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f;Zy ;'u s/ ;{owrsh Bkb nv'b ofje/ gfjok d/D tkb/ PjhdK ns/ nfsnzs w[;hpsK MZb oj/ T[jBK d/ gfotkoK ƒ `

2

b/ye dhnK j'o ouBktK

feskpK Xow d/ BK s/HHHHHHHH g"okDe eEktK dk nzs fet/A ehsk ik foj? f;ZyK dk ;opBk;< gZuh jiko nDgSkshnK bkPK (SgkJh nXhB) feskpu/ f;Zy f;XKs ;fsr[o{ noiB d/t ih r[og[op fet/A wBkJhJ/ w?B{z f;Zyh s/ wkD j? d;tzX gqzgok ;G s/ tvk ;fsr[o{ BkBe[ ro[V uV/ r'fpzd nkfJbk wkbk dh eokwks nktkrtD d';ah eT[D jB< ;hHvhI f;Zy f;XKs (18 xzN/ dh nkvhT[, mp3 eEk) fJfsjk; p'bdk j? (d; xzN/ dh nkvhT[ mp3 eEk) eh fJj f;ZyK d/ fsT[jko jB (d; xzN/ dh nkvhT[, mp3 eEk) r[o T[gd/;a eh j? (d; xzN/ dh nkvhT[, mp3 eEk) nodk; eh j? (thvhT[ C.D. eEk) r[o{ nwodk; ih (thvhT[ C.D. eEk) f;Zyh ’s/ wkD (thvhU C.D. eEk) 52 f;XKse ;apdK dh eEk (24 xzN/ MP3) fywk :kuBk fwsh 20$10$06 Bz{ NoKN' (e?B/vk) fty/ g'Lq doPB f;zx ih, ns/ T[ANkohU r[odtkok e"A;b d/ gqXkB ;qL jopz; f;zx izvkbh Bkb ehs/ rJ/ fJeoko w[skpe fJ; n?vh;B ftu'A em'o Ppd eZY fdZs/ rJ/ jB. nD;[ykt/A ekoBK eoe/ fiBk ;zrsK d/ wBk Bz{ m/; gjzuh[ j? T[jBK ;G s'A b/ye fywk dh :kuBk eodk j?.

feskp gqkgs eoB bJh gs/
feskp gqkgs eoB bJh gs/

1H

cfsj gpbhe/PBI ftZFdnk Bro, B/V/ gzikph :{Bhtof;Nh, gfNnkbk (w'L 98144^55582)

2H

bkj"o pZe[ Pkg, bkigs okJ/ wkoehN, b[fXnkDk (0161^2740738)

3H

pkpk nkswk f;zx Xkowe g[;se Gzvko, r[od[nkok f;zx ;Gk, pfmzvk (0164^2215252)

4H

e/jo f;zx uzvhrVQ (9815906213)

5H

nikfJp f;zx ;[Bkw (94171^06555)

6H

GkJh i'X f;zx eowihs f;zx, ndkbs pIko, gfNnkbk

(0175^2216092)

7H

gofwzdo f;zx (okJ/g[o), ftZfdnk Bro, B/V/ gzikph :{Bhtof;Nh, gfNnkbk (98144^13453)

8H

;qH pbftzdo f;zx wkB;k (01652^228911, 9872549105)

w[Zy pzX

;zB 1984 d/ fgSb/ 6 wjhB/ f;Zy gzE bJh ekch wjZssk oZyd/

jB. fJ; ;w/A d/ d"okB gzikp dhnK, okiXkBh, gzikph p'bd/ fJbke/

iK gkDh dhnK wzrK ozr pdb e/ ykfb;skB dh wzr ftu jh BjhA pdb

rJhnK pbfe fJj ;G ‘f;ZyK dh j'Ad’ d/ ;tkb ftu pdb uZehnK[ jB.

6 i{B 1984 s'A pknd 31 nes{po s'A b? e/ 10 Btzpo 1984

sZe, fdZbh ns/ fjzd{;skB d/ j'o tZv/ PfjoK ftu, f;ZyK dk xkse

fPeko ehsk frnk Who Are The Guilty? Bkw dh fJe ohg'oN fdZbh

ftu Sgh. fJ; d/ b/ye jB r'fpzdk wy"Nh gqXkB ghgbI :{BhnB^cko^

v?w'eo?fNe okJhNI, ns/ oiBh e'mkoh, gqXkB ghgbI cko f;tb

fbpoNhI fdZbh.

fJ; g[;se ftu T[; ohg'oN dk gzikph o{gKso g/P ehsk ik

fojk j?. fJj o{gKso bcI^p^bcI BjhA j?. pbfe fJe g{oh bkJhB iK g{o/

gfjo/ d/ fBu'V ƒ gzikph o{g fdZsk frnk j?. fJ; o{gKso dk we;d fJB;kc

g;zd b'eK ƒ g{oh ikDekoh d/D s'A fJbktk j'o e[M BjhA j?.

fJ; g[;se d/ d{;o/ fjZ;/ ftu fJj do;kD dh e'fPP ehsh

rJh j? (;zy/g o{g ftu) fe f;ZyK dh ftXkfBe, iwj{oh ns/ jZeh wzr,

gzikph ;{p/ s'A uZb e/ ykfb;skB sZe feT[A, fe; soQK d/ ed'A gj[zuh.

g[;se d/ fJ; Gkr ƒ gVQd/ ;[s/ f;ZX nkg ƒ gsk bZr ikJ/rk fe, fJ;

ftu feZE'A feZE'A ns/ fe; soQK jtkb/ fJeZm/ ehs/ rJ/ jB. fJj fJe

fBwkDh ns/ fBskDh fijh e'fPP j?. nkg dk fJ; g[;se ƒ gVQ b?Dk

ns/ gVQ e/ ftukoBk, b/ye bJh j";bk Gog{o j'J/rk.

;zrsK dk dk;L eosko f;zx p?A;, 819 t?;No ;NohN

e[feNbw^phH;hH, (e?B/vk) V3J 6A1

1

f;Zy pjkdoK s'A wIb{wK sZe

gq'L fJzdo f;zx xZrk

goT[gekoh pkpk BkBe ih B/, e[Zb wB[Zysk bJh pj[s e[M BtK s/ Bt/ebk fdZsk j?. fiBK B/ ;fsr[o{ d/ ftukoK ƒ gfVnk ns/ ;wfMnk j?, T[jBK B/ pkpk ih ƒ pko^pko f;idk ehsk j?. nkT[D tkb/ ;w/A ftu fit/A fit/A j'o p'bhnK ftu r[opkDh dk nB[tkd j't/rk, b'eh r[opkDh d/ ;op efbnkDekoh r[DK ƒ ;[D, ;wM e/ fyZu/ ub/ nkT[Dr/ fJj ft;atk;a j?.fJe fBozeko dh nokXBk pr?o fe;/ gkyzv eow s'A eo.gow/;ao feXo/ ;Zst/A nek;a s/ BjhA p?mk, s[jkv/ fjod/ ftu j?, ;koh ekfJBks ftu j?. oZp ƒ :kd eoB tk;s/ fe;/ ftub/ (gho pqkjwD iK GkJh) dh b'V BjhA j?. s[;hA y[d f;ZX/ oZp ƒ gkT[D d/ nfXekoh j'. fJB;kBK ftu tzvhnK gkT[DhnK, T{u^Bhu wzBDk, iks gks ƒ gotkB eoBk, wB[Zysk bJh tZvk ngokX j?. ;ko/ ftnesh bzro (ykDk) fJeZm/ ykT[r/, fpBK frbkBh s'A . Xow;kb (r[od[nkok) ftu fJeZm/ p?me/ Xow T[gd/;a ;[D'r/. J/esk d/ ;{so ftu go'J/ ik e/, skesto pD ikT[r/. skes dh ;[:'r tos'A eoBh f;Zy e/ b'V g?D s/ jfEnkopzd f;gkjh pD ikT[r/. i/ s[jkv/ ;t?wkD ƒ nKu nkt/, i/ ikB wkb ƒ ysok j't/. i/ d/;a dh r[bkwh eZNDh j't/, i/ gkyzvh Xkowe b'eK ƒ okj f;o fbnkDk j't/. i/ fJB;kBhns d/ d[;awDK ƒ gkg eowK s'A w'VBk j't/, sK s[;hA jfEnkoK dh ;[:'r tos'A eo ;ed/ j'. ftekoK s'a BfPnK s'A ;dk pu e/ ofjDk j?. feos eoBh, tzv e/ SeDk s/ Bkw igDk. fJj fszB/ n;{b f;ZyK dh fizdrh d/ Ezw j'Dr/ @HHHHH. nfij/ e[M fBnw py; e/ ;fsr[o{ ih B/ f;Zy e"w dh f;oiDk eo fdZsh. fi; soQK d/ wkj"b ftu e'Jh fJB;kB id'A iBw b?Adk j?, T[;/

3

pDso nB[;ko T[; d/ wB dh xkVs xVh iKdh j?. T[;ƒ fJj nfj;k; jh BjhA jzdk[ fe w?A i' e[M eo fojk jK, fJ; ftu fezBk rbs j? s/ fezBk mhe j?. uZb oj/ T[; gqpzX ƒ poeoko oZyD tk;s/, jkew fXo p/ ofjw ;oekoh skes Bkb y{B dhnK BdhnK pjk ;edh j?. fJB;kBhns

ƒ e[ubD tkb/, e?dykfBnK ftu ;V woB tkb/, Gkoh I[owkB/ GoB

tkb/, ekƒB pDk ;edh j?. ikfJdks y'j b?Dh, nDgV oZyDk, jo y/ so ftu fBwkD/, fBskD/, pDk XoBk, ;oekoh ;aesh okjh e'Jh n"yk BjhA. “seVk wko/ go o'D Bk d/t/@ tkbh nt;Ek nkb/ d[nkb/ tkgodh nZi Gh t/y ;ed/ jK. ikbw okiBhsh dk ;zd, (jZE m'ek) id'A

“Xow@ w[yh pD ikD. ;oeko d/ y{Bh ekfonK ƒ ftzr/ N/Y/ sohe/ tos e/ ;jh mfjokD. nkw izsk ƒ je{wsh I[bwK fto[X bkw pzdh s'A o'e e/, fJ; ftdo'j ƒ x'o gkg rodkBD. oki eo ojh fXo ƒ Xow n;EkBK ftu ;BwkBs eoB. ;?skBha ;'u tkb/ “wkD; ykD/@ okiBhseK

ƒ goT[gekoh, fJB;kc g;zd s/ GrtkB dk ntsko j'D dk, Xow

wzdoK (Xow ;EkBK) ftu'A c[owkB ikoh eoB br g?D. nfij/ jkbks ftu nkw fJB;kB dh ;'u y[zYh j' iKdh j?. ikbw oki iK gkgh Xoww[yhnK (ny"sh Xowh) d/ rZmi'V d/ fto[X fe;/ tZvh prkts dh ;zGktBk wo w[Ze iKdh j?. nDy r?os iK ;t?wkD torhnK rZbK fdwkr ftu'A T[v g[v iKdhnK jB. fBZih r[bkwh s'A b? e/, d/;a dh tZvh r[bkwh se, ;G e[M “fe;ws@ ftu fbfynk gqshs j'D br g?Adk j?. nkgDh ƒj, Xh dh fJZIs s'A b? e/ ;w[Zu/ d/;a dhnK XhnK ƒ, Gkt/A e'Jh G/vK tKr fjZe e/ b? ikt/, fJj Gh oZph oIk jh wfj;{; jzdh[ j?. B"itkB fJBebkph iIpk fsnkr e/, ;kX ;zs pDB ƒ gfjb d/D br g?Ad/ jB. ;wki dk tv/ok spek “Bkw f;woB@ ƒ wzso ftXh tKr pko pko oND eoe/, w[esh b'udk j?. fjzws j'; s/ f;nkDg ƒ nbftdk nky e/ “;opo'r ek nT[gX Bkw@ wzB e/, nfrnkBsk ftu roe j' iKdk j?. fIzdrh p/ o;, p/ ozr ns/ p/ soshph ftu fve'v'b/ yKdh dw

4

s'V fdzdh j?.

nfij/ nzXeko wJh ;w/A ftu nekb g[oy B/ ofjws eoe/,

;fsr[o{ BkBe ;kfjp ih ƒ, Xosh s/ G/fink. T[jBK B/ SNh T[wo ftu

jh tZv/ ekoi nkozG fdZs/. Gkosh XowK pko rfjokJh Bkb gfVnk

ftukfonk. okiBhsh dh goy gVu'b ehsh. Xow n;EkBk ftu

toskJ/ ik oj/ “Xow@ ƒ ;wfMnk.“Xow w[yhnK@ dh soi/

fIzdrh dh g[D SkD ehsh. nfrnkBsk ftu v[Zp/ ;wki dh d[od;k

wfj;{; ehsh. uko/ pzB/ nzXeko s'A f;tkJ/ j'o e[M BjhA fd;dk ;h.

nfijh jkbs ftu ;[Xko eoBk, nsh fpyw ekoi ;h. fpBK wkfJe

;kXBK d/, pr?o oki;h skes d/, fpBK Xkowe ;ogq;sh d/, GowK

ftu rq;/, g;{nK tor/ b'eK ftu ezw eoBk g?Dk ;h. ezw P[o{ j[zfdnK

jh ;kfonK tb'A d[;wDh dh jZd se, fto'X eoB dh g{oh ;zGktBk ;h.

nfij/ Bky[Prtko jkbks ftu, ezw nkozG fdZsk. fiXo fXnkB frnk

I[bw, p/JhwkBh, gkyzv s/ ekfJosk jh BIo nkJh. ;fsr[o{ ih B/

fpBK fe;/ fbjkI d/ okiBhse b'eK ƒ tzrkfonk^

oki/ ;hj w[edw e[s/

ukeo Bj[dk gkfJfB xkT[

ikfJ irkfJfB p?m/ ;[s/

os[ fgs[ efsj[

' ufN ikj[

(1288)

r[o{ BkBe ;kfjp ih B/, Xow w[yh pqkjwD, i'rh s/ ekIh w[ZbK

ƒ Gh yohnK yohnK efjD s'A ;ze'u BjhA ehsk. nkw goik ƒ Gh

jb{D e/ irkT[D dh e'fPP ehsh.

id'A ;dhnK dh r[bkwh ;jh j't/ sK wB[y T[; r[bkwh ƒ wB'

gqtkB eoe/ nkgDh “j'Dh@ gqtkB eo b?Adk j?. T[wo e?d eZN oj/

e?dhnK ftu'A pj[s ;ko/ i/jb ftu'A pkjo nk e/ nkw fIzdrh fiT[D ftu

nky wfj;{; eod/ jB. T[jBK bJh i/jb jh “xo@ pD iKdh j?.

T[uhnK dhtkoK nzdo pzd ofjDk ;[oZfyns brdk j?. nzX/ok g{ik b'eK

ƒ nkgDk gkyzv ikb jh n;bh Xow gqshs j'D brdk j?. T[jBK ƒ

nro e'Jh ;[XkoB dk isB eo/, sK T[jBK tb'A “Xow s/ jwbk@ dk

5

P'o wukfJnk iKdk j?. jkew fXo ƒ nro e'Jh o'e/ N'e/, fJB;kc dh

d[jkJh d/t/, sK oki fto[X prkts dh p' nkt/rh. nkgDh n?P gq;sh ftu, oki;h b'e s/ g[ikoh N'bk edh dyb podk;s BjhA eodk. r[o{ BkBe ;kfjp ih B/ ;ko/ EkJhA ;ys w[ykbcs ehsh. b'eK

ƒ ikrqs s/ bkwpzd ehsk. g[ikoh xpokJ/, je{ws gq/;kB j'Jh. fJ;

NeokT[ ekoB g[ikohnK ns/ okiPesh B/, r[o{ noi[D ;kfjp ƒ Pjhd eo fdZsk. S/t/A r[o{ jfor'fpzd ;kfjp ih ƒ fJ;/ bJh feogkB

jZE ftu cV e/, f;Zy ;{ofwnK ;w/s izr ftu T[soBk fgnk. B"t/A d;t/A gkfs;kj d/ ekoBkw/ fe;/ s'A G[b/ BjhA jB. fJ; oki;h ns/ Xkowe rZmi'V tb'A b'eK dk y{B vheK bk e/ ghsk ik fojk ;h. ;dhnK d/ ;Ekgs rmi'V ƒ s'V e/, g{oB nkIkdh s/ g{oB ;t?wkD tk;s/, nr'A f;zx i'X/ w? vcdkB ftu roid/ oj/. nkgDh f;nkDg, ;{owrsh, r[opkDh dk frnkB gqkgs eoe/, f;ZyK B/ nkgDk ;[szso oki ;Ekgs eo fbnk. fiE/ Pkj w[jzwd w[skpe “;[yh t;D fjzd{ w[;bwkB d't/, nZi d'tK d/ T[s/ nkcks nkJh.@ gfjbK w[rbK dh r[bkwh, rb'A bkj[D bJh nDfrDs, e[opkBhnK ehshnK. fco nzrqIK s'A nkIkdh b?D tk;s/ w'joh j' e/, f;Zy pjkod bV/. ;zB 1947 ftu fjzd^gkfe Bkwh d' d/;a sK pD rJ/, go f;Zy g{oh soQK b[N/ g[ZN/ rJ/. fJ; ny"sh nkIkdh ftu d; bZy wB[yh fIzdrhnK xZN/ o[b rJhnK. brgr ;Zm bZy b'e xo'A p/ xo j' rJ/. bZyK n"osK dh p/gsh ehsh rJh. yopK dh ikfJdks spkj j' rJh. T[iV/ fjzd{nK

ƒ ;KGD bJh fjzd{ ;oeko ;h. T[iV/ w'wBK ƒ p;kT[D bJh, w[;bwkBK

dk nkgDk d/; gkfe;skB ;h. f;ZyK e'b Bhbk nzpo ;h. jT[e/ jzM{ s/ gSsktk ;h. T[jBK ƒ gsk jh BjhA br fojk ;h fe fJj eh GkDk tkgo frnk< wk;No skok f;zx pbd/t f;zx s/ r'gkb f;zx dodh tofrnk B/, f;ZyK dk p/Vk wzM Xko ftu v'p fdZsk. y[d “fjzd{ p/V/@ ftu ;tko j' rJ/.

6

;zB 1947 s'A gfjbK d/; ƒ nkIkd eokT[D d/ pjkB/ f;ZyK torh ;/oK dh e"w ƒ jZbkP/oh d/ e/ nzrq/IK Bkb bVB woB s/ i/jbK ftu ;VB bJh, T[e;kfJnk frnk. gfjbk r'fonK dh c"I ftu Gosh j' e/, f;Zy ikBK tkod/ oj/. oki fcozrh dk wip{s j[zdk fojk. f;ZyK e'b nfijk bhvo ;kfJd e'Jh BjhA ;h, i' fJj ;wM ;edk fe fJe tkohi/ oki ubk jh frnk j? sK d[pkok fbnk Gh ik ;edk j?. fizBhnK izrK f;ZyK B/ nzrq/IK tk;s/ bVhnK jB, fizB/ f;gkjh fJjBK bVkJhnK ftu wo/ jB/. i/ e'Jh BhshtkB j[zdk sK fJ; s'A xN ikBh wkbh B[e;kB Bkb, nkgD/ tk;s/ e[M gqkgs ehsk ik ;edk ;h. “wo/ f;Zy Mzvk T[uk j't/ :{BhnB i?FZe@. nkIkd fjzd c"I n;b ftu iBob w'jD f;zx B/ yVh ehsh ;h. ekch ;w/A wro'A ;[GkP uzdo p'; fJjBK Bkb nk e/ ofbnk ;h. fJ; pkrh c"I ftu ;G s'A fInkdk frDsh f;ZyK dh ;h. iBob w'jD f;zx feT[Afe oki;h fgS'eV tkbk BjhA ;h. nfij/ tZv/ nzd'bD tk;s/ oki;h fgS'eV j'Dk Gh Io{oh jzdk[ j?, sK fe c"I s'A fpBK pkjo d/ b'eK dk ;woEB gqkgs ehsk ik ;e/. fJ; s'A fpBK f;ZyK B/ GkJh wjkoki f;zx (Pjhdh 5 i[bkJh 1856) f;zxkg[o) dh ewkB j/m prktsK ehshnK ikBh wkbh B[e;kB T[mkfJnk. fJ; s'A wro'A GkJh okw f;zx BkwXkoh, 1816^1885) B/ PKs wJh nzd'bD ftZfYnk, BkfwbtosB bfjo ubkJh. fco nwqhek s'A rdo bfjo T[mh. ekwkrkNk wko{ (1914) xNBk ftu Gh Pjhd j'D tkb/, pj[s f;zy ;B. fJjBK d/ gd fuzBK s/ ubD tkb/ row ftukoK tkb/, nr'A pZpo nkekbh, ;{owrsh dhnK f;yoK S'jd/ oj/. ftneshrs s"o s/ ns/ nkpkdh d/ nB[gks Bkb'A fes/ tZX, (brgr 80#) eopkBhnK ehshnK. fJ;/ ekoB ;qh rKXh, Bfjo{ gN/b ns/ j'o ;ko/ fjzd{ bhvo f;ZyK dh pjkdoh dh gq;z;k eod/ oj/. ny/ pd/;h jwbktoK e'b'A Gh s[jkv/ tv/fonK B/ nkIkdh bJh ;h. j[D Gh s[jE'A fpBK e'Jh Gkos d/; nkIkd BjhA eotk ;edk. “f;ZyK bJh T[soh Gkos (gzikp) ftu

7

fJe y[dw[yfsnko fyZsk (n;b ftu d/;) okytK eo fdZsk ikt/rk. fiZE/ f;Zy Gh nkikdh dk fBZxk wkD ;eD@. id'A d/; nkIkd j' frnk, f;ZyK B/ tkfjd/ :kd eotkJ/ sK f;ZyK ƒ mZ[m ftyk fdZsk. fiE/ f;ZyK dk T[ikVk BjhA j'fJnk ;h. f;Zy nkpkdh Gh ekch ;h. fJj ;h fJe fyZsk “g?g;{@ Bkw tkbk. fi; ftu nZm okfinK d/ oki ;kwb eoe/, fJe ;{pk (;N/N) pDk fdZsk frnk. feT[Afe nZmK ftu'A S/ oki gqw[Zy f;Zy ;B. fJ; bJh Gkos ;oeko B/ pVh pdBhsh Bkb fJ; ƒ s'V e/ (1956) gzikp ftu fwbk fdZsk frnk. n;b ftu fJE'A jh f;ZyK ƒ E'Vk fijk nfj;k; j'fJnk fe Gkos ;oeko ;kv/ Bkb Xo'j ewk ojh j?. t'NK Bkb Gh f;Zy oki eoB i'r/ BjhA oj/. ;kƒ ekB{zB w[skpe, p'bh s/ nkXkos ;N/N pDkT[Dh ikfJi j?. fco feT[A Bk f;Zy Gh gzikph p'bh ƒ w[Zy oZye/ gzikph ;{p/@ dh wzr eoB< ƒ bzwk ;zxo; bVBk fgnk. fJ; ikfJi wzr ƒ wBtkT[D tk;s/ (1950 s'A 1966) se f;ZyK ƒ ;?AeV/ tkoh w'ou/ bkT[D/ gJ/. w[eZdfwnK ftu T[bM e/, B[e;kB T[mkT[Dk fgnk. eJh doiB f;zy wko fdZs/ rJ/. nDfrDs iywh j' rJ/. ;{pk gqkgsh tk;s/ eohpB, ;Zm jiko f;ZyK ƒ xZN iK tZX ;w/A bJh i/jbK ftu Boe G'rDk fgnk. gzikp d/ Bwe jokw fjzd{nK B/ gzikph ;{p/ dh vNe/ fto'Xsk ehsh j?. gzikp d/ gfNnkbk ;afjo ftu (24 ngq?b 1962) gzikph :{Bhtof;Nh pDkJh rJh, sK Gh fJ;dk wjk;ak ro[g (fjzd{ eZNV bkph) B/ vNtK fto'X ehsk. nzfwqs;o fty/ r[o{ BkBe ;kfjp d/ Bkw s/ fJe :{Bhtof;Nh pDkJh. sd'A Gh eZNV fjzd{ bkph B/ fJ; dk fto'X ehsk. Gkt/A fJe Btzpo 1966 ƒ gzikph ;{pk pDk fdZsk frnk. go fjZe d/ skD ;ko/ n;{bK d/ T[bN, gzikp dh okiXkBh uzvhrVQ, (;?eNohJ/N s/ jkJh e'oN) e/Ado ;oeko B/ nkgD/ nXhB oZy bJ/. GkyVk v?w d/ gkDh dh tzv tkbk ftGkr Gh, gzikp s'A y'j fbnk. pj[s ;ko/ gzikph p'bd/ fJbke/, gzikp ftu'A pkjo oZy bJ/ rJ/. izw{ e;awho, fjwkub,

8

fdZbh, jfonkDk s/ oki;EkB ftu'A, gzikph dk ykswk eoB dh w[fjzw ubkJh rJh. gzikp ftu fjzd{nK tb'A ubkJ/ ik oj/ ;e{bK ekbiK ftu, gfjbh ebk; s'A fjzdh gVkJh iKdh j? T[jBK B/ gzikph Bkb'A Bksk s'V fbnk j?. j'o pj[s ;ko/ gqkJht/N ;e{bK ftu, w[ZY s'A nzrq/ih gVkJh iKdh j?, gzikph ƒ nbftdk. fJe tkoh pj[s jh Bkwh eth fJepkb B/ f;ano fbfynk ;h^ ;ko/ ijk ;/ nZSk fjzd';sK jwkok. jw p[bp[b/A j? fJ;eh, :/j r[fb;sK jwkok. fJsBh gq;z;k s'A pkd fJepkb ƒ sby siop/ pj[s j'J/. w[;bwkB GoktK s/ pj[frDsh fjzd{nK tb'A, I[bw j'D br gJ/. fjzd{ oki;h bhvo, ewhDhnK ukbk uZbD bZr gJ/. pV/ d[yh wB Bkb fJepkb ƒ fJT[A fbyD bJh wip{o j'Dk g? frnk^ w[Zds/A r[ioh fJsBh, ozi' }w ;fjs/ j[J/. np s'A ;aow ;h nksh j?, fJ; tsB e' tsB ejs/ j{J/. fJ;/ ftnke[bsk ftu f;Zy gzE fdB eNh eoB bJh wip{o j?. id'A 26 iBtoh ƒ Gkosh ;zftXkB bkr{ j'fJnk sK Gkt/A fJ; d/ w;d/ T[s/, f;Zy bhvoK B/ o'; ti'A d;sys BK ehs/. feT[Afe fJj ;zftXkB Xkok 25 w[skpe, f;Zy e"w ƒ fjzd{ rodkBdk j?. go fJ; tZv/ BrkoykB/ ftu, G[sh dh nktki ehjƒ ;[Ddh j??< ;' f;ZyK tb'A d;ys BK eoBk j[D e'Jh wkfjB/ BjhA oydk ;h. feT[Afe j[D skes dk soki{ fjzd{nK d/ jZE nk u[fenk ;h. f;Zy tes y[zMk u[e/ ;B. gzikp ftu ;zftXkBe sohe/ u[De/ pDhnK ;oekoK fpBK m'; ekoBK d/ 356 Bzpo ekƒBh Xkok dh d[otos'A eofdnK s'V fdZshnK iKdhnK ojhnK. tZv/ g?wkB/ s/ db pdbhnK ƒ T[sPkjs ehsk frnk. f;ZyK nzdo r[Z;k tXdk frnk. wzrK dh gqkgsh bJh w'ou/ brd/ oj/. ;oeko j'o ;yshnK tosdh ojh. ;zB 1975 i{B ftu nzdo{Bh n?woiz;h bk fdZsh rJh. ;ko/ Bkrfoe nfXeko y'j bJ/ rJ/. f;o

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eZYt/ ;ko/ fjzd{ B/sk frqcsko eoe/ i/jbK ftu skV fdZs/ rJ/. fJjBK fdBK ftu, fJzdok rKXh f;ZyK Bkb ;wM"sk eoB d/ o" ftu ;h. nBzdg[o d/ ws/ dhnK wzrK d/ B/V/ s/V/, T[j f;ZyK ƒ ;G e[M d/D bJh fsnko ;h. ;qh gqek;a f;zx pkdb ns/ ;qh r[ouoB f;zx N'jVk B/ sK e/Ado ;oeko Bkb gzE ƒ v'pD dk ;wM'sk ehsk j'fJnk ;[Dhdk ;h. fJjBK B/ rbpks okjhA e[M b?D dh Ekt/A, i/jbK Go' nzd'bD P[o{ eotk fdZsk. T[FZBh wjhB/ fJj frqcskohnK jzdhnK[ ojhnK. f;ZyK ƒ wko pVh gJh. ;zB 1977 ftu nekbh ;oeko gzip ftu pD ikD d/ pkti{d, f;ZyK ƒ e[M BjhA fwfbnk. jK bhvoK B/ Io{o si"ohnK Go bJhnK. e/Ado dh Pfj s/ ;qh pkdb dh ykw'P ;fjwsh Bkb, fBzoekoh N'b/ ƒ T[Gkfonk frnk. f;ZyK d/ e/Adoh Xow n;EkB, nzfwqs;o fty/ 13 ng?qb 1978 ƒ fBozekohnK B/ tZvk ;wkrw ehsk. r[o{ ;fjpkBk ns/ f;Zy gqzgoktK dk ngwkB pqdk;s Bk eod/ j'J/, GkJh c"ik f;zx dh nrtkJh ftu, f;ZyK d/ PKswJh ;wz{j B/ fBozekohnK dk fto'X ehsk. nr'A fBozekohnK d/ jfEnkopzd p[ofSnK B/, nzXkXzd[ r'bhnK ubk e/, 13 f;ZyK s/ uko nkw BkrfoeK ƒ wko w[ekfJnk. ;Zso f;Zy iywh j' rJ/. T[; fdB ;qh gqek;a f;zx pkdb (pe"b dbpho f;zx gzsoeko^B/fVU fvm/ HHHH) nzfwqs;o ftu w"I{d ;h. fJjBK tb'A ;oekoh rZvhnK ftu fBozekoh N'b/ ƒ gzikp s'A pkjo G/i fdZsk. f;Zy o'j g{oh soQK ft;c'N dh nt;Ek ftu g[Zi u[fenk ;h. gzEe ftdtkBk dh ;fjwsh Bkb 10 i{B 1978 ƒ s'V ftS'V/ dk j[ewBkwk ikoh eo fdZsk frnk.fJ; ƒ bkr{ eotkT[D dk nfjd, GkJh ioB?b f;zx fGzvoK tkb/ ns/ ;kEhnK B/ b? fbnk. NeokT[ tXdk frnk, esb j[zd/ oj/. ;oeko swk;ak t/ydh ojh. ibzzXo tkb/ wjkf;anK d/ nypko, f;ZyK fto[X Xz{nKXko gquko eod/ oj/. Gkos ;oeko pbdh s/ s/b gkT[Adh ojh. f;Zy nkr{nK B/ edh nBzdg[o dk wsk gk; ehsk. edh ;oeko ƒ gzikp (yk; eo f;ZyK Bkb ;zpzXs) dhnK ukbh wzrK dk

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ukoNo g/P ehsk s/ edh ;[zrV e/, T[j wzrK gzdoK ofj rJhnK. fco pkoK se xN rJhnK. e/Ado ;oeko B/ ;[DtkJh e'Jh Bk ehsh. fxokT[ jVskbK, ib{;, w[ikjo/, bkmh ukoi j[zd/ oj/, p/u?Bh tXdh ojh. fBozekoh eKv s'A pkd GkJh ioB?b f;zx B/ f;ZyK d/ r[Z;/ dh soiwkbh P[o{ eo fdZsh. nekbhnK dh fYZb wZm dh Bhsh s'A b'eh szr nk u[e/ ;B. fJ; bJh B"I[nkB spek, GkJh ioB?b f;zx d[nkb/ i[VBk P[o{ j' frnk. fJ; ;w/a d[jokB, gzikp ftub/ eJh fBozekohnK ƒ, nDgSks/ f;Zy ykVe{nK B/ wko fdZsk. pdb/ ftu g[fb; c'o;K tb'A f;Zy B"i[nkBK ƒ cfVnk iK wkfonk ikD bZrk. rZ;k[ tXdk frnk, ftZEK g?AdhnK rJhnK. gzikp d/ dfonktK dk gkDh jfonkD/ ƒ d/D tk;s/ fJe BthA ;ZgDh (ngq?b 1982) ;sb[I, iwB fbze Bfjo dk d/; dh gqXkB wzsoh fJzdok rKXh B/ BhAj gZEo oZfynk. fJE'A jh nekbhnK B/ fco frqcskohnK d/DhnK P[o{ ehshnK. gzikp dk gkDh y'jD dk f;ZXk ;kc wsbp j?, gzikp dh spkjh. nekbh db B/ edh Bfjo o'e', edh ;VeK o'e', s/ edh o/bK o'e pj[s PKswJh o'; gqrN ehs/. nc;'; fe Gkos ;oeko d/ wB nzdo fJB;kBhns dk feDek wkso Gh iipk g?dk Bk j'fJnk. ;r'A pko pko f;Zy nzd'bDekohnK ƒ s;Zdd ;fjDk g? fojk ;h. g[fb; dhnK bkmhnK r'bhnK p/o'e, f;ZyK s/ toQKJhnK ik ojhnK ;B. g[fb; dh wko s'A puD bJh, pj[s ;ko/ bhvoK ns/ toeoK B/ dopko ;kfjp ftu gBkj b? bJh. jkbks ft;c'Ne pDd/ ub/ rJ/. PkfJd e[dos ƒ fJ;/ soQK gotkB j't/. ;zB 1705 ftu nBzdg[o T[iV frnk. p/nzs f;Zy Pjhd j' rJ/. nZr/ E'V/ jh ;w/A nzdo, uwe"o dh rVh s/ w[es;o d/ n;EkB s/ tkgo/ y{Bh eKv i/ ;ko/ fwbk bJhJ//, sK fJj pj[s tZvk xZb{xkok f;ZX j[zdk j?. pzdk f;zx dh ;kEnK ;w/s Pjhdh j'Jh ns/ T[; s'A wro'A Gh f;ZyK s/ I[wb j'J/. fco fw;bK d/ ;w/A 1745 ftu S'Nk xZb{xkok tkgfonk. fi; ftu nzdkiB

