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Ge) Heats & Ents, ‘Graduate Texts in Mathemates William Fulton Joe Harris rag baka Mom iene cs Representation Theory ‘Undergraduate Tet tn Mahomet A First Course ‘ons Na ae QA) -Pretace 4 ton —~ eUsing this beele + Contents = Hiets, fnswers, and References # Bikeiegeayly (S39) *Tndex of symbebs (543) © Tredex (S47) 6 Springer-Verlag [New York Bera Heidetborg Lotdon Pais “Tolyo Hong Kong Barons Bupa Sar EE. oe nee ‘Seer tomers ‘Seoul me se ion Urarhadekatrnstne has needa ace ‘Riis ldint nk Boy ass Rat VA, Sie anaes Preface “The pinay olf thet one» hg the fie leer ration a rp nd ss Se ott ‘heed yt ew ter ok we sud exp ths Pees ot ‘ppc er, athvgh the poet xe an poy eet ‘Fei bons hcp te bck fcc han io ei te ty a i ‘es pen poop ma con et space aie erty gue toneamon ncn cen ke te en ei re tsuuthenacisThninouing peptone whee NS atic awe ot oa ah es et Sore tere ered rit osha er {foun tent pee.) Asa consent ay waite oe ‘pa iy aw they mit a ome non ih he ss eros wa Bt et op at {ite dened To pth anew, we tnd fh 6k or ‘ecto anton dot ar aeate "is ea neni cite coe of male ome hore AB she ten pens ayn ser nent ‘cua when ety pope For so aldo Pane senig wh te pry hee rote ee ye fever ine ipo ie Bel GLa nie Ses pu, ft Stu Lie goup the Sige pouty * Lr pow oer al Te Nee oc of thts ees taba et pyrene os esate ews, at oo trp (Fringes aero pay eld et te cnncet edi east ain Sucre ator eed) sca Waco fan to he aston et aan seach aif seo tad stn orate mene pepe {SPS te jt nel ap 0 oes ee feet A ‘Secu schatektentsto geek eseneney mai gey ‘hous ione ass mente ot ota ten hha tla tes a od oer epee conse rant nk om nay he in cee scticn intepnpe td Le peo fest ea Siopor str yt i's ne Se he sere wed of he ‘Spe ae be tert ment ne erent ‘Sey coming tom wee The of oko omg ews tt oe ego ypc ote nal we cre Prot the min ae ‘er penetaont tat nccnctton nantes rer {Seon printed ne nee pononzm ten encuentran eo {hemp nds st atom she nt ney ree Isang cot stnton pougniy nga rome ena Aiea aaa ig etl re oy ow of ang eck sae nr account rot lr thn eng Ti ere ea ees of (Be cond sto ot aed sand we hve emg obey he inability {Pec on by nd re pving he ol ee td Tectay geo oto fn tn hey ae rang ‘Soin thlek enna erent wor mri tery Fom one oat ony at eonpacgosecr calmer, ohare ned th enim secon ssn ogi son hat eget ean ascutsatjet ty wee cosh perl ayy Ineo dtm! ain tits orl ro tro mow tench apc mao ohn ow “hominy semper ch et mint fig emer suaton When aberration hor cng nel LUctoupand sie towere onetin ei pen oe ne a trode onal cnn nay thanthima cr he ‘tina ei nyse mo Steam neha ateceae “ise esiay natn bere We ne wih a gk othe sept hon te rope ith pa eter yin ‘Souris pensar arenas on eet ou She ta Ten re tro Leo an Li pn. Aer me penn ck ow Senn camp ed oe te wh | some genera natine shut emis, ne oh at oh sore org oo repenations of he cael pope Forse fossa isles we rove telus ena teresa gen it might ye contacto ‘Sion sce pomaticinplntosofaecomgetionsl etry cerig ‘eproctaton and te eins among hn cody soso Tire the Unita “Te pat te ote ome bigs ete he rape cine pouch th ae prea he ener ery Hee eae ‘Saatonytoimerpret wat hase bore nas ere igo ‘Scamcns ith mien emiology. Ne evo te goa hy soogh {ome that we bave uted hemp compet Le aigna mh fe ‘eptons Sne thereto guenty hans ee, "ispotaly nt easomble ait ooreto meet epee ‘espa althogh me dc thot foros them, Were pov wl Weylcarcerfomatswhchcan nto ely ast any ‘ihe eit we worked out nd eae ne ook (Ofcous he oat ne reach ary oust cron ae fain ether, ut we hopes enough fo ep tere es om pag ter when conto wh se a epi “Lt bea seme {Ue eum a abc rou," We mgt so hope tat work ‘rough hbo woud pares ede tsps cepnce end ‘Sine fe sat appreach inspite poaty oto Wo sae [We than totes wile. ned onary gol oo took be pest may he ‘os of Wet is predeaors foom me scsi oars ‘ade In arta woe West como hepsi ‘iene and seca ina ray ying Yours’ Senet nd ‘Senate tie ivasant they to the sovenpending vot fee Sato nd symp preape We nde West nou fre ‘rect fhe eyes te eer cater Symete power a he nan epson ring. Wes ony ‘nve hecortsponding omelrn tems thee pes te eal linet up The ererpnding omar he onl wa ep _toupe wer ony pen reel by Kes od Teal. We cae te ‘eu prof here denial omits) ‘More about inital loncanS fond in bentrodutios othe arte ofthe bok ‘ewe to ye pio the nein nd tied a a ‘te str The meet Obvious es etd main er en we Inde op te ase top lero mals popes ot USgrowathie yasmin or sory ted cera a oces ‘ete touring nay rants onmanfols rere tee rod, no Sel diagrams wo Laps cokemelgr no amis on ‘Sete se or poupeno artnet rowpror avonotpefoms and ng ont pets in character p> 0. Tne ho onset ‘ompt ont woot ets on Li eon py mare eealy tS eh a fo ee Aight Bhat esmentions wl bve became sta tos of ‘epson thar (epee nb sa deal oh oak geod ate {epee amiad mst a ett oa modem bok epeetaton {foot ooo ogee hme ope) "Wohnen ed fo tne he hoy fh abt le, o gn roi or tonto opal ource th bj a ne si hen he aces we ns id nd te ne ‘otra ar radbieas pone pe knowing what tener. one tearm ie oup tte ning proto thera we ve ove See [Sr or Le pup aod Li sgn Seve (Se, (A, Humphrey (Vola Hour (our) ae fecomcned teem tet ce West [Wel] and Lienood ii ‘We-wos ke otha the many pele wo av cota Mea and sorgoionfrthimanap among tm Bio Bryan Cae, Conrad, P Dicoa, D. Ee, . else M, Gren, P. Cit, Grom M_Migerad: RHowe, Kr A Landman B, Mar Ch Deter, twat Tower and Taf priate ‘sid eo funk Dav Muto em whom fe ied mac ofa Sekow aut theater and wheat ey ch Ines nit Tos is thot been writen 1 ser game wold a thi poi than the reone who ped iat tng ne omg spit peraps we sole {hv ined he Neon! cence Foote Ue f Charge tltiared Unies pnroy roving hearse on ‘wich hs mane eas ucns. nly ne ane Chan Files fot he eewngt ‘it Futon ag oe Hare Using This Book ‘tow mods arin oder sou te practic eof hi ook To ben nh ‘eee are mina we ne ony a sense of and fist dete mater lpstra od opty, ning be oon ‘ton ofl A ool underpedantetckgound shoul be moe tan ‘tow fr most of ee sre mes ad eae, and wom ‘lumina Pr V may ero moran oi sn ey te tip Prati hem ‘eyiremen nt god king owe of muna sete laig nor extn, sy ‘odie ite disiontyeirpcan fh Apes Bay hel ‘Wetave indented, ntrotury eas ee tre, na ty ack {von byood hrs medal how ent oracoune hsbooksullbeued two way Fiche ara umber op ha ae not pay etl he et ote ben a at esi ripe niny. For example ns mil adage old Mist 610 Pha 198- 138 17919820 221,228.09-234 20 and 262th beratailora scone semen rn Over hd in yardng conse shouldbe pons to work wou tach oe Talealostncpound nore gpl Mot he mara i he ‘Agee nt ol to sich fn coun. Agi ne Be id tent in he nteautryronrk cht, whch ope ‘note wpe bok at eae may wat appro iit smith root ames Toon areptin ag or dsctrenons ‘ete ht is thes of mate htc et be nd by ing ‘ce decthandeon xine ith the jie esther weer ey dont sal desloy ew es he ede he fhe iho oa come (Ofc, ich ede wl rotay ‘sop boring oot ayes) "Weleeehandredoferecoo wy den porponean Ses ‘comet he wan sso eto the saps te tet Sihforwned venice ee nh et wi pote ‘emp mt thee Sonetine weer etl sre icon ‘orice cl something we doin hte ne ne hk weking ot ‘ref motion oan ev sep at einen” and eee ‘re encourge top ask detroit) Many ere ‘ical that ne ome are recom one ape eer {ep we ave omtedt stim may bt he nv in hae fot feel ifermaton prhape noting ute splice Ines Me ‘otto coe tps tat may be ard for noetpert to ntact om he rae in thr Hert In era mc ef te hey a theese mow ofthe examen he et ‘Wefave eset es of pradige xeris by eget diay. authori roaby harder han an "er any neo! ste senting ty al ne Teresa thi ebook. This may bet Hn leet he ver, 2 compte slut a Terie f0 wie mere foo ‘combiaion fay af tan We hope tv mses rath peared a oneen thy ae il ote Contents dae sig The Bok 1. Repetto of Fite Groupe Seton 12 Conte atti Sc 1: Epes Aton Gre 2 Chances @t Chamcee {22 Then Pj Fume a Cnc 2 Emel 24 te Peso Fo Mee Games 5. Bample Induced Reresntions roup Ales Rel ‘eyes Br ante 6yaud, Be BiG Roca Rremns, 4 TheGro igs 5 Reread Retain oe Sebo 4 Rey of, Young Dayana Fobei a Reet 86 Put ws fur poeta i 1 Reena fu Min LowetEeams 5 fe Reet, S Wat Bogen ‘s ecm nes i 2 Se ners ® 5. Retna ad CL) ® MAES tence rst ° ‘et Ro « fo Somaya $ —— : The Ce Ae The rots 195 eee ate Canes a 14. The Gee ep Ania Stace a epenticn fees oe a “sora Sons Le se 0 Ag si me hteciome ments Ales a 1S Cand e a is Ur crege maaan 2 fen peeaeseare i i erate 2 His Sirona a pate a a Ri tpumacoyeiic B ‘eR ate nen Pa 1 Symp Ags a HEE eames of Le Alben uw $161: The Strctnre of Sp,€ aod aac Be 5 meet u “s et Reetnuatale x 9: tat Ciena ir a nee 7 Shtesiaes a $2E Reems 2 BE te cro B 2 Nema ee s 2 Sie Pa 8 Menem Spa ope 2 10, Lie Algebras in Dimensions One, Two, and Three ! 3 1% Orthogonal Lie Algebras 287 {itt Dimon Om et Toe ‘s fiat soemene a a a 23 Son Cnc on 8 ies mos ect " fi me i a a ® mm 1, Represaons fs wt = A estar “ x fins topcoats Ontogel Grom Ea Sie Repnnatin ofa te Gi tgre roied book al ars tthe “he Cetin of Complex Spl i erat {BL Dake Dagan aed Semial Agtea {212 Chaipig bmn Dap 21 Recent fom Dla Dag sy ant Other Exceptional Lie Alps {Bat Conan oi Dehn Dine ELE Yerog yee kp 2 Rept ey [LE Ail Comet te Ean Aga ‘Comper Lie Groupe: Chracers 2A Reon of Cole ingle ee £32 Rept ings Came LE Honopmer pce BSE Nab Bp ‘Woy Character Formula [BAL The We charter Formal [BCE Appleton Ca Le be More Chane Forme [BSI Frets Maite Fama ESE Penta CP Ket pty Forme BEL Tene Moran ono Sebo Rel Lie Alesis nd Lis Grogs i [D6 Chon fe Se ie Alaa Crap BEt Stent tse Pr Arreds A. On Syma Functions ‘AE tae Syme epi a Ron aman The 82 Drone Beet 8S ter Deca Cone $8 Tem rode 2 Fear Syme ove 8 Daneal coccn © OnSemiilety CE The king Form Catan Fe eerie tin Doane 1. Cran Sublets $1 The Ede Caan Sala 2S One Sumo stsonseg tas fs Pecos of oan sie Boa Orie ty Goay Ado and Les Theoret {Logs Perm (2 haps Ter tna Theory fr he Cael Growpe AE ThePtnoial enace {EE Appt Sle 4 Orton Orge (Peta Cpe ey Bhopsphy 96 G&D Lectures 1-3 PART 1 FINITE GROUPS Gin that ove the qr fh bok i devoted othe ereaatinn henry ee proapeand Lisi hy haves dean fey tient tee peup at alt There cra vd non rms opel point ove: maya eis cones andcntracton we i intoe Ie nl bapa the uy fi group and lee Th el esa ‘eran betting, ‘Repro oy veymacha Sheer ei the loving sen nh cory hen pour ner et i ey vet oer Stderioed tte sate he prmaaion t= eto he atom ‘thane GLO tanetr apc od under compestinn edict Only {2 tbe 20h ertry wat beac a a hurt powy sen malo Pombo make dation etry poprit h sbte posed ‘Froese eitar seein ars ebro fs peste Seep SVGLUP) To ie an ang he henry wna nas soe8 ‘tse onnts Sh stay the won ers Rema ol ese th nection of the tat ot made faa iter othe eb neler ge, on cul ates oe ‘tinction eee entrants roma te mus hh Prope nr inns othe meso he tal and nich wee Popes he pur emtning in Quenton xseme oo ‘Stns fr xample cul be bce pi two art did ie sac ‘afl ers and oul be emine Simin, whet wold bate ben ‘Sie inte ith ema simpy "rou ther” vow Tred nto two fate Fes here tesa of he treo tat ape eae ‘Staton of simple group Sere th cope ghee pen 8 tpour haw anne ial th ay i wi @ may teed a (mt ore ro SL Th he iit mate ‘Ginn i it few make seme whe ft nei repreet- onthenytodom insconet wie te meet he poue ination {sisting and ett aero tage lo eran hat stearemaring of nh te opsenation tho ote oop for tow Fades hese ot seay faa withthe motions asa ‘creation hy, sme ter ostabththe ina ge tSesrutre he pup wasnt Hl an nue When ne aa for ‘amphetamine rowp on, Sa ets, tem eget hl he ede already an ith be ‘toute an an fous on the ase Cone pretation hoy Bane Wewilqend the itt th cat a i rnp. Many the lecniquesdeopd for ne poop layover Ue oa ie, far lef topes put ued yt Faeumpl we pend set ‘ite on emi ouy tht pry fr towne, a aan ary bec what te hy bee pes new oy reps The peor proup oad teutpouge Tere ae cot ch athe ett upon the goes SL and th hte ded rey oft bint nt deo pear er fe enero hse ‘Reder pam conroed wth Lt ho web te oat Isrodarary note teach tre ish wl te ln te ceding pris tho) Nonte h by o mean compen eae Seal te eration try te oupe many nora es ‘cha the Ain aod rave hone sl he whe sae f moult repent ve ote LECTURE 1 Representations of Finite Groups Ine ec ie i tat pent etl to ‘Ree We tot ar eprom an pope Spa ‘ean wane sync ga etn et can eB a ‘am amt ler ese ote pos she St Deane $d Copter emt 3 te sh pe $1.1. Definitions A eration of aie op Gon Siemon comple eto ‘once Vt hononption p10-~GL{V} el Gf the posp of stoner onto Vesa tin cha map gis V hse ede, When hte te ambglty about the may pan neal eve Smet ‘tos hve were cl la epecsentatin thn “lesen sprenthermbol party ror gto ea) Theineon ape cn wero Vand W faves a mp ome every 9 G(We wl cl thi ina mp win we wa fo ‘Singh rom a airy sar map betes he or pte Wy ecanihen ete Kar im rand Coker wich ae Gece ‘Neepsmatonfa eres Via ecorvabqas WY abich and W erpesettions the re on Wander prac QW ae so rpranmaton, later HO n= morn Fora repenmation ¥ he nth mor power igs a mpeetation byt rate a the eter powers NV) an spec pas Se) ‘te eeprntatinr The il Y"~ amt Piss ee ‘Suan hgh nia the met bows ways wane wo pee ‘ons fo wap te eatral pang need) between Yan 8 sotiatiiypd-sGLMeavapnmntnion at poG GLI") hte da Cetane hea) =o for 966,06 ands. This tn fo to ne the dl ‘mpi ea) Hits yea forages, sec 1. Very tat with hie detain ofp (herein bore Having Sidhe duno repent and he tea pda fo reteset sewn cet PaadW opens heh Hgm(¢2W) eo reprsenation ine Senteaon ome W) YW: Unrrang is ne viow as cement om, arse mp ‘oem Fo Wewehane aon = cote forall Inher wor he fin ih he igri comme. Noth the el eprsenain um, spi caf hi “oumesnir nome ibn tn 2, Compt Rely Sh ene : phn = Clete ral epresenain a pw = wir we Cima Plots Gmail with go) ole he, o9 =a) eee 2. Vita in eer te ecto pc of sar pe eee {yo sepreenaton ng Wa Gi jot thence Hom ot ‘nent a Hom) faed wae he nin of. Thi apc Senor Homet 7 Weave in te tke he eteaon Hom) = Va the Sefaon a te eenniation Hom More seer, th wa ‘efor ssor pcs ara tos poem cer vowem-wensvem mem @ Krenn, ny =r uae 13, Let 6-= GL te ay rpsetton ite group on an n-dimensional voor pes and super tft any pe ‘termine pg) 1 Show tat he spaces POP nV ae 1 ie ny ine set nd at th lt 08 Msg Aut ea emomorhiam tote yarmtaton pop fhe nae po tin reno Bt sts ibs ed Lee Sit ‘The reguarertetion doe eR onespnds oth el ction on lf Aeron he pce f Compe aan eon on Sheteanslonen ge neon fenton ent =a ue 14) Vey tate ne Sst Ragen by idenpng the demet¢wih caracerts ein whch ae he vale fom Sematier tion of 1) The pc anton on @ cao he ma atm G-modsle byte ‘uso’ ath) Show hei anleomerghicepeesaton $1.2. Complete Reducibilty; Schur's Lemma ‘Ava ay stay, ele we pinout oc the repens ‘aint proup C incest we shold yo snp Hey eto at ‘Src aomenta Syst, wb st ta greta Cc fe ail pot foe oration by Hea apse operation, mest ‘mp tng the het um We soul then 08 rpreeritos that ei ith espe thisopeatog, ie thatemoet be espreed ‘a de sm of ther he nal rm for oa pret de nan Happy eaten aie ait eld poly be oe Sernon tone i hit re dol relucieecotis 90 oper sabes aed evr epratation is the ie a of rewctes mt oabeses nigel shee oaths Propet If W ina mnrenttion of repesetion ¥ of ite sys eee coments me ope ot Pron. There ate to way fig th One ea leas osve ‘ee Hernan nc produc on ¥ which peered ech 96 (cei hat He ge) Me frase Vay nde ‘ny Hermtanpodt on Yoon ge uch an by age ove Meo) F tatoo ‘Then he predate 1 i complement Win. ‘il (a simi eee spy ehoose am ray ap U compe mento Wl mW te te rowing by te dict ‘Teompetion =U, and serge th mp oe that ke = Z aloron “Til en bea Gea map a ¥ oot which ie maipeton by {Gor Wtste wil here bes suey Yarn oder ed ‘plenty to a ory 1 Any rereetin a det me trebles. “This popnty cad compte recat sich. We wil Iba foreoninsosepreseitines he cle Sor ny cop ony at ‘his popery eration overt group (wie tara ease ‘ete pou) lt the rl of evel the above foo! Theo) Hoop dons nt have this pop the epee 69) leaves he x us ed, thet compet sabes We wl ie tikes reas mach a Se that re seme heme te 0 ‘taht arte weal the etn spe Va ove lo Ee ‘Shasteraeaer tpt herb tas) Ores There 112. Conte Rady Shs enna > ‘compet redsiy oe the ing hat eke he ee! mdr ‘pest orotate eto sce ove ae nso ely “Texto wth he dowmpeon ofan hia representation et a reece age he oes he ‘Schr’ Lama 1, If Yad oe rede pest or W ira Gomera en (1) the 9 on omega or 9 = (3 VC Wieng 1 forse he G1 te ent, nf G a ro. The isch fone heactibtKer 9 and ng aoa ‘space For the soi tiny oe, mst hve Setvaie Le frseme Le pif hr mote here 8) (0 then ‘remanthaieg nil = bsog = a ‘Wecansemmtse hat ne nv shown arin Pepin 1 Fo ny pein Vo «ft ro ee até th ae dint reduce repent. The desompstion of V {ne cm of the ts ga, 9 tt re reo. olor om Se ea tt W nance epee of Cah dcompostion = Ogg Vs eacepat tees ‘aon. th put map the tor Hit hat factor Whe hc 1.2 he apd te ety apo od eguness howe a In he nt tire ne il ges oslo te proton oon, ‘Thedecompostion othe Ismet dt am ose a1 ‘econ ie decomposition itn Vea OOahmah + tah a ‘opin when on cones al bout the Homey cnes and tlie he ‘One moe ha il xb inthe towing tare sth ite sup Gaon aly many edie ops ‘erin infact we wil how many) Thc he tet te ‘esti faepese ono by eater coe neared * 1 Ree of ae Grp he ede presentations of, el bale t debe am asety (Dear he reduce repeeatin of 6 ‘oc we hare doers the pclem eae out in pate tederipion gen ereseain nthe me Ths a ee eal te (8 Find chins fr ging te dot mm decompo (19, an poe ming apie an rrr erent ‘nha thw ang Eom sper eb the sot fin line {pte opton dere! sve. We nul ike core tte ao ‘fete interme atone he repremtaton wept when we er hee ‘spernion ona neh epaetton Thi Leow pray a8 (i) Perm: Deere h decomptions th mati of repre teins dred fon geo restos ¥, mach wt FV. Ye OY, Shand 9) Noe att decompose mf wo pee lnlons thee eronnaton daonpereseroegiee it = Ui Meee itr= @ Xu@NW, so tis enugh to work ot ihe thy for ile poeta Say. and W revo educterepreetations newt oe poe tinea town athe Crh Gordon poie 51.3. Examples: Abelian Groups; & ‘ne svi holo fo tamper iwi sean pour It dove ot ong mews dew hae Basel. we ma nerve gen Visa epesntion af he agro Gabekan or ot ex eG Besa map ig Y= bts mpm geal 2 aie omer on for ger eG we ae te # Mao Inde gt ¥-+¥ tb Gna for ey lad oly 9 the centr 2lovt@ to pra ablan ad V sande ocean, ‘he y Saute ema sve seep eG at on? yas aie of the enti vey tba of tha vane ht Pt oe ‘lemon The trae eros sy ian rp 6 ‘ipsa of he dl ropa homer 1. ample Ate Gen, . econ nt the spe sonteian sown, 6 ~ Sy, Toki wih snehove(r wit ay symmetic rope some ipeetatons heal repmaeitin wich ne widen ron hear or=seniae for g€6,0£€. Nex since come to perma group we ‘atrlpematton epee, nw at ony femmog thecordts Epethecen tesa te #205) Gruen ted “Ti epson Va lentnaheOts + +2520) Thistwo-inersoneprettonVicasy sen to bee: eel {he want repraentatin oy Le ur nom roe pola of cig a rity representation of), Wenn nthe sent eres onde el fo ig eid ‘hrc hay bat seen hismay be we wold ike oe ‘hore soc approach Tbs sme rr rade tect he reset content amity auton ne song mas of make {oi tat ere re berafar wee wap edn hg cara thor). The el eson we te ig tht il vet toss ‘ett we ier foramen he repent fae ope In gra wl prove ob he ke Touareg pce of Bon “Theisen averse on nsw neo entht heeprsniation theory oat sek poop stay il at ote ‘fan tba repettion Wey by ekg ut he een oe ‘elan syrup ty = 22am He The yikes very tne dom eso fwetae ro be any erator, hy toy) Be sce W sno byenary the con of whee ee aes Me ctecure a perso cab rot amy 8 Th = Oh ee Hoy at mao Net, weak ho therein ements fa om nt of thi i dF We coma tet ih sme xe th carci cuttone want aot epee nee 236, Let V and W be induce reprettion of Gad [iV Wan er apne Deb FW by uo Rotten Show tt Of 04 Ware ot womorpig ad tat ieiption byt) = ‘xeche 28 Show ta hide epreiatins of arena ‘yy mre aera.) te enti these ‘oper an ehoznal bor he spc af acon on G [oer ‘duet sen by {Gy and, then the teaser product # @ V8 a representation of Gy» Or hig «ant Ota)=ae,@ 44" Te danpsth hse tse irom the eral enor poten y= Gye eto New rt sontimer ente oy he hate hen Iovate celery he rose Ho. 44)= nl hnlea EY and ae di ho tha ¥ 9 ao eae and how "hat ees rete epson a Cy Gy ae a ay. te of 19m, Inte tes weil ten e sen 2 subgroup G ofa snr eae 1p OL, and we il oko other reesei eno omer {The folonieg econ i 2 Tere of Burs od oben, ‘hows that foe nie pou Geshe epson a be ned 4 Mere Pet Frm Moe Cone » robe 237. Show hal Yi al repetition of Gb, p> LGL(Ts ner ten ay edule epesnation of © oie it ‘omelet power Pal ‘rokem 23, Shot th neon of ines repro Gaver he ore 0G ‘rte 239 Show ta th charac ay ines epee of neon ate het sesh se O oes onary ere he LecTuRE 3 Examples; Induced Representations; Group Algebras; Real Representations cw singe tg Wein hci oc dmel ode i any ae id chee af orate om "nS and 34 neue to Find, m f3 we show tow to cay rpc Thrchboutbe sage uci realest ar ‘Sse lhe ore a, ace th ee at a 2 Compe nt ‘er ponsrth aed pan 8, 13 Ine epromsne 5S Rvieontnm and erm nr bef $3.1. Examples: S, and 2, [Reba od te potion he mi an aeming ous ing Bde il wok othe nex coueee Representations ofthe Symmetsic Group S, ‘telaent of ac we hate 0 tampons, 20 heey, oe ‘2 eyes tan ee Senet conjugate (123) and {oslemeatcongte 1 30) Ar for he ecb rents ne ‘hve fount alten Uh aerating owen ‘ihe and ereiation Vaan he ene fy me ca rot ite sundardsepreston oth he srong oe toot sath dace eptciaion Yih antr te= 6ee por that Vn Pa dace repent “Theft fourm fhe curser ale aethoe Ho ae we ne tre mor ina repetition Where sos we lok hn! Ont if our rvouengrece and Pie 272 tate le woul be nthe tenor pedcipowen othe eloctie epee we hve soaps 9 ¥ (eh tno [ible podics wl ytd noting new ne have "Y= VQ U"and Fav Sve 0 Otome, Yo beaks up wo "Vand Sym 00 me Too teary. Toma hy tema lal Hate? — ne) Hor 6 0.0.0.1, 2.0% ‘nse om his tat it inde ath ede epson (a hat MV@U"= iv wpe note new that wah ‘Wecannom dhe enaing fn openssh ewe mays Fife tod mate tensions, ne ae Paya a Oa neh so 4 af = 50. Thte re no mot one Simeesiolepreetatins ne "hese ativan mal aprons hose gut groupe thd My 211 tampons Coy Ai Rel Repos ete ony sch abou. Sotho pois, my = 5. Let eae ‘cof thea eden eentsions and = W'@ Ute ttle ihe row ing te race of Wi Gm uo oa Aint Wn, my ay an ag) Using the orthoonaiy ‘aoe of 220 on that Wand wie ate nn op Inechangag Wd Wheat to owe a ger (a9 (91H CAS sadgtute eomaton ¥9U=€% web ao MY 2 P= VeRrany a, big 6) 0.1 AoW 94 Hy shows ht Xs owe wrtgoee ms Ava ry od ie eens Wa woe proce theme td enn Sy Wee vec 32 ( Fd the arate te eroenaion Se (i Wout ing any owl he Gra eof Sy iso sow dat ya i thet nm free tint edie prtns {iy Using cur oad the ot ve row ote act ae sho ‘hat ym'¥ isthe et of he operation ae ted ed ie repesemttion I Compete the arable or yar Find te decompo it ine ie eresnains WESyeiWand VOW SSrig sesame | | | | 11 Erm Sa » Representation of the Alternating Group %, what heppent tthe conc clas above we rece, by 17? nvm te od conapncy de dpe bra eae ne sine ‘Snjeton bya tannin how am Ser, mer tha a, ‘rpm ne one ds ny ea in 9 aac 34, Show that he conjgny ct in So permtaton contig rodaceol dnt cresoteagt by hy ale apt the wos ‘ovo conapcy cer nh a he Kaeo an cay ae veo eet ong cong cn Me cose 4 ed pn ant enth1) thea of, thi ean te ave Ie congney co thee fos bre, 30 emi an of rc ote Snot tempos (TS ‘Sere the soon eof eye, Bower ek te njoary cae of 12545) and (21365 ech hai 12 et “nfo te reprenentatons he obvi ple ook a sti to ty the eects of od above. Ks reduce {eprestaton of ay feame tec then ese oy Oo (ible spac tearme megs lb hc ith Sno‘: and o¢ Wand Wn ce U 7 ned sare ine le cmt ti) = Bat te hare 00 has aes (Go, “yi thon the coo cen Ie above 2) = 2and NY thetomet two redo epecntaton neh we ent Yan Z See "hes ote aurea the dines Fim 2) seach at bets meno vec 45 Ute othagonay eatin to carl te characte tbe (2g uy aH), “Terepoetitions Fant Z may in ft eam: an be ead a the propes motos ofan cnton or ete, doeaeo) Yih coepoaing representation. Note tha te wo eens 4, =L) eeipondng to Y aed Z have th sane ag, a Yor ‘thes om hu hal hi barat diese cone cars ‘1245 a2) er bya ur anos te Note in dona devonpe ve wel Se hisecty ‘tom the at thatthe eer os Sson cao al head ‘cores hich alos om te aaogns aoaegaaFetgr usc 46 Find he decomposton ie permutation pression of omeaping ft eis inc a gs lhe neon ec 37, Conse he whee 9p De de oe the aoup of hones ofa eat gonintbepane Lt = fe Dy beth opea oions Use temo! ani api thst =D ‘oath epee fal ret an aby epee thet tor beak pte egnapact ith ston oF anak be “ieromaeg ener of Dac a fe pepacs ech 48 Amie theeenaton ofthe ea op De ig the ‘haces thoy deepen Laue vec 390) Fe theca bi of he prow ne onsite ot "he gunerions (21, 24 £4) ender malian Tee se ‘m= collation group oder 2 whch ve ey To ssc ‘em tC dete te sles Cilferdgebepsrtl by hyo ah ‘sion if ""I abd 5)= ='mp30 Estar tan eo heat Pe pes" ipa oer steal, "ym Se for nanan ‘esc ics boat Cilod alee et My (eM iseen) (CET “Thi soup ix 24041 covering ofthe bla 2p fm xm agonal ‘ates with 1 dag eae and eermaias the ene (£1) ii od aod ety ihm even. The ote cology ‘hes consi opi sens (9h The noworpens af Co waka Pe sia ota prod uo wi cen Penna Sp een Sty dn Penola oF a (9 Compe he races fh in eresesaties nd ey the ae ee (6 Dee tal the sin representations, tpt withthe 2° on eto resets ong tom te san pop Mel Be fore eines tation an onpte he tee 12. sr Pne Ne StnRyomntatn H Foro te ops He arexampes oro speci? gro (ou ‘rece 0, Fed theca bleh group S12). oe LUE) be the Heeb gran fone mE ola Ansyethe erssiions of HZ, it bythe metho of ere | (rating nano he eter vnunet §32. Exterior Powers of the Standard Representation of S, ow sould wean about construcing representations of the metic [lupeol The nee fbi immed at ha ‘Seupy met the nest ere ew poe a thee Iepesition 3} Foro, aan amie Ie deme ees ‘Seay solar ne lawl dey on he bvicuarte pn 8 ache pte A of een rere Pac. From the compotion C116 U, ne exh V ide it doze tel = 2 Saale NO = OH UBNYONU) = 1M gules toshow tat 1) ~ bee the characte te reprstsation Pein 4,2 sed) Fora Ba th helene ange 0 © tenes (oie | 1 at) and oi iean ves permunton 1 g(0)= Ban 0 523 uae nd Rpeatins Gop Ah Rel Repeasins ov 8 = denotes he pmo fhe B eines by Bee ta EGU)" EBPUoloe aFE pos eth some ae ove sube B d Co A ihleety ain st ‘auton teams ov hey wih) = Band g10)™ Sach epee by ourpematons ef BCom ABA Come EBC! wae STAMTUC Latin ethecrdnasy 1B sat camseentwtes BER Rk no Etmoeeriers PEMA aes nC, ¥ ans) Xm) The at sua ne eo lek == Oot Tecate = ee Byneaayed(On-ares en (ese, "aon upto 502) = 2 ance a oy way ont hat the mat pone fh stand pt seston oe sm eens Frat ese oe athens ey teva ence ho rotenone ees) ta ss gn aay vat nce tr he gent uty de eer sarily iredoctble, at witness the ease of By. . $34. Induced Representations it = Giamsouy any presennton Vf Grete eprelaton ented Reo xa er In th ston we rb en mp Sete i roti eto am non ‘T Stpow ¥ ersnaon Gand Wesel ‘mot Foran inte aepaceg = (m2 aed ony onthe geome since gh = ge y= ora 123 Ine Reps » in Gwe mtr hsabye of. Wesny hat Visine W- irevryeonnt in ¥ abe wit uniquely oy fees seh Traine of Hee, hice we ite V = In =I ‘sample 10 Te permutation pretation seca tothe ef acon of ‘ont sinned om he iv one-imeona peenation Hore Phar foe Gf) and W = Cap ath tbe i ee vamp The ep repeat of inde rom te replat repreattion OF Here Whar bn fp), wheres War bast tecken We cn hat ena ersestaion Wo Fh ext andi ulgue apt momorpn.Athoogh weil Ee eer ance aye oe "et fot har odo by band Choose seperate gy free ‘toe lene rset tht com Toe their, ete at ech en oY hs nig ctgreion v= Sg bt aes ‘ln Gen gh Gear g, gh losone ro and he Then Cera a0.) =U eaes (6 “Ti prover the volgen antl ono contrat ¥~ In rom WcTakencopy WoW foreach ie ent ilfrae Wot go dene ‘cement of ¥ hat a uniqy expression » = Sg fo lems, in W: Given se, detne roy ean ei) ‘Toshon hati defns asain oon ne ms via a6.) Aiea) aon )or anther een gn Now fgg =a Kn #46 Uam = 6l6tba) = 4) See(@ 49 =46 a9) = 68h = Ge Nh we ave (ear lo5n~ aR.) 45). exe, sample US. = Hi ten dW = i ‘The ert fhe nde eevenation flows rom Earp 3.14 34 empl: nad Repetition eps Real Reni ue 316) U in repenniation of Gd W a epresenaton oH, ‘ow thn witha esr potatoe) (Ue nd = Insteny@ Input, nes) =U Pwr the ermtnton eps ‘nat Gon Fora on or Resin W x epee see p38 {0 tke rein, dco tai IT © K . tet Repomtins Gp Ais Re eyes ‘A morro pron isto note tha fia el epeentaton of ‘coming rom Tove thn onc pst ee me ‘nar frm om ich x rowed by Thi pers sym ess ‘omen Fh tne yt ny ean vl ae eh ‘Reconatcknsl Propton 3 Ta {amma 36 fnredclerpeseaion Vf la ole ‘onepnate yam iat Jom B 0) peed iy roo wehavesich Bandas ara nodepeert Henan for sth Ginna en tives cong es nmarpion om ¥ 19 Vpn ce ¥, hres irae oh Bh Mg noo iti in a Ltd Morene : ™ Hot = Bs = BO.) Hoh 3) = MATA, Sm whith low hat (9) = Hs 9) an theeove 22 ‘ete rel aber Changin Hy saa, we may te =o ‘p= 16 Tha Vina mmf veal eietgaces Ys ad Yo cotponing {oeievals and Sie comme Vs nV ape avait ‘sbspece Final. g(t) igen = yaad = EC) ‘oe tom the pooh areal eresstation sto caster yt sinece ef cnjuge Men enlpiy of vee gare ee Meni = Yeti gen by conpaion my © rose ‘Aising vin oder brea neat i Go a eh spice tone lao ne eed goup Flt To ‘ethene! amps the represen of hon pen Isic over Ror n> 2 (stn in Ready heaton oft willbe reactive Thelin themes repeats 6 Ser ht te ren doesnot hn we have i a tee ‘alvpresetaton, Howeves we wile'n Exerc 339 to ho nh theeryene we heeled tira apcenates ef ft dee 5 Re Repent and Reyne Sein ” Suppose ean edule pee of ihe Then hse 1 Genera tomorpiom PS, te the 2 Gelatin or gener asa for 808 Vb eel Be nt be symm evading Bie rrevt=symive@irs ‘ad noting the wien Bu oipznto by satus we seth i ier sone esi I Ba skensmmetie preceding Th maker “gumerinss a # eomieg mation! by Detnitn 336A gtr repetition compe repre V ‘hich hs « ton homomargtis 77 tt ent nee Ses ini aiken dis a Summaries dcsoe weave he ‘Theo 3I7, At rite repeetatin VW nt al oly om of the Soong (0) Comply traces dosnt hae Garin a dayne Ba fre (2) Rea = 1s Carel pennant Crt yma renters ies fm ‘uae rea a Vm eV ha iio he pmesinndegst ea fr stcie 13 Show tat or Viel, © iV iscomper “1 AY isqutesione gnere { “Tie hat hehe cern the here are aly ease ao ips that the oder oa not epee mt be rch 39, Lat Ye el weer apace on which Gat res, Ve t9 tie contpooteg eal ereenttiona 6 Show tat ah iret tent har atl roe oh an they oe 42>. add Roe Cay Abn Rel apoio ecb 40. Cay te ea eee of xe 341 Te oupalera Cea ogee co sonia the ee epetaton over Thaw singles ae Imei lrtra over oy the utero scnig ate erate ace U2" Show tha lara oop ae el and ealy if ‘ser slant cont tere (0) Show tat an Senet nap conjpncy di fx conus to init adept merle when ih conga to model ti een (Show al holy €or which ery carter of eas are AZ ela ane aac 449% Show tat (the ten rc of tn oto get ‘oie epi ice for aay Wo" @ Vite) Ho ‘neat RY; (UV s quntemons ire or een qutermon ot Representations over Subields of €in General Weconierna he geeonton ote pring leno moc pra ‘bts of € Unorately our rit il pat be mye sen ‘era, ut wee sexy the pole ey ee the Speman ino "To hen wt ome in hi goer eing i ite ent Let Cheaay nl We Sc Kepner ‘oreo V = Yili oer "Ore ay toate bow nan a repreentaton of Gare deli ove ‘Ged Kit rede he eto ng Re fr Tae ‘ee ot ie the rary praetor it ut te oop ‘ool na comtinton a Kept of @ mol aan {tefoom "4 8 (PM witmaiatn pen eee peda ‘aac 44. Desi te erent Ro sae th ‘Foupe 6 whos omg epsesatin we ba snald shoe I pate ‘in hea of Rola ene beak of RC vec 5%) Show ht hh bring ofthe igo cas fons geile po ysl premio dd 5, ft Repent and Renton Salo © (Show tthe characte olreducbe eprentsions vr Kor a8 ‘oon bs orth [0)Sbon thats compl repeat of Gane defn oer K Wad onl tcharces bons ato) ox oro the etn bene (aed RUG (S, WS) Leckures 426 LECTURE 4 Representations of S,: Young Diagrams and Frobenius’s Character Formula telnet sc he ‘econ tr Youre yam and sfron pas rl hes eT po! eae ace coma! Lene he ‘te pot iene peta of eon woop ‘cn rib wea unto re ‘eens S¢ Atemetne oaetetepse ns tu ie ‘Sons deneri (oe mit ues hut yee pe rod Arsen heh sty cay hip a ‘Siete ero rm tr ‘tie an nt ae He Senet te Pramrmotos HS Plt tes 4.1. Statements of the Results ‘The nue of eredusie eran ofS he nob of onagy et ih he aber pf prio! d= Sy MOE ROME Ee OM Ee lh conege ect ia) < Ti patio nantes i an nein ‘ave een eh od Ha, And} For example pla} sg al eqn oat ih = Dan fn ton Gy ese a Tay ag omens oun ane a agra ih A buen the 0m the ow of boxe ied pf he et. The "eve potion X= to he prion dene by ite ‘nga rows and oom ibe oan digesting te dig inthe 4" toe For exmepl the Sam ove ta te pation (3.2.1.1 he coajt(3,4.2 (Without tee ote ign ‘oj arition oes be ced by syn tener Tepito tht we rater thar or eal 0) “Young diagrams can be wed to densi pjeton oper fo he gq repeats whch nl hen peti elope Sr For Bon Yong darn, mm te bot ny coment 3 Sieta| Mace ey line tana nen Young Sagan 0 be henbeing ite ves bythe npn Ciena ben) the sna ot ‘town die to saga eibe yee po eden eens we Poh at te on cad ee 46 4 Reports of You Das nd renin Chace Fvana (vee ppromnes chow) 0-01 (ve peered aaa) Inthe rovp alga C8, wind te elements corepording tee ‘ogi nest aun Ze ant io Flere an “Tome wat aan do ohne tha Ve any voor span at ‘ne fh esi ponsr=by prmtig ln the mee en mn e8, + Ee ™) iit he tose Ines) = Sym! @SymPY--@SymhV< V™, rete nono he ight cindy sowing thai of V4 ord tothe rows fhe Young ant Sansa ae thon In) = MYO NVO—-@/V ev nly ee {hie ced Yung smart Fox ean, whe = (he = = Sovatg aol the tnage fg on Ye" Ser When ES ese Baap dees eeeentteimteton yeni ‘sen he Sno Simemioal tlace mprenttisof OLE Fie we tte the compendia at epen of There 43, Sane slam of depot ec = mca the eof yr mato on 0) an rec repent Wet Shy tree roo fo ae We wl rove hi them in th et sion Note tha cova. tachivedbereprsniaten of can edness seein tonal ouplga OS, Noes tha he trem get 1 set cregendece btm colic caves in Gy nod ede "epesenton of someting wich has nvr hs oh Foret for (0 (1 Stemntetie Ran ° se vil epesenation UY and when 1 (hh Maou C80, J soloke 0: sel ‘sheeting repesetationU: For 21h Fan 6 ua —tan)® 1 60) Fon Sasa sine 9 a ed Rem Selrcrraetce ear sae enous eet constuction Zand isthe acai spreetatin, xan 46 te cai een dod hdl eprtion, Gyfrd = 3 rom hacontrachonol te tortion saponins ‘Your diapam ts a bd own ou ech epee sme en thee seme Bu serine e anv fe 144 tension oS, Young Dar nd Foden Chr Frm * am v A ’ fp arc 46 Show tha for eer dhe mr eprentatioe V co fonds th prin = i) 1Ata haley yo can yt pone Ute sir poner othe senda repronntaton Paes oy honk AP {| nv x ote ahi coeur hore ht he /* eine ‘Neat we tra Foti’ alt for thecal 2 fy wich Ince om for dean Lt Cente the cosjtay Can Sy imine ya sequenc Fetches) wihEas one ta ave, Lae 2c, cat of os pee yee Teed independent aie ih at unter ftom te Youn daa of De 127 end th ie Ay Paererane 409 [Jens o HJ) =f.) 4 oma port we 8 eB) te sho-nicinep t teh ay = een os “9 Given pion 23, 2-2 Oot dt eA tEL heh thRowtede 14 Stone Rt ” ‘sty doesng que of nam ognve ne, The character of ¥ ‘salted 7B y te ema Probe Foe 10 wefan, Fevers d= 40.2. ition clo 04, testy = Oi Iyiy = b thew “ aot +B 6 Dhan = tere in crac br Sy Say ida Sai seb sea at aoa incre fay, eS pajama Fo voters cel Tmt = Eases. he um ove a partiins Zo din otk prs Popon 437 nd (AM) Although edo ot se Schr perme itr thy ly the cnr le the leh acon evped epee Tet ot he Frotei fortala conte th dines of ¥.The conc chet cept dh so. f a pean Tooter be tte get eet hem ove ape um 0. To nd the efit of he prod a olfconespodig tem sth to Leary {hen ove those in ch that hy 00+ 12 Ofer Sk ‘Divsomcae be vitenat 1 4 Reqrcman2Yooe Dna an rl Charce Fee Lr a [te ae see cae 0) By col ret th teint ecto he van der Monde deter tare glo aan with deh a "Tave anoter way of exe he dimen ft ¥. The hak lego on ns Young gram th habe f gare icy bow tet to right fb nlg the Dx oe a cf ne flowing arab i Mook Lag Feral 412 Token Fo the bone pation 24 Lhe dimension ofthe conepding epee Sy tere Yee SM ar 413%, Dede theo lent om rom the Fabel wn ‘ere 416% Use ook eg oma ta th niece ‘epee of yo denon eth ate the a teeing fod P= 7 Uo dein t,t the her eam the to “ines peel oy cmepading tthe pan = 22, Sed the tw ne dmeronl repress Hf % sarepoedig oe 1 Stent Res s aac 41% Ug Fotos orl or then show tt devs h ti arn) ™ MB = 2) are sfGd= Ms — ih, Ca ou conte hin a? nrc 416% gin pe of nth din sho hax) £1208 Nokcand oie ook Wie a—at, sNosesd-t a nec 17. Frobena [Fo ed hola to comput the ve of eneteaflenghims GF pane Wt eo (1) eh wa ee tan OO SW 2A SR BOY seed aplasia flnghata> ned woeffe-a veme—mffe-sen “som a (18 ca be eid atthe ce of in he Latent ‘spunea of Ytte a= ‘Dette wion tobe the ght th non oe Young nr and tad be the er of ose ion an othe et theth ox athe ingore om loner iat eae Poke oat sre ii fr hectare wn Forte panna 9.9.4.8. 