DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE

84TH RADAR EVALUATION SQUADRON (ACC) HILL AIR FORCE BASE, UTAH

25 Sept 01 MEMORANDUM FOR NORAD US Space Command Directorate of Analysis (NSP/AN) Attn: Lt Col Jacobsmeyer FROM: 84RADES/CC 7976 Aspen Ave Hill AFB UT 84056-5846 SUBJECT: Analysis of Radar Data for 1 1 Sept 2001 Introduction. At the request of Lt Col Jacobsmeyer, NORAD US Space Command, Directorate of Analysis (NSP/AN), the 84th RADES was tasked to provide radar data information on tracks of interest for 11 Sept 2001. The particular tracks of interest originated from Otis and Langley Air Force Base's between 1300 and 1415 Zulu. 1. Description of products. The 84 RADES is providing the following products: a. Spreadsheets Excel Spreadsheets
Langley 1 Otisl Otis 2 Otis 3 Otis 4 Otis 5 Otis 6

Project Description
Excel Spreadsheet containing flight data on 3 military aircraft. Due to close proximity of the aircraft, it is difficult to isolate individual tracks within the formation. Departure from Langley and CAP over New York. Excel Spreadsheet containing flight data on a single military aircraft. One aircraft from a flight of two (Otis 1 and 2). Departed Otis, CAP over New York. Excel Spreadsheet containing flight data on second aircraft from a flight of two. (Otis 1 and 2). Departed Otis, CAP over New York. Excel Spreadsheet containing flight data on single military aircraft from flight of 4 (Otis 3 - 6). Depart and Return to Otis, with no CAP. Excel Spreadsheet containing flight data on single military aircraft from flight of 4 (Otis 3 - 6). Depart and Return to Otis, with no CAP. Excel Spreadsheet containing flight data on single military aircraft from flight of 4 (Otis 3 - 6). Depart and Return to Otis, with no CAP. Excel Spreadsheet containing flight data on single military aircraft from flight of 4 (Otis 3 - 6). Depart and Return to Otis, with no CAP.

b. Picture products:

Slide
Langley 1 Otis Track 1 Otis Track 2 Otis Track 3 Otis Track 4 Otis Track 5 Otis Track 6

Description
PowerPoint slide showing the flight path depicted on Spreadsheet Langley 1 PowerPoint slide showing the flight path depicted on Spreadsheet Otis 1 PowerPoint slide showing the flight path depicted on Spreadsheet Otis 2 PowerPoint slide showing the flight path depicted on Spreadsheet Otis 3 PowerPoint slide showing the flight path depicted on Spreadsheet Otis 4 PowerPoint slide showing the flight path depicted on Spreadsheet Otis 5 PowerPoint slide showing the flight path depicted on Spreadsheet Otis 6

2. If you have other questions or need more information, please contact MSgt Rob Freedman at DSN 777-6052, Commercial (801) 777-6052, e-mail: rob.freedman@hill.af.mil or Lanny Clelland, DSN 777-2035, Commercial (801) 777-2035, e-mail: Lannv.Clelland@hill.af.mil. 3. A problem has been detected with the timing of data messages recorded by the 84th RADES Operating Location in New York. The message times are 25 seconds behind UTC. /signed/ RICHARD B. REHS, Lt Col, USAF Commander Attachment 7 PowerPoint Slides 7 Excel Spreadsheets

D-Values for Citronelle on 8 Jun 01, 0000 Zulu
ALTITUDE D-VALUE

(feet)
1,000 1,500 2,000 2,500 3,000 3,500 4,000 4,500 5,000 5,500 6,000 6,500 7,000 7,500 8,000 8,500 9,000 9,500 10,000

(feet)
29 48 68 108 129 155 183 210 235 257 279 301 324 347 370 398 432 466 497

**Note the NOTE in the spreadsheet regarding the Time Stamps.

Vr,
Cherie —Original Message—

From: Sent: To: Subject:

Williams, Antony G., Col, USAFR, NSP/AN Friday, September 28, 2001 10:53 AM Gott, Cherie D., GS-14, DAFC, NSPAN RE: Close Approach Data

CLASSIFICATION:UNCLASSIFIED
—Original Message— From: Gott, Cherie D., GS-14, DAFC, NSPAN Sent: Tuesday, September 25, 2001 1:18 PM To: Williams, Antony G., Col, USAFR, NSP/AN Subject: CLose Approach Data