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pkoK jiko f;Zy pjkdo wko/ rJ/. T[; s'A nrbk xZb{xkok cotoh wjhB/ 1762 ƒ e[gZ o'jhVK fgzv (i' wb/oe'Nb/ d/ B/V/ j?) fty/ tkgfonk. brgr shj jiko f;Zy pZu/, phphnK, pi[or s/ B"i[nkB Pjhd j' rJ/. fJ; esbkw ƒ tZvk xZb{xkok eoe/ :kd ehsk iKdk j?. fJ; s'A wro'A wjkokik oDihs f;zx tb'A ekfJw ehsk f;Zy oki id'A ysw j' frnk. d;zpo 1845 ƒ ;{owrsh Bkb bVd/ j'J/ Gh f;Zy, fjzd{ ioB?bK dhnK rdkohnK, ekoB jko rJ/. fJj Gh pVk tZvk efjo ;h f;ZyK s/. 1850 s'A wro'A id'A wodw P[wkoh j'Jh, sK o"ArN/ yV/ eoB tkb/ f;ZN/ ;kjwD/ nkJ/. oki gkN tes gzikp ftu f;ZyK dh nkpkdh, brgr nZ;h bZy ;h. oki yZ;[ ikD d/ thj ;kb nzdo, fJj nkpkdh xN e/, thj bZy s'A j/mK nk rJh. T[gozs id'A fjzd[;skB s/ gkfe;skB ƒ nkikdh fwbh T[; tes fco f;ZyK B/ efjo MZfbnk. gzi bZy d/ B/V/ f;Zy wko fdZs/ rJ/. gZuh bZy f;ZyK ƒ ;G e[M rtk e/ T[iVBk fgnk. fJj e'Jh S'Nk xb{xkok BjhA ;h. nkikd Gkos ftu r[bkwh tkbk ihtB fpskT[AfdnK, f;ZyK B/ w[V s'a g?oK s/ yV/ j'D bJh, p/UVe fwjBs ehsh. d/; d/ G[Zy/ b'eK dk g/N Gfonk. id'A f;Zy e"w B/ ;t?wkD Bkb ihDk ukfjnk. nkgD/ y[; u[Ze/ jZe, gkDh, fpibh, okiXkBh, c;bK d/ ;jh w[zb wzr/. nfijhnK tkip wzrK s/ Gh, Gkosh jkewK ƒ vkjYk r[Z;k nkfJnk. fJj “f;o fco/@ b'e oZi e/ o'Nh ykD bZr gJ/ jB. fJ;/ ekoB j'o ;[Zy ;j{bsK ns/ ;t?wko ukj[zd/ jB. fJjBK d/ ;ko/ nfXeko y'j b?D dk wsk gek fbnk. “e"wh ;t?wkD@ e[ub d/D dk sjZJhnk eo fbnk. “f;Zy ykVe{nK ƒ dopko ;kfjp ftu fJeZm/ j'D fdsk frnk. fco T[jBK ƒ Xow n;EkB ftu'A pkjo eZYD bJh, j'o e'Jh Gh “ikfJi sohek@ BjhA ngDkfJnk frnk. gfjbK jh ehsh ;kfiPh fsnkoh w[skpe 3 i{B 1984 ƒ nekb sys ;kfjp s/, jwbk eo fdZsk frnk. jikoK ;oXkb{nK ƒ pVh p/ofjwh Bkb wko fdZsk frnk. 6 i{B ƒ GkJh

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ioB?b f;zx, nkgD/ ;kEhnK ;w/s, nsw cfsj p[b frnk. fJj jwbk f;Zy e"w dk wB'pb s'VB tk;s/ ;h. nr'A tk;s/ jZe wzrD s'A o'eD bJh ;h. fjzd{ ;oeko dh “n;hw Pesh@ dk gqdoPB eoB bJh ;h. fJj fGnkBe xZb{xkok nkX[fBe iwkB/ ftu, ;fGne ;wki ftu iKrbh fposh tkb/ jkewK B/ toskfJnk. nkgD/ jh BkrfoeK s/, nkgfDnK tb'A i[bw dh fJzsjk. dopko ;kfjp s/ ;?AeV/ r'bhnK wkoBhnK. nekb sys ƒ Ykj e/ wbp/ dk Y/o pDk d/Dk. ;o'to ƒ p/d';a/ ;oXkb{nK d/ y{B, ns/ bk;aK Bkb Go d/Dk. r[od[nkfonK dhnK r'beK ftu'A eo'VK o[g? b[ZN b?Dk, r[o{ rqzE ;kfjp d/ ;o{gK ƒ ;kV e/ ;[nkj eo d/Dk. ;koh y{Bh ekotkJh s'A wro'A o?co?A; bkfJpq/oh ftu'A, NoZe Go e/ yk; yofVnK d/ b? ikDk, s/ ofjzfdnK ƒ nZr bk e/ swk;ak t/yDk. ew/Nh d/ w[bkiwk ns/ gqeowk B/Vb/ xoK ftu'A dfozd/ c"ihnK b[N/fonK tb'A ehwsh ;kwkB b[ZNDk s/ phphnK ƒ p/gs eoBk. fJ; ikbwkBk eko/ bJh Gkosh jkewK ƒ f;Zy wkBf;es ed/ w[nkc BjhA eo ;e/rh. fit/A wZ;k ozxV ns/ ieohnk ykB f;ZyK bJh x'o Bcos d/ gkso jB. dopko ;kfjp ftu toskJhnK xNBkbK bJh fizw/tko b'e, ;dk nkgD/ f;o ftu ;[nkj g[nkT[Ad/ ofjDr/. nfijh poposk g{oB eos{s ekoB ;qH p/nzs f;zx ;qH ;stzs f;zx, ns/ ;qH e/jo f;zx dk y{B y"b T[fmnk. Gkt/A fJj f;zx, fJzdok rKXh dh ;[oZfynk N[eVh ftu ;kwb ;B, go nzdobh f;Zyh ni/ woh BjhA ;h. fJjBK dopko ;kfjp ƒ t/fynk. nekb sys dh popkdh t/y e/ p[Zeh o'J/. wB ƒ seVk eoe/ tes dh T[vhe eoB bZr/. T[j fdB 31 nes{po, 1984 dk nkD Y[Zfenk. id'A xo'A fsnko j' e/, fJzdok rKXh nkgD/ bkT[ bPeo ;w/s, dcso tZb ikD brh. T[; tes ;qH p/nzs f;zx B/ nkgD/ fotkio dk fBPkBk ;/X e/ ;kohnK r'bhnK fJzdok s/ toK fdZshnK. nZy d/ gbeko/ ftu ;qH

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;stzs f;zx B/ nkgDh nkT[N' w?fNe okJhcb dk gok w?rihB, fJzdok d/ g/N ftu T[sko fdZsk. y{B dk SZgV, ;oho p'Nh p'Nh. jo e'Jh vfonk, v'o G'o j'fJnk t/y fojk ;h. ;[DB ftu nkfJnk j? fe fJzdok S/sh jh gkfe;skB Bkb izr S/VB tkbh ;h. gkfe izr dh nkV ftu, ;ko/ gzikp ƒ wbhnw/N eoBk ukj[zdh ;h. fJzdok d/ yk; ;jkfJe nkoHe/H XtB B/ ;qH p/nzs f;zx d/ ezBh fJj rb gk fdZsh. fe f;oc e[M jiko f;Zy BjhA, ;r'A g{o/ gzikp ƒ B/;s' Bkp{d eoB tkbh j? fJj shthA. T[jBK T[fus w"ek ikD d/, c;sk tZY fdZsk. ;qH p/nzs f;zx B/ fotkbo ;[ZN e/, nkgD/ nkg ƒ frqckoh bJh g/;a ehsk ;h. ewKv' d;s/ T[;ƒ cVe/ nzdo b? rJ/. n?B B//fVU r'bhnK ubkJhnK rJhnK. ;qH p/nzs f;zx nkgDk nkgk b/y/ bk e/, BtK fJfsjk; pDk e/, ftdk j' frnk. ;qH ;stzs f;zx ƒ ysw eoB bJh B/fVU r'bhnK wkohnK rJhnK. T[j fvr fgnk, ;fjed/ ƒ j;sgskb G/fink frnk.j"bh^j"bh iyw GoB rZb/, s/ w[eZdwk G[rsD bJh fsnko j' frnk. w[eZdw/ dh nZyK ftu xZNk gkT[D tkbh ekotkJh eoe /, ; qH ;st zs f; zx s / ; qH e /jo f; zx ƒ cK;h bNek fdZsk frnk. nZi s'Vh fJjBK nctkjK dk pkiko row ufbnk nk fojk j? fe fJzdok ƒ ysw eotkT[D ftu, fe;/ skesto pd/;ah y[chnk J/ i;h dk jZE ;h. gfjbK fszB/ f;Zy ekfsb n?bkB/ rJ/. fJe ƒ w'Bk f;Zy dZf;nk frnk. wro'A T[j "w'Bk f;Zy@ gsk BjhA feE/ rkfJp eo fdZsk< fJzdok d/ woB s'A pkd pj[s s/Ih Bkb fdZbh ns/ j'o pj[s ;ko/ PfjoK ftu f;ZyK ƒ e'j e'j e/ wkfonk frnk. T[;ƒ gkme, d'Ph e'T[D jB< g[;se ftu nZr/ gVBr/. go gfjbK fJ; ekbh p'bh jB/ oh dk E'Vk j'o ftPb/PD eo bJhJ/. eKro; gkoNh nkgDhnK rbs BhshnK ns/ tZv/ p/JhwkBhnK d/ ;e?AvbK ftu, pdBkw j' uZeh[ ;h. xZN frDsh b'eK ƒ bkfonK s'A f;tkJ/ fdZsk e[M BjhA ;h. f;Zy w[;bwkB, dfbs eKro; s'A w{zj w'V u[e/ ;B. fJzdok B/ pj[sfrDsh fjzd{ b'eK ƒ

14

nkgD/ tZb eoB dk okj nyfsnko eo fbnk. fJ; bJh Io{oh ;h fe xZN frDshnK ƒ T[e;kfJnk ikt/. GVekfJnk ikt/. ikfJi wzrK g{ohnK Bk eoe/, p/u?B ehsk ikt/. r[Z;/ ftu nkJ/ b'e nkg/ s'A pkjo j' e/, PKswJh BjhA ofj ;eDr/. nZrK bkT[Dr/, ;oekoh ikfJdkd ƒ B[e;kB g[ukT[Dr/. fco ;oeko nwB ekB{zB pjkb eoB tk;s/ skes dh tos'A eo/rh. “e[ub e/ oZy d/t/rh.@ xZN frDshnK d/ jZeK ƒ dpkfJnk frnk. ndkbsK ftu'A fJB;kc sK eh fwbDk ;h, ;r'A iZi Gh okiBhsh d/ dpk ftu nk rJ/. fcoe{ ;'u sfjs c?;b/ eoB bZr gJ/. fJzdok d/ esb s'A wro'A, i' “gVskbhnK efw;B@ pDkJ/ rJ/, gfjbh rb sK T[jBK ƒ ekB{zB w[skpe ezw jh Bjha eoB fdZsk frnk. nro E'Vk pj[s T[jBK ezw ehsk Gh j?, T[;ƒ e/Ado dh ;oeko B/ ;kfiPh ;'u sfjs, bkr{ BjhA ehsk. e/Ado ftu ;oeko Gkt/A eKro; dh ;h, iK Gkosh izsk gkoNh dh ;h. nzdo'A fJj ;ko/ b'e f;ZyK d/ d[;wD jB. e/Ado dh Gkigk ;oeko ftu, nekbh nytkT[D tkb/, gzE gzE e{eD tkb/, oki rZdhnK dk ;[y wkDd/ oj/. gkobhw?AN ftu p?me/ nkgDh neb dk iBkik eYd/ oj/. f;ZyK d/ jZeK bJh, fdZbh d/ d'PhnK ƒ ;ik d[nkD bJh, T[FZiV/ f;ZyK ƒ p;kT[D bJh, wo frnk d/ gqtkoK ƒ w[nktik d[nkT[D bJh, edh ipkB se Bk y'jbh. pVh PkB Bkb Gkigk dh ;oeko ƒ fpBk Pos jwkfJs fdzd/ oj/. gzikp ftu 1997 s'A 2002 se ns/ 2007 s'A d[pkok fco GkigkJhnK ƒ nekbh ;oeko ftu tZv/ nj[fdnK Bkb fBtkid/ oj/. gqkgsh fJe eT[vh dh Bk eotk ;e/. fdZbh ftu id'A f;ZyK ƒ rbK ftu NkfJo gk e/, e'j e'j e/ esb ehsk ik fojk ;h. T[;/ ;w/A B/e pys fJB;kB, oZp ƒ fgnko eoB tkb/, wB[ysk d/ fjs?Ph, nB/e yso/ f;o s/ b? e/, ;Zu s/ nkXkfos fog 'oN fsnko eo oj / ;B. fJe Nhw d / w [yh ;B, ; qhwkB r'fpzdk wy'Nh ih. d{ih wB[Zyh nfXeko Nhw d/ w[Zyh ;B, ;qhwkB nsh

15

;fseko:'r oiBh e'mkoh ih. fJjBK s'A fJbktk ;fseko:'r okw i/m wbkBh ih ns/ T[jBK dh p/Nh phph okDh i/m wbkBh ih. fJBK

d'tK fgsk g[Zsoh B/ fJzdok esb d/ d'Ph mfjokJ/ rJ/, ;qH ;stzs f;zx

s/ ;qH e/jo f;zx dk e/; Gh pVh, f;de fdZbh Bkb bfVnk ;h. fJjBK

nsh ;fsekos j;shnK tb'A w"e/ s/ ik e/ sZE fJeZm/ eoe/, ;p{sK ;w/

s fog'oN Skg fdZsh rJh. nzdoyks/ Gkos ;oeko ƒ fJ; fog'oN

"“d'Ph eT[D jB@ B/ fjbk e/ oZy fdZsk. go pVh p/j:kJh Bkb, skes d/ BP/ ftu u{o ;oeko B/, fJXo fXnkB Bk fdZsk. fJ; nsh Go';/:'r fog'oN ƒ dofeBko eoe',/ nkgD/ tb'A gVskbhnk efwPB@ pDkT[D/ P[o{ eo fdZs/. g{o/ s/Jh ;kb phs ikD s Gh jkbh gVskb ikoh j? fe d'Ph eT[D jB< Btzpo 1984 ftu fJe gVskbhnk ew/Nh dk rmB ehsk frnk fJ; dk w[yh bkfJnk frnk, ;qh t/d wotkok. ;zB 85 ftu t/d wotkjk dk ezw ;oeko B/ fpBK ekoB o'e fdZsk. Bt/A efwPB dk rmB ehsk frnk. t/d wotkjk dh ehsh gVskb ysw s/ ozr BkE fwPok iZi ƒ 26 ngq?b 1985 ftu fizw/tkoh ;"Ag fdZsh. fJ; fwPok

ew/Nh B/, ehVh dh ukb/ jkbh ezw P[o{ jh ehsk ;h, fe 23 cotoh 87

ƒ

eg{o fwZsb gVskbhnk ew/Nh pDk fdZsh. fJ; fwZsb ew/Nh d/ ezw

s/

Gh ;oeko B/ e'Jh nwb Bk ehsk. fJ;/ ;w/A fJe i?B p?Boih

ew/Nh pDh nr;s 89 ftu, s/ e[M jh ;w/A nzdo fJ; ƒ ysw eo fdZsk frnk. i?B p?Boih d/ pqkpo , fJe j'o ew/Nh pDkJh rJh ;h, nkj{ik gVskb ew/Nh 1987 ftu. nr;s 90 ftu g'Nh o'Pk ew/Nh dk rmB ehsk frnk. fJ; ƒ e'Jh ezw Bk eoB fdZsk frnk. fJ; bJh fJ; d/ w?ApoK B/ n;shck d/ fdZsk. Btzpo 90 s'A 93 sZe i?B nro tkb ew/Nh B/ y'i gVskb ehsh. ;oeko B/ fJ; ƒ gqtkB Bk ehsk. nr'A fYZb'A ew/Nh pDkJh rJh. fJ; B/ fwqse gqtkoK ƒ phw/ dh oew ndk eoB dh f;ckoP ehsh. phwk ezgBhnK ;oekoh dpkU nXhB

16

jh ezw eodhnK jB. T[jBK ;kc BKj eo fdZsh. nky/ dzr/ c;kdK ftu, wB[ZyK dk wkfonk ikDk s/ T[;dh g{osh eoBh, ;kv/ ekB{zB ftu BjhA j?. ;zB 1993 ftu jh fJe Bo{bk ew/Nh pDkJh rJh. fJ; ew/Nh B' i' f;ckoPK ehshnK. T[jBK s/ nwb BjhA j'fJnk. ;zB 2000 ftu BkBktsh efw;aB pfDnk. fJ; B/ uko ;kb se ;oekoh g?;k (sBykj ns/ GZs/) sK pVk vekfonk. f;ZyK ƒ fJB;kc d[nk ;eDk fJ; dh ebw ftu BjhA ;h. nr'A j'o efw;aB pDkT[d dh b'V jh w[e rJh j?. f;Zy Gh g{oh soQK ;wM u[Ze/ jB fe ekfsbK e'b'A, edh fJB;kc BjhA fwbDk. ekB{zB sK ewi'oK ƒ i/jbK ftu pzd eoB bJh pDd/ jB. ewi'oK ƒ cK;h bNekT[Ad/ jB. skesto p[ofSnk ƒ ndkbsk, efw;aB, ekB{zB s/ iZi, fet/A ;ik d/ ;ed/ jB< n;zGt n;zGt.

r'oh ;oeko B/ Gkos s/ ;dhnK oki ehsk. fifbQnK tkb/ pkr nzfwqs;o fty/, iBob vkfJo B/ skes dh nzBh tos'A ehsh. r'bh ubk e/ ;?AeV/ :kso{ wko w[ekJ/. Gkos dh r'oh pd/;ah ;oeko B/ fJe gVskbhnk ew/Nh “jzNo efwPB@ pDkfJnk. fJ; ew/Nh B/ ;ko/ gZyK dk ikfJik b? e/, iBob vkfJo ƒ d'Ph mfjokfJnk. T[; dh g?APB ns/ j'o ;j{bsK pzd eotk fdZshnK. fiBK gqtkoK d/ w?Apo r'bh Bkb wko/ rJ/ ;B, T[jBK ƒ w[nktik fdZsk frnk. fJXo nkgDh ;oeko i' ;b{e eo ojh j?. T[j iZr ikjo j' frnk j?. wko fdZs/ rJ/ f;ZyK d/ w[eZdw/ bVB tk;s/, fdZbh ew/Nh ns/ ;q'wDh ew/Nh ƒ tehbK dk fJe ro[Zg pDk e/, e/; bVB/ ukjhd/ ;B. jkJ/ oZp ih. fJjBK B/ f;ZyK dk XB pVk vekfonk go nkgD/ coi dh gSkD Bjha ehsh. woB tkb/ pj[s/ rohp f;Zy ;B. T[jBK e'b fJzBk g?;k feE/ fe tehbK dhnK w'NhnK ch;K sko ;eD< fizBk dfozfdnK B/, T[jBK d/ gqtkfoe w?Apo esb eokJ/ ;B, T[jh b'e jwdodh eoB nk oj/ ;B. T[ifVnK ƒ w[V t;kT[D dk y/yD eo oj/ ;B. fJjBK

17

rohp f;ZyK ƒ Bkb jh ekfsb eKro;h bhvo, XwehnK Gh d/ oj/ ;B. ftuko/ rohp f;Zy vo rJ/. rtkjhnK s'A w[eoB br/. d'PhnK ƒ gSkBD s'A fJBeko eoB br/. p/JhwkBh dh e'Jh ;hwk BjhA e'Jh nkgDk p/rkBk BjhA. id'A wB[y “w[odko@ ykD frZM ikt/, fco T[j EK e[EK BjhA t/ydk. fJe gk;/ esb j'D s'A pu/ j'J/ f;Zy gqtko vo/ ;fjw/ do do GNe oj/ ;B.f;oV dh gZeh phph doPB e'o B/, nkgDhnK ftXtk f;Zy phphnK ;w/s, nzs dhnK w[;hpsK ftu, ekfsbK fto[X ndkbsh w[fjzw fYZbh BjhA g?D fdZsh. e[M ;[fjod tehb ns/ B/e r[of;Zy fJBK dh sB wB Bkb wZds eo oj/ ;B. fJe nkswk f;zx b[pkDk Bkwh ftnesh, fJjBK phphnK ƒ w [edwk bVB ' o 'eD bJh Bhusk dhnK ;G j ZdK gko eo frnk. T[; B/ XwehnK jh BjhA fdZshnK, ;r'A fJjBK ftXtktK ƒ brksko rzdhnK rkbK fdzdk fojk, wkoB dhnK XwehnK fdzdk fojk, s/ nyho fJjBK ƒ ug/Vk wko Gh frnk. fJjBk d[fynkohnK B/ fdZbh ew/Nh d/ “wkbeK@ e'b cfonkd ehsh. T[jBK ;[D e/ nD;[Dh eo fdZsh. fJj phphnK nekb sys d/ g[ikoh (ny"sh iE/dko) e'b cfonkdh j'JhnK. T[; B/ y/yDjkohnK nky e/ ngwkB ehsk. fco fJjBK b[pkDk pokdoh dh gzukfJs nZr/ d[yVk o'fJnk. gzukfJs B/ fXnkB g{ote j'Jh phsh ;[Dh. ;koh gVskb eotkJh, i' ;jh fBebh. nkswk f;zx b[pkDk ƒ gzukfJs B/ ;Zd e/ ;koh gVskb dh fog'oN gV ;[DkJh. T[j s;bhpy;a i[nkp Bk d/ ;fenk. b[pkDk gzukfJs d/ gzuK B/, fJ; ;y; ƒ gzi bZy o[g? i[owkBk bkfJnk ns/ phphnK d/ ngwkB bJh w[nkch wzrtkJh. fJjBK ftXtK phphnK d/ pZu/ nDgV ofj rJ/. ntkok j' rJ/, p[ohnK nkdsK dk fPeko j' rJ/. s/ bVehnK HHHH< fiT[A fiT[A i[nkBh nkT[D bZrh, b'VK g{ohnK Bk j'JhnK. fi;w t/uD d/ wzd/ okj g? rJhnK. eJh ekfsbK d/ ;zrh ;kEh, r[zv/, c[;bk e/ b? iKd/ s/ jB/oh

18

yZv (t/PtkrwBh) tZb XZek d/ fdzd/. pj[s ;ko/ wB[w[yK B/ fJjBk d[fynko/ f;ZyK bJh wro wZS d/ jzM{ e/oe/, oki;h ;sozi y/bh. ;jh wkfjfBnK ftu fJjBK dh fe;/ B/ ;ko Bk bJh. d[BhnK Go ftu r[od[nkfonK dhnK rrB u[zGh fJwkosK T[;o ojhnK jB. fiBK s/ f;Zy e"w B/ gkrb gD dh jZd sZe g?;k o'jV fdZsk j?. fJjBK d[fynko/ gotkoK dh pKj BjhA cVh. d[Bhnk Go d/ ftPkb r[ofdnkfonK ftu jo o'i eo'VK o[g? dk bzro toskfJnk iKdk j?. oZfink ƒ oikfJnk iKdk j?. r?of;ZyK ftu y[d ƒ dkBh j'D dk ;tKr eoe/ ftykfJnk iKdk j?. fJBK o[bd/ j'J/ tysK d/ wko/, rohp gotkoK d/ pZfunK bJh, ;e{b BjhA y'jb/ rJ/. uzd'J/ u'o s/ o[wkfbnK s/ jo o'i bZyK o[fgnk T[v iKdk j?. go fJjBK gotkoK d/ Bzr/ sB YeD dk fynkb se Bk nkfJnk. ;'B/ dhnK ejhnK, ;'B/ d/ sk;b/, (pZmb) pDtkJ/ ik ;ed/ jB. dopko ;kfjp ns/ j'o nDfrDs r[od[nkfonK s/ ;'Bk EZfgnk ik ;edk j?. ;'B/ dhnK gkbehnK pDk e/ r[od[nkfonK ftu ;ikJhnK jB. jkJ/ ;fsr[o{ ih. s[jkv/ Bkw s/ fJeZmk ehsk g?;k, s[jkv/ pZfunK ƒ o'irko d/D s/ BK yofunk frnk. goXkBK ;esoK d/ fBZih wfjb T[;o rJ/. uzw uzw eodhnK ekoK X{VK T[vkT[AdhnK fco ojhnK jB. go fJjBK xZb{xkfonK ftu popkd j'J/ f;Zy gotkoK bJh, ;kd/ fij/ wekB se Bk pD ;e/. ;tkoh bJh ;kJheb se Bk yohd/ rJ/. ;oekoK B/ sK f;Zy e"w ƒ spkj eoBk jh j?. f;ZyK d/ u"Xoh y[d d[PwDK tkbk gkoN ndk eo oj/ jB. fJjBK fBok;sk tkb/ ekoBK eoe/ f;Zy B"i[nkBK B/, gzikp ftu jfEnko pzd izr P[o{ eo fdZsh. nekbh bhvoK B/ ;r'A T[jBK ƒ T[sPkjs ehsk. fpBK fe;/ d{o nzd/;h s'A, fJj B"i[nkB nkg e[opkBh sK eo rJ/. i[nkBhnK b/y/ bk rJ/. fJjBK d/ gotko T[iV rJ/. fJjBK ƒ b[ZN e[ZN e/ g[fb; tkfbnK B/ nkgDhnK fsi'ohnK Go bJhnK. d' bZy f;Zy e'j e'j e/ ygk fdZs/ rJ/. gqkgsh eT[vh dh BjhA

19

j'Jh. ;r'A gzikp ftub/ Bo;zxko dh, nekbh ;oekoK B/ gVskb eokT[Dh Gh tkip Bk ;wMh. fe;/ T[iV/ ƒ p;kT[D dk isB eoBk sK fes/ fojk, Xotk; d/ d' Ppd Gh “nekbh@ Bk p'b ;e/. fJ; x'o wk:{;h d/ nkbw ftu, gzikp d/ B"i[nkBK B/ dkjVh e/; eNtk fdZs/. GftZy Xzdbk[ j'D ekoB, BfPnK ftu vZp[ rJ/. nekbh dbK ƒ f;Zy t'N dh pikJ/ fjzd{ t'N s/ fBoGo j'Dk fgnk. fjzd{ (Gkigk) nfij/ rJ/ r[io/, f;Zyh d/ d[PwD nekbhnK ƒ t'N gk e/ rZdh s'A Io{o fpmkT[Dr/. feT[Afe fJ; soQK T[j fpBK y{B dhnK BdhnK pjkJ/, fpBK pdBkwh yZN/, f;Zy bhvoK okjhA “f;ZyK dk ;opBk;@ ;"fynK eo ;eDr/. nro f;Zy w[yhnK ftu okJh wkso Gh fdnkBsdkoh ns/ d{onzd/;ah jzdh[ sK cZNV j'Jh f;Zy e"w ƒ e'Jh, ;koEe ;/X fdzd/. n;ha jfEnkopzd izr Gkt/A jko rJ/ jK, go “ebwh izr@ (ftfdnk) bVB tk;s/, e'Jh ;koEe gqpzX ehs/ ik ;ed/ ;B. f;Zy gzE dhnK b'VK g{ohnK eoBtkb/, feZsk w[yh ;e{b s/ ekbi BjhA y'jb/ rJ/. ftfdnk d/ g;ko tk;s/, e'Jh ;koEe gqpzX Bk ehs/ rJ/. f;Zy pZu/ nDgV ofj rJ/. p/o[irko ofj rJ/. g?;/ s'A fpBK xo dhnK y[PhnK T[v rJhnK. nro f;Zy w[yhnK B/, d{o nzd/;h s'A ezw b?AfdnK, uzr/ nypko P[o{ ehs/ j[zd/. N?bhthIB u?Bb ubkJ/ j[zd/ sK f;Zy ftdtkB nkgD/ B"i[nkBK ƒ ;jh ;/X fdzd/. r[ows pko/ Gh ns/ d[Bhnkdkoh pko/ Gh, gzE ƒ J/e/ d/ ;{so ftu go' e/ oZyD tk;s/, nypko, o;kb/ wjZstg{oB :'rdkB gkT[Ad/ jB, fJj gZy Gh frnk. Xow gquko bJh B"i[nkBK ƒ f;Zfynk d/ e/, d/; ftd/;a ftu G/iDk pDdk ;h sK fe GKs ;[GKsh f;Zyh Bk c?bdh. jo r[od[nko/ ftu, fJe' fijh f;Zy ofjs wfonkdk bkr{ j[zdh. fJe' fij/ ftdtkB eEktkue j[zd/. B"i[nkBK ƒ o'riko fwbdk, f;Zy ;wki dh uVdh ebk j[zdh. gqwkDhe s/ ;;sk ;kfjs Skge/, jo r[od[nko/ ftu g[Zidk ehsk iKdk sK fe Bkb'A Bkb f;Zy wkBf;e s"o s/ ftek; eo ;ed/. nkoEe gZy'A ewi'o gotkoK dh gVskb ehsh

20

iKdh. T[jBK d/ pZfunK ƒ r[od[nkok ew/NhnK ngDkT[AdhnK. gVkT[AdhnK o[irko s/ brD ftu ;jkfJsk eodhnK. fe;/ f;Zy gotko s/ ;oekoh XZe/ ;kjh j't/. w[eZdwk pD ikt/, fpwkoh nk gt/. n?e;hv?AN j' ikt/, fJjBK b'VtzdK dh c"oh ;jkfJsk dk gqpzX ehsk ikt/. fJzBh p/ofjwh Bkb ;kfJd ;ZgDh Gh nkgD/ pZfunK ƒ Bk yKdh j't/, fit/A f;ZyK d/ w[yhnK B/, f;Zy i[nkBh ƒ fBrfbnk j?. w[rbK dh wko s'A f;zy e"w BjhA woh ;h. nzrq/iK dh wko s'A Gh f;Zy pu rJ/. wjkokik oDihs f;zx d/ oki ftu E'V/ fij/ rZdko fjzd{ tZv/ nj[fdnK s/ ;B. T[jBK gzi ;sK B/ jh f;Zy e"w dhnK r'vDhnK brtk fdZshnK. nZi uko/ pzB/ v'rok rodh jh f;zy e"w s/ ;tko j?. s/I f;zx bkb f;zx s/ gjkVk f;zx, nZi jo iE/pzdh ftu x[;g?m eo u[e/ jB. nkw f;Zy wkJh, GkJh vfonk j'fJnk j?. nDfrDs w[;hpsK, ysfonK ftu fxfonk j'fJnk ihtB o{gh rZvh ƒ x;hN fojk j?. xZN frDsh f;Zy e"w dk wB'pb s'VB bJh fJjBK dh e'Jh ikfJi wzr Gh ;theko Bk ehsh rJh. pko pko PKswJh w'ou/ brd/ oj/, i/jbK GodhnK ojhnK. ;oeko NZ; s'A wZ; Bk j'Jh. f;Zy jZeK s/ fBs vke/ g?Ad/ podk;s Bk eofdnK, f;Zy ;w{j dk y{B y"b T[fmnk. NeokT[ tXdk frnk s/ nzs Gkos ;oeko dhnK c"iK B/ fJzdok s/ ioBb t?fdnk dh ewkB nXhB f;Zy e"w s/ wko{ jZbk p'b fdZsk. :kd oj/, Gkt/A goukfonk fJjh frnk j? “dopko ;kfjp s/ jwbk ehsk frnk.@ n;b ftu g{oh f;Zy e"w ƒ ngwkBs ehsk frnk. Gkt/A dopko ;kfjp gqh;o ;h. Gkt/A fdZbh dhnK ;VeK ;B, Gkt/A gzikp d/ fgzv ;B. tZy' tZyo/ sohfenK Bkb, f;Zy e"w ƒ bZfNnk[ frnk. i/ osk wk;k fto'X ehsk sK p/ofjwh Bkb e[ZfNnk frk. ;zB 1947 s'A pkd, brksko f;ZyK ƒ fbskfVnk s/ gSkfVnk frnk j?. f;Zy bhvo f;Zy gzE ƒ ;[uZih nrtkJh BjhA d/ ;e/.