18 ap 3) ects te pion yo apa nend) sem $5) Algal, ran he carry a) << and < decd meen os char 52 Rereniont f : Yung Dat Fok Cheer Format teat ata) at rom tee (9 Show =a y= a flv» fre so=py-mjjo-r0 floraen Deda thatthe am in (theo a "in hed {e) When = ae tprove hora tay = HF + alt 1 ort (Hat) wed he xa of Frobeisoeete he mabe of srysto mie gen pertain a pode! atanotons Frm bit Ingrestonlsorthe umber ofwatshecrering fe Rana ee Iva iven number of scr sod phen single ren pot nga I) ns gen aerator gh terrane oe compte ney cn sec 41% 1 the sandr estan of prove the deco estos ede eens Sym VOY Keay VOY = Sym ONY UO YO aan hess 44> Obethe length symeti hooks tha forthe diagram of; hus, eee Montag rot decoy a=", 42. Inneducible Representations of S, We so et hl he representations conrad in the it eon ae aay te reds repeats of Gy Te pot spas ay ‘tdi tes (CR) Dekel IN) [Wet] v0 ne wil be He Tat 4 = C6, ete pou ng oy Fora pion 2a Pad Q te theovespondin bron peengthe rons en cui YOON Ubi eoneyonding les ay bby eed I ees oh Be 2 tne Repent 3, s te coponding Young emma, 10 ¥= Ay te sorepondog Tg emote dependence ont tate conn, a he seen ade epee atone wl ot eee to) ‘etetat 0 = [1}20 ment of Scan be mtn ato one sway ara proc pg. pe Pye 0. Thm ct the nu ete moet iia wth cic besa nor amma 421.0) For pp = 12) Forge Q.bemo b= ani = Feri eee, een = a of emai by Paco. Only hea ston ot obi 4 sin he onion inh ten tye sane or aly, pn para Iie oe tt y= traiostion tah tat p= Pahl 9 = tng T= 97 tthe abe ole by elacng ch ey aT yn thst hat hr ae at nts hat ae ‘meow f rand the esl oT these anon tia tn integers Wet ey ta ire wre no rch pte, ltenonecould ites = pqfrtomepe F-qe Todo hike py eP a gpeQ = o0evo tha p rand 7 hehe same ft ove peng aller ofthe eens one pepe Pedy «Ql y= Te Thee Fra gots pu tod berdoe g= 9, thee y= #9) 960, ot reid a We order pane koopa A> sheen nemvaiting i ae ponve (22) Aa 24> men irae th er 10 Fale dye, = leesaersaileof a piel sfifraime nel ‘moo Foc (hme may ate x= ye Sp Saeeg hy 4" ithe dement con- Sel om ghee "th bes el Coatrat u o Stow tn One vetes tat!» yp herent wont Inthe same row o and the sane colo Tete tarpon Chew ters hen gy ay thy hyanay neh hy ‘Sieqeted Pat tow fom Leman 3) 6 uke 2, Som tha # gthenes AG, = pation = 0 amma 4261) 1 on eee repeat of DL wih on, ret tere ‘oor For (1 tte that He, by Lem 42. We ie ‘aepsettote ether Cc, or 0 het sta WiawtezeW. Olerase We ke 20, bot tt ingles Wn. Indeed proton om 4 ont W' ghee by ght penton by oh Alone ge A wih = g*e W-W=0 Tie mgmt shoe at Er et the bern, fh revs ens note ork wemayasupe t= Then = Cee bate er AG 0.2 they cnn Ye omorpe ode amen 28. Far any 4 = 0 thoy = iin Yi Pron. et Fhecght mutilation ye 08 4 Sine Fe miaton by son Vand a0 oe Reve the ct Fm tes he deson Butte cocient f nese ovat) Toa & Snes three many hasbeen a conny ss of Sp thet orm compte st fornia of reste ‘epee, his cms raf Toren Inthe et seson ‘rei prove Protea ore harm fy os oso ‘leo cu at of hater teswn sat thn ew compe ‘enor roduc once or ented patina to «a §43. Proof of Frobenius’s Formula For any prion Jd, weave x sab ae e+ Tomy bron a2 et Ute the repent of ind om he ei represent Balen Uy = 4, Wg aie seinen Let Yat = carter, ro eyo hisinvetipton the ation ences Ua Yemen Yi sn the racer oY, Note ta Y, apes Use re p= faye Yom Ay sey, ws 2. ott ots Foe s by Bere 4 Foret, whe Yen Kein Ky ich pee the et ha he pesto pretation C6 he ‘oma tuna opens she eesti Fs ‘Seve tat eery Ute Voki oe nd co "The chara of Us cay Lo compte dest sce U seprsentton and wed hanes ort Gysladanleol on nei neers th Gee, he conotcy ds contigo enent made of, on 2c ‘lobes. The nomber aces G ews ce ob tga ap 0 By he formal charcer onde even (Exerc 39h, a arty legate vere the st soe ane ines ning collation fy: Sst 44) of nom Ba by tte aco Cr, wt he pl compre’ fue of Gata pdt Sing terete Neen Seen OE Nl We EH cia ‘tesa oe the saeco ian “Taso ete theca ol X= ‘owe tyne gona Pate toc ete oe et oteh ee e ( ‘4 hv the forma VAG = CPM, = nein of Xin «39 Toprove Frbeaiaorls, we lo sempre ese ih he cae ete By 1% 4 Reon 2; You Dg an ress Chance Forma OE ABE ohh on ota mi theo ia 6) =. eye ety bors mma ni Ping Ue EK Plo tin her the conics Ky, ae crn arly doe inp eed Kesha maner Foran tos adja éthrnege maybe ombiantray a thenumbe of ee ait veel oe Vou dgran fer wth Ta 2, 24 op 4 Pe oh #0 ‘ow ate stndeseasngan thr tc co ‘ele smd tebe om Kyal and Kye Oboe “Telnaes Kye ho be deal eh cone of he oi hat}e.cti the Schur plyeamal 8, cresting foe For Be roa that tne ate uae Setar (A3) a0 (ATS) of Apc ‘inthe ems opine sone Azeem PF re WO-ERmenm Eko — 09 he ans ta ten (0 eo A Elcio mes =4y a ‘Tis ines th he ftons ede 8 eon one sony las of shy the mime orhogonityrnon the dese Sharer tlt ont ean deduce fray om ht tons ht ‘he ost Be he wee character wich what Fer ove. Atle moreno nee oa sty te caster Prope 437. Let = rb the cheater of Tha for oy coacy ae Ge Be HG) 040) Pao. We ae een) hl he represen Uncrate {cen teed esetaton Fn hat sed Ieisowatout he ton beter U edt ptt wee Eh rad hallng 20 rey ‘Comer thi saton oe with (35). We deaf ha enh 42, wt tn Foe ° sitchen we = Timate mee ut the th tert ethno by 436,50 eto, = Em snd ence ors rece character (oom rm the boa {ett rma ta hep ign bal eet wed Bed ose to Fi and ame inden ex = for a> 0 by (435) Yaron t F, Kate Compan th nih 438 nd wing he ner ndpenineo tart, ‘ieoniy py tht 2 3 ovary 439 (Younes ale). Themen ch map he wre ‘Stormin te ced eprenctn UENO BKale Wont ER, 1, au he rele repentation 0 Note ht when = Koen, Ta shoe tat te dma of 78 ember of ‘hid oben the meer ony he Vong Saga of ‘fant mmben tom fod sch ave and omes a cei “Teton eng mae ante combi on or in dies ‘io Fe, bso, ab Ta poe ht hse no mbar ae oe {Site nese ote nano std wes a Te iter kates anon componton afte goupsin <= €3, 4 Sec um of ea Ae ening vr of sda en, ith Sim lhc, yh Youn symetit creo oT. hc dt and £30 T ornare clston ae Clie reeatatns ¥wh integer etic Forza etnpleot Younger nehave a easton Ue Qleww 1 a the ony whe lage be le ith editing nowt stay cree lm, ‘tot we roy ithe ned rw no loge than ‘ivony one an bens tee opie nish «dr ure 440% The nate of be been ned only when ex Parton fa Ene the don ony kt. tigers Ua pd stig Y= Oi an of thea nega ad erie Yee Yate he roring fe. een dr nthe Sli chencteoftherepntatie edo he iv eee ‘aon bythe ncn af Gy Sin Sy Use (3) an 2) of igen Ao prove the sersnata fret eee hace {remo he ne charcer y = J, 0M arenes one tna pd tere ora yn tase Ya a Ba Waar i. “het rac fe pedigree te chars vena “eater poi a reavons Ga sy sonserne aap ‘andepoentte tyr demiey iene earn Sk Sern tein one Scan "aot Gy xx Sy ty te mauban oy ky 1s tara oT pod emma and wetted thm ett br tl oberon or capone ert ton nto nec pr For ths tenth oe eo wo inom an ihe nul epeniatins Heda tee oe fc thereprttn Scraping he ron ot and Min epemsion a conapondng othe parton am, Hata D Mb wen Sham ve prions dm hh soning by he en Rehrdn at Nena ay a he the ot nS Wier Land =o tra lt -Z en) hep oe all nore Youn aga eae om that 9 aig onc bor. Thats sos antec ionood Rebrot ‘Seto at elma chs pond nh i Exerc 443. Show tha he Ltwood-Risardso number Ny the ‘mali ofthe eu eeennon Ys tention fom'ato Gym Sfp ig m= f=, Pe or Reston 13, oft bein Fort * ‘he pm oer and tom vy rovig one box Thi ome {he“hanhing hore fl for nde rat wa corns {cll tense he ecsponton malty ee For example, yon ‘inecittoreroe th act ha hai of Fi the urbe ‘Snitandrd bcnutonpottyped Means Revd topovete anion ‘ane la Etec 46 thatthe repress coepoeting oooh se ‘Steir poer oe andar eto, ec 44" Pele) Reza a group of So al tet {apron ofdandvaparion of + Ue Exon a0 sw at ‘heli ff tnd versa name he Tam lnrning eth owt ate By Frobeasrecocty,h ‘hennme the aii of 0 Ret) Misra =o ingen hl eon ‘Form siping ofthe ray apni hen soe (Din 8) Preble LA The Murnaghan: Nakane rege fice adore ‘tod fr compuing share ler fea prion of andy #3 ‘ite sre jrodac funneled dja prmuatonhe Se a= E017 here he un ov al partons a hate tied by enoving skew hokage and fie mmbe avert! see a ‘Genter beat eon than tte ewe ne hak Alen oak fer comes elon of bomday bots oi Youre ingray ech {ti sewing thm ees «mr Youne dram tet oe ae ‘urapondes betwen ew hoon aviary bret of ie se at ‘nde 106554440) P= PA43310 ok ng = 9. ag Forexampe btn hoot eat hen 2) 0 sien wrton ta pode iat eof ln my my thee tien any rete 2 tem 3% ‘mirorersh ayestodconpow te Young gran ysl ova hen toks ote ‘tua epi i sat (0) Ded the Marnphar-Nalayan Fm UA) and Eee ssi he itiencod-Retads ae OF . 1) Wine nono Ec 4 stow tt And teal mone of ati tl= $a tea A ute 446" Show hat Corley 429 init “Sayer const” {terete ryt Foon the nde esaon Uy a or Problem 40%. There + mor inne contain ofthe ned ‘epeentatio Vl Spee moll nich dps otal of techs fe aten i alr Myo erro ofp Sc De i 0 su hr fee {curterag by teitepe tod) on voting equi he ow ane "he same op oder Then 2, aby prmuttnso hei, edhe ‘responding repeetaton ith ba the abi mph to Uy Forsch abe define a sane Fy et epsnain sac by Bye b(Tl = Zeeiaeh he sm over the gt penne the alamo: The pa fl Nemrgie to Vande Fk whee is over fe and aban feema ae “othe omsection of ¥e10te he ebpse ol h ply ig teal td ty a abo Fe thee Fema. the arch 48% Let Ue ie repeentaton A, wich the ers ‘(8dr om te er pod! he alenating repens oh Uiesabyoup = 6, sno Gy. teey = othe owen paton Shon tha the doamponion oie We Epo educa the oti repetition ht xn bth ‘od and ccs ienh ih may one Notehoweer.hat ingen Ae 4 40,4 bie ey abe cated in 0. 14. Poll bei Fora « ec 44%. With attion wi (40, FU" = a the erg Fepset f Gy sow ta Yn deco a ret {Gv the mam ovr ir whose Yong ni ca oie! om hao FN aeagn town it bo min heme om ec 48, We ne en tha A= C6 mero et om of srecsol Y= Ae where, ~ in ete umber oft ena ‘Oh Thccu be en cp a folons For eh andar tte Ton eh kee ee nano 5, ct mT Then = Ay Inonlan pein atin 23 hows thal ey =O weno ond Fre ben on eae gra and TT Leth ety (eating om eh oa hen to to wae ane es a theca of rg the ba of FFrom lowe hat te om 2A, (A dimension set onde te poo (Thao es aoe {ou tht te dope oY, the suber af stan ale 90 ‘ove one ifthe a of he gare of thelater mbes, toot or tke} xe 481" Ther ae eel met for Secompoig tet pot ‘inorereatater whi mount ag he ethos Cn, inthe decompotion fy ton oS oe cae 1 hinted rpecttion Us i ais to compute #9, whch enor to Tote) eng wd indo om the abroup Greece Sy starenetionand incton an Becompeted ye Tew Rikon ele Ford can work thc thing ot eit oy wa Pes rma [ren flowing coor ormaa fr the cofient,wich showin prenarthttheyatndgendont foe the us aia Cn Fig 1) th 2, = and wi 00) 26 00.0. ie sam oe = Him ete "0 Sow tat ayer Bi ee yee, en Shen nrce 45% Lat Ry = AS) dete the representation sing ad st Be Gah Totes pect ata Setrmae ape (4 Reece Youn Daan nt Fete Char Format re Rett determines = Ro) RIB * Ee) = ROR, ich ens a copradat + ROR. Tope, he abe nto « (Gade) Hope (Tic amen ss ay te aa eve ‘Woven th tire esse we a tt) (a) Show tht ar spt RLM Mead rere am indent of dered steam othe vial ‘epeetton of Stow tha theo prot drm MUY= MOLY MOI 1 11M Hoge A Zl Ha) = Do We om ely Ay With te simi plomil fSgre dip 2a, The Sey symm n Ay dete Appi h there coped 1 va ptton of Se 1) Show tha Fy coresponds to the aerating repreenttin Unt (0 Show that ihe ala prot eat on A, n(A19 crepands ofc ae rc de on clases in (2). (@ Show tn fe involtin et Enerene A creyondso tag a eprsettion mth he seen sett ore) te “hen tes prods! ofp ger tmp Ry Ry-+ ‘eames ions prec oto ee 10 Soo ha apo af foie mort Lom ink Sine tee oats fo AO ior pet etre tb ner LECTURE 5 Representations of , and GL,(F,) Iara ops tS i ifort “Spesaitaofasubpouy finde m.anse wha web ba beet ys oly rr ie siege nc oe sar em Regent ty BE Repent OL and5L 6) $5.1, Representations of Wt, “Te alereting soup 5 for oe fhe fit aie ie [Down eso, fein the Senos of 3, we ecb het sittin enim UE Cand U comet abd neti reperettin of Gobind loo th no seen of IH. Foray representation of Gt Peavey te sonnter of P'ia he same ao te earcerof Vo leper bt aro ler meets t in Inara, nope {Wis any eprsaaton ot here coat prtaton ios by snping y any dementia tin MP the chest cater the cous =the), Se ie 0 Ilipton by an eer ot not refesetin gu ep {oliomorins Propsion 1. Lt V ean mec rpresetn sf onl W = Rs therein of Vt. Then eal of the aot bs {Vise tmephcte¥:W red al oer cnet, wiywsrer" Gh V5 P51 = W@W" where an Wr rele ond conte unt morph" nsf "ich inecl esto of re sia nh myn ha in coe} Pando te sme epson Pron. Late theater of. We ie lor aun 5 a + 5 ie. Sis hes vm isan integral milo the mie mat eo 2 ich re the two cero be poprson Th sow hat Wee lreuceor te soe of wo dt reece repens a We ‘Noe that he cna ae tapes en) =O a we tase when homer ta the sad ae nd Wms fe ‘orien Waconia nd Wand Wwe: el-conoateF ‘eal at ert The ter stern) nd allo oe omega ¥)= ¥9(0 Uf ae 6 Say rn) ‘epson Wo, Revhd With et am We acoio ‘tomy tom Execse 319 tom tlh the at sta! lows rea 3 ‘Mos of hi dicusion extend ih le change oh cte whee Mies sos bre of arity Pie odes in hel (BAD, 9-96) lor nsstendd cho ts ropoation nay anal ops ‘ne nde (Doe 1), Tate ae wo peso onus cla nH hoe that ae conju ees in ad those ich hate i come ela ‘son ¥ 0G that rete Won pao pit cones sae wes {min oth ne the races of Wad Wap oe og cans ba ‘heater some spit clase fy 6) teh andere) gt= meow tera 9, sit ote cater of ‘he terenaion¥ tht hen wt and We on ce Oho te eae ‘aera an ycan be teins om hogs conse 151 Reprineo 6 ‘er 52. Sho tha th umber fp conc aes eal the tombe ol iedocleetnatons ot 6 that me omer to Yo {othe number of techie operaine fH that wena homo ttc uray beni sm cs i ne esp he comin the aeratg suo othe smite ron Cxnr to te praia, ro 0 Res {hate cnjunte partion (oh nth 0 the aerating sepeetaton The tno cae f the proponion Coepned tthe cei) ed aod (aL ha hi Woe le ‘ion of, toy I= ned be the vo repeats ‘hove som he retin of Weta Rese Wi Ws en 4 (et-onugt represen of) = # lym Young gra) = # opt pio onnncy dasa = # [ona Sen beating into wo casein). ow conc clas ofanlenent writen intl und nf eno od ermunton camating ith ‘vat ol eee anng 2 og ed oo ye hig ‘och on cnn eis ‘Epc to fin tg ean « 5 Reprenains H ad Gh) tonne arin and dete he eects aietcand’ bea pia cong ae contin oes ing > >>, The fevig proponton af Fans Comptes the dnpton othe tars aea Prpeien 51) cand do metered othe pron then Hd He) = 19) (2) i cont creo i then HOA HEI% xel=He=n% handy he ro manbers Wir vo oom ila =H ot example id= 4d = 22) we ver =2.¢, tly ae the cb roa a ye regen nw ee Feprenttins led Wand U inthe lela aa Fer d=3.A I f= thd we Sn the rpretatons ced F. (l= bnaever a ote tht sine ony oe pa of trace vale i tke ae of by the fin ena rotenone ase wien "hic Wega to choi he pt od te is fa) oe ho athena m ering nse mane sags he We oto pot the popesion aan xi Bueche$4%, Sep 1 Lat 9= (>> g) be meget of postive od ines sing to an (be he casey Sec at sna ah "tee coreondig character a Asn ‘ine ve mech lem ta tn io Hledande aie (0 show balan io (Le 9= f= 1. Ded tom he equation (9) =2 that eH = Ba, ~ seen anda = own "ip Show ta he ation hat corepond oa ha + = (1h and dae tha andar the name apd ea) ete Sv Prove th ropottion by induton on a Br ok lance yd fer wich seit a leo Be ‘Stand ther han ihe pbb he roponion 152 eyes OL amd SL) ° (Wr 909, 42m +1 tcoesonting sel onus pron dein Mest) Byimdetion Sep tapi yond (3 ltr icone te bein : sland "be he reprint a Gnd eet ‘ipa and Wa, where tnd ae te pone ot Ceurespoding tog Leto scone yaston iy hs DS {if sone athe peels al cogent cots th etal fee rod fc Eee 339) Sth and ‘Ear conte repentant bree Yu ake xual lesen nch pif pt cof ne ih heen) idan compute te vale ofthe chart ean). (in Ler — yr ad stow that (92. Decomptng dX nother pe eee at X= V1 Mand” FW ee ‘ete cng epson Yandel cpt pc ton Lota (0 Api Step the character ae tn cose tn poe see $8 Show hat i 4>6 the oy rede sepsis of sof devon has than de he al epee td the r= te sinersoa econ fhe stndard mprescaone , Fd he er Webave worked atte chat abs fora and ord Wie ‘eral een a tee edt cn cnt thease Fee more da he omer parlor od mes re $52. Representations of GL2(F,) and SL3(F,) «dine group ae do thr alaoape SLs oat ‘hurminant one The gutent POIs) “Okarie phe aroun of th inept te Br) he geo SGT seine 23.3 ec ‘Webepin wth © = Gly) Tee a vl ey eon td) the eroup of ope gale nian Iookat Le rape Se Gacy ihe projective ne PF] wih B he top op ofthe po (Fh we Icl= Hm EK vale + « 5. Regent 284616, evita ned the goa syrup on{G Denar. ‘here rte for La = Fy etheiensnn oferta anu seem a iy Gy ep ca at IRTirp oe Arty awe ny sateen a Inf Thea and geass Fa tr soe Fe wea ae theianon {ie 2 (Sere ceive lealansncca nate ammonia oper den nc oe oe) ot Pa eco etoetets(_© nde sms vol To coun the pombe clement inthe nny cas inGatichig!— 1 Sida erp stole Dante tony ‘Bop dK Tome tah lar i rssh {die Jorn canna ome Sine ey st ol cw ea compe “rae | ee we mt ind an oe of Cont) whch as eng it he ii represen | (52 Resins Gb Da SL) ° ci stan ato" 9 atm) mat" Noth ite (5 eee Beotndals 9) = Norm) 64" “he nest pie to ok for rpeetton tho that te nnd ‘rombupenbpoape Posh prs Potsharsen of herelecharter hema Ban =D =F et aera a LLr—~—— CUO} eecksvtetanne hoa Meg: GFN) aCOD+ ALIA) 0 "Comparing vt thet one cee, natura oon nt Inoindoe curt om he ce eK ap ce the nate ales fhe inte eeesentation of meson (6: K] = Inter Ire aun Cm + yE0K =|). Hae that Id) = el 2 the ‘speciation fd) org" # sive ee 1 ferent erento, aa beley 00 a+ ot 7 5 Repent a Lh ower, he eptestion et rd the chars onl) (eg ot nd thei = vem: aati 0 aa teyy 0 ‘Wecancaklt sme ine rode of tee Arnis wi ech thes Compan with the fo06 Coan rag) =~ tone es tht QW, and Tn) cotan may he ane reeset With ay tang sl ft coda Tre 8 + eon the ow po TS ln ct the character ofan traci tabepcenain of PNGS ak iession =. We dete ts rpreetaton by Ny Taw tte) Tepeseitons o's 29% an i k= See telson etn ‘iret repeater GU Te Sane tbe “mt ( 000 96D veri Find te mtpiy of ach nec reprectation nthe ‘eptatine 7 Wea Ino} 652. Reenne GLa Sy ” sei 7 Find chtncerable ofPOL6) = GL (FY Not that te Chara at the recess 98 ‘Sonetsequalent me fo Net net othe sbyoup St) of 2? ma of ent nih god The cougny chs tater mh the nobel ‘enchcovjeany dtd te mente ecg dssaench perc Noblenetsincls No. Cher © 1) ' 9 On S ' © (C4 SS ' oF eet wen (Sava a0 stn iL Wh ec (5 8)” Jeet we tte 9 Sencar en em (ceric = tj ton Gla) Since we the rc te 0 Woon working tis ad Se mpl st ee (0) The are othe a epson U Hee. we reset ay "epreseatn we wl gt hae for alta rod Ue (2) Therion Vf he Vinee, (3) Therein Niet siedie dS! and 2 Nye orate eg eb enn 6 sn (0) Leone thechaace off with = 1 1-TRe mito oy {sth am of wo ditt relocations, hich we dee (0 Tern ern on mont heap Isimechiel 1 Tho ges fg Ditolcbleeprentsons o (@) det hecharcter of wih 9? = 1 + tbe retton ky ‘ithe sum of wo dnt Meda epesmatins wih ne Sete Aor his ite 44 4 tint eae epeetton a it is ere the compt i To fh charac ale te poe to ‘lee efor erento ad Se eka ‘heats eth diene a repentiony wy dc ha th Sm of the gure ofthe fove retains 4 +1 which ey ‘oie eet wo Bae dines fir and these fg) ‘hss to what we when fr reopens 0 yup fee we though net bre tre ct a ht ‘eek sh ide na sbroun by Sng egos Ho dno IG, ht conten (hte alg eon tee ot "epee For Hwee the matrcsin GL, whe determina en sae The ‘epee of th nay case ar these tt for Iriarte oy thaneroenaaer trian ot we mat a cles ey the comes (5) x=. The srecontetotbesmens(¢.|)in GL, etn in Theat te = 1 spi conjunc ces The pedro he preclin scti ot e Seto mor uals bt weston Notes the gn repeat U fm Git Ue mo ta tae Mf U'and Ny 3 yh eon oi et iio ame coe i rede fepreratons ffl i enon Ths shows the retttonssoy nee on reaticn rom Stef. nd Wr arconjpae epson af mean fg 145% ad {ie conjugate eresaatin of dieion f= Ih in ton we knw {te te charset Sonya cles re theo hecho repeats yd reel Tis ‘heiformaton we to! Eh the hrc able ded ony ala ‘ot coe byte sano 12 Repo 6, St) a LCL ° na (@ )permcinan = E Frcnaen (5 1)4aenerent tot modded sndio(5 ) tev an sie Ho") x oy cate, cnet dw a = edGhaets y= mo iin ct “ene tine yarn eh oo 10 na) nh) fx ny eit cc Thi ete rons #1 Pty aig eens) ec oi 13a ott on he ino poe so Srcuatest ce tacning ss ea Sl oe Seapets LT ote compton Sri wre eras we uae By consitetiog heaton of SL on he at PHF show that SLE) = 6 PSI) 2 Meant SLT) see 89% Use the carer abo Ls, 1 show ha PSL singe rope greater an 3 sc 810, Compe he characte tbe of FSi by eng ‘asa quota of Silt). wont tn POLE ure S11 Find the oneness of GL fan compte shat ‘ces a the prmutton penton and by the ston of CL) ‘nh protien PT, an he "gaye a eet ‘fen P(F) Sw a ef satu an tht th snk St be wal repaint copes it eesti, td Sitodcbie reper Ahowgh the drat of he above woupt wee foal by the ey rior in representation tery. actly proc the eeonion fe swam emir ie Ths heon set fork ening shy Gad Shan 24 [09 coreg [Ecos (et} en (12) Selb be mb tne snp mons tenoekaown ws nme sme fo ee geo "rine py shoe carter we end naw) ch epeetaine by metal rein prop these tn ect wok th Lieto ‘hae Yon epi to pods heptane ba oe hs ‘yea go ben the ope af hese ere LECTURE 6 Weyl’s Construction {teste poe ete pers Taw se eine seal i eras o e Sousiynmein nasi eacepeaan Vecsey gy Green: wt power toe ehhh ees nite We hale hie sn san FOC a a ee Reece cnr, Siiciay nin nh oe a ‘rome awl sh th mind, the contin wl a eta gh el {Retr ane ces {a Shr sd he races for Tena 46.1. Schur Functors and Their Characters For any Bein cmp er ce, weve te ao ver =smiveny, The nop GL ao 6 Yd thi, il son ste reson st¥@ Vint diets fede OLY opens For V@VOY=S mV ONY sether yee ‘Weal se at thi oer space fmf eo copie ofa nee {GL ype. eat a Sym ae are ima of sym opts tom P= VQ." @ totals athe te acs. The ‘Smtr rap acon ¥% ay om hogy pean te ese (O° @19:6 = 98" Oa ‘Thr acton commuter ith he acon of GLP). Foray rst fd wehevefom het tarea Young sya en Wedel he get ey on Vor by Sy 5,7 = Imesh) ‘rich isogina epesntation of GLY) Wecall he fant! ¥~5,¥ the ‘Sok for cat nase oe ty Weyfccmarton corpo {ei is Sr no nade heconoyandre een pcos ‘sume: groups tn repesetora peli rp t Wo eh ‘thee conaraton we ge here We wl gether dione Bree 64am 158 For example te artton d= denon tthe tos V~ Sy! fe td noting ew for he partion} 4 The coreapondig 0 theimage ofthe sbi of VY pane ya toe OOH +1 BH OH HOHOH—OH Or UAV @Vivembeedin ¥*"by mapping (ARON BOM OHM then the nage ithe tec of PVF sme by alles (4 Am)OH He ANOre sot hard vey hat he actors he kere fh canon nap Sa = Keaftv@ v.00) (sie the min coh decompo of) Note ht ome the 5,7 can ea bara meson, We wi seen ths ee abe rely mb he be ows the Yeon ‘lagen oie oir tht dines 0 cmrsanr a Sea ope eee ous Se ee Cinta aa “heer acnaaceet eae nas ‘leeracenhotdsanpapnic cetera {61 Sou Fond Te Chet 7 ‘Men 6 = CLV) an for ingore abeoups 6 = GLY) thee $49 ve ay ofthe repentance back tt Iter the book. For aoe we ane or bao a et: oy ty Secompae he mer powers Vand th hy ae race rer ‘zaoasof LUV] Wena comput feist wiveatay beteen oben peal ne th Wel hare mal ‘ty endehism gt ges omen of, ode ‘ote wba repeattns we etme wl eed tcp hie ‘adorn on 5, V7 we dente ts tc rh Forth compton lets sabetetnvaler lyon Wk ta Yo cass aren For rt SF = SMF roll tsk 6D hae ts...) the compete sei ply of Sued The ‘thin das tere ply = pvr (Al hoc ‘Thedethl(i)ienent when gs goal wae sae esse of dogma cores inp ora endanerphe ‘rae cn ae iy yng tbe Jodo cao orm tp et Tie heey BacaY AK ty lll Bleynesth 2) ith dX) the dementary sje ply (ee (A3)), The ebromi and By ae calc othe Sco paw oe boty, = Syn) As Foes ove pron oat me {pus tee poiynnias3,oom sts the orate eyomit a ‘een he varies Scho spams ded doce a ‘roe A spe A) (A) Teaver cnt wen 15H S693) C= aH =D Theorem 63. (1) Lat k= din ¥ Th 8,9 i 00 Wy 8 IG = GEES Ocho in 5,7 #54, 2) La mb he dimension of the ted renreseation Vy of oreo Th ves psire 2) Fray ge GLP), the tae of ¢ on 83 is the ao he Shar rennin he emer ome Fon B04 ” 6 wer Comtion (Eh 5,7 Wo brace representation of GLP This tere wl be pow is he et mtn. Oe formu forte igton nf 9,0 ae en Fseces A) aad 831 The fallow vec 64°, Show tat ain s.r Tapa 11% nee th pnt overheat amber the om and oan FEsen tr ed yt sk amber te coresponding bn Trash 65 Shonthas® 2SymIV OAV BLS! 204 VP Sym" OMFG! BES asPI™ BBs. Comps the nestor tr. The prof of he tere ype the towing crt: ovary 641/662 end 0,6 = Gy ay prerentaton of Sy then thee tea cones dsp of CLV oe ven Ps Wy 4a the siete fo edomepi of the ce ofthe Incl doen PO BES 3 andar iter pation ee ith atmos = im pr te iyetale GLVYapem 9, sa Spare tt namoepie Tnde, th ‘veers wh Sehr pom’ aod Sih ae ae Moe {pov st at rho repent GL whch ean be eee ose io rest afc he repeetion 5,7 pent Tims compete y tee Sova Tw mei trom et hat he Ser payors een independent. ots honeeet econ peta galt denon ieble sepesetos of GLP) tt way, inc the al hae represen ‘SErenicleed We en scare 1 tht th eta the aly “tobion Note ao int hough he opr takes rerestatoae ‘Site wiennon of GLP) pees is sum te ann ih ‘iar bso heer eee “She iporatapiaton of Coy 66 ithe decomposition ofa sean prc 5,7 54) ton Wes moda with sy, pation (6 Sehr Fenton Thro » on pron oh cea it 5,705, oo oy er thes tone aon vf 4 mA Nay umber dtd {pth Lites chrdton re Theatr reheat slnytncngend the Young Sapam sing in on papa oye tine the Toone cipae or se (Ai forthe prec fa Tne Inportan pat ens rector and proves hey nee Simple Pt oma (A Foch eh Svesmrs@5,% cy he sun oe al whose Yung dagram ota by ag m hve 6 "he Young dram of wine two i the same col Saar ren Sverr= 5% wo therm ovr atti whos Young gm babe om tha {hy ating ben ih etn th cae toe “Torrone thorny wee eer tat 517 95,U- 1 @r = YOY e.0q)= VO 49 80819 C8, 18)» 85) -C8y Te port ‘ben by Enoming the decompo the covesponing cater THe ‘hurts of enor poet he pode fhe charac a theaters ‘Soltis amnums to wen the pro! 5,5 0 Sou pape areas Sonn Schur ronan Ths done pen yan forme (674 (0 so (69) flow er, Ahad Exe A900 pee Forctamp tom SV @ Y= Spats Bey n-ne at Sn Katyn @ ¥-= Sy" sc sty ot cong priion Stun = Ket @¥-018Y, urn 610. Ose cama dev the precng decompo of eer ‘wots diety fom saps decmption epson ‘emt proup Show tant 5,5, tpn tothe st Poet" procnaton Ye, doce eal ure 611%) The Lite-on ve ts comes in the ‘ompton Schur fntr ace of wr pce ad Tae 5 6 WseeComeecion eerste wel bn Menten smvam)= D Serv @syah, mvem= @vrve nm, Prone th eel decopaton over LA) x GLI 50M) BROS, he sum ove al etn jms that he mf he umber prions tend the oumber prone by (Tobe cnet wt Pere bean heh ant ton hen exer Foe) “C)Sintrypove he oma ote Sha flor eno proc 5179) = BCuISV OSH, ecto ae defied inner 4S Iara show ih smt(v@w) = DS.7 5.6, ‘tes oer al prions 2th mot im Von Wows. Reps yh pth espn ft pce of ya econ 1 age don he pce Hom W) over GLP GLA). Fr rato Sah tee ee (Ho3) Sia, vem ~DSrO5.m te sone patito ith tm i 0 da mt en ‘sive vec 2 Regan OL, € = GILEx [I] @GI.0xGL,C< GL the recline etre thes How the eicing of repeentation de compos eS 0°) = EM si 5/7) {E. te gic for m=, Per fru ives raise = BSC. ‘he sum ove aot rom by ening ay umber of Boe em vache £1" Show hat or an pation = ADE DVO HVE OMYE DKS % sehr Knish Kota omer and 2h osu 2 (61. Schr Fumo an Tit Char " {eor pe F in one one cope wie ages oe Yowna dng of Show bat 5,7 te ng as mpc map BUEN = BIO -F¥--OH- Bison he et map ing the et potut fhe boutons the second Jeet wen the cr seg oh tows he Young ape, thou hse qt map. 8:7 te ge Alm Blon= "= Bien Been npr, 5, ¥ cane ena slap of ee in Yh ne ier by setomertin that pre the ows = Young te {Tora wtopac nan ovrn dr test poe clr botnet bore Bre Prem 615% The recta ure canbe sed dese a bas the ‘nee 5) Let. my best for Foreah main bes Siem cas wt wet denon cine! in GOV eae Freda wedge pod amen teh torn big he ‘ee pal ode fhe i tr wn been the tk So Theft tobe proved hat the ee of hoe seme oy nies nmpose map the peeing etree om abr 5 Al the end of Ltr 1, sng ae eset ty than we Dave sdewoact weiter stampa secon SymVOSym4V = DS vraral, tesa over 0d The ead se dempse n a e e f| Symon Sym) Show ht a Sym? 57) = Spun ® Sarna @San anh SIM = Bye. 9¥ BS pur nV OS pen" Sip sing hdr in eo deapne AV it thnk @sirhesom overall Zaye INeoitig od Peal 2 .O'E a show hat Sy te sm hoes With ee an ithe nam fon th 20 2 6 We Cantrton Exec 7. and aceon SyC5) Teil hye prot ais vey aioe ‘hate deepen tae omposer SAS. = DMS. hese lations dn wherein patton isapaion ‘Sintis ponding aid ot rca ae {0 Sue int the slopes mc a Soomponti for ome 20m aie ee Af by comrcing te emt ef CS, Speing 90 Tendyesch ne 55,190 1) Compute Sy nad Sy acl 61 eee rect” Show tat sin = 2 here at ao Sy Symt) 2 Sym") IOUT epeettions fal pd xe 639%. Mackey aout Yous inant nd represen: ‘mma tnd gee tae pap en be gnrled Ios Tog “Toes hich a th lect oto Young dorms If anya Fartons wih val yp dente te erp fhe Vong Ene fring oF cpio = (rt ana 218 “Torac 1p we hve she Sa incon Sy wih an be i oy sy fae peta of nstrastone fer Sh aan ‘Wg mtn a Appendix teflon eos ae ae o Siglo ® Sie IB a Eee oats ieee mob wae owt the ote wth P02 “ksh ondosoning toms nd tel nrg ests itera onary Schur pment bv om Su EMS rere Meth Liew Rian mer 1, Sehr Foto an iis Cher ® ach pdt eet i, Da a Younes uy agin = Cyd 33, hacia lan ence epee. iene Fg Asa Sy Egle ithe igs of te may ‘Aocn Aeaen by gh mapa by oe ong a the nop ‘aay Ab ie yp mlipetion yb: The depen ay terete epentaioa o ag EN Siniiny hae soy She firs Sq mich ake vec spase image oeyeon ¥en. 5,Fheinage ts nih map (aenrasig that he eon 61) “ Berns ve omirn i Boman vege, Ciena ts Vea andar bens To oc wie ‘dwn an lone fe @\"0-2 real corpo oh fle aber ty = rye 99) Ake) neta te ea of Ener 65 hah mags felt rhe mp oe Watfor 9) he ehicter of SV i en by the Sch fstin Sy gam cade o¥ wi gene yn ten = Aap) Sly wo Sua DMuS.h xe 620" Show iA = (p95 ete ere ofthc. 5c SIV OSIM Sym Sym (091122 (9,¢7, show tat 497 te etn of th ben of sence pn, @ am sh st ey ep tea fo 2 yh SV SIV Bye the er sion the erat ie pe WOON. Buse Bh For t=. oe Oly steht "oho ta Sf he eel of th contin Socal = Keir ONY Sym O NEI, te aeea for any color of «tte Fan fhe intercon of 4 6 Wet Comtcion he here fa cet Ye 8 48,1 hte # = yo) a tSlingee-o Qt 5:7 nthe ete ft intaton wap nd on ‘511 63,0 Foremoph cask — and wenir = ty Persea i ‘SLY @ Sym acs ect un of $y) nde aoe he bea ‘Seton in) gue oe ei ht, the ol tte ‘the bal thst, es 8 = Keto a gF OSV VM OSHON-V), etic grupas the nareion ohare lmaprto Uy, sateen cn 21 Theft mire We sottn hs may sone ‘cosh ener ck Freel Fae Sette aac he {hea sm” 1p" red Theme he Yoon ment Sen iets St 9 Ser sei eh se Sse 2 Yc fye othe mp ey ne Tie 5 we Ro cop Oo ton O81 IQS a AOS S00, ner f= AK and = Syn! §62. The Proofs We edi ona pee fhe ga oy aoe singe brag ‘ich we mo ut ty Rand Foe he mont Gc br nye sean ‘hough ot sgeaton or the symmetri poup. Fe ig ede ore ea B= Hom. = UU Hoa voraYe tees) Note tht 8c 6 et sing witht igh tno Bis {ale beconmmtrspetea HU ~ (BU ante decosion ‘ih nono rte ph 4-moa, then by Seba Con B= GeHomsu* UP) = DMO. ‘where M(t ng of compe mass IFW ian et ama e temoe proct VQ, ~U Ge Wpabpace pra by 04 © w— "a ‘sale ede by sing on thei tb (6) = 0) Om 2. The Pat 6 ‘amma 62. Le U he fine dnesnlrig Armed fear eC ca ney 0 eee amphi ff (0 r= Ae ts on trl ft Amable, ten U@,W'~ Ve i reduce if ode (0 Wm Aye the dic eral Ame, th my the ema ten U=Gwo.mr=awar {te dacopenionf Uaioe Beles Paco. Noe fs a Acie ests of As ele i i ‘Comeqirtr ofthe inp of al repro of © (Popotinn 115) To pore ih omaie te cmt Sagem ed Es Uede ee UOeA | Fork ot eee ioe Up ce nd 326 Weal how nin Vy frase tc Repe Le toidy thn et (cca mince Nee ‘Set Wl mol ie eae Kya ae ‘sb smo toe mi Cath oes Sha te naps eas inseae aap ‘ai Sy ect iiss eh Tent 9, leno einer bates Cac cv Gr betamtet i netsh cee te ‘okt eer Teoma pis Uveeae Fee nlearlth coment = Gitsiaesmastcenete Aang, = ita, Wib= Corer ah Siar Gt atte ine hen A= eine ai ‘morphisen 0 VEveAsvEKM=2Bwemrm 0 DESDE tome ones nate the er fl edamorpon of U dha comma wih lpm ‘hoor the cos Tendon of Under yeni War ery spl Alagh peal uch rer Taal Lemma 623, The alge Bs apne oer space of odkV™) by ul) A beac of Pia Brot fondo writ By cunt Pro Note that iy nite esionl vel pcethn Sy {te ahpac of spanned by ln? dw are though Apne tg Ws Ea) = V2 ¥ poe eit ite se Eady erm vera We wth cmt scone, Tse fellows om he it at GLP deen ED 0 (2) and ftw ron Lomas 622 aed 623. We se the sme methods to [erate nest Wo she goal fpr fora tet appa rsch 628 Pom Lomma 2 wehave tr omephin ofGLP Paes Sarton 629 ith Y= A Sil for UA and sine hema ight mi ‘cto 00 Fhe eee od of sere omer we ane Sm'VOSmVe~ OSV =VO,0, (2) ote have ap iomorphi U3 Kat fener by Youre’ ae (Cophsn me dedace en omerpinn ey moer SmhV OSIM O~ESmPF = DSH. ‘Dy hat wes forthe statment fhe oe he 8 08 the leh eof 20 the rode hfe complee syne Fatyomils Hale) Lt 9g) Siete ndomrpim t 57 ‘ttre by ab endonaplion gat. We here hve Ad =B Ky Tat 0) Bot hse ate recite retin een he tions Ha the Sabot falyomis oe ermal (49), andthe elon re ner, set ‘hematin, feeoelsistinaga with cn the igo tes thar ret) = Sih we rove Pl Note fy 4) wth and iy th ae aramene sows tha the tee SiO ich for exemple by heer ey ai 8. hc Fo pt) nes Fn 7-5 wen nd xpi Sih. 19 Ener A) lp B vec 2 I you have seh an inept poof Probe 615, part (oltre eae wen diet Thebata heen or 4) pec InPraem ai Sarecpetrfors dgoal newest, Se ee aetna Th ‘ner the bones ofthe Young ara of witha, 10,2 Ist te exesin fr oad i Exece Aa) aa never fhe arent nade nthe et ace €29- Show hat nthe sent of Lame 623 Ui ‘Ade then 4 the comma attr A= (YU +090) ~ bgt Ye Ube 11Uana tat he canonea mapirom oie ‘Coyle that Theorem the igen compan oP that comme wh GV} anode pertain xe 8 Show tan Lame 62. te asa ea co ‘pone betwen he nec igh mode hat Osc 0 ‘elemdoclekt Bim Show that hee iacasoncal cmon U= view el Balad aright Ad Tiss ein a he bet {Xin ocr Uh Saeson Uy a any a the em "ine ate denon of Dee ena dacampostina V*—DS7 eet, ‘team ve tos ot dintostmath = dm ats isdecompston ‘rare win eater of GL a Sy Ingram a tier cain th reprettion VO" of dimension oy ‘nr 631. Lt an poten in te goe lshn A = 4, a et U Ted ete cneipnting aM Aol Lt Es eke naar ‘A Theale crite takers a Sh tt he det Behe = Homgfedsen)~ Hom, 0)~ 8 WEG) Lectures F+A0 Soom fos epstatinn = CH cal oom at CG ethene ‘eprsettion ti or enamph 2:11 a one-dnenral PART IL LIE GROUPS AND LIE ALGEBRAS nin 265 whe From ie pot oe: Le rope sea ost at he pgs ed of ‘erg epsom eon" On te oe hand bee out thepsrom enna compat or example, tng oncom over, "ey come wie sda! ata topology ad mand aot Unmet pie pent ype! wpe apraring hm pry era ety nceyto the gee soncey to ‘them rap tha reps cones lbs, tosony.and rome. hire ic dr wesc ‘ise srtre) wie emily ping afte eptopelcom pity. Tass afsmne he iene The iia og {ein deiniten sare strat onsting sng feo space ‘St near penton a so i open thn seting to Lt [pout ie nlgcra we at ensuring opt fran st the group Tite act ot the ave a we al ein ma esac ofthe mot porto ne econ the len {oles a ofthe poe ote prop. In pari, sex by he lof Lace 8 thal thee a ery se ens een ‘prensa ie Lic rep west with and epee te Lit ‘Sterne ste od by teen of ebook ne wl make a aa at pig om the i group tt Li alge ess « sienna sits inet ponin opoc ite {tals fra fer Sings se leap Jot wet ‘por th bier operon tne yr sve wee te sy vr ayn ff tent wth thcompen sgt Phe acted epeeitions of they Se en enc meme lars Serer some pes meena as Semueiseeeaimrati ieee eerie coe gee ee ae sngtoakreeriieemechenamaens eeprn okies ape omer aarn ree trees neon iene certo tte gente CSS Sena Stones ast eames ee terme ae Leon -compet Listes ~ emis compe Lilt Weds tit pogeon in Lctares 7-9 Lets 7 8 we nr hes thdefaton sand ome taste abot Legros ah Lieagera {ctr tend nhs eaipton ofthe apy hh allow so ‘ssh he secon toe he ft abet abe, We ee {nintectre hsv coment cto hes of eager ha ‘dates ar fs on sempre Lv lea nd at et ae cet here ota. Thiele ef ta tee ‘tir and uth bp above have cently he me reuse rep ‘tnuzon isle yaa ogee te re een ‘Seo wich sty ponpone ser res rapes) in Lc 1O'me dnt nape Lc gets ow des. From tat pint on ne wl redo dest use alot exe) to he td) af aestngic ces Lie spss ad the repent ‘ed ths wehaveta ty, insn este ent mane ne stat ith Scape ey apa ey wh soapy er tee ete “hn th pol parc a Lcue 1 hut or he ase Ue lgera i Lect 15a fal) Bh ie nr hearin {eetrer 21-26 Than will ented hte ge a we be ‘owiedge weave sie oa ety aut he nil pele In sw fs ong ere is pens ped ie oe ne more Time oor tie Pot of iw: The at obj of inert ate Le poup abd tie reroaton te re nat aoa cn ae the re eat rownlyara olathe an era oa td wesbaldconee ‘ee tei ey ove bch onder lei ei he ‘Sisto ors ment anon “capex woke ot Leis 1-13arethe alge ad Sy Reaves motte sate sae ty al sips Le ‘Sst at be me thse expen We sold pote pa ut ht inch what wed ytd in thease cul edd ee West ‘Sartracion nevi Lar we wl geal sre 3 bt ‘Sail noe hii ore fo wok fos 2 Lisp” pot of ve foe | Lie Groups eat we id the ona a nap of Ue on a ie Steac wesonns i ay ott atone and inp hes tem ttm pa. ot ei eon et tenn mt er ea ak ff Urpin FFE Kenmpot ere Fa wosmncten §74. Lie Groups: Definitions ou pray aeady Snow what «Li group i jot» tendon thrllenney whe computes a grup aed an Cpt” ere mena tha tb wltlton Aimer operates in 0x06 are acu fereable ape oly, thie eqn othe ae ‘Set thay = "ven 1.6 thats both dferentabe anda group borommerphian. In genera Petia aple eprops ero oe or ater the wo stars, ‘iment ot rmmel es tothe mantssrctere.Sescts = ‘Sion a se sur tre vat eran cnn om the ‘Sr for romp ne il elo that os tat apo omnes Lit THeapsgs usd se sujecne may feos in ae ‘iets at ey pot ‘One ates whee hte oe patron in the defo of Lictungoup. Tinea say dele mans tery here we hae tomake + diction tees mbna ‘und by whch we mean ase ¥ © ta inex mane ‘actrees tht yb ie. ely 8 M,by ing Sb of Telcos qa th dan hms enn WB ‘ernen the ee manifid Xue ten o-oe mop nh ietie ‘Seta everybere—ta ama tht a ening cal X. ‘hedonic he unripe pe Srsctre tan med Ftd may nt ase wth he teploe "rtrd the nls Xe For evel the map an {ot con be he meio on open inter nn te plane Ra Few ) note standard xa f hi which ian an example the oategry rope moa eta take Mt htm Serine tors We" = Sand the ae a Mo ie hn nl ape Te upto hs a we dine Lahr ole Lit ao, ite wan tempus he pot) oie powp to ten ae ta (2. amp eGo os sinlaneonly sap ad lol aba nd we dine an ‘tern maha tote fhe mage of Le pouy If der a sine front tn iat von o-oe mrp Lt pow he eye tive ileratil wil alow rm dscns le ete) “The eition a's cnc Li run tay algo, he word “alee man” tig repced by eon mani” ant ‘ttn einai Sto dene ance op one ‘pln sient mail” by apse vary” aed “arent [Spy segue orphim’ Aa ne wl oe the neo of compen Lt [Dou ein many way meyer tom that fe le an or ‘mpl three may ove ele iru than el me feo, ‘Ses fate pope inner ute sern om eer oe ‘fcran singe roup oer nih ef den ta may or ma ot ‘taal of € [tayo that mater hve poste ceteris) Te [at th we tht are he sae nee emp ie eure fer cramp eet of ager rowe oer CBee sermich ke heap complet ie oun §7.2. Examples of Lie Groups “Theta ctampe fa Lie pop io ou the gna ine rap GL ‘Cinriie ne mates thi pen mabe he ear pce ‘en matics ad pet mud rte seco otha he hes othe sme are conrimtes co GL) Tht the ipeon mop GL,f « GLK CL,R leer dar that he vere map {Giga =G1Rraows rm Crome oma rte nese Ocenaly {GLH wil cme tour a the roup of asta oor nines salvo when ne wet tha fin twin ‘hangs ba or Van therey entng Cat th po fates ‘ren wie ita» OL) or hat) A represen of Ut wou 6, ‘Sate enhionr 19 LP). ‘Mew other Le pone deed ity sbpoup of GL ho hy apni cones asapouy ft peal HD, ‘hi of eure th et ater he eter For be os pal ‘hehntgoupe maybe dete ee by senting on th cto tah ‘eomtnarsnteetgroupetesomorpionr of = psig we ‘Neue on For sree ave the speci Bao gai SLR of womorphans of peering the soln dementia, xan ith Serine the poap A of wpe sranglr mats: quae the top of Seaplane o pene he ag sie kerogen cs hp a ec pal wher the spnof standard ba ory, Nolet chosing erat bss andcnreyoningy ire og yest en {Moun of GLA, but oe nome to Gerd coe) Be Soe ‘ote peer for any aqme pine eigen ay wate anton atthe spyerianglarais rs hatroay ‘Sasomoryias ef pose» prt op eet dimension of iy 4 + 9 theta apne the Finca +=" bts eters he rope of matcra helo sey ie ope | te Oras pet mates ht per ianei iy throu taste mere Yi the sano th sada bes dey on hese uct Vt ‘Aten wean fot ay tegen of pointers who look atthe group of bc appertemniar wip aes thse ‘shgroup of ttoneephans ff psn tyr fg sd seg "heleaty on senate une smu ee tfefeley te arr fete) ja, ole} r= atatetrT yy Nex herr these o GIR died the pep of ran ‘ion ofan |grengsas test. Ve "the iia tm eye and feted ese we scaled the (aca ott! gop 80,8 otis wien SO 7.10} 110 wqemetric and nadepenert bt ht dee. hak vesicles and mete the pup dnated Sy, SOME ‘eth $04 = SOIL I tense and yrdegeee ie {oup ee ihe syplccyp anddteed Soe thsoe “Theanine deine te sebroupefGL,R presi ies orm (urea fovatedoun fwerepeent Qoysisitthaiewentie Oss) 'eae 12 aml eps ” focal then the coon O14 An) = O15) eM aw forall yan hs is equa o ayia Ths or example 0 she pmmeifoe Q m=» y the enity mate ™ Lhe wroup hss troupe erste ‘Aol dermis hat a= A ‘xeche 71%, Show tht i he ese of Sp the oie’ tha the ‘rtf edt eunatwhrenee of 0,8 Iter do not eqethe tanfoonatons te have Sern ie pte oe enled ORor sometime Ota odontal see 72%. Show tha Ot, hata concession iad fre ‘uth poste, The coed compen contingent en ‘eon $0"U. (Composing wih x procton oto Bo we ty ‘scat oa atowephism SOM, astamorpone of and 50th) it cmt thse A «SO( whose sate storeys preri henatins fd 8) Ne that i befor Qe dept ratormain pret wit Keng) (0€¥- 06") =0¥WeY} {no itve20 hat the roup we ei sel te propo aio prevng ‘te tmbopceKer{)onl presring ince somigeanefor Gon te ‘oe Ker) Liew seer nn om ht eer ‘Smee hor shew smmei nt anstrton preseing [uevetienticand sew smear Qin. eat [tan tteneton ef the egress aly At) tle we yan curate to ender ar hat ate sens ‘raewsymeie (Ofcourse the soap GL, Comyn tsomarphian compen sorta Y= an be veda syrah gels pop [Gufs tha sre! Le poop hw oe snopes ‘expe mats derma | Slr te aba $0.6 = SC {nd Sy = Sty.Cof tansomation compen ear spas ee og ‘omc and ew symetierondegerete nes nm expecting {eer swell comple Le stbpoepe Nt tin Sine anodes ‘Bers foms ona comps velo eae anor apa tla, the nos hing at tee) te only ope complet ‘hop ibroup $0.0 © SLC up tion seh oe ‘iene 80, ‘rathereampie mca one pth erie ny arp Uo Uh, ‘eed tthe pop ees nen atomonpient a dissin Sane cor uc yecngs pre Sie rman oe a Hon ¥- (A Harition form Hi ee to tw couse Une In he ft tran arin the second Hm ya = Ti ae He Uist pate ee) = Ofer 0) Zistasin hee he strap sn Spay owt down the ition for Ui fo ome mate cn wie efor Ma a) =6M, Yee (oe tat for Hw te conse yi Mm cone sone [es = i then he proup Ut toy fe neopets ‘ting epi 1s th "andard” Hema ner prod He) =" 8 ‘vot teeny mati, Uo wl beth proup la neon rates Toh bad ‘sect 73 Show hat ies Herman fr econ ver nce” then te el part R= Rei ot x ym nc th eng rel apace, andthe inary pat C= Im) 4 sherri Fa fe ths te nad by Cl) = Ro Doth ad ssa by topion ty Rin = Ru) Sow comer ha ay sch ‘Symmetric she el pat nia Herman HShow at net at opamninin(% ) eec Ye = ORM Spue Note tha te teint tary mati an ey cmp sme of mod 1: the spec unry gra, Suh the subarea of Ut of ‘tomorpians with termina The spo of GLC prseing an Ieee Herman ner rs with pots onesie essence a, or Ui the sao ofthe of denen | ‘ote st, oS 9 Ina iar ve, the op GLAM gato ier asmorpbis fan nde veer ce Pea he sg Wa anemone eal 12 Bamps Le Ges * itu theo la heater ot ‘are matte en wth he ono td tay be worth “ltemon to go gh tao Wea the or pace yt a odes, Wb the seo ok stort nh ign by salinity = prac bevy lth le Seas mulation on te ol) Hn ier = C7 Then han yd cer endomsepins ofC whic eeestmpie == Mo ied =? compe mtrce tn pran He Gl CLs Sie H= C2@je"= c'sonehavernenbeding LH e=Gly.e Nee tat 1 Cine main ¢ Heit eet totes wih Heth ea ey + jy then f= 9+ Jo s0 muon by sia Jo(™ )(°} atom tats entetpetig GLM= (4e6L,.0:40 = 7}. ‘Those at ith ce detent os abr Sa ‘Allenna rac om iter ee sgaeVinen tna fer KV > Vs Wht weet ne Ht aco an Wathen Key) = TR (ew ands tw) = KW. spt dente te2)> foros WT conjne Tofaguatenion tt 64 g'4 dt ado ten” No) te) Te ‘und Heanor on Ht 3, The wou eomorpinse an ‘dimensional gant ah rnc te epart “area dealer Uy) The tendon rst 09 vee 74. Repring Var comple vector space som heey gate ste Hemi fr Kh he (9) = Ham $0169, ih H compet Herman frm ahd i sews compen Tear bm 0 with Hand eddy Gls) = Hg wa entayng ‘Se cendion 39 = HU Convers my uch Hermie he ‘cep ot ol nar KR hard sted @ pe ye ‘sine ain Eerane? Deda tt Shin) = Urea Spa: “Thisshon tha thet tons osm compat