Sie sind auf Seite 1von 68

SPACE FLIGHT

Back to the Moon


E NGL I S CH F R I NGE NI E URE
8,70
D
e
u
t
s
c
h
l
a
n
d


8
,
7
0


s
t
e
r
r
e
i
c
h


8
,
7
0



S
c
h
w
e
i
z

s
f
r

1
3
,
8
0



B
e
n
e
l
u
x


8
,
7
0



I
S
S
N

1
6
1
1

4
5
9
0


Z
K
Z

6
1
4
3
9



e
n
G
i
n
e
Nr. 3 / September 2008
www.engine-magazin.de
THEMA Sicheres Fliegen
BUSINESS PARTNER Sweden
BUSINESS Chairing a Meeting
BASICS Hazardous Substances
HISTORY Antique Video Systems
Qualiziert, detailliert, spezialisiert: das ist seibt.com. Hier nden Sie Lieferanten, Produkte
und Informationen speziell fr Ihren Bedarf, Ihre Branche. Hier erleben Sie, was hchste
Nutzerfreundlichkeit bei Suchmaschinen ausmacht. Und hier nden Sie punktgenau das, was
Sie suchen. Unser Bereich Medizintechnik erhielt brigens eine besondere Auszeichnung des
EADP Award for Quality and Excellence in Directory Publishing. Nur ein Punkt von vielen,
um bei uns mal wieder zu nden! www.seibt.com
Medizintechnik Industriedatenbank Umwelttechnik Verpackungstechnik Oberchentechnik
Punktgenaue
Branchensuche fr
Spezialisten!
SEIBTcom
Finden
statt suchen:
Lieferanten
Produkte
Informationen
Englisch stirbt aus! Und das, obwohl immer
mehr Menschen Englisch sprechen. Allerdings
sind davon nur noch ungefhr 20 Prozent Mut-
tersprachler, alle anderen lernen Englisch zustz-
lich zu ihrer eigenen Muttersprache. Und weil
Sprache nun mal wie Knetmasse ist, vermischen
sie das gelernte Englisch dabei krftig mit dieser
Muttersprache. So sprechen Experten heute
schon von Chinglish, Japlish oder Franglais
(siehe Business in engine 1/2008). Die Gefahr
besteht jedoch, dass diese Dialekte sich weiter
auseinander entwickeln und irgendwann kein
gemeinsamer Nenner mehr brig bleibt. Oder es
bildet sich umgekehrt eine Sprache heraus, die
mit dem Ur-Englisch von der Insel nur noch we-
nig gemein hat. Eine Frage, die weder Sprach-
trainer noch Linguisten beantworten werden,
sondern allein die Zeit.
Neben Englisch sprechen wir Ingenieure auch
noch eine andere gemeinsame Sprache, die wir
Norm, Standard oder Richtlinie nennen. Was
so alles passieren kann, wenn diese Sprache
aufgeweicht wird, zeigt sehr schn ein aktuelles
Beispiel aus dem wohl wieder aufackernden
Browserkrieg zwischen Internet Explorer und
diesmal Google Chrome. Die gemeinsame
Sprache des Internets sind die vom World Wide
Web Consortium (W3C) festgelegten Stan-
dards. Irgendwann beschloss Microsoft, diese
Standards mit eigenen Wrtern sprich Befeh-
len, die nur der Internet Explorer verstand zu
erweitern. Microbish frs Internet sozusagen.
Zu Zeiten, als der Explorer einen Marktanteil
von weit ber 90 Prozent hatte, war das auch
kein Problem. Die Internetseiten enthielten
zwar ofziell Fehler, aber der Browser, mit dem
die meisten unterwegs waren, wusste ja was
gemeint war. Ganz so wie beim Chinglish.
Die dadurch aber verursachte Sprachverwir-
rung betraf damals nur ein paar wenige. Doch
die Marktverhltnisse haben sich verschoben
und immer mehr sind mit Browsern im Netz
unterwegs, die sich an die W3C-Muttersprache
halten und auf ihr Recht pochen, verstanden zu
werden. Und so rudert Microsoft nun mit dem
kommenden Internet Explorer 8 wieder zurck
und verspricht sich strikt(er?) an die Standards
und damit die Muttersprache des Internets zu
halten. Damit der neue Explorer aber dennoch
die lteren, noch in Microbish gehaltenen
Webseiten verstehen kann, hat er einen extra
bersetzer, die so genannte Compatibility View,
eingebaut.
Eine gemeinsame Sprache macht eben doch
nur Sinn, wenn sich alle daran halten. Auch
Microsoft hat das jetzt anscheinend gelernt.
Bleibt nur zu hoffen, dass wir nicht irgendwann
einmal Googlish lernen mssen.
P.S.: Nach so viel Chinish, Japlish und Googlish
wieder zurck zum guten, alten Englisch. Damit
Sie Ihren Standard nicht ganz vergessen, haben
wir Ihnen wieder ein Heft zusammen gestellt,
das es selbst mit der spannendsten Richtlinie
noch aufnehmen kann: Diesmal iegen wir
zurck zum Mond, falten Airbags und andere
Dinge, panzen High-Tech Gemse, drcken
Kohlendioxid weg, gehen mit den Wikingern
auf Reise und schauen ein paar alte Videos. Viel
Vergngen mit diesem Heft.
e
d
i
t
o
r
i
a
l

1
Titelbild: NASA
Matthias Meier, Chefredakteur
meier@hoppenstedt.de
I
n
h
a
l
t


c
o
n
t
e
n
t
s
Nr. 3 September 2008 2


Magazine
Editorial 1
News & Trends 4
Interview 6
Prof. Fredmund Malik
Gewinnspiel 13
Gelesen & Gehrt 56
Leeside of Business 57
Vorschau 63
Impressum 63
The Last Straw 64
Features
Space Flight 8
Back to the Moon
Origami 14
Folding Science
In Short 26
Like a Viking
Vertical Farming 28
Downtown Farming
Sequestration 39
Testing Eternal
Incarceration
Was hat Origami mit der Ingenieurskunst
zu tun? Jede Menge meint Robert J. Lang,
der mit wissenschaftlichen Methoden
dreidimensionale Papier-Wunderwerke faltet. 14
Dieses Jahr feiert die NASA ihren 50. Geburtstag.
Die altehrwrdige Organisation hat jngst wieder
Plne zum Mond zurck zu kehren. Lsst sich der
Ruhm vergangener Tage wieder beleben? 8

3 www.engine-magazin.de
Technology
Technical Dictionary 18
Power Engineering
Basics 22
Hazardous Substances
Pictorial 24
Motor Vehicles
History 58
Renaissance for Antique
Videos
History Audio Datei 62
Leon Theremin
Worldwide
Cross Culture Check 31
Great Britain
Business Partner 32
Sweden
Thema 34
Sicheres Fliegen
Kultursprung 36
Rumnien
Language
Vocabulary 38
Grammar Review 42
Some & Any
Crossword 45
Advanced Learners 46
Legal English
False Friends 49
Business 50
Chairing a Meeting
Phrases 52
On the Move 53
Training Course
Wohin mit dem klimaschdlichen Kohlendioxid?
Am besten tief unter die Erde, meinen
Geologen. In Ketzin nahe Potsdam soll die
CO
2
-Speicherung erprobt werden. 39
Vor vierzig Jahren tauschten Knstler Pinsel und
Leinwand gegen Video-Kamera und Recorder.
Das Labor fr Antiquierte Videosysteme
konserviert die wertvollen Aufnahmen. 58
Wissenschaftler wollen die
Lebensmittelversorgung der Stdte mit
Farmen sichern, die wie Hochhuser in den
Himmel wachsen. 28
Bilder v.l.n.r.: NASA, Lang, Despommier, photocase.com, Meier
News
& Trends
Cant hold a candle to something =
to be far less competent/efcient
Before electric lights, someone working in
the dark needed a helper to hold a candle
to provide light. Holding the candle is of
course the less challenging role. So, someone
who is not even t to hold a candle is consid-
ered to be of very low level.
catch phrase
*
*
Vokabeldownload: www.engine-magazin.de/extras
advantage Vorteil
antimony t/mcn/ Antimon
bevel gear Kegelrad
bundle Bndel
caloric kalorisch
candle Kerze
consistent bestndig, gleichmig
crank Kurbel
disadvantage Nachteil
otation buoy
outa/schn bo/
Schwimmkrper
hydrocarbon Kohlenwasserstoff
jellysh Qualle
launch, to hier: zu Wasser lassen
mercury Quecksilber
patch Fleck, Stelle
propulsive antreibend
radiation Strahlung
ramjet Staustrahlrohr
remote-controlled ferngesteuert
reveal, to deutlich machen,
enthllen
revive, to wiederbeleben
scimitar tc Krummsbel
shallow ach
spur gear Stirnrad
subjected to, to be ausgesetzt werden
subsonic Unterschall-
sway, to wa/ schwanken, wiegen
thrust Schub
trial run Versuchsfahrt
uplift Auftrieb
vessel Schiff
X-ray Rntgenstrahlung
Frankfurt to Sydney in Five Hours
Flight times like these are still dreams of the future, but a team at Reac-
tion Engines is working on the basic concepts to make this dream come
true. To reach the necessary speed of Mach 5, a passenger aircraft has to
undergo a radical redesign.
The proposed windowless, rocket-like A2 aircraft will be 139 metres
long and carry 300 passengers over a distance of 20,000 kilometres.
Since the specic caloric energy of hydrocarbon fuels, i.e. Kerosene,
is too low, the A2 will be fuelled with liquid hydrogen. The Scimitar
engines are hybrids between airbreathing and rocket engines and de-
signed around existing gas turbine, rocket and subsonic ramjet technol-
ogy. Maybe one day the Concorde will have a worthy successor.
www.reactionengines.co.uk
Where Sails Cant Hold a Candle to Rotors
When a large manufacturer of wind power plants builds his own vessel
to transport rotor blades to their oversea locations, it has to be some-
thing special. For their E-Ship 1, Enercon has revived an old idea and
translated it into the 21
st
century: the Flettner rotor.
In 1920, Anton Flettner built a boat with two rotating cylinders in-
stead of sails (see engine 1/2006). As a driving force the Buckau relied
on the Magnus effect, the strong uplift of a rotating cylinder moving
through air. So does the E-Ship 1. Four large sailing rotors 25 metres
tall, rotating metal cylinders will support the conventional main
engines and reduce fuel consumption considerately. The vessel has
already been launched and will begin trial runs in 2009. www.enercon.de
Bild: Enercon
B
i
l
d
:

R
e
a
c
t
i
o
n

E
n
g
i
n
e
s
Nr. 3 September 2008 4


Van Gogh behind the Grass
A new technique has made it possible for
pictures which were later painted over to be
revealed once more. An international research
team has successfully applied this technique
for the rst time to the painting Patch of Grass
by Vincent van Gogh and found a portrait of a
woman behind the painting.
The new technique is based on synchrotron
radiation induced X-ray uorescence spectros-
copy. The painting is subjected to an X-ray bundle
from a synchrotron radiation source, and the
uorescence of the layers of paint is measured.
This technique has the major advantage that
the measured uorescence is specic to each
chemical element. In particular the combination
of the distribution of the elements mercury and
antimony from specic paint pigments provided
a colour photo of the portrait which had been
painted over.
www.vangogh.ua.ac.be, www.tudelft.nl, www.desy.de
Wind Turbines Drop Anchor
Offshore wind parks are nothing new. About 15 years ago, the rst wind
power plants appeared out at sea. Unfortunately, anchoring the turbine
on the sea oor is very expensive and limited to shallow waters. Also the
winds near the coast are not as strong and consistent as at high sea.
To compensate these disadvantages, engineers from Siemens and Statoil
Hydro joined to built a oating wind turbine. Instead of securing the
windmill to the sea oor with a gigantic pylon, the power plant will be
stabilized by a special otation buoy equipped with an anchor. The buoy
for the windmill, which is 120 meters long and made of steel, concrete
and ballast tanks, is designed to pull the entire structure to a depth suf-
cient to shift its centre of gravity far below the surface. This will prevent
the wind turbine from swaying in rough seas. To ensure that the windmill
doesnt drift away, it is anchored to the sea oor by three exible steel
cables. The power it generates will be sent ashore via an undersea cable.
www.siemens.de
Inated Jellysh
The ying movements of the jellysh are among the most elegant
nature has come up with. With air being their element, the engineers at
Festo decided to imitate these movements and create a ying jellysh.
The remote-controlled Air-Jelly is kept in the air by its helium-lled
ballonet. A central electric drive transmits its power to a bevel gear and
then to eight spur gears, which drive the eight tentacles of the jellysh via
their respective cranks. The jellysh glides gently through the air thanks
to a new drive concept based on the reaction thrust principle. Using such
a peristaltic movement to drive a balloon was previously unknown in
the history of aviation. The Air-Jelly steers by shifting its weight and the
propulsive force of the drive can be varied by moving the tentacles more
quickly or slowly. www.festo.com/cms/de_de/5890.htm
Bild: DESY
B
i
l
d
:

S
i
e
m
e
n
s
Bild: Festo
www.engine-magazin.de

5
People
Key Ingredient
for Success
In our high-tech world, the human factor is becoming increasingly important in achieving
success. But how can companies identify, attract, and foster talent? Professor Fredmund
Malik, founder and head of Malik Management Zentrum St. Gallen offers his answers.
So paradox es klin-
gen mag: In unserer
Hightech-Welt wird
der Faktor Mensch
fr den wirtschaft-
lichen Erfolg immer
wichtiger. Doch wie
erkennt, gewinnt
und frdert man
Talente? Antworten
darauf gibt Profes-
sor Fredmund Malik.
Interview
Professor Malik, human capital is considered
one of the main intangible assets in the corpo-
rate and nancial world. What is your opinion
of the term human capital?
Financial analysts often think in terms of crite-
ria like shareholder value, tangible assets, and cash
ow. From this perspective they see employees
as human capital or intangible assets. To
those who refer to employees as intangible,
however, I would contend that the knowledge
workers in our organization are certainly very
tangible when they walk into my ofce.
Youve also said that there are too few good
managers out there. However, isnt this much
more due to a lack of skilled employees that
there are more generals than foot soldiers?
The main problem is the effectiveness of the
entire management system. A true professional
can manage twice as many employees as an
average manager. Of course, there cant be more
generals than foot soldiers. At the same time, in
every employee in the knowledge industry lies
a potential project or program manager; they
have to be able to manage and motivate them-
selves to a large extent. So they have to be both a
general and a foot soldier in one.
Is the HR department still the right place for
processes like nding talent?
It depends. If youre talking about administra-
tion, the traditional HR department still has the
same role to play. Strategic tasks like nding
and maintaining talent, buying knowledge, and
recruiting, however, all belong in a separate
department. At the most successful companies,
these functions have already been separated or
are drifting apart.
To increase its competence, a company can
either acquire talent or develop it internally.
Is there an ideal balance between the two, or
does it depend on the situation in question?
Executive search should account for between
one-fth and one-fourth of such efforts. In
emergencies, you have to take whoever you can
get, of course, but the result is usually less than
ideal. Acquired managers are sometimes able to
master such situations, but generally speaking,
its very difcult for both the company and the
manager in question even if he or she is from
the same industry. Its a question of credibility:
Can a dyed-in-the-wool Daimler manager win
over employees at BMW? Ultimately, it de-
pends on what youre looking for. If you want
to modify or completely overhaul your business
model, bringing in someone from outside the
company is actually a good idea. On the other
hand, companies who want to enhance their
existing model should rely on the key skills of
their own people.
You mentioned self-management as one of the
most important skills high-potentials have.
How else are these employees special?
Of all the top people Ive dealt with over the
years, no two have been similar. Each is his or
her own person, and you have to accept it. The
fact that they are different is usually the reason
why such people make it to the top. Imitators
are rarely successful. What the most talented
people do have in common, however, is that
they all learned to motivate themselves at an
early stage. They take things on with a sense of
responsibility sometimes bordering on obses-
sion. This has less to do with competition as with
proving to themselves that theyre up to the
task. As in the case of luminaries in other profes-
sions, top managers have often dealt with crisis
or defeat early on in life. Surviving existential
dilemmas and emerging from them stronger is a
very formative experience. Thats why experi-
Nr. 3 September 2008 6


