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August 2013

LTE - Qualcomm Leading the Global Success

LTE: Qualcomm leading the global success

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LTE FDD & LTE TDD two modes, common standard, same ecosystem

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Qualcomms unique advantage: solving the LTE product complexities

Successful LTE requires multimode, multiple bands, 3G interworking, seamless voice,

First LTE Advanced launchednow driving the evolution and 1000x

Qualcomm is a leader in wireless technology


Rel-8/9 Rel-10 Rel-11 Rel-12 & Beyond

LTE
Rel-7/8 Rel-9

LTE Advanced
Rel-10 Rel-11 Rel-12 & Beyond

HSPA

HSPA+ WCDMA

HSPA+

HSPA+ Advanced
Rel-12

WCDMA+
Phase II

Rev A

Multicarrier

Phase I

EV-DO

EV-DO Rev. B

DO Advanced
Voice Efficiency M2M Efficiency

CDMA2000 1X
802.11 g 802.11 n

1X Advanced
Wi-Fi

Wi-Fi

802.11 ac
802.11 ad

Commercial

802.11 ah
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Created 7/15/2013

LTE FDD & LTE TDD two modes, common standard, same ecosystem

LTE has a vibrant ecosystem with two flavors: FDD and TDD

194
Launches

Global LTE network launches

Operators investing in LTE

443

TDD Launches

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LTE TDD momentum

TDD Devices Announced

200

Large and growing device ecosystem

948
Devices

100
Vendors

Global LTE/3G multimode connections reached 100 Million in May 2013 Wireless Intelligence
Source: www.gsacom.com July 17 2013 for networks and July 5, 2013 for devices
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LTE is a common standard for paired and unpaired spectrum


Seamless 3G interworking Inherent FDD/TDD Interworking

Flexible spectrum support

OFDMA Based

The same 3GPP specifications for LTE FDD and LTE TDD
Same features in same standards release

Low Latency

High data rates

FDD and TDD support

Common LTE standard enables common FDD/TDD products


Common Standard Common LTE Core Network (EPC) LTE TDD Combined LTE FDD/TDD LTE FDD

TDD shares most of FDD design and standard Inherent seamless FDD/TDD interoperability Even tighter FDD/TDD interworking planned1

Common FDD/TDD radio network products

Common FDD/TDD devices


(with 2G/3G multimode and seamless 2G/3G interoperability)
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1Such

as aggregation of FDD and TDD withing the same node and different nodes (multiflow)

Successful LTE requires multimode, multiple bands, interworking, voice, and more

Seamless 3G interworking is the foundation to successful LTE


Enables consistent broadband experience outside LTE coverage Enables global roaming for the foreseeable future Enables ubiquitous voice services even with VoLTE1

Multimode

LTE (FDD and/or TDD) 3G (and 2G)


Enables ubiquitous data coverage, voice services, and global roaming
1Fallback

LTE FDD/TDD WCDMA/HSPA+ 1X, EV-DO TD-SCDMA GSMA/EDGE

to 3G/2G (CSFB) since 2012; VoLTE with SRVCC ensures seamless voice, but CSFB still needed for roaming
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Qualcomm Gobi is a product of Qualcomm Technologies, Inc.

Inherent LTE FDD/TDD interworking and seamless voice


Initial launches
LTE data devices
LTE for data only
LTE TDD/FDD with 2G/3G multimode launched globally1 Inherent seamless TDD/FDD interworking for data

Initial voice solution


LTE data handsets
LTE for data 2G/3G for voice
Circuit switched fallback (CSFB) to 2G/3G voice launched globally (FDD and TDD) Inherent seamless TDD/FDD interworking

Long-term voice solution


LTE VoIP handsets
Simultaneous LTE VoIP and rich data services
Coming: VoLTE with single radio voice call continuity (SRVCC) + CSFB to 2G/3G voice for roaming Inherent seamless TDD/FDD interworking for VoLTE

2G/3G coverage continuity and roaming

1Including seamless

data LTE and 3G interworking with mobility through redirection, and packet switched handover.

