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A Proposal for establishing A Centre for Advancement of Women in Rural Areas

School of Social Sciences and Humanities University of Management and Technology

University of Management and Technology

A Proposal for Establishing a Centre in UMT for

Women Advancement in Rural Areas


Introduction:
With the advent of a new political order in 2008, characterized by a heavy mandate given by the people of Pakistan to PPP, it has become imperative to launch a comprehensive plan according to the Partys vision and mission as announced in its Manifesto 2008.

Assessment of the present state of the nation calls for a radical change in the thinking of all concerned as well as concerted efforts by all nation building departments to get out of the quagmire of stagnation and must accept the challenge to fulfill the promises made to the people as announced in the Partys manifesto. A clear picture of the present state of the nation has been presented in the Manifesto. Promises have been made, plans to realize the promises have been clearly laid out and a resolve to fulfill the promises has been expressed on public forums by the Party Leadership. The PPP in its Manifesto therefore reiterates its commitment to provide food, clothing and shelter (Roti Kapra Aur Makaan) to every poor family in Pakistan through its unique emphasis on full employment. In order to achieve this the leadership of PPP promised to give priority to empowerment of women and ensure their equal rights.

PPP Manifesto
Emphasizing Empowerment of women and gender equality the Party Manifesto, among other measures, clearly spells out the commitment in the following paragraphs:

The key pillars of the equitable and pro-poor growth agenda comprise: Rapid Economic Growth; Combating Unemployment; Targeted Poverty Programs; Just Labour Policies; Private Sector as Engine of Growth; Accelerating Agricultural and Rural Growth, and Ensuring Water Security and Energy Infrastructure. Literacy and Health Corps (LHC) A large proportion of the jobs will be in the social sectors (elementary education and basic health-care) and will form part of the PPPs programme for the expansion of social services. This will

constitute a basic literacy and health corps in the service of the Nation. Accelerating Agriculture and Rural Growth As a farmer-friendly party, the PPP will help farmers boost production and obtain fair prices. The Pakistani peasant, mired in poverty and debt has to be rescued from the morass of despair by a bold policy which ensures that the private sector provides key inputs and services such as credit, fertilizer, pesticides, extension, marketing, seeds, tractors-in a timely manner and at competitive prices.

5 Health of the Nation The party will initiate a media campaign on various aspects of preventive health measures to increase awareness on health, safe motherhood, hygiene and nutrition.

Empowerment of Women The Pakistan Peoples Party has an unflinching commitment to the cause of Gender Equality ever since it was founded in 1967. It is also the only Party in Pakistan that is headed by a Woman. Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto was the first elected Woman Head of Government in the Muslim World. i) The Party shall enunciate a national employment policy for Women, facilitating job creation and Womens participation in the economy. The 10% affirmative action job quota for Women in public service initiated by Mohtarma Benazir Bhuttos government will be increased to 20%. ii) Effective legislation to enable legal ownership of assets and resources for Women will be enacted to facilitate their financial independence. iii) Ministry of Women Development will be part of important policymaking bodies to ensure that gender priorities are reflected in all policy initiatives.

6 Human Rights The PPP will protect the rights in particular of the weak and oppressed the discriminated and the downtrodden. Environment The PPP will follow environment-friendly policies to build a cleaner, healthier environment for our children. The PPP will accelerate programs which will ensure Clean Air, Land, and Water for All.

These promises have to be fulfilled according to the strategy laid down in the Manifesto if a new social order is to emerge from the chaos and havoc witnessed during the past decades.

Ushering in of a new social order free from illiteracy, poverty, disease, injustice and exploitation puts a great responsibility on all those who are responsible for the education of all men and women through every formal and informal modes.

The Demographic Challenge


Women population in Pakistan constitutes about 48% of the total population of which about 65% live in rural areas. According to Pakistan statistics (1998) the sex ratio, expressed in male per 100 female is 108.5 and literacy ratio of female (10+) is 32.05% in an economically active population of 22.24%. It is in this back-drop that the PPP Manifesto is to be realized. It is not difficult to imagine that the cause of this dismal situation is basically the very low participation of rural female population, particularly in

7 production of economic goods and services although their drudgery and hard labour is no less than that of rural males. Rural women are by and large, much less represented in every walk of national life; they suffer from lack of knowledge and essential life skills as well as access to social justice and equity in economic benefits. For most of their basic needs they depend wholly on men of their families. The dependence of women on men is one of the major causes of their low participation in political, economic and social activities. This

dependence has led the country to slow rate of growth and development in all sectors of national life. Since Beijing and Cairo conferences Pakistan has taken various initiatives to improve the situation. However, failure of past programs of women development suggests more focused result oriented programs involving greater participation of rural females in all activities including participation in political process, social uplift and in income generating activities. Up-till now the thrust of national policies for increasing participation of rural women in national development efforts have remained focused on formal education for young girls and on literacy programs for the adult females who have no access to education in rural areas. Although literacy drives aimed at increasing access to basic education through formal and informal modes, both by government and non-government organizations are bearing some results, the overall scenario in the global context has remained almost unchanged. This situation calls for re-thinking about the comparative low impact of these efforts in national development.

