city wall, other famous Ming-era structures in the city included the Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum (still one of the most famous sites of the region) and the Porcelain Tower (destroyed by the Taipings in the 19th century). As the center of the empire, early-Ming Nanjing had worldwide connections: it was home of admiral Zheng He, who went to sail the Pacific and Indian Oceans, and it was visited by foreign dignitaries, such as the sultan of Brunei Abdul Majid Hassan, who died during his visit to China in 1408. The sultan's grave, with a suitably royal bixi stone tortoise monument, was discovered in Yuhuatai District south of the city in 1958.

Nanjing History
Both the Qing Viceroy and the Taiping king resided in buildings that would later be known as the Presidential Palace. As Qing general Zeng Guofan retook the city in 1864, massive slaughter occurred in the city with over 100,000 committing suicide or fighting to the death.

Capital of the Republic

Qing period
Over two centuries after the removal of the capital to Beijing, Nanjing was destined to become the capital of a Ming emperor one more time. After the fall of Beijing to the Li Zicheng's rebels and then to Manchu Qing invaders, and the suicide of the last "real" Ming emperor Zhu Youjian (the Chongzhen Emperor) in the spring 1644, the Ming prince Zhu Yousong was enthroned in Nanjing in June 1644 as the Hongguang Emperor. His short reign was described by later historians as the first reign of the so-called Southern Ming Dynasty. Zhu Yousong, however, fared a lot worse than his ancestor Zhu Yuanzhang three centuries earlier. Beset by factional conflicts, his regime could not offer effective resistance to Manchu troops, when the Manchu army, led by Prince Dodo approached Jiangnan the next spring. Days after Yangzhou fell to the Manchus in late May 1645, the Hongguang Emperor fled Nanjing, and the imperial palace was looted by local residents. On June 6, Dodo's troops approached Nanjing, and the commander of the city's garrison, Zhao the Earl of Xincheng, promptly surrendered the city to them. The Manchus soon ordered all male residents of the city to shave their heads in the Manchu way, requisitioned a large section of the city for the bannermen's cantonment, and destroyed the former imperial palace, but otherwise the city was spared the mass murders and destruction that befell Yangzhou. During the Qing Dynasty (16441911), the Nanjing area was known as Jiangning () and served as the seat of government for the Liangjiang Viceroy. It had been visited by the Kangxi and Qianlong Emperors a number of times on their tours of the southern provinces. Nanjing was invaded by British troops during the First Opium War, which was ended by the Treaty of Nanking in 1842. Nanjing was the capital of the Taiping Kingdom in the mid-19th century, being renamed as Tianjing () (lit. Heaven's Capital).
The National Government of the Republic of China in Nanjing, 1927

The Xinhai Revolution led to the founding of the Republic of China in January 1912 with Dr. Sun Yat-sen as the first provisional president, and Nanjing was selected as its new capital. However, the Qing Dynasty still controlled the northern provinces, so revolutionaries asked Yuan Shikai to replace Sun as president in exchange for the emperor's abdication. Yuan demanded the capital be at Beijing (closer to his power base). In 1927, the Kuomintang (KMT) under Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek again established Nanjing as the capital of the Republic of China, and this became internationally recognized once KMT forces took Beijing in 1928. The following decade is known as the Nanjing decade, as they used the Presidential Palace in Nanjing as their headquarters. In 1937, Japan started the Second Sino-Japanese War. Their troops occupied Nanjing in December, and carried out the systematic and brutal Nanking massacre (the Rape of Nanking). The total death toll, including those made by the International Military Tribunal for the Far East and the Nanjing War Crimes Tribunal, put the number of dead between 300,000 and 350,000. The Nanjing Massacre Memorial Hall was built in 1985 to commemorate this event. A few days before the fall of the city, the National Government of China was relocated to the southwestern city Chungking (now Chongqing) and resumed Chinese resistance. In 1940a Japanese-collaborationist government known as the "Nanjing Regime" or "Nanjing Nationalist Government" led by Wang Jingwei was established in Nanjing as a rival to Chiang KaiShek's government in Chongqing. In 1946, after the Surrender of Japan, the KMT relocated its central government back to Nanjing.

