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Assignment 1 B) Marks : 5
1. Compare Network Storage Environment (DAS, NAS, Gateway NAS, FC SAN, IP SAN, CAS) with examples. Make a chart. 2. Prepare a Chart, which shows the difference between RAID Types (RAID 0,1,2,3,4,5,6,10,11,1+0,0+1), includes: RAID Type, Minimum Disks, Storage Efficiency (in %), Cost, Read Performance, Write Performance, Diagram, Example (where to apply) 3. Prepare a chart for the comparison of CDC (Classic Data Center), VDC (virtual Data Center), Cloud Computing. Chart also includes the case study in pictorial view. 4. List out the devices provided by EMC for storage purpose with their properties and develop a chart. 5. Make a chart of different devices used in developing data centers. 6. Explain the features and properties of connectivity devices (like SCSI, FC Cables, HBA card, NIC card, SC, ST, LC etc) used in network storage environment with their diagrams.

Submission : 15th July 2013 (for Section A) Submission : 16th July 2013 (for Section

Case Studies Section B) Marls: 5 1. Case Study: Improving Disaster Recovery Without Breaking the Bank (May 10, 2004, By Drew Robb)
When FleetBoston Financial evaluated its disaster recovery responsiveness, the company received a shock. IT administrators there realized it would take at least two full days to recover their data and systems from a collapse during a serious disaster. But after applying EMC Symmetrix in conjunction with SunGard electronic vaulting services, FleetBoston's disaster recovery window shrank from 48 hours to less than an hour. "We have achieved a recovery window of less than one hour on critical systems and four to eight hours for a complete recovery," says Lari Sue Taylor, senior vice president of technology at FirstBoston Financial. FleetBoston Financial is a financial services company with assets of $196 billion and over 18 million individual, corporate, and institutional customers. The company primarily focuses on small business and commercial banking in the Northeast U.S. market, with products and services are available through a variety of channels, including 1,460 stores and over 3,400 ATMs from Maine to Pennsylvania, as well as HomeLink online banking and telephone banking. The bank is also currently in the process of merging with Bank of America. A few years ago, when its ATM network had expanded significantly and online banking started to take off, management realized that disaster recovery needed a complete rethink. They used two key metrics in evaluating disaster recovery, or business continuity, planning: Recovery Time Objective (RTO) the maximum length of time that a business process can be unavailable. This is measured in terms of time elapsed from the beginning of a disaster until the systems are operating again. Recovery Point Objective (RPO) how much work in progress can be lost. If all work must be recovered, then the business must align its disaster recovery actions to achieving zero RPO. Some businesses, however, may elect to have an RPO of one day, for example, on the understanding that if they lost one day's transactions, they could recreate them by interviewing sales staff, etc. FleetBoston chose what at that time was regarded as an aggressive RTO of 24 hours and an RPO of zero. "We would suffer significant business impact from transaction loss," says Taylor, "so we had no choice but to opt for the zero RPO." In support of this, she cites a Gartner Group study which revealed that 93 percent of companies that experience a major data loss go out of business within five years. Improving Recovery Time

Submission: 26th August 2013 (for Section A) Submission: 27th August 2013 (for

FleetBoston was already utilizing EMC Symmetrix and tape libraries for the purposes of daily and weekly backups. During testing of its disaster recovery responsiveness, however, the company discovered it would take 24 hours alone to restore data from tape to disk. And it was only possible to meet the 24-hour time frame if everything went smoothly. Administrators selected Electronic Vaulting Services by SunGard, in conjunction with an EMC product called Symmetrix Data Remote Facility (SDRF), a combination storage hardware and application that lets users copy data to a remote, secure location without requiring any IT downtime. In the event that backup data needs to be retrieved, SDRF can recover hundreds of terabytes of information within hours, according to EMC. Prior to purchase, the FleetBoston auditors voiced concern about the solution being too bleeding edge an approach that lacked proven results in the real world. The company, therefore, interviewed early adopters to ascertain any problems they might run into. This brought several issues to the surface, with distance limitation and channel extension being the top concerns. A multiplexer channel provides the physical connection that allows input and output devices to communicate with the computer. The multiplexer channel typically requires devices or their control units to be within 200 to 400 feet of the mainframe computer. Channel extension technology makes it possible to extend the multiplexer channel of the computer to anywhere in the world regardless of distance. "Our primary data center was 120 miles away from our remote recovery center, so channel extension was necessary," says Taylor. She evaluated channel extension products from Computerm and InRange before choosing Computerm Adaptive Copy. The use of Computerm and Symmetrix, though, meant that the company would have to use an asynchronous mode of data transfer between one site and another. As a result, there would be a delay of a few seconds between transactions being processed in the main data center and those same transactions being transferred to the remote disaster recovery site. The combined EMC/SunGard/Computerm architecture adopted by FleetBoston was successfully implemented. From 48 hours or more, the RTO came down to less than one hour for critical systems. During one major emergency when all systems were down at one data center, the remote site took over seamlessly. According to Taylor, this one event paid for the technology immediately since it prevented large-scale revenue loss. While FleetBoston administrators are happy with their current disaster recovery functionality, it is still evolving. One major issue is whether the company should continue to replicate all mainframe data, or if it can apply Information Lifecycle Management (ILM) techniques to minimize the amount of data that has to be transmitted during backups and during system recovery. This could also free up bandwidth for more productive uses. The company is also looking to increase its current rate of mirroring. Fleet now mirrors all of its data every two hours, but Taylor is investigating ways to shorten the length of time between mirrors without significantly increasing costs.

