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Nazir Akbarabadi Nazirs name was Sheikh Wali Mohammad.

He was son of Sheikh Mohammad Farooq and a native of Delhi. He was born in Delhi around 1740 but moved to Akbarabad (Agra) along with his mother at the time of Ahmad Shah Abdalis attack and died there in 1830. Mian Nazir was wanderer and very fond of travel and sight-seeing. He used to participate in all types of games like swimming, taming pigeons, bout, kite-flying. He used to participate in every fair and every festival. He was so much tolerant that he paid respect to Hindu dharma along with Islam. If he called Azan, he also blew trumpet. If he rolled beads, he also wore jeneow (Hindus holy tread). If he wept in Muharram, he played the role of a joker in Holi. He observed fast in Ramadan and then tied Rakhi to Muslims. If he blew rockets in shabraat, he also lighted lamps in deewali. If wrote poems in praise of the distinguished prophet and sacred men, he also paid tribute to Sri Krishna, Mahadeo, Bhairon and Baba Nanak. Along with Id, Baqar Id, Shabraat, Holi, deewali, rakhi, and janam ashthami were also his festivals. He remembered all these festivals in his poetry. In short, there was hardly any aspect of life in which Nazir would have remained unconcerned. Nazir passed a rich life and saw the surrounding environment with open eyes. He fully participated in tumults of life and finally absorbed them in his poetry. He made fairs, festivals, seasons, fruits, and dozens of things related with real life the subject of his poetry. Reechh ka bachcha, crow, deer, sparrow, water melon, fight of nightingales, tills sweet bolls, and all boons of life attract him. Therefore, domestic atmosphere has totally converged in his poetry. Had Nazirs poetic tradition been followed in Urdu poetry, this objection by Maulana Mohammasd Husain Azad would have not appeared that our poets closed their eyes from their surroundings and decorated their shops with foreign stuff, for instance, they started singing the songs of Dajla and Euphrates, forgetting Ganga and Jamna and they got bewitched by Nasreen and Nastaran forgetting champa and chambeli. But Nazirs roots penetrated deep down in his countrys soil. Nazir was a man possessing the attributes of a dervish. He had special attachment with dervishes, rishis and munis. Therefore, his status in the sight of common men had become t par with a dervish. Sox , when he died, his grave remained the point of attraction for the masses for a number of days. He loved human beings and they also loved him unreservedly. He was attracted to tasawwuf and morals and tasawwuf were his favourite topics. Poems like Banjaarah Naamah and Hans Naamah can be presented in this connection. He also wrote ghazals but he was a poet of poems. The significant point about him is that he cannot be associated with any particular school; instead he himself is a school.

Haali Khwaja Altaf Husain was his name and his epithet was Haali. He was born in Panipat in 1837. His father expired when he was only nine years old. His brothers managed for his education. Since Haali had great penchant for obtaining education, therefore, he learnt Persian, Arabic and Urdu from different teachers. His relatives forced him to marry at the age of 17 years. But this lover of knowledge and learning did not accept this binding and went to Delhi in hiding, where he learnt sarf, Nahv and logic from Molvi Nawazish Ali. He learnt Persian from Ghalib and sought corrections in hid verse from him. Meanwhile, there occurred mutiny. He lived in Panipat for six or seven years only