More gneiss dfn, bat a intr 89 he sand 3 Sf the astonorphans Presi fo 3 ‘pon U,,i8 Orth fr eu sew Heron fm ong te tne uriy conditions, ta with Kw (6, the groupie dete aac 7& Kes, amg al he ea Leroy dsr hos, which ‘Comples Lie Groups So to ete ban ue Le or Seteyap uel Te graben ro rattan al he merry mpc ont boos ‘site grap GLse Te or tse the wbgoup SOC of ‘Elsen rdimenoal Spon vor pc an te Inu nd pcserig andere some ina orm @ ‘Bnd tones ast tonto Rw he mtn Sp. imation a ena peng cw seria om serie 74 Sto thal the abgroup SU) © SLC mt 9 compe Le ‘eter tit enought the ia eqns en ove ‘ne blsmorbe) vere 1. how that nae of th compet Lie wrops dese ahove cone We soul mak ee ht lh of eee ae net on sq ie perl ict haley capac cols Li ap bon ‘vatyoye sine entice Areata compe ie op Gree f com Li oe tom 1 GLU) = lat fo 8 Remarks on Notation ‘exmino onetion et wi alton without bcp of mention a {howd dao ea gs fm, SOM SOIR ah UL SUM, SUR SH do we bsp for heaps rope GL, SL. 0,8 Sp Thi ‘feo mc te soa rc 7 te) BS. (Srp sittin spe sem iit nny otto ‘Theta Gm fer Glia) tre nace ott GL (GLC a sty fr SL 80,28 Sp “Neneh we hte nrhien Sytem ite: npc iter ht tone mat ined ane poop Le alge we the foes vans and tanner in compact pong hein Ot eommon ine of our GUM, pipe fv oo U, an sere 7 Fed the dino fib tou el ie wrouns LA SR. BM 04, SO Sat Ui. Sth Gi SK, OM an §73, Two Constructions Ijin ding wit i romp a tao prove with ter ‘samples oe proups) Thy ae expe inthe lowing western Prpesion79.Let Gea Lie rep a conscted manolol H- avin sare op La ba emt in hey eof ©. Tae Iie tie Le rap ace or Hh ha the iy oa ‘eno Ler he eri of 9 eto of pio 7 a ei rn tm Gani mk thl te qe map Hee ro a ‘ho hat thereon 0 @ Mra fossa HH bch tne e) toa een hal ns poact esther ims In fected the wien tte weal ovine roe an Ten app these popston to meee ovens 3 se 741) Show tat any dct orm sbroup of nected {USgrop ninth cer 20) TB) 2c) le shw Ua 2) wv ete. ‘Tie wo proposes matt defo we my tat Lie proupmay ete tg ie rouge Cn on open Hit acne pct map ‘Cibeudeying nfl and wey wei roars Gand eens {he am ngey beeen hr fm ie Soon gen mt ah uaine ram bl geneten sesh thleery Boge el eter hat moe at rp fevers thet oe all rt he ners coring Gora, Semis wos il bjt O10) we Fr oy arp 0 une ci e l the ome fome e roy Gacneson need omer wie lsera more ner eiton ‘fost ors) sepa ratte iit aa ene cme mn sere 1 > Ci acvei of cone Le poop show hat 200 Idee os. dct ed then 2) = 6) Tse fore 20) dere he nt rm fC ent an 210) “Toaply ieee osm ofthe expe dame pote het 4S, {oer Ror Chis te sabrou leis fhe ety yah ott te iit mbt ator PLC tee ‘ise, PStqC bomen tite qotn of GIyC by trent ola ‘aes, nds omen es PGI end SLAC The eer {troup 80, the grup (when iene and tal whens oe thevome ca he gtea lb dete PSO a PEON Fal he enter the rou Spr tesabroap (21a te gute ‘dented Ppt PSP Hawi 743 Rize PGL,C at 4 matt pop, yi a ening (hit ereertatin) PELE co Gly Cfo some Do be tae fe nthe oer dren, whneer we hve 4 Leow ht sot sly cone seeanak wht tie oresyee Tier ea ‘iw the nour pin grpe rie we wae he ontogoal oape SO {nd 80,€ have undone posp 7/0 bythe sone test ‘Sones, tose coves then poop Then me ented Spin Band Snand wie ened i Ler ts he ent nat worth rst) te reas os ma pope Tae Interest eth So seen hi etn ihc aac 7.14 Stow ta the aie ont of Us cn eid im or fe pe ining in ah SUG} Sp2)= [eH 48= nF? with hairy ater uth sj show tht the aptreged mee iol onda Boy Wer suia)= 52) =+509) 4942: teoverng map. Sic the ton f= [debra epee, SU) Ihe ete cover of S00 tad SOG) the at em of SU sere 716 Let MC = Ce espe 2s wth antic form UB) =I Tes, whe tat ft mat Bt {elena aot to Qh teint For g and hin SL he appin Asp in SOC Show hat hg Toning SC ¥ SC +8046 bcc SLC spy comm ee the onsen coreg of S040) ase 717. ati C with he pee of se mais i MC, 20 eSL,C act by Arvpdg Stow hha 2 Vcorsng S16 +8046, hich eat the uel ong O46 LECTURE 8 Lie Algebras and Lic Groups Inne ne eee th ion Line ion it (ented testes snes say ‘Secession hn cea the ‘fy oan on wr ent ‘tenap era uonns miles np en eon ‘rf oft eo ey cpt The Camete ta ‘Comics sae oan nd Pinan Be ‘ron tng ta iat a igh $8.1, Lie Algebras: Motivation and Definiti ‘ine that ne wat tay the representations ofa Lego, how do we otal As weaned he oo of perro ely Flan bre Te vse, cus that we Beet we the cots ‘et te pup Tt ep in dng ni ‘the enti Show ht U peers Thi statement imps tat any map 6-H betwen conse Lie rope wl fe ftorie 87 wha dot or ay pen et contaiing te Le gtr Notional Deon ns {rat pode rr ar seen ena Fis Pie: et Gand I bee ou th Gente A map p61 ‘niu termine! by ellen T36> T t heiery, Thisinoeoune greats necanconpletel desi atmos st Urgent pints nytt croton Hinata ‘orth that moc, honeve uns fe on pea a Soe ase ote ‘et bg gunk mp oe he wo sr peta ‘uci ry nan poaTe ane the espe tighten eo ee To ‘on ai wha mys thbny beret ee dire Te bein ih he cfeiton os hmamnrphn spy 0 map 9 cht ™ =e foe gan i To expen iin amore cofsing my, we cas hat ‘Shana erect the cto of room by og a ‘Menor: tate forany ge ewe enemy 6 the doen ‘een by malian by g, and cher att map po of oir etes hiner ti crim gt ae Ot a fue pana ished oamoce en any prs ne se te Aone post Tht emt sting, ot the diem my at Wettorpianr ol enh conopstion Eep,v any Bee ‘ie he map ahi= oh" (je say «1 prop map, but ta not leva for oo preset towomerplion pepe tor ie nto yn te | _ I 6AM ‘Thenranag nosing ih Yh it teint amen 6: cm tno sit soo sate yong a ere Nag =the D6 T aa oid AKT.) a lhe roup Gon ov ag spc ced he flat repaation of Gemuip Tungeretundcactsaton! hmanarphny ope ‘sha son of ego sgn eT a te et oh ‘Tori fray gc acto ofA 0 nd high on TE mat mm ih etre 0st an | [~~ cennmute equator an tangent ete rT, Haha ~ Aah Ndnoh wo nol resentation A 0 Aue hap ponte omy ‘is eo tury wc othe eat ph. We hve Ina po one ep thea ae ifereia of h map A Th ‘rep As) bing jt open tet he vee sae donor i of 1, tangent pce a tee i atari wh ERITEOL ching ti ictal te nap Ade veo me M76 Bol as) ‘This iementiy ea pao he angen sce 1a ie can ie the inge 24019) os tangent tr Yonder he map a8 et Nene ie Agta Meta sd Deaton © wction othe uo vrinee Xan 0 tha ne ea ies ap Tox 16-76. ‘Wetie the oration. Hot bier ph oi oftnget vevor and Tod sierwe wie cnn fasan, ao ‘desi mp ad nol ony he tage pce to the wo4p Gat «an girs ou al carer he el, oe hes ‘orion pon a i au res he ato of thee se {may the ht pn poet repens 6 Hes -| |. comme ie for ny pai of ung etre X and Yo Gat en d08(2XI) ~ wae, eo itt, 408) ~ enh 4o4 0 an Asay be ay contig i ot Jom pot do at ed 0 ‘erating ths bck) Teo hing Nonee tel te bre ml The 1 bln hese at wt cont te bck of stint oe ce eo het ht ford GL. Ne tain sen snipon ste ote {erate Ead) = Mtoe voce Ag ‘iia i ate ope eae vn sy pain itt G bean arewihy0) cand agent The oe tntion of LX ta cerrenasin=ff irae ‘Arvin pros re ANY) = HOO this 7 ¥ 74 1-14-7010) 100) eh of coe ean the trace sotto. nent opis piven as ssagreopaa ger net group GU, ‘angen spac athe ety ax ebapse hese endorphins [ats bracket poser by teeta ag of le ou, ihe ett operation om xe wih te commer. Uptown ere bi wd north Tacs i rm tat te ace apron ently te seer to the uaon we ied ‘eine Prec, lar inhi ctr it prove he Seco Pine: Let Ga be Lie proup with 6 cometd od py ‘Sioned nea map 130 Teer a bnomovpe fetes and ony psec oeatn, nese 3) tecacn ctr sues prtering Be Hite ons map fn he ‘Seb spo We ave none ore ston to ane he Sot ‘etry oh thr ado snes eteogent pe ‘ihe lcniy to Le poop sth the nt 1 back pod Hap ‘rete sneer to thrall though tose fo ot ‘hut tron lis rom our erp fhe act at comm Io hal he Bact atewsymere te (X07) = U2) Scand ite lost th opin of Li a gman at O60. + OLED) +L =O Deft. Liealeisaecior spacer nih Steer one Le baxane ying he ae Ment omit nk, Jo Sethe racket operon ime ote ay ‘tt aperon Ad nd ited ff dening (X71 te te oman XP =e anes ot the Seman" XY of lonetrof icalghn ot wl Sino! Spay an ine we sed {LE group i perl tear poup GL(V) we get» coveponding Selig 9 pce and so Sripostion 1 ¢ Ee of ent fin he ota but ta ‘Seren ind at hs compotion Xs eer on te ented o ‘andlor tnt mtr act tren men a Oy common STS inane ipo pein Te ‘enesing a User teal Ed) endomerper oF he ‘rerd ipa yen wo vey ren hing gal ven vena 1 Lele Mastin Dion ‘ofr theca of vector one Vp) le, ‘ei elena of Ear ey my ‘Tews ewan cats spider ar mapa tor ia rac the ikem hence oe edgier dele ecrigy, Wenae npg in tat uma ob silent the xn of Lic ager dosnt pay oe Sel Th we hve eal Lila compe le sn esa ee these way. andi ain gens Lic alan ste may tone ‘ois comple cape wn: useing oer ap Can oe tesla operation jn he act ong een eaiy ‘ec 10%. These: commattivy a Jad so ftw oe "Weomaray ofthe ace (5, thot ving neni PY (9 Dai steno (,X} emt heat ay Xan Sot eho ate 0; scones {See 8.3 forthe enstence of .) ™ (9 Gintama hat ety Eoeteereset d= indy 9+ Ead) ress the et. In pata amp of Leagan, osu out pos fi ete mate webs tn a © ant eg sees Le oop Gt may owed (9 6 an He vay iG comeced and iy cnet he sted Lie pte y suiting Yo 0B oe Inan 81, pain Lap 9 on 8 ee Ve fsa tc ee ae) emir, eater mph pork an actone08 Veh at 679 = 076) — TK Siemens pein parila tat reesei acomeed ‘dip comeced Li group noe cence te ope estos of te lr. Thi i he he is te f th tf {Sluts ota be notion Prt ‘cps moses st he aon tne {iNet st emu tte nboet tenor Rea a and tenon fp Le poup the nce he presentation FW 0 Whicteuorspce uw oie nctin of dsced wy Heon=an@tsd Te fiton fo repeat Lalas, bower i tren. oon hing ti ao Gv in herent of on ‘Tene er pda ofthe repeattion and 17 oft be te Teyesnitonindue yh schon fon VW above, Bul now ere Eeirsegatene seve dl in sia for we Wi ow hl he eto of Xone emo poet tone “Cal Xe@W=KWOWr OX, ‘as ir nee natn eat era i eee na. nv ua meena get Fah s)owsv0(¢ en nthe ter xe) =2201 ay ‘One xampp» GLY) na eresentaticn oh op Ge ‘Satepesenatam 6-" GL") aden ye Hla) ie th V Dieting hi, in that pa een of (2 aap Li Aphne i” letra th da epesentation of om * il bien 1) =X) = eV ny ‘second an ate point toe made conser mio. Ovo, stenne speak the stones ptapGonsestor cep ie one {acre on¥ we mean hatte forenmple weaves uate fre Qon tomy tha ste meas Cte) = ism) Yee Gander: ‘gute, we mean tht he aed tin of onthe vce pe Symes the sent QeSyne¥™ Bt byte aoe saesion te ‘on ofthe aie Lesson ir Ol XN + OWTAM =O Kenandawer — 19) SSR ge earn xed in thar tied ato Sym kl te ele By ay otro tes tral heen lic cprton eo is “Toe eat seo ibe pening exter Im BL) me wil cab te deen we oe hr stn pt ‘he tla or te ft nt Sn isn The fer Sntencntha ny lea th Li sigee aoe iro wl flee itn thesttement ae Append hee) Lag my bed inoue ure 16. wth fi cometh imag o ASG -+ GL ithe ai frm othe pou © when hat st ute RAY Let ¥ ba repent of» cones Leap a ‘ea Eek) he cxresening map of Lenton Shoe hat teace Wor Visinvanan’ by Gand liter ios onde es Xie ie aigeee ge AW) = Wor a ing Hane cae et Gi aod onl ti sete ve $82. Examples of Lie Algebras estat with he ie algebra aoctd ooh othe pow menone in {cte 7 Each ofthe groaein gen ara sbyroup et GLP) GL ‘he elpsar i beso oF Ea) = 9, ‘Conse it the seca er proup SLR) ean ch SL wth dys and tage vor f= Kt = 4 they eon we ae Me) A A Al) 6,8 2 1 Le An nd i op “alin he svat an ering tO wee byte rode le 4) an atten vere ares mete) 4 0 “Tontangentrec rh endorphins re comping “eon ecm eat he Laie seas he ec pace tneacenr mie “fc ontopnl nl ymca spent snp For ale, tte et rp OLR sane fo bee suomerthis Ao a8 ‘chums veer we ¥ prin» gaa rm 0 that (4) EMT WGln an de sand fo we ne forever pr of eto « thse, Ao» Oem “ong eines, wee that ie OH =O wn descent otboponl Lit francine dono i erin ste incor the la) =tem a) torso smi x mati M, hen a We ve sen he oon oF Geeta rotein Geist aaa Me am Ditcining coon cana ama X ein Let Wome Ma a0 an Note that i ste etty ati, i wanda” quate one mtn th ty ta the spc of ewe 2 are To et itinisncay et he ean 21m gen gto al he consent etfexon magn re Peet ie alten n= Ena) jo th mb pew Aivich@ Volstensymmetie ears to = OV © Baa) = POY ax th aos wth he etn of eas paragah,woks eal sctiodeste te ean pee aon Spf sumer aE codomorps ef antag (18 ee o veo SEPT leet heap De xD ie Ma 89}, 6 (92. Bangle ie Abs w sac of mace sang (2 The pe saan ahs oe wht TEiy medied th te thet prorat tute QB hen ‘mtn codon (Liege os OUI) = HIM) fo as th, in temo the Metiaton of Vib Y* Bien ye Leaps ope Endy} = FOV" = VOY te ebeace smive var" pal Sym © Bnd) = VOY. an urine 2, With Qe and shew fone sty of Ex 73, este Spl ands spr pf pony of OL nd bait of Bo tcomapening ston or 50, ‘One oesotr empetat te iler ofthe nay eoay ‘ucts resto we i tte Li ier of oes net hooters ee Meo +e XN) = ewe VS i gn Ms) mont pig aX ce rn 825. Find te Lise of te el Lc rouge SLC and SLA ‘elements in LM whe a Serine! Eure 26 Show thet the Lie sgt of he Li ou Ban into ‘heeding pr angler» mati he Ate oy appt angunr > nan, pes. 1G ins comple Lie rope Li slab compe Lie sb Jat sini eal en, ne me the come Lie ale es 0960 ‘uC the Lie pope GIG, S1,0,80,0 an Sn. ere B27. Lat A bean lo compe ager, ot my fe Vsnditcoti no mol el the st ‘ert euaento yigthat th soi for othe Lila ‘eo ntl moma! Lie ego ‘own atengt a cest Lic gras we todas tno decent chaise Tt be lover ee sere tla ‘Sinctindvaneyty 2,0 tnal = ta tet the ores ain teasing Th te sees Wied [29h tite o'q=[aa) Pea exec 92 Use the nh ent show tha aoa es in Mor ges ican ta a Li alge show that [aa ating oneal oye ng Caen tht we have 8g fa el wth qelity when = fe en ees nor yn yandelhsthe cnt bbe hatin = frm that 4 Or some 91, Ronan Cin of Ula os hay nec ene mah “Te standard example os pte! Le ales the uty oppertiangiat 9 sn te ee inthe ont elses wl he ep ‘ehh n= wen js ei ta od nidias anoe hott inech elena gain} oe he endomope ‘te nil sow ater tn yale Leaps homes t ace Sigh Wel abo eit a etl p seperti on tar ‘pce sch tech het a poet edema here ‘ror ach tha ent) ah pt th geen ‘Sle sundardceampl of tale Lilet sp bo sper tiangtr nate i is ical he mtr 302 ‘Rese ad the deed nese thes 6 ay 8 Api ftions hat ny sage he ng Hewes td ne ‘riprove ei conrrcy ey tepreition fae Lc ies (a ecto space sonst er ft table ane ope ‘angles pen rable Lie saps ete oe ‘ior sch ht ene the competing ementn of wth esas goad = ‘Wi ar rom the dosh poets bing pet ot cbr inetd by sleet bomomorhi map We nl ee {it the amet for omaimpiy in hes omg ‘gh oa forage Tot tnt slate a ont haa gene of i blebras azeecas secant such thal ge oh tel ny aie ‘Sal Ines i those, one sb natn hat ‘Om ny ab ee uch samc one where each uot ‘teens olon othe dessin tanta is Lit ‘len then a saa fn ny and hers Le gers. (Te nsiogos nner wget aghast el nt Iptnn he iis bf pr tangea mation a ett Wie npotn ager, odagonl mas ut eam mptnt git Theirs os conse Lie pro hen gana nd on erie sane of emeced bros nc meal no themes Le lesb isin + IVb afar) Tons tha he om of al soe {icscing in sil nate ence eae olan ected onl The ten Meters ny Lien so mectoqnee Cio Le ee 0-+ Rai» adi) -+0 8 ihe the st ssa sible ad the It semi. With hi ‘rehash tfestin fo se Prope 97) wey tha 0 uy he fpetaton tery of aay Li ager, me hve 0 “hare iain the oronson thie fsb son. ‘Spe Li alpstae OF hve ome leet et ear ‘rece eperenatins The bat outta ny eee ‘rote ny cna of he lito the ac that Li alge ‘sige don ft har momar selene et omer inthe dee segerace a Raa woul atc Hain Bae 93} Asse Lilac hae ot 0 ‘eon erst of snl Lil if 1a ft a the seuece 4) nthe ese hl here te a lest oat map tomer onto Roig The exten ch ‘Les decompstionptl gn thay meaty poxpoiag. Toh {tatan airy Laie ar ta mepesentation Ashore oe stv ith uh preston of he cme a ten ul pe ion thal steph steering ring en ete he tes ‘Shera Thonn nr ting o get om el pron ‘tiberadeoxome representa alter ths pen dhe eit eqraenaton then hel epesntnton Se Aen lore ‘On aon ote ioe spn il come et tet igi wen meio tt seme Lean me rere 9 versitile Li geen i pee Sh ht he Lier of Bocean motos off aes Lila gnc eee 29 = Sieg at somample Move pore i stead a ‘race epemmttion ote tated rode =H Mee K XeO) win Gm P= Yen YD ‘eae aera wit 29 ~ R= tin, an g/dl) = ual 96 (0) Show hate foboing euro Le lest 9) ‘nlp i) There 2 cao ets 9 yyorg, = ote ih ‘fain he ene gi fi) Te ante nih a Jo at) 2 ABE = EE DDO fora Ying 192 gt Thee ad Li Tre bs (©) Conant acomece Ue op Oi mptentifnd titan te eet ae aes cent testo of cslon Ll Bom ‘sarc 921 icon ad pet show that heer may ‘ras Oi tetve mating tele oven so ect 95. Show hat he alowing a gale + Le alate 99 ‘habe ) There en cain fey 32 Sle aban i) Tae each ofetalgbarg = fy = ehh amie 8d §9.2. Engel's Theorem and Lie's Theorem ‘Wewilaow rove the tenet mde sore sho repetition of thie Lalor ses big per tanga, Thy ee er a8 ise he rea tery pocns bare we go tat the Sone ‘samples aoa ln cone The sing le ‘Tieton 99(Eaps Tote) Let =) be any Lie ble ch hat sept evaniptn ouamypiomaf Tenth esasenmsee rer BSP auhthr XO foal Xe Not this ples tha herent sor Vin emt whi the sree eae Rest, sty or Vin tera whch 2 Unig tanyneVandeting,~ the ie a or ¥ a dee. ‘ac of Tonon94 99, Op abevton lore we tt San ipa cn then it ton a flaps Ope Vee he hy Va Toray endomorphism Y 6 ¥ the stow hn tndr the pte of the problem cote el nies nm te De a) ail pet ine ‘hin hat ns coinesisn one od iran en To ee we ok he ‘oreo fs nee ratte he ation sho on pee th ope hegaod so aceon Morse yout ‘terrain above for any Xe bal) ac naptety onl enc om ‘reeon gh Ths ynducton sheets nose sen Pe led ‘jad forall Xe eqealenyherecstsancant ¥en atch fi Ae ha a X76 fo ac But hi 0 sy ta te sep fg Stonaed y Wand na Ls slg a ch hie el ‘Sienna he sina owe ave = td we are do Ine ita own ep a efeit WP be te wbypuce fa sch vata ve V Let Y be any lament got in sce and sn wl ict show tha hee ‘sinter nar) reor se W sun Me) 0 Now oe a te ndany eh we beve (YO) = YORE HO FI “Theft wm onthe it ato bs hypo we WX 2 een ‘aon of 0,€ ars 2 than pet ii ne "eri o te sane fr Sp aol apt n> |. Where dos he ‘Siument es Jomo S007 nas 923, Show thal Ligh isa dn he compe Liar yC sla Slr for ate nd soning Exc 92% niin Lesa how hag sini invented hustle Delo toe seeps sen tect sum of simple Lie algebras. rete ser 125% A Lie le cedar icq tite ‘et A Lie rupee i Liles tie Fo eat ‘GLC arene Show tha the owing etre lovato esis {50 semisimple tenon ns fg sep 9 {Ea prod of sms ant an abelan Lisp 9 hr le Serna ill wre epesentation In at nh thes ‘rosea to being rete BA. Simple Lie Algebras ‘Tht som more seo stot Lie er ob sad tong its ‘ro il hve ote costa deret lnm or shale apo ‘hestjet This the comple diction ope Lic its ‘ore 926 Hifi excpon, sine compe Lr lee i rte iter aC, sy for nm “ein exception can al be ep ected, how nae pe sty sgl pt they a See pr tty ed ey. We ‘tigi a coms nh ar the Book G25) The era LE Uora> tee ora 2a ep me common eld te Lit asd iherepring pecs i ro he bee “eSeew ca ony ea te sap "Te ante lth caalton there for single ial cet 2 ter oa weapon th sb pny af the tees aout Sipe Lica cane rove ter nth snc ering en Ie of rar tein ene iy he pret oh al ait tne he sprees th at a anyway the est aac ‘tihowoven tone ta sal rhe ot pt ake Spay, wt ‘reid starting actor Ith follwing 6 An nb Dain et Cad 6 ‘nha my fa to bet io a (i) Oethe bas ofthe amps propose Leste i eel prsign forte dy of epesentatint mpl or mii) ics (iy Proceed in Lote I-39 ey ot the eas he tpt a8 ando- (0) Gretna iV and te pedis rotor ees Le sgtee ‘ects eet inthe ring eon te cs Oe oe ‘tls oe ie important ra he Wey cate oma saying tat nf one ar tae fore te wen Coat We representation ory single ep spp tse LECTURE 10 Lie Algebras in Dimensions One, Two, and Three ‘evi sy ea siete of densin tr New ek pri soe Cisne pnp bat tn i ro ak ‘eso my. hn ter gay rion ey. ern ‘ibe pro ny wl ead any. Theses oh ges ‘ode Li pong ae complet denny wom oo cent ‘Sinesmp Le petal Lees me hey oe ‘copiers ship acral {10 Dior ned 90 {io Denio e ne {Dimes es a no {Ho Dime es a te $10.1. Dimensions One and Two Tost iy ovine Lie tg ety ein a, “he simpy anne Lie group with he Lc alg jot the pou Ye aie: weer eomeced Li group hn ae ge th Le slat all be queasy decree ngoupe A= TA sk ish Conder mlpbenion A hat a tm oc actin eying ay ge {fms oe (Rian eae gon ono ei ree Tier ofhomorpisn caer fe ot prs he cme spine ih coordi | hee he onc Jane a es Nee Noche ee i elmer, be siuton compel asiherwart i oly ‘ale era of dimension one agin Ruth val ck the gl oe 1 Le Ati ‘Siete vet pou mth he agen = Dimension Two er weave sme tno es depen on wht ie or Case aon. Ths ary mh ike he pew sth nay com ‘ce omens stan compler Loup fs Cw aon SSlpcreminegemmst Upon ibs ht ute ‘eby doce apap Suche suepoyp A een hve ak 2 E.eh sete pseu in tre reer ho basen eovah Sante pega hy so skp eo Cie 2 at ‘he poi ‘Tieton of Ai} wes compte the ssn of toa for son hn Poy obs, Oeyand OC" C, berank of A 2h me ‘raisons A esi oedema compe space of (idee nt ft doer pl feet fr Awl lo be iret ows eso that An fe B fey C= Ce, Bry and =O Roe rar tand A dos ea compe ne la C3 that we ave Tee Site true re 00 thon C= Fr Cl be the pods of ‘ho tonn fa an the rears above api the dation a (het toe Ete 10, “Fics wiere A rok ote tee er To bein ih tnetun oth) here qin tt wheter ony ak a [N'A ein come in tt es he can sme hi stati ‘Mita tesa paar for Xan be completed 10 [omar fon Aland ne A= Be Ze, Ze, 0 tha Wil Be Bre ch atac rh atan sabre ache 191, Fortwo anneal compe a Band F how ha ee ee eee unt Gc xe ne mop ad rip Bs Sin ore and EC ‘tom he ote anno sch uo ete station mich sunt nyt wan repent hy choosing eee [Ren en comeing th option of nt te quote o 9 re ‘unmet y hi geen thn ve wale A = Ze Ze, 20,4 Be) ‘Fenaming ft el we ve map cyto GC ze Lon + Fe) exzorn pring Gata bndover ttre = C2 @ it heroic So Thncrein fd ot hoes ey mech debe Sent lpn fog ect yt ‘space y Ena @ 0, wid ofr tpl ce opens bE Tie htt comple feet ssn Bow erp sro ews pu bn ty Be te ‘tor ciampe floral ono let ford fonction on ih on eben) Than dierent expen ee Pay he cas sce oh 4 oman oie epee ‘nn shh dimensional coms ose tesa: he [est tht tht ay be eed i compen pce space an eae hoy beveled aralgsra ates) For poled stan esha {heen res witeguacecl leben rosetie specie ‘neuen el hey et thew of ean vars oe ny Sea dene in t= toa i ed Nomiitrr thoy ofmaeis mentoring ‘eesti egoing dono the vous sein compe Lue ppm dnarion wo col nol oe pe! Ps fore Wehopeto make he pint mes tateen ints etter fo ey mys pao’ Ofcom th ‘erin thal oh wooo selmi comme ‘ealLicgroupisjon alan termes eden von Imilghem he gnateiy aitice Ac Hs atk ie? grotabuln. Viewing te Licracke arm» 1: A89-+8 ‘Sete Ut fitiet etme ave be diensl ne Wea ‘oop abe (1, 7] fog a etre wih sna he ge {ater mtg bya appoint sear we withne PY Ny ‘ich cours detains comely. Three hss ner satan ‘wovdmesonal Lilgnay wer et Ror ‘Whe the compe Lc prope nh Le gin Tinos we set ‘ithe jt repeats wh sna weve agp 0, arp Hs, ‘rina tation nent si X,Y] vw-(o a) san-(% 9) Pama ¢) -0:evemeynromte care be 1 Ge Alps in iene, To a Te “IG eons “Topol hs erp homeomerphio © x C*To kes nea Conn ae gee memo Gy a8 6G i)-Co Erle roche kh Jolt Tra toa) 32 nt coms ppt rpg em pry eee t ls te i 6 Git ~(,B)2* «Gl. D-U.0) — (arb +H) t 1 vere 102% Sow that fr nfm the 40 BONG dC He mt Fiat inthe fact hing te ple when we exponent the treatin ee ap wees ed cincuSniatnelgccmaschelticgeop whites {§102, Dimension Three, Rank 1 Aine ae dimenion tn ok a the Lie racket aa fom nto qantepnan cneion yee he rat say {iat nhc Snensn oF ih may beer 2.03 Fr te coe xls Yard Zon some tor peta do ) borhan ake (102 Dime Te Rak ak 0 we ler back to the asin ft Lie rps above We ‘gm with becca Herthekeoeofthemap 1/9 ttn dines wich nes ‘itfr some. items veoh» Tne tag ‘eal eg ee il ut bee sect cnepcig tte hyper tent. 1 A¢p under th ner pt ala) dant beter hee ineson etree si exter ean Comping to a Geez} eta wecan erie yin or ban=t.21-0, Uigdeax spvaye ‘ecsomes.f.7€ fiber for yinont, wey now eho ut, reining oyamultlea hetnesrcombaonst VAY t ¥en ein 2 one 8 Ox ei Z by 7 Wy #0 We wi en hve Ue Mietz)=0, bizney om which we tha tt the pod oth ane smennlabsen Unagtra CX nh the a sblntwosonaseul Leaps 7 BC ced in th reg don We ma oe hoes stn th in twee B= = Osea by a we ten se the = # isang by onemaina tiziex yd Ed ei os iit el, od ‘ost ith afl peaemation bat ethene epeneon ‘tics sce in eet Wea howe ine te epesetton ny comeing the equations Stag ve wnt td pal of ‘commute hi someon ¥ = EF 2th maz ~20)-(72—zny~ viz=2¥2¥ 427%=0 sy fr 25 (%.21. One snp way of ch pi of do lane 12 12am) 257m orectnon ‘oreg y ming and bth he sae to and obs Po ie ZF Por eample on the nese! er se sith bs tan ewe col take To bebe map yg yond ling ‘anand Z te map caring niga eo heb Ve = Othe 27 wey to, Wess hen at sj algehey fers upervlengar 33 mare When weet ate oe ie sin iin One Tan Ths “led ch spy connected Now te center the sh o¥P w= hed yous 26 ut ees frank | 2h a QE aptin cng eter oto ONE 2h hota ore by cer or ne ce 13, Shy tht G/N determi up ooops y te oe Ciena 20 ‘Asians te ae ut soe ithe nue Lipton ies neti once omic egroup Cafe ic the Se eu ngmotegop mh n e h Sola ina erupt om iting ump og a int it map nm mann a fe Siecle petasns One wey oe he eo re hat 2 see aod mpeen the ee oH ene tla naedngwseaaedn meron Spann a Ue snp te semen ft be ce 0 Fee arm fDi ire Yan ret igen ebb sng 4B, “ere = 10) = Me = 2409 an sly (2) ~ 21 3 ath Yl abd Zt ao eet SEP TiNGaene Since and 2 pene gan the epreeton ctetows a ont actor ase mle Tote en ‘itn t's [rc2hencnomstatrand sobs iuceflows that =O Exercise 104% Sho th fa sly coon Lie ra i Le Earthen Cemet com ty oneal compe! BO paral cots no one a oe rhe grou Ups howe hve angrier rp can Term epee Ura gone the operators _ taint stare eget 0s} sore a oy Fefesnteh rpall nd X = (Zs tinesthedenty.Esposatiting, wetatens ‘na fn ymin it bythe net fot tah es Figs wie Hs) ha oss ft $10.3, Dimension Three, Rank 2 1 hice, wit the commute eine 99 ga the spn of we ‘Shows Vand 2 The comms aa Zn ten wren Uizimer pa. ‘etsy rdomorphisn a) of cai no ki and ds 2 Sea Hamlin hone thrice ‘Enh rst tae trace Ths and say mo berry Stereos. ikea ome ony set eg notin th map sd 99 ‘tte an omorpisn. We may no digas wo ponte ter {is gore ort noe iS {ioe that otf tine we cle where he desieation fhe scaler wt mee camped thn hat ofthe compte ne a Seesaw eth oi a gyi ‘Tomph we ave noe ined epee ‘veer eee el peeve epee ‘han the cone cn, emery jt heen) Pony Aaron, tinct owe ta bast feeagapatalegetein 12 forsdethandby mein byob stereo ht oath epee ht hh ena) Gayl=% nz), (121 (109) Exace 196 Sow tat wo Lealtraray conespondingt tm dent we 10 tie gain mn ne Toad Te «= 8 Oban tat wee forthe et inn cosine sng fy ‘aomsomerpc omglen Le setae “ofe the pou wi hoe le ners ne 1 te sit ce, won ih tre i Ee ai X= an as 7 n,n cae Sto a2 td a le ¥ snd Zand dea: nit XA pel mentee X= bY =z ofthe Ue Sons es eed (ih ert oe boon (12.4) 0 9 “GE ponentiting we fd tha roup wth Lear 9 weep Here ne rn ase ney nein cams the compe ms ¢ [See tatnel te thepnsntad mam 9 sone-tane a bese ‘horcompprn, cme. onthe tet ia © wll fave nota ont roup To hi ‘Seve that ne alage have snenet sue fou [beat {Geb “(bie singly comma tt when 60 ved Candenropeninge(0= 2 xe Now hen the oun eer edeomntor re 10 Sho ht Gh oad ees the #4 [iirc gow wih Leste} Fore 0st bene STaEWe ta aay a op a engi ‘tee hat ig hase hth we re tions vai tap of Lr nsant qs have ho srerponig conto fo he so ine Lie group inl ont forms do rm any, bower, say Bn) identi ct hepato Sto cho « bs (7.2) of 9 wth ap ocho) oa Smal repicingX bya muti wt may sme ah cps eT so that wei ete Liane Gon-% Wzir+Z oz1-0 dom With rept, 2} orth te aon acon ofthe eee sentai =OY'eZ afte Lage gece ye ue wffE Jon] che 108 Show ta the group ht wo ceed the wie ‘sone compen Le ropa Les Now hat the Li group oti exponeninting the adja setion tle Lieu iven by (0. 4nd 08) a tomentose fro cents ads ae he ony connote ea ls pes th ee i ne ce 110. Compe he na of eal Li ou in Cae? om ‘ig hi posty mentioned vet nh} es on 39 ‘Gt compen cnjpte ges Oa ttn say ae ee ‘ove et eal of to monsoons hone ee otc with Cte omerie $104. Dimension Three, Rank 3 Onan i of hi a ase eg in the psig on by king foc ‘ects fhe jot con foal cement Xp Sposa oe ‘in tht dam mente sch ht vg he nn ‘encixwith nner levnne T et observe fl ferro Xen the on a ad) atten free ae Ker) ='€X nw start wth oy X «ier tae ne ‘ihoora ceva of space Hite then ee anes w In te Ace Dimes Om Tan The es 6 ein he rl of al tin eH of ha hts cats tt 4° bo issn fo a) wi noe Sree th smi isms faith ot eh 2 Sis re al notre sels tami ate ed ey Truth Spee rods te ree oy comple me Lata te compton bt allow fom the cos be YM = CE ONO AT = “tia O88) =o Ae ee mastingentnst rebate Epo ces niente ge "tegatana Samed ora ear reece bot) ore i alti en by (d=, ‘oting natn to Bt ow nee te pace Sige a See cose" Ai tonne ITSUsC tte uprowp (21 eset meta ho mecied group with Lc ngehea isthe quotient PSL€ = SIsC/{ £1) “Rmhepen tia alee xm ‘Somber tested whos) Hq nda al be ‘Sener than te hei sole toe pret. Ofcom, inte eslceittae pose that nf bs wo ds comps nln Senses dime ni acne ni a shan Frio t pry immed tie ‘ol alr we se te evs te ad 1100s the Rah? ws x ad =x, Ys the a ety see wey conch th coaorot X amd Yisumotleat Hae moliping exch of Xa yn ec, {re can ase tht her oF Th Faas ERS en {obec that we are thee scored esa) wa en X + tfasncigovactr ath ntaco cme an chorea corres ‘i we may constant 2s Tha, wes oth he Soe ‘ona poy shh sans eqns wun ay nem Gam ‘Ti any, we ay rcs he i sas of ee Leow U0) you may te he among E'S se Na ed Se the Lie ous wh Lisle and To sa he ote ro roe onheee marcesf2j cate oay ‘ovn domly SLgniste qn PSL On edt a Uhecomperene SL, om spy concad ne te apanenine 12 *2 mat fis so ext Syst nie wae ie (@loy sian gh More pees Pols sane eee Bete in whch beneonphe tt cs wi fy a RaphcioW oes SLs 7 Wethernnaiogecimren 3H coef he intone pry ah ned qoteis = Senta how stecves oS eda Soe = ete a 103 we enone ea Lego wh 0 fie oly ntl ene onl beep st "ia oap He we finde ete opie posse tours Find hve oh icesinenseal opectaane n, senna preening veep Stes PSL MT terval its somaieeof on darwin tc recone Ue ‘lr asin tet cre Watt pros wi alge To bein wih tr SUC, shen te map sendg mains ropa chon phi so ta sy comcedThe conn ca ee ea (21) at se een FUN hoy oer nowy wih cee eters ema ae SUD ante popenk qc Bets) Fin, er ht hee a te epcsninin f heeland wane i ops deel stve Ae wi she ents ae, ieoop os, ich indceron oop been Ipedtorn PSt cand S0,C anderen tesimiporscl ns sh,Candthe pin grep Spins Tri tmp oo mao thes toon S0,l SO") Inbee taka oie ae SUL whi SO"G 1) PSL. Las te mowers ns ee 24, @€ = #y€ ps ht there Lage, isomorphic titer Saf nc tha tease ad thins a oor of Tesh dik asta we satin the omens mentioned ee ‘ing bw : | Spine Spiny i 77 Lest <—. Sg6 <> SUR) fit geno) Sty PSL 46> PSU) [nit qaeron 4 I ot od so", ne $0,¢ > SOR Noten te xine SpfC)= SLO, Spa =SLaMh canis) sich allow om thet tt Sp esto peseig 2 hen aymmete ‘ates fosond for? © 2 mt the deine esac a oe eee 5 Hei sh Lire 0 eye ‘ato nde eat te sorerpontig Ce tops eda. ‘vec 1046 For enh ofthe ie nbs encountered inh et ‘pute lowe sal ster andthe eed seri and ay wht te Stabe pent cae snp or inp vec 1817. The folowing we Lt pou of dnenson to Ft, ‘ect apes mo it Fi ho (the prow fate sneak {Bein arson rand sompontn i te ou of peng Paice ig tp ef onenston prvi tases won th ete pane epton nan ad retain). eres 1018 Lote RY with the vous it of Lie (Shen regency conse toy fi ies prometie ‘eniquedptsteeedhench hb XYZ wu rer sen [yyienedr, (UZ1=% 1 Hod DimeineTs Rak ws hy hi etn sera sowing in pe ‘the denon ical can towns is ay nec 1019, Reith smarpion of SU, wh LR by ening her hth aroup of cone tomar thea dhl he ‘ee a ane uel 1920, Cll Lie sph fines oad i teh how ht bey areal desumsol alee eee vere 1821. Sow more ely that here ea Li agra ‘sommand kts et of sat ie sony mio ee ms sow tats Liles ta tsa endometrial QS) Lectures 23, Lecrure th : Representations of s1,€ it fi fe es, tt comin ee ee ‘entre ee ah hs iusto oe rita en pecs {itp ened prope 2s oa we ow hw {hajancrit ota ttc pet ce he aor ren ‘Meeps 19 at ena eo ee ‘Soprano pi ea rn Scns tm aha ey SILL. The Irreducible Representations ca ain feminine Lina thi IMGpotc faye wean he trae oo hoy She come oth mae gee cve te tse ea tat aerms Be “Ni Uppat oe aedy mentoc sha acon with ser mete yooh Tea eth psec othe aban sabgroup geese by 9 Sees ‘Noob nazompostion HLL The te Rigen e -on koto genoa fr the ation of the snmaion elation ated Sytereang ements tthe pop mth sel os pi cies Sin persed the spaces 10 tat he epee se ‘dermiel the soleton efigvaes oe (feo cumstances epeenaton rege ero nme tw, hn gee ce tae aetna ay sas ‘it on ay vector pce sat ch etepten td cre sh 3 Serpent raw eral canoer a the rang ete fou Ue ia ny pert mas Neel hs “otepin nih we cease the atte Lic ie Ce tht G9 6 nes onxy=2x, nee wn ‘Tose em he pce matt chat in ft he ee Sct ty more haa et herent wl ea wey anne ‘sy ofchooig ta ase Use apo cejestonh ah ‘i id iss nthe rent cement td hich wl oe may at the opti we cto Ts aty ev kt Fhe an eae it imesosl epson of uC: Westby otng at oe af ti a tht we gue in ae te preration of Foran decor ee pret scans ite ba on The acon H enV dental, sada desomposion v-On thea sun ver acoletonfcomple mrs. at oray wor ny We any cr ‘eo ein bv ow al Yao hes pe 1M Geet Pete ay eb oh SES Inte wean tment wean ay oh EE Be ore omer emma aw mee se SScpechbwtiohsehnewhare hor seo ts kneel atin i nt exon = x0) #0 Pxe0 2H) err sey enema fr gs en eam cee Jenene 1 net vos ee Teel Yon eh ani ei he 1 He poeta tno ese crite ad ray eats oe bace Qh at nan a ea a ef Mor 9 Tielemans ore Tip te kncw nes comger mb bet we wl 0 ha "top i or oa anon ctor taeF ‘Cor ny soso setae ve set Yaa = OL wes have 0) = ‘Mea wow nat happen shen sap theme tote et To gn ih wetae Ci 14 The ce (1, Yh] From resi oY 8 cn hae at ee Bead by ects sce te oon eso {evs Fyrom amie ser Yh ano" {hen se te veer T°) Bn Ye be HO™) = — 2 Vegi pewe chap Taos she trie ju Rete eto mtr ction ste Fh Mec niniinienea nee “Sih esse owe aX dou Yo wee hecommustion toa ors, 4e ive OWE TH+ TEA Has 1 Nex, west XU) TIMI + MECH, = HUF + Hen 0-2-1 +0 1 The ptm now er: X cs a ect n the even Hh 40, ina muti fhe previous vector Eph. ha XU OHO D4 Sam BTL XO) =m 13) ‘mean ea be eed by ndcion. Toe ate a mambo crate fhe aletion athe ave Cai, ‘otepn wit we maketh oes ht llth cg Fal H re one enna (AL) Secon since we ent course te po rien down ab oe 7 tutti racy whee each a HX, and they sachs veto I ‘ores omy ney ecm neh ‘estared wiki pul corn at a ¥ sd byte calc of aera he npsion vor un ‘Tocompee our ams, we havea st oe mor tine the fie dine: Soy This el ws hat hare tome bow he or as Lor(haswallasa pron sothat weet have (= Deroy ‘ark But sow fm sth sae power a ans om he ton 8-70) = mie NIH, set tas 70) #8, econ that nm 10 np low hat angie pe The ate tha tt he an as 21 on ormasting ita deny 2nd sme sek eoriniaZ Tas then we ete eet ee nation ‘rach on seat nee he epeaion P(e? hol tN ing eecter anh Noten theese pat hi tenet may be dead yc to oven ow tet Taina at he gear ef a ae ‘erway oocyte more geet mir enna Fa va ee Tectia nome a rmiai robes lew diel eration 7 Jelet ie aunrd pretation son P= Ci and ye he Soe =o Haj teeen fetes sqnte = Sui? = Sy egret eye m9 6H His =H) + M9 = My = 7 HON HOKy= BP se the epeeniaion W = C-24@C-a9@ 6-7? =H MOM; he hve Mote gee he th nee powe SF Py maplrand wee eh) = (0 BH 39 eh ayaa seca beens i on Se ema 2 sree mn tects itor Sr neat sf easyer poner of he aun ‘Obervtha when sempre te imaget aC nit heenbedig | jenni coepondin tothe epson Sy weave a he ‘Poop Si wien nto ted PGL whens een Tha te ees Tem ofthe pp POs nate een poe SE serch 119 Ue he aay fhe etesenion: fw Jo rove he Stent noe prev beta heel cove StSL 112 Ate on st S112. A Little Plethysm ee ee a rete an as Sn rt cctecnen reams Saale icouer iro tp ma ra hancanapae win Spates Sp we cecimhoanietetenetled eepnate ays adc pean eet Fame VEC a etl petton od spn mt ny espe Seer Sym a taste oe Seca cari int soars i ee neemee sis ea aS hora Ded “Nede a dealer Sam ep ay ape —t+6+O+@+64—-— ‘he cme ith ema § wl eet seven he iver om oh a anc focraeey i Sn ese Somer ecard "an Tad “Ten fake ag ni eosin spy oe penta ye ‘il coun ot oc of cee ss {ete component how sees esp eyo We have, tins, Lemaeies Suv @Sm?P = SV OS WVO Noth he rote map Sym? @Sym!V Sym i ao agen of plo the te tm je Shee dot an uh eres nein = ‘vei 1.18 Finda sina wa. te esompoton eter prod Smee ie - Pace 1 Showin eee hat frown Sym 00h = Syme*V 0 Sy! *r@--@5ym" As edente,we an a ka symm ad etir power of gen ‘rotation any ways ths ore nreing. For cram et 2 Repro 6 = €° beaabore te dana etentation fant W = Sym teisoymntre gure ert aon ede above ake = V2 ‘Weaa now mht te ymmetic nar of Wr reocble adt whal ir cmpoaton To awe hi terve that W hes eens 2 ‘echoes he sme are W wl ate ‘Sevres proces cbse ruber that = 82 0(eating {en dc Wea pest Sy ye ee From hie har hat the repetition Sym mat decompose lt tow cpy othe epenatn 7 Syma ne copy athe tea {coedimensinl poeta Som?) = Syme Sy" uy Indio we cane hia we ave mt mp Sym F)-=Sym" taints by evan he wl ae «one ines eel yarn the the andar ano wean wee wget hs Neetas tht) = beh aes 1118 Sow hat het gere PW ising to W el ‘Oona htop with enor eepon eyae th ‘hescompodtion of W per in Eero. abo Wecan in asin ny, die he ecomption eal he smn owe fie epeenation = Sym For example te hid pamet owe yi hr cpa gery the epee set ("20,2 Sven "6-4, Seer One mee nd mma ee nthe so anit bout the decomposition: his alton ‘Simpecrcan ny comet ce smo ih Sm ne Sy ym'¥) = SV Sym stat sane pt th dey we eaten Sm Symih) Sym" sede sme onyonton lw ha he er ste ice aac UUs theese esompoiton eh he forme samsyath) = 8 ymtey fora : $11.3. A Little Geometric Plethysmn ‘We mnt nese rome ineteltin of hestesiniar dom: ‘Pion tests pore repetaot cage OneCare ‘at teat bling whe acon eae ire Co he oop Sta € o POL on atepesenaon Wok a atone Fowp PGLsC one msec projec space Pt ante Wt {tal took a varo geome object soot ve eo ft ‘ewe true of rh of som, mh lo oo envy ent ypbom eaten apr, {ali in faving wilt oar he seni eerr pone ot tet ason of PLC ont proses Po aoe “The min oni haw he con ef POL, he pojectivepce PV 2 snmined ihe nda repoeainica Fieri oe ‘stiespaces Pyar) 2 orn > nee Rate te seen val pe lero te cast bin Co fo.wcakve P18) oonting th powers in Sy il tw les ce a Rome ail etn rat cnr anc cad ‘no ty yee of Py ang a eae st roe The oni tego heat a) ihmint herrea Wee oe ve Tapes get ‘tin ern then ows fsa ee poe sea te ahammar e pj ‘ee PUN fr med ar tBu tat poe ‘Deseo theme powe oul ese ot ‘sero pce psy. center ett tere fects eritaeinetsoy enters Digression on Projctve Geometry ea eta wa ie point of ete ci gomeeyeloretooemorlot ees paren 1 The youp of antomorpiam of pov pce Pier ms rc atiy soe mall he 0p Pl eas this be aan fr em ine "For aip ver apace of dimcsion n+ 1, SymW* i the race af sonore pea dee oe ee Ei, dy Sree ere etme psa Stone posierneet*= Pan Rte Specie eens areca eames Stine fae! ances ochese ‘SiSyegeeue Pyrenees Prats tants wou unc ponen Sym, he may am ay mor con For any veorapace and ay porive nee wehavex natura a, cae ey PrecsPemr) ‘hata sumed eee yo ye ‘iene Woe cin she er at Shar ooo cnr uta oe Saieatiors Petnbeae wee op =P) nase ein fc © ~ Cp Chon Teer tr Pan (wi ap Vr Spr a cing ese off ett eda ti ap mabe an Bolsa sic ay astmorphim a Ra C pontine th en rm Fs iTitTetoe A pny Cass a poe It Ue a wey VW a aa Are n reserve heaton of POLS, he emit hve 2 Sp sedan elec i= CC cm yt ton Fl. 24,24) 22s 21 0. Form =3,Citherniged eae cuin Pandan hy Bre guatie ponte Be Th, Dela Biky wed 22,28 ‘More penile ratina epee be common 20 as he Soames Gas) ath ea tht Back to Pethysm est wth Eu (1.2, We canine msn Een Aisa he dreoposion thereon eee covtepodion Ueproup tC) semeteay he Vere embed Bee Po A see aon P= Sab rope mons fearing Se con ere Cy lato fr aon othe space yy) of ‘are polynomial tho sat pee te one-dineonalmae ‘pie €- Fant by ie pln bere ta ce te cne CN ‘Tare ine sth paack vs Senet a ht he peo ‘ent plyomiason tothe pact gant pon onP wh Tertcnel C-Fhuy we have an een 0-4 =Sym"¥ Sym tom))-Symt 0, "ih iit decomposition of Sy SP) deb abe "Note that wht coms fo tt aes ft sly he et sm | deomgotion 12} Sym Sy. bt ate ett wegen shove ‘Testing oth weguece SLC med, paransod th gees thet obs Foreempuy we ars it gen acoiccue ithe plane Phe lsupce Uc ofthe spree al es P | scsiematry io the oes eps aed by el ad ‘ato’ ude the ation of poop of meio he ae Peaying Chao te ste geome dein of he pce! Yee llowing opin 1.6 The beget Sym Symp i espe Fos pa yh fly of doe es tangent tte C= f Po. One way to prove hit 1 sim wie ou tis subspace incor iste neo efhomogenene corr om shove te agent ; Retotte conc cat the pot (ip 0] ene ban t2s0?25— 22 +240) “Te double 2 thes the cone with eatin PD M22, 4B 2gly + MZ} 2a Z =O “The stupa cn porte tha ssn by 22 242) 212> Zh, ind ZoBts BEF By contac, th iene eder te ation SLC. nd i vi cmplomentary tote el sabepreetatin CP = Paez towstenhisdown conte we cou uae nt he map ome {icons eae tthe projet pace Symp") of on oP ‘Soling ech pout pe othe Sone of th tan (0 Ga phe ecto tegatana nap PsP nd hs ages {mcrae noma cv. spa orden projective so ‘Suc of Pym yh eh mest respond Toa subpar eopcto Sm, a ‘We wll to thi notio Ia sec 1126 elo: ‘ecan n sry db the compote he symetic omc ofthe poaion = Syme¥ in the pal eng the Be ‘evicipretion comer ge any. For empl we Bae ve ha Sym'yn?)= Smt Sym" “Tisicimetate om he some devepn: the spe ext he ‘Have natraySomponer inthe psf bs hinge the one Ensen morte ma thespdt ofsete poemieea Pi more ese vans (ir atthe gate payomilF a Pes at, te ‘Gis sensing one concomve Ce ay elds ith espe Geer ei ce he eer ermal (8) we Be Sya'syn?¥) 2 Sa4V Syat¥ WSs" sin ty 10 om the grocer the pce ue ‘iverson coeitotthove denna of ats pnd Eptteemme othe dong eenton Fo Cee sth aco ect ano € mela aipr f F lhe pce of gus ale Terai on (We abe the word“ soa et st, Tek ony seat uence per. sare 1.1, Show a gee he ner bing on Cetin + {Tote the et sm lor om be gt hd ef Te decompo 112A Lite Goat lion 9 We ca sini ana sme power of he epentsion U = ‘Sym -FarennplesineU Seeger “3. a teem ‘une of U has eens 6.2 Ole ws a ‘Segmmmaieatyve ve “This impier tat Symsym¥) = Smt¥ Syn" wy We cannery hie in ems wind caie C= C,