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Nanjing
People's Republic
On April 23, 1949, The People's Liberation Army conquered Nanjing. After the establishment of the People's Republic of China, Nanjing was initially a province-level municipality, but very soon became, and today remains, the provincial capital of Jiangsu.

Nanjing History

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City info
City info
City info

City info Geography and climate


C (59.9F), with monthly mean values ranging from 2.4 to 27.8 C (36.3to 82F). The highest recorded temperature is 43.0 C (109F) , and the lowest 16.9 C (2F). On average precipitation falls 115 days out of the year, and the average annual rainfall is 1,062 millimetres (42in). Nanjing is endowed with rich natural resources, which include more than 40 kinds of minerals. Among them, iron and sulfur reserves make up 40 percent of those of Jiangsu province. Its reserves of strontium rank first in East Asia and the South East Asia region. Nanjing also possesses abundant water resources, both from the Yangtze River and groundwater. In addition, it has several natural hot springs such as Tangshan Hot Spring in Jiangning and Tangquan Hot Spring in Pukou. Nanjing is the intersection of Yangtze Riveran east-west water transport artery and Nanjing-Beijing railwaya southnorth land transport artery, hence the name door of the east and west, throat of the south and north. Furthermore, the west part of the Ningzhen range is in Nanjing; the Loong-like Zhong Mountain is curling in the east of the city; the tiger-like Stone Mountain is crouching in the west of the city, hence the name the Zhong Mountain, a dragon curling, and the Stone Mountain, a tiger crouching. Mr. Sun Yet-sen spoke highly of Nanjing in the Constructive Scheme for Our Country, The position of Nanjing is wonderful since mountains, lakes and plains all integrated in it. It is hardly [sic] to find another city like this.

Geography and climate

Nanjing Area - Lower Yangtze Valley and Eastern China

Nanjing, with a total land area of 6,598 square kilometres (2,548sqmi), is situated in one of the largest economic zones of China, the Yangtze River Delta, which is part of the downstream Yangtze River drainage basin. The Yangtze River flows past the west side of Nanjing City, while the Ningzheng Ridge surrounds the north, east and south side of the city. The city is 300 kilometres (190mi) west-northwest of Shanghai, 1,200 kilometres (750mi) south-southeast of Beijing, and 1,400 kilometres (870mi) east-northeast of Chongqing. Nanjing borders Yangzhou to the northeast, one town downstream when following the north bank of the Yangtze, Zhenjiang to the east, one town downstream when following the south bank of the Yangtze, and Changzhou to the southeast. On its western boundary is Anhui Province, where Nanjing borders 5 prefecture-level cities. Nanjing has a humid subtropical climate (Kppen Cfa) and is under the influence of the East Asia Monsoon. The four seasons are distinct here, with damp conditions seen throughout the year, very hot and muggy summers, cold, damp winters, and in between, spring and autumn are of reasonable length. Along with Wuhan and Chongqing, Nanjing is traditionally referred to as one of the "Three Furnacelike Cities" along the Yangtze River () for the perennially high temperatures in the summertime. However, the time from mid-June to the end of July is the plum blossom Meiyu season, during which the city experiences a period of mild rain as well as dampness. Typhoons are uncommon but possible in the late stages of summer and early part of autumn. The annual mean temperature is around 15.5

Surrounded by the Yangtze River and mountains, Nanjing also enjoys beautiful natural scenery. Natural lakes such as Xuanwu Lake and Mochou Lake are located in the center of the city and are easily accessible to the public, while hills like Purple Mountain are covered with evergreens and oaks and host various historical and cultural sites. Sun Quan relocated his capital to Nanjing after Liu Bei's suggestion as Liu Bei was impressed by Nanjing's impeccable geographic position when negotiating an alliance with Sun Quan. Sun Quan then renamed the city from Moling () to Jianye () shortly thereafter.

