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Types KBCH 120, 130, 140 Differential Protection for Transformers and Generators

Features
q Fully numerical design q Biased differential protection q Restricted earth fault protection q Overfluxing protection q Integral CT ratio and vector group

compensation
q Remote transformer tap control q Measurement of phase, differential

and bias currents


q Record of fault current magnitudes

for the last fault


q Relay flag details for the previous

5 faults
q 8 programmable optically isolated

inputs to monitor the status of external plant


q IEC 870-5 compatible

Figure 1: KBCH relay withdrawn from case

communications via K-Bus


q Integral disturbance recorder

Models Available
KBCH120 offers 2 bias inputs per phase for the protection of a two-winding power transformer. KBCH130 offers 3 bias inputs per phase for the protection of a three-winding power transformer or a two-winding power transformer with 2 sets of CTs on one winding. KBCH140 offers 4 bias inputs per phase for all applications requiring up to 4 bias circuits. All models are available with either 1A or 5A inputs on the primary and secondary side. Alternatively the KBCH 120 and 140 can be provided with 1A CTs on the high voltage windings and 5A CTs on the low voltage windings.

accessible from a remote PC


q Integral event recorder accessible

Models are available with menus written in English, French, German or Spanish.

from a remote PC
q Comprehensive self-checking and

Application
Type KBCH relays offer biased differential current, restricted earth fault and overfluxing protections primarily for the protection of two or three winding power transformers, auto transformers or generatortransformer units. The KBCH is also suitable for other applications where biased differential protection is appropriate (eg. generators, reactors and motors). All models are three phase units with internal vector group compensation and line current transformer ratio correction, thus eliminating the need for interposing transformers in most cases.

alarms

Introduction
The KBCH relay provides a package of functions primarily for the protection of transformers and generator transformers but may also be applied to protect reactors and generators. As a part of the K-range of relays, the KBCH can be integrated into an overall protection and control system by utilising its integral serial communications facility.

Up to four biased current inputs per phase can be provided to cater for power transformers with more than two windings and/or more than one circuit breaker controlling each winding, as in mesh or one-and-a-half circuit-breaker busbar arrangements. Versions are available that can accommodate a mixture of 1A (HV) and 5A (LV) CTs. Typical applications are shown in Figures 7, 8 and 9. In addition to the biased differential protection, restricted earth fault protection has been included to cover a larger percentage of the transformer windings. Figure 10 shows some typical restricted earth fault applications. The differential protection has been designed to restrain when the transformer is overfluxed so that an instantaneous trip is not issued for transient overfluxing. Since a transformer cannot withstand a severe overfluxing condition indefinitely, time delayed overfluxing protection and an alarm stage has been incorporated. Contacts that monitor the status of external plant, such as Buchholz protection and temperature measuring devices, can be connected to any of the eight control inputs that are available. Each input can be routed to any number of the output relays via a variable time delay if required. The functions of each of the auxiliary inputs can be recorded on the table situated on the relay frontplate. This allows the indication on the relay, which flags the operation of the timers associated with these inputs (AUX0, AUX1 etc.) to be readily interpreted.

2 Differential current (xIn) =

Operate

I1 + I2 + I3 + I4
1

0%

slo

pe

Restrain

Setting range 0.1 - 0.5In

20%
0

slope
1

able Allow tio error ra 20%

Effective Bias (xIn) = |I1| + |I2| + |I3| + |I4| 2

Figure 2: Biased differential characteristic

A B C

Figure 3: Typical magnetising inrush waveforms

Functions
Biased differential element Each relay, contains a biased differential element per phase with a characteristic as shown in Figure 2. The minimum differential current required for operation is adjustable between 10% and 50% of rated current. The KBCH has a dual slope bias characteristic (Figure 2). The initial slope of 20%, from zero to rated current, ensures sensitivity to faults whilst allowing for up to 15% mismatch when the power transformer

is at the limit of its tap range, in addition to current transformer ratio errors. At currents above rated, extra errors may be gradually introduced as a result of CT saturation. The bias slope is therefore increased to 80% to compensate for this. A magnetising inrush element and a selectable overfluxing element are included. These are used to inhibit the relay and prevent unwanted tripping under these conditions. The use of the traditional second harmonic restraint technique, to block the relay during inrush conditions, may result in a significant slowing of the relay during heavy internal faults. This is due to the presence of second harmonics as a result of saturation of the line current transformers.