60a th pac 9&0 fot ie Tv’ Oar hem x ae 4 SPIN 2 tmovi withon tose above boom. oe aimee i cu rt a wa “Tx fr 20, st be of te frm ee Sus at-home pao onegave mia #8 “Tere 181 Fr any poof mtr mbes 8 ee ext i Pacts! peat Tay of HC mth he mH We nit dee the ro fhe bere al he ened econ oft eae any way ie x onl bce Le see We wil ome Bowe tat wera he Li ri i eto the covet a ex weit Ett SR hee niques prt of the analogs tere, he 2h ero ere rant morn The eo Ye ll amit te reprint OE ‘andr preston ya alate an hau we wo ec py the ans ot he ce om he noua eC pao a tes oman pn hope ag EL ‘muerte oman Tree smtadrpeetnion of e,C on ¥ = C, Ofeor ee See atone oh sana th IO £6 eee hmecaematet sadly epee The woah A= = a evs some hel esnation 4 The inves fhe dae eames tian eo te nes of eer 8 taal 7 tetas see toe he hab tc Not that wile the cae of fC the weighs of any representation were ‘mma tout he on, and sresponingy each ceesntaon as Steric os dua time ot era ings Ved Fok th sae elon fhe at thatthe epson are ‘Sed into anter bya asemenpin of ste namy,h to- stent 183 Oe ato moro Frada ever Votonapas bepecnaion shove ‘Neco te ere or rou Vand Since be weigh sites oqnr ts eqeetetionas heparin soms le weg tolitevis bestia Pantin Syma ep | by ez nme he arans Sy a Sy we vnc tee ean te tn wa he ener oss 7°, ks ght eft he tm of elvan =t etary aan mal toro fabs cna wh male ete aie vclon Beth Weta rep ws tere ie de sited covey he hl he a pe ine ly cn wi wn eam ero ‘en's welche ae verre sent te oetaion rowan 1, ame tw (in teams een ¥* Ham. th ce) a Sap seme nth the ial encanto The {het nhentae bg oF tsa mas oh atc ae st psn et pce mtr woh trot led Oy feta nt ht ye i i i hi remanent ert sna See tlcimie vance Ea) rian ths lt poet ofS) eights say ind we dso ms nd anees e sone ‘retin rida gua e0d ones SS), aes) (Wem nla ae ey il promnaontListss, yen pena al spars septa vor {eth contin row wth smo ele prods of a ite ite eatery we as Fo sp eh ee hs Speier yeh anh yt mth we pe a pect pl es tha ferme dsition Be a {Tete fe pe nih aay of ee ‘eon fay the yom pomesof Vand 1 wt be cry te ‘preations wi rng a ppc etagona diagram "Ctnstodos tom tate exp tn ec ha he cas ot re paves Syme ear mith sity 1 tat Sym" and rear, we hv ae notation of Thor 13, Syme = Fay and Symth = Tye Dyan atmeain vi ct wer eo tical Sma te putes he byw he ws tpt ae ly yan y= ch rg es) he fy ts ac exigte tine y+ yh Ba ‘Pommaialy te epseniain ons ke Now. we know ih of htt tht hte we hve anata rsmve rey er Qutra(aetyw tats hich samp ofa, Wht dese el of his map ok et ‘Ocoee wel agra eae torre tua ata ee math (18 eagles 7 sy vec in he weit pe of Hy "Ly" tha to ny of ores ay mai he ore Iie uy ta era Sra tat he Kt wi cot on ‘nus emalonT Tih 21, Ly aeeghet neigh Sloe Flows hens try weigh Ke here est to ob ‘le Keri) = wich re ewes wh liso a te ‘Ser mih mlicty one and Ren) 21-81 ow do e leh iel Thre are et the wy To en wt, ‘canto alr dy We structs ofthe el of A sean ‘ath the est character fr neil roe ere ok. Wel fe pth a malic fora whch pe de ‘rene beeps as Wen nero apa ete ‘Crater han woke sch eer ras tp howe ew ae ‘best appons hee Thi stigorwa ef ih ston te ave ben ing he hie eg wer fr te epson Fe sym" @ the ec ¢ fy anl vo the compa fh ere Uy il we samed bythe image ths ncaa he ‘amposon E> Eyed Eyy* These oe pert. Ade ~ Blase +e OE se) mEi-doed = eared ident = Fraley evo Fe 15 2,4) im 1a resets HEM a Em Since rinks we coud that the weigh de oa ia Spy 2 te ert he betel or neti, §132. Description ofthe Irreducible Representations ‘hpi cate thang on ih teem we sol ne re of sieges barecmegns a The ft at most porta (thong prety obo tebe eration 12.1 the reset Vad W hae ih weight cs eth cas al fect then he ear ve VOW ‘ihe wig seco f et tcoin tee ents pera ofthhe wetn o SyY tsi epee at ets oe hens coro Toon 11, Fl the exten slates lows mmeitely Puteri the epeaenon Sy SyahP™ wi coma an ‘Shatbltotrecettn oy hot we aly — By “tne gece par mony phy haere exist, Ge secakeioesesentstons Van sities eight Vand EUSA Neto wan went Ten ena ahs wht Nee Ne eesention 9 wth ight wept = VOW 1 the trae mepesentaon graced by (fn The poeion tape Ue Pad U = tg nncro mage ween adele ‘etna Be mort we dF = nace 13%: Let 5 ee Stet actor ito in Letra ‘Esty ay abt te gest mlb eto he eresntntion 5,0) ‘Rta appnngto ten repeectaion 77 ‘To cantinv ordewsion of tec rods ike Sym @ Sym seu urweinated ne woul keomake ore expt he conus ic emation Foy bch we Enc (0 be nga SF SYP ‘Totepuie weave gem sconacon map ae Sim¥ @ Sym" Sy V9 Sy 7 siogou 1 the map toed sve we cn esi ik ap ihe TTC ngna) we a the map fro Sym" Spor (eSeeveSpch t= an bywakention By the ety een i 192 Dewi fe ec Repeats ws Ve ¥* = Mom; Vor cote ty seine NBO Ut PEP Me ot OEE Goody (Ces ni mp suet nee ag oc ve Sy bby he rbegraetation Faye St? 9 Sy * mat tea Ina we hej sin cna Spat Y OY" above, [an 1.4 Teer of he map the ede represen We sil deter he pono hi ot + omen aeons ome ? S90 ‘ay We cn en te any cent fe ah spam Maat ‘Sym @ Sym ae Lert ehouer ter In thee te eng owe down be ton fh we pesos Ey 150 A te ore ye ws an Fi ile bathe, © Vand erouarneyy rehe@uert er) He evar ey. he Fla an Ft and we eg te 2 Or any Woes tit heer ae ‘Wie heel of a dn he cen say = Ne ‘ly he angio tha tel a ny ieee ato eae Tan we ie ind Jp et Ths conons a og fontaine of Wek noes mone Noes were a cots eal $133. A Little More Plethysm lth tomer fr ee hae of in ate owt tor produce powers eecenains eave eae compote, We sa thon peal ema en ut Kwisge e ‘eae dlagrams afte trace repeat (oth mal tes hae canbe opin stot te comple ay ‘orate gen ate ener pod of epcenttins hove et ‘he digrae known Ince wee nlite for ecm he Component ht secompontion i low 1, We down the eave eompsiton of 1 Rnd eae nH pening hi gram or wih 3. Nehorinow a aenin acon fee greta Tateuies 21 GUtormm Sacreshoknoe Ggpee ‘ict neca ture lowe egret uel 4 Repeat ose Tosee hy tisgpsin preci cone to expe eto pods sie aie epee deere sar Weary | how the lor pods fhe sync: powers fh stander pee talon Vasa sym pve dal dcompen een a Mimexampl stare geen poate een. {2} Vion the eprtsatin Fy Wes by ming Soe megs ihe tensor pode tine Fy MS pep ey ke EER OY JN Ly Vv ARERR OOO0 Y C RRR 1. meres of. Pa Many ato ase 1 erin a Pu Many of Ea nd then just check thn ie ge an omarion of TBE = Shot @ with the ele proctor oe Snchaed wae of 315) What sent tos ntereing inhi whe aiuto sap ste susan n th apes (186) Toe) at theete sche sbmnand o Shy tat hae eat ae ype X tt Pp el ai mp of cag tl Ofer 9 cn Se ecru tie 3 9 muti (2) eee nove To ‘Mens in Sythe fens rank rs Ti 9 dis aa depo of Xero? ero tac be reed are Soin fo rah esr wee tha Xe (2k rsy of ee Wrens vr on of th cho {oan sue ne he onion fe eget ple 5 ‘ace 17 Show nt alse poe of Sy tat pow {ili the powers Sn) asl y 3a a ge ea mune jb eh poe fhe inal suman stsyerne"" ec 118 Gin the map fhe proton ofthe ear foo that the pone spare gone bypersois coma ‘Be ven face wah Sp fete lige cubist In tori deh tom of PLS xe 1818, Atay he eromtton Symp) of Ine thes som ee tere romeo he Vrs een Pr See Syme) Teche 120, Show that the tepreenatons Symtisym'P) a ‘Symi(Sym'Py conn va worn, aed ta the Tepes ‘Symp? coma ner the aac 121, Alte equ above to shaw that he epsenion Nye isomeric Ta ‘yer 1832, Apply he eign above ante the epee [Sey ai pared ore econgein i rece ace {321 1 = Pp) the abn! pce of the Vr ena eb nde weelne eae POS). Ds i ems the decompose Irth cdg eran the pao he feo angen Zest 194 Ae Moe Gee pm bs ror anthony is et 1824, how that huge clo oi of Terepentnton yer wero Pena 9 te Veone suka corbasemortiieinncsursyensece Eo lintipel) oP xP Anker bia ra Gr) Leokures 115 PART Mt THE CLASSICAL LIE ALGEBRAS AND THEIR REPRESENTATIONS ‘As we ited the ott the an we hae ted ot of the Store of aC and aC ae ha representa es ve fo oe ‘inp cox Ue Late weeny heat ig Ue ptr fhe ener ne hte woe oa st es ml fr ‘ei emis ed ating eo ens ‘porate tse tein ner Ara we ope ost many theft ul Pei 1 ad the Apne he apo eo inrodaces unig apnea mpage, Thea hens wl be antl vos coe b-enebanor ecclesia eh ren sre St etre, et the eetpmen lor the ates we eveloed in Lctes 11-18 the mia got Big to dere he ace penton ‘ply ec ad tose the dems otra eng ‘epson, barley sad geomet. Whi wow the icpseratom selon nade er pone he tanded eto, ‘eth orthogonal Li leas this only pes alo tem abd oe es ‘sey mets tcc heather" rsetaon: Thi cared oa ‘Sg Cio stron in Lace 20 ‘eal mate thee ih Wey comrction ol epetnton of GLC ‘om Late hh fs om he rerio hy he ym ‘oun Weston in Late 8h he eth ec operons [Cn Lact 17 we sho bow oe he co teed ‘eresetatns ofthe spc i sgh fn acter 19 pete tenth vepeertaon a he arthogoal i tre The ge wee Sterne othe reac repetaton, ed pl te for Sscomposn ee eresnaton bey arnt sary ‘ewesson ofthe beak and many of thee deempenon om fe "diced fos the Weylchrcterorula wich we mt dias a PrN LecTuRE 14 ‘The General Setup: Analyzing the Structure and Representations of an Arbitrary Semisimple Lie Algebra ‘site atte cil aa ate af, a ‘inp -B eto esi eae gg ges nae elas wl ed dr of Po Hemetoanan toners ety Serre roam tetramer Wamenegstamyoaeat ance See ean some ceatna ss erate $14.1, Analyzing Simple Lie Algebras in General ysl repentant ‘ated anal abe een ony wae Lester woud te dar at rt rnd one Nee we wea eo Sadat Row tha asa wl go In pont, by proving an exetiy "gsm pcre for srg the repeat of ear mr eile Legere. The rows eve here cecal, ‘epost card wat Let 2 rte tay ites {pe chang nthe oder tp having cf epee ‘tie “dings” stipes = HC = gan the connor gibt mest ene) weil se theme bre ‘Sep Yet tha your Le epea is emt ct, noe of the fodonag wl wok i Rem 143) pour Ls la note shoe, os sinter to erin yre ake of ‘teresa iste igen ay notte Sree thng he vs Rew Ann te Sretre the repesntton of the rial but Hw at nt ou about te Ire retio ‘op fisancbeton miler < pac aga. Th oso the antog efohing the peiccen nae adhe obi (ron tse hone ara par to eet eet tates ac dono et (and ty There on ay epenatat Morcer more ° epee pose but) ho cer be mana smn ian Supp ‘sips rsh a bulge calle Coro oli, ep nui ome vet eth sgh iy poche ait et {2Mpeensatelan an when Snpnalsabe ma Se ho fe ‘rete te moma with reps hw pop Tec Wi, weet ray eared tp inh et step oe Rear 13), "Sep aL bar ong bythe nt repro nd domes 9 cordgrass epesenatin a il be ‘iegnataatieapiingthst teapot reesenaticn weave re ‘decyl ile Caron rmpion, sO@enr cn) 5 sexe miata where ton pss ech amd a. byhetearfncont et for sy We s)20 =a “Theeond ism int pein (toner ate nes ‘hse nes inthe ngage Ltr, he we he ‘ihren cal hero gas the cre ‘po age led he ee ee cou al pt “ames orth eon corpo tp Ge Reet Etats hatin ne tnt anh a he owing prea fe {iinet coment phe to ht y= ese ‘etn he previous can, we cam ptr thereof Lie nga teonet he Ginga sf at yh amen elton IL ad {Externe wl not prec for thot ine) ee hat Ufeadin son caer sempace nto aother mee ry "Tiearescouiecl thing necesito how esos fous and te tng tH) lo. We wl py (echt pcm il be tna (i) Ree tice hye of ak eu the nesion of Austin Spi Nora Geet » (6 Rs sma aa he ig Y HER a tne Rs Te at at be rv np in de or eine ein shy wejohngr ne ol cers ch eg serra We maton thon he gy rn met ha ao sitmae sen ny pen em ns No prio ens {iin an spn rel stg fa oo ete cay ee satnpce Reach 14nd 0 does pee aan seo he ston of 8 fh then ‘te may ade that 6 we et nine epi i bythe above eying he Opn he acon coma ith ven ha tat the 9 ato esa ats agro 99 ‘haf not enya thes 9 cold be ele wil cfg he roperi ot bag ton so agenaale Senate) Tin the ote men its tothe fat tat Semen ee ‘titre oem wuld ein th cee oy Fo that we have done so, fi pie the ssa of spay abc ean Yo aay YO a ee he tum rn ort eset f= a cs igor 09 Sai brmutintcaonby operon letra Mebane Ye H)~ a0 ‘Thesgemalsa hl pps thie s dsmpiton ae ced "ee of te, hale cle weigh etna ners aweihspace¥wilbecle tb mapcny ete wap sin Weil ‘en eps Fy eoing re hte of reed ‘each dots pfeteting x topes tame ent ‘eto denotethe malty leach igh ca high dara “Te ato ofthe sto th List cn Ysa be dee hse te eran ef hae pyri eatin ose rane eg apa, ‘Sag ech tea oy Fond mpg eee ce ‘correspondingly. " ™ cn eh Me wh fo ce epeetn we Fanon oe aoe el ther lt ya, any oe a= r= Qh woul prope sbereaaion of apa inew of Fact 20, ‘Cea Tiath mahal amt te eal sop pated (Pret toogao hn enw earl drw pci othe Sly 3 Fide singed blr t= a we sin ccumpevfea cuit amicable ‘erin eal cope he str Ico ng the apbexton Sia Tenor Lear 1 aba sheen To era p(t 122 then dy let 4 her ater ots Pre commer asa at bea spac p= 4 cine “rome Theat ecm Ey toscana recon soac htedc m Beet feria ve wl tea ey ncn, ad rove eer (0 Gwen] mt (Unread 20, ‘Given the, flows ht he bie er oH In paras tanpka bat eget bey ind Metaeg oie ‘ee omen eater etn me ee iran Tonnes a 7 Serta dio Hy The dined ssc uk serine anion Sia and hence ny reesnaion of al eens of the ton ees Th, tay caemese Pot ey repetionc ct fal el, We coerpndeay he incerta nn tat neg aon a A ane Sher cee ater fa wasn ope ‘il sf el erento of il eta ‘in prt, hat Rc dee the eR rc te ti ae in eONE a ateapenton alan edn ft ot Fe i te cet at te ibe woe oe te "he pit soning» dietary a ering the none ci inten mmc infest weigh ves ha ‘isso radia thee age andy Spey me wake the Defi, Let ¥ any ertation of worn ect Y ht tan czvetr orto ain tert of fr aloe set get sete Propet (41. ory eile comple Le aoe (0 ery fiedinesona repesettion Vf poses # Me el 4, Ansii Sig Lt Alpin Gen m (0 theta W of V grt by the imager a ght wits ‘ler cee apo ot pcs for fe ean ede (iy ants Sei oes eerste might ato oe: Fa) mati we ae bee wih ape in fr sich te ami adn ay wot ee he weber Swe ay = eral Reaver sare ‘in eel of at tac corpo ry eve yh ne spent in sc seal bc wet be tesa pase yi here ges ‘ord enh nt nin cents tn ee. Welbon {aay Xylene © Fong tev net aiiehtitomY mire We vanduathecromnioeeient rae ¥ Kw # (hs rw be ci alow by iadton te (LF) oa in The snipce We ¥ shh tne aie ‘epesstatin osteo if om, hes ier Wor Ww hate onan he ne decal weeps Mado il hee ot! hewmen thie wight er ofaniduie representa ‘oon imme: ied we wre sic nso nop ‘tech ther, we wuld ve Ia) fond vi ee 0 uae 1414. Show hat In (one toy apy toe gy fe which Sof ew Wed ingot pen Xt yee ‘one tiea ih Pravin asin Sharon te ey ihe Me," Ovecinot contin sehr Ye) mt be pened ysoccenie apna yi fei, pine tag 7 ee ‘estan ereeaton oC) The waht the ig neigh eof nine eesenainn ile cae ot uarenombty be he pr oft reece tem dominant weigh rag coon ‘Wecan ce pr io ths propnon igh in ote Sto: chi ‘non coca bt wb il tr ona exiting mpi af scons ‘venation Thi ements don ae MAS 0) Lt... bot ofa semi Lic eh gad ,© pth ceepooting oot pce Show i ne ales ene le bythe Caan aera ope ih tps he ie ‘rm 69 (@)ah wine he act am nove he torn ef heb ‘aso wa the semigrop Ns) cpm ye, {Siar etsy abe eee seine geen a E eda athesraponing rota: Show ha! esl gr emt te cts tee ted um soe the sated cri ices lth Rls of gmt emis NU FR hry digo of hit cn fa Leste el ss havea cvs cto he robe Dre to show aes the fc Moe Sitaita + Be. then fea] #0) From thi xeric ht eet peetain Ho svcnmpretoton by vente pinto aca P CR se eee tconf posing ars ene SeSingy ined ander pce ferme we sy ta oie raion ee Rime rsp xmot bese Fa Sov ofee pone eee) oo Not tht, i the ae Oly ‘hace a ery pst ca be miter aa em of pate rive rots) Wethenbve ‘aeration 6 Any reac epreatton senate by hope Serene erences apc fn Sa My ‘Seager oh rit mgt We ve ready sen on example of his in he ee of 1, wee eee fC Eo ulin he assests Yon Siooe Gaede rele epesaan see apne ‘Soe fre gest Euan hen er Sita eae sin fie wot an dace een regi tt sy es a tn Tariana toxont he Wet gap Tones ta te ta Loree Ri ince a esee eC we Ge Seal on spanned he ore eR ch ng #0 eh ots Conca te wes oF wil onan tea sso ee Ba Ba tA (an For any Pe RT any vere ofthe omen lle weiht ol ‘Shc tt fe om ame = Myo) tor some fs aioe the ae na occ ce vere ie "roared th thio il eso ‘ui tien cs mere Wey oun. Si are eK iment ways wee arm [> a) te om ing osha ef ego lb ye {Shar ae grees od rt ete Ayal ht aero tty of mdr ihe ey nm 41, Ani Sine Ue Alga Cees ms ©, rit of mic ante we de. 8) na whee ie eh we oy eso Pet ene ‘sug a oe oey ye The 9h ek pe he iota ps aang hein wie te age ‘tigate or ang cai pee (eh enter aectotheeng ie ons A Woche Scola be dea te Sonn tne compe eae {elena tthe vnon he pepe The Wey any nny nth te Wo han snd ewe eaten ‘ire Atte tena ete ey nee hese ‘hsbc pon pond fo Ape Sep Coty he tenho! eens of YW al ei ings pty ve cpl ‘hee 18 Fran inthe erat he Hey chante Wesned {wendy of th rots nh the nih later hy eee gee ‘rine, aedimosona repsetion so nh wg hs heya hin ten "hy ad thf ate ror of 1 Themis Fleas hw dent ewig cco {aod te ot ate hy ang cos ho the set of es nb comot ts atthe Wet rp Mure We le hee jt hep fn wh oy, ‘Tecitece pr we win ements ea ca eh icon veviltec metro car rence “he een pt eye nw arse ad ato ina nt diner lg eet ees Sod rept. ah rg seh ce veo eV iene tb yc acts ht pect U— Va tsahepenion gn ya se aaa Schctibevonconmapeny Vania 0 Wteasaocers wihoveebensane a Anote ict which we wile a go slong and eventual eve beet tha te re alee dant gts yoy the oper that ny dominant eight ane exe sso aa bone ‘pte integer nono a them They tan 8 Cece ‘Ein a he et wep me any tee ote Wo chan {vole athe nese in ch an) ey whe rate snp ot so ove When ace Sota wale, rte edie penton wget wept ‘A wih sof sh materi in thi etn, eral pro il fe din ition coger pong a gata =a oes ene rs ‘Siete ac _C, would in short order have a complete sate ste teense ieee enti emerautnas inguin eae semen ates ercsie eterna ‘Hpemtons fy Ate mi we int deste and prove sch 8 Serer tosinat enna age ice elawetcry ys Sines 142. About the Killing Form AUT Mfebnenbing our atti, ne wl denote by B both the King Seagate Spotdeceatenmeelt ir of elements X, Y 9 the jeanne Shoemioemetaese an snngen tienen Sino, 1 a ig is ane one hee ‘Soa Fron the doxrton of he a fi wes tammy poms a enn af ter wot te Jsrmpenton wato(Qeen) ten sconinhnemmmatteseraane mod an ey flowing om hone ha ting she, kes cig ‘it eer roduc Banc gen {12 ps te om Bere mar pa bye eters Inde al rots he on el ales on hi pc nce at) eZ < fri in thea topace oh) toe tS ‘eral 0 whch pes Hes he at Total he Kling form's ondegreaec alley eed he ca CK 71.2) = 80.0.2) way forall X,%.2 The foe om he ie Tinh — 2) ~Tne2 — 2) for ony eoomerptons fF Zo vectra An ht lows fom Tina 82 — RZF) = Tell, $Y =. ‘imei consesnc (423) ht aye in Le {then is erthogonal compat wh ree C8 {tina stl te her ero th the eel amet eset ect Sst arm ie ‘at ofthe Kilo foo he Io fae ta he Kg fos Aenkegenrste ont Lise ‘One ctherenon ibe Kilgore to ptr isthe maton rope 124 Hh repc the eon yea pepe earth yea Ase observe thsi equal toying that havo above ‘ue inl eons in yer nar ot ht we ‘Wel op iorthopoat Rote az at Propeon 144 tery flowy ‘moa fom the Fe othe elation of Bone ey ‘varia under any someting. Neves ne mul ern o ‘yom th acta anyoay an ret pst of oe papetion ot atin er of he pcre ve he fe a acon ac te oe enero fy stn to prove deletes hat feral tathewntivor te Bet now yconatoston hess ie Nhofancomet X egeandunemsnt ens Unga) nee Seriya PU) = BX Yh) = LA) = BX ON) = NBL, KR 429) ic aie sos a) 0 Nef acoteqens thi me can nti the We chamber shed sherri he ont rca ose ett ela ‘Tierouormingen setae wath ste roo eae, ‘tmnt the reo Ieinehyplae epilepsies : anon (425 eto» fr forthe mor ob with 8 selene te King Frw note that for = Hi Beh ft nea enol hare i nat cong ‘Senoulcpseocy ef Boo) Tesenst th whecoreponds te tyiektagtrclby Seta cently aissthecondion B(r, M=stH) feat eb (420) = 2 Hy Tis ooking at (M29, eH tha T= 8% ori 1431 The nao tere bythe King frm weno T= Ha Toe Kang orm 09 et bye 6) = TT “Eee 142, sto tht hn omorpi om o 9 be Gene “The orthogmnty f an Beagrene by hefrmuln "i= 8— Fes Comping wth 48 i sy: onary M29 xa aerate ther 20) =) enti By he abv Metienton o wih (1422) ats to cnr 130. The King frm Bis psec el wee at {pamedbyterot tee he Note ht i allows nein om (142) that the Wey 0 i. fan saharcnly dr prone he et Ro fot fad (tele Ay tve hat Shean beveled sa subpoupef Old) fBure 1434 Suppose gt Li alg hat hs ‘4 com preereshe Kiig omn ecshup he Stoo nO.) Aas, bgp eps “Ae ober be King imo pee by th Wes pup. tn ‘unc ingle the King fap sae gee dnt reve the Weyl soup Tht i lowe Popa USI Tie pc reli eeeat of he We roy. ” ” "ao Seren ha = we od yh a fT ene Unerery rote ef wilt hr epee oy be frpenetat teins fr evry ead 4 willbe y= & We cae he the sahpce of spre By huh) eo el ng ‘ly il basi te sce sone the eitingied lesbo corpo th tos gn a) sta et ie Tome trina nt Fey teen cone osm ce UiZheny 0 since + lseterinse0e perpen oiandsocnga be eo Dit) Ua Y= 4) Y= ‘Thu, (tg ss, of or al oe wil ree inane Tho cera he rot eng a So te peel eyed eorespon gy 3-10 ‘Noe thagiven Pct 14.1, ca a ext a aes ying ‘st Gave gi sng he King emo tiga ord lyevey ator af the Lele aria el A il ‘Seinprocos ie mnt fe howe il fe dese Kale oe ‘ie 1432 Fin th King form on he Li aga yan by ‘pei cmpuiaton, sol yer te stents a shoe ne ces uci 1430" 1 eile Lilet = et sof sie stn then is King for the rthogna vom te Kling tietacioe Show tnt snr he rot of esting Lega ina colton a mony pependusir sfc cs he Li eee ‘eames sort tan ager ‘auch shen decompestion (4h ating ceo of Fc [Zand 14d Ste hag isons ody ea Chtan st een mini f We iy static thot went he sigan mein hens eer ae ‘Memmi etm oll suche Lilt iby sone ‘Redstone pemenyuti tt classe eet it ‘be conaed in etre Ted comple in Apna. The Kl om ‘met tery tener ery exes ‘ning bth bechrctedy pops the lng epenieO. uc 43° Show hat = 9 nes marina oblate ‘ier icalles Bore! aiatn Sash Drv sma na pet ‘obagtas There wil te duced in taste’ al 1434, Stow tha the Kilo fm one Liles ging Bx, 1) = 2a THN 2TH TAN od shia oma or alate showing ah ea 7) ‘acootan muligleot WK oF) sie 143716 el Lie roth Kling fr on i Lie ton ATG a ot be pote dint, Wen nt deter by te don 4 Rein wee on Show te he Rilig fom pore ‘tne or @= 8,8 bot at or SR Lecture 1s sl,C and si,C pe eee i ‘esha retract Seoheeacrnyienteas te are ssorcimacteaz teed wegen conooees Soest nactatteryeptcamne ee Spies te memanirmmnae HEE Saeco cers rmeeege Speiccaramante sateen ‘£24 sped by Gow wit f7.3 an 8a wel Seg Soeawtnen act danapaaeea aie Batachqemcntiwanevaen renege Seioaftatnnmcame neces Sea isauneiecmhaemme mars tes pea ees mae is pecmmae is igenttaat $15.1, Analyzing sf, To esa with we veto te Cara alr a th oo inthe ase al C a1, th tle of digo ts ol work ae: Wiig Heino mate, hat aero Wend eg betel Haale to baton Fa ote tha nin Wecan contesponioywite Bday Lalla a + y= Oh oct) Wesennefor eign sei matte emetem cargo oH lle 4 ONE) ay-B, ON) rin ter wor Fy gener forthe atin of ih gna oe clr hreprab rt omen a a ese te King orm To hed oe hl the eto Morne pf endig tory eran infra yids mop Ae the Li lee or vena) ht eats tot, xctunges and, and er ie ere See he Kang Semon sant raat wad teens at el Doe) Bly Ltr a ard Ja Uy Ea ly fora 4, flu tton tat ot iat be nen cobain he ns aQate DAN Sah BLAM EAM = Deh, On the yace (alls Sar= 0}, bower, we bee = (SayDh)= Bad's Seah zinc teste lo depen a ence wen See the Ki om py tx mile of Bit. the King oom sianktt spespiemim ase . ~Ban-lBas tee rah ean ng ed bo saa byte decd Cac Tharsek PE atte EM) = Sale a0h—h) DE $ a) ah ~ 9h Ejut= ~e,anksiminy. Sh = ~hy thiesnp ero HS Ae a ELaiMa EAM = 6 ah as) "ons with aetna he al 09 AGal TALI= CANA =i E yah — 54) ee probaiy simpler ut think fia them, gee poses ammetic rap 2, penton [2a Te "eta lenght te nlrb pes we ten etal hn thet eels A wh be on ted ithe byes that singe hs pete et to uae he thecal owen = sre the ibe lated a ey ther ete ‘Secret thee 039) Ye of a. arom ut he pei eens of hey The oct ee hy hy sot a ths be etd hen (Datise2. Ea = 008 t= ‘othe ot adhe ot tice cane ae nthecanef i eth he ecto ye ot lhe es cae eee the ih ‘herot compres te pts ee ps oa eo ate Whe «6 “Te et ep, ig the dtp baler ao vey ey “on oot pt neon athe fot Ly orto Fy sotncmtigs pete by Boy Bun ad (eB) My ‘Tecipaval oh ~Hyatngon Ey ~ lH) =. that the rrcpnting Stipes et Hina bot HH The ‘Sshdanef sores he iyperinetig = [iate = oa tat (Shei pena tthe ot Ly" rect othe King ‘tem Ba dae above Tonio ef wetony te wih io: nore ae facona Zatyct to bat igal aon oo he Sng cent EEA) seen vt oii ft al te, be ange one acter fmol? Se y= Gin tenet te wet ate en I Zl ba) AT = 8 Ine te te spt ato of my he ald thea grt bythe cerier repr (= Isp Acta at he a the ‘sath pate feces of ths ve iia hi Sted ya yeh one ‘heuotn hy Ths pty eshte teeny cab peered ‘phylogeny ofthe veces fo snl the at Ney ‘sl Seyae preted my Lae alo Na = Fylly=b) = aby Esty we tha yee ning it yy ec 17. Show th sn rr 8 woe 2 ta Ae the From ese we caso sy what the Wel opi th een solange gaan ‘Sing sh sponte propo the gests y of Net ‘Srey ered a thee stomorpme th doom rom ors ‘tent Liat a previ inet conesponding We mine Wo can wie on et ttl WZatd= Dees with Best sapone tat 6,2 > > The carspontig eigen be (981, Amana sc Pa bp) mand even nih 22 there elite snl ced agin wich we oof tee mare {ior The pet yy ih he eral ol yh maps ad we ‘ny ack nto tener ial th tern al oF "Fheesne teat les voriheeserceio an came ta eresinion Tt cnet be eae hemp) Tere howe, “other war of dssiting Tv a obpcs of Yn, wee lend ‘nel hee ersten ere andre pte cor ones ‘yl mone net a he end fh tre me we hw fo dere ims stron te bre sar Res ht BAe he PAE t cop te Sue facie 55 oY to btn a reecenatin Sv ase} of GLP) = Cte a=) th a ed oe 8a Pee YOY erect Yungaymnetriecoresonding tad thee ‘eset 8 coeponing 0 "Wena in at tht oan rede eprrntaion of Gy alow immedi a5, its sr areronaton SL 1101 Mey Comtracton nd Tenor Peta m sine ny denen of Ge: clr Sern seer mute ofa men of SL. In eduierefseatonethe eats. S18 Therein 8 {Che aac repeseaion 7A hie wg ly gly» Ay In pei, 5 ("and {Cr nome repsentatin of 1,0 doy iy tn Idependen of To ate hou cet, tation, wemnay nthe eedcbleepreenaten of vith phen weiter tails Heap eetly ei obs ty setting te Schar fencer oe anand epremtos Vere (went usiqe Sr nor for ech repression we can ei {hore Lh ta) Tat ofthe Youre Sarum re exo “yan ethene olen owe Frege = del tm tauas tot os pm corerpndig 2. oor rrr I-Team 63 we els ht he se Sega tt oth ete ys 62) te Sor Eyota Sy se By Bq A 1), he eS pom en ot ‘tats Sayeed = Mt ERM asi here fy the em fhe noma "af and al inet esos obtained et y prmuing th arabia he Ry ae terain nn rane ites cl Kors mbes When (i ‘Segal nth rope to te grup of agonal mas GLyC) Sho agonaieed Fah sepa toa) The owe onc a {he dled enon eth one donee! gma Tae weg of '5(C se eromtation oa) heer cone oa ach acura en ait dos the onan he polyoma a Hh avemne Sit) Stet mo ht rh he et soem py iepontv the bignx weght ta appne nL gly i lichens be pot let oe tan deb ero ‘as of cigar for 5) wc eorepod so the mono hat ‘peerin(ts oes Poe for Poposton 1538] a In pielar.w ae(yTherem 63 frau the dies the repeseution ith pe ihe eg. Espa. one ovulate = ets asm em nen enn pei fa ships ge Ry pt IS whe oo loci eter of eee ce ih se te rope) ch of way ci he Ty dope fh tir 2 mck ees inate a dein hs ey Exec 1618 ethene m= toca the dents of Ihe ee epee yy 91 Tate omer We hoe Ere ihe te te do sero IS ree 1519" Lethe toon hath inensonf irae repeenation Tae fy wil phot meght ys My 1) (err + tes i.6 92rd hermes he neon of te Cre ‘Sitecrattecion map ‘ae Sia° VO SymP* Sym" @ Sym, ‘Use th tov aoter oo othe erin einai 134 hat Fy ere ‘eee 1620. Aran apt te ovr how tha Ve ‘da repent ten he bel oy od ap veny iy 1s the inecle speenation Tho, gn. wi ihe wight dug by go Lat he web ean Fes eh ‘thw weighty th etn he prod ap VO Sy Sym, Exact 121" Show that he ony notin ede erento SUC fds ethno al amare Vand One inp consort othe at ha he ie rpeettonn ‘fo. mecbiainlbyapiing sce ote nda epson 1150, Wee Content ed emer Pde 2 tht ites aang he Shorey factors ge ities mong repens of Os and hence lao as we soi Lat Fee ‘theese SmMN@smMne-Osm4r) 4523) 15 des um of repeseinions 8,99 aK SV, wee Ky ite teen ee aoe The ra pi ne et ‘il ue moat quently inh qu were te eomseaee at ‘hens thedacanpeten ta pd of bene epee ‘on a specter omer 8 (0195 haope ‘ict tom fired represents SANS = DMa5AM (329 eth cones ene Aton Ricro ate, hich Fafa tree smb of mayo Youre apa eee 2 ih i PHP ing ei ori onde decd AS) verde 1624 Use the Litwod-Richeion fle 19 show ta the feats OO eae ee be A speci cao his the malo af Phe fn, which tons wt ‘o decompe fe tear rod of an att eds epeaiog Yh er Synth" Ty ofthe fname teposaon PP Tyrvun sober te tah poe ropoin 1528.0) The nr roe fF a, th Sm = Fa eps eto 19%. O, ‘hem colby. fo ei renon age meg, he a isk ih yg fr 8S and wah op frtsten=t (The oo ret of Fa OAV Fa decomp Fac Ta nttrt® Dinas "he se hy) for wc hae bt $f (ea) of Carina, cha fan's Ve thnk Sb Meesandio 1pS 3 other 2 15 aucune ve Thi sity mater ating the resins of (8 and (Steam emraton nstaorboate nt vas nh th etn ores ae te how, ad {dems efron which ase 6 vec 136 Vs the dscrpiom in Seton 2of tise ¥@A'Y tol (0, are the maar reeottion oC ver 1527 Ps a th ~ 4 vito he ecamporiton Ine eda of '@ 00°90 where Yee standard epson (Hage Ure th ooo sere 1 ‘ec 1:28 Use Fest prove) You ay wnt oa ‘ent n Lect 2a uh ter the emptor oe there ‘phan may bedford rom te oe Exerc 1529. Vs ht the atten of Exec 1520 floss rom Pes nmin en 694 Cone tu i of ee NY i VO AVY AY tives by sotto with th emet “Uae (o “ent” in VV" = Ea expe map maybe en by fA) OH A Am) wh emtes ‘What the imap fei map? Show hath etal i he die ‘Spenaton Ta -oue-cone #8 het eg 2b, 404 2+ Bot by Amante aA A Ah nese 31, Cat ou lsat th posing exerci Sym Syn oSymt"'V S90! ete aoe. ace 153", A sei ete of Psa, wee haf the ‘nie pena fa. teem pode VOM BB. aosodl) en ‘insinuate eso in te hh an +0 hs VERY esmuneneen, tw ese temo tsi and et it aye ation foe rer oy Oye tat a SmVtN= Bey md KUM Byes Exec 183% A ante sees of Perms we se that te SmV OSIM = DS purl?) ~Phnwiee Sim! Sym = Symi Symi @ MSA. ‘ih hears apc th it dconesion eam ye and which in A*(Syos"¥ balla _ io em he Leno: Rihana tha, dane ‘Sy whieh acum praia Sr th Lie nee ye eed athe ‘cxporion of he eso pod ft hae penne swap mali fee. Grover whore roroetaton nv hs one ‘ich SUC} SUULa00S0() who portant eps ed oldie (Mal) 4154, Some More Geometry ut ¥ bear intial wor sae, nd Gl.) = GU. ¥)= Gras the ‘rasan of pln in Gras embed ama othe woes space PUA} the ice neg pray YEN) sci te ple W pune by ver 1 0 thea sya Eqialety nt ta W's Vins ine ‘he 00 ia an ey te en a “This meding compte wh he aco of pene tineoo SLC = ANU) = [oe AMA (Gk) = 6, I: “hie rom ait gba roma al atmos the Gros te nde by autor of Yan n= 2 {Seth ce we an cheowe a8 abaya of Fi Y= nu compot ewe abtompion that er W177" Hee ‘Ss tats eee compo te [Rocoor om on pete spe we ul contre da ts See chast the Gramnaenan of edonensna ut sac of eave Pike enbedding emo Cie profi pce PUY") of ne dnesoal uot oY. me oa sonnei emo PU) satura eset ower Syme) Lat hy et te bac Thon ply o dp on POW) tht anon Bah G8 ‘mpnenttion eC Des 1 a+ SIH) Han hae denote the etsition to Go he plano ere mo Thesmat sce DUT. We ml tener tat My there ‘spcetton fang. with Nghe weigh ly = fy) he ae INET al dl Sow) tthe odowing canton we cme the othe dong the gutter ey ial a epee vais 1S34 Comer the Git cane of « Gratenasinn tat wat « Pte ce thn ek 2 To elf the Grea GF) Eiplnein asec spcincny to Senne nor /V ndoconpostie iftodony tp mes O(opeaeny i hak oy as gen by ker Symeticn Semen ad ny fe Pane some 4 misr ‘Alanis and! he guaran wep tn way svete lea he Granmanian We tho, hare an merge 10,3007 and eonespondigy 2 desmposion ne dies SOM EME Tasa oe rhe Fy Above, te ede representation wth igh sees 2, FE te Bere 1 ase 198, Whes k~2 ad n= 4 ea gd hyper Pobyomis nning on ae ni thee eve he ‘oul in tes Dede a ora N.g= Sr °V) S154 Some Mor Geom » Tec fs Cran ht bt pone oa te form G2, ¥) 8, of course, G2, 6, and this yids an intrstageroage, ue 1836 Ltt edness By examining weighty show da ‘he sae 0) ot quate palma rsiig 08 We ccna 80.Fi< PN) isomer the at representa ot ‘tatwebares may oe amyenaveve cles mates veel 17 Find ey ems ‘ec 1836 Aan ¥ best Snel Show tate eprsetaion Som'(/¥¥) has avi et suman cresponding tthe ron POY") da the Grasmansan = Ot, The FUSE re 00 ee Sai pene cue serena sth goeralpltr of whch he sto ae laa OMe acc 183%. For 3 gi femor A ee , we intact Walerendaoey Wearever aAtnoje rs, SRT mont, heer A ata det 15 hsepenivyand that Aisdcompreaand on Wha cee eeW he denon Ica edt Ardcooponbe feed ah ‘theanahisr ot egal oe elt IS Now bt Be /'7+ = J, Wel pad ger map sel -97V ae ‘Wing the pceting eta show tat Ai dcomposbei and oly i UiN a Am oe ease nye ec 841, Observe thi the rea ence we const nere@symytnn o/h xy diy. map eye g stave asmtatvy 30 hone ing tor pc of unser on PSY) whe amon 20 hay elcome ver tht te roa GUT Sw tht hima hen) tesa of fe Pike eons vec 1848 Son that the map (542 fhe tes ener te ‘sabe inp ometed io Eee 123 wht = and ese the ‘Shnsete pede Combing teh the et of Ear 18.32 (nd ‘Siming ee snterment tht he Peer los db fee pas 1). Seat i tne decigton Sm -@0w the ymmeticagente of, nave (eed ersnatin with ihn weg, +0 La 10, Bw ad Exec 18.4 Show hatin he ast gation te sbiet um 19- @ ej the qed pt of he of he rend chordal very he ‘Gann ht fete won 0 te cor EM foruna pale of ps ‘e'Ccoreapomtng pct of pane ned M cing supe of lnenonatleatl— 27+ [Quon Whatithe scans he ou ec 1848 City tana sma othe above Lo ete te [bof Veronse vast BY* Psy) the ecompaon ent nce 1935 fey) For eich ks te gana posal ‘hie the Veronese ie sue epresston ae 1846 (or agi mtn commute stats) dspam pay POL non ing paramo sin rn Fenton he eal ty nnach a heel peered a Chek fe matpstn mp 2). 8~ San keno te aie ‘Mat eco te ao Sh tha helt a he or 105-+ROS-+hDWS, resi eit dinero erento oP, Candia Tieton a espera hoes {tera arma nvein (0) teen sma re ond ih Von ats §155. Representations of GLC siti ine nnn tnitinethempoay seats stanenem Soars itech mtry ergh comes oe Se ‘wed 2 ue ninind specemion RV eestor se rE Oke Sy Vat E20 we tonite Toa repeat of S.C GL est wo dee se sect of Ge To i Wh ot he eso oly hp ean Wher iene V0 aay Neco he Intro ways i for any inden» es, eno engin wwe may take, istchewbepmte te ol pe Sym VO: Sym" Serie) panel y te hight weet rer with wept ey +, #5) + Pilly to apa eer S Pala eh ley nn as Ten eto L,Cto get repetition whee ys ‘aking let wives oo, scent to tet the pation vk ‘ire tors SyoritV= (PD, Ta pareaar we have 6, 82 hh alos uso etend te dition of 0 nd with <0: we Sire Sac Sannin Diy Arn wey coner he Scart pido the saadend rent GL-C whee Bela to ass 1 tes th ew denote hirer 5, of GLC note tat Yaak et, tic hei lon eo defor any inde thy 252° ‘Steifoue ft are ngatve we sin tbe Yana Bane in "path en renin nd na roach f Gch 8S areata aes uiicateey2fs tis) tence at hear cones setae. ie il te homer fo, Wand on ra a rrr fang ae les Tht teal mromntanrot Okc wel tet ce ‘itched eat Wey ten expres come et ies resin f LA Prpton 14 ary fe cms peti of GL Kpicw,jorenapeniet= ier icaihi= y= ae Ene feamiac ber «aes seco etes 2O. Paco, Westar yan back tothe coerpondig Leslee. Thee avons cctv Ce gona a. a potet (Sealer vem Hex e, say pari, Cite aston Mtoe teen rope tate loberrsentton oc ane ae eye acon pronation ota see ‘ety tc pron {tedden = Cy main the mere Seti Fare reteset TeTCTG nee het at inn earae' cinema toa ema rot 0 te The met ice rae sy ceca peo She > wth ehget.cunqtnmiis tones tee suere kets) S106 4016-1 as) nero 1) the ec fp tre bye (9 ie Fe sgt to 08 which of theresa M9 Lo) S10 eave ui onthe bral Now "ete on SC By 185 Rapommaten tLe » lon bye ered = Fide ion ene entation (Cprabicheontans 5c And satan oy mignae eee 1 «sate ese pod malipeatonty 8 ee rod tr antelope when he, ora ae Wada be Soe integer ‘Neh aly that any repeating hice oath plc i fa eration Won GL Ila kit nd ‘owethat tthe pullackftereproeaton etree ‘este he ame representation on SLC ad th ition to € mg ‘Eatimlitavonbyem= 5 nee ISS Show ta he dl of he repeat which snobs o 50h tn epson We uch $51 Show ati: GLC GLO) repecentatin med tote oto hn W decompo it = diet hoe uae 189", Show hl he Hermite poy orphan of Eee 'U34iraa moran re GLC over Suse Mote Remarks on Weyrs Construction ‘We lv ou thi etre by loking oer mor he Wel eons of ‘repeats of OL(/} Tawi aca seen Spee, {nv ection,” x wel ging natal na fr ahapcenton Fis iinay te tiaing aod lb wate ine Wok ma ey a "Wewoattrenoe 5, ara aby fthe sbapce SmaI OSyEV NO @SymIc Hm, te the um of lao the Young gram feng and sth unex of ow) Thi sce emda my fom tosh actor Spe) tee in th carepong PE ‘wiping asym put af error pads AmaM a Neus A) is ere PS ee Mesum ore Bang — (i. 8.)