Government
The full name of the government of Nanjing is "People's Government of Nanjing City". The city is under the one-party rule of the CPC, with the CPC Nanjing Committee Secretary as the de facto governor of the city and the mayor as the executive head of the government working under the secretary. Nanjing currently consists of thirteen county-level divisions, of which eleven are districts, and two are counties. The districts are the urban areas of Nanjing while the counties are the rural areas governed by the city.

Administrative divisions
The sub-provincial city of Nanjing has direct jurisdiction over 11 districts ( qu) and 2 Counties ( xian):

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City info
Demographics
According to the Sixth China Census, the total population of the City of Nanjing reached 8.005 million in 2010. The statistics in 2008 estimated the total population to be 7.7 million, while the registered population was 6.3 million. The birth rate was 8.86 percent and the death rate was 6.88 percent. The urban area had a population of 5.5 million people. As in most of eastern China the ethnic makeup of Nanjing is predominantly Han nationality (98.56 percent), with 50 other minority nationalities. In 1999, 77,394 residents belonged to minority nationalities, among which the vast majority (64,832) were Hui nationalities, contributing 83.76 percent to the minority population. The second and third largest minority groups were Manchu (2,311) and Zhuang (533) nationalities. Most of the minority nationalities resided in Jianye District, comprising 9.13 percent of the district's population. In 2010 the sex ratio of the city population was 107.31 males to 100 females.

City info Demographics


of yuan to mine for non-existent coal, resulting in the negative economic growth in the late 1960s.

Today
The current industry of the city basically inherited the characteristics of the 1960s, with electronics, cars, petrochemical, iron and steel, and power as the "Five Pillar Industries". Some representative big state-owned firms are Panda Electronics, Jincheng Motors and Nanjing Steel. The tertiary industry also regained prominence, accounting for 44 percent of the GDP of the city. The city is also vying for foreign investment against neighboring cities in the Yangtze River Delta, and so far a number of famous multinational firms, such as Volkswagen Group, Iveco, A.O. Smith, and Sharp, have established their lines there. Since China's entry into the WTO, Nanjing has received increasing attention from foreign investors, and on average, two new foreign firms establish offices in the city every day.

Transportation
Nanjing is the transportation hub in eastern China and the downstream Yangtze River area. Different means of transportation constitute a three-dimensional transport system that includes land, water and air. As in most other Chinese cities, public transportation is the dominant mode of travel of the majority of the citizens. The city now has four bridge or tunnel crossings spanning the Yangtze, which are tying districts north of the river with the city center on the south bank. See also Transport in Nanjing.

Economy
Earlier development
Since the Three Kingdoms period, Nanjing has become an industrial center for textile and mint owing to its strategic geographical location and convenient transportation. During the Ming Dynasty Nanjing's industry was further expanded, and the city became one of the most prosperous cities in China and even the world. It led in textile, mint, printing, shipbuilding and many other industries, and was the busiest business center in the Far East. Into the first half of the twentieth century, Nanjing gradually shifted from a production hub into a heavy consumption city, mainly because of the rapid expansion of the wealthy population after Nanjing once again regained the political spotlight of China. A number of huge department stores such as Zhongyang Shangchang sprouted up, attracting merchants from all over China to sell their products in Nanjing. In 1933, the revenue generated by the food and entertainment industry in the city exceeded the sum of the output of the manufacturing and agriculture industry. One third of the city population worked in the service industry, while prostitution, drugs and gambling also thrived. In the 1950s, the CPC invested heavily in Nanjing to build a series of state-owned heavy industries, as part of the national plan of rapid industrialization. Electrical, mechanical, chemical and steel factories were established successively, converting Nanjing into a heavy industry production center of East China. Overenthusiastic in building a world-class industrial city, leaders of Nanjing also made many disastrous mistakes during the development, such as spending hundreds of millions

Rail
Nanjing is an important railway hub in eastern China. It serves as rail junction for the Beijing-Shanghai (Jinghu) (which is itself composed of the old Jinpu and Ninghu Railways, Nanjing-Wuhu (Ningwu), Nanjing-Qidong (Ningqi), Nanjing-Xian (Ningxi), Hefei-Nanjing (Hening) Railways. Passenger rail service in Nanjing is provided mainly by Nanjing Railway Station, while both Nanjing West Railway Station and Nanjing South Railway Station serve minor roles. Since 2008, A new Nanjing South Railway Station has started construction. This will officially be claimed the largest railway station in Asia after it is finished.