Dieser Auszug aus einem
von Stephan Magura and
Johannes Gillar gefhrten
Interview erschien
ursprnglich in SAP Info,
Ausgabe 150, Mrz/April
2008. Die Verffentlichung
erfolgt mit freundlicher
Genehmigung der SAP. Das
vollstndige Interview und
weitere Informationen zum
Unternehmensmanagement
unter www.sap.info
www.malik-mzsg.ch
Webauftritt des
Management Zentrums
enced recruiters not only ask about the successes
potential employees have had, but also about
their greatest failure and how they have dealt
with it.
You see most managers greatest failure in
their apparent inability to treat their trainees
as individuals. Is this even possible in a mod-
ern multinational company?
Yes, it is possible. After all, managers only
manage the employees directly under them, not
the whole company. Even in the case of execu-
tive board members, thats two dozen people at
most. If you dont even know their names, its
obviously harder to interact with them as peo-
ple. Good company directors understand that
people are more than a statistic. You can only
build on someones strengths, and that is what
companies need to nd out. That, incidentally,
is a way to compensate for a lack of personnel:
empowering ordinary people to do an extraordi-
nary performance. When in doubt, assume that
the extraordinary people are already working
for the competition. !
account for, to betragen, ausmachen
apparent offensichtlich
asset Anlagegut, Kapital
assume, to vermuten
competition Wettbewerb, Konkurrenz
contend, to behaupten
credibility Glaubwrdigkeit
defeat Niederlage
dyed-in-the-wool waschecht
effort Anstrengung, Bemhung
emerge, to auftauchen, hervorgehen
empower, to befhigen
enhance, to verbessern, frdern
executive board Geschftsleitung, Vorstand
executive search /gsekjct/v Headhunting,
Personalbeschaffung
extent Ma, Umfang, Ausma
foster, to fctc frdern, untersttzen
founder Grnder
HR (human resources)
department
Personalabteilung
incidentally brigens
intangible /ntandschcb/ immateriell
luminary luhm/ncr/ Leuchte, Koryphe
obsession Besessenheit
overhaul, to cuvchJ/ berholen, berarbeiten
recruiter r/kruhtc Personalvermittler
refer to sth., to etw. bezeichnen
shareholder Aktionr
skill Fhigkeit
skilled qualiziert, geschult
tangible tandschcb/ greifbar, materiell
tangible asset Sachwert, Sachanlage
task Aufgabe
Unsere vereinfachte
Lautschrift orientiert
sich an der deutschen
Aussprache und wird
gesprochen, wie sie
geschrieben wird.
Betonte Silben sind fett
gedruckt. Leider geht
es nicht ganz ohne
Sonderzeichen:
= stimmloses th
wie in thank you
= stimmhaftes th
wie in the
= kurzes, unbetontes e
wie in danke
= langes, offenes o
wie in hoffen
enGine
Lautschrift
KERN AG IKL Business Language Training
Leipziger Str. 51 60487 Frankfurt /M.
Fax (0 69) 7 56 07 39-5
(
0 69
)
7 56 07 39-0
Aachen, Augsburg, Berlin, Bielefeld, Bochum, Bonn, Braunschweig,
Bremen, Darmstadt, Dortmund, Dresden, Dsseldorf, Duisburg, Essen,
Hamburg, Hannover, Heilbronn, Karlsruhe, Kassel, Kiel, Kln, Leipzig,
Mainz, Mannheim, Mnchen, Mnster, Nrnberg, Saarbrcken, Stuttgart,
Ulm, Wiesbaden, Wrzburg, Wuppertal
IKL
BUSINESS
LANGUAGE
TRAINING
www.kerntraining.com
kern.frankfurt@kerntraining.com
Technisches
Englisch

Redemittel fr die Erklrungen


technischer Funktionalitten

Sprachgewandtheit von der


Wartung bis zum Kundendienst

Prsentation Ihrer Produkte auf


Messen / beim Kunden

Kundenerwartungen erkennen
und darauf eingehen

Interkulturelle Tipps

Grammatik- und Wortschatzarbeit


Sprachentraining
spezialisiert auf
diverse Fachrichtungen
www.engine-magazin.de

7
Back to the Moon
This year marks NASAs 50th anniversary. We look at
the venerable space agencys plans for a return to the
Moon. Can old glories be revived?
Space Flight
Alle Bilder: NASA
At the times the 110-metre
Saturn V rocket was the
strongest vehicle ever built.
In the seventies it carried
the Command and Service
Module and the Lunar
Module to the Moon.
Nr. 3 September 2008 8


Dieses Jahr feiert
die NASA ihren
50. Geburtstag.
Die altehrwrdige
Organisation hat
jngst beschlossen,
wieder zum Mond
zurck zu kehren.
Lsst sich der Ruhm
vergangener Tage
wieder beleben?
No engineering enterprise since the con-
struction of the Hoover Dam in the 1930s
better exemplied Americas hopes for the
future than NASA at the dawn of the Space
Age. Signed into law on 29 July, 1958 as
a response to Russias launch of Sputnik
ten months earlier, it symbolised the 20th
century technological dream at its most self-
assured: spending vast sums of taxpayers
money on engineering and science in order
to improve education, stimulate agging
industries and redene the management
structures and beliefs of large-scale organisa-
tions across the country.
NASAs vision for its crowning achieve-
ment, the 1960s Apollo lunar landing project,
was not just directed at winning triumphs in
space. The genuinely innovative techniques
in systems engineering, personnel manage-
ment and information control pioneered
by the Agency were supposed to serve as a
model for social change on the ground too.
According to the Smithsonian Institutions
chief space historian Roger Launius: NASA
thought it was possible to create the perfect
organisation. They talked about the appli-
cation of their techniques to other sorts of
activities such as homelessness and poverty,
welfare and education. One of the reasons
we feel so nostalgic for the days of Apollo is
our sense that they could do things better
in those days.
Reducing Risks
However, in January 1986, space shut-
tle Challenger exploded in mid-air shortly
after launch, denting forever our acceptance
that NASA knows how to run the perfect
organisation. The loss of a second shuttle,
Columbia, during re-entry in February 2003
highlighted that the entire US space pro-
gramme needed to renew its sense of purpose
after years of post-Apollo neglect. The White
House responded with surprising vigour to
Columbias loss. On 14 January 2004, Presi-
dent George W. Bush made a televised speech
during a special visit to NASA headquarters
in Washington. The priority, he said, was to
return the shuttle system to ight status and
nish construction of the International Space
Station. No surprises there, but as his speech
continued, a radical alternative vision emerged
for Americas future in space.
From then on, NASAs principal task
would be to undertake extended human
missions to the Moon, with the goal of liv-
ing and working there. With the experience
and knowledge gained on the Moon, we will
then be ready to take the next steps of space
exploration: human missions to Mars and to
worlds beyond. The ageing space shuttle
system will be retired from ight in the year
2010, and a new spacecraft, the Crew Explo-
ration Vehicle (CEV), known as Orion, will
take centre stage. !
Forty years after Apollo,
one rocket has become
two. In the Constellation
programme, the smaller
Ares I rocket will carry
the crew into orbit and
the much larger unmanned
Ares V will carry heavy
loads, e. g. a lunar lander.
Vokabeldownload: www.engine-magazin.de/extras
achievement
ctschlhvmcnt
Errungenschaft, Leistung
anniversary Jahrestag, Jubilum
application Anwendung
be supposed to do sth., to etw. tun sollen
dawn Anbruch, Dmmerung
dent, to verbeulen
emerge, to aufkommen, entstehen
enterprise Unternehmen
exemplify, to veranschaulichen
exploration Erkundung, Erforschung
agging schwchelnd, erlahmend
gain, to erlangen, erwerben
genuinely dschenju/n// echt
launch /Jntsch Start, Abschuss
neglect Nachlssigkeit
poverty pcvct/ Armut, Not
purpose pcpc Zielsetzung, Zweck
retire, to pensionieren,
ausscheiden
self-assured selbstbewusst
task Aufgabe, Funktion
vast riesig, enorm
venerable vencrcb/ ehrwrdig
vigour vlgc Kraft, Vitalitt
welfare Sozialhilfe
www.engine-magazin.de

9
www.nasa.gov (engl.)
Die sehr umfangreiche
Webseite der NASA,
auf der man sich leicht
verlieren kann. Mit allen
Informationen zu Apollo,
dem Space Shuttle und
Orion.
www.nasa.gov/50th
Direktlink 50 Jahre NASA
www.nasa.gov/mission_
pages/apollo
Direktlink Apollo
www.nasa.gov/mission_
pages/shuttle
Direktlink Shuttle
www.nasa.gov/mission_
pages/constellation
Direktlink Orion/
Constellation
In terms of manned space ight at least,
Orion is a reversal of everything that NASA
has worked towards over the last 25 years.
The dream of an all-purpose winged space
shuttle, ying cheaply and reliably like a
commercial cargo plane, never quite came to
fruition. Whenever a shuttle carries a satellite
or a space station module in its cargo bay, the
costs of launching those payloads are exagger-
ated because astronauts always come along for
the ride. Quite apart from the massive addi-
tional complications of life support, the launch
weight given up to the crew cabin and the
shuttles heavy wings has to be subtracted
from the cargo capacity.
Back to the Future
It is more efcient, say Orions designers at
the Lockheed Martin company, to lift cargo
in unmanned rockets, and launch astronauts
separately in a small module that carries peo-
ple and nothing else. There is no need for the
shuttle unless the intention is to return large
payloads to Earth. So, with the Orion concept,
all that remains is the human-carrying ele-
ment: a small conical crew cabin at the front of
the launch stack.
Despite the unwelcome evidence of two
disasters, there has never been anything
uniquely hazardous about the shuttle. Dr
John Logsdon, director of George Wash-
ington Universitys Space Policy Institute,
served on the Columbia Accident Investiga-
tion Board (CAIB). Naturally, we had an
emphasis on investigating the specic prob-
lems that doomed Columbia, but space vehi-
cles are risky across the board, and they need
constant vigilance to be own successfully.
Lunar landing revisited: Although the new lunar module called
Altair (right) looks quite different from the iconic original
Lunar Module (above), the basic principles are the same: The
craft has two stages, of which only the smaller upper stage
will return to the orbiting Crew Exploration Vehicle. But
unlike Apollos LM, the much larger Altair is also capable
of landing at the polar regions of the Moon. It can carry four
astronauts to the surface and support them for weeks.
That said, NASA is eliminating certain risks
identied by the CAIB.
At launch, the shuttle is attached to the
ank of its huge external fuel tank, in what
is known as a parallel stack. Columbia was
destroyed because a suitcase-sized piece of
thermal insulation foam peeled off the exter-
nal fuel tank shortly after launch and hit the
left wings leading edge, making a small but
ultimately catastrophic hole. During Co-
lumbias re-entry two weeks later, hot gases
rushed into that hole, destroying internal
controls and melting the underlying metal
airframe. Orion will revert to the 1960s para-
digm, with the capsule at the very top of the
launch vehicle: an in-line arrangement that
prevents stray debris, such as loose insula-
tion foam or ice peeling away from the cold
anks of the liquid oxygen and liquid hydro-
gen fuel tanks, from endangering the crew.
Many kinds of failure can occur during a
rocket launch. Orions crew compartment will
be a discreet cone-shaped capsule at the tip
of the stack that can serve as an escape pod in
the event of mid-ight explosions or control
problems in the main booster assembly. The
shuttle has no such distinction between its
crew compartment and the rest of the launch
vehicle. The winged orbiter has three liquid-
fuelled engines that share the thrust load
with the rest of the launch stack, drawing
fuel from the external tank.
This has always been a concern to Apollo
veterans, used to the idea of a complete
structural separation between the crew
The Orion Crew Vehicle
is more or less a spa-
cious copy of Apollos
Command Module.
But instead of three
astronauts, it can
carry a crew of
up to six.
Nr. 3 September 2008 10


capsule and the tank and propulsion systems.
The CAIB noted that when the Moon-bound
Apollo 13 spacecraft suffered an oxygen
tank explosion in April 1970, the command
module at the front of the vehicle, though
drained of power, was undamaged and even-
tually made a safe return to Earth.
Robert Seamans, NASAs deputy adminis-
trator in the Apollo era, was one of a dozen
ageing veterans called upon to advise Orions
designers. I served on what they called the
Greybeard Committee, all these old hands
who knew how wed reached the Moon rst
across the board allgemein
advise so., to jmdn. beraten
airframe Flugzeugzelle
all-purpose Universal-, Allzweck-
amazingly unglaublich, erstaunlich
assembly Anordnung, Baugruppe
booster Hilfsrakete, Zusatzantrieb
cargo Fracht
compartment Abteil, Kammer
concern Anliegen, Interesse
cone Kegel, Trichter
conical konlkl konisch, kegelfrmig
debris debr/h Trmmer, Fremdkrper
deputy stellvertretend
distinction Unterscheidung
doom, to verdammen
drain, to entleeren, leer laufen
emphasis emfc/ Gewichtung, Betonung
employ, to einsetzen
endanger, to gefhrden
escape Flucht, Rettung
time around. Astronaut John Young was
there and hed own in Gemini, plus two
Apollo missions, and hed commanded the
rst shuttle ight. We didnt fool around.
They put us in a room from eight until ve.
They brought in food because there was no
break for lunch. What we came up with is
amazingly similar to what we did with the
Apollo.
The Orion capsule and its upper stage will
be launched on top of a solid rocket booster,
as currently employed by the space shuttle. A
lunar landing spacecraft, the Altair, will be !
evidence ev/dcn Beweis, Beleg
exaggerate, to bertreiben
fruition frulschn Erfllung
hazardous hascdc gefhrlich, riskant
in terms of hinsichtlich, bezglich
insulation Isolierung
launch stack etwa: Startkonguration
Moon-bound mondwrts
occur, to ckc auftreten, passieren
payload Nutzlast, Ladung
peel, to abschlen, ablsen
pod Gondel
propulsion Antrieb, Treibkraft
reliably r/lelab// zuverlssig
reversal Umkehr, Wende
revert, to r/vct zurckgreifen
stack Sule, Stapel
stage Stufe
support Untersttzung
thrust Schub
vigilance vldsch//cn Wachsamkeit
www.engine-magazin.de

11
Dieser Artikel erschien
ursprnglich im Engineering
& Technology Magazine,
Ausgabe 13 vom 26. Juli
2008. Die Verffentlichung
erfolgt mit freundlicher
Genehmigung der IET,
Institution of Engineering
and Technology.
http://kn.theiet.org/
magazine
carried to orbit, unmanned, aboard a heavy-lift
rocket. Then the Orion and its crew will locate
it in Earth orbit, make a docking and head to
the moon. On arrival, Altair will detach and
drop down to the lunar surface. At the end of its
surface mission, the lower part of the Altair will
stay behind while the upper crew module blasts
back into lunar orbit, makes a rendezvous with
Orion and transfers its crew. Then Orion heads
back to Earth for an Apollo-style re-entry and
recovery by parachute.
Is this forward progress? Or a weird leap back
in time? Robert Zubrin, formerly a senior engi-
neer at Lockheed Martin and now a respected
full-time lobbyist for human Mars missions, is
not sure. In the 1970s, when President Nixon
closed down the Apollo program and ended
lunar exploration, NASA said we would do
all that again one day, after we had developed
cheaper transportation to orbit using a winged
shuttle. Weve spent 30 years trying that, with
mixed results. The shuttle costs more to y
than the Saturn V boosters that we had for the
Moon missions. Now the shuttle is going to
be replaced with a capsule just like Apollo.
The back to the future technology for Orion is
shaping up fast, but there is no guarantee that it
wont be cancelled before it reaches the Moon.
NASA marks its many astonishing achieve-
ments over the last half-century with budgetary
doubts clouding its future. John Logsdon warns
that everything could change when the Bush
presidency comes to an end. If the current
proposals for human space exploration fail politi-
cally, then major programmes that depend on
government spending could lose momentum.
Its far from certain that were going back to the
Moon, let alone on to Mars. I think we are still
struggling to answer the most basic question:
why is the government in the business of send-
ing people into space? "
Piers Bizony
Except for the new disk-
shaped solar arrays, the
new Orion spaceship (left)
and Apollos Command
and Service Module (right)
look strikingly similar.
astonishing erstaunlich
detach, to ablsen, abtrennen
leap Sprung, Satz
parachute
parcschuht
Fallschirm
proposal Ansatz, Projektierung
recovery Bergung
shape up, to sich entwickeln
struggle, to kmpfen, ringen
wissen knnen handeln
Der Spezialist fr
Technical English &
Business
Communication
ISD ist seit ber 25 Jahren Partner fr
Unternehmen, deren Mitarbeiter weltweit
durch sicheren Auftritt und kommunikative
Kompetenz berzeugen.
Business & Technical English, alle europ-
ischen und die wichtigsten asiatischen
Sprachen fr Fach- und Fhrungskrfte.
Interkulturelle Kompetenz, Prsentations- &
Verhandlungstrainings, Firmenprogramme.
Alexanderstrae 42
.
70182 Stuttgart
Tel. 0711-2 38 82-0
.
Fax 0711-2 38 82-28
www.sprachen-training.eu
.
isd@isdgmbh.eu
Nr. 3 September 2008 12


Gewinnspiel
Fr die Sprachlernsoft-
ware mit Live-Unterricht
bedanken wir uns bei Digital
Publishing.
www.digitalpublishing.de
Warum muss bei alten Videobndern das Signal
vor der Digitalisierung aufbreitet werden?
A Weil die Bnder entmagnetisiert sind.
B Weil verklebte Spulen fr Aussetzer sorgen.
C Weil es fr moderne Gerte ungeeignet ist.
Wie leitet man eine Besprechung mit britischen
Kollegen am besten ein?
A Mit einen Hinweis auf die knappe Zeit.
B Mit einer Aufzhlung der Themen.
C Mit einem kurzen Small Talk.
Im Englischen tauchen in juristischen Texte viele
lateinische Vokabeln auf. Welche ist keine?
A force majeure
B bona de
C de facto
3
2
1
Um an der Verlosung Teil zu nehmen, schicken
Sie einfach die richtigen Antworten per Post,
Fax oder Mail an unsere Adresse. Der Einsende-
schluss ist der 30. 11. 2008.
engine-Redaktion
Hoppenstedt Publishing GmbH
Havelstr. 9
64295 Darmstadt
Fax 06151/380-99310
engine-marketing@hoppenstedt.de
Die Lsung des letzten
Rtsels war:
1. C, 2. B, 3. B
Der glckliche Gewinner der
Sprachlernsoftware ist
Reinhard Kunzendorf
aus Maisach.
Wir gratulieren.
Drei Fragen
ein Gewinn