21

f;Zy e"w dh ekfsb fJzdok rKXh ƒ ;qH p/nzs s/ ;qH ;stzs f;zx B/ ;ik d/ fdZsh. ioBb t?fdnk ƒ ;qH jofizdo f;zx s/ ;qH ;[yd/t f;zx B/ gkgK dk vzv d/ fdZsk. Gkosh jkewk dk fJB;kc t/y'. fJzdok rKXh ns/ t?fdnk ƒ ehs/ dh ;ik d/D s/ f;Zy pjkdoK ƒ ;ik^J/^w"s. dopko ;kfjp s/ jwbk eoB tkb/ c"ihnK ƒ 15 n;rs 1984 ƒ Gkos dk okPNogsh “pjkdoh Goh@ ekotkJh pdb/ ;BwkBs eodk j?. fJ; okPNogsh frnkBh i?b f;zx s/ fjzd{ iB{zBhnK tb'A T[; tes jwbk ehsk frnk, id'A fJj fJzdok rKXh d/ r'bhnK tZiD s/, s[ozs T[; B{z t/yD frnk ;h. fco fJ; d/ wfjb d[nkb/, f;ZyK ƒ e'j e'j e/ wkfonk frnk. d; fdBK se P?skBh o{g ftu eKro;h rzv[ / ns/ g[fb; pb f;ZyK dk fPeko eod/ oj/. okPNogsh nkgD/ wfjb d/ T[u/ w[BkfonK s'A nZr dhnK bkNK fBebdhnK t/ydk fojk. iywhnK dhnK woD uheK ;[Ddk fojk. go fJjBK pko/, jwdodh tkb/ d' nZyo Gh Bk p'b ;fenk. ekfsbK ƒ ;ik sK feE'A fdtkDh ;h< Gkos ;oeko dh ns/ fJzdok rKXh dh T[wo Go fydws eoB tkbk frnkBh i?b f;zx, nBzdg[o s'A uzvhrV ƒ iKfdnK fJe NoZe Bkb j'J/ "n?e;hv?AN@ ftu wkfonk ftyk fdZsk, s/ rb ysw j' rJh. Gkos ;oeko dhnK f;Zy wko{ BhshnK ƒ nwbh ikwk gfjBkT[D bJh e/HghHn?;H frZb g[fb; w[yh ns/ gzi gqshPs t'NK b? e/ pfDnk gzikp dk w[Zy wzsoh ;qh p/nzs f;zx. fJjBK d'tK B/ Gkos ns/ gzikp dhnK c'o;K dh ;KMh skes Bkb gzikp ftu'A f;Zy i[nkBh dk ykswk eoBk P[o{ ehsk. ;qH i;tzs f;zx ykbVk B/ pj[s fwjBs eoe/, 25000 f;Zy B"i[nkBK dhnK bktkfo; efj e/ ;kV fdZshnK bk;K ƒ bZG e/, ;z;ko dhnK wB[Zyh nfXeko ;z;EktK se g[uk fdZsk. fJrb?Av nwqhek s/ e?B/vk dhnK gkobhw?AN ftu Gkos ;oeko ƒ ;G B/ bkjDsk gkJhnK.

22

“;oeko B/ gzikp ftu ;oekoh c'o;K tb'A 25000 ftneshnK dhnK w"sK ƒ ep{b ehsk j?. g[fb; tb'A g/;a j'J/ tehbK B/, wB[Zyh nfXeko efwPB nZr/ 66000 pzd/ wko/ rJ/ wzfBnk j?. gzikp g[fb; d/ ;kpek w[yh ;qH GrtkB f;zx dkB/ tkbhnk B/, nkgDh fJ; ftP/ s/ fbyh feskp d/ (gzBk 488, NofBzr g[fJzN nkc f;Zy fj;Noh) obhi ;wko'j tes, fJ; ojZ; s'A gVdk u[fenk. fJ; ;wkrw ftu g[fb; d/ fszB vkfJo?eNo iBob g[fb;, vhHn?;HwKrN, n?;H e/H Powk s/ nkJhH n?;H G[Zbo jkio ;B. go gzikp dh f;tb gVskb w[skpe 200,000 (d' bZy) s'A finkdk ftnesh wo/ jB. (;qH fJzdoihs f;zx i/ih, gzikph fNqfpT{B, 6^10^2001) f;Zy B"i[nkBh ƒ Gkos ;oeko tb'A Ekg/, ieohnk ykB (gkgh p/nzs f;zx ssekbh w[Zy wzsoh) tb'A fBs ehs/ ik oj/ esb/nkw ƒ o'eD tk;s/, e[M nDyhb/ pjkdoK B/ c?;bk eo fbnk. fwZE/ gq'rokw w[skpe 31 nr;s 1995 ƒ wB[Zyh pzp pD e/, ;qH fdbkto f;zx B/, gzikp ;?eNohJ/N s'A j/mK nkT[Ad/, p/nzs f;zx ƒ sz{pk s{zpk eoe/ T[vk fdZsk. ;'bK e[ j'o T[; d/ B/Vb/ ftnesh wko/ rJ/. ;qH fdbkto f;zx B/ nkgD/ ;oho ƒ b/y/ bk e/, jikoK ehwsh ikBK puk bJhnK. wro'A ik e/ ;qH gqwihs f;zx fGT[ok, ;qH irsko f;zx jtkok, s/ ;qH pbtzs f;zx ƒ frqcsko ehsk frnk. pkoK ;kbK se fJj w[eZdwk ubdk fojk. nzs ;qH irsko f;zx s/ ;qH pbtzs f;zx ƒ cK;h bkT[D dk j[ew ;[Dk fdZsk frnk ;h. ;qH gqwihs f;zx fGT[ok i/jb ftu'A ;[ozr okjhA pkjo fBeb frnk ;h. fejk iKdk j? fe T[j fe;/ pkjob/ d/;a ftu ubk frnk j?. fJjBK ;{ofwnK dk w[eZdwk bVB tkb/ tehb ;qH BtfeoB f;zx, ;qH now f;zx ukjb s/ ;qh noftzd mke[o ih B/ i' fBoG?sk ns/ f;nkDg dk ;p{s fdZsk, T[j :kdrkoh j' frnk j/. tehbK B/ iZi ƒ w[yksp j' e/ dbhb fdZsh “iZi ;kfjp, fJjBK f;Zy

23

B"i[nkBK B/ e'Jh ngokX BjhA ehsk. ;r'A wB[Zysk T[go T[geko ehsk j?. i/ fJj p/nzs f;zx ƒ esb Bk eod/ sK fit/A T[; B/ d' bZy f;Zy wzv[ / wotk fdZs/ ;B, fJ;/ soQK T[;B/ ni/ ;oekoh skes tos e/ esb eoB' o[eDk Bjha ;h. T[;ƒ wB[Zyh xkD eoB s'A o'eD dk j'o e'Jh okj pkeh BjhA ;h. fJjBK w[zfvnK ƒ sK “nwB g[o;eko@ fwbDk ukjhdk j?. T[;s'A wro'A gzikp ftu M{m/ g[fb; w[ekpb/ BjhA pD/. Xkowe GktBktK ftu pfje/, gfjbK Gh d/; ftu esb j'J/ jB. nZi se fe;/ ekfsb ƒ ;ikJ/ w"s BjhA j'Jh. fJjBK ƒ sK ;r'A ;ik j'Dh jh BjhA ukjhdh. id'A Gh cK;h dh ;ik fwbdh j? sK f;oc f;ZyK ns/ w[;bwkBK ƒ. fJj' fij/ esb id'A fjzd{ eoB sK T[jBK ƒ eJh u'o w'ohnK d[nkok poh eo fdZsk iKdk j?. iZi B/ sK T[gobhnK jdkfJsK w[skpe c?;bk eoBk ;h. gfjbK jh fbfynk c?;bk ;[Dk fdZsk. “;ikJ/ w"s@. (;g'e;w?B,

1^08^2007)

eh gzikp dh Xosh s/ p/nzs f;zx tor/ dfozd/ d/ p[Zs brD/ ukjhd/ jB< eh fJj p[Zs f;ZyK ƒ jo o'I ngwkBs eoB tk;s/ BjhA bkJ/ rJ/< tes fwb/ sK fJ; gk;/ ;'uDk. T[AM sK nkgDh fbys, fv;etoh nkc fJzvhnk ftu itkjo bkb Bfjo{ B/, fJj ;theko ehsk j? fe “;kv/ tv/o/ fJe ;[jktDh tkdh ftu'A T[m e/ ePwho ub/ rJ/. fi; dk Bkw ;h oki e"b. fJj oki e"b gfVnk fbfynk j'D eoe/, ePwho d/ rtoBo dh fydws ftu ;oekoh B"eoh s/ bZr frnk. e[M ;w/A wro'A oki e"b ƒ co[y;hno pkdPkj B/ fdZbh p[bk fbnk. fJE/ fJjBK ƒ nzXk w[rb fJbke/ ftu, fojkfJ; bJh uzrh e'mh d/ fdZsh rJh. fJjBK dk g[Zso ;hq bePwh BkokfJD T[;dk rzrkXo, rzrkXo dk p/Nk w'sh bkb, s/ nZr/ itkjo bkb Bfjo{ fJzdok rKXh nkfd.@

24

n;b ftu gzfvs rzrk okw (rzr{) B/ r[o{ ;kfjp Bkb Xo'j ewkfJnk ;h. wksk r[ioh ih ns/ S'N/ ;kfjpIkfdnK ƒ frqcsko eotkfJnk ;h. tihoykB ;{p/dko B/, s;hj/ d/ e/ fszBK ƒ ;ajhd eotk fdZsk ;h. id'A ;{p/dko ƒ gsk bfrnk fe wksk ih e'b e'Jh w'joK dh E?bh ;h. i' fJ; rzr{ u[rb B/ nkgD/ e'b b[ek bJh j?. T[j g?;k sK “;oekoh@ yikB/ ftu iwK j'Dk ukjhdk ;h. fJ;/ ekoB T[j ;koh wkfJnk rzr{ s'A y'j bJh s/ wko e[NkJh Gh uzrh ehsh. E'V/ jh ;w/A nzdo gk;k gbNdk Bio nkfJnk. gsk bZrk fe d;w gkfsPkj ih ;oho fsnkrD s'A gfjbK pkpk pzdk f;zx ƒ f;ZyK dk ioB?b Ekg rJ/ jB. pkpk pzdk f;zx, wko' wko eodk gzikp tb tX fojk j?. fJ; jkbs ƒ GKgfdnK, rzr{ B/ nkgDk g[Zso oki e"b, f;ZyK dh gj[zu s'A d{o ikD ePwho G/i fdZsk. T[E/ fJ; ƒ ;oekoh B"eoh fwb rJh. id'A co[y;hno fdZbh sys s/ ekpi j'fJnk, fJ;B/ rzr{ pko/ gVskb eotkJh. ePwho dh ;oekoh B"eoh j'D dh g[PNh s'A wro'A, fJ; B/ rzr{ d/ g[Zso ƒ fdZbh p[bk fbnk. r[o{ xo Bkb Xo'j ewkT[D tkbk gotko, ;oeko s'A fJBkw dk jZedko ;h. j'fJnk fJj fe pzdk f;zx pjkdo dhnK c"iK B/, fJ; rzr{ gkgh ƒ ehs/ dh ;ik d/ fdZsh. ;'Bk gfjbK jh y'fjnk ik u[Zfenk ;h. coy;hno tb'A rzr{ d/ g[Zso oki e"b ƒ ;BwkBs Gh ehsk frnk ns/ pVk wjZstg{oB nj[dk Gh fdZsk frnk. f;ZyK d/ efjo s'A xpok e/, fJ; ;y; B/ nkgDh gSkD pdb bJh. nkgD/ Bkw Bkb' “e"b@ r'so T[sko e/ “Bfjo{@ bk fbnk. ny/ ;kvk xo Bfjo d/ Bkb j?. ;ko/ Gkos ftu e'Jh fJe Gh pqkjwD, “Bfjo{@ r'so tkbk BjhA j?. fJj e/tb gSkD pdbh j?. fJ;/ ykBdkB ftu'A ;h fJjBK dk tv/ok rzr{ pqkjwD. vkH ;zrs f;zx B/ fbfynk j'fJnk j? fe (fJfsjk; ftu f;Zy) fJzdok rKXh B/ 1980 ftu, nkgD/ ftPtk; gkso ;qh :Pgkb eg{o dh nrtkJh ftu, fJe ew/Nh dk rmB ehsk. T[; ew/Nh ƒ nkgD/ tv/

25

fonK pko/ ePwho ftu'A gVskb eoe/, ;jh sZE ;kjwD/ fbnkT[D bJh fejk. fJ; ew/N/ B/ ;ko/ g[okD/ foekov co'b/. pi[orK s'A otkfJsK pko/ ikDekoh fJeZmh ehsh. nzs fJ; Bshi/ s/ gZ[i/ fe tkfenk jh fJzdok rKXh d/ tv/o/, T[jh oki e"b ns/ rzr{ jB, fiBK d;w gkfsPkj Bkb Xo'j ewkfJnk ;h. fJj ikDe/ fJzdok rKXh rZ;[ / Bkb sVg T[mh. f;Zy e"w dk wbhnk w/N eoB s/ T[sko{ j' rJh. vkH ;zrs f;zx fJE'A se fby rJ/ jB^ “fJe tkoh w'sh bkb Bfjo{ (itkjo bkb dk fgsk, s/ fJzdok rKXh dk dkdk) B/ fejk ;h, fe i/ w/o/ p; ftu j 't / sK w? f;ZyK dk gzikp ftu'A ykswk eotkfdnK. g zikp ƒ Gkos d/ BeP/ ftu'A fwNk fdnK@ (fJfsjk; ftu f;Zy gzBk 205)

fJe b'e nykD j?,“ny/ T[j fco/ BZE eokT[D ƒ , s/ T[j fco/ BZe tvkT[D ƒ .@ f;Zy sK wzr oj/ jB tZX nfXeko, gkDh fpibh, ekoykB/, fe;kBK bJh nBki dh tZX ehws. ftek; d/ ezwK bJh j'o g?;kHHHHH. Gkos dh jkew iB{zBh fXo, efj ojh j? fe s[;hA nfXekoK dh rb G[b ikT[. ;kv/ ofjw' eow s/ j' ihts ofjD d/JhJ/ Gkt/A Bk. j[D s[jkvh fJZis s/ ikB ;kvh w[Zmh ftu pzd j?. ;zB u[ok;h d/ xZb{ xkfonK dh t/dBk gqrN eodh, ;[oihs gkso B/ fJe eftsk fbyh, fi; dhnK e[M gzeshnK fJT[A ;B^ fiE'A skJh SK sys dh, nZrK jh nZrK. u"Ae u[okj/ o[bdhnK, gZrK jh gZrK. PkfJd nZr/ tk;s/ jh ;wM bJhJ/ fe fJjBK xZb{xkfonK ftu f;ZyK ƒ nB/e jop/ fet/A wkfonk frnk, s;hj/ fdZs/ rJ/, gVe/ gSkD eo ;e'r/ fe f;ZyK d/ ekfsb, "d'Ph eT[D jB"< r[opkDh dk c[owkD j?^ cohdk pkfo gokfJnk p?;Dk, ;KJh w{M/ B d/fj

i/ s{ J/t? oy;h ihT[ ;ohoj[ b/fj

26

(1380)

e;{otko e"D jB <

b/ye XzBtkd eod/ jB, T[jBK c;kdK ftu'A pu/ b'eK dk, fijBK B/ nkgDh ikB yso/ ftu gk e/ ;koh ikDekoh fdZsh ns/ XzBtkd eod/ jK, Bkrfoe J/sk wzu d/ B"itkBK dk, fijBK B/ ;wK d/ e/ fJj ;kok ezw B/go/ uVQtkfJnk.

ikDekoh

ghgbI :{BhnB cko v?w'eo/fNe okJhNI ns/ ghgbI :{BhnB cko f;ftb fbpoNhI dh ;ZukJh bZGD tkbh Nhw fJ; Bshi/ s/ gj[zuh j? fe 1 Btzpo s'A 10 Btzpo 1984 se fdZbh ftu j'J/ f;ZyK s/ jwb/ dk fJzdok d/ esb iK T[; pko/ u[Ze/ :edw gqsheow dk d{o dk th tk;sk BjhA j? fi; soQK fe ;oeko B/ fejk j?. fJ; ;G d/ ftu eKro; (fJzdok) d/ wzB/ gqwzB/ okiBhseK ns/ j'o gqpzXeh YKu/ d/ T[unfXekohnK dh frDh fwEh ;ehw tosh rJh. p/Pe gpfbe ftu r[;k, frbk ns/ gq/;akBh ;h go j'JhnK fjz;kswe xNBktK fe;/ gfjbK s'A jh fBPuk Xkoh p?m/ ro'j dk jh ezw ;h. T[go'es sEK dk nXko j? 1H c;kdK ftu c;/ b'e 2H g[bh; nc;o fijBK B/ fJj c;kd jNkD/ ;B. 3H c;/ b'eK d/ r[nkYh 4H c"ih pzd/ 5H okiBhse bhvo. fJjBK ;GBk Bkb rbpks eoe/ fJj Bshik efYnk frnk fe fdZbh d/ T[FZso, g{op, gZSw s/ dZyD ftu j'J/ ca;kdk dk s"o sohek fJe' fijk ;h. fijVk ;kps eodk j/ fe fJ; fgS/ pV/ ubke ns/ u[;s fdwkr ezw eod/ oj/ ;B. fiE/ fiE/ th eKro; (fJzdok) dh pjZ[ws ;h T[E/ jh ca;kdk dk sohek fJe' ;wkB ;h.

27

feBQK f;ZyK ƒ wkoBk j? < fJj th fJe ;'uh ;wMh ;ehw ;h. 1971 dh wodw P[wkoh dh fpBK s/ 25 s'A 50 ;kb se d/ fJe bZy f;Zy fdZbh ftu ;B. j[D d/ c;kdK ftu fJ;/ ro[g d/ f;Zy wko/ rJ/ jB. fjzd';skB NkJhwI d/ w[skpe 7 Btzpo 1984 se e[b 325 w"sK j'JhnK fijBK ftu 46 fjzd{ ;B. go w"e/ dh PBkys ehfsnK, j'J/ B[e;kB ƒ d/yfdnK, pu/ b'eK Bkb rbpks ehfsnK ns/ uPwdhd rtkjK dh fpBk s/ T[go'es d;/ e[M esb ;ukJh s'A d{o brd/ jB. fJj esb ;fji/ jh jIkoK s'A T[go ;B. ;G soQK dhnK w[bkeksK eoB s'A pknd j'JhnK xNBktK ƒ fJe sohe/ Bkb T[bhfenk ik ;edk j?. fJzdok dh w"s s'A pknd 31 nes{po ƒ ;G s'A gfjbK nctkjK T[vkD dk ezw nozfGnk frnk. fszB nctkjK c?bkJhnK rJhnK fe,

1H

fJzdok d/ esb T[s/, fdZbh d/ f;ZyK B/ wfmnkJhnK tzvhnK

2H

ns/ dht/ irk oj/ jB (pknd ftu, nkcas ftu c;hnK ekb'BhnK s'A dfonkcs eoB T[s/ T[go'es nctkj dk e'Jh ;p{s BjhA fwb ;fenk) fe fjzd{nK dhnK bkPK Bkb Goh fJe o/b rZvh gzikp ftu'A

3H

nk e/ g[okDh fdZbh d/ o/tb/ ;N/PB T[s/ yVQh j?. fe f;ZyK B/ fdZbh d/ ghD tkb/ gkDh ftu Ifjo fwbk

fdZsh j?. fgSbhnK d'BK nctkjK pko/ ;kƒ ;p{s fwb/ jB fe g[fb; nkgDhnK t?BK ftu bkT{v ;gheoK okjhA nkg fdZbh ftu x[zw^xz[zw e/ b'eK ƒ fJj nctkjK ;[Dk ojh ;h. fdZbh d/ eJh fjZf;nK ftu'A fJj ;p{s fwb/ jB fe g[fb; nkg c'B eoe/ b'eK ƒ d; th ojh ;h fe gkDh Bk ght' feT[A fe fJ; ftu f;ZyK B/ Ifjo x'b fdZsk j?. n?;hnK nctkjK B/ b'eK d/ wB pdb fdZs/. fJj sK gb?fBzr dk gfjbk sohek ;h. gb?fBzr d/ d{;o/ sohe/

28

okjhA 31 nes{po ƒ oks' oks, w[fBoek, bkigs Bro, G'rb, izrg[ok, nkPow, iwBk gko Pkjdok nkfd ftu t?BK, NoZeK, ;e{NoK w'No ;kfJebK nkfd okjhA ;?AeV/ itkB gj[zu rJ/. uPwdhd b'eK B/ ;kƒ dZf;nk fe T[jBK B/ eKro; (fJzdok) d/ ;oeko d/ bhvo fJjBK B"iKtkK dh nrtkJh eod/ d/y/ s/ T[jBK B/ f;ZyK d/ xo, r[od[nko/, d[ekBK, NoZe, ;e{No, ekoK nkfd T[s/ g?No'b fSVe^fSVe e/ nZr brkJh (fJjBK bhvoK d/ Bkw nzsek 1 ftu fdZs/ ikDr/. fJe ;hBhno g[fb; nc;o B/ df;nk, (T[j nkgDk Bkw r[gs oyDk ukj[zdk/ jB) fe,

‘‘d[ekBK T[s/ Bkw fjzdh iK nzro/Ih ftu jB. fJjBK nBgVQ b'eK ƒ fe; soQK gsk br frnk fe fJj d[ekB f;Zy dh j? iK fjzd{ dh < T[jBK ƒ fe;/ gVQ/ fby/ ;ZiD iK ;EkJh b'eK B/ df;nk fe T[j fe;dhnK d[ekBK jB. fsob'eg[oh, wzr'bg[oh ns/ iwBk gko dhnK npkdhnK ftu r[Zio ns/ ikNK B/ nZrK bkJhnK fi;dh nrtkJh eKro; (fJzdok) d/ ikD/^gSkD/ b'eK B/ ehsh. eKro; (fJzdok) d/ ;fjwsh GzrhnK B/ b[N wko ehsh. dZyDh fdZbh ftu D.T.C. dhnK p;K fJjBK ezwK bJh fJ;s/wkb ehshnK rJhnK. Gbk D.T.C. B/ fJjBK w[iowK ƒ p;K fJ;s/wkb eoB bJh fe; soQK d/ fdZshnK<

jwbktoK dk ;wkih^ftZs ;zfrqj

fsob'eg[oh, wzr'bg[oh ns/ iwBk gko dhnK p;shnK ftu ;G s'A tX esb'rkos j'Jh. ;G EkJh fJe' sohek tofsnk frnk ns/ fBPkBk pDkJ/ rJ/ B"itkB f;Zy. T[jBK ƒ x;hN e/ fbnKdk frnk, eZ[fNnk frnk s/ fco fiT[AfdnK ƒ s/b gk e/ ;kV fdZsk frnk. pZu/, p[ZY/ ns/ n"osk seohpB Bmk fdZshnK rJhnK s/ wekBK ƒ nZr bk fdZsh rJh, bZ[N^wko eoB s'A pknd, wzr'bg[oh d/ e[M fJbkfenK ftu sK pZu/ th wko fdZs/ rJ/ ns/ n"osK dk pj[g[oyh pbkseko (Gang Rape) ehsk frnk.

29

Btzpo 6 ƒ, id'A n;hA wzr'bg[oh d/ eKro; (fJzdok) d/ dcso nr/ rJ/ sk jkb/ se b[e ;V ojh ;h fiE/ fe uPwdhd rtkjK nB[;ko uko f;Zy ihAd/ ;kV/ rJ/ ;B. fsob'eg[oh, wzrb'g[oh ns/ ;[bskBg[oh eKro; (fJzdok) dh ;ehw nXhB jh T[;ko/ rJ/ ;B. fJE/ jh fJ; dh ;G s'A tZvh wdd ehsh iKdh ;h. fJe g[okD/ okiBhse d/ nB[;ko, ‘‘fJj fszB'A p;shnK eKro; (fJzdok) dhnK oy/b ;B’’ ns/ fJE/ jh eKro; (fJzdok) d/ toeoK ns/ p;sh d/ pdwkPK B/ f;ZyK dk ;G s'A tZX B[e;kB ehsk. r[Zio ns/ ikNK B/ fJ; wko^XkV dh Bcoh ƒ j'o tXkfJnk ns/ fJj dZyDh ns/ gZSwh fdZbh ftu pj[s ;orow oj/ . fdZbh d/ fi; fjZ;/ ftu fJj r[Zio ns/ ikN ofjzd/ jB fJj IwhB gfjbK T[jBK dh jh ;h. go T[gikT{ Bk j'D eoe/ xN g?f;nk T[s/ ;oeko B/ yohd bJh ns/ p;shnK T[;ko fdZshnK. fJ;/ eoe/ fJE'A fiZsD tkb/ T[whdtko ƒ r[ioK ns/ ikNK tb M[eDk g?Adk ;h. fJ; fJbke/ d/ g[bh; ftu fJjBK d'BK iksK d/ jh b'e tX/o/ ;B. fJE/ Gzrh ns/ XkBe th ofjzd/ jB. XkBe Gzrhnk s'A th BhthA iks ;wMh iKdh j?. Gzrh eKro; (fJzdok) d/ wddrko jB ns/ pkbwheh irihtB okw d/. fJeZm/ ehs/ ;p{sK s'A gsk bZrdk j? fe f;ZyK fybkc wko XkV eoB ftu Gzrh pj[s/ ;B. t?;/ fdZbh dh t;'A ftu 83# fjzd{ jB. 7H5# f;Zy jB (seohepB 500,000) fJjBK f;ZyK ftu'A pj[s/ 1947 s'A pknd nk e/ t;/ ;B id'A fe 1947 s'A gfjbK fdZbh ftu f;oc 1H2# t;'A f;ZyK dh ;h.

g[bh; dk fjZ;k

31 nes{po s'A 4 Btzpo dk ;wK c;kdK d/ f;yo dk ;wK ;h. fJ; ;w/A d"okB g[bh; dh ;kfi;h bkgotkjh nkgD/ eosZt ƒ X'yk d/D tkbh ;h. fi; soQK fe,

30

1H xNBk tkbh EK s'A r?ojkIo j'Dk. 2H f;oc doPe pDe/ swk;ak t/yDk. 3H f;ZyK d/ fybkc f;ZXh dyb nzdkIh eoBh. gfjbh Btzpo ƒ id'A n;hA bkigs Bro gjz[u/, GVeh j'Jh GhV d[ekBK ;kV ns/ b[N ojh ;h ns/ g[fb; T[E'A rkfJp ;h. B"itkB w[zfvnK e'b feogkBk, fsqP{b, S[o/ b'j/ dhnK ;bkyK ns/ poS/ ;B. g[fb; dh fJe ihg e[M fJe BkrfoeK tb'A eZY/ ik oj/ ;dGktBK d/ ib{; o'e e/ yVQh ;h (fJj' jh ro[g pkd ftu 1 Btzpo dh Pkw se ‘‘Bkrfoe J/esk wzu’’ d/ o{g ftu ;zrms j' frnk ;h.) fJj ib{; bkigs Bro dh wkofeN tb tfXnk sk fJe g[fb; fJzB;g?eNo B/ fJ;ƒ o'e e/ fejk fe Pfjo ftu eofcT{ j? s/ dck 144 brh j'Jh j? fJ; eoe/ fJE'A fsZso j' ikU. ib{; nfXekohnK B/ fejk fe fco n"j fijV/ b[N wko eo oj/ jB T[jBK pko/ eh eƒB j?. fJzB;g?eNo B/ e'Jh itkp Bk fdZsk. fJj ib{; tXdk j'fJnk wkofeN ftu gj[zfunk ns/ b[N wko eoB tkfbnK ƒ ;zp'XB eod/ j'J/ nkfynk fe fJzdok ƒ wkoB ftu jo f;Zy dk jZE BjhA j?. ib{; tkfbnK B/ ‘‘fjzd{ f;Zy GkJh GkJh’’ dk Bkjok th bkfJnk. id b'e fJjBk ƒ ;[DB br gJ/ sK GhV ftub/ w"ek gq;s toeoK B/ ‘‘fjzd{ fjzd{ GkJh GkJh’’ dk Bkjok wkoBk P[o{ eo fdZsk. fJe wjZst g{oB rZb fJj j? fe fJjBK b[N wko eoB tkfbnK d/ u/jfonK T[s/ fJzdok dh w"s d/ nc;'; dh e'Jh Mbe BjhA ;h. fJjBK d/ u/jo/ jz;{ jz;{ eo oj/ ;B ns/ fco T[jBK B/ ib{; eYD tkfbnK dh fyZbh T[vkDh P[o{ eo fdZsh. pkjobhnK p;shnK ftu g[fb; B/ f;ZX/ s"o s/ y[ZbQ e/ f;ZyK fto[ZX fjz;k ehsh. c;kdK ftu'A pu/ f;ZyK B/ df;nk fe T[j Pe g?D T[s/ fe fes/ c;kd Bk yVk j' ikJ/, T[j gfjbK jh g[fb; e'b rJ/. go g[fb; B/ T[jBK tb e'Jh fXnkB BjhA fdZsk. fsob'eg[oh ftu g[fb; B/ nkg nkgDhnK ihgK ftu'A g?No'b eY

31

e/ c;kdhnK B{z fdZsk. fsob'eg[oh efbnkDg[oh d/ EkD/ ftu nkT[Adh j?. fi; tes f;Zy bVehnK dk pbkseko j' fojk ;h sK fJ; EkD/ B/ fvT{Nh T[s/ nkJ/ f;gkjhnK B{z T[E'A tkg; ;Zd fbnk. ekch d/o pkd T[u nfXekohnK B/ fJ; EkD/dko B{z s/ fJ; d/ d' ;fj:'rhnK B{z nDrfjbh eoB eoe/ w[nZsb eo fdZsk s/ fco frocsko th eo fbnk. ;[bskB g[oh d/ fJe EkD/dko B/ d' f;Zy nkg wko/ ns/ T[jBK f;ZyK s'A jfEnko y'j bJ/ fijV/ nkJh GhV dk w[ekpbk eo oj/ ;B. Btzpo 7 ƒ id'A n;hA P[eog[o e?Ag ftu rJ/ fijVk fe iwBk gko b'Bh o'v T[s/ j? sK T[jBK B/ ;kƒ df;nk fe fJe Btzpo dh oks ƒ g[fb; bkT{v ;gheoK okjhA n?bkB eo ojh ;h (rbh rbh) fe n;hA f;ZyK dh fjcakis Bjha eo ;ed/ T[j nkg gfVQnk ftukoB. fJe pI[or n"os B/ d/fynk fe g[bh; dh ihg pzd/ Go e/ b? nkJh ns/ T[jBK B/ fJe f;Zy dh d[ekB GzB c{e fdZsh. fJe j'o pfPzd/ B/ df;nk fe g[fb; B/ nkg fJe xVhnK dh d[ekb b[ZNh s/ fco T[;ƒ nZr bk fdZsh.

e'Nbk w[pkoeg[o ftu fJe xo'rh B"eo B/ ;kvh Nhw B{z df;nk fe g[fb; B/ b[N wko bJh jZbkP/oh fdZsh. g[fb; B/ b[ZNwko eoB tkfbnK B{z fejk fe ‘‘n;hA s[jkB{z 36 xzN/ fdZs/ ;B. i/eo fJsBk NkfJw f;ZyK Bz{ fdZsk jzdk[ sK T[jBK B/ ;ko/ fjzd{ wko d/D/ ;B.’’ f;ZyK d/ fjzd{ rtKYhnK B/ ;{uBk fdZsh fe bZN[ y;[N ns/ esbK s'A pknd id'A f;Zy g[fb; e'b n?cHnkJhHnkoH d/ sfjs fog'oN fbytkD rJ/ sK g[fb; B/ ;kca fJBeko eo fdZsk. wzr'bg[oh ftu e[M fJe fjzd{nK B/ g[fb; e'b fPekfJs ehsh sK g[fb; B/ T[jBK ƒ MkV gkJh fe “s[;hA f;ZyK dh wdd feT[A eod/ j' s[jkƒ sK ;r'A fjzd{nK dh wdd eoBh ukjhdh j?.”