To overcome this, the KBCH uses a waveform recognition technique. The current waveform associated with magnetising inrush is characterised by a period of each cycle where its magnitude is very small, as shown in Figure 3. By measuring the time of this period of low current, an inrush condition can be identified. Overfluxing restraint is conditioned by the percentage of fifth harmonic current present. High set differential element An additional high set instantaneous differential element is provided to ensure rapid clearance of heavy faults. This element is essentially peak measuring to ensure fast operation for internal faults with saturated CTs.

Restricted earth fault protection Greater sensitivity for earth faults is obtained by including restricted earth fault protection. A separate element per winding is provided. An externally mounted stabilising resistor will be necessary for optimum performance. In applications where heavy internal earth fault levels can occur and where a high stabilising resistor setting is used, a voltage limiting, non-linear resistor may be required. Overfluxing alarm and tripping protection A single phase-phase connected voltage input is provided to enable overfluxing detection. Alarm and tripping characteristics, which are based on a measurement of the voltage/frequency ratio, are provided. The alarm is definite time delayed whilst the trip characteristic may be selected as either definite time or an inverse time curve, as shown in Figure 4.

Inputs and outputs KBCH has 8 optically isolated inputs which may be reassigned by the user with any of the available functions from the setting menu. There are 8 programmable outputs, each comprising a relay with 1 normally open contact, which may also be reassigned by the user. A dedicated watchdog contact with 1 normally open and 1 normally closed contact is also available. Typical applications diagrams (Figures 7, 8 and 9) show the default settings of functions as they are assigned in the factory. Alternative setting group Two setting groups are provided. This allows the user to set one group to normal operating conditions while a second group may be set to cover alternative operating conditions.

or operation of a control function, is logged by the relay with a resolution of 1ms. Fault records and alarms are also stored as events. Disturbance records The internal disturbance recorder has sixteen analogue channels and sixteen digital channels. The analogue channels record up to nine phase currents (three per transformer winding) three differential currents, three average bias currents and the voltage. The digital channels record the status of the output relays and control inputs. The disturbance records can be accessed and displayed remotely by a PC, via the communications system. Test features A number of features are provided to enable the relay to be thoroughly tested during commissioning, routine maintenance and fault finding operations:

Ancillary functions
Measurements The relay can display the magnitude of phase currents for each input, differential current and average bias current. Primary display quantities are based on the ratios of the line current transformers which may be programmed into the relay as a setting. The power system frequency is also displayed. Fault records The fault flags for the last five faults are recorded by the relay. Additional records of the magnitude of the fault currents are also stored for the last fault. All of the records are stored in a nonvolatile memory for local or remote retrieval. Event records Fifty events can be stored in a buffer. Software is available to allow the events to be accessed remotely by a PC via the communications system. Any change of state of a control input or output relay, local setting change

The measurement functions allow


each analogue input and its associated wiring to be checked.

Configuration
Logic The configuration of the relay is accomplished in software. The setting of logic function links, together with the input and output masks, define the way the relay will operate. This allows: Selection of features Implementation of user defined logic using auxiliary timers Control of the integral disturbance recorder. These may be user defined via the relay front panel function keys, or remotely by a PC (personal computer) via the communications system. The logic also allows the local or remote control of the transfomer tap changer.

The on/off states of the digital


inputs and relay outputs can be displayed.

Trip test facility


Power-on diagnostics and self monitoring Power-on diagnostic tests are carried out by the relay when it is energised. These tests include checks on the timer, microprocessor, memory and the analogue input circuitry. Continuous self-monitoring, in the form of watchdog circuitry and memory checks are also performed. In the event of a failure, the relay will either lock out or attempt a recovery, depending on the type of failure detected.

time (s) 1000

Operating time as a function of the actual excitation and the set starting value for different time multiplier settings (K)

100 K = 63 K = 40 10 K = 20 K=5 1 1 1.1 1.2 M= 1.3 (V/f) (V/f) setting 1.4 1.5 1.6 K=1

Figure 4: Inverse time characteristic for overfluxing protection

Hardware Description
The relay is housed in a Midos size 8 case, suitable for either rack or panel mounting as shown in Figure 11. The relay uses a highly integrated 16-bit micro-controller, which performs most of the major software functions such as input signal processing, scheme logic, output relay control and handling of the operator interface. An additional digital signal processor is provided to carry out the protection algorithm. The number of analogue inputs depends upon the version of the relay. There are 6, 9 or 12 bias current inputs, 2 or 3 zero sequence current inputs for the restricted earth fault protection and a voltage input for the overfluxing protection. The internal transducers are used to isolate, step down and condition the inputs from the VT and CTs. Their output signals are then converted into digital data for further processing. The front plate contains a 2 x 16 character, alphanumeric liquid crystal display (LCD) and 4 pushbuttons to provide local access to the relays menu. There are also 3 light emitting diodes (LED) for visual indication of the relays status.

