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# THE MOON: REVOLUTION VS. ROTATION by Chelsea Alley Grade Range: 6th Grade Lesson Length: 45 min.

Learning Outcome: By the end of this 30-minute lesson, students will be able to demonstrate the difference between the earth/moon rotation and revolution through physical movement. Students will also be able to differentiate between axial and locomotor movement. Learning Targets: I can distinguish between axial and locomotor movement. I can clearly show the difference between revolution and rotation. Materials: drum and beater, CD player and music, lines on gym floor Procedures: Experience/Identify and Warm UpTime allotted (15 minutes) Introduce elements of dance. Last class, we learned four special body-shapes. These four shapes fall under the element of Space. By raise of hands, who can tell and show me one of these shapes? Review all four. Today we are going to be working under the element of Body. Who can tell me what an axis is? Our first vocabulary word for the day is based on this idea. AXIAL movement is any kind of movement that is can be done in the same place on the floor. I just find my own spot and try all kinds of movement like pulling, bending, kicking, stretching, and bouncing. You have 10 beats of the drum to go out in the space and find your very own place. It cannot be close enough to anyone else that you can touch them. Now, has anyone seen National Treasure 2? Do you remember the part at the end where they have to balance their bodies on the giant stone slab? Thats the idea here you need to balance the space with your bodies. 10 beats, turn on music, explore axial movement. Find someone who is spinning in place and use them to introduce the idea of spinning, or rotating. Once students have tried a good variety, call them back in and explain LOCOMOTOR. Point A to Point B it can be pretty much anything, but it has to move through the space and create a floor pathway, not just a floor dot. Have students line up on one side of the room. They are starting at Point A and the other side of the room is Point B. They can try anything they want (within safety and reason) to get across the space. Send them across a few at a time. Send students back out to their same spot. Label this spot Point A. Now ask them to try locomotor movement that travels in a huge circle and ends up back at the exact same Point A. Explore/InvestigateTime allotted (0:15) Now, by raise of hand, who can tell me what the Earth does once every day? It rotates on its invisible axis. Is this movement locomotor or axial? When I snap, stand up, turn in place and sit right back down where you are... Think through what you just did. How many of you turned to the right, towards your right shoulder? What kind of circle do we call this? (clockwise) Did anyone turn to the left, toward their left shoulder? What kind

of circle is this called? (counter-clockwise.) Does anyone know which direction the Earth rotates? Have the students again listen for the snap, stand up, and turn in a circle, this time everyone to the left. What does the Earth do once every year in relation to the sun? It revolves. Talk about revolving door image. Does each pane of glass, or door, spin independently? No, they are stuck in place, but they do revolve around a center pole. In order to get the image right, think of each section of glass as separate planets. Stand up, take five steps away from everyone around you and show me a small revolution. Is this movement axial or locomotor? Whose revolution was clockwise? Whose was counter-clockwise? Which way does the Earth revolve around the sun? Counter-clockwise. Spread out even more. Try a counter-clockwise revolution while also rotating counter-clockwise. Gather them back in. Does the moon rotate or revolve? It does both. It rotates on its axis and it revolves around the earth. Can you guess in which direction it does these movements? Counter-clockwise! Now the moons rotation and revolution is on different timing than the Earths. If you were on the moon, how long would your day be? How long would your year be? About 28 days for both. A year and a day are the same there! We always see the same side of the moon because the moon is rotating much slower than Earth is and because it is also revolving around earth at the same time. Have students try this with their hands. The thumbnail of one is the side of the moon that we always see. Make it rotate and revolve around your other hand, so the thumbnail is always facing your other hand. So we have the moon, which is rotating counter-clockwise as it revolves counterclockwise around the Earth, which is also rotating counter-clockwise as IT revolves counter-clockwise around the Sun! Now if you want to get really crazy, the Sun ALSO rotates counterclockwise as it revolves around the galaxy counterclockwise! Create/PerformTime allotted (0:10) Find a partner and stand touching elbows in 5,4,3,2,1. Take five of the partnerships and put them in the middle of the gym, where the lines cross. These ten students will represent the Sun. Now, the sun is made of gas, which means that it doesnt rotate as one object. Different areas of the Sun rotate at different speeds, but always counterclockwise. Weird, right? You ten can rotate as fast or slow as you want. Your job is to explore axial movement. The sun has solar flares and spots try kicking and slashing, twisting, shrinking, bending, all has you rotate to the left. All other partnerships needs to get in the circle defined by the red and blue circles on the gym floor. The taller student will start as the Earth. They will revolve around the Sun in their orbital lane while they are also revolving. To what direction? The shorter student will be the moon as they revolve around their partner and rotate so that they are always facing their partner. Moon students, even as you revolve, you must stay between the red and blue lines. Turn on music, let them go. Correct where necessary for direction, etc. Switch between Earth and moon students. Then switch new students in to be the Sun, while those 10 get to be Earths and moons. Connect/AnalyzeTime allotted (0:5) Possible Questions: Do you enjoy axial or locomotor movement more?

What is the difference between revolution and rotation? Can you think of anything else that rotates? Anything else that revolves? What direction do you think the other planets rotate in?