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100%

78%
58%
45%
40%

Water Content in Various Brines


110%
100%
90%
Water Content, Wt%

8.5
10
12
14
15.2

80%
70%
60%
50%
40%
30%
20%
8

10

12
Brines Density, ppg

n Various Brines

s Density, ppg

14

16

3% KCl + HE Polymers

concentration, lb/BBl =

HE100

Powder

PV =
YP =

6
2

11
6

14
11

19
19

HE100

Emulsion

PV =
YP =

7
1

12
8

16
19

21
31

HE100

Powder

PV =
YP =

5
0

8
2

12
3

17
11

HE100

Emulsion

PV =
YP =

5
0

8
7

15
16

21
28

35
43

30
35

29
17

37
23

33
42

38
69

10 ppg NaCl + Polymer

concentration, lb/BBl =

HE100

Powder

PV =
YP =

8
1

13
4

21
4

28
10

HE100

Emulsion

PV =
YP =

8
2

13
6

18
13

25
19

HE100

Powder

PV =
YP =

6
1

9
1

12
2

16
3

HE100

Emulsion

PV =
YP =

6
0

9
2

14
6

19
13

35
21

40
29

32
28

38
43

41
61

20
6

25
8

40
10

25
21

34
34

37
36

10.7# CaCl2 + Polymer

concentration, lb/BBl =

HE100

Powder

PV =
YP =

9
0

14
2

20
7

28
11

HE100

Emulsion

PV =
YP =

10
-1

14
2

21
5

25
13

HE100

Powder

PV =
YP =

7
1

10
2

14
2

17
4

HE100

Emulsion

PV =
YP =

7
1

10
3

15
6

22
11

39
15

48
24

54
42

38
15

47
26

56
41

22
7

27
10

34
12

29
20

39
28

46
47

11.5 ppg NaBr + Polymer

concentration, lb/BBl =

HE100

Powder

PV =
YP =

6
0

9
2

13
4

16
9

HE100

Emulsion

PV =
YP =

12
3

15
9

19
16

HE100

Powder

PV =
YP =

5
0

7
1

10
2

14
4

HE100

Emulsion

PV =
YP =

5
0

8
1

11
6

17
12

21
15

27
22

45
30

24
23

31
28

36
43

18
9

23
14

30
19

25
15

32
25

36
37

7 lb/BBl HE300 (Dry) in CaCl2


Brine Density =
PV =
YP =

10.6

10.8

11.0

11.2

11.4

11.6

40
30

45
17

73
19

75
25

95
21

80
30

7 lb/BBl HE 300 in CaCl2


100
90

Plastic Viscosity

80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0

10.6

10.8

11.0

11.2

Brine Density, ppg

11.4

11.6

13.0 ppg CaBr Brine

concentration, lb/BBl =

HE100

Powder

PV =
YP =

15
0

22
1

23
12

60
-3

HE100

Emulsion

PV =
YP =

9
1

15
1

22
3

34
3

HE100

Emulsion

PV =
YP =

13
-1

15
0

19
1

25
2

141
-6

51
8

71
15

98
19

33
4

45
8

64
10

16.0 ppg CaBr/ZnBr Brine


concentration
lb/BBl
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

HE100
PV
15
26
40
69
80
112
186
-

Emulsion
YP
0
4
7
14
20
26
4
-

HE300
PV
14
18
27
37
51
77
97

ne
Emulsion
YP
2
4
4
6
13
20
33

3% KCl + 6 lb/BBl HE100d

rpm
3
6
100
200
300

Fann 50 Data - 2500F


Shear
Shear
Rate
Stress
sec-1
dyne/cm2
5.11
24
10.22
32
170.3
117
340.7
162
511.0
196

Viscosity
cp
470
313
69
48
38

Equivalent
Fann 35
Dial Reading
degress
4.7
6.3
22.9
31.7
38.4

Equivalent Fann 35 Reading = (Shear Stress) / 5.107

n'
K'
Visc =
(170 sec-1)
PV =
YP =

0.4683
0.0221
69

23
15

128
122
94
78
69
71
64
70
150

3% KCl + 6lb/BBl HE100d

Viscosity, cp (170 sec-1)

200

150

100
1 Hr

50

0
75

100

150

200

250

250

Temperature, 0F
With Stabilizer

300

1 Hr

300

300

85

83
61
42
32
31
24
25
20
20
83

3% KCl + 7 lb/BBl HE300 (d)


100

Viscosity, cp (170 sec-1)