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Ability to support true heterogeneous networks


Small cells everywhere
Indoor/outdoor of different flavors

More spectrum; paired, unpaired, higher bands


Over 40 bands and counting

Multiple modes
ENTERPRISE

LTE FDD/TDD, 1X/EV-DO WCDMA/HSPA+, TD-SCDMA, GSM/EDGE

Multiple connectivity
such as Wi-Fi for opportunistic offload

Device in the center of complexity

METRO RESIDENTIAL

Seamless experience across technologies, cells, bands


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Qualcomm solves the LTE product complexities

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Qualcomms unique advantagewe solve LTE complexities


Hiding the complexity underneath the most seamless mobile connectivity
Connectivity
2 3 5
Wi-Fi BT GPS

Radio Frequency Bands


21 22 33 35 36

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23 38

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26 10

27 11

28 12

18

25

20

34

39

40

41

42

43

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14

17

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EV-DO

GERAN

CDMA 1x

UMTS

TD-SCDMA

LTE TDD/FDD

Handover Techniques (Multiple Can Apply in Each Case)


System Selection Blind Redirection Redirection w/ Measurements Reselection
PS Handover CS Fallback CSFB w/ SI Tunneling Single Radio VCC

Handover Combinations (Hypothetical Examples) LTE 2G/3G


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Qualcomm Technologies already on its 3rd generation Gobi LTE modems


Continuously increasing level of features, interworking and integration
Third Generation
Worlds First LTE/3G multimode with Cat4 and Carrier Aggregation (launched June 2013)

Second Generation First Generation


Worlds first integrated LTE/3G
MDM 9x15 MDM 9600 MDM 9200 8960 8930

Worlds First Mobile Platform (Modem+AP) with integrated LTE/3G Multimode


MDM 9x25

8974 8926

Snapdragon 800

LTE 150Mbps/50 Mbps DL/UL LTE Advanced Carrier aggregation

100Mbps/50Mbps DL/UL FDD and TDD

TD-SCDMA LTE Broadcast (eMBMS) VoLTE 2011 - 2012 2013


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2010
Qualcomm Snapdragon and Qualcomm Gobi are products of Qualcomm Technologies, Inc.

Note: Snapdragon integrates the Gobi modems, but Gobi modems are also offered as a standalone modem product

Enabling multimode LTE in all smartphone tiers

800

(Launched with 3rd Gen. Gobi modem) Premium smartphones and tablets

Snapdragon 800

600

(Launched with 2nd Gen. Gobi modem) High-end smartphones and tablets

Snapdragon 6001

400

(3rd

Snapdragon 400

Gen. Gobi modem coming) High-volume smartphones in emerging regions

1 Snapdragon 600

launched 1H 2013 uses separate 2nd generation LTE Gobi modem MDM 9x15. Snapdragon 800 (8974 launched June 2013) and newest 400 (8926) have both integrated 3rd gen. LTE support Cat4(150Mbps) and LTE Advanced carrier aggregation
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Qualcomm Snapdragon is a product of Qualcomm Technologies Inc.

Band fragmentation challenge: >40 global bands


North America UMTS/CDMA AWS UMTS/CDMA1900 UMTS/CDMA850 LTE700 LTE AWS LTE2600 (B41) LTE2000 (MSS S-Band)

Europe
UMTS900/2100 LTE800/1800 LTE2600 China UMTS/CDMA2100 CDMA850 TD-SCDMA1900/2000 TD-SCDMA2300 LTE1900/2300 LTE2600 (B38)

Japan CDMA800/2100 UMTS800/900 UMTS1500/1700/2100 LTE700/800/900 LTE1500/1700/2500

South Korea MENA UMTS900/2100 LTE800/1800/2600 LTE2300 CDMA800/1800 LTE800/e850 LTE900/1800 UMTS2100 LTE2100

Multiband, multimode, interworking and roaming challenges

India CDMA850 UMTS900/2100 LTE2300

South America UMTS850/1800 UMTS1900/2100 LTE2600

Australia UMTS850/900 UMTS2100 LTE700/1800/2600 LTE2300


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Enabling LTE world phone Qualcomm RF360 solution


