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SAFETY PERFORMANCE INDICATORS 2012 DATA

Report No. 2012s (June 2013)

OGP DATA SERIES

International Association of Oil & Gas Producers

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OGP safety performance indicators 2012 data


Report No: 2012s June 2013

Revision history
Version 1.0 1.1 1.2 Date June 2013 June 2013 June 2013 Amendments First issued Corrections to Executive Summary Corrections to page 2-5

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Preface
Safety
OGP has been collecting safety incident data from its member companies globally since 1985. The data collected are entered into the OGP safety database, which is the largest database of safety performance in the exploration and production (E&P) industry. The principal purpose of the data collection and analysis is to record the global safety performance of the contributing OGP member companies on an annual basis. The submission of data is voluntary and is not mandated by OGP membership. The annual reports provide trend analysis, benchmarking and the identification of areas and activities on which efforts should be focused to bring about the greatest improvements in performance. The OGP incident reporting system covers worldwide E&P operations, both onshore and offshore, and includes incidents involving both member companies and their contractor employees. The key indicators presented are: number of fatalities, fatal accident rate, fatal incident rate, number of lost work day cases and number of lost work days, lost time injury frequency, number of restricted work day cases and restricted work day case days, number of medical treatment cases and total recordable injury rate. The report presents contributing OGP members global results for these indicators, which are then analysed by region, function and company. A code is used to preserve the anonymity of the reporting company, which will typically report its own data as well as that of its associated contractors (see Appendix B). In 2010, data collection was initiated to capture causal factors associated with fatal incidents and high potential events. These data are presented in section 2.11 of report 2012s. Wherever practicable, results are presented graphically. The data underlying the charts are presented in Appendix B. These data are available to OGP members in editable format from the members area of the OGP web-site. The tables are organised according to the section in the report where the chart appears. Fatal incident and high potential event descriptions previously included in this report as appendices C and D are now available for download on the OGP Safety Zone website, http://info.ogp.org.uk/safety. The main change to the 2012 Safety performance indicators report is: For the purposes of clarity the presentation of Fatal Incident Rate has been changed. This change reflects the Safety Data Sub-Committees aim to improve the reliability of the data and its interpretation.

Data series
Other OGP data reports include the Environmental Performance Indicators, published every autumn and the Health Performance Indicators, published simultaneously with this report. These are available from the OGP website: http://www.ogp.org.uk/publications/

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The safety statistics for 2012 were derived from data provided by the following companies:

Contributing OGP Members


ADDAX ADNOC Anadarko BG Group BHP BP Cairn Energy Chevron CNOOC ConocoPhillips Dolphin Energy DONG E&P Eni ExxonMobil GDF Suez E&P International Hess Corporation INPEX KOSMOS Kuwait Oil Company Maersk Oil Marathon MOL NCOC (North Caspian Operating Co.) Nexen Inc Oil Search OMV Pan American Energy Pemex Perenco Petrobras Petronas Carigali Sdn Bhd Premier Oil PTTEP Qatar Petroleum Rasgas Repsol RWE Dea AG Sasol Shell Companies Statoil Suncor Talisman Energy TNK-BP Total Tullow Oil Wintershall Woodside Yemen LNG

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Contents
Executive Summary 1.Summary v 1-1

1.1 General................................................................................................................................................................................................... 1-1 1.2 Fatalities................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1-2 1.3 Total recordable injuries.....................................................................................................................................................................1-4 1.4 Lost time injuries................................................................................................................................................................................. 1-5

2. Overall results

2-1

2.1 Fatalities.................................................................................................................................................................................................2-1 2.2 Fatal accident rate (FAR)...................................................................................................................................................................2-2 2.3 Fatalities by incident category and activity....................................................................................................................................2-3 2.4 Number of fatal incidents per 100 million work hours............................................................................................................. 2-4 2.5 Total recordable injury rate (TRIR)...............................................................................................................................................2-5 2.6 Lost time injury frequency (LTIF)..................................................................................................................................................2-6 2.7 Lost work day cases by category and activity.................................................................................................................................2-7 2.8 Severity of lost work day cases.........................................................................................................................................................2-13 2.9 Severity of restricted work day cases..............................................................................................................................................2-15 2.10 Incident triangles...............................................................................................................................................................................2-17 2.11 Causal factors analysis......................................................................................................................................................................2-19

3. Results by region
3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.9 4.10 5.1 5.2

3-1

Fatalities by region...............................................................................................................................................................................3-1 Fatal Accident Rate (FAR) by region..............................................................................................................................................3-2 Total recordable injury rate (TRIR) by region.............................................................................................................................3-2 Lost time injury frequency (LTIF) by region................................................................................................................................3-3 FAR, TRIR and LTIF 5-year rolling averages by region....................................................................................................... 3-4 Severity of lost work day cases by region........................................................................................................................................3-5 Individual country performance by region....................................................................................................................................3-5 Incident triangles by region...............................................................................................................................................................3-7

4. Results by function

4-1

Fatalities by function..........................................................................................................................................................................4-1 Fatal accident rate (FAR) 3-year rolling average by function................................................................................................4-2 Total recordable injury rate (TRIR) by function.........................................................................................................................4-3 Lost time injury frequency (LTIF) 3-year rolling average by function...............................................................................4-3 Severity of lost work day cases by function................................................................................................................................... 4-4 Exploration performance by function............................................................................................................................................4-5 Drilling performance by function...................................................................................................................................................4-7 Production performance by function.............................................................................................................................................4-9 Construction performance by function.......................................................................................................................................4-11 Unspecifed performance by function.......................................................................................................................................... 4-13

5. Results by company

5-1

Overall company results.....................................................................................................................................................................5-1 Company results by function............................................................................................................................................................5-8

Appendix A: Database dimensions Appendix B: Data tables Appendix C: Contributing companies Appendix D: Countries represented Appendix E: Glossary of terms

A-1 B-1 C-1 D-1 E-1

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Executive Summary
The 2012 OGP safety performance indicators show that the fatal accident rate for reporting companies has increased by 27% compared with 2011. The number of fatalities has increased from 65 in 2011 to 88 in 2012. 31 of the fatalities occurred in one incident. Analysis of the fatal incident description has shown that following an OGP Life Saving Rule may have helped to prevent 79% of the fatal incidents reported in 2012, see OGP report 459. Forty work force fatalities were identified as being related to process safety events (39 fatalities were related to six separate process safety events). There are a number of common causal factors related to the fatal incidents and high potential events from 2010 to 2012. The top 6 causal factors each year were: Inadequate hazard identification or risk assessment Inadequate supervision Inadequate work standards/procedures Improper decision making or lack of judgment Unintentional violation (by individual or group) Inadequate training/competence. Personal injury performance shows the lost time injury frequency has increased by 12%, and total recordable injury rate is virtually unchanged in 2012 compared with 2011 results.

Number of fatalities and fatal accident rate 2003-2012


Fatalities FAR

100

80 4 60 3 40 2

20

2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

Lost time injury frequency and total recordable injury rate per million hours worked
5

TRIR LTIF
4

2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

Fatal accident rate (FAR) The number of company/contractor fatalities per 100,000,000 (100 million) hours worked. Total recordable injury rate (TRIR) The number of recordable injuries (fatalities + lost work day cases + restricted work day cases + medical treatment cases) per 1,000,000 hours worked. Lost time injury frequency (LTIF) The number of lost time injuries (fatalities + lost work day cases) per 1,000,000 hours worked.

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FAR - Fatal accidents per 100 million hours worked

120

Number of fatalities

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Safety performance indicators 2012 data

1.Summary
The OGP safety performance indicators report summarises the safety performance of contributing OGP member companies for 2012. The key performance indicators (KPI) used to benchmark safety performance are: number of fatalities, fatal accident and incident rates, total recordable injury rate and lost time injury frequency. Third party fatalities are not included in this report.

1.1 General
The safety performance of contributing OGP member companies in 2012 is based on the analysis of 3,691 million work hours of data. Submissions were made by 49 of the 63 operating company OGP members (45 reported in 2011). The data reported cover operations in 107 countries.

Hours worked millions [data page B-2]


4000

3500

3000

2500

2000

1500

work hours contractor


1000 500

work hours company


1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2012

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1.2 Fatalities
Fatality categories, 2012 % fatalities associated with each reporting category [data page B-3]
Overexertion, strain 1.1% Other 2.3% Conned space 2.3% Falls from height 3.4% Exposure electrical 3.4% Assault or violent act 3.4% Pressure release 4.5% Water related, drowning 1.1%

Against the background of a 7% increase in work hours reported, the number of fatalities has increased from 65 in 2011 to 88. The fatalities occurred in 52 separate incidents in 2012. The resulting Fatal Accident Rate (2.38) is 27% higher than last years figure (1.88). The company and contractor FAR are 1.58 and 2.59 respectively. Onshore and offshore FAR are 2.87 and 0.89 respectively. The reported fatalities are divided into activity and category. The activity with the highest number of fatalities reported by the OGP member companies is Maintenance, inspection, testing with 41 fatalities in 9 separate incidents. These included included a gas leak and explosion following the loss of mechanical integrity of a pipeline in Mexico in which 5 company and 26 contractor employees lost their lives. There were 14 fatal incidents reported in the activity Construction, commissioning, decommissioning which resulted in 14 fatalities. With regard to the incident category, the largest proportion of the fatalities reported in 2012 (44%) were categorised as Explosions or burns and were related to 5 fatal incidents involving 39 fatalities (6% of fatal incidents reported in 2011 were in the category Explosions or burns). Fatalities categorised as Caught in, under or between were the second greatest contributors to the fatality statistics, accounting for 18% of the fatalities (25% in 2011).

Struck by 15.9%

Caught in, under or between 18.2%

Explosions or burns 44.3%

Fatality activities, 2012 % fatalities associated with each activity [data page B-3]
Transport water, inc. marine activity 2.3% Transport air 2.3% Seismic/survey operations 2.3% Production operations 3.5%

Unspecied other 2.3%

Transport land 10.5%

Drilling, workover, well services 12.8%

Construction, commissioning, decommissioning 16.3%

Maintenance, inspection, testing 47.7%

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Safety performance indicators 2012 data

The Fatal Accident Rate for North America (7.5) is high compared with a global average of 2.38. This is mainly due to a single incident caused by a gas leak and explosion following the loss of mechanical integrity of a pipeline in Mexico in which 31 people died.

Fatal accident rate - company and contractors per 100 million hours worked [data page B-2]
8

Contractor FAR Company FAR Overall

0
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

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1.3 Total recordable injuries


Total recordable injury rate company & contractors per million hours worked [data page B-2]
6

Overall Contractor Company

The rate for all recordable injuries (fatalities, lost workday cases, restricted workday cases and medical treatment cases) was 1.74 injuries per million hours worked (1.76 in 2011). The region that showed an increase in TRIR compared with the TRIR for 2011 was the Middle East (24%). A reduction in TRIR from 2011 to 2012 was shown in Africa (7%), Asia/Australasia (7%), Europe (6%), North America (13%) and South America (4%). The TRIR for the FSU was unchanged.

0
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

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Safety performance indicators 2012 data

1.4 Lost time injuries


The overall Lost Time Injury Frequency (LTIF) increased from 0.43 in 2011 to 0.48 in 2012. This represents an increase of 12% compared with 2011 and 307 more lost time injuries. This increase is similar in both company and contractor performance. The company and contractor LTIF both show an increase compared with 2011 (12% and 14% respectively). The onshore and offshore LTIF both also show an increase compared with 2011 (12% and 9% respectively). There were 1,699 reported injuries resulting in at least one day off work; 1,356 incidents were contractor related and 343 were company related. 53,325 lost work days were reported. The greatest number of incidents was reported as Struck by (408 cases accounting for 24% of the total; 2011 results showed 357 cases accounting for 25% of the total). Caught in, under or between accounted for 21% of the total reported cases (19% in 2011).
Lost time injury frequency company & contractors per million hours worked [data page B-3]
2.0

Overall Contractor Company

1.5

1.0

0.5

0.0
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

Lost work day cases by category [data page B-3]


Pressure release 0.9% Assault or violent act 1.0% Exposure noise, chemical, biological, vibration 2.0% Cut, puncture, scrape 3.6% Exposure electrical 0.7% Water related, drowning 0.2% Conned space 0.1% Struck by 24.0%

Other 6.6%

Explosions or burns 7.5%

Overexertion, strain 7.8%

Falls from height 9.3% Caught in, under or between 20.7% Slips and trips (at same height) 15.6%

Lost work day cases by activity [data page B-3]


Seismic/survey operations 1.4% Transport land 4.1% Transport water, including marine activity 5.2% Diving, subsea, ROV 0.6% Transport air 0.5%

Drilling, workover, well services 21.2%

Ofce, warehouse, accommodation, catering 7.7%

Lifting, crane, rigging, deck operations 7.8%

Construction, commissioning, decommissioning 9.9%

Maintenance, inspection, testing 16.9%

Unspecied other 12.4%

Production operations 12.4%

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Safety performance indicators 2012 data

2. Overall results
In this section the primary indicators used to measure contributing OGP member companies safety performance are: the number and nature of fatalities, total recordable injury rate (TRIR), fatal accident rate (FAR), fatal incidents per 100 million work hours, and lost time injury frequency (LTIF). Third party incidents are not included in this report.

2.1 Fatalities
Fatalities Company Contractor Total Onshore 2012 (2011) 10 (9) 70 (43) 80 (52) Offshore 2012 (2011) 2 (1) 6 (12) 8 (13) Total 2012 (2011) 12 (10) 76 (55) 88 (65)

Company/contractor fatalities
88 company and contractor fatalities were reported in 2012. This is 23 more than were reported in 2011 and 6 fewer than in 2010. The 88 fatalities occurred in 52 separate incidents. In 2012 there were 31 fatalities as a result of a single incident caused by a gas leak and explosion following the loss of mechanical integrity of a pipeline in Mexico There were 6 incidents that involved 2 fatalities. These were: two pilots died when a seismic helicopter crashed on its approach to a landing zone in a forested area in Gabon; a drill rig explosion in Nigeria; in Chad a gas accumulation from wellbore fluids in an open-top tank combusted; a security incident in Nigeria where two people were shot and killed whilst gathering environmental data; pressure release and fire while routine testing a mobile air compressor in Kuwait; and in Qatar a flash fire was caused by the ignition of liquid oxygen.
Fig 2.1.1: Number of fatalities and fatal accident rate 2003-2012 [data page B-2]
Fatalities FAR

100

80 4 60 3 40 2

20

2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

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FAR - Fatal accidents per 100 million hours worked

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Number of fatalities

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2.2 Fatal accident rate (FAR)


Fig 2.2.1: Fatal accident rate company & contractors per 100 million hours worked [Data page B-2]
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2012 (2011) FAR Company Contractor Overall Onshore Offshore 1.58 (1.33) 2.59 (2.03) 2.38 (1.88) 2.87 (1.94) 0.89 (1.67)

Relative to 2011 FAR (19% higher) (28% higher) (27% higher) (48% higher) (47% lower)

Contractor FAR Company FAR Overall

0
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

In 2012 there were 12 company fatalities (10 in 2011) as a result of 6 separate incidents. 5 of the company fatalities were as a result of a single incident involving a gas leak and explosion following the loss of mechanical integrity of a pipeline in Mexico. In 2012 there were 76 contractor fatalities (55 in 2011). 26 of the contractor fatalities were as a result of a single incident involving a gas leak and explosion following the loss of mechanical integrity of a pipeline in Mexico. The difference between the onshore and offshore FAR displays a large variation over the 10-year period shown. Neither is consistently lower. This is generally attributable to single transportation or fire and explosion incidents involving high numbers of fatalities.

Fig 2.2.2: Fatal accident rate onshore & offshore per 100 million hours worked [Data page B-2]
8

Overall Offshore Onshore

0
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

Fatal accident rate (FAR) The number of company/contractor fatalities per 100,000,000 (100 million) hours worked.

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Safety performance indicators 2012 data

2.3 Fatalities by incident category and activity


The largest proportion of the fatalities reported in 2012 were categorised as Explosions or burns (44%) (6% in 2011). 31 of the fatalities were the result of a single gas leak and explosion following the loss of mechanical integrity of a pipeline in Mexico. 18% of the fatalities reported in 2012 were categorised as Caught in under or between (25% in 2011). Two fatalities involved being run over by reversing trucks. Nine of the fatalities occurred during construction, commissioning or decommissioning activities, two separate incidents were related to excavations, two separate incidents involved the roll-over of a front end loader and a bull dozer and two further separate incidents involved being crushed by moving construction equipment. 16% of the fatalities reported in 2012 were the result of individuals being struck by falling or moving objects (18% in 2011). Two fatalities involved separate motor vehicle crashes. Two separate fatalities involved being struck by a bulldozer or backhoe bucket. A reduction is seen in the number of deaths resulting from land transport incidents (9 fatalities) compared with 2011 (15 fatalities in 2011, 8 in 2010). Nine fatalities were associated with nine separate land transport incidents, one of which was a shooting. 45 of the fatal incidents involved one fatality. Incidents which involved two or more fatalities were reported under the categories: Caught in, under or between (1 incident); Explosions or burns (4 incidents); and Assault and violent act (1 incident). There were no fatal incidents reported under the following categories: Cut, puncture, scrape; Exposure noise, chemical, biological, vibration; and Slips, trips, falls (at same height). There were no fatalities reported under the following activities: Diving, subsea, ROV; and Office, warehouse, accommodation, catering.
Fig 2.3.1: Fatalities by activity, 2012 % fatalities associated with each reporting category [Data page B-3]
Overexertion, strain 1.1% Other 2.3% Conned space 2.3% Falls from height 3.4% Exposure electrical 3.4% Assault or violent act 3.4% Pressure release 4.5% Water related, drowning 1.1%

Struck by 15.9%

Caught in, under or between 18.2%

Explosions or burns 44.3%

Fig 2.3.2: Fatalities by category, 2012 % fatalities associated with each reporting category [Data page B-3]
Transport water, inc. marine activity 2.3% Transport air 2.3% Seismic/survey operations 2.3% Production operations 3.5% Unspecied other 2.3%

Transport land 10.5%

Drilling, workover, well services 12.8%

Construction, commissioning, decommissioning 16.3%

Maintenance, inspection, testing 47.7%

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Fatalities by incident category and activity, 2012

Caught in, under or between

Water related, drowning

Assault or violent act

Overexertion, strain

Exposure electrical

Explosion or burns

Falls from height

Pressure release

Confined space

Struck by

Other

Construction, commissioning, decommissioning Drilling, workover, well services Lifting, crane, rigging, deck operations Maintenance, inspection, testing Production operations Seismic/survey operations Transport air Transport land Transport water, including marine activity Unspecified other Total

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 2
3

9 1 1 0 0 1 0 3 1 0
16

1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
2

0 4 0 35 0 0 0 0 0 0
39

0 1 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0
3

0 0 0 0 2 0 0 1 0 0
3

0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
1

1 1 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0
4

3 4 1 1 0 0 0 4 1 0
14

0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
1

0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0
2

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Total 14 11 2 41 3 2 2 9 2 2 88

Safety performance indicators 2012 data

2.4 Number of fatal incidents per 100 million work hours


Fig 2.4.1: Fatal incidents per 100 million work hours company & contractors per 100 million hours worked [Data page B-2]
8

Number of fatal incidents per 100 million work hours 2012 (2011) Company Contractor Overall Onshore Offshore 0.79 (0.8) 1.57 (1.63) 1.41 (1.45) 1.58 (1.57) 0.89 (1.03) Relative to 2011 (1% lower) (4% lower) (3% lower) (1% higher) (14% lower)

Contractor Company Overall Overall FAR

The number of fatal incidents per 100 million work hours is a measure of the frequency with which fatal incidents occur, in contrast to the FAR which measures the frequency of fatalities. Accordingly, for company and contractor fatalities, the number of fatal incidents per 100 million work hours will be less than or equal to the FAR. Comparison of FAR and number of fatal incidents per 100 million work hours gives an indication of the magnitude of the incidents in terms of lives lost. Overall the number of fatal incidents per 100 million work hours has decreased by 3% compared with last year and is the lowest on record (52 fatal incidents in 2012, 50 fatal incidents in 2011). The number of fatal incidents per 100 million work hours offshore continues to reduce, showing a rate 14% lower than the 2011 result. The number of offshore fatalities has reduced (8 fatalities in 2012 and 13 in 2011).

