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CVE 230 Mechanics of Materials

Spring 2013 Lab Report #3 PREPARED BY: Juan Villa

Strength Tests on Concrete: Tension and Compression


February 27, 2013
Fresh concrete is used in various ways in todays world. Fresh concrete can be seen in almost every civilized city in the world. We use fresh concrete for different functions such as constructing buildings, bridges, roads, etc. As a civil engineer, it is essential to know the technicalities of fresh concrete and all of its characteristics and processes. Concrete is anattachedcompanion to a civil engineer and in this lab we will get a small taste as to what the actual process of making concrete is. In this lab, the students would be exposed to process involved when making fresh concrete, from scratch. All of the necessary components for creating concrete were provided to the students and specific instructions on how to make the concrete we also provided. A large amount of concrete was created in this lab in order to provide a good amount for different goals. These goals included performing a slump test, and specimen casting. The slump test would inform how much the concrete slumps. The specimen casting would be used for stress tests later on. Overall, the students were exposed to various methods that are involved when making concrete and were aiming to learn the generic process involved when creating it.

LAB REPORT #1
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Objective: The main objective of this lab was to analyze the compressive and tensile properties of concrete by executing various tests on different concrete specimens created by the students. There were three tests that the students had to conduct in this lab: a compression test, a flexure test, and the nondestructive test. The compression test was done on the cylinder, as well as the split cylinder test. The flexure test was done in order to determine the modulus of rupture. The non-destructive test was executed using the Schmidt hammer. Materials and Methods: Description of test The methods used for this lab pertained specifically for each different test conducted. For the compression test on the 4 x 8 cylinder, the students had to first measure the dimension of the 4x8 cylinder and average the two readings for the diameter at 90 and three readings for the length. The students did various calculations which included calculating the volume of cylinder, its weight, and its unit weight. The test was then carried out and the failure load was recorded. The compressive strength was calculated afterwards.

Failure mode: For this test we found a combination of shear and splitting failure. Sketch:

For this component of the lab your report should include: Prepared by Juan Villa Page 2

LAB REPORT #1
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provide the compressive strength, the weight in pcf, modulus of elasticity as determined using the ACI formula. Plot the results of week 1, 2 and 4 compression tests of this mix and discuss the development of strength over time.

Rebound Hammer Test: A brief description of the test. The 6"x6"x20" specimen was placed on its flat side on a solid and smooth floor area. The five readings were recorded by the TA for each specimen. The average rebound measurement was then calculated. Using the calibration chart, the compressive strength of the specimen was also approximated. The specimen used will also be used for the modulus of rupture test in the future. The estimated compressive strength and its relation to the value determined in the cylinder compression test. Split Cylinder Test:

For this component of the lab your report should include:

Brief description of the test. the dimensions of each specimen were measured. The two readings for the diameter at 90 and three readings for the length were all averaged. Carry out the split cylinder test as described in the lab. Record the failure load and calculate the split cylinder strength, fct.

Discuss the failure mode (include sketch as applicable) and provide the split cylinder tensile strength. For each specimen tested express the split cylinder strength in terms of the corresponding compressive strength in a formula similar to the one provided in class. Prepared by Juan Villa Page 3

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Prepared by Juan Villa

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Results and Discussion: In this lab, students learn about the main components regarding the composition of concrete and its procedure when making it. When the slump test was conducted on the sample amount of concrete, the measurement came out to be 3.25. The temperature of the concrete was also taken; this measurement came out to be 69.6 o.

Material Coarse Aggregate Fine Aggregate Cement Water

Weight 59.6 lbs 48 lbs 24.6 lbs 12 lbs

The rationale of the slump test is, in an overall sense, gives the tester an idea of the consistency of the concrete that the tester created. Slump tests are used in various sites and constructions plans in order to determine the perfect concrete to use. The slump test would also provide the tester with a specific slump rating with regards to the concrete created. This slump rating would measure the water levels on the concrete, whether too much water or too little water was used when creating the concrete.

Conclusions: The objective of this lab was successfully executed. The students we able to . One source of error during this lab could have happened from the consistency of the machine used for the compression and tension test. Calculations: Schmidt Test: Angle: 900 ; fc: 2,700psi

Rebound Test: Weight: 8.18lbs; Vol: pi*r2h = pi(22)(8) = 100.53 psi Unit Weight = W/V = 8.18/100.53 = 0.0813 convert to pcf Page 5

Prepared by Juan Villa

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Rupture Test: Fr = fct = PL/bh2 =(7880)(20)/(6*62) Fr = 657psi Compression Test: fc = 48,000/A fc= 4,000

fct = 2P/pi*l*d =2*5,140/pi*12*6 Fct = 45psi

Prepared by Juan Villa

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