8 Literacy drives have failed to make a stir in rural females because the acquired literacy, which enables them to read, write and do some basic numerical calculations during the literacy courses, is all lost after some time when they find no opportunity or need to use these skills in actual day to day activities in their routine chores. A sustainable women development program must aim at not only basic literacy but also socio-economic independence and empowerment which inturn come through general awareness of their basic rights, access to social justice, political participation, economic independence, ability to contribute towards family income and welfare. Any program which aims at less than complete social transformation in rural life involving full participation of the women folk would not result in any sustainable development. Such sustainable development would require re-conceptualization at the highest level involving scholars and researchers as well as sociologists; educationists and educators in the centres of higher learning in the country.

UNIVERSITY OF MANAGEMENT AND TECHNOLOGY


Accepting this challenge the University of Management and Technology, one of the top most institutions of higher learning in the country plans to launch a comprehensive program of social transformation of the women in rural areas. Starting with establishment of a Centre for Advancement of Women in Rural Areas, CENAWRA, as a nucleus with a network of sub-centres, called Women Development Centres, WDCs, the UMT will start a movement for rural females towards empowerment, economic independence, family welfare and political participation.

9 It is an ambitious undertaking by a private university. However, emanating from the academia it will be a different program from the run-of-the mill programs now in vogue in the country. Involvement of the academia would ensure thinking and planning at the highest level of conceptual understanding involving global experiences and most recent trends which are hall-marks of modern universities. The objectives, basic features of the program, action plan, monitoring and evaluation; as well as financial implications are out-lined hereunder:

OBJECTIVES
General Objectives: Capacity building of rural women for economic development, political participation and social transformation in accordance with the PPP Manifesto. Specific Objectives 1. To conduct research studies on issues related to women in rural areas. 2. To develop awareness among rural females about their rights and responsibilities in the socio-religious context. 3. To enhance the socio-economic status of women of rural areas through skill development initiatives. 4. To motivate and train rural women to use local resources and appropriate skills for producing value-added goods to generate income and achieve economic independence for effective participation in national affairs. 5. To disseminate health related knowledge and skills for improvement of family health in rural environment.

10 6. To liaison and cooperate with governmental and non-governmental agencies in initiatives related to women development in rural areas.

Brief Description of the Project:


The UMT is launching a comprehensive program for development of women in rural areas of Punjab by establishing a Centre for Advancement of Women in Rural Areas, CENAWRA, as a nucleus connected with eight sub centres, called Women Development Centres, WDCs, one each in the districts of Lahore, Multan, Rahimyar Khan, Rawalpindi, Okara, Faisalabad, Shaikhupura, DG Khan and Attok. The number of WDC will be gradually increased subsequently to cover other areas. The organizational structures and functions of these centres will be as under: Centre for Advancement of Women in Rural Areas (CENAWRA) This Centre will be a part of UMTs School of Social Sciences and Humanities which is presently offering a large number of courses with strong emphasis on research at Bachelor, Master and Ph.D levels in various disciplines of Social Sciences including English Language and Literature, Education, Mass Communication, Islamic Sciences and Civilization. The Centre will be headed by a Director, who will be a Professor in any one of the disciplines of Social Sciences, supported by 4 Deputy Directors one each for Research and Development, Curriculum and Training, Printing and Publishing and Administration. Because of the specific nature of the task assigned to the Centre it will be housed in a separate custom-built campus comprising of an academic block, library, a desk-top printing facility and a hostel for WDCs staff and trainers, who will be often coming to

11 this Centre for their education and training. The land for construction of this Centre is available on the site of UMT campus. Women Development Centres (WDCs) WDCs will be established on the campuses of existing suitable girls middle schools in the project areas. Each WDC will have two classrooms/workshops, office for the chief instructor, staffroom, small kitchenette, a small store room and toilets. The staff of each WDC will comprise of four graduate trainers, a peon, a lady clerk besides the head of the WDC.

Action Plan:
The whole project will be implemented in three phases.

Phase 1: Establishment of CENAWRA at UMT and WDCs on girls school


campus. During this phase the following tasks will be completed: 1. Construction of the CENAWRA building. 2. Recruitment of the staff. 3. Development of data bases of various aspects of rural life and development needs. 4. Development of teaching learning materials. 5. Construction of WDCs on the girls school campuses. The time for the completion and furnishing of CENAWRA and WDCs will be approximately two years.

