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Number Systems Question and answer

The question for the day is from the topic Number Systems and involves operations on numbers. 1.If both 112 and 33 are factors of the number a * 43 * 62 * 1311, then what is the smallest possible value of a? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 121 3267 363 33
Correct choice (3)

Explanatory Answers 112 is a factor of the given number. The number does not have a power or multiple of 11 as its factor. Hence, "a" should include 112 33 is a factor of the given number. 62 is a part of the number. 62 has 32 in it. Therefore, if 33 has to be a factor of the given number a * 43 * 62 * 1311, then we will need at least another 3. Therefore, if "a" should be at least 112 * 3 = 363 if the given number has to have 112 and 33 as its factors. 2. Find the greatest number of five digits, which is exactly divisible by 7, 10, 15, 21 and 28.

(1) 99840 (2) 99900 (3) 99960 (4) 99990 Correct Choice is (3) and the correct answer is 99960
Explanatory Answers The number should be exactly divisible by 15 (3, 5), 21 (3, 7), 28 (4, 7). Hence, it is enough to check the divisibility for 3, 4, 5 and 7. 99960 is the only number which satisfies the given condition.

3. Anita had to do a multiplication. Instead of taking 35 as one of the multipliers, she took 53. As a result, the product went up by 540. What is the new product? (1) 1050 (2) 540 (3) 1440 (4) 1590 Correct choice is (4) and Correct Answer is 1590 Explanatory Answers Let the number that Anita wanted to multiply be 'X'. She was expected to find the value of 35X. Instead, she found the value of 53X.

The difference between the value that she got (53X) and what she was expected to get (35X), according to the question, is 540. i.e., 53X - 35X = 540 or (53 - 35) * X = 540 X = 30 Therefore, new product = 53 * 30 = 1590 4. Let x, y and z be distinct integers. x and y are odd and positive, and z is even and positive. Which one of the following statements cannot be true? (1) (x-z)2 y is even (2) (x-z)y2 is odd (3) (x-z)y is odd (4) (x-y)2z is even Correct Choice is (1) and Correct Answer is (x-z)2 y is even Explanatory Answers x and y are odd and positive and z is even and positive (x - z)2 y is even cannot true. x - z is odd and y is odd Therefore, (x - z)2 will be odd and (x - z)2 y will be odd 5. When a number is divided by 36, it leaves a remainder of 19. What will be the remainder when the number is divided by 12? (1) 10 (2) 7 (3) 192 (4) None of these Correct Choice is (2) and Correct Answer is 7 Explanatory Answer Let the number be 'a'. When 'a' is divided by 36, let the quotient be 'q' and we know the remainder is 19 i.e., and remainder is 19 or a = 36q + 19 when a is divided by 12, we get

or 36q is perfectly divided by 12 Therefore, remainder = 7

6.The sum of the first 100 numbers, 1 to 100 is divisible by (1) 2, 4 and 8 (2) 2 and 4 (3) 2 only (4) None of these Correct Choice is (3) and Correct Answer is 2 only Explanatory Answer The sum of the first 100 natural numbers is given by (n(n + 1))/2 = (100(101))/2 = 50(101). 101 is an odd number and 50 is divisible by 2. Hence, 50*101 will be divisible by 2. 7.How many different factors are there for the number 48, excluding 1 and 48? (1) 12 (2) 4 (3) 8 (4) None of these Correct Choice is (3) and the correct answer is 8 Explanatory Answers To find the number of factors of a given number, express the number as a product of powers of prime numbers. In this case, 48 can be written as 16 * 3 = (24 * 3) Now, increment the power of each of the prime numbers by 1 and multiply the result. In this case it will be (4 + 1)*(1 + 1) = 5 * 2 = 10 (the power of 2 is 4 and the power of 3 is 1) Therefore, there will 10 factors including 1 and 48. Excluding, these two numbers, you will have 10 - 2 = 8 factors. 8. 1025 - 7 is divisible by 1. 2. 3. 4. 2 3 9 Both (2) and (3)

Correct Answer - 3. Correct choice is (2) Explanatory Answers 1025 - 7 = (1025 - 1) - 6 The number 1025 - 1 = 99.....9 (25 digits) is divisible by 3 and 4. Therefore, (1025 - 1) - 6 = (24 nines and unit digit is 3) 99.......93. This number is only divisible by 3 (from the given choices).

9. Find the G.C.D of 12x2y3z2, 18x3y2z4, and 24xy4z3 (1) 6xy2z2 (2) 6x3y4z3 (3) 24xy2z2 (4) 18x2y2z3 Correct Choice is (1) and Correct Answer is 6xy2z2 Explanatory Answer G.C.D of 12, 18 and 24 is 6. The common factors are x, y, z and their highest powers common to all are 1, 2 and 2 respectively. Therefore, G.C.D = 6xy2z2 10.What is the value of M and N respectively? If M39048458N is divisible by 8 and 11; Where M and N are single digit integers? (1) 7, 8 (2) 8, 6 (3) 6, 4 (4) 5, 4 Correct Choice is (3) and correct answer is 6, 4 Explanatory Answers If the last three digits of a number is divisible by 8, then the number is divisible by 8 (test of divisibility by 8). Here, last three digits 58N is divisible by 8 if N = 4. (Since 584 is divisible by 8.) For divisibility by 11. If the digits at odd and even places of a given number are equal or differ by a number divisible by 11, then the given number is divisible by 11. Therefore, (M+9+4+4+8)-(3+0+8+5+N)=(M+5) should be divisible by 11 => when M = 6.