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VERB + ING

1.VERBS After these verbs to express general preference: love like dislike hate enjoy prefer enjoy, acknowledge,* entail, admit,* escape, anticipate,* appreciate,* excuse, avoid, face carry on fancy (=imagine)*, cease finish, celebrate, forgive, consider imagine,* contemplate, involve continue keep-continue consider - take into loathe, consideration /think mean ,(=have as result)* defer, mention,* delay, mind, deny,* miss, detest, pardon, dislike, postpone Those marked * can also be followed by a that-clause practice prevent, propose,* put off-postpone recall,* recollect,* regret remember, report,* resent, resist, risk, save (=prevent the wasted effort) stop, suggest,* take up-start understand,*

2 VERB + PREPOSITION + -ING FORM


accuse of aim at agree on apologize for approve of believe in begin by boast of/about concentrate on confess to count on complain of/about decide on / against depend on dream of / about discover by feel like fond of forget about get on with get through give up help by help in insist on keep on look forward to object to 1 participate in pay for persist in prevent from punish for speak of succeed in suspect of talk about thank for think of wonder about work on

2 AFTER EXPRESSIONS be busy be/get accustomed to be/get used to burst out cant bear can't help (can't) face (can't) stand have difficulty (in) its (no) good its (no) worth its no use its a waste of time/ money theres no point in whats the use of

3. ADJECTIVES FOLLOWED BY A PREPOSITION (USUALLY AFTER THE VB TO BE)


afraid of amazed at aware of blamed for capable of conscious of engaged in fond of good at interested in pleased at proud of sure of surprised at tired of

4. NOUNS FOLLOWED BY A PREPOSITION


air of apology for astonishment at chance of difficulty of experience in fear of 5. AFTER PREPOSITIONS without- e.g. without asking 6. AFTER GO FOR PHISICAL ACTIVITIES go swimming/ walking/shopping/jogging/ etc. honor of hope of idea of importance of interest in objection to surprise at

VERB + TO
1. VERBS advise afford agree aim appear arrange ask attempt care claim choose dare decide demand deserve expect fail forget guarantee happen help 2. EXPRESSIONS would like would love would hate would prefer hesitate hope hurry intend learn manage mean neglect offer plan prepare pretend promise propose refuse seem swear train threaten want wish etc.

3. AFTER CERTAIN ADJECTIVES angry astonished disappointed glad happy relieved sad surprised

VERB + TO or ING (without a change in meaning) attempt begin continue hate intend love plan propose start

VERB + TO or ING (with a change in meaning)

a) Forget +to + infinitive= not remember I forgot to call him. Forget + ing form = forget a past event Ill never forget visiting Austria. b) Remember + to + infinitive = remember to do something Remember to post the letter! Remember + ing form = recall a past event She doesnt remember going there! c) Regret + to + infinitive = be sorry to I regret to tell you there is no pupil here. Regret + ing form = to be sorry for saying it, having second thoughts I regret saying that. d) Mean + to + infinitive = intend to She meant to start early. mean + ing form = signify going by bus means waking up early. e). try + to + infinitive = attempt, do ones best They are trying to catch him. try + ing form = do something as an experiment Lets try going by car! f stop + to = in order to I stopped to smoke Stop+ vb+ ing= give up I stopped smoking.