13 www.engine-magazin.de
Nach so viel Sprachbungen, Fachwissen und In-
formationen haben Sie sich ein bisschen Entspan-
nung verdient. Wie wrs denn mit einem Rtsel?
Lohn der Mhe ist diesmal eine ganz be-
sondere Sprachlernsoftware fr Anfnger und
Wiedereinsteiger. Moderne Computersprach-
kurse mit Videotutoren und Spacherkennung
sind heute schon fast so gut wie persnlicher
Unterricht. Aber eben nur fast. Deshalb packt
Digital-Publishing ab sofort einen leibhaftigen
Sprachtrainer mit in seinen Selbstlernkurs. Wie
das geht? Ganz einfach: bers Internet.
Teil des Kurses sind neben zwei CD-ROMs,
einer Audio-CD und einem Textbuch auch fnf
Lerneinheiten zu jeweils 45 Minuten in
einem virtuellen Klassenzimmer. Der Live-
Unterricht kann dabei frei gebucht werden.
Und damit Sie auch stilgerecht daran Teil
nehmen knnen, gehrt zu unserem Preis
diesmal eine Webcam und ein extra leichtes
Headset.
Wie immer sind Mitarbeiter der Hop-
penstedt-Verlagsgruppe von der Teilnahme
leider ausgeschlossen. Ebenso wie der
Rechtsweg. Es hilft Nichts, um an die
Sprachlernsoftware und den Live-Unter-
richt zu kommen, mssen Sie die fol-
genden Fragen beantworten:
Folding Science
What do Origami, the ancient Japanese art of paper folding, and
engineering have in common? A lot, thinks Robert J. Lang, who folds
science and art together to create 3-D paper wonders.
Was haben Origami,
die alte japanische
Kunst des Papier-
faltens, und die
Ingenieurskunst
gemeinsam? Jede
Menge, meint
Robert J. Lang, der
mit wissenschaft-
lichen Methoden
und Kunstfertigkeit
dreidimensional Pa-
pier-Wunderwerke
faltet.
Origami
Alle Bilder: Lang
The Japanese have a reputation for being an
isolationist people, ercely protective of their
own culture. After all, the countrys borders
were once closed to outsiders for more than
200 years. So, how did the Japanese react
when it turned out that one of the foremost
origami artists in the world is an American
engineer named Robert J. Lang? Actually,
they welcomed him with open arms.
In 1992, Lang visited Japan to give a lecture
to the Nippon Origami Association. People
were so taken with him that a few months
later, he was invited back to appear on a
Japanese game show. They thought it was
so weird and cool that a westerner should
be doing this complicated origami, says the
46-year-old Alamo resident, a tall, lean man
with a greying beard.
The word complicated may not do justice
to Langs work. His designs include a de-
tailed allosaurus skeleton, a pteranodon with
a 14-foot wingspan, a praying mantis devour-
ing its mate, a Viking ship complete with oars,
and a cuckoo clock with moving parts each
made from a single sheet of paper. The paper
sculptures can require hundreds of folds (490
for the praying mantises) and several days
to complete, and often feature many thin ap-
pendages an obstacle to design once thought
insurmountable. Lang solved the problem
using a revolutionary perimeter-maximizing
technique he calls circle packing.
Any Size and any Shape
The most surprising thing is that the
perimeter of a gure can be as big as you
want, Lang explains. He holds up a sheet of
notebook paper. From a sheet of paper this
size, I could fold a shape whose perimeter is
50,000 miles. By using circle packing, I can
create a little star shape that would have
millions and millions of points. This folded
shape would be microscopically small, but
if you traced the outside, the length of every
star, you could get any number you want-
ed.
His work is so intricate, it just blows
me away, says Linda Tomoko Mihara,
A Roosevelt Elk and its
crease pattern (back-
ground). The lines of the
pattern mark the position
and direction of the folds.
The circles stand for the
legs and other extremities.
Nr. 3 September 2008 14


an award-winning origami artist who has
worked with Lang. He would never admit
that hes the best in the world, but I consider
him to be the best in the world.
Lang, who grew up in Atlanta, began his
journey toward artistic greatness at age six,
when he was given his rst origami book.
As a kid, the attraction was nothing deep
or sophisticated, he says. Here was a way
I could make toys. And, I could make them
from free scrap paper.
He designed his rst piece at around the
age of 10 a variation on the classic origami
boat, which he folded to resemble the PT boats
from the television show McHales Navy. By
the time he was in his teens, he was devour-
ing origami books and modifying the designs
to create all sorts of animals of his own.
Lang continued to fold paper while he
attended college at Caltech, where he majored
in electrical engineering. He did origami
as a way to relieve stress, but at the same
time found that his studies in science and
mathematics helped him develop more
systematic ways of creating new designs a
perfect dovetailing of his scientic and artistic
pursuits.
Aesthetics Meets Science
The connections to art are obvious, he says.
Youre creating objects that are intended
to appeal aesthetically to someone, either
the viewer or the practitioner. But, science
is dependent very strongly on patterns and
natural laws and relationships. My view is
if one understands the patterns and the rela-
tionships together with the scientic aspects,
it enables you to enhance the art that youre
ultimately doing.
He went on to study at Stanford and then
returned to Caltech to get a Ph.D. in applied
physics, studying lasers. In grad school, he
wrote his rst book, The Complete Book of
Origami, published in 1988.
Lang wrote ve more books contain-
ing origami patterns he refers to them as
recipe books on evenings and weekends
while working in Silicon Valley. He has also
been awarded more than 40 patents, many in-
volving his work with lasers. What he really
wanted to write, however, was a book that
would explain how people could create their
own origami designs.
I always wanted to explain how to design
things, and I realized that I would not write
Origami Design Secrets unless I could devote
myself full-time to writing it, he says. !
Vokabeldownload: www.engine-magazin.de/extras
admit, to zugeben, einrumen
ancient alnschcnt alt
appeal, to Anklang nden, reizen
appendage cpend/dsch Fortsatz, Anhang
attend, to besuchen
award s.o. sth., to jmdm. etw. verleihen,
zusprechen
crease kr/h Falte
devote, to widmen, hingeben
devour, to d/vaua verschlingen, fressen
dovetail, to davta// aufeinander abstimmen,
verzahnen
enhance, to verbessern
ercely heftig
foremost fhrend
insurmountable
/ncmauntcb/
unberwindlich
intricate lntr/kct komplex, aufwendig
isolationist
e/clalschcn/t
isolationistisch
lecture lektschc Vorlesung, Vortrag
major in, to maldschc etw. als Hauptfach
studieren
mate Partner, Gefhrte
oar J Ruder, Riemen
obstacle Hindernis
obvious offensichtlich
pattern Muster, Vorlage
perimeter pcrlm/tc Umfang, Umkreis
practitioner praktlschcnc Ausbender, Praktiker
praying mantis Gottesanbeterin
pursuit pcjuht Streben
recipe recp/ Rezept
relieve, to abbauen, lindern
resemble, to gleichen, hneln
scrap paper Schmierpapier
sheet Blatt, Papierbogen
sophisticated anspruchsvoll
trace, to verfolgen, nachzeichnen
One-sheet wonders. Most
of Robert J. Langs (below)
creations are folded from
a single sheet of paper. His
specialty is animals with
detailed legs or wings but,
being an engineer by trade,
he also folds cars.
www.engine-magazin.de

15
With that in mind, he quit his job at a San
Jose laser manufacturing company in 2001.
The book was published in 2003. Lang has
focused on origami full-time ever since.
He has a constant ow of commissions, both
public and private (people pay as much as
$2,500 for his more complex sculptures),
thanks in part to widely read features in The
New Yorker and Smithsonian. Art museums
all across the world have put his work on
display. The Indianapolis Museum of Art is
currently showing 34 of Langs pieces, his
largest exhibit to date.
Like any artist, he draws much of his
inspiration from his environment. The idea for
one particularly impressive piece, a colourful
Annas hummingbird feeding at a honeysuckle
ower, came to him while he watched hum-
mingbirds at a feeder hanging just outside the
window of his studio. One of his favourite
recent designs, a barn owl sitting on its perch,
was born after a visit to a wildlife centre in
England, where he had the opportunity to
feed an owl as it perched on his arm.
Inspired by Nature
Its just so emotionally powerful to see one
of these incredible animals right up close,
Lang says. After that encounter, I said, I
have to re-create that moment, that emo-
tion, in an origami gure. Most of what I do
is real wildlife because thats what inspires
me.
Lang spends as much as 12 hours a day in
his studio, behind the ranch-style home he
shares with his wife, Diane, a fellow animal
lover who volunteers at the Lindsay Wild-
life Museum, and his son, Peter, a senior in
high school. Origami sculptures are scattered
throughout the studio some could t in
a matchbox. Others, like a heron that hangs
from the ceiling, approach life-size. Lang
skips about the ofce, exuding the energy of
an enthusiastic college professor: Sometimes
hes sketching a design with pencil and paper;
sometimes hes at his Mac, creating a design
using a computer program he wrote; some-
times hes folding at a table, or on the oor if
a piece requires a large sheet of paper.
Lang enjoys sharing his knowledge with
others so they can use his techniques to
improve their designs. Perhaps the best story
comes from his stint as an artist in residence
at MIT in 2004, where he taught a workshop
on circle packing. Less than a year later, at the
Origami USA convention in New York, Lang
ran into one of the students from that work-
shop, Brian Chan, who was showing off a se-
ries of elaborate insect sculptures. Lang was so
impressed by Chans work that he felt a pang
of jealousy, and he asked Chan why he hadnt
shared the designs when Lang was at MIT.
He said, Ive done them all since the
workshop. I used your techniques to design
them, Lang recalls. He was instantly a
topight folder. It was fantastic. And he is
now on anyones short list of the worlds top
folders.
Right up there with Robert J. Lang. "
Justin Goldman
Origami in Engineering
Robert J. Lang is not just an engineer-
turned-artist; he also tries to bring his
engineering skills into Origami as well
as his Origami skills into engineering.
To help him with his creations, he has
programmed software that can transform
a stick gure of any given shape into a
crease pattern, the folded piece of paper
that is the basis of any Origami creation.
His software is probably the rst attempt
at CAOD Computer-Aided Origami
Design.
As a trained engineer, Lang also helps
out other engineers with his folding. For
the Eyeglass project, a proposed space tel-
escope with a 100-metre diameter lens, he
worked out an Origami pattern that folds
a at ring or disc into a compact cylinder.
And airbag designers use his Origami
algorithms to computer-simulate a folded
airbag. But Lang is not the only one fold-
ing art with science: other Origami artists
have inspired the development of heart
stents, solar arrays or solar sails.
www.langorigami.com
(engl.)
Die sehr umfangreiche
Webseite von Robert J. Lang
mit Hintergrnden, vielen
Bildern und weiteren Links.
www.ted.com/index.
php/talks/robert_lang_
folds_way_new_origami.
html (engl.)
Ein Video von Langs
hochinteressantem Vortrag
bei der TED Konferenz.
www.newyorker.com/
reporting/2007/02/19/
070219fa_fact_orlean
(engl.)
www.
smithsonianmag.com/
science-nature/origami.
html?c=y&page=1 (engl.)
Zwei weitere Beitrge zu
Langs Kunst.
www.llnl.gov/str/
March03/Hyde.html (engl.)
Beitrag zum erwhnten,
faltbaren Weltraumteleskop.
www.mcgill.ca/
architecture/events (engl.)
Photoblog von der
Entstehung des Pteranodons.
Nr. 3 September 2008 16


Dieser Artikel erschien
ursprnglich im Diablo
Magazine, Ausgabe May
2008, und wird hier mit
freundlicher Genehmigung
des Verlags verffentlicht.
Der Originalbeitrag ndet
sich unter
www.diablomag.com
array Anordnung, Feld
barn owl Schleiereule
commission Auftrag
crease kr/h Falte
elaborate rafniert, aufwendig
encounter Begegnung, Treffen
environment Umgebung
exude, to /gsjuhd ausstrahlen
fellow Mit-
heron hercn Fischreiher
honeysuckle Heckenkirsche, Geiblatt
hummingbird Kolibri
improve, to verbessern, verfeinern
jealousy Eifersucht
matchbox Streichholzschachtel
pang Schmerz, Stechen
perch potsch Sitzplatz, Sitzstange
propose, to vorschlagen
scattered verstreut
sketch, to skizzieren, entwerfen
skill Fhigkeit, Knnen
stick gure Strichmnnchen
stint Dienstzeit
topight erstklassig
volunteer, to hier: ehrenamtlich
arbeiten
The Pteranodon in the Mc
Gills Redpath Museum,
Canada, has a four-metre
wingspan and is one of
Langs largest origami
models.
Euro-Sprachreisen ESR bietet fr Sie
mageschneiderte Sprachaufenthalte im Ausland
fr allgemeinsprachliche Zwecke oder als gezieltes
Fachsprachentraining fr Ihr berufliches
Weiterkommen.
Ihre Spezialisten fr
Fremdsprachen
Telefon 06027 418823 Fax 06027 418880
Hauptstrae 23 63811 Stockstadt ecs@eso.de esr@eso.de
www.eurosprachreisen.de www.eso.de
Euro-Sprachreisen
Euro-Communication-Service
Der bundesweite bersetzer- und Dolmetscher-
dienst ECS bietet Ihnen schnell, kompetent und
zuverlssig Untersttzung aus allen Sprachen in
alle Sprachen und fr alle Fachgebiete.
www.engine-magazin.de

17
Von A wie Absorber bis Z wie Zelle
Technical
Dictionary
Nr. 3 September 2008 18


Energietechnik
Power Engineering
Abgas exhaust gas
Absorber absorber
Abwrme waste heat
Achse axis
Ader wire
adiabatisch adiabatic
Adsober adsorber
Albedo albedo
Amplitude amplitude
Anemometer anemometer
Anker armature (generator)
Antriebsmaschine prime mover
Arbeit work
Asynchrongenerator asynchronous
generator
Aufwindkraftwerk solar tower
Ausgleichsglied compensator
Aussto emission
Azimut azimuth
Batterie battery
Bedarf demand
Biomasse biomass
Blatt blade
Blockheizkraftwerk co-generation
Be gust
Brennstab fuel rod
Brennstoff fuel
Brennstoffzelle fuel cell
Damm dam
Dampf steam
Dampferzeuger steam generator
Dampfturbine steam turbine
Dampfwasser condensate
Drehstrom three-phase current
Drehstromgenerator alternator
Dunst vapour
Eigenwrme sensible heat
Elektrizitt electricity
Energie energy
Energie aus Biomasse biomass energy
Energieeinsparung energy conservation
Energietechnik power engineering
Energievorkommen energy resource
Entropie entropy
Erderwrmung global warming
erneuerbare Energie renewable energy
Fallleitung penstock
Fernleitung transmission line
Frderhhe head
fossiler Brennstoff fossil fuel
Francis-Turbine Francis turbine
Freistrahlturbine Pelton wheel
Frequenz frequency
Fusion ssion
Gas gas
Gasturbine gas turbine
Generator generator
geothermisch geothermal
Geothermische Energie geothermal energy
Getriebe gearbox
Gezeitenkraft tidal power
Gleichrichter rectier
Gleichstrom DC (direct current)
Gondel nacelle
Grundlast baseload
Heizssigkeit heat transfer uid
Heizkessel boiler
Heizkrper radiator
Heliostat heliostat
Induktion induction
induzieren induce, to
Injektionsbohrung injection well
Isolator insulator
Kg cage
Kalorie calorie
Kamin stack
Kapazitt capacity
Kaplan-Turbine Kaplan turbine
Katalysator catalytic converter
Kavitation cavitation
Kernenergie nuclear power
Kernreaktor nuclear reactor
Klimawandel climate change
Kohle coal
Kohlekraftwerk coal-red thermal
power station
Kohlendioxid carbon dioxide
Kohlevergasung coal gasication
Koks coke
Kolbendampfmaschine reciprocating engine
Kollektor collector
Kombikraftwerk combined-cycle power
plant
Kondensatabscheider condenser

19 www.engine-magazin.de
V
o
k
a
b
e
l
d
o
w
n
l
o
a
d

u
n
t
e
r

w
w
w
.
e
n
g
i
n
e
-
m
a
g
a
z
i
n
.
d
e
/
e
x
t
r
a
s
Konvektion convection
Kraft-Wrme-Kopplung combined heat and
power
Kraftwerk power plant
Khlturm cooling tower
Khlvorrichtung cooler
Kupfer copper
Kurzschlusslufer cage rotor
Last load
latente Wrme latent heat
Lufer runner
Leeseite downwind
Leistungstrenner circuit breaker
Leiter conductor
Leitfhigkeit conductivity
luv upwind
Magnetfeld magnetic eld
magnetisch magnetic
Magnetspule solenoid
Maschinenhalle machine hall
Mikroturbine microturbine
Nachbrenner afterburner
nachhaltig sustainable
Nennleistung rated power
Netz grid
l oil
Parabolrinne parabolic trough
Pellet pellet
Phase phase
Photoelement photovoltaic cell
photovoltaisch photovoltaic
Pitchregelung pitch control
Pol pole
Produktionsbohrung production well
Pumpe pump
Radioaktiv radioactive
radioaktiver Abfall radioactive waste
Rafnerie renery
Reaktor reactor
Rohl crude oil
Rotor rotor
Rotorblatt rotor blade
Schaltstation substation
Schalttafel panel
Schaltung circuit
Schornstein chimney
Schwaden fumes
Sequestration sequestration
Sicherheitshlle containment
building
sinusfrmig sinusoidal
Solarenergie solar energy
Solarheizung solar heating
Solarkonstante solar constant
Solarzellengruppe solar array
Sonnenkollektor solar collector
Sonnenstrahlung solar radiation
Spannung voltage
Spannungsabfall brownout
Spannungs-
schwankung
icker
Speicher accumulator
Speisewasser feedwater
Spitzenlast peak load
Stnder stator
Starkstrom high voltage current
Stausee reservoir
Sternschaltung star connection
Steuerzentrale control room
Stirlingmotor Stirling engine
Strahlung radiation
Strom current
Stromausfall blackout
Stromausfall outage
Stromleitung power line
Stromstrke power
Strmungsabriss stall
Stromzhler electric meter
Synchrongenerator synchronous gene-
rator
Taupunkt dewpoint
Temperatur temperature
thermisch thermal
Thermodynamik thermodynamics
Treibhauseffekt greenhouse effect
Turbine turbine
Turbulenz turbulence
Turm tower
Umformen convert, to
Umformung conversion
Umspanner transformer
Ventilator fan
Verbrauch consumption
Verbrennung combustion
Verdunstung evaporation
Verlust loss
Vorschaltgert (Leucht-
stoffrhre)
ballast
Wrme heat
Wrmeaustauscher heat exchanger
Wrmedurchgangszahl U-value
Wrmepumpe heat pump
Wrmeregler thermostat
Wrmebertragung heat transfer
Wasserkraft hydropower
Wasserstoff hydrogen
Wasserturbine water turbine
Wechselrichter inverter
Wechselstrom AC (alternating
current)
Wicklung winding
Widerstand resistance
Windkraft wind energy
Windkraftanlage wind turbine
Wirkungsgrad efciency
Zelle cell
From A as in absorber to W as in work
Technical
Dictionary
Nr. 3 September 2008 20