€ 8 xx By other words. oe aeainentsment is acamtse Hs Moreton of LE bs since Veen sabpac of image (0 by bn ans rand enero eee sya we caine. easy emigre se ening mei eer poet of IS ate pay to const al he epesetations 87 of GL) atig =e nh let 4°(V) denote this te rots same tng he ice sa of represtatatons §,¥; ove al (eon overex powers a onsen be ade tox coma, pede ig a roan orn osm ie setae enh Ba a He eeronteetee | tei ht Setanta ann te toe remiss ante oto oe ete deen inn gue Tere ray chic mace en a Oar etn be sun se ro 1 ea ew 1 sas petra hae appear a append quent ‘Tener he oan THEFT Se comnsuton we et ave hat of Forbes (FON Taher sarah syame aero the uf hee poe ner products oY uy =smVORVORVOBNY = _@ Serene Osmnlenasars the um oral alee, 4,0 Romagna, 40) te te oa ate covsded. The tg S = 7) 8 end 1 es ring) at trae wie eal ees eStock eats oe om enna g bien a) yo beticonngtct Te mnt memes E OE cy secon al yin Oo co eodc ah ee athetomn b= LMM sett a ermcnd ee tem aa fee on 0 Sey ncn domino set tle Joes teen eflovacvanaamvana Aoagpnam nn and sy etppeztanbstevctnmy ym alr ne ia e maze mites Rint cmiehesmen Ce eee ieee tate mee ee er acc remee eA neegn XS tot moe at ene fh ne wor tare bese ac ete cot of emis or 2s en a econ an = emusing coturnns wh we ee camo eae non R=. e803 ee 554 Sho tha contain al ements the form fama ao es Een An AAMAS HD outoemimcioetsgabesimar it pepe Non atte Ie tate 5 bealips gzr ta sey come More them one azine ‘Joe wm re et a he tcespondeg psn, 98 syne arate spe poi hat by wha weave peta Ae ent You ca al hs nr by sig taking he les rer Senne nero forthe el 7 Whe 7 =~ tino ec 154 shows tat ela (0 4 2 9) vSteyain my) hho the pene eatin or Taaatar Uieammutatiy shoe ta one coll efi (7) th {itm igen on PSP BY dol te eal Bnet rmamsrtetmern tine dere St eerie eran SIRO SHAN, fe, wee tpt he bs ements coreponding fhe etn the ‘Siam a ni thetein S10) Prpain 1885) The projet rom 47 10 SU) mas he ree Bi iempheal ao S10) ieee Taming ole on fom obo for S10. Paco, We show it hat he een pas S17 1 let hat the poe we aw a talent omer the oe of wih iar Wcentendewith stay neanngolumn rsech lees spas (ning te eal. Wecrie uh ales ying the encore ‘yeaa, om Ht oa ad top to tstom, and wig the eee styticoner > ifthe whrethy rage) [err-hents Tootsie rei betmo scsi cones iran thjthand()s cia weve Te))> Tie + Doron Tce: to thw how tose rab in Ito wile ey a9 be ‘omen enc. with Tr atti we we te reton farce 1324, wil me Sycy OF 02 p= He aad ean Tete nyu ta aia the er ofthe (with sabe rh sh thd onthe ato sof that wil al corey © Volo inwhi ther stentesntha()¢ tclumac! Taree Spence te incon de noe hed eyed TBcjnclan Atte ngs than Tn hore, ih power ‘is pone o gv edt poo that the e coresponiiag fo stan aenon Taree Foe} but weean ‘ERE Mtowe de eosandd oo one sali oe ‘Toston tld with theintge We edo Kn at, 0 8 pe a oe ey at eso sg Cacti) sate ty thse cine’ by btwn denen om Eien dpe seer ShoeSicmsetat ga ‘elation, its image in S' cannot vanish. Tie ot eon Sth 78 Sie pct wt mea eS Rintmomie abe on ese 5 (roticnonberfumsanirdabeuron Steree reed iintinewnssiphenem name errr Set mansenagese ae emmeten ta) EEA 28 te ey or Ts woitandard Utero lat eons ee a ote thi proposition get anes dition he repreeitions Sythe een ts a ‘Pcker” relations (15.33, PF ened sere aac 156 Show th ifthe aor Bees Sew ta fe to Yo siynsice of in cemahable t he epson 5,6) of, € dove by Devs dilowing Clem)» ey gn sa epee ‘ory ator ata teagan, SH HP ee 8597 eX) be an ma ine |Woup G ~ GLC acison the polynomial ring CLs, Teen, peta) ei Foran ace re oie action ont i eons ae ‘Sten aragonite SerEeetCtesl meet yy ned estat pin Siow melt nga atic wine nae t et te om bss De omg Sey : GD Leckey 16s if LECTURE 16 ‘Symplectic Lie Algebras etn edt arate ep ec rset cs Coan ote eo SNES sed we wot oom ow nt eet Tienes oy fo nec of resign et eh oar compe ee. Hee These ot ‘ed apo §16.1, The Structure of Spaa€ and sp2,€ et bea 2 inesinl compen cle pc td Oar ‘soonest, showy lar foo The sm fotoy SEE" tenn! to bee gop of wtomerptme oF wre aetna Olas toh eer awe Vande mpc Le act ceponting) costs of enlomoset ett) + 40) 9 lorateand< V. Cea the tomer caves fbb! romp ad a teen on rs ef seen meno th epy we wi rte ema ReESien ate toteie bans oem gona trmn ofan Ornayn0 aivein Tete myn Crenm ay ‘he the 2 nna gen am Ooh ‘won ite pup on Demi ing wena the Le alr pC creme he pce mats Xsiying igs om on ($9) wr-(S 3) hart emia ig he of apn ck nd Efrat gs 007 oe i tes ely 8 ovo cnt or Cart mie sees ny ty be nia ont dc greenness aren hots Resonate Seon ty te sn mas = Ean, ot es Y sey ed ey toha mane stale anon ean veen Lehrer Sie ie te lve Meine ago mais ato he nt a ‘tetany dontoe be scor abn Fars a 1 Syste Ui Aer 1 4jerheua fe Chest te beni ion Dreeomenreneumet eae tertsrot td sacle othe ma Ree The conn! sown dees anol wh eae cits jetta ytd ete Cesta he pts and nde YBa Fl ant Zaye bast Bots ares fr than of tales Ly 28d La Ep MSpelingy Pty een =] tse ation sow at Fa ‘EEG by andi ya te Ho ewe Eng se 10 NS ‘ely a tO he es Thuy the snes sc eect per 1 ed eect a men. meu reco jog ron age ich ss lnsumegera se aige ncnen= we bee dare sa) a eet cae Le lr pray te ei a. wo bl Kitson anor tat po ear wee N61 Te Sct ot Sp.Cand ta « lnvacance under he storptions a peeing Forexanphe Sethe automortinen ef rns ty praise ect of Yor ay permation» (vy) me en ee ‘Soon opening ‘ia orany wean son of Ysa they op eatag tne eat hort vc the {hil hve htt tse to ota rewrng Now, te Klig form on b mat natant adr hse tomer, tori tet nth ow a soe pena ee ave * Duin Puy y= tre ch i fos hat in et B= 0h, Bij» aie ‘Seyamatii ttt ho at inte cae of on cana compe th Kiln arm sit ‘com te ttn: BU = =i, te sm veal on Fon 4H Yodhand = hth isges BULAN} rao Fla tanh 8) 2F ema + Fa ai —b) ich lento HIV+ OE ahh 53) (er nxt jo 1 eae the singe copies 6 fH, ad th ‘onrsponting eet Hee tha compel anova We at ‘ith eigvabes 1, Lan y~ Lycee 1 the mets Emp B= y= Basan Ee Fuad ed + Baan Fre Bay Bassas En Tha he dings lene Hi ip of I~ Hy Toe what ‘lil el hat Hal St, by maication by 9s oe 2 mation fy" 2 nce we hve = HY = y= LH MIN, Pa 16 Splat Li pte Next soni he gl of srs cigeales Lb aed 1p consvonieg te siento Tandy Wee Dy 2) = aes Baan Bas + Basi By Cyne Eo) i Bs Bot Wecsetetben s+ Hy) = A 2 he Mace Maly Fin, we ook atthe pif ciraraaes 21 com tom he a seis and Tocampletiespanl and Hioscapyets weds (010 = CEs Eid Bu Fes saan) = LaDy cota the iting element He abd aie = vs Thos the desngused cone U} hae (8 4 By parr, ewig ter Aw lea forts om ie te ‘ry that interline Ly Ta Digan 624 {Sresple hain ther iene hehorzta td ert Teese ere that fr at ne Aydt nie ‘ot tees fot ‘extn conte te soup frm ofthe weighs fa re sapsention a fy For ach rot «net be the srltion a ‘aig te hyper gen by iL) =O ad cing a = on § Tetpnaed bore oie in ht coh we camel ibe tin ie ine penal prpedctthehypeane oh {heievalutioe ts eto ths plne Inthe ase or cam, 61 Me Steel Sp, ant are w ‘eet deta op pete ten efter ‘through the origin: = py XK NX xxx" Soh" x} ZI xf oe ih arm of penton 9 wl ok Re a8 ‘Sune hecsn or sow coat oe ‘gee econ he ae ey (i) Ow singy see thn of bent ter en eles Grn tht)= 0 wean and dette es ‘he weismep Dace arial sence Pople beebane Uyibe sede set Taney +t8+5,1 ot hat th ven pit: a ei pod of 277 Coir pi apr cons "Such pose decane Walden tteme arar~rard “Tepe ote ae then Ro tlt hs UEy~ ben 69 Shatter tLe nsdn ay Thong Wa loily bepla tte 20> te that twa he chabert ones 2a20) (69 Gatea esa em e020) mt Walia rere o} ethene. andy perpendlv othe piminepoiie 16 Sympcitie Aes | 62 Rereentot orn = - %« syupcictictitom | 42 epenntometon tasty consi er produ ¥ Fi smn agra 2 16 Sree ees ec 1611 Show that concn wih the sew fxm 9 eSpmW* Ine nthe dain a Sy sore etn wuetion om Shor ote Sy th he Kr ie ap the doce ‘epee fy sth het weg Hy +L Show tht he Pliny arom he eatery nd Syd wove Sra the et gram oh erento ding on eighth {8 pe adding multi by numbers Welnowttat hereresnaon Sym @ Weontnen coy cle date repesetation Th ight weight 2+ (ly and we an Inmet rom be agra take theme 2, mali ho vc My Pandy ate not cnt op {Beeps egy te weg 3 1) ing at ‘nl owe hat Sy W ma contin copy he epee [gl aia Sym @ woul hereto conti tna copes 3 fl these ens a to ake up the multi w Ly Ly ‘Sesame na ih of ws etl mii loty 1a 2Ly and 2 a Ly + Ly: would then have eo copa of Sy" save at Win Syms; adic he mai f On man ‘hn oe be tot? (ing reste han eg tot me ty Timed auinimly aly a eT hemi 1162 Reston psc a ovndeendenty ofthe bovis tha iruecntnn copy Sy am copy orb ekg the ma eSm'VOW=VOY Wola nsren@ Qien wast vOdu aw Aa, ore wea ieibng YY with the Gat space ¥* and denoting by B75 "Ve amorpten indy the sk oom Qo Spel ‘how at hag of map i compementay eh ine pane yt Sage nine nve ray “Te ahoe rev with ent poe fo te weg sv Lnw tht the mulipty of By Fay enly 290 ee te pier aL, 1 ane Oi, ae bth and we hare SmVOW =F, 989079; the mip Ly + and nT ate oth and ba SimF@W =F, .@Sm'7 OW. sis 1618 Show thatthe former fhe poe acy sat wy o) Showing hat i he Net weg vr in © Sym" @ ime XP Hh Tada Ve are nde, 1) Showing aherepeentionSy'¥ @ W colin on oe ibs wtp vata wit Ly “The et gr oi here We fom all hl that pat the wih he ireuibe epee ols, notcontet ont grote Weg Sara verse 1614 Amie the epeseninion ¥@ Sym! fp Find in pice the mais te epesentation Ty Exerc 1615. Anat ee (npc he maipote eh oa Sym @ Sym op. Fed LECTURE 17 speC and sp,,€ Inte it ont ae wap cut ditto fiero ‘hm ote pts pn vd nah antec ek Fountiecaacns patties inte anaes sone Sore tet tty sr mee pein ett rh pin eee re yin sod ic pf pc ss ‘aon amb hipped wit cng met ofthe rt ee bok TE Repent fay 12 Reon yep Liha pre 18 Meeommecton up prape S17.1. Representations of spe ‘A wetare en the Caran ag fire denna wit the Tea oncom Ly yan oman othooana sm "Beating om and her fap tenet Le Ly We sm dram th tr res cn wt ce eed Ye Feith ees Ly with ethan he mii ge Si dre tad he or temp oh es Verio athe vectoe 2 he oar tly Ly wh nl ete doin of be dg oes: a ‘his a ingram,howeerinely de, ign compan wi th foot dg o iC the rt oa Web om his that he fl of he addon fat inthe Ws satiate We dee Cyt alt tn tert fhe een staan hi th oe er oe pt he ‘neater oan ‘eae around he ec iin am atempt to mak te pre => wa) ‘eso mak blr reting hat he pein etn he et ‘remo egal bese su despise 8 {ero than ptel he tot seme Can oy et Aste inthe preceding athe wei Ie of ap conn snp tga Enea combine he is In pica te Intrton ehe neghtntice wth teed Weyl shat chnen sone ‘cost ect neal combination oy ayy ayy ih ey 20 By oi perl exten snd sic te en fe erey tle ah 9 of omegave nog ele ge Ita preset spc with hes el a4 Ml # Cah ly $a La) (0464 ly $64 da $ Laiweildentetior ‘cnton by Fz, and wil eons xcs nh faowing "West by coidering the nar epenaion of oon Y= ‘The cise then pon ¥ jut he tana ba ce andthe teenie yo tae mht dag of Vd the mips of the Ince ofthe renee ete (he eer ‘tan otha eel he ence can) In uta, Ve te epreeniation ‘Siz we re ono et ond epeetton wt iho ca 1, Ly them hg Yo loka eet he cand xe pose the ana estat This wil ve weight te pale n+ ‘dict eis oF nor word te 12 nes 2 fr wih 2 "he we taken the tne Th theese y ion ‘tion fs an the teed epson peter ace fam the epson om Yl be vl summa On he teh he en erm on Vprered by op, and nett al oan ‘AV seni an nea he nnato gst ect ih oa cig {ad are ose under he We! rou eowy hat coms ‘nen Whe iva presentation nV weed So f= Fo ‘At revo enmpo, we cn sn se that 7 not ese xing the lat Ober 46) hate sihbahes weet Ly +L wil be generate wea Yestoe Theol m a Ru td faye Five neato, Wecnn nc cl nt ato pee om with hs wip Lt Ly here sly te way ple "chien weight space thee wp pce yes pions ‘hese ots space: can ge bet beale ty bra vse 178 Ves his and ate wey that he loner tn rue ose ‘ero spc in ya the enone rect, and ta eH oe yea nepnde cen 0°81 thar deen a th smoey 2 woh ey “ocomins we lok et at the thi exer power PY ote sand ‘apctaton oe kno that the mil soain copy o he free ‘epson Ty ih bet nigh Ly ty The wei of ratwodinde See he cgherame by £14 iy corempontmgto {hero he reaane Sean enc caring oc an we ae the hes ya tand tht ba lah cers cin rensecube oper Now te weights £4 ms os in he opens Ta. wth ihe edna tp Lythy canta Ea es meee they bein he led ee heya ‘Spb nde am yet iniethe cre ceytanation by = 2, feta hen by Ly ~ Le Wows tha te map he me Ln Fag a 1 On Ge tern we hes tramp nae he emenoAP* peed by the ation of the eet the map wich tcl he repent sil ve se th wen The er fyi ue rt ‘spsematon ith igh wen y+ Ir we il epee tion or ao ‘A ihe, We have stable! the exitece thorn for ree swoon kaye dae reper Te, wt ight we eee es hits ca mil are teers Shot @ Sym 0 Sym. or enample pote ewan to fe intel repneenaon Fa. ih het 2, + Ly The woh ft epeeinonlbee wigs 21,4 by ae ten wih mply bee vist Es tae nhl wed oti ow ou ot heeds ‘an wesy to be ier or) ad the Sig hen some gira Abate. teponttion PH hose Fertil aon there nen th suis, nd een In pate, Tow bt 93 wi cota s copy he ee ‘epeetntion U wih highs wt, Ly + Lyrae er We ‘noe th et by obseing et he we por nap venr-=nv lator ope map vow-w nd that 5st en he ere of thi map. To sy more how the Teen fate apd a neha eel eg ie ‘ition or someting eth Wey crac fovm Wel Terre bw the te on be wef ete paloma he ne ig wee vec 174 Vel yc aeltin that he mips eli Ute, 2.and nd cette! cibemap sve ely §17.2. Representations of ops, in General ‘The penal pte or repentant ofthe splat Ll sgh fer te rie sui. Aa web se he waht tee cnn nyo igre combination An ourtgpal Woche iacoe ‘ve ples npc, thes hey end Hy “Terie element onthe haya weighty = by °° $s tnd yer ober that snr tothe heya cat Liles, "heen fans weg generate at emp the nest of "8 soe Wt cham withthe sic” Th obese nad tigen them ur afr a arbiny ple ne! mh GicraleNhawwites unico een sh pes a,b ly a la tt ay ‘eter we dete hy, “heer sine reeeniion fps a Fatt tnticrometen Y= 9 Mh be sane my cong Cl, wit te nad i te A Tea fs ate saad pectin Morr, we He ena by Taos ne and QmON Me AAAI NB AA et Ape fannie an enpnton Sle cee one qotave the eat Ly fo ti rd ‘Sena hth wg wiv cone eed 1 ch smitheharteth na tena he rede eee Mg ei by = a tow ha te ea yan ee . restricting toa subalpebra of #paxC, ted seamen! roo, Cay enous Sorts ne « debe heey fs: Caer twp 6 = SP oe icine ¥ = € sng tee orm od LET deed penne or wel te deampontion Y= CU.) 8 ee eee ther cant area on et tr 0 on ‘SE pl onthe eosin coe, ty athe mate o-{(t 2) xeon}. ‘Weber conesponin w-{(f. B)rencfeme Ror dete The retisona reece by team ereeitn oC accion Heep tthe bag hen ite v-wow Inte sm of Wand da nd we hove eresponsigy v= @ vewentwey ow dur the tne prod 1 W® decompo a ocean ‘aU Ct We tnow th never h om thedatio in astae 15 nate 15 fae conection me Hac WO re WG RWS, nd the heel Of ay 6 theif epsention 1 as ene cnthisayecc n= Mbeben woghaly #31, ¢ (ENCES erento of AV toe tn gn 8) v= @ won nd by teste ot, Ketied= 0" Noten then ihe weight actor ithe ommend WY = Ki) = 2 steer xeric 12, Shom tht more gral he hight weet vor nay sanmand 6 10 be eter EA NRE A NEN Aa Atte 9 AE AEA ll any sbepac of Ke) vain deo mate a et oer tt fps (wah a4 bh feb tow opposer the momenta we abv tha tae Zan Enna t Bate tal nit vector int ad aes wi tow Tha. any repetition of pcos a a(andcotahinganyom tn ors Ween han and wea doa. a xe 177 Ante ayo ech pot nl rem tt Eth a he = ea se el we {WB ner or bess ope on rig) = Yoel ee epetecbeaancnetne w= wold tare uot finch {ahyiShu e'rh'2t oer han (a.0)=(4 01 pole Tot» So tt ‘tie=y 40. Doin ‘soe that ain fond he nedcblerepeeations Y= F. th get wept fy hn Es any ote epson of wi ih {ei na esr pode the pect edie esate Fee ingot weight yty eet ig fo Leal oc In Edie Spar Sym" @SyuAP™ ‘One tte sem thatthe et grt merino he ‘elon. Can the fandneatalepsentatins 7. We bare si fre Tin te grap Pope maybe carat te sgzovp of POL Msngowopc bu of Pt sutopc nape Ae ae tine, Pott aaron ih pave space PHY) nthe connected component the iain thou msn of pcr eying he Gras Ccom Fy Pdr} ee Now, the set y= 6 a kiero Sovon ssp of any the ntereton of he Grsamannan @ ‘the atrue (7) ocd the kere the map p bows Papa ela on P(™) crying Go sl andi wen |= hn Tepe chraceal as thecnnee componente enya he oop ‘Trnaton of PCP) peng te Yat are 18 Show 10> nie conacton 9 eee §17.3. Weyl's Construction for Symplectie Groups We hve tn te tina {yugcotanaceqmeasns ote ice s.n Get tn and nea Tern os concn ow Sted om be yap om ft al epee 9 ‘Spl eigen be pen acme einton, by er Seuceaintetaceprsntos fa ih em Senate contac Meal rr ad 1 hat eee repcnation of ic sein Sarr ges Ets ain inept Surapong Yoon nti sin che emt mee tos og) me en 18 Ber= hp 4" O48 B4E~ Gre wad 10 We oma Sp rp we Le ¥**detthentmton heer ofall econo Thee wus mapped ay pemstason soy“ seen Uo ota mpnmtone esti ea, Now SuVehensin oo This pees epson othe splat soe Spo ince sof 8 icniepsatonse Yor spa ne heen TAL The pace’ mane od the Yay agro Theo mai rons e Jey = Inthe any Sep Phe ade "epee fay wh igh wb the word ora mile (fom et ines Foam Seok hee Jiathe paiioney a4 1 ones 4 ne ‘Teprocftows he utente eo eae ein, Ye wile tcl an a ise en rsa et np fhe ‘ine Lama 623 Weft how bow of scomplenetto Fis ee Fovetampin d= then vee, se cmt cri act ‘Sesto anncalini «Eine euOeh weed cay Im Un <9) define » = mig 9 ate. cn Nee hat mision by im Von VO" We claim that ™ rearoormonn wy eve the pte anda Hein it on VC he sree aba iy be) ah Thee ls Icon ain hl ped een epee Srcsm. Th ows oe lore eee bi a 114 0 Yao 1.9) = Oe 10 Un horhow ht Ke) nth von Now doe F< "te thine fhe ee ft ts “contractions, © “ VAT oo vee, on) pea Voa oreo snp = UDhand forall nes 1746) Show asin he reting xr that re i ‘sir decompustin Vela OEY eee, (Vey at APE" = Fy {ey Show ty nda tat > i gem eae Ota the km, ing (a) 0 Selec tat 8h (i hte po su ar atogea tine [a the stapes in thse tings ee natin y he acon of the te ess em elas tneaton faye een Se 8 ‘tel, weve hat Sata PP resntimies HOV oun (0 Seow tat 2 m he ira eats eben 8 Sw tat SPN nt ees ade For any iron tom rom wht we hae sen, athe nerton fhe era of ee alumi Ns at ecole of 7 ened oy A mse itbeopieb, Wevends it mt Inari They Fac 119, Any dormer of ht comme ih ee copra ote tear contain ‘Spt Gosche fom 43" 8 8 or AES ou tt te ef entamepioy fh ie ¥ ht er et teste 18 O A ASP Propin 1.20. The lc Brac tle of leat 7 emg ihe pera n aor Fran edemorpien of coming witha emetations of ® scr ct VO" this F on the actor VO and 1173, wees coma Sy oe ms 2a on he complemty sma FV) tn ndomerhim iia commser eral pemcaton tl operatr 2 The ft hat F iin soain of operator rm the ype rou (eich me Tem Fact 1) nia the sam lr 5 ny 21. Teron re rer Spa : 7 iste ammeter oA = C(t the pee 2 mph (9a ele Bede Bt we ‘W@he,='5.%; andthe proposition shows dat ng Isao ithe me belgie ove Spm 3 ‘sac 1.23, Show ta the hpi wt ich 1 ihedimenon mothe corapeadingeromiaton sab tomo he Wa cman ae G6 he loema for scompesing ean prec a hes epcenttinn ae ‘estar aboa Spe Cf i dimension admin ‘ret yeas We pss thee gutone to Lect when We Ivete Woy camer omal a ear per "Awe tn Lctre 13 for Ot pone o make a commute aleshn wich eden 82 3° Bera be te ‘epnattonse Spat = C=itheander een. Pro 25 seo ae doting na wee prove 0a Aa) SMV ONVORVEBNV) = ©, SmiEN@-esymrW"NOSINEA, the um over mals = (of mon egnve ites. Die « tie) eth un 4) ye ie erate thee ‘ne in V59 By th agent 5S he rng S(t et Sera 90) o.CUN a a ie “Ta ecotin ¥'! = YO GW? ef (17.12) determines x decom ton Vere, Pe, Sey which Wn competon SA)~ Sep BM lepton ol pC: We i hat he J = Jn) itan ‘eT tin =o) Tis ieny tome og wi ne 0) ES thesum fal hc prstaton n'y) whe igh ep aly ft Te pes ot he mg 0) 98,01 0) ‘iam fests whe st neigh re he han hey bein "Teather he ing 1H) ne ero er: 50-5; = PSuMM Infidel warty net ofeorm ndonbren = ee Say cena ocean a At ‘eas ote contin ft ic oad LT. ae th setbery cus). an 3) LecrurE 18 Orthogonal Lie Algebras he fiona ew cary thos te sees ht eluent cnn ca tn ta ec rte SAE gra ee a ig ‘Sena cg Tiles ne enoaaes rere ein el igi. eae char aati ‘homo ia Arm spe osc oss ‘Sei nay wl tomy cnn Ala pe Wie soc adeae Hi Repent ose C.Gandae {81 $O,C and 60,6 Te il ake up now he aa ofthe Ligh of etbegra Hee there a en oe ery ahr» try iene era eee th sori “een” orthogonal Li spas sy ad the “ol toga Lager Intranet is be mor compile noe otto, ut the ne {ns the ersetaion te a nt tay bela mee ebay | Gonthecenens Inatyeveat welt tocsiyot he cuss We) (eck 48/1920 a, SP =steM = Sai Info te ideal J igertodby ements theforms Yer 1 nani ithe amen /OVcocepoading wo theshew form Q. An bie te prot eked a thee of Letre 2, The alain, a8 ‘eas ter constrctions ofthe sng ean be found in (LT, wee one can ‘ho find dcustin once poperi ofthe costracion Fer bss Se (DCPL IL MS, and [M5] LECTURE 18 Orthogonal Lie Algebras 1nd he slowing ete we cay ot fr the ethan Le aa hance) done tsps l ypoiecnes Ai eee, testy werkig ou sgn trou he oops Le ips ‘ching the ot tt see ey ony. am thee o wrk Ow ‘hoes eames Tee ne ee eno he sa oo athe fe Utaleat we al ih ne Samora spo pa et Uap we hncabeay ana hs eiftetwsote we brane! ‘eto Ltr AP he rence oa ce Lita Seren ey wi eon cocaine ey dt Crtopm iar esd nd alin an pom a Froese tyne ha vt sem oot alt a a om herr mys ting se omega en ede {181 S0.Cad see AE Ree $18.1, SO,C and 504C We wil take up tow th aba ofthe Li agers of togsnal rou. Here thre stn il very sony, ery big dierece haar ‘wien the soa “ever” orthogonal Lepr ay and th “od ‘nhogonal Lise tnerestigly ent tate sect ‘nest hemor sons egciy tro oto ul when me fii thr enaon ain thy eke ve ey Py 18 nop Lie Neat ‘aio fora long ase when i Becomes ecesry fo spl up ino {Soc weil dy tok a the even orthogonal Lie agers at 8 the ‘omer theo Tet boa mdinensiona comple vector yc, and ererse ondegeveae syns ier on ¥-Thecrthogoal group SO. he dete tbe the ope astmorphts af Ff etcant | Tresrving Othe sue that Q(An A) = Oe forall ws Yan he ‘rthopon! Li agra sy ovespondiagly const of endomorphs eT ati as, 9) +04 40) = 0 aan forall and we ¥. Asia he asf the spt Li agen. cry ot tu ays we want torte exp ters of ass for Vand He ithe the cme of ey sed Sd fis pra nase = 2n even we tilehoose sto for Pines of whch he quart ota Qs en Ole) = Ome = “C9 edhe Le bgt 50, corp the see of mates Xstshing ‘hereon SoM yx =o Wei 42 De mate blk Frm a a) veal 8) (4 S0,Cand ne 0 wr(oa) sta hi non emia Lomi ale cf dag ck Band Cop X are ssn and he dana locks Aon D of oe epatne Irasoses ofeach ar ase 182. Stow that with hi coi of ba S040 andeo,€=¢. ‘Thestusonincnsete dimension mot Viol issimilar atte mes “Tabeyin with weilateQtobeexprebl terms a, Tobe vist Olen = Bone Olen tend = lene) <0 frat ther pes ‘The tier orm Quy be apres Oeste M 9 ere isthe 1) (e+ pate (edn aks hr rng wb na The iain MEN'S Oe we Xf lok fut at «(gH ‘hen this equivalent svg thts in the press case, B and C ae ‘hewmen Aan D negate reaps of ehh and abiton Bar = Gant) 0. snd od css the subalgeba of aties agonal i this epreentation ite sone eg mts a wel ae me » 1% Ontoton! Lie eae ‘The satpro ener by the nn 28 ates Hy = Ey — Funanhose acon on Vt ye sf apa ah lal fe sing bo yen that sie wht m= Dn \We wi eoresponingl tae 8 bas fo sb ual tor apace Bh du at Ly where Ly > = By ‘Gin ta the Cara salsa fs, coincides as asubpacet lc, withthe Catan subalgebra fs. we cane macho the deco thers pi oy at tn ot cs of, FE Kig~ Bu Ema eee tigate forthe ation of with ie y~ Ly Since X, iho sneha of 5, wee tat LL tense fo fC kh 0 Space nerd by, Les diel ut sng he re aa ei hat ‘he eadomorpaens ay axe igenrectrs forthe ston of, with irate LL 88 ~~ b, respectively (oe that, and 2, do at eine nih tht dfntons este 19 Tn sn thet the rot of he Le alga 2 ae the scot Ghebye! “Te ate fhe alge sea sa the ction hound above ia, wed a endomorphs of" ate ei eigenvectors or heaton oon sy fon we aye the cexdomorpisas td hich aresieavecios withignvaues Ly and —Ly specie. The oot fees ate thu he rots Lf Se. ogee hana ‘oot, ‘We otha wecould are ane at the sateent without deompos ingthe Liealgeras eC he dseiption 11) fhe orthogonal Lie ages my entered ab snying that in ems ithe een of ¥ th > sve by he form 0 sy € a the Leger of skews en Forms of ¥ as endomsrphim beigg shew synetic¥ is eo ‘mins itstrnspoe) That headin representation fr sonore tothe wedge product Tate stencasem =n sce weg ae ‘ELynasmathasthesbalebar = En esncse he weights mst hewitt efor 0,35 fr 2.) fllows thatthe oot 181 80,6 m jus he iris dite sms. Ly I the od enter = 2 Lowe {estat eyey eV tan egeavector or he ction 8 with eel O50 that the weighs of be standard epee Pare [+] (0) and ‘uh ofthe ajolt epreetation cotespondialy (4 Ly 13) (EL rare 83, Uses icin ito fed the rote of ep iC without expt Tomato compa ton with he Lealgebaspy 6 wee igri of so looks ke tet of 3.0 ith thefts 22, remove, Stern he ot gra of oy os He tht ef sp, wt the os “TEL telaed by a, Note th thi meds tal nba the Wey up te thease 0 the Weyl loupe sea tha 1a 2AF By ye4 BL In the ene ste Wey rou the sbgroup a the Wes! oup of ‘by generated election ine hyperplanes perpendicular fe ote “TEaty who te ado! g-nerstor piven byfelkton i the ote 2£1, "Ths raproup il acs te fll aye group on the sel of ordinate erin bt he ere of hac tad acting as 08 ‘ch of th cordate ats independent wil const of uatormaton of ‘Atenas, at eon aneen nase es al vet sch Weatfrmation 8 teed the Wet proup i easy to se for example telson i he ae perpen yy flowed by refetion in the ‘ave prreaia 0, 1y wil sd 10 =a fy 10 Ly a 1410 foe 5) Another way tty th tha he Wel group te subgroup ‘ofthe Wes oup a pn contig of trataormation wove deter rer withthe pn of induced pean ofthe corinte ne thal ‘le the Weyl gro of sy sto te eat sequence TAGS, the Wert soup of 50, es instend the sequence 07 G-h We on fkewte desde the Weyl chambers of sen and ny by sirectcomparson witha, To stato chose an oreting he oot tre take a near Tacinal om Br Tors = Hy bo" Hy Whee [iotso i seo0-The postive one inthe sas os, arian RPL bite bilan RL ble Ula= ber ‘The pintve positive oo are m 1 Ontogna Lie ieae Ey byly Lyerly baby ESC Ly abaya Lasgo ty fae Inthe ist case, the Wel chamber i exacty the sae 8 fo aC ey, fem=ta = Cage, 2a 225.20) since the rat are the ae xe fo he ctor of? on sot. Inthe cof fesse thee wo rot ao he ie spate by the the egy 4, Odwsnot decibeafceoike Weslchamber homer. ie yt ly isa ot anda postr oe) ne sll Rave thelnegaly yy +2 Ole {soit wecan wee form = = (abeay 242 2a 2 lah [Noe that in theese fs,€ we could Mave chosen out nee tonal Ue eqtips ely with fy >ey> > me > the ordering fe ‘ot and consent te Wey chaber, would tbe the sane) ‘Aor tbe Kili oem hese conetertion forthe syns cse show that it mst be yp to eal the Standard quadrats oe) ‘(This wasimplictiahesbove derision ofthe Weyl group) Thee ‘alslaion ore del, and we leave sa eet wana fer-OEah 2 Next, to deci the representation ofthe oxthogon Lie lsbas we havo deen he weight nie in ad td tht we mts bee locate he copies of ss corepomiing tothe ak psa the !» Ph SOC thas onthe produ ! « sane the comme sompoeat feet the autmoepi group of hs arity jot he podact PGL C+ PGL,C. we pet an uion PSO,C~ POLE % POLE. Another may of sping ths o mak that PSO,C act on the vavety af ‘oiope planes forthe quadatifrs QV; ab tt vast tthe ‘jit union of tro cope of PLT oe hs eve thatthe ma A {HR2 Reeenttont on, soCpand no ns emo, ane th escrpt¥~ U 9 W fhe ibs 0 SEEN itindn peso ft tw treet te Lraue ister e ou sraponing tseompontie ‘Serpe oo [nite te ae es seen Bp pet we mee ncn of PELE Poem moe ele ae hs wit alow haa othe erties tt 1 it tat ata oe Melon bree ine ung weih xe htt igh wight othe std ep anaes tea enc of he Wes ebm, some 00 Showy seo exe power wa hve wee Let fan (coer with maiicly 3 ey agra 1 Ortop Lie Ait bouts epeseniation ight amay, ane that aad tr reduce Tide, he nage ofthe ght wept Ly under te Wer group cost jut of (0, + Laotian oft eee representation ith ths highs weg i ‘We se fom thi thatthe second exttior paver /?V ofthe snd ‘episetton of ,€ must he the dst sumo he ree spree lation = Tice and Myles, with highest meghls bes hee 14 ""L, Since fit these tins the adjoin treet, oes Wat so ise not hea prod Lalas mth dn epee ‘Gi ay fo rive te pete of the eating ofthe quad in Pew this \ecompostion (0 view syC as shales of ssc and the ston FSO,C on P(AP) a8 subgroup ofthe poup of motions of PF} =O reserig th Grasaasian G~ GY) tesa Pf fet We cf the abovethat heaton of P50, 08 wl peeve api oferty pg PW; and Pit allows oaths on us ea na tena {112 Rept oye Csand oo ™ theinterscion of hs plane wit th Gresimaonian Ths nterstons Secon cues comeing oe paramere ones meepng Seta quai cuce cena hese qua sce then o SOC hv protec unkuruadateformian the two regs the uae Netcom mrp ticle ete cial 02 sits othe ocd epson oy do not pect the NaN I tater abate ZU) finden 2 Ay Th he yaoi he etfs apie Trina ale conan othe sandid representation nt) tice taro te Somme 040 we Svar ste ept Tan witN ne Ge Tyit (ot cone ths jn te pbc or te et tor SMe Bye ofte stand vere of SC. aa ‘We cme now ote ceo sos, wish b more iteresing The oo ingame oske m 1 Ontognal Lie lptae (a ia he peeing exams the weigh tie the tie of intentions ‘fal the tes drama, The fst thing We soul notice aot hs Sagan Ut ii omompie co the weight dag ofthe Lt apes seer te agra jos appear terete toad an ago 4. nde ce acienta the two Ue eras aC and soe ae bomeph aad hg ‘so hard fo const his women expe To sr the homorphce ‘ome, we spl have to real he semGction, mde fe Let 14 of the erp PS with & wraup of tition uf Thee, we see thatthe lar group PGLC calle Mette withthe stooges of the projective sce BUN} = prec the Granaeee ee 62.9 PUNY) The sdpsoup PSp,C= PGL,C thas eres bl he ‘Gasman which ia quai ypersuas a a he decors on of ASV ito the span C0 ofthe stew ler Qe tes AP fexpement Wn 0 ats on PW crying the incon Gy = OPW ‘nto sel: We this saw that P5p4C wis sbgroup fhe onal stens fprojctve sce preserving a und hyprsfias u sere hat inci was the whole group, Go ae the fever ation dec, we cam invoke a ile slpsbraio. omer, which lt usthathelaets f trope es fora oatic oo ‘moepic to Pso ha PSO.C aes on B Moteower, hs ton prow he subs of pas of posts n nha covrespondg Ines a Pee, ‘hic fora suas dened stew symmeric Bln ors, kensere ‘firs (Co) sch hat Qt) = 0,30 tha we hae nhs P0.Cin r3p,c) Lt proce to anlvn ths represeatations of 046 a4 we would xd benting in id he Sotphiem wl 94C To Deg we ‘ra the Wey chamber iste ot sone in As forte representations of 40, weave hepa with thes which hs we gre 122 Repsitiom 40446 a0 “use en oon to te epteniation W = /817C:0 of ap: Ne theoond exterior poweof head erenaton foo ha wg ACK courte the ain eprtetton of syC ti the tube ‘Ppoescon nih ight weg byt Lo Naa tops oe Sommers qare Sy ote standnd erento fon ee Ere is, ere 147. Show tha contraction withthe uaa form Qe Sy? preserved hy the ato of tndocs mage oy se tae ow at hk of scorn ray ‘ah ie seas Con hie sabe Boe re 2 1 Ontoynat Lic tae eset power Sythe repeseation copy ofthe rece ‘sere 189 Foran eral of “mie” feo, copier the edule fepeentaton Fy, Show ta hinscontamd athena be eee Product map eVenr ny andthe composition oVenyvenvay, set theft maps induced bythe omorphism @:¥— V*and the second fi the contraction ¥* @ /8V 1s ean to tie iteorton ft, ‘toe? Sow that he Weight agra this tees ‘er you ate doe wih this aay, compar wih he analy ginen ofthe ‘Srryingthe Grosronsian = (2,4) PUY ato el and PSPAC = GLE the subgroup ling a hyperplane BW =P =P We used en the suerony Pp with topo poup PSO,Cs 3 the sae inet gie an eats on ote arger group POLC withthe orthogonal ap P50,C. "en thou se,Citiomorpicto Lie algebra weave end examined, itis woth ging trough he atalino represntins for wha amounts {o'r sond te partly 50310 understand tbe bomorphism Bett, bat tiny borasse ne wilt carly in thease feos nuber of phenamena ‘tat wi hold ur of beeen othogona gropsia general Tosa we da the Weyl eube in ‘As al we beta th th standard reprennatio, which ne weg 4 cteaping to the cents the ae fhe te ‘othesetorquarect te tana epee Net ne a tthe eer sae OV fhe sled epetatin SeaClear es epee Note hat he bibs eight veo L + 1 of hereto leon am ede of the Wo chants, rer in he toes ie ‘ac aceite gram above node fo gett al the open ett ofa he reduce precio nih Nghe cogs "he emg wo cpt Wel chor ee exec he wand epantan. The the beter ihe eight weight y+ y+ Lech taker thm hy onan ies wen xc i hin Se apiotet, oe } | » |°| Now, we nlc somthing vey ineeing: his canot be an imedoie Femeetation Wecan seth ina umber nays: th mage of he weigh Tee Ta teunderthe Wey rou fovexampla cos ofeer ater eee ‘fe eterece eben parte, th conver hall ees nl contain he ‘ein four veto inting Ly + Ly ~ Luan, 0 2 {oyotrom Ly # y+ Ly 10 Ly + Ly Ly by tanation by neat root esos The terettton AP wl hr ona epi the weduce Fepeentatins Tuy th Foy mth gest MEE Ly + La +s Muley ety Lal weeh daar Sin he wight gr of ah he taboo ong the righty oane fr allieme oF an mst fae Ta sm desomponion 1 Fatt, Titty ‘We an te his net sm dsompoton oa poms ete of unc ngs P slog he rea resem ‘Koa ne sw Sheu he ls of bs ing om = gd ‘Stic nrc ou to he dato coming a to component t2ch somarphi o Band embeded, vit the Picker enbeing of te Grassannian G = Gof Ens in in PAVE) = an pa acon tessa incompleretay 2 panes in) In asta shin heey 2 planeslyingona quainehypesurceinO turnout econ, ensiating of wo componente, under he Plckersmbedig of (0 8) In (2) ~ Byam two compiemenary planes PW, and Pie. thse "planes ge te cet sm decomposition of es anos Comoe Inc fw hk ofa quai ypersrinef P the Grossmann 2) flies in we can se epi what these to fg ok 2 planes arf every pot pe th cao ine ping though ore § Pplaneon Gand for every plo. HP the lacie ines iing i H's 2a in G. Thee are he to amis nda nts eae wee go toe steps farther Fst we Se from th tit each ates Tans nae Ione by so hat the comecedenagonen PSO,C ot the ety in the group of motions of P* pracrving the Grasmannion sas on {Sing the ver iacasionPSO,C = LSet Pak tena cach ofthese famine cari! i a copy ofthe quadanc Veron tein of into F, gangs the Heneation oe drat sum coro he thrdexteor power of he unde repesentationaaees ‘iththesymmaieqar ofthe tandrd spent fac Exerse 194. Voi, without using the tomorpism wih ou and he ys shove, tha the anda weprsentation¥ of si sain NUCH) 2 SymV @SymV™ Noe thane ave now denied in erm of emo omer he senda needle representations of 20,0 with highs! wet secon Le Li ba by andy + La Lolbig song the sige of te Wey cheney ‘nls on with hes weight + Ly ping ae We can thes bod reduce epesetation wit hist weighty trot fonciey oe her Least lo every weight nthe intersection of” wh sac of aes $19.2. Representations of the Even Orthogonal Algebras ‘We wi no examine any ute epresetton ol Cpe ing ita cece dodo compete cep as fora stead wecan now dese the eer aten os repeentatins ‘the re orthogonal Lie algebras 2. The coms slony il hae to ‘sit uti te owing ear ince penn we canon con ae {epcnations oso. wae pointed out we ave Dt ale to do s0 inthe cases = 2 and 3 uid sar only byte of baa oth {192 Reyentaon thE Otoponal lea a" ier Ue alsa ander a no moe mk amorpis fo ti piat Svevifnonecegiessmehalnspewresrarcan "rahe eel te wp tose mae by “Mogi te vror oy ¥ )2-The Wench a teeter he cme = Caben2e2 = ta) aie gate ans tnneelateen hiteera tiptoe ripen ey oy pa Fert atptetr seep eee rere SCE ce ert elizonl cag nene Attn te bios pa start a oral erations is soon ie ever powers fa ant representation Talos wonky weave i tation ¥ of ewe 1920) The eri pes Vf he and ection Vo on ae rede for = 2 n~ ts and) The exer pove Fat oxaty nordclefcos. Ineo Te othe ae a ha oft anon hen Sarng th etre the tame bags ain thes of Ps : eral tthe eo Sse Stef aatnorpi eine the sw fon need Ls 1 cai he baron Ilomorplons of the sce Y= C™ precringthe decomposition retien lc cng ssa ara stn titi db mp ef a om on {(5 oB,)xeoud} Infact the soup $0, © SLC seo contin the sme subgroup. me ve coespondingty a aba MeePathye ets h meena ge ofS Sjsencfen aan ocean fa ctr ripe Smetana tnd the kre oi he ied rprsentaion wit hight Table arte hee Th voaton of te se the acu ihe weg aor ie he mand WM © te wn LAUREN et A AeA gE wen Ata Am rem Ele A ead Nomsalibe vector w* have dian! weights sti elon asin 174A any hh mg snr teste se a scaler pe ofan ofthe w= lth sie, ode tos ht sitar bate berm ofan cememtaera 8 su" 4.0 Thisiasmpet inthe canes b= WX, showing that Vaso igh na ector of wight ‘sere 1810, that 1? does ot cota he iv presentation Wot along he tess ofthe Wal hambacend Sie schuetheedyeablstel hectumest ie cieetn {AC withthe wep nh sctpion wena otaow tate eee = Uls + 1,4 LyVBeaite and ah ook aa iomorphiowovie th ae wl hse eee 1 Find the decomposition it race pret ‘eworprole V@ An parar tnd he eens one epresetton 1, mh ip weg 2 Fe eee erie 1942. Show that theo & IM somatic square ofthe repeetation omposs ia a * 'Vandativialonedictsonal epee, Exar 191 Find the decomposition em ithe deomposton ita ieee representations f $194, Representations of the (Odd Orthogonal Algebras, Sa aa captor ten been aiigtonl Lic alerts he rot of he exene pan alee tae ee (1418 Chat consti feeds epeennioe ne 994 Reprise O44 Ortop Abas ws Nicest weigh) wl ote complete wl he lowing sure but we can sont around thet we "To be with cl tha the wiht lati fi i thal fa. enertdty Lisl toeter he frtber ecard t= Ly he ‘Wel carbene oer and icone ¥ = (Sabse, 24> 24,20) ‘The Weyl chamber at we have pointed oa the sae fo eb aC ha iis simpli cone with er cotesponding fo them planes y= yy Sema: and a0, The ges of te Wel shame are ths eas raed the wets Et Lagi Ly tnt Ly and Ly by {oot that 1, + fy oma dg he Wes Samo Ain: he Interston athe weigh istic wih ceo Wes cones ie semgroun, inthis case generated ty the damental meiph tLe on = et Ouele tot bey and the Weight ay ey eos Lyla Moreover as esi th aver feo and wt ete power of thestndd presentation do senetogeeratsl hired rere ‘ons whose hist lg aein Beaute ZL: peel we “Theorem 1914, Far k= em the exterior power (4 ofthe sonar representa of oC tthe nee rpretnation wig weight teeth Paoor We wi eae thisas a este; th pool eel he ae in Uhecase of s0,C,wltuenougholtdllrence fo make interesting, C) We have thus constructed nel ofthe inedusbe epesentations of sens Cany wiht the Cael Weyl chamber ante wren Pe oyby a + Ly) +o Fae to ee aly #4 LD wih ae andi, ne, the representation Spm V OG Sym" HII Syme UEV) willeontsin an inedible repreetationF widget weight. Wear Ising however aby preset whose wep ince od mpi of {tocastoct hee, me day ha to et an rede epentaton| Fi highest weight» This eer and iced ‘Sthopol Lege) the sp epeontation ovetha once weet hepa epresention ithe repeentations offer any 7 above the tense Smee OSU OSM illcontan a copy of Asin te cse oh pin epeetntion Taf he een onthogn algeteas we can sy aome things st Fen vance te exp ons; for exams we endothe lowing exerci peri 1945 Find thew Pd oo Exerc 1916 Give te complete component ‘ions of Sym*T, and AT. Show t os LOL = AOI VeMVe--eNVEMY. eh ei ety he sore stent the marphaim ithaps a aa $19. Weyl's Construetion for Orthogonal Groups "em pew ne nan lr ee epeeteia ated nee Stina tema ey a ee the intersection of the Kernels of all these contractions by V*#. For any. Partition d= (ay 2" > A, 2 O)of det heat _ Sal = Mn5,¥, (191 oe his i eresentation of te othogna group OC of Tierem 1919 Th sat Si ¥ ison inedible reresonation ef OC, SP HEY sal ny ie if ees fo ko he “The tensor power decom . nate pes exact Lenn 1715 with vey hing the sce bt replacing the symbol aby Ete pac Sal = Vc Ie: 1 YH, ‘when the sum ofthe lengths oft wccinnine fiat two cbsamvat me 7 vec 19.21") Show that the hecnl of the -ottation fom Sye to Sym Y tbe ines represniation Sy cence wih hgbon meh, “stow nat Sim = 57 25 VOB Sy. ete pis the get iter = 2 ahs (ih lip ofthe repecsntatins “The poo fhe theorem prose exactly asin 173. The fandamenal futon theory thane sateen (1719) with ecu resturant ven smmetifor the ro Shu tenland by Ose (and the sume ratene to Appelt F2for the Erol The heron he tow om Lemma 62 in exsely he same way "Tofnd the rede representations ovet SOx op can proceed sin 61, Wop calls to paris (ach withthe ue of he Ba wo clu + leat os) uted the sm of helen of tr ist ome seth hereof hr Yoo dams hae ve at eyes of tsocated partons reine to domerphe epee tionofSO,e. Note that at oa one ofeach pas of sect partitions wil fave Young digrm what mou} owe Ifm= 24 +18 0, po Lie ‘Sood el ut itm = 2a een any with a Young grata with ‘onsro rom wl besotted toil, ais esttion wll be thes of froconugterptenation ofS, ol hesume dimension. Tefal rex ‘horem 1922) m=20-4 and d=, = 2 y= Othe Sythe ruc rpresstatin of 20,C mths weg iL + fy (ib if mone and 2 (hyo ey 2 Oh then Sy he rele eqrenaton of so with highest welt ly ho ab Tid ms Shand = Gy 2 yy 2 £,> Oh Su thes of wotmetue reset 6,C thigh weighs Ly 4" 4 uly Say ee helen Ale Exec 1:28 When ms stow tht 0.6 = SOC » [1 Show ‘Planar stocsted then = 2 ete thes ofthe deena ‘Wepospon to Lecture 25a dcusion of mii of weigh pce, or desaposing tenor pods oF Festition to subg ‘ewe win Lecture Sfor tye andinscture orp Citi possible to make a commutative seb $!"