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Bien Estrella RIZAL III-B

Chapter 17 Summary
Failure to get JUSTICE for his Family

Rizal seeks help from the Filipino colony, the Asociacion Hispano-Filipina and the liberal Spanish newspapers in securing justice for the oppressed Calamba tenants including his family. Nothing came out of Rizals interview with Minister Fabie El Resumen To cover the ears , open the purse, and fold the arm. Letter from Saturnina: Deportation of Paciano, Antonio, Silvestre, Teong and Dandoy to Mindoro (shipped out of Manila on Sept. 6, 1890). Rizal also tried to see Queen Regent Maria Cristina, but failed. Rizals Eulogy to Panganiban Panganiban died in Barcelona (Aug. 19, 1890). He was Rizal's co-worker in the Propaganda Movement. Panganiban, that excellent companion of labor and difficulty, that amiable friend and countryman beloved, has just described to the tomb at the early age of 27 years... Aborted Duel with Antonio Luna Lunas frustrated romance with Nellie Boustead. Rizal heard Luna: His high sense of chivalry could not tolerate any slur against the honor of any women because of that Rizal challenged him to a duel. In the end, Luna became sober and was sorry for what happened. He and Rizal became friends again. Rizal Challenges Retana to Duel Wenceslao E. Retana is Rizals bitter enemy in writing. He was press agent of the friars in Spain La Epoca anti-Filipino newspaper in Madrid asserts Rizals family and friends had not paid their rents so they were ejected from their lands in Calamba by Dominicans Infidelity of Leonor Rivera Autumn of 1980, Rizal and some of his friends attended a play at Teatro Apolo. He lost his gold watch chain with a locket containing the picture of Leonor Rivera. December 1890, Rizal received a letter from Leonor: about her coming marriage to an Englishman (the choice of her mother) and asking for forgiveness. Rizal confided with his friend, Blumenttrit In his reply to Rizal, on Feb.15, 1890, saying that his wife cannot understand how a woman whom a Rizal has honored with his love would be able to abandon him and said that Rizal has a courageous heart, and he is in love with a nobler woman, the Motherland

Three months later, Blumenttrit sent another letter to Rizal saying that if Leonor was able to renounce a Rizal, she did not possess the nobility of his spirit. In other words, she is not the woman for Rizal. Rizal-Del Pilar Rivalry Toward the closing days of 1890, An unfortunate rivalry between Rizal and M.H. del Pilar for supremacy. Rizal, the most talented Filipino of his time. Del Pilar, the fearless lawyer-journalist. Del Pilar purchased La Solidaridad from Pablo Rianirez, its first proprietor, and had replaced Graciano Lopez Jaena as its editor. Rizals leadership declined and some of his former admirers became supporters of Del Pilar. The editorial policy of La Solidaridad enhanced the cleavage between Rizal and Del Pilar. Rizal and his close friends objected to the periodicals editorial policy which was occasionally contrary to Rizals political views. On Jan. 1, 1891 the Responsable - chosen to direct the affairs of the Filipino community and to determine the editorial policy of La Solidaridad. The Responsable should be elected by a two-thirds vote of the Filipino community. Del Pilar opposed the proposition Rizal Abdicates his Leadership The election first week of February, 1891. The Rizalistas and the Pilaristas; Rizal was winning, but he could not obtain the required two-thirds vote; on the second day, the result became indecisive. On the third day, Mariano Ponce appealed to his countrymen to vote for Rizal, which resulted to Rizals victory and became the Responsable. Rizal graciously declined the coveted position so that he did not relish being a leader of a divided people.He preferred to abdicate his leadership rather than be the cause of disunity and bitterness among his countrymen. Adios, Madrid Rizal wrote a brief note thanking his compatriots for electing him as Responsible. He boarded the train leaving for Biarritz. City of Madrid, where he was happy during his first sojourn (188285) but unhappy on his second visit (1890-91)