0
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

Fig 2.4.2: Fatal incidents per 100 million work hours onshore & offshore per 100 million hours worked [Data page B-2]
8

Overall FAR Overall Offshore Onshore

Fig 2.4.3: Number of fatalities and fatal incidents 10 year trend [Data page B-5]
140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0

Fatalities Fatal incidents

0
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

Number of fatal incidents per 100 million work hours The number of incidents that result in one or more fatalities per 100,000,000 (100 million) hours.

2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

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2.5 Total recordable injury rate (TRIR)


Fig 2.5.1: Total recordable injury rate company & contractors per million hours worked [Data page B-2]
6

2012 (2011) TRIR Company Contractor Overall Onshore Offshore 1.12 (1.32) 1.9 (1.88) 1.74 (1.76) 1.49 (1.45) 2.53 (2.84)

Relative to 2011 TRIR (15% lower) (1% higher) (1% lower) (3% higher) (11% lower)

Overall Contractor Company

Submissions without information on medical treatment cases were filtered out, leaving a database of 3,651 million hours, 99% of the database (see Appendix A). An overall reduction in TRIR of 1% can be seen in 2012, with company TRIR down by 15% and offshore TRIR down by 11% compared with 2011 results. Contractor and onshore TRIR show an increase of 1% and 3% respectively.
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

Fig 2.5.2: Total recordable injury rate onshore & offshore per million hours worked [Data page B-2]
7

Overall Offshore Onshore

1 0
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

Total recordable injury rate (TRIR) The number of recordable injuries (fatalities + lost work day cases + restricted work day cases + medical treatment cases) per 1,000,000 hours worked.

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Safety performance indicators 2012 data

2.6 Lost time injury frequency (LTIF)


2012 (2011) LTIF Company Contractor Overall Onshore Offshore 0.47 (0.42) 0.49 (0.43) 0.48 (0.43) 0.38 (0.34) 0.81 (0.74) Relative to 2011 LTIF (12% higher) (14% higher) (12% higher) (12% higher) (9% higher)
1.5

Fig 2.6.1: Lost time injury frequency company & contractors per million hours worked [Data page B-3]
2.0

Overall Contractor Company

The overall LTIF increased by 12% from 0.43 in 2011 to 0.48 in 2012. The contractor LTIF increased by 14% compared with 2011. There were 1,699 reported lost work day cases resulting in at least one day off work, which equates to an average of 33 injuries resulting in at least one day off work every week of the year. Although the absolute number of LWDCs has increased (1,415 in 2011), the time away from work has reduced compared with 2011. See Section 2.8 for further information on Lost Work Day Case severity.

1.0

0.5

0.0
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

Fig 2.6.2: Lost time injury frequency onshore & offshore per million hours worked [Data page B-3]
2.0

Overall Offshore Onshore

1.5

1.0

0.5

0.0
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

Lost time injury frequency (LTIF) The number of lost time injuries (fatalities + lost work day cases) per 1,000,000 hours worked.

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2.7 Lost work day cases by category and activity


Fig 2.7.1: Lost work day cases by category % LWDCs associated with each reporting category [Data page B-3]
Pressure release 0.9% Assault or violent act 1.0% Exposure noise, chemical, biological, vibration 2.0% Cut, puncture, scrape 3.6% Exposure electrical 0.7% Water related, drowning 0.2% Conned space 0.1% Struck by 24.0%

Lost work day cases by category Number Assault or violent act Caught in, under or between Confined space Cut, puncture, scrape Explosion or burns Exposure electrical Exposure noise, chemical, biological, vibration Falls from height Overexertion, strain Pressure release Slips and trips (at same height) Struck by Water related, drowning Other 17 352 1 61 127 12 34 158 133 16 265 408 3 112 1,699 % 1.0 20.7 0.1 3.6 7.5 0.7 2.0 9.3 7.8 0.9 15.6 24.0 0.2 6.6

Other 6.6%

Explosions or burns 7.5%

Overexertion, strain 7.8%

Falls from height 9.3% Caught in, under or between 20.7% Slips and trips (at same height) 15.6%

Total

Of the 1,699 reported lost work day cases resulting in at least one day off work, 1,356 incidents were contractor related and 343 were company related. The lost work day case category was provided for all of the Lost Work Day Cases reported, although 7% of the cases were categorised as Other. The pie chart shows the percentage of LWDCs within each of the reporting categories for 2012. The greatest number of incidents was reported as Struck by (408 cases accounting for 24% of LWDCs), (2011 results showed 357 cases accounting for 25%). Caught in, under or between accounted for 21% of the total reported cases (19% in 2011). In comparison with 2011, the 2012 results were very similar; the only categories that differed by more than 2% were Explosions or burns which increased by 4% and Other which decreased by 4% compared with 2011.

Lost work day case (LWDC) A Lost Work Day Case is an incident resulting in at least one day off work. Fatal incidents are not included.

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Safety performance indicators 2012 data

Lost work day cases by category company & contractors

Company Assault or violent act Caught in, under or between Confined space Cut, puncture, scrape Explosion or burns Exposure electrical Exposure noise, chemical, biological, vibration Falls from height Overexertion, strain Pressure release Slips and trips (at same height) Struck by Water related, drowning Other Total 2 37 0 7 31 0 5 35 33 4 69 70 1 49 343

Contractor 15 315 1 54 96 12 29 123 100 12 196 338 2 63 1356

Fig 2.7.2: Lost work day cases by category Company [Data page B-4]
Pressure release 1.2% Exposure noise, chemical, biological, vibration 1.5% Cut, puncture, scrape 2.0% Water related, drowning 0.3% Struck by 20.4% Assault or violent act 0.6%

Explosions or burns 9.0%

Overexertion, strain 9.6%

Falls from height 10.2%

Caught in, under or between 10.8%

Slips and trips (at same height) 20.1% Other 14.3%

Of the 1,699 reported lost work day cases resulting in at least one day off work, 343 were company related and 1,356 incidents were contractor related, (309 and 1,106 respectively for 2011).

Fig 2.7.3: Lost work day cases by category Contractor [Data page B-4]
Exposure electrical 0.9% Assault or violent act 1.1% Exposure noise, chemical, biological, vibration 2.1% Pressure release 0.9% Conned space 0.1% Water related, drowning 0.1% Struck by 24.9% Cut, puncture, scrape 4.0% Other 4.6% Explosions or burns 7.1%

Overexertion, strain 7.4%

Falls from height 9.1% Slips and trips (at same height)14.5% Caught in, under or between 23.2%

OGP

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International Association of Oil & Gas Producers

Lost work day cases by category onshore & offshore

Fig 2.7.4: Lost work day cases by category Onshore [Data page B-4]
Exposure electrical 0.9% Assault or violent act 1.4% Pressure release 0.8% Water related, drowning 0.1%

Onshore Assault or violent act Caught in, under or between Confined space Cut, puncture, scrape
Struck by 22.9%

Offshore 3 189 1 24 13 3 11 68 77 8 117 185 2 26 727

14 163 0 37 114 9 23 90 56 8 148 223 1 86 972

Exposure noise, chemical, biological, vibration 2.4% Cut, puncture, scrape 3.8% Overexertion, strain 5.8%

Explosion or burns Exposure electrical Exposure noise, chemical, biological, vibration

Other 8.8%

Falls from height Overexertion, strain Pressure release Slips and trips (at same height) Struck by Water related, drowning
Caught in, under or between 16.8%

Falls from height 9.3%

Other Total

Explosions or burns 11.7% Slips and trips (at same height)15.2%

Fig 2.7.5: Lost work day cases by category Offshore [Data page B-4]
Pressure release 1.1% Exposure noise, chemical, biological, vibration 1.5% Explosions or burns 1.8% Cut, puncture, scrape 3.3% Assault or violent act 0.4% Exposure electrical 0.4% Water related, drowning 0.3%

Of the 1,699 reported lost work day cases resulting in at least one day off work, 972 incidents were related to onshore activity and 727 were related to offshore activity (858 and 557 respectively for 2011).
Conned space 0.1%

Other 3.6%

Caught in, under or between 26.0%

Falls from height 9.4%

Overexertion, strain10.6%

Slips and trips (at same height) 16.1%

Struck by 25.4%

2-10

OGP

Safety performance indicators 2012 data

Lost work day cases by activity

Number Construction, commissioning, decommissioning 168 Diving, subsea, ROV Drilling, workover, well services Lifting, crane, rigging, deck operations Maintenance, inspection, testing Office, warehouse, accommodation, catering Production operations Seismic/survey operations Transport air Transport land Transport water, including marine activity Unspecified other Total 10 360 133 287 131 211 23 8 69 89 210 1,699

% 9.9 0.6 21.2 7.8 16.9 7.7 12.4 1.4 0.5 4.1 5.2 12.4

Fig2.7.6: Lost work day cases by activity % LWDCs associated with each reporting category [Data page B-3]
Seismic/survey operations 1.4% Transport land 4.1% Transport water, including marine activity 5.2% Diving, subsea, ROV 0.6% Transport air 0.5%

Drilling, workover, well services 21.2%

Ofce, warehouse, accommodation, catering 7.7%

Lifting, crane, rigging, deck operations 7.8%

Construction, commissioning, decommissioning 9.9%

Maintenance, inspection, testing 16.9%

Lost work day case activities were reported for all of the 1,699 Lost Work Day Cases reported, although 12% of the cases were reported as Unspecified-other. In 2011, 10% were reported as Unspecified-other. In comparison with 2011 data only 2 activities varied by more than 2% of the total: Production operations reduced by 4% of the total from 2011 to 2012 Maintenance, inspection, testing increased by 3% of the total from 2011 to 2012

Unspecied other 12.4%

Production operations 12.4%

OGP

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International Association of Oil & Gas Producers

Lost work day cases by activity company & contractor

Fig 2.7.7: Lost work day cases by activity Company [Data page B-4]
Construction, commissioning, decommissioning 1.2% Transport air 1.5% Lifting, crane, rigging, deck operations 3.2% Transport water, including marine activity 1.2% Diving, subsea, ROV 0.3% Seismic/survey operations 0.3%

Company Construction, commissioning, decommissioning Diving, subsea, ROV Drilling, workover, well services Lifting, crane, rigging, deck operations Maintenance, inspection, testing Office, warehouse, accommodation, catering Production operations Seismic/survey operations Transport air Transport land Transport water, including marine activity Unspecified other Total
Maintenance, inspection, testing 20.1%

Contractor 164 9 317 122 218 85 132 22 3 50 85 149 1356

4 1 43 11 69 46 79 1 5 19 4 61 343

Transport land 5.5%

Production operations 23.0%

Drilling, workover, well services 12.5%

Ofce, warehouse, accommodation, catering 13.4%

Unspecied other 17.8%

Fig 2.7.8: Lost work day cases by activity Contractor [Data page B-4]
Seismic/survey operations 1.6% Transport land 3.7% Transport water, including marine activity 6.3% Ofce, warehouse, accommodation, catering 6.3% Lifting, crane, rigging, deck operations 9.0% Drilling, workover, well services 23.4% Diving, subsea, ROV 0.7% Transport air 0.2%

Of the 1,699 reported lost work day cases resulting in at least one day off work, 343 (20%) were company related and 1,356 (80%) incidents were contractor related (22% and 78% respectively in 2011).

Production operations 9.7%

Maintenance, inspection, testing 16.1% Unspecied other 11.0% Construction, commissioning, decommissioning 12.1%

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OGP

Safety performance indicators 2012 data

Lost work day cases by activity onshore & offshore

Onshore Construction, commissioning, decommissioning Diving, subsea, ROV Drilling, workover, well services Lifting, crane, rigging, deck operations Maintenance, inspection, testing Office, warehouse, accommodation, catering Production operations Seismic/survey operations Transport air Transport land Transport water, including marine activity Unspecified other Total 113 1 189 52 162 94 105 18 5 65 15 153 972

Offshore 55 9 171 81 125 37 106 5 3 4 74 57 727

Fig 2.7.9: Lost work day cases by activity Onshore [Data page B-4]
Transport water, including marine activity 1.5% Transport air 0.5% Diving, subsea, ROV 0.1%

Seismic/survey operations 1.9% Lifting, crane, rigging, deck operations 5.3%

Transport land 6.7% Ofce, warehouse, accommodation, catering 9.7%

Drilling, workover, well services 19.4%

Production operations 10.8%

Maintenance, inspection, testing 16.7%

Construction, commissioning, decommissioning 11.6% Unspecied other 15.7%

Of the 1,699 reported lost work day cases resulting in at least one day off work, 972 (57%) incidents were onshore related and 727 (43%) were offshore related (61% and 39% respectively in 2011).

Fig 2.7.10: Lost work day cases by activity Offshore [Data page B-4]
Seismic/survey operations 0.7% Transport land 0.6% Transport air 0.4%

Diving, subsea, ROV 1.2%

Ofce, warehouse, accommodation, catering 5.1%

Construction, commissioning, decommissioning 7.6%

Drilling, workover, well services 23.5%

Unspecied other 7.8%

Transport water, including marine activity 10.2%

Maintenance, inspection, testing 17.2%

Lifting, crane, rigging, deck operations 11.1% Production operations 14.6%

OGP

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International Association of Oil & Gas Producers

2.8 Severity of lost work day cases


Fig 2.8.1: Severity of lost work day cases company & contractors average days lost per LWDC [Data page B-4]
60

2012 (2011) severity Company 38.81 (41.06) 41.28 (42.58) 40.74 (42.26) 36.83 (39.84) 45.99 (46.42)

Relative to 2011 severity 5% lower 3% lower 4% lower 8% lower 1% lower

Relative to 2007-2011 average severity 9% higher 6% higher 7% higher 5% higher 2% higher

50

Contractor Overall Onshore Offshore

40

30

20

Overall Contractor Company

10

0
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

OGP member companies reported 53,325 days of work lost through injuries. The number of days lost was reported for 78% of the lost work day cases. The difference between company and contractor severity levels is 7% (contractor is 7% higher). The offshore LWDC severity is 25% higher than onshore.

Fig 2.8.2: Severity of lost work day cases onshore & offshore average days lost per LWDC [Data page B-4]
60

50

40

30

20

10

Overall Offshore Onshore

0
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

Severity of lost work day cases Severity is defined as the average number of days lost (where reported) for each lost work day case. Lost work day case days are not reported by all companies. The database for this analysis is therefore reduced to 2,876 million work hours, 78% of all reported hours

2-14

OGP

Safety performance indicators 2012 data

The figures show the average number of days lost per LWDC in 2012 compared with the average for the previous 5-year period. An increase is shown in LWDC severity in all areas of activity when compared with the previous 5-year period; an increase of 7% overall.

Fig 2.8.3: Severity of lost work day cases company & contractors average days lost per LWDC [Data page B-4]
2007-2011 2012

Company

Contractor

Overall

10

20

30

40

50

Fig 2.8.4: Severity of lost work day cases onshore & offshore average days lost per LWDC [Data page B-4]
2007-2011 2012

Offshore

Onshore

Overall

10

20

30

40

50

OGP

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International Association of Oil & Gas Producers

2.9 Severity of restricted work day cases


Fig 2.9.1: Severity of restricted work day cases company & contractors average days lost per RWDC [Data page B-5]
40

2012 (2011) severity Company


Overall

Relative to 2011 severity 7% higher 18% higher 17% higher 2% lower 57% higher

Relative to 20072011 severity 6% lower 1% higher (no change) 2% lower 2% higher

13.84 (12.92) 12.05 (10.17) 12.21 (10.4) 11.48 (11.67) 13.41 (8.55)

Contractor Overall Onshore Offshore

35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

Contractor Company

2010

2011

2012

Fig 2.9.2: Severity of restricted work day cases onshore & offshore average days lost per RWDC [Data page B-5]
40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

Overall Offshore Onshore

A total of 12,006 days were restricted (RWDC days) as a result of restricted workday cases, in the sense that normal duties could not be performed. This compares with 53,325 days lost (LWDC days) on a 24% larger dataset. The number of days lost overall is virtually unchanged compared with the previous 5-year period but has increased by 17% compared with 2011 results. The average number of days lost to restricted work per case increased most noticeably in offshore operations 13.41 days, compared with 8.55 days in 2011 (an increase of 57%), however 2012 is within 10% of the 2010 figure of 14.35 days. The number of days lost among company employees has fallen by 6% compared with the previous 5-year period but has risen by 7% compared with 2011 results.

Severity of restricted work day cases The average number of days of restricted work per restricted work day case. Restricted work day case days are not reported by all companies. The database for this analysis is therefore reduced to 2,183 million work hours, 59% of all reported hours.

2-16

OGP

Safety performance indicators 2012 data

The figures show the average number of days lost per RWDC in 2012 compared with the average for the previous 5-year period. The overall average is virtually unchanged compared with the average for the previous 5-year period.

Fig 2.9.3: Severity of restriced work day cases company & contractors average days of restricted work per RWDC [Data page B-5]
2007-2011 2012

Company

Contractor

Overall

12

15

18

Fig 2.9.4: Severity of restriced work day cases onshore & offshore average days of restricted work per RWDC [Data page B-5]
2007-2011 2012

Offshore

Onshore

Overall

12

15

18

OGP

2-17

International Association of Oil & Gas Producers

2.10 Incident triangles


In this section the relative numbers of types of occupational injury are shown in the form of incident triangles. The ratios have been corrected to account for the absence, in some data submissions, of medical treatment cases.