= SPAY) oat of te sum of the ‘edule sepesentaton o SOqC, where V~ C" ithe andar pe Scniation Fit suppowm = 24+ Tica Defne tering Vs easing1S5, {Shh ra sum ol he opeentations 5,07) of GLIV) whee ras ove UA purtifns with at soe n pat, Ati the symplectic ee ea 5.40) 549 La adhe diet um = Jy) nan eal in 5 ab Th quotient SUN AWM = PHA is.acommutative gael sng wich contain each reducible rereenation 1m =n een the shore quien wl contin each epeenttion Sulit as mows To i owns here only onc lca ae adios cans of erm tye he wbeePoP ithe homophone en rhe pot of Thora "D2 Fora deta dicsson whet genase eta ef) LEC LURE 20 Spin Representations of s04C Inher ne ample he pte of he pcan fhe ogee titra src ps rps soe: a pele 2 oes ot pn rug pc Sac ie opener sea | ‘hess acrid cat nepal oe ae cated ema ‘ite ete heronaeion Ta tts 88 ee cae Senet Seton 2 ety se st Sent tay tet ty hn ate je ten {BNE Cir ata and pi eroennion fae {2 These tum pn on Sn nd: Spiga st §20.1, Clifford Algebras and Spin Representations of s04C ‘We ein thisscton by yng to motte the definition of Clo algebra. ‘We may begin by asking, why were we alo final th pesto of SI,C op ise eso poet of the stanard penton, bt oly te epretations of SOC ti ths way? One rence that itt ‘histones inthe opto of tee roepe SUC an Sp ae ly ‘omni whe SOC has fasten group Z72 fr m=? epost See (2.0, Thereore 30, asa double coveting the spin group Spin (Form 26 ths covering cold abate exacted fom on enna on 21 spn erections of ‘fe tin group PSO, withthe adit group ofthe snp connected tous eg the double cover of LC) We wise hatte sng "epeetations ae shove epeseatton of Spiny tht do ot come ot aaa to rotate shat gen by wat restore and an ange of tatag Shout the wo ches of nt sector ge two shes coving. In ‘ter wor the unt alin ther a double covering (00 +5040, hic ena vector ein to rotation ty the ane 2 aboot the wi “ector wll be ocgn and the nt spre Dae sett te hea i D SY “Ti covering is ve esr to se fr the entice onhogenl group O48 ich nerated by reletons Re ihe vesors 9 wh ering “he sme rection) we can sen the dhl cave af Oj the gro ‘ows yw vers th enn heorerthecompostions of the eespondingrelitons ae equ ie ener Ryo aR = Rey 9 0 Ray nd als elation Come ew foe al piso unit etre v and w (Noe that wets ours © rod o even ner of he nestor 639° we moa get ack Ie Soule cove ofthe seil regen poop'S0,C) ow sould we generale hit The nowt obiows, Fr one thing for vats reasons we wil ty to comet dey 9 ou that cover he ochogoal group in evra tend. piven svete spe el oF ‘anple) anda aatratic orm @ on, we wl fit conti ste Ci, Och Cir lgebre Te lee CC 0) wl etn {20, lr Aeas and SRepoeations ot ou contain neste group asbytoup which sa double coer igen CHHLY Q) tate tothe pai (0) am aso algebra ‘Sheanng and geertod by ¥-(When we want o deci the syn group {Sse Clin) we wl venti ures to procs a evensumibers af Smet Vhving it norm Oe, ifodd podatsarallowed as wel, ‘reqta pou called -Pa which sa double covering the whole otoonal {oup) Fo otste the dfniton, we would kr CMM Qt bethealptra ‘oma ty V subettoreaions nalogous to toa above for he dokie ‘ver ofthe orthogonal ru In particle fry wer wit Ito) = I ‘St he elon inthe hyperplane pependicar oes an volton, inci; 0) Ry polation, this the same as mposing he elation ews 9 = 206m forall and win Vt particu 0 = ~v- found ware perpen. Tnlact theif algebra ne aie lat bebe aso e alba {owed by V ad supe oh ountion r= Ul Teoking aca we wl tern th oon that nc compe Cid alpsra oma an othogoal Lic algebras sublet. The bey ote fen tht CHIL, Osage orate tema 0 matric agers ein ar eerie ee oe oto represen of Tie onogona isle wich tm out oe the representations WI ‘seme compete th ory nba ear Js asin te special neat [In oympltic coe he oresponing Li grup a ot el seeded 0 ‘Shot! the epesentatians thy can be won down del fom the Le gc. ha ection we 4 thi ing the Cord algebras fo costa ‘tse represnition a 0, diel ad ven that thy eve he ming Spin cpesettne Inthe second eon of ths etre we wl show how {Bespin groupe sta syroupe in beemalpeatve gos Clif Algebras Given yma cmc Sndispeeratty Hi oer orm Q om tor spc the Cif alee Qh an active agra with ai 1, whe contig ‘ns oralloe ¥ Equivalent wehave 046 mh, ann Soninton gt fo an w nV. The Cord bgt canbe dee to be the univer sls with is propery Es any anacitive nga wih ane tae lier wtpping | Y-r 8 gn ach tha je) = Cle) foal se Poe een HJ) 10 = 2040 018 202) forall. Vike thee shoside unique homomorphism fale fm €1O) to extending Tae Cliord are can be consuted eels oy akg tenor alsbr TW- QY*-corevenavevenc seta CIO) = VO, where Qi these ea geet by all ements of the form #0 les) Wi atomate that tt C1) ‘Stes the equine property. ‘The fc ht the dimension of C8 2", where m = dim), and tha he {posal muping om Yt Cc an embedding ne pr fie foowing erm 8. i fm Im fo he ats = seeercota t= iy Shecene Urea wth nt eae Clg) = Cut, @), cat ” Paoor. From the equations 66, + 4 = 206 ¢) it allows immediately tha the ements generate C() Ther independence fmt bard ones Seti oom by scat he igen te man sls ey ‘he maprngs onstuced lew are deen For ames pros ne that wien QL the Clifden the ener geen A Ie fre he Clio algebracante eed seeps connote lemens which can be wie as sumo st mos & procs oem ¥: one checks tha he associed patel space hikes Fore tnd Drool eae cin very tha the Ciford agen of te ditt some ee xthogoal pcs isthe skew commute tarot godt the Cond sabras ofthe two spaces Ener BO wich eur one he a ‘Sie wheredim P= 0 Sime ea 10) Tate by ent of en ee Cllr algebra imberits a Z/22 grading: al cnet merc 9c, win C0400 260: CCC ated Sse amif Senin eveddmantr tpn pe eas eee Secs {Qantas bea Sey i estat hb atromtonen messes Te tevternainr oe illoadaaene {201 Clr Als sod Spin Repco oe a ( enbetinghe Lieagetra (0) = eid th Lissa ofthe ren fal the Cato lpr C1 (a Henig te Cordage ith one ortwocoles ofa algebras “ovary out she is step we make exp the morph of AV with so(Q at wee sine bf Rel that, s0()= (Xt 0140, + Qe) = for win Y ‘The omorpiem is pten by DV Esa) foc aand bin ¥ where. is tnd by eal = 2108 Ha — Ob. eng, lsasimple verifcaton that iin (0) One stat the atures rrepondp 0 slate fy PLO AE — By anh 0 be ap ‘an homorpis (The choice of sca ator i imp hor wat ‘owen to spi et formulae) One calsaes wha the racket on OP fnostbe to make tian omrphiam of agen oe teal = Be? Fadl) = Be? Bolt) = Roll ne ~ Oe 8) ~ 2 fist 16M) = 404, Ne — Oe. 2) = 4021015, ta — O14) ~ 40021018 ae- O98) 4 40, 04044, he — Oe.) =200h nd ~ 200, A.) = 2014, dgfe +2004 caval) “This tes an exp formula forthe Bracket on Loren dl =20hea a d=2008,d)a 0 © = 2ladenb-+ 2c nb — ans, (Om he ober hand the bracket nthe Cor sha sisi [ehed-ebed—ederh D1 ed ere bd) — BOIa dhe bed) = 20(he0-4 20h dire aed = 201 deb +0. aed by =200,-d— 201hdlare~ 204 Heb + 2000.6): Landes soe 20 Sin Rernion oto "eos that te mp 6: 2P-» CaM 0) tind by Hone jleb—ba)=ab~ Olah) wo icamep filets an by looking abscess uin ones that iistnenbedtng Ths proves “ 7 emma 207. The mapping 9°! 9(Q)-+ COI embeds iQ) a pee Te Q) a0 Le ‘sere 204 Stow thatthe image of is Pocom naked, ser the tgnof Cae y palate ro cements Fink tcesten cont fh een ae ey ‘that element on C(Qh- “ ie ftw iY = Wo thea cappella c aes ten {ete sero fomonid Wah ea shoe anes bane Wan taken tobe te pace spantedy the fat bs ecto re the fit nbs bye ema 99, The dcp 9 WH" deni on pin algebras. nail co Eas, shee = 899 oping C0) 10 he ha = Ha) the sae i !anoing fo to Bs sting 5) We mascot ae FW Sand Wor ch at Kn =0, rw, en ayo To) = 2006 01 foamy we wot cade Wt Lab ek malian ‘won the exterior algebra A'W: : ° Ligewas, gen, Fore et Dy be the dervion of W such tht Dl Ome 7°W' Clorwe Ws ead 8D = 2 a 9 ey eg in a A (0, Clr Alera and Sp Repent of a ws DAG 8) DAC AEH NMEE 8 DD ay A A No ply, Dd n= 0m) = Ei Wty T= De cain rere Wedd by teint Bn) = 20, forall W- There {relegation (20.10) ate srihorvar yereation: onc dite cleans in Wh, ad hentai ey ot! om Cand they hold linc € Fel, one ma) se tha the ain map a amcepis by ‘king wht happens to abi. a aece 1212. Thelef C{0}modsle Wiisomorpic ta ein 10) Sow ht if firs gesratr for 0" then CQ) = Wf andthe 4p (Geb Fv an Bomerphisn| NWF = CONF fet (o}moduls Now we hive a dcompostion W = AW @ ino th sm of cyl ol even power and CW)" reget ths spliting We ddoce itm Lemma 39 an omorptisn qos = Ena @ Ee en Combining with Lemma 207, we tow bye an embedding of Lie lgtras eiQ\=cror=imwye akin, ane) Chick we denoeby st sndbence nehove tm eresetatonsosa( ropeton 15. TherepesomationS* are thelrcleepresentatons of Swi igh weighs ily tt and B= My ey = i sere precy, Shot a SAE, Inlvoll an) $=; Sateen, roo, Wesow hie tala etn y= 6 fr right etre Tracing though he emorphsms establish bore we erat Ba Enunain 20,0 corespod to le, 4) 8 PR, wih comesponds teu ~ in (Qh which maps 0 Mla © Bag 2) hyo Da ~ We Baa). ‘simple alton sh ihat Py 2 Spi epee fn 6 fe tier 0 wer ‘herfore spans a weight pace wth wiht SLs ~ Sar Allsach iets ith ge od ate consent by the Weyl group, 0 each | SS emi and $= AH mua ean ebaseropeseiaton The hes weg rca to doll For rap he es ml Wis}L,= aim seve,whdeifmis odd sight weight ef ‘These tno rersetationsS* and S~ ae wl cll the basin represmton 05, whe ther sum $=" @ SAW wcll be Sn gresntaion Fequnlyepeily when we speak there ded ‘oes gtr, eel te a spy spa reyesnaios” ements ofS tele pinrs For ther po the propeation see Peres 904 td m8 Lao Date For the old cass, write ¥ = W@W'@ U, where W and Ware m simesional otpc saps end Ua one-iensoal space pee: Ua to hee. For or standard @ on "the are epaned by theft ‘he second ne te at ba eco, emma 2016. The dcompetion = WW" GU determines an tomar (ao f eles O)= Eads End Paco. roctngasin eevee. tomap Vo f= End W)mapwe W {LW eW 19D, where 9)» 20 as tore Let be he ent in U ach hat a) =I ahd send ag the edmorpian that he ey on fH an mins the entity om =. Set ivchtion ‘ew imme withall Zand Dy tbe este map rom = W@W" U {oF dace: un agers hommorphim from C(Q) 0 The map to [End(W') ded amily, evesing terol of and Agu ne ‘ects thal the map ian omarion by locking at bse, a uric 2017. Finda geeratr for 2 lea of C10) tat omg oa The sublasiraC(OF™ of C1) mapped eomorpiely oot iter of the factors bythe omerphim af Be min 0 we ve a somo the odd ene! lor = Foam, e018) ‘Asef thi ger eresetton S/W of Le las Sean € =O) CON™' = AHH) =k) 2019) S81 esp roe naan ent wa ‘ropeding 220, TherepresenationS = AW the iodiberersematon Fen mth ighen weg, aod shh Paoor. Exact in the oven ct ach ia genet wih with weight WSinrls Zon ly) Ths tne a such ete ee congo ye Wey [Bou his mus bean edo feprsentaion, nd the ht weigh (day, t+ yh o ‘A we saw in Lecture 19 the contocton of his api repeemtaton fishes the pon oth exstence here for epeetation of cogs heat for afore csc ample semisimple Le ales rere 2021 Use the above skaieation othe Clford algebras with ‘matrix algerasor det calla lo compat cers I patil, theinenectin ofthe cetera C withthe even salsa Oe one-dimensional spe saa Show sat that in C= sndse=e-storalleiaSeien = rare 22". Fo Xe s(Q) and ve Fe hae X04 ¥ bythe andar actos of s(0) on On the other hand have Mati (0) and Sabspees af the Cliford lesa C, no we can compte te commuter {28} Stow that thse are one (heave Problem 20.23" Let ip be the real Cli algebra coresonding to the ‘quart fom with postive and eptn igevales Linas 209 ond 206 actly constr homorphlans of lan) wh eal mat alg, fandotCins | mutha produto wo el ar algebras Compute Ci. Torether pandg Allare produ fone two mar labs oes He, on §20.2. The Spin Groups Spin,.€ and Spin, ® ‘he Cilfor algebra C = Cig) gerd bythe abuse P= C* and © ts an antinettion west, deemed by scm Me, for ayy 98 ¥. Tht operation, ematical he cnugaton i the compose of the main iomorpio or reversing map CC determined by Hop conye nit, ang fort io and ‘hein lation which be identity on and ia the entity onic, fey on) Mot en29 Notethaey¢ = yx, whic comes Fon the Mets 9) = xe) and a7) = a0), vache 2026 Use te unveal ropery for Ct vey that thes mel ‘morphism of 0 with C. Tignes us two quads Q” and Q” im PS") mao") "To Wty Q* and Q™ wih the aie of pln a cl he ation of Von Su Wa" QS" whch pve re tothe mori of the ‘Cod ale wh Ens) Lena 209) This fact maps $10 5" au 2S epost ase nd 3" 5*;50 weave bina ape Vestas and Pes as nag erie 2047 Show that foreach poatn "eps by avon se, [ee ¥:0-4=0}sanotopict plane in and hence determines proce paneling. Simirsenh pining determiners Sptare'n@ Show at ery Slane in aries uniuly ao ofthese ays Let (denote the amet farm covesponiing tothe gutdaie foxmin and sory or 8 and Deine pode” SSA semen 04) repaint 5-0 = Go Dy frallee sere 2949, Us this product, together wth hon 2.46.10 show ha the ote four arrows in the henaon (3045) for geet tality canbe decid as the preceding ete “This ead oan algerie version of tsi, mich we ste folowing [Ch2} The above pds determine a commutative hut noms Prodect on the diet sun A= Ve" © Teoperan (os onde Oma pirar (ha co ses Piraroe dea) =the and Paes root or ets (0) 2 and for dng ros, thn «al arent ros ‘This follows om the detain of sil, snc tm the equi emp +" fla Peanaa bea R aod minly fe Bh Be ela R Frm 6) an) we dd tat a 08, (© The angle teen dts rot comet be ee 1) The snp rou ei nee hiss rom (6 ure 2.10 Show that ro seman oy iis Dyan | dae onan ‘We wise he that the Dyin igre indepen ithe chote of diet be, othe decmpostion on Rea (21.2. Classtying Dynkin Diagrams [The wonder hag stout Dyan sri cht om thi very ile thence errhp tom whan We ‘hn nibefaloving estore sow wea the compensa Qesion ‘Swick iar nom Uialeres Oar latte con on throm which rare i pur Ecsean geomet. Te sss celta (hae the me fms) ae 29% Ifa taf seco eto 08 ef» hppa, with ‘mss test sow th hey mse ne depo Then 21.14. The yhinagranto edu retytens oe precy a 21 The Coiton Compl Sige i Age re eon ©) oo ake on 4 oa —0 (os ato he Gist our ae those belonging othe aise we se he soli (sine 3 tithe tc) ae wy Se ‘heres on ninth ie food penta all ee cases Inet he daranscan be were sf te oldoo eb ‘When n= for ofthe dgrams become on ode. The ne (Ds eae aces, oteminpa vet acne) = 1) = (esnespond tte iomorphane w2ejc2KC 0. £22. Cano Dyin Digan m Forn 2,0) (A) omit bit ne cpt HC eCE Oo ‘The snes (C= (8) coven tthe mpi seme ED + 0) mesic «o-oo ior ofr Tote. Our det cede wo hi pest Pasine For eal heres wo nl rot wth gle Sf ase ‘these ras ust conn he Gx conguration ost Wnt hed ‘tn op ent na antes tht pepe nas ‘Stout some the 12 anges od ets being wrong Th hos ta ‘the only eomeced dapram contang tpl Ath a of peek ‘ur, eget eral rt egy sone ea ‘sag alowe denice pote dara Sach agra, tout the arow 1 nese rave eg, nen eed Cer ‘rome or Cones graphs). Ose agra wn with ach ae ‘Some 012.03 oe ae tee are een at Eh hag ewer eonde ny ther fies tee coro the dhgransat he above Dyin eon (6) tra amt digo, ny ring of oes comet tech hr ty oe, h ne at ted of thre on ter ae, be cle nee aden aaa ee Too the cae wth dou ie, we ws sin vey hat o-a=p—o—o lnnot admis Conder pest tos sactages Wee Wines 9 0) = ~azouh/3. We waat 10 chore ¥ aa wo eon the Bet "saca ty ca Faby “Snvat ny) MET a ne a ‘td Jas tobe as large ax possible aia rete 214 Show tha ese asin ae i paesiespeennetart heed by thing = 24 and (relat aleuer) Hevea) # Hse (wrath, and Both ly we mu show hat te sings consing et om node cet _fetonzr it thom apecedinpestD (Eh shone) Fat wero Moray, ater he sue coins wth pect the ote eo Sic either ey) oe ow wzcnn ie thor smile comet ara not ot ‘ig Fr wens that thd (hsb ony topless Ne, tes capt ideo pot =D comtraiing i Sart theecantest mos ont mde, nde ith splines ee oe x one the hee perpen it ester: Eo sO taVJ3 em teeteK/i wee real Thema ni sic, ion oem, oo 21 Te Cfiaon Compe inl Lic Arbon 1A. Reso i Ate ot Dyke Dag a JP Hey mh = 410-4 tes > lea Property that + 8 on pray when eg) <0 be, when the enspntig soe aad by ine Seppose we now al poste ron oie a most manta, ‘eany pontine fot afleelm West termine exch ope ota hte +2 ao aot Lo st thes ing truth Po reall 0 ‘Wekoow py inden fo aot a combianin fhe spe ote spite mie sien sp =m and P= pape on By Fropetiy ha p= nye 80 ¢ airs roaches, co Fc the nitions ros we wl nd inthis way tooo by etn known pote et ah perl prendennfowse ‘oot ling te gern Toft rot we mat swt al he ee os in thi Evy Ths ilftow once om heat that ay yout veel alg Efe writen iat nt oe ay ora nm of pie ot el tad f inpooe y= Frans er oes ; 9 0 By pops 6 ~ at ok at Tym ofexample consid the ask 3r0psptemt athe we suc wa pai singe ost sy yh y= niet age f talay, wetnow tnt, ten ene weleeees ener armencn be aaleaated.y sowing hat ee Spe nod hve Kaginpgaednsip ey ma pt Tal fase he pote erm. a §21.3. Recovering a Lie Algebra from Its menrensat mm ety ta fovaenmnetass Incr vila ties ty hd diddy oe ped erected sauces Tener tetramer Oetbe ther hand ice PD =~ an ot rot 6 cant be Ss; 04 hie fy 900s an ie ps le Ine case ols weave tw snp rota aan gle fe ars of orthonormal ai Ly tod Ly he nay ae tb sa hy ret. om 2 Te Cason Comte Lie Atos 9.3. nao Lic Ages tom hi ais Dagan » ‘Wethene ati on fy, a 2 Pinay 1 terand te, royareaelbectne sy eyandey el ‘en eve ate iy wor rain "flyin thet, we have tw ingle roles ata age su) whiten ofan oboe sor yt ob Erol (su Jargit espe Fat hepa bhoes [eiitiy tists t+ Ji of i (tas poste rote ™ &) pit vib, en oa Ts (18a 6 pontine oot. ri etond'y Sey Morreale ta fh ae Ferenc iene more ron Fully Chae areal Pine ot gag te ot pte be dram (0). ‘We eee the et of Appi this procs tothe eciond ier FEL) of nog each ae ‘Lreaonthogodbanafr tthe nme rota etaken be sfaom, {athe compan ot tense Ee Boe fatty Eek Gly ly B= tle Hiset tla bana isda) For) sn) heel ite in oder aig kom eo ii Dyn ng a . iy Wa finite ty Bta shin + Ban} one o~axp—0 ithe cts eres) (D, For Eh he mbt i ge: Wa ULJuttat hall a A. TheCstonst Comin Sapte HE 13 saci Lie Ae yt agen en) nd) on ty ening ‘te ort) tahing eaten by he een or se {aloe hati simple Li ses, wih hones Co tule and decpoaiton Wf fe sot Rana pots a ge Uhekovwiiesi a) rll Lat i= Hebe inetorencg 6 dete ye ae we hve sen Lace eH TEE eb {someponng ithe Kg oo {Choose any nose eaeat Xn te tr sac kr <<) seemios mets g yuctba( 7) i, Weenie at ecko iy eeatey ar eben Teo sec 1.16 Vey the tore tito ut. 1) nese ce cleat th eorespoding deme weight rhe 27% Show tt 0 40 of he 0 ssf Ee ‘toned dete tnt eye Sapo on (Cin 219.1, fan Bare rots th to} ~ nny A ore stdin etn forthe tt the oberation thay ole postin ot ie by terme fhe Wet eae Bem feted by recto athe snl rote Tae a tera ety She haan re ol pa at er feral met fe ott wy cmap he at Dy sian Thi nh he mom te oie y= ete {alt na=tnened te Con mts fhe Dy agi or ee Ulesar) Ths fr xample the Cara me a) cr Asin lok he 2 ‘ence erevnaton (Gissoton om heat fonda) = nt shat Th B's tncanbesergventinth¢ Sah) ode oa obese ot ach sine 0 fw av se tha can wit 8s of sin Eo =a, tt, ath iat sa sone ae 1240 Ie coo stchs prsemttion or eh fk FO Me oy Kod) ee 7 FM pa Bho MT en the cteton : pao Mt stem kp Bene) au oe a om ior Note taf single her emt ape E3310 the dog cement na pe mat how that the map ae for he bs ments ently cred Those mates popup emasaty on vay of ening one ‘crete Fey ila py temo an Ge re Prt tadte~ iL Ah Ie yma espa fen eae gee es ine nha, “Teas at tose tect tem ermine te Leake i a te enpcm eae an on i incr! tnd compra etd and hig witha Hie Bl aL RTT = U8 Oh 31 Dt ND ing ta (5) = ne + +O KD) ant fe a 08 68, yep) 0 Cm Sage ites JE. Recoveg Lic tao ya gm Cea RED ge Kido Yea Epson E ip MDT (i Work om te mutton ale ow the Dyin gram Ver ‘Oa there ined’ Linea which neo onde es og at ck fre eo om eng ta te eae ‘aesonl Dyin ioe sey the same yeerpton thon Mrs ot ding ity and pepe irusande vilsoen ae ‘lib ater meth saale ‘The fa that he mtipeatin ie canbe deed wih ations cot ts becomes impore shen on tatoo: tc ade pe tr whch we wl cc dca bers Th atta they tangles Lis agen ong “Theresa more perl lege wy oped sven by Sere Se) ‘Woe ne of, For the ites Se pnetos emma 121 1/ ant) ae ase ens ow ay= thn threo note rato mone dtm) andthe Drip, Pro. Lat k= beth a ety, — ka we he et to ‘Shvetow on eves be poral ene to tha by mse sence oy We hve at yan sith, nom an ute dpi ny oe Di seat contest p sy moon web ent ‘Ring nd th Dyin Sagem formation. Nex tet» be be be Ieee ch tht = Phen Di N= pM Oe BD er sey 20] = Dt 2 whe Fey ‘ef hie et lia wih hs ass a tos (4B) » (8 Ae moon EK, x=, 0% andthe Jacob ration The ke this ee Ls il ha = 0U4 C= ANI Uy =m a toatl gj Talk Kall Re hg os gs mts penn he Gan OWM=0 tyne SULIT, ccenen tetas INT 2p 8G Noo Bige KD eh uns he sequen rhe ero he igh nd ia hed COE AN UE =0 tay = LAT OEE HINO Hm be 2.24, Verily tat one sar witht engi alpen wth ropion 2.2 Th race of aye Bement 1.20 ara rn Dyan dorm, he bone genous mab ti of amt Bex eae, a mali toned fiom he eon See shows (8, Chap. VI Apc [Half ht he eng Lie ska fate-enesoal emp Lengel Caan alge ich yy Hand penton yen apart heey ite thd aprons Sapa then Carn Proofer brat vith any asi leet ena distracts othe form {Yt and ne ivan oly 1 Sia For ach (tie induct to compte 2) {incl mull! we Ry wth Ke vborer than Jor Mf {em bth wat worked unt pot ema ‘vere 2123, () Show that in, each postin rot can wit plete rot yer ad ‘one way astm of Sine tao wp tothe rer af he et we Pa 24, Te Cet e Compe Spee Ane am 2125 Thee. oon fom 3 6 extending thee LECTURE 2 ‘more Ww nd maping fo forall. $2 and Other Exceptional Lie Algebras aot Te gue te soning ma Siete ity arcu tse Herneetstt de komo cont te eon $9 F rome st ay es peoy te ‘are isomorphisms The ketal ae Tou reset as alg Seep romp se ec ince mers aba es Fak BLY a up wen scr it bbe mp ity tate pn at Tene oper seth SRS LUT onde hse eo ye Tian efhet intel ty pou Now ge SEU GML Spee allah Sead owe 100 tang Tall i ew dnt gn a ‘Th nyt ith it enh dain ft aeons ‘Seoracunanapio caine opie eet recaps lingo tstmemont bast neta erly cy on pes oroudcuheting saree docipcneilpre eg {estandallpamec pout we hn aad yn ae ‘ives titre fast we ape remo ty ee Ft mn on or eS eer eo pn tea nthe con ef eepent es Whie he fos ese ‘Sotelo he emt per i ne eo lye Tosh hi fry, we sou show Ua the simple Li ages coe spomiag oto den Dyin Saprms aot be sonore tt [Rowotetoce adem goog fom» ianple Le eb to Dye (Sagan do change the ane Te gael et Fe (dey an sent ft Wel ou “The te seca act wih proved in Append D, Bah ttm {icon in thei at nyo Bove bp emi “psa ne connate ovr ig te space pane! ‘hia blend the oo pce to postive For Uo ree ‘iho rte gio compen but do ot van ogo tow 3 al enw hey eve ton pose coined jc sap consderesoe a computing sinenom ta ther ca ‘to by sea oe methods of ae 17 7 yn ete hohe ee til po oerigence But nba en td he Li slp thecal as (A.) gh adermoe a eping with he i lec to aren tytn he ive nnn ep. Tse ‘Sheet tore LE Conan og om te Die dare LL Varig tn yi EL: hepatic 24 Apes rmncton herpn eats (22.1. Construction of g; from Its Dynkin Diagram ret we wily ot npc te pres dese nthe pedi fon forte Dyan agri (6p consti he i ees ith aga (6) ann paren proving texte ‘hee step ond the toe eter the Deh igo he ooo his meat weray Saw th rot eom Re aed Ps 21, Te Cen Comp Si le Ate him 2.25. ere aie apn fom 9 0 exting te = ‘moi ah ond maging Keto for al Lecture 22 $2 and Other Exceptional Lie Algebras acon, The engtees of he hemor tery: he esulig map Aerie on th yo covalent ey Xana Tene ort entenc of te meri conse he tier og ene hei em 0 and 8 aon rove tat rete om to gang ae omorpsn Thee Gliese pote) whee ism ep ice ail! ‘thera os ort = inte tera ve mus hve f= 0 “To's thn ion, coer 8 marinas rox yn ye Xp highest weight vce in § Let W be the subypae ff tind ty steely apiing ae Wi per supe tS ‘Sox's weight spacey corerpndina Yo one meno Bye rumen ne ne ne erin §peseree We Now f= 1.0 ‘Soma be a ln gy aod te wou Tovey @0 1 bon oH Taking wo dimensnal oa 0 ‘ish min ot te din eae on Shera room iegetnage some copy {rion ao nlx femtcchjnisowhewsneerdaspcslacheeat og Tetanat armen wenger sniygnuesrae irbat we mu epee Sas wns sg ae ot Siri Sera rg anya ec tran othe fre ection Lie lbs Whe he tw mon ae Spey dma ne comten ee ate ps sponng oto det Dyin grams aot be somorpi th {ve ins me ge fom a ontinpe Lie alr o Dp. am dopo cane bese The abe ae Ary to Carta ale of ein i lect re ong Oars ane atom denen nt coven it up wich ker ne te Oe « haytwodetpostenectarot stom ts poste and meyers ance he Won on ih ae proved in Appendix Dah ay mo Borers sien tals ne these pte er od th rote fr pie = For he race i ave len compos Bt S24 nt ogo rh 0 [Powel ery. oreo mon pbl cucences cab el [fuc amgl coomderatons a comping inensom, an thers an ‘eed on bse ad oe meted see 2.17 mma rove tee er hat hei 2 onacon oom te ytin daca is Very ty bate i Repay oye PE Aight he xpi eat (22.1, Construction of g, from Its Dynkin Diagram nts etn we wiry ot erly te proce dei inde ping [ton rhe Dyna dgr (6 consaing hr vy Lien ih cig (6) an poten proving ester ‘heist tp nd the one rte Dehn iret he so 2, gyand er Eup LieAean (oe digress SSedtncysem ee uso ea nc pata it ‘oop sonia eset aeea ‘en wpe y at nha ae “*; ta inte peeing eco, we tye XR any dom sector forthe acon with opal sand ay eared {ona ntheieavalersy Westy kad, beeen Heel an ct Me Ok 4) aed y= Dh Wecanchoo and so thatthe aia) =o = (NIP, and hy tad 2% twa hat Unkle 2% amt (Uy = 2% lead XnandYapananialeene, 46 hy Xand Ya nomad ier ins copy oa “read ‘mg ho he root tom by be path fe rot forech dl exchanges MeO MU) MeeOhtdh X= 05% tee fom sss forthe mensional yt adi si "he sk shan now ite da the maton tae gin ert ofthe bi Of cure rome prob eed Enon baw example ha tnd forms rami cer Se f=. hd we bave the los ding Yyr yt Yen Ta tv In ln, ee we ow that he pout [1 brn et pages eco iad eect =O rors a Oi 5) = 0 0) = a 2d = a Kl = X= Oh) FOR = De = ed = 1% 11 =O, X= 1% 5) =O Y= Es $0 ID= DD B= Di BO we 2 yan ter Epa Le en Se wet tt =O + metas (a 1 = 0 1 = Fd = Bo Ed = 5) = ET ODE = Bhs Tee tl ‘Tempting al th ok he ‘Theses thing do ibe the nto a Han 08 he vot vee and IT ah be doe unin thane rode om bu it eth sie fo go bac othe sf etisalat Sata sy For exam we mat odes te act off Be ib cme He ag = bt) de E son te action of rR SL, Coan om Dyeing, ws tno he sagt restate aa ‘pee Xy Yah eedtmenpeete atest ar ingese cen Sy pond yf Faran Ty sasion of Hy wth igenals of 3, 1s and 3 respectively wed kena 1 Yo Tat Y, ae iets ih epee hh ean te sir fin, me eomer the Scomponon a's weer iM Sa Clint) Speman tobe i Ky ae een for the ons pane by Xa Yom int la ur coi othe esa ude peo sped by abd ya X,Y and tnd Ya fe flow th Ha Hand a ene the Sl of wh eae ‘eld ths imation, cent ot to a he ahi batt — Decompona, acorn the acon of, ty ines ifomation Yam te oe anys el Farezampiewe sw home 2p ht Xs obo spt 4 2 qytnd te Expl i ate 21, Contation oa, om Dyin gre repro yi the acon ft af) aig X10 an Ei Rather tw oda tht oie a ace eat j ucts evataitetncter( 3 Weekenehsyonsg, SU) at a ree 4) = 240%. X40) = trader) = 0% ~ a HDD = 0 nH) = Xe Sits is ct Xt, hoe with et the ad wi cry yk 0 Xy iene tat 0) ‘tiesto Ye seta Nh) = Pca ce a Yom Se iat i the sameway we he ain of 1 tein the ae ot sd nodal om vious bcos our ee ee peenion is oy he rere epost te gy ore er bln teint conaer he epson of yo he bps ‘onan by yy avons Ny We kom thal aan yo Ty rr fs wa tizveior tact he tmnt (Yt th iene 31a amt ty Kyo 9! we he er ar) te) 980805) aden) —a4eX 0%) evict, Xa wee MU) = EG nx) ada ~ at oR eR) e185) =X 407905) ~ 2%) 901K) = st) 7049), 0) = 0 st )%)= 9 ‘igh wc et eit sn of Y,09 es ser Ra)~ a8 )981% 08) = an atxne) 8h 0) = a0) +5 = 4 swe cet ene that 1%) = 3. Aigo, knowing a iter 0B 0 Yt eee ration tht a) a ‘Ste fan fo Ye yan 3 cep, leading i ‘lomo theca tw our ov ur ation tbe we 1s ths way, we can vate all rackets with 1 king the, = ers ay bracket wih Xt on inane % td Me 9 an Heyy, and wo on Contin ae way, we may Compe o ies tae Of cour, eoret ne eth the ai Weve chose ifm be ox eye one poi respi ae ied Xs and, FR ai re JES Ween do the by loki te ston a he np Pa 2. gtd er Excel Li Ae 22. Vee Tht ge Le tn 80 = Clty a Ha We Ma TLR src he mtn eh nd bin same order : AsO = CH — Banta Fa Baa ia BiB Baa ag hee wa aot po enon for hve aager ow echo the racket (1) be the igus semen of Yetrepondng he oa Senet cane! yy then wee rm etal tat eel aie 29 JEP over este nae fo pak omy Lee $l, Ha Hy + eesti mtb menting theives wich arte wight gran the sand ees U2, Un Ad= 2%, 29 HMR noc an ea ich we denne herby aed eee root pce By st ne he ors §22.2. Verifying That g, Isa Lie Algebra ‘Thecalain of he precting seon ea compte deiption oat. «he Le lg gy moa ok Tet te ail some oe to See “i web ht hee i lg that (0) J ao ‘Tarte shoe malian tbe defer nl lex sp SI iy ot aco oem ree 1 ‘ali Onecout ing check hom heer a eet semen ome bsg te mite th "There ano a, ch pr mo sss othe rcding ‘inn ted hick wil ges dus for Poul cto of se Us lpn The ot agra for (;) mae poo ag ot loeeavons,thther with sort Tis agent we shu nd scopy {te competing Le geben gine gy‘ spc pans 9 {nthe oot pce neon thes loge owe enya ert 20th soon ett Tons ase aad heya Se yo trae a [ins ok eal sos tate vel XY Yom Jer = € that comespond tothe sanded Weer a oy a 2 uandovie Enis pts B22 Vein Tht gin eA sity YX abd frm x bas for W* = (a oon © Weel Tet WERE MH fea wens ith the inomerpions te rahe 03 2) = 18) ‘ete Bathe King fxm m= #6 In oie words fw we Meg. Z)= 92) bral Ze y= Hs, (te thebeake [pene be writen i ter oranda the and operations C09 © and (C% Tete look sect fem Nott [9 contd Inlay weigh by aking whe le. The aie [ool Itvew, Iisnowa elit te 1 eh Jeol en sn, ‘han vince tn trerrom satis occ on stare element he tee peso aod Wt ave ‘sen despions ore Macks West weg secs a fee Sree Foc ea moa Mae Sesame ott hag = ays an Wo ae ao By etiying W ~ C%, 17 = (Casbah the WW Si for weve (W*, We] W, andthe rhe identified it them Zenwa@awtenieon, hich we baow for he tie a Le aleve on a extern pode {Sad Yoon leat inn ed tno n= "he Jacob en or Ze pose Wened ye W* amount 0 u ong 29h WWW ARWY, xyrrents Arming 87.) to Both sk, ad ing te iestty (2.3 IU 23 Fh ome 00211 = R042 9H Sin o% 210 oa) ~ 8-9 hin dct tk al) ~o2-m, Bm hg ata irae "Foruiperie in Whe coi edad tee a terms ofthe sd be, (ef 3B ~ Eins, A aNeoW $0 WN 60 429) =0 rag be oat to Cone we sauce aun P HADAEM HHA AWE AbAW on be dated bythe formal Zn naW=O a W ae (slo = 390i ore ag vec 25% Stow that 9] he eet of aC career by Htweol= tien male tenn) nem tigi o6 x0 22.quand Ove Exon Ae IR EDL Rapti Aol oink) = Coole) +Loelioh 28) En 9) + [ooo = (tm ~ ee + (tobe ooh nih proves hire Tht ft ie wath oly ewe we ned Sethe deine (20) in pes fhe ane 27) “he ieee nora lal in ad in mens and ¥ —HWieg— oe = Le 9h Lave Avia oth sides to anelenet win Whi bcos #190 ~ EO = (C4 HH) = HEH wD we apy #1 the pei case 2 we ave (oo ~ eb 40 = —Um 01-94 We 8} ‘ed the te ths ig he ayy of the Kling 18-o((0 61 = BES YG 9D) = BOs gE ¥)~ IME 08 “Ti competet he oth haga ith mliption able 25) le Lie algetn, With the dt eed eo wong a ot tiation ab nly st Wh @ Wad ie prods [Asin he ca of thecal Lise terion of eo ‘Wel canter ¥ wi he weight ate hs seiaey om the lament ght : ye Deyay aed yd hich ia wor-oegatve lina combination of hse wo. As Ws, We oatr ened repesetation nih ihe ght yt oy, Tec uscoser et te epresenain Fh ast et oT Inigo around bythe acon ote Wel poup, wes tte Sagan oT, aks he §223. Representations of gs Wewoud aw he owethe stand procedure tied in Lec ave tor thecal Lisle Lctarr 5-2) ty song Stoutte repressing One tempest tht wkng oy ‘it peta tant Sern of hire wl a Uelgbeof edomorpint seen dines veto yep tener ites fe "Theft tps adhe weigh nef qT ithe aise Ac ua the ace «beneath ngs sent By (222) Ty ported ty Had Since the vale ofthe pena Saosin at ny ea) ath exi)= 4 aty=2 ‘fetish hw it geese by heen af ‘npr cps hy sot i hy pi er Expos Le bos HE 2. Reentinsty, we ‘en tm cot copy ¥ tol he wil opwenttin Satori Seti Fe ht hee it'd hs nwo tage fr by dos eneation and coed wi he Semon ogi 30.8 8 Aion appoch ‘eta sey mucha we hve teen day the al xe, So deat Vena sat wih ge wept wc for Ye, am) soeodinmeyalbeelenpee Y= Fe eaeinn lth ere seThe image oer the ot er he es moze ae ‘te elespce Yl dele ny he Flos om the et ta te ‘het an Myo Ya tact to vais yay ‘estan penton of, 6) Smarty theme ne ‘Sa penrtrn hein, wihevar stems bet Now th pretation Sym¥ has bt te piie pode ot bene bythe ae te hghet weight ee unde red patios of the rears, abe etn ape oe ra ‘Semple te eigenen Synth enc ee ee see andy he at of thn ogni egeo e wo vsors HY Ta 2) Wecaeaie WMH = HN Oona) Ee) Mes intend hal Fae ewe wh iipay 2 shat particu Sym*V does wot consi a copy of a ‘yettion vhost maine bs a tts ao; mips ough ox seco a he modo and onthe gerry sande cthe coon essen ahve Nosh = Hed =H we Kosh aml = Hh ‘ner an sien ihsigeva ep.) (he spas Costin {nie deteton fm ar then ees oye ‘ec 210) Dagan he sco uy berate te HU = Key) Fnmend = TI MN= Ken) hen) TEM nd = Hee, +B) THe, +600) yoy THe) = TK) HO arc 29.) Very thatthe vert tt ee bo iedocdpenertr of he ospondiag ees (i la ens RY Need = HM Me8 8 Ben = dm) fe rm hs that he iene oT hee denon we hos "ec 2.8 so htt enh egy te MY ha ‘yan it ter ae eons up ag oe ose rotwtecs veces atin a Dnt Hu Dre ov BC a 2 qyand ve Expo Listes HEE ps, Rremmaton fps 7 In pair, we dtc th thet of he anlar eres VEC pares gta ota cps) y=0))= aC trata conned ithe en inn the tioning etn, whee we wi ge steve ee {te eacel Le ere td Incopncour spas or Li oun, inh wher we deere compe ec 22.1. nape opel he sym per Sym ofthe wa (ic epeettion Vo Falconer te xs? ofthe standard representation Te Th, ty ht weve se, ca oni beth dest ono he snr ‘weet with ie i peta nt en he cade tr PV a8 VOC No inpatient, a cory, he atm of othe stand tereaion provera skews liar fra ov I ok ‘et wite own thi form tr as conon oie fv eens ‘niin tty nt Huy A tty hays sytney ay ee pete aod enoagha dems hen And ter we enow one oy oh representation Fh ihe we 2h the mam ot the igh hoya ye ica Te fc that he ation a gs 08 ¥ prexeesthe hewapeneri oie fo takes ox adton! asc nen emake 9 Sncaons uct The pce Vall hea oe fa incon oe sires ge eodomorhams oY bas meson ice lth dmcaon ofthe yon ween ho Joely ht the fat op ear aig alto eine Ne densa once Ati om [san open dese abs of soon fom leat under A), and ene Poyoin 212. The aha eet helt of depts tyrone cere ¥ ree sare seen ae fone - 2. ayand Oe Exo Li Aiton P04, Ae Comet fh Fel Age » ye 2219. vey ht heap aove lsu by Breakin aibeaconofgirvon oe meee mes ine ener paar. veri ht he above ale dene repetition ‘tan by ching the trom cna the wenty Ce yee Ne Ul jilr ning, and yn. Noto ecu os become ‘pemeticttme on€To om a arn ere ae Fe ey sch my pote sion GLC. Vey tha he fr ave ene °C ie tee ol ely any ate eating ‘naw tauph hay compen orn 29 ple ene Sooner iran yg a home) on Sa nuad ste ngaetdndacy ‘Tin desritin of Vee be wed to very he eskeations mae aie, seiste or syance in er pve: Frame Sar Sm'W9Syn'W* @Sm'CaWaCONrecewewe SMW ESM BCOWOWOK,COC, Tow ie wrighs round te iin the dale representation ‘ince Sym, SW aed aye: Chocig tha Wns pe Sse nonin to W sh tha tm tn nde Wad {it allo ete he pat ied by ch ts on lib wo compooets tic ar iil for ys hes hat ee neon one este the dcop Note tat the loa revel bythe action ve xpi sieteaon eave exert ewig gram: hii jit the map 9-2 bien by contacting roe watnos ompore with he morph "22187 ad hat of edo os ie tat ci be ete the satpro a Un the ‘ase at we fund Ine easton can make some of hrm a= mawow -acowour ‘As toroenain of 6 the eve dimension rpeetaon V mat {te um af a thet repent Cr we ake i Sym P= oC. ure 2.16 Ue thie method to decompo ad Sym, $224. Algebraic Constructions of the Exceptional Lie Algebras wemes, isnot ardto woot ot how testo, es Thinline allo tah nth ston we wi sec few ofthe tat approach cose: Soothe ve xcept Lt igebas Te conse ttl seo mh wt ahongh the exept Li pou a hl Lite thes temihabe may shvig pany may aes of wate ts ad physi tn dont have ach ens theca " © isnt thy mere nat ceed ml ie eto ene .2w 5 “otepin nih the meted we vedo const the soa ection Bor te ae lis etre bepress te Listen. Ti ste fee oe a con Frater whch ned ean lo cnet eats forthe gr) Frome poses yd snd Then el pose at sh) ee oer apes: ‘ibiccosruon Scien ruber cea suc, probably ‘With hie, we haven = ia Cand ve 2 quand te Eni i Athan EE, Agei Cotton of he Ent Li Ape , ead dso one Thecontracion gaara WO W° ta we ound nthe we Simple Li ager, aa Wt 3 epeenttion fet We the ‘pean tot sel aproceait tage $e Pop 229 (Feet Gi ¢ epeetonW of emg Sie dr arms Fd Ting ep ST ‘70 shh 2 Tan Maes eae pata s=nowawe Lega. th wih spaces of Wael ee dso ad 9 ‘hs f Wan thro ef ae a Stn an ae #1 he Saipan Caren ent s=nowowr ss APW We and 9: Ate awe te 2230) Show thatthe eas map T deeming «ap ‘ pemnnton fg. We ame thee ae gv by ier nage 1: fe NW W*ofrepcettons dons tite teeny WAM TH) and eA #)= Pb ‘Werseume thee map ae ete by the entity: len maom ie oto an THUR ETM ME THK =D eb sity fo 7 (Sho tha 2.1 eile teeny A Mle AV) cBned269)~Boreg rep ‘he Lc ale yor (ca const by hs eo. Ti ti ute obi ieaga ssa = €° eth anda represent thet =, RT; ines map he el re . focal we W ad 9 1, We an hod racket om 9 byte ‘iri esd ston To ensibe welt X, 2, dente nay Slenentsofe mn hmen of Wand oma of WT OL M= OLY) (heghenbecteingy, GD ELA Es | theneiontgyont (ih gle Hy» Uhecanel Son afgg 00") {in fun} mere m) forasaratote demise (W) (qpl=bie 9) dorarairbtote determined) (Wh ined=clere) Voranaiseetobedeermine) Boon. 2)= 92-9, fora 26 hae rhe King fom ony Te res) deter al Produc Cs Jomall a, and tect that se on foe fhnt(x. xX} ine} and Coe) 0 “he agen that we pve dg to sii the a tel worsin hi pnral ene witht ents cange parte Oe iopewithire denen aed onc in i eheces hat od al ‘con ny nnd te rca cm ps fh so ia for 1°V*. We eave he vesftions tthe ede: Exch 221) Veit 217, and check he coins onthe oo sath ahs WY and 104) Unt att UE = ct oto at 10) hs rity = ha il Sow tt cath inti el fad Bh he On: he ic cee ty doce aed mak he Dyekin apa f(y) ent the Dyna dapat) and Ea Intra asinple leben, ih Dyin Sagrm conor tum Def Dats’ by remo ae seb! rode, ete ha i ines ectngtse ’ The ne eansomet em gag ith Dass Dyin gram Inc he aa Hole —olidmeorore—lweeheh al the slg ins ne, vie i he wo ne imenonal aay Eserche 14350 He hve a 2 aye Exes Aton BF 424 Apia Coteveon the Eton! Li Agtan us uerce 2227 The eter of 5, ich peed by Let Te xthogenl sce to 1 with espe othe quate fx. Thee OW tedae in the proup SOU ongoalenemalon a (0) Daloes "espa" o8Yy helorule ew = 2 + Alu ‘Show hat oc beni wh he pup fog oom ‘ow of ¥ hat pee the rn pode (Show ar = Auto} aceasta he phere Sa (Ene Er = th andthe abou K that es = mapped nt the Sahai ithe map grap Coda om tha at Gs 1inensna (0 Show that De De} D0) = i amorphic t. (2 Vey tht the Lela he com ston ‘ine Lr age cp 10) nrc 2229. Defic tee hemor he el CH alg { S1= . 