Phase 2: Launching of Rural Women Development Programs.

12 During phase 2 the program for development of rural females will be implemented through CENAWRA and WDCs as detailed below: (i) Training of the staff of the WDCs The staff of WDCs will be trained by the faculty of the School of Social Sciences and Humanities of the UMT through short courses, workshops, seminars and field work etc. They will be adequately equipped not only with the knowledge and skills required for training the rural females but also trained as leaders and change agents for rural societies. Training of rural females will then be undertaken by them under the guidance of CENAWRA. A number of local artisans will be hired, for imparting skills to produce value-added goods. The program will have the following components: (ii) Training of the rural women The training at WDCs will be targeted at those rural females who have already been equipped with basic literacy by various adult literacy programs or possess literacy because of formal schooling. The training will be imparted in the following areas: 1. Early childhood care and development. a. Child development b. Child Health c. Child psychology d. Learning at home 2. Health related skills including short practical courses in the following areas: a. House-hold sanitation b. Maternity related health c. First aid related to house hold injuries etc. d. Feeds for infants/sick and elderly 3. Local Products and Crafts

13 a. Preparation of pickles, squashes etc. b. Preparing dry vegetables c. Toy-making d. Garment making e. Sewing f. Knitting g. Paper flowers and decorations making. h. Carpet weaving i. etc etc. 4. Environmental Protection and Improvement a. Crops protection and storage. b. Keeping environment free from poisonous and harmful chemicals, insecticides etc. c. Fire hazards, protection and fire fighting. d. Safe disposal of organic wastes. e. Saving water resources from contamination. f. Growing flowers and vegetables (kitchen garden) 5. Human Rights a. Human and legal rights of women b. Dealing with family feuds c. Dealing with un-Islamic and antisocial customs

The training modules of all these areas will be developed by CENAWRA and provided to the WDCs along with necessary teaching aids. Phase two work will continue with full vigour for two years. At the same time evaluation feedback of every activity and material used will be undertaken through continuous assessment procedures.

Phase 3:

14 As a result of work undertaken in phase 2 all materials, programs and activities will be revised, updated by CENAWRA and implemented in the existing WDCs during the last year of the plan period. At the end of phase 3 linkages will be established with local, national and international agencies for enrichment and support of the programs. It will also be a time for expansion of the program by establishing more WDCs covering larger areas of the country in accordance with the resources available at the national level.

Financial Implications
The financial requirements include three components: 1) Establishment of CENAWRA at UMT and developing programs, curricula and training. 2) Development of WDCs in eight districts of the Punjab. 3) Capacity building of rural women through education, training and development of marketable skills.

Cost Estimate
The cost estimates for each component are as under: 1. Costs for establishing CENAWRA at UMT. (i) Capital Costs: a. Building & Equipment: Construction of CENAWRA on a 1800 sq ft of land on UMT campus (includes classrooms, offices etc.) = Rs 36.0 million Equipment & furniture etc = Rs 20.0 million Total capital expenditure = Rs 56.00 million b. Other costs:

15 i. ii. Material Development & Training = Rs 40.00 million Transport & POL charges for 5 years = Rs. 10.00 million Total = 50 million. (ii) Recurring costs (Salaries & allowances of staff) = Rs 15.00 million for 5 years Costs to be incurred at CENAWRA = Rs 121 million 2. Development of 8 WDCs, one each in 8 districts of Punjab. (i) Capital Costs: Cost of constructing one WDC on the campus of a Girls Elementary School = Rs. 3.50 million Cost of Constructing 8 WDCs = Rs. 28.00 million Cost of Equipment and furniture for 8 WDCS = 20 million Total = Rs. 48.00 million (ii) Recurring Costs Salaries and allowances of staff for 3 years = Rs. 1.5 x 3 years x 8 WDCs. = Rs. 36.00 million Total costs of 8 WDCs = Rs. 84.00 million 3. Development of Curricula, Modules of courses and capacity building of Rural Women.
(i) Developing of curricula of various courses, mass production of Teaching-Learning materials for rural females = Rs. 50.00 million

16 (ii) Training of 200,000 rural females in various courses and related initiatives for socio-economic transformation = 250,000 women x Rs 800 each = Rs 200.00 million. (iii) Development of data-bases for training and research studies, development of reports, publicity campaign etc. = Rs. 50.00 million Total Cost = Rs. 300.00 million

4. Total Cost of the project for 5 years (2008-13) = Rs. 260 million Total of (1) + (2) + (3) = Rs. 505.00 million Or say = Rs. 500.00 million