Year 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008

Ratio of lost time injuries to fatalities 20:1 22:1 15:1 16:1 17:1

Ratio of total recordable injuries to fatalities 72:1 93:1 60:1 63:1 61:1

2012 incident triangles


Overall 1 fatality 20 lost time injuries

72 recordable injuries Company 1 fatality 28 lost time injuries

69 recordable injuries Contractor 1 fatality 18 lost time injuries

72 recordable injuries

2011 incident triangles


Lost time injuries Lost work day cases and fatalities Recordable injuries Fatalities, lost work day cases, restricted work day cases and medical treatment cases. Data are only included where medical treatment cases are reported for the data set. Ratio of lost time injuries to fatalities The number of lost time injuries divided by the total number of fatalities (Lost time injuries/ fatalities) Ratio of total recordable injuries to fatalities The number of recordable injuries divided by the total number of fatalities (recordable injuries/fatalities)
31 97 recordable injuries Contractor 1 fatality 21 lost time injuries Overall 1 fatality 22 lost time injuries

93 recordable injuries Company 1 fatality lost time injuries

92 recordable injuries

2-18

OGP

Safety performance indicators 2012 data

The varying ratio of fatalities to lost time injuries to recordable injuries for 20112012 challenges the traditional notion of recordable injuries and lost time injuries overall as a precursor to fatalities as shown in the incident triangles. In some incident categories however such as confined space, assault or violent act and water related, drowning, the ratio will be higher as shown in the tables below.

Category Assault or violent act Caught in, under or between Confined space Cut, puncture, scrape Explosions or burns Exposure electrical Exposure noise, chemical, biological, vibration Falls from height Other Overexertion, strain Pressure release Slips and trips (at same height) Struck by Water related, drowning

LTIs (fatalities+LWDCs) 20 368 3 61 166 15 34 161 114 134 20 265 422 4

Fatalities 3 16 2 0 39 3 0 3 2 1 4 0 14 1

Ratio LTI: Fatality 7:1 23:1 2:1 n/a 4:1 5:1 n/a 54:1 57:1 134:1 5:1 n/a 30:1 4:1

Activity Construction, commissioning, decommissioning Diving, subsea, ROV Drilling, workover, well Services Lifting, crane, rigging, deck operations Maintenance, inspection, testing Office, warehouse, accommodation, catering Production operations Seismic / survey operations Transport air Transport land Transport water, incl. marine activity Unspecified other

LTIs (fatalities+LWDCs) 182 10 371 135 328 131 214 25 10 78 91 212

Fatalities 14 0 11 2 41 0 3 2 2 9 2 2

Ratio LTI: Fatality 13:1 n/a 34:1 68:1 8:1 n/a 71:1 13:1 5:1 9:1 46:1 106:1

OGP

2-19

International Association of Oil & Gas Producers

2.11 Causal factors analysis


The allocation of causal factors to fatal incidents and high potential events was requested for the 2012 data reported to OGP. This request was first made in 2010, therefore a comparison of three years of data is possible. To standardise the response an OGP list of causal factors and a glossary was provided to the member companies as part of the OGP User Guide. The causal factors list is divided into two sections: People (Acts) classifications usually involve either the actions of a person or actions which were required but not carried out or were incorrectly performed. There are four major categories of actions, with an additional level of detail under each of the major categories. Process (Conditions) classifications usually involve some type of physical hazard or organizational aspect out of the control of the individual. There are five major classification categories, with an additional level of detail under each of the major categories

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OGP

Safety performance indicators 2012 data

2.11.1 Fatal incident causal factors


47 of the 52 fatal incidents reported were assigned causal factors (42 of 50 in 2011) 212 causal factors were assigned for the 47 fatal incidents 92 were People (Acts) (81 in 2011, 109 in 2010) 120 were Process (Conditions) (122 in 2011, 133 in 2010) Between 1 and 11 causal factors were assigned per incident (1 to 12 in 2011, 1 to 18 in 2010). The causal factors assigned to fatal incidents are shown below. The highlighted content indicates the top 10 causal factors assigned to fatal incidents in 2012 compared
Causal factors assigned for fatal incidents Process (conditions): Organisational: Inadequate hazard identification or risk assessment Process (conditions): Organisational: Inadequate supervision Process (conditions): Organisational: Inadequate work standards/procedures Process (conditions): Organisational: Inadequate training/competence People (acts): Following Procedures: Violation unintentional (by individual or group) People (acts): Following Procedures: Improper position (in the line of fire) People (acts): Inattention/Lack of Awareness: Improper decision making or lack of judgment People (acts): Use of Protective Methods: Inadequate use of safety systems People (acts): Use of Tools, Equipment, Materials and Products: Improper use/position of tools/equipment/ materials/products Process (conditions): Tools, Equipment, Materials & Products: Inadequate design/specification/management of change Process (conditions): Tools, Equipment, Materials & Products: Inadequate/defective tools/equipment/ materials/products People (acts): Following Procedures: Improper lifting or loading Process (conditions): Protective Systems: Inadequate/defective guards or protective barriers Process (conditions): Organisational: Inadequate communication People (acts): Inattention/Lack of Awareness: Lack of attention/distracted by other concerns/stress Process (conditions): Protective Systems: Inadequate/defective warning systems/safety devices Process (conditions): Tools, Equipment, Materials & Products: Inadequate maintenance/inspection/testing Process (conditions):Protective Systems: Inadequate/defective Personal Protective Equipment People (acts): Use of Protective Methods: Failure to warn of hazard Process (conditions): Work Place Hazards: Inadequate surfaces, floors, walkways or roads People (acts): Use of Protective Methods: Personal Protective Equipment not used or used improperly People (acts): Use of Protective Methods: Equipment or materials not secured People (acts): Following Procedures: Violation intentional (by individual or group) Process (conditions): Work Place Hazards: Congestion, clutter or restricted motion Process (conditions): Organisational: Poor leadership/organisational culture Process (conditions): Protective Systems: Inadequate security provisions or systems People (acts): Use of Tools, Equipment, Materials and Products: Servicing of energised equipment/inadequate energy isolation People (acts): Use of Protective Methods: Disabled or removed guards, warning systems or safety devices People (acts): Inattention/Lack of Awareness: Acts of violence Process (conditions): Work Place Hazards: Hazardous atmosphere (explosive/toxic/asphyxiant) People (acts): Following Procedures: Work or motion at improper speed People (acts): Inattention/Lack of Awarenes: Fatigue People (acts): Inattention/Lack of Awareness: Use of drugs or alcohol People (acts): Following Procedures: Overexertion or improper position/posture for task Process (conditions): Work Place Hazards: Storms or acts of nature Process (conditions): Organisational: Failure to report/learn from events

to 2011 and 2010; seven of the ten were the same for all three years. Additional information on the fatal incidents reported by region can be found on the OGP Safety Zone website: http://info.ogp.org.uk/Safety/. The information provided includes a narrative description of the incident, the corrective actions and recommendations and the causal factors assigned by the reporting company. Note: the top 12 causal factors have been shown for 2012, as four of the causal factors were each assigned 7 times.
2012 17 16 15 13 13 13 11 9 7 7 7 7 6 6 5 5 5 5 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 3 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 5 1 3 2 3 2 1 1 2 1 2011 15 18 8 10 9 9 16 4 6 5 5 2 11 9 7 6 6 5 8 7 6 4 4 4 4 2 7 1 1 6 12 2 9 2 3 2 6 1 2010 30 18 10 13 12 16 14 5 9 10 4 8 7 12 5 5 4

OGP

2-21

International Association of Oil & Gas Producers

2.11.2 High potential event causal factors


169 of the 195 high potential events were assigned causal factors (69 of 76 in 2011) 603 causal factors were assigned for the 169 high potential events (317 in 2011) 225 were People (Acts) (131 in 2010) 378 were Process (Conditions) (186 in 2011) Between 1 and 14 causal factors were assigned per event (1 to 19 in 2011) The causal factors assigned to fatal incidents are shown below. The highlighted content indicates the top 10
Causal Factors assigned for high potential events Process (conditions): Organisational: Inadequate hazard identification or risk assessment Process (conditions): Organisational: Inadequate work standards/procedures Process (conditions):Organisational: Inadequate supervision People (acts): Inattention/Lack of Awareness: Improper decision making or lack of judgment Process (conditions): Tools, Equipment, Materials & Products: Inadequate maintenance/inspection/testing Process (conditions): Organisational: Inadequate communication Process (conditions): Organisational: Inadequate training/competence People (acts): Use of Protective Methods: Failure to warn of hazard Process (conditions): Tools, Equipment, Materials & Products: Inadequate/defective tools/equipment/ materials/products People (acts): Following Procedures: Violation unintentional (by individual or group) Process (conditions): Protective Systems: Inadequate/defective guards or protective barriers People (acts): Inattention/Lack of Awareness: Lack of attention/distracted by other concerns/stress People (acts): Use of Tools, Equipment, Materials and Products: Improper use/position of tools/equipment/ materials/products People (acts): Use of Protective Methods: Inadequate use of safety systems Process (conditions): Tools, Equipment, Materials & Products: Inadequate design/specification/management of change People (acts): Use of Protective Methods: Equipment or materials not secured People (acts): Following Procedures: Improper position (in the line of fire) People (acts):Following Procedures: Improper lifting or loading Process (conditions): Organisational: Poor leadership/organisational culture Process (conditions):: Protective Systems: Inadequate/defective warning systems/safety devices People (acts): Use of Protective Methods: Personal Protective Equipment not used or used improperly People (acts): Following Procedures: Violation intentional (by individual or group) Process (conditions):: Work Place Hazards: Hazardous atmosphere (explosive/toxic/asphyxiant) Process (conditions): Work Place Hazards: Congestion, clutter or restricted motion Process (conditions): Work Place Hazards: Inadequate surfaces, floors, walkways or roads People (acts): Following Procedures: Work or motion at improper speed People (acts): Use of Tools, Equipment, Materials and Products: Servicing of energised equipment/inadequate energy isolation People (acts):Use of Protective Methods: Disabled or removed guards, warning systems or safety devices Process (conditions): Protective Systems: Inadequate security provisions or systems Process (conditions): Organisational: Failure to report/learn from events Process (conditions): Work Place Hazards: Storms or acts of nature Process (conditions): Protective Systems: Inadequate/defective Personal Protective Equipment People (acts): Inattention/Lack of Awareness: Acts of violence People (acts): Inattention/Lack of Awareness: Fatigue People (acts): Following Procedures: Overexertion or improper position/posture for task

causal factors assigned to fatal incidents in 2012 compared to 2011 and 2010, seven of the ten were the same for both years. Additional information on the fatal incidents reported by region can be found on the OGP Safety Zone website: http://info.ogp.org.uk/Safety/. The information provided includes a narrative description of the incident, the corrective actions and recommendations and the causal factors assigned by the reporting company Note: the top 11 causal factors have been shown for 2010, as two of the causal factors were each assigned 15 times.
2012 61 54 44 38 37 36 36 31 27 23 22 21 21 19 16 15 13 11 10 8 8 7 6 5 5 5 5 4 4 3 2 2 2 1 1 2011 24 20 18 21 12 15 15 13 13 15 9 8 17 12 18 9 3 9 9 15 3 6 5 3 2 3 3 3 3 2 2 1 1 4 1 4 3 3 2010 47 37 31 23 21 19 22 9 16 27 10 15 9 2 13 3 9 5 15 13 6 9 6 3 5 3 6 1 1 4

2-22

OGP

Safety performance indicators 2012 data

The following 6 causal factors were common to the top ten for both fatal incidents and high potential events in 2012, these were also all in the top ten in 2011 and 2010. Process (conditions): Organisational: Inadequate hazard identification or risk assessment Process (conditions): Organisational: Inadequate work standards/procedures Process (conditions): Organisational: Inadequate supervision People (acts): Inattention/Lack of Awareness: Improper decision making or lack of judgement Process (conditions): Organisational: Inadequate training/competence People (acts): Following Procedures: Violation unintentional (by individual or group)

2.12 OGP Life-Saving Rules


OGP has released a set of life-saving rules (OGP LifeSaving Rules, OGP report 459, released Feb 2012), intended for use by the oil & gas industry to mitigate risk and reduce fatalities. Each OGP Life-Saving Rule consists of a simple icon and descriptive text, providing clear, simple and consistent communication about risks in the workplace. These Rules were developed by using the fatal incident and high potential event data from the 1991 to 2010 Safety Performance Indicators reports to identify the events and activities that are the highest risk and therefore provide clear instructions on how to avoid them. The Life-Saving Rules are split into eight core rules and ten supplementary rules. Analysis of the fatal incident descriptions for 2012 data has shown that 79% of the fatal incidents reported are covered by the OGP Life-Saving Rules and may have been prevented by the adoption of this system.
Core rules 29%

Fig 2.12.1: OGP Life-Saving Rules applicable to 2012 fatal incidents per cent of total 2012 incidents
No appropriate rule 21% Supplementary rules 50%

OGP

2-23

International Association of Oil & Gas Producers

2-24

OGP

Safety performance indicators 2012 data

3. Results by region
In this section the safety performance of the contributing OGP members is presented for regions and individual countries within those regions. A list of countries from which companies have reported information and the division of countries into regions is provided in Appendix D.

Regions and countries throughout the Safety performance indicators are grouped in the same geographic regions as have been historically used in this report so as to ensure consistency.

FSU North America Europe Middle East Africa South America Asia/ Australasia

3.1 Fatalities by region


The table shows the number of fatal incidents and fatalities in each of the 7 regions into which the data are partitioned. Further analysis of the fatality statistics is presented in Section 3.5, where 5-year rolling averages of FAR are presented for each of the regions.

Fatalities 2012 (2011) Africa Asia/Australasia Europe FSU Middle East North America South America 17 (7) 10 (20) 2 (3) 2 (7) 13 (12) 42 (6) 2 (10)

FAR 2012 (2011) 2.83 (1.25) 1.35 (3.28) 0.52 (0.87) 0.55 (1.59) 1.95 (1.74) 7.50 (1.50) 0.54 (2.42)

Fatal incidents 2012 (2011) 13 (7) 10 (12) 2 (3) 2 (6) 11 (9) 12 (6) 2 (7)

OGP

3-1

International Association of Oil & Gas Producers

3.2 Fatal accident rate (FAR) by region


Fig 3.2.1: Fatal accident rate per 100 million hours worked
8 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 6

2012 Africa Asia/ Australasia Europe FSU Middle East North America 2.83 1.35 0.52 0.55 1.95 7.50 0.54 2.38

2011 1.25 3.28 0.87 1.59 1.74 1.50 2.42 1.88

2010 3.38 4.14 0.97 2.17 1.63 5.08 1.57 2.76

2009 2.21 1.58 6.58 3.14 2.16 4.37 2.37 2.76

2008 4.40 1.24 4.19 4.05 2.40 1.64 5.17 3.12

South America Overall

Further fatal accident rate analysis is presented in Section 3.5, where 5-year rolling averages of FAR are presented for each of the regions.
Africa Asia/ Europe Australasia FSU Middle East North South America America Overall

Fatal accident rate (FAR) The number of company/contractor fatalities per 100,000,000 (100 million) hours worked.

3.3 Total recordable injury rate (TRIR) by region


Fig 3.3.1: Total recordable injury rate per million hours worked
6 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 4

2012 Africa Asia/ Australasia Europe FSU Middle East North America South America Overall 1.14 1.37 2.64 0.99 1.02 2.82 3.05 1.74

2011 1.22 1.46 2.81 0.99 0.78 3.19 3.17 1.76

2010 1.40 1.30 3.05 1.08 0.98 2.89 2.76 1.68

2009 1.65 1.22 3.48 1.21 0.92 3.08 3.17 1.75

2008 2.18 1.34 3.89 1.22 0.83 4.25 3.15 2.09

Submissions without information on medical treatment cases were filtered out, leaving a database of 3,651 million hours, almost 100% of the database (see Appendix A).
0 Africa Asia/ Europe Australasia FSU Middle East North South America America Overall

Total recordable injury rate (TRIR) The number of recordable injuries (fatalities + lost work day cases + restricted work day cases + medical treatment cases) per 1,000,000 hours worked.

3-2

OGP

Safety performance indicators 2012 data

3.4 Lost time injury frequency (LTIF) by region


Fig 3.4.1: Lost time injury frequency per million hours worked
1.5
2012 2011 2010 2009 2008

2012 Africa Asia/ Australasia Europe FSU Middle East North America South America Overall 0.33 0.26 0.91 0.28 0.24 0.94 0.69 0.48

2011 0.30 0.30 1.08 0.31 0.18 0.59 0.64 0.43

2010 0.36 0.29 1.06 0.31 0.25 0.48 0.61 0.42

2009 0.42 0.29 1.31 0.35 0.26 0.51 0.69 0.45

2008 0.61 0.29 1.38 0.45 0.29 0.55 0.90 0.55

1.0

0.5

Further analysis of the lost time injuries is presented in Section 3.5, where 5-year rolling averages of LTIF are presented for each of the regions.
0.0 Africa Asia/ Europe Australasia FSU Middle North South Overall East America America

Lost time injury frequency (LTIF) The number of lost time injuries (fatalities + lost workday cases) per 1,000,000 hours worked.

OGP

3-3

International Association of Oil & Gas Producers

3.5 FAR, TRIR and LTIF 5-year rolling averages by region

The five year rolling average is calculated by summing the total number of incidents of the five previous years, and dividing by the sum of the work hours for these years. For example, the five year rolling average for 2012 is calculated by: (Number of injuries in 2008+2009+2010+2011+2012) (Total work hours in 2008+2009+2010+2011+2012) The number series involved in the calculation is frame shifted along by one each year, e.g. 2011 will calculate from 2007-2011.

3.5.1: FAR 5-year rolling average per 100 million hours worked [Data from B-7]
7

All regions Africa Asia/Australia

Europe FSU Middle East North America South America

In order to smooth out variability in the annual values of the regional TRIR, FAR and LTIF, 5-year rolling averages are computed which should provide a more reliable indicator of performance trends. The figures show TRIR, FAR and LTIF 5-year rolling averages for each of the seven regions, and includes the all regions curve. The increase in the North America FAR in 2012 can be attributed to the effect of a gas leak and explosion following the loss of mechanical integrity of a pipeline in Mexico (onshore) in which 31 individuals lost their lives.