Standard Midos terminal blocks are located at the rear of the relay providing connections for all input and output circuits.

User Interface
Front panel user interface The features of the relay can be accessed through a menu-driven system. The menu is arranged in the form of a table, into each column of which related items (menu cells) are grouped. The user can move around the menu by means of the keys on the relay frontplate. This can be done with the cover in place, but any change to the settings requires the cover to be removed. Remote access user interface The menu table can also be accessed via the remote communications facility. This allows all of the menu cells in a column to be displayed simultaneously on the screen of a PC. Changes to the menu cell can be made from the PC keyboard. Relay interconnection The relays can be interconnected via a shielded, twisted wire pair known as K-Bus. Up to 32 relays may be connected in parallel across the bus.

The K-Bus is connected through a protocol converter known as KITZ, either directly or via a modem, to the RS-232 port of the PC. The K-Bus is RS-485 based and runs at 64kbits/s. The K-Bus connection is shown in Figure 5. This system allows up to 32 relays to be accessed through one RS-232 communications port (Figure 6). Software is available with each KITZ to provide access to the relays to read and change settings. Additional software entitled Protection Access Software & Toolkit is also available. This provides access to the disturbance recorder and the event recorder together with other additional functions. Each relay is directly addressable over the bus to allow communication with the PC. It should be noted that protection tripping and blocking signals are not routed via the K-Bus. Separate conventional wiring is used for these functions. Where appropriate, the isolated 48V dc supply available on each relay is used to energize its optically isolated inputs via external contacts.

Communications protocol The communications protocol used with K Series relays is designated Courier. The Courier language has been developed specifically for the purpose of developing generic PC programs that will, without modification, communicate with any device using the Courier language. In the Courier system, all information resides in the relay. Each time communication is established with the relay, the requested information is loaded to the PC. The protocol includes extensive error checking routines to ensure that the system remains reliable and secure. Password protection Password protection is provided on settings which alter the configuration of the relay, any accidental change to which could seriously affect the ability of the relay to perform its intended function. These include: enable/ disable settings, protection function characteristic selection, scheme logic settings and system CT and VT ratios.
K-Bus Screened 2 core cable

Figure 5: Communications terminal arrangement

Relay 32

Relay 4

Relay 3

Relay 2

Relay 1

Protocol converter KITZ IEC870-5 RS232 Desktop computer PC K-Bus RS485

Figure 6: Basic communication system

56

54

A B C

P1 S1 S2

P2

P2

P1 S2 S1

A B C

HV

LV

63 64 65 66 67 68 KBCH 120 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 HV lo> (see Figure 10) A A B C A C B Phase rotation B C AC/DC supply 28 13 14 WD WD RL0 RL1 a b c 17
57 63 65 67 69 71 73 75 77 79 81 83 64 66 68 70 72 74 76 78 80 82 84 13 17 19 21 23 25 27 14 18 20 22 24 26 28 1 3 5 7 9 4 6 8 10 29 31 33 35 37 39 41 43 45 47 49 51 53 55 SCN 30 32 34 36 38 40 42 44 46 48 50 52 54 56

69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 LV1 lo> (see Figure 10) 84 4 6 3 5 30 32 34 36 38 RL2 RL3 RL4 40 42 44 29 31 33 35 37 RL6 RL7 39 41 43 57 Trip Alarm = V/f alarm Id > A,B,C Id >> A,B,C Io > HV,LV1,LV2 V/f trip Tap up Tap down Trip Trip Trip Relay failed Trip Id > A,B,C Id >> A,B,C Io > HV,LV1,LV2 V/f trip Id > A,B,C Id >> A,B,C Io > HV,LV1,LV2 V/f trip Id > A,B,C Id >> A,B,C Io > HV,LV1,LV2 V/f trip Id > A,B,C Id >> A,B,C Io > HV,LV1,LV2 V/f trip Relay healthy

