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ICs for TV

AN5819K
Sound multiplex demodulator IC for TV in the North American market
s Overview
The AN5819K is a single chip IC, which includes a sound multiplex demodulator for Zenith TV system and the dbx TV sound noise reduction function.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15

Unit: mm
0.50.1
4.80.25
+0.1

s Features
Stereo demodulation, SAP demodulation and dbx noise reduction are integrated into a single chip Enabling various kinds of adjustment and mode changeover thanks to I2C bus Built-in input volume (I2C control) for interface with intermediate frequency processing IC

26.70.3

8.40.3

1.050.25 3.050.25

s Applications
TV and VCR for the North American market (A licensing agreement with THAT Corporation is necessary in order to use this IC with built-in dbx-TV noise reduction function.)

3 to 15

10.160.25

0.3 0.05

SDIP028-P-0400B

s Block Diagram
VCC 9 V

Stereo

R-out

L-out

GND

21

10

17

26

25

Pilot det.

Matrix

LED driver I2C decoder 2 3 SDA

11 Stereo filter

St.PLL L+R demod. LR demod. SAP filter Noise filter V-reg. I-reg. 13 14 28 27 9 SAP demod. SAP noise det. (LR)/SAP switch 15 dbx de-emph. 1 16 L+R filter LR filter SAP out filter 75 s de-emph.

SAP

SCL 1 I 2C GND

dbx de-emph. 2 dbx wide band dbx spectral Wide band filter Spectral filter 22 23 20 19 18 24

MPX in 12

Input VCA

1.778

0.90.25

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AN5819K
s Pin Descriptions
Pin No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 I2C GND Description Pin No. 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 Description

ICs for TV

(LR)/SAP demodulation output dbx input (L+R) demodulation output offset cancel Spectral level adjustment Spectral timing Spectral level sensor input GND Wide band level sensor input Wide band timing dbx offset cancel R output L output SAP carrier detection SAP noise level detection

SDA SCL SAP LED Stereo LED Pilot signal detection Stereo PLL filter VCC SAP trap filter Quasi sine-wave filter Stereo filter offset cancel Composite input dbx timing current Reference voltage source filter

s Absolute Maximum Ratings


Parameter Supply voltage Supply current LED drive current Power dissipation
*3 *2 *1

Symbol VCC ICC ILED PD Topr Tstg

Rating 11.0 75 10 1 143 20 to +75 55 to +150

Unit V mA mA mW C C

Operating ambient temperature Storage temperature


*1

Note) *1: Except for the operating ambient temperature and storage temperature, all ratings are for Ta = 25C. *2: Power dissipation shown is for the IC package in free air at Ta = 70C *3: LED drive currents are the currents flowing into pin 4 and pin 5.

s Recommended Operating Range


Parameter Supply voltage Symbol VCC Range 8.5 to 9.5 Unit V

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ICs for TV
s Electrical Characteristics at VCC = 9.0 V, Ta = 25C
Stereo PLL VCO adjustment: 15.734 kHz 50 Hz Input level (at 100% modulation) L+R: 0.424 V[p-p] (pre-emphasis off) LR: 0.848 V[p-p] (dbx noise reduction off) Pilot: 0.084 V[p-p] SAP: 0.254 V[p-p] (dbx noise reduction off) Parameter Total circuit current Mono output level Symbol ICC V0(MON) No signal f = 1 kHz, (mono) 100%mod. f = 300 Hz, (mono) 30%mod. f = 8 kHz, (mono) 30%mod. f = 1 kHz, (mono) 100%mod. Input short-circuit, BPF (A curve) f = 1 kHz, (mono) 100%mod. f = 1 kHz, (L(R)-only) 100%mod. f = 300 Hz, (L(R)-only) 30%mod. f = 3 kHz, (L(R)-only) 30%mod. f = 8 kHz, (L(R)-only) 30%mod. f = 1 kHz, (L(R)-only) 100%mod. f = 15.73 kHz, (fH), V= 0.084 V[p-p], BPF f = 15.73 kHz (fH) f = 15.73 kHz (fH) f = 1 kHz, (SAP) 100%mod. f = 300 Hz, (SAP) 30%mod. f = 3 kHz, (SAP) 30%mod. f = 1 kHz, (SAP) 100% f = 78.7 kHz, (5fH),V= 0.42 V[p-p], BPF f = 78.7 kHz, (5fH) f = 78.7 kHz, (5fH) (SAP) 1 kHz, 100%mod. (Stereo) pilot-signal (Stereo) 1 kHz, 100%mod. (SAP) carrier-signal Pin 27: f = 240 kHz at 5 V applied Pin 27: f = 240 kHz at 5 V applied Conditions Min 35 480 0.5 1.5 0.5 420 0.7 1 2.5 9 6 350 1.0 3 22 4 38 5.5 Typ 55 530 0 0.4 0 520 0 0 0.5 17 500 0 1.5

AN5819K

Max 75 +0.5 +0.4 0.7 60 +0.5 +0.7 +1 +1.5 1 60 26 0.5 +1.0 +0.5 1.5 65 53 0.5 50 50 84 0.3