1 0
2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

3.5.2: TRIR 5-year rolling average per million hours worked [Data from B-6]
7

3.5.3: LTIF 5-year rolling average per million hours worked [Data from B-7]
Europe FSU Middle East North America South America
2.5

All regions Africa Asia/Australia

All regions Africa Asia/Australia Europe

FSU Middle East North America South America

2.0

1.5

1.0

2
0.5

1 0
2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

0.0
2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

3-4

OGP

Safety performance indicators 2012 data

3.6 Severity of lost work day cases by region


Fig 3.6.1: Severity of LWDC Average days lost per LWDC [Data from B-7]
80 70 60 50
2012 Average 40.7

2012 LWDC severity Africa Asia/Australasia Europe FSU Middle East North America South America Overall 35.94 24.23 38.06 41.42 26.21 36.66 69.53 40.74

Relative to 2007-2011 average LWDC severity 51% higher 11% lower 5% lower 16% higher 49% higher 2% lower 1% higher 7% higher

20072011 Average 2012

40 30 20 10 0

The number of days lost was reported for 78% of lost work day cases. The severity of lost workday cases is the highest in the South American region compared with the other regions (70 days lost per LWDC in 2012).

Africa

Asia/ Europe Australasia

FSU

Middle East

North America

South America

Lost work day case (LWDC) A Lost Work Day Case is an incident resulting in at least one day off work. Fatal incidents are not included. Severity of lost work day cases Severity is defined as the average number of days lost (where reported) for each lost work day case.

3.7 Individual country performance


The safety performance reported by participating OGP member companies of individual countries is presented in terms of the lost time injury frequency of companies jointly with contractors. To preserve the anonymity of companies, performance is only published for those countries for which at least 2 companies have reported statistics. Countries with less than 50,000 reported hours worked are excluded, since results for such small populations of hours would be unrepresentative. Overall averages and regional averages include data from all countries regardless of work hours or number of contributing companies. Of the 107 countries from which data have been reported, 23 are excluded by these constraints. The chart of relative performance for the remaining 84 countries compares the 2012 performance with that of 2011 and 2010 The majority of countries in Asia/Australasia, FSU, the Middle East and South America achieved an LTIF equal to or lower than the overall average LTIF (0.48). The majority of countries in Africa, Europe and North America show an LTIF higher than the global average. For comparison, the 5-year rolling average FAR is shown for each of the regions. There appears to be little if any correlation between these values and the regional average LTIF values.

OGP

3-5

International Association of Oil & Gas Producers

Fig 3.7.1: Lost time injury frequency companies with contractors per million hours worked [Data from B-8]

Morocco Ivory Coast Sierra Leone Tunisia Ghana Tanzania Mozambique Gabon DR Congo Mauritania Cameroun Libya Kenya Uganda Congo Equatorial Guinea Egypt Algeria Angola Nigeria South Africa Madagascar Liberia

Africa

FAR 5-year rolling average 2.8 5-year rolling average FAR 2012 regional average LTIF 2012 2011 2010 FAR 5-year rolling average 2.3 One or more fatalities (2012) country listed in orange

New Zealand Australia Vietnam Myanmar India Philippines South Korea Malaysia China Indonesia Papua New Guinea Thailand Pakistan Singapore Japan Bangladesh Brunei Poland Hungary Italy Croatia Denmark Norway Germany UK Netherlands Spain Romania France Ireland Greenland Ukraine Kazakhstan Turkmenistan Russia Azerbaijan

Asia-Australasia

Europe

FAR 5-year rolling average 2.5

FSU

12.50

FAR 5-year rolling average 2.3

Middle East
Turkey Iraq Jordan Yemen Qatar UAE Kuwait Oman Syria Iran

FAR 5-year rolling average 2.0


6.98

North America

Mexico Cuba USA Canada

FAR 5-year rolling average 4.4

Brazil Bolivia Trinidad & Tobago Peru Colombia Venezuela Ecuador Argentina Uruguay Surinam French Guiana

South America

FAR 5-year rolling average 2.4 0 Global average LTIF 1 (2012): 0.48 2 3 4 5

3-6

OGP

Safety performance indicators 2012 data

3.8 Incident triangles by region


In this section the relative numbers of types of occupational injury are shown in the form of incident triangles. The ratios have been corrected to account for the absence, in some data submissions, of medical treatment cases. The triangles are shown for comparison overleaf. N/A is used where there are no fatalities and no ratio can be derived.

Lost time injuries Fatalities and lost work day cases Recordable injuries Fatalities, lost work day cases, restricted work day cases and medical treatment cases. Data are only included where medical treatment cases are reported for the data set. Ratio of lost time injuries to fatalities The number of lost time injuries divided by the total number of fatalities (Lost time injuries/ fatalities) Ratio of total recordable injuries to fatalities The number of recordable injuries divided by the total number of fatalities (recordable injuries/fatalities)

OGP

3-7

International Association of Oil & Gas Producers

2012 incident triangles Africa

Year 2012 2011 2010 2009

Ratio of lost time injuries to fatalities 11:1 23:1 10:1 18:1

Ratio of total recordable injuries to fatalities 40:1 97:1 41:1 74:1

Year

2012 incident triangles Asia/Australsia

Ratio of lost time injuries to fatalities 19:1 9:1 7:1 18:1

Ratio of total recordable injuries to fatalities 101:1 43:1 31:1 77:1

2012 2011 2010 2009

2012 incident triangles Europe

Year 2012 2011 2010 2009

Ratio of lost time injuries to fatalities 174:1 124:1 108:1 19:1

Ratio of total recordable injuries to fatalities 507:1 315:1 309:1 52:1

Year

2012 incident triangles FSU

Ratio of lost time injuries to fatalities 51:1 19:1 14:1 11:1

Ratio of total recordable injuries to fatalities 179:1 61:1 50:1 38:1

2012 2011 2010 2009

Year

2012 incident triangles Middle East

Ratio of lost time injuries to fatalities 12:1 10:1 15:1 12:1

Ratio of total recordable injuries to fatalities 52:1 44:1 60:1 42:1

2012 2011 2010 2009

Year

2012 incident triangles North America

Ratio of lost time injuries to fatalities 12:1 39:1 9:1 11:1

Ratio of total recordable injuries to fatalitiess 35:1 213:1 57:1 70:1

2012 2011 2010 2009

Year

2012 incident triangles South America

Ratio of lost time injuries to fatalities 129:1 26:1 38:1 29:1

Ratio of total recordable injuries to fatalities 570:1 130:1 175:1 133:1

2012 2011 2010 2009

3-8

OGP

Safety performance indicators 2012 data

1 fatality lost time injuries recordable injuries

11 40 21 73 11 38

Overall (region) Companies Contractors

Africa

1 fatality lost time injuries recordable injuries

19 11 40 101 21 107 18 100

Asia/Australasia

1 fatality lost time injuries recordable injuries

174 507 91 195 256 819

Europe

1 fatality lost time injuries recordable injuries

51 179 n/a n/a 42 151

FSU

1 fatality lost time injuries recordable injuries

12 52 13 35 12 57

Middle East

1 fatality lost time injuries recordable injuries

12 35 20 33 11 35

North America

1 fatality lost time injuries recordable injuries

129 570 n/a 11 n/a 38 113 518

South America

OGP

3-9

International Association of Oil & Gas Producers

3-10

OGP

Safety performance indicators 2012 data

4. Results by function
In this section the safety performance within different functions performed in the E&P industry is presented. Functions are defined as exploration, drilling, production, construction and unspecified. The category other is no longer in use. See the Glossary of Terms at Appendix E for definitions.

4.1 Fatalities by function


The distribution of company and contractor fatal incidents and fatalities between the functions is shown for both 2012 and 2011.
2012 Fatal incidents Exploration Drilling Production Construction Unspecified Total 4 11 12 17 8 52 Fatalities 4 12 15 19 38 88 2011 Fatal incidents 0 7 22 16 5 50 Fatalities 0 12 32 16 5 65

The percentage of work hours reported under each function has been detailed below. See Appendix B for further data.
% of 2012 work hours Exploration Drilling Production Construction Unspecified 2 18 33 25 22 % of 2011 work hours 2 19 35 24 20 % of 2010 work hours 2 15 28 25 29 % of 2009 work hours 2 10 26 30 32 % of 2008 work hours 2 9 30 27 31

OGP

4-1

International Association of Oil & Gas Producers

4.2 Fatal accident rate (FAR) 3-year rolling average by function

The three year rolling average is calculated by summing the total number of incidents of the three previous years, and dividing by the sum of the work hours for these years. For example, the three year rolling average for drilling FAR 2012 is calculated by: (Number of fatalities in drilling function 2010+2011+2012) (Total work hours in drilling 2010+2011+2012) The number series involved in the calculation is frame shifted along by one each year, e.g. 2011 will calculate from 2009-2011, inclusive.

Fig 4.2.1: Fatal accident rate 3-year rolling average per 100 million hours worked [Data from B-9]
10

Exploration Drilling Production

In order to smooth out variability in the annual fatal accident rate values 3-year rolling averages are presented. These should provide a more reliable indicator of performance trends. In this section, 3 year rolling averages are used rather than 5 year rolling averages, as the function other was replaced by construction for the first time in 2006. The increase in 2012 unspecified FAR is as a result of a single incident involving a gas leak and explosion following the loss of mechanical integrity of a pipeline in Mexico, in which 31 individuals lost their lives. The increase in the 2010 drilling FAR can be attributed to the effect of a fire and explosion offshore in the USA in which 11 individuals lost their lives. .

Construction Unspecied

0
2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

Note: The function other was replaced by construction for the first time in 2006, thus the 2007 3-year average figure for construction is not available.

4-2

OGP

Safety performance indicators 2012 data

4.3 Total recordable injury rate (TRIR) by function


Fig 4.3.1: Total recordable injury rate per million hours worked [Data from B-10]
5 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008

2012 TRIR Exploration Drilling Production Construction Unspecified All functions 2.14 2.59 1.92 1.32 1.21 1.74

2011 TRIR 2.70 2.84 2.05 1.13 0.95 1.76

2010 TRIR 2.30 2.94 2.14 0.99 1.13 1.68

2009 TRIR 2.31 3.81 2.32 0.78 1.53 1.75

2008 TRIR 3.81 4.63 2.64 1.00 1.72 2.09

Submissions without information on medical treatment cases were filtered out, leaving a database of 3,650 million hours, almost 100% of the database (see Appendix A).

Exploration

Drilling

Production

Construction

Unspecied

4.4 Lost time injury frequency (LTIF) 3-year rolling average by function
Lost time injury frequency 3-year rolling average per million hours worked [Data from B-10]
2.0

Exploration Drilling Production

1.5

Construction Unspecied

1.0

0.5

0.0
2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

Note: The function other was replaced by construction for the first time in 2006, thus 2007 3-year average figure for construction is not available.

OGP

4-3

International Association of Oil & Gas Producers

4.5 Severity of lost work day cases by function


Fig 4.5.1: Severity of LWDC average lost days per LWDC [Data from B-10]
60 20072011 Average 50 2012 Average 40.7 40 2012

The 2012 average number of days lost per Lost Work Day Case (LWDC) offshore is 46.0 days compared with 36.8 days for onshore activities (46.4 and 39.8 respectively for 2011). See Section 2.8 for additional information and Section 3.6 for LWDC severity by region.

30

20

10

Exploration

Drilling

Production

Construction

Unspecied

4-4

OGP

Safety performance indicators 2012 data

4.6 Exploration performance


4.6.1 Exploration total recordable injury rate
The figures show the TRIR for companies and contractors for exploration related activities, in different regions of the world. 82 million work hours were used in this analysis of which company activities represent 27% and contractor activities represent 73%. This represents an increase of 10 million work hours over 2011, with the same ratio of company to contractor activities. In 2012 the overall TRIR values for companies and contractors engaged in exploration activities are 0.67 and 2.69 respectively; the overall average TRIR for exploration activities is 2.14. The TRIR for companies has more than doubled for exploration activities in Europe compared with the average for the previous 5-year period. Company TRIR has reduced for exploration activities in all other regions. The TRIR for contractors in exploration activities has increased in Asia/Australasia by 31% and in the Middle East where it has risen to 2.5 times the average for the previous 5-year period. 2012 contractor rates have fallen by between 13% (Europe) and 63% (FSU) for all other regions.

Fig 4.6.1.1: Total recordable injury rate exploration per million hours worked [Data from B-11]
6 Company 20072011 Company 2012 Contractor 20072011 Contractor 2012 6

2012 Contractor average 2.69

2012 Company average 0.67

Africa

Asia/ Europe Australasia

FSU

Middle East

North America

South America

Africa

Asia/ Europe Australasia

FSU

Middle East

North America

South America

Exploration Geophysical, seismographic and geological operations, including their administrative and engineering aspects, construction, maintenance, materials supply and transportation of personnel and equipment; excludes drilling.

OGP

4-5

International Association of Oil & Gas Producers

4.6.2 Exploration lost time injury frequency


The figures show the LTIF for companies and contractors for exploration related activities, in different regions of the world. The 2012 result is compared with average LTIF results in the previous 5-year period. 85 million work hours were used in this analysis of which company activities represent 27% and contractor activities represent 73%. This represents an increase of 13 million work hours over 2011, with the same ratio of company to contractor activities. In 2012 the overall LTIF values for companies and contractors engaged in exploration activities are 0.53 and 0.63 respectively; the overall average LTIF for exploration activities is 0.60. The company result is up by 83% compared with the 2007-2011 average and the contractor result is down by 10%. Company LTIF values associated with exploration show a reduction in LTIF in all regions except Europe and the Middle East where the LTIF has risen to three times and nine times the regional averages for the previous 5-year period respectively. LTIF results associated with exploration activities for contractors have reduced in all regions except the Middle East where it has risen to three times the regional average for 2007-2011. Note: In many instances where the LTIF or TRIR is reported as 0.00, the number of work hours reported for the specific function and region are relatively low. A detailed breakdown of the hours by region and function is presented in Appendix B..

Fig 4.6.2.1: Lost time injury frequency exploration per million hours worked [Data from B-11]
6 Company 20072011 Company 2012 Contractor 20072011 Contractor 2012 6

2012 Company average 0.53

2012 Contractor average 0.63

Africa

Asia/ Europe Australasia

FSU

Middle East

North America

South America

Africa

Asia/ Europe Australasia

FSU

Middle East

North America

South America

4-6

OGP

Safety performance indicators 2012 data

4.7 Drilling performance


4.7.1 Drilling total recordable injury rate
The figures show the TRIR for companies and contractors for drilling related activities in different regions of the world. 663 million work hours were used in this analysis of which company activities represent 13% and contractor activities represent 87%. This represents an increase of 24 million work hours compared with 2011, with a similar ratio company to contractor activities (12% to 88% respectively). In 2012 the overall TRIR values for companies and contractors engaged in drilling activities are 1.23 and 2.79 respectively; the overall TRIR for drilling activities is 2.59.
Fig 4.7.1.1: Total recordable injury rate drilling per million hours worked [Data from B-11]
6 Contractor 20072011 Contractor 2012 6

Company TRIR for drilling operations shows a reduction in all regions of between 11% (South America) and 70% (Africa) compared with the average for the previous 5-year period. A reduction can be seen in TRIR results for contractors in drilling operations of between 3% (South America) and 39% (Africa) in all regions when compared with the 20072011 regional averages.

Company 20072011 Company 2012

4
2012 Contractor average 2.79

2012 Company average 1.23

Africa

Asia/ Europe Australasia

FSU

Middle East

North America

South America

Africa

Asia/ Europe Australasia

FSU

Middle East

North America

South America

Drilling All exploration, appraisal and production drilling and workover as well as their administrative, engineering, construction, materials supply and transportation aspects. It includes site preparation, rigging up and down and restoration of the drilling site upon work completion. Drilling includes ALL exploration, appraisal and production drilling.

OGP

4-7

International Association of Oil & Gas Producers

4.7.2 Drilling lost time injury frequency


673 million work hours were used in this analysis, of which company activities represent 13% and contractor activities represent 87%. This represents an increase of 31 million work hours compared with 2011, with the same ratio company to contractor activities. The figures show the LTIF for companies and contractors in drilling related activities in different regions of the world. In 2012 the overall LTIF for both companies and contractors engaged in drilling activities is 0.82. In 2012 the overall LTIF values for companies and contractors engaged in drilling activities are 0.94 and 0.80 respectively. The company LTIF has increased by 57% compared with the 2007-2011 average and the contractor LTIF has fallen by 21%. Company LTIF for drilling operations shows an increase in the Middle East (71%) and South America (22%) and notably North America where the average is 90 times the average for the previous 5-year period. A reduction can be seen in LTIF results for contractors in drilling operations in all regions except Europe, where it is unchanged, and North America, where it has increased by 18%, when compared with the 2007-2011 regional averages.

Fig 4.7.2.1: Lost time injury frequency drilling per million hours worked [Data from B-11]
6 Company 20072011 Company 2012 Contractor 20072011 Contractor 2012 6

2 2012 Company average 0.94 2012 Contractor average 0.80

Africa

Asia/ Europe Australasia

FSU

Middle East

North America

South America

Africa

Asia/ Europe Australasia

FSU

Middle East

North America

South America

4-8

OGP

Safety performance indicators 2012 data

4.8 Production performance


4.8.1 Production total recordable injury rate
The figures show the TRIR for companies and contractors for production related activities in different regions of the world. 1,211 million work hours were used in this analysis of which company activities represent 27% and contractor activities represent 73%. This represents an increase of 15 million work hours compared with 2011, with a similar ratio of company to contractor activities (29% to 71% respectively). In 2012 the overall TRIR values for companies and contractors engaged in production activities are 1.53 and 2.06 respectively; the overall average TRIR for production activities is 1.92. TRIR for companies in production activities has reduced for all regions with the exception of South America where it has risen by 2.7% when compared with the 20072011 average. TRIR for contractors when compared with the average for the previous 5-year period, a reduction is shown in all regions when compared with the 2007-2011 average with the exception of South America.

Fig 4.8.1.1: Total recordable injury rate production per million hours worked [Data from B-12]
6 Company 20072011 Company 2012 Contractor 20072011 Contractor 2012 6

2012 Company average 1.53

2012 Contractor average 2.06 2

Africa

Asia/ Europe Australasia

FSU

Middle East

North America

South America

Africa

Asia/ Europe Australasia

FSU

Middle East

North America

South America

Production Petroleum and natural gas producing operations, including their administrative and engineering aspects, minor construction, repairs, maintenance and servicing, materials supply, and transportation of personnel and equipment. It covers all mainstream production operations including wireline. It does not cover production drilling and workover. See the Appendix E: Glossary of Terms for details.

OGP

4-9

International Association of Oil & Gas Producers

4.8.2 Production of lost time injury frequency


The figures show the LTIF for companies and contractors for production related activities in different regions of the world. 1,220 million work hours were used in this analysis of which company activities represent 27% and contractor activities represent 73%. This represents an increase of 12 million work hours over 2011, with a similar ratio of company to contractor activities (30% to 70% respectively). In 2012 the overall LTIF values for companies and contractors engaged in production activities are 0.48 and 0.49 respectively; the overall average LTIF for production activities is 0.49. The LTIF for companies working in production activities has reduced in all regions by between 2% (South America) and 48% (Middle East and Africa) compared with the 2007-2011 regional averages. The 2012 LTIF associated with contractors working in production activities has reduced in all regions by between 7% (North America) and 45% (Africa) compared with the 2007-2011 average.