Vx

N n

18

Initiate aux. timer 0 L0 Initiate aux. timer 1 L1 Initiate aux. timer 2 L2 Logic input common (1) Initiate aux. timer 3 L3 Initiate aux. timer 4 L4 Initiate aux. timer 5 L5 See Note 4 Initiate aux. timer 6 L6

46 48 50 52 45 47 49 51 53 55

RL5

1 Case earth connection 54 56 See Note 4 SCN 7 8 +48V field voltage K-Bus communications port

Module terminal blocks viewed from rear

Initiate aux. timer 7 L7 Logic input common (2)

Notes: 1. (a) (b) (c) (d) CT shorting links make before (b) and (c) disconnect. Short terminals break before (c). Long terminals. Pin terminal (PCB type) 2. VT input must be supplied with phase - phase voltage. Connections are typical only. 3. Earth connections are typical only. 4. SCN = Screen connection for K-Bus.

Figure 7: Typical application diagram KBCH120

A B C

P1 S1 S2

P2

P2

P1 S2 S1

A B C

HV LV2

LV1

P2 S2 S1

P1

A B C

63 64 65 66 67 68 KBCH 130 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 HV lo> (see Figure 10) A A B C A C B Phase rotation B C AC/DC supply 28 13 14 WD WD RL0 RL1 a b c RL2 17
57 63 65 67 69 71 73 75 77 79 81 83 64 66 68 70 72 74 76 78 80 82 84 13 14 1 3 5 7 9 4 6 8 10 29 31 33 35 37 39 41 17 19 21 23 25 27 18 20 22 24 26 28 43 45 47 49 51 53 55 SCN 30 32 34 36 38 40 42 44 46 48 50 52 54 56

69 70 71 72 73 74 75 LV2 lo> (see Figure 10) 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 LV1 lo> (see Figure 10) 84 4 6 3 5 30 32 34 36 38 40 42 RL3 RL4 44 29 31 33 RL5 RL6 RL7 35 37 39 41 43 57 1 Case earth connection Alarm = V/f alarm Id > A,B,C Id >> A,B,C Io > HV,LV1,LV2 V/f trip Tap down Tap up Trip Trip Trip Id >> A,B,C Trip Id > A,B,C Io > HV,LV1,LV2 V/f trip Id > A,B,C Id >> A,B,C Io > HV,LV1,LV2 V/f trip Id > A,B,C Id >> A,B,C Io > HV,LV1,LV2 V/f trip Id > A,B,C Id >> A,B,C Io > HV,LV1,LV2 V/f trip Relay failed Relay healthy

Vx

N n

18

Initiate aux. timer 0 L0 Initiate aux. timer 1 L1 Initiate aux. timer 2 L2 Logic input common (1) Initiate aux. timer 3 L3 Initiate aux. timer 4 L4 Initiate aux. timer 5 L5 See Note 4 Initiate aux. timer 6 L6 Initiate aux. timer 7 L7 Logic input common (2)

46 48 50 52 45 47 49 51 53 55

Trip

54 56 See Note 4 SCN 7 8 +48V field voltage K-Bus communications port

Module terminal blocks viewed from rear

Notes: 1. (a) (b) (c) (d) CT shorting links make before (b) and (c) disconnect. Short terminals break before (c). Long terminals. Pin terminal (PCB type) 2. VT input must be supplied with phase - phase voltage. Connections are typical only. 3. Earth connections are typical only. 4. SCN = Screen connection for K-Bus.

Figure 8: Typical application diagram KBCH130

P2

P1 S2 S1

A B C

HV LV2

LV1

A B C

P1 S1 S2

P2

P2 S2 S1

P1

P2 S2 S1

P1

A B C

63 64 65 66 67 68 KBCH 140 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 HV lo> (see Figure 10) A A B C A C B Phase rotation B C AC/DC supply 28 13 14 WD WD RL0 RL1 a b c RL2 17
57 63 65 67 69 71 73 75 77 79 81 83 64 66 68 70 72 74 76 78 80 82 84 13 14 1 3 5 7 9 4 6 8 10 29 31 33 35 37 39 41 17 19 21 23 25 27 18 20 22 24 26 28 43 45 47 49 51 53 55 SCN 30 32 34 36 38 40 42 44 46 48 50 52 54 56

