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Sustainable Design
Classes 2011 - 2013
Workshops
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Dipl.-Ing. Max Dölling 1
Technische Universität Berlin,
Germany
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In cooperation with:

Dr. Farshad Nasrollahi 2 Jeffrey Tietze, Cand. BSc 1

1 Digital Processing for Academics (Prof. Schwandt) 2 FG Gebäudetechnik und Entwerfen (Prof. Steffan)

2 FG Gebäudetechnik und Entwerfen (Prof. Steffan) lager garderobe konferenz workshop hörsaal büro Building

lager

garderobe

konferenz

workshop

hörsaal

büro

Building Simulation (not) in the Studio

hörsaal büro Building Simulation (not) in the Studio Sustainable Design Classes 2011 -2013 Max Dölling,

Sustainable Design Classes 2011 -2013 Max Dölling, Dipl.-Ing., Assistant Professor Digi-Pro @ 3d-Labor (Prof. H. Schwandt)

DIVA Day 2013 Solemma LLC @ Thornton Tomasetti July 15th, 2013, New York City, NY, USA

01 Teaching & Research Goals

Building simulation is commonly taught as a specialty class instead of in a design-centric but still research-oriented framework

Common doubts about simulation in design: simulation usability, feasibility of analysis results to positively (if at all) impact wide- scope design decisions; conflict over contents of core studios

Initial Thesis: “Design changes everything” (or does it?)

Our classes attempt the integration of thermal and daylight simulation into the early stages of architectural design

Throughout the last two years, we held three seminar types, all concerned with architectural performance optimization

Main goals: investigate process, building form & performance impact, design representations teaching of energy literacy to architecture students to facilitate interdisciplinary processes

Design research: reflect on the means, methods and procedures of design in-process; analyse artefacts from a rational, formal and phenomenological perspective

a rational, formal and phenomenological perspective • Students discussing sintered shading geometry prototypes,

Students discussing sintered shading geometry prototypes, summer 2012

Building Simulation (not) in the Studio

summer 2012 Building Simulation (not) in the Studio Sustainable Design Classes 2011 -2013 Max Dölling,

Sustainable Design Classes 2011 -2013 Max Dölling, Dipl.-Ing., Assistant Professor Digi-Pro @ 3d-Labor (Prof. H. Schwandt)

DIVA Day 2013 Solemma LLC @ Thornton Tomasetti July 15th, 2013, New York City, NY, USA

02 Class Iterations (chronological)

A : Parametric Design Climates : 1, 2, 4

Community Center & Offices (mechanical conditioning)

Center & Offices • (mechanical conditioning) R. Canihuante, M. El-Soudani Office Bldg. (FL site) •

R. Canihuante, M. El-Soudani Office Bldg. (FL site)

Geometric optimization

Fixed materials & setpoints

Balance thermal & daylight

B : Performative Design 1, 3, 4

• Housing Units & Urban Design • (passive & mech. conditioning) O. A. Pearl, D.
• Housing Units & Urban Design •
(passive & mech. conditioning)
O.
A. Pearl,
D.
Gkougkoudi
Housing units (SWE site)

Geometric & material optimization

Fixed setpoints & U-Val., custom mat.

Thermal performance focus

C : ‘Robust’ Studio Integration 5

Multi - Use Exhibition & Office building (mech. cond.)

- Use Exhibition & Office building • (mech. cond.) B. Suazo, M. Silva (Berlin site) •

B. Suazo, M. Silva (Berlin site)

Geometric & material optimization

Custom setpoints, mat. & behavior

Individualized performance tests

mat. & behavior • Individualized performance tests 1 Hollywod, FL, USA Climate.: Am (Köppen class) 2

1 Hollywod, FL, USA

Climate.: Am (Köppen class)

2 Hashtgerd, Iran
2 Hashtgerd, Iran

Climate: BSk

3 Yazd, Iran
3 Yazd, Iran

Climate: BWk

2 Hashtgerd, Iran Climate: BSk 3 Yazd, Iran Climate: BWk 4 Östersund, Sweden Climate: Dfc 5

4 Östersund, Sweden

Climate: Dfc

3 Yazd, Iran Climate: BWk 4 Östersund, Sweden Climate: Dfc 5 Berlin, Germany Climate: Dfb Building

5 Berlin, Germany

Climate: Dfb

Building Simulation (not) in the Studio

Sustainable Design Classes 2011 -2013 Max Dölling, Dipl.-Ing., Assistant Professor Digi-Pro @ 3d-Labor (Prof. H. Schwandt) Max Dölling, Dipl.-Ing., Assistant Professor Digi-Pro @ 3d-Labor (Prof. H. Schwandt)