0 Endy) by eis eS ete bape Ee Read Taool by in) eon Risjorsn and Eismente) stow te deme to ae Spine = Gr" = 6, Fado) hwo pin erceniaionean te tad presen pce, (0 Yerba Tee) = La) tp foals jam we Oe ea ety oot a ofthe peg eee ‘ere 128, The etic ob conc rom the Ca ‘intifada! ver space ia nondegenerate gun fof, Wih ¥, "and Ss OD, wth ye Fay eS tm oym e ‘Sovensothelsrelthegudratelomratefon acl hn i sr {MS dene proc VP hws by Be oman sew ston end Note tat 1) £3. w-4 5°20 th rode (ef) (3) bck i (a) Shor tha wth th pote emery to the comper oni ‘when ih themapes li oentpondig we cnveto 8, seal mdf. 8 0. The prot ni 4 seye Hert, evenacgeaccrnpeamartnanee tac vind cep st Tete ha ela re een viet tcc eer essay a ipo a pc ptm ees is a ei ta tesa oui a ols e aa mao (Ch) [Fr and [Se] coe et a heals of 203 dene A= 0080, Seine a siomorpin ter Bf 492) es hand die predict” om enc "ctor tothe tid bythe forme» (Show ta is iomerpic to thal () Meting vy withthe pce he ear anor show hel foreath din yt ne uigue Band eager al Ae s)= Boye + x201) forall etosions any: Equal ioe dies ence Ce Vonlteetnios fe y.a}= Ties hoa) Tee st} + Bhat te C8)=0 forall Show ha bis aoe gree witht i in 10a, cadthe rapping fodiens ‘Sovder tie ented Eecoe SH WS) Leoloves 23,2425. Lecture 23 Complex Lie Groups; Characters tom i tgs (0 Lr gem ft we Gan tr poo Anon Teena mentees {er tou the ong wns Ten ne eee ince mes Ue ap. a too st ‘Eomrnit Memento ye cy enor a See ee eerie Se isertareceaeenate nina {RAE Regt cme sige owe BS Reecan. Eke breton $23.1. Representations of Complex Simple Lie Groups Inte 2 wailed tiple Liat ve: Thin i {sieges a arse ea LDS tee a lee dy cence hep Gael oa ome ‘complen Lie groups with Lie algebra g are quotients of G ty (BN, Repeat f Comp Sige Gone we Sere hrous fhe enter 20 In thiseon, we il fe dete {vpn scat othe sal Li spstan onde reed tote ishet erento oft dasa abe eve Sate rope 24 Fe alm 2th Lie gp SL ad Sp € orcas nding come Fern 21, 80,C coe wah 0,6) Fond (SOL = 22 fora Poo. The main to ted rm toploy the ln emctbametopy seperation the Li grap tm ov ed Mand isi nto group oe an Poe en C= a he ‘inG-=M boron fenton oh fet Thea eee, ‘Sten anon the sce bent, 5 M-em i -+n)-+2,M-+t1) a2) {ea pits hh ae nite ih notion ca be uh Le ety cen aa npc wets stom whch ows tu eee ree thera euencn Mand Hara spy cnmeeeeoeoe fre Ts lth eg rt homeo sens ce pea ceansace Somers inn ave S000 Nea Eten om Sh. wn he mana — CA), he wage ‘Ring th ser wis. cans of mats whe ss {ho af woe ipa ws ta pags 8h caeeslioen > Shaving pee 3* Ta rman ete and PASS Cara tomauen en, hdr Eun henna Weta one i om $0,Cis omer tothe min group C% wick a eck at deomaton ac = 90,6)" 2 The gap Oe SOE sana on = (ve C= Geo) = Ih mee @ ae spometi ‘efor pra ty (Tete ester re Ia ln 1 owing hal oaegeetc spec aes et Sit en noe Sar ne ‘inl tas feo nan othenrmal ome Thine te pce fig 80. From the loving va ost Be serch ash ddoraton eae Da ea 480, (50,0) ‘ba omg for n> 450 sis ook t $040 Thi eld be ty ekg the mains ce ee a ene {at bOve ara twoshed cong by SESE vs aly conned Sects aro 80,6)~ Zoot ‘mania Si (Ce Sie Mi gly Come Sl Grog 5 Mune xO O00 = th wee Qi te hen fom peste by and he top opi SP 6 ‘Ene pyc Stye te Eek Byte orn eee Sat Idec i Coby wnonepenetenrate frey MfasS*" mt ‘tomaton en seconde gin by indo. 3 sincere Li alga we hve he lowing spins ones Sines SLAC and $0.0 2 PS1,¢ Spin CaSLC «SLC and POOLE = PLAC x SLC; PAC and SOXC 2 Pp aecbe 25%. Show hat (ej. 50)¢C2 Sat the tangent ono the f= apr et i bemeameri Synge 3SLC ant POLES PLAC Not that inte fen cen =4 wr thei an inde eyo ter Sls od P31 ee gens meee ‘one SC in gem hwee inten peo air of tete 1, rprnaon es amply Le pace sy Sep treet hese ny eed ean) Ts = lunes er Using the exact sequence (1) GLe-1€°+ (1) we dae trom be propos 232 a seca 248, Show that forall above groupe G the second Dome weap (0)aet 4 ‘We ges « momet Bee lo metionementet ach the aon yonps hasan inootedcompet grup SU} = SL, Spe) SP. fh SOQ = 0 Inn ench fhe bros cote se inclu nds bomorhams hee fda soap 4 esx) = ester ‘temine snl hanomeepin pe--ouny, Fx ter a ih re te ge Cy 6 ia on Cis ttre enowgh owe ih othe eee th dina Lr aera ecb in Pate lon whch se pence zd . This ot ote ery sighed To ep with we oe that {Cae stibra hp snder the Siponetal tap. ee ogo koow when epi) = for Ye an se the epee, Pet aate parca single mh pent oo icy What ne dove todos to dete oii the eapoeei cha we can ay which denen espe oe Hb Fu de pon tutse pre senavagrore aes eee Peso weato dace te Cain rap H ofeach lie cosas faire lg Fore = S10 Nich tenants ace nel) Ft wheea ia ii Tate ti eae he {shoroupron spree meni: Aten tere that ech the compact syrup inosine the rosy a @ pag een nem on Co ae Grn Shah pie et ‘om the hong i Now.by ropeson 2 thesingly conmectedconpes ie roupcr! sponting othe Leslpebas = a. and are B= S16, SHAE; amd Spine: ‘Wet baow th eter 21) of each of hte rope. From Lacie The know the ler nonce grup ith hte Liga +The comple Lie grou i elena SUC and gun LGC by sbgroop ofthe frm fo" fr mdf ra ies pome the ony sch poop re Se and PSLGE) + The ples Litres th eles sp Spa ah PS cmp i ou with ae ss oe Sin al + The comple Lie group with i age a ae Sita 9.0 P50, nsdn ieven three ter rpc oa ‘by Sin an covering doy PSO, [cE 3), Nae, FSutyin Spa 050.6, = BOCs Mana ™ 23, Cones i Grp Chan ‘BL Reena f Cope Sige Gog ‘ometa maping ho oat heal exposition of igre ‘ia tat Celtis 203 wed that for ey nose cmt tober sand any )-¢mandwihin= in orm antecenen 4 bm oreresnation of = G10 ¥ 0 BX 2 where ea) ec 28Gy where ose hight weigh rn Sucecapycpain 6, Sapespit) «= stor ehasch ih enpie€ Newby toh mapiandine n= itt ehenehaect) SH ecm a Ln rt Fe ea i Sel ane ft a ‘tet hea ch ye wo fateh ote hha reap ny ‘tas lows ome commen teint i voce Nee a ‘ah fa th be td oe the sce sane Yeoh we Si te cn wen myn iy +4 Ld the ea ot ae ot ates we eh leu repetntaion wight weight da ts ele Not os Sout chief Weichert wes = ya ane m= aw ey td =m Tren oe) lage 3% 82) I whe 2+ five gi same dagen bt is Yat hee Telit B= Ean til baton 98.0 ema 29 For ony comple ber 8 a FF ee AeA 2220 forehanensna the aceite Wines Behe zh S20 free ror Sint map xp 9» Spain ermine by he at ha tt 50,0. thins om he preclng formae 0 vere 24108 Show hat ep) = 1 and oly ach iin 2 nda ete2 We te ako that can) coin the cee of Sn le (arty thand tm ween th oer etal ene ithe iy enleated Exec 9036 Chi Spi beomeced) 4 repo 28 Forsch abou Co the sem of he erenton Onn), Titre vcrematon of JC pty deh fl 899 Ss Chamlrm nog 1 batch Syne 1 8a rans C ft tee tgon BSc C= (taal hae Fey Ob Spec€ sams C2 lh a) Satter idee fC ia 8 Nenad ee frure 2841 Vt for all the clas groups 6 ha: () Hf = ex hat conti he ter of te ay of nde rralse-se( ose oxy crest coal ih conned the Caran sro Ly S Omen he te for Popa he feen Ce ee 5 is Lace 1 abet eprentton s 50 Reps F1°50,€crresead one patton th Se Nowe = 0)C be asemsinpe ie roup with inlets gad subalcea bChoose ot oreting be et sot Te he esi be rig lena 2d thei dessin of ve ting je caleaione aerate Tao (hor emp & psc eit ‘Cet thetorm er with recut fran) Sicety ierpacn = iit Sa ie oe a opsne pesca, sane ito te pou tyes bt Spreatne fS0/Cen Ce nsyenpue Sy) Fer te ERS Teter ede neo yuh wee wih ase ae ee ctios Ate mpemnone tn OSH wee ie a remains" VE we Wisteria of S04C Exe 2814, She th cach tee einige compl ie roe Ga “Theres the proposition a be put na more formal sting hit tena ota etre thos eds he ely nt he ee thet comes frm oa emp ete utes ro A ‘ewe ate mogul the ot ate Went hat hi et Bow fea ate We ve oe ent 24, The pty Ae feof rer eul the determin roo The singlet bso rotae hy The cone T= Zithe7e Rh i nh rove in Apc DA, le Ay i id wot ‘Mtoe elment of thet ake er aes o ye deen ett) = dt) intel he Aed i ie et apart othe exceptional poms Ayia or, (Gala ce of det or Eamon ee elntgibe at te ipl omel ow y= [teteatteZ oraine Note tht Ay died be the at of seme hat tae Pats on flow rma tom theca tent ad Bele Mele OIE, Uc abret ‘The chim is tat there atari om F/T 1 then et rh Wein tha when = isthe siney comet prov, Kees) = Ty ‘ls )tbecener 0 onus owe eee srphe q alas 200, Moreen fo ay 6 ~ 0} ne ati FG) been Fan FO)= Kerlesh Tene semi nemorpi FeO =A ‘Wemay hu ato et at. Tem 2 Thee a mesons cantpndee bean cme i ins withthe letra gan ints A hha ban of he rpoenta opp sceptics sxresponds tothe sinp-comeced yop, theme ot aon pony ih cnet of ths recite eda repens, oa with igh weg 404° wit ta remem he geo voponking ACW Peale Le " Notes m 2. Compl i Coups Chen xerce 27%, Show tat the caw formal rom whl weve situates mera ee Sronghesontsroroaion gehow stp nee ‘Save tat, dewninssawonopt Fove = (0) Iago S} oma § ro « tee ' fr 3 rc 218 Find he nlf of the sp and ain ere tee pn,» GLis)and pine = GL). nace 219, Clay eid reeenatonfthefl enbogn Hop 0.6 Note tat y or aii ofthe Lie ager there age oun G wiht Cie ler ich since the sip conned ma ‘hoi xm the repetitions fh pou ne exc hse fhe Feng: Te ame se forthe Linea ef pe Fan) h(E) hd nc ewe ashore ony sai ne with fondant troup 2/2 nd 2/3 and py-cane orm ih seme 22 8h 23 Tame may te wot pointing eat tat cack compe single Li proup Ce ‘epreetaon "GLP se dent by papeows shoe ‘orate Thi api wy the wl et cab erp rom be ‘ant oi fate prpy ti Bert) a [He "The Wor group wc meee na egw of An on bt sepa oe of ny Conmeced Ls pop we sla a tetheCartan tbo crepondig oh ant NH) he erat MUMN= te Gea" = Ut» Amt Asi)» Ahh ‘heft eine by cenogton, the seco by erento the ety, ‘tthe hd sig the ent of and a the ang orm Pa {ite beshrpeel othe cin hat hs ap determine st pie ny 0 am When Gite int oem fhe lee. this isomorpisn prod Jn Appendix D Toe pene xe fw, ane 4 Sow that i: +6 in come covering with Cas "Un then the indeed ap MVR» NH 2 ‘eatin tha nse econ Wetee $23.2, Representation Rings and Characters ess with te rovp, me aa oe te epson ing Rf sn Lisp or igre kth alan pepo omer ‘Sous[ Jette dnesonalepeenttene Fran ty helen UI=0°3 + (0 whenever VY @Y byte compite ey ‘recta ions as telrethn Rate scion upon tec (at tretocbl pret Api the nor pet ot eps aos ates Rit ing [VJ GH} = @ 1 Many of our ton show conpoigsepretatos and fc oes teeta ‘Spee nce by deetng Riot aly, We oh te tes fo mie ii =e beh eh tg a 2(A} tener aroup igo esas pov We wit or ‘ss ret ef (A coepoming othe ph or a tat the jt foxal symbol, hing notbig ede apenas oe (4). Elmenso2(A} secret efor Fn the ash hip roentgen SoA Dine carat honey om (har i= ZEA} ea by hom Char 7} =F ie whe he wih snr te wht and en) wot. Th ay nent ioaamorpn Tet osetion ow hich maps tits. Thieme dom othe tnt» re ye mais wi srs sich somcig we sewn Lec rst eng Racin = ef yee ph Tico en vem= @ nem, gat cy die ina io tht oan edhe ee ort) snnon he wih spaces cane hy eet wll fhe Wey chamber alla thesane etm be ae fundamental weighs at we hve en het forte fee At Tye fe the css Rg tthe ee ‘epeeseatatins hig! lg see ‘Ween 2424) The epretentaton a R) pmol igo (0) The harp Ri) 2A] on tori. In paicular, hi that Z1A} i polo ing 0 he aie ‘chars Court) In the he uit th teen, Since ake artes UU amd ap te geo igo Be te RGgty ening coy we have 2) Ri) 210 te comps as amor he son sing ining, bth mat ‘one, wich iw he aor Init per al eth hrm ows ae Fotany P< Z(A} lesa hati it wight or Pt cone stl in Pinot, with chs rig at wet wore {iets uch weight Wet sere tht ivr Ye ‘te hight wih for Pisin whee or Ghose le) Wo ‘hamter In Beal weit 97h ae fn a 1 done eae ‘ow pose /) ay caleston of amet in 2(A) on fr eh ost wight rch tha ha hight weight fad th con SG) Wed ht the frm am nie bas FLA} 2 Tat Prlpaminsinany ager tet gen Pith highest eco ‘Seta thn Pd ivan when het remeron ont ‘outed ni we aches ves, he coma eth Chari hc as he wight yd sappese theses ea) | Sey weigh Le W vA an be eniguehy peed fem Sm for soe son sepateneger mahe he meh eT]irp>%3 mn tow atte mone ffm Pe em nastier 2747" Tass peat a ZU, 8) IAT hdconpee the poo o Leak thou cone foreach ee suds chats Acoma weigh eta ell Istcieweato have yh tg 8 Wet Cs ta site (232 Reena Chen m wei et-t)eZIA} 29) ee ee ee es) abn of el 5.0. Fors fontehal pare Ly ty by yt ncn 44 by Induce representation #1, MY, ith Vee esanaté reprtntion Teac of MY ic) eso att arene ila sft 21 Sm +b Sacanae = fre ibe then syria. tn The Wes {beep she symmetric ro Sat by permaation oe ni, 0 fhetece in then ids) = 20M Note tht 204) = 21 inet con (Foray eaten fname igh have the ee ocr ar the precing cst The conan eed pe inne the ent oft contactan mae FeV =, eh oe Y= the sna teprentation k= The mac ot ash therom er ston se sune ckiicet Srytrt sen The ‘ht Car) ht seni met pn te They 29 ws 50 ZEA) ba a he tplef am sea Oa 2 Men MGC cE hep ee wh 1) iron 5 Tr ca AY hi cy set reno Teme eget ge a TeccwrtSctchne deb Acme chs sedi i=l ah SoBisibenheonenarysymneicplyomislintbe vara + x eam Ho O~ZINI= LBBB 29) ADEE taa Aan 210 hee oh re a co 8nd The carer of, tl Dy the horace DY ef S* ithe sm i842, wht the ume fhe Reo O\~ ZEA DyoneDe aD DD 33) arch 231 rove he owing reton oR.) Pee meh, cvreponting oth eomorhien Sesarrenenver. Ths decbes Rn) ab gadricenteson of hig 218 BD (Le De (epee Othe chara o he essa ch, igh wei of ep hha rei ee Wecan este scribe the eresnation ing for, Hee ay ae sg Etc rt sgh noe ep yy pied we and coepoaingy wit ZUA] a Zsy8. 4,95 whee =A 8 ‘ite te moresymetic to mute Ly = L, Tye porn Sonsp aah wile a UN) =2s atte Dh Fe ne Riu) Spin f> (32, G89, nd2330 tn eel RC aig wh wen en eu, permvting te variate andthe mle ending echo? Aa Aaya) Ha bat hy bai 45 ‘Siar he ait repetition ha weigh Ey, ly~ Egham (ttn tie turer = Atta) 4+ Alte No = 210" = 24. aan ee 28.11 Vey ay testator cent E95 (sjyey~ Dunant ade he proup0 aos afk pnt Sell wecan define the eresentaion sig (sensing et When the pt coonesed frm oi eer RU) =A) 10} a RIS) een 9y 2320) [which stingy eoking ot Propo 213 Wehave nan REO) = 2B cae REO4.0)= Zhou BEDE 338 ren met Dey HHP INDE De Heb (6 Stow tat the ean n 235 comer aie 3310) Show ht (30, the pay igin he nt enero ehown, ods {Geil pnerete ty th one oornalinent (9 Decree eps fig forthe ter ope wt ee sng (Pron te amorphiom IGE = ZEB Fe" Bre 217%) Show that he image of RO,C) i RISOWC ithe poly Seta ag ZL on By}m dn a 0. Bel = 2 we 2. Cones Ue Grom Chance (202 Ree Hing and Chari * (@ Show thatch asp Somomorphim.and #29! =v (Stow tar penttion CharSym'F) =} Cha? + HEA Chahr)= | Coad? — CHM, ‘Som tht Chat) an Char) ca te ween 8 psoas Wicmanetske d 1) Show hat On) = RISO e639 RUD) 2 Be Be 9 oy RIO.) = LP Dal wee thee pnerate y 0)— a 0, {nde anineation te repeiaon ing [+= (F*) The og 09) ‘as a vain determine! by Gh 1). Sow te chat ‘mamorpisn commer wit thee isles, Show ta tt P= talented tes ae, Cleraenen hens {hole wheter so wh nob) = DD" De (Dey = Dice thal epeaeiatcs of ypc obagoa og ‘dl Nove that nen sth Mey erst oe eee Ui ther ens comput te Jkt ead epson per Pires wee Formal Characters and Actual Characters 126 be Lie gop with Lie aleten Foran prsnatn Yo te ‘mag f [Je iin ZA] eed the frat Src fF Av ae ‘St el cc ei he hae ote (340) 1fcBaP) = mth formal character onde ene FM. oe ton gem ‘Th isimply bce eA) a. th wet pV by malig tye are haven In pce arpreetao &eterne ye ‘nt fa ion ox Caan abosp ‘Ate camnon tation fr stat X= expt, and sh emp Then ence of ee Smee Tre fooving ne das with «mca popery fhe represen sng mil dep an scene xm 1897 Te een rin R= i and RG) rane HRO)=R, 10,12 determined by 217) = oan octane (2) Sow tio Ueerminer et Jn ap tating seise 244, As faction on the cna of» spect Iain ode the Wey rp 8D HH. use te) sng oer ‘vain ation on Tt sao compute with ow deepen of ements of 2A)" at Late elena invari sot)" For Sty for eee he dare Car) as repeseattion Wis Pe th theto e manda lon Pao) Saye eters ‘a the nga mats dsr ht ma ft etre Fat (hep aru, the mea elie (288) ht tc en 1 satin for 9 al fr a he cespaniog Latent etomi| Berne Zor) foray and yf RGR calle» gece ig: he we ‘erm e-fand Ae) ab area cul te went ‘Sone incon grantee festa: (AT). (0) Siow hai tension tore at Rea gc Deine Adam priory: Rs by $a) = Ra whee i tte exrestion for teh power fe Face A33 nome a ‘denen ymin © ia, Ed Pa FF UPA 0 (2 Show th, repeiog a the tao onions om the soe 6 = GP) ae ga) oer 23421 9, ag ft eng Lge show that ig, 9) = Ra) @ Rash nr 2843) For the ana fcson a4 8 Then nn ny nie On B= {ij sou eq, Notes pi tht he ines of 0 the rity of R 5 UCL whee Rand Re he piven eave loth al th ‘iim pte KH) of eons i ape et when Prete Ese 30 iss peal ct whch weil fore Geel wou, {a1 UG isismnehe toa ine pce CH ie Bla devotion ta Oi int wl of. Bid mt aopagre ieee The ear ele! Ba cls Pram he say ne ta Ry erp ‘ee aie pce UU = CH For = Stat ant 88 = Gy he group Ueno mar wth ‘ie the gia aod tro yin th place wmneve eer =) oF ei) 20°" mbichian ie space cn te) #1 > ad woven “ete 2859 (Baha Desoto. Te gap Git edi won te (iota or W ewer he Weyl om att meth aly for = SIE Hee NUM cm fa erro ch ci = Su meno nati ame Tela deatetomncver gen ge Cre dementy ow pera {Slhat tel mr otros appting tthe ne owen bi ‘Cla nspe oon op! ha eae amber of ashe temllnnene nay yo een Sia ‘pin uperieng oem by ed malpeaton Oy» ovo ea Tecate ns penton evo bm 9 pera, epee bina eh To me te te ce we (ea (Ten, ome ses that b mest have nora entries each place whe (i doe oe flows = tnd heente ener op ethene ‘( Cwbon Letina a rst paces oll ose eouheyronte For Sts, sp Joan epee oe ‘Cgurmaes sath 200th nga Por he Wey roy oom Bee 261, cing SLC) wh the pace fal ag, ht Ky ee thc ag eH 1,2 h he eeef e cy het (2h = ef. oe ee ee ay San eng tr Sea Cs tr ba acon heen ne ose e Soagat eg 2 ee ese ea tat =(_, 4) theta tee ee eres cert nasal Cty etaesnctey oe Dems poses chat to ai ho eae Scitation np esoomrters serine intestate ieee fees Mh petioa tgs canara oet ference aac aceon stein tnrcherreuaster sneered UN) = Unni of Uhh aceagsin nde he ci pee OMT = Vesna Ue ovary 260: sry eet BW con he wre ny fr i omoas sn UW hondbB ation Sessa Sarna an ry 9 0)~ 9 vue. o* 28. Compl ie Grp Chaston nye gent ote econ wen Kean) pu ntow ny hihi Ute) Sp. See hater lie S985 howe eaapotog mete ri "sty een wk fo the otal groupe ny aig ‘tenant puts somone of Seg tert ea Note ht Wr cet he Wt ou hat ak exh roo on mp thn 8° Be ene open me 04 whit ‘sent be ci grup y the above dco The coreysog rat co Ry rte inage of Ui 6 wha dense pent follow face or ton of ine Bono G8 trond yi ens) or Sa, ite odonng eee wet thee ent eth of Cay 257 tthe econo une. 0» Oo th eda ersesaon ‘high wee seman a= LECTURE 24 Weyl Character Formula Sharam meter | tee eacoerancammeenens Satan fal) Te po te ee Soe eaeieiee ees widen etapa ee tinemene att mche 26% Show tha secon of Lal othe oem 8) = (arfigh where fs holomorientin 90 ting $3) Hy) fora xe (0) 12. Hb epee fhe sont ne Wey teh tks enh seent tof nerve Show ht deere y (Show th ay Right weight for fmt be nacdcoce WG, ete ede repression, ith ihe wip “The olamarphichnton fof this exe ae ston om the spa j0Inthernodsallrechiererotaonr’ Geen owed pr ‘ions expec bythe Soviet schol [NS el Pateon on GU orm a commute in whe inate how tome forthe ania! prope, tene apse the alien 5, 5° nod Peo structed Letts 1 1. an 8 [LT They ae corn [ermal eaeling fing maces podace af pceinespce 24.1. The Weyl Character Formula Webineaead ete Wes hm aml in te eof. an toe ao yw mere she sna ne tate Wes in stues ond ster degrees SiC vi hight orp $i eta ef sen nga aise SLE with ents. heya actin ale oe Ser tears Tiel amr shih re the cries ahe nonce hese er NO norte crea sorte ote span ru eto ew techie ina wy tnt may cee Te Sh posal Aft thea gute lt sere Flys Sis snd iste ft ecmporon ve mot bas = tn) =A Wetdandgoye nk hfaows tate boomgto he Neon ope Tegeete Butt compton sod morener gee seompenon Stee put now ne hvihuvin Venn Spr Sexe hse ese aie ‘Spe, shows a he coresponing Brac eye ag ant a ey Ere tees vrsfor the orthonnl oops $0, y eg itemasttosposofstomnyuanetsteC attr heeN ee otal ta i 9 hike dat he Wes eoup ht ae och ‘Sie fore catacnt you byte ave Scesin Toe cron, Sra ely rtetnuge af Uno wich ao eve ope flown stonton one ofa Bnde on Gh secre oy ‘alsron "Fr gewgdevcopng penton bee) conto Row ei wes hae ese raf Cain 25 ‘rin tebe LECTURE 24 » Weyl Character Formula ‘Ts cee ety arghomad nei neh We crate min HA. Rencontre otc ef np tein co oe dcr rm bt eS ee inlets minicar i ‘Bx lon or 95.6 a) The woot he fra ee othe ‘ving ein Th tga et how ey en ia rms aay cmp ning a sigs Agee A 24 Te We are ole (BCE Apna cl ean pe ‘rare 236% Show that etna of Lyra of te am = (eli whore fs blac cna on Gig g's) = 14g) fora xe 8. (Let NU be eres ofthese a the Wey oun neh tks ech element to bene Show ht J dtr yi (Show ta any iget weight for mu be 2 and coca a (Gist heed erento wt ghee “The hlomehic function fof Ui etree are functions om the pe gn nse ors ea terpreinicetpt Sho ep by he Soir hoo (eS) C2 Fusco 70 fom canna vin ch te mal thera athens nome ng ne ‘structed in Lectures 15,17, and 1. (L-T]. They are as cooing ‘oral ened og mation otra pjee pee 24.1. The Weyl Character Formula Mefe eady we e Wo sce oman he oa ct, Wenn cera tha een ye -€ with highest weight d= 5 ly the trace of the ston of aga a dat wih tins, rec eernmun esc Sehr reloaded femal aig Miche ne couse ht monomer etch frmie teeter eset reeie Shur pam ay tha may genet, Te Sha pono Seed o 24. Woche Forse (4. The Woy Chane Fomaa o Tee meron aout prepa hefllovng ems and csc wich ila be stl inthe pheno, potp bch the Weyl oun Wang =e 2A) are eign wing oe = efor Wi Wh oun muerte may be expe inthe oe Bg Ua a= FC AMU n= = Facer son cee ite or EL od we se = 4 ily Out mul eet ner hee Lame 243 The dena yf We’ faa A= J]. to0m— Aum ‘0 J]. -my eo J] ee comury Eira) = Tae ee aa ow Se = 02] te ay te daa [ston A alerting Fortin oe ta aoe Sevwhesredeion na yperpane pesonsn tn oof ese eee f warped oie the eeton genet the Wey pos, Th loos pein aan Ee 4 ew ich steam tht aye a 4 Caalig ‘Thien be wie in tert of hpi ot y= yah Mend [ft = AML ety md) oon nooo a oa eae Sah - I iblnnria byte Wei gsinl weg acetone eee et inivcpra teetuoea SSbee neene s pees ‘ieee etn ad eta oc cto ns Sy t che LW = Ye ete eee eee a leasinecota, sho tat Wa) = tod W perme eeterpe chs of homme anh ef ae il = {Bh an wt) = pn Dede tt ie ‘eatin sch tn A) = 2p am) =I fr exc nl to let he sm he aml weigh pnp = For any W #1 a he We! wou, ow that» Wie inn oom of eins piers Best Winn et pe “Teeter gee te ote orang neigh pele 4p. A 89 Aum Za (-Uramio ay inne enh Chea a wean ‘Pr fhe chara frm wl gen 252 dwg in 22. P Ftiov ea oe ya poe eae UA} ath the bg weigh that. te ta Be he tht stato rom hewcoe cesar te relics ‘Tosca the ao neta ETAT. weve we ma et ok cyan amber fone, Wee ‘here 242 (Wel Character For) Llp haf the umf the si eat Thep a ght and Th cae 9 he Seen thie wih ie ' carr = ee ven, as When hss aiid by Ay = F< DAWU ph we ge ama sth the het wight a in Themes atc {hatte alae nmi won te corepentng op Intetandaretl (cai) Weyer: Biss the a oat ‘yon Weyl rune mae ae ral Weyl chambers 0 Ayn [Tay aod hhh git flowin pate at the eat ates ovr tort tne aus UAT efor cmniringte pool or ay eersyecal cas we apy CF6 ives formula for he neon of Cralaey 265. The dines of the eduction i dimr.= J S22 ts na FGA eal” where a) =) = 2 BP) an eh King for Pac. Thedimenson oft by aig he efits of Inch sampling te inaget Char) he homomeano (A) winch endear Hwee, in thc oft Si ‘lon the denomatar mane swe ry oot dey To ‘round hig weft brmoworpi hp hing ows TN Sert +6. she te sein homemorptin the ail ilo 0 ‘these eel he power bd het homoge Aatoe"™ More pera oan wh pdtne x homer YeZINICIUTL eeyese Mecha ta (4) =F.) oa Zand Tine betmaranaet he me» nde the Wel pou ae renroe =E(-0rer Eurema tae. HA) = a) = 4) = [pierce Appin Cael i Aer a Ip es}o= emt eo = Tes =e 22 amp =o 7 eee 27h 46 ey ha soe cays he E dimeasion we found in Lecture 6. = en Vet dey ha the et eft ra Sle 21 AugiAy he characte of vite eprenaton ich tne on post we athe ent a inthe ne oie tov to ‘otha isthe nce fa ede repent sl fo Ser ns on rere ane Thee ‘ia appench Weyl bh ne wl dec feat etre Sie Ese wi ape ven io he tha rece Bere 249, Use Coaiary 246 0 show th 1 «dominant weigh 6, tech ponte Wo hand 2 aun ‘inde tat cnn eps ot ma one song the epson nih fennel wei = $242. Applications to. ‘and Groups lassical Lie Algebras Inthe oe ote pera ea: group GI, the characte! o the ene tan th Sear plana wp Sey = cal sie mace tie emt os Na ‘onthe th ome sete plea! in aia ppt xh = Charsymte-n, The fat “Gant” o ermine forma (A) 6 Aponte A ant thst eemenain ait git = Gy 2D Chat = Hla co) uae, hi expeser age seme F «R(t eproeaton fi ptfaomal nthe epee Syee>) A seond emg Fe, fom (AS exes in te feb opens MC ‘tore cha aftbe amen yen pyomae Bence. “This tomat with the conje pation to, Bot i eau Char = ne 1m ha etn ne nok out he chat fxm for he ter di caleba nding ages ths deta lore Tet tote tht determine rma 1) eve een y Wop et ‘algun ol rex (KorTe} We py, a kt ‘yway fener ee (WCF at we owe ste os ‘The Symplectc Case ‘Thewightsfose «Caen inear combs fl, Wes scene. valor teghtpriy te tye “hepa sooware yh lst Ley om which me id PE let ta ntim ty Hy Hla) 8 a eo 4 ID a ern) (RO Aptis Case Asan ge as ‘we sain Lise 16a dementin he Wey sup cane wen ig a 8 produ, wiete wm 4 pert st flrs. ad fleeeehtha= Et Hen Aa Zeargicite fant) any Eee the sgn (=f the rad th Now wth = lh hi ca be Aa E ein ffs. —n are au ei ett rien) ne Aas ats Eom 2414) or uesieAS2 we have Apa ates +. hres dria Ih ota IO) er 2417, Sho that p= [essay — WT Maoh ofthe nese peta F wth gt wet AsYaledy os a ete * 24 Wet Che ome aun ur eu uate 228 Shona ting = 3, 414 [e— oa 5 erties TE = IE “The oral pie the denon othe rds Tag wih gest weg yay ts ain we tye te fmt Vehtessingtberaton ye s"b ae monet pyrene tie anther poo tha he eral of he soci fom 1 AV ‘Toefl deteminanal mua or the sme gro oe be. A808 Mlb AY ee hh compete pmol in 2 vie te ord he character of the repetition Spe) of 95. Fo Proposition Aa Andis Avene Propo 2422 3 = A> Oh he charac of Fi the dtr inet of Ber ati haere ater Sta tires oo Stet Stans For example or = he = A we hve Char) = hich the carter of SO a paral ths wis tate Ree powers Swe) the anor rset ae al nelle ea ‘oti i spi cs the ne erga pen nf? ee a oe ont means these powes) ines Te pose ect (tcp le ¥ bes (2 Ann Canali Aeron rps o er 242 Find heater herepreseiatioofsp.C wipe Sephn ¢ay 2, Ly venga etre we 62) Pd the charter of the vere af pc nhs io + oy. us verhing thea a ae 17 ‘Thesoed Glam rman th synpltccte eres Fine Fy = Ree) A-HE%) ‘sc rete hemes ofthe comtractonsThe trate fF where Retkntan enter tard = Boe) Balt (ork 22 where sth th ementaty yee plyonl Te omala os) uly 24. Let A) Behe cone pat 10. The ‘tre of Tegal oN dena of el ar wae hos Wi Foci Biot Bros + Bice —- Boar Brak owt. Ti low fom the propotin abd Propetion AM, which ‘utes the te diate tele psn te vation ‘a ‘The hes sie fou or te characte int oft chars [B.C hich a loom ropstion ak Note tat (orreponding othe fomorpbim NCH) and Bg "Een In pra, Cooly 2024 expen (Char) a polynomial be hres ofthe ane pees Te, ‘The Odd Oxthogonal Case Fey the wipe Edy hm YU fot Lem than tc or p-Diet = au9 Poh Booadd With = Land of =) ne ve he ae fms ‘ele ua or pa, aan 2027 Show tat Kee Mee X86 Mele Ro AGN er te sh complete sme ply From Prono Ad 218 8 AE t= GD UT the ice ervettin wth gh weit Ay 3°22) hen the cher foal se be wien at roynon 38 IF = (2 2-2 J», the J srl de he tort of Tih cot of ther sr apt eo Myr Kiowa Bact Ki x, hac = npc for 3 fh echt hie hat the brn 1S Sy Eine “Le ston ite-to bande tod aro 2434 Use he chars ova over tha the mie of therealong aco 8 sec 29 Show hat with = 344 Teme 5+ wtane 3 TE “he ond emis frm 9, epeeiatone HC sy € miter in em ofthe -AevngMopstion 2433 wit Corry Ab, we have ‘Thee fos ete dmenon othe oie epenation ‘rh thet wh yay P= a whee they ete fd Beads Gory 238. et oA) Be he cone pation 0 2. The thiracer oft teqaiihdetct ftet imataese tren ees r+ —Lrr— ecient) tng pe tt ia <1 ott etn Sonata cts Sin y= Boe (Corepnding to the iment C5 sci eees Cl ae» pagel nF Fy ith era ‘The Even Orthogonal Case vaca 2432 Use th dimen formal vet he eal th foe Fort. the weight ae these inthe peeing Thitinethe ‘epee bower 20 ploy) ew han tse Syme" asym H0=) Mesgastrerly tt Leatnn ath cn of ope ‘anita epreeniatin wth ihe weedy PEt Dh 209 Incas te penton in epietaton of, co ine the fet ermal fom tn poet “Thecetin ot 4 it bl gol thn possi. Tis KeaSymto™")-Syut-4C™t : wa] Ato este pose, own ‘Noe tat the eon eterna rm vases wen any i 2. (0 Arp ote tat he wen term he rao 244) canes sen when ‘ai repaed by i paar vans wien = When, te rereenaton fy epesenttin the onbornal group OC ‘When the et mn the two eps ih get wes (iy £4) Wan edote repent of OC (Ser Esto 3519 mii Tey be he carer of Resim ete Son fies oa syme0, te La eX) Hee Mesh Inte ‘avs Prpoiion Kt spies to iit enol ale rope 2444 Ginger 2 2 > he characte of he red ‘itopestttin of On wth highest weg hn sak) the dt inno ther Oandb=h 2h =O) mth on nome et (42 deote he ato wwe Youn dasa aie tena 0 0 PMC) fe ince Fa Ants -4 hs tbat dno ef) we eh ena ‘Tactoomn stant ayy ‘hese ofan sow ther goal ows roti’ potato, see {Un Letzte Orato econ eects ese ‘ain Tl mol a= Hepacer aun Taking he ders of th sie get aera fo the enon te iret repentant psa el fe Folte pcitne sma Exceptional Cases We nl ar a st example, ork out the Wel cats fom fr he ‘seen le gre gad ery vey some he snes ot ‘eprsettons geno Cosue 2. The mnie fut exe Le ‘sia we it ve a etre “Tole ih tevahe fp cay we obe 21) + 3a ewe buss Ly forthe weight rt Ure 2 Nowtorany wih = ny +g tr, weave an seo, = 854A Sy 1242, Apteton oC Li Aes ond rope an sete we mtx. 4d for 55, the itn in tn Sq the Ser anton Us it = mec tna = 85509 Senay) fo any m2 mann. To make the oi aie withthe sandr ‘ato for Sct polyoma rom Apna Se he Sch peieomil forthe arto ek wie tte than edn ttm he ge ahd atop he eet ha te dlr betwen te eon art de san p> ‘rol dit 5g, 0a orang A= M8 81 $0 80-608; #1804 Sh Dow any irduilereesenaton fg Beit weigh X= oy oy hee oy Ley and gE dy the te fname ‘rihtanlonedb te wor epancinteprn Tens pfu ty (r626-+ 9), The Wel heel ran thc tone retin 28. Tacha thereon fh i el oe rg) = Set fH 2488 he ae ofthe stand epeentnton the ait ‘spent Fao he epecenation sy tier he iti odin Late [We can abo wot ot he dimemson orm exp in hice The ‘wofindaseaal waht a a Inv aner pnd Gon mn)= Ne fayin) AR, and fay) = 9 sd ate among te pit rt fy in ems of hse he ‘emi pie et ae 2, ay So, ay Teel p ithe mothe dana weg adeno aos Fay weg! ao, + bo eave tefl ationer pes A 6b eden wet 3 waiaa eve se aatan Gasman a th Sele O28, oe a Sethe Wecondue that he nnn of the bred repent Neher mgt =a 1 ho ale Niet bs 220 3645164. Mes 36 4-4-4 We can ck thi in th so = 1, = 0 an =, = 1 ating ‘thst eomerpton sf ny tpotaon Vo ese Le aiebe giniccntncte ws Teas tas Un Uh BE ited tr nt et oh oon C= Uh ee Uae i, vee 83 Veil hat Cie independ of chi of ass lesforany ve Kc vac 34" Show tat samme whee operation nie Ux A-Ce) Gra Kees H, yom pt a ani sem i wil milan scat ny i ce od thcomstencn beaten acs Ti Sees {tt teaplel to know tat neue Pestrcarte Cia ies ‘year. aligns il ead ts ron tng eins ible munition wit ge Peseta eel, “iebmiforgto wena mata one Chose as. te Carne bre = cnerp testa ‘bt ul freee Kt fh Fe ea ifvetr ears beth nal cent 0 th ; theron bath an X= inna" sec 284% Yi (255) by sowing ta 2) = 2 (BI, Feat Mii Forma w Now we hive te Cain operator, CoD Mis aa ‘cana tbe aton fon the weigh spa ¥,conespondingto wiht foray reqeataon Ve, = dnt) Fen eta Eitan Yb miptin by d= tel” (287 Inde Mi ac by okiton by wy I me wef =n hs th ae he amet weighe en = aad = Fe Piha da bast ten early gf) = Hesce ne Ere tomas amen Now cna th ston 04; = (8/7); 0 Resting ot split 3 and othe sabepscan Bescon ie ‘Seasinnetirugh netenasiunion wc wr tnowveryoeh Su O40 OH SISA em and en at Phe We nthe fet tim ge aN ate by malin by m= 2 sites 0 XK ac by thipction by (In eal Se et of Fw wc ies of by mite yn toe {3H at Xa ty mation by tn A Tie see Auto of denen ny hh es cy magne by NUK ~ Kee) = + Ta + Keel, ‘Nos pe of he atrepeention ove ¥ pane by ad apg hea enone owt ei Weare ssp Sp, eda ‘wa ylonbichibe sane anasient eae Fron beagle 47, diwoion sy. nyon whch acs) maliodon S x0 +(e hak, Coin ops o ebreprettions the pce ¥ dopo into ‘reson which Xa by aiplcaion sa The tase a (07 eer te APE NA+ HAD +p —m NOL AA D092) Fae aa +O 0) Seca ccs te tsp to Or ast at boa hs um sth i ay be exiende ol 2, Ban Orth Ince cman ig rrasanson bth ring ih an To ier a ee Tee vache 2 Show hat ey = Ky + (ea) ‘eon 58 epaing sy Inf 25.8) vad for ate and a a wee rom testy Et amano asin ace 25122511) sing beayemetey fe ing hou low nd he uempion edb, Ce malin yo Et aig eC od ig aH FE, B+ ba asin a tt en te oan ed ac te ‘Sonia wing) heme coe _— woe Bian EE ti (1.0) = (neh wee Eaten Sarto. nd oven ta Gan sen 2 FE Note hat (4420 0+ $9) = 9 To {loncome ie wen Sedna Ofer 0 Hens, eee es ong pein eons yes relent forma xc 216 Apo reenter of omen 132 eying aah! hells ae pod ‘Betexagm and angen (25. Pol a VY te Ko Moi Forma as ‘eet 2816 Use Frente aie forthe "proestaties Ty Ty anf a) $252, Proof of WCF); the Kostant Multiplicity Formula, 1. ne ureasonale oan that Wests cance oma can be ‘el Fenta ncn bt ne Sa ‘sation is certainly required. Let vet Om Stat oe eet Ah Mie wt Fria en Fase EE Lo shin tee = 1.409 — to To eta okanthinghte Wess fom, ‘em ed fhe Inde st overt a Bel ey a ae ‘wets by a= Ios seater cane HE Ft mami Finan) Delt eae) = 1 = (0— Py who R= [pletP)~ he ecg pe P= PL iain Caen Poth Ay ee the anes opie roo a asthe flaw notes ‘teeta io WCF) We wan io pons(WCF yt = Ay We ae een in tha both ‘ido his cation re stead ia! ot ae ghee 1G with coetcen | Oath igichand eth ol term tat ope tow of he orm 0+ ph tor W inthe Wet omy Tee (CP) ues to rove ht the oly tame ngpetg wat aes ‘oils in 41, a thee ene 2s 9) fo then eae FEE ae owe oh tt of + en a he "ct eee esi (Ani hcp cy i Teeny tem ocr bs Ath oe cic ‘eth t= “fepate abate form eee whee y+ 1 fe eho ‘ein the Wet poop. Busi Tp = + mee te Iran yh Wey grog IW") tol hk vp Dawe rca apg ner = WL eed. ct fo pci The ln Ti eg ooking he ‘alan’ opto ta as 6 Ia heap 618) +C18) ey A met = Eta wma “Tec equaenta heron at = Ay sete" data Sim + oP From the flonan NS 4) = ice [at = El oral We 1A) E-WP) = a ‘So we wou bein gon tape ead a frm of product fo Iumoone Ove eps chs Toma sk he om Ui = Bie + 20 a) +0 esi were V8 aad” and (a “ine prod” Taklog f~ PEG neta wens bee el male Te -CIAI=¥* 9 IAI = Howe. C1) by the formate Wp) = nh an dine she lie form) 1. aT bythe for at Baa) = Pea oh whee he anger xs 519, Withee etn ei tha 2518 sain a thease YU = Ve +18 Foy example Vz) = Canela any the Leb, wo 3, at ow lok formal (217) Th de (P52 Pron of WCF he Roan Mit Fon o Pe. Pa) +0, Ye Sis sh ty he ee, UP) = 2-174), may eae (=I fom em nein og se Aste Ae) +20 Wa the eit (2518 he ight he of ena e Apa) ~ Bde Ata) = PA Socee = 1+ = Ethie + 4,24 = ACA uh wih ihn Soccer TAP. Abas cee his ction wit oof nt ee my sulipiti but at e expne of meaning tre ih exe Wel ore. (ithoah rw wilinctebom hr re maty sense ee Sata wer ehenam vey aso ole snd pen ceetag action For ech wih ft Py) be the mame of rato we wis ‘vt potne ost AO) eure A a om 231 Kentats Map Ford The mally) sUiiptederatcerereman ga ne ANS T= EONS 4 oe re afte fe pee ret, Poor We Pune, 0529 (oN Tt ~ a0) =F, Ba A= FMA nt ~ purer, ” = Eure nero = ZL CnTrWE 00+ ont sen by mig = WS 6+ ph 0 tn ct pot shows at Ko om inal o Wes ‘formula, of (Car). 7 i oe unre Kova at ot gh pe the cw ol barason scare pen SG) Rea ‘ay hat be nana bac mae apne AS ‘rd eam atin fe eto he a ‘patchy seed ret oun iste 2 2. Mowe Charcot (B52. Pot CF te Kode sip a ats weighs neo by coating the uber of ways ting oe Hon byadtng nepineroots The protien nahin ts prs war sey. tin we dd ot ew how mony reat here were amo hs te Sy Kostas fornia germane ferme oe iece ‘ial to ese it neon ont nb h rin {erm coraponing o W = thc the tne ta haemo ‘elon olter than he ra ome (0) TURE) = To. Whang {tsomentat ae te tee apfen eveyone os inthe ay te Weylchmr for which Ws shh heat 9, ein hineltbw ema ticks sppe win © areas Ttating te prec frelon. key ft sar sl of cure, art "Enns pea oth igen andthe vewoit ek ow Tose sworn pact tender can or ample saipisol be eames te edo 13 xecbe 2522 (Kola) Pose he flloning orm forthe ft F, § hich ce be ow eeu intocnely = oan Pom =F NTPs Meh fae 2 ac Des te Kottom nb peg ‘tere the folowing infacve formal or the mules yo 8 Eine la ny oer nego tee JW ene ; BM re BOM ere the sod su ve the Note at Kosta sformal. ote tan any othe ten shows ini the pater wali inthe irda topes 6 Fok ‘hing, yt retent the fetes Sgr a he Sree inte of Che fone Pig) wb scott I the {ets~ jean fl — a} tough te on ne Seco et the wos pone ots Ly "Ty and Ly ~ Lt wl ae ae on "Wet aby fe fast fly la 3dyhe pete ‘ayy the thd postive root Lb for example i hse en ic shows x aly the essa pate of he mle (0k =e bg) Ly by 42M LL be conepocigy aa wine yon ech scene ale St thse raps by by Ly The ptr ete ee 184A norte mien wiht dof snp Lennie F meas =o Tiree penne ene (0) Sow tat 2 ic mime, the every weet apace of Fy one 25, Mom Chance Foe (253. Ter Prada Reso Sehups ws ‘teal adobe smmton oer the Wey ero men a cot ‘ution my be cals (Stow ta mice do a ei coi soserihe We pos. (Siow aa nce wiht mat e oe fh damental wight Find the mines weigh cach pe Li ss eon 2529 (Sab Form) Themiityo Ff Maem EMEP 404 Wi 9) fensor Products and Restrictions To Subgroups esha ac pas Wn Piste coming action peri iota ‘Koo lily oma Inthe ae ote para ot pec ee rp, es ener fas ft deciting how heer pvc Oo wowed pe rer 2.0" Prove Seite’ oma by yng 2525 by 4, aig ‘one dmg (WCE) 0 ge iat = EN Wine bot ee oa sft tad compe he let fhe terms ee ‘sry 8 Th ges FMS D2 EI cose ‘Sow tha or = al eer ome ih eae bt i, OG Oma nthe css te mips Ng can be die by obit Ferma: he adeno Rit epi sn decompo ‘equate owing BaF Mate G9 te 291 4) Unite Sete Kot nsw In 20M er = Chart ete the caret By Wey cance : eee in chee Semicon e ioe Ase™ EMA Ae e29 ‘Thisfomul gives an sete wenden I conics Nw Toschai pce samp ieee nee ens nme ce al pape RE hag [Ki] hs showed that for bth th ype othe! poop Ialpaie Nraege y the tle Nan EM Mea Mare say nese) Thollovig he pveraeaton of tmcthing we have se sever ines [rae 263211 and are dian weigh an ia simple oot wth Hid) ot me show tnt ot 2a 46 coma te reduc erenaton Fo ee nag me i Oh =F Olin, «othe, ese = 1 ih 0) #0 Sym) cota Fie ona sheye steer on mlipistin eden from Cm = rote oa seal gowp Eh fe. 20) ser 252% Foye show theta he oars Ne seta brits mage mag er Deseret ure 2838.11 «(i domino weigh fr nh gt of show tb cocina pein inf rote afc. wthaosstoptionsevyeomponntl iS abenea oak Oncinshow ta rete den ; (Wee = sem = Fe his a $34) Foote seal formal th maps i, ee Kem) {KN} (Uo om Eo ‘Weave abo en Tome fr deamon te repetition I of LC when reset thesobyou9 Gt thine he mpi iinetachicompoeatagnin ves Snglecombitoril Sectiioa “Thee te le orm fo the cast bows Te erate seh Temas oe often ced “anh rms o "mien aks” We ‘itatettbe aloe home rycen op For sey t 94m Decompnig enion sscniny fom en h ‘Satna atom he suber of prance that a at frend Therprectntomatecommuced toniboecuan soe | Gaon nt Zein a 0) 125. Teo Prada Reiso by a Sy, one can ak for fe fr decompo teins fo eines, tch a he natal entesinge Spee cote, BECHAE GIEXOLCeOLn,C. Ge x Gee OLE SLCC Sp2C. SIC 50,.,6, SLCC SO mE menon jon a Ee ‘Sch oul an determied i pipe compat what apps 10 earn of the tepresentaton sng nb otha om ed Ao despre extsioro symmete prs nad epson, «& Bers 2931.4 few leds for Sesmping Tore fee ‘oretions anne fe ound inthe Metre WE we wie tee ‘rete ineduciepeseattins fOLae serene atigerkeseed ‘rapmolc sarge wing [IS} or epee ForO.C cbse wim tnor in havent ly >= 1.20) Rete) = Brat asa) Eero oer a Fly 22,2 0, hee N= Ba are 2.8. Sho tate repeettion Fa of GLa € rest to the Fan ® Fain et OVE. This decomposition impart in diferent pene: he ‘emacs etorhas Ye (han he above he compe atts composition eth col cate ten he Rete oad theta cove spectively) Smit for SpyEC GLC, reir = @Matn es) esum over aly 2:2 2 0 where Nan E Maw ‘Ma the Ldewood-Richaron concen, a te sum ison all Ett 2 maz) wih eh patois een mer a ‘Wis pestape worth pointing owe he desmposton of or padi ‘na ecole ef the decmpesion of estan the ei nee ede TG, of tw ie repeatatins of Gon edhe oreanton a Gant econ hohe dapstcnteng cing» Cb the walter pode NOT, ‘Therese ome pettus al honrer lon semi Lie os 28. More Chm Forme £259 Tem Praca Reset Seyonge os bale of semsingleLiapra.Aatne at he Catan agn ‘lensunipin aso ne aves resin frm to and we ee ‘ght of and we wate] to mena hata wt a renew Eta ee iors pal omen be Wey pow ofan rb he su spot eight I ep 3) dominant ford trp ht dente moi with heh pens nthe econ ie et om eine int The pra Tekh nin on cl Co mia ta hea a epee esos aera ‘nee peo he pt Congo ne etn ES or ‘abipeaonby constant (2) « Bhphoncincdoaae ee ‘ation with highest weight 3. Therefore, it = ayn, the endorserpham Gules onthe ry an ont ees {atin ea bamipon yes eo SST es eat) = Diva Exec 2840, Show ha for ey domi weg of an any we co =F Mani } SP tage a4, ‘ere 2" (Ky Show tat maa PU ES Buea 2540 Write C= YUU aa, Se ator, Spor taaske a ey aac 24. Stow ht he forme f be peeing ene pind {o hedagonlemedig oping ten De Rac aul of ee ms) Lh For skdonl forma oan wen we a dcusonst how te ‘ante ntemetedonscompue.hretesrtl ots in STAM J AMC aly we nt th sponse for any emi Li alge snake ede sumo lt dnl epsniain into commie Sle, geneang constetogswe sin Lv 1, 81,0819 Lat Fruita the este eprenntaion coesponiing thin ual eds, Ut A 2S, OT) OSG JOOS. ftom hin exec flo thee of Kota Jt pent bythe Ue + Ge) Ula — 26 how Seger e i i ad # finden ot Fr te chal Li foun, hen the group sip cori his ein heap ee Some seize heise ng ee ‘Sec and TBC Sp Fe $0 cue a vi form eben Desa od ne 2 (a) an mde of nonegnveinteer Then 4 feet i didi te et re fea Aso, et consrns show Unt J = ae “sot qaten| LECTURE 26 Real Lie Algebras and Lie Groups 25, Crain of a Simpl Aran eg a foray of he linea Lie rps and an tn ths eon we wildcat a arene he gue ematical, but we wil ny ioe sates ot 3st he nf what eg or uel mo a sty al teat a rs ni tree isi na a ep elation ten neces sition Met pi nape nsptoncthsetee Seerratope minis yepeigncrtray earns Suiniaray acnttecceraana ne hs sae pcp osha STELIOS cera crenata i a ob A mnt te i soci os wala wean te 62a a a ‘Seton ie we sd er we hOness Wecan then cone 693 a Ye. etehie a Hivtaonwetdupear neers nt ley meinoine ant7 Weths areal gah eae : Oa) HG) 09) Seong th pt e'dpelan! snd Ween tees hs 124 Choe 6-9 with abe. otra ow aco en ithe roc ota te gia oP ee te rn he steno eens ‘Sta compe sat nan neh creo sees Sera Wed akin oes ncn ‘Systane occ pony wore br Sg eins sn mrt pes ee Ite eon ont ete Wo scr rms ese nip. weconet reed Lp x ution mane ane el fein renames pout LE WAL te op ep eet Sealy ee tom oat Weare eet ny | ‘Solo sesot ay are nt rom ea th (26: Canoe ame ian nd ope I Bea Som! pt Werarceormae (Bed Baa; sod un epontine i §26.1, Classification of Real Simple Lie Algebras Ulmec md (teen I and Groups ‘vig sib tees complex Li alptras, we now ne te i slog rote for eal Lees Seth copleniinon Teoma [Cw te be not malig o whch we mn eet betta i (ccan wp bt each ey hs schol te conmnterE® Copy) eit ac meri Sic tw swe oe (Gah Gah mt eG) ning a Le gees wh a 26 Rea Ut Ae an Le Gc (26. Cesteinn Ro Sin iA ge os Fay. be comme (2, CT ‘are bonorpts he eben y= (Ue = Aad net) = 0} a, rw oot ne tmp iin it Fr thee ten oat to be ae rh work oo th competion irate ral Lents ay we Leow Tae rte ca} (fe 2 eG 9) : “This completes ovr we of he eK of Ct he ae can eect 10 2p tsa an nel a st one meee {ewes ens te frm qs gah compere eae Sage Eilean find el sap iy soc thy DC rs Can Tighe g=ae@e: his weal» Conan aber of. The a {tar compton nse agers fk mre the vale Cuigafaroute Repo nt be ihr ave o al prty mei ‘eas na! to comer the rot sues fn ym ‘batty ee ate soe Brn emit aor ‘ape weer th lv he 0 Te latwnin tthe ete sg fe oe Hein fom ihre.) and kenya eon tee estou very hat he nraonthesghtae inde tcp ‘ton toe oe Some ar oes teas econ Mle sbR@FHAR~ ALC. ‘Nest, consider the complexion of J (estes Bry FM HCA wie M50) 4408 = 144 4 mses tm me ral cn ty © ag aa the armen by (9) = (08). Witney or M18 0°8F 0) + 1058-0) = 0° = 0, ones at M 55,4, Forteconpitenin ac entedsaC nse s'est nny ar, wie AEA x aby Art In te et of = shy 9 = Aspe we ow onsets yh pc pannel over Ry ements wbigeeE Tevet he fot enact son ah = aeons and Sie he orn Scopes Intron eeu ety ue it te il ‘oitytocry auton apo evr Li lees on ‘ibedesiepton = (a tice ate. ne preset en srs rg Faw et tne ei Tire foie los tcl ager ne i {temple eal Lr lg whose Compete se cis Sanne it iaew dge s el ‘Seine you et eden eter per intent ath owing son B Monte BeOrtW 68g) are FOU + 410), Forte umn Lie le tothe desiton fH wea OM [alae Ad 28), o 24 Rel Le Apt ad i Gro ‘2, Cleon Seg Asad Gg a cam toi esp iby wating with any et forth 1 spc foreach poeple ol compen ot bass, Td = ye Flor theesnesponiogs ese Seto ie el stage eer by theses Chg each pele rot a8 som fume ots cen Seren oP (eh tot Yoe6,| ow int, TheCaramsctnes teeta ‘theraipa ne , No hs one irl orgie alin Selec cermin ashe pen he cera ove These {cme pmo th wc cae i mo Noe that hi odometer ihe mem othe spt lek teeny ea fem oft Bass Catan soup log ca As forte compet frm of semigeLie algitonsmich ois sesance at rlas eta) thea cone ems (5, 2) artnet te pacveec te Mm WM 2-802) + UTD) tose that AN BRE = at Te theorem, which so ge bc © Cara a oh nce se expt rt en ince (C}(0,) tafe eee an tint 1 sl el Li spa ‘Sie ne fie ection Li agen The pot th eon ‘thet dw oo be Bee (3, a. CAN Frito 264 Saye an compe seine Lie lee ond <9 | tral fm og Lat bes Coon fn heat OC tees ‘pong Corio salina. The Jong a len 19 Bach rout 46 RI" of same purely inary aso nd {er fac ot the mara fry grated By he tri of (5.66) mths smn Fermin Rly fm gmp ie ei 6c ene tobe he ait om of Howe, theorem Wen eases thatthe findanetl pop oy seh Gs Fee conned