32

Xow oki gtko ns/ okiht gtko d'B'A ikD/ ;?eNo uko nkoHe/H g[ow d/ g[bh; ;N/;aB d/ fJe gqtko ƒ pukD bJh wdd wzrD rJ/. fJ; gqtko T[s/ eKro; (fJzdok) dk toeo irdhP N'e; jwbk eotk fojk ;h ns/ gZEo toQK fojk ;h. g[fb; B/ wdd eoB s'A fJBeko eo fdZsk. pknd ftu d' f;gkjhnK B/ T[jBK ƒ fejk fe ‘‘ikN j'D d/ Bks/ s[jkƒ ukjhdk ;h fe s[;hA fJjBK f;ZyK ƒ wko fdzd/. s[;hA fJE/ eh eoB nkJ/ j'< s[jkƒ gsk BjhA fe fjzd{nK dhnK bkPK Bkb Goh rZvh gzikp' nk e/ fdZbh ;N/;aB T[s/ yVQh j?<’’

i/eo fe;/ S'N/ g[fb; nc;o B/ f;ZyK dh wdd eoB bJh e[M eoBk th ukfjnK sk T[gob/ tZv/ nc;oK B/ e'Jh jwdodh ns/ ;fj:'r Bk fdZsk. fJe ;hBhno nc;o B/ ;kƒ df;nk fe 31 nes{po ns/ 1 Btzpo 1984 ƒ T[; e'b fog'oN nkJh fe seohpB 2000 s'A b? e/ 3000 se pzd/ fpBk j?N gkJ/ ;e{NoK T[s/ w'No ;kfJebK T[s/ pIkoK ftu xzw[ oj/ jB. T[;B/ ;hHnkJhHvhH Bkb ;zgoe g?dk ehsk sK fe fJjBK b'eK pko/ gsk br ;e/. n;hA T[; nc;o Bkb 7 Btzpo ƒ id'A rb eo oj/ ;K T[; tes se ;hHnkJhHvhH B/ T[; ƒ jkb/ se e'Jh itkp BjhA ;h fdZsk. g[fb; pko/ id'A n;hA dZ; oj/ jK sK xo/b{ wzsoh wzvb d/ toskt ƒ th nZy'A T[jb/ BjhA ehsk ik ;edk. xo/b{ wzsoh fw;No Bof;wjk okU ƒ g?ok fwbNoh fdZbh ftu s?Bks eoB bJh skes d/ fdZsh rJh ;h. ;kƒ fJ; rb dk itkp BjhA fwfbnk fe fJe siopkeko wfB;No j'D d/ Bks/ T[;B/ fJjBk c;kdK ƒ izwd/ jh yasw eoB dk T[gokbk feT[A Bk ehsk ns/ Io{oh edw feT[A Bk T[mkJ/<

gqpzXeh YKu/ dk fjZ;k

gqpzXeh YKu/ d/ T[u nfXekohnK ns/ ekpI gkoNh B/ ikD p[M e/ nkgD/ coI dh e'skjh ehsh. fto'Xh gkoNhnK d/ w[yh ns/ T[Got/A

33

BkrfoeK Bkb w[bkeks eoB T[s/ / gsk bfrnk fe T[jBK B/ th ;hBhno wfB;NoK ƒ nkT[D tkb/ s{ckB pko/ fusktBh fdZsh ;h. j'w wfB;No Bof;wjk okU B/ Gkosh izsk gkoNh d/ nNb fpjkoh pkigkJh ƒ 31 nes{po dh Pkw ƒ fJj Go';k fdtkfJnk fe d' e[ xzN/ d/ nzdo nzdo ;G e[M ekp{ ftu eo fbnk ikJ/rk (dh ;N/N;w?B Btzpo 10^1984) id fe T[; tes fdZbh d/ n?vhPBb g[fb; efwPbo r'sw e"b B/ nkb fJzvhn w?vheb fJB;NhfuT{N d/ ;kjwD/ fpnkB fdzfdnk fejk fe ‘‘n;hA’’ fJ; fe;w dh jkbs dk w[ekpbk BjhA eo ;ed/.”(fJzvhnB n?e;gq?; Btzpo1^1984) fJzdok rKXh d/ esb s'A c"oB pkd 31 nes{po ƒ gqkJhw wfB;No d/ xo BzL 1 ;cadoizr o'v, ftu b?cNhB?AN rtoBo ghHihH rtkJh, eKro; (fJzdok) d/ bhvo n?wHn?bH c's/dko ns/ j'oBK nc;oK d/ Bkb Bkb g[fb; efwPBo nkfd B/ whfNzr ehsh. fJ; whfNzr ftu g[fb; d/ fJe T[u nfXekoh B/ T[mD tkb/ s{ckB pko/ tkofBzr fdZsh go T[;dh tkofBzr ƒ fJjBK T[u nfXekohnK B/ nD;[fDnk eo fdZsk. fJe Btzpo 1984 ƒ id'A ;koh fdZbh seohpB ib ojh ;h sK fJe fto'Xh gkoNh d/ n?wHghH B/ Bt/A Bt/A pD/ wfB;No fPt e[wko ns/ xo/b{ wzsoh Bof;wjk okU ƒ c'B T[s/ jkbs d;h s/ fwbNoh ;dD ƒ fejk. d'BK B/ T[; n?wHghH B{z Go';k fdtkfJnk fe ibdh jh fwbNoh nk ojh j? s/ eofcT{ bk fdZsk ikJ/rk (T[;/ 1 Btzpo dh Pkw B{z e[M T[u nfXekoh ns/ j'o pzd/ Gkos d/ okPNogsh B{z T[;d/ wfjb d/ ftu fwb/ sK T[jBK B{z okPNogsh B/ fejk fe n;hA fwbNoh ;ZdD pko/ ftuko eo oj/ jK) ;kv/ siop/ s'A ;kƒ gsk brk fe fJe Btzpo dh oks se eBkN gb/; d/ J/ohJ/ ftu g?ok fwbnoh ns/ g[bh; d/ ;kjwD/ f;ZyK dhnK d[ekBK ;kVhnK ik ojhnK ;B. pkd ftu ;kƒ gsk bZrk fe

34

cohdkpkd d/ vhH;hH B/ fJe Btzpo ƒ fwbNoh wzrh sK fszB Btzpo ƒ T[E/ fwbNoh gj[zuh. p/Pe d' Btzpo d/ g/goK B/ fJj fbfynk fe, eofcT{ br frnk j?, d/yd/ ;ko r'bh wkoB dk j[ew d/ fdZsk frnk j?, 2 ti/ s'A fwbNoh s?Bks eo fdZsh rJh j?. go n;b ftu n;hA dZyDh fdZbh ftu c;kdhnK dh skdkd d[rDh d/yh ns/ T[j nr/ Bkb'A th fInkdk j"A;b/ ftu ;B.

bkigs Bro dh wkofeN ftu jIkoK fjzd{nK B/ sbtkoK fsoP{b ns/ ;bkyK b? e/ ;Ve o'e bJh. g[fb; T[E/ w"i{d ;h. go id'A g[fb; dk d;sk g?db wkou eodk nkfJnk sK fJjBK b'eK B/ T[jBK

ƒ E'Vk fijk o;sk d/ fdZsk ns/ fco T[;/ soQK s?Bks j' rJ/.

d' Btzpo 1984 B{z ;t/o/ 8L30 ti/ s'A pknd d' fto'Xh gkobhw?AN w?ApoK B/ fPt e[wko ns/ fBo;wjk okU d'BK wfB;NoK ƒ

o/bt / ;N/PBK T[s/ ofynk d / g qpzX eoB bJh p/Bsh ehsh . e 'Jh g[fb; iK fwbNoh T[E/ Bk G/ih rJh. fjzd{nK B/ o/bK ftu'A f;Zy bG bG e/ bs'

cV e/ gkV ;[ZN/. ;oho iK sK ;kV fdZs/ iK o/bt/ bkJhB T[s/ ;[N fdZs/

. 43 f;Zy fJ; soQK wko/ rJ/. T[;/ Pkw d{o do;aB (NhHthH) T[s/ fJ;

rb Bz{ M[MbkfJnk frnk. ‘dh ;N/N;w?B’ d/ fJe ohg'oNo B/ T[;/ Pkw

3L30 ti/ s[rbekpkd d/ ;N/PB s/ d' bkPK ;VdhnK d/yhnK ns/ g[fb;

T[jBK d/ ;kjwD/ tkb/ gb?Nckow T[s/ ykw'P yVQh d/y ojh ;h. fJ; ;G s'A fJj jh Bshik fBebdk j? fe b?cNhB?AN rtoBo fw;No rtkJh nkgD/ nkg e[M BjhA ;h eo ;edk. iK sK fw;No Bof;wjk okU B/ T[; ƒ e[M eoB bJh fejk BjhA go i/eo fejk sK

eh T[;B/ fJBeko eo fdZsk< eh fJ; dh fpBk T[s/ b?cNhB?AN rtoBo

ƒ ;ik BjhA fdZsh ik ;edh< go Btzpo uko 1984 ƒ ;kƒ df;nk fe

fw;No rtkJh S[Nh T[s/ ub/ rJ/ jB ns/ fw;No n?wH n?wH e/H tkbh T[jBK dh irQk T[s/ nk rJ/ jB. fw;No tkbh fJ; s'A gfjbK j'w

35

;?eNoh ;B fi; Bkb T[jBK dh fJj B"eoh B[esk T[mkD tkbh j?. nes{po 31 s'A b? e/ 3 Btzpo se dhnK xNBktK j'w wfB;Noh dhnK nDrfjbhnK ns/ Bkekw:kphnK dk nkgD/ nkg ftu y[d ;p{s g/P eodhnK jB. ;kƒ j?okBrh j? fe j'w wfB;Noh ftu brk j'w ;?eNoh fwL tkbh T[; nkj[d/ T[s/ ofjzdk j'fJnk sK e[M eo Bk ;fenk sk T[;ƒ b?cNhB?AN rtoBo fe; soQK bk fdZsk frnk< u?gNo fszB ftu do;kJhnK xNBKtk s'A gsk brdk j? fe fw;No tkbh T[jBK jh g[okDhnK ukbK ns/ otkfJsK T[s/ ub fojk j?.

c"i dk fjZ;k

c"ih IohJ/ ns/ n;o nXhB nkJhnK nkpkdhnK s'A fJBe[nkoh eoB T[s/ ;kv/ ;kjwD/ d' ;[nkb nkT[Ad/ jB.

1H

2H

c"i p[bkD ftu d/o feT[A ehsh rJh< c"i d/ nkT[D T[s/ th, c"i c;kdK T[s/ ekp{ feT[A Bk eo

c"i p[bkD ftu d/o feT[A ehsh rJh< c"i d/ nkT[D T[s/ th, c"i c;kdK T[s/ ekp{

;eh ns/ bZr/ eochT{ ƒ g{oh soQK bkr{ feT[A Bk eo ;eh< ;oekoh gqpzXeh YKu/ d/ T[u nfXekohnK, uko wfB;NoK ns/ fdZbh d/ gqpzXeh YKu/ ƒ pko pko j'D tkbhnK xNBktK dh ;{uBk fdZsh rJh. y[d ik e/ T[jBK ƒ fwfbnk frnk. go fco th T[jBK ehwsh xzfNnk d"okB e'Jh th ;feT{oNh gqpzX Bk ehsk frnk. fJe ;hBhno ;oekoh nc;o d/ w[skpe fJj' fijhnK jkbsK ftu feqwhBb g';hioq e'v (;?ePB 130^131) d/ w[skfpe n?;HghH ns/ vhH;hH e'b yk; skesK fdZshnK j'JhnK jB. fJ; d/ sfjs T[j xo'rh bVkJh d"okB f;tb skes dh wdd bjh c"i ;Zd ;ed/ jB. g?ok fwbNoh, fdZbh dh nkowv c'of;I ns/ ;hHnkoHghHn?cH fJj' fijhnK jkbsK bJh ;dk sZsgo j[zdh j?. ;kvh ikDekoh w[skpe T[; tes fdZbh ftu g{oh fJe fpqr/v fsnko yVh ;h. fijVh fe c"oh s"o T[s/ skfJBks ehsh ik ;edh ;h. (fJ; irk T[s/ c"i ƒ e"D ;d ;edk j?, ‘‘fJ; pko/ ;G B{z ikDekoh j?, w?A fJ; dh scshP ftu ikD dh Io{os

36

wfj;{; BjhA eodk). 31 nes{po ƒ c"i u"ezBh eo fdZsh rJh ;h. fi;dk wsbp j? fe nkrok ns/ w/om s'A e[M fJe xzfNnk ftu eJh fpor/vK nk ;edhnK ;B. fJe ;hBhno c"ih nc;o d/ w[skpe, eofcT{ bkr{ eoB bJh c"i dh Bcoh dh b'V BjhA jzdh,[ b'V jzdh[ j?, gZe/ fJokd/ ns/ f;ZXhnK s/ ;kc jdkfJsk dh. o/vhU, NhHthH ns/ g/goK ftu do;kD d/ pkti{d fe, d/yd/ ;ko r'bh wkoB dk j[ew j?. n;b ftu fwbNoh ƒ n?;hnK jdkfJsK BjhA ;B ns/ Bk jh g[fb; B/ c;kdK tkbh irk dh ;jh ikDekoh c"i ƒ fdZsh.

fJ; d/ w[ekpb/ e[M jh fdBK pkd, fJzdok d/ fBeb/ iBkI/ d/ o;s/ ftu yVQ/ eoB bJh Gkosh c"i d/ 3000 itkB ns/ 1000 B/th s/ jtkJh c"i d/ itkB fJjBK Bz{ fpBk fe;/ w[Peb d/ fwb rJ/ ;B.

c"i ƒ p[bkT[D dk f;ZXk sohek j?. b?cNhB?AN rtoBo d/ j'w wfB;No Bof;wjk okU ƒ ekƒB ns/ c;kdK dh jkbs pko/ d;Dk ;h. j'w wfB;No B/ vhc?A; wfB;No (i' fe T[; tes okiht rKXh ;h) ƒ jkbs pko/ d;Dk ;h ns/ vhc?A; wfB;No B/ T[;/ tes nkowh e'b fJsbkj G/i d/Dh ;h. c"i dk ezw ;cbsk g{ote ubkD bJh fJe e/Adoh n;EkB dh b'V j[zdh j?. fi; soQK fe 1947 ftu bkov wkT{ANp?NB d/ efjD T[s/ itkjo bkb Bfjo{ B/ okPNogsh GtB ftu n?;k n;EkB ekfJw eo fdZsk ;h. fJj rb Bw{B/ d/ s"o s/ fJ; tes Bof;wjk okU ƒ fdZbh d/ pI[or B/ dZ; Gh fdZsk ;h. fco th 31 nes{po s'A 4 Btzpo se n?;/ e/Adoh n;EkB dk e'Jh gqpzX fdZbh ftu BjhA ehsk frnk. fJjBK fdBK ftu g[fb; efw;aBo dk dcsko nkJhHNhHT[ g[fb; j?ve[nkoNo ftu ;h. c"ih

37

ewKvo dk dcso X"bk e{znk ftu ;h ns/ b?cNhB?AN rtoBo oki fBtk; ftu ;h. fJjBK nDrfjbhnK eoe/ e'Jh th ;[uZik gqpzX BjhA ;h j' ;edk s/ Bk jh j' ;fenk. 4 Btzpo ƒ fJe w/io B/ df;nk fe Peog[o dh g[fb; Bk f;oc ;fj:'r d/D ftu BKj eo ojh ;h pbfe T[j ikD p[ZM e/ rbs irQk pko/ c"i ƒ dZ; fdzdh ;h. T[;/ fdB jh fJe fog'oNo B/ ;{p/dko s'A b? e/ w/io se d/ nc;oK ƒ d' Btzpo tkb/ fdB r[nku/ j'J/ x[zwd/ j'fJnk ƒ d/fynk T[jBK dk Bk sK j?ve[nkoNo Bkb ;zgoe ofj frnk ;h ns/ Bk jh pkeh dh c"i Bkb. fJe w/io 1974 dk BePk b? e/ BthnK pDhnK p;shnK ƒ bZG fojk ;h. c"ih ;{soK s'A ;kƒ gsk bfrnk fe c"iK ƒ skfJBks eoB dk nB'yk Yzr ngDkfJnk frnk ;h. T[jBK ƒ f;tb nc;o skfJBks eo oj/ ;B ns/ T[jBK ƒ nkw s"o s/ ;kV c{e b[ZN wko ns/ esbK s'A pknd T[jBK p;shnK ftu G/i fdZsk iKdk ;h. fJzdok d/ ;z;eko bJh nkJ/ 3000 c"ihnK d/ nk ikD T[s/ jh g{oh soQK c"i skfJBks ehsh rJh. T[go'es rbK Bkb ikD pZM[ e/ ns/ ;'uh ;wMh ;ehw Bkb bZN[ wko j' b?D dhnK xNBktK pko/ PZe j'o gZek j' iKdk j?. c"i ƒ fJ; sohe/ Bkb tosD dk e'Jh th pjkBk feT[A Bk xfVnk ikJ/, fe;/ T[s/ fJbIkw feT[A Bk bkfJnk ikt/ go fJe rb g Zeh j ? fe fJ; Bkb c "i d / teko ƒ pj [s Gkoh ; ZN tZih j?. fi; Bkb th n;hA rb ehsh j? T[;/ B/ jh c"i dh fJ; d[otos'A T[s/ r[Z;k gqrN ehsk j?. fJj brdk j? fe p/Pe fdZbh d/ gqpzXeh YKu/ e'b n?;hnK tkodksK ƒ dpkD bJh ekƒB okjhA skes fdZsh rJh j?. go T[jBK B/ fJ; pko/ ikDp[M e/ nDrfjbh ehsh ns/ fJ; d/ w[ekpb/ nk;kw ftu fjzd{ w[;bwkBK d/ c;kdK ftu c"i dh c"oB wdd bJh rJh. j[D fJ; ;[nkb dh y'i eoB dh b'V j? fe fdZbh d/ gqpzXeK B/ r[Bkjrko g[fb;hnK iK c"i ƒ c"oh s"o T[s/ p[bkT[D ftu YhmskJh

38

feT[A fdykJh< 31 nes{po 1984 ƒ okiht rKXh ƒ gqXkB wzsoh pDk fdZsk frnk ;h ns/ T[;B/ vhc?A; dk wfjewk nkgD/ e'b oye/ Bof;wjk okU ƒ j'w wfB;No pDk fdZsk ;h. j[D n;hA fJj gZ[SDk ukjKr/ fe GVe/ j'J/ c;kdK eoe/ ns/ ekƒB s'A pkjo j' e/ ekƒB dhnK XihnK T[vk oj/ b'eK T[s/ ekp{ gkD bJh eh ehsk ns/ b?cNhB?AN rtoBo B/ j'w wfB;No Bof;wk okU B{z c"i ;ZdD bJh fejk< eh T; dk nkgDk coI BjhA ;h pDdk fe fJe Btzpo se g[fb; ekp{ BjhA eo ;edh ;h fJ; eoe/ c"i ;d b?Dh ukjhdh j?. j[D T[; b?cNhB?AN rtoBo (fwH rtkJh) ns/ fdZbh g[fb; efwPBo (fwH ;[GkP NzvB) ƒ B"eoh s'A posoc eoe/ e/Adoh ;oeko nkgDh nDrfjbh d/ r[Bkj s'A fe; soQK pu ;edh j?< id fe pko pko T[jBK ƒ j' ojhnK xNBktK pko/ Bkb'A Bkb ypoK fwb ojhnK ;B. ;kvh Nhw d/ siop/ s'A fJj Pe g?dk j[zdk j? fe d'B'A, fdZbh gqpzXe YKuk ns/ e/Adoh ;oeko, B/ nkgDh fizw/tkoh fBGkD s'A n;woEk gqrNkJh. j'o skesK B/ I'o cV e/ c"ihnK ƒ rbs skfJBks eotkfJnk. 3 Btzpo 1984 ƒ e[M fJe fdZbh t;Bhe fsob'e g[oh rJ/ fiE/ fe e[M fJe pu/ j'J/ f;ZyK B/ T[jBK ƒ p/Bsh ehsh fe T[j f;ZyK dh fpBk s/ c"i d/ ;jko/ bJh :sBPhb j'D. T[jBK B/ e/Adoh ;oeko d/ eJh nc;oK Bkb ;zgoe g?dk eoB dh e'fPP ehsh T[jBK ƒ Bk jh e'Jh xo fwfbnk Bk jh dcsoK ftu fwfbnk. fco T[jBK B/ fto'Xh gkoNhnK d/ gkobhw?AN w?ApoK, fi; soQK, fw;No fpi{ gNBkfJe, fw;No ikoi coB?Afv;, fw;No uzdo P/yo ns/ wZX{ dzvts/ ƒ p/Bsh ehsh sK T[jBK dh pko pko e'fPP d/ pkti{d th e'Jh Bshik Bk fBefbnk. nkgDh nyhoh e'fPP ftu T[j pzd/ gqkJhw wfB;No d/ xo BzL fJe ;cdoizr o'v gj[zu/. T[E/ T[j eKro; (fJzdok) d/ n?wH ghH fw;No no[B Bfjo{ ƒ fwb/ ns/ fsob'eg[oh d/ t;BheK dh rkEk ;[DkJh sK fes/ ik e/ T[;B/ T[E/ fwbNoh G/ih go T[j

39

th f;oc rPs eoB bJh.

eKro; (fJzdok) dk fjZ;k `

T[go dZ;/ ik uZ[e/ jkbsK dh fpBk ns/ n;oEb/ nkJ/ f;ZyK Bkb w[bkeksK d/ nkXko s/ fJ; Bshi/ T[s/ n;kBh Bkb gj[zfunk ik ;edk j? fe fJjBK c;kdk d"okB n;b skes eKro; (fJzdok) d/ fjwkfJshnK e'b nk rJh ns/ ekoiekoh efozd/ d/yd/ jh ofj rJ/. fjzd{nK ns/ f;ZyK d'BK Bkb rbpks eoB wro'A (fJBQK ftu tX/o/ eKro; fJzdok gZyh ;B) n;hA fJ; Bshi/ T[s/ gj[zu/ jK fe eKro; (fJzdok) d/ tZv/ bhvoK dk fJjBK c;kdK ƒ T[e;kD ftu f;ZXK jZE j?. wzr'bg[oh d/ t;BheK B/ y[d wzfBnk j? fe fw;No JhPto f;zx (eKro; nkJh dh tZvh s'g) (j'o Bkw nyho T[s/ fdZs/ rJ/ jB) y[d nZr/ j' e/ c;kd eotk fojk ;h n?;/ ;G b'e eKro; (nkJh) d/ n?wHghH ;iB e[wko d/ oy/ j'J/ b?cNhB?AN jB. ;iB e[wko fJ; fJbke/ ftu'A w?po gkobhw?AN j?. fJ;/ nBzd gqps ftu'A eKro; (nkJh) d/ n?wHghH fw;No Xow dk; d/ pzdz /, fGrtk, wfjzdok s/ wzrs okw d/ Bkw c;kd eotkT[D tkfbnK ftu nkT[Ad/ jB. gqekP Bro ftu eKro; (nkJh) d/ efozd/ t'No fb;NK jZE ftu b? e/ f;ZyK d/ xoK T[s/ fBPkBd/jh eod/ d/y/ rJ/. rKXh Bro ftu eKr;o; (nkJh) dh fJe s'g ;[yB bkb Bz{ nZrK brtkT[Ad/ s/ esb eotKfdnK b'eK B/ nkg d/fynk. fJ; fJbke/ ftu'A pu/ f;ZyK B/ Peog[o PoBkoEh e?Ag ftu Btzpo 6 tkb/ fdB ;kƒ df;nk fe T[jBK d/ fJbke/ d/ n?wHghH fw;No n?uHe/Hn?bH Grs dh fdwkrh ekY B/ fJj ;kok SV:zso oukfJnk ;h. fJe Btzpo 1984 tkb/ fdB fJe ;fspho f;zx Bkwh (ikN) eKro; (nkJh) dk efozdk pko ;okJ/ ftu'A p;K Go e/ pzd/ fbnkfJnk ns/ T[jBK ; qh r[o{ jfofeq;aB gpfbe ;e {b ƒ nZr bkJh, p;K ;kVhnK ns / ;koh oks T[j f;ZyK d/ wkb ns/ ikBK dh j'bh y/vdk fojk. pkd ftu fJ; d/ Bkb irdhP N'e; eKro; (nkJh) dk toeo, nkgD/ pzd/ b?

40

e/ T[;d/ Bkb nk ofbnk. nkb fJzvhnk w?vheb fJ;NhfuT{N d/ ;kjwD/, fiE'A fJzdok dh bkP 31 nespo ƒ fbikJh rJh, noiB dk; Bkw dk eKro; (fJzdok) dk efozdk b'eK B/ nkgDhnK nZyK Bkb g?db, p;K iK ;e{NoK s/ iKd/ iK ubKd/ j'J/ f;ZyK ƒ cVe/ wkodk e[Ndk ns/ ;kVdk nkg d/fynk. T[go'es sZEK ƒ fJ; nXko s/ M[mbkfJnk BjhA ik ;edk fe fJj fJe okiBhfse g?AsV/ tkbh e'Jh ;ehw j? fi; Bkb fe eKro; (nkJh) ƒ Gzfvnk ikJ/. pbfe T[go'es jehesK ƒ d;D tkb/ f;Zy P[o{ s'A jh eKro; (nkJh) d/ jh t'No oj/ jB. fsob'eg[oh ns/ wzr'bg[oh ftub/ f;ZyK dk u/jok j?okBrh Gfonk ;h id'A T[jBK B/ ;kB{z df;nk fe ‘‘;kB{z fJj xo fJzdok ih B/ nkg nbkN ehs/ ;B. n;hA jw/;aK T[;dh jh gkoNh B{z t'N gkJ/. fco ;kv/ T[s/ jh fJj jwb/ feT[A<’’ eKro; (nkJh) d/ efozfdnK d/ fJjBK tshfonK dk ;p{s ;kƒ fJ; s'A th fwfbnk id'A ;kƒ gsk brk fe bg/N ftu nkJ/ fJbkfenK d/ n?wH ghI EkfDnK ftu ik e/ Btzpo 3$4 ƒ cV/ j'J/ c;kdekoK ƒ S[vkD bJh eJh EkD/dkoK T[s/ o'jp gk oj/ jB. Btzpo 5 ƒ Xow dk; Pk;soh eo'b pkr EkD/ ftu fJ;/ ezw bJh frnk (fJzvhnB n?e;gq?; Btzpo 6, 1984), Pk;soh B/ p/Pe fJ; s'A fJBeko ehsk j? fJ;/ jh w"e/ T[s/ n?uHe/H n?bH Grs th rKXh Bro EkD/ ftu fJ;/ ezw bJh frnk. g[fb; d/ fJe T[u nfXekoh B/ fJj ;G d;d/ j'J/ fJ;ƒ fJ; soQK toBD ehsk fe ‘‘P/oK ƒ fgzio/ ftu'A nkg Sv fdZsk j? s/ j[D efjzd/ jB fe cV e/ fbnkU.’’ fJ;/ nc;o B/ df;nk fe id'A e[M fJe eKro; (nkJh) d/ bhvo fJjBK b'eK ƒ S[vtkT[D bJh nkJ/ sK g[fb; B/ T[jBK ƒ fejk fe, T[j g[fb; d/ Bkb b[Nh j'Jh ikfJdkd jk;b eoB bJh e[M fJe xoK ftu ubD sK T[j uPwdhB rtkj pDB s'A fJBekoh j' rJ/.

41

;kƒ n?;/ e/; th ;[BD ftu nkJ/ fiE/ eKro; (nkJh) d/ bhvoK d/ BIdheh f;Zy d';s th BjhA pyP/ rJ/. gPuwhg[oh ftu ;iB e[wko d/ xo fJe ykBdkBh eKro;h pi[or f;Zy fwb/ fijBK dh d[ekB ;kV fdZsh rJh ;h T[; pi[or B/ df;nk fe T[jBK ƒ d[ekB ;kVB tkfbnK dk gsk j?. fJ; ;[nkb s/ fe T[jBK B/ e/; doi feT[A BjhA eotkfJnk sK T[jBK itkp fdZsk fe T[j fe;/ nZS/ w"e/ dh T[vhe ftu jB. fw;No ;iB e[wko dk ;?eNoh ;kƒ fJe gk;/ b? e/ efjD bZrk fe fJj ezw nkoHn?;Hn?;H dk j?. go T[j T[jBK dk Bkw ;kƒ Bk dZ; ;fenk. eKro; (nkJh) n?wHghH ;odko uoBihs f;zx dk 10 eo'V dk B[e;kB j'fJnk id'A T[jBK dhnK P[X ghD tkbhnK t;sK dhnK c?eNohnK ;kV fdZshnK rJhnK ns/ g[bh; ƒ eJh dck c'B ehsk fe b'eK dk ro'j T[jBK dhnK c?eNohnK ƒ nZr bk fojk j?. T[jBK fejk fe g[fb; nk ojh j? go T[j Bk nkJh T[j nkgD/ eost ftu nkgD/ fJbke/ d/ b'eK ftu g{o/ Bk T[so ;e/ feT[A fe T[jBK ƒ fe;/ B/ fJwdkd Bk fdZsh (;N/N;w?B Btzpo 10, 1984) fJ; soQK brdk j? fe c?;bk eoB tkb/ b'eK ƒ gqpzXeh YKu/ d/ T[u nfXekohnK B/ fJj efj fdZsk ;h fe c;kd ekohnK ƒ g'b/ fij/ jh jZE bkfJnk ikJ/. sca;hb eoB T[s/ gsk ufbnk fe g[fb; nfXekohnK B/ fJ; rZb dk n?bkB eotkfJnk fe fijBK b'eK B/ b[N wko eoe/ wkb u'oh ehsk j?. i/eo T[j fB;afus ;w/A se ;kok wkb tkg; b? nkD sK T[jBK s/ e'Jh n?e;aB BjhA fbnk ikJ/rk. fJe T[u g[fb; nfXekoh B/ fJ;ƒ ‘‘y[d iakjo eoB tkbh ;ehw’’ dk Bkw fdZsk. n;hA wfj;{; eod/ jK fe fJB;kc eoB dk fJj nihp sohek j?. feT[Afe nfXekoh fJ; ;ehw ƒ ubkD d/ pko/ (feT[A ns/ fedk pko/ g{oh sca;hb BjhA d/ ;e/. fJ; bJh n;hA fJj wfj;{; eoB bJh wIp{o jK fe fJj Io{o fe;h n;odkfJe T[u nfXekoh dh frDh fwEh ;ehw d/ sfjs jh j' fojk j?.)

42

eKro; (nkJh) d/ jKJhewKv tb'A nkgD/ efozfdnK s/ bhvoK pko/ SkDphD eotkT[D s'A fJBeko eoBk, T[gq'es PZeK ƒ j'o tXkT[Adk j?. fJE'A se fe okith rKXh th gkoNh w?ApoK T[s/ bkJ/ fJbIkwK ƒ nZy' T[jb/ eo fojk j?. Btzpo 6, 1984 ƒ uoB f;zx B/ j'o fto'Xh fXoK d/ bhvoK d/ Bkb okiht rKXh dk fXnkB eKro; (nkJh) d/ toeoK T[s/ bkJ/ rJ/ fJbIkwK tb d[nkfJnk, fijV/ fe fJzvhnB n?e;gq?; ftu th nk u[Ze/ ;B, sK okiht rKXh B/ fejk fe T[; B/ fJjBK pko/ ;[fDnk j?. go fJzvhnB n?e;g?;q fto'Xh fXoK dk nypko j?. fi; soQK fe B?PBb j?obv eKro; (nkJh) dk nypko j?. d{;o/ fdB jh ;otGkosh eKro; ew/Nh (fJzdok) d/ j?ve[nkoNo B/ fJjBk ;G fJbIkwK ƒ fxqDkswe d;d/ j'J/ fpnkB d/ fdZsk. Btzpo 8, 1984 ƒ okiht rKXh B/ nyho T[s/ fJBQK fJbIkwK pko/ fJBe[nkfJoh eotkT[D bJh nkgDh gkoNh d/ T[u nfXekohnK ƒ fejk go ni/ se fJj gsk BjhA br ;fenk fe fJj SkD phD fe; nkXko T[s/ j't/rh. n;b ftu Btzpo 10, 1984 ƒ nypko Bth;K Bkb rZb eod/ j'J/, fw;No ihH e/H w{Bkg[o (;ot Gkosh eKro; d/ nfXekoh ) B/ fejk fe T[jBk e'b n?;h fJBe[nkfJoh eotkT[D bJh e'Jh jdkfJs BjhA gjz[uh. fJj :ehB eoBk n"yk j? fe okiht rKXh ƒ nkgDh gkoNh d/ T[u nfXekohnK tb'A ehshnK ik ojhnK ekotkJhnK pko/ g{o/ gzi fdB (nes{po 31 s'A b? e/ Btzpo 5 se) e[S gsk BjhA brk. fJj nkg 1982 s'A ;ot Gkosh eKro; (nkJh) dk w[Zy ;eZso j?. fJj nkg fJ; gkoNh d/ bkJ/ rJ/ f;ybkJh e?AgK dh gqXkBrh eodk fojk j?. n;hA j?okB jK fe n?;/ e?Ag ftu f;ybkJh b? u[e/ fJzdoK rKXh d/ efozd/ fJ; esb'rkos T[s/ T[so ;ed/ jB.

fto'Xh fXoK ns/ whvhJ/ dk fjZ;k

jkb/ n;hA whvhnk tb'A gkJ/ fjZ;/ T[s/ g{oh sc;hb ftu BjhA

43

ikDk ukj[zd/ go E'V/ fij/ nZyo fJ; tes Y[ed/ jB. 31 nes{po

1984 tkb/ fdB nypkoK ftu gfjbh ;[oyh fJj nkJh fe ‘‘jwbk

eoB tkb/ d' f;Zy ns/ f;o w{zj w[zfBnk f;Zy j?.’’ fog'oNoK B/ fJ; ypo dk e'Jh jtkbk Bk fdZsk. Bk jh fJj ;kps ehsk frnk

fe f;o w{zj w[zfBnk pzdk f;Zy fe; soQK j' frnk. pknd ftu fog'oNK nkJhnK fe jwbkto d' jh f;Zy jB. sh;o/ pzd/ pko/ eh j'fJnk< fe;/ th nypko B/ P[o{ ftu ehsh rbsh pko/ e'Jh rZb BjhA fbyh. go n?;h ypo pko/ ;tkb fJj T[mdk j? fe, eh nypkoK B{z fJj ukjhdk ;h fe T[j jwbktoK B{z g?Adh ;N/ f;Zy efj d/D < gzikp dh jkbs ƒ wX/ BIo oyd/ j'J/ fJj Io{oh ;h fe n?;h ypo d/ D Bkb iksh c;kd P[o{ j' ikD/ ;B. fJE/ fJj Io{oh j? fe Btzpo

1970 ƒ g?;q fJz;NhfuT{N nkc fJzvhnk ns/ g?;q fJBcow/PB fpT{o' dh

fJe ekBcoz; j'Jh ;h. T[; ftu fJj f;ckoP ehsh rJh ;h fe n?;hnK ;ukJhnK fijBK Bkb jkbs fprVD dh ;zGktBk j't/ e[S ;wK gk e/ d;DhnK ukjhdhnK jB. n;hA fJ; rZb T[s/ th j?okB jK fe shB w{osh ftu br/ j'J/ Bkjo/ ‘‘y{B dk pdbk y{B’’ d{odo;aB (NhHthH) T[s/ fdykD dh fJikIs fdZsh rJh feT[A< e[M fog'oNoK B/ fJj ikBD dh pikJ/ fe fejVk ro[g iK

ftnkesh e[M eoB dh e'fPP eo fojk j?, fJj ikBD dh e'fPP ehsh fe fJ; ftu fjZ;k b? oj/ wPj{o okiBhse bhvo dk Bkw eh j?. fw;kb ti'A 2 Btzpo ƒ dyDh fdZbh d/ e[S fuzskiBe t;BheK B/ PKsh :ksok nkozGh sK T[; ftu izsk gkoNh d/ bhvo fw;No uzdo P/yo nkfd nk e/ ob rJ/. d{;o/ fdB fog'oNoK B/ fJ;ƒ izsk gkoNh wkou dk Bkw d/ e/ b'eK se gj[zukfJnk. fJ; Bkb nkoIh s"o T[s/ T[jBK b'eK bJh nVuB yVh j' rJh fijV/ fe;/ th gkoNh Bkb nkgDk Bkw i'VBk BjhA ;h ukj[zd/. n?;h u/szBsk dh jkb/ b'V j?.