Power Engineering
Energietechnik
Absorber Absorber
AC (alternating current) Wechselstrom
accumulator Speicher
adiabatic adiabatisch
adsorber Adsober
afterburner Nachbrenner
albedo Albedo
alternator Drehstromgenerator
amplitude Amplitude
anemometer Anemometer
armature (generator) Anker
asynchronous generator Asynchrongenerator
axis Achse
azimuth Azimut
Ballast Vorschaltgert
(Leuchtstoffrhre)
baseload Grundlast
battery Batterie
biomass Biomasse
biomass energy Energie aus Bio-
masse
blackout Stromausfall
blade Blatt
boiler Heizkessel
brownout Spannungsabfall
Cage Kg
cage rotor Kurzschlusslufer
calorie Kalorie
capacity Kapazitt
carbon dioxide Kohlendioxid
catalytic converter Katalysator
cavitation Kavitation
cell Zelle
chimney Schornstein
circuit Schaltung
circuit breaker Leistungstrenner
climate change Klimawandel
coal Kohle
coal gasication Kohlevergasung
coal-red thermal power
station
Kohlekraftwerk
co-generation Blockheizkraftwerk
coke Koks
collector Kollektor
combined heat and power Kraft-Wrme-Kopp-
lung
combined-cycle power plant Kombikraftwerk
combustion Verbrennung
compensator Ausgleichsglied
condensate Dampfwasser
condenser Kondensatabschei-
der
conductivity Leitfhigkeit
conductor Leiter
consumption Verbrauch
containment building Sicherheitshlle
control room Steuerzentrale
convection Konvektion
conversion Umformung
convert, to umformen
cooler Khlvorrichtung
cooling tower Khlturm
copper Kupfer
crude oil Rohl
current Strom
Dam Damm
DC (direct current) Gleichstrom
demand Bedarf
dewpoint Taupunkt
downwind Leeseite
Efciency Wirkungsgrad
electric meter Stromzhler
electricity Elektrizitt
emission Aussto
energy Energie
energy conservation Energieeinsparung
energy resource Energievorkommen
entropy Entropie
evaporation Verdunstung
exhaust gas Abgas
Fan Ventilator
feedwater Speisewasser
ssion Fusion
icker Spannungs-
schwankung
fossil fuel fossiler Brennstoff
Francis turbine Francis-Turbine
frequency Frequenz
fuel Brennstoff
fuel cell Brennstoffzelle
fuel rod Brennstab
fumes Schwaden
Gas Gas
gas turbine Gasturbine

21 www.engine-magazin.de
V
o
k
a
b
e
l
d
o
w
n
l
o
a
d

u
n
t
e
r

w
w
w
.
e
n
g
i
n
e
-
m
a
g
a
z
i
n
.
d
e
/
e
x
t
r
a
s
gearbox Getriebe
generator Generator
geothermal geothermisch
geothermal energy Geothermische
Energie
global warming Erderwrmung
greenhouse effect Treibhauseffekt
grid Netz
gust Be
Head Frderhhe
heat Wrme
heat exchanger Wrmeaustauscher
heat pump Wrmepumpe
heat transfer Wrmebertragung
heat transfer uid Heizssigkeit
heliostat Heliostat
high voltage current Starkstrom
hydrogen Wasserstoff
hydropower Wasserkraft
Induce, to induzieren
induction Induktion
injection well Injektionsbohrung
insulator Isolator
inverter Wechselrichter
Kaplan turbine Kaplan-Turbine
Latent heat latente Wrme
load Last
loss Verlust
Machine hall Maschinenhalle
magnetic magnetisch
magnetic eld Magnetfeld
microturbine Mikroturbine
Nacelle Gondel
nuclear power Kernenergie
nuclear reactor Kernreaktor
Oil l
outage Stromausfall
Panel Schalttafel
parabolic trough Parabolrinne
peak load Spitzenlast
pellet Pellet
Pelton wheel Freistrahlturbine
penstock Fallleitung
phase Phase
photovoltaic photovoltaisch
photovoltaic cell Photoelement
pitch control Pitchregelung
pole Pol
power Stromstrke
power engineering Energietechnik
power line Stromleitung
power plant Kraftwerk
prime mover Antriebsmaschine
production well Produktionsbohrung
pump Pumpe
Radiation Strahlung
radiator Heizkrper
radioactive radioaktiv
radioactive waste radioaktiver Abfall
rated power Nennleistung
reactor Reaktor
reciprocating engine Kolbendampf-
maschine
rectier Gleichrichter
renery Rafnerie
renewable energy erneuerbare Energie
reservoir Stausee
resistance Widerstand
rotor Rotor
rotor blade Rotorblatt
runner Lufer
Sensible heat Eigenwrme
sequestration Sequestration
sinusoidal sinusfrmig
solar array Solarzellengruppe
solar collector Sonnenkollektor
solar constant Solarkonstante
solar energy Solarenergie
solar heating Solarheizung
solar radiation Sonnenstrahlung
solar tower Aufwindkraftwerk
solenoid Magnetspule
stack Kamin
stall Strmungsabriss
star connection Sternschaltung
stator Stnder
steam Dampf
steam generator Dampferzeuger
steam turbine Dampfturbine
Stirling engine Stirlingmotor
substation Schaltstation
sustainable nachhaltig
synchronous generator Synchrongenerator
Temperature Temperatur
thermal thermisch
thermodynamics Thermodynamik
thermostat Wrmeregler
three-phase current Drehstrom
tidal power Gezeitenkraft
tower Turm
transformer Umspanner
transmission line Fernleitung
turbine Turbine
turbulence Turbulenz
Upwind luv
U-value Wrmedurchgangs-
zahl
Vapour Dunst
voltage Spannung
Waste heat Abwrme
water turbine Wasserturbine
wind energy Windkraft
wind turbine Windkraftanlage
winding Wicklung
wire Ader
work Arbeit
Hazardous Substances
Gefahrstoffe sind im
Fertigungsumfeld
fast allgegenwrtig.
Um so wichtiger,
zumindest die
Grundlagen im Um-
gang mit ihnen zu
kennen. Eine kurze
Einfhrung.
Basics
In almost any production environment we are
knowingly or unknowingly exposed to
hazardous substances. Some of them are quite
obvious, like acetone or diesel exhausts, others
less, like soldering smoke or toner dust. So, what
exactly is a hazardous substance? Paracelsus
once said: Poison is in everything, and no
thing is without poison. The dosage makes it ei-
ther a poison or a remedy. As true as this might
be, it isnt very helpful, and so hazardous sub-
stances are usually distinguished by their effect.
Generally speaking, everything that is amma-
ble, explosive, corrosive, poisonous, carcinogenic
or in any way harmful to health or environment
is considered a workplace hazard.
These substances can be swallowed, inhaled or
they can enter the body through skin contact.
Although it seems pretty obvious not to take
a sip from a liquid thats marked with a skull
and crossbones, the workers take in the same
substance anyway when they forget to wash
their hands before handling food or touch-
ing their face. But most substances cause harm
when inhaled or absorbed through skin contact.
They become even more hazardous when they
are odourless or inconspicuous, like most kinds of
dust. No wonder respiratory problems and skin
irritations or allergies are among the most com-
mon occupational diseases.
Locating Hazards
Since most hazardous substances are not easy
to detect or, according to Paracelsus, only
harmful in a certain dosage, identication and
labelling becomes paramount. Easiest to spot are
substances which, with the help of the square
orange hazard symbols, are already marked
ammable, explosive, irritant, harmful, cor-
rosive, toxic or as an environmental hazard. In
addition to these symbols, so-called R phrases
detail the dangerous effects of the substance
and S phrases provide information on how to
handle it. The phrases are either directly printed
on the label or stated in an extra Safety Data
Sheet that comes with a substance. If the Safety
Data Sheet is missing, the supplier or numer-
ous databases on hazardous substances will
provide the necessary information. And even if
a substance doesnt have to be labelled because
of its low concentration, the supplier still has to
hand out a Safety Data Sheet on request.
While looking for the orange symbols to
avoid any danger is pretty straightforward, the
true threat comes from the hidden hazards,
substances that are safe per se but become
harmful when processed or mixed with other
substances. Take a brick, for example, which
usually isnt very harmful (except when thrown
off a scaffold, of course). Once you start drilling a
whole in it, however, you inhale the dust, and if
you do that day after day, the same brick might
cause bronchitis or even lung cancer.
Protective Measures
No matter whether these substances are obvi-
ous or not, are clearly marked or are hidden
hazards, protective measures are necessary
when handling. The common strategy is a
three-step process: avoid it, contain it or protect
yourself. Naturally, the best solution is simply
to avoid the hazardous substance. Guidelines
for substitutes help to select less hazardous alter-
natives. Or maybe the process or work step can
be changed to avoid the use of the substance
altogether. Although redesigning procedures
can be costly and less hazardous alternatives
might be more expensive, making the effort can
be cheaper in the long run even without con-
sidering costs for medical treatment or sick leave.
A worker not hindered by protective clothing or
slowed down by taking extra care might simply
be faster and more productive.
If the substance cant be replaced by an
alternative, it has to be contained or its release
restricted. This is usually done by enclosing the
substance or process and/or ensuring there is
a suitable exhaust ventilation or fume extractor.
Without even realising it, we use such devices
almost daily when refuelling our car. Dust col-
lection systems in a carpenters shop or the use
of a sealed barrel pump for emptying barrels are
also good examples.
The greatest caution has to taken with
substances which can neither be avoided nor
contained. Here, the worker has to be protected
directly with e.g. gloves, safety goggles, breathing
mask and/or a disposable overall (affectionately
called bunny suit). While protective clothing
in itself might be perfectly suited to avoid any
contact with the hazardous substance, it can
only do its job when it is worn. The human
factor shouldnt be underestimated. Gloves
itch, goggles impair the vision, masks constrict
breathing and overalls make you sweat. All
of which is loathed by a hard working man or
woman. Therefore, the workers must consist-
irritant reizend
oxidising brandfrdernd
nature polluting
umweltgefhrlich
Nr. 3 September 2008 22


Der Umgang mit Gefahr-
stoffen ist eine heikle
Angelegenheit, die hchste
Sorgfalt erfordert. Unser
Artikel kann und will nur
eine kurze Einfhrung sein,
ohne jeglichen Anspruch
auf Vollstndigkeit oder
Verbindlichkeit. Auf jeden
Fall mssen die einschl-
gigen Normen und Richtli-
nien beachtet werden. Erste
Anhaltspunkte geben die
folgenden Webseiten.
www.baua.de
Die Bundesanstalt fr
Arbeitsschutz und Arbeits-
medizin gibt reichhaltige
Information zum Umgang
mit Gefahrstoffen. Unter
anderem kann dort ein Ein-
faches Manahmenkonzept
Gefahrstoffe heruntergela-
den werden, das Klein- und
Mittelbetrieben wertvolle
Anhaltspunkte bietet.
www.baua.de/nn_18306/
de/Themen-von-A-Z/
Gefahrstoffe/EMKG/pdf/
EMKG.pdf?
www.
gefahrstoffe-im-griff.de
KMU-Gefahrstoffportal
unter anderem mit
Gefahrstoff-Datenbanken,
Sicherheitsdatenblttern,
Ersatzstoffen und
Betriebsanweisungen.
www.
gefahrstoffwissen.de
Grundlagen zu Gefahrstof-
fen von der Berufsgenos-
senschaft Chemie. Viele
erklrende Videos.
www.
dguv.de/bgia/de/gestis
Weitere Datenbanken
und Informationen vom
Institut fr Arbeitsschutz
der Deutschen Gesetzlichen
Unfallversicherung.
www.gischem.de
www.gisbau.de
www.gefahrstoff-info.de
Weitere spezische Portale
und Gefahrstoffdaten-
banken.
ently be informed of the risks and constant
monitoring is essential.
But these are only of few of the duties of an
employer. Any manufacturer handling hazard-
ous substances has numerous obligations. The
rst is a thorough assessment of the workplace.
Which hazardous substances are used and
where? Are there any hidden hazards from
dust, smoke, mixing or heating substances?
And remembering Paracelsus in which
quantity are they used and where and how long
are workers exposed? A list of all the hazardous
substances with their corresponding R-phrases
is the basis for determining a hazard group, a
protective level and the appropriate protective
measures. While most hazardous substances
can be covered with such a simple control
scheme, any substance marked with the skull
and crossbones requires expert advice and a
special hazard assessment.
Naturally, such an assessment is only the
rst step, but it is a good basis for choosing
the necessary containment, protective cloth-
ing, special storage facilities and waste disposal
strategies. Regular instruction courses on safe
advice Gutachten, Beratung
affectionately liebevoll
appropriate geeignet, entsprechend
assessment Einschtzung, Beurteilung
avoid, to vermeiden, ausweichen
barrel Fass
bunny Hschen
cancer Krebs
carcinogenic
kah/ncdschen/k
krebserregend
carpenter Schreiner, Zimmermann
compliance Einhaltung, Erfllung
constrict, to behindern, beschrnken
contain, to eindmmen, eingrenzen
containment Einkapselung
disposable Einweg-, Wegwerf-
disposal Entsorgung, Beseitigung
distinguish, to
d/tlnggw/sch
unterscheiden,
kennzeichnen
dosage Dosierung, Ma
dust Staub
duty Picht, Aufgabe
environment Umgebung, Umwelt
exhaust /gsot Abgas
expose, to aussetzen
facilities Einrichtungen
ammable entzndlich, brennbar
fume extractor Heizkeilabsaugung
glove Handschuh
goggles gcg/s Schutzbrille
harm Schaden, Unheil
harmful gesundheitsschdlich
hazard hascd Gefahr
practice and emergencies, detailed operating
instructions and constant control of their compli-
ance are among the many responsibilities of an
employer. Or, to rephrase Paracelsus: Danger
is everywhere and no thing is without danger.
Its the knowledge that makes it either danger-
ous or safe. ! Matthias Meier
hazardous hascdc gefhrlich
hazardous substance Gefahrstoff
impair, to beeintrchtigen
inconspicuous
/nkcnplkjuc
unscheinbar
irritant reizend
itch, to jucken, beien
label Etikett, Schild
label, to beschriften, etikettieren
loath, to /oub verachten
measure Manahme
obligation Auage, Picht
occupational disease Berufskrankheit
odourless cudc/c geruchlos
paramount parcmaunt vorrangig
per se po al an sich
release Freisetzung
remedy Heilmittel
respiratory Atem-
restrict, to beschrnken
scaffold kafou/d Gerst
sick leave Fehlen wegen Krankheit
sip Schluck
skull and crossbones Totenkopfsymbol
solder, to lten
spot, to erkennen
straightforward einfach
substitute Ersatz (-stoff)
supplier Zulieferer
swallow, to schlucken
thorough 0arc grndlich, sorgfltig
threat bret Gefahr, Bedrohung
toxic giftig
toxic giftig explosive explosiv
ammable entzndlich corrosive tzend
www.engine-magazin.de

23
differential
gear
cardan shaft
drive-train
Pictorial
Motor Vehicles
Part 1
hood
piston
spark
plug
camshaft
rocker arm
valve
spring
valve
con(necting) rod
cylinder
car engine
oil dipstick
fuel injection
cylinder
crankshaft
belt
camshaft drive
train
ywheel
clutch
disk
pressure plate
clutch fork
bellhousing
diaphragm
spring
throw-out
bearing
clutch
Nr. 3 September 2008 24


door
wing
bumper
door handle
A-pillar
windscreen sun roof
fuel tank
ap
rear view
mirror
trunk
roof door pillar
body
wheel
nut
rim
valve
tire
tread
wheel
manual transmission
gear stick
insput
shaft
output
shaft
counter shaft
gear
shift fork
synchronizer
transmission
housing
disc brake
brake pad
rotor
hub
piston
caliper
bracket
caliper
drum brake
brake
lining
wheel
cylinder
return
spring
brake
shoe
adjuster
shoe
hold-down
spring
brake drum
SUV (Sport Utility Vehicle) minivan/minibus
sports car
convertible/cabriolet
estate car (GB)/
station wagon (US)
notchback/hatchback
saloon (GB)/sedan (US)
body
types
brakes
www.engine-magazin.de

