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Pi

This article is about the mathematical constant. For the Greek letter, see pi (letter). For other
uses, see Pi (disambiguation).

Number System Evaluation of π

Piπ
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piperimetercircular constantArchimedes' constantLudolph's number
Fundamentals
The letter π
Main article: pi (letter)
pi/paɪ/[pi]

Definition
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Irrationality and transcendence
Main article: Proof that π is irrational

Numerical value
See also: Numerical approximations of π

See the links below and those at sequence A000796 in OEIS for more digits.

Calculating π
Main article: Computing π
Pn ,nd.

History
See also: Chronology of computation of π and Numerical approximations of π

Geometrical period
Shatapatha Brahmana
π ⋅⋅

Classical period
A New Introduction to Mathematics

Computation in the computer age

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p
Pi and continued fraction

Memorizing digits
Main article: Piphilology

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pi
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quantum mechanics.Cadaeic Cadenza
Advanced properties
Numerical approximations
Main article: History of numerical approximations of π

Open questions
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Use in mathematics and science
Main article: List of formulas involving π

Geometry and trigonometry


See also: Area of a disk
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Complex numbers and calculus

φπ
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Physics

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Probability and statistics


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by experimentLS
Pi in popular culture

Contents