44

j[D n;hA nkT[Ad/ jK fto'Xh fXoK d/ bhvoK T[s/. ;kƒ nc;'; Bkb efjDk gJ/rk fe fJj bhvo 31 nes{po s'A b? e/ 5 Btzpo se ;w/A dh g[eko Bkb T[sKj BjhA T[m ;e/. p/Pe fJjBK e'b ;kohnK ypoK jo xzN/ gj[zu ojhnK ;B, fJjBK B/ e'Jh e'fPP BjhA ehsh fe c;kdK tkbh irQK T[s/ ik e/ e[S eoB. pbfe T[jBK ƒ okiht rKXh d/ Bkb^Bkb fJj jh efjD ftu fdwkrh PKsh fwb rJh fe PKsh oyh ikJ/.

3 Btzpo B{z, fsob'eg[oh d/ fGnkBe eko/ s'A pknd e[S fuzskiBe Bkrfoe fto'Xh fXoK d/bhvoK e'b rJ/. e[S fJe B/ izsk gkoNh d/ uzdo P/yo B{z fejk fe T[j T[jBK Bkb shB w{osh GtB ftu ikD tkb/ tcd d/ Bkb s[o g?D. go T[j yV/ j'J/ ns/ jZE i'Vd/ efjD bZr/ ‘‘w?A BjhA eo ;edk w?A BjhA ukj[zdk fe fJzdok rKXh d/ ;z;eko B{z yokp eoB tkfbnK ftu T[;dk Bkw nkt/.’’

izsk dk fjZ;k

31 nes{po s'A b? e/ 5 Btzpo se j'D tkb/ ekoBkfwnK B/ p/Pe ;koh fdZbh fjbk fdZsh ns/ fJ; dk ekoB e[S th j' ;edk j?. go fJ; rZb ƒ T[jb/ BjhA ehsk ik ;edk fe fgSb/ d' e[ ;kb ftu tkgohnK gzikp dhnK xNBktK B/ fjzd{nK d/ fJe pj[s tZv/ fjZ;/ ftu f;ZyK pko/ PZe ns/ sbyh g?dk eo fdZsh ;h. f;ZyK dhnK nkofEe ns/ okiBhse wzrK ƒ Bk ;[bMk e/ ns/ f;Zy nfstkdhnK s/ fjzd{ fcoe{g[D/ ƒ, jfowzdo ;kfjp T[s/ jwbk eotke/, tXktK d/D ftu ekpI e/Adoh gkoNh B/ fcoe{g[D/ dk Bcos dk phi fjzd{nK ns/ f;ZyK ftu phi fdZsk ;h. Bshi/ d/ s"o T[s/ 31 nes{po ƒ fJzdok dk esb j'D T[s/, f;ZyK T[s/ ikDh p[Mh ;ehw okjhA jwb/ P[o{ j' rJ/ ns/ fjzd{ izsk nkw s"o T[s/ fJj wB pDk jh u[eh brdh ;h. fdZbh d/ e[S fJe wPj{o fjzd{nK B/ n?;/ pD/ j'J/ wBK pko/ ;fjwsh gqrN ehsh j?. fJzvhnB

45

g[fb; ;oftf;; d/ fJe nc;o ƒ n;hA fJj efjzd/ ;[fDnk j? fe ;oeko fJj ukj[zdh ;h fe f;ZyK B{z ;pe f;ykfJnk ik ;e/. iBhtk ftu fjzd[;skB tb'A ezw eod/ ;z:[es wjK okPNo d/ fJe fjzd[;skBh B/ fJzdok d/ ;z;eko ftu Pkwb j[zd/ j'J/ ;kvh Nhw d/ fJe w?Apo B{z fejk fe fJj c;kd f;ZyK B{z ;pe f;ykD bJh jh eotkJ/ rJ/ jB. id'A T[jB{z fJj g[fSnk frnk fe fJ; Bkb nkw ;kXkoB f;y th BghV j' fojk j? sK T[;B/ fejk ‘‘e"D BghV j' fojk j?<” gzikp ftubhnK nfstkdh ekotkJhnK B/ PkfJd eJh fI zw /tko fj zd {nK T [s/ fcoe{ iB {B uVk fdZsk ;h ns/ T [j pdb/ dh GktBk ftu nzB/ j' u[Ze/ ;B. f;ZyK dk rtKYh fjzd{nK pko/ eh BIohnk j?< r[VrktK d/ ghVs f;ZyK B/ df;nk fe ‘‘T[j nkgD/ xoK dhnK SsK T[s/ yV/ ;kv/;Vd/ xo d/yd/ oj/, fi; soQK fe T[j rDszsosk fdt; dh gq/v d/y oj/ j'D.’’ fjzd{nK d/ n?;/ fuZs B/ jo soQK dhnK nctkjK T[s/ :ehB eo fbnk fe f;ZyK B/ gkDh ftu Ifjo fwbk fdZsk j? ns/ fJj rbhnK ftu fjzd{nK T[s/ jwbk eoB bJh s[od/ fcod/ jB. fJj' fijhnK nctkjK B/ B"itkB fjzd{nK ƒ f;ZyK T[s/ jwbk eoB bJh j'o th T[e;kjN d/ fdZsh.

gqpzXeh YKu/ d/ j/mb/ fjZ;/ ftu f;ZyK ;zpzXh Iksh Bcos xo eo u[Zeh ;h fi;dk ;p{s g[fb; d/fszB uko fdBK d/ toskt s'A fwbdk j? fijBK ƒ T[jBK d/ T[u nfXekohnK B/ y[Zb d/ fdZsh ;h. f;ZyK d/ fybkc pD/ j'J/ n?;/ wkj"b ftu fe;/ th ;skXkoh roZg[ ƒ, ;kfi;h sohe/ Bkb y{B yokpk ns/ b[Nwko eoB ftu pj[s jh nk;kBh ;h. f;ZyK fybkc c?bhnK GktBktK ƒ fJ; rZb Bkb th jZbk P/oh fwbh id'A T[jBK ƒ gsk brk fe fJzdok d/ esb ftu f;Zy y[P jB.

46

bZ[N wko eo oj/ fjzd{nK ƒ f;ZyK d/ o'eD Bkb j'o o'j ufVnk feT[A fe T[jBK ƒ g[fb; dh fjckIs fwbD dh g{oh ypo ;h. e[S p;shnK ftu f;ZyK d/ GzrV/ gkJ/ ikD pko/ th fIzw/tko ;iBK B/ ;kƒ dZf;nk. fJ; ;G B/ pbdh ‘s/ s/b dk ezw ehsk. go fJj ;G fJzB/ S'N/ g?wkB/ T[s/ ;h fe ;ko/ fjzd[;skB Go ftu T[;/ fdB, T[;/ ;w/A ns/ T[;/ sohe ƒ f;ZyK T[go j'J/ jwb/ ƒ BjhA do;k ;edk. fi; Bkb fJj brdk j? fJj frDh fwEh ;kI; ;h. fJ; ;G d/ d"okB j";bk ncikJh tkbh rZb f;oc T[jBK fjzd{nK ns/ w[;bwkBK tb'A nkT[Adh j? fijBK B/ f;ZyK dh wdd ehsh. PoBkoEh e?AgK ftu ;kƒ eJh n?;/ f;Zy fwb/ fijBK fejk fe i/eo ;kv/ rtKvh fjzd{ iK w[b;wkb n?;/ Bk j[zd/ sK ;kvk th esb j' ikDk ;h.

fszB Btzpo 1984 ƒ n;hA efbnkDg[oh g[fb; ;N/PB ;kjwD/ n?;/ fjzd{ gqtko ƒ fwb/ fijBK dk xo fJ; eoe/ ;kV fdZsk frnk ;h feT[A fe T[jBK B/ f;Zy rtKYh ƒ PoB fdZsh ;h. G'rb d/ fJe vke eowukoh B/ df;nk fe fe; soQK T[;dk xo nZXk e[ ;V frnk, id'A T[;B/ d' f;ZyK dh wdd ehsh. c"i dh ;jkfJsk Bkb T[/;B/ T[j d'B'A f;Zy nkgD/ fgzv (cohdkpkd e'b) gj[zuk fdZs/ ;B. fszB Btzpo ƒ ;kvh Nhw d/ d' n?;/ f;Zy gqtko bZG/ fijBK ƒ fyuVhg[o ftu fjzd{nK B/ PoB fdZsh ;h. yVh GhV ftu'A fBebd/ j'J/ fJe ;EkfBe fj zd { B /;kvh Nhw ƒ T [; xo se gjzukfJnk[ ns / puk e/ pkjo b? e/ nkfJnk fi;ƒ fe fJe rohp fjzd{ gqtko B/ PoB fdZsh j'Jh ;h. d{;o/ fdB e[S fJe tkbzNhno fsob'eg[oh ftu fJe f;Zy bVeh ƒ bZGD rJ/ fi; dh d/y Gkb fJe fjzd{ gqtko eo fojk ;h ns/ pkeh gqtko PoBkoEh e?Ag ftu ;h. T[jBK B/ fJj bVeh ns/ d' j'o pZu/ nkgD/ e'b oZy/ fijBK d/ wK pkg dk gsk BjhA ;h. T[jBK fejk fe

47

‘‘fJjBK dh d/y Gkb ;kvh I[w/tkoh j?.’’ nkIkd g [o d / e'b fJe fj zd { ekoykB /dko B / fJe f; Zy ƒ PoB fdZsh. fjzd{nK B/ T[; ekoykB/ ƒ x/o e/ f;Zy T[jBK d/ jtkb/ eoB bJh fejk. T[; fjzd{ c?eNoh tkb/ B/ T[; f;Zy ƒ f;o wzj{ wBk b?D bJh okIh eo fbnk ns/ fco fJe ;kJheb b? e/ T[j ‘‘f;Zy’’< GhV ftu'A ihAdk fBeb frnk. ihHNhH eoBkb ;Ve T[s/ fjzd{nK B/ fJe r[od[nkok ns / fJe f;Zy vkeNo dk dtkykBk ;VB s'A pukfJnk. fJ;/ jh fJbke/ ftu fdZbh :{Bhtof;Nh d/ nfXnkgeK ns/ ftfdnkoEhnK B/ T[jBK ;VeK T[s/ fBrokBh oyh (Btzpo 1 s'A Btzpo 5 se) fiE/ f;Zy ofjzd/ ;B. w[fBoek fgzv ns/ eb'Bh d/ fjzd{nK B/ f;ZyK d/ d; gqtko nkgD/ xoK ftu oy e/ pukJ/, w:[o ftjko d/ B"itkB fjzd{nK B/ 30 f;Zy gqtkoK dh ofynk ehsh ns/ jwbkto fjzd{nK d/ jwb/ ƒ o'fenk sK fe T[j T[; njks/ ftu Bk tV ;eD. ubkt/A nzdkI/ d/ w[skpe, fi;dk nkXko nbr nbr ;{so jB, c"ih nc;o d/ w[skpe, nbr nbr fJbkfenK ftu'A fijV/ f;Zy gqtko T[;B/ fJeZm/ ehs/, T[jBK ftu'A 70 gqshPs fjzd{nK B/ pukJ/ ;B. T[gq'es j"A;b/ Gog{o xNBktK, (Gkt/A fJj E'VhnK jh jB) ;kƒ fJj j"A;bk fdzdhnK jB fe e[S fJe neb jkb/ fjzd[;skB ftu puh j'Jh j?.

xNBktK dk ftPb/PD (t/otk)

TH ;[bskBg[ohL^ ;[bskBg[oh dh fJe eb'Bh ftu fjzd{ ns/ f;ZyK dh fwbth t;'A j?. fijVh nbr nbr feZfsnK ftu ezw eodh j?. fjzd{ fInkdkso ;ckJh eowukoh jB, f;ZyK ftu fInkdkso f;behrko, i[bkj/, ;e{No foePk ukbe, NhLthL we?fBe, fpibh mhe eoB tkb/ ns/ d[ekBdko jB. e[S foePk tkj[D tkb/, o/VQh bkD tkb/ ns/ wId{o jB.

48

fJjBK c;kdK s'A gfjbK fJj fJe d{i/ Bkb fwbe/ ofjzd/ jB. fJj rb PoBkoEh e?AgK ftu ofj oj/ f;ZyK B/ nkg wzBh j?. gfjbK ed/ th e'Jh fyukD fJBK ftu BjhA ;h nkfJnk. fJE'A d/ t;Bhe fJe dw j?okB j' rJ/ id'A fJjBK T[go fJe Btzpo dh Yb ojh Pkw ƒ jwbk j' frnk. uPwdhd rtkjK d/ w[skpe fJ; jwbkto GhV ftu ;EkJh b'e s/ e[S Bkb d/ fgzvK d/ ikN ;B (w[zvek fJe n?;k Bkb dk fgzv j?) fJj jwbk nkdwhnK T[go jh ;h s/ Gkoh skdkd ftu nkdwh wko fdZs/ rJ/. pu/ j'J/ f;Zy t;BheK B/ fJ; jwb/ ftu fjZ;k b? oj/ e[S fJe pzfdnK ƒ gfjukD fbnk T[jBK ftu ;EkBe okiBhse, g[bh; ns/ ;EkJh b'e ;B. jwbktoK ƒ ;wMD ns/ gfjukBD ftu e'Jh Pe BjhA fe fJj ;EkJh Gzrh, o/Vh bkD tkb/, we?fBe, vokJhto s/ fGykoh fJ; ;kV c{e ns/ wko e[NkJh ftu Pkwb ;B. go fJj ;G e[S T[jBK B/ nkg BjhA ehsk. ;EkJh ;z;EktK d/ gqXkB, fijV/ nkgD/ n?wHghH Bkb i[V/ j'J/ ;B, T[jBK B/ fJj esb eotkJ/. pu/ j'J/ f;ZyK B/ fijBK gqXkBK ƒ gfjukfBnk T[jBK ftu fw;No u"jkB, fw;No pkrVh, ns/ fw;No r[gsk jB. n?wHghH fw;No ;iB e[wko eKro; (nkJh) d/ b'e. ;[bskBg[oh ftu g[fb; dh fwbh G[rs dk ;p{s fJj j? fe EkD/dko fw;No GZNh B/ Bk f;oc nkg d' f;ZyK dk esb ehsk pbfe f;ZyK s'A jfEnko th y'j bJ/, g[fb; dh fJ; fwbh G[rs pko/ fJe pu/ j'J/ f;Zy B/ fejk fe ‘‘y[d wko fdZs/, ;G fwb/ j'J/ ;B.’’

jo PoBkoEh B/ n?;h jh rkEk ;[DkJh. ;[bskB g[oh d/ s/b d/ ftT[gkoh, pojwkBzd r[gsk, thokBzd, wk;No ns/ t/d gqekP B/ f;ZyK B/ ;kVB bJh s/ vkeNo SKrk B/ ;kVB bJh s/b gqdkB ehsk. jƒwkB okPB Pkg tkb/ B/ fJ; ;G ftu yZb[ Q e/ fjZ;k gkfJnk. r[dkw wkbe okikBzd, r[bkp f;zx ns/ fJe nkN' foePk vokJhto

49

T[wh B/ ;ko/ ;kVc{e ns/ esbK dh ofjB[wkJh ehsh. thotko oks ƒ jwb/ P[o{ j'J/ ns/ P[eotko pkd d[gfjo se ubd/ oj/. jwbktoK ƒ jdkfJs fdZsh iKdh ;[Dh rJh fe ‘‘nkdwh wko fdU, s/ n"osK dk pbkseko eo'.’’ jwbktoK e'b bkmhnK ;bkyK ns/ j'o jfEnkoK d/ Bkb Bkb fwNh dk s/b ;h. eJh f;ZyK ƒ fjzd{ rtKYhnK B/ PoB fdZsh. T[j fco th Bk pu/. T[jBK d/ xo gfjukD e/ bZ[N/ rJ/, GhV B/ f;Zy eZ[N e[ZN e/ wko ;[N/ xo/b{ ;wkB b[N fbnk. n"osK nrtkj eo bJhnK rJhnK. T[jBK d/ g/N GoB d/ ;kXB foePk ns/ o/VhnK ;kV fdZshnK rJhnK. esb fGnkBe ;B. fJe f;Zy ƒ e[N e/ nXw'fJnk eoe/ fwNh dk s/b gk e/ ;kV fdZsk frnk. fJe roGtsh f;Zy n"os d/ fYZv ftu uke{ wko/ rJ/ ns/ pj[s f;Zy n"osK dk pbkseko ehsk frnk. okDh pkr d/ Peog[o e?Ag ftu rJh ;kvh Nhw d/ w?ApoK e'b j'o fGnkBe toBD j? i' fe g[fSnk ik ;edk j?. Peog[o e?Ag d/ fJe tv/ jkb ftu ;[bskBg[oh p;sh d/ pZu/ ns/ n"osK fJe bkJhB ftu p?m/ jB ns/ T[jBK d/ u/jo/ nkgD/ nkg ftu fJe ejkDh j?. fJ; bkJhB ftu 10 ;kb dh T[wo s'A tZXe'Jh th wod pZuk BjhA j? ns/ f;Zy pZu/ xN jh d/yD ftu nk oj/ jB.

jo p?m/ ro[g ftu pI[or n"osK jB, fszB iK uko itkB ftXtktK, e[S nbVQ e[VhnK ns/pkeh S'N/ pZu/. fJe gqtko d/ 18 w?Apo p?m/ ;B fijBK ftu'A fJe th ewkT{ BjhA ;h pfunk, uko'A ewkT{ wko fdZs/ rJ/ ;B. fJe n"os e'b S/ fdb dk pZuk ;h fJe e'b 10 fdB dh T[wo dk. T[j v?ApohnK j'JhnK jtk ftu Mke ojhnK ;B, Bk T[j nc;'; eo ;edhnK ;B Bk e[S p'b ;edhnK ;B. fJe pI[or n"os fi;dk gsh ns/ fszB itkB g[Zso wko/

50

rJ/ ;B, efjD brh, ‘‘j[D sk uzrk j? i/ s[;hA ;kfonK ƒ ifjo d[nk fdT[A, j[D n;hA ih BjhA ;ed/, fedK ihnKr/, fe;d/ bJh ihtKr/.’’ fJj pI[or n"os j'oBK dh GktBk dh th w[osh ;h fijBK B/ nkgD/ gsh nkgD/ ;kjwD/ e[ZN j[zd/ s/ fco s/b gk e/ ;kV j[zd/ d/y/. fJjBK ftu'A fJe th nkgD/ xo tkg; ikD bJh fsnko BjhA ;B. ikD th fedK< id sZe fe r[Bkjrko gSkD e/ ;Ik BjhA G[rsd/ < ;G s'A tZX n;o nXhB pbke jB^A4, 65 wo/ 15 rkfJp, PI, 2 ns/ 3,31 wo/ 5 rkfJp, e?Ag 2 ftu'A fiE/ 2000 ofcT{ih ;B, T[jBK d/ 157 wko/ rJ/, 25 Iywh j'J/ ns/ 52 bZG BjhA oj/. fJ; dk wsbp j? fe jo d{;o/ gqtko dk fJe iDk Io{o wkfonk frnk. Iywh xZN jB s/ wo/ fInkdk. rZb fJE/ jh ysw BjhA j'Jh. Btzpo 3,4 ƒ fJe jkb ftu fJeZm/ j'J/ f;ZyK e'b fJe EkD/dko, BkJh ƒ b? e/ nkfJnk. T[;B/ f;ZyK ƒ fejk fe 21,21 o[g? d/ e/ fJ; BkJh e'b'A jIkws eotk bU BjhA sk r'bh wko fdnKr/. efjzd/ jB fe BkJh B/ 500 o[g?A ewkJ/. seohpB 5000 fJeZm/ j'J/ f;ZyK ƒ c"i B/ nk e/ (fszBK fdBK pkd) gBkj fdZsh. fJjBK ftu'A 800 jkb/ c"i dh SK Eb/ jh jB ns/ Btzpo 8 se jkb/ th c"ih fJjBK d/ ykD ghD dk gqpzX eo oj/ jB. e?Ag Bzpo d' ftu 2000 ftu'AseohpB 100 e[ nkgD/ xoK ƒ tkg; rJ/ jB. Btzpo 9 ƒ 20 j'o gqtko tkg; ub/ rJ/. e?Ag d/ ftu th nD;[yktK tksktoB j?. T[j' jh Gzrh fijBK B/ fJjBK d/ gZso,[ xotkb/ nkfd wko fdZs/ ;B T[j jh fco fJjBK e?AgK ftu nk e/ ;ckJh eo oj/ jB. fJjBK T[s/ PoBkoEh pVh eoVh fBrQK oy oj/ jB.

51

nH wzr'bg[oh

gZSwh fdZbh ftu wzr'bg[oh p;sh dh MZrh[ ns/ M"AgVh p;sh d/ f;ZyK dk tZvk esb/nkw j'fJnk. fJE/ Btzpo fJe dh Pkw ƒ T[; tes ca;kd P[o{ j'fJnk id'A g[fb; B/ t?BK ftu nk e/ fejk fe f;ZyK B/ gkDh ftu Ifjo fwbk fdZsk j?. fdZbh ;N/PB s/ fjzd{nK dhnK bkPK Bkb Goh rZvh gzikp' nkJh j? ns/ f;Zy fJzdoK d/ esb T[s/ y[PhnK wBk oj/ jB. yso/ B{z GKg e/ eJh f;y g[fb; e'b wdd bJh gj[zu/, 15 Btzpo ;eog[o e?Ag ftu fJe pI[or n"os B/ dZf;nk fe id'A T[j g[fb; e'b wdd bJh rJ/ sK g[fb; B/ fejk fe “ n;hA e[S BjhA eo ;ed/ s[;hA nkgDk nkg nkg/ jh pukU`@ pkd ftu c;kdK d/ d"okB, c;kd ekoh g[fb; dhnK t?BK ftu'A vhIb b? e/ f;yK d/ xo ;kVd/ d/y/ rJ/. pbke (n?e;) d/ e[S pu/ j'J/ f;yK B/ dZf;nk fe g[fb; T[jBK B{z pukD d/ pjkB/ xo'A pkjo b? nkJh ns/ fco T[jBK B{z GhV d/ jtkb/ eo fdsk frnk. pu/ j'J/ ftneshnK s'A gsk brdk j? fe jwbkto Bkb brd/ ikN fgzvK ftu'A nkJ/ ns/ T[jBK Bkb ;EkJh xN ikshnK tkb/ b'e nrtkJh eo oj/ ;B. ihgK nkfd ftu eKro; (nkJh) d/ bhvo s/ efozd/ n?;h GhV d/ nk; gk; x[zwd/ d/y/ rJ/. ;EkJh eKro; (nkJh) dk bhvo wkbk okw fszB ;' pzd/ b? e/ nkfJnk ns/ T[;B/ nkgDh nrtkJh EZb/ b[Nwko, ;kV c{e ns/ esb eotkJ/. JhPto f;zx, ;shw e{o?Ph, P"ehB ns/ okfizdo f;zx, eKro; (nkJh) d/ efozd/ GhV B{z jdkfJsK fdzd/ ns/ f;ZyK d/ xo fdykT[Ad/ j'J/ d/y/ rJ/. fJe Bkw ;kv/ ;kjwD/ pko pko nkfJnk s/ T[j ;h wzr'bg[oh fJbke/ d/ n?wHghH ;iB e[wko dk. wzr'bg[oh fJbke/ d/ t;BheK B/ fJe nktkI ftu fejk fe fJj ;koh ;ehw ;iB e[wko dh ;h. e[S B/ fJj th fejk fe T[;B/ 100 o[g?nk iK fJe p'sb d/ e/ b'eK B{z

52

GVekfJnk.fJ;dk ;p{s fJ; s'A th fwfbnk id'A ;iB e[wko wzr'bg[oh d/ EkD/ nkfJnk, fiE'A fe f;ZyK B{z PBkoEh e?AgK ftu b? e/ ikD tkb/ ;B sK, f;yK B/ T[;d/ w{zj T[s/ rkbK eYhnK s/ jo rb dk I[zw/tko mfjokfJnk. ;iB e[wko B/ w'w'mrDh eod/ j'J/ fejk, “w/oh gkoNh s[jkB{z feT[A wko/rh id fe s[;hA ;kv/ wddrko j'.@ s/ fJj efje/ T[; B/ fdZbh d/ b?cNhB?AN rtoBo B{z ;G rZbdk i[zw/tko mfjokfJnk. pknd ftu n;hA id'A gzikph pkr e?Ag ftu rJ/ fiE/ wzr'bg[oh d/ e[S PobkoEh gj[zu u[e/ ;B, sK ;kB{z dZf;nk fe G[Zy/ PoBkoEhnK B/ ;iB e[wko dk G/fink bzro ykD s'A th fJBeko eo fdsk ;h. i' esb/nkw j'fJnk T[j fGnkBe ns/ d[ydkfJe ;h. puhnK f;Zy n"osK B/ ;kB{z dZf;nk fe fe; soQK T[jBK d/ pZu/ uho e/ d' ckV eo fds/ rJ/. T[jBK d/ gsh s/ bVfenK d/ e/; esb eoe/, ;bkyK Bkb e[ZN e/ fco fiT[Ad/ ;kV fdZs/ rJ/. wzr'bg[oh d/ 26 pbkeK ftu seohpB jo f;Zy d/ xo T[s/ jwbk ehsk frnk, sfjP BfjP ehsk frnk ns/ jo f;y B"itkB B{z esb' rkos dk fBPkBk pDkfJnk frnk. ;oekoh jbfenK tb'A fJ; p;sh ftu f;oc 9 esb j'J/ d;/ rJ/ go ;hHghHnkJh (n?w) dh fdZbh ;N/N ew/Nh tb'A xo' xo ehs/ E'V/ fij/ pbkeK d/ ;ot/yD s'A 51 esbK dk ;p{s fwfbnk. id'A 5 Btzpo B{z n;hA wzr'bg[oh rJ/ sK ;kB{z T[j irQk fdykJhnK rJhnK fiE/ fizdk f;Zy ;kV/ rJ/ ns/ wzr'bg[oh ns/ ;[bskBg[oh dk T[j Bkbk fdykfJnk frnk fiE/ eJh ;" bkPk ;[ZNhnK rJhnK. nkyo eko fszB Btzpo Bz{ wzr'bg[oh ftu c'i nkJh. Peog[o e?Ag ftu fJe f;Zy B/ ;kB{z dZf;nk fe ;kB{z GhV B/ xoK s'A pkjo eZY e/ fJe gkoe ftu b? nKdk ns/ T[j ;kB{z nZr bkD jh br/ ;B fe c'i nk rJh ns/ n;hA pu rJ/. c"i d/ nkD s'A gfjbK f;ZyK bJh e[S n?;/ fjzd{ ns/ w[;bwkBK dk jh ;jkok ;h fijBK B/ nkgDhnK ikBK i'yw ftu gk e/ T[jBK B{z{

53

PoB fdsh. T[jBK B{z xoK ns/ d[ekBK ftu S[gkfJnk frnk. fJe B"itkB w[;bwkB B/ ;kB{z df;nk fe fe; soQK T[;B/ eJh f;y nkdwh, n"osK ns/ pZu/ S[gk e/ PoBkoEh e?Ag ftu gjz[ukJ/. wzr'bg[oh tk;h, fJe fjzd{ ;hH bkb dk siopk ekch e[S do;Kdk j?. T[;B/ 1947 dk pNtkok f;nkbe'N s'A nKd/ B/ d/fynk ;h. T[;B/ T[j' jh fdB fJe dck fco d/y/ id'A T[;d/ Gok dh d[ekB b[N wko eoe/ ;kV fdZsh rJh fe feT[A fe T[;B/ eJh f;Zy gqtkoK B{z PoB fdZsh ;h ns/ nkgD/ fJbke/ ’u PKswJh ;zwsh pDk bJh ;h, fi; Bkb fe f;Zy pukJ/ ik ;eD.

JhH fsqb'eg[oh

iwBk gko dh fJj p;sh i' fe fdZbh d/ g{op tb j?, esb' rkos dk fJe fxBkT[Dk ns/ fGnkBe Bw{Bk j?. fJzdok d/ esb s'A pkd 48 xzfNnK d/ ftu ftu 200 f;y B"itkB ihAd/ jh ;kV fdZs/ rJ/. fi; ftu g[fb;, eKro; nkJh d/ efozd/ s/ ;EkJh pdwkPK B/ g{ok ;fj:'r fdsk.

pkeh fJbkfenK dh soQK fJE/ th gfjbK T[j' jh n|tkjK c?bkJhnK rJhnK fe f;y fJzdok d/ esb dh y[Ph ftu fwmkJh tzv oj/ jB. fJe j'o rb ;[BD ftu nkJh fe id'A fjzd{nK dh GhV r[od[nko/ T[s/ jwbk eoB nkJh sK f;yK B/ sbtkoK eZY bJhnK ns/ r[od[nko/ dh Ss s'A fJZNK to;kJhnK. ;kvh dfonk|s s'A fJj gsk bZrk fe, fe;/ B/ th f;ZyK B{z fwmkJh tzvd/ BjhA d/fynk. go e[S fJe B/ fJj dZf;nk fe r[od[nko/ s'A e[M f;Zy fjzd{ GhV r[od[nko/ tZb nkT[Adh d/y e/ sbtkoK bfjokT[Ad/ Io{o d/y/ rJ/. pu/ j'J/ b'eK, fjzd{ rtKYhnK ns/ e[S nypko Bth;K Bkb rbKpksK s'A pknd n;hA fGnkBe jkdf;nK B{z soshp d/ ;ed/ jK. fJ; dk nkozG T[d'A j'fJnk id'A fsob'eg[oh s'A fJe feb'whNo d{o efbnkBg[oh d/ fJe eKro; (nkJh) d/ efozd/ ns/ vkeNo nP'e

54

e[wko B/ fsb'eg[oh ftu 31 nes{po B{z fJe whfNzr ehsh. i' c;kd fJ; whfNzr s'A pknd GVe/ T[j nkgDh fJzsjk T[s/ d{;o/ fdB ;t/o/ jh gjzu[ rJ/. id'A Bkb d/ fubk fgzv d/ r[io fsqb'eg[oh gjzu[ /. T[jBK Bkb e[M ;EkJh b'e ;B. T[jBK B/ pbke 28, 32, 33 ns/ 34 ftu f;yK d/ xoK T[s/ eowtko jwbk ehsk. f;Zy B"itkB xVh;/ rJ/, f;oK T[s/ ;bkyK wkoe/, fwNh dk s/b gk e/ ;kV fdZs/ rJ/. 32 ns/ 31 pbke d/ ftueko e[S f;Zy gqtko M[rhnK ns/ M"AgVhnK ftu ofjzd/ ;B. T[j ;G ;kV fdshnK rJhnK ns/ ;ko/ nkdwh , (pu/ iK B"itkB) wko fds/ rJ/. y'i eoB T[s/ gsk brdk j? fe fJj fxBkT[Dk ezw eoB tkb/ fJbke/ d/ ikD/ gfjukD/ pdwkP b'e ;B. fJjBK ftu'A fJe xo Bzpo 90 pbke 32 dk ofjD tkbk ;'wBkE ;h fi;B/ eJh f;yK dk esb ehsk. fijBk ftu fJe j'fPnko f;zx ;g[so fwbkg f;zx ns/ fszB j'o f;y B'itkB ;B fijBK B{z fJ;B/ fJe xo ftu pzd eo fdsk ns/ fco j'o pzd/ fbnke/ ;G B{z esb eo fdZsk. n?;/ r[BkjkrkoK dh g{oh ;{uh nyho ftu fdZsh ik ojh j?. fJjBK c;kdekoK B{z s/b d/D tkb/ eJh d[ekBdko ;B. d'XhnK we?fBeK ns/ ;hw/AN dk ezw eoB tkb/ b'eK B/ th n?;/ ezw ftu fjZ;k gkfJnk. woB tkb/ rohp f;y we?fBe fw;soh ns/ wid{o finkdk ;B. fJE'A dh g[fb; dk th tshok T[jh ;h i' pkeh dh fdZbh g[fb; dk. fsob'eg[oh efbnkDg[oh EkD/ ftu g?Adh j?. fiE/ g[fb; dh e[Zb Bcoh 113 j? fJ; ftu fJe fJB;g?eNo s/ 90 f;gkjh jB. fJE'A dk EkD/dko fJe Btzpo tkb/ fdB 2H30 ti/ fsob'eg[oh gj[zfunk. T[;B/ nkT[Ad/ B/ jh g[fb; d/ j?v eK;N/pb ns/ fJe j'o eK;N/pb Bz{ T[E'A jNk fdZsk, sK fe c;kdekoK B{z nk ojh wkVh w'Nh o[ektN th d{o j' ;e/ . pkd dh fJBe[nkfJoh B/ fJj G/d y'fbnk fe fJE/ 14 ;kb s'A b? e/

55

50 ;kb se dhnK uko uko n"osK dk pj[g[oyh pbkseko ehsk frnk. i/HghH BkokfJD j;gskb ftu fsob'eg[oh ftu'A ;Zs n?;/ e/; doi eotkJ/ rJ/. esb' rkos dh fJsjk T[s/ th g[fb; tb'A fJ;B{z o'eD bJh iK esb j'D tkfbnK dh frDsh bJh e'Jh T[gokbk Bk ehsk frnk. 2 Btzpo Pkw d/ 5L30 ti/ g[fb; nc;o fBfyb e[wko B{z fog'oN fwbh fe pbke 32 ftu wko e[N j' ojh j?. g[fb; ezNo'b o{w B/ f;oc fszB iywh j'fJnK dh fo'goN foe'ov eo bJh. fJj foekofvzr T[; ;w/ A dh j? id'A fsob'eg[oh d/ eJh pbkeK B{z nZr brh j'Jh ;h ns/ eJh tk;h wko/ ik u[e/ ;B. fdZbh dh fJe nypko dk nypko Bth; 2 Btzpo Pkw d/ d' ti/ fsob'eg[oh gj[zfunk. pbke 28 ftu T[; dh eko T[s/ gEokt ehsk frnk. T[j efbnkDg[oh EkD/ gjzfunk[ sK T[;Bz{ EkD/dko ;[otho f;zx B/ fejk fe fJbke/ ftu g{oB PKsh j?. T[E/ T[;B/ EkD/ d/ pkjo fJe NoZe d/fynk fi; ftu uko bkPK ;B. fJe bkP jkb/ fjbdh i[bdh fiT[Adh ;h. T[j fog'oN eoB bJh d[pkok EkD/ tb w[fVnk sK T[;B/ fBIkw[dhB gZb[ EfbU 70 f;Zy n"osK ns/ pZu/ nkT[Ad/ d/y/ fijBK B/ T[;B{z df;nk fe T[jBK d/ wod ;ko/ wko/ rJ/ jB ns/ T[j ;G ikB puk e/ BZ; nkJ/ jB. T[; fog'oNo B/ c'i s'A wdd b?D dh e'fPP th ehs go ;cbsk Bk j' ;eh. feT[Afe Bk sK T[jBK c"ihnK dk j?ve[nkoNo Bkb e'Jh ;zgoe ofj frnk ;h s/ Bk jh T[jBK B{z e'Jh yk; fjdkfJsK jh ;B. nyho s/ fJj fog'oNo g[fb; nc;o fBfyb e[wko se gjzu[ frnk sK fBfyb e[wko B/ fejk fe T[j e[S BjhA eo ;edk. T[;dk gkoN fJe r?;N nkofN;N tork jh j?. fJj' fog'oNo T[;/ Pkw fco fsob'eg[oh gj[zfunk. T[E/ xo ;V/ gJ/ ;B ns/ bkPK jh bkPK BIo nk ojhnK ;B. T[jBK d/ ftu

56

fJe EkD/dko d' f;gkjhnK Bkb x[zw fojk ;h fi;B/ df;nk fe T[;B{z BjhA gsk fJj fedK j'fJnk. jB/o/ dh r[wz ;zw[ ftu fJj fog'oNo EkD/ gjzfunk[ sK T[E/ fJe g[fb; T[u nfXekoh B/ dZf;nk fJbke/ ftu PKsh j?. ohg'oNo B/ dZf;nk fe T[E/ xZN s'A xZN 300 bkPk gJhnK jB s/ g[fb; d/ j'o T[u nfXekoh fsqb'eg[oh gj[zu/. ;?ANob ohIot g[fb; d/ pzd/ T[E/ skfJBks ehs/ rJ/ ns/ pu/ y[u/ f;ZyK B{z nbZr nbZr pbkeK ftu'A eZY e/ fbnKdk frnk. Btzpo fszB ;t/o/ 7 ti/ id'A ;kvh Nhw fsob'eg[oh gj[zuh sK T[jBK B/ pj[s ;ko/ nX ;V/ pi[or n"osK s/ pZu/ fJe d{;o/ B{z ich gkJh w/B o'v dh y[bh yZbk ftu p?m/ d/y/. o'AdhnK n"osK B/ dZf;nk fe fe; soQK T[jBK d/ wod esb ehs/ rJ/ ns/ g[fb; B/ nkg fJj ezw eotkfJnk. eJhnK B/ dZf;nk fe eKro; (nkJh) d/ vkeNo nP'e e[wko B/ fJj ;G T[e;kfJnk. T[jBK dZf;nk fe g{o/ d' fdB fJE'A dh ;koh f;Zy t;'A c;kdekohnK d/ jZE ftu Sv fdZsh rJh id se fe ;hHnkoHghH BjhA nk rJh. n;hA fidK jh 32 pbke ftu tV/ ;kB{z ;VhnK bkPK dh pdp' nkDh P[o{ j' rJh fijVhnK fe xoK ftu ;V ojhnK ;B. g{oh ;Ve ;V/ ;wkB, ;e{No ns/ ;VhnK bkPK Bkb Goh gJh ;h. eZs[ / wBZyh[ wk; B'u oj/ ;B u{j/ bkPK B{z u[zv oj/ ;B. n;hA id'A fJj ;hB d/y oj/ ;K sK ;kB{z :kd nkfJnk fe nZi d/ g/goK B/ eh fbfynk j?. Btzpo d' dh jkbs T[s/ fNZgDhnK eofdnK b?cNhB?AN rtoBo dk fpnkB ;h fe fdZbh dh jkbs ezN'ob ftu j?. i' e[S n;hA d/y oj/ ;K T[; s'A n;hA fJ;/ jh Bshi/ T[s/ gjzu[ / fe jkbs tkeJh ezNo'b ftu j? ezNo'b ftu T[jBK b'eK d/ fijV/ fe gqpzXeh YKu/ d/ uVQkt/ s/ fgSb/ 48 xzfNnK ftu nkgDhnK fxBkT[DhnK ns/ esb'rkos dhnK ukbQK ftu ;cb j'J/ ;B.