69 70 71 72 73 74 75 LV2 lo> (see Figure 10) 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 LV1 lo> (see Figure 10) 84 4 6 3 5 30 32 34 36 38 40 42 RL3 RL4 44 29 31 33 35 37 RL6 RL7 39 41 43 57 1 Case earth connection Trip Id > A,B,C Id >> A,B,C Io > HV,LV1,LV2 V/f trip Alarm = V/f alarm Tap up Tap down Id >> A,B,C Trip Id > A,B,C Io > HV,LV1,LV2 V/f trip Trip Id > A,B,C Id >> A,B,C Io > HV,LV1,LV2 V/f trip Id >> A,B,C Trip Id > A,B,C Io > HV,LV1,LV2 V/f trip Relay failed Id >> A,B,C Trip Id > A,B,C Io > HV,LV1,LV2 V/f trip Relay healthy

Vx

N n

18

Initiate aux. timer 0 L0 Initiate aux. timer 1 L1 Initiate aux. timer 2 L2 Logic input common (1) Initiate aux. timer 3 L3 Initiate aux. timer 4 L4 Initiate aux. timer 5 L5 See Note 4 Initiate aux. timer 6 L6

46 48 50 52 45 47 49 51 53 55

RL5

54 56 See Note 4 SCN 7 8 +48V field voltage K-Bus communications port

Module terminal blocks viewed from rear

Initiate aux. timer 7 L7 Logic input common (2)

Notes: 1. (a) (b) (c) (d) CT shorting links make before (b) and (c) disconnect. Short terminals break before (c). Long terminals. Pin terminal (PCB type) 2. VT input must be supplied with phase - phase voltage. Connections are typical only. 3. Earth connections are typical only. 4. SCN = Screen connection for K-Bus.

Figure 9: Typical application diagram KBCH140

A B C

P1 S1 S2

P2

P2 S2 S1

P1

A B C

P2

S2

P1

S1

See Note 2 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 RS See Note 1

63 See Note 1 RS 64 65 See Note 2 66 67 68 KBCH 120 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28

76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 Notes: 1. See Service Manual R8530 for the setting of the external stabilising resistor. 2. Optional voltage limiting non-linear resistor (see Service Manual R8530).

Figure 10: Typical restricted earth fault connections

Technical Data
Ratings Inputs AC current (In) AC Voltage (Vn) Auxiliary voltage (Vx) Nominal (Vx) 24125V dc or 110V 50/60Hz ac 48250V dc or 220V 50/60Hz ac Frequency (Fn) Output field voltage Burdens AC current Bias differential Restricted earth fault (REF) In = 1A <0.045VA In = 5A <0.22VA In = 1A <0.085VA In = 5A <0.24VA Note: Figures for the REF exclude the stabilising resistor. Operative range (V) 20150V dc 190V crest 50133V ac 33300V dc 380V crest 87265V ac 50/60Hz 48V dc (current limit: 60mA) Absolute maximum (V) 1A or 5A or HV 1A/LV 5A (KBCH 120 and 140 only) 110V

10

AC voltage DC auxiliary voltage AC auxiliary voltage

Vn = 110V

<0.002VA

4.8W to 12.0W* 6.7VA to 21.0VA* *Note: depending on the power supply rating, the applied voltage and the number of inputs and outputs energised.

Thermal withstand Current inputs (In) 3In continuous 100In for 1s with a maximum of 400A 180V continuous 230V for 30s low set high set REF typically typically typically 30 35ms 15ms 20 40ms

Voltage input (Vn)

Operating time

Accuracy

7.5% of setting (at reference conditions)

Reference conditions Temperature Auxiliary voltage Frequency Transformer ratios Current transformers HV LV1 LV2 Vector group and ratio correction Yy0 (0deg), Yd1 (30deg), Yd2 (60deg), HV VectorCor (primary) LV1 VectorCor (secondary) LV2 VectorCor (tertiary) Yd3 (90deg), Yd4 (120deg), Yd5 (150deg), Yy6 (+180deg), Yd7 (+150deg), Yd8 (+120deg), Yd9 (+90deg), Yd10 (+60deg), Yd11 (+30deg), Ydy0 (0deg), Ydy6 (+180deg), HV Ratio Cor (primary) LV1 Ratio Cor (secondary) LV2 Ratio Cor (tertiary) 0.05 to 2 in steps of 0.01 0.05 to 2 in steps of 0.01 0.05 to 2 in steps of 0.01 1:1 to 9999:1 1:1 to 9999:1 1:1 to 9999:1 20C Nominal dc voltage range 50Hz or 60Hz

