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LESSON 1.1 Unit 1: Energy in Society Topic : Introduction to Physics and Technology Time Frame: 1 day I .

OBJECTIVES General Objectives 1. Cite the role of energy in the development of human society from the industrial age to the knowledge-based society 2. Trace the development of technology in the country and relate it to international and worldwide developments 3. State some worldwide developments in Physics that had implications to society and had changed humanitys thinking about nature Specific Objectives Demonstrate problem solving skills in science II . SUBJECT MATTER A. Lesson : Introducing Physics and Technology through Problem Solving B. References Department of Education, Culture and Sports. Bureau of Secondary Education (1990). Science and technology IV. Quezon City: Instructional Materials Corporation. PASMEP. (1990). Resources for In-Service Program in Physics Education. Australia: Author. UPNISMED. Training Report for DOST-PNU/RSTC 2002 Summer Enrichment Program for Physics Majors. A. Materials Set 1: Newspaper, sticky tape, measuring tape, pair of scissors, stopwatch Set 2: drinking straw, sticky tape, pair of scissors, five-peso coins or weights Set 3: Newspapers, cardboards, cup of ice

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III. LEARNING ACTIVITIES A. Review Let students describe how useful their science lessons had been and the skills they have learned. B. Lesson/Activity Proper 1. Group students and give specific roles to each member of the group. A group with five members is a good size. 2. Introduce problem solving activity. Be very clear about the task. [You may vary activities from class to class] 3. Before letting them begin. Review or introduce briefly the problem solving process. [see teachers notes] 4. Allow time for students to do the activity. 5. Conduct the test after the time allotted for the construction phase of the activity. 6. Ask one of the successful groups to report on their design. Also ask one less successful group to describe how they may improve on their design. C. Generalization How can you apply problem-solving skills in daily life? D. Values integration 1. working cooperatively in groups 2. positive attitudes towards Physics and technology 3. open-mindedness IV. ASSESSMENT 1. Let students fill out Problem Solving Work sheet 2. Rate the group performance using suggested Problem-Solving Score sheet V . ASSIGNMENT Instruction 1. Ask students to construct a new device as an improvement of their previous design. They must conduct carefully controlled tests to compare their previous, with the new design. They must also submit a written report on what they have done. Find time within the week to discuss their new outputs as this can be used to introduce the scientific method. 2. Tell students to take note of the events/ materials that they encounter on their trip home and back. To facilitate processing of their observations, you may give the following table as guide:

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Table 1.1.1 Material/Event Question(s) I can ask about material / event that can be answered through Physics. E.g. Cellphone How does this transmitter work? transmitter Why is it that not all places have cellphone signals?

Physics topic where this material / event can be explained

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Teachers Handout

PROBLEM SOLVING RECORD SHEET

Group No. __: Members: Activity Title Problem: Type of Problem: What we did to solve the problem: Construction Testing Discovery

_________________________________________________ _________________________________________________ _________________________________________________ _________________________________________________ Sketch/Diagram of the Device/Model Constructed:

What Our Group Found out:

What our group recommends to improve the design/ model built:

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Teachers Handout PROBLEM SOLVING SKILLS CLARIFY what the Problem is about
discuss it with other students.

THINK
scientific ideas and methods which Activity 1.1 might be useful in solving the problem. Four Problem Solving Activities

BRAINSTORM Ideas think about

about different strategies that you can use!

PLAN OUT what you are going to do choose the best ideas and make a step-bystep plan.

TRY OUT YOUR PLAN

Another plan

TRY

Yes
Did your plan

SOLVE THE PROBLEM?

No

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Activity 1.1 Four Problem Solving Activities I. Keeping Cool Problem Situation: Levi and Maricris have just started a summer business of delivering ice cream and frozen delights to office workers at break time. Their delivery persons use bicycles with large baskets fitted at the back to get through the busy streets. It takes about 30 minutes to complete a delivery and it is important their frozen products do not melt. Task: Design and construct a container that prevents the frozen product (ice cup) from melting using only the following materials: 1 piece of cardboard 1 whole sheet newspaper 1 meter sticky tape II. Large Barge Contest Task: To construct a barge that can support the greatest load without sinking. Rules: 1. Each team shall be given a piece of aluminum foil not more than 30 cm-long. The team may opt not to use all of the aluminum foil for the task. 2. The barge design and construction time should only take 20 minutes. 3. The barge should only be made from the aluminum foil. Glue, tape, paper clips or adhesives are not allowed. 4. The barge shall be loaded while it is floating on a basin of water. The barge is considered to have sunk if water leaks into the barge while it is being loaded. 5. Each team shall be given two loading attempts should the barge sink at first trial. The team may repair their barge but they will not be given additional material for the repair. 6. The barge that supports the heaviest dry load will be adjudged the winner.

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III. Design and Build your own Shelter Task: Design and construct a shelter from materials listed below. The Shelter must be able to accommodate most, if not, all of the members of the team. It must also be able to stand by itself for at least 5 minutes after it has been constructed. 2 meters masking tape 2 meters string 30 newspaper sheets Rules: 1. Each entry shall be given 30 minutes to design and construct their shelter. 2. The shelter shall be judged according to the following criteria: Design and Construction Scientific Testing and Discovery Defense Report O T A / L Effectiveness of Design; Care in Construction; Originality Choice of method; Use of controls; Quality of Results; Understanding of relevant scientific ideas Clarity of report; Communication of ideas 5 4

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3. In your design, you are to indicate the forces acting on the shelter you constructed. Your defense should also include presenting the important features of your design that resulted to a stronger structure. 4. Only teams whose shelter was able to stand by itself for at least 5 minutes will be asked to present their defense.

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IV. A Bridge Too Far Task To design and construct a bridge given materials and specifications Materials 4 drinking straws, 1 short bond paper, 10 pieces dressmakers pin, 1- metre sticky tape, 5- P5.00 coins Procedure Design and construct a bridge that is about 5 cm high, 5 cm wide and has a span of about 25 cm. The bridge should be able to support a load equivalent to the weight of a five-peso coin.

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