25
Like a Viking
In Island, dem Land
der Wikinger, erfllt
sich Sigurjn Jns-
son einen Traum: Er
baut ein Wikinger-
schiff nach altem
Vorbild. Fr das
Holzschiff greift er
jedoch auf moderne
Mittel und Hochleis-
tungs-Werkstoffe
zurck und verzich-
tet auch nicht auf
Komfort.
In Short
Alle Bilder: Skipavk
When the long winter comes down over Ice-
land and the days grow shorter in the coastal
town of Stykkishlmur, business at Skipavk
yard becomes less hectic. Time for the pet
project of yard owner Sigurjn Jnsson: the
construction of a modern Viking boat.
Back to the future? For four years now, the
successful businessman has been working on
making his dream a reality. The model for this
hull is the Gokstad ship, says Jnsson. With
these longships built in Norway 1200 years
ago, the Vikings went out on their voyages of
conquest. After its discovery and excavation, the
Gokstad ship was restored for display in Oslos
Viking Ship Museum. Even today, it is one of
the most beautiful vessels ever built, enthuses
the 57-year-old Icelander.
The idea of building a seagoing Viking yacht
with modern conveniences and materials came
to Sigurjn Jnsson during a long sailing trip.
In every port, he saw the same dreary picture:
Plastic boats in the same old style, sighs Jns-
son. The bustling Icelander, who had already
gone into retirement, was convinced that he had
discovered a new market niche and promptly
returned to working life.
Armed with his rst sketches, Jnsson con-
tacted Paul Spooner. The renowned designer
at the British Fairlie yard, a specialist rm for
historic sailing ships, was asked to assist with
the hull and rigging design of the new Viking
ship. Paul liked my idea, says Jnsson.
At present, three boat builders are putting
the nishing touches to the Viking replica at
Skipavk. When the ship hoists its gigantic
square sail with an area of 96 square metres
for the rst time, no less than 18,000 hours
will have been invested, with the major portion
being manual work. If the class turns out to be
a success, the enterprising Icelander plans to
build three boats a year. The high-tech Viking
raider will not be a giveaway, however. Says
Jnsson: The price tag will be around 1.7
million euros. But for all that, the new owner
will be getting a yacht of superlative quality
and eye-catching lines. Whereas the Vikings
took hemp, seal leather or walrus skin for their
shrouds and stays, the rigging of the modern
longship will use high-quality Liros ropes. The
mast, standing 15.5 metres above the deck, is
made of carbon bre, not wood.
The spar specialists at Collars have used a
glue-laminated construction method to achieve
the perfect curvature for the square sail an
important precondition for reaching the high
speeds of original ships. An exact replica of the
Gokstad original with a length of 23 metres
overall attained a speed of a little more than
20 knots. With our more modest size of 16.7
metres, we expect a speed of 14 knots, says
Jnsson.
In addition, Sigurjn Jnsson is making
every effort to optimize the cruising comfort:
three cabins with double bunks, air-condi-
tioning, heating and two engines are also
on board. Like its historic predecessor, the
futuristic Viking longship can also be sailed
single-handedly if necessary. I am really
looking forward to putting the boat through its
paces, says Jnsson. !
bustle, to geschftig sein, wuseln
carbon bre Kohlefaser
class Baureihe, Klasse
conquest Eroberung
cruise, to kreuzen, eine Seereise
machen
curvature ctschc Krmmung, Rundung
excavation ekkcschn Ausgrabung
hemp Hanf
hull ha/ Rumpf, Schiffskrper
pet hier: Lieblings-
put sth. through its paces, to etw. auf Herz und Nieren
prfen
raider hier: Kriegsschiff
retirement Ruhestand
rigging Takelage
seal Robbe, Seehund
shroud schraud Wanttau
spar Holm
stay Stag
yard jahd hier: Werft
Nr. 3 September 2008 26


Dieser Artikel ist ein
Auszug aus einem Beitrag,
der in Nonstop, Ausgabe
04/2007, erschienen ist. Die
Verffentlichung erfolgt mit
freundlicher Genehmigung
des Germanischen Lloyds.
Mehr zum Thema Schiffe
und deren Abnahme unter
www.gl-group.com
www.skipavik.is/?i=18
(isl.)
Webseite der Skipavik
Reederei mit weiteren
Bildern und Informationen
auf Islndisch.
http://fairlierestorations.
com/dc-collect2.
php?WEBYEP_DI=2 (engl.)
www.collars.co.uk/site/
scripts/news_article.
php?newsID=17 (engl.)
Webseiten einiger an
dem Projekt beteiligten
Unternehmen.
Exercises Answers on page 44
A Read
Read quickly over the text and nd the signicance of the following numbers.
96 ________________________________________________________________
1.7 million ________________________________________________________________
1200 ________________________________________________________________
20 ________________________________________________________________
57 ________________________________________________________________
3 ________________________________________________________________
23 ________________________________________________________________
16.7 ________________________________________________________________
18,000 ________________________________________________________________
15.5 ________________________________________________________________
B Find
Find words or phrases in the text which mean the same as the following synonyms
or explanations.
1 ship
_________________________________
2 brought back to its original form
_________________________________
3 help
_________________________________
4 copy
_________________________________
5 reached
_________________________________
6 requirement
_________________________________
C Find
Find words or phrases in the text which mean the opposite of the following words or phrases.
7 inland
_________________________________
8 bright and cheerful
_________________________________
9 unknown
_________________________________
10 lowers
_________________________________
11 minor
_________________________________
12 successor
_________________________________
D Match
Match the word on the left with one from the right to make a word combination which
appears in the text.
13 nishing " " conveniences
14 market " " life
15 manual " " rm
16 working " " bunks
17 modern " " tag
18 price " " niche
19 specialist " " work
20 double " " touch
www.engine-magazin.de

27
Downtown
Farming
Scientists are aiming to secure urban food supplies with farms growing
skywards: a bold vision, a technical challenge, an ecological promise
and quite possibly also a social experiment.
Wissenschaftler
wollen die Lebens-
mittelversorgung
der Stdte mit
Farmen sichern, die
wie Hochhuser in
den Himmel wach-
sen: Khne Vision,
technische Heraus-
forderung, kolo-
gisches Verspre-
chen und unter
Umstnden auch
ein soziales Experi-
ment.
Vertical
Farming
This worlds constantly growing metropolises
whether Calcutta, Delhi, Shanghai or Mexico
City have a gigantic requirement for foodstuffs,
impossible to satisfy in future with the yields
from open elds alone, since available arable
land will no longer sufce. The solution lies in
the city that supplies itself: The concept of urban
agriculture is not new in itself, but its dimen-
sions denitely are. Instead of promoting sup-
plies for urban populations with allotments in
which poorer inhabitants originally grew fruit
and vegetables, now scientists, architects and
environmental watchdogs are setting their sights
on the vertical farm, giving inner city high-rises a
completely new function. The visionary designs
range from the revamping of existing high-rise
facades to the construction of new buildings
of up to 30 storeys that consist of an enclosed
system which also supplies itself. Before this
is achieved, however, not only is it necessary to
successfully tackle a mass of new territory from
a technical point of view, but public scepticism
towards a new form of agriculture also needs to
be overcome.
Once upon a time, there was a small coun-
try that had a large-scale plan, involving two
million square metres, 300,000 pigs and 1.2
million chickens. The plan detailed Delta Park,
which was to be built in the Netherlands, as the
worlds rst urban farm a six-storey agricul-
tural machine in the Port of Rotterdam, about
1000 metres long and 400 metres wide, with sh
breeding in the basement, greenhouses full of
vegetables higher up, and with mushroom and
chicory cultivation taking place where no day-
light penetrates. Up on the roof, there were to be
wind turbines for power generation, and water,
sewage and rubbish were all to be recycled. The
high-tech farm, which was certainly backed by
the politicians, collapsed in 2001 in the face of
the negative reaction from the media and the
general public, who saw it as simply too indus-
trialized.
Today, some signicantly larger countries are
considering this type of agricultural produc-
tion and on a still greater scale than the 200
hectares planned in Rotterdam. World cities will
continue to grow, and supplying people there
The Living Tower verti-
cal farm is very similar to
the Dutch pavillion at the
Expo 2000 in Hannover.
(Bild: Despommier/SOA)
Nr. 3 September 2008 28


with fresh products will become a challenge for
agriculture. An average city requires about ten
times its own area in arable land to feed itself.
If world population reaches 9 billion in 2050, as
forecast, more than a billion hectares of addition-
al land will be required or a chunk of terrain as
large as Brazil.
Heavier demand will mean that todays
accepted concept of agriculture will have to
Vokabeldownload: www.engine-magazin.de/extras
achieve, to erreichen, leisten,
erfllen
adverse ungnstig, widrig
aim, to bemht sein, anstreben
all-embracing allumfassend
allotment Schrebergarten, Parzelle
arable arcb/ anbaufhig, kulturfhig
average durchschnittlich
back, to untersttzen
bold bou/d mutig
breed, to (bred, bred) zchten, erzeugen
carbon footprint persnliche CO
2
-Bilanz
challenge Herausforderung
chicory tschlkcr/ Zichorie, Chicore
chunk Stck, Brocken
collaborator Mitarbeiter
consumption Verbrauch, Nutzung
conventional herkmmlich
demand Bedarf, Nachfrage
devote, to widmen, weihen
forecast, to schtzen,
prognostizieren
harvest Ernte, Ertrag
high-rise Hochhaus
initially anfnglich
mushroom Champignon, Pilz
penetrate, to durchdringen, einfallen
poultry pcultr/ Gegel
range, to reichen, sich bewegen
requirement Bedarf, Anforderung
revamp, to umgestalten, umarbeiten
satisfy, to gengen, erfllen
sewage uh/dsch Abwasser (-klranlage)
shed Schuppen, Verschlag
storey Geschoss, Stockwerk
sufce, to cfel gengen, ausreichen
sufcient gengend
supply Versorgung
supply, to versorgen, speisen
surpass, to berbieten, bertreffen
tackle, to in Angriff nehmen, lsen
tide Gezeit, Tide
urban cbcn stdtisch
watchdog berwachungsorganisation
yield jlhld Ertrag, Ernte
be changed. Engineers, architects, environ-
mental watchdogs and visionaries are united
in dreaming of a new form of agriculture in
high-rises with the aim of ensuring sufcient
food for the urban population. Their men-
tor is Dickson Despommier, a microbiologist
at Columbia University in New York. His
vision is all-embracing: 30-storey farms right
in the middle of the cities, with hydro culture
for vegetables in the upper stories, and sh
and poultry being bred at lower levels. Such
vertical farms are designed as high-ef-
ciency greenhouses, drawing their energy
from wind turbines, solar cells or even the
tides, and surpassing conventional agriculture in
efciency thanks to lower consumption of land
and water. Lost harvests due to adverse weather
will be a thing of the past; short distances for
transport will ensure a clean carbon footprint. A
30-storey high-rise farm could supply 50,000
people with food conventional agriculture
would require 235 hectares.
The Agricultural Machine
Despommiers vision is not as unusual as it
initially seems. He and his collaborators want to
concentrate on foodstuffs currently produced
under glass or in sheds, bringing these into
the cities and, hence, as close to the consum-
ers as possible. As much attention needs to be
devoted to vertical farming as was once paid to
ights to the moon, says Despommier. He is
not the only person hoping to free the world in
this way of worries about its food supply. !
www.verticalfarm.com
(engl.)
Webseite von Dr. Dickson
Despommier mit vielen
Informationen zu seiner
Idee der vertikalen,
stdtischen Farm.
http://ag.arizona.
edu/ceac/CEACresearch/
Innovative/005.htm
(engl.)
Homepage des im Text
erwhnten Treibhauses fr
den Sdpol.
http://nysunworks.org
(engl.)
Die Ingenieure von NY Sun
Works wollen Treibhuser
in die Hochhausschluchten
New Yorks bringen.
www.moonsociety.org/
video (engl.)
Mehrere Videos der Moon
Society ber ein mgliches
Gewchshaus auf dem
Mond.
Blake Kuraseks Living
Skyscraper is a spiral
structure in which a
multitude of fruits and
vegetables can grow right
in the middle of the city.
(Bild: Despommier/University
of Illinois)
www.engine-magazin.de

29
Dieser Artikel erschien
ursprnglich auf Always
Inspiring More, der Trend
und Lifestyle Webseite
von Symrise. Das Original
und weitere Artikel rund
um die Themen Geruch,
Geschmack und Ernhrung
unter
www.always-inspiring-
more.com oder
www.symrise.de
All the same, not everything is feasible in a
vertical farm. Growing and harvesting cereals in
high-rise conditions is problematical, trees grow
too slowly, and cattle have no place in them.
Herbs and greenstuffs and everything that can
be harvested relatively quickly, by contrast, are
at once possible and protable. Despommier
may be a visionary, but he is not a dreamer.
That such farms could materialize purely for
prot and without heed of the carbon footprint
is something that he certainly sees as a prob-
lem. Yet, for him sustainability is an
essential prerequisite. Along with the
introduction of high-rise farms, he
is also planning the re-forestation of
agricultural land that will help to
stabilize the climate.
The experiment of growing crops
has actually been running on the
spot for some time. New York-based
engineers Sun Works are growing
vegetables experimentally on the
The Science Barge in
New York City is a
prototype, sustainable
urban farm and envi-
ronmental education
center.
(Bild: Ryan Somma)
Using the huge glass
facades of ofce build-
ings for growing greens
would provide shade,
oxygene and lots of
snacks.
(Bild: NY Sun Works)
Gene Giacomelli has
developed a fold-
ing greenhouse with
suspended hydroponics.
Its desinged to supply
manned missions to
the Moon or Mars
with oxygene and fresh
vegetables.
(Bild: Giacomelli)
barge Lastkahn
cattle Rind, Vieh
cereal lar/c/ Getreide. Krnerfrucht
crop Getreide, Kulturpanze
emphatically ausdrcklich
feasible machbar, praktikabel
forcing house Treibhaus
forestation Aufforstung
galore gclo in Hlle und Flle
harvest, to ernten
heed Beachtung
herb (Gewrz-) Kraut
hurdle Hindernis, Hrde
hydroponics Hydrokultur
imperative Notwendigkeit, Gebot
leaseholder Pchter
prerequisite pr/hrekwcs/t Voraussetzung, Bedingung
root Wurzel
surmount, to bewltigen, berwinden
sustainability
cta/ncbllct/
Nachhaltigkeit
Bournemouth One to One
English Language School
Lernen Sie Englisch in England
Ideal fr Geschftsleute, leitende
Angestellte und Teilnehmer, die
Einzelunterricht vorziehen. Wir
bieten auch Kurse fr Englisch
kombiniert mit Golf oder mit
englischer Kultur an.
Tel: 0044-1202-257775
www.bournemouth121.com
Science Barge, a oating vegetable garden on
Hudson River. Gene Giacomelli of the Uni-
versity of Arizona, a specialist in agricultural
technology, has built a forcing house for a South
Pole station thus showing that this form of
agriculture even functions in extreme condi-
tions. Yet, numerous hurdles far nearer to hand
still need to be surmounted. Vertical farming
could become an imperative; it is at any rate an
inspiring concept. It also raises numerous ques-
tions quite aside from its technical feasibility.
To whom would the high-rise farms belong?
To food manufacturers, who would thus have
a monopoly of our food? Will it no longer be
nature, but even more emphatically than ever the
agricultural industry that dictates how we feed
ourselves? Will farmers, currently leaseholders or
landowners, have to become factory managers?
Who will own and look after former agricul-
tural land, on which only forests will still
grow? Will centuries-old growing techniques of
traditional cultivation some day become lost?
Will plants and animal species that can be used
in such projects be the only ones that survive?
And will such farms come into existence at all
in the regions where the need and the hunger
are greatest, or will high-income regions allow
themselves cute sky farms as a luxury?
Questions galore! It is still mainly natural
scientists who are concerned with the projects,
i.e. engineers, ecologists, biologists. It is time for
others to play a part the sociologists, psychol-
ogists and consumers. In the Netherlands, it
was public opinion at one time that caused the
downfall of the Delta Park project. If visions are
to become reality, they need to have their feet
on the ground. Only then will they take root. "
Nr. 3 September 2008 30


Cross Culture
Check
Six Situations in
Great Britain
6
After a bumpy ight and a long wait
at the baggage reclaim at Heathrow,
you nally arrive at your London
branch. Your British colleague greets
you with a warm, How do you do?
How do you react?
! A
You say nothing. Its not a question
but only an empty phrase.
! B
You also say, How do you do?
! C
You tell him about the horrible
ight, the idiots at Heathrow and
your liver problems.
4
In a discussion with a British
colleague you strongly disagree
with his point of view. How do you
object?
! A
You cant be right!
! B
Interesting thought, maybe you
would like to consider
! C
Nonsense! I think
5
After long negotiations with a British
customer, you meet again the next
day. He greets you using your rst
name and without bothering to shake
hands. What does it mean?
! A
The deal is off. He just wants to
show you that he has lost all respect.
! B
The casual greeting is a very good
sign.
! C
Its just normal behaviour
1
You have called some British col-
leagues for a meeting. Theres a long
agenda and you dont have much
time. How do you start the meeting?
! A
You start right away with the rst
subject on the agenda.
! B
You try at least a little small talk
before starting.
! C
You ostentatiously put your watch on
the table to remind your colleagues
to hurry.
3
A British supplier calls you on the
phone saying that he has a slight
problem with the production of the
new parts. What does it mean?
! A
Nothing serious, he just wants to
chat and improve the business relati-
onship.
! B
There might be something wrong,
but surely hell gure it out.
! C
Probably a major problem. Take it
seriously and investigate.
2
Your business partner has heard
that you are an expert golfer and a
local champion. He touches on the
subject in a conversation. How do
you respond?
! A
You modestly admit that you are a
keen player.
! B
You recount your last championship
in every detail.
! C
You inform him that you are not
only a golf champion but also a very
good chess player.
So manche Situa-
tion erfordert im
Ausland eine an-
dere Reaktion wie
zu Hause. Testen
Sie Ihr Feingefhl
im Umgang mit
internationalen Ge-
schftspartnern.
1 B : T h e B r i t i s h a r e n o t a s
d i r e c t a s t h e G e r m a n s , s o
e v e n w h e n u n d e r p r e s s u r e ,
a f e w i n t r o d u c t o r y w o r d s
a r e e x p e c t e d .
2 A : U n d e r s t a t e m e n t i s p r o b -
a b l y a B r i t i s h i n v e n t i o n .
P l a y y o u r a c c o m p l i s h m e n t s
d o w n .
3 C : S i n c e u n d e r s t a t e m e n t
i s p r o b a b l y a B r i t i s h i n v e n -
t i o n , e v e n s m a l l p r o b l e m s
s h o u l d b e t a k e n s e r i o u s l y .
4 B : I n G r e a t B r i t a i n p o l i t e -
n e s s m e a n s m o r e t h a n j u s t
p l e a s e a n d t h a n k y o u .
S o , b e p o l i t e , e v e n w h e n
d i s a g r e e i n g .
5 C : U s i n g t h e r s t n a m e
a n d s k i p p i n g t h e h a n d -
s h a k e a f t e r a r s t , f o r m a l
i n t r o d u c t i o n i s c o m m o n i n
B r i t a i n .
6 B : H o w d o y o u d o ? i s a
g r e e t i n g w h e n y o u m e e t
s o m e o n e f o r t h e r s t t i m e .
T h e r e a c t i o n i s i n d e e d a l s o ,
H o w d o y o u d o ?
Good Behaviour
accomplishment Errungenschaft, Leistung
baggage reclaim Gepckausgabe
bother to do sth., to sich die Mhe machen
etwas zu tun
branch Filiale, Zweigstelle
bumpy holprig, big
casual informell, locker
improve, to verbessern, aufbessern
introductory einleitend, einfhrend
investigate, to prfen, untersuchen
modestly bescheiden
negotiation Verhandlung
object, to widersprechen
ostentatiously demonstrativ, auffllig
recount, to nacherzhlen, erzhlen
understatement Untertreibung
B
i
l
d
:

V
i
s
i
t
B
r
i
t
a
i
n
www.engine-magazin.de

31
Sweden Easy Going Economy
Some Swedish companies are household names in the true sense of the
meaning. But theres more than furniture to the Swedish economy. A
highly educated as well as easy going workforce is the basis of this
northern economic hub.
Ein schwedisches
Produkt steht wohl
in jedem Haushalt
und mancher
Haushalt besteht
sogar ganz und
gar daraus. Doch
die schwedische
Industrie hat
mehr zu bieten als
nur Mbel. Gute
Ausbildung und
lockerer Umgang
miteinander bilden
die Grundlage fr
dieses wirtschaft-
liche Zentrum im
Norden Europas.
Business
Partner
B
i
l
d
:

G

r
a
n

A
s
s
n
e
r

/
S
w
e
d
i
s
h

T
r
a
v
e
l

a
n
d

T
o
u
r
i
s
m

C
o
u
n
c
i
l
Sweden is an intriguing country. Although it has
a huge land mass of 450,000 km, its population
totals only 9 million. That makes for a lot of
empty space in what must be a very large, cold
place. Yet it is obviously a very vibrant civilisa-
tion as it has produced huge corporations that
are household names (Volvo, Ericsson), inl-
trated every middle-class household with its
omnipresent products (IKEA, tetrapaks, H&M),
produced technology that has created weapons
of mass destruction (dynamite) and is, curi-
ously enough, also the guardian of the coveted,
prestigious Nobel Peace Prize. And of course, it
has given the world ABBA as well as a womens
football team that will surely give the German
national team a run for its money in the next
World Cup.
But for all that sporting rivalry, the relation-
ship between Sweden and Germany is cordial,
mutually respectful and protable. Most major
Swedish companies have a presence in Ger-
many and vice-versa. Germany is Swedens
principal trading partner, accounting for 18% of
Swedish imports and 10% of its exports. Since
1995, Sweden has been a member of the Euro-
pean Union.
While Sweden seems far away up north,
German companies are attracted to Sweden
because it is perfectly placed to enter Scandi-
navian and Baltic markets. All major cities in
Denmark, Finland and Norway are less than
12 hours away by truck while Estonia, Latvia,
Lithuania and western Russia can be easily
reached via high-frequency ferry links and an
extensive port network. Sweden is the multi-
corporation hub of the region.
And like Germany, Sweden has an educated
and technologically advanced populace as well
as a research and development environment
and culture. German automobile companies,
for instance, do winter-testing on their cars in
Sweden, not only because it effortlessly provides
natural winter conditions but also because it
has a fair amount of support staff scientists,
engineers, and road planners among many oth-
ers. Remote test areas can actually double their
populations when winter testing season is on.
Yet, Sweden remains steadfastly protective of
its natural environment, and shing, walking,
or just generally enjoying nature is an inte-
gral part of life. As Barry Siegel, an American
language and relocation consultant in Sweden
puts it, the Swedes are an interesting blend
of efciency and creativity spiced with healthy
attitudes about nature and body. Imagine the
Swede out in the forest picking mushrooms
with his or her cell phone hanging out of his or
her pocket.
The cell-phone is an apt icon Sweden is the
top IT nation in the world, with more than 90%
of its people owning a mobile phone as well as
extremely high internet access and participa-
tion. There are more than 1200 ICT companies
in the country, making Sweden a natural stop
for information and communication investors
and learners.
Britt-Marie Andren, an entrepreneur with her
own travel consultancy, thinks its because the
Swedes love new innovations and technology.
All of us are early adopters and foreign com-
panies often use us as a test market. Perhaps
the reason is we can afford to be experimental
and you are encouraged from when you are
little. Indeed, Swedish universities are blessed
with a generous R&D culture, often work-
ing closely with big names in industries. My
Nr. 3 September 2008 32


www.bfai.de
www.diplo.de
www.ixpos.de
Die Standardanlaufstellen
fr das Auslandsgeschft.
www.sweden.se (dt.)
Das ofzielle Schweden-
Portal ist weit mehr als eine
Tourismusseite. Getragen
vom Schweden-Institut und
verschiedenen Ministerien
und Handelsorganisationen
bietet es Informationen
zu fast allen Aspekten des
Lebens in Schweden.
www.visitsweden.com
(dt.)
Auftritt des schwedischen
Fremdenverkehrsamts mit
allerlei Ntzlichem rund ums
Reisen in Schweden.
www.isa.se (dt.)
Die Invest in Sweden
Agency (ISA) hilft kostenlos
bei Fragen zu auslndische
Investitionen in Schweden.
Unter anderem mit
Informationen ber
Geschftsmglichkeiten und
Wirtschaftsaussichten.
www.tradewithsweden.
com (dt.)
Der schwedische
Auenwirtschaftsrat hilft
Geschftsbeziehungen
zwischen schwedischen
und auslndischen
Unternehmen zu strken.
Viele Tipps, wie man aus
Schweden importiert, in
Schweden investiert oder
nach Schweden exportiert.
www.schweden.org (dt.)
Seite der schwedischen
Botschaft in Berlin.
www.expatsinsweden.
com (engl.)
Ntzliche Informationen
fr alle auslndischen
Arbeitnehmer in Schweden.
Hier knnen sich Expats
ber Einwanderung,
Steuern, Jobsuche und
andere berufsbezogene
Themen informieren
und ihre Erfahrungen
austauschen.
daughter is an engineer working in research for
Ericsson, to validate security program develop-
ment, says Andren. She is also mother of
three small children with an excellent chance
for good day care and to work exibly from
home or ofce, whichever is best for the family.
Yes, we like to work from a distance when it
suits us. And there are distances indeed in all
of Sweden. Perhaps thats why the cell phone is
such a necessary thing for the Swedes.
But Germany must also envy Sweden its rela-
tively stable and peaceful labour relations, in
spite of high trade union membership or, rather,
because of it. Employers are also highly organ-
ized into national associations. In the private
sector, the dominant central employers organi-
zation is the Confederation of Swedish En-
terprise and it is made up of various industry
and sector organisations. These industry-wide
workers unions and their counterpart em-
ployer organizations negotiate broad collective
labour agreements with an emphasis on com-
promise and legally binding peace obligations.
Industrial action, such as strikes or lockouts, is
rare in Sweden.
Solidarity and Group Thinking
Recent history has also been fortuitous to Swe-
den. Because of its neutral status during WW2,
Swedish infrastructure was left largely intact
during this difcult period and this gave it a
tremendous economic advantage. The socialist
government at the time used this position to
form a strong and unique social security net-
work, covering parental leave, childcare, worker
illness, accident insurance, disability insurance
and care for the elderly. Social security is
based on solidarity, and solidarity is marked by
group thinking, explains Magnus Ahlstedt, a
young Swedish engineer working in Germany.
However, this does not necessarily mean that
the Swedish are very obedient to authorities.
Swedes like to think in groups and dont like
authorities. A person is respected for what they
do and say and not for their position. Thats
why a Swedish organisation works very well in
matrix. German efciency is more driven by
the single person, whereas Swedish efciency
is team and group based. Socializing around a
cup of coffee two times a day is a must.
The consensus seems to be that Swedish cor-
porate culture is fairly easy-going. From the
classroom all the way to the boardroom, titles
like Mrs or Dr are things of the past. Students
and teachers, patients and doctors, employees
and employers everyone is on a rst-name
basis, says Anders Porter, a freelance writer.
They have even dropped the formal you ad-
dress form from the language, says Siegel.
You have to swallow the solidarity thing but
most people tend to like it, Ahlstedt advises.
Be prepared to work in teams and dont try to
make your voice heard over the others. Dont
impose your ideas with brute force, try to con-
vince through argumentation, and if youre on
a management level, try to accept that you will
not be treated with the same respect as when
you are in Germany. It is as if the Swedes have
collectively decided that social control is the
way to achieve social solidarity. It does seem
like a small price to pay for a generous social
security system, lots of space and nature, a
relaxed work culture, the latest in ICT develop-
ments and, of course, the likes of ABBA. !
Ming Wong
account for, to ausmachen
apt passend, angemessen
blend Mischung
boardroom Vorstandsetage
cordial kod/c/ herzlich
coveted kavct begehrt
day care Kinderbetreuung
early adopter Person, die ein Produkt
frh annimmt
effortlessly mhelos
emphasis emfc/ Schwerpunkt,
Gewichtung
encourage, to bestrken, ermutigen
entrepreneur ontrcprcnc Unternehmer
envy, to env/ beneiden
fortuitous glcklich, vorteilhaft
guardian Hter, Beschtzer
hub Mittelpunkt, Zentrum
ICT (information and
communication technology)
Informations- und Kom-
munikationstechnologie
impose, to aufdrngen, aufzwingen
intriguing faszinierend
mutually mjuhtschuc// gegenseitig
negotiate, to verhandeln
obedient cblhd/cnt gehorsam, unterwrg
obligation Verpichtung, Auage
parental leave Erziehungsurlaub
populace pcpjc/c Bevlkerung
relocation Umsiedlung, Verlegung
remote entlegen
spiced gewrzt
steadfastly unverwandt, unbeweglich
swallow, to schlucken
trade union Gewerkschaft
tremendous enorm, riesig
validate, to besttigen, validieren
vibrant velbrcnt pulsierend, lebhaft
www.engine-magazin.de

33
Fliegen?
Aber sicher!
Fliegen ist sicher, sagt die
Statistik. Nur wollen uns das
Berichte von Abstrzen und
Gesundheitsrisiken nicht so
recht glauben lassen: Eine kurze
Bestandsaufnahme ber die
Sicherheit beim Fliegen.
Thema
Bild: photocase.comgiftgruen
Wie sicher ist Fliegen? Sehr sicher, so zumin-
dest vermitteln es uns immer wieder die Statis-
tiken: 2007 kamen weltweit bei 35 Flugzeug-
unfllen 750 Menschen um, whrend in der
gleichen Zeit allein auf deutschen Straen bei
etwa 450.000 schweren Unfllen 4970 Men-
schen starben. Keine Frage also, das Flugzeug
ist und bleibt das sicherste Verkehrsmittel.
Warum checkt dann aber nur allzuoft
ein mulmiges Gefhl mit ein, wenn wir ein
Flugzeug betreten? Da ist zum einen natrlich
der Sicherheits-Striptease, den wir bei jedem
Einchecken machen mssen. Ohne Frage ist
das heute leider unentbehrlich, erinnert uns
aber gleichzeitig sehr plastisch daran, was so
alles passieren knnte. Keine gute Grundlage
fr einen entspannten Flug. Wer trotzdem
die Furcht vor Gewaltakten ausblenden kann,
den mgen andere ngste plagen. Gerade
wir Ingenieure wissen wie komplex Flugzeuge
und Flugsicherung sind und welche immen-
ser Wartungsaufwand dahinter steckt. Doch
wie viel bleibt wohl von den 19,90 Euro des
Schnppchentickets fr den Servicetechniker
brig? Doch manchen hilft selbst das grte
Vertrauen in die Fluggesellschaft nicht weiter.
Sie leiden unter Flugangst, frchten Gesund-
heitsschden auf Langstreckengen oder
haben ein schlechtes Gewissen, weil sie sozu-
sagen in bester Lage mit den Flugzeugabgasen
den Treibhauseffekt ankurbeln.
Ist Fliegen also wirklich so sicher fr uns und
unsere Mitmenschen? Die Beschftigung mit
dieser Frage ist zumindest im Geschftsalltag
rein philosophischer Natur, denn bei vielen
Geschftsreisen kommen wir um das Flug-
zeug kaum herum. Die Frage ist eher, wie wir
das Fliegen fr uns und andere ein bisschen
sicherer machen knnen.
Beunruhigende Beruhigung
Da wren zu allererst die rigorosen Sicher-
heitsstandards fr Bordgepck und aufgege-
benes Gepck. Fr deren Einhaltung drfen
wir uns getrost auf das freundliche und bei
Missachtung auch mal weniger freundliche
Flughafenpersonal verlassen. Genau zu
wissen, was wohin gehrt und was besser
zu Hause bleibt, vermeidet jedoch unntigen
Stress fr das Sicherheitspersonal, die Mitrei-
senden und natrlich einen selbst.
Dass Feuerwaffen und Messer nicht mit an
Bord gebracht werden, ist selbstverstndlich,
ebenso wie der Verzicht auf lustige Bemer-
kungen ber Bomben und Terroristen beim
Einchecken. Auch die Regeln bezglich Fls-
sigkeiten sollten sich inzwischen rumgespro-
chen haben: Ins Handgepck drfen nur Fls-
sigkeiten zur persnlichen Hygiene, maximal
Nr. 3 September 2008 34


http://aviation-safety.net
(engl.)
Statistiken und genaue
Beschreibung aller
Flugzeugunglcke. Dazu
Sicherheitshinweise und
viele Links. Zarte Gemter
sollten sich die Bildstrecken
sparen.
www.airsafe.com (engl.)
Ebenfalls Statistiken und
Unfallbeschreibungen.
Plus Sicherheitstipps und
Ratschlge zur Bekmpfung
von Flugangst.
www.lba.de (dt.)
Das Luftfahrt-Bundesamt
mit Hinweisen zu
Fluggastrechten, aktuellen
Sicherheitsinformationen
und einer Liste unsicherer
Fluggesellschaften mit
Flugverbot in der EU.
http://safetravel.dot.gov
(engl.)
Amerikanische Seite mit
Hinweisen zum Bordgepck
und dem Transport von
z. B.: Laptopbatterien,
Feuerzeugen und
Spraydosen.
www.lufthansa.com/
online/portal/lh/de/info_
and_services/
baggage?nodeid=1756025
&l=de&cid=18002 (dt.)
Seite der Lufthansa zu den
aktuellen Bestimmungen fr
das Handgepck.
100 Milliliter pro Packung und insgesamt nicht
mehr als ein Liter, verpackt in einer Klarsicht-
tte. Praktische Prbchenpackungen in dieser
Gre gibts inzwischen in jeder Drogerie. Als
Flssigkeit zhlen brigens auch Zahnpasta,
Cremes oder Sprays. Ausgenommen davon
sind nur Medikamente und fr Geschfts-
reisende weniger von Belang Babynahrung,
allerdings begrenzt auf die fr den Flug unent-
behrliche Menge.
Selbstverstndlich drfen sich im Handge-
pck auch keine spitzen Gegenstnde wie
Taschenmesser, Schraubendreher oder Kor-
kenzieher benden. Nagelfeile und -schere
im Kulturbeutel also nicht vergessen. Werk-
zeuge sind zwar theoretisch bis zu einer Lnge
von 18 Zentimetern erlaubt, aber selbst ein
harmloser 11er Gabelschlssel drfte im Zwei-
felsfall als Waffe angesehen werden. Also ab
damit ins groe Gepck. Ebenso wie mit allen
Elektrowerkzeugen. Laptops, Kameras und
der MP3 Player drfen zum Glck noch mit in
die Kabine, aber Achtung mit Ersatzakkus. Die
mssen mit ins Handgepck, um zu vermeiden
dass nicht irgendeiner davon unbemerkt im
Bauch des Flugzeugs Feuer fngt.
Die Liste der Regularien wird immer lnger,
ist je nach Zielland und Fluggesellschaft unter-
schiedlich und kann sich auch mal unverhofft
ndern. Selbst genaue Vorabinformation
schtzt nicht immer vor berraschungen. Wer
sich unsicher ist, was mit an Bord darf und
was nicht, oder wer sich vor bereifrigem
Sicherheitspersonal schtzen will, der kann
einen frankierten und an sich selbst adressier-
ten Briefumschlag mitnehmen. In dem knnen
aussortierte Gegenstnde dann nach Hause
geschickt und so vor der Vernichtung bewahrt
werden.
Warten auf die Wartung
Sind alle Passagiere gescannt und fr harmlos
befunden, bleibt dennoch die Ungewissheit
ber die Sicherheit und den Zustand des
Flugzeugs. Zwar drfte die Wartungsmoral der
meisten groen Fluggesellschaften ber jeden
Zweifel erhaben sein, aber wer wei schon,
in welcher abgelegenen Ecke des Globus das
nchste Projekt wartet. Leider lsst sich dieser
Punkt der Flugsicherheit aktiv nur sehr be-
grenzt beeinussen. Ein Blick auf die schwarze
Liste der in der EU gesperrten Luftfahrtunter-
nehmen oder in die Sicherheitsstatistik einer
Fluggesellschaft informiert zumindest ber die
Wahrscheinlichkeit eines Zwischenfalls. Wer es
sich aussuchen kann, sollte dann eine mg-
lichst groe Maschine whlen, denn groe
Flugzeuge sind sicherer als kleine, ebenso wie
Verbindungen mit mglichst wenig Starts und
Landungen. Sich die Sicherheitseinweisung
und die bunten Bildchen auf dem Sicherheits-
blatt zumindest einmal ganz genau anzu-
schauen, ist sicher nicht verkehrt. Wer dann
noch whrend des ganzen Flugs angeschnallt
bleibt, hat auch schon alles in seiner Macht
stehende getan. Laut Statistik gibt es brigens
keinen herausragend sicheren Platz in der
Kabine. Manch einer mag sich aber auf einem
Platz an der Tr wohler fhlen, nicht nur
wegen des greren Furaums. Falls es dann
wirklich mal eng werden sollte, unbedingt auf
die Anweisungen der Flugbegleiter achten.
Die sind nmlich nicht in erster Linie zum
Saft schubsen da, sondern vor allem um in
einem Notfall die Sicherheit der Passagiere zu
gewhrleisten.
Doch selbst bei der zuverlssigsten Airline
mit hervorragend gewarteten Maschinen
bleibt ein Rest Unsicherheit. Eine Unsicherheit
die sich bei 70 Prozent der Passagiere auch
mit den besten Argumenten nicht wegdis-
kutieren lsst. So viele leiden nmlich nach
Schtzungen von Psychologen an mehr oder
weniger starker Flugangst. Hier hilft nur eine
mglichst bewusste Auseinandersetzung mit
der eigenen Angst (siehe engine 2/2006).
Atembungen und progessive Muskelentspan-
nung sind einfache Soforthilfemanahmen,
spezielle Kurse oder psychologische Beratung
helfen bei schweren Fllen.
Eine durchaus nicht unberechtigte Angst ist
die vor einer Thrombose, obwohl gefhrliche
Flle wegen der greren Beinfreiheit in der
Business und First Class eher selten sein drf-
ten, schlielich wird diese Krankheit nicht um-
sonst auch Tourist-Class-Syndrom genannt.
Dabei verdickt das durch die abgewinkelten
Beine aufgestaute Blut und bildet Pfropfen,
die lebenswichtige Gefe blockieren knnen.
Zur Vorbeugung hilft das Tragen bequemer,
weiter Kleidung und regelmiges Aufstehen
und Umhergehen. Auch Schuhe ausziehen,
Fe ach auf den Boden stellen und ab-
wechseln Fersen und Zehen heben frdert die
Durchblutung. Und natrlich viel trinken, aber
mglichst wenig Alkohol und Kaffee.
Wie schon in der Einleitung erwhnt, die
Statistik beweist, dass alle oben geschilderten
Sicherheitsbedenken weitgehend unbegrndet
sind. Dass wir in ein Flugzeug trotzdem nicht
so ruhig einsteigen wie in ein Auto hat etwas
mit der Abgabe von Kontrolle und dem damit
verbundenen Vertrauen zu tun. Und wie wir
wissen waren Statistiken allein noch nie dazu
angetan Vertrauen zu frdern. !
Matthias Meier
www.engine-magazin.de