DIVA Day 2013 Solemma LLC @ Thornton Tomasetti July 15th, 2013, New York City, NY, USA

03 Metrics & Design / Simulation Tools

Design decisions are guided by energy and comfort metrics, created by DIVA (Daysim, Radiance) & DesignBuilder (E+)

Total and primary energy demand of idealized, best- practice cooling, heating & lighting systems

Discomfort Hours Operative Temperature

UDI 100 - 2000 lux Climate-Based Daylight Metrics for all spaces (seasonal & yearly occupancy schedules)

Daylight Availability (DAv) 300 lux (office spaces)

Irradiance images grid calculations (seasonal, yearly)

Point-in-time luminance metrics Evalglare calculations

Yet in an unconstrained design process, technical validity of metrics only does not by default provide good design outcomes: metrics have to be seen in conjunction with design intent & other (architectural) representations

The interpretation of technically invariant metrics shifts depending on typology, climate & design goals

depending on typology, climate & design goals • Student Ralitsa Georgieva presenting daylight simulations,

Student Ralitsa Georgieva presenting daylight simulations, winter 2011/12

Building Simulation (not) in the Studio

winter 2011/12 Building Simulation (not) in the Studio Sustainable Design Classes 2011 -2013 Max Dölling,

Sustainable Design Classes 2011 -2013 Max Dölling, Dipl.-Ing., Assistant Professor Digi-Pro @ 3d-Labor (Prof. H. Schwandt)

DIVA Day 2013 Solemma LLC @ Thornton Tomasetti July 15th, 2013, New York City, NY, USA

04 Performance Representations (excerpts)

a Office / Multi - use building

(Ft. Lauderdale, FL, USA)

a Office / Multi - use building (Ft. Lauderdale, FL, USA) Design concepts, Irradiation metrics Daylight
a Office / Multi - use building (Ft. Lauderdale, FL, USA) Design concepts, Irradiation metrics Daylight

Design concepts, Irradiation metrics

Daylight metrics model (UDI, DAv) Overhang study Glare without louvers
Daylight
metrics model
(UDI, DAv)
Overhang study
Glare without louvers

C.

103

 

UDI

H. 2

H. 2

66 %

DAv

L. 6

L. 6

20 %

Initial Variant 275 kWh/m 2

UDI 90 % C. 64 H. .1 DAv L. 4 84 % Final Variant
UDI
90 %
C.
64
H.
.1
DAv
L. 4
84 %
Final Variant

170 kWh/m2

DAv 300 lux, UDI 100 - 2000 lux Heating, cooling, lighting energy use development (kWh/m 2 ) Primary energy demand

energy use development (kWh/m 2 ) Primary energy demand Final performance section with horizontal louvers b

Final performance section with horizontal louvers

b Housing development (Yazd, Iran)

C. Kollmeyer, R. Kölmel
C. Kollmeyer,
R. Kölmel

Early massing stage

Cellular strategy

Kollmeyer, R. Kölmel Early massing stage Cellular strategy Housing Units UDI 100 - 2k axonometric Final

Housing Units

Kölmel Early massing stage Cellular strategy Housing Units UDI 100 - 2k axonometric Final state (RP

UDI 100 - 2k axonometric

Final state (RP irrad. model)

Units UDI 100 - 2k axonometric Final state (RP irrad. model) Yard perspective (hello, glare )

Yard perspective (hello, glare )

Building Simulation (not) in the Studio

(hello, glare ) Building Simulation (not) in the Studio Sustainable Design Classes 2011 -2013 Max Dölling,

Sustainable Design Classes 2011 -2013 Max Dölling, Dipl.-Ing., Assistant Professor Digi-Pro @ 3d-Labor (Prof. H. Schwandt)

DIVA Day 2013 Solemma LLC @ Thornton Tomasetti July 15th, 2013, New York City, NY, USA

05 Performative Design: Sweden Site

a Design & Simulations:

O. A. Pearl, D. Gkougkoudi

Variant A

& Simulations: O. A. Pearl, D. Gkougkoudi Variant A 461 Summer 114 Winter Avrg. irradiation (exposed

461

Summer

114

Winter

Avrg. irradiation (exposed surfaces): kWh/m 2

Variant B

495 117
495 117

Unequal unit performance!

kWh/m 2 Variant B 495 117 Unequal unit performance! H. 89 > 2k 43 % 100

H.

