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Electrical Relay Diagram

and
P&ID Symbols

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Electrical Relay
Diagram Symbols

E LECTRICAL R ELAY D IAGRAM S YMBOLS

SWITCHES
Limit
Circuit Circuit
Disconnect Interrupter Breaker Normally Normally Neutral Position
Open Closed
LS LS Actuated
LS
DISC C1
CB LS
Held Held NP
Closed Open NP
LS LS

Limit (cont.) Liquid Level Vacuum & Pressure Temperature


Maintained Proximity Switch Normally Normally Normally Normally Normally Normally
Position Closed Open Open Closed Open Closed Open Closed
LS PRS PRS FS FS PS PS TS TS

Flow (Air, Water) Foot Toggle Cable Plugging Nonplug


Operated F F F
Normally Normally Normally Normally (Emerg.)
Open Closed Open Closed PLS PLS PLS
Switch
TGS
FLS FLS FTS FTS COS

PB
R R
Plugging Selector Rotary Selector
w/Lockout Nonbridging Bridging
Coil 2-Position 3-Position
Contacts Contacts
SS SS
RSS RSS
F 1 2 3
1 2
PLS

OR OR
RSS RSS

1
LO
Total Contacts To Suit Needs
Push Buttons Connections, Etc.
Thermocouple
Switch Single Double Circuit Maintained Conductors
Circuit Mushroom Contact Not
PB Connected
TCS Normally Head Connected
Open
– + PB PB
OFF PB

1 – +
Normally
Closed
2 – + PB

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Electrical Relay
Diagram Symbols

Connections, Etc. (cont.) Contacts


Chassis Plug Time Delay After Coil Relay, Etc. Thermal
Ground Or Frame and Normally Normally Normally Normally Normally Normally Over-
Not Necessarily
Grounded Recp. Open Closed Open Closed Open Closed Load
GRD CH PL TR TR TR TR CR M CR M OL

CON CON IDL

RECP

Coils
Relays, Solenoids, Brakes, Etc. Thermal Control
Timers, 2-Position 3-Position 2-Position Overload Circuit
Etc. General Hydraulic Pneumatic Lubrication Element Transformer
CR TR SOL SOL SOL SOL OL H1 H3 H2 H4
M CON 2-H 3-P 2-L IOL
T
X1 X2

Coils (cont.) Motors


Reactors (cont.)
3-Phase DC Motor
Adjustable Air Core Magnetic Amplifier Motor Armature
Iron Core Winding
MAX MTR MTR

X
X A

Pilot Lights Horns, Siren, Etc. Buzzer Bell


Push to Test
AH ABU ABE
PL PL

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P&ID
Symbols

P&ID S YMBOLS

INSTRUMENT LINE SYMBOLS

Capillary tube

Electric signal

EM, sonic, radioactive

Hydraulic

Pneumatic

Process

SYMBOLS FOR TRANSDUCERS AND ELEMENTS

FE FE
10 104

Orifice plate Venturi or nozzle

EE FI
4 5

Magnetic Rotameter

FV
101

Control valve

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P&ID
Symbols

INSTRUMENT IDENTIFICATION LETTERING

First Letter Second Letter


A Analysis Alarm
B Burner, combustion User’s choice*
C User’s choice Control
D User’s choice
E Voltage Sensory (primary element)
F Flow rate
G User's choice Glass (sight tube)
H Hand (manually initiated)
I Current (electric) Indicate
J Power
K Time or time schedule Control station
L Level Light (pilot)
M User’s choice
N User’s choice User’s choice
O User’s choice Orifice, restriction
P Pressure, vacuum Point (test connection)
Q Quantity
R Radiation Record or print
S Speed or frequency Switch
T Temperature Transmit
U Multivariable Multifunction
V Vibration, mechanical analysis Valve, damper, louver
W Weight, force Well
X Unclassified** Unclassified
Y Event, state, or presence Relay, compute
Z Position, dimension Driver, actuator, unclassified

* User’s choice may be used to denote a particular meaning, having one


meaning as a first letter and another meaning as a second letter. The user
must describe the particular meaning(s) in the legend. This letter can be used
repetitively in a particular project.
** Unclassified letters may be used only once or to a limited extent. If used, the
letter may have one meaning as a first letter and another meaning as a second
letter. The user must specify the meaning(s) in the legend.

Reference: ANSI/ISA-S5.1-1984, Instrumentation Symbols and Identification, ISBN 0-87664-844-8

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