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ITT300 PAST YEAR QUESTION NOV 2011 PART A 1. D 2. A 3. C 4. C 5. C 6. A 7. A 8. B 9. B 10.C 11.D 12.C 13.C 14.A 15.C 16.B 17.

B 18.D 19.A 20.B 21.B 22.C 23.B 24.C 25.A 26.D 27.C

28.D 29.D 30.A

PART B QUESTION 1: Message + explanation Sender + explanation Medium + explanation Protocol + explanation Receiver + explanation

Question 2: Mail services + explanation File Transfer and Access (FTP) + explanation Remote log-in + explanation Accessing to World Wide Web + explanation

Question 3: Sampling rate = 2 * 15000 = 30000 sample/s Question 4: Adding extra bits for detecting errors at destination Question 5: The master uses even number slot (0,2,4), the slave uses odd numbered(1,3,5) TDD-TDMA allows the master and the slave receive In slot 0, master send and slave receive In slot 1, the slave sends and master receives, cycles are repeated.

Question 6: Mesh (show the diagram) communication will stop only between the devices connected by the faulty link Star - (show the diagram) depends on the kind of link (if a link is impaired between two hubs, communication will be disrupted for the whole subnetwork) Bus - (show the diagram) all transmission will stop. Ring - (show the diagram) a fault in one link can impair the whole network Question 7: Use for multiplex digital signals Each device is allocated time slot, importance used for synchronization between MUX and DEMUX. Explanation: Distinguish between a link and a channel in multiplexing one link can have many channels. Question 8: Transmission media: Guided/wired Unguided/wireless Guided media: Twisted pair Coaxial Fiber optical Question 9: Physical address Logical address Port address Specific address

Question 10: Data stream can be found as NRZ-I 10011001 DM 11000100 AMI 01110001

PART C Question 1 (a) o 10011011 = 4 bits ONEs = Parity Bit 0 o 0001100 = 2 bits ONEs = Parity Bit 0 (b) o The generation of the codeword at the sender site 1001101110 10111|10100111100000 . . . 1010 -> CRC

o The checking of the codeword at receiver site 1001101110 10111|10100111100000 -> Data word + CRC . . . 0000 -> Data accepted Question 2: Usable subnet,(2 bit borrowed - 2) = 23 2 = 8 2 = 6 Subnet mask 1111 1111 . 1111 1111 . 1111 1111 . 1110 0000 255.255.255.224 Complete the range of host address of the table below Usable subnet 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Question 3: a) Headers and trailers are control data added at the beginning and the end of each data unit at each layer of the sender and removed at the corresponding layers of the receiver. They provide source and destination addresses, synchronization points, information for error detection, etc. Subnet/networ k address 192.5.5.0 192.5.5.32 192.5.5.64 192.5.5.96 192.5.5.128 192.5.5.160 192.5.5.192 192.5.5.224 Valid IP address 192.5.5.1 -> 192.5.5.30 192.5.5.33 -> 192.5.5.62 192.5.5.65 -> 192.5.5.94 192.5.5.97 -> 192.5.5.126 192.5.5.129 -> 192.5.5.158 192.5.5.161 -> 192.5.5.190 192.5.5.193 -> 192.5.5.222 192.5.5.225 -> 192.5.5.254 Broadcast address 192.5.5.31 192.5.5.63 192.5.5.95 192.5.5.127 192.5.5.159 192.5.5.191 192.5.5.223 192.5.5.255

b) Peer-to-peer processes are processes on 2 or more devices communicating at a given layer. c) The application, presentation, and session layers of the OSI model are represented by the application layer in Internet model. The lowest four layers of OSI correspond to the internet layers. d) National Service Provider (NSPs) is backbones networks created and maintained by specialized companies. These backbone networks are connected by complex switching stations called network access point. Local Internet Service Providers provides direct service to end user. The local ISPs can be connected to regional ISPs.