57

fsob'eg[oh tk;h f;ZyK B{z nfXekohnK tb'A BjhA pbfe d' doiB tbzNoh ro[gK tb'A ykD dk okPB gj[zukfJnk frnk, ns/ vkeNoh wdd fdsh rJh. c;kdK ftu c;/ b'eK d/ ftueko jh fJe f;Zy n"os B/ fJe pZu/ Bz{ iBw fdsk. T[;Bz{ th vkeNoh wdd Bk fdsh rJh ns/ Bk jh iywhnK dh wbw gZNh ehsh rJh. fJjBK jh ro[gK B/ fjzd{ xoK ftu b[e/ f;ZyK Bz{ pkjo efYnk fijVk fe fibQk nfXekohnK d/ ;kjwD/ ehsk frnk. nfXekohnK B/ fJjBK f;ZyK B{z g{oh wdd d/D dk tkfJdk ehsk. n;b ftu fJj nfXekoh T[go'es ro[g tb'A ubkJ/ ik oj/ coP pkIko e?Ag B{z jh fJ;s/wkb eo oj/ ;B.

;jkfJsk ns/ g[Botk;

31 nes{po 1984 dh oks B{z fi; jZd se fGnkBe c;kd ns/ ;kVc{e dhnK tkodksK j'JhnK T[jBK dh o'PBh ftu fdbh d/ gqpzXeK B{z ;jkfJsk e?Ag bkT[D pko/ ;'uDk ukjhdk ;h. Bk jh ;oeko B/ ns/ Bk jh gqpzXeK B/ fJ; tb e'Jh fXnkB fdZsk. fi; Bkb T[jBK d/ Bk pdbD tkb/ ftT[jko pko/ gsk brdk j?. fizw/tko ;iBk B/ esb j'J/ Iywh j'J/, ftXtktK iK bktko; pZfunk dh ;jh o{g ftu frDsh eoB s'A th fJBeko eo fdZsk. fJE'A se fe r[od[nkfonK ftu PoB b? u[e/ p/xo b'eK dh j'Ad B{z wzBD s'A fJBeko eo fdsk j? fijV/ fe ;jkfJsk ns/ GZs/ d/ jZedko jB. gqpzXe f;oc 10 e?AgK B{z jh wkBsk d/ oj/ jB id e/ tbzNhno ;z;EktK, fi; soQK fe Bkrfoe J/esk wzu, B/ 16 j'o e?Ag br/ j'J/ d/ y/ jB ns/ fdZbh d/ pkjotko th j'o e?Ag jB. fJjBK e?AgK dh ;{uBk nzsek Bzpo 5 ftu doi j?. ;oekoh nzdki/ w[skpe p/xoK dh frDsh j? 20,000 go n;b ftu fJj frDsh 50,000 j?. ;oeko B/ n?;/ nzefVnK B{z nkgD/ fj;kp Bkb xNkD tXkD dh e'fPP eoe/ fJ; ftPkb ;wZf;nk B{z rzdbk eoB dh e'fPP ehsh j?. T[dkjoB d/ s"o s/ fdZbh d/ G{sg{ot g[fb; efwPBo B/ 2 Btzpo

58

1984 B{z fJe ekBcoz; ftu fejk fe, woB tkfbnK dh frDsh 15 iK 20 j?. fJ; d/ Bkb b?cNhB?AN rtoBo rtkJh B/ fejk fe “jkbs ezNo'b ftu j?@ (fJzvhnB n?e;gq?; Btzpo 3, 84) j[D woB tkfbnK dh ;qekoh frDsh 613 j? idfe fJe uPwdhd rtkj d/ w[skfpe fsob'eg[oh ftu jh ;?AeV/ bkPK gJhnK j'JhnK ;B. Btzpo 2, 1984 se ;jkfJsk eoB bJh e'Jh th edw BjhA gZ[fNnk frnk. T[; fdB gfjbh dck gqpzXeK B/ c"i dh ;jkfJsk Bkb b'eK B{z xoK ftu'A eZY e/ ;e{bK iK EkfDnk d/ ftu gj[zukfJnk. fJ; s'A pknd ;jkfJsk d/ e'Jh fuzBQ BIo BjhA nkJ/. p/Pe Bt/A pD/ b?cNhB?AN rtoBo fw;No tkbh B/ eJh dck n?bkB ehsk fe n;hA PoBkoEhnK B{z ezpb ns/ rZd/ T[jBK dh ;j{bhns bJh d/ oj/ jK. jIkoK f;Zy GZy[ / oj/ ns/ T[jBK Bz{ ;e{bK d/ toKfvnK ftu NZNh fgPkp eoBk fgnk. Iywh fpBk wbwgZNh d/ jh ewfonK ftu gJ/ oj/. ftXtktK B{z jwdodh d/ bcI efje/ T[jBK d/ rw ns/ r[Z;/ ftu Pohe j'D bJh e'Jh BjhA ;h. ;G s'A gfjbK ;jkfJsk ;EkBe e"wK B/ ehsh, fjzd{nK ns/ f;ZyK d/ r[od[nkfonK B/ ykDk b? e/ nkdK ns/ bzro dk fJzsIkw ehsk fw;kb d/ s"o s/ coP pkiko d/ fMbfwb eb'Bh ftub/ b'eK B/ fjzd{nK dh GhV dhnK XwehnK d/ pkti{d nkgD/ GKv/ fbnke/ bzro dk fJzsIkw ehsk. n?;/ jzrko[ / B/ eJh wzB/ gqwzB/ ftneshnK ns/ tbzNhno ro[gK B{z th ;jkfJsk bJh T[s;kjs ehsk. jIkoK ftfdnkoEhnK n"osK, NhuoK vkNeoK ns/ wPj{o BkrfoeK B/ PoBkoEh e?AgK dk fJzsIkw ehsk ns/ io{os dk ;kwkB fJeZmk ehsk. fdZbh d/ ;oekoh gqpzXe fes/ th BIo BjhA ;B nk oj/. fJ; w;b/ Bkb BfimD bJh fdZbh gqpzX B/ 4 Btzpo 1984 B{z fobhc efwPBo fpmk fdsk. 6 Btzpo B{z fdZbh d/ gqpzXeK B/ g[Botk; bJh fJe ;ehw dk n?bkB ehskns/ nbZr nbZr wfB;NohnK ftu'A

59

;?eNohnk dk fJe ;KMk ro[g nbr nbr e?AgK dk fJzBukoi pDk

fdsk. fi; okjhA esb j' u[e/ f;ZyK d/ T[sok nfXekohnK B{z fJe w"s fgS'A 10,0000 o[g?nK d/D dk T[gokbk eoBk ;h. ;ys iywhnK bJh

5000 o[g? ns/ xZN iywhnK bJh 1000 o[g?nk d/D dk T[gokbk eoBk

;h. fJBK jh g?;k fpbfvzrK d/ B[e;kB dk oZfynk frnk. Btzpo 7,

1984 gqkJhw wfB;No B/ nkgD/ PoBkoEh czv ftu'A ;jkfJsk d/ ezw

bJh 40 bZy o[g? d/D dk n?bkB eo fdZsk. j[D ;[nkb fJj g?dk j[zdk j? fe T[j g?;k feE/ frnk feT[Afe T[j e?AgK ftu sK gjzfunk[ jh BjhA. T[go'es ;ehw Bz{ f;o/ uVkB bJh Bk jh e'Jh m'; ;ehw pDkJh rJh ns/ Bk jh e'Jh J/iz;h yVh ehsh rJh. oki fBtk; d/ ;KM/ ezNo'b o{w Bz{ sK jkb/ PoBkoEh e?AgK dh g{oh frDsh th gsk BjhA ;h bZrh. id'A ;oeko B/ e[S eoBk th ukfjnk f;ZyK B/ T[jBK B{z d[oeko fdsk ns/ fJe e?Ag tkfbnK B/ sK fJe n?wHghH tb'A fbnKdk ykDk th ykD s'A fJzBeko eo fdZsk feT[Afe f;Zy fJj wfj;{; eod/ ;B fe fJ; esb' rkos ftu fJ; n?wHghH dk f;ZXk jZE j?. n;b ftu n?;/ ftneshnK dk nkrwD PoBkoEhnK dh ;jkfJsk eoB ftu o[ektN g?dk eo fdzdk ;h. e?AgK ftu p?m/ pZu/ p[ZY/ ns/ n"osK dh frDsh eoB dk e'Jh T[gokbk BjhA ehsk frnk. fJjBK ftu'A fe;/ Bz{ th PBkysh ekov BjhA fds/ rJ/ fi; Bkb fe T[j nkgDk GZsk jk;b eo ;eD ns/ j[D T[jBK B{z ekB{zBh nVuBk s/ nc;oPkjh dk ;kjwDk eoBk gJ/rk. gq?; dhnK fog'oNK d/ w[skpe d' eo'V o[g? s'A T[go dh b[N dk wkb g[fb; B/ cfVnk go b[ND tkb/ BjhA cV/ rJ/. fijV/ cV/ rJ/ T[j ;EkJh bhvoK d/ dyb d/D ekoB SZv fdZs/ rJ/. e'Jh n?;k sohek BjhA efYnk frnk fi; Bkb fe bZ[Nwko dk wkb g[fb; T[;d/ n;bh wkbeK se gj[zukD dk T[gokbk eo ;e/.

60

pj[s jh xN ehwsK s/ thvhU wPhBK ns/ NhHthH nkfd wkofeN ftu gfjbK jh fteDhnK P[o{ j' u[ehnK jB. fdZbh d/ gqpzeK B/ fJe jcs/ d/ ftu ftu jh f;yK Bz{ ipod;sh T[jBK d/ pu/ y[u/ xoK ftu G/iDk P[o{ eo fdZsk fiE/ f;oc e'bk iK ;[nkj jh puh j'Jh ;h. xo T[iV rJ/, ikfJdkd bZNh[ rJh, esb'rkos ns/ b[Nwko eoB tkb/ jkb/ th ;Vek ftu y[bQ/ fco oj/ jB. fJ; wkj"b ftu skIk :kdK B{z b? e/ f;Zy tkg; ikD s'A xpoKd/ jB. ;oekoh s"o s/ e[b 2960 b[N/o/ rfocsko ehs/ rJ/. T[jBK ftu'A ;?AeV/ iK sK IwkBsk T[s/ SZv fds/ rJ/ s/ iK ;EkJh okiBhfseK dh dyb nzdkIh ekoB t?;/ jh SZv fdZs/ rJ/. pVh p/ofjwh d/ Bkb ;oeko ns/ fdZbh d/ gqpzXeK B/ f;Zy gqtkoK B{z 50,50 o[gJ/ d/ e[ZM egfVnK dhnK rmK pDk e/, fdbh dhnK p;K ftu T[jBK B{z fpmk e/ tkg; Ipod;sh xoK tZb XZe fdZsk. T[jBK dh fjckis dk th e'Jh gqpzX BjhA ehsk frnk. ftPtkP ns/ puk eoB dk e'Jh wkj"b BjhA pDkfJnk frnk. c"i j'D d/ pkti{d bZ[Nwko ns/ esb eoB d/ fJek d[ek feZ;/ jkb/ th ;[BD ftu nk oj/ jB.

;oeko B/ vkeNoh ;jkfJsk, ;ckJh iK GZsk b?D bJh eb/w ckow th BjhA SgtkJ/ ns/ nkgD/ g{o/ ;kXBK dk fJ;s/wkb BjhA ehsk. fJe tbzNoh J/iz;h B/ nkgD/ ezNo'b j/m e?AgK bJh nkg ckow fsnko eotk e/ fds/. ;oeko dk fJj fxB"Dk sohek T[;/ jh eVh dk fj;k j?. fi; Bkb fJ;B/ gfjbK esb' rkos eotkJh ;h. ;oeko B/ PoBkoEh ns/ g[Botk; eotkD dh b'V B{z Gbk fe;soK BjhA wfj;{; ehsk< fJe gk;/ ;oeko ;jkfJsk eoB bJh ;jkfJe efwPBo fpmk okjhA ;h sK fco d{;o/ gk;/ fpBK fjckIs dh rozNh d/ f;ZyK B{z ipod;sh e?AgK ftu'A eZY e/ T[jBK d/ ;V/ c{e/ xoK tb XZe ojh ;h<

61

nkyoh fBu'V

fJ; esb'rkos d/ d"okB ;oeko dk ikD pZM[ e/ p/fXnkBk j'D Bkb ns/ ikDp[M e/ ;jkfJsk Bk eoBk, ns/ fxB'D/ toskt ekoD, fJjBK xNBktK dk okiBhse ns/ ;wkfie n;o pj[s d{o se wko eo/rk.

fJj pj[s jh rzGho rb j? fe ;oeko B/ fJ; ;ko/ fGnkBe ns/ fxB'D/ jkdf;nk pko/ e'Jh SkDphD BjhA eotkJh id fe fJj ;G e[M ;'uh ;wMh ;ehw d/ w[skpe jh j'fJnk ;h. fJzdok rKXh dh w"s ns/ w"s n?bkB j'D se ;Zs xzN/ dk ;wK ;h. fJj pVh p/;poh Bkb ikBD dh b'V j? fe fJjBK ;Zs xzfNnK d/

d"okB ;oeko B/ fjz;k ftu fxoD tkfbnK d/ puk dk e'Jh gqpzX feT[A BjhA ehsk< ;oekoh gkoNh d/ okiBhseK d/ gkJ/ fj;/ B{z gq?; B/ ekch BzfrnK ehsk. dpkn ftu nk e/ ;oeko B/ e[M fJe dh pdbh nkfd eoe/ u/jo/ pdb fdZs/. fJj io{oh j? fe, n;hA ;oeko dh fJ; ukb EZb/ Bk nkJhJ/. fJj c;kd pVh seVh ;ehw ns/ p/fw;kb esb' rkos Bkb eotkJ/ rJ/. wBK B{z gq/;akB eoB tkb/ eJh ;[nkb T[md/ jB. fJjBK dk itkp io{oh j?.

1H

2H

3H

fJzdok rKXh d/ esb ns/ w"s d/ n?bkB ftub/ ;Zs xzfNnK d/ coe d"okB ;oeko ns/ gqpzXeh YKuk eh eo fojk ;h< u/sktBh ns/ esb'rkos dhnK ;{uBktK d/ pkti{d ;oeko B/ fJ; B{z ;zihdk Bk ;wMe/ c"i feT[A BjhA p[btkJh< gqkJhw wfB;No d/ BIdheh eKro; (nkJh) ns/ e[S ftneshrs bhvoK B/ nkgD/ nkg B{z T[j skes fe; soQK d/ bJh fijVh fe wfB;NoK ns/ nc;oK e'b j[zdh j?<

(nkJh) ns/ e[S ftneshrs bhvoK B/ nkgD/ nkg B{z T[j skes fe; soQK d/ bJh fijVh
(nkJh) ns/ e[S ftneshrs bhvoK B/ nkgD/ nkg B{z T[j skes fe; soQK d/ bJh fijVh

62

4H

c"i B{z ;kc bciK ftu ezNo'b eoB bJh ns/ eofcT{ bkr{

5H

eotkD dhnK fe;B/ fjdkfJsK Bk fdshnK ns/ fJe ;KMk ezNo'b o{w feT[A Bk pBtkfJnk frnk< g[fb; d/ esb'rkos ftu fj;k b?D dk ns/ T[;d/ joes ftu

6H

Bk nkD dk fizw/tko e"D j?< ;'uh ;wMh ;ehw okjhA nZrK fe; B/ brtkJhnK<

7H

shB w{osh GtB ftu'A d{o doPB okjhA fds/ ik oj/ gq'rokw

8H

d/ d"okB GVekT{ Bkjo/ (y{B dk pdbk y{B) NhHthH T[s/ fdykT[D dh fJIkis feT[A fdsh rJh< nkgD/ w?ApoK tb'A gkJ/ rJ/ fjZ;/ pko/ eKro; (nkJh) B/ SkDphD feT[A BjhA eotkJh<

wzrk

1H

31 nes{po s'A b? e/ Btzpo d/ gfjb/ jcs/ d"okB c;kdK B{z

2H

eotkD ftu ;ehw pDkT[D ftu ns/ fco ;ehwK bkr{ eotkT[D ftu i' ;oekoh fjZ;k ns/ eKro; (nkJh) B/ gkfJnk j? T[; pko/ T[u doi/ dh gpfbe fJzBe[nkoh eotkJh ikJ/ ns/ T[;Bz{ c'oh s"o s/ b'eK ;kjwD/ fbnKdk ikJ/. T[; fJzBe[nkoh dk ;dek fJbIkw P[dk r[BkjrkoK B{z ekB{zB

3H

d/ sfjs nZr/ s'A T[dkjoD ekfJw eoB tkbhnK ;yas ;iktK d/DhnK ukjhdhnK jB. ;jkfJsk ns/ g[Botk; bJh uzrh ;[xV ns/ ;kc ;[Eoh gkfb;h fsnko eoe/ T[;B{z bkr{ eoB bJh n;odkfJe Yzr, c"oh s"o T[s/ ngBkfJnk ikJ/.

63

nzsek Bzpo 1H

nzse/

xNBktK dh soshp

(31 nes{po 1984) 09L40 fJzdok rKXh dk esb

10L00 ;ko/ ;hBhno nc;oK B{z ;{uBk ns/ j' ;eD tkbhnK xNBktK dh ;zGktBk. 10L 30 gqkJhw wfB;No d/ xo pukT[D bJh rZbpks ns/ c"i p[bkT[D dh ;bkj fdZsh rJh. j'oBK d/ Bkb Bkb fJ; whfNzr ftu fdZbh d/ g[fb; efwPBo, b?cNhB?AN rtoBo ns/ n?wHn?bH c's/dko Pkwb j'J/. 11L00 nkekPpkDh okjhA gqkJhw wfB;No T[s/ ehs/ ikBh jwb/ dh ;{uBk. 12L00 nkePpkDh B/ n?bkB ehsk fe, gqkJhw wfB;No j;gskb ftu j?. 13L30 nk;No/bhnk d/ o/vhU B/ fJzdok rKXh dh w"s dh ;{uBk d/ fdZsh. 14L00 nypkoK d/ dcsoK ;kjwD/ p'ovK T[s/ fJzdok rKXh B{z esb eoB tkb/ d' f;Zy jB ns/ fJe f;o w{zj w[zfBnk f;y j? fby fdZsk. 16L00 nkb fJzvhnk w?vheb fJz;NhfuT{N (AIIMS) d/ ;kjwD/ c;kd P[o{. skfJBks jfEnkopzd g[fb; d/ ;kjwD/ f;ZyK dh wko e[NkJh P[o{ ns/ T[jBK dhnK gZrK B{z ;kfVnk frnk. 18L00 nkekPtkDh tb'A fJzdok rKXh dh w"s d/ n?bkB d/ Bkb Bkb okiht rKXh Bz{ gqkJhw wfB;No dh ;jz[ u[ekJ/ ikD dk n?bkB ns/ fszB e/Adoh wzsohnK d/ BktK dk n?bkB.

64

22L00 fdZbh d/ eJh fjZf;nK ftu c;kd ns/ nZrK bZrDhnK P[o{. 23L00 fJe ;hBhno nc;o B/ fdZbh dh jkbs pko/ j'w wfB;No B{z c'B ehsk. efjzd/ jB fe j'w wfB;No B/ fejk fe jkbs ezNo'b ftu jB. ekch oks r[Io ikD T[s/ gqkJhw wfB;No d/ ;eZso ns/ j'w wfB;Noh tb'A ekB{zB dh jkbs gqyD bJh T[u gZXoh whfNzr. d{;o/ fdB seohpB 14L00 ti/ c"i B{z fsnko ofjD bJh fejk frnk. Btzpo 1, 1984 ;kok fdB ns/ ;koh oks b[ZN wko, esb'rkos, ;kV c{e ns/ c;kd ;koh fdZbh ftu ubd/ oj/. nc;'; eoB tkb/ ;kok fdB shB w{osh iKd/ oj/. ;[Gk ^ fdZbh d/ wPj{o Bkrfoe, fijBK dh fgm G{wh c"ih ;h ns/ e[M fJe w?Apo gkobhw?AN B/ fdZbh ftu c"i p[bkT[D dh io{os wfj;{; eod/ j'J/, fw;No f;t ;zeo, fw;No Bof;wjk okU, b?cNhB?AN rtoBo ns/ okPNogsh Bkb ;zgoe g?dk ehsk. j'w wfB;No B/ ;{uBk fdZsh fe, c"i p[bkT[D bJh ;kc ns/ f;ZXhnK jdkfJsK ukjhdhnK jB ns/ T[jBK bJh fJe ;KMk ezNo'b o{w th ukjhdk j?. fsob'eg[oh nkfd ftu esb'rkos P[o{ j' rJh. 14L00 c"i p[bkJh rJh. 14L00 fPt Pzeo B/ fw;No rtkJh Bkb ;zgoe g?dk ehsk. fw;No rtkJh B/ fejk fe eofcT{ bkT[D pko/ ;'funk ik fojk j?. 16L00 uoB f;zx okPNogsh Bz{ fwfbnk ns/ jkbs pko/ dZ;d/ j'J/ c"i d/ ;jko/ bJh fejk. 18L00 nfB;us ;w/A bJh eochT{ bkr{ eo fdZsk frnk. 18L30 fJe w?Apo gkobhw?AN B/ j'w wfB;No B{z fdZbh dh jkbs pko/ dZf;nk ns/ fejk fe c"i fes/ BIo BjhA nk ojh. 20L00 gqkJhw wfB;No B/ fto'Xh fXoK d/ bhvoK Bz{ fejk fe fdZbh ftu c"i ekch BjhA j?.

65

oks L f;ZyK dk Gkoh skdkd ftu esb. c"i tb'A fJe th r'bh Bk ubkJh rJh ns/ Bk jh r;s ehsh rJh. fdZbh d/ gkDh ftu Ifjo fwbktN pko/ nctkj ns/ fJ; nctkj dh fdZbh d/ eJh g[fb; EkfDnk B/ wdd ehsh. Btzpo 2, 1984 gqkJhw wfB;No (fJzdok rKXh) dh bkP ;oekoh nc;'; bJh oZyh rJh. ;kok fdB eochT{ ns/ d/yd/ r'bh wkoB dk j[ew. fdZbh B{z nkT[D tkbhnK ;kohnK o/b rZvhnK w[nsb. nc;'; eoB tkb/ ;kok fdB shB w{osh iKd/ oj/. 08L00 fJe n?wHghH B/ o/bK dh fjckIs bJh fPt e[wko Bz{ fejk. B'NL o/bK bJh e'Jh c"ih fjckIs Bk fwbh ns/ NkJhwI nkc fJzvhnk Btzpo 3, 1984 d/ w[skfpe j[D sZe 43 f;Zy esb eo fdZs/ rJ/. 13L30 fdZbh dh jkbs pko/ fJe n?wHghH B/ fw;No fPt e[wko B{z dZf;nk. fPt e[wko B/ j'w wfB;No, b?cNhB?AN rtoBo, feqPBk ;tkwh, okU ;kfjp ns/ fw;No tkbh B{z bZGD dh e'fPP ehsh go Bkekw:kp oj/. pkd d[gfjo^ ;[bskBg[oh ns/ wzr'bg[oh ftu esb jzd[ / oj/. e[M PKsh wkou fBeb/. jfEnkopzd g[fb; d/ ;kjwD/ fjzd{nK d/ ro'j ;bkyK ns/ fsoP{b b? e/ x[zwd/ oj/. Pkw ^ gqXkB wzsoh tb'A PKsh bJh nghb ns/ fejk frnk fe, T[j c;kd BjhA eoB dJ/rk. oks L Pfjo d/ e[M fjZf;nK ftu esb ns/ c;kd ukb{ oj/. e[M f;Zy EkfDnK ftu nk rJ/. c"i B/ Bk jh rPs ehsh s/ Bk jh fJe th r'bh ubkJh. Btzpo 3, 1984 09L00 s'A 20L00 sZe eochT{ ftu fYZb eo fdZsh rJh. Pfjo d/ nkb/ d[nkb/ c;kd j[zd/ oj/.

66

;[Gk L pj[s ;ko/ BkrfoeK B/ eKro; (nkJh) ns/ fto'Xh fXoK d/ n?wHghIH B{z uZb oj/ esb ns/ b[ZNwko pko/ dZf;nk. 12L30 shBw{osh s'A ;;eko eoB bJh ib{; fBeb s[fonk. pknd d[gfjo L vo Bkb ;fjw/ j'J/ f;Zy r[od[nkfonK ns/ EkfDnK ftu ik tV/. 16L00 PKsh tB ftu fJzdok dh fusk B{z nZr bkJh rJh. 23L30 b?cNhB?AN rtoBo ghHihH rtkJh SZNh[ T[s/ ns/ fw;No n?wHn?wHe/ H tkbh T[jBK dh irQK s/ fB:[es. Btzpo 4, 1984 Pfjo ftu eofcT{ bZrk fojk. gZSwh gN/b Bro ftu ;[go pkIko b[ZfNnk frnk. Pkjdok, pdog[ok ns/ nBzd gqps ftu S[o/ pkih dhnK xNBktK. e/Adoh tikos tXkJh rJh. seohpB 50,000 f;Zy PoBkoEh e?AgK ftu. eJh tbzNoh ro[gK tb'A ;jkfJsk nkozG. Btzpo 5, 1984 5L00 s'A 21L00 se eofcT{ ftu fYb. u{Bk wzvh ftu fJe d{i/ T[s/ r'bhnK wkohnK rJhnK. BZE{ u"e ftu d' f;Zy ihAd/ ;kV fdZs/ rJ/. pj[s ;ko/ e?AgK ftu jkbsK T[s/ ezNo'b BjhA. Btzpo 6, 1984 05L00 s'A 21L00 se eofcT{ ftu fYb. ;ko/ ;eZso e?AgK bJh skfJBks. e?AgK dk gqpzX c"i e'b'A b? e/ Pfjoh gqpzXeK B{z d/ fdZsk frnk. ;jkfJsk dh ;ehw dk n?bkB. go ;oeko tb'A Btzpo 11 se e'Jh ckow Bk SgtkfJnk frnk. pkd ftu tbzNoh r[ogK tbA' ckow SgtkJ/ rJ/.

nzsek Bzpo 2

uPwdhB rtkjK tb'A xNBktK dk t/otk gZsoeko d/t dZsL 31 nes{po 1984 B{z nkv fJzvhnk w?vheb fJz;NhfuT{N d/

67

;kjwD/ 3000 s'A b? e/ uko jIko se GhV fJeZmh j' u[eh ;h. pj[s/ Bkjo/ fJzdok rKXh dh f;cs ftu bZr oj/ ;B ns/ e[S fJe Bkjo/ pdbk bT{ GktBk Bkb. go GhV ftu e'Jh fyukt iK sBkt BjhA ;h. GhV ftu e[S f;Zy th BIo nk oj/ ;B. T[jBK f;ZyK d/ u/jfonK T[go e'Jh vo dh GktBk BIo BjhA ;h nk ojh p/Pe jo fJe B{z gsk ;h fe gqXkB wzsoh dk esb eoB tkb/ f;Zy ;B. n;ha e[S fJe f;ZyK Bkb T[jBK dhnK fdbh GktBktK ikBD bJh rbpks th ehsh. T[jBK f;yK B{z fjzd{nK d/ Goksqh Gkt pko/ g{ok j";bk ;h. fJ; soQK brdk ;h fe T[jBK Bz{ fjzd{nK pko/ e'Jh Pe dh rzikfJP[ BjhA j?. T[j fe;/ xpokjN dk gqrNk BjhA eo oj/ ;B. r?o f;ZyK B{z f;ZyK dh GhV ftu j'Ad dk fi; soQK fe nfj;k; jh BjhA ;h. fJj GhV gqXkB wzsoh dh bkP pkjo eY/ ikD dh T[vhe ftu ;h ns/ ;cdo izr j;gskb d/ Bkb dhnK rbQhnK ;VeK ftu :ksk:ks nkw tKr uZb fojk ;h. w?A nkb fJzvhnk w?vheb fJz;NhfuT{N d/ Bkb brd/ u"o;s/ ftu yVk ;K fe w?A d/fynk fe 30^40 fjzd{ B"itkB GhV ftu'A fJe dw fBeb e/ pkjo nkJ/ ns/ fszB fszB uko uko dh ckfJb pDk e/ fJ; u"o;s/ tZb d"V e/ nk rJ/.fco fJj roZ[g nkJhHn?BHJ/H wkofeN tZb tfXnk. T[jBK B/ fJe ;e{No x/o e/ T[; B{z nZr bk fdZsh. fJ; wkofeN d/ Bkb brd/ g?N'bq gzg bkr/ No?fce o[fenk j'fJnk ;h. fJj ro[g fco fgS/ w[fVnk. ;cdoizr j;gskb d/ e'b dh fozr o'v s'A j[zdk j'fJnk ;o'iBh Bro tb tfXnk. T[jBK B/ pZ;K o'e e/ f;Zy EZb/ bkj[D/ P[o{ eo fdZs/ ns/ T[jBK dhnK grK bkj fdZshnK. w?A fozr o'v T[s/ gzi gZrK fJe bkJhB ftu ;VdhnK d/yhnK. T[; tes g[fb; fJ; fJbke/ ftu BjhA ;h. fJ; ro[gZ Bz{ g{oh nkIkdh ;h. seohpB 20 e[ fwzN pkd ykeh todh ftu e[S fJe pzd/ nkJ/ ns/ T[jBK B/ fJjBK Pokos eoB tkfbnK B{z T[E'A BmkDk P[o{ eo

