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1

II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS

( Common to Mechanical Engineering, Mechatronics, Metallurgy &

Material Technology, Production Engineering, Aeronautical Engineering

and Automobile Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

i. Normal stress

ii. Tangential stress

iii. Ductility

iv. Brittleness. [6]

(b) A flat steel plate is of trapezoidal form of uniform thickness ‘t’. Its width at

one end is ‘a’ and at the other end is ‘b’. If its length is ‘L’, determine its

elongation under an axial pull. [10]

2. (a) Define statically determinate and statically indeterminate beams. Give exam-

ples. [6]

(b) A cantilever beam of length 2m carries a uniformly distributed load of 2 kN/m

over the whole length and a point load of 3 kN at the free end. Draw the SF

and BM diagrams. [10]

3. (a) State the assumptions involved in the theory of simple bending. [6]

(b) Derive the Bending equation from fist principle. [10]

4. For a section shown in figure4. determine the average shearing stresses at A,B, C

and D for a shearing force of 23kN. Also sketch the shear stress distribution across

the section. [16]

1 of 3

Code No: R059210303 Set No. 1

Figure 4

5. Find all the forces in the members of the truss as shown in the Figure 5 a below.

[16]

Figure 5

6. (a) What is moment area method? Explain the two Mohr’s theorems, as applica-

ble to the slope and deflection of a beam. [6]

(b) A cantilever of uniform cross-section of length l carries two point loads, W at

the free end and 2W at a distance a from the free end. Find the maximum

deflection due to this loading. [10]

7. The cylindrical shell made of steel is having a diameter of 3 m and the shell is

2 of 3

Code No: R059210303 Set No. 1

subjected to an internal pressure of 1.5 N/mm2 . Longitudinal joint efficiency of

the shell is 85%, ultimate tensile strength of the steel plate is 480 N/mm2 and the

factor of safety is 5. Determine the thickness of the shell plate. [16]

8. Compare the values of max. and minimum hoop stresses for a cast steel cylindrical

shell of 600 mm external dia. And 400 mm internal dia. Subjected to a pressure

of 30N/mm2 applied

(b) Externally. [8+8]

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

3 of 3

Code No: R059210303 Set No. 2

II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS

( Common to Mechanical Engineering, Mechatronics, Metallurgy &

Material Technology, Production Engineering, Aeronautical Engineering

and Automobile Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

diameter and 30 mm inner diameter. Both the rod and tube are 450 mm long. The

compound rod is held between two stops which are exactly 450 mm apart and the

temperature of the bar is raised by 700 C.

(a) Find the stresses in the rod and tube if the distance between the stops is

increased by 0.30 mm.

(b) Find the increase in the distance between the stops if the force exerted between

them is 90 kN

Eb = 90kN/mm2 ; αb = 2.1 × 10−5 per0 C [16]

over the entire length. The beam is simply supported on two supports 6m apart.

Find the position of the supports, so that the BM on the beam is as small as

possible. Also draw the SF and BM diagrams. [16]

3. (a) State the assumptions involved in the theory of simple bending. [6]

(b) Derive the Bending equation from fist principle. [10]

(b) From first principles derive the expression for shear stress at any point in any

cross section of a beam which is subjected to a shear force F. [6]

(c) A circular beam of 120mm diameter is subjected to a shear force of 7kN.

Calculate:

i. Average shear stress. [3]

ii. Maximum shear stress. [3]

Also sketch the variation of the shear stress along the depth of the beam.

5. Find all the forces in the members of the truss as shown in the Figure 5. [16]

1 of 2

Code No: R059210303 Set No. 2

Figure 5

6. (a) A beam of length L is supported at each end with a couple applied at an in-

termediate point. Deduce an expression for the deflection and hence calculate

the deflection at the point of application of the moment. [8]

(b) A beam of length L carries a uniformly distributed load w/unit length and

rests on three supports, two at the ends and one in the middle. Find how much

the middle support be lower than the end ones in order that the pressures on

the three supports shall be equal. [8]

stress in a cylindrical shell subjected to an internal pressure. [6]

(b) A thin cylindrical pressure vessel of inside diameter 350 mm is subjected to an

internal pressure of 500 kPa. Determine the thickness of the cylindrical wall

assuming joint factor to be 0.85 and corrosion allowance 1 mm. The allowable

stress for the cylindrical material is 160 N/mm2 . [10]

8. Compare the values of max. and minimum hoop stresses for a cast steel cylindrical

shell of 600 mm external dia. And 400 mm internal dia. Subjected to a pressure

of 30N/mm2 applied

(b) Externally. [8+8]