80

60

40
I Hr

20

0
75

100

150

200

200

Temperature,
With Stabilizer

lb/BBl HE300 (d)

I Hr
I Hr

250

Temperature, 0F
With Stabilizer

250

300

300

85

123
101
87
75
69
59
58
48
50
120

3% KCl + 5 lb/BBl HE100 Emulsio


140

Viscosity, cp (170 sec-1)

120

100

80

I Hr

60

40

20

0
75

100

150

200

200

Temperature,
With Stabilizer

lb/BBl HE100 Emulsion

I Hr
I Hr

250

Temperature, 0F
With Stabilizer

250

300

300

75

108
97
70
57
53
41
38
28
25
74

3% KCl + 5 lb/BBl HE300 Emulsion


120

Viscosity, cp (170 sec-1)

100

80

60

I Hr

40

20

0
75

100

150

200

200

250

Temperature,
With Stabilizer

b/BBl HE300 Emulsion

I Hr
I Hr

250

Temperature, 0F
With Stabilizer

250

300

300

75

121
102
76
60
58
44
44
37
37
116

10 ppg NaCl + 6 lb/BBl HE100 Emulsi


140

Viscosity, cp (170 sec-1)

120

100

80
1 Hr

60

40

20

0
85

100

150

200

200

250

Temperature,
With Stabilizer

/BBl HE100 Emulsion

1 Hr
1 Hr

250

Temperature, 0F
With Stabilizer

250

300

300

85

114
83
55
41
44
35
35
27
26
90

10.7 ppg CaCl2 + 7 lb/BBl HE100 Emuls


120

Viscosity, cp (170 sec-1)

100

80

60
1 Hr
40

20

0
75

100

150

200

200

250

Temperature,
With Stabilizer

b/BBl HE100 Emulsion

1 Hr
1 Hr

250

Temperature, 0F
With Stabilizer

250

300

300

77

122
88
60
52
63
58
60
52
51
173

13 ppg CaBr2 + 6 lb/BBl HE100 Emulsio


200

Viscosity, cp (170 sec-1)

150

100

1 Hr
50

78

105

150

200

200

250

Temperature,

6 lb/BBl HE100 Emulsion

1 Hr

250

Temperature, 0F

250

1 Hr

300

300

78

185
132
82
63
65
51
50
42
39
180

16 ppg ZnBr2 + 6 lb/BBl HE100 Emulsion


200

Viscosity, cp (170 sec-1)

150

100

1 Hr
50

78

110

155

200

200

250

Temperature, 0F

/BBl HE100 Emulsion

1 Hr
1 Hr

250
0F

300

300

78

10# NaCl + 5 ppb HE100 (e) + 1 ppb NaHCO3

Temp = 740F
RPM

After Aging for 15 Hours at 3500F

3
6
101
201
301
502

Viscosity
cp
380
304
94
71
61
52

Viscosity
cp
299
185
61
50
47
42

pH =

7.7

HCO3

or 15 Hours at 3500F
Percent
of Original
Viscosity
79%
61%
64%
70%
76%
80%

75
52
100
99
170
138.5
115.6
100
85.9
78.5
69

13 ppg CaBr2 + 9 lb/BBl HE300 Emulsion


200

Viscosity, cp (40 sec-1)

0
0.23
0.42
0.46
0.99
2.54
5
7.5
10
12.53
15.04

150

100

50

0
0

Time at 3500F, hrs

b/BBl HE300 Emulsion


400

300

200

100

10

F, hrs

15

95
98
96
95
95
94
92
92
91
90
89
89.4
88
86.2
85.1
84
83
82

14.2 ppg CaBr2 + 6 lb/BBl HE100 Emulsi


+ 2.5 lb/BBl Starch + 20 lb/BBl CaCO
120

Viscosity, cp (170 sec-1)

0
1
2
2.95
4
5
6
7
7.94
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
15.74
17

100
80
60
40
20
0
0

Time at 200

+ 6 lb/BBl HE100 Emulsion


Starch + 20 lb/BBl CaCO3

10

Time at 2000F, Hrs

15

20

145
50
48
43
40
30
32
30
27
175

5 lb/BBl HE300 Emulsion in 16 ppg ZnBr


200

Viscosity, cp (170 sec-1)

150

100

1 Hr

50

1 Hr
1 Hr

0
80

200

200

250

250

300

Temperature, 0F

300

ion in 16 ppg ZnBr2

1 Hr

300

1 Hr

350

350

80