Unit mA

580 mV[rms] dB dB % dBV dB

Mono frequency characteristics-1 V1(MON) Mono frequency characteristics-2 V2(MON) Mono distortion ratio Mono noise level THD(MON) VN(MON)

(L), (R) output voltage difference VLR(MON) Stereo output level V0(ST)

620 mV[rms] dB dB dB % dBV mV[rms] dB

Stereo frequency characteristics-1 V1(ST) Stereo frequency characteristics-2 V2(ST) Stereo frequency characteristics-3 V3(ST) Stereo distortion ratio Stereo noise level Stereo discrimination level THD(ST) VN(ST) VTH(ST)

Stereo discrimination hysteresis VHY(ST) SAP output level V0(SAP)

700 mV[rms] dB dB % dBV mV[rms] dB dB dB mV[rms] dB

SAP frequency characteristics-1 V1(SAP) SAP frequency characteristics-2 V2(SAP) SAP distortion ratio SAP noise level SAP discrimination level SAP discrimination hysteresis SAP Stereo crosstalk Stereo SAP crosstalk Noise discrimination level THD(SAP) VN(SAP) VTH(SAP) VHY(SAP) CT1 CT2 VTH(NOI)

Noise discrimination hysteresis VHY(NOI)

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AN5819K
s Electrical Characteristics at VCC = 9.0 V, Ta = 25C (continued)
Parameter I2C interface IACK VIHI VILO fIMAX Maximum pin-2 sink current at ACK 2.0 3.5 0 10 Symbol Conditions Min Typ

ICs for TV

Max

Unit

Sink current at ACK SCL, SDA signal input high level SCL, SDA signal input low level Input available maximum frequency

20 5.0 0.9 100

mA V V kbit/s

Design reference data


Note) The characteristics listed below are theoretical values based on the IC design and are not guaranteed.

Parameter Stereo separation (30%)-1 Stereo separation (30%)-2 Stereo separation (30%)-3 Stereo separation (30%)-4 Stereo separation (100%)-1 Stereo separation (100%)-2 Stereo separation (100%)-3 Stereo separation (100%)-4 Stereo separation (10%)-1 Stereo separation (10%)-2 Stereo separation (10%)-3 Stereo separation (10%)-4 SAP Mono crosstalk Mono SAP crosstalk I2C interface Bus free before start Start condition set-up time Start condition hold time Low period SCL, SDA High period SCL Rise time SCL, SDA Fall time SCL, SDA Data set-up time (write) Data hold time (write)

Symbol Sep30-1 Sep30-2 Sep30-3 Sep30-4 Sep100-1 Sep100-2 Sep100-3 Sep100-4 Sep10-1 Sep10-2 Sep10-3 Sep10-4 CT3 CT4

Conditions f = 300 Hz, (L(R)-only) 30%mod. f = 1 kHz, (L(R)-only) 30%mod. f = 3 kHz, (L(R)-only) 30%mod. f = 8 kHz, (L(R)-only) 30%mod. f = 300 Hz, (L(R)-only) 100%mod. f = 1 kHz, (L(R)-only) 100%mod. f = 3 kHz, (L(R)-only) 100%mod. f = 8 kHz, (L(R)-only) 100%mod. f = 300 Hz, (L(R)-only) 10%mod. f = 1 kHz, (L(R)-only) 10%mod. f = 3 kHz, (L(R)-only) 10%mod. f = 8 kHz, (L(R)-only) 10%mod. (SAP) 1 kHz, 100%mod. (Mono)1 kHz, 0%mod. (SAP) 1 kHz, 0%mod. (Mono) 1 kHz, 100%mod.

Min 22 22 22 12 20 20 20 8 20 20 20 12

Typ 30 30 30 18 30 25 30 11 30 30 30 18

Max 53 56

Unit dB dB dB dB dB dB dB dB dB dB dB dB dB dB

tBUF tSU.STA tHD.STA tLO tHI tr tf tSU.DAT tHD.DAT

4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 0.25 0

1.0 0.35

s s s s s s s s s

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ICs for TV
s Electrical Characteristics at VCC = 9.0 V, Ta = 25C (continued)
Design reference data
Note) The characteristics listed below are theoretical values based on the IC design and are not guaranteed.