68

fdZsk. 31 nes{po B{z j;gskb ;kjwD/ fJe' dw c;kdK d/ GVe ikD dh e'Jh ;wM BjhA nkJh. j' ;edk j? fe GhV dh ykw'Ph B/ fJe dw n?;/ b'eK d/ iipksK B{z GVek fdsk i' fJzdok d/ esb dk pj[s d[y wfj;{; eo oj/ ;B. go fJe ;tkb g?dk jzdk[ j? fe T[j fejV/ b'e ;B fijV/ fJe dw GhV ftu'A fBeb/ ns/ j[bVpkIh P[o{ eo fdZsh < itkjo bkb Bfjo{ :{Bhtof;Nh d/ gq'c?;o fdgKeo r[gskL fJe Btzpo ;[Gk 11 ti/ w?A fgq:k f;B/wk d/ bkr/ p;zs pjko r[od[nko/ d/ gk;'A bzx fojk ;K fe w?A seohpB 60 e[ B'itkBK B{z r[od[nko/ T[s/ jwbk eofdnK d/fynk. T[E/ w'fYnK T[s/ pzd{eK bwekJh uko g[fb;hJ/ th ;B fijVK B/ w{zj c/o e/ f;Bw/ tb e{u eo fdZsk. T[;/ fdB ;t/o/ 9 tZie/ 20 fwzN T[s/ w?A :{Bhtof;Nh d/ r/N T[s/ yVk ;h fiE / w ?A d /fynk fe eJh B'itkB I 'o P 'o Bkb nctkj c ?bk oj / ;B fe e[S fJe f;ZyK B/ ;N/B rzBK b? e/ fjzd{nK T[s/ jwbk eo fdZsk j?. ns/ e[S fjzd{ wko th fdZs/ jB. :{Bhtof;Nh d/ fJe g[okD/ ftfdnkoEh Gos f;zx B/ fejk fe T[;B/ f;ZyK B{z fjzd{ wkod/ j'J/ d/ fynk j? ns/ g[okDh ns/ BthA :{Bhtof;Nh d/ ftuekob/ njks/ ftu fszB bkPK th gJhnK jB. id'A e[S fJe nfXnkgeK s/ ftfdnkoEhnK B/ T[;B{ Bkb ik e/ bkPk fdykD bJh fejk sK T[j rkfJp j' frnk. fJe Btzpo ;t/o/ 9 tZie/ 20 fwzN s'A b? e/ ;kY/ d; ti/ se jfonkDk gqd/P eKro; (nkJh) ew/Nh dh fJe eko :{Bhtof;Nh d/ uZeo brkT[Ad/ d/yh rJh. w?Bz{ fJj BjhA gsk fe eh fJ; ftu :{Bhtof;Nh d/ w[zv/ th ;B iK BjhA. go w?A fJ; eko ftub/ b'eK B{z nctkjK c?bk oj/ pzfdnK Bkb bzwh d/o se rbpks eod/ d/fynk. seohpB d; tie/ 40 fwzN T[s/ fJe jo/ ozr dh nzp/;vo eko nk e/ r/N T[s/ o[eh ns/ T[; ftu'A fszB uzr/ yKd/ ghAd/ fd;d/ b'e T[so/. fJj e'Jh 40 s'A 45 se dh T[wo d/ brd/ ;B. T[jBK ftu' fJe r/N bkr/ yV/ ftfdnkoEhnK ns/ nfXnkgeK e'b nk e/ efjD bZrk fe f;Zy, fjzd{nK

69

B{z p/sjkPk wko oj/ jB. s[;hA ;ko/ xo'A xoh ub/ ikT[ BjhA sK s[;h

th cZNV iK wko/ ik ;ed/ j'. i/Hn?BL:{L d/ okBhse ftfrnkBe d/ ftGkr dk w[yh gq'L nPtBh o/L

1 Btzpo 1984 tkb/ fdb ;[Gk 10 ti/ s/ T[; s'A pkndL G'rb wkofeN ftu g[fb; w'No ftu uko g[fb;hJ/ ;B. w?A xo' pkjo fBebd/ B/ X{znk T[mdk d/fynk, fJe tZv/ NkfJo d/ cZND dh nktkI nkJh ns/ w?A nukBe jh g[fb; w'No eko B{z G'rb wkofeN

d/ wE[ok o'v tkb/ gkf;UA fJe ;V oj/ NoZe bJh o;sk pDkT[Ad/ j'J/

nkT[aAd/ d/fynk. fJ; NoZe B{z nZr bkT[D tkbk jh fJ; B{z ubk fojk ;h. nZr bkT[D tkbk Skb wko frnk ns/ NoZe ;Ve d/ Bkb b'j/ dhnK gNVhnK T[s/ g[fb; s'A f;oc 15 e[ whNo dh ftE T[s/ ik e/ NeokfJnk. id'A uko/ gkf;nK s'A nZr bZrh j'Jh ;h sK g[fb; ekoK ftu nypkoK

gVQ ojh ;h ns/ ukj gh ojh ;h. w?A g[fb; B{z ik e/ c;kdhnK B{z o'eD bJh fejk sK T[j efjD bZr/ sz{ nkgD/ ezw Bkb wsbp oZy. G'rb ftu 70^80 NoZe gfjbK jh ;V oj/ ;B ns/ X{znK T[v fojk ;h. E'Vh d/o pknd w?A N?e;bk NhHthH ;oft; ;?ANo Bz{ nZr dh bg/

N ftu d/fynk. b[ZN wko eoB tkb/ g[fb; d/ ;kjwD/ jh Nhth nkfd

bZN[ e/ fbik oj/ ;B. e[M g[fb;hnK B/ T[jBK Bz[ ibdh ibdh ezw ysw eoB bJh fejk. T[;/ tes w?A jfEnkpzd fjzd{nK dh GhV B{z e[M fJe f;ZyK B{z x/od/ d/fynk i' fe x/o/ xo d/ B/V/ jh ;B. w?A BZ; e/ g[fb; B{z c'B eoB bJh xo tfVnk go w?B{z ezNo'b o{w 100 dk c{B Bk fwb ;fenk.

nZX/ xzN/ d/ ftu jh w?A fJe fxBkT[Dk ;hB d/fynk. y{zi/ d/

fJe xo dh d{;oh wzIb d/ poKv/ ftu seohpB 80 e[ f;Zy Skb wkoB

B{z fsnko j[zd/ d/y/. T[jBK ftu d[ZX u[zxd/ pZfunK s'A b? e/ 80 ;kb sZe

70

d/ pI[or s/ shthnK th ;B. w/o/ vo dh fJzsjk j' rJh, id'A w?A T[; bkJB ftu eJh xoK B[z nZrK bZrhnK j'JhnK d/yhnK ns/ jfEnkopzd fjzd{nK dhnK GhVK xoK s'A pkjo, f;ZyK d/ pkjo fBebD bJh T[vhe eo ojhnK ;B. e[M BkrfoeK B/ n?;/ f;ZyK dh ;jkfJsk ehsh ns/ nk;ok fdZsk. e[M fJe BkrfoeK B/ vhc?A; ew/Nh pDk bJh fJ; ;G d/ d'okB oks d/ seohpB 10 ti/ ;?ANob ohIot g[fb; c'o; dh N'bh fJ; fJbke/ ftu nkJh ns/ fJj efj e/ jB/o/ ftu nb'g j' rJh fe, pZshnK pzd eoe/ xoK ftu jh oj'. p/Pe skV oZyD tkbh oZfyne N'bh B/ e[M pZshnK irdhnK oZyD bJh b'eK B{z fejk ;h go fco th b'eK B/ g[fb; dh rZb wzBh i'fe fco w[V e/ tkg; T[; fJbke/ ftu Bk nkJh.

;tZgB bfjoh ^ fJzihBhno

fJe Btzpo, pknd d[gfjo v/Y e[ ti/ w?A 50^50 fjzd{nK dk fgZSk ehsk.fijBK e'b bkmhnK ns/ ;bkyK ;B ns/ fJj gkobhw?AN ;NohN s'A okJ/ ;hBk o'v tZbh ik oj/ ;B. T[E/ T[jBK B/ Gkosh izsk gkoNh d/ n?wHghH. nNb fpjkoh pkigkJh d/ xo tVB dh e'fPP ehsh go T[E/ oZfynk eo ojh g[fb; ns/ T[;d/ e[M j'o pzfdnK B/ fJj Bk j'D fdZsk. fJ; GhV B/ pkigkJh B{z rkbQK eZYhnK ns/ fco gq?; ebZp N?e;h ;N?Av tZb tX/, fiE/ fJe vhn?bn?e; N?e;h ns/ ekoK B[{z nZr bk fdZsh. id ftd/Ph Nhth tkfbnK B/ c'N' b?D dh e'fPP ehsh sK T[jBK B{z wBQK eo fdZsk frnk. fco fJj GhV okJ/;hBk o'v d/ eKro; (nkJh) d/ dcso ftu rJh ns/ nkgD/ nkg B{z fco ;zrms ehsk. fJ; ro[Zg dk fJe fjZ;k fJE'A uZb e/ iBgE u"o;s/ tZb tfXnk ns/ efwT{fB;N gkoNh nkc fJzvhnk d/ dcso ftu tV e/ ;bkyK Bkb dotki/ pkohnK GzB fdZshnK.

71

w?A fJe N?e;h nkT[Adh d/yh. GhV B/ T[; B{z o'e e/ T[; d/ PhP/ GzB fdZs/ vokJhto B/ jZE i'V/ fe T[j fjzd{ j?, go GhV Bk jNh. ibdh jh eKro; (nkJh) dk Mzvk bkJh fJe ihg nk e/ o[eh ns/ fJe pzdk EZb/ T[sfonk. T[; B/ GhV B{z e[M jdkfJsK fdZshnK ns/ fco ubk frnk. GhV T[E'A jN e/ fJe j'o gk;/ s[o gJh ns/ w?A T[E'A nk frnk. fJ; ;ko/ tes d"okB w?A g[fb; B{z f;oc yVQ/ jh d/fynk. T[; B/ GhV B{z o'eD dh fJe th e'fPP BjhA ehsh.

;[dhg wi[wdko, gZsoeko

seohpB 10 fjzd[;skBh ns/ gzi ftd/Ph gZsoekoK d/ ;kjwD/ Btzpo 5, Pkw d/ ;kY/ 5 ti/, g[fb; efwPBo n?;H;hH NzvB ohg'oN d/ fojk ;h. fJe fog'oNo B/ T[; B{z fJ; ohg'oN T[s/ fNgDh d/D bJh fejk fe, e[M fJe eKro; (nkJh) d/ n?wHghH ns/ j'o pzd/ EkfDnK ftu'A nkgD/ pzd/ S[vkD bJh i'o gk oj/ jB. g[fb; efwPBo B/ fJjBK rZbK B{z wzBD s'A fJBeko eo fdZsk ns/ ohg'oNoK tb'A i'o d/D T[s/ T[; B/ ;kc efj fdZsk fe, fe;/ th eKro; d/ pzfdnK B/ n?;h joes BjhA ehsh. n?B T[E/ w"e/ T[s/, ;do jbe/ dk eKro; (nkJh) dk n?wHghH irdhP NkJhNbo I'o Bkb dotkIk y'bQ e/ nzdo nk frnk ns/ T[; B/ Gog{o T[uh nktkI ftu g[fb; efwPBo s'A wzr ehsh fJj eh j? fw;No NzvB< w?A i' s[jkB{z fejk ;h, T[j s[;hA jkb/ sZe feT[A BjhA ehsk<

ohg'oNo y[P j' rJ/. efwPBo Pow;ko ;h. go NkJhNbo T[;/ soQK uhe fojk ;h sK fJe fog'oNo B/ efwPBo B[z fejk fe T[j fJ; o"bk gkT[D tkb/ B{z gq?; ekBcoz; ysw j'D se pkjo o[eD bJh ej/ sK irdhP NkJhbo T[; ohg'No s/ Mgfenk fe w/oh rZb fInkdk io{oh j? sK ohg'oNo B/ efwPBo B{z fejk fe, i/eo fJj ukj/ sK p?m ;edk j? s/ c;kdK ftu fJ; tb'A gkJ/ rJ/ fjZ;/ pko/ i' ;[nkb T[BQK B/ gZSD[ / jB, T[BQK Bz{ th ;[D ;edk j?. irdhP NkfJNbo d/ wzj{ ftu'A MZr

72

fBeb ojh ;h go T[j nkbk d[nkbk GKg e/ p?m frnk ns/ fejk fe “w/o/ pzd/ cV e/ s[;hA ;jkfJsk eoB ftu o[ektN gk oj/ j'.@ fco T[; B/ ftd/Ph gZsoekoK e'b rZg wkoh fe “w/o/ u'D jbe/ ftu fJe th ;oBkoEh e?Ag BjhA j?. w?A fJ; rZb dk :ehB eo fbnk j? fe jo fJe B{z fjckIs d/ e/ T[jBK d/ xo G/i fdZsk ikJ/.@ fJ; jkd;/ B/ g[fb; efwPBo B{z u[Zg eotk fdZsk ns/ ohg'oNoK B{z eKro; (nkJh) d/ gkJ/ fjZ;/ dk j'o ;p{s fwb frnk.

okjb[ e[bdhg p/dh

wkocs fJzvhnB n?e;gq?; pjkd[o Pkj Ico wkor, BthA fdZbh ^ 1100 002 5 Btzpo 1984 b?cNhB?AN rtoBo fdZbh. ;qhwkB ih ` fJ; gZso d/ Bkb w?A fszB ;hBhno g[fb; nc;oK dh fPekfJs eo fojk jK, fijBK B/ e'Jh jdwodh Bk fdykT[Ad/ j'J/ ns/ coiK dh e'skjh eod/ j'J/ fjzd[;skB dh nkIkdh s'A pknd j'J/ nkgDh fe;w d/ fGnzeo s/ fxB"Dh esb'rkos eotkT[D ftu ;jkfJe j'J/ jB. w?A sfjfdb'A :ehB eodk jK fe, s[;hA Io{oh edw u[Ze'r/. nkg dk P[Gfuzse okj[b e[bdhg p/dh

ekgh

^ e/Adoh wzsoh (xo/b{)

^ j'w ;?eNoh, r"ofwzN nkc fJzvhnk

^ ;?eNoh, e?pfBN ;?eNohJ/N

^ uhc ;feT[foNh n?vtkJhIo, e?pfBN ;?eNohJ/N

^ :{H n?BH nkJhH

73

^ ghHNhHnkJhH

^ ;N/N;w?B$NkJhwI nkc fJzvhnk$fjzd[;skB NkJhwI$g?NohnkN$d?fBe ;wkuko$BtGkos NkJhwI$N?bhrokc$coh gq?;$ ;ko/ tZv/ nypko ns/ o;kb/.

wkocs fJzvhnB n?e;gq?; pjkdoPkj ico wkor BthA fdZbh ^ 110002 Btzpo 5, 1984

g[fb; efwPBo

fdZbh g[fb;, fdZbh ;qhwkB ih ` n?stko, Btzpo 4 dh g[fb; j?ve[nkoNo ftu s[jkv/ Bkb j'Jh whfNzr s'A pknd w?A, fw;No n?uH;hH i?st, nkJhHghHn?;H n?vhPBb efwPBo nkc g[fb; fdZbh ns/ g{oph fib/Q d/ ;/tk dk; nkJhHghHn?;H fvgNh efwPBo nkc g[fb; T[s/ feqwhBb e'skjh dh fPekfJs doi eotkT[Dh ukjKrk. fJj nkgD/ coiK dh e'skjh eoB d/ fIzw/tko jB. fi; eoe/ fsob'eg[oh ftu 30 xzfNnK d/ d"okB seohpB 350 pzfdnK dk esb ehsk frnk fijVk fe 2 Btzpo Bz{ ysw j'fJnk. s[;hA fJ; dh scshP eoBk wzB fbnk j?. fsob'eg[oh ftu woB tkfbnK dh ;oekoh frDsh 95 j?. fJjBK dh e'skjh d/ ekoBK dh scshP fJ; gqeko j?L 1H Btzpo 2, 1984 dh ;t/o/ B{z id'A w?B{z esb/nkw dk gsk bZrk sK w?A ns/ fw;No i'f;c wbhnkeB fJzvhnB n?e;gq?; d/ ohg'oNo, Pkw d/ d' e[ ti/ fsob'eg[oh gjzu[ /. 32 Bzpo pbke s'A 500 whNo dh ftZE T[s/ ;kB{z fJe g[fb; okJhvo ns/ f;gkjh T[; pbke ftu'A nkT[Ad/ fwb/, fiE/ fe jkb/ th esb j' oj/ ;B.

74

2H

g[fb; okJhvo Bz{ id'A w?A yVQk eoe/ gZfSnk[ fe pbke d/ nzdo eh j' fojk j? sK T[j efjD bZrk fe ;G gk;/ u[Zg ukg j?. f;oc d' pzd/ esb j' rJ/ jB. id'A ;kvh eko nZr/ tXh sK ;kB{z GhV B/ o'e fbnk ns/ gZEo

3H

wko/ ns/ ;kB{z T[E'A ub/ ikD bJh fejk “BjhA sK Bshi/ G[rsD/ g?D/ jB@ T'[jBK fejk 32 Bzpo pbke ftu e'Jh Bjh ik ;edk. fsob'eg[oh d/ EkD/ efbnkDg[oh ftu ik e/ n;hA ;p

4H

fJB;g?eNo s'A T[; pbke ftu ikD (seohpB ;kY/ e[ fszB ti/) bJh wdd wzrh. T[j efjD bZrk fe g[fb; rPs d/ w[skfpe T[E/ ;G e[M mhe mke j? s/ t?;/ th T[; e'b nkdwh xZN jB. c"i dh ;jkfJsk th b?D ftu Bk ekw:kph fwbD s/ n;hA Pkw

5H

d/ 5 e[ ti/ g[fb; j?ve[nkoNo gj[zu/. n;hA N?bhc'B nN?Av eo oj/ fw;No fBfyb e[wko B{z ;koh jkbs dZ;h. T[; B/ d{;oh wzfIb T[s/ ;fEs ezNo'b o{w d/ fvT{Nh e?gNB B{z c'B eo fdZsk go fJj gZek BjhA ehsk fe, eh g[fb; G/ih ik ojh j? iK BjhA< Pkw d/ 6 ti e/ 5 fwzN T[s/ n;hA fsob'eg[oh ftu efbnkDg[oh

6H

EkD/ d/ EkD/dko fw;No J/HthH f;zx B{z d' f;gkjhnK Bkb fJe t?B ftu nkT[Ad/ t/fynk. T[; B/ fejk fe vhH;hHghH ;/tk dk; B{z ;G e[M d; fdZsk j? go T[j fvgNh efwPBo nkc g[fb; ;/tk dk; 7 ti/ sZe T[E/ BjhA gj[zfunk. ;kv/ g[fb; j?ve[nkoNo tkg; gj[zuD T[s/ fw;No fBfyb

7H

e[wko B/ fejk fe, ezNo'b o{w B{z jkbs dk gsk d/ e/ T[;dh fIzw/tkoh ysw j' rJh j?. id'A n;hA jkbs dh rzGhosk pko/ fw;No i?st T[s/ dpkn

75

gkfJnk sK T[; BH/ fBfyb s'A dfonkcs ehsk fe, f;oc ezNo'b o{w B{z jh dZ;d/ j'J/ T[; B/ fw;No i?st B{z T[/;/ tes jkbks pko/ feT[A BjhA dZf;nk id fe T[j f;oc T[sKj tkbh wzfIb ftu Pkw 5 ti/ nkgD/ dcso ftu jh ;h sK fBfyb e[wko B/ s's/ tKr oN bkJh oZyh fe, T[; B/ ezNo'b o{w B{z dZ; fdZsk ;h. 8H esb'rkos d/ P[o{ j'D s'A (Btzpo 1, ;[Gk 10 ti/) b? e/ 30 xzfNnK pknd, Btzpo 2 B{z Pkw d/ 7 ti e/ 45 fwzNK T[s/ fw;No i?st fsob'eg[oh gj[zfunk. w?A nk; eodk jK fe, coIK dh j/mh eoB tkb/ fJjBK g[fb; nc;oK s/ s[;hA n?ePB bt'r/, fijBK B/ nDrfjbh eoe/ fJ; esb'rkos ftu GkJhtkbh gkJh. ;jh ^ i'f;c wkfbnkeB ;jh ^ okj[b e[bdhg p/dh (fJ; fuZmh dh ekgh ;[GkP NzvB e'b 5 Btzpo 1984 B{z gj[zu rJh)

;[gohw e'oN nkc fJzvhnk d/ tehb fw; ekfwBh i?;tkbL

id'A n;hA Btzpo fszB tkb/ fdB gKv{ Bro r[od[nkok ;kfjp rJ/ sK T[E/ ;kB{zfJe fw;No gdw Powkl fwb/, fi; B/ nkgD/ nkg B{z fdZbh gqd/P eKro; (nkJh) ew/Nh dk gqXkB dZf;nk. T[; B/ ;kB{z fJj efj e/ tkg; G/iD dh e'fPP ehsh fe, “fJE/ e'Jh yokph BjhA, fJE/ ;G e[M mhe mke j?.@ go feT[Afe n;hA fJ; s'A fJe fdB gfjbK e[M fJe f;ZyK B[z fJE/ b[e/ j'J/ d/fynk ;h, n;hA r[od[nko/ d/ nzdo ikD bJh I'o gkfJnk. n;hA nzdo ik e/ pj[s ;ko/ f;Zy d/y/. fJjBK ftu'A e[M fJe d/ foPs/dko rD/P Bro ftu c;/ j'J/ ;B ns/ fJj ukjzd[ / ;B fe, fe;/ soQK T[jBK d/ foPs/dkoK B{z pukfJnk ik ;e/. n;hA nkgD/ nkg Bz{ g/P ehsk ns/ id'A n;hA pkjo fBeb e/ ikD bZr/ sK ;kvh eko T[s/ GhV tb'A jwbk eo fdZsk frnk ns/ ;kv/ T[s/ fJbIkw bkJ/ fe

76

n;hA r[od[nko/ ftu e[we gjzuk[ oj/ jK. fJjBK b'eK dh nrtkJh T[j' gdw Powk jh eo fojk ;h. pknd ftu GhV ftub/ fJe nkdwh B/ ;kBz{ dZf;nk fe fJj Powk jh fJE/ ;G e[M eotk fojk j? ns/ feT[Afe, fJj fJ; dk u'D jbek j?, fJ; eoe/ fe;/ dh dyb nzdkIh g;zd BjhA eodk. nzsek Bzpo 3 (;oekoh n?bkB ns/ nypko nkfd dk xNBktK pko/ t/otk) ;oekoh n?bkB p[ZXtko dh oks sZe g[fb; dh Gkoh rPs dk j[ew d/ fdZsk frnk ;h. dck 144 ;ko/ e/Adoh fJbe/ sZe tZXk fdZsh rJh ;h. fdZbh nkowv g[fb; dhnK ezgBhnK 6 g[fb; fifbnK ftu ;koh oks rPs eoB bJh G/i fdZshnK rJhnK ;B. g[fb; d/ B'fN; w[skfpe T[go'es fJzsIkw nkrkwh j[ew se fJ;/ soQK poeoko ofjDr/ ;Nkc ohg'oNo, dh ;N/N;w?B Btzpo 1, 1984 p[ZXtko oks B{z c"i B{z fsnko ofjD dk j[ew d/ fdZsk frnk ns/ pkovo ;feT[foNh g[fb; ;Zd bJh rJh feT[afe ;EkJh g[fb; e'b'A fJzdok rKXh d/ esb s'A pknd j' ojhnK ;kV c{e ns/ esb'rkos dhnK xNBktK T[s/ ekp{ BjhA gk j' ;fenk. ekB{zB nt;Ek B{z ;[XkoB ftu edw u[ZeD bJh T[u gZXoh rbpks gqXkB wzsoh d/ ;?eNohJ/N ns/ j'w wfB;Noh ftueko pZXtko[ oks sZe ubdh ojh sKfe fJzdok d/ esb s'A pknd c?b/ c;kdK B{z o'fenk ik ;e/. NkfJwI nkc fJzvhnk Btzpo 1, 1984 thotko B{z c"i p[bk bJh rJh BthA fdZbh d/ g[fb; fibQ/ B{z SZv e/ pkeh ;ko/ nfB;fus ;w/A bJh eochT{ bkr{ eo fdZsk frnk ns/ d/

77

yd/ ;ko r'bh wkoB dk j[ew fdZsk frnk feT[Afe fJzdok d/ esb s'A pknd 60 nkdwh wko/ rJ/ s/ 1000 Iywh j' rJ/. n?e;gq?; fBT{I ;oft; ^ fJzvhnB n?e;gq?; ^ Btzpo 2, 1984 thotko Bz{ fdZbh fwT{Af;gb efwPB B/ n?bkB ehsk fe “fdZbh dhnK N{NhnK dk gkDh ghD bJh wfjc{I j?.@ ghHNhHnkJhH Btzpo 2, 1984

xNBktK dh ohg'oN

ftGkr d/ gzi Bkrfoe efozfdnK B{z g[fb; tb'A e'Jh ;jkfJsk BjhA fwbh ns/ c;kdK ftu fxo/ fJbke/ ftu e'Jh g[fb; BIo BjhA ;h nk ojh. n?woi?A;h Bzpo 100 B{z rJhnK ekbK dk iK sk itkp jh BjhA fwfbnk s/ i/ fwfbnk sK xfVnk itkp fJj fe, e'Jh wdd BjhA j' ;edh. n?e;gq?; fBT{I ;oft;, fJzvhnB n?e;gq?; Btzpo 2, 1984 ;oeko d/ fJ; n?bkB dk fe, p[Xtko oks B{z g?okfwbNoh, ;?ANob foiot g[fb; ns/ pkovo ;feT[foNh g[fb; skfJBks eo fdZsh rJh j?, e'Jh n?;k pzdk rPs eodk BIo BjhA ;h nk fojk. fBIkw[dhB g[fb; EkD/ d/ fvgNh nc;o B/ fejk fe, “w?A ;?ANob foiot g[fb; ns/ pkovo ;feT{foNh c'o; B{z 10 tkoh c'B ehs/ jB, w?B{z jo tkoh fJj' fejk iKdk j? fe, e[M BjhA j' ;edk. n?e;gq?; fBT{I ;oft; ^ fJzvhnB n?e;gq?; Btzpo 2, 1984 thotko Btzpo 1, 1984 c;kdK B{z d/y e/ g[fb; ykw'P j? ns/ T[u gZXoh pzd/ BIo BjhA nk oj/. b?cNhB?AN rtoBo B/ c;kd d/yd/ j'J/ th c"i BjhA p[bkJh. eochT{ brkT[D ftu th 24 xzN/ dh d/oh ehsh rJh. thotko B{z id'A c"i p[bkT[D dk c?;bk ehsk frnk sK th Bkw wkso jh c"i skfJBks ehsh rJh. j'o c'i P[eotko ns/ PfBuotko B{z ;Zdh rJh. fJ; d/ d"okB ;kVc{e ns/ c;kd ukb{ oj/.

78

d/t;kro f;zx, fJzvhnB n?e;gq?; ^ 4 Btzpo 1984 ;EkJh bhvo eJh fJbkfenK ftu thotko dh oks bkT{v ;gheoK okjhA o"bk gkT[Ad/ oj/ fe N{NhnK dk gkDh Bk ghU. dh ;N/Nw?B ^ Btzpo 3, 1984 P[eotko ^ Btzpo 2, 1984 ;V ojh fdbh ftu g[fb; efwPBo fw;No ;[GkP NzvB B/ fjzdf;nK B{z nrKj fgSKj eofdnK fJj fejk fe, “nZi d/ fdB ftu 15 iK 20 f;Zy jh wo/ jB, fi; s'A b?cNhB?AN rtoBo (rtkJh) B/ fejk fe, ;G e[M ezNo'b ftu jh j?. n?e;gq?; fBT{I ;oft; fJzvhnB n?e;gq?; Btzpo 3, 1984 woB tkfbnK dh fe;/ frDsh BjhA ehsh. eb'BhnK ftub/ ;ko/ f;Zy wko fdZs/ rJ/. g{oph fdZbh fJebh ftu 500 s'A T[go f;Zy wko/ rJ/. fJj fJbkek y{Bh nykVk ;h. sh; jIkoh dh g[fb; PwPkB G{wh ftu seohpB d' ;' bkPK gJhnK ;B. fsqb'eg[oh dhnK rbhnK ftu 350 bkPK ohg'oNoK B/ gJhnK

d/yhnK.

wjZstg{oB c"ih nc;oK B{z c;kd jNkD dh wBkjh ;h. c"i B{z r'bh ubkD dk jZe BjhA ;h. n?e;gq?; fBT{i ;oft; ^ fJzvhnB n?e;gq?; Btzpo 3, 1984 g[fb; B/ okiBhseK dh nkb'uBk ehsh. g[fb; B/ fJbIkw bkfJnk fe, id'A th T[; B/ c;kd jNkD dh e'fPP ehsh, eKro;h ;bkjekoK B/ ftu nVuD gkJh. g[fb; nc;o j?okB ;B fe fw;No ewb BkE oekprzi ftu eh eo fojk ;h< eocT{ Bk bZrD s'A fJbktk, T[u nfXekonK tb'A e'Jh m'; j[ew BjhA fdZsk frnk. ;hBhno nc;oK B/ tkfJob?; okjhA f;oc fJj jh ikBDk ukfjnk fe eh yokph j?. pfB;gs fJ; d/ eh ehsk ik ;edk j?<

79

dh ;N/N;w?B ^ Btzpo 3, 1984

;fBuotko ^ Btzpo 3, 1984

1H Btzpo B{z fdZbh d/ 6 fifbQnk ftu bZr/ eochT{ B{z gzi fifbQnk ftu, ;t/o/ 9 ti/ s'A b? e/ Pkw d/ 8 ti/ sZe fYZb eo fdZsh rJh. NkJhwI nkc fJzvhnk Btzpo 4, 1984 ;fBuotko pkd d[gfjo, wzr'bg[oh ftu jfEnkopzd N'b/ x[zwd/ d/y/ rJ/ ^ ohg'oNoK B/ b'eK B{z fJe pZu/ dh bkP b? e/ iKd/ d/ fynk. eb'Bh dh w/B o'v T[s/ fJe ;V ojh bkP jkb/ th d/yh ik ;edh ;h.

xNBktK B{z d[pkok pBkD s'A gsk uZb/rk fe, wzr'bg[oh dh Bkekpzdh tkb/ fJe gk;/ g[fb; ns/ fdZbh dh nkowv g[fb; eb'Bh d/ nzdo ikD dh fjzws Bk eo ;eh. id'A ;N/N;w?B d/ ohg'oNo G'rb J/ohJ/ (dZyDh fdZbh) ftu rJ/ sK T[jBK B/ T[; ;fBuotko dh d[gfjo ekch d{o s'A X{znK T[vdk d/fynk. g[fb; ns/ c"ih itkB d'BK B/ fJj fejk, fe fJE/ e'Jh nD;[ykthA xNBk BjhA xNh jkbKfe fJjBK s'A E'Vh d{oh T[s/ jh w'No gkoN dh fJe d[ekB b[ZN j' ojh ;h. G'rb ns/ j'o fJbkfenK dhnK ;kohnK e"wK B/ fJj wzfBnk fe g[fb; dh fJj fwbhG[rs ;h. ;EkJh ns/ pkjob/ roZg[ bZN[ wko, esb'rkos ;kV c{e eod/ oj/. G'rb ftu d' ;jkfJe g[fb; nc;o c;kdekoK B{z jZbkP/oh fdzd/ d/y/ rJ/. dh ;N/N;w?AB, ;Nkc fog'oNo, Btzpo 4, 1984 fgSbh Pkw s'A c'i fdZbh d/ jo fJbke/ ftu skfJBks eo fdZsh rJh ;h go T[j g{oh skdd ftu T[d'A jh gj[zuh id'A fe 3000 iktBK B{z ;;eko bJh eZY/ ikD tkb/ ib{; bJh okytK oZy fbnk frnk. dh N?bhrokc, ;hwK w[;sck Btzpo 4, 1984 fJe gqpzXeh w?fi;No/N B{z fJj skes d/ fdZsh rJh fe, io{os g?D s/ r'bh ubkD dk j[ew d/ ;e/.

