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The Importance of Place Value

A lot of students may find themselves struggling as they get into the higher levels of mathematics. One of the assumptions of mastering math is that you just need to memorize the formula and plug in the numbers. But to truly excel in any field, you must also understand the concept and the reasoning behind it so that you can play around with it. Well, this learning perspective can be applied to concepts in elementary school math as well.

Place value is the idea that each digit in a number represents a certain amount, depending on the position that it occupies (quick note: a digit is a particular number within a larger number; the number refers to the entire group of digits). Thus, a number like 465 has a 4 in the hundreds place, a 6 in the tens place, and a 5 in the ones place. The digit 4, in the hundreds place, does not represent 4 it represents 400. This idea is generally introduced in the lower elementary grades in order to help students manipulate numbers and solve problems. If a child understands that 465 is actually 400+60+5, he or she can play around with this number more easily. Understanding this concept might make it easier to add or subtract numbers, as well as use multiplication in the future grades 465 x 3 = (400 x 3) + (60 x 3) + (5 x 3). This method avoids carrying over in multiplication, which is where a lot of students make calculation errors.

The concept that numbers can be broken apart and put back together gives the student a more solid understanding of how different operations work. Not only that, but the student can also figure out how to solve problems independently by playing with the numbers. Once a child has a good understanding of place value, he or she will have an easier time with addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, expanded notation, etc. Place value is the why behind the basics of mathematics; it teaches beyond memorization and repetition.

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Numbers in everyday life


Virtually every aspect of our everyday lives depends on numbers, from our bank account to our car license plate, and from the currency with which we buy our groceries to our telephone number. Indeed numbers are the framework within which we live our lives. Calculations made by astrological Horoscope India are also based on numbers. Many objects which we consider essential to our quality of life also depends on numbers. For example, every page in a book has a number; there is a bar code on the back cover, without which a book can not be sold; there is a price on most books that is expressed in numbers; there is an international standard book number for identification; and there is a copyright date expressed in numbers. Without numbers, it is fair to say that life as we know it would be considerably different in all likelihood, much more difficult. From the moment we are born, each and every one of us is given a series of numbers in order to set ourselves apart from our fellow human beings. Most of these numbers are uncontrollable in the sense that they are allocated, probably at random, by an official or a computer. These numbers include those on our passports, bank account, internal revenue service reference, birth certificate, marriage certificate, and, finally, our death certificate. These numbers are important indeed.

Nombor dalam kehidupan seharian


Hampir setiap aspek kehidupan harian kita bergantung kepada nombor, dari akaun bank kami untuk plat lesen kereta kita, dan daripada mata wang yang kitamembeli barangan runcit kami kepada nombor telefon kami. Sesungguhnyanombor rangka dalam mana kita hidup kehidupan kita. Pengiraan yang dibuatoleh astrologi Horoskop India juga berdasarkan nombor. Banyak objek yang kita anggap penting untuk kualiti hidup kita juga bergantungpada nombor. Sebagai contoh, setiap halaman di dalam buku mempunyainombor ada kod bar pada penutup belakang, tanpa buku tidak boleh dijual; ada harga atas bukubuku yang dinyatakan dalam nombor, terdapat sebuah bukustandard antarabangsa bilangan untuk mengenal pasti; dan tarikh hak cipta yangdinyatakan dalam nombor. Tanpa nombor, ia adalah adil untuk mengatakanbahawa hidup ini seperti yang kita tahu ia akan jauh berbeza dalam semuakemungkinan, lebih sukar. Dari saat kita dilahirkan, setiap kita diberikan satu siri nombor untukmenetapkan diri kita sendiri selain daripada sesama manusia. Kebanyakannombor-nombor ini adalah tidak

terkawal dalam erti kata bahawa merekadiperuntukkan, mungkin secara rawak, oleh seorang pegawai atau komputer.Nombor ini termasuk orangorang pada pasport kami, akaun bank,perkhidmatan rujukan hasil dalaman, sijil kelahiran, sijil perkahwinan, dan, akhirnya, sijil kematian kami. Nombor-nombor ini adalah penting - sememangnya. http://www.addicted.com/forums/posts/26641/1/Numbers-in-everyday-life
3rd graders solve time and money problems and discuss how they relate to real life. 3rd graders solve problems with elapsed time and money online.