According to Satellite Tool Kit simulation using data obtained from 84th RADES 1. "Close Approach" #1: AA-11 (WTC-1) passed 'in front' of UA-175 at approx 12:38:11: Win Range between the two aircraft was about 16km at an azimuth of about 315 deg and -4.6 degrees elevation (from UA-175 looking towards AA-11) 2. "Close Approach" #2: UA-175 (WTC-1) passed 'in front' of UA-93 (Pennsylvania crash) at approx 12:49:45. Min Range between the two aircraft was about 28 km at an azimuth of 348 deg and 8. 9 degrees elevation (UA-93 looking towards UA-175) Let me know if there's any additional info you need.
Vr,

Cherie

28Sep2001 11:41:43 Aircraft-UA_93-To-Aircraft-UA_175: Inview Azimuth, Elevation, and Range

UA 93-To-UA 175

Time (UTCG) 11 Sep2001 11 Sep2001 11 Sep2001 11 Sep2001 11 Sep2001 11 Sep2001 11 Sep2001 11 Sep2001 11 Sep2001 11 Sep2001 11 Sep2001 11 Sep2001 11 Sep2001 11 Sep2001 11 Sep2001 11 Sep2001 11 Sep2001 11 Sep2001 11 Sep2001 11 Sep2001 11 Sep2001 Global Statistics Min Elevation Max Elevation Mean Elevation Min Range Max Range Mean Range

Azimuth (deg) 323.658 60.493 64.887 59.631 42.111 21.278 344.461 344.754 329.452 321.315 321.047 284.330 238.561 200.008 212.809 200.073 180.758 174.704 171.582 169.489 171.245

Elevation (deg) Range (km) 7.467 8.244 8.626 9.124 8.937 8.956 9.565 8.890 8.232 6.841 5.871 3.496 1.146 0.104 -0.622 -1.297 -1.979 -2.444 -3.050 -3.457 -3.663 64.649159 52.108163 43.380613 39.183368 35.636532 32.742516 29.183279 27.979848 30.113175 33.867703 35.614486 39.042447 54.183969 76.514518 100.742894 121.848539 143.728097 165.800203 189.177610 213.939608 225.018813

12:42:48.77 12:43:48.00 12:44:48.00 12:45:48.00 12:46:48.00 12:47:48.00 12:48:48.00 12:49:48.00 12:50:48.00 12:51:48.00 12:52:48.00 12:53:48.00 12:54:48.00 12:55:48.00 12:56:48.00 12:57:48.00 12:58:48.00 12:59:48.00 13:00:48.00 13:01:48.00 13:02:17.99

11 Sep 2001 13:02:17.99 11 Sep 2001 12:48:13.92 11 Sep 2001 12:49:44.93 11 Sep 2001 13:02:17.99

171.245 7.564 3.761 347.684 171.245

-3.663 225.018813 9.675 30.421459 8.942 27.900252 -3.663 225.018813 83.545502

NOTE: THIS DATA BASED ON MODELING ACCOMPLISHED WITH SATELLITE TOOLKIT USING 84TH RADES DATA. WE'VE BEEN ADVISED BY 84TH RADES THAT THERE UTCG TIME STAMP WAS 25 SECONDS TOO SLOW.

From:
Sent: To: Cc: Subject:

Williams, Antony G., Col, USAFR, NSP/AN
Tuesday, October 02, 2001 2:46 PM _ , Tavik, Michael R., GG-14, NSPJ2XN ~ ' Gott, Cherie D., GS-14, DAFC, NSPAN; Finkleman, David, SES-4, DAFC, NSPAN FW: Close Approach Data

CLASSIFICATION:UNCLASSIFIED Mike I'd like to chat with you on this, but in the meantime, here's a link to the MPEGs that show the

Shortcut to

flight paths of each of the hijacked aircraft.

°verview.mpg

Note that UA 175 first intercepts AA 11, then UA 93. The enclosed excel file (below) shows the actual time/distance between aircraft, according to our analysis. It confirms that UA 175 was within 30 km of both aircraft. The specific times for each close approach are: Time 11 Sep 2001 12:49:48.00 11 Sep 2001 12:49:48.00 11 Sep 2001 12:38:03.00 11 Sep 2001 12:38:03.00 Lat 40.804 40.779 41.456 41.574 Lon Est Alt (feet) -74.882 16646.978 -75.208 31000.246 -73.820 -73.711 26991.862 30999.659

Approx Position of UA-93 Approx Position of UA-175 Approx Position of AA-11 Approx Position of UA-175

While it's probably a long shot, I'd be very curious as to whether any communications occurred between these aircraft during these close approaches. Please let me know if you find anything. Thanks V/R Tw

—Original Message—

From: Sent: To: Subject:

Gott, Cherie D., GS-14, DAFC, NSPAN Friday, September 28, 2001 11:52 AM Williams, Antony G., Col, USAFR, NSP/AN RE: Close Approach Data

CLASSIFICATION:UNCLASSIFIED Here is a spreadsheet containing a brief report of the 'close approach' ranges.

