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AISC-LRFD93 Example 002


WIDE FLANGE MEMBER UNDER COMBINED COMPRESSION & BIAXIAL BENDING EXAMPLE DESCRIPTION A check of the column adequacy is checked for combined axial compression and flexural loads. The column is 14 feet tall and loaded with an axial load, Pu = 1400 kips and bending, M ux , M uy = 200k-ft and 70k-ft, respectively. It is assumed that there is reverse-curvature bending with equal end moments about both axes and no loads along the member. The column demand/capacity ratio is checked against the results of Example 6.2 in the 3rd Edition, LRFD Manual of Steel Construction, pages 6-6 to 6-8. GEOMETRY, PROPERTIES AND LOADING

Member Properties W14X176 E = 29000 ksi Fy = 50 ksi

Loading Pu = 1,400 kips Mux = 200 kip-ft Muy = 70 kip-ft

Geometry H = 14.0 ft

TECHNICAL FEATURES TESTED Section compactness check (compression) Member compression capacity Member bending capacity Demand/capacity ratio, D/C
AISC-LRFD93 Example 002 - 1

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RESULTS COMPARISON Independent results are hand calculated and compared with the results from Example 6.2 in the 3rd Edition, LRFD Manual of Steel Construction, pages 6-6 to 6-8. Percent Difference 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%

Output Parameter Compactness

ETABS Compact 1937.84 1200 600.478 0.974

Independent Compact 1937.84 1200 600.478 0.974

c Pn (kips) b M nx (k-ft)
b M ny (k-ft)
D/C

COMPUTER FILE: AISC-LRFD93 EX002 CONCLUSION The results show an exact comparison with the independent results.

AISC-LRFD93 Example 002 - 2

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HAND CALCULATION Properties: Material: ASTM A992 Grade 50 Steel Fy = 50 ksi, E = 29,000 ksi Section: W14x176 A = 51.8 in2, bf = 15.7 in, tf = 1.31 in, d = 15.2 in, tw = 0.83 in hc = d 2t f = 15.2 2 1.31 = 12.58 in Ix = 2,140 in4, Iy = 838 in4, rx = 6.4275 in, ry = 4.0221 in Sx = 281.579 in3, Sy = 106.7516 in3, Zx = 320.0 in3, Zy = 163.0 in3. Member: Kx = Ky = 1.0 L = Lb = 14 ft Other c = 0.85 b = 0.9

Loadings: Pu = 1400 kips Mux = 200 k-ft Muy = 70 k-ft Section Compactness: Localized Buckling for Flange: / 2) (b (15.7 f / 2) = = = 5.99 1.31 tf = p 65 = Fy 65 = 9.19 50

< p , No localized flange buckling Flange is Compact.

AISC-LRFD93 Example 002 - 3

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Localized Buckling for Web: h 12.58 = c = = 15.16 tw 0.83 b Py = b Ag Fy = 0.9 51.8 50 = 2331 kips

Pu 1400 = = 0.601 b Py 2331 Pu Since = 0.601 > 0.125 b Py


= p = p 191 Fy P 2.33 u b Py 253 Fy

191 253 = ( 2.33 0.601 ) 46.714 = 35.780 50 50 < p , No localized web buckling Web is Compact. Section is Compact.

Member Compression Capacity: For braced frames, K = 1.0 and KxLx = KyLy = 14.0 ft, From AISC Table 4-2, c Pn = 1940 kips Or by hand, = c K y L Fy 1.0 14 12 50 = = 0.552 4.022 29000 ry E

Since c < 1.5,

Fcr = Fy 0.658c

50 0.658 )=

0.5522

= 44.012 ksi

c Pn = c Fcr Ag = 0.85 44.012 51.8

c Pn = 1937.84 kips

AISC-LRFD93 Example 002 - 4

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From LRFD Specification Section H1.2,


Pu 1400 = = 0.722 > 0.2 c Pn 1937.84

Therefore, LRFD Specification Equation H1-1a governs. Section Bending Capacity 50 310 = = = 1333.333 k-ft M F px yZx 12 M py = Fy Z y
Zy 163 However,= = 1.527 > 1.5, S y 106.7516 So Zy = 1.5 S y = 1.5 106.7516 = 160.1274in 3
= M py 50 160.1274 = 667.198 k-ft 12

Member Bending Capacity From LRFD Specification Equation F1-4, L p = 1.76ry E Fyf

1.76 4.02 L= p
b M nx = b M px

29000 1 = 14.2 ft > L 14 ft = b 12 50

b M nx = 0.9 1333.333 b M nx = 1200 k-ft


b M ny = b M py
b M ny = 0.9 667.198

b M ny = 600.478 k-ft

AISC-LRFD93 Example 002 - 5

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Interaction Capacity: Compression & Bending From LRFD Specification section C1.2, for a braced frame, Mlt = 0.
M ux = B1x M ntx , where M ntx = 200 kip-ft; and

M uy = B1 y M nty , where M nty = 70 kip-ft


B1 = Cm Pu 1 P e1 1

For reverse curvature bending and equal end moments: M1 = +1.0 M2

M1 C m = 0.6 0.4 M 2 C m = 0.6 0.4(1.0 ) = 0.2


pe1 =

( KL )

2 EI
2

= pe1x

2 29000 2140 = 21, 702 kips 2 (14.0 12 )

2 29000 838 = 8, 498 pe1 y = 2 (14.0 12 ) 1 Pu 1 P e1 x 0.2 = B1x = 0.214 1 1400 1 21702 B1x = C mx

AISC-LRFD93 Example 002 - 6

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B1x = 1
1 P u 1 P e1 y 0.2 = B1 y = 0.239 1 1400 1 8498 B1 y = 1
M ux = 1.0 200 = 200 kip-ft; and M uy = 1.0 70 = 70 kip-ft

B1 y =

C my

From LRFD Specification Equation H1-1a,


1400 8 200 70 + + 0.974 < 1.0 , OK = 1940 9 1200 600.478 D = 0.974 C

AISC-LRFD93 Example 002 - 7