Road
As an important regional hub in the Yangtze River Delta, Nanjing is well-connected by over 60 state and provincial highways to all parts of China. Express highways such as Hu-Ning, Ning-He, Ning-Hang enable commuters to travel to Shanghai, Hefei, Hangzhou, and other important cities quickly and conveniently. Inside the city of Nanjing, there are 230 kilometres (140mi) of highways, with

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City info
a highway coverage density of 3.38 kilometers per hundred squarekilometers (2.10mi/38.6sqmi). The total road coverage density of the city is 112.56kilometers per hundred squarekilometers (69.94mi/38.6sqmi). Nanjing Sample Technology Company Limited is a major provider of Intelligent traffic systems. National Highway: China National Highway 312

City info Culture and art


Water
Port of Nanjing is the largest inland port in China, yearly throughput reaching 108.59 million tons in 2007. The port area is 98 kilometres (61mi) in length and has 64 berths including 16 berths for ships with a tonnage of more than 10,000. Nanjing is also the biggest container port along the Yangtze River; in March 2004, the one million container-capacity base, Longtan Containers Port Area opened, further consolidating Nanjing as the leading port in the region. In the 1960s the first Yangtze river bridge was completed, becoming almost the only solid connection between North and South in eastern China at that time. The bridge became a source of pride and an important symbol of modern China, having been built and designed by the Chinese themselves following failed surveys by other nations and the reliance on and then rejection of Soviet expertise. Begun in 1960 and opened to traffic in 1968, the bridge is a two-tiered road and rail design spanning 4,600 metres on the upper deck, with approximately 1,580 metres spanning the river itself.

Public Transportation

Culture and art

Xinjiekou Station of Line 2, Nanjing Metro

The city also boasts an efficient network of public transportation, which mainly consists of bus, taxi and metro systems. The bus network, which is currently run by five companies (Nanjing Gongjiao, Zhongbei, Argos, Xincheng and Xinningpu), provides more than 370 routes covering all parts of the city and suburban areas. Nanjing Metro Line 1, started service on May 15, 2005. Line 2 and the extension of Line 1 officially opened to passenger service on May 28, 2010. The city is planning to complete a 655-kilometer (409mi)-long Metro and light-rail system by 2030.[citation needed] The expansion of the Metro network will greatly facilitate the intracity transportation and reduce the currently heavy traffic congestion.

Nanjing Library

Air
Nanjing's airport, Lukou International Airport, serves both national and international flights. In 2010, the airport handled 12.5305 million passengers. It was ranked 14th among 126 civil airports in China in terms of yearly passenger transport, and 10th for yearly cargo transport. The airport currently has 85 routes to national and international destinations, which include Japan, Korea, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore and Germany. The airport is connected by a 29-kilometer (18mi) highway directly to the city center, and is also linked to various intercity highways, making it accessible to the passengers from the surrounding cities.

Being one of the four ancient capitals of China, Nanjing has always been a cultural center attracting intellectuals from all over the country. In the Tang and Song dynasties, Nanjing was a place where poets gathered and composed poems reminiscent of its luxurious past; during the Ming and Qing Dynasties, the city was the official imperial examination center for the Jiangnan region, again acting as a hub where different thoughts and opinions converged and thrived. Today, with a long cultural tradition and strong support from local educational institutions, Nanjing is commonly viewed as a city of culture and one of the more pleasant cities to live in China.

