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NAME: _______________________________________________________ Grade VI- St. Michael I.

PRINCIPAL PARTS OF VERBS The principal parts of a verb are the forms of the verb which all the forms of the verb can be made. These are: base form, past, past participle and present participle. Tenses are formed from principal parts and helping verbs. Examples: Base form walk begin eat Past walked began ate Present Participle walking beginning eating Past Participle walked begun eaten

Exercise: Complete the chart.


Base form Past bid build laid leaving swinging shrink stick tore hold II. SUBJECT-VERB AGREEMENT 1. A singular subject must have a singular verb. A plural subject must have a plural verb. Examples: Ann always tells the truth. (singular subject and verb) My friends were playing the volleyball. (plural subject and verb) Present Participle Past Participle

2. A phrase or clause that interrupts a subject and its verb does not affect the subject verb agreement. Examples: The captain of the guards stands at attention. The duck with its ducklings swims in the pond. 3. A noun expressing an amount or measurement requires a singular verb. Examples: Thirty-five pesos is the amount we spend on biscuits and juice. One hundred thousand square meters is the estimated area of the forest. 4. With compound subjects joined by or/nor, the verb agrees with the subject nearer to it. Examples: Neither the paints nor the brushes are in the studio. The book or the pen is in the drawer. His friends or the boy runs every day. Either a lantern or candles are used on the porch. Either candles or lantern is used on the porch. 5. A compound subject joined by and must have a plural verb. Examples: Eman and Rina visit their grandparents every month. The twins and Ryan are late. NOTE: Exceptions occur when the parts of the compound subject equal one thing and when the word each or every is used before a compound subject. Examples: Every boy and girl in the class does volunteer work. Bread and butter was all they offered us.

Exercise 1: Put a on the blank if the verb used is the sentence is correct; if not, write
the correct verb. ___________________1. The owl usually hunt its food at night. ___________________2. Scientists have identified 145 species of owl. ___________________3. The tiny elf owl, which is the smallest species od owl, dwell in Southwestern united states and Western Mexico. ___________________4. The largest species measures 30 inches or 76 centimeters long. ___________________5. Five meters of cloth are enough for two window curtains. ___________________6. Three hours of sleep do not give the body enough rest. ___________________7. The poems in our literature book is well chosen. ___________________8. Jordans painting was extremely well done. ___________________9. Juanita and Chris are studying for the math exam. ___________________10. Either Andy or Karla have the information you need. ___________________11. Neither the principal nor the teacher was delayed by the snowstorm. ___________________12. Neither the committee members nor the chairperson were on time.

___________________13. corner in town. ___________________14. ___________________15. III. PERFECT TENSES A. Present Perfect Tense

Turquoise jewelry or woven baskets is sold at almost every Either the teacher or the students read the directions. Macaroni and cheese is Nicks favorite meal.

The present perfect tense expresses action that started in the past and is still continuing.it is also used to express action that has been completed at the time of speaking. The verb in the present perfect tense is formed by: has have + past participle

The time expressions used with the present perfect tense are fro, since, just, already, yet, and ever since. Examples: I have lived in Quezon City for five years. (I started living in Quezon City five years ago. I still live in Quezon City now.) She has won the bowling championship for four consecutive years. (She was the bowling championship four years ago. She is still the bowling champion now.)

B. Past Perfect Tense The past perfect tense indicates the first of two past actions. The verb in the past perfect tense is formed by had with the past participle. (had + past participle) The time expression is a clause beginning with when or before. The verb in the time clause is in the simple past. The time clause may be placed either at the beginning or at the end of the sentence. Examples: The visitors had left when we cleaned the hall.
(first completed past action) (second past action)

Before they noticed us


(second completed past action)

we had gone out quietly.


(first past action)

The boys had taken shelter


(first completed past action)

before the rain became a heavy downpour.


(second past action)

B. Future Perfect Tense The future perfect tense indicates a future action expected to happen before another future action. The verb in the future perfect tense is formed by: will have + past participle shall have The time clause in the future perfect tense begins with by the time or before. The verb in the time clause is in the simple present tense. The time clause may be placed either at the beginning or at the end of the sentence. Examples: We will have accomplished many things
(first future action)

by the time night comes.


(second future action)

Before I submit my research work


(second future action)

I shall have read hundreds of books.


(first future action)

Exercise 2:
A. Write the present perfect tense of the verb to complete the sentence. 1. I _______________________________ two miles already. (walk) 2. The critics _______________________________ the film Saving Private Ryan since it came out. (praise) 3. The police _______________________________ the killer. (arrest) 4. She _______________________________ for the best magazine. 5. Samuel _______________________________ me since he was twelve. (know)

B. Write the present perfect tense of the verb to complete the sentence. 1. He told us that he _______________________________ his exams. (pass) 2. I _______________________________ my friend before the train stopped. (see) 3. Before reinforcements arrived, the enemy _______________________________ most of the men. (capture) 4. Tony knew Istanbul so well because he _______________________________ the city several times. (visit) 5. She only understood the movie because she _______________________________ the book. (read) 4

B. Write the future perfect tense of the verb to complete the sentence. 1. They will have closed the shop before we get there. 2. I _______________________________ my work by the 23d of July. (finish) 3. We _______________________________ tickets by the time school breaks up. (book) 4. My daughter and I _______________________________ to Miami by the 27th of July. (come) 5. By next November, I _______________________________ my promotion. (receive)

Exercise 3:
verb.