80

dh fJeB'fwe NkJhwI, ;Nkc ohg'oNo Btzpo 4, 1984 g[fb; efwPBo NzvB B/ dkntk ehsk fe, ;koh jkbs T[go ezNo'b j?. dh fJeB'fwe NkJhwI, ;Nkc ohg'oNo Btzpo 4, 1984 g[fb; efwPBo NzvB B/ esb j' oj/ wzr'bg[oh d/ esbK pko/ iKu gVskb g[fb; ftGkr d/ fJe fvgNh efwPBo eoBr/. efwPBo B/ fJj th fejk fe, T[E'A d/ t;BheK tb'A bkJhnK ik ojhnK s'jwsK fe fJj c;kd ;'uh ;wMh ns/ fJe fe;w dh sohfenK Bkb jj' oj/ jB, pko/ gVskb eoB dh e'fPP ehsh ik ojh j?. dh NkfJwI nkc fJzvhnk ;Nkc ohg'oNo Btzpo 4, 1984

n?stko Btzpo 4, 1984

nukBe ns/ s/Ih Bkb fJsB/ Gkoh c;kdK s'A pknd e/Adoh ;oeko B/ ghHihH rtkJh dh S[Nh dk n?bkB eoe/ fw;No tkbh B{z T[jBK dh EK bk fdZsk. ghHNhHnkJh dh fJB'fwe NkJhwI, Btzpo 5, 1984 nkj[dk ;zGkbd/ jh fw;No tkbh B/ nypko Bth;K B{z fJj fejk fe “e'Jh sohek fJsBk ;ys BjhA j'J/rk, fi; Bkb fe skik T[mD tkb/ ;ko/ dzr/ pzd j' ;eD. fw;No tkbh B/ fejk fe, b[ZN wko ns/ ;kV c{e eoB tkb/ 1809 pzfdnK T[s/ cst/ bk e/ frqcsko eo fbnk j?. dh fJeB'fwe NkJhwI, Btzpo 5, 1984 fw;No tkbh B/ fejk fe, seohpB 20,000 f;Zy PokoEh e?AgK ftu ;jkfJsk b? oj/ jB, fiE/ T[jBK B{z pfDnk pDkfJnk ykDk ns/ vkNeoh fJwdkd fwb ojh j?. dh fJeBkfwe NkJhwI, Btzpo 5, 1984 ;?ANob fdZbh g[fb; B/ ekch bZNh[ j'Jh ikfJdkd epI/ EZb/ eo bJh. eKro; (nkJh) d/ eJh bhvo s/ n?wHghH Xowdk; PkPsoh B/

81

eo'bpkr EkD/ ik e/ frqcskohnK pko/ gq'N?;N ehsk s/ fejk, “b[ZNh ikfJdkd b? ikU go fJjBK B{z frqcsko Bk eo'. fJj b'r r[zv/ pdwkP BjhA jB. n?e;gq?; fBT{i ;oft;, fJzvhnB n?e;gq?; Btzpo 6, 1984 ;'wtko sZe g{oph fdZbh s'A nkJ/ seohpB 25,000 f;Zy fochT{IhnK d/ ekoB iwBk gko d/ 7 e?AgK ftu irQK BjhA ;h puh. gqpzXeh YKuK fi; B/ jkb/ sZe fJe th PoBkoEh e?Ag BjhA ;h bkfJnk f;oc jkb/ ;'uK ftukoK ftu vZph[ xZN s'A xZN wdd d/ ojh ;h. bZr/ j'J/ ;ko/ e?Ag tbzNhno ro[ZgK d/ jh ;B. n?e;gq?; fBT{I ;oft;, fJzvhnB n?e;gq?;, Btzpo 6, 1984 fochT{Ih e?AgK ns/ pukT[ xoK ftu p?m/ f;ZyK bJh pfDnk pDkfJnk ykDk G/iD dk fJzsikw j' frnk j?. T[jBK B{z ezpb ns/ rd/ b/ fdZs/ ik oj/ jB sKfe T[j nkokw dh oks pshs eo ;eD. fJjBK B{z vkeNoh ;jkfJsk th fdZsh ik ojh j?. dh NkJhwI nkc fJzvhnk ^ ;Nkc ohg'oNo, Btzpo 5, 1984 wzrbtko ^ Btzpo 6, 1984 tkbh d/ nB[;ko 2517 pzd/ frqcsko j' u[Ze/ jB go iwkBs T[s/ fojk j' u[e/ b'eK dh Bcoh Bk dZ; ;fenk go fJj fejk fe, ikfJI e/;K ftu iwkBs T[s/ ikD dk jo Pfjoh B{z jZe j?. T[; B/ j'o fejk fe, g[fb; B/ T[jBK T[go gkJ/ ik oj/ efEs oki;h dpkn pko/ fJBeko ehsk j?. dh ;N/Nw?B ^ ;Nkc ohg'oNo Btzpo7, 1984 ohg'oNoK Bkb rZbpks eod/ fdZbh d/ b?cNhB?AN rtoBo fw;No wdB w'jB fePB tkbh B/ fejk fe, ;jkfJsk ns/ g[Botk; dh ;ehw fsnko j' u[Zeh j?. tkbh B? fejk fe, fJj ;jkfjsk Gkt/A Bk wkso jh j? go feT[Afe, spkj j'JhnK ikfJdkdK g[Botk;h eb'BhnK ftu jh jB, fJ; eoe/ fJ; ;jkfJsk Bkb T[j f;o YeD i'rk

82

T[gokbk eo ;ed/ jB. dh n?e;gq?; fBT{i ;oft; fJzvhnB n?e;gq?;, Btzpo 7, 1984 eJh g[fb; nfXekohnK B/ fejk fe, oki;h dpkn d/ ekoB frqcskohnK nk;kB BjhA jB. id'A efwPBo ohg'oNoK Bkb rZb eo fojk ;h sK fJe ;EkBe n?wHghH i'o Bkb dotkik y'bQ e/ uheDk P[o{ eo fdzdk j? fe T[; dhnK fjdkfJsK tZb fXnkB Bjha fdZsk ik fojk.@ dh ;N/Nw?B ;Nkc ohg'oNo Btzpo 7, 1984 T[sw Bro, Brb'Jh, BicrVQ, r'fpzdg[oh ns/ wzr'bg[oh ftu'A nkJ/ seohpB 1000 f;Zy wzrtbtko sZe fsbe Bro r[od[nko/ ftu p?m/ ;B ns/ ;oekoh ;jkfJsk fes/ BIo BjhA ;h nk ojh. fJ; nukBe nkJ/ PoBkoEhnK bJh r[od[nkok ekch BjhA ;h s/ nzdo pkjo ikD dk fJzsIkw mhe soQK BjhA ;h j' fojk. n?e;gq?; fBT{i ;oft;, fJzvhnB n?e;gq?; Btzpo 8, 1984

nzsek Bzpo 4

(c;kdK ftu'A pu fBeb/ f;ZyK B/ i' i' b'e gfjukD/)

j/mK T[jBK okiBhseK dh fb;N j?, fijBK B/ c;kd GVekT[D ftu ns/ iK c;kd eokT[D tkfbnK d/ pukn eoB ftu fjZ;k gkfJnkL 1H fw;No n?uH e/H n?bH Grs ^ ;N/N wzsoh (;{uBk wzsokbk) PkjdkokEkD/ ftu Btzpo 5 sZe cV/ j'J/ c;kdekoK B{z S[vtkD ftu dyb fdZsk. 2H pkp{ okw Powk ^ fwT{Af;gb ew/Nh dk w?Apo (tkov Bzpo 58) fJj n?uHe/Hn?bH Grs dh ;Zih pKj ;h. iwBk gko dhnK p;shnK, pkpog[o, ui{g[o eb'Bh,w"ig[o, r'Avk nkfd ftu b[N ;kV c{e ns/ esb fJ;/ dh Pfj T[s/ j'fJnk ns/ w'No ;kJhebK T[s/ p?m e/ nBkT{A;w?ANK eoB tkb/ b'eK dh nrtkJh ehsh. 3H ;iB e[wko, eKro; (nkJh) tZb'A w?Apo gkobhw?AN, fJ; B/ esb eoB tkfbnK B{z 100, 100 o[gJ/ s/ fJe fJe ;aokp dh p'sb

83

fdZsh.

4H bfbs wkeB ^ eKro; (nkJh) Nq/v :{BhnB bhvo ns/ w?No'g"bhNB ;bkjeko ^ fJ; B/ th GhV ftu ;" ;" o[gJ/ s/ fJe fJe p'sb tzvh fJ; dh fuZNh nzp?;vo eko nkIkdg[o B/V/ ihHNhH o'V T[s/ uko dck nkJh. eko ftu'A jh c;kdekohnK B{z jdkfJsK fdZshnK rJhnK. 5H Xowdk; PkPsoh ^ eKro; (nkJh) eo'bpkr s'A w?Apo gkobhw?AN$gqekP Bro ftu f;ZyK dk xo bZGD bJh t'No fb;NK b? e/ fcodk d/fynk frnk. nypkoh ypoK w[skfpe j'o bhvoK B{z b? e/ eo'b pkr d/ EkD/dko T[s/ dpkn gkT[D frnk fe, T[j b[ZN wko eoB ftu cV/ b'eK B{z SZv dJ/. 6H irdhP NkJhNbo ^ ;do u'D jbe/ ftu'A eKro; (nkJh) dk n?wHghH ^6 Btzpo Pkw d/ gzi ti/ g[fb; efwPBo NzvB dh gq?; ekBcoz; ftu XZe/ Bkb tV e/ o'bk gkfJnk. fJe ohg'oNo B/ dZf;nk

fe,

T[; B/ nzdo tVd/ ;ko efwPBo B{z fejk fe “w/o/ nkdwhnK B{z

cV

e/ s[;hA ;jkfJsk ftu o[ektN gk oj/ j'.@

7H wfjzdok ^ w?No'g"fbNB ekT{A;bo ^ fJ; B{z Xow dk; PkPsoh d/ Bkb gqekP Bro ftu t'No fb;NK bJh fcod/ d/fynk frnk. 8H wzrs okw f;zrb ^ tkov 32 ftu'A fwT{;gb w?Apo ^ fJj th Xow dk; ns/ wfjzdok d/ Bkb gqekP Bro ftu t'No fb;NK bJh fcodk d/fynk frnk.

9H vkeNo nP'e e[wko ^ efbnkDg[oh ftu'A fwT{f;gb w?Apo fJ; dh efbnkDg[oh ftu ehsh whfNzr s'A c'oB pknd T[E/ c;kd P[o{ j' rJ/ fJe u;wdhd rtkj B/ dZf;nk fe fJj vkeNo b[Nwko, ;kV

c{e ns/ pbksekohnK d/ rq'j dh nrtkJh eodk d/fynk frnk.

84

10H ;[yBbkb ;{d ^ w?No'g'fbfNB ;bkjeko ^ uPwdhd rtkjK w[skfpe fJ; B/ bZN,[ ;kV esb ns/ pbksekohnK dh nrtkJh ehsh. fJj g?No'b b? e/ nkfJnk ns/ fJ; e'b f;ZyK d/ xoK d/ gs/ th ;B. id'A fJj Pzeog[oh ;oBkoEh e?Ag ftu fwmkJh tzvD nkfJnk sK f;Zy n"osK B/ fJ; B{z gfjukD e/ T[E'A d[oeko fdZsk. 11H irdhP uzdo N'e; ^ w[fBoek s'A fwT{Af;gb w?Apo (tkov 14) nkoH e/H g[ow ftu ;?eNo 4 s/ 5 ftu fJ; B/ c;kdekohnK dh nrtkJh ehsh. 12H JhPto f;zx ^ wzr'bg[oh, tkov 37 s'A fwT{Af;gb w?Apo ^ fJ; B/ wzr'bg[oh ftu j'J/ esb'rkos s/ bZN[ wko ftu GhV dh nrtkJh ehsh. 13H pbtzs y'yo ^ :{E eKro; (nkJh) dk bhvo. gkbw eb'Bh ftu b[ZN wko s/ ;kV c{e B{z GVekfJnk. 14H c?I w[jzwd ^ fdZbh ftu'a eKro; (nkJh) :{E ftzr dk bhvo ;eog[oh s/ wzr'bg[oh d/ PoBkoEhnK d/ esb'rkos eoB tkbh GhV dk fJ; B{z fJe fjZ;k dZf;nk. 15H osB ^ fdZbh ftu'A eKro; (nkJh) :{E dk bhvo ^ fJ; B/ gkbw eb'Bh ftu j'Jh b[ZN y;[ZN ftu fjZ;k gkfJnk. 16H ;spho f;zx ^ eKro; (nkJh) bhvo ^ fJ; B/ ;qh r[o{ jofeqPB gpfbe ;e{b (w[fBoe/) fty/ pZ;K ftu b'eK Bz{ Y'fJnk. fJ; B/ ;e{b pZ;K ;kVhnK ns/ fpbfvar d/ e[M fjZ;/ ;kV/. fJe Btzpo dh oks B{z fJj ;koh oks f;ZyK B{z e[ZNdk wkodk s/ b[ZNdk fojk.

2H g[fb;

j/mbh fb;N T[jBK g[fb; nc;oK dh j?, fijBK T[s/ coIK dh e'skjh iK c;kdK ftu fjZ;k s/ ;jkfJsk dk d'P j?L

1H

wbj'sok ^ J/H;hHghH Peog[o ftub/ g[fb; d/ g{oph fib/Q dk.

fJ; B/ GhV fJeZmh ehsh efjzdk ;[fDnk frnk fe “s[jkB{z ukjhdk ;h

85

fe, s[;hA sob'uB f;zx GkNhnk (fJe eKro; toeo) d/ Bkb r[od[nko/ Bz{ th T[vk fdzd/. wbj'sok nkg ihg, ;N/PB t?rB, ;N/B rzBK Bkb b?; d' pzd/ ohtkbto, g?No'b ns/ gZEo b? e/ GhV d/ Bkb s[fonk. u;wdhd rtkjK B/ dZf;nk fe T[; B/ GhV ftu jfEnko ;gbkJh ehs/. fJ; B/ ;eog[oh EkD/ d/ wsfjs byPwh Bro ns/ r[o{ Bzrb Bro ftu GhV B{z T[e;kfJnk. 2H EkD/dko okU okw w/jo (Peog[oh) fJ; B/ fJZemh j'Jh GhV B{z f;Zy xoK ns/ d[ekBK dh PBkys eotkJh. 3H EkD/dko joh okw GZNh ^ ;[bskBg[oh EkD/ ftu'A ^ fJ; B/ f;ZyK e'b'A jfEnko y'j/. fJ; T[s/ d'P brdk j? fe, Btzpo 1 ns/ 2 dh oks B{z fJ; B/ y[d d' f;Zy wko fdZs/ ns/ Btzpo fszB ns/ uko B{z pzd{e dh Bkbh T[s/ ipod;sh f;ZyK d/ f;o w{zj w[zB/. 4H EkD/dko oftdk; f;zx ^ ;do EkDk, fJ; B/ nkg xo GzB/ s/ nZrK bkJhnK. 5H EkD/dko ;{otho f;zx ^ efbnkDg[oh EkDk, fJj fsob'eg[oh ftu j' oj/ y{B yokp/ d/ d"okB 1 Btzpo fdB d/ YkJh ti/ T[E/ frnk. fJ; B/ T[;/ t/b/ T[E'A j?v eK;N/pb s/ j'o f;gkjh jNk fdZs/ sKfe c;kdekoh oZi e/ b[ZN wko, esb s/ pbkseko eo ;eD. 7H ;p fJB;g?eNo nkoHvhH f;zx ^ b'Bh o'v T[s/ d[orkg[oh r[od[nko/ ftu p?m/ PoBkoEhnK B/ dZf;nk fe, fJ; B/ c;kdekohnK dh ;jkfJsk ehsh ns/ nkg y[d eJh f;ZyK B{z esb ehsk. 8H EkD/dko ns/ fJe f;gkjh ^ nkoH e/H g[ow ;?eNo 4 d/ EkD/ ftu 'A uPwdhd rtkj d / w [skfpe fJjBK B/ T [; t /b/ ;jkfJsk eoB s 'A ;kc BKj eo fdZsh, id'A po;okJ/ d/ d' t;BheK B/ fJjBK B{z ;?eNo 4 ftu fJe f;Zy d/ xo s/ j' oj/ jwb/ s'A pukT[D bJh ;jkfJsk bJh nkfynk pbfe fJjBK B/ fejk fe f;Zy wko jh d/D/ ukjhd/ jB.

86

e[M j'o Bkw fJ; gqeko jBL

9H

10H

11H

12H

13H

fsob'eg[oh dk EkD/dko ‘fsnkrh’ fsob'eg[oh dk fJB;g?eNo ‘okDk’ Peog[o dk ;p fJB;g?eNo ‘w{buzd’ fsb'eg[oh dk nf;;N?AN ;p fJB;g?eNo ‘pyPh’ fsob'eg[oh ftu, efbnkDg[oh EkD/ dk j?v eK;N/pb ‘okitho f;zx’

fsb'eg[oh dk nf;;N?AN ;p fJB;g?eNo ‘pyPh’ fsob'eg[oh ftu, efbnkDg[oh EkD/ dk j?v eK;N/pb ‘okitho f;zx’
fsb'eg[oh dk nf;;N?AN ;p fJB;g?eNo ‘pyPh’ fsob'eg[oh ftu, efbnkDg[oh EkD/ dk j?v eK;N/pb ‘okitho f;zx’
fsb'eg[oh dk nf;;N?AN ;p fJB;g?eNo ‘pyPh’ fsob'eg[oh ftu, efbnkDg[oh EkD/ dk j?v eK;N/pb ‘okitho f;zx’
fsb'eg[oh dk nf;;N?AN ;p fJB;g?eNo ‘pyPh’ fsob'eg[oh ftu, efbnkDg[oh EkD/ dk j?v eK;N/pb ‘okitho f;zx’

3H j'oBK b'eK d/ Bkw

j/m fby/ Bkw T[jBK b'eK d/ jB, fijVK T[s/ b[ZN wko, ;kV c{e ns/ j'o r[zvkrodh eoB d/ d{PB bkJ/ iKd/ jBL fsob'eg[oh pbke 5 ^ gghsk ^ esb eoB tkfbnK dk T[Zxk w'Yh pbke 14 ^ 3 pb/;to Gkorh :kfB fe G'b{ pkb fePB pbke 21 ^ 4 pkb fePB ^5 fpjkoh X'ph pbke 25 ^ ph vhH Powk pbke 27 7 fJ;okbh nbh :kfB fe ‘uz[B{z’ 8 ‘;bhw’ ikfDnk

gfjukfDnk r[zvk ^ fJ; B/ eJh esb ehs/ 9H ^ wZ;k nchwuh pbke 28 ^ vkH :jhnk ;dheh. fJ; dk pbke 27 ftu efbfBe j?. GhV dh nrktkJh ehsh. 11H wzB{z f;zx d[ekBdko

12H

13H

;'Bh o/bt/ eowukoh w[e/P ^ b[N ;kV c{e s'A esbK ftu fjZ;k fbnk.

;'Bh o/bt/ eowukoh w[e/P ^ b[N ;kV c{e s'A esbK ftu fjZ;k fbnk.

pbke 29 ^14^ w[eoh wk;No (doih) esbK ftu fjZ;k fbnk. pbke 30 ^15^ Uw gqekP (Uwh) fw;soh. esbK ftu fjZ;k fbnk.

16H t/d gqekP (Uw gqek; dk Gok) esb ns/ pbkseko ehs/.

87

17H

B{o ijK ^ w[;bwkBK Bz{ GVekfJnk fe f;y w;fidK ;kV oj/ jB.

18H

eokwks ;hfwzN dk tgkoh.

19H

PpBr ^ NhHthH dh d[ekB

20H

dw/P,

21H

gzi{

22H

;bhw, esbK ftu fjZ;k fbnk.

23H

npk;

24H

w[eoh ^thvhU dh d[ekB

25H

j;B

pbke 31^ ewko[dhB, nkNk uZeh s/ coBhuo tgkoh

26H

fBnkws nbh

27H

BhBD, ukj dh d[ekB

28H

vkH thH ghH f;zx

29H

d[bh uzd ;EkBe bhvo

pbke 32^

30H

okwgkb ;o'i, gqXkB ns/ eKro; (nkJh) toeo$ fJ; B/

32H

r'gkb f;zx, oKMk f;zx s/ wekb f;zx Bz{ esb ehsk. fJ; T[s/ pbkseko ns/ ;kV c{e d/ th d'P jB. feP'oh bkb ns/ uko Gok, ;otB, ;hnk, S'N/ ns/ ewb.

33H

fJjBK dh whN dh d[ekB j?. fJjBK B/ j[ew, shoE, ;iB f;zx, ;'wk f;zxns/ skok f;zx dk esb ehsk. iZrk ;K;h ns/ T[; dh gsBh do'gsh ^ fJjBK B/ ;kVc{e,

34H

esb ns/ pbksekoK ftu fjZ;k fbnk. yVe f;zx goXkB

35H

rco ykB ^ ;hfwzN dk tgkoh

36H

pkp{ ykB ^ d[X t/uD tkbk

37H

wzB{z ;K;h

88

38H

n;hw

fdZsk.

39H

;'wBkE ^ fJ; B / eJh esb ehs /, fijBK ftu j 'fPnko f; zx

40H

;g[Zso fwbkg f;zx s/ fszB j'o B'itkB, fijBK B{z fJ; B/ bkeo ftu pzd oZfynk s/ fco j'o pzd/ Bkb b? e/ esb eo

nihs

41H

ekfdo, 42 w'Ark, 43H ;Zsh, 44H s/b' ;K;h (do'gsh dh G?D)

45H

o{gbkb & fJ; B/ bkG f;zx dk esb ehsk.

46H

Uwh uwko

47H

31H pbke ftu ;"d/ dh d[ekB

48H

gfjtkB (oPhd dk Gok) 9 pZuB

50H

nihI, 51 nB;o, 52 e?b'ykB Ykp/ tkbk.

53H

nkpk; eZgV/ s/ i[ZshnK dh pbke 27 ftu d[ekB

54H

vkH bKp', 55 Gkb{ Pokp t/uD tkbk, 56 fenkws nbh

57H

oki{ Gzrh, 58H iZrh, 59H GJhnk, 60H w[obh ykB,

61H

P/o ykB

62H

okik okw foePk wk;No, 63 p/yh; ow/P,

64H

p/X{ okw ^ fJ; B/ 32$97 s/ 32$99 ftu esb ehs/.

pbke 33L

65H

66H

67H

68H

69H

71H

73H

gZg{ ^ fJ; B/ esb ehs/ G{w ^ ;EkBe r[zvk frnkB' ^ ftfdnkoEh w[jzwd ^ ;kJheb dh d[ekB fpoi{, 70 Ikfeo ewb f;zx foePk wkPNo, 72 w[BPh, oPhd ^ 32 pbke ftu foePk mhe eoB dh d[ekB ^ fJ; B/ esb ehs/

d[ekB fpoi{, 70 Ikfeo ewb f;zx foePk wkPNo, 72 w[BPh, oPhd ^ 32 pbke ftu foePk
d[ekB fpoi{, 70 Ikfeo ewb f;zx foePk wkPNo, 72 w[BPh, oPhd ^ 32 pbke ftu foePk
d[ekB fpoi{, 70 Ikfeo ewb f;zx foePk wkPNo, 72 w[BPh, oPhd ^ 32 pbke ftu foePk
d[ekB fpoi{, 70 Ikfeo ewb f;zx foePk wkPNo, 72 w[BPh, oPhd ^ 32 pbke ftu foePk
d[ekB fpoi{, 70 Ikfeo ewb f;zx foePk wkPNo, 72 w[BPh, oPhd ^ 32 pbke ftu foePk
d[ekB fpoi{, 70 Ikfeo ewb f;zx foePk wkPNo, 72 w[BPh, oPhd ^ 32 pbke ftu foePk

89

pbke 34

74H

wfjzdo{

75H

osB (wfjdo{ dk Gok) 76 pfjw Pow, 77 wfjzdo gkb

78H

P/o f;zx d[ekBdko

pbke 35

79H

ihtB

80H

phHphH gKv/

j'o pbke

81H

84H fJe w[bK i' fsob'eg[oh w;fid ftu pZfunk B{z gVQkT[Adk j?, T[; B/ w[;bwkBK B{z d' ;EkBe r[od[nko/ ;kVB bJh T[e;kfJnk.

vhHnkoH byPwh ^ :{E eKro; (nkJh)

85H

byB, 86 o'jsk; ^iwhB wkbe, 87 foPh ^ IwhB wkbe

88H

feogkb ^ IwhB wkbe 89H pojw fsob'eg[oh ftu ukj dh

90H

d[ekB uZpB ns/ w[Bhw ^ eZgV/ s/ doih dh w;fid B/V/ d[ekB ^ dbhg f;zx d/ eksb

91

pkp{ w[ZbK

pbke J/^4

92H

J/ pkrVh gqXkB, 93 pojwBzd r[gsk gqXkB, 94 BE{ gqXkB

95H

u{Vk T[db ikN, 96H jB[wkB okPB Pkg dk wbke, 97 r:Bzd

98H

d[ekBdko, rBgs d[ekBdko, 99 fgq:k (r[ioksh)

100H

r[ops Gok

101H

fJ;bkw, 102H okU, 103, SkrK vkeNo, 104 Uwh wk;No

105H

rohp dk;, 106 towkBzd fwZNh s/ s/b dk ftT[gkoh

90

pbke 4^5

107H

j;bk okw, 108H wzrbk, 109H ;spho, 110 ;kbkw,

pbke ph ^ 1 111H gkb pqkjwD, 112H PzG{, 113 fy;wDhnK, 114 e[wko

pbke^3

115H

r'gkb ns/ T[;d/ Gok, 116 ppo s/ T[;dk fgU,

117

fstkVh

118H

oxpho Gzrh, 119H gqskg Gzrh, 120 tkihI

pbke ;h^4

121H

fpqibkb ns/ g[Zso, 122 ekbkokw ns/ T[; d/ d' w[zv/

123H

gq/w f;zx iK gq/w w[uhtkb, ikfJdkd ftT[gkoh

124H

i? fePB Gzrh, 125H v?Bh, 126 gZg{, 127 oki{,

128

otheoB doih

129H

ezBkokw, 130 w'jB bkb ;g[so pe/vk e'wb

pbke gh^3

131H

skok uzr fw;soh, 132 wk;No fwZNh d/ s/b tkbk

133H

okX/ Pkw we?fBe, 134 pkp{ bkb ;pIh tkbk,

135

f;ezdo dk Gok

136H

r[bkp f;zx r[dkw tkbk

wzr'bg[oh

137

138H

139H

140H

141H

142H

jodtkoh bkb wzvb gqXkB Bfozdo f;zx eKro; (nkJh) eowukoh ;bhw e[o?Ph ^ eKro; (nkJh) eowukoh ns/ tkec ebp dk w?Apo ;tehB ^ eKro; (nkJh) w?Apo ns/ tkec ebp dk w?Apo wkbk okw ^ eKro; (nkJh) w?Apo ns/ tkec ebZp dk w?Apo okfizdo ^ fBT{ ;Nko ebZp tkbk, 143 fPt uoB

ns/ tkec ebp dk w?Apo wkbk okw ^ eKro; (nkJh) w?Apo ns/ tkec ebZp dk w?Apo
ns/ tkec ebp dk w?Apo wkbk okw ^ eKro; (nkJh) w?Apo ns/ tkec ebZp dk w?Apo
ns/ tkec ebp dk w?Apo wkbk okw ^ eKro; (nkJh) w?Apo ns/ tkec ebZp dk w?Apo
ns/ tkec ebp dk w?Apo wkbk okw ^ eKro; (nkJh) w?Apo ns/ tkec ebZp dk w?Apo
ns/ tkec ebp dk w?Apo wkbk okw ^ eKro; (nkJh) w?Apo ns/ tkec ebZp dk w?Apo

91

w"Ig[o ^r"Avk

144H

fG;B{z i'frzdo ^ fwZNh d/ s/b tkbk

145H

fsqb'e ^uZeh tkbk, 146H r[gsk, g/go t/uD tkbk

147H

s/b{ okw ^doih dk ezw f;ZyD tkbk

148H

okw fePB ^ doih dk ezw f;ZyD tkbk, 149H G'bk d'Xh

150H

pbpho d'Xh dk w[zvk, 151H gq/w BkJh,

152H

frnkBh wbtJh

153H

BkokfJD dk g[Zso, 154H pqjw

Peog[oh

155H

GkNhnk ^ eKro; (nkJh) toeo, 156H v'rok^ eKro;

157H

(nkJh) toeo fw;No f;zx ^ eKro; (nkJh) toeo

158H

byPwh X'pB ^ fJ; B? b'eK Bz{ ihAd/ f;Zy ;kVB bJh T[;kfJnk

159H

fw;No nPtBh ^ Gkosh iBsk gkoNh dk efozdk

160H

;Zsgkb ^ Peog[o jkJht/ T[s/ 3 ;Nko j'Nb dk wkbe

161H

nP'e e[wko^ nkN/ dh fwZbQ dk wkbe, 162 okw fBtk; Powk

163H

o'jskP f;zx Peog[o fgzv ftu'A

yi{oh yk;

164H

edw f;zx ;ogzu, 165H edw f;zx d/ Gshi/ iK GkDi/

166H

Bzps f;zx okPB dh d[ekB

167H

fPnkw bkb ohNkfJoP[dk J/Hn?;HnkJhH

168H

i? f;zx ^ fwZNh d/ s/b dk tgkoh, 169 i[zrB{z, 170 gq;k

171H

gqskg, ;krog[o dk gqXkB. fJ; B/ p[X f;zx gotko d/ 22

172H

w?Apo esb eotkJ/. vp{ Gzrh, 173H ekbhnk Gzrh, 174 T[gbh Gzrh,

175H

;'B ;K;h 176H w'jB ;K;h, 177 GkBk ;K;h,

178

oki{ Gzrh

92

179H wkbk okw ^ fJ; B/ w[cs fwZNh dk s/b tzfvnk wzvktbh ^ T[ug[o

180H

;ud/t ^ ikfJdkd dk ftT[gkoh

181H

oki ekbhnk ^ ;hw?AN dk ftT[gkoh

182H

r[gsk :k u"eh, ro';oh ;N'o tkbk

183H

okwgqekP ^ ykdh GtB dk toeo

184H

vkH ppo, 185H Xow gkb, 186H fePB dZs,

187H

pkp{ okw

188H

bkb pjkd[o fwPok, 189H i'Ph

190

pbtkB y'yo, 191 wfjzdo f;zx porv'bk,

192H

gzvs skok uzd

193H

JhPo uzd towk, 194H gzvs okw fBtk;

;do pkIko

195H

197H

198H

ewb X'ph, 196H v/ftv, X'ph dk g[Zso, ftBkfJe gqtko nkIkdg[o dk fJzv;Nohnb J/ohnk c?eNoh dk wkbe NhHn?;H p/dh, fJ; B/ ;t/o s'A jh GhV fJeZmh eo bJh i'fe Pkw sZe u'ezBh j' rJh ;h. fJ; dh nkgDh c?eNoh sK pu rJh. go fJ; B/ bkb brdh ;odko fgnkok f;zx dh eokT{B c?eNoh B{z T[;/ fdB nZr brtk e/

rJh ;h. fJ; dh nkgDh c?eNoh sK pu rJh. go fJ; B/ bkb brdh ;odko fgnkok
rJh ;h. fJ; dh nkgDh c?eNoh sK pu rJh. go fJ; B/ bkb brdh ;odko fgnkok

Y/o eotk fdZsk.

nzsek 5

fdZbh gqpzX j/m fby/ ;kjfJsk ns/ PoBkoEh e/AdoK B{z wkBsk fdzdh j?L

1H

2H

r"ofwzN wkvb ;e{b Bzpo fJe ns/ 2, b[vb' e?;ob nbhg[o o'v e[b PoBkoEh 400 r"ofwzN jkfJo ;?ezvoh ;e{b (bVfenK dk) fPnkw bkb

;e{b Bzpo fJe ns/ 2, b[vb' e?;ob nbhg[o o'v e[b PoBkoEh 400 r"ofwzN jkfJo ;?ezvoh ;e{b

93

ekbio d/ BIdhe e[b PoBkoEh 8000

3H

g[fb; ;N/PB coP pkIko

e[b PoBkoEh 2000

4H

g[fb; ;N/PB rKXh Bro e[b PoBkoEh 1000

5H

;hBhno p[nkJ/I ;?ezvoh ;e{b, okX{ g?b/; f;Bwk d/ ;kjwD/

 

e[b PoBkoEh

1200

6H

GkJh w'sk f;zx ;e{b J/ pbke iBeg[oh e[b PoBkoEh 12000

7H

r"ofwzN p[nfJI jkfJo ;?ezvoh ;e{b okBh pkr

 

e[b PoBkoEh

3000

8H

r"ofwzN robI jkfJo ;?ezvoh ;e{b Peog[o

e[b PoBkoEh

2000

9H

EkDk ;pIh wzvh e[b PoBkoEh

100

10H

EkDk ;do pkIko

e[b PoBkoEh

100

j/mb/ e?Ag, fijBK B{z fdZbh gqpzXe wkBsk BjhA fdzdh L

1H

pkbk ;kfjp r[od[nkok

e[b PoBkoEh

5000

2H

BkBe;o nkPow e[b PoBkoEh

3000

3H

d[rokg[oh r[od[nkok e[b PoBkoEh

2000

4H

i'sh Bro r[od[nkok e[b PoBkoEh gsk BjhA

5H

pkpk pzdk f;zx pjkdo r[od[nkok wfjo'bh e[b PoBkoEh 20

6H

s/bhtkVk r[od[nkok, e[b PoBkoEh ^ gsk BjhA

7H

joh Bro r[od[nkok e[b PoBkoEh

5000

8H

cfsj Bro r[od[nkok e[b PoBkoEh

500

9H

J/no c'o; ;N/;aB r[od[nkok e[b PoBkoEh ^ frDsh BjhA

10H

;do piko r[od[nkok

e[b PoBkoEh ^ frDsh BjhA

11H

r[od[nkok f;zx ;Gk izrg[ok(n?eH) e[b PoBkoEh ^ frDsh BjhA

94

12H

gzu ;ahb gkbe r[od[nkok e[b PoBkoEh ^ frDsh BjhA

13H

g/;atkBh r[od[nkok fsbe Bro e[b PoBkoEh ^ 1800

14H

gKvk Bro r[od[nkok e[b PoBkoEh ^ 1500

15H

;[bskB g[oh dk y[Zbk e?Ag e[b PoBkoEh ^ 1000

16H

ftB'd Bro fJbkek gqskg rzi e[b PoBkoEh ^ 128

17H

jz;oki wkvb ;e{b e?Ag feq;aB Bro e[b PoBkoEh ^ 126

18H

efbnkD g[oh pbke^13, e[b PoBkoEh ^ 300

19H

fdZbh s'A pkjo ;zG{ fdnkb ekbi rkihnkpkd e[b PoBkoEh ^ 250

20H

f;zx ;Gk r[od[nkok r[VrkT[A

e[b PoBkoEh^ frDsh BjhA

cbe e' fiaZd j? :jh g/ fpibhnK frokB/ eh. jw/A Gh fiaZd j? :jh g/ nkPhnK pBkB/ eh.

95

(fJepkb)