Art
Main article: List of Nanjing Art Groups

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City info
Some of the leading art groups of China are based in Nanjing; they include: Qianxian Dance Company, Nanjing Dance Company, Jiangsu Peking Opera Institute, Nanjing Xiaohonghua Art Company are just a few to list. Jiangsu Province Kun Opera is one of the best theatres for Kunqu, China's oldest stage art. It is considered a conservative and traditional troupe. Nanjing also has professional opera troupes for the Yang, Yue (shaoxing), Xi and Jing (Chinese opera varieties) as well as Suzhou pingtan, spoken theatre, and puppet theatre. Jiangsu Art Gallery is the largest gallery in Jiangsu Province, presenting some of the best traditional and contemporary art pieces of China; many other smaller-scale galleries, such as Red Chamber Art Garden and Jinling Stone Gallery, also have their own special exhibitions.

City info Culture and art


Museums

Nanjing Museum

Festivals
Main article: List of Festivals and Events of Nanjing Many traditional festivals and customs were observed in the old times, which included climbing the City Wall on January 16, bathing in Qing Xi on March 3, hill hiking on September 9 and others (the dates are in Chinese lunar calendar). Almost none of them, however, are still celebrated by modern Nanjingese. Instead, Nanjing, as a popular tourist destination, hosts a series of government-organised events throughout the year. The annual International Plum Blossom Festival held in Plum Hill, the largest plum collection in China, attracts thousands of tourists both domestically and internationally. Other events include Nanjing Baima Peach Blossom and Kite Festival, Jiangxin Zhou Fruit Festival and Linggu Temple Sweet Osmanthus Festival.

Main article: List of museums in Nanjing Nanjing has some of the oldest and finest museums in China. Nanjing Museum, formerly known as National Central Museum under KMT rule, is the first modern museum and remains as one of the leading museums in China. Other museums include the China Modern History Museum in the Presidential Palace, the Nanjing Massacre Memorial Hall, the City Museum of Nanjing, the Taiping Kingdom History Museum, the Nanjing Customs Museum, the Nanjing City Wall Cultural Museum, and a small museum and tomb honoring the 15th century seafaring admiral Zheng He.

Theatre
Most of Nanjing's major theatres are multi-purpose, used as convention halls, cinemas, musical halls and theatres on different occasions. The major theatres include the People's Convention Hall and the Nanjing Arts and Culture Center.

Libraries
Nanjing Library, founded in 1907, houses more than 7 million volumes of printed materials and is the third largest library in China, after the National Library in Beijing and Shanghai Library. Other libraries, such as city-owned Jinling Library and various district libraries, also provide considerable amount of information to citizens. Nanjing University Library, owned by Nanjing University, with a collection of 4.2 million volumes, is also one of the leading university libraries . More than 100 multimedia networked-computers are available to readers.

Night life

Qinhuai River

Traditionally Nanjing's nightlife was mostly centered around Confucius Temple area along the Qinhuai River, where night markets, restaurants and pubs thrived. Boating at night in the

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City info
river was a main attraction of the city. Thus, one can see the statues of the famous teachers and educators of the past not too far from those of the courtesans who educated the young men in the other arts.

City info Sports and stadiums

Tourism
Nanjing is one of the most beautiful cities of mainland China with lush green parks, natural scenic lakes, small mountains, historical buildings & monuments, relics and much more, which attracts thousands of tourists every year.

Sports and stadiums

Nanjing Olympic Sports Center

As one of the majors cities, Nanjing is the ground of many professional sports teams. Jiangsu Sainty, the football club currently staying in China Super League, is a long-term tenant of Nanjing Olympic Sports Center. Another football club that plays in secondary China professional level, China Jia League is Nanjing Yo Yo who hosts Wutaishan Sports Center as their home stadium. Jiangsu Nangang Basketball Club is a competitive team which has long been one of the major clubs fighingt for the title in China top level league, CBA. Jiangsu Volleyball men and women teams are also traditionally considered as at top level in China volleyball league. There are two major sports centers in Nanjing, Wutaishan Sports Center and Nanjing Olympic Sports Center. Both of these two are comprehensive sports centers, including stadium, gymnasium, natatorium, tennis court, etc.. Wutaishan Sports Center was established in 1952 and it was one of the oldest and most advanced stadiums in early time of People's Republic of China. Nanjing hosted the 10th National Games of P.R.C. in 2005 and will host the 2nd summer Youth Olympic Games in 2014. In 2005, in order to host The 10th National Game of People's Republic of China, there was a new stadium, Nanjing Olympic Sports Center, constructed in Nanjing. Compared to Wutaishan Sports Center, whose major stadium's capacity is 18,600, the stadium in Nanjing Olympic Sports Center is more advanced and has a bigger capacity. Nanjing Olympic Sports Center has a stadium of capacity 60,000. Its gymnasium has capacity of 13,000, and natatorium of capacity 3,000.