89

kWh/m 2 Variant B 495 117 Unequal unit performance! H. 89 > 2k 43 % 100

>

2k

43

%

B 495 117 Unequal unit performance! H. 89 > 2k 43 % 100 - 2k 38

100

-

2k

38

%

Unequal unit performance! H. 89 > 2k 43 % 100 - 2k 38 % 19 %

19

%

Baseline (~A)

> 2k 25 % 100 - 2k 48 % H. 34 27 %
>
2k
25
%
100
-
2k
48
%
H. 34
27
%

Final Variant

Final Var.

116

467

- 2k 48 % H. 34 27 % Final Variant Final Var. 116 467 “Versioning” Compare

“Versioning”

Compare two site design variants; pick “best” one. Metrics: average irradiance, H/C energy demand (VIPER)

“Shaping”

Test glazing areas, materials, U-values, and unit overshadowing (conditioned & passive)

UDI 100 - 2000, > 2000 & < 100 lux comparison; Heating energy use development (kWh/m 2 )

In parallel to systematic tests, designs continue to develop in a heuristic & design-driven fashion, on multiple levels

b Design & Simulations:

T. Merickova, P. Jardzioch

Variant A

529

135

T. Merickova, P. Jardzioch V a r i a n t A 529 135 Summer Winter

Summer

Winter

Variant B 606 140 > 2k 42 % 100 - 2k 40 % H. 37
Variant B
606 140
>
2k
42
%
100
-
2k
40
%
H.
37
18
%
Baseline (~B)
H. 18
H. 18

> 2k

23 %

100

- 2k

45

%

32

%

Final Variant

Final Var.

630 154

100 - 2k 45 % 32 % Final Variant Final Var. 630 154 Building Simulation (not)
100 - 2k 45 % 32 % Final Variant Final Var. 630 154 Building Simulation (not)

Building Simulation (not) in the Studio

Final Var. 630 154 Building Simulation (not) in the Studio Sustainable Design Classes 2011 -2013 Max

Sustainable Design Classes 2011 -2013 Max Dölling, Dipl.-Ing., Assistant Professor Digi-Pro @ 3d-Labor (Prof. H. Schwandt)

DIVA Day 2013 Solemma LLC @ Thornton Tomasetti July 15th, 2013, New York City, NY, USA

06 Performative Design: Sweden Site

a Design & Simulations:

O. A. Pearl, D. Gkougkoudi

Site a Design & Simulations: O. A. Pearl, D. Gkougkoudi Unit perspective section Site perspective (looking

Unit perspective section

O. A. Pearl, D. Gkougkoudi Unit perspective section Site perspective (looking East) b Design & Simulations:

Site perspective (looking East)

Unit perspective section Site perspective (looking East) b Design & Simulations: T. Merickova, P. Jardzioch Unit

b

Design & Simulations:

T. Merickova, P. Jardzioch

East) b Design & Simulations: T. Merickova, P. Jardzioch Unit section Site perspective (looking West) Building

Unit section

Site perspective (looking West)

Building Simulation (not) in the Studio

(looking West) Building Simulation (not) in the Studio Sustainable Design Classes 2011 -2013 Max Dölling,

Sustainable Design Classes 2011 -2013 Max Dölling, Dipl.-Ing., Assistant Professor Digi-Pro @ 3d-Labor (Prof. H. Schwandt)

DIVA Day 2013 Solemma LLC @ Thornton Tomasetti July 15th, 2013, New York City, NY, USA

07 Detailed Design / Simulation Narrative (Florida Site)

Annual H/C/L energy demand, UDI 100-2000, DAv 300 Monthly H/C/L energy demand (final building only),
Annual H/C/L energy demand, UDI 100-2000, DAv 300
Monthly H/C/L energy demand (final building only), glazing solar gains (all variants)
Heating (natural gas)
100
25
Chiller (electricity)
339
Lighting (electricity)
80
20
Glass Sol. Gains (/occ. area)
238
kWh/m²; Primary
Glazing Solar Gains (kWh)
Useful Daylight Illumi-
nance, 100 - 2000 lux
UDI > 2000, < 100 lux
Daylight Availability,
offices, 300 lux
223
60
15
204
153
40
10
Nat.
Vent.
20
5
0 %
0 kWh
% of occupied hours
occ. hrs.
(/m )
2
kWh/m 2
kWh/m 2
NORTH
AA
BB
CC
DD
SOUTH
C.
103
Space Use
Offices
H. 2
Meeting &
Media Halls
Auxiliary
Spaces
Form
Facade
Foyer
Finding:
Concepts:
Courtyard
L. 6
Volumes
Diffusion
ventilation
Circulation
(exterior)