heh Nata ht 9 eens 1186) Gh hecontton imate depnaen frac fis. Tis in contan wh thet one sine sees ae ttre Cartan atl bow acing eles, Lest intccae ofc, in esptcnendibact in ene ey Hirer [aor Westby soning hat hfs condition pis he seco lotion om dent oberon To tpn wih he eo ee on Hey vil 4 BU. = Stn <0 Kesh steps onhognal one ether wt eet o Bot is only veh (27320 Sot pert weer Sete Ye ae and be penrrofa end y greece choctiow en, ter wh is commutator H = (X YJnsinedard min rae Boe fess realy ofl abo eray ake spn sags ely themes UX Pond Paik vi eee Uma) 4 0% Split Forms and Compact Forms than 1 aay geet fl orm yf «sil Li tients oul et och we part et Festal by ee) soning Ll gee and tate) fa hea ‘mone wih in rac hes oa rope oth eal le «pote esp fomotaia ehh ens Caan tls al ‘etna nonecompstntion b= OC po SiaEmou cee tg ei rape te Cran stan Seecc lemme at rest soa bape bt echo waebyy git hy ant one diesionn eiespces othe action eh ‘wljat be the intersection ofthe oa pac = 9 Wh gk each pa [il geetes bales tomorphito st Arne woe ms Wronigatycharcerine the el rm ona ihe compat omall boot 2 R= of ih totheCarasutlgtr = By C= ames pre mea “ihe sttgce We meting Bae dsr Jeompion =D gant ant dnesival pce on wich yes by tain Salute tbe temo ston cea ath reat Th ttt of Senin compte este en) (6 Pda + ote a= Pao Now le) anon en ce. win re trata) 2s Pea O59 1 set exit te eon Sy af 4) ctynaipatny nn Taye too beck Tomer itn ne See Tie ow at ed on tpn EE Ta \WorpAulgo input ss ot mbps ote tes aft ester er het Wir B ene ste ors ba es ced hy oe ny new comet by te wi cnt soni nica pop arson ds se ty Fray Pinca geamt 973 eye ae ta) serntio morgane 2 Gea 8) ith) te matt becomes le Z or (cm ne etl ~My Now ee= Batok) ey he prcesing ae bat with oo omer inthe conan ven samt (oem, csi (tein act hat isa sees pod 2/9" aed, Tite the vain ae symmei polos te Sian oo eon Maes) ection on Tso ffepenn he sor G/T. This get Wests Merton ad 7 a en ae emir 628. The san ret gree pou here at serra a“ 2 Wale Alte ad Le Gro {67 T-06 ol compe mails i scsve By what we sw abo, fora ee pot eT thee tcl) potia wy 2 ater ‘tne he action dtermiat he ue fonser ame one that tetopotgial degre the eps othe apm teste Nomen eT sitet ee Ae Jpn en, then ey) =A Ase sin Lemna 243.8 dhe iba ‘he petro andor any nlp A= Score, Now wecan complet the sod pot of Weys cua om te character ftherenaton nih het wept erly Swe 4 infant Aneta shige wg tan Cova ug) ee mite enue anc ston atthe imepel of fake Shee z= And, By Wee gnon orm, fe : oe alagcre hich conc th pack 26.3, Real, Complex, and Quaternionie Representations ‘Theta pc me mat te vp ithe caienion fered com ‘eesti Le ous ats it hoe a qe Tonio cnleype To dine our ren pe el emcee hye een onc item wrest Gy otro space Foy exten seals Ye Oy Ckihsiegelsonyng that hes eno ‘door whe arts teeny gern Fico ‘ceteris oon rr ‘teary It he rersaaton 9 me ft eter tC “Tha ep ne i rtelepectos con Le spies tl hv eed see emt bre bsce se ta ihe bp (PR Compl al Quoin Repent “s thea we hve eto detainee ype fhe econ teach esate fo each orm Rate than yo ane se ‘ect however, te listen mtn eee et ca ‘caro hs quo, ant he aces on hes te pt oon as thet ivy and thecanpuct n(n canine ene ee SEAR yine harem oho py wi) Wessun consi iar iec repent fe (40 nara wee ‘ation of ied pretation by dat weg To begin wih the eno roc often oo pir olcompleconipaterapostons sauce easter oe fre and guns repreitons neu ey oneabee Tite roups ne Exerc 3) Suche an exer Pouce as to ins bt te flowing etron cnn te wets See Inte oponent ahi wah hat ou thom ve 31° Soper ns eet of sensing pop tat el sues an opp ht at we tat ‘itl Show tat he ied repro wat ‘ie dha same pe " onl Ie may aly hen pari to the tenor proact o he igen iter ons mi nti ‘repeating wht) appears odo we dedice ur 242% 1a, arb ea beth geo, then ‘rat rivet and, quero en Tretia Uh Fama, ae ones an conjugate than Fe Test we ce snot comply nse he usin there motos fhe lt om the cal rus eae, ropitin 2633. Ee react rorsnton fhe fr ly opal ond sft te cnn Lane Poor Inc thas aes, heaped eptenation Yea om wich {own hat teeter per 8) are om wie a hte sci powes Sy) al Now in theca ri a i hat The renin has hbo wih aon some nonpuelneea ooms hat Tappa nthe er podoc Smrvesmrur}@-~@symyrrr) “ 24 Rea UA an Le Ge 3. Real Compe. Qu Repeats “” si eo ali ely pert thea $F} hea =f ‘eer wich he mit oy Asters te reduce pects with Nie wtp afl el Morne ince i ete ‘roetaton eel aral sace/¥ nomisesyowse de ka AVERY NOV =E ff yer pr flo hen a hee tt oy wht = Sian arr ace dec epee Set (ihinenericsgnento no he sett eo ee one ha es Tippee vet ilo aay ep I2freroh ay rs eidgctermeatns Pe ‘vet guatemala ee nd seal (Aeratiely, Wey comin prods el ep ‘ine men apes en ra heey elven in he ortho ete tht same ofthe exo owes IV ofthe nda rprecaton mb eed eo. tion bythe si epson Tat hemp epee e alow om the sonst in Leste 2 Enea 0.9 he ea sc then dw an ne 3 “The Compact Case ‘Wetur oo the compet ems a he il Leal. nth, the thay tear very nh ike that of fa oes doce nace 5 Spey ay acto soma! gop Gyan myer et pa ¥ peste nntegentteeretin er uso for ep ‘rehome andrei re ther el goatee eal hen more fal ‘ea of drat he ye hl the charter Ch) an ee ‘teautomorpin a {4} wes tats) ey rosy the chance fa) Mowe precy dul epson of ‘ompat ruplin vite pga and ony ih {mn nvarin tendegeere met resem sym nea, Motherornthecsnbeston ofertas stems hy wher vavesmvenv ‘otis he ia peettin and a wc to So deesng ‘chp nesting ory eee ae tion rtm of Scomponng sh epee ‘With had we one nt te igre. Ua bette rfacerepeattn fe wiht weigh = acoyeayety tt ogte ln tae tbetanbenetal eh {fae Te da a tn te hgh wage Saya 90 hat Fb tar nein t= fra Wee igh (Of ni od hen te abate wept = Fy w =f site eed byte sts tw for ee 2 Nom Fath htbex weg ofthe exter power A. a ihe nec ep ‘non wh hihe wet, +0 wap onan eter ea Avery aenewr, DS Ease 2021 sow a I oe fr ay wi =F. wth =a fra the reduce ernst (ia) Win = 2 een hen the sles of weg t= Seo Trang 62 ty wig =e ei re ‘aon, wih hg watt crf fore el Ara yferal ons dram that nt Nee ng Prone oa ora andn ak 2 edge ld [Neve we comer the ae afte cpt an Wo sp: To bin | nn te ht see he etn oe sane ets Slopu on ¥'=0™ weno he exer pve i¥ rel ork todstenone forked Se bebighet wehirey ol ork hone frase finden weighs ha comnccy determines pe abe Inti eerie we be 5 Peyton 2628 For any wight 1 Ym of ll the rede oe seston; th hgh wept lf een for al a ‘alone 9 or yo ee cierto a Ff ae eer dl et an pe sos hight wet Bs in he sate I abet weahs othe exter powes I semaiy ten ode type cite psa the ane, who raion wee ete 2628 flow tha he spin pein foo haa ‘athe rede eesenaton who pat ght eh highs egh of 7) fal when nD or Smelt, od gunn ot Fo 4 The se * Fepeion 2626 Lt ete Mh wight of the repeeaion NY of nn Foray weighs hw nou 44 hyn tad no ierepeeation hgh wei fire ec ne « 16 el eign Le Ge |. Compl ad Quai Rapsnains cong 0. 1008: old adn or Bm 4, then ‘se eo quneionc tows om brain te We py ‘clon on the Catan saga pacer ipicton sy) Final, earth en ortho Lies As babe et ‘oi epesaatins ot with wt gh etre entation et tere) toy 4 LYFaMG nthe 4 ey La Dea ‘Goeneven an i teen he ype snd od hops sgn "he Weyl group acto on the Cara suai oman ion 1 he Wel pop conan the stomorpa revenge gn sven nner oh ts canet sh tt Tan yw boa {0th oa ins odo the oher hand wee that lta fe eh ha 8 wie comper eprom Sal cht (OSoppse ti at wo andy Zany wig writen as Bam eae Hab ba Ns # terpenes 1 witshighet neigh nat be bomen ‘of daa sow te compl On air tend Ta pean Te@Ty= Eu. dso ire tsa ay herpes iby conn hen ai pena wl ee rood 4, quaternionic = 2 (tod 4x fact that we lave as Exetese 26084 Instn wh a above wb ea cet niche bree eeu teeny ded tindas eg 20 Sh remnant oe {anon pretation them oie leper Secu iY tn he eeentaon ig, whee the Altes opr (eve 235 nt th get wage san mile compln mised dec EE ee ee le ib oer 262, Verity he ssemets made above abou the ype ‘ein repeotationT, ofthe orthogonal Lt aussi, tht te ‘Speenaton Ta oft re hen nO 3 od and gn ‘bien | 2 oo han at he ain een on Seals = Oimol Mand eatin ta Sol Show aac the wen Cid phar C2 < Co ™ Cla) ae puch oor timed ociting orm = 4? ad and formes soe ot Wp «Appendices A,B Cacherminartad Wenti ties & rauklitancer algebee) APPENDICES hee spends conan pol fe the eel Lear ct feel lth res see se Eon oth ee aay me on The fs append ty ros ees bn ono ese 1 Fara sich ost nents tpemiatone OU or steed {re cin Tomas orem nr of te bse tyme Poni The as son of Append‘ re some ww ees me ei pln ce he rl me se ‘eyed Bes srt sammary of sn semis es about tron othe coments dation we he fab ard Iles of wich were tconed a hema “he nt tre apeoio conclu dae othe try of ie irk hich began Letts an 31 Protea py. Send he promi ett Wesv concn geile epee he poets orhoonl ous APPENDIX A. On Symmetric Functions IA Re mein dso ong em i Prot ne dwelt 1S ier dee $4.1, Basic Symmetric Polynomials and Relations among Them ‘The cor pce af bamogrnous symmetric plone dn assy hr ever porta! bes mal ee the rons (3 "2,2 Goldin mon pc oy Voom arate with mow row ee.) Wet oof fae se We sth economia whee enh oe ey Fit wen th mono the comptes pyro MaMa an ee He th comptes aye he al tint F nwo of ee feisty, Ferme, th he byte ta, Has= A eb 8 uns #18 te 5 A onSymaicFmcten HMMM BI. cSt ai MDX, a om) fae baw ‘Ari Tee esbobnow athe JP ty Fom ome, fro Te roe ie ene ean ne NE Poet ie sm veal tas permatatione ==, oot a i em Marla Harnett st Mord ies te a ‘Tithe nthe nonnini eay omatifncton U ‘Sie The ate eel the arto te Note that py = = =the detain he gt ‘emia vp tps Pe Tena em STOP Yq dan ne fe ye fs Boo Bary ‘Steg jomundosont Nese tcaetct 6 aon Hest |B Be ao ssn cso} Pr Hi BBB ay) ere the th comary sme pale, SS hep) en utton “tie ual Sh bby basic Schur polynonmial Sy = 1, ™ a oo B8 re Spare sh You an sno inte seg tl fm ows othe rorya wt mo wo nee oe ‘Shes thowe ses wi Forenampl Baurba bee ha Baar ti th E88 ‘The fot ae be Shr plot which ay be he ot nga, avon thy le tn et morn sar oar net fron a 5) he Aci, nd Jay ene the de ‘Mon ote ae Forename Suyestet sits tts ym d +m For exile entity SiS San) #80189 Sa ‘an ese Foe the tes PoP PB E Soe pment tee ae et oomle Ma ees @ Fes Thi ito Rca ena ame £ ait exumion a pot at conten Wr petmomia "rn oes my aa Sanat HE bean tan ty “Theft nko hi ppd oder roe lint aoe 3 symm paomih Forenmple one eget hl Suan Eng =H, San Har Es Sua Sew Sian Sao ‘Tear apc te of he npn oils ining Sehr pi Tin wich neste nes The wo ne tnowe adr ” ‘A onSymnic Fn SAME. AL Dae Sati Poon nd Retin ang Then os 58, -D a an ere pton 09 patton fm andthe rms ove ol ‘olds mech ith amon kar The Liteood Nehari ey She nthe mer of nay Te og sgn foram Beep 8 tote Tog fagran ory 2 er oxpatn Wa poh espana Young agra tes yBt iag ber od tenis oon tron apt neg i ‘ov aly bones re add withthe nee The expansion lela “ta ewe he aes bone ne rom ht an ‘rhe toprowsnd worcog om, ek a ei eter Feoranyroswcn Tandy, 4 mbes steep betwen ahd ‘cn at aa army mee et nee f San-Suu™ San Seu tS 420 canteen by thet. ego fe Yon dem EP The ines Kec Kita man, url Show at Ke sone fand ony it Athen then tatty beatis, We te Ka th mbar of andes othe ‘avon of whos sand ism meen lef eo e eae dig by titer trough nce ee Sod 1 We ed one more forma ning Shoe polponi, whch tenon Coy ltr) bem sages tot Ps) and Py) for tee ply epee era miles andy sr dtapealy Melon ae aso [reap The poo by indian on Ko compat the determi ft when eto tom each ote roms ga = fom po ao ly at ‘prof ofthe Lien Richton ale a be no [Mas 1 {Beethro append ween pty witout ing ‘nmol (7, spied nce, ss Sa Knbe a, Froth dy Tape knack a ey tt ne beh ‘Se nea, on eb ach colenn ae sty ening Sab ii kd eno pe Ta A Kyat ant Ky a0 > y wing a, the it wonranishing 2, — gostei aon, Ky = 0 tore sonaroterm nj For eam = (0) ey thei efor st common ators One i ek with» min whos fet ow ie {and wha we h eee ipe ee er e liows by Indvtion (c. (Wel, p.312)), be a doce oem of ancy ety is e 4, Bum Pll ean og Them ” his enter emul te Kk ub Ks hci of Xin Sy, where X? =. “aft Tei A) ad (Arh sc sme yom oe uslordne the one ot # ay sme afte {ns png Franc Se py Flan bomen nti toni eee din ates 2 FSI, an [oa he etapa tht ate Top pn Secor anceratagtet ara ees hth > heeft? athe Se ices wet mamas eons ; en Hed tafpcigl pti (080 TI ent ewe cota cori coma ie Ad grt 0 cantina steubet etek ah Sere. Woman osama he cacti ‘Theat mbes ioe te contin the expreion advan, an) [or Pas nee comtnton fhe onanism yom M Thine ove asa intpenon acme Scar polmonas PaLosMs a2 Not or te dition tat te cone of Xin 8:5, 8 and at 90 la 2) eve thi temiology tay Fem (AH) td jar xpenson ote ha ie f(A.) gee ar ti(Emson) Emmons es ‘Sie poems owl athe M, forms sir he sme lyon ose et Yea fo) om espace on moss yom a artes fm vars, by rou at a Ma = Fa we) ine git 4 = rand other. Te tte ht he Star amon oon ronal as or patina GS) am In pri, th pen tat the pig (>I srmmeric. Eayion (As say ede fom te pete Goan, ar flows Wat Se Yesin Fiat or some ino ater sy, dy Then G.59= Feat wm, pA) = (Sle ecient Xin, (A Kgs) = (8a ae 29 ens A26. Fer any syne plonal Pf dee dt rl, FSU. F auttobaaGr Pre Webve be egal os yh which tty (13nd (19, PHUMM = P= Lass, = B edPM Tot 5, Kut) soph on I waar cn ymin Fe oid dpc nn agate ite with, = Pa rr ot ‘hee Heron ot poner um polyoma em bai for the sme Tincon ial ote ut at white cocina Let ou) ws, =F, an oth pro of Froena' omel n Leste we gs om em ‘Sout te cen ema A2K For portional of {i Se tn( Je —s0r') = f Sein Tia “yqtaeyror Te (ji) ~ Eyal ag beamsien Eons, Comparon wh (1) the conn flows o Sere A Ue i uptyeanbe weno {a) Show thatthe Now plyomieare orthgocl for this nd CPS a i ult, 525 aor Moe qed , 1 Show tnt 0) BS.) 14) with 5 6.9 (16, the concent = 4 Ps A,B yt Pmoni an Reis mons Tem a We sould ema thaw ate hoe owe ut ol oad ‘umber tvs sich es nls comps vee {Wsmoreunatoreqethe mmber of arate belge te eps ‘ie noes ing partion inthe ig te who ee ‘nero vara fect vase sa fone by weing te varies) Dee tFor eam es ee Ive Sh = Sy + Su which 08h = Sumber “Te ex wiser formally eval oft Sct ogee ene varies sae eq theme eh ins se corapondngepecsentaes For atorule fr Se iyo | hook nh Vou sap of fae | Eure 20°, When x= the rao in (AA) ae van der Monde ° 50 ‘ve Ting heii a+ ons @ Sou By (AS and (A we aes the lowing no omar SD thaapdh whee Emel sitend-[(y hf eteetaosanee uce A310) Stow ta o That um ove ovals X= 4D whee foray bape of Yume grim ofp ie, Ten, Pe m yw notes rors ssl inten eon a pac he hen ade Ws Se ‘eri poem a whieh nto om dato 1 Delos that Brace A. The ideo coming sym gna ie an wh ‘nay las none of varies can be forma yori ine ‘Aun Ah whee Al) dna the ing of ye pales win Ten t \ 192. roof te Detemita n ws R= ZU Ha) = ZEB Bad AP ADDS AnD A ernie pmo cig lh a, ege A in homoephin cnt ean AaM 089 ee Foray eae mae (9 Showa ani: = 8 Eien, STAT. ay ee ere denote the kk mata whose 9 ete apetd een the (9) 1h aj puton sow hat ‘Bree Te ron (30) np 48)°5: Ln (AM The mares i) and (19°F, ) we loertiongar rics woh Fong the dal nt ier’ wel er (6) 0 maf 4 a te pera hw HO) = (= 18" ‘Ti ies A309 terre combine oe P= ap DE ely ‘Taig determinants gine (Asc th determinant he mai in the it (0) Dede rma Bakaly (0) Deda sd fr oT Se Spa 5 Ba ES ‘teaum or alparons whe Youn gran ca ebm {Saco by sadng m bones wih no orn any tw (0 Show tt are A Prove entity En fon epiveneee ihiy= > ede Pts oma (A Teoma he et fe ann BA, we how a te cami apearng the Gam ores (A) so A) a coe, B= Bycoekand n=) ae cone pions then Masel IE an he the Ha can be any meni tat ings te Seni tym) = Ie mth lg" yet and The Boe ot 1.0 o piven eda combinatorial charset eco) oan ieee eee meSget ea Tt ere the wm a one al 1a) wth Ep, a Fon his yga Nota EH = 4 §A2. Proofs ofthe Determinantal Identities ‘oporeth Jol Trietiy (A. oe the etiiee SEPT apt Ftp a A forany 1s j sk p2 k And foray @-sm-< hand p 2k, Mee Fallpn + Elly a HEAP yy ASM echt AAI Ford = forthe thew ‘ames Utne ten sied) ant (eesapt sist) Pfam jit non th h8 [Sn th te en on ass ey tiem ey ohihe ise mai ‘int fiir fr mats = ah an 7 mat 45 = (4. )andT mth, h)aretwostqoana oldie nye , i i | \ oy A. OnSymec Faint 14 Ot mil Metis ws §A3. Other Determinantal Identities ong carer tyme sn oho ee We two mare mismo o Ue aad eo ty et ‘Sos I” and F consid fom they he lowing pose: Foran? sine =i ah ed tg ere Ta? ern ther rationed oes fog alone i clon tn ing each ste to te igh of he eh xan the cle tamedstunete hele That roefierho Bt Lanne AAD Let And Be rhe roe a ea mat Cintas S)ind(eT beporaaatony Nerspensheanes 4 tnd Fos kia, Sond T ofr Then whee the pat f thes ef ho perma aco. y permite rome ad clennt A.mtigng on thee and Fait permuten mtr Pu @crtaponingta thew permet ehh wemay taketh 7) a tee el cre vey meni jchcempatattenamrsty mee ore Be tornon fe fer Bos anne AAS If Han ae loerinser mais wth 1 log the Now tang teint inthe etity = doa tht reteset sack tte te sane ne fr sd (69-6 2) Por Tsang culate ety othe mati " Paco F(A Apt tenet A = (494 B= (=P i ‘ind Sabb ek te ‘Tf sm and te cand ny em o lal natal ac ennaia Prien A Lt 2 yA) n= 8) Bent pa Tato eth thee Tem ike diok eh Bab frst, and mB Bey fiz Then Thy der ofthe mari whi r= tag) oo Maer Mor Mion + Hic oo Mics Macs) Sin, Seq the deer of he as whe thro Bre HIP Bln = BEOOM SEB pt Bases Ba Bis Bors 1 Byers HMB ache thr ternal thai wih = Ey BA Snr = (1 (Aan a Vis By ica Micah shore Mf = or ad fori 22 sets taas af Hie rn Jory eich [Sis}and (2,7) edn the root aA) Ths me Ay = laa : Sins, re = Blargh is CIP AE By one in do eenentry lum operation on he hi mt, baci hes clus om he ie en th sen heft teat "Reso and hid Seemann oat Se ‘iene ‘pumen show te uty of tet doth deter te tatin cee olor tn hedonism Seta ‘mipnoins t'pion has promt ter nl he pe =P sab (9) onary AA Te fling dc ae: 0 ioe Mien Mica Mica} Micra Bynt Be + Bice Bacal 15. em entities “ Dene te the detrinat fio Bare Mic Mica on Hin + Miceask A xa AaB. Lt be ths of pms gna 9A the Ino of atc ASE Show an 59) Su en Land ae cong pains Fo apoio 10 appt nd orthogonal carters we weed 62 specie evar yy Ft (or the spec pup Spe Zac rsbe dependent ats sae se Je Mister ooe) ao nie ald Oy. 2) aon aeons Fropeson A, Gen eer >" A> 0. me he hee donee hen nna wh th on rat From Popoin At wectainthe oh mul he ih andi, asy "and he coin pation o wet Bite urn AS Cael denominator of head sie 5 mo fa ny shee gins Goat oleate as) By these seamen ht poe he iT oma (A i AM ‘eprops fats ome lowing nme em AS Fr 1 nan oy hamper 2060 te of uo lee Goa dona a Ph Ft nnn i = $ hate wo steep Et rin Slo eh 4-46 Mating (4.39 meth) CP GAGA enh AS 1% = tay am, sie Faye TI a0 — 270 TI GFP Fam ASO sedate fey ren sn share Bg ir oir nines Nest oto enon pours a.) A 20+ ad ea Ue varies yy 8208 ad fo Qf St Kye tie =e here He the jheamplete rei pyran 2 +t esi, won 2.) tale tT Ah Prope 5, cien ines 2,0 aha 1 er ei ee @ Lo sere Klee mma he ih ot icon Kona Mer os Kips Recranh Cort Ae yes the ema egress rhe determina Thy these hy aay tei ere A Cael he domi he et ad sie LP Ag MGB ‘Pron oF Prova AO, We ae) =o} — 5a 4) 245" (G22 fran teper or bal ge Fit a Abe Babe Malipying the nenettor and denominator ofthe aad sie of the statement of the propoiion byl) 84h the ouertor becomes 414 4, aed he denominator comes Wt eth kje tn We ea thecre spy Lene ‘Note te ati sting the determin ofeach es ‘res oferta Nae tht by et ean y= + Jp the ‘eset be obi anther he ee the page Fall (ote evencthogonal rugs Oy) tk = Ina psi the tier earshot Ly Hiyor teint) a =H 2 Malt stat oookth ‘nF compete symeticoinomia a eae > Popron N64 Gn meg, 20> 2,2 we hane ete fill #50 es tai =0 ere then uma wath acta bach Aster thee ar ther xen for the dt Malm tay hice ass hey Met ste ‘aac ACs the ening f te hand ee MEM nb ‘oor Promo A Nt th = ~~ mai Frnt eran eromaut yee andere Bias nts aes nat and he desma eee = Girt th kde hs seen by otng tha the Btw row of he maton thee (G40 ~Gt~ th ag) and petomng ow edo stg om he ton ey The ete potter edng poo The ony hangs wen =m whe eons et aii hese ahaa th eos 34 i APPENDIX B On Multilinear Algebra ‘rc power th st tt Nhpe ne oth ne Hea essen cei pen EE ica ind metic pmes 5 uausatconctns $B. Tensor Products Theta poet of two vector pce Vand W oer adi or spe VOW equnped witha timer map VW VOM ex mevom hich nine fay net map f= W + Uta vcr pace the anion map or Fh Ft U at aes to sh ‘Ths uel property termine tenn ros po ano ‘mri Ie ou eK ede oben tenn de ‘Sine Pon isl (fe tm ¥ a he een (fo 2 Fore W-Thiscan ewe comtrct VW Th conaesion Awa tee mae Vo nnd WI determine» ca map om Vowwren ‘i oe hs thee prodt Y, 8 Yo evecare with mien HMO he om On Mati Aes (192 eran Spi Pee on faking x4 10-9 map fom he Ce ‘rod! oa wor ce emainn i hen ber ona ec ac ering map em 00 bea The contra VOWaWen rower, Peep ttt aa enn Eireann eS vcore Menewsmemen sdaocie svems Qivern, an Wwonewavewemsverem, NaI ow-n06 94 10%, fontenon, Yh he prod fl Aisa alg overthrown el and ight Aso and kt Andale te i esr poe ented Heh Some a the quent ef VW byte utapne psc! yt) (env te-mjforaloe we Wandne'd Tereling mp bom VW VQ," Bnet or ance mas ftom P= to ee sic Uta aay the propery tat Ben} fre Th wet ‘rect ieao dette (From thisinomoepian he seta boat base flows ndton ‘te deren "Te simmeric powers Sym, omen decid YY, comes wth « sates amma mtin map ec tht a ines map Voc Von i emt i hanged when ay te cto arelercangi Beane) ROB) frill ee, Thesynmetic owe ca be coasted the ute pace of Vy he Inbpce persed by tn 8 (9 Brige or by Bein ‘she peter two scot nt Agi et SMT Wey BBR) te ee he projet ff) ar then tehshs24) le is for SS Sym can eed sth sf hoogennes Foti of degre tn eaters, Dafoe Sar a he nd Fa Arbre tec te coon somone $02. Exterior and Symmetric Powers evil wt an serge mip Shaver or BY VU an alesaing neta oe "sr ongue near map tom/Y a which her eal sins napa fl, the vcore ae gel Tips tt ly two afte vectors nehanged Hoon ha Meg te) EMMA) FH 268, Testor poner can be const athe git pce of bythe ssbgnce gemated yale," ah wo eras eqn Mele EM ANT A BOn\mn am ny cry ‘Theatr por andsymmetipomen Sy ca sie end asunjae of ssumioyatne hae tg ot he ed fd ‘Ssctnetestie We ul onthe cosy 50 ne te VeCLireye, Vee Syme Pe, The imbeing 07» V9 dad fea ade J se (iss tied sae he ih hand ie i aerating) Teg fe f espace oat ivarante thet eo on co 2h tn tn ee pi fh Re A= om 2. On Mata Ah (OOH) me O “Otay HELE. — (RM (Wu ativan te th ete Yack the » pe (re 8,) Moreover =o ten (4 the precn ont ta Invat atpae*(e he otcen pet f e l {iris ner no mental ieee, thao ata om ‘octane Simi re base Syme Py Ho J, ta Boe as ‘Teme of st seiner of heh ation of on PH 42K te eh he ton nti ra abe Iev@nv Sammy, as Ceres "he roto om he tee omer nt teeter pes btm ‘then ated aseorin ner perce arcu n= sal w vw ne [om odwwoal by I pm te mvenv 4 omy “| i ve@ ye —. vanes comets when the Botiom boson map tine by he fxm 18-0 Glens Ohad AE seHe 4 @ Bt Dyn Bam ‘tesa valley ps m9} at prone "We der tthe ste (ran wt fh Sin eset 1 eS et 2B vin FSV, e Spey ney Bie eae aay nas ice (ane A tee mapas ate compe Wandin putt commate whe tacos ot he eer aa {Eee GLY) Ao of smc ee El Hoi) tendons os a ya ” ‘nn vein a oie det ft olor rea aeaeince ager Pach! ch rsa snk [Stein a ry'y et wate cge a Pa Roms etc Gee ah on Foetal gecd ee woe ‘nent BB. Te agra Sy i comet, sade ales hich {ais he vera rope tay neat map Fas oe see Fie! ofa commute grade len deen hme Spu—°C" of pdel siete. Use tis to stow tat Sy OM) = SY o8ymi ade hho (8), eon ‘Seton fr Ain the eto sew onmetane red asta {npr consirc an womortham N(V = RV AW, where Sent hs comets te pd the al pa tates, but the rode bs 8H) 4) = tPmoenne Hed) i homogeens ments an he fag and and ot ‘end: In pata poses) $8.3. Duals and Contractions ‘tough ony fe spe como are din the este mot hse iten uty and bre ede ay Neel toe es oor THY dents the un pct ¥ era contacton maps i eer fang 1 << pand | <4 dtemied beating the fh cornte ao be ncordteat vor dine, neem) = 91018848 8r,8 4,840" ¥ oe gery 1 =) 984 = yo) a to sence of ‘Nite nde fom fp) and {Iovate tee em) " ow ever eg vere qvepe » flamne-cne-enenenene-ene-on For cumple, pagan and f= J—(, ah the contntion Pe gr ahe o eis wih oe deal a eee (5, Duan Coton, o urbe AS. For Han 9. Ps ht ©H0 V= Vile oF and ea WL = oohr— wine Mor pena orice) 4A anda 9,0 Spit ne fader cn nae Eanes l tla A 8 the sam oneal permeation of 1.9 9] at pee th ode of Teccahtsm= ty nn tpgamde an gyitee BAe Eee Pg Pans 8 A gee he sum veal pertains that prose rds of (0-4 tp. ‘ey te fart etme ee neal Intermost oe Ste and ey ula ara soe ow (Veo af maga oon Ve and (cnt scrote ors Yn pute, (eV). a ae ob (7S he's then ae The camps so-so, ‘rh int mpi itso ad hcl she ome tk Fring oh mar somone gee " aay Syeny, ee ete aon eee eeu ‘This pang @ MN)» Kaen denoted, Thee bamorphisn a Sy) th Sy a wi tween nt" 4 tl) uae RIE. Uso female of he peeing ett ahow that he sonoma anytime te compson th mnge DV OPN) OHO VO PHM, ite the mide map i the concn apc} of RAD, with P= J = {0% p)and the ter map come om a rove te se ras (wih ine sara forte oe nea prac verte IZ Ie. 68 Ba ft Vth he da tn fo then leyanongisicueqem) kia tah be i aa (ei 05,28) in bao SP hom tha i ne Somorpiims the dal ano 0° and Sy oyoe nah at fpr} There ewe oars ster cle neal pods nd ‘asotd undo ster an yametc powers: Far ti eke eee they remap ‘xe B17 nt stato oom spe th are independent, sie be te (p+ einer tgs OY ay pape Sanit nl 2th pd ri ie Savon rer te Show Oat vLe = Odin) goed cer MWA seen GYBRE worn cen ase" cekrtone econ datee Wa ee ay revere PVONUN MV, xe mrnn ‘hse can be en moa simply a watts of wee pode hy Me deri ty he ents [Rae B18 Prov te oma fauna rae) and ues mL Gxumecense bosch Erawelevers a 20H1= 89+ 9 aml ML G = ooh + we RD = Coan lorem, {he ean of i sition th contin mec! above expe nsec B18) Not that when = 0 the cntacton eu Toe "vious dnt paring tense Nan) - orsymmetie power, heel pode ar etn ssa Sim" OSM )-+Sym10%,x@ere¥ SmMVOSyMV «Sym, xOarnun For examlee sp") = toe a0. = 2 orate fe Hea [Bo igen, Chap 3) aw APPENDIX C On Semisimplicity {Texting ram Catantcirion C2 Campi na oes tecmpeton fo3 Onda §C.L. The Killing Form and Cartan’s Criterion We recal fistheJodan compotion of nea tana Xo Fatetimensial compe. ests i ple ect Va sum of soil ond igen pare X = 4, 8, mh the spl tof an sos crete tet that hein cir fad, comme wrecker i be wien a poleomis ie any enone tc invatineoarandecoipsion any eat che C1" For any Xe) th edonerphiom 23) 4 es 40042004) ad aan, = ae ‘Thee Kiting B eit on by he feral Bex = Teo, co ere Tei the wt an = denne compotion of tpsonmations. A i (135 the teniy Ux, 0.2)~ B40 74.2) roy ds ora. Xn ot Set Te Keg Forma xa Cron ” ‘ee Kili rm ons Litera i at fer C1 for teat asenatin L 9) = Beds) Thi ee noe a ete Unters tow a proper were proved Hew Kling for ‘uate slay sensing fhe else. ify olabe by Lester nj erento cn be pt gpertana oreSows tat 29 = (ep) 228 by sy anger ‘Sangre So X ain and ten lt) aay tron tage pr se BUY, Yao Coan eer Propose CA. The Lc ler sole anol ¥ Bla) = 0. ‘erm (Cara ceom fg a mbagebacf and BUN. Y1=0 ‘ra al Yin eng sale a thi it atest how that very eet of 9 nite fr then ty Ens theorem By mt ben pte sel a ere 9 sab Sp take Te. ahd et yn dy be eign Combe ith smtp for Xa an enamine ¥. Wem show the 0 {Em The penis aly se obvious atone eagle Fuk Ky = Bk =O Wha ne ed sor Tato Tan0 co To prove hin tke bt for 140 he cao om, wihig”s down the Sarat he emp pt Bos Ky a “Seon tration. Lt be the endomorion of ¥en ‘Sgonal ar with yon the pea See TD) TWD) 0. en ince na vm of commtatos {YZ wt Yad Zing THD =X) 6 sam a tr fe oom TD eZ Te{De 7) 2) awe wil be “Sinetrenw hat, bons for cur hypoiessista a)= (Thats weareredsed toshowing miDI0=6 co Foe hii iso pove ha aD) ab wren pono ie Esl thor we tnow tt XP gi and Tae gS aD) = {Say abies polyoma na fin stow 2D) eae testes pepo nD) That ple copa wing he ‘ale {fo (a aD) re copie cnet goat ‘ete any hae plein ee 3 on On Senity Wecan pose now tate Lip or wich Bg, = hen assole hich risiyimperropostion By nb were, the image 99 by he si reprnnnon nh sane Se Keine he adjintmap nants mabe Delf ce 9 snuby dein hs ses sles 3 seche C9. Show tat 2 Le alee gH winle Hand ony & Dad a) Ofna Xing sett desc tom Carta’ tsontson or ensingity— part wh wesnrn Late able tng oe ase be ropes C184 Li pag i tine aol ft Kil frm Bionouepnee rot y (C3) he apace a= (Xe BLE 7) = Of all Ye) ivan lat Supe gr smiley Cras ein he aga 2 leat a nthe precling prea» than mabe st e=0 by ‘einion of semione Coney, 8 endear, ne ou Sow ‘ia ay abel Kaa ing mat be tre Ihe ond eg the 4° snd) map gina od fo TA) = Tip seed aera a oveany CA sein Li er & dnc adit of ne Le eae rr For ay othe anion B+ (X60: 804, 1) =O6ral Yeh) isan ieaby(C3) asi By Cartan 0 iseale ese e, 3 The docmpont Band ha tet ad ina of ae sein, ae C12. how hat ia it prot single Ue algebra th ‘nessa gare sons somecd tro peter teem, "no specs ie nt op opie aac C13. Show that gi esi healt map 8-0 ‘omorpi of nto te nigra Dei et densi ute C4 Show tas iene King ‘eran nd costeecame to eso iow bya single nduatog {12 Compleat nde oe Dsompston a §C2. Complete Reducibiity and the Jordan Decomposition Wereent ht ht opin sie hese on Be decd om Ue eens a enmpse grack t he cuplees Alps Ben smn Ue nig, We ince he te Slehacaptoch Ane tines erento eee ‘eed ap med aed irate ome Propnion CIS. a V eu rereztaton fhe ising Lise gad BEV ans Fes ree ase We cry P10 Sine the age og bythe entation emi, we ay sssine gl) Weil foie gh pemerteaton a te Cat perioy Gye Sn ih awed in 2S te ro of rede Sioula Wetakea bass, Ufo ganda deal bette ‘ine with eps toe Kling faa Be eied in Eerce C11) = Tiare 11 (Ney Cet cterin ta Be tegeete) Ye Ce id the orl G0) =U (9) ‘Ar tefr,simge alin so that Gi hat oor te elon oa TUG)=LTU = EMU tips — C16) 1 eadonnepbim o ‘We te als that sie Gaps any sable Ws ae od inet commie with ened Key )and imag a sede ‘Note it tha sl oe dinenol peti oe ean qe tial sie 3g et ely ener epee ed 3p ‘Webco he prot el A shoul ean Leste the ‘eaimenson one Then Cy mape Wnt and Cys ly 79 Bit now by Scar rans sne W's ete, maison Oy = ‘iron Thi salrnot sro (6) woul fe come Heme Pe Re) ih ihe ht peace Te flows easy by Induction onthe Snes tht she sei oe Noneero tuoi tnd adscompment Wc Vy itn) Wiz Sc Yzican inenses f(y tdacion) ston Y= ZOU Tate wee, 1 eae aurea i sues prove he stone te there hen Wi inetcble Cowie te ein ag Hom + Hom a onseniintty * homarnphion of proaen Te sc conn th enediensice {umd Hom) 8 the peng ese, thee oes ‘bedtime Host eich nage cate tm typ Sine eae dinesna! meee ar wha Ine meas hte 2 ‘ncn Ho I auch ht pf) = at hea 9 ‘iaram psjetoncfV onto Weso = Wwe Kervhaarequet. (rece 930, The eet pe ropsion C17. Lat gb awning Lie sgt ef. Then oo lon the snipe pat Ran the nn pot as Pao The en ito meg aren inenecton of Liable oor ‘thee eon the theorem weary prove Fer eae esi simeg = anda and Ke aos Sy, 11Viantieuieforony abode Woe se [Fe MPP TOP) = Wand THe) = “hon ao arbagsr fey and Xan X aa in Sines a] © feos tat (Na any phar T) Heme (tng) = pan (Xq) Inher wor Xun yong te tals no tansy of hve ecg eh UésalegSompitesasmother sage tower nth Now vec {ls theinteonctn fw and the girs al sels Wt ‘This cim a we sam, wi ah he pol Lt te he nro (hese Lenn Ten ga se ing r= ‘By tect rn harem wee eda hdl of 6 statg'= 9 Silas} pe mn hve UJ =0 Toston ht 0 [Sica tosh that or ay YU ethinyl Satmcde Wo ar ong et F preety ha Vicnowm fred ebmodse Bu since Y mmoles wa Scart ‘ements tat he econ of to Win yo ‘Senmampon hat Ye ey ean tat TAY = eo Tle = feet a Now ifr smisngle sus, the aint entation a inal) Foran Xt there implatht the vanes pte pate lsd} ain. We write te Xan The despot Wa, may be aed ie ab ovandewosion Nose {4 4) = etows ety fom he eon at p> 9 home ‘eps fom one vers i ager nt ater te 8) = 8h, tnd t8) = pot flows resample he hat a oe irom by tating oat some spe) Tote se Seon Sete ter {3 On Deane “ corte 181 99-2 on repeeainasoningle ile Senthil yt ol it ie Pooh, We tt st ta (1) and) the seine a sin Dar pa rept in he ere Lily Ap he Sec tore a) 3 flows hat an een X ina emp esse tat sil Ince i yepesetton semaine a eprom §C3. On Derivations tn distal cio ect fe ng he Kg orm sy, Aelnipocy nth ans icipated E'Welot pone coupe of meee ote Leet ea Leer tsp ay Urn Ral) de nl Serta) er C9. Fray reresmtation 96+ 09 one of 88) ‘salto endonorgton Port sis oat he ae where he repetition sine {ec W wes a popt sabeepsentaon, we woul know the fet Inte on the meron for Wand 9M, whch ipl for We ‘lnc sage, owe ays pj ft ewe oar ade th apt gf ch elastin oso vaste atenae os (049) named repetition md any af hat ‘onto niptent ators hens adr, y Engl F226) = Oforal 24) etic yt =O), (A tansoation Xie exe when TeX") = 0a posine Ines Thinning in aan cma orm) (ip Tub F}-2)= 0 bene {7} = Thats om teeny (cyan rbzi= tax tA Net we cn eh 4] =. For if. 9 and Yen then (%, Ye sncettsabln,¥commaie wth. YJanl nsw owen A eT a © Onset Pe eigaeee ne rene ‘amm C20. For any Libra poten aoe. Lk athe iage ad ofan by he ain repeettin "lh By Lema 19 a eg oem] een el ‘Siete rel he dn epson he et a ioe {ia the gone fa} acme eal potest hich per at qeloatenpaest 3 ‘a i Li len 9 aed hrc spent Nettha yte o 0 tne derivation y= (Witenes rm he ei ‘ten ny cnc el nr tema ses “Tue fwig sole eaten ctl or ring eons sat cer etna to ques shuts Seto ire yt Estraganda derionionDafglig = 9 Cyamideionatacetong by (XA, = (C4, 1762000) nO. eine vey than Lien coining 9 = 4028 Ha, eta acting {hh the reton of Dr a) eH Seine ‘Ke api rplsaion fication, Bish Kiting orm on wehavette ety ‘000, 9+ 1x. BEN)=9 rca for any drain Do, an any ad in ded the King Fermon (C3) gives BEE X.Y) BUX (e Fl) = snc antl 4. Bint esion of B to rand (lows, From (C2) follows that I fa atric el of hen ecthgonlcomplemen wih eget th Ring measure ace Ws oe rope C2. For any Lic sebagai compen toh ett eK om nooo seth = Rd) cotinine ta hy pipe hetoniee Pegand 204 Reclig he AUX TLD ALC sa oso tat BX. (1.2)) 0 Leet etl ah ‘rand X Then hb} =. 20 handle why Lehr, oe he Dis eet Ey 163 On Dentin as it nto. acts on 9 penne matsies. By Lemme C19 {Griz} ace on ¢ by ncn thao foo hae oF] ‘hats pte en oa whch flows ne BUM CW Tx s(iz) = heed Se gira harass ‘on Propetion CA see Bay 2195) = 9s, 9) =0, lfalows ht 99! «whic conde he ro 0 ort C23. 1 eo eli Rada) = Reign ‘on Sine Rainn charairiidafan eisai fy Sie ‘nici tit be cote inten of Ts the eleson ‘tthe ppt con dear sine Ral she ea i a Propet C24 YD ic doin of «Lt ler thn Ra i iinet clo 5 Fao weave Dita) = [Rell] MAO" AR Ue} = MIO" OR OL--)h, ‘dn provs the mtn. oral en ema ow ha es fh Wo reduc of elton spot ih iia with he elton a he spe out Lt ‘aston ta fortomes 1 2 0 foaled ome Por Lat pe D2Stha Wp = ps foraey tingle sor Tae Wino ‘owe roe (GPL Tenors, (OIF) ~ OP Mp) = ODL p=) = UPL —CHUPL coma eer shan 0A) <0. o “hes thoi on Wey chanbry the Wey aup coves 0 al Rejshibea cco ence ye ne he Wo poy. ary tuttonng Rint pine aad epee Ths ion ‘ag nguyen the Weyl hater ee wales We shirt the ype at oe then crepoig ge ‘oot dm) Frm the peptone hae Covey 32. The Wey ropa imp anti a Wes bers 1 Sow hai somal abo of (9 Let teatime in wih map aie et of geet Stott Show hat 6 seat pods oad 9 {in Sho hac Msismorpi tothe rsp atemephome ee Die (i Compat orc fhe sine rou. eI ow er 0 24 ‘tent eve rove th! hereto eel ae ‘ot Tet iment a Sec tesco he ag Semtomap tio est, wher Jost King fone wee sre th ths map he fo = (hae Ges ote ‘na cidennyuce Eto each rote Se en bs cos Inyo ws cate Staetns Le A= oz) be the wf coats For any Oa, st = Ci tray aon tate ch Le SO. fe ‘otspning spe pee | Lame 0.34) The of oot fr oo syste ie Te) These [eee] name of sero fr (ah ForeaBeSiye=ho Pro tes stihermnd cation thie =n ws by me ease cen hes biped: arte p= heterotopia ‘tte ow mney fom ha a a Seiya conepening st tpstiveocs Foot Ra Econ ante ncn ara toner net comin 1048 SU pe ycracebrs Saces ns pte mls torny Saat teow in ty are hove tan be men now ete Tomar comets cots Ss wich poe a he oot ae iced the da of ect D6. Fd the ds och ype fig roots. Gerrit te eta yt nme to et rete one ne sr Math pty oe a inert tfc 20} Te fest of the popston Fb, neti pity 2 ofeeatee ~ = (pet: BN) 2 OFora 25) a rece oat weet with by mens of King youn af emma a6 By meses fs, $4 Ont Woy Groep ” ‘pomiing «root become te stompin of wich aks an leet Heo oi, We hve st deat 1p atone Wel ‘Prpen DY. ory element of the Weyl erupt nace by om ete phim of ghich mops. Pao. salle to pode he geting ncn Win th wa. The hie hat and regen fg ad paw ot tee Ste) cham tomer who th pring Seton, ne woe Xt) fr expe. We mt show ta 2) == ‘Sito a 1 1 eso do eo th a 2 pd fo tg since together span’ a) = hen] CH} = ‘od = ihc kes cara cane For i= Hao wee ‘ndisntatgonse Cle Cand orange ace DK (a) For iC ith ie sandrd sky show that = AAT) ge to “Hx to = ad 0 (Show nf 8 Lie group with Lie alah hon 2, inc by Uhecement expe, Del We ed einen ofthe peeing eleiaton Foes rot «ad & scars comes ane ee to utp tg Om ee-RJoe-U I Heee-X) ont en Len 9h noerin 5h onal oy Gs ruiplicasiom by c#° on gy = e i denne oe na 3G) ene anceinranne(’ ‘Ct -(r o} (i HOG.) Tose how 0 on gy for 1 lies cme the ation of p beSt,Ceorpontng m= Clg a owt sng ow fe 9,01 so" Banu Wetnor al san ree pettion LG and ‘he weight fi ft. tows hat (5°) acts by maipaion by 9% Sina ot by mignon = ° tig he patina ter, wcn ge x densi sslonron pom Atgfg LAE Beep omy ‘tones apes vs over rot Spas tee bea 9D TG te adit fom fg se webs Be Ce Aw) Auth here Auth cance component feet. ropeion DA. We he = 6 = Anh ad AAU) mee ‘oth exon au of he Dyin dara ron. Fi he Catan lg ad psiveoos A, Let Aa be he oun of aarp ght map oda iy See oy frit nerecic f ocherupe nth Ag Wee I he es cra fae hm al oh aye ‘he stomp groop fhe Dyin Sgr ed winch we ony te ety tet fe Ener 235 fr Ue ene Dye apres ‘ruse (2123), ben ties prove ta thse rob aed Kiet hou = “Tom i mat ih any cemet a AD By Thor 22, hie are Falthot= 1h Then = t'euim hai yPepstan D3 {nthe poet Prpoation DS senate Ese thle, oe map ton. This eer may prmaetesnge rot hee e that e, = oy "is teeny tet of np Now ye Went‘ iis mation by some nese at oon ee By themes the Cartan mt fre sme neni come ibe ad some Le Ry ery spent Fee {inmate he ns that ond alee sr xc se ota vaste anyon at hen ons othe gens tere (hi 2.25 tat y= Hane eaten abe EK, seid. a ese Dal, Show hat ony te Ror eugene eta ote APPENDIX Ado’s and Levi's Theorems §E.L. Lev’s Theorem The objet oth eton to prove Ley ere: ‘hot EL Lv he Li aly wheal The hr lev loach arg rt ion Tht ee inp acto Fit, we my ase her mo eo elf gta is propery conned in For weve a ‘Sea by inton om the dimen a 9 wos ew sebegtee ‘emolenenary oval habla ster few aoe inparici for] ~ shen adj epee ain onthe Al snt i semiingl te abner © ge nce, oh Now ¥ =i modula the adjoint epsentatin foe X and Ng fh y]eadanieg — er oto, nother woth fr X,Y gan pe Y (0409 = 0% 97004, 2) “The ick int comidertheoowing ape = [ge Fe) eran yt mihpeation by “ Bo ivevigte rant et) -0) = (9 ae Tis rely tacked to e game of ind neh te indented. Ad Ci til emo sank tz C18 Cbg kay in Clon cha of, = 1 eet [Occ mond {Tor pace complemen to Wecham ako that HCED and reed © Toprove thei € Cand meth retin oy oie milipiton Uythesalare Weg ani Ferien bd, (eg = Wher lI =8 2 X90; ths proves the fet incon. I Xe, Tommieted= ase (9109 = -wfL4 T= E-e snd 9 — aX in Ami prove he cond incon “hist tha the map C/A CB = Ca seen mcd, ‘sich mat it sae emilee wot he a coma ‘inc ooch bao, saps cotie ot Now te (reer 9-0) ses tocheck at teat, Wem ves @)1e~ Chand gts For thet dX ea ane sleent te ereion tem este above Hip adl— Ah adh) =O Heme fg Me dece k cnomero iain contig or sos Fat ek hen Xigiin se 'g all?}orsom Pine Wem hang} 2 eYe. ka mgnale t+ Vtcmptiene x= 1)" Y inde ‘This provethe eee Levi mess fy Lalas Webe nad to pte the oman a a tn Lo seta foalomtee [ove ie Yes em $8.2. Ado's Theorem “Tega Ad hore hat vy Li ager iter aoe 18 sme nar gc Fi he ig et 22M Tre * “Restart svar withthe ant pretation whichis abot he only seperti a neo ane Liisa Sate er he ‘oi erorstaton ete cater srl i pee ‘Weean howe atltae Cee E MEME Be EET RH. 2c el inthe nent th = Nila) heat et bf a0 = naa helargtsibledat en wey sae ingles for ¢Thelan stot witha paetaion cy nce ‘ely penton ech white al on Te conor ‘ellnel omtethaeparehat =, haar and ya state lg. We an acct by lig yt tay ‘udmenoal ein spe compementay fo gyfer = 4 Sy 10 Beton toq alas hem oweiep “1 Bers sale Cia wepresenaonp of Lila a bprevttion i X) pte endomorim ery Xn Nig songs netaan a As ‘Sem ‘hrrem Ed Bory Lie agra har 6 if Jiedinesont Aersnatn Prope Leg he Le lc hihi det a of a bee ‘and athe tate be Morgractaton 9, hn re reresnition po 5h hae bookare)e Kero ah = Niele = ashen pay ete Aosterem low ety rom theo Stating wth al seesnaton ff = bY mlptet mat oe nh epeon o ‘mirc sstindy apenas ap The doped eden ‘sos tht hey areal alone Note tat pM) = ewe TS pwe ave Mig) = Mig.) = by Cooly Ck th pts ‘wot atl erenniaton cb aon be eps) Suppose 9 ~ 09 Le gee hich at om fan Wen nd soaialern§ Let Ua het esl mctopog en of Any