Linggu Temple

Classical buildings in the Mochou Lake

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City info

City info Tourism


Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum and its surrounding complex Zhonghua Gate Qixia Temple South Tang Mausoleums Stone City The Porcelain Pagoda of Nanjing Yuejiang Lou Xu Garden Zhan Yuan Garden

Republic of China in mainland period


Because it was designated as the national capital, many structures were built around that time. Even today, some of them still remain which are open to tourists. Central Hotel (237 E. Zhongshan Road) Central Stadium (present day Nanjing Physical Education Institute) China Bank of Communications Nanjing Branch (1 E. Zhongshan Road) Dahua Theatre (67 S. Zhongshan Road) Former Central Government Building Group along N. Zhongshan Road Former Foreign Embassies in Gu Lou Area Huiwen Institute Bell Tower (196 Zhongshan Road) Jiangsu Art Gallery (Former National Art Gallery) Lizhi She (307 E. Zhongshan Road) Macklin Hospital (321 Zhongshan Road, present day Gu Lou Hospital) Nanjing Massacre Memorial Hall Nanjing Museum Complex Officials Residence Cluster along Yihe Road Presidential Palace, Nanjing Purple Mountain Observatory St. Paul's Church (396 S. Taiping Road) The Complex of Former Academia Sinica (39 E. Beijing Road) The Complex of Former Central University The Complex of Former Jinling University Yangzi Hotel (2 Baoshan Road) Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum and its surrounding area
Hall of Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum.jpg

Zhonghua Gate

Contemporary
Jinling Hotel On Zhongshan (19th) Avenue Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge River-crossing Victory Monument Nanjing Harbor on Latitude 8th Street

Buildings and monuments


Ancient period
Beiji Ge City Wall of Nanjing Chaotian Palace Confucius Temple (Temple of Confucius) and Qinhuai River Drum Tower Jiangnan Gongyuan Jiming Temple Jinghai Temple Linggu Temple Ming Dynasty Palace Site

Parks and gardens


Purple Mountain Scenic Area Zhongshan Botanical Garden Nanjing Zoo

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City info
Education
Nanjing has been the educational center in southern China for more than 1700 years. Currently, it boasts of some of the most prominent educational institutions in the region, which are listed as follows:

City info Education


PLA Nanjing Army Command College (

Provincial Universities and Colleges


Nanjing Normal University () Nanjing University of Technology () Nanjing Forestry University () Nanjing Medical University () Nanjing University of Traditional Chinese Medicine ( ) Nanjing University of Finance & Economics () Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications ( ) Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology Nanjing Institute of Technology () Nanjing Institute of Physical Education () Nanjing Arts Institute () Nanjing Audit University () Nanjing Xiaozhuang College () Jinling Institute of Technology ()

National Universities and Colleges

Private Colleges
Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology

Operated by Ministry of Education Nanjing University () Southeast University () Hohai University () Nanjing Agricultural University () China Pharmaceutical University () Operated by Ministry of Industry and Information Technology Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics ( ) Nanjing University of Science & Technology () Operated by the joint Commission of the State Forest Administration and Public Order Ministry Nanjing Forest Police College () Operated by the general sport Administration Nanjing Sport Institute ()

Sanjiang College () Hopkins-Nanjing Center Communication University Of China' Nanjing

International relations
Sister cities and friendship cities
Nanjing currently has 18 sister cities (areas):

National Colleges

Military

Universities

and

PLA University of Science and Technology () PLA Nanjing Political College () PLA Nanjing International Relation College ( ) PLA Naval Command College (

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Restaurants
Restaurants
Restaurants

