55 views

Uploaded by deschideochii

Timoshenko Beam Theory

- Loaded Timoshenko Beam
- MAE465_Beam_PMPE-1
- Chapter 4 Deflection-f (1)
- 2.Model Relations Between Conceptual and Detail Design
- Amrita Ingnam
- Sheikh Mechcomp 2014 Presentation final.pptx
- What is a Fixed Support
- 45 Concrete Column
- Bending Experiment
- RCC CULVERT
- Numerical Modelling in Geo engineering
- Roark Excel 8thEd Rev 005
- Problem 2-002.pdf
- Module 7 With Solutions
- 9. Moving Force Identification Based on Finite Element Formulation
- Purlin Design
- Applied Mechanics
- Conclusions
- deckslab10W
- Double Girder Box Type EOT Crane Design

You are on page 1of 3

ca The notes are revised without notice and they are provided as is without warranty of any kind. You are encouraged to submit comments, suggestions, and questions to terje@civil.ubc.ca It is unnecessary to print these notes because they will remain available online.

Timoshenko Beams

The Euler-Bernoulli beam theory neglects shear deformations by assuming that plane sections remain plane and perpendicular to the neutral axis during bending. As a result, shear strains and stresses are removed from the theory. Shear forces are only recovered later by equilibrium: V=dM/dx. In reality, the beam cross-section deforms somewhat like what is shown in Figure 1c. This is particularly the case for deep beams, i.e., those with relatively high cross-sections compared with the beam length, when they are subjected to significant shear forces. Usually the shear stresses are highest around the neutral axis, which is where; consequently, the largest shear deformation takes place. Hence, the actual cross-section curves. Instead of modelling this curved shape of the cross-section, the Timoshenko beam theory retains the assumption that the cross-section remains plane during bending. However, the assumption that it must remain perpendicular to the neutral axis is relaxed. In other words, the Timoshenko beam theory is based on the shear deformation mode in Figure 1d.

dx

!v

-dw

-dwv

The average shear deformation in Figure 1d is linked with reality, i.e., the shear deformation in Figure 1b and Figure 1c by equality of work. It is required that the work carried out in the average deformation must equal the sum of the work carried out by all fibres deforming:

dw dA = dw

A

(1)

Terje Haukaas

www.inrisk.ubc.ca

( dx ) dA = (

A

dx ) V

(2)

Substitution of the material law =G , where G is the shear modulus defined by G=E/(2(1+)), yields:

dx dA = dx V G G

A

(3)

Furthermore, on the right-hand side the average shear stress is written in terms of the shear force on the cross-section, i.e., v=V/Av, where Av is an auxiliary shear area that is defined shortly:

V 1 dx dA = dx V G Av G A

(4)

Substitution of the expression for shear stress from Euler-Bernoulli beam theory on the left-hand side, and definition of the shear area as Av= A, where is a constant that is defined shortly yields:

1 V 1 V Q dx dA = dx V I t G A G A

2

(5)

I2 = 2 Q A dA t A

(6)

Essentially, reveals how much of the cross-section that the shear force is smeared uniformly over in the average shear deformation configuration. Upon determining the shear area, Av, which is addressed in another document, the shear deformation is readily included in the structural analysis, as shown in the unit virtual load method for deformation computations. Notice in particular that, according to the equations written in the text above, the shear angle contribution from each infinitesimally long beam element is

v =

v V = G GAv

(7)

where Av=A. Eq. (7) is employed in the unit virtual load method to include shear deformation in the calculation of displacements and rotations. Eq. (7) is also used to amend the differential equation for beam bending from Euler-Bernoulli beam theory. In particular, it is the kinematic relationship that changes due to shear deformation. The rotation of the cross-section is no longer equal to the rotation of the beam axis. As observed in Figure 2, the cross-section is rotating more due to shear deformation. The total cross-section rotation is

Timoshenko Beams

Page 2

Terje Haukaas

www.inrisk.ubc.ca

dw + v dx

(8)

Substitution into the kinematic equations from Euler-Bernoulli beam theory yields

d 2 w d du d = z = 2 v z dx dx dx dx

(9)

Combined with the classical equations for equilibrium and material law, the modified differential equation for beam bending according to Timoshenko theory is

q= d 2 w d v 2 d 4 w d 3 v d2 E + z d A = EI + 2 4 dx 2 dx dx dx dx 3 A

(10)

d 4w 1 d 3V q = EI 4 + GAv dx 3 dx

Combined with the following classical equilibrium equation

qz = dV dx

(11)

(12)

d 4 w qz 1 d 2q = + dx 4 EI GAv dx 2

(13)

Forces:

dx

V+dV

M+dM

dw dx

Flexural deformation:

dx

dw

=v

Shear deformation:

Timoshenko Beams Page 3

- Loaded Timoshenko BeamUploaded byap scattolin
- MAE465_Beam_PMPE-1Uploaded bychesspalace2
- Chapter 4 Deflection-f (1)Uploaded byMostafa Sabea
- 2.Model Relations Between Conceptual and Detail DesignUploaded byLau Yeowhong
- Amrita IngnamUploaded bySandip Budhathoki
- Sheikh Mechcomp 2014 Presentation final.pptxUploaded byAlhaz Uddin
- What is a Fixed SupportUploaded bybmyertekin
- 45 Concrete ColumnUploaded byspattiwar
- Bending ExperimentUploaded byamin
- RCC CULVERTUploaded bynelsonsainz
- Numerical Modelling in Geo engineeringUploaded byCarlos Xavier Azua Gonzalez
- Roark Excel 8thEd Rev 005Uploaded byAmaro Moraes
- Problem 2-002.pdfUploaded byFranz Alex Fernandez Ceron
- Module 7 With SolutionsUploaded byphysicsnewblol
- 9. Moving Force Identification Based on Finite Element FormulationUploaded byNeslihan Gençkal
- Purlin DesignUploaded byRavindra Bansode
- Applied MechanicsUploaded byAmit Pathania
- ConclusionsUploaded bydcuong9g
- deckslab10WUploaded byPranay Reddy
- Double Girder Box Type EOT Crane DesignUploaded byJeevan Hingne
- eth-41432-01Uploaded byAnonymous dkML2wzU
- 001 RCM Chapter 1 - IntroductionUploaded byMossSkosana
- Q 1Uploaded bybadr am
- p9Uploaded byPranay Reddy
- MainsUploaded bySusheel Kumar
- 4_Pure bending(1).pdfUploaded byhaulam lee
- Science__Finite Element Modelling of Plastic Collapse of MeUploaded byav8b
- tv_19_2012_3_653_658.pdfUploaded byjcvalencia
- Mechanics of Materials Solutions Chapter08 Probs65 81Uploaded byArishChoy
- Specific Beam Loading Case_ Simply Supported_ Center LoadUploaded byragupathi

- The link across Storebælt – Denmark’s connecting linkUploaded bydeschideochii
- culegere probleme mecanicaUploaded byallexandra tone
- Palmgren-Miner From Paris EquationUploaded bydeschideochii
- Baze de date 2Uploaded bykkappa
- Bridges Dynamics (1)Uploaded bydeschideochii
- Functiunea conturilorUploaded bydeschideochii
- Etabs ManualUploaded byMichael Y Lee
- Bu133DeuUploaded bydeschideochii
- arta conversatiei.pdfUploaded byangela
- CaeUploaded bydeschideochii
- Rezistenta MaterialelorUploaded byzlili
- Bu133EngUploaded bydeschideochii

- e-pr-551Uploaded byBeergson2
- Kougias-FinalReportUploaded byDinh Cuong Tran
- Procedure for Visual InspectionUploaded byAkhilesh Kumar
- 215070662-FACADE-FABRICS.pdfUploaded byGauri Puranik
- Application of Teflon in Fabric ProtectionUploaded byMohammed Atiqul Hoque Chowdhury
- An Experimental Investigation on Axial Strength of Steel Tubular Short Columns Infilled with High Volume GGBSUploaded byIJSRP ORG
- Inspection Manual for PipingUploaded byzula74
- Wps Smaw3g Smaw B-u2 ( Vacio )Uploaded byRichard Gonzales Capchi
- Che 501 - TutorialsUploaded byIgnatius Setiadi Prabowo
- IRJET-Study on Durability Parameters of High Strength Concrete Using Slag Sand and Quarry SandUploaded byIRJET Journal
- Macro-Etching.docUploaded byAdeel Ikhlaq
- Determination of shear stressUploaded byshirbhatenj
- Effect of Techniques in Preparing VCO NanoparticlesUploaded byIOSRjournal
- Thrust Anchor Blocks for Vertically Inclined Hrizontal BendUploaded byKushan Dhanushka Nanayakkara
- polyanilineteachercontentbackgroundandresoucesUploaded byapi-298708900
- D15M-D15-2002_Section_7.pdfUploaded bySurya
- All About Fatty Alcohols CondeaUploaded byKatrina Miller
- Application of Technology ForUploaded byHotib Perwira
- Tetrahedron 56 7829Uploaded byGausic Suriyaa
- D5405D5405M-98(2011)e1 Standard Test Method for Conducting Time-To-Failure (Creep- Rupture) Tests of Joints Fabricated From Nonbituminous Organic Roof Membrane MaterialUploaded byKali Prasad
- Physics AssignmentUploaded byHussein Boffu
- Manufacturing of Surface Composite Al6351/SIC Using Friction Stir ProcessingUploaded byInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- SS400-AMM34-High Strength Dual Phase Steels and Flow Curve Modeling ApproachUploaded byagustine06
- ASME Titanium Material.pdfUploaded byvijayanmks
- Struc analysis assignmentUploaded byrameshbabu_1979
- Tf Spherical Bearings RevisehgdghdUploaded byRusandi Noor
- P367Uploaded by_Asylum_
- materials-06-04226Uploaded byajmalhasan28
- Differences Between Solids and FluidsUploaded bygknindrasenan
- TERM PAPER 14829_M2011CHE401Uploaded byRajiur Rahman