Complete the sentence below by writing the correct perfect tense of the

1. My car _______________________________ down three times this week. (broke) 2. By the time he gets home, she _______________________________ the entire house. (clean) 3. They _______________________________ to Japan for three weeks. (go) 4. (I did not have any money because I _______________________________ my wallet. (lose) 5. Sam _______________________________ the proposal by the time he leaves this afternoon. (complete) 6. The film _______________________________ before we reached cinema. (start) 7. The government _______________________________ more interested in arts education. (become) 8. I _______________________________ in London for six months by the time I leave. (be) 9. By the time I finish this course, I _______________________________ ten tests. (take) 10. I _______________________________ my document (save) before the computer crashed.

IV. PROGRESSIVE FORM A. Present Progressive It is used to show continuing actions or conditions. It is formed with the present tense of the to be verb plus the present participle of the verb. am, is, are + present participle Examples: He is reading a novel. My brother is doing his homework now. B. Past Progressive It shows continuing action, something that was happening or going on at some point in the past. It is formed with the past tense of the to be verb plus the present participle of the verb. was, were + present participle Examples: They were working on a ranch that summer. She was writing her weekly column.

C. Future Progressive It shows continuing action, something that will be happening or going on at some point in the future. It is formed with will plus the present participle of the verb. will + present participle Examples: Some students will be attending the university where Einstein taught by next year. They will be visiting New York this fall.

*The present progressive can be used instead of the future progressive. Example: He will be going to a new school next September. He is going to a new school next September.

Exercise 4:
sentence.

Write the indicated form of the verb inside the parentheses to complete each

1. I _______________________________ on the couch when Bertie smashed through the door. (past progressive-sleep) 2. Joey _______________________________ a terrible role model for his younger brother. (past progressive-be)

3. I _______________________________ in next year's Boston Marathon. (future progressive-run) 4. We _______________________________ the project at the moment. (present progressive-discuss) 5. Her husband _______________________________ about his health. (present progressive-complain) 6. The phone rang while I _______________________________ . (past progressive-eat) 7. I _______________________________ all night in the restaurant, so please take care of the kids. (future progressive-work) 8. I _______________________________ TV when you call this evening. (future progressive-watch) 9. When we arrive at their house tonight, they will be waiting. (future progressive-wait) 10. They _______________________________ when their friends showed up. (past progressive-eat)

Exercise 5:
parentheses.

Fill in the blanks with the correct progressive form of the verb inside the

1. The government _______________________________ great attention on education nowadays. (pay) 2. Peggy _______________________________ to the party on Saturday. (come) 3. I _______________________________ trying to eat healthier food these days. (try) 4. When I _______________________________ breakfast, the phone suddenly rang. (have) 5. Do you see those men at the door? They _______________________________ at us very strangely. (look) 6. This time next week he _______________________________ to South Africa. (fly) 7. She normally lives in Northbridge but she _______________________________ with friends at the moment. (stay) 8. I saw a bad accident while I _______________________________ home. (drive) 9. While the waiter _______________________________ up the pieces of glass he cut his finger. (pick) 7

10. She _______________________________ a bright yellow dress when I saw her last. (wear) IV. PERFECT PROGRESSIVE TENSE A. Present Perfect Progressive Present perfect progressive tense describes an action that began in the past, continues in the present, and may continue into the future. This tense is formed by using has/have + been and the present participle of the verb . Examples: Mikaela has been tutoring students who were older and taller that her. The CEO has been considering a transfer to the state of Texas where profits would be larger. She has been watching too much television lately. B. Past Perfect Progressive Past perfect progressive tense describes a past, ongoing action that was completed before some other past action. This tense is formed by using had been and the present perfect of the verb. Examples: She had been studying as a college freshman at the age of 11. They had been talking for over an hour before Tony arrived. She had been working at that company for three years when it went out of business. C. Future Perfect Progressive Future perfect progressive tense describes a future, ongoing action that will occur before some specified future time. This tense is formed by using will have been and the present participle of the verb. Examples: She will have been enrolling in high school by next year. I will have been waiting for two hours when her plane finally arrives. James will have been teaching at the University for more than a year by the time he leaves for Asia.

Exercise 6:
each sentence.

Write the indicated form of the verb inside the parentheses to complete

1. Friends of the bride _______________________________ the banquet hall before the reception begins. (future perfect progressive- decorate) 2. The children _______________________________ outside all day. They must be getting hungry by now. They need to come inside for dinner. (present perfect progressive - play) 3. We _______________________________ about buying an electric car even before the price of gas went up. (past perfect progressive -think) 4. After she died, it was discovered that she _______________________________ secret donations to the shelter for years. (past perfect progressive -make) 5. Anyka _______________________________ about plants in her biology class. She is paying close attention to the lectures. (present perfect progressive -learn) 6. The Vice President _______________________________ overseas for three weeks when he returns. (future perfect progressive -travel) 7. They _______________________________ cars at that track for twenty years before it closed. (past perfect progressive -race) 8. When Mr. Ramirez retires, he _______________________________ for 34 years. (future perfect progressive -teach) 9. This week, we _______________________________ selections from the Romantic Period in Literature class. My favorite Romantic authors are Poe and Hawthorne. (present perfect progressive -read) 10. He _______________________________ too fast all afternoon before the accident happened. (past perfect progressive -drive)