Restaurants Top Best Restaurants

Top Best Restaurants


Prime Restaurant & cigar bar
cuisine Asian

Bellini (by Mira)


cuisine Italian price $9 - $204

Finnegan's Wake Irish Pub


cuisine International

Ciao-Italia

place Shi Gu Lu 193-2, Nanjing, China

La Table de Mr Eiffel

cuisine French price $13 - $51 place 83 Guangzhou lu | Qingliangshan Gongyuan, Nanjing 210032, China

Les 5 Sens

cuisine French price $4 - $18 cuisine Halal

Kohinoor Restaurant Jacks Place


cuisine Italian place No.35 Wangfu Street, Nanjing, China

Paulaner Brauhaus
cuisine German

My Place

Istanbul Cafe
cuisine Turkish price $11

Nanjing Da Pai Dang, Deji Plaza

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Useful info
Useful info
Useful info

Useful info Weather

Weather

17.08.2013 0511 h 1117 h 1723 h 2305 h

Rain
28 35 36 30
0 mm 0 mm 0 mm 0 mm

Wind
3 m/s Light Breeze to SouthEast 3 m/s Light Breeze to South-southeast 3 m/s Light Breeze to East 3 m/s Light Breeze to East-southeast

Sunrise/Sunset
Sun will rise at 05:29:48 and will set at 18:48:07 in local time.

Currency
The currency from China is the Yuan Renminbi (CNY).
1 CNY costs:
Euro . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.12 EUR United States Dollar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.16 USD Yen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16.05 JPY Pound Sterling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.10 GBP Czech Koruna . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.18 CZK Danish Krone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.92 DKK Forint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36.78 HUF Litas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.42 LTL New Zloty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.52 PLN Swedish Krona . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.06 SEK Swiss Franc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.15 CHF Norwegian Krone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.96 NOK Croatian Kuna . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.93 HRK Australian Dollar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.18 AUD Canadian Dollar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.17 CAD Yuan Renminbi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.00 CNY Hong Kong Dollar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.27 HKD Rupiah . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,701.84 IDR Republic of Korean Won . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 182.99 KRW Ringgit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.54 MYR New Zealand Dollar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.20 NZD Philippines Peso . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.16 PHP Singapore Dollar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.21 SGD Baht . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.12 THB Rand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.63 ZAR

Emergency numbers
Police: Patrol: 110 - Traffic: 122

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Useful info
Medical: 120 Fire: 119

Useful info Emergency numbers

Notes: Traffic accident 122. 999 for private ambulance service in Beijing, along with government owned ambulance service 120.

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References
References
References

References

Reasonable care has been taken in creating this personalized travel guide by combining information from the sources identified under the section 'references'. However, the information is provided 'as is' and there is no warranty about the information in the guide being accurate, complete or up to date. To the maximum extent permitted under applicable law, all liability arising from the use of this guide will be denied. Verifying critical information (like visas, health and safety) before you travel is recommended. Nanjingdata is from Wikitravel, urls: http://www.wikitravel.com This page was last edited at 16:37, on 1 July 2011 by Anonymous user(s) of Wikitravel. Based on work by Claus Hansen and Anil, Wikitravel user(s) Happyvalleygirl, CC811, Cardboardbird, Futureguy and Vidimian, Anonymous user(s) of Wikitravel and others. City infodata is from Wikipedia, urls: http://www.wikipedia.com Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. See Terms of use for details. Wikipedia is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. Eventsdata is from Eventful, urls: www.eventful.com Weatherdata is from Norwegian Meteorological Institute and the Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation yr.no, urls: http://www.yr.no/place/Kina/Jiangsu/Nanjing/ Sunsetdata is from Norwegian Meteorological Institute and the Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation yr.no, urls: http://www.yr.no/place/Kina/Jiangsu/Nanjing/ Currencydata is from Xavier Finance Api, urls: http://finance.xaviermedia.com/ Mapsdata is from Yahoo Local Maps, OpenStreetMap, Qype, urls: http://maps.yahoo.com http://www.openstreetmap.org http://www.qype.com

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Notes

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Notes

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