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Colorless and Directionless Technology: Increasing the Agility of Optical Networks

Brandon C. Collings, Ph.D.


JDSU Chief Technology Officer Communications and Commercial Optical Products brandon.collings@jdsu.com ECOC, Market Watch September 21, 2010

The Agile Optical Network (2006)


Bandwidth increasingLow predictabilityCost pressure Operators need to improve network efficiency
TDM/Packet

Transport

Photonic

2010 JDSU. All rights reserved.

The Agile Optical Network (2006)


Bandwidth increasingLow predictabilityCost pressure Operators need to improve network efficiency
TDM/Packet

Transport

Agile Optical Network


Photonic

2006
3 2010 JDSU. All rights reserved.

The Agile Optical Network (2006)


Bandwidth increasingLow predictabilityCost pressure Operators need to improve network efficiency
TDM/Packet

Transport

Agile Optical Network


Photonic

2006
4 2010 JDSU. All rights reserved.

The Self Aware Network (2010+)


Bandwidth increasingLow predictabilityCost pressure Operators need to further improve overall network efficiency
TDM/Packet

Transport OTN

Self Aware Network

Photonic

2010
5 2010 JDSU. All rights reserved.

Next-Generation Agile Photonic Networking


Colorless, Directionless and Contentionless Add/Drop is a key feature Next-Generation Optical Network Agility For
Dynamically Maintain Network Topology Efficiency
Continuously re-balance network load optimize topology Photonic layer restoration reducing redundancy requirement on higher layers

Increase Velocity and Simplicity of New Capacity Deployment


Pre-deploy transponders for remote and high-speed turn-up Simplified deployment procedures

Support linerate scalability beyond 100Gb/s

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Colorless, Directionless, Contentionless (CDC) Add/Drop Every add/drop port pair has the flexibility to:
Use any wavelength (Colorless) Connect to any direction or degree (Directionless) Utilize any wavelength channel independent of all other channels in use (Contentionless)
NORTH

Mesh Node

WEST

EAST

CDC Mux/Demux

CDC Mux/Demux

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T R

Colorless, Directionless, Contentionless (CDC) Add/Drop Every add/drop port pair has the flexibility to:
Use any wavelength (Colorless) Connect to any direction or degree (Directionless) Utilize any wavelength channel independent of all other channels in use (Contentionless)
NORTH

Mesh Node

WEST

EAST

CDC Mux/Demux

CDC Mux/Demux

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T R

Colorless, Directionless, Contentionless (CDC) Add/Drop Every add/drop port pair has the flexibility to:
Use any wavelength (Colorless) Connect to any direction or degree (Directionless) Utilize any wavelength channel independent of all other channels in use (Contentionless)
NORTH

Mesh Node

WEST

EAST

CDC Mux/Demux

CDC Mux/Demux

2010 JDSU. All rights reserved.

T R

Colorless, Directionless, Contentionless (CDC) Add/Drop Every add/drop port pair has the flexibility to:
Use any wavelength (Colorless) Connect to any direction or degree (Directionless) Utilize any wavelength channel independent of all other channels in use (Contentionless)
NORTH

Mesh Node

WEST

EAST

CDC Mux/Demux

CDC Mux/Demux

10

2010 JDSU. All rights reserved.

T R

Colorless, Directionless, Contentionless (CDC) Add/Drop Every add/drop port pair has the flexibility to:
Use any wavelength (Colorless) Connect to any direction or degree (Directionless) Utilize any wavelength channel independent of all other channels in use (Contentionless)
NORTH

Mesh Node

WEST

EAST

CDC Mux/Demux

CDC Mux/Demux

T R

T R

11

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T R

Traffic Load Balancing (Network Defragmenting)

Network traffic deployed as demand arises (growth not planned)

12

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Traffic Load Balancing (Network Defragmenting)

Network traffic deployed as demand arises (growth not planned)

13

2010 JDSU. All rights reserved.

Traffic Load Balancing (Network Defragmenting)

Network traffic deployed as demand arises (growth not planned) Rebalance network load to relieve congestion and improve overall efficiency (green traffic rerouted as new red traffic pattern)

14

2010 JDSU. All rights reserved.

Traffic Load Balancing (Network Defragmenting)

Network traffic deployed as demand arises (growth not planned) Rebalance network load to relieve congestion and improve overall efficiency (blue traffic rerouted as new pink traffic pattern)

15

2010 JDSU. All rights reserved.

Traffic Load Balancing (Network Defragmenting)

Network traffic deployed as demand arises (growth not planned) Rebalance network load to relieve congestion and improve overall efficiency New network connectivity installed as need identified
16 2010 JDSU. All rights reserved.

Traffic Load Balancing (Network Defragmenting)

Network traffic deployed as demand arises (growth not planned) Rebalance network load to relieve congestion and improve overall efficiency New network connectivity installed as need identified (yellow traffic more efficiently routed)
17 2010 JDSU. All rights reserved.