Close Approach Data.xls

From: Sent: To: Subject:

Freedman Rob MSgt 84 RADES/SCAS [Rob.Freedman@HILL.af.mil] Friday, October 12, 2001 1:30 PM Gott Cherie D GS NORAD USSPC/AN Spreadsheet

Observer.ppt

Observer.xls

«0bserver.ppt» «Observer.xls» Cherie, Here is the Spreadsheet for the military aircraft (C-130?) near the PA site. It was named "Pentagon Observer" because it flew near the Pentagon after the crash. We will try to get the rest of the Langley Fighters to you by Monday afternoon. Those tracks have to be broken out and put onto a Spreadsheet. Not hard to do but a little time consuming, and they are doing a few other tasks right now. Just so you know, our squadron does have a 24-hour response phone number. If something comes up, and you need a product quickly, you can call our stand by Team Chief at (801) 791-6668. If you tell them who you are, what you need, (and if it's going to someone like the CINC, tell them that also) then we can be paged to come in and complete whatever you need. Small requests like the ones you have been giving me are fine, and I can back brief the Commander on what you need. But again, if you need something big, or something fast, feel free to call the Cell Phone anytime. MSgt Freedman

From: Sent: To: Subject:

Freedman Rob MSgt 84 RADES/SCAS [Rob.Freedman@hilt.af.mil] Monday, October 15, 2001 9:30 AM Gott Cherie D GS NORAD USSPC/AN Radar Data

Langley2.xls

e

Langley2.ppt

e

Cherie, Attached is the Spreadsheet with the entire flight of the Langley fighters, and also a PowerPoint slide showing the route. (They flew for quite awhile) There were 3 aircraft and for the most part stayed together, or in the same general vicinity. One of the problems when they fly close to each other, is that their codes start overlapping or decode incorrectly. When this happens, it is difficult to break out each aircraft as a separate track. If this Spreadsheet will work for what you need, let me know. If not, we can try a little harder to separate each aircraft. That may be hard to do based on what I have seen so far. «Langley2.xls» «Langley2.ppt»

CLASSIFICATION:UNCLASSIFIED These notes are for the 'New Overview' MPG. Rather than double-clicking on the file to play it, open up the Media Player under the Accessories menu from the Start menu. Using this media player gives you more control. You can reverse the motion as well as speed it up by dragging the time indicator bar; also, the video stays open when it's finished playing. Here is a list of actions which take place in the video corresponding to the NORAD timeline of events.

0759 - AA11 Takes off from Boston: AA11 marker and track is red - this is where the video starts. Note the thickness of the track which signifies that the transponder is on. 0814 - UA 175 takes off from Boston: UA 175 marker and track is blue - track is thick signifying transponder is transmitting (Note: graphic track remains thick throughout flight transponder remained ON) 0820 - AA 11 IFF Transponder off: AA 11 thick red track goes to thin red track AA 77 takes off from Dulles: AA 77 marker and track is green. Track is thick for transponder on 0825 - AA 11 Alters course 0840 - FAA Boston reports possible hijack of AA 11: "Boston FAA" and "NEADS" labels appear in yellow; graphical "pulsed beam" flashes momentarily

The following 2 events occur nearly simultaneously on the video. 0842 - UA 93 takes off from Newark: UA 93 marker and track is cyan. Thick track for transponder on. 0843 - Boston FAA reports possible hijack of of UA 175: Pulsed beam flashes again

0846 - Otis Air National Guard issues scramble order: "OTIS" label appears in white AA 11 Impact on WTC 1: Target symbol appears at impact location 0850 - AA 77 Transponder off and radar contact is lost: AA 77 Track and marker disappear (18 minutes, 51 seconds - no radar contact) 0852 - UA 175 Alters course towards WTC Otis fighters airborne: White triangle markers and tracks representing total of 6 aircraft - 2 aircraft on each flight leg.)

