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BI TP CHUYN I CU

* Cu iu kin: Loi 1: iu kin c th xy ra hin ti hoc tng lai If clause Main clause S + V1 / V s(es) S + will / can/ may + V1 (dont / doesnt + V1) (wont / cant + V1) Loi 2: iu kin khng c tht hin ti If clause Main clause S + V-ed / V2 S + would / could / should + V1 (didnt + V1) (wouldnt / couldnt + V1) To be: were / werent Loi 3: iu kin khng c tht trong qu kh If clause S + had + P.P (hadnt + P.P) Main clause S + would / could / should + have + P.P (wouldnt / couldnt + have + P.P)

Ch khi vit li cu: 1/ Vit cu tnh hung thnh cu iu kin: Cu tnh hung Cu iu kin Th tng lai Loi 1 Th hin ti Loi 2 Th qu kh Loi 3 Ex: You ask the teacher this question. He will answer you. If you ask the teacher this question, he will answer you. He doesnt have enough money, so he cant buy a new computer. If he had enough money, he could buy a new computer. We didnt go out because it rained. If it hadnt rained, we could have gone out. 2/ i t if sang unless: IF Khng nh Ph nh UNLESS Khng nh (ng t trong mnh chnh i sang ph nh) Khng nh (mnh chnh khng thay i)

Ex: If we had more rain, our crops would grow faster. Unless we had more rain, our crops wouldnt grow faster. If she doesnt work harder, she will fail the exam. Unless she works harder, she will fail the exam. 3/ Dng cu: Mnh lnh + or + clause If you dont + V1, Clause If you arent + adj. , Clause Ex: Be careful or you will cut yourself. If you arent careful, you will cut yourself. Go away or I will call the police. If I you dont go away, I will phone the police.

EXERCISE Rewrite the following sentences. 1. Carol didnt answer the phone because she was studying.. If Carol 2. Rita is exhausted today because she didnt get any sleep last night. If Rita 3. Shes very thin; perhaps thats why she feels cold so much. If she . 4. He never polishes his shoes, so he never looks smart If he .. 5. He cant park near his office; thats why he doesnt come by car If he .. 6. My house is guarded by two big dogs. Thats the only reason it isnt broken into every night If my house 7. The flats are not clearly numbered, so it is very difficult to find anyone. If the flats .... 8. I dont know her e-mail address, so I cant tell you If I . 9. She works in the evening. She has no time to play with her children If she . 10. I dont want them to be upset, so Ive decided not to tell them what happened. They .. 11. I am not tall enough to join the basketball team If I 12. He doesnt see the signal so he doesnt stop his car If he . 13. Peter gets bad marks because he doesnt prepare his lessons well If Peter 14. Mary doesnt have enough money. She cant buy a new car. If Mary 15. Go right now or youll be late for the train. If you. 16. He doesnt apply for the job because he doesnt have enough qualifications. If he . 17. Hurry up, or we will be late for the exam. If we 18. They do not understand you because you do not often talk to them. If you 19. Because you speak English unnaturally, they do not understand you. If you 20. Keep silent or you will wake the baby up. If -------------------------------------------------------------------------------21. She didnt come to the party because she was busy. If ------------------------------------------------------------------------------22. She will help you. You tell her. If --------------------------------------------------------------------------------23. Because he didnt study hard, he failed the exam. If ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------24. I was stuck in the traffic jam; thats why I came late. If ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------25. I dont have his phone number, so I cant phone him.

If ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------26. I couldnt have made it without your help means A. I couldnt have made it if you helped me. B. I couldnt have made it if you had helped me. C. I couldnt have made it if you hadnt helped me. D. I couldnt have made it if you didnt help me. 27. She didnt stop her car because shi didnt see the signal. A. If she saw the signal, she would stop her car. B. If she had seen the signal, she would stop her car. C. If she had seen the signal, she would have stopped her car. D. If she saw the signal, she would have stopped her car. 28. His flight was delayed so he couldnt be here on time. A. He would be here in time if his flight were not delayed. B. He would have been here in time if his flight hadnt been delayed. C. He would be here in time if his flight hadnt been delayed. D. He would have been here in time if his flight werent delayed. 29. Without your help, I couldnt overcome the problem. A. If you dont help me, I cant overcome the problem. B. If you didnt help me, I couldnt overcome the problem. C. If you hadnt helped me, I couldnt overcome the problem. D. If you hadnt helped me, I couldnt have overcome the problem. 30. Thanks to Lauras report, I was able to finish the project. A. If there isnt Lauras report, I wouldnt finish the project. B. Had it not been for Lauras report, I wouldnt have been to finish the project. C. If Laura didnt help me, I wouldnt finish the project. D. I wouldnt have finished the project if Laura didnt help me.

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