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

2 of 2

Code No: R059210303 Set No. 3

II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS

( Common to Mechanical Engineering, Mechatronics, Metallurgy &

Material Technology, Production Engineering, Aeronautical Engineering

and Automobile Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

for 2 m, and 25 mm in diameter for the remaining length. The bar is kept in tension,

with stress in the smallest section being 110 N/mm2. If E = 2.127×105 N/mm2 ,

calculate the total elongation of the bar and the energy stored in it. [16]

2. Draw the SFD and BMD for the beam loaded as shown in the Figure2. [16]

Figure 2

3. (a) State the assumptions involved in the theory of simple bending. [6]

(b) Derive the Bending equation from fist principle. [10]

4. (a) Obtain an expression for the shear stress at any point in a circular section of

a beam subjected to shear force F. Draw the variation of shear stress. [8]

(b) A rolled steel joist of I section has top flange 150mm × 20mm bottom flange

180mm × 25mm and web of size 300mm ×15mm. It is used as a simply

supported beam over a span of 6m to carry an u.d.l. of 76kN/m over its entire

span. Draw shearing stresses across a section at 1/4 span. [8]

at joint D. Determine the forces in the members and reactions at the supports.

[16]

1 of 2

Code No: R059210303 Set No. 3

Figure 5

6. A beam of uniform section, 10 meters long, is simply supported at the ends. It

carries point loads of 110 kN and 60 kN at distances of 2m and 5m respectively from

the left end. Calculate: The deflection under each load and maximum deflection

Given : E = 200 ×106 N/m2 and I = 118 ×10−4 m4 . [16]

35N/mm2 . Find the thickness of shell required, the max. permissible tensile stress

is 80N/mm2 . [16]

8. Compare the values of max. and minimum hoop stresses for a cast steel cylindrical

shell of 600 mm external dia. And 400 mm internal dia. Subjected to a pressure

of 30N/mm2 applied

(b) Externally. [8+8]

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

2 of 2

Code No: R059210303 Set No. 4

II B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007

MECHANICS OF SOLIDS

( Common to Mechanical Engineering, Mechatronics, Metallurgy &

Material Technology, Production Engineering, Aeronautical Engineering

and Automobile Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

(b) Draw stress - strain diagram for mild steel. Indicate salient points and define

them. [8]

2. A simply supported beam of length 8m rests on supports 5m apart, the right hand

end is overhanging by 2m and the left hand end is overhanging by 1m. The beam

carries a uniformly distributed load of 5 kN/m over the entire length. It also carries

two point loads of 4 kN and 6 kN at each end of the beam. The load of 4 kN is

at the extreme left of the beam, whereas the load of 6 kN is at the extreme right

of the beam. Draw the SF and BM diagrams for the beam and find the points of

contra flexure. [16]

3. (a) A cantilever of length 2.8 m fails when a load of 4.7 kN is applied at the free

end. If the section of the beam is 65 mm × 105 mm find the stress at failure.

[8]

(b) A T-beam having flange 210 mm × 20 mm is simply supported over a span

of 5 m. It carries a u.d.l of 8.8 kN/m over its entire span. Calculate the

maximum compressive and tensile stress occurring in the section. What is

the magnitude of flexural stress at the junction of flange and web? Draw the

variation of stress across the section. [8]

4. (a) From first principles show that for a rectangular section the maximum shear

stress is 1.5 times the average stress. Sketch the variation of shear stress. [8]

(b) A rolled steel joist of I section has top flanges 90mm × 20mm bottom flange

170mm × 20mm and web of size 220mm × 20mm. It is used as a simply

supported beam over a span of 5m to carry an u.d.l. of 65kN/m over its entire

span. Obtain the shear stress values at salient points and sketch the variation

of shear stress. [8]

5. Find the forces in all the members of the warrentype Cantilever truss shown in

Figure 5 by the method of sections. Tabulate the values. [16]

1 of 2

Code No: R059210303 Set No. 4

Figure 5

6. (a) Derive the relation ship between slope, deflection and radius of Curvature of

a simply supported beam. [6]

(b) A 300 mm long cantilever of rectangular section 48 mm wide and 36 mm

deep carries a uniformly distributed load. Calculate the value of load w if

the maximum deflection in the cantilever is not to exceed 1.5 mm. Take E=

70×109 GN/m2 . [10]

7. Derive the formula for the thickness of the thin cylindrical shell and solve the

following problem. A thin cylindrical shell of 1 m diameter is subjected to an

internal pressure of 1 N/mm2 . Calculate the suitable thickness of the shell, if the

tensile strength of the plate is 400 N/mm2 and factor of safety is 4. [16]

shell of 600 mm external dia. And 400 mm internal dia. Subjected to a pressure

of 30N/mm2 applied

(b) Externally. [8+8]

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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