35
Rumnien zwischen
Rumnien gleicht einer Zwiebel.
Wenn man die braune Schale
der Klischees entfernt, zeigt sich
dem Besucher eine neue, tiefere
Schicht. Rumnien ist ein Land
zwischen den Zeiten und zwi-
schen den Welten. Auf seinem
kurvigen und abenteuerlichen
Weg in die europische Gemein-
schaft werden die inneren Span-
nungen besonders deutlich.
Kultursprung
www.bfai.de
www.diplo.de
www.ixpos.de
Standardanlaufstellen fr
das Auslandsgeschft.
www.ahkrumaenien.ro
(dt.)
Deutsch-rumnische
Industrie- und
Handelskammer.
www.mae.ro (dt.)
Das rumnische
Auenministerium bietet
Wissenswertes ber das
Regierungsprogramm,
diplomatische Belange, Visa
und Konsulardienste.
www.gov.ro (engl.)
Die ofzielle Seite der
rumnischen Regierung.
www.bukarest.diplo.de
(dt.)
Die deutsche Botschaft
in Bukarest ist der erste
Anlaufpunkt fr alle
bilateralen Fragen.
www.deutsch-
rumaenische-gesellschaft.
de (dt.)
Die deutsch-rumnische
Gesellschaft fr Nord-
deutschland hat sich zum
Ziel gesetzt, die deutsch-
rumnischen Beziehungen
partnerschaftlich zu
vertiefen sicher auch fr
Sddeutsche.
www.rumaenien-
tourismus.de (dt.)
Das rumnische
Touristenamt bietet alle
Informationen rund ums
Reisen und Unterkunft.
Wer sich heute der Mammutaufgabe stellt, ein
Bild nationaler Gesellschaften zu zeichnen, wird
dabei kaum allen Bevlkerungsgruppen und
-schichten gerecht werden knnen. Dafr sind
moderne Gesellschaften zu komplex. Das gilt
auch fr Rumnien. Die rumnische Gesell-
schaft bendet sich heute in einem Umbruch,
wie sie ihn selten zuvor erlebt hat. Sehr deutlich
zeichnet sich dabei die Kluft zwischen Stadt und
Land ab. Whrend der Wandel in den Stdten,
vor allem auf den Gebieten der IT-Technologien
sowie in der Welt der Supraleiter und Mikro-
elektronik, den Anschluss an die moderne Zeit
lngst geschafft hat, leben Bauern und Hirten
in den Tlern und Bergen des Maramure, des
Banats und Transsylvaniens hug noch wie
Anno dazumal. Wohl nirgends wird Langsam-
keit so ausgeprgt gelebt, wie auf dem ara,
dem rumnischen Land. Hier hat man sein
Grtchen, sein stilles Auskommen und seinen
Frieden mit der Welt. Im Gegensatz dazu hat
die Entwicklung in den Metropolen, vor allem
vor der Eingliederung in die EU, rasant an Fahrt
gewonnen.
Deutsche IT-Investoren konzentrieren sich seit
2001 vor allem auf das Gebiet Siebenbrgens,
zu dem die alten traditionellen Bindungen
reaktiviert wurden. Dies geschah nicht zuletzt,
weil dort deutsche Sprachkenntnisse weit ber
die deutsche Minderheit hinaus vorhanden sind.
Hier kommt der grte und oft unterschtzte
Exportschlager Rumniens ins Spiel: seine hoch
qualizierten Ingenieure, rzte, IT-Spezialisten
und Wissenschaftler.
Outsourcing ist auch in anderen Regionen
Rumniens zum beliebten Modewort europ-
ischer Manager geworden. Rumnien boomt,
auch und vor allem in der Zulieferindustrie der
Automobilbranche. Dass auch von der Out-
sourcing-Idee bislang vllig unbeeckte Wirt-
schaftszweige allmhlich auf den Geschmack
kommen, zeigt die sterreichische Regierung im
Jahre 2004, als sie zwei ihrer Gefngnisse nach
Rumnien ausgliedern lie. Der Grund: Die
Gefngnisse sind dort billiger und entsprechen
bald auch europischen Standards.
Hektik und Ungeduld
Dimineaa cnt cucu, fraieri se duc la lucru.
Morgens singt der Kuckuck und die Blden ge-
hen zur Arbeit. Wer so pauschal auf die Faulheit
als typische Attitde der rumnischen Mnner
verweist, kommt als Beschreiber natrlich in
Teufels Kche, denn Rumnien ist auch hier ein
Land der Extreme. Whrend manche einheimi-
sche Mnner 14 bis 18 Stunden arbeiten oder
mehrere Zusatzjobs haben, um ber die Runden
zu kommen, machen sich andere durchaus
einen faulen Lenz. Wie sie das hinbekommen
ist vielen ein Rtsel. Ein soziales Netz wie in
Deutschland gibt es in Rumnien nicht.
Der rumnische Schriftsteller Mircea
Crtrescu sieht das etwas anders. Er beschreibt
den rumnischen Mann eher als gestressten
Hysteriker, zumindest was den Durchschnitts-
mann der rumnischen Grostdte betrifft.
Die rumnischen Mnner stehen unter einem
enormen Druck. Als Grund gibt Crtrescu die
Lebensumstnde an. So seien zum Beispiel die
meisten Mnner und Frauen in Rumnien unter-
bezahlt. Die Menschen sind sehr frustriert. Du
begegnest in ffentlichen Rumen, besonders in
den geschlossenen Rumen der Schalterhallen,
stndig mrrischen, unhichen oder garstigen
Menschen.
Die gestressten Mnner, so Crtrescu,
wrden ihre Frustration stndig an die anderen
weitergeben. Tag fr Tag. Mnner, die eine
Nr. 3 September 2008 36


den Zeiten und Welten
Rumnien ist ein Land
mit reicher Geschichte (v.
l. n. r.): Kloster Voronet
in Bucovina, Tanz in Ma-
ramures, der Knigsstein
in Siebenbrgen, das
Agapia Kloster an der
Moldau und Birthlm in
Siebenbrgen. (Alle Bilder:
Rumnisches Touristenamt)
Dieser Kultursprung ist
ein kurzer Auszug aus
dem Buch Kulturschock
Rumninen von Joscha
Remus, erschienen Reise
Know-How Verlag unter der
ISBN 3-8317-1496-7. Die
Verffentlichung erfolgt mit
freundlicher Genehmigung
des Verlags.
www.reise-know-how.de
Verhaltenstipps
Man schenkt in Rumnien keine gerade
Anzahl von Blumen an eine noch leben-
de Person. Gerade Zahlen sind fr die
Toten gedacht und wrden eine sehr
schlechte Ausgangsbasis fr eine even-
tuell gerade zart keimende Freundschaft
bedeuten.
Ein Mann betritt immer zuerst und vor
einer Frau das Restaurant, die Bar, die
Hotelhalle usw. Dies wird aber durch
das hiche Verhalten der Mnner beim
Verlassen des Restaurants wieder wett
gemacht. Hier endlich darf die Frau auf
den Brgersteig als Erste hinausgehen.
Rumnen neigen dazu, Termine nicht
ganz so verbissen zu sehen wie Deut-
sche das fr gewhnlich tun.
Als regelrecht beleidigend empnden
es die meisten Rumnen, pauschal als
kriminell abgestempelt zu werden. Die
ofziellen Kriminalittsstatistiken weisen
in Rumnien weniger Gewalttaten aus,
als in den Nachbarlndern Kroatien,
Bulgarien oder Ukraine.
ffentliche Position bekleiden, wrden diese nur
liebend gerne zu patriarchalischen Machtspielen
missbrauchen. Mnner spielen sich dann wie
despotische Knige auf und der Kunde, Klient
oder Informationssuchende wird behandelt wie
ein Objekt irgendein Objekt.
Tatschlich kann man in jeder groen rum-
nischen Stadt ein Phnomen bemerken, das
vor allem Mnner betrifft: Die Rumnen haben
keine Geduld. In den Warteschlagen der mter,
Behrden oder Supermarktkassen drngeln sich
stndig irgendwelche Mnner durch. Bemerken
sie, dass man Auslnder ist, sind sie entweder
noch rabiater oder sie wittern einen Prot und
schalten urpltzlich auf Freundlichkeit um.
Rumnischer Humor
Seit 1989 gbe es kaum noch neue Witze in Ru-
mnien, behauptete die Allgemeine Deutsche
Zeitung in Bukarest im Jahr 2006, zumindest
nicht solche, ber die man noch herzhaft lachen
knne. Die Macher von Satirezeitschriften und
die professionellen Komiker des Landes sind
da allerdings ganz anderer Ansicht. Der rum-
nische Humor habe weiterhin seine Funktion als
Immunisierung gegen die Unmglichkeiten des
Alltags, sei weiterhin ein Ventil fr die im Volk
verborgene, heitere Kreativitt und erflle sogar
heute immer noch seine Aufgabe als Rache an
den Herrschenden.
ber sich selbst lachen fllt den Rumnen
nicht gerade leicht, wie sie auch gerne zuge-
ben. Wieso soll ich mich selbst zum Kaspar
machen, wenn ich immer noch jemanden ande-
res dazu machen kann. Schadenfreude scheint
eine Erndung der Rumnen zu sein.
Ein beliebtes Allheilmittel, um in Rumnien
etwas Bewegung in die trge Brokratie zu
bringen, dem Personal eines Krankenhauses
Beine zu machen oder das strenge Auge des
Gesetzes gndig zu stimmen ist paga.
Grundstzlich verlaufen die Grenzen zwischen
schenken, schmieren und bestechen in Ru-
mnien ieend. Wenn etwas oder jemand
geschmiert wird, so luft es, sie oder er einfach
besser. Von Bestechung spricht man im engeren
Sinn nur in Verbindung mit staatlichen Einrich-
tungen. !
www.engine-magazin.de

37
Nr. 3 September 2008 38


Die englische
Sprache ist reich
an bildhaften
Redewendungen.
Wir stellen die
Wichtigsten, nach
Themen sortiert, vor.
Diesmal: Redewen-
dungen rund um die
Kleidung.
Vocabulary
Autor David Mackie ist
Freelance In-Company
Trainer und Dozent fr Wirt-
schaftsenglisch an der EBS.
Mail: david.mackie@ebs.edu
Clothes
Idioms
to tighten your belt
to save money, to spend less
Costs are going up and our income is still
the same. Were going to have to tighten
our belts.
to take your hat off to someone
to show respect or appreciation for what
someone has done
Youve got to take your hat off to her; shes
done a fantastic job in difcult circum-
stances.
at the drop of a hat
do something quickly, without much
hesitation
If I was asked to move to London, Id be there
at the drop of a hat.
to have a bee in your bonnet
to be obsessed with something
Hes got a real bee in his bonnet about time-
keeping.
below the belt
too critical, too personal, too much
I thought some of the things he said to Bill
were a bit below the belt. If I were Bill, Id
be rather upset.
to be too big for your boots
to think you are more important than you
really are
Since being promoted shes been getting a
little too big for her boots. Someone has to
speak to her.
to pull your socks up
to improve your performance
The boss is not pleased with your work.
Youll have to pull your socks up or you
might be out of a job.
keep your shirt on
dont get angry, dont lose your temper
Hey, keep your shirt on! It wasnt meant in
a bad way.
keep it under your hat
to keep something secret
Ive heard theyre going to replace the CEO,
but keep it under your hat for the moment.
off the cuff
without any preparation, unrehearsed
He knows a lot about the subject. He did
the presentation off the cuff.
B
i
l
d
:

p
h
o
t
o
c
a
s
e
.
c
o
m
Emissions from coal-red power plants must become cleaner which
means removing their carbon dioxide content. The best place to store this
greenhouse gas permanently is deep underground. Thats exactly what
is happening at a test facility near Potsdam, Germany.
Testing Eternal
Incarceration
Kohlekraftwerke
mssen sauberer
werden. Doch
wohin mit dem
klimaschdlichen
Kohlendioxid? Am
besten tief unter
die Erde, meinen
Geologen. In Ketzin
nahe Potsdam
soll die CO
2
-Spei-
cherung erprobt
werden.
Sequestration
B
i
l
d
:

p
h
o
t
o
c
a
s
e
.
c
o
m
Its raining in Ketzin. A drill tower rises up
toward the dark clouds; a few gas tanks and
a plain shack stand in a green meadow in the
middle of the Havelland district, half an hour
west of Potsdam. Professor Frank Schilling
from the research facility Geo-Forschungs-
Zentrum Potsdam (GFZ) points down into a
mud-lled hole from which a pipe as wide as
a man protrudes. A tangle of cables can be seen
inside it. Heres where we measure the spread
of carbon dioxide underground, says Schilling,
who is a mineralogist. At the other end of the
meadow, a second hole plunges down, this one
also lled with a mass of cables, and 100 metres
away there is a third hole. At this last one, pipes
from a tank run into the damp soil. 700 metres
under Schillings feet, these pipes will pump up
to four tons of carbon dioxide per hour into the
sandstone at high pressure, thus displacing salt
water from pores in the rock.
The GFZ project near Ketzin, a town with a
population of 4,000, is called CO
2
SINK. For two
years, beginning in the spring of 2008, it will in-
ject 60,000 tons of carbon dioxide underground
for storage. Thats as much as the 150,000
residents of Potsdam will exhale during the same
period, but its nothing compared to the more
than 10 billion tons of this greenhouse gas that
are blown into the atmosphere by the human
race each year through power plant chimney
stacks. And the problem will grow more acute,
judging by the forecasts of the International
Energy Agency, which indicate that fossil fuels
will account for 85 % of the increase in power
production over the next 20 years. The capacity
of coal-red power plants worldwide will then
be 2,200 GW about twice what it is today. !
account for, to ausmachen, beisteuern
carbon dioxide Kohlendioxid
chimney stack Kaminschacht
content kcntent Gehalt, Inhalt
damp feucht
displace, to verdrngen
drill tower Bohrturm
eternal ewig
exhale, to ausatmen
forecast Vorhersage, Prognose
incarceration
/nkahcralschn
Einkerkerung
meadow medou Wiese
mud Matsch, Schlamm
plunge, to p/andsch abtauchen
protrude, to prctruhd hervorstehen
resident res/dcnt Bewohner
shack Baracke, Bretterbude
soil Erde, Boden
spread Ausbreitung
storage Speicherung, Lagerung
tangle Wirrwarr
www.engine-magazin.de