Photonic Layer Restoration


x R Tx

Photonic network rapidly reconfigured to restore wavelength connectivity Increase availability of photonic layer and transponders
Equipment always in use Reduces likelihood of simplex operation Less manual modification of network Removes need for urgent fault repair Less redundancy incorporated at higher levels
18 2010 JDSU. All rights reserved.

x R Tx x R Tx x R Tx

Photonic Layer Restoration


x R Tx

Photonic network rapidly reconfigured to restore wavelength connectivity Increase availability of photonic layer and transponders
Equipment always in use Reduces likelihood of simplex operation Less manual modification of network Removes need for urgent fault repair Less redundancy incorporated at higher levels
19 2010 JDSU. All rights reserved.

x R Tx x R Tx x R Tx

Photonic Layer Restoration


x R Tx

Photonic network rapidly reconfigured to restore wavelength connectivity Increase availability of photonic layer and transponders
Equipment always in use Reduces likelihood of simplex operation Less manual modification of network Removes need for urgent fault repair Less redundancy incorporated at higher levels
20 2010 JDSU. All rights reserved.

x R Tx x R Tx x R Tx

TxRx Pre-Deployment and Deployment Velocity


x R Tx x R Tx

Deploy multiple transponders in one action in growing node


Streamlines deployment operations

21

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TxRx Pre-Deployment and Deployment Velocity


xx RR Tx Tx xx RR Tx Tx

Deploy multiple transponders in one action in growing node


Streamlines deployment operations

22

2010 JDSU. All rights reserved.

TxRx Pre-Deployment and Deployment Velocity


xx RR Tx Tx xx RR Tx Tx

Deploy multiple transponders in one action in growing node


Streamlines deployment operations

Once need materializes, wavelength and route remotely provisioned


New capacity provisioned rapidly for quick response and revenue capture Transponders can be used for local traffic or regeneration functions

23

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Example Colorless and Directionless Node Architecture (Not Contentionless)


NORTH
Power Splitter

WSS

WSS

WSS

WEST
Power Splitter Power Splitter

EAST

WSS

Power Splitter

WSS WSS
Rx Rx Rx Rx Rx Rx Rx Rx

Power Splitter

Not Contentionless
Add/Drop Group 1
24 2010 JDSU. All rights reserved.

WSS
Rx Rx Rx Rx Rx Rx Rx Rx

WSS
Tx Tx Tx Tx Tx Tx Tx Tx

WSS
Tx Tx Tx Tx Tx Tx Tx Tx

Add/Drop Group 2

General Next-Generation Network Requirements


Colorless, Directionless and Contentionless (CDC) Modular and scalable to support:
Cost-effective degree growth Cost-effective total add/drop port growth

Support for >8 degrees Support for >100Gb/s linerate wavelengths


Improved OSNR transport performance for acceptable reach
Support for higher Spectral Efficiency transmission (>2 bit/Hz/s)

Flexible channel bandwidth definition


25

More rapid wavelength switching and provisioning Cost Efficiency


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High Port Count WSS for Line Side Requirements


WSS WSS

WEST
WSS To colorless & directionless add/drop WSS To colorless & directionless add/drop

EAST

Large number of WSS ports to efficiently support:


More than 8 degrees Direct and loss efficient connections to colorless, directionless and contentionless add/drop modules

WSS on both mux and demux reduces node loss for better system OSNR
versus broadcast and select architecture

Support flexible channel allocation (gridless)


26 2010 JDSU. All rights reserved.

General Building Blocks for CDC Add/Drop


(Power Splitting Architecture-Demux Only)
WSS WSS

WEST
WSS
Power Splitter Power Splitter Power Splitter Power Splitter Power Splitter Power Splitter Power Splitter Power Splitter

EAST
WSS

Amplification 1:8 Power Splitting 8:1 Space Switching Channel Filtering

Rx
27 2010 JDSU. All rights reserved.

Rx

Rx

Rx

Rx

Rx

Rx

Rx

General Building Blocks for CDC Add/Drop


(Wavelength Routing Architecture-Demux Only)
WSS WSS

WEST
WSS WSS WSS WSS WSS WSS WSS WSS WSS

EAST

1:8 Wavelength WSS Routing 8:1 Space Switching

Rx
28 2010 JDSU. All rights reserved.

Rx

Rx

Rx

Rx

Rx

Rx

Rx

CDC Add/Drop Port Scalability


Modular and Scalable: up to 50 or 100% of node capacity
Node degree and add/drop capacity growth is unpredictable Cost optimize for ~25%...the majority of nodes
400 400 Numberof ofAdd/Drop Add/DropPorts Ports Number
1 % 00
% 75

300 300 200 200


120 60 15 30

5 0%

25%

100 100 0 0 0 0
year 2

year 6

year 4

year 0

25 25

50 75 100 50 75 100 Network 6-degree node NetworkUsage Usage[%] [%]

29

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Summary
Next-Generation Self-Aware Photonic Networks
Increased functionality and flexibility for more efficient network operations Colorless, Directionless, Contentionless is a central feature Scalability and pay-as-you-grow is critical

Simultaneous consideration of Line-side and CDC architectures critical


High port count WSS for line application to support degrees and fanout to CDC modules CDC implementation options:
Power Splitting: conventional components, inefficient Wavelength Routing: complex components, efficient

30

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Thank You!!

brandon.collings@jdsu.com