11

CT requirements Note: Values to be as given below with minima of 60/In for star-connected CTs and 100/In for delta connected CTs Application Knee point voltage Vk Through fault stability X/R Transformers Generators Generator transformers Motors Shunt reactors Series reactors also transformers connected to a mesh corner having two sets of CTs each supplying separate relay inputs. Vk24In[Rct + 2RI]* 40 Vk48In[Rct + 2RI]* 40 120 15In 40In 15In Vk24In[Rct + 2RI]* 40 15In 15In Overall generator-transformer units Vk48In[Rct + 2RI]* 120 Vk24In[Rct + 2RI]* 40 If 15In

*Note: an explanation of the KBCH CT requirements is given in the Applications section of the Service Manual (R8530). Note: CTs should be of equal ratio and magnetisation characteristic where: In Rct RI If = Rated line CT secondary current (1A or 5A) = Resistance of line CT secondary winding = Resistance of a single lead from line CT to relay = Maximum value of through fault current

X/R = Maximum value of primary system reactance/resistance ratio The CT knee point should also satisfy the requirements for operation of the REF element. For general applications the following applies: Vk = 2If' (Rct + 2Rl) where: If' Rct RI = maximum secondary fault current for which stability is required = resistance of current transformer secondary winding = resistance of a single lead from current transformer to relay

12

Stabilising resistance To assure stability for through faults a stabilising resistor will be required; the appropriate value of series resistance is calculated as follows: Rs = Vs where:

Is

V Vs = k

Vs Rs Is

= setting voltage = value of stabilising resistor = current setting of restricted earth fault element

The effective setting of the REF is given by: Ie = Is + Ir + Im where: Ie = effective fault current setting Ir = current taken by Metrosil Im = magnetising current of current transformers at Vs Non linear voltage limiting devices METROSILS are available where required. Further information on the application of restricted earth fault elements is available in the KBCH service manual. Transformer configuration Setting HV + LV No. of bias inputs 2
LV HV

Configuration
HV

Applicable to: KBCH120/130/140

HV + LV1 + LV2

3
LV1 LV2 HV

KBCH130/140

HV (x2) + LV

3
LV HV

KBCH130/140**

HV + LV (x2)

3
LV

KBCH130/140

HV

HV (x2) + LV1 + LV2

4
LV1 HV LV2

Only KBCH140

HV + LV1 (x2) + LV2

LV1

LV2

Only KBCH140**

HV

HV (x2) + LV (x2)

4
LV

Only KBCH140

** Note: Not available on In = HV 1A/LV 5A

13

Current settings Differential protection Id> Id>> REF protection Io>HV (primary) Io>LV1 (secondary) Io>LV2 (tertiary) Overfluxing settings Iof 5th harmonic V/f Trip V/f Alarm Time settings Auxiliary timers tAUX0 tAUX1 tAUX2 tAUX3 tAUX4 tAUX5 tAUX6 tAUX7 tTEST tTapUp tTapDown Overfluxing element timers Inverse timer tV/f (Trip) = 0.8 + 0.18 x K (M 1)2 0 to 14.4ks (4Hrs) 0 to 14.4ks (4Hrs) 0 to 14.4ks (4Hrs) 0 to 14.4ks (4Hrs) 0 to 14.4ks (4Hrs) 0 to 14.4ks (4Hrs) 0 to 14.4ks (4Hrs) 0 to 14.4ks (4Hrs) 0.5 to 10s 0.5 to 10s 0.5 to 10s 0.1 to 0.5pu 1.5 to 3V/Hz 1.5 to 3V/Hz 0.05 to 1.0pu 0.05 to 1.0pu 0.05 to 1.0pu 0.1 to 0.5pu 5 to 20pu

Where tV/f (Trip) = operating time K = time multiplier setting (1 to 63) M = Definite timer tV/f (Trip) tV/f (Alarm) tof 5th harmonic detector Digital inputs Optically isolated inputs 8 energised from the 48V field voltage 0.1 to 60s 0.1 to 60s 0.1s to 14.4ks (4Hrs) (V/f) (V/f)setting