Fig 4.8.2.1: Lost time injury frequency production per million hours worked [Data from B-12]
6 6

Company 20072011 Company 2012

Contractor 20072011 Contractor 2012

2012 Company average 0.48

2012 Contractor average 0.49

Africa

Asia/ Europe Australasia

FSU

Middle East

North America

South America

Africa

Asia/ Europe Australasia

FSU

Middle East

North America

South America

4-10

OGP

Safety performance indicators 2012 data

4.9 Construction performance


The company and contractor results for 2012 construction performance are presented below. Construction activities are predominately conducted by contractors therefore the work hours reported for contractors are much greater than those reported for company employees. Refer to Appendix B for detailed information.

4.9.1 Company total recordable injury rate


907 million work hours were used in this analysis of which company activities represent 6% and contractor activities represent 94%. This represents an increase of 72 million work hours over 2011, with the same ratio of company to contractor activities. In 2012 the overall TRIR values for companies and contractors engaged in construction activities are 0.50 and 1.38 respectively; the overall average TRIR for construction activities is 1.32. The TRIR in Europe and North America is high compared with the FSU and the Middle East for contractors.

Fig 4.9.1.1: Total recordable injury rate construction per million hours worked [Data from B-12]
6 6

Company 20072011 Company 2012

Contractor 20072011 Contractor 2012

2012 Contractor average 1.38 2012 Company average 0.50

Africa

Asia/ Europe Australasia

FSU

Middle East

North America

South America

Africa

Asia/ Europe Australasia

FSU

Middle East

North America

South America

Construction All major construction, fabrication activities and also disassembly, removal and disposal (decommissioning) at the end of the facility life. Includes construction of process plant, yard construction of structures, offshore installation, hook-up and commissioning, and removal of redundant process facilities.

OGP

4-11

International Association of Oil & Gas Producers

4.9.2 Construction lost time injury frequency


911 million work hours were used in this analysis, of which company activities represent 6% and contractor activities represent 94%. This represents an increase of 144 million work hours compared with 2011, with the same of ratio company to contractor activities. In 2012 the overall LTIF values for companies and contractors engaged in construction activities are 0.21 and 0.24 respectively; the overall average LTIF for construction activities is 0.24. The LTIF is high for contractors employed in construction activities in Europe and South America compared with other regions.

Fig 4.9.2.1: Lost time injury frequency construction per million hours worked [Data from B-13]
6 Contractor 20072011 Contractor 2012 6

Company 20072011 Company 2012

2012 Company average 0.21 0


Africa Asia/ Europe Australasia FSU Middle East North America South America

2012 Contractor average 0.24 0

Africa

Asia/ Europe Australasia

FSU

Middle East

North America

South America

4-12

OGP

Safety performance indicators 2012 data

4.10 Unspecifed performance


4.10.1 Unspecified total recordable injury rate
789 million work hours were used in this analysis of which company activities represent 32% and contractor activities represent 68%. This represents an increase of 100 million work hours over 2011, with a similar ratio of company to contractor activities (34% to 66% respectively). In 2012 the overall TRIR values for companies and contractors engaged in activities where the work function was not specified are 0.73 and 1.43 respectively; the overall average TRIR for unspecified activities is 1.21.

Fig 4.10.1.1: Total recordable injury rate unspecified per million hours worked [Data from B-13]
6 Company 20072011 Company 2012 Contractor 20072011 Contractor 2012 6

2 2012 Company average 0.73

2012 Contractor average 1.43

Africa

Asia/ Europe Australasia

FSU

Middle East

North America

South America

Africa

Asia/ Europe Australasia

FSU

Middle East

North America

South America

Unspecified Unspecified is used for the entry of data associated with office personnel whos work hours and incident data cannot be reasonably assigned to the administrative support of one of the function groupings of exploration, drilling, production or construction. Corporate overhead support function personnel such as finance or human resources staff may be examples where work hours cannot be specifically assigned to a particular function.

OGP

4-13

International Association of Oil & Gas Producers

4.10.2 Unspecified lost time injury frequency


802 million work hours were used in this analysis of which company activities represent 32% and contractor activities represent 68%. This represents an increase of 109 million work hours over 2011, with a similar ratio of company to contractor activities (34% to 66% respectively). In 2012 the overall LTIF values for companies and contractors engaged in activities where the work function was not specified are 0.33 and 0.52 respectively; the overall average LTIF for unspecified activities is 0.46. Reported under the unspecified function in 2012 were: 7 company and 31 contractor fatalities 79 company and 254 contractor lost work day cases Reported under the unspecified function from 2007 to 2011 were: 36 company and 77 contractor fatalities 468 company and 1,122 contractor lost work day cases

Fig 4.10.2.1: Lost time injury frequency unspecified per million hours worked [Data from B-13]
6 Company 20072011 Company 2012 Contractor 20072011 Contractor 2012 6

2012 Company average 0.33 0

2012 Contractor average 0.52

Africa

Asia/ Europe Australasia

FSU

Middle East

North America

South America

Africa

Asia/ Europe Australasia

FSU

Middle East

North America

South America

4-14

OGP

Safety performance indicators 2012 data

5. Results by company
This section compares the safety performance of individual companies with each other and with their performance in previous years.

5.1 Overall company results


For reasons of anonymity each of the 48 companies that has contributed relevant data and is to be included in this analysis has been allocated a unique code letter (A to VV). These codes change every year in line with LTIF performance. One company was excluded from this analysis as they did not report contractor data. One company did not report MTC so their data could not be included in the TRIR analysis, and to protect their anonymity their company/contractor results are not shown on the LTIF and FAR graphs but their data have been included within the overall average figures.

5.1.1 Fatal accident rate by company


In the figure below the FAR is presented for those companies that, with their contractors, reported more than 50 million hours worked. 20 companies met this criterion in 2012, compared with 18 in 2011. Companies are shown in rank order of company-with-contractor FAR. Ten of the 20 companies with their contractors performed below the overall average for companies with contractors reporting more than 50 million hours worked (1.40). The range in 2012 was between 0 and 5.15 fatalities per 100 million hours worked. 17 of the 20 companies suffered one or more fatalities.

Fig 5.1.1.1: Performance ranking of companies jointly with contractors, joint hours >50 million fatal accident rate per 100 million hours worked [Data page B-14]
6 Company with contractors Fatality in 2012 Top quartile

Average company with contractors 1.40

0 GG E CC O PP JJ FF SS OO L HH II KK QQ DD M LL S AA D

OGP

5-1

International Association of Oil & Gas Producers

5.1.2 Total recordable injury rate


The TRIR for companies together with their contractors is presented below. Data are only included where Medical Treatment Cases (MTC) are reported. Data from 47 of the 49 participating companies qualified for inclusion. The TRIR for company alone is plotted alongside the TRIR for company and contractors jointly. The incidence of a fatality in either company or contractor operations is also indicated. Details of results are tabulated in Appendix B. 20 of the 47 companies presented below suffered one or more fatality. In 5 instances, contractors achieved a lower TRIR than the companies they were employed by.

Fig 5.1.2.1: Performance ranking of companies jointly with contractors total recordable injury rate per million hours worked [Data page B-14]
6

Company with contractors Company only

Fatality in 2012

Top quartile

Average companies with contractors 1.74

MM Q X

F N D U

Z M G B

O R

V C

P RR JJ BB L NN K LL Y AA II CC FF KK W DD QQGG PP EE OO HH UU SS TT VV

5-2

OGP

Safety performance indicators 2012 data

In the figure below the TRIR is presented for those companies that, with their contractors, reported more than 50 million hours worked. 20 companies met this criterion in 2012, compared with 18 in 2011. Companies are shown in rank order of the company-with-contractor TRIR.

12 of the 20 companies with their contractors performed below the overall average for companies with contractors reporting more than 50 million hours worked (1.53). The range in 2012 was between 0.33 and 4.17 injuries per million hours worked. 17 of the 20 companies suffered one or more fatalities.

Fig 5.1.2.2: Performance ranking of companies jointly with contractors, joint hours >50 million total recordable injury rate per million hours worked
6 Top quartile

Company with contractors Company only

Fatality in 2012

Average companies with contractors 1.53

JJ

LL

AA

II

CC

FF

KK

DD

QQ

PP

GG

OO

HH

SS

OGP

5-3

International Association of Oil & Gas Producers

The remaining 27 companies which, with their contractors, reported less than 50 million hours worked are presented below in rank order of the company-with-contractor TRIR.

Eight of the 27 companies with their contractors performed below the overall average for smaller companies with contractors (1.94). The range in 2012 was between 0.00 and 4.88 injuries per million hours worked. Three of the 27 smaller companies suffered one or more fatalities.

Fig 5.1.2.3: Performance ranking of companies jointly with contractors, joint hours <50 million total recordable injury rate per million hours worked
6 Company with contractors Company only 5 Fatality in 2012 Top quartile

3 Average companies with contractors 1.94

0 MM

RR

BB

NN

EE

UU

VV

TT

5-4

OGP

Safety performance indicators 2012 data

5.1.3 Lost time injury frequency


The figure shows, in rank order, the LTIF for companies together with their contractors. 48 of the 49 participating companies (A to VV) contributed both company and contractor data, although not always for every country in which operations were conducted. One company did not report medical treatment cases (MTC) so their data could not be included in the TRIR analysis, and to protect their anonymity their company/contractor results are not shown in the graphs but their data have been included within the overall average figures. The remaining 47 companies are therefore shown below. The LTIF for the company alone is plotted alongside the LTIF for company and contractors jointly. The incidence of a fatality in either company or contractor operations is also indicated. Details of results are tabulated in Appendix B. 42 companies with their contractors delivered a LTIF of less than 1. 20 of the 47 companies presented below suffered one or more fatality. In 7 instances, contractors achieved a lower LTIF than the companies they were employed by.

Fig 5.1.3.1: Performance ranking of companies jointly with contractors lost time injury frequency per million hours worked [Data page B-14]
1.8

Company with contractors


1.6 1.4 1.2 1.0

Fatality in 2012

Top quartile

Company only

0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0.0


B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z AA BB CC DD EE FF GG HH II JJ KK LL MM NN OO PP QQ RR SS TT UU VV

Average companies with contractors 0.48

OGP

5-5

International Association of Oil & Gas Producers

In the figure below the LTIF is presented for those companies that, with their contractors, reported more than 50 million hours worked. 20 companies met this criterion in 2012, compared with 18 in 2011. Companies are shown in rank order of the company-with-contractor LTIF.

Eleven of the 20 companies with their contractors performed below the overall average for companies with contractors reporting more than 50 million hours worked (0.39). The range in 2012 was between 0.04 and 1.19 lost time injuries per million hours worked. Seventeen of the 20 companies suffered one or more fatalities.

Fig 5.1.3.2: Performance ranking of companies jointly with contractors, joint hours>50 million lost time injury frequency per million hours worked
1.8 Company with contractors 1.6 Company only 1.4 1.2 1.0 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0.0 Average companies with contractors 0.39 Fatality in 2012 Top quartile

AA

CC

DD

FF

GG

HH

II

JJ

KK

LL

OO

PP

QQ

SS

5-6

OGP

Safety performance indicators 2012 data

The remaining 27 companies which, with their contractors, reported less than 50 million hours worked are presented below in rank order of the company-with-contractor LTIF. 23 of the 27 companies with their contractors performed below the overall average for smaller companies with contractors (1.03). The range in 2012 was between 0.00 and 1.62 lost time injuries per million hours worked. Three of the 27 smaller companies presented below suffered one or more fatalities.

Fig 5.1.3.3: Performance ranking of companies jointly with contractors, joint hours 50 million lost time injury frequency per million hours worked
1.8 1.6 1.4 1.2 1.0 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0.0 B C F G H I J K N P Q R T U V W X Y Z BB EE MM NN RR TT UU VV Average companies with contractors 1.03 Company with contractors Company only Fatality in 2012 Top quartile

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5-7

International Association of Oil & Gas Producers

5.2 Company results by function


Results of companies together with their contractors have been analysed by function to allow more in-depth benchmarking between companies. The TRIR indicator has been selected, and the ranked results are shown in the following charts. Only companies that provided data by function are included, and then only those companies that reported more than 100,000 hours worked. Results against smaller numbers of hours would not have statistical significance. The company code letters are the same as used elsewhere in this section. Exploration was the only function where the top quartile company with contractors shows a TRIR of zero.

Fig 5.2.1: Total recordable injury rate exploration per million hours worked - company with contractors [Data page B-15]
12

Fig 5.2.2: Total recordable injury rate drilling per million hours worked - company with contractors [Data page B-15]
12
12.9

Company with contractors


10

Top quartile
10

Company with contractors

Top quartile

Overall 2.14 (all companies with contractors)


2
2

Overall 2.59 (all companies with contractors)

I J H G R C V T O P NN D S CC FF LL L Q M N QQ EE B JJ DD GG AA BB HH MM OO PP TT U Y Z

G MM K I PP X J D Q V U M H S Z JJ B O AA P RR L LL FF N Y T NN BB GG DD CC HH EE OO KK SS QQ C R

Fig 5.2.3: Total recordable injury rate production per million hours worked - company with contractors [Data page B-15]
12

Fig 5.2.4: Total recordable injury rate construction per million hours worked - company with contractors [Data page B-15]
12

Company with contractors


10

Top quartile
10

Company with contractors

Top quartile

Overall 1.92 (all companies with contractors)

Overall 1.32 (all companies with contractors)

B Q Z N MM H D T I U S V BB JJ M J G AA K CC NN Y L OO R LL O FF RR P PP QQ DD GG W EE HH UU SS

R X I O G NN MM H S T D V FF W Y QQ JJ DD J BB CC RR AA L P GG LL OO UU SS PP HH K N Q U VV

5-8

OGP

Safety performance indicators 2012 data

Appendix A Database dimensions


Fig A-1: Hours worked millions
4000 3500

3000

2500

2000

1500

work hours contractor


1000 500

work hours company


1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2012

The database for the year 2012 covers 3,691,040,000 hours worked in the exploration and production sector of the oil and gas industry. The database is 7% larger than it was in 2011. 76% of the hours reported were associated with onshore activities, 24% with offshore activities. 107 countries are represented in the database, 9 more than in the 2011 database. Countries are listed in appendix D. 49 companies contributed data. All but one contributed contractor statistics, though not in every case for each country of operation. Of the 49 companies, 45 had contributed data in 2011. Since these 45 accounted for 100% of the database in 2011 and 97% of the database in 2012, comparison of the year 2012 results with those of 2011 is meaningful. 41 of the companies submitting 2012 data had also provided data in 2010. 22 of the companies contributed 90% of the hours. 7 companies between them covered 52% of the hours, and the largest contributor accounted for 12%. 21% of the reported work hours were related to company personnel and 79% were related to contractors. A summary of the key elements of the database is shown in the table at the end of this section.

Hours reported (000s) Onshore


Company Contractor 609,342 (16.5%) 2,178,961 (59.0%)

Offshore
150,258 (4.1%) 752,479 (20.4%)

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A-1

International Association of Oil & Gas Producers

Fig A-2: Exposure hours by region, 2012


FSU 10% Asia/Australasia 20%

Fig A-3: Exposure hours by region, 2011


Europe 10% Middle East 20%

South America 10%


North America 11%

Europe 11%

South America 12%

Middle East 18%

Asia/ Australasia 18%

North America 15% Africa 16%

FSU 13% Africa 16%

Fig A-4: Exposure hours by function, 2012


Exploration 2% Production 33%

Fig A-5: Exposure hours by function, 2011


Exploration 2% Production 35%

Drilling 18%

Drilling 19%

Unspecied 20%
Unspecied 22% Construction 25%

Construction 24%

Unspecified is used for the entry of data associated with office personnel whose work hours and incident data cannot be reasonably assigned to the administrative support of one of the function groupings of exploration, drilling, production or construction. Corporate overhead support function personnel such as finance or human resources staff may be examples where work hours cannot be specifically assigned to a particular function. All other data that are not separated out by function are reported as unspecified.

A-2

OGP

Safety performance indicators 2012 data

Proportion of database used in analysis


For calculations of FAR, fatal incidents per 100 million work hours, and LTIF:
All hours in the database were used.

For calculations of lost work day severity:


Submissions without information on days off work were filtered out, leaving a database of 2,876 million hours, 78% of the total database. In 2011, this database was 2,728 million hours, 79% of the total database. North America and Europe have only 44% and 53% severity information respectively, whereas more than 97% of the Middle East database was useable.

For calculations of TRIR:


Submissions without information on medical treatment cases were filtered out, leaving a database of 3,651 million hours, 99% of the database. In 2011, the TRIR database was 3,428 million hours, 99% of the total database. The region where the smallest proportion of the database could be used was North America (93%). In all other regions 100% of the database was used.

For calculations of restricted work day severity:


Submissions without information on days assigned to restricted activities were filtered out, leaving a database of 2,183 million hours, 59% of the total database. In 2011 this database was 2,041 million hours, 59% of the total database More detailed information is shown in the tables below.