When you buy a car, follow a recipe, or decorate your home, you're using math principles. People have been using these same principles for thousands of years, across countries and continents. Whether you're sailing a boat off the coast of Japan or building a house in Peru, you're using math to get things done. How can math be so universal? First, human beings didn't invent math concepts; we discovered them. Also, the language of math is numbers, not English or German or Russian. If we are well versed in this language of numbers, it can help us make important decisions and perform everyday tasks. Math can help us to shop wisely, buy the right insurance, remodel a home within a budget, understand population growth, or even bet on the horse with the best chance of winning the race. Join us as we explore how math can help us in our daily lives. In this exhibit, you'll look at the language of numbers through common situations, such as playing games or cooking. Put your decision-making skills to the test by deciding whether buying or leasing a new car is right for you, and predict how much money you can save for your retirement by using an interest calculator.

Apabila anda membeli sebuah kereta, ikut resipi, atau menghias rumah anda,anda menggunakan prinsipprinsip matematik. Orang ramai telah menggunakanprinsip-prinsip yang sama beriburibu tahun, merentasi negara dan benua.Sama ada anda belayar bot di perairan Jepun atau membina sebuah rumah di Peru, anda menggunakan matematik untuk mendapatkan perkara yang dilakukan. Bagaimana matematik boleh menjadi begitu sejagat? Pertama, manusia tidakmencipta k onsep matematik; kami mendapati mereka. Selain itu, bahasamatematik nombor, tidak Bahasa Inggeris atau Jerman atau Rusia. Jika kitamahir dalam bahasa ini nombor, ia dapat membantu kita membuat keputusanyang penting dan melaksanakan tugas-tugas setiap hari. Matematik bolehmembantu kami untuk membeli-belah dengan bijak, membeli insurans yangbetul, merombak rumah dalam belanjawan, memahami per tumbuhan penduduk,ataupun taruhan kuda dengan peluang yang terbaik untuk memenangiperlumbaan. Sertai kami sebagai kita meneroka bagaimana matematik boleh membantu kitadalam kehidupan seharian kita. Dalam pameran ini, anda akan melihat bahasanombor melalui situasi yang sama, seperti bermain permainan atau memasak.Letakkan kemahiran membuat keputusan untuk menguji dengan memutuskan sama ada membeli atau menyewa sebuah kereta baru adalah sesuai untuk anda, dan meramalkan berapa banyak wang yang anda boleh menyimpan untukpersaraan anda dengan menggunakan kalkulator kepentingan. http://www.learner.org/interactives/dailymath/

Mathematics in Daily Life


Waxing eloquently on the basic importance of Mathematics in human life, Roger Bacon (1214-1294), an English Franciscan friar, philosopher, scientist and scholar of the 13th century, once stated: "Neglect of mathematics works injury to all knowledge, since he who is ignorant of it cannot know the other sciences or the things of the world." And the ingenuity of his statement is there before us to see, in this Internet era. However, mathematics, in itself, has all the ingredients that make it a universal language shared by all human beings irrespective of culture, religion, or gender. Pi is always 3.14159 regardless of where we are. Similarly, the elemental mathematical processes (like addition, subtraction, etc.) never get changed due to a change in the location or for any other reason whatsoever. These all say about the close intertwining of mathematics in our daily life. At a time when even a common man is being increasingly dependent upon the application of science and technology in the day-to-day activities of life, the role of mathematics has undoubtedly been

redefined. Right from getting up in early hours of the day to the ringing of an alarm, to wait for the counts of whistles of the cooker, to exchange currency at a ticket outlet while availing a public conveyance, almost every next moment we do the simple calculations at the back of our mind. Of course, these are all done pretty unconsciously without a thought being spared for the use of mathematics on all such occasions. Reading time on a watch, rounding a date on a calendar, checking up the mileage of your car, halting at the filling station, attending to a roll call at school, getting scores in the class exams, scoring in a game, betting on a horse race, preparing a recipe in the kitchen, - the list is just endless if one goes on to note down the situations when our computational skill, or more specifically, simple mathematics comes to play a role. It scares us to certain extent to think of a life without any knowledge of calculation or computation, or in other words mathematics. In many a case, lack of a formal education hardly affects gaining a relative mastery in these computational skills which are so essential in our daily life. At a psychological level, exposure to mathematics helps in developing an analytic mind and assists in better organization of ideas and accurate expression of thoughts. At a more general level, far away from dealing with the higher mathematical concepts, the importance of mathematics for a common man is underpinned whenever he visits banks, shopping malls, railways, post offices, insurance companies, or deals with transport, business transactions, imports and exports, trade and commerce, and the ilk. Even when we think of role of mathematics in our recreational activities, we surprisingly have a list that runs quite long: video games, computer games, puzzles, riddles, and so on. It ensues from the above discussion that a modern life style seems completely handicapped and at times, highly improbable, in the absence of mathematics. For, unless we are well versed in the language of numbers, we would find it difficult to reach at important decisions and perform everyday tasks. Be it to shop wisely, or buy the right insurance, or refashion a home within a budget, knowledge of mathematics holds the key, and hence, barely necessary.