14

Contacts Output relays Contact ratings 8 single make Make: 30A and carry for 0.2s Carry: 5A continuous Break: DC 50W resistive 25W inductive (L/R = 0.04s) AC 1250VA (5A maximum) Subject to maxima of 5A and 300V Watchdog relays 1 make and 1 break Make: 10A and carry for 0.2s Carry: 5A continuous Break: DC 30W resistive 15W inductive (L/R = 0.04s) AC 1250VA (5A maximum) Subject to maxima of 5A and 300V Durability Loaded contact Unloaded contact Communications port (K-Bus) Language Transmission mode Signal levels Message format Data rate Connection Cable type Cable length Connector Isolation Courier Synchronous RS485 HDLC 64 kbits/s Multidrop (32 units) Screened twisted pair of wires 1000m (maximum) Screw terminals (M4) 2kV rms for 1 minute 10,000 operations minimum 100,000 operations minimum

High voltage withstand Dielectric withstand IEC255-5: 1977 2kV rms for one minute between all case terminals (except terminals 1 and 57) connected together and the case earth/terminals 1 and 57. 2kV rms for one minute between terminals of independent circuits including contact circuits. 1.5kV rms for 1 minute across open contacts of output relays 0 to 7. 1kV rms for one minute across open contacts of the watchdog relay. Three positive and three negative impulses of 5kV peak, 1.2/50s, 0.5J between all terminals (except output contacts); independent circuits; all terminals connected together (except terminals 1 and 57) and case earth/terminals 1 and 57

High voltage impulse IEC255-5: 1977

15

Insulation resistance IEC255-5: 1977 Electrical environment High frequency disturbance IEC255-22-1: 1988 Class III

>100M

2.5kV peak peak between independent circuits. 2.5kV peak between independent circuits and case earth. 1kV peak across terminals of the same circuit. 2kV, 5.0kHz applied directly to auxiliary supply. 2kV, 5.0kHz applied directly to all inputs.

Fast transient disturbance IEC255-22-4: 1992 Class III IEC801-4: 1988 Level 3

Electrostatic discharge IEC255-22-2: 1989 Class III IEC801-2: 1991 Level 2 DC supply interruptions IEC255-11: 1979

8kV discharge in air with cover in place. 4kV point contact discharge with cover removed. The unit will withstand a 10ms interruption in the auxiliary supply, under normal operating conditions, without de-energising.

AC ripple on dc supply IEC255-11: 1979 EMC compliance 89/336/EEC

The unit will withstand 12% ac ripple on the dc supply. Compliance with the European Commission Directive on EMC is claimed via the Technical Construction File route. Generic Standards were used to establish conformity. Compliance with the European Commission Low Voltage Directive. Compliance is demonstrated by reference to generic safety standards.

EN50081-2: 1994 EN50082-2: 1995 Product safety 72/23/EEC EN61010-1: 1993/A2 : 1995 EN60950: 1992/A3: 1995 Atmospheric environment Temperature IEC255-6: 1988 IEC68-2-1: 1990 IEC68-2-2: 1974 Humidity IEC68-2-3: 1969 Enclosure protection IEC529: 1989

Storage and transit 25C to +70C Operating 25C to +55C Cold Dry heat 56 days at 93% RH and +40C IP50 (dust protected)

16

Case
The KBCH unit is housed in a size 8 Midos case as shown in Figure 11.

Additional Information
KBCH service manual R8530

200

4 holes 4.4

155.4 24

168

159

Push button projection 10 max.

203 Panel cut-out: Flush mounting fixing details.

32

212

25 min.

177

157 max.

206 All dimensions in mm.

Reset Flush mounting. 11

Figure 11: Case outline size 8

17

Information Required with Order


Unit type 2 bias inputs per phase 3 bias inputs per phase 4 bias inputs per phase Configuration: Standard Case size: Size 8 MIDOS flush mounting KBCH1 2 3 4 0

0 1

H 1

Auxiliary voltage: 24/125V (See page 10 Ratings for dc/ac Operative range) 48/250V (See page 10 Ratings for dc/ac Operative range) Rating: Vn = 100/120V In = 1A Vn = 100/120V In = 5A *Vn = 100/120V In = 1A/5A Language: English French German Spanish *Not available for KBCH 130.

2 5

L M P

E F G S

Number of stabilising resistors and METROSILS required for the restricted earth fault protection function.

Glossary
Courier A communications language developed to provide generic control, monitoring, data extraction and setting changes on remote devices (primarily on protective relays) within the substation environment. The 64 kbps twisted pair cable used to connect Courier compatible devices and transfer Courier data. The interface unit which converts between K-Bus and IEC870-5 FT1.2 format data which is used to transfer Courier data over modems and RS232 connections.

K-Bus KITZ

18

19