Percent. of useable data regions


TRIR analyses Africa Asia/ Australasia Europe FSU Middle East North America South America 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 93% 100% LWDC severity analyses 88% 77% 53% 89% 97% 44% 95% Restricted workday case severity analyses 65% 73% 42% 24% 75% 33% 84%

Percent. of useable data functions


TRIR analyses Exploration Drilling Production Construction 96% 98% 99% 99% LWDC severity analyses 90% 84% 75% 83% Restricted workday case severity analyses 69% 49% 65% 64%

Percent. of useable data overall


TRIR analyses 99% LWDC severity analyses 78% Restricted workday case severity analyses 59%

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A-3

International Association of Oil & Gas Producers

A-4

OGP

Safety performance indicators 2012 data

Appendix B Data tables


Summary of data
Hours worked (000s) 92,966 14,976 388,076 104,460 600,478 99,200 33,622 421,115 187,586 741,523 113,300 29,112 110,377 131,880 384,669 59,906 9,882 246,765 47,390 363,943 83,147 9,433 522,731 51,604 666,915 125,693 20,495 343,336 70,503 560,027 35,130 32,738 146,561 159,056 373,485 609,342 150,258 2,178,961 752,479
3,691,040

Region Africa

Type Company Onshore Company Offshore Contractor Onshore Contractor Offshore Sub Total

No. fatalities 0 1 12 4 17 0 1 8 1 10 1 0 0 1 2 0 0 2 0 2 3 0 10 0 13 6 0 36 0 42 0 0 2 0 2 10 2 70 6
88

No. LWDCs 9 10 92 69 180 17 10 77 78 182 65 27 73 182 347 18 1 63 19 101 35 3 92 18 148 81 36 270 98 485 11 20 69 156 256 236 107 736 620
1,699

No. RWDCs 13 6 90 70 179 13 13 202 108 336 11 7 43 123 184 3 0 10 24 37 12 1 83 10 106 29 5 350 47 431 16 3 208 125 352 97 35 986 507
1,625

No. MTCs 22 11 170 107 310 39 15 326 106 486 40 45 102 295 482 31 4 149 36 220 55 8 295 64 422 110 11 589 65 775 13 41 223 253 530 310 135 1,854 926
3,225

FAR 0.00 6.68 3.09 3.83 2.83 0.00 2.97 1.90 0.53 1.35 0.88 0.00 0.00 0.76 0.52 0.00 0.00 0.81 0.00 0.55 3.61 0.00 1.91 0.00 1.95 4.77 0.00 10.49 0.00 7.50 0.00 0.00 1.36 0.00 0.54 1.64 1.33 3.21 0.80
2.38

LTIF 0.10 0.73 0.27 0.70 0.33 0.17 0.33 0.20 0.42 0.26 0.58 0.93 0.66 1.39 0.91 0.30 0.10 0.26 0.40 0.28 0.46 0.32 0.20 0.35 0.24 0.69 1.76 0.89 1.39 0.94 0.31 0.61 0.48 0.98 0.69 0.40 0.73 0.37 0.83
0.48

TRIR 0.47 1.87 0.94 2.39 1.14 0.70 1.14 1.46 1.57 1.37 1.03 2.71 1.98 4.56 2.64 0.86 0.51 0.91 1.67 0.99 1.13 1.35 0.92 1.78 1.02 1.45 1.48 3.47 2.33 2.82 1.14 1.95 3.43 3.36 3.05 0.98 1.72 1.64 2.68
1.74

Asia/ Australasia

Company Onshore Company Offshore Contractor Onshore Contractor Offshore Sub Total

Europe

Company Onshore Company Offshore Contractor Onshore Contractor Offshore Sub Total

FSU

Company Onshore Company Offshore Contractor Onshore Contractor Offshore Sub Total

Middle East

Company Onshore Company Offshore Contractor Onshore Contractor Offshore Sub Total

North America

Company Onshore Company Offshore Contractor Onshore Contractor Offshore Sub Total

South America

Company Onshore Company Offshore Contractor Onshore Contractor Offshore Sub Total

Total

Company Onshore Company Offshore Contractor Onshore Contractor Offshore


Grand Total

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B-1

International Association of Oil & Gas Producers

Section 1

Summary

Section 1 summary intentionally excluded.

Section 2 Overall results


Total recordable injury rate
Year 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Hours 2012 (000s) Onshore 3.74 3.17 2.82 2.68 2.51 1.75 1.45 1.41 1.45 1.49 2,766,911 Offshore 4.87 6.36 3.87 3.66 3.26 3.09 2.79 2.45 2.84 2.53 884,470 Overall 4.00 3.94 3.05 2.92 2.68 2.08 1.75 1.68 1.76 1.74 3,651,381 Company 1.79 3.71 1.76 1.85 2.41 1.49 1.28 1.19 1.32 1.12 747,901 Contractor 4.72 4.00 3.50 3.24 2.76 2.23 1.89 1.81 1.88 1.90 2,903,480

Fatal accident rate


Year 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Hours 2012 (000s) Onshore 5.18 5.00 3.94 4.64 3.01 3.38 2.75 2.62 1.94 2.87 2,788,303 Offshore 4.16 6.02 1.99 1.58 2.92 2.25 2.78 3.16 1.67 0.89 902,737 Overall 4.94 5.24 3.53 3.92 2.99 3.12 2.76 2.76 1.88 2.38 3,691,040 Company 2.26 2.82 1.25 2.04 1.65 2.81 1.58 3.17 1.33 1.58 759,600 Contractor 6.06 6.18 4.36 4.54 3.39 3.20 3.11 2.64 2.03 2.59 2,931,440 Number of fatalities 111 120 84 115 87 103 99 94 65 88

Fatal incidents per 100 million work hours


Year 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Hours 2012 (000s) Onshore 4.66 4.32 3.41 4.10 2.74 2.71 1.86 1.70 1.57 1.58 2,788,303 Offshore 3.97 4.55 1.99 1.58 1.69 1.72 1.90 1.69 1.03 0.89 902,737 Overall 4.49 4.32 3.11 3.51 2.51 2.48 1.87 1.70 1.45 1.41 3,691,040 Company 1.96 2.82 1.25 1.91 1.35 2.53 1.22 1.10 0.80 0.79 759,600 Contractor 5.56 4.90 3.79 4.04 2.85 2.47 2.06 1.86 1.63 1.57 2,931,440

B-2

OGP

Safety performance indicators 2012 data

Lost time injury frequency


Year 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Hours 2012 (000s) Onshore 1.13 1.04 0.92 0.95 0.62 0.47 0.38 0.35 0.34 0.38 2,788,303 Offshore 1.27 1.26 1.12 1.13 0.82 0.81 0.70 0.62 0.74 0.81 902,737 Overall 1.16 1.09 0.97 0.99 0.66 0.55 0.45 0.42 0.43 0.48 3,691,040 Company 0.79 0.87 0.83 0.89 0.54 0.52 0.44 0.41 0.42 0.47 759,600 Contractor 1.32 1.17 1.02 1.03 0.70 0.56 0.46 0.42 0.43 0.49 2,931,440

Fatalities by category, 2012


Category Assault or violent act Caught in, under or between Confined space Cut, puncture, scrape Explosions or burns Exposure electrical Exposure noise, chemical, biological, vibration Falls from height Overexertion, strain Pressure release Slips and trips (at same height) Struck by Water related, drowning Other Number 3 16 2 0 39 3 0 3 1 4 0 14 1 2 % 3.4 18.2 2.3 N/A 44.3 3.4 N/A 3.4 1.1 4.5 N/A 15.9 1.1 2.3

Fatalities by activity, 2012


Activity Diving, subsea, ROV Drilling, workover, well services Lifting, crane, rigging, deck operations Maintenance, inspection, testing Office, warehouse, accommodation, catering Production operations Seismic/survey operations Transport air Transport land Transport water, including marine activity Unspecified other Number 0 11 2 41 0 3 2 2 9 2 2 % 15.9 N/A 12.5 2.3 46.6 N/A 3.4 2.3 2.3 10.2 2.3 2.3

Construction, commissioning, decommissioning 14

Lost work day cases by category, 2012


Category Assault or violent act Caught in, under or between Confined space Cut, puncture, scrape Explosions or burns Exposure electrical Exposure noise, chemical, biological, vibration Falls from height Overexertion, strain Pressure release Slips and trips (at same height) Struck by Water related, drowning Other Number 17 352 1 61 127 12 34 158 133 16 265 408 3 112 % 1.0 20.7 0.1 3.6 7.5 0.7 2.0 9.3 7.8 0.9 15.6 24.0 0.2 6.6

Lost work day cases by activity, 2012


Activity Diving, subsea, ROV Drilling, workover, well services Lifting, crane, rigging, deck operations Maintenance, inspection, testing Office, warehouse, accommodation, catering Production operations Seismic/survey operations Transport air Transport land Transport water, including marine activity Unspecified other Number 10 360 133 287 131 211 23 8 69 89 210 % 9.9 0.6 21.2 7.8 16.9 7.7 12.4 1.4 0.5 4.1 5.2 12.4

Construction, commissioning, decommissioning 168

OGP

B-3

International Association of Oil & Gas Producers

Lost work day cases by category, 2012


Category Assault or violent act Caught in, under or between Confined space Cut, puncture, scrape Explosions or burns Exposure electrical Exposure noise, pressure, chemical, biological, vibration Falls from height Overexertion, strain Pressure release Slips and trips (at same height) Struck by Water related, drowning Other Company 2 37 0 7 31 0 5 35 33 4 69 70 1 49 343 Contractor 15 315 1 54 96 12 29 123 100 12 196 338 2 63 1,356 Overall 17 352 1 61 127 12 34 158 133 16 265 408 3 112 1,699 Onshore 14 163 0 37 114 9 23 90 56 8 148 223 1 86 972 Offshore 3 189 1 24 13 3 11 68 77 8 117 185 2 26 727

Lost work day cases by activity, 2012


Activity Diving, subsea, ROV Drilling, workover, well services Lifting, crane, rigging, deck operations Maintenance, inspection, testing Office, warehouse, accommodation, catering Production operations Seismic/survey operations Transport air Transport land Transport water, including marine activity Unspecified other Company 1 43 11 69 46 79 1 5 19 4 61 343 Contractor 164 9 317 122 218 85 132 22 3 50 85 149 1,356 Overall 168 10 360 133 287 131 211 23 8 69 89 210 1,699 Onshore 113 1 189 52 162 94 105 18 5 65 15 153 972 Offshore 55 9 171 81 125 37 106 5 3 4 74 57 727

Construction, commissioning, decommissioning 4

Lost work day case severity


Year 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Ave 07-11 2012 Hours 2012 (000s) Company 41.40 21.01 25.59 20.59 32.73 35.21 35.30 35.43 41.06 35.66 38.81 567,256 Contractor 18.60 24.85 23.74 26.22 35.55 34.58 38.25 46.02 42.58 38.86 41.28 2,309,135 Overall 24.16 23.79 24.18 24.85 35.00 34.72 37.53 43.90 42.26 38.17 40.74 2,876,391 Onshore 21.33 23.42 24.46 24.66 33.04 32.05 34.77 39.39 39.84 35.20 36.83 2,224,660 Offshore 36.71 25.10 23.11 25.48 42.02 41.01 44.40 52.56 46.42 45.26 45.99 651,731

B-4

OGP

Safety performance indicators 2012 data

Restricted work day case severity


Year 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Ave 07-11 2012 Hours 2012 (000s) Company 11.85 13.75 12.45 11.78 15.28 16.08 15.26 14.72 12.92 14.80 13.84 429,928 Contractor 11.78 11.20 13.77 11.07 10.46 13.39 13.80 13.78 10.17 11.98 12.05 1,752,726 Overall 11.79 11.44 13.66 11.15 10.93 13.72 13.94 13.88 10.40 12.25 12.21 2,182,654 Onshore 8.91 10.98 14.74 10.33 8.90 13.34 12.42 13.59 11.67 11.74 11.48 1,615,502 Offshore 18.95 12.90 9.55 13.01 15.95 14.35 15.75 14.35 8.55 13.10 13.41 567,152

Section 3 Results by region


Fatalities
Region Africa Asia/Australasia Europe FSU Middle East North America South America Fatalities 2012 (2011) 17 (7) 10 (20) 2 (3) 2 (7) 13 (12) 42 (6) 2 (10) FAR 2012 (2011) 2.83 (1.25) 1.35 (3.28) 0.52 (0.87) 0.55 (1.59) 1.95 (1.74) 7.5 (1.5) 0.54 (2.42) Fatal incidents 2012 (2011) 13 (7) 10 (12) 2 (3) 2 (6) 11 (9) 12 (6) 2 (7)

Fatal accident rate


Region Africa Asia/Australasia Europe FSU Middle East North America South America All regions 2012 2.83 1.35 0.52 0.55 1.95 7.50 0.54 2.38 2011 1.25 3.28 0.87 1.59 1.74 1.50 2.42 1.88 2010 3.38 4.14 0.97 2.17 1.63 5.08 1.57 2.76 2009 2.21 1.58 6.58 3.14 2.16 4.37 2.37 2.76 2008 4.40 1.24 4.19 4.05 2.40 1.64 5.17 3.12

Total recordable injury rate


Year 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Africa 1.96 2.18 1.65 1.40 1.22 1.14 Asia/ Australasia 1.43 1.34 1.22 1.30 1.46 1.37 Europe 4.10 3.89 3.48 3.05 2.81 2.64 FSU 3.22 1.22 1.21 1.08 0.99 0.99 Middle East 2.06 0.83 0.92 0.98 0.78 1.02 North America 4.53 4.25 3.08 2.89 3.19 2.82 South America 3.31 3.15 3.17 2.76 3.17 3.05 All regions 2.68 2.09 1.75 1.68 1.77 1.74

OGP

B-5

International Association of Oil & Gas Producers

Lost time injury frequency


Region Africa Asia/Australasia Europe FSU Middle East North America South America All regions 2012 0.33 0.26 0.91 0.28 0.24 0.94 0.69 0.48 2011 0.30 0.30 1.08 0.31 0.18 0.59 0.64 0.43 Hours 2012 (000s) 600,478 741,523 384,669 363,943 666,915 560,027 373,485 3,691,040

Hours worked (000s)


Year 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Africa 443,101 453,714 472,879 473,646 496,830 499,818 542,110 562,121 558,573 600,478 Asia/ Australasia 377,806 364,929 348,806 473,100 540,809 562,677 697,524 725,171 609,466 741,523 Europe 187,209 191,992 191,127 282,856 296,407 310,237 319,178 308,870 344,762 384,669 FSU 201,375 364,741 443,782 451,036 418,534 444,106 350,792 461,827 439,420 363,943 Middle East 368,936 370,625 383,968 447,657 553,424 835,031 1,018,682 676,337 690,171 666,915 North America 458,471 242,906 224,603 302,632 285,769 304,076 320,541 295,339 400,902 560,027 South America 210,128 301,546 315,505 506,047 321,028 348,223 337,015 381,479 412,784 373,485 All regions 2,247,026 2,290,453 2,380,670 2,936,974 2,912,801 3,304,168 3,585,842 3,411,144 3,456,078 3,691,040

Total recordable injury rate 5-year rolling average


Year 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Africa 2.5 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.2 2.0 1.7 1.5 Asia/ Australasia 2.3 2.3 2.1 1.9 1.7 1.6 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3 Europe 7.9 7.5 6.4 6.0 5.3 4.7 4.3 3.9 3.4 3.1 FSU 2.0 2.1 1.9 1.9 2.2 2.1 1.9 1.8 1.6 1.1 Middle East 4.3 3.8 3.6 3.3 3.0 1.9 1.5 1.3 1.1 0.9 North America 7.7 7.3 6.5 5.7 5.2 4.9 4.4 4.0 3.6 3.2 South America 5.9 5.7 5.2 4.5 4.1 3.8 3.5 3.2 3.1 3.1 All regions 4.4 4.3 3.8 3.4 3.2 2.8 2.4 2.2 2.0 1.8

B-6

OGP

Safety performance indicators 2012 data

Fatal accident rate 5-year rolling average


Year 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Africa 8.9 8.3 7.0 6.6 6.0 5.1 4.1 3.8 2.9 2.8 Asia/ Australasia 2.8 2.6 2.1 1.8 1.5 1.4 1.4 2.1 2.3 2.3 Europe 4.3 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.0 3.5 4.6 4.0 3.4 2.5 FSU 6.3 6.8 6.6 6.3 5.5 5.2 4.4 3.7 2.9 2.3 Middle East 5.9 6.1 4.9 4.3 4.2 3.6 2.8 2.5 2.3 2.0 North America 4.7 5.0 4.5 4.0 3.6 2.8 2.4 3.1 2.7 4.4 South America 5.0 4.6 3.8 3.9 3.8 3.9 3.7 3.3 2.9 2.4 All regions 5.4 5.4 4.7 4.4 4.1 3.7 3.2 3.1 2.7 2.6

Lost time injury frequency 5-year rolling average


Year 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Africa 1.0 1.0 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.4 Asia/ Australasia 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 Europe 2.3 2.2 2.0 1.8 1.7 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.2 1.1 FSU 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 Middle East 1.6 1.4 1.2 1.0 0.9 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 North America 1.4 1.4 1.2 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.7 South America 2.5 2.5 2.3 2.2 2.0 1.7 1.4 1.2 0.8 0.7 All regions 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.0 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.5

Severity of lost work day cases


Year 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Ave 07-11 2012 Hours 2012 (000s) Africa 22.16 21.63 23.08 27.22 27.63 23.80 35.94 529,148 Asia/ Australasia 21.98 27.32 31.77 27.61 26.74 27.33 24.23 574,634 Europe 37.68 43.47 42.26 32.83 44.50 40.15 38.06 204,661 FSU 32.06 29.85 32.55 42.23 46.44 35.74 41.42 323,773 Middle East 20.56 16.01 20.37 14.68 12.31 17.59 26.21 644,401 North America 37.3 37.16 38.92 46.63 31.29 37.39 36.66 244,083 South America 58.76 56.66 68.87 98.54 71.60 68.99 69.53 355,691 All regions 35.00 34.72 37.53 43.90 42.26 38.17 40.74 2,876,391

OGP

B-7

International Association of Oil & Gas Producers

Lost time injury frequency by country


Region Country LTIF 2012 2011 2010 One or more fatalities in 2012 no no no no no no yes yes no no no no no no yes no no no yes yes no no no no no no no no no no yes yes yes yes no no no no no no South America North America FSU Region Country LTIF 2012 2011 2010 One or more fatalities in 2012 no no no no no no no yes no no yes no no no no no no yes no no yes no yes yes yes yes no no no yes no yes no yes no no no no no no no no no no

Africa

Morocco Ivory Coast Sierra Leone Tunisia Ghana Tanzania Mozambique Gabon Congo DR Mauritiana Cameroun Libya Kenya Uganda Congo Africa average Equatorial Guinea Egypt Algeria Angola Nigeria South Africa Madagascar Liberia

4.67 3.33 2.78 1.61 1.43 0.87 0.78 0.70 0.63 0.63 0.59 0.54 0.43 0.37 0.34 0.33 0.32 0.27 0.24 0.23 0.15 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.11 0.64 0.52 0.46 0.43 0.37 0.34 0.27 0.26 0.26 0.16 0.13 0.11 0.05 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

0.00 0.00 n/a 1.89 0.52 3.24 1.11 0.72 0.64 1.57 0.62 0.52 1.29 0.40 0.37 0.11 0.29 0.19 0.28 0.16 0.00 0.00 n/a 2.07 0.60 0.38 0.86 0.74 0.40 0.00 0.25 0.48 0.17 0.25 0.25 0.28 0.00 1.50 0.00 0.00

0.00 0.00 n/a 1.61 1.19 3.55 0.00 0.75 0.56 2.11 1.36 0.48 n/a 0.41 0.06 0.30 0.28 0.88 0.13 0.23 0.00 0.00 n/a 2.01 0.71 0.45 0.39 0.41 1.05 0.00 0.20 0.27 0.12 0.49 0.28 0.80 0.15 0.00 0.10 0.00

Europe

Poland Hungary Italy Croatia Denmark Norway Germany Europe average UK Netherlands Spain Romania France Ireland Greenland Ukraine Kazakhstan Turkmenistan FSU average Russia Azerbaijan Turkey

3.66 1.76 1.55 1.38 1.04 0.98 0.92 0.91 0.82 0.65 0.64 0.60 0.27 0.00 0.00 3.55 0.33 0.32 0.28 0.27 0.11 2.61 1.15 0.75 0.43 0.26 0.24 0.16 0.12 0.00 0.00 0.00 6.98 1.80 0.94 0.56 0.35 0.78 0.76 0.69 0.63 0.62 0.35 0.21 0.16 0.15 0.00 0.00 0.00

