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Claims and Arguments Quiz (See related pages)

Results Reporter Out of 15 questions, you answered 12 correctly with a final grade of 80% 12 correc t (80%)

3 incorr ect (20%) 0 unans wered (0%) Your Results: The correct answer for each question is indicated by a
Claims and Argum no 1 007312625x Critical Thinking B 1

.
1342123

1 CORRECT Which of the following statements concerning the nature of critical thinking is most accurate? Critical thinking is about helping others and ourselves.

A)

B)

Critical thinking is about helping others.

C)

Critical thinking is about attacking others.

D)

Critical thinking is about self debasement.

Feedback: The consequences for not thinking critically are often deleterious to one's self or others. When you don't screen your beliefs to see if they really make sense, you may, in retrospect, wish you had.
2 4

2 CORRECT Which of the following most accurately completes this sentence? "A claim is a statement that is..." true.

A)

B)

false.

C)

either true or false, but not both.

D)

true and false, depending on the context.

Feedback: A claim is merely a statement expressing a belief. If that statement is true, it can be used as a reason to support a conclusion within an argument, if false, it cannot (the conclusion is a claim, as well). 3 CORRECT Which of the following sentences is not a claim? Life exists on planets other than Earth.
3 4

A)

B)

Dare to stay off drugs!

C)

Something's force equals its mass multiplied by its acceleration.

D)

Joe owns a pet dog.

Feedback: This sentence is not truth evaluable because it is a suggestion, not a declarative statement.
4 4

4 CORRECT

Which of the following best completes this sentence? "When a sentence has a truth value, we mean that it..." is either true or false, even if we cannot necessarily determine A) which it is. is false.

B)

C)

is true.

D)

is neither true nor false.

Feedback: A sentence that can be evaluated for truth or falsity has to make an assertion, or claim. Imperatives (Shut the door!), questions (Why?), and other sorts of sentences, are neither true nor false. 5 INCORRECT
5 4

Which of the following is a good way to state an issue in neutral terms? Turn the claim that one party accepts and the other party A) rejects into a question. Place the word "if" in front of the claim that one party accepts B) and the other party rejects. Place the words "it is possible that" in front of the claim that one party accepts and the other party rejects.

C)

Place the word "whether" in front of the claim that one party D) accepts and the other party rejects.
6 4

6 CORRECT Generally speaking, which of these statements best represents the relationship between issues and topics of conversation?

A)

A topic of conversation often has several issues at stake.

B)

An issue often has several topics of conversation at stake.

C)

A topic never contains issues.

D)

An issue just is a topic.

Feedback: The topic up for discussion, for example the beauty of a sunset, may involve several issues, such as, "Is aesthetic appreciation worth developing?," or "Is it good to spend time observing nature?," etc. 7 CORRECT Which of the following offers the best identification of "abortion"? It is a topic of conversation.
7 4

A)

B)

It is a claim.

C)

It is an issue.

D)

It is an argument

Feedback: To make this topic into a claim requires making some assertion about abortion. To make it into an issue requires asking whether or not some claim about it is true or false.
8 4

8 CORRECT An argument comprises which of the following?

A)

At least a premise.

B)

At least a conclusion.

C)

At least two premises and a conclusion.

D)

At least one premise and one conclusion.

Feedback: By definition, an argument is a two-part structure of claims, one part of which (the premise, or premises) is given as a reason (or reasons) for thinking; the other part (the conclusion) is true. 9 CORRECT It is fair to say that the word "claim" and the word "sentence" have exactly the same meaning. True
9 2

A)

B)

False

Feedback: A claim could be, but isn't necessarily, a sentence. A claim could be expressed in an action. For example, showing up drunk for one's court hearing for drunk driving expresses the claim, without uttering a single sentence, that there's nothing wrong with driving drunk. 10 CORRECT
10 2

It is fair to say that critical thinking is mainly concerned with the determination of whether to accept, reject, or suspend judgment about claims. True

A)

B)

False

Feedback: Most things in life are not provable, so the best we can do is act on our best judgments, and critical thinking is the best tool we have for making the best judgments. 11 CORRECT
11 2

In order to have an "issue" there must be a dispute between at least two parties. True

A)

B)

False

Feedback: To decide whether a claim is true or false you must weigh the arguments for and against it. One party may argue the "pro" side and the other the "con" side, but it isn't necessary that there be a dispute (everyone may simply be ignorant of the facts). It's only necessary that there be a question, or issue, to settle.
12 2

12 CORRECT

It is fair to say that an issue and a topic of conversation are the same thing. True

A)

B)

False

Feedback: If everyone agreed on how to evaluate the topic, then no one would take issue with it. A topic, or a portion of the topic, can become an issue if it is controversial enough to raise a question worth arguing over. 13
13 2

INCORRECT

Critical thinking is concerned with both facts and opinions. True

A)

B)
14

False
2

14 INCORRECT

It is fair to say that any controversial matter is subjective. True

A)

B)
15

False
2

15 CORRECT

It is fair to conclude that beliefs, opinions, views, and convictions are essentially the same things. True

A)

B)

False

Feedback: These are all mental states. If a fact is true, and if we believe it (are in the mental state of having a conviction about it, opinion about it, etc.), and if we are justified in believing it, then we may be said to possess knowledge.
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Home > Chapter 1 > Claims and Arguments Quiz

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Chapter 1

Quizzes Essay Quiz Claims and Argument... Subjectivism and Value... Subjectivism Quiz Arguments Quiz Claims Quiz Chapter Review Quiz More Resources Chapter Overview Chapter Objectives Frequently Asked Quest... Tips on Applications Help with Exercises Glossary Flashcards PowerPoint Presentations

Instructor Resources Instructor's Manual PowerPoint Presentations CPS by eInstruction PageOut Sample Chapters New Edition Preview

Course-wide Content PowerWeb Articles

Chapter 1

Quizzes Essay Quiz Claims and Argument... Subjectivism and Value... Subjectivism Quiz Arguments Quiz Claims Quiz Chapter Review Quiz More Resources Chapter Overview Chapter Objectives Frequently Asked Quest... Tips on Applications Help with Exercises Glossary Flashcards PowerPoint Presentations