The first truly global system-level solution for 4G LTE devices Goals
Single SKU Power reduction Improved RF performance PCB area reduction Reduced development time
Multiband, Multimode Antenna matching tuner
(QFE15xx)

One solution Designed for: All modes All bands


Processor Modem RFIC PMIC

Envelope power tracker


(QFE11xx)

Enabled by:
System-level solution and performance enhancements RF CMOS integration advantages Innovative 3D packaging RF POP
*As compared to the previous Qualcomm RF solution.
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Power amp & antenna switch


(QFE23xx)

RF Package on Package (POP)


(QFE27xx)

Half the size*

Qualcomm RF360

Qualcomm RF360 is a product of Qualcomm Technologies Inc.

The modem is the foundationthe bar is getting higher


Then you can integrate mobile computing, graphics and multimedia components

THE BAR IS GETTING HIGHER AND HIGHER


Optimize power and performance in a mobile environment

LOW POWER

HIGH DATA RATE

SMALL SIZE

MITIGATE

HEAT

LOW COST

Solve interworking complexity

Support all technologies, bands, modes, ...

LTE FDD

EV-DO

LTE TDD

GSM/ EDGE

UMTS

CDMA TD1X SCDMA

700/ 850/900

1500/ 1700/1900
~40 RF Bands 17 LTE Voice Modes

2300/ 2600

Wi-Fi

GNSS

BT

7 Cellular Standards +Standards Evolution


Components of the type(s) mentioned in this slide are products of Qualcomm Technologies, Inc. and/or its subsidiaries.

Wi-Fi, BT, GNSS


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First LTE Advanced launched driving the evolution and 1000x

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Carrier aggregation launchedkey to enabling 150 Mbps


Carrier aggregation is the first step of LTE Advanced Enables 150 Mbps peak data rates for typical 10MHz + 10MHz deployments Worlds first launch powered by Qualcomm Technologies 3rd generation Gobi modem
Downlink (Interband)
10 MHz + 10 MHz

Uplink
10 MHz

Band X

Band Y

Band X

Snapdragon 800

DL LTE Carrier

DL LTE Carrier

UL LTE Carrier

8974 LTE Advanced

MDM 9x25 LTE Advanced

Aggregated Data Pipe

Worlds first mobile device with LTE Advanced Carrier Aggregation powered by Qualcomm Snapdragon 800 June 2013
Note: Snapdragon 800 includes 8974, which integrates our third generation Gobi LTE modem, but Gobi modems are also offered as a standalone modem product
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Qualcomm Snapdragon and Qualcomm Gobi are products of Qualcomm Technologies Inc.

Up to 20 MHz Up to 20 MHz Up to 20 MHz Up to 20 MHz Up to 20 MHz

LTE Carrier #3 LTE Carrier #1 LTE Carrier #4 LTE Carrier #2 LTE Carrier #5

Aggregated Data Pipe

Up to 100 MHz

Higher peak data rates

Higher user data rates and lower latencies for all users

More capacity for typical bursty usage1

Utilizes all spectrum assets

Carrier Aggregationfatter pipe to enhance user experience


1The

typical bursty nature of usage, such as web browsing, means that aggregated carriers can support more users at the same response (user experience) compared to two individual carriers, given that the for carriers are partially loaded which is typical in real networks. The gain depends on the load and can exceed 100% for fewer users (less loaded carrier) but less for many users. For completely loaded carrier, there is limited capacity gain between individal carriers and aggregated carriers,

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2.8X

1.4X
LTE R8

1X
Small cell Range Expansion (eICIC/IC)
Macro Only

Macro+ 4 Picos

LTE R8

Macro+ 4 Picos

Data rate improvement2

Its not just about adding small cells LTE Advanced brings even more capacity1
1By

applying advanced interference management to HetNets. 2Median downlink data rate. Assumptions: 4 Picos added per macro and 33% of users dropped in clusters closer to picos (hotspots) : 10 MHz FDD, 2x2 MIMO, 25 users and 500m ISD. Advanced interference management: enhanced time-domain adaptive resource partitioning, advanced receiver devices with enhanced RRM and RLM1Similar gain for the uplink

with Range Expansion

LTE Advanced

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Early LTE Advanced Definition