0.00 2.44 1.55 1.78 1.93 1.27 0.92 0.95 0.88 2.00 0.53 0.43 0.53 4.27 12.50 0.29 0.46 0.32 0.17 0.92 1.00 0.00 0.34 0.22 0.06 0.14 0.00 0.33 0.00 2.18 0.00 0.65 0.39 0.66 0.19 0.50 1.53 1.61 0.69 0.63 0.46 n/a 0.00 0.00

0.00 1.17 1.76 2.61 1.55 1.24 0.23 0.95 0.93 2.70 0.72 0.73 0.39 1.04 0.00 0.33 0.27 0.31 0.04 0.00 1.77 0.00 0.46 0.16 0.31 0.30 0.00 0.41 0.98 0.00 0.00 0.49 0.46 0.58 0.23 0.55 0.75 0.74 0.37 0.31 0.73 n/a 0.00 0.00

Middle East Iraq Jordan Yemen Qatar Middle East average UAE Kuwait Oman Syria Iran Mexico Cuba North America avg. USA Canada Brazil Bolivia South America avg Trinidad & Tobago Peru Colombia Venezuela Ecuador Argentina Uruguay Surinam French Guiana

Asia/ Australasia

New Zealand Australia Vietnam Myanmar India Philippenes South Korea Malaysia China Asia/Australasia avg. Indonesia Papua New Guinea Thailand Pakistan Singapore Japan Bangladesh Brunei

B-8

OGP

Safety performance indicators 2012 data

Section 4 Results by function


Fatal incidents and fatalities by function (000s)
2012 Fatal incidents Exploration Drilling Production Construction Unspecified All functions 4 11 12 17 8 52 Fatalities 4 12 15 19 38 88 2011 Fatal incidents 0 7 22 16 5 50 Fatalities 0 12 32 16 5 65

Exposure hours by function (000s)


2012 Exploration Drilling Production Construction Unspecified All functions 84,947 672,728 1,220,365 911,045 801,955 3,691,040 2011 74,306 642,462 1,208,473 839,178 691,659 3,456,078 2010 83,397 518,505 965,145 869,540 974,557 3,411,144 2009 61,435 348,515 948,771 1,076,322 1,150,799 3,585,842 2008 67,962 298,855 1,001,303 906,142 1,029,906 3,304,168

Fatal accident rate 3-year rolling average


Year 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Exploration 8.01 6.11 2.88 2.35 1.37 2.06 Drilling 4.17 4.49 3.74 5.23 4.04 3.11 Production 3.20 3.60 4.06 3.70 3.14 1.97 2.41 1.99 1.51 1.51 1.72 Construction Unspecified 3.19 3.13 2.49 2.50 1.92 2.96

Note: the method of calculating rolling averages changed with the publication of 2010 data. Historic figures presented above have been recalculated accordingly.

Fatal accident rate


Year 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Exploration 2.55 2.94 3.26 1.20 0.00 4.71 Drilling 2.43 4.02 4.59 6.36 1.87 1.78 Production 3.14 4.19 4.85 2.07 2.65 1.23 Construction 3.00 1.88 1.49 1.15 1.91 2.09 Unspecified 3.03 2.91 1.65 3.08 0.72 4.74

Note: the method of calculating FAR on a functional basis has changed with the publication of 2010 data to use the incident function instead of the function of the victim. Historic figures presented above have been recalculated acordingly.

OGP

B-9

International Association of Oil & Gas Producers

Total recordable injury rate


Year 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Exploration 2.66 3.81 2.31 2.30 2.70 2.14 Drilling 5.34 4.63 3.81 2.94 2.84 2.59 Production 3.03 2.64 2.32 2.14 2.05 1.92 Construction 1.62 1.00 0.78 0.99 1.13 1.32 Unspecified 2.23 1.72 1.53 1.13 0.95 1.21

Lost time injury frequency 3-year rolling average


Year 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Exploration 0.91 0.83 0.69 0.55 0.47 0.52 Drilling 1.53 1.46 1.21 1.01 0.81 0.78 Production 1.05 0.89 0.72 0.63 0.57 0.53 0.35 0.27 0.23 0.22 0.23 Construction Unspecified 0.69 0.59 0.42 0.34 0.29 0.31

Note: the method of calculating rolling averages changed with the publication of 2010 data. Historic figures presented above have been recalculated accordingly.

Lost time injury frequency


Year 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Hours 2012 (000s) Exploration 1.19 0.61 1.12 0.91 0.79 0.78 0.47 0.42 0.53 0.60 84,947 Drilling 1.73 1.71 1.53 1.73 1.31 1.33 1.02 0.82 0.70 0.82 672,728 Production 1.11 1.23 1.22 1.16 0.82 0.70 0.64 0.54 0.55 0.49 1,220,365 0.50 0.38 0.27 0.21 0.24 0.21 0.24 911,045 Construction Unspecified 1.93 1.12 0.69 0.84 0.49 0.41 0.36 0.25 0.22 0.46 801,955 Other 0.64 0.77 0.76 Overall 1.16 1.09 0.97 0.99 0.66 0.55 0.45 0.42 0.43 0.48 3,691,040

Severity of lost work day cases


Year 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Ave 07-11 2012 Hours 2012 (000s) Exploration 25.6 37.6 45.5 28.7 42.4 34.0 37.6 76,224 Drilling 40.6 42.2 44.3 55.8 51.8 47.1 50.4 571,216 Production 37.9 30.2 38.4 49.8 40.4 38.7 39.6 924,049 Construction 24.2 26.9 34.7 27.3 36.4 29.8 36.8 757,977 Unspecified 30.7 37.6 29.9 22.6 22.8 30.7 26.2 545,271 All functions 35.1 34.7 37.5 43.9 42.3 38.2 40.7 2,874,737

B-10

OGP

Safety performance indicators 2012 data

Exploration TRIR for company & contractor by region


Company Region Africa Asia/Australasia Europe FSU Middle East North America South America All regions 2012 0.00 0.19 1.72 0.00 0.00 0.78 0.52 0.67 20072011 1.84 0.48 0.58 1.03 0.80 0.96 3.11 1.07 Contractor 2012 1.69 3.10 2.44 0.85 5.28 3.89 2.42 2.69 20072011 2.72 2.37 2.79 2.32 2.11 4.87 5.78 3.32 Company hours worked 2012 (000s) 2,720 5,215 5,233 214 1,842 5,136 1,935 22,295 Contractor hours worked 2012 (000s) 20,160 16,749 4,922 1,181 4,544 5,397 6,603 59,556

Exploration LTIF for company & contractor by region


Company Region Africa Asia/Australasia Europe FSU Middle East North America South America All regions 2012 0.00 0.19 1.15 0.00 2.62 0.00 0.00 0.53 20072011 0.57 0.23 0.29 0.95 0.26 0.16 0.31 0.29 Contractor 2012 0.50 0.36 1.42 0.00 2.20 0.37 0.45 0.63 20072011 0.58 0.46 1.65 1.39 0.53 0.51 1.00 0.70 Company hours worked 2012 (000s) 2,720 5,215 5,233 214 1,912 5,340 1,935 22,569 Contractor hours worked 2012 (000s) 20,160 16,821 4,922 1,181 4,544 8,147 6,603 62,378

Drilling TRIR for company & contractor by region


Company Region Africa Asia/Australasia Europe FSU Middle East North America South America All regions 2012 0.52 0.66 1.73 1.36 1.14 0.38 1.38 1.23 20072011 1.74 0.91 1.97 1.89 1.60 0.64 1.55 1.57 Contractor 2012 2.38 2.07 5.09 1.09 3.09 3.90 4.68 2.79 20072011 3.93 2.98 5.49 1.49 3.98 5.86 4.81 3.92 Company hours worked 2012 (000s) 5,774 7,614 20,194 28,764 5,258 7,969 10,847 86,420 Contractor hours worked 2012 (000s) 70,136 76,489 36,714 168,436 38,489 97,122 88,756 576,142

Drilling LTIF for company & contractor by region


Company Region Africa Asia/Australasia Europe FSU Middle East North America South America All regions 2012 0.17 0.00 0.89 0.31 1.30 3.73 0.55 0.94 20072011 0.34 0.34 1.22 0.58 0.76 0.04 0.45 0.60 Contractor 2012 0.78 0.71 2.07 0.27 0.57 1.04 1.16 0.80 20072011 1.25 0.77 2.06 0.37 0.90 0.88 1.27 1.01 Company hours worked 2012 (000s) 5,774 7,614 20,194 28,764 5,374 11,789 10,847 90,356 Contractor hours worked 2012 (000s) 70,136 76,489 36,714 168,436 38,489 103,352 88,756 582,372

OGP

B-11

International Association of Oil & Gas Producers

Production TRIR for company & contractor by region


Company Region Africa Asia/Australasia Europe FSU Middle East North America South America All regions 2012 0.86 1.26 1.78 0.38 1.46 2.42 1.89 1.53 20072011 1.98 1.51 2.28 1.94 1.78 2.99 1.84 2.02 Contractor 2012 1.02 0.93 4.40 0.88 1.10 3.59 2.92 2.06 20072011 1.68 1.35 5.40 1.86 1.64 4.54 2.89 2.57 Company hours worked 2012 (000s) 45,454 55,673 70,399 23,428 41,155 47,136 44,948 328,193 Contractor hours worked 2012 (000s) 178,481 166,188 98,560 40,743 121,076 104,425 173,124 882,597

Production LTIF for company & contractor by region


Company Region Africa Asia/Australasia Europe FSU Middle East North America South America All regions 2012 0.26 0.29 0.82 0.29 0.43 0.50 0.53 0.48 20072011 0.50 0.42 0.88 0.51 0.83 0.72 0.54 0.65 Contractor 2012 0.29 0.24 1.22 0.29 0.27 0.70 0.61 0.49 20072011 0.53 0.31 1.69 0.41 0.43 0.75 0.66 0.64 Company hours worked 2012 (000s) 45,454 55,913 70,399 23,844 41,480 50,091 44,948 332,129 Contractor hours worked 2012 (000s) 178,481 166,664 98,560 40,743 121,076 109,588 173,124 888,236

Construction TRIR for company & contractor by region


Company Region Africa Asia/Australasia Europe FSU Middle East North America South America All regions 2012 0.20 0.58 0.29 0.41 0.67 0.73 0.77 0.50 20072011 1.18 0.40 0.61 0.66 0.57 0.68 0.94 0.58 Contractor 2012 1.32 1.92 2.33 1.22 0.64 2.61 3.66 1.38 20072011 1.68 1.58 4.23 1.05 0.53 4.13 2.60 1.09 Company hours worked 2012 (000s) 9,781 17,189 6,890 4,936 7,496 8,261 1,294 55,847 Contractor hours worked 2012 (000s) 80,578 235,722 40,765 60,597 360,640 53,320 19,970 851,592

Construction LTIF for company & contractor by region


Company Region Africa Asia/Australasia Europe FSU Middle East North America South America All regions 2012 0.00 0.41 0.29 0.00 0.26 0.12 0.00 0.21 20072011 0.10 0.08 0.11 0.28 0.15 0.05 0.51 0.13 Contractor 2012 0.30 0.21 0.69 0.38 0.10 0.59 0.70 0.24 20072011 0.39 0.25 1.40 0.36 0.13 0.45 1.02 0.26 Company hours worked 2012 (000s) 9,781 17,215 6,890 4,936 7,711 8,365 1,294 56,192 Contractor hours worked 2012 (000s) 80,578 236,327 40,765 60,597 360,640 55,976 19,970 854,853

B-12

OGP

Safety performance indicators 2012 data

Unspecified TRIR for company & contractor by region


Company Region Africa Asia/Australasia Europe FSU Middle East North America South America All regions 2012 0.63 0.45 0.61 0.50 0.97 1.05 0.23 0.73 20072011 0.61 0.73 1.36 2.79 0.67 1.13 0.74 1.20 Contractor 2012 0.87 0.77 1.48 0.34 1.31 2.86 1.51 1.43 20072011 1.08 0.88 3.26 1.20 1.92 3.76 1.60 1.69 Company hours worked 2012 (000s) 44,210 46,824 39,258 12,030 36,103 67,877 8,844 255,146 Contractor hours worked 2012 (000s) 143,181 112,392 61,296 23,198 49,586 126,776 17,164 533,593

Unspecified LTIF for company & contractor by region


Company Region Africa Asia/Australasia Europe FSU Middle East North America South America All regions 2012 0.16 0.09 0.23 0.25 0.25 0.75 0.11 0.33 20072011 0.16 0.25 0.64 0.38 0.23 0.25 0.17 0.33 Contractor 2012 0.26 0.13 0.41 0.13 0.38 1.35 0.12 0.52 20072011 0.25 0.16 1.21 0.34 0.41 0.54 0.40 0.37 Company hours worked 2012 (000s) 44,213 46,865 39,696 12,030 36,103 70,603 8,844 258,354 Contractor hours worked 2012 (000s) 143,181 112,400 61,296 23,198 49,586 136,776 17,164 543,601

OGP

B-13

International Association of Oil & Gas Producers

Section 5 Results by company


Company code B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Overall Y Z AA BB CC DD EE FF GG HH II JJ KK LL MM NN OO PP QQ RR SS TT UU VV Company & Contractor FAR 0 0 0 3.17 0 11.31 0 0 0 0 1.40 0.73 0 2.25 0 0 0 0 3.37 0 0 0 0 2.38 6.26 0 0 0 2.59 0.83 0 1.69 5.15 1.37 1.37 1.96 1.16 0.65 0 0 1.40 2.25 1.16 0 1.41 0 0 0 Company & Contractor TRIR 3.25 2.47 3.83 4.17 4.12 3.28 4.14 4.14 2.98 1.79 1.88 3.30 3.86 2.84 2.16 4.45 2.77 3.02 3.00 3.42 2.64 1.03 4.40 1.74 1.56 3.39 1.52 1.95 1.41 0.97 0.76 1.40 0.88 0.55 1.48 2.07 1.19 1.60 4.88 1.87 0.73 0.88 0.96 2.08 0.33 0 0.34 0 Company only TRIR 3.81 3.81 2.56 2.21 2.55 2.35 2.82 2.10 0.61 1.09 1.22 1.94 1.32 0.47 0.68 1.41 2.00 1.38 0.35 1.08 1.58 1.04 0 1.12 1.16 0 1.50 0.52 0.53 0.54 0 0.78 0.63 0.15 0.50 1.57 1.38 0.70 3.72 1.84 0.56 2.14 0.71 0 0.15 0 0.29 0 Company & Contractor LTIF 1.62 1.23 1.19 1.11 1.03 0.99 0.94 0.92 0.85 0.82 0.80 0.79 0.75 0.71 0.70 0.70 0.69 0.62 0.61 0.59 0.54 0.51 0.49 0.48 0.44 0.42 0.41 0.41 0.41 0.39 0.38 0.34 0.34 0.32 0.31 0.29 0.27 0.27 0.21 0.19 0.15 0.13 0.12 0.12 0.04 0 0 0 Company only LTIF 1.27 0 0.99 0.86 0.71 0.78 1.10 1.05 0.24 0.55 0.72 0.63 0.59 0.26 0.34 0 0.67 0.23 0.17 0 0 1.04 0 0.47 0 0 0.56 0.26 0.15 0.28 0 0.33 0.33 0.07 0.07 0.30 0.30 0.10 0.62 0.26 0 0.29 0.05 0 0.14 0 0 0

B-14

OGP

Safety performance indicators 2012 data

Total recordable injury rate by function


Exploration Company code I J H G R C V T O P NN D S CC Overall FF LL L Q M N QQ EE B JJ DD GG AA BB HH MM OO PP TT U Y Z Company & Contractor 10.97 10.28 8.33 7.68 6.49 6.14 5.81 5.30 4.02 3.89 2.89 2.62 2.47 2.39 2.14 1.95 1.81 1.69 1.64 1.33 1.30 1.14 1.12 1.07 0.53 0.44 0.26 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Drilling Company code G MM K I PP X J D Q V U M H S Z JJ B O AA P RR L LL FF Overall N Y T NN BB GG DD CC HH EE OO KK SS QQ C R Company & Contractor 12.9 8.23 7.45 7.27 6.83 6.09 4.96 4.86 4.82 4.68 4.66 4.62 4.08 3.96 3.72 3.61 3.55 3.47 3.45 3.25 3.23 2.91 2.91 2.75 2.59 2.57 2.54 2.53 2.47 2.24 2.20 2.18 1.98 1.82 1.34 1.30 1.19 1.15 0.90 0.83 0 Production Company code B Q Z N MM H D T I U S V BB JJ M J G AA K Overall CC NN Y L OO R LL O FF RR P PP QQ DD GG W EE HH UU SS Company & Contractor 9.07 5.97 5.91 5.39 5.02 4.73 4.48 4.36 3.36 3.36 3.31 3.28 2.92 2.82 2.80 2.63 2.25 2.20 2.20 1.92 1.86 1.85 1.76 1.74 1.48 1.47 1.39 1.37 1.24 1.19 1.14 1.06 0.90 0.75 0.66 0.62 0.49 0.41 0.28 0.10 Construction Company code R X I O G NN MM H S T D V FF W Y QQ JJ DD Overall J BB CC RR AA L P GG LL OO UU SS PP HH K N Q U VV Company & Contractor 9.90 8.67 5.17 4.95 3.94 3.89 3.81 3.63 3.63 3.58 2.32 2.15 1.97 1.88 1.84 1.70 1.38 1.36 1.32 1.28 1.20 1.17 1.00 0.95 0.90 0.87 0.73 0.60 0.59 0.54 0.40 0.26 0 0 0 0 0 0

OGP

B-15

International Association of Oil & Gas Producers

Database dimensions (Appendix A)


Total exposure hours
Hours worked (millions) Year 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Overall 656 544 602 616 656 721 941 944 919 872 841 912 1,161 1,131 1,197 1,634 1,977 2,121 2,247 2,290 2,381 2,937 2,913 3,304 3,586 3,411 3,456 3,691 Company 410 306 356 364 331 332 441 431 410 397 356 360 389 386 395 572 633 636 664 639 639 734 668 712 822 726 753 760 Contractor 245 238 247 253 325 389 499 513 509 475 485 551 772 746 802 1062 1,344 1,484 1,583 1,652 1,741 2,203 2,245 2,592 2,764 2,685 2,703 2,931 Africa Asia/Australasia Europe FSU Middle East North America South America All regions Exposure hours by region (000s) 2012 600,478 741,523 384,669 363,943 666,915 560,027 373,485 3,691,040 2011 558,573 609,466 344,762 439,420 690,171 400,902 412,784 3,456,078

