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8Aa On a diet 1

Name _____________________________
1 Tick the correct answers. We need food for energy to look nice for growth and repair for health 2
A C W W L F K Y

Class ____________

Find the words


F A T S P I G K V R J B Y B T W G B L C Z R V A J O V J X E E T I H E K M C E E K Y Q V I B U R L D C I N D I K P R O T E I N S E A B A R W V S V T I M A G S Q S E P I L H X C D S C N S V Z W B N D S N H E J

carbohydrates fats fibre proteins minerals vitamins water

Complete these sentences using words from the box. Our bodies cannot __ __ __ __ __ __ fibre, but it helps to keep our __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ clean. If we do not get enough __ __ __ __ __ we may get __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __. cells constipation cool digest intestines fibre Water is important because it is a __ __ __ __ __ __ __. it fills up __ __ __ __ __ so they hold their shapes. it can help __ __ __ __ us down.
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solvent

Exploring Science 8 pages 45

8Aa On a diet 2
Name
Looking at nutritional information labels.

Class

BreadNUTRITIONAL INFORMATIONper 100 genergy 920 kJprotein 2.5 gfibre 0.5 g 10.3 gcarbohydrate 6.5 gsodium 38.4 gfat

Look at the nutritional information label. Answer the questions: 1 How much protein is in 100 g of bread?

How much energy is in 100 g of bread?

3 Which food substance does bread contain the most of?

What s is a mineral?

How much fibre is in 100 g of bread?

Exploring Science 8 page 8

Pearson Education Limited 2003

8Ab Keeping it balanced 1


Name
You will need a copy of worksheet Keeping it balanced 2. A balanced diet is one that (contains a wide variety of foods/contains one type of food). food starch carbohydrates what it does provide energy where it is found

Class

sugar carbohydrates

fish to help us grow and repair our bodies

eggs

fats

vitamins and minerals

Exploring Science 8 page 8

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8Ab Keeping it balanced 2


Name Class
Cut out the boxes. Stick them in the correct parts of the table on worksheet Keeping it balanced 1.

to keep our bodies healthy bread bread potatoes potatoes

provide energy

proteins

cakes

sweets

for warmth and energy fruit and vegetables fruit and vegetables

Exploring Science 8 page 8

Pearson Education Limited 2003

8Ab Different diets


Name ______________________________ Class ____________
1 Complete these sentences using words below. We need to take in lots of __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ foods to get all the __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ we need. This is called a __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ diet. If our bodies do not get enough to eat we could __ __ __ __ __ __. In some parts of the world people get __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ caused by lack of a nutrient. balanced different diseases nutrients starve

Match up This disease is caused by lack of protein in the diet.

Anorexia

This disease can be caused by not eating enough food.

Heart disease

This disease can be caused by eating too much fat.

Kwashiorkor

Exploring Science 8 page 8

Pearson Education Limited 2003

8Ac Youve got guts


Name
Match-up
The break down of food into smaller soluble substances is called

Class

swallow

Large insoluble molecules such as starch, fats and proteins need to be broken up into smaller soluble molecules by

stomach

Saliva helps to make the food moist so it is easy to

digestion

The food is churned up and mixed with acid in the

small intestine

Food that we cannot digest has water removed in the

enzymes

When food is broken down it is absorbed through the wall of the

large intestine

Exploring Science 8 pages 10-11

Pearson Education Limited 2003

8Ad Break down


Name _____________________________ Class _____________
1 True or false? Each enzyme works best at a particular temperature. ____________ Each enzyme can work at any pH. ____________

Match up 2 3 What E help to break down large molecules? What S is a large molecule that has to be broken down? What D are the juices that contain enzymes? What A is what happens to small molecules in the small intestine? What S is a liquid in the mouth that contains enzymes? What H is the kind of acid in the stomach? What P is the kind of nutrient that is broken down in the stomach? protein absorbed

starch

4 5

6 7 8

saliva

digestive

enzymes

hydrochloric

Exploring Science 8 page 12

Pearson Education Limited 2003

8Ae In the blood 1


Name Colour wordsearch
1 What R is the way our cells use energy?

Class

colour the answer green


2 What B carries the digested food around the body?

colour the answer red


3 What H pumps the blood around the body?

colour the answer blue


4 What C is the system that the heart is part of?

colour the answer yellow


5 What A are blood vessels that carry the blood away from the heart?

colour the answer brown


6 What V are blood vessels that carry the blood to the heart?

colour the answer purple

r d r a c a

e e h b v c

s f e c e i

p g a d i r

i h r e n c

r i t f s u

a j s a b l

t k t r c a

i l u t d t

o m v e e o

n n w r f r

a o x i g y

b p y e h m

c q z s i n

b l o o d o

Exploring Science 8 page 14-15

Pearson Education Limited 2003

8Ae In the blood 2


Name
Complete the sentences using the words from the box. 1 Digestion breaks __ __ __ __ food substances into __ __ __ __ __ __ __ soluble ones that can be taken into the __ __ __ __ __ . They go through the wall of the __ __ __ __ __ intestine. blood down small smaller

Class

The inside of the small intestine has small structures called villi. They help to absorb the food.

Label the villi on the diagram

small intestine

Exploring Science 8 page 14-15

Pearson Education Limited 2003