39
www.gfz-potsdam.de (dt.)
Webseite des im Text
genannten Geo-
Forschungs-Zentrums mit
weiteren Informationen
zur seiner Arbeit und zur
Klimavernderung.
www.co2sink.org (eng.)
Internetprsenz des
CO
2
SINK-Projekts mit vielen
technischen Details.
In view of these developments, CO
2
SINK
could, in spite of its modest scope, provide im-
portant answers to basic unresolved questions
regarding carbon dioxide sequestration and
therefore contribute signicantly to environ-
mental protection. If the measurements in
Ketzin conrm the models, which predict that
the gas can be securely conned underground
in porous rock for thousands, if not millions,
of years, the project would send an impor-
tant signal worldwide. It would prove that
carbon dioxide from coal-red power plants,
reneries, cement factories, and steel mills can
be pumped into the earth and stored there.
And if the gas isnt emitted into the air, it cant
harm the climate.
Moreover, there is an abundance of room un-
derground for carbon dioxide. The capacity for
carbon dioxide sequestration in Germany alone
is estimated at 30 billion tons. Thats enough for
about 100 years at the current rate of carbon di-
oxide emissions from German coal-red power
plants about 350 million tons. The Intergov-
ernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) of
the U.N., a Nobel Prize recipient that galvanized
the political class and the media last year with
its reports on climate change, estimates global
sequestration capacity to be up to 900 billion
tons in oil and gas deposits and at least 1,000,
possibly even 10,000, billion tons in saline aqui-
fers, which are sandstone deposits saturated with
salt water, like those found in Ketzin. These
potential sequestration sites around the world
are also often found near large carbon dioxide
producers, where liqueed carbon dioxide can
be easily transported in pipes to storage depots.
This is the case not only in Brandenburg, but
also in the U.S. state of Illinois, where a proto-
type carbon-dioxide-free power plant is being
tested in the Future-Gen project. The dream of
a coal-red power plant with a direct exhaust
line into the subterranean rock could become
a reality in many places around the world if
policy makers quickly lay the groundwork and
research efforts are intensied.
Studies show that carbon dioxide remains
underground for an extremely long time. It
will dissolve there in saline aquifers, much as it
dissolves in mineral water when pumped by a
carbon dioxide carbonator, and will then be re-
tained in the pores of the sandstone. Over time,
more and more of it will precipitate as a mineral
compound and thus be kept out of the atmos-
phere forever. It is known that after thousands
of years calcium carbonate is produced, as well as
other carbonates such as magnesite and siderite.
Verifying the underlying models and furnishing
proof of whether and how carbon dioxide can
be reliably sequestrated over the long term are
among the central aims of the CO
2
SINK project.
Underground Laboratory
One essential task of CO
2
SINK is, therefore, to
monitor the three-dimensional propagation of
carbon dioxide in rock and draw conclusions ap-
plicable to commercial carbon dioxide sequestra-
tion at other locations. No other project any-
where is going to such great lengths to gather
measurements in this respect.
In the projects two measuring pipes, which
are 50 and 100 metres away from the pipe
carrying the gas, chains of electrodes measure
electrical resistance in the rock. This array of
electrodes is supplemented by electrodes at the
surface. Concentrated salt water in the pores
of the sandstone conducts the electrical cur-
rent very well. When the water is displaced
by carbon dioxide, conductivity decreases and
resistance increases. Thanks to this geoelectric
tomography, the gas can be monitored in great
detail in three dimensions as it spreads.
The project team is also carrying out experi-
ments modelled on medical ultrasound. Here,
intense sound waves are transmitted into the
ground from the surface between the boreholes
and reected back. Since sound has a lower
velocity in pores lled with carbon dioxide than
in those lled with salt water, the spread of the
gas can be monitored this way as well.
In addition to that, optical sensors measure
temperature changes underground through
the scattering of photons and thereby show the
ow of carbon dioxide

below the surface. In the
area of the reservoir around the bores, there are
narrow tubes with a semi-permeable membrane
through which carbon dioxide can pass. High-
purity argon forces the carbon dioxide upward
through capillary tubes to the surface, where its
concentration is measured.
Whatever the results of the measurements,
one thing is certain, says Frank Schilling:
Practically nothing travels upward through
In Ketzin, Germany, scien-
tists plan to pump 60,000
tons of CO
2
into the earth.
Geologists have drilled
holes 700 metres into the
rock and installed numer-
ous measuring probes.
Bild: Siemens
Nr. 3 September 2008 40


Dieser Artikel erschien
ursprnglich in Pictures of
the Future, Ausgabe Spring
2008. Die Verffentlichung
erfolgt mit freundlicher
Genehmigung von
Siemens. Mehr zum
Thema Sequestrierung und
den dazu erforderlichen
Kompressoren unter
www.siemens.de
the rock. The reason for this is the cap layer of
gypsum and clay that lies like a bowl over the
approximately nine-square-kilometre dome of
sandstone and completely seals it. It has served
the same purpose over the past forty years, when
power companies used a sandstone layer here
at a depth of between 250 and 400 metres to
store natural gas. This repository was signi-
cantly larger than the planned carbon dioxide
reservoir.
What would happen if the carbon dioxide
managed to escape to the surface? Since the
gas is heavier than air, critics fear that it could
collect in pools where it would suffocate all
life. But theres no risk of this in Ketzin, says
Schilling. Even if it were to escape, the carbon
dioxide would be literally gone with the wind.
We breathe it in in small quantities all the time,
and drink it in sparkling mineral water and soft
drinks. Besides, the quantity of carbon dioxide
stored in two years will merely be equal to the
amount naturally generated in the same period
by bacteria through degradation processes in
the soil in the area above the carbon dioxide
reservoir in Ketzin.
Ideal carbon dioxide reservoirs exist wher-
ever gases or liquids have long accumulated
underground. That basically means all petro-
leum and natural gas deposits which have
manifestly been sealed for millions of years.
Some oil and gas producers already pump car-
bon dioxide back into such deposits in order to
raise the yield through increased pressure. There
are three industrial-scale showpiece projects in
Canada, Algeria, and Norway. Statoil Hydro of
Norway, for instance, has the most experience
here. Since 1996 it has pumped 10 million tons
of carbon dioxide down to a depth of 1,000 me-
tres beneath the North Sea. The carbon dioxide
is an impurity that is extracted with the natural
gas. But it would cost Statoil Hydro dearly to
vent it, as Norway levies a tax of $50 on each ton
of carbon dioxide.
The IPCC report calculates the cost of
carbon dioxide capture by low-carbon-di-
oxide power plants and its transportation
and sequestration to be 20 to 70 dollars per
ton. Thats worth the price in Norway, but in
countries without a carbon dioxide tax, other
market mechanisms must come into play. In
Europe, the certicates in the emissions trad-
ing system provided for by the Kyoto Protocol
currently cost less than $20 not enough to
create an incentive. But in the event of a state
subsidy or a carbon dioxide tax of 0.02 to 0.03
U.S. $/kWh, the technology would pay for
itself, although the cost of electricity would
increase by 20 percent. " Bernd Mller
abundance Menge, beruss
applicable anwendbar, passend
aquifer akw/fc Grundwasser-Schicht
bore Bohrloch
calcium carbonate Kalk
carbonator Karbonisieranlage
clay Lehm, Ton
compound Verbindung, Gemisch
conclusion Folgerung, Rckschluss
conduct, to leiten
conductivity Leitfhigkeit
conne, to einsperren
dearly hier: teuer
degradation Abbau, Zersetzung
deposit Ablagerung
disposal Entsorgung, Ablagerung
dissolve, to ausen
escape, to entweichen
estimate, to schtzen
exhaust Abgas
furnish proof, to den Nachweis liefern
galvanize, to hier: wachrtteln
gather, to sammeln
gypsum dschlpcm Gips
harm, to schaden
impurity Unreinheit, Verunreinigung
in view of angesichts
incentive Anreiz, Motivation
levy, to lev/ erheben
liqueed verssigt
manifestly deutlich, offenkundig
modest mig, bescheiden
policy maker Entscheidungstrger
precipitate pr/lp/ta/t abscheiden, kondensieren
propagation Ausbreitung
purpose Zweck, Ziel
recipient r/lp/cnt Empfnger
renery r/felncr/ Rafnerie
repository Speicher, Depot, Lager
resistance Widerstand
retain, to festhalten, speichern
saline al/e/n salzhaltig
saturate, to sttigen, durchdringen
scatter, to streuen
scope Umfang
semi-permeable
em/ pcm/cb/
halbdurchlssig
sequestration
/hkwctralschn
Sequestrierung,
Einlagerung
siderite Eisenspat
sparkle, to prickeln, perlen
steel mill Stahlwerk
subsidy abcd/ Zuschuss, Subvention
suffocate, to ersticken
supplement, to ergnzen
unresolved ungelst
vent, to entlften, ablassen
yield j/h/d Ausbeute, Gewinn
To monitor the spread
of the carbon dioxide,
seismic sources (red and
blue) emit shockwaves,
which are picked up by
geophones (green).
Reservoir
Bild: Siemens
CO
2
www.engine-magazin.de

41
Some Grammar!
Any Questions?
Are there any parts of English grammar that confuse you? Some might
say the tenses are tough. Some might say its the smaller things that
cause the problems. Some people often confuse some and any, for
example. Would you like some revision on that topic? Yes? Well, here
are some tips.
Some und any
werden im Eng-
lischen gern ver-
wechselt. Nach
unserer kleinen
Auffrischung sicher
nicht mehr.
Grammar
Review
Bild: photocase.com
Some and any, two such simple little words
but two words that are so often used wrongly,
a bit like much and many, which have
caused many a headache for learners of Eng-
lish, at many levels. We wont go into the latter
two here but, instead, concentrate on the rst
two. Some and any tend to cause difculty
particularly for German speakers as the trans-
lation of the two in many sentences might
be the same, or, indeed, there is no direct
translation into the German sentence. They
are, however, clearly distinguished in English.
Unlike with the question of much or many,
there is no need to take into account whether
something is countable or uncountable when
looking at some and any. The distinction
lies elsewhere. The basic rule is quite simple:
Some is used in positive sentences.
Any is used in negative sentences and
questions.
Some Exceptions
Of course, as always, there are some excep-
tions. Some can also be used in a question,
normally if the person asking the question
expects or wants the answer to be positive:
Can you give me some information on the
different software packages?
Or especially when offering something:
Would you like some help with that?
Would you like some revision on that
topic?
Compare the following examples:
Did you get any help with your presenta-
tion?
Did you do any revision before the test?
Nr. 3 September 2008 42


Any is used in positive statements if words
such as never, hardly or without are also
involved.
We have never had any problems with this
particular machine.
Weve had hardly any downtime.
It runs without any maintenance.
It is also used in if sentences:
If you have any problems, call the hotline.
And in indirect, or uncertain, statements:
Im not too sure whether we have any
sales literature on that.
They dont know if there will be any per-
manent damage.
Some can also be used to indicate some
unknown or unspecied element:
Some fool forgot to switch off the lights
last night, what a waste!
Hes late again. Hell no doubt have some
perfect excuse.
Any is also used to mean almost every:
You can use any computer, it doesnt mat-
ter which.
Any technician should be able to deal with
that.
Do anything you want to do.
Compounds
The last of those examples brings us to a
number of other expressions which include
the words some and any, so-called com-
pounds:
something/anything
someone/somebody/anyone/anybody
somewhere/anywhere
Vokabeldownload: www.engine-magazin.de/extras
compound kcmpaund Zusammensetzung
distinguish, to
d/tlnggw/sch
unterscheiden
downtime Ausfallzeit
exception Ausnahme
fuse Sicherung
gears Getriebe
latter latc letztere
maintenance Wartung
setting Einstellung
take into account, to bercksichtigen
In principle, these words all follow exactly
the same rules as above.
Theres something wrong with the gears.
Someone has changed the basic settings.
You cant use this desk. Youll have to go
somewhere else.
Would you like something to drink?
Does anyone know where the nearest
bookshop is?
Is there anything we still havent dis-
cussed?
Is there anywhere we can go to talk in
private?
We cant decide if anything needs chang-
ing.
One difference is that these compounds can
stand on their own, unlike some and any,
which generally need to come before a noun.
Weve changed some fuses.
Weve changed something.
We havent got any batteries.
We havent got anything. !
www.engine-magazin.de

43
Autor David Mackie ist
Freelance In-Company
Trainer und Dozent fr Wirt-
schaftsenglisch an der EBS.
Mail: david.mackie@ebs.edu
Practice
Any questions? No? Well, lets do some practice. Fill the gaps with some or any or a suit-
able compound. You will nd the answers below.

1 We havent got ______________ oil left. Can you bring _____________ from the DIY store?
2 _______________ has left _______________ dirty cups on the desk.
3 Do you have _______________ in your ofce who can speak Russian?
4 Are there _______________ good restaurants in this area?
5 Dont touch _______________ before youve been given the correct instructions.
6 Bills not sure whether hell need _______________ help. Hell get in touch with you.
7 If theres _______________ you need, just let me know.
8 The printers not working, you say? Ill ask _______________ to take a look at it.
9 Which of the drills can I use? _______________ one of them, it doesnt matter.
10 Can you please come up with _______________ ideas before the next meeting?
11 Plan everything carefully. Dont leave _______________ to chance.
12 Well need to get _______________ petrol soon, were running low.
13 Is there _______________ in this building I can go for a smoke?
14 Could you please go and nd _________ to help us? Well never lift this crate on out own.
15 Sandra says she hasnt got ________ information on the machines you were asking about.
Lsungen
Grammar Review
1. We havent got any oil left. Can you bring some from ...
2. Someone has left some dirty cups on the desk.
3. Do you have anyone in your ofce who ...
4. Are there any good restaurants in this area?
5. Dont touch anything before youve been given ...
6. Bills not sure whether hell need any help.
7. If theres anything you need, just let me know.
8. Ill ask someone to take a look at it.
9. Any one of them, it doesnt matter.
10. Can you please come up with some ideas ...
11. Dont leave anything to chance.
12. Well need to get some petrol soon, were running low.
13. Is there anywhere in this building I can go for a smoke?
14. Could you please go and nd someone to help us?
15. Sandra says she hasnt got any information on ...
Crossword
1. permeAble
2. ovErhaul
3. cRate
4. stOrey
5. lauNch
6. sewAge
7. foUnder
8. execuTive
9. acquIre
10. outCome
11. propulSion
12. cArbon
13. dioxiDe
14. comMission
15. intrIcate
16. dowNtime
17. oblIgation
18. subSidy
19. insulaTion
20. compaRtment
21. cArgo
22. obsTacle
23. deadlIne
24. dispOsal
25. mainteNance
In Short
B
1. vessel / boat / yacht
2. restored
3. assist
4. replica
5. attained
6. precondition
C
7. coastal
8. dreary
9. renowned
10. hoists
11. major
12. predecessor
D
13. nishing touch
14. market niche
15. manual work
16. working life
17. modern conveniences
18. price tag
19. specialist rm
20. double bunks
Advanced Learners
1 B
2 U
3 C
4 P
5 N
6 L
7 V
8 R
9 A
10 S
11 M
12 K
13 T
14 D
15 E
16 O
17 I
18 J
19 F
20 G
21 Q
22 H
1 F
2 J
3 B
4 L
5 E
6 H
7 A
8 M
9 I
10 N
11 C
12 D
13 K
14 - G
Legal Vocabulary Latin expressions
A
- 96 is the surface area of the sail.
- 1.7 million is the price in euros to buy a boat.
- 1200 years ago, the longships were built in Norway.
- 20 is the speed of knots which the Gokstad replica reached.
- 57 is Jnsson age.
- 3 refers to the number of boat builders nishing the boat
and the number of boats planned to be built per year.
- 23 is the length of the exact replica of the Gokstad
- 16.7 is the length of the present yacht.
- 18,000 is the number of hours it will have taken to build
the boat.
- 15.5 is the height of the mast.
chance Zufall
crate Kiste
DIY store Baumarkt
drill Bohrmaschine
instructions Anweisungen
petrol Benzin
Nr. 3 September 2008 44


Crossword

45 www.engine-magazin.de
Vokabeln lassen
sich nicht nur mit
Karteikasten und
Oktavheft pauken.
Wie wrs denn mal
mit einem Kreuz-
wortrtsel?
Crossword
What is the mysterious X? All of the words in the puzzle can be found in the articles in this issue.
See if you can complete the crossword to nd two words to complete what NASA stands for
National _______________ and Space _______________. You can nd the answers on page 44.
1. If a material allows water to go through
it, it is _________________.
2. A major repair or service.
3. A wooden box.
4. A oor or level of a building.
5. To put a product on the market or a
rocket into space.
6. Waste, both liquid and solid, normally
transported in channels below ground.
7. The person who starts up a company.
8. Another expression for headhunting or
recruitment - _________________ search.
9. To buy, e.g. another company.
10. Another word for result.
11. A force that causes movement.
12. The rst word of CO
2
.
13. The second word of CO
2
.
14 An order for someone to do something, e.g. for
an architect to design a building.
15. Something that has a lot of ne detail,
e.g. an origami model, is this.
16. A period when machines are not in
operation.
17. A duty.
18. Financial help from the state.
19. In the walls of a house, this helps to
save energy.
20. A room, or a chamber, e.g. in a train.
21. Freight, transported goods.
22. A hindrance, something blocking your
way.
23. A day or a time by which something
must be completed.
24. Getting rid of something, e.g. waste
_________________.
25. The process of keeping machines in
good working order.
X
!
Legalese
Any professional will frequently
be faced with a legal document of
some sort, more often than not a
contract. Drawing up a contract
or formulating a piece of writing
in a legal manner is rarely the job
of an engineer, but understanding
one very well might be. Here well
take a look at some particular
aspects of legal English.
Auch gestandene
Ingenieure knnen
manchmal nicht
vermeiden, sich mit
rechtlichen Dingen
auseinandersetzen
zu mssen. Mit un-
seren Tipps ist das
auf Englisch nicht
schwerer als auf
Deutsch.
Advanced
Learners
Bild: photocase.com misterQM
Be it an employment