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8Ja Magnetic attraction

Name
1

Class

Use the mixed-up words to name 3 magnetic metals. o n __ r __ __ n i c e k l c b o t a

__ i __ __ __ __

__ o __ __ __ __

2 True or false? Iron oxide is a compound that can be made into a magnet. __________ 3 magnet Steel is made of iron. It is magnetic. Aluminium is not magnetic. Colour the magnetic cans red.

Label the ends of the magnet using the words in the box. S This is the s __ __ __ __ p __ __ __. SNNSSNSNNSNSNSSN N This is the n __ __ __ __ p __ __ __ . repel north pole south pole

Repel or Attract?
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Exploring Science 8 pages 122-123

8Jd Sounds magnetic


Name Class
Here is the circuit for an electric bell. It uses an electromagnet. 1 You can make an electromagnet stronger by: increasing the __ __ __ __ __ __ __ in the wire. using an __ __ __ __ core. using more __ __ __ __ __ of __ __ __ __. coils current iron wire

Label the parts using the words below. switch __ __ __ __

__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __

__ __ __ __

__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __

Exploring __ Science 8 pages 122-123 __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __

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armature

cell

contacts

electromagnet

gong

springy metal

Exploring Science 8 pages 122-123

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8Jd Keep your distance


Name
1 A reed switch

Class
magnetic reeds

Complete the sentences using the words below A __ e __ __ switch has two thin pieces of __ a __ __ __ __ i __ material inside. We call these the __ e __ d __ . There is a __ a __ between the reeds but if a __ __ g __ e __ comes close the reeds become magnetised and they __ t __ r __ __ __ each other. When they touch an __ __ e __ t __ i __ __ __ r r __ __ __ can flow through.

attract

electric

current

gap reeds

magnet

magnetic

reed

t e

r e

e d

Across 2 The relay is put close to this part of a car .

Down 1 The starter motor uses a l current. 2 Relays can be used to make switches.

3 A switch that can be turned on or off by an electromagnet. 4 A relay can be made using a r switch.
Exploring Science 8 pages 124-125 Pearson Education Limited 2003

8Jb Pointing north


Name ____________________________ Class ____________

Complete these sentences using words below. This girl is __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __. She is using a __ __ __ __ __ __ __ to help her. A compass is a small __ __ __ __ __ __ that always points __ __ __ __ __. compass magnet north orienteering

2 a

Choose the right answers. The proper name for the end of a bar magnet that points north is A C the north pole the east pole B D the north-seeking pole the south seeking pole

When were compasses first used in China? A C 200 years ago 2300 years ago B D last year last week

What were compasses used for 800 years ago?

helping ships find their way

drawing circles

Exploring Science 8 pages 124-125

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orienteering

helping cars find their way

8Jc Force field


Name _________________________
1
6

Class _________
Compasses point towards the north magnetic _____. The space around a magnet where it has an effect is called the ______ field . You can find the shape of a magnetic field using ______ filings.

Across 1 2 4

5The direction of a magnetic field is away from the north pole and towards the ______ pole of a magnet.
4

Down 2 You can use a ______ compass used for finding the shape of a magnetic field. Compasses always point ______. 6 magnetic ______ . The Earth has a

Join the dots to show the shape of the magnetic field. Draw arrows to show the
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Exploring Science 8 pages 124-125

direction of the field.

8Je Coils and cores


Name _________________________
1

Class _________

Complete these sentences using words below An electric __ __ __ __ __ __ __ produces a __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ field around a wire. An electromagnet is a __ __ __ __ of wire. It has a magnetic __ __ __ __ __ like the magnetic field of a __ __ __ magnet. You can show the shape of a magnetic field using iron __ __ __ __ __ __ __ or a plotting compass. bar coil current field filings magnetic o r e c

Electromagnets often have a __ __ __ __ .

If the core is made out of a __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ material the magnetic field is stronger. m n e i a g t c i c

Exploring Science 8 pages 124-125

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These plotting compasses are showing the shape of the magnetic field around a bar magnet. Draw in the missing needles.

Exploring Science 8 pages 124-125

Pearson Education Limited 2003