Sample Questions Sec B) Marls: 5

Submission: 23th September 2013 (for Sec A) Submission: 24th September 2013 (for
Note: Submit any 10 questions

Q1. Give the comparison between DAS, NAS, IP SAN and CAS which explain all the features such as elements, connectivity, management, benefits and challenges. Q2. What do you understand by Business Continuity & Disaster Recovery? Why Business Continuity is much more important for an organization? Explain Q3. Draw a business model for a public library with which you are familiar. Identify and explain all the major processes, entities and show them in figure. Q4. What are the steps involved in ERP implementation? Discuss the differences if any in regard to SAP and Oracle Financials. Q5. Explain linkage between BPR, IT, SAP and ERP. Q6. Which level of RAID copies all of the data on one disk to a second disk? Writes must be completed to both disks? Explain. Q7. Give the comparison between different types of NAS protocols. Q8. Explain, why storage concepts & storage techniques are required for managing the data in data centers? Q10. What common characteristics are shared by all RAID levels? Explain. Q11. Give the comparison between NAS Device and Fabric. Q12. Explain is the main benefit of data striping and mirroring with example? Q13. Why is RAID 1 not suitable for backup? Q14. Discuss the impact of random & sequential I/O in different Raid configurations. Q15. Explain the process of data recovery in case of a drive failure in RAID 5. Q16. Describe the hardware components found in most hosts. Q17. Why do formatted disks have less capacity than unformatted disks? Q18. What are the benefits of using multiple HBAs on a Host? Q19. Why is Zoned-Bit Recording used? Q20. What is the difference between? a. Seek Time & Rotational Latency b. Internal & External Transfer Rates Q21. What methods can be used to provide higher data availability in a RAID array? Q22. A large company is considering a storage infrastructure- one that is scalable and provides high availability. More importantly, the company also needs performance for its mission-critical applications. Which storage topology would you recommend (SAN, NAS, IP SAN, DAS, CAS) and why? Q23. Discuss the advantages of FC-SW over FC-AL. Q24. Explain how the performance of NAS can be affected if the TCP window size at the sender and the receiver are not synchronized. Q25. What are the major performance considerations for FCIP? Q26. List some of the data storage applications that could benefit from an IP SAN solution. Q27. Research the multipathing software available for an iSCSI environment. Write note on it. Q28. Explain how a CAS solution fits into the ILM stratergy.

Q29. Name a feature which is common to all .NET languages? Q30. What common characteristics are shared by all RAID levels? Explain. Q31. Give the comparison between NAS Device and Fabric. Q32. Name 3 Limitations of DAS Technology? Q33. Name at least 4 of the Hardware component in a SAN? Q34.How could implementation of a SAN benefit LAN performance? Q35.Name 3 key features of Fibre Channel? Q36.How is a SAN Superior to SCSI? Q37.What is a Point-to-Point Topology? Q38.What is FC-AL? Q39.What is Switched or Switched Fabric Topology? Q40.What is the Fabric in a Switched Fabric Topology? Q41.Where does SAN fit into Todays Networking Environment? Q42.What type of san switch you are using? Q43.What you mean by lun masking? Q44.What is the difference between Raid 1 and Raid 5? Q45.What is the difference between Lun masking and Zoning? Q46.Give examples of few CLI commands of the Storage controller? Q47.What is the meaning of IOPS? Where it plays important role? IOPS INPUT OUTPUT PER SECOND One transaction to and fro of the server to storage. Mission critical applications planning based on IOPS one can determine the storage,space needs. Q48.Give an example of the Database configurations for Disk layout? Q49.Name at least 3 ways consolidating storage improves operational efficiencies. Q50.What advantages do LAN-free back up and restore deliver? Q51.Name at least 3 ways a SAN provides a High Availability Infrastructure. Q52.What are the steps involved to accomplish Raid best configurations? Q53.What is the functionality of multi pathing? Q54. Give a few CLI commands of Switch and Storage controller Q55. What is the maximum out standing requests in the storage controller? Q56. List some of the key intelligences of the Fibre Channel network? Q57. What are the three SAN deployment topologies? Q58. What are the steps involved for firmware upgradations? Q59. What is the meaning of Disk controller? Q60. What are the Steps for No single point of failure? Q61. What are the tools used to measure storage performance? Q62. Why Raid 1+0 IS best for Database configuration Q63. What is your approach in proactive measures? Q64. How you integrate SNMP to Storage to receive alert messages? Q65. What are some benefits of zoning? Q66. How do you achieve maximum protection in a SAN fabric? Q67. Why is the core-to-edge topology preferred in scalable fabric environments? Q68. What are best practices for data security?


Roll no:____________________________ Name:_____________________________ Signature: Internal Examiner: Q1: What's the difference between an Applet and an application? a) b) c) d) Q2: An application is only available on Windows Applets can paint words, applications cannot. Applets are run over the web. None of the above. Marks: /10

What is the difference between private and public functions? a) Public functions are free, you have to buy private ones b) Public functions are the only ones you can download c) Public functions can be used by anyone, private can only be used by other code in the class you are writing d) Public functions cant be used


Servlets are typically used for...

a).Creating graphics. b).Extending a web server by providing dynamic web content. c).Storing information in applets. d).Loading buttons and menus.
Q4: When a program class implements an interface, it must provide behavior for...

a).Two methods defined in that interface. b).Only certain methods in an interface. c).Any methods in a class. d).All methods defined in that interface


A get request gets information from a client. A post request posts data to a client. a).True b).False c).Not always d).None of these What is the servlet ? a).Client side program b).Server side program c).Both are true d).None of these What executes EJB components ? a).A web server b).An application server c).An EJB container d).A database server What does the EJB specification architecture define ? a).Transactional components b).Distributed object components c).Server-side components d).All of the above When a JSP page is compiled, what is it turned into ? a).Applet b).Servlet c).Application c).Mailet





Q10: Parameters are passed as _______ pairs in a get request. a).value b).name/value c).Both can be used d).None of these