Exposure hours by function (000s) 2012 Exploration Drilling Production Construction Unspecified All functions 84,947 672,728 1,220,365 911,045 801,955 3,691,040 2011 74,306 642,462 1,208,473 839,178 691,659 3,456,078

B-16

OGP

Safety performance indicators 2012 data

Appendix C Contributing companies


The table below shows the size of the database in thousands of hours worked for each contributing company and whether reported data include information on contractor statistics, breakdown by function, medical treatment cases, restricted work day cases, days lost following lost work day and restricted work day cases. All company submissions include data on numbers of fatalities and lost work day cases.
Company ADDAX ADNOC Anadarko BG Group BHP BP Cairn Energy Chevron CNOOC ConocoPhillips Dolphin Energy DONG E&P E.on Eni ExxonMobil GDF Suez E&P International Hess Corporation INPEX Kosmos Kuwait Oil Company Maersk Oil Marathon MOL NCOC Nexen Inc Oil Search OMV Pan American Energy Pemex Perenco Petrobras Petronas Carigali Sdn Bhd Premier Oil PTTEP Qatar Petroleum Rasgas Repsol RWE Dea AG SASOL Shell Companies Statoil Suncor Talisman Energy TNK-BP Total Tullow Oil Wintershall Woodside Yemen LNG Hours (000) 15,987 214,000 63,063 89,085 9,727 154,575 346 431,173 73,128 145,946 8,909 2,361 2,044 240,395 254,611 6,792 44,644 2,892 1,622 133,534 22,775 30,712 15,698 4,122 30,456 12,877 71,248 17,270 36,608 35,365 273,294 97,119 6,130 32,074 131,814 70,686 29,709 5,542 5,233 296,661 93,366 4,717 52,037 171,788 192,973 18,557 8,546 19,105 9,724 Contractor data yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes no yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes Data by function yes yes no yes yes yes yes yes yes no yes yes yes yes yes no yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes MTCs yes yes yes yes mostly yes yes yes yes yes yes yes mostly yes yes mostly yes yes yes yes yes yes mostly yes yes yes yes yes no yes yes mostly yes yes yes mostly yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes mostly yes yes yes RWDCs yes yes yes yes mostly yes yes yes yes yes yes yes mostly yes yes mostly yes yes yes yes yes yes partly yes yes yes yes yes no yes yes mostly yes yes yes mostly yes yes no yes yes yes yes partly yes mostly yes yes yes LWDC days yes yes partly yes mostly no yes yes yes no yes yes partly yes no mostly yes yes yes yes no no yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes mostly no yes yes partly yes yes yes yes no yes partly yes yes mostly yes yes yes RWDC days yes yes partly yes mostly no yes yes yes no yes yes partly no no mostly yes yes yes no no no partly no mostly yes yes no no yes yes mostly no yes yes partly no no no yes no yes no no yes mostly yes yes no

Note: a data row is a single entry for a company for one country and location (one of company onshore, company offshore, contractor onshore, contractor offshore), e.g. Acompany, UK, company offshore.

yes = reported for all data rows mostly = reported for more than 50% of data rows partly = reported for less than 50% of data rows no - not reported at all

OGP

C-1

International Association of Oil & Gas Producers

C-2

OGP

Safety performance indicators 2012 data

Appendix D Countries represented


The tabulation shows the breakdown of reported hours worked in regions and countries. Also shown is the number of companies reporting data in each country. The table does not necessarily show all hours worked in the exploration & production sectors of the oil & gas industry in each country.
No. reporting Hours Country companies (000) Africa
Algeria 11 29,140 Angola 8 77,962 Cameroun 3 8,487 Chad 1 13,423 Congo 3 34,841 Congo (Democratic Republic of) 2 4,726 Egypt 8 59,340 Equatorial Guinea 4 9,352 Ethiopia 1 1,555 Gabon 6 34,444 Ghana 5 8,382 Ivory Coast 2 600 Kenya 3 4,641 Liberia 2 191 Libya 14 18,639 Madagascar 3 488 Mauritiana 4 1,600 Morocco 4 214 Mozambique 5 15,290 Namibia 1 3 Nigeria 9 254,700 Senegal 1 6 Sierra Leone 2 360 South Africa 3 399 Sudan 1 49 Tanzania 3 3,460 Tongo 1 398 Tunisia 6 12,443 Uganda 2 5,345

No. reporting Hours Country companies (000) Europe (continued)


Greenland 3 587 Hungary 2 5,123 Ireland 2 1,900 Italy 4 14,856 Latvia 1 1 Monaco 1 17 Netherlands 8 20,135 Norway 21 119,060 Poland 8 1,638 Portugal 1 71 Romania 2 49,841 Spain 3 1,555 Switzerland 1 475 UK 27 119,907

FSU
Azerbaijan 5 28,465 Kazakhstan 10 135,437 Russia 14 189,509 Turkmenistan 6 9,359 Ukraine 3 282 Uzbekistan 1 891

Middle East
Bahrain 1 106 Iran 5 1,269 Iraq 13 24,368 Israel 1 9 Jordan 3 1,340 Kuwait 5 152,034 Oman 4 4,141 Qatar 9 238,442 Saudi Arabia 1 97 Syria 2 99 Turkey 3 2,297 UAE 11 219,243 Yemen 6 23,470

Asia/Australasia
Australia 15 101,211 Bangladesh 2 10,062 Brunei 2 1,461 Cambodia 3 42 China 11 96,516 India 3 4,624 Indonesia 18 210,745 Japan 3 1,359 Malaysia 10 132,907 Myanmar 4 8,620 Nepal 1 6 New Zealand 3 644 Pakistan 7 20,029 Papua New Guinea 3 83,693 Philippines 2 5,380 Singapore 4 517 South Korea 4 5,851 Taiwan 1 8 Thailand 7 53,988 Timor Leste 1 7 Vietnam 7 3,853

North America
Canada Cuba Mexico USA 11 106,569 2 556 5 36,981 20 415,921

South America
Argentina 5 26,219 Bolivia 3 9,271 Brazil 13 290,759 Chile 1 159 Colombia 8 8,533 Ecuador 2 6,114 French Guiana 2 1,107 Guatamala 1 2,204 Guyana 1 2 Peru 4 12,958 Surinam 3 175 Trinidad & Tobago 6 11,135 Uruguay 2 91 Venezuela 7 4,758

Europe
Austria Croatia Denmark Faroe Islands France Germany 1 2,771 2 9,431 5 11,512 1 273 7 14,643 5 10,873

OGP

D-1

International Association of Oil & Gas Producers

D-2

OGP

Safety performance indicators 2012 data

Appendix E: Glossary of terms


Assault and violent act (as an incident/ event category)
Intentional attempt, threat or act of bodily injury by a person or person(s) or by violent harmful actions of unknown intent, includes intentional acts of damage to property.

Cut, puncture, scrape (as an incident/ event category)


Abrasions, scratches and wounds that penetrate the skin.

Diving operations
The personnel, equipment and management systems to support a person who dives. A person Dives if he enters water or any other liquid, or a chamber in which he is subject to pressure greater than 100 millibars above atmospheric pressure: and in order to survive in such an environment he breathes air or other gas at a pressure greater than atmospheric pressure. Or for such a purpose uses a vehicle, capsule or suit where a sealed internal atmospheric pressure is maintained and where the external pressure differential is greater than 100 millibars.

Caught in, under or between (as an incident/ event category)


Injury where injured person is crushed or similarly injured between machinery moving parts or other objects, caught between rolling tubulars or objects being moved, crushed between a ship and a dock, or similar incidents. Also includes vehicle incidents involving a rollover.

Company employee
Any person employed by and on the payroll of the reporting Company, including corporate and management personnel specifically involved in E&P. Persons employed under shortservice contracts are included as Company employees provided they are paid directly by the Company.

Diving, subsea, ROV (as a type of activity)


Operations involving diving (see definition for diving operations), subsea equipment or activities and/or operations involving underwater remotely operated vehicles (ROV).

Drilling (as a work function)


All exploration, appraisal and production drilling and workover as well as their administrative, engineering, construction, materials supply and transportation aspects. It includes site preparation, rigging up and down and restoration of the drilling site upon work completion. Drilling includes ALL exploration, appraisal and production drilling.

Confined space (as an incident/ event category)


Spaces that are considered confined because their configurations hinder the activities of employee who must enter, work in, and exit them. Confined spaces include, but are not limited to underground vaults, tanks, storage bins, manholes, pits, silos, process vessels and pipelines.

Construction (as a work function)


Major construction, fabrication activities and also disassembly, removal and disposal (decommissioning) at the end of the facility life. Includes construction of process plant, yard construction of structures, offshore installation, hook-up and commissioning, and removal of redundant process facilities.

Drilling/workover/well services (as a type of activity)


Activities involving the development, maintenance work or remedial treatments related to an oil or gas well.

Event
An unplanned or uncontrolled outcome of a business operation or activity that has or could have contributed to an injury, illness, physical or environmental damage.

Construction, commissioning, decommissioning (as a type of activity)


Activities involving the construction, fabrication and installation of equipment, facilities or plant, testing activities to verify design objectives or specification, and also disassembly, removal and disposal (decommissioning) at the end of the facility life.

Exploration (as a work function)


Geophysical, seismographic and geological operations, including their administrative and engineering aspects, construction, maintenance, materials supply, and transportation of personnel and equipment; excludes drilling.

Contractor
A Contractor is defined as an individual or organisation performing work for the reporting company, following verbal or written agreement. Sub-contractor is synonymous with Contractor.

Explosion or burn (as an incident/event category)


Burns or other effects of fires, explosions and extremes of temperature. Explosion means a rapid combustion, not an overpressure.

Contractor employee
Any person employed by a Contractor or Contractors SubContractor(s) who is directly involved in execution of prescribed work under a contract with the reporting Company.

Exposure: electrical (as an incident/event category)


Exposure to electrical shock or electrical burns etc.

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Exposure: noise, chemical, biological, vibration (as an incident/event category)


Exposure to noise, chemical substances (including asphyxiation due to lack of oxygen not associated with a confined space), hazardous biological material, vibration or radiation.

Key performance indicators (KPI)


In this report, these include: number of fatalities, fatal accident and incident rates, lost time injury frequency, restricted work day case + lost time injury frequency and total recordable injury rate.

Falls from height (as an incident/event category)


A person falls from one level to another.

Lost time injury (LTI)


A fatality or lost work day case. The number of LTIs is the sum of fatalities and lost work day cases.

Fatal accident rate (FAR)


The number of company/contractor fatalities per 100,000,000 (100 million) hours worked.

Lost time injury frequency (LTIF)


The number of lost time injuries (fatalities + lost work day cases) incidents per 1,000,000 hours worked.

Fatality
Cases that involve one or more people who died as a result of a work-related incident or occupational illness.

Lost work day case (LWDC)


Any work related injury other than a fatal injury which results in a person being unfit for work on any day after the day of occurrence of the occupational injury. Any day includes rest days, weekend days, leave days, public holidays or days after ceasing employment.

First aid case


Cases that are not sufficiently serious to be reported as medical treatment or more serious cases but nevertheless require minor first aid treatment, e.g. dressing on a minor cut, removal of a splinter from a finger. First aid cases are not recordable incidents.

LWDC severity
The average number of lost days per lost work day case.

High potential event


Any incident or near miss that could have realistically resulted in one or more fatalities.

Maintenance, inspection and testing (as a type of activity)


Activities related to preserving, repairing, examining and function testing assets, equipment, plant or facilities.

Hours worked
The actual hours worked, including overtime hours, are recorded in the case of onshore operations. The hours worked by an individual will generally be about 2,000 per year. For offshore workers, the hours worked are calculated on a 12 hour work day. Consequently, average hours worked per year will vary from 1,600 to 2,300 hours per person depending upon the on/off shift ratio. Vacations and leaves are excluded.

Medical cause of death


This is the cause of death given on the death certificate. Where two types of causes are provided, such as pulmonary oedema caused by inhalation of hot gases from a fire, both are recorded.

Medical treatment case (MTC)


Cases that are not severe enough to be reported as fatalities or lost work day cases or restricted work day cases but are more severe than requiring simple first aid treatment.

Hours worked in year (000s)


Hours are rounded to the nearest thousand.

Near miss
An unplanned or uncontrolled event or chain of events that has not resulted in recordable injury, illness, physical or environmental damage but had the potential to do so in other circumstances.

Incident
An unplanned or uncontrolled Event or chain of Events that has resulted in at least one fatality, recordable injury or illness, or physical or environmental damage.

Lifting, crane, rigging, deck operations (as a type of activity)


Activities related to the use of mechanical lifting and hoisting equipment, assembling and dis-assembling drilling rig equipment and drill pipe handling on the rig floor.

Number of days unfit for work


The sum total of calendar days (consecutive or otherwise) after the days of the occupational injuries on which the employees involved were unfit for work and did not work.

Number of employees
Average number of full-time and part-time employees involved in exploration & production, calculated on a full-time basis, during the reporting year.

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Safety performance indicators 2012 data

Number of fatalities
The total number of Companys employees and or Contractors employees who died as a result of an incident. Delayed deaths that occur after the incident are included if the deaths were a direct result of the incident. For example, if a fire killed one person outright, and a second died three weeks later from lung damage caused by the fire, both are reported.

Process safety event (PSE)


A process safety event, which can also be referred to as an asset integrity event, is a Loss of Primary Containment (LOPC) and is recordable if: the consequence was a reportable employee or contractor injury or fatality, a third party hospital admission or fatality, a community or site evacuation or a fire / explosion; or a pressure relief device discharge or material release occurs which exceeded defined thresholds (even if none of the consequences above occurred) as specified within OGP report 456, Process safety recommended practice on key performance indicators which provides consequence and threshold definitions consistent with API Recommended Practice No.754 http://www.ogp. org.uk/pubs/456.pdf, the supplement to this report provides Process Safety Upstream PSE examples http://www.ogp.org.uk/ pubs/456supp.pdf.

Occupational injury
Any injury such as a cut, fracture, sprain, amputation, etc., or any fatality, which results from a work-related activity or from an exposure involving a single incident in the work environment, such as deafness from explosion, one-time chemical exposure, back disorder from a slip / trip, insect or snake bite.

Office, warehouse, accommodation, catering (as a type of activity)


Activities related to work conducted in offices, warehouses, workshops, accommodation and catering facilities.

Production (as a work function)


Petroleum and natural gas producing operations, including their administrative and engineering aspects, minor construction, repairs, maintenance and servicing, materials supply, and transportation of personnel and equipment. It covers all mainstream production operations including wireline. Gas processing activities with the primary intent of producing gas liquids for sale including; work on production wells under pressure oil (including condensates) and gas extraction and separation (primary production) heavy oil production where it is inseparable from upstream (i.e. stream assisted gravity drainage) production primary oil processing (water separation, stabilisation) primary gas processing (dehydration, liquids separation, sweetening, CO2 removal) Floating Storage Units (FSUs) and sub-sea storage units gas processing activities with the primary intent of producing gas liquids for sale secondary liquid separation (i.e. Natural Gas Liquids [NGL] extraction using refrigeration processing) Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) and Gas to Liquids (GTL) operations flow-lines between wells and pipelines between facilities associated with field production operations oil and gas loading facilities including land or marine vessels (trucks and ships) when connected to an oil or gas production process pipeline operations (including booster stations) operated by company E&P business Production excludes: production drilling or workover mining processes associated with the extraction of heavy oil tar sands heavy oil when separable from upstream operations secondary heavy oil processing (upgrader) refineries

Offshore work
All activities and operations that take place at sea, including activities in bays, in major inland seas such as the Caspian Sea, or in other inland seas directly connected to oceans. Incidents including transportation of people and equipment from shore to the offshore location, either by vessel or helicopter, should be recorded as offshore.

Onshore work
All activities and operations that take place within a landmass, including those on swamps, rivers and lakes. Land-to-land aircraft operations are counted as onshore, even though flights are over water.

Other (as an incident/event category)


Used used to specify where an incident cannot be logically classed under any other category. In the case of incident activities, includes air transport incidents. Note: the work function Other was replaced by construction for the first time in 2006.

Overexertion or strain (as an incident/ event category)


Physical overexertion e.g. muscle strain

Pressure release (as an incident/ event category)


Failure of or release of gas, liquid or object from a pressurised system.

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Production operations (as a type of activity)


Activities related to the extraction of hydrocarbons from source such as an oil or gas well or hydrocarbon bearing geological structure, including primary processing, storage and transport operations. Includes normal, start-up or shut-down operations.

Transport air (as a type of activity)


Involving aircraft, either fixed wing or helicopters. Injuries caused by accidents on the ground at airports are classified in one of the other categories.

Recordable
A type of event, incident, injury, illness, release or other outcome which has been determined to meet or exceed definitions, criteria or thresholds for inclusion and classification in reported data.

Transport land (as a type of activity)


Involving motorised vehicles designed for transporting people and goods over land, e.g. cars, buses, trucks. Pedestrians struck by a vehicle are classified as land transport incidents. Incidents from a mobile crane would only be land transport incidents if the crane were being moved between locations.

Restricted work day case (RWDC)


Any work-related injury other than a fatality or lost work day case which results in a person being unfit for full performance of the regular job on any day after the occupational injury. Work performed might be: an assignment to a temporary job; part-time work at the regular job; working full-time in the regular job but not performing all the usual duties of the job Where no meaningful restricted work is being performed, the incident is recorded as a lost work day case (LWDC).

Transport water, including Marine Activity (as a type of activity)


Involving vessels, equipment or boats designed for transporting people and goods over water (including inland, marine, ice roads and marsh/swamp) e.g. supply vessels, crew boats.

Unspecified other (as a type of activity)


Incidents that cannot be logically classed under other headings or where the activity is unknown.

Unspecified (as a work function)


Unspecified is used for the entry of data associated with office personnel whose work hours and incident data cannot be reasonably assigned to the administrative support of one of the function groupings of exploration, drilling, production or construction. Corporate overhead support function personnel such as finance or human resources staff may be examples where work hours cannot be specifically assigned to a particular function. All other data that are not separated out by function are reported as unspecified.

Seismic/survey operations (as a type of activity)


Activities relating to the determination of sub-surface structures for the purpose of locating oil and gas deposits including geophysical and seismic data acquisition.

Slips and trips (at the same height) (as an incident/event category)
Slips, trips and falls caused by falling over or onto something at the same height.

Water related/drowning (as an incident/ event category)


Incidents/events in which water played a significant role including drowning.

Struck by (as an incident/event category)


Incidents/events where injury results from being hit by moving equipment and machinery, or by flying or falling objects. Also includes vehicle incidents where the vehicle is struck by or struck against another object.

Work-related injury
See occupational injury.

Third party
A person with no business relationship with the company or contractor.

Total recordable injury rate (TRIR)


The number of recordable injuries (fatalities + lost work day cases + restricted work day cases + medical treatment cases) per 1,000,000 hours worked.

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International Association of Oil & Gas Producers