Standards leadership
Instrumental in driving HetNets (eICIC/IC) Major contributor for ITU IMT-Advanced submission

Today
Industry-first HetNets demos
MWC 2011 MWC 2012: MWC 2013 Live Demo Live, OverLive OTA with VoLTE The-Air Mobility and opportunistic Hetnets

Industry was buzzing around 1Gbps peak rate

1Gbps

But we promoted HetNets enhancements


(Such as CEO Paul Jacobs 2008 MWC talk)
Range Expansion

Everyone is talking about small cells and HetNets

Pioneering LTE Advanced HetNets


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LTE Advanced is a key enabler to the 1000x data challenge

1000x
Carrier Aggregation (TDD and FDD) Authorized Shared Access (ASA) Higher spectrum bands (esp. TDD)

Continue to evolve LTE: Multiflow, Hetnets enhancements Opportunistic HetNets LTE Direct for proximity services LTE Broadcast

Hetnets with eICIC/IC interference management New deployment models, e.g. neighborhood small cells

Note: neighborhood small cells and ASA are not covered in this presentation, see www.qualcomm.com/hetNets and www.qual;comm.com/spectrum for more details.

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LTE: Qualcomm leading the global success

1
2

LTE FDD & LTE TDD two modes, common standard, same ecosystem

3 4

Qualcomm unique advantage: solving the LTE product complexities

Successful LTE requires multimode, multiple bands, 3G interworking, seamless voice,

First LTE Advanced launchednow driving the evolution and 1000x

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Questions? - Connect with Us


www.qualcomm.com/technology
http://www.qualcomm.com/blog/contributors/prakash-sangam
BLOG

@Qualcomm_tech http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL8AD95E4F585237C1&feature=plcp http://www.slideshare.net/qualcommwirelessevolution http://storify.com/qualcomm_tech


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Thank you
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For more information on Qualcomm, visit us at: www.qualcomm.com & www.qualcomm.com/blog
2013 QUALCOMM Incorporated and/or its subsidiaries. All Rights Reserved.
References in this presentation to Qualcomm may mean Qualcomm Incorporated, Qualcomm Technologies, Inc., and/or other subsi diaries or business units within the Qualcomm corporate structure, as applicable. Qualcomm Incorporated includes Qualcomms licensing business, QTL, and the vast majority of its patent portfolio. Qualcomm Technologies, Inc., a wholly-owned subsidiary of Qualcomm Incorporated, operates, along with its subsidiaries, substantially all of Qualcomms engineering, research and devel opment functions, and substantially all of its product and services businesses, including its semiconductor business, QMC.

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A strong LTE evolution path


2013 2014 2015 2016+

FDD and TDD support Rel-8

Enhanced voice fallback (CSFB), VoLTE, LTE Broadcast (eMBMS) Rel-9

Carrier Aggregation, relays, HetNets (eICIC/IC), Adv MIMO Rel-10

Realizes full benefits of HetNets (FeICIC/IC) Rel-11

LTE Direct, Hetnets enhancements, Multiflow, WiFi interworking, Rel-12 & Beyond

LTE
DL: 73 150 UL: 36 75 Mbps1 (10 MHz 20 MHz) Mbps1

LTE Advanced
DL: 3 Gbps2 UL: 1.5 Gbps2 ( Up to 100 MHz)

1Peak

2Peak data rate can exceed 1 Gbps using 4x4 MIMO and at least 80 MHz of spectrum (carrier aggregation), or 3GBps with 8x8

rates for 10 MHz or 20 MHz FDD using 2x2 MIMO, standard supports 4x4 MIMO enabling peak rates of 300 Mbps.

MIMO and 100MHz of spectrum. Similarly, the uplink can reach 1.5Gbps with 4x4 MIMO.

Note: Estimated commercial dates.


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Commercial

Created 7/18/2013