AN5819K

Parameter I2C interface (continued)

Symbol

Conditions 1LSB = (data (max.)data (00))/63

Min 0 4.0

Typ

Max

Unit s s s

Acknowledge set-up time Acknowledge hold time Stop condition set-up time DAC 6-bit DAC DNLE

tSU.ACK tHD.ACK tSU.STO L6

3.5

0.1

1.0

1.9

LSB Step

DAC timing chart


Start condition Slave address ACK Sub address ACK Data byte Stop ACK condition

SDA tBUF SCL tSU.STA tHD.STA tr tf tHI tLO tSU.DAT tHD.DAT tLO tSU.STO

s Terminal Equivalent Circuits


Pin No. 1 2 Equivalent circuit I2C Description GND: I2C bus DAC GND pin SDA: I2C bus data input pin Voltage (V) 0

100 k 2 1 k

VDD 5V

2.5 V 500 GND


3 SCL: I2C bus clock input pin

100 k 3 1 k

VDD 5V

2.5 V 500 GND

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AN5819K
s Terminal Equivalent Circuits (continued)
Pin No. 4 Equivalent circuit Description

ICs for TV

Voltage (V)

VCC

SAP LED: SAP LED connection pin

3 k 35 k GND

VCC

Stereo LED: Stereo LED connection pin

3 k 35 k GND

VCC

Pilot signal detection: Stereo pilot signal detection pin

VCC 2

18 k VCC 2

GND
Stereo PLL filter: Stereo PLL low-pass filter connection pin 2.8

VCC

7 6 k 28 k GND

8 9

VCC: VCC pin

VCC VCC 2

VCC

SAP trap filter: SAP trap filter

100 VCC 2 GND

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ICs for TV
s Terminal Equivalent Circuits (continued)
Pin No. 10
VCC

AN5819K

Equivalent circuit

Description Quasi sine-wave filter: Low-pass filter pin in quasi-sine wave circuit

Voltage (V) VCC 2

10 13.5 k VCC 2 GND

11

VCC

Stereo filter offset cancel: Offset cancel pin for stereo filter output

VCC 2

11 10 k VCC 2 GND
12 Composite input: Composite signal input pin VCC 2

VCC

12

50 k VCC 2 GND

13
VCC

dbx timing current: Timing current setting pin for dbx RMS detection

1.3

13

220 25 k 3.9 V GND

14

VCC 45 k 14 220 45 k GND

Reference: Reference power supply stabilization pin

VCC 2

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AN5819K
s Terminal Equivalent Circuits (continued)
Pin No. 15
VCC

ICs for TV

Equivalent circuit

Description (L-R)/SAP demodulation output: (L-R)/SAP demodulation signal output pin

Voltage (V) VCC 0.7 2

15 VCC 2 GND

16

VCC

dbx input: Input signal of (L-R)/SAP signal to dbx NR

VCC 2

16 50 k VCC 2 GND

17
VCC

(L+R) demodulation output offset cancel: (L+R) demodulation signal offset cancel pin

VCC 2

17 10 k VCC 2 GND

18
VCC

Spectral level adjustment: Variable emphasis level adjustment pin

VCC 2

18

360 18 k VCC 2

GND

19
7.5 A 19 15 A GND VCC

Spectral timing: RMS detection recovery time setting pin for variable emphasis

0.2

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ICs for TV
s Terminal Equivalent Circuits (continued)
Pin No. 20
VCC 3.1 k 20 VCC 2 GND

AN5819K

Equivalent circuit

Description Spectral level sensor input: RMS detection circuit input pin for variable emphasis

Voltage (V) VCC 2

21 22

GND: GND pin

0 VCC 2

VCC 4 k VCC 2 GND

Wideband level sensor input: RMS detection circuit input pin for wide band expander

22

23
7.5 A

VCC

Wideband timing: RMS detection recovery time setting pin for wide band expander

0.2

23 15 A GND

24

VCC

dbx offset cancel: dbx NR output offset cancel pin

VCC 2

24

10 k VCC 2 GND

25
50 25

VCC

R output: R line-out output pin

VCC 2

GND

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AN5819K
s Terminal Equivalent Circuits (continued)
Pin No. 26
VCC 50 26

ICs for TV

Equivalent circuit

Description L output: L line-out output pin

Voltage (V) VCC 2

GND

27

VCC

SAP carrier detection: SAP signal carrier level detection pin

VCC 2

27 20 k VCC 2

GND
SAP noise level setting: Noise detection pin for SAP malfunction prevention circuit (Mute SAP demodulation at detecting noise) VCC 2

28
VCC a 28 11 A SW b
V28>V27 V28<V27 SW a b

8.9 k VCC 2

Pin 27

GND

10

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ICs for TV
s Application Circuit Example

AN5819K

7 6.8 k 0.33 F

0.68 F

26 4.7 F L-out 25 4.7 F R-out

VCC 9 V

10 0.0033 F

GND

6 4.7 F

17 4.7 F

Stereo 5

21

Pilot det. 4.7 F

Matrix

LED driver I2 C decoder 2 3 1 SDA SCL I2C GND

11 Stereo filter

St. PLL L+R demod. LR demod. SAP filter Noise filter V-reg. I-reg. SAP demod. SAP noise det. (LR)/SAP switch dbx de-emph. 1 L+R filter LR filter SAP out filter 75 s de-emph.

4.7 F MPX in

dbx de-emph. 2 dbx wide band dbx spectral Wide band filter Spectral filter 22

12

Input VCA

SAP

1 F 23 20 10 F 0.1 F 19 18 3.3 F 0.022 F 24 4.7 F

13 91 k (allowance: 1%) 14 4.7 F 28 10 F

27

15

470 H

1 mH

4.7 F

0.01 F

0.0047 F

2.2 F

16

11

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