Matematik dalam Kehidupan Harian


Waxing eloquently tentang kepentingan asas Matematik dalam kehidupan manusia, Roger Bacon (1214-1294), rahib Franciscan Bahasa Inggeris, ahli falsafah, ahli sains dan sarjana abad ke-13, pernah menyatakan: "Tidakkerjakerja matematik kecederaan kepada semua pengetahuan, kerana dia yangtidak mengetahui ia tidak dapat mengetahui sains atau perkaraperkara duniayang lain. "Dan kebijaksanaan kenyataan beliau di sana sebelum kita lihat, dalam era Internet ini. Walau bagaimanapun, matematik, dengan sendirinya, mempunyai semuabahan-

bahan yang menjadikan ia satu bahasa sejagat yang dikongsi oleh semuamanusia tanpa mengira budaya, agama atau jantina. Pi sentiasa 3,14159 tanpa mengira di mana kita berada. Begitu juga, proses unsur matematik (sepertiSelain itu, tolak, dll) tidak pernah mendapat berubah disebabkan oleh perubahandalam lokasi atau untuk apa-apa sebab lain. Ini semua mengatakan kirakiramenutup intertwining matematik dalam kehidupan seharian kita. Pada masa apabila walaupun seorang lelaki biasa yang semakin bergantung kepada aplikasi sains dan teknologi dalam aktiviti-aktiviti seharihari hidup,peranan matematik sudah pasti telah ditakrifkan semula. Kanan dari bangun diawal pagi hari dengan nada penggera, menunggu untuk tuduhan wisel periuk itu,pertukaran mata wang di saluran keluar tiket manakala availing kenderaan awam,hampir setiap saat seterusnya kami buat pengiraan yang mudah di belakangminda kita. Sudah tentu, ini semua dilakukan cukup tidak sedar tanpa pemikiranyang terlepas untuk kegunaan matematik di semua kesempatan itu. Membaca masa pada penggenapan watch, tarikh pada kalendar, menyemakperbatuan kereta anda, menghentikan di stesen pengisian, melayan panggilanroll di sekolah, mendapat markah dalam peperiksaan kelas, menjaringkan goldalam permainan, pertaruhan padaperlumbaan kuda, menyediakan resipi di dapur, senarai hanya tidak berkesudahan jika seseorang terus catatkan situasiapabila kemahiran pengiraan kami, atau lebih khusus, matematik mudah datanguntuk memainkan peranan. Ia menakutkan kita pada tahap tertentu untukmemikirkan kehidupan tanpa pengetahuan mana-mana pengiraan ataupengiraan, atau dalam matematik erti kata lain. Dalam kes banyak, kurangpendidikan formal hampir tidak memberi kesan mendapatkan penguasaanrelatif dalam kemahiran pengiraan yang begitu penting dalam kehidupanseharian kita. Pada peringkat psikologi, pendedahan kepada matematik membantu dalammembangunkan minda analisis dan membantu dala m organisasi yang lebih baikdaripada idea-idea dan ungkapan tepat pemikiran. Di peringkat yang lebihumum, jauh daripada berurusan dengan konsepkonsep matematik yang lebih tinggi, kepentingan matematik untuk manusia yang sama disokong setiap kali beliau melawat bank, pusat membeli-belah, kereta api, pejabat pos, syarikat insurans, atau tawaran dengan urus niaga perniagaan, pengangkutan, import dan eksport, perdagangan dan perdagangan, dan macam. Malah, apabila kita berfikir tentang peranan matematik dalam aktiviti-aktiviti rekreasi kami, kamimenghairankan mempunyai senarai yang berjalan agak lama: permainan video,permainan komputer, teka-teki, teka-teki, dan sebagainya.

Ia berlaku ekoran daripada perbincangan di atas bahawa gaya hidup modenseolaholah cacat dan kadang-kadang, sangat tidak mungkin, dalam ketiadaanmatematik. Untuk, melainkan jika kita mahir dalam bahasa nombor, kita akan mendapati sukar untuk mencapai keputusan penting dan melaksanakan tugas-tugas setiap hari. Jadi untuk membeli-belah secara bijak, atau membeli insuransyang betul, atau membentuk semula rumah dalam belanjawan, pengetahuanmatematik memegang kunci, dan dengan itu, hampir tidak perlu.

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