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# 7.

Compound Angles
1. If tan α and tan β are the two roots of the quadratic equation x 2 + 6 x − 3 = 0 , without
evaluating α and β, find the values of
(a) tan (α + β) and (b) tan 2α + tan 2β. (5 marks)

## 3. Prove that 2 cos A cos B cos( A + B ) − cos 2 ( A + B ) = cos 2 A − sin 2 B . (5 marks)

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4. (a) Prove that tan θ + cot θ = and tan θ − cot θ = − .
sin 2θ tan 2θ
(b) Hence, or otherwise, find the general solution of the equation
tan x − tan 15° = cot x + cot 15° . (Correct your answer to 2 decimal places.) (6 marks)

5. (a) If 3 cosθ + 4 sin θ = r cos(θ − α ) , where r > 0 and 0° < α < 90° , find the value of
r and tan α. (3 marks)

(b) Using the result of (a), or otherwise, find the general solution of each of the
following equations in degree measure.
(i) 3 cosθ + 4 sin θ = 2
(ii) 3 cos 2θ + 4 sin 2θ = 5 cosθ (Correct your answers to 2 decimal places.) (4 marks)
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(c) Let y = .
3 cosθ + 4 sin 2θ + 11
(i) Find the range of values of y if θ can take any real values.
(ii) Find the range of values of y if α ≤ θ ≤ 30° + α , where α is the angle found in (a).(5)

## 6. Solution of Triangles & Applications

1. In the figure, OABC is a tetrahedron with OA = 1, ∠BOC = 60° , ∠ABO = ∠ACO = 30°
and ∠AOB = ∠AOC = 90°. M is the mid-point of BC.

(a)Find BC.

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(b)Find, correct to the nearest degree, the angle between the planes ABC and OBC. (7 marks)
2. In the figure, PQRS is a tetrahedron such that PR = 1, QR = 5, RS = 3, ∠QRS = 120° and
∠QPR = ∠SPR = 90°.

(a)Find QS.
(b)Find, correct to the nearest degree, the angle between the planes PQR and PRS. (7
marks)

## 3. In the figure, OABC is a pyramid such that OA = 3, OB = 5 , OB = 11 ,

∠AOC = 60° and ∠AOC = ∠OBC = 90°.

## (a) Find AC.

(b) A student says that the angle between the planes OBC and ABC can be represented by
∠OBA. Determine whether the student is correct or not. (7 marks)

4. In the figure, a hillside ABEF is a rectangular plane sloping at 20° to the horizontal. A path
BF on the hillside makes an angle 48° with the line of greatest slope. Find, correct to the
nearest 0.1 degree,

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(a) the angle that the path BF makes with the horizontal,
(b) the angle between the planes BDF and ADF.
(7 marks)
5. Figure 1 shows a triangular cardboard ADG where DG = h m. C is a point on DG such that
∠CAG = θ . B is a point on the line AC such that AB = x m, ∠DAB = α and ∠DBC = β .
x sin β sin(α + θ )
(a) Prove that h = .
sin( β − α )

Figure 1 (4 marks)

## (b) Suppose h = 20, x = 40, α = 8° and β = 30° .

(i) Find θ.
(ii) The cardboard ADG is placed on a horizontal table and then ∆ADC is folded along AC
until the plane ADC and the table are perpendicular to each other as shown in Figure
2. Find the height of point D above the table, correct to 3 significant figures.

Figure 2
(8 marks)

END OF TEST