Design: I. V. Crego, D. Cepeda del Toro

Building Simulation (not) in the Studio

Cepeda del Toro • Building Simulation (not) in the Studio Sustainable Design Classes 2011 -2013 Max

Sustainable Design Classes 2011 -2013 Max Dölling, Dipl.-Ing., Assistant Professor Digi-Pro @ 3d-Labor (Prof. H. Schwandt)

DIVA Day 2013 Solemma LLC @ Thornton Tomasetti July 15th, 2013, New York City, NY, USA

08 Design / Simulation Process Observations & Models

Knowledge of architectural design processes (and the implications of full “integration”) advances only slowly in the BPS community, compared to technological innovation

Instead of aiming to standardize processes, attention is given to recurring patterns in design - specific workflows:

Processes are not linear but concurrently erratic, iterative, case-specific and linked to performance / design intent

Simulation scope improves through time, usually in phases:

a Heuristic design-seed generation

b Partial / explorative simulations (single / multi-domain)

c Whole-building multi-domain interdependent simulations

Form / Performance knowledge steadily accretes throughout individual design steps taken by students

Individual / tacit knowledge constructed through designerly making coexists with quantified, multi-domain performance behaviours (which are objective within their evaluatory scope and, in the case studies, geometrically defined)

scope and, in the case studies, geometrically defined) • “ T h e b a s

The basic

procedures involved in the design of a commodity are the same whether it be

a toaster, supersonic

passenger aircraft or

a building.”

W. J. Batty & B. Swann (‘97): Integration of Computer Based Modelling and an

Inter-Disciplinary Based Approach to Building Design [

],

(Building Simulation ‘97)

Miscellaneous Lighting Thermal Energy Process Steps Type of analysis Architectural design parameters A Programming
Miscellaneous
Lighting
Thermal
Energy
Process Steps
Type of analysis
Architectural design parameters
A
Programming Stage
Climate analysis
o
o
o
o
o
o
ooo
Benchmarking
o
Parametric analysis
o
o
Schematic Design
B Stage
1 BUILDING VLV
Orientation
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
optimum orientation
Massing
o
o
aspet ratio, volume
Site form Massing
Space Zoning
o
o
2 SPACE LVL
optimize envelope
Insulation
o
o
o
oooo
o
o
o
o
o
optimum U, R values, thickness
Materials ‐ opaque
o
o
ooo
o
o
o
U, R values, thickness
Materials ‐ glazed
o
o
o
ooo
o
o
o
SHGC, VT, U value, optimum WWR
Green/Cool roof
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
U,R values, thickness
o
o
o
ooo
ooo
3 Passive heating
Thermal Mass
Area, location, thickness, heat storage capacity
Direct heat gain
o
o
o
oo
o
o
oo
o
o
ooo
o
o
o
WWR, SHGC
Indirect heat gain
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
ooo
o
o
o
thickness, heat storage capacity
4 Passive cooling
Cross Ventilation
o
o
o
o
oooooo
o
o
o
o
o
Inlet/outlet opening area, location
Stack ventilation
o
o
oooooo
o
o
o
o
o
stack height, location, opening area
Mass+night cooling
o
o
o
oo
ooooooo
o
o
o
o
o
area of thermal mass & openings
5 Shading
Shading
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
geometry, location
6 Daylighting
Daylighting
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
optimum DF, WWR
Light shelves
o
o
o
o
o
Glare control
Daylight zoning
o
o
Skylights
o
o
o
o
o
optimum DF
Daylight dimming
o
o
o
o
Occupancy sensors
o
o
o
sensor location
7 Renewables
Solar power
o
o
o
panel sizing
Wind Power
Geothermal power
Solar DHW
o
o
o
panel sizing
Shading Mask
Overshadowing analysis
Sunpath Analysis
W
ind Rose analysis
Psychometric analysis
Cloud cover analysis
Daylight analysis
Illuminance level analysis
Daylight autonomy
Glare index
Min/Max Temp range
diurnal Temperature variation
HDD/CDD
Balance point temperature
Incident Solar radiation
Room Temperature
Heat storage/removal capacity
Occupancy gains
Conduction gain
Direct Solar gain
Lighting gain
Heat gain avoidance by Daylighting
Timelag in heat transfer
Heat gain/Loss
Heating load
Cooling Load
reduction in Heating/Cooling load
air
change rate
Infiltration gain
base case end use energy breakdown
proposed end ‐ use energy breakdown
energy conservation measures
DL
supplemented Lighting energy
Heating energy
Cooling energy
savings in Lighting energy
reduction in Heating energy
reduction in cooling energy
overall energy consumption
energy generated by PV
energy overall energy consumption energy generated by PV S. Bambardekar & U. Poerschke (‘09): The