but learnt logic, philosophy, hadith and exegesis from different persons. In serch of livelihood, Haali came to Jahageerabad and became a cohort of Nawab Mustafa Khan Shefta. Sheftas company and Ghalibs poetry had deep impact upon his skill in poetry. After Sheftas death, Haali became an employee in Government Book in Lahore where he had to correct the books translated from English to Urdu. Therefore he gained familiarity with English thought and style. Col. Balryde was then the secretary of education. He founded poetic meets in Lahore according to modern fashion. Haali wrote four mathnawees for these literary meets which are popular till date. Haali expired in 1914. Among the writings of Haali, Muqaddima-e-Sher wa Shairee, Hayat-e-Sadee, Yaadgaar-e-Ghalib, Hayaat-eJaved etc. are very famous. He was the flag-bearer of modern poetry. Apart from imbuing the spirit of realism, fervour and simplicity in Urdu poetry, his is masterly and authoritatively infested with Dehlaviyyat. After listening Haalis verse, Ghalib had said, Although I do not advise anyone to adopt poetry, but my opinion about you is that you will be tyrannizing yourself if you would not write poetry. Poets, intellectuals and litterateurs who are Haalis contemporaries are Sir Syed Ahmad Khan, Deputy Nazeer Ahmad, Mohammad Husain Azad, and Shibli Noamani. These five men are called Five Elements of Urdu. Mohammad Husain Azad Hs name was Mohammad Husain and Azad was his epithet. He was son of Molvi Mohammad Baqar, who was a pioneering journalist of his age. First Urdu newspaper from north India was published under his editorship. Azad was trained under his patronage. In poetry too, Azad was a favourite disciple of Zauq. During the tumult of mutiny, respected father of Azad was martyred and his home was ransacked. Being distressed, Azad reached to Lahore and became an employee in the office of the sar-rishta of education. In the same department, Azad got an opportunity to prove his abilties. Hefounded Anjuman-e-Panjabiyan where meets and poetic gatherings used to organized day in and day out. He travelled to Kabul, Bukhara and Iran on government duties. The nazim of education, Col. Hallryde greatly valued him. Azad wrote second part of Qasasul Hind under his guidance. He copied English essay-writing in the two parts of Nairang-e-Khayal. His Aab-e-Hayaat is a modern style hagiography. Darbaar-e-Akbaree, Sukhandaan-e-Faris etc. are among his famous authorships. Besides, he was also a good poet. He used to bag applause by reciting his verse in Anjuman-e-Panjab. Haali cooperated with him in Anjuman-e-Panjab. Azad had become lost his sense in the last of his age because of his daughters demise. Azad expired in 1910. Josh Maleehabadi His name was Shabbir Hasan Khan. Earlier, he used the epithet of Shabbir and hen adopted Josh as his epithet. He was born in Maleehabad in 1894. He had inclination for poetry since his childhood. Although Josh wrote a few ghazals too but his fame rests on poems. If wrote poems in support of Independence movement, it earned country wide acclaim and he began being recalled the poet of revolution. Various kinds of allegations were levelled against his political poems, especially it was said that he lacks political sense and is ignorant of the meaning of revolution. There is nothing more than oratory in these poems but it is difficult to deny that poems by Josh played a big role in creating political awakening and promoting the freedom movement in the country.

Apart from being a poet of revolution, there is another status of Josh as a poet of nature. Josh feels great attraction in natural scenes. He depicts such living pictures of these objects that remembrance of Mir Anis comes alive. Although Khalilur Rahman Azami does not admit revolutionary poetry of Josh but he admits the evidence that Josh has furnished in depicting natural scenarios. He says: There is no parallel of the abundance in entire Urdu poetry with which Josh has written poems on natural scenes. Subh wa Sham, Barsat ki bahar, Ghata, Badli ka chand, Savan a maheena, Ganga ka ghat, all these scenes are dancing and moving in Joshs poems. Badli ka chand, Albeli Subh, Tajdar-e-Subh, Aabshaar-e-Naghma, and Barsat ki chandni are his immortal poems because of which he was called not only the poet of nature but the prophet of nature. Third status of Josh is that of a poet of youth. He is a poet of metaphorical love and a lover yearning company of his beloved. Bearing the troubles of sojourn is beyond his capacity. He loves every pretty face and even this till the time that immediate access is not available. Mehtarani, Malin, and Jamun Waliyan are interesting poems by Josh. Other poems of this family are Uthti Jawani, Jawani ke Din, Jawani ki Raat, Fitnah-e-Khanqah, Pahli Mufaariqat, Jawani ki Aamad Aamad, and Jawani ka Taqaza.