0902 - UA 175 Impact on WTC 2: Target symbol appears at impact location 0909 - AA 77 radar contact regained: Thin track signifies transponder OFF 0924 - FAA reports possible hijack of AA 77: "Wash FAA" label appears and pulsed beam flashed between Wash FAA and NEADS. (Note: our analyst called NEADS to find out which FAA center made the call. NEADS recollection is that it was most likely the Wash FAA that made the call; however, their were many players on the line by that time.) Langley scramble order issued: "LANGLEY" label appears in white

0930 - Langley fighters airborne: total of 3 aircraft in formation represented by white triangle marker and single track UA 93 reverses course towards Washington DC: obvious from video. (Note the simultaneity of both UA 93 and the Langley fighters turning towards DC) 0937 - AA 77 impact on Pentagon: Target symbol appears at impact location. 0940 - UA 93 Transponder off: Cyan track goes thin 0946 - UA 93 Radar contact lost: UA 93 marker and track disappear (14 minutes, 37 seconds of no radar contact) 1002 - UA 93 Radar contact regained: Marker and track reappear - but for only a few seconds. It is not obvious because we regained radar contact for LESS than one minute before impact; however, the transponder was ON for the last 2 data points (represents an amount of time between 12 and 20 seconds). 1003 - UA 93 Crash: Target symbol appears at impact location

From:
Sent: To: Subject:

McFadden Randy E CMSgt USAF/SPJ5X
Wednesday, May 15, 2002 6:39 AM Gott Cherie D GS-14 DAFC/NSPAN RE: FDO review request

CLASSIFCATION:UNCLASSIFIED

have reviewed the document and we have no release issues, rem

RANDY E. MCFADDEN, CMSgt, USAF NORAD / USSPACECOM Foreign Disclosure Office DSN: 692-9062

— Original Message —
From: Gott Cherie D GS-1 4 DAFC/NSPAN Sent: Tuesday, May 14, 2002 3:34 PM To: McFadden Randy E CMSgt USAF/SPJ5X Cc: Finnegan Terrence J GS-1 5 DAFC/NSPFDO Subject: FDO review request Importance: Low CLASSIFICATION:UNCLASSIFIED CMSgt McFadden I'm proposing to present the following briefing charts at a Satellite Tool Kit (STK) Users' Conference next month. STK is the software that we used to make the 91 1 video files that you reviewed for unclassified presentation at the NATO ADC meeting last month. The STK conference is an unclassified forum - and will most likely include some foreign attendees (e.g. Canada and Europe). The primary objective of the conference is a technical exchange and training in the intricacies of using the software as a modeling tool. We have been invited to present our use of the software using the 91 1 scenario which Analytical Graphics Inc (maker's of STK) helped us create last September. Could you please review this proposed briefing for any FDO concerns / issues? Also, we want to include a hyperlink on the' Animations' chart which would launch the mpg video files that you reviewed last month. Thanks for your help. VR, Cherie Gott NSPAN PS - AGI has requested that we get our presentations to them by last Friday, 1 0 May. I have been so tied up with other tasks that I'm running days late with my charts. They want to have them this week - is it possible to review them expeditiously? My apologies for the short timeline. Thanks again. « File: STK 9-11.ppt»

From:
Sent: To: Subject: Cherie,

Venable Barry E MAJ USA/NSPPA
Thursday, May 16, 2002 9:02 AM Gott Cherie D GS-14 DAFC/NSPAN RE: Proposed briefing slides for STK Users' Conference

We don't have any issues. Hang onto your files, though, cause someone may ask for them later via FOIA once you go public. V/r Barry —Original Message—

From: Sent: To:

Gott Cherie D GS-14 DAFC/NSPAN Monday, May 13, 2002 4:50 PM Finkleman David SES-4 DAFC/NSPAN; Venable Barry E MAJ USA/NSPPA Cc: Santiago John M Col USAF/NSPAN [/ Subject: Proposed briefing slides for STK Users' Conference Importance: Low
CLASSIFICATION:UNCLASSIFIED Here are my proposed briefing slides for the STK (Satellite Tool Kit) Users' Conference on June 3rd. Please review them for approval to present at this unclassified forum. (NOTE - I need to get these to Analytical Graphics by mid-week...this week ®.) Thanks - and my apologies for the short timeline « File: STK9-11.ppt» . Vr, Cherie Gott NSPAN

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