S.

Bambardekar &

U.

Poerschke (‘09):

The Architect

as Performer of Energy Simulation

in the Early

Design Stage,

(Building Simulation

‘09)

The performance parameters related to the design inquiries are extracted from

guidebooks due to their clarity, familiarity and popularity amongst architects.

The simulation tasks [

]

are then defined with respect to each design stage.”

Building Simulation (not) in the Studio

design stage.” Building Simulation (not) in the Studio Sustainable Design Classes 2011 -2013 Max Dölling,

Sustainable Design Classes 2011 -2013 Max Dölling, Dipl.-Ing., Assistant Professor Digi-Pro @ 3d-Labor (Prof. H. Schwandt)

DIVA Day 2013 Solemma LLC @ Thornton Tomasetti July 15th, 2013, New York City, NY, USA

09 Results : Adapted Model / A Field of Influences

Hence, linear descriptions of design/simulation processes obfuscate their real inherent complexity - but awareness of this problem is increasing in the literature

Elements of an adapted process model (Doelling & Nasrollahi, Building Simulation 2013):

Design intent is intersubjectively constructed and encapsulates (performance) domains (A - D plus many more)

Design Synthesis is achieved by continuously overlapping domain states (e.g., through “multivalent” representations)

Domain crosstalk influences design intent; intent modifies domains resulting in a non-linear process field

What are the benefits of thinking in such a model?

The model unburdens design processes from constant rational analysis synchronicity demands

It supports holistic knowledge achieved through complex, physically accurate, output-flexible tools (e.g., DIVA)

physically accurate, output-flexible tools (e.g., DIVA) • “ The focus of simulation is to solve design

The focus of simulation is to solve design dilemmas.

[

of three main design stages is not neccessarily a reproduction of the [design] process. ”

]

The identification

of the [design] process. ” ] The identification Chermayeff & Alexander (‘63): Design Interdependencies

Chermayeff & Alexander (‘63):

Design Interdependencies

R. Venancio,

A. Pedrini, A.C.

van der Linden, E. van den Ham & R. Stouffs (‘11):

Think Designerly! Using Multiple Simulation Tools to Solve Architectural Dilemmas, (Building Simulation ‘11)

S S E E S S C C P P R R E E E
S S
E
E
S S
C
C
P P
R
R
E E
E E
O
O
R R
S
S
R
R
E
E
P P
N N
a
B
A
C
T T
D
Design
E E
Intent
A
A
P
P
B
B
O
O
I I
L
L
C
C
I I
S S
T
T
Y Y

An integrated process is

dynamic field of

related design states

and should not be

represented

linearly.

M. C. Doelling & F. Nasrollahi (‘13)

Parametric Design :

A Case - Study in Design-Simulation Integration, (Building Simulation’13)

Building Simulation (not) in the Studio

Simulation’13) Building Simulation (not) in the Studio Sustainable Design Classes 2011 -2013 Max Dölling,

Sustainable Design Classes 2011 -2013 Max Dölling, Dipl.-Ing., Assistant Professor Digi-Pro @ 3d-Labor (Prof. H. Schwandt)

DIVA Day 2013 Solemma LLC @ Thornton Tomasetti July 15th, 2013, New York City, NY, USA

10 Results : Building Simulation in the Studio

Continuing success in the stand-alone classes led to an invitation to participate in the ‘Robust’ design studio held by the department of Prof. Regine Leibinger, TU Berlin

Goal Perform design-driven simulations of individualized scope, to aid realization of ‘robust’, heavy bldg. envelopes

Studio benefits & possibilities

Students have more time to work on design variants

Interest by design departments is a prerequisite to move

sustainability simulations into the mainstream of practice

More realistic test environment of conflicting influences

Results can be more representative of integrated design &

of high architectural quality (successful in this class!)

Studio difficulties & pitfalls

Design staff and students must both be educated

Conflicts of interest can erode intensity benefits

Influencing whole-building morphology can cause friction

If the studio is not primarily sustainability-driven,

performance concerns might become mere addenda

Process, technology are “ready”. We need positive results!

technology are “ready”. We need positive results! Student Alan Patrick discussing simulations, ’Robust’

Student Alan Patrick discussing simulations, ’Robust’ studio, Summer 2013

Building Simulation (not) in the Studio

studio, Summer 2013 Building Simulation (not) in the Studio Sustainable Design Classes 2011 -2013 Max Dölling,

Sustainable Design Classes 2011 -2013 Max Dölling, Dipl.-Ing., Assistant Professor Digi-Pro @ 3d-Labor (Prof. H. Schwandt)

DIVA Day 2013 Solemma LLC @ Thornton Tomasetti July 15th, 2013, New York City, NY, USA

Research Center Multi-Purpose Exhibition Exhibition Event
Research Center
Multi-Purpose
Exhibition
Exhibition
Event

11 Results : Building Simulation in the Studio

Design / Sim.:

L. de Pedro, C. Sitzler

(Seasonal) UDI 100 - 2000 lux & DAv 300 lux daylight studies for alternating zones of light / dark

Light intent & Sim.

alternating zones of light / dark Light intent & Sim. UDI 100-2000 Lux UDI 100-2000 Lux
alternating zones of light / dark Light intent & Sim. UDI 100-2000 Lux UDI 100-2000 Lux
alternating zones of light / dark Light intent & Sim. UDI 100-2000 Lux UDI 100-2000 Lux
alternating zones of light / dark Light intent & Sim. UDI 100-2000 Lux UDI 100-2000 Lux
alternating zones of light / dark Light intent & Sim. UDI 100-2000 Lux UDI 100-2000 Lux

UDI 100-2000 Lux

UDI 100-2000 Lux Sommer

UDI 100-2000 Lux Winter

Daylight Avilability 500 Lux

4 3 2 1 4,35 9,00 3,35 +24,00 +20,00 +14,00 +10,00 +6,00 +0,00 Section North-South
4
3
2
1
4,35
9,00
3,35
+24,00
+20,00
+14,00
+10,00
+6,00
+0,00
Section North-South 1:200
Section North-South 1:200
Section East-West 1:200

Cross

Sections

Lateral

Section

HEAT GENERATION [kWh/m2]

NORTH 114 113 112 111 110 109 108 107 106 10 20 30 40 50
NORTH
114
113
112
111
110
109
108
107
106
10
20
30
40
50
60

OPENINGS [%]

SOUTH

Building Simulation (not) in the Studio

OPENINGS [%] SOUTH Building Simulation (not) in the Studio Sustainable Design Classes 2011 -2013 Max Dölling,

Sustainable Design Classes 2011 -2013 Max Dölling, Dipl.-Ing., Assistant Professor Digi-Pro @ 3d-Labor (Prof. H. Schwandt)

DIVA Day 2013 Solemma LLC @ Thornton Tomasetti July 15th, 2013, New York City, NY, USA

12 Results : Building Simulation in the Studio • Design / Sim.: • K. Kröger

12 Results : Building Simulation in the Studio

Design / Sim.:

K. Kröger P. Winkler P. Rust

Multi-metric daylight study of different facade configurations for maximum daylight depth & uniformity (500 lux)

B C D
B C
D

Daylight Autonomy

sommer equinox winter
sommer
equinox
winter
Initial Light sommer Shelf Concepts equinox winter
Initial Light
sommer
Shelf Concepts
equinox
winter

Seasonal Facade Overshadowing

Sommer Winter
Sommer
Winter
A
A
winter Seasonal Facade Overshadowing Sommer Winter A UDI < 100 lux UDI 100 - 2k lux
winter Seasonal Facade Overshadowing Sommer Winter A UDI < 100 lux UDI 100 - 2k lux
winter Seasonal Facade Overshadowing Sommer Winter A UDI < 100 lux UDI 100 - 2k lux
winter Seasonal Facade Overshadowing Sommer Winter A UDI < 100 lux UDI 100 - 2k lux

UDI < 100 lux

UDI 100 - 2k lux

UDI > 2k lux

Daylight

Availability

Regular facade A Light shelf only B Shelf + plate cut C Shelf 10° rotated D

Light shelf only B Shelf + plate cut C Shelf 10° rotated D Final South Facade

Final South Facade (configuration C)

South Facade Cutaway (conf. C)

Building Simulation (not) in the Studio

Sustainable Design Classes 2011 -2013 Max Dölling, Dipl.-Ing., Assistant Professor Digi-Pro @ 3d-Labor (Prof. H. Schwandt) Max Dölling, Dipl.-Ing., Assistant Professor Digi-Pro @ 3d-Labor (Prof. H. Schwandt)

DIVA Day 2013 Solemma LLC @ Thornton Tomasetti July 15th, 2013, New York City, NY, USA

13 Conclusion

Simulation, if used properly, has a massively positive influence on ‘integrated’ processes designers undertake; it also is craft

‘Designerly’ simulations do not weaken form and can be

applied even in a non-sustainability driven creative context

Inclusive performance research must happen in a strongly

design-driven framework, to stay generally applicable

In this context, individual domains should adapt:

Tools: complex & usable, not simple, to mirror design reasoning

Process: Fluid, adaptable, individual; with rational components

Representations, Metrics: Problem-specific, spatially defined

“Design changes everything”

?

Not quite.

Design changes simulation, which in turn influences design.

Architects deal with early-stage unstructured information in a synthetic manner, which shapes design intent and is used to gauge the social and behavioural impacts of space; this gives BPS performed by designers great future potential.

gives BPS performed by designers great future potential. Student Majd Murad discussing simulations, ’Robust’

Student Majd Murad discussing simulations, ’Robust’ studio, Summer 2013

Building Simulation (not) in the Studio

studio, Summer 2013 Building Simulation (not) in the Studio Sustainable Design Classes 2011 -2013 Max Dölling,

Sustainable Design Classes 2011 -2013 Max Dölling, Dipl.-Ing., Assistant Professor Digi-Pro @ 3d-Labor (Prof. H. Schwandt)

DIVA Day 2013 Solemma LLC @ Thornton Tomasetti July 15th, 2013, New York City, NY, USA

Thank you, DIVA DAY!

Off-conference questions? max@spacesustainers.org

A special “Thank You!” to all the students who participated in our classes throughout the last 2.5 years. None of this would have been possible without you.

With deep thanks to:

Cecilia, Farshad Nasrollahi, Jeffrey Tietze, Alstan Jakubiec, Christoph Reinhart, Matthias Graf v. Ballestrem, Bogdan Strugar, Jan Kunze, Regine Leibinger (everyone I forgot, apologies)

References Doelling, M.C. & Nasrollahi, F. 2012. Building Performance Simulation in Non-Simplified Architectural Design. Proceedings of the 30th eCAADe conference, Prague, Czech Republic. Doelling, M.C. 2012. Hybrid Daylight Models in Architectural Design Education. Proceedings of DIVA Day 2012, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Boston. Doelling, M.C. & Nasrollahi, F. 2013. Architektur, Simulation und Intention. In: Claus Steffan (Hrsg.), Parameter des Entwerfens: Architektur und Nachhaltigkeit. Universitätsverlag der TU Berlin. Doelling, M.C. & Jastram, B. 2013. Daylight Prototypes: From Simulation Data to Four-Dimensional Artefact. Proceedings of the 18th CAADRIA conference, National University of Singapore, Sing. Doelling, M.C. & Nasrollahi, F. 2013. Parametric Design: a Case Study in Design-Simulation Integration. Proceedings of Building Simulation 2013, Lyon, France.

Proceedings of Building Simulation 2013, Lyon, France. Student Philip Rust co-presenting, final crit of

Student Philip Rust co-presenting, final crit of ’Robust’ studio, Summer 2013

Building Simulation (not) in the Studio

studio, Summer 2013 Building Simulation (not) in the Studio Sustainable Design Classes 2011 -2013 Max Dölling,

Sustainable Design Classes 2011 -2013 Max Dölling, Dipl.-Ing., Assistant Professor Digi-Pro @ 3d-Labor (Prof. H. Schwandt)

DIVA Day 2013 Solemma LLC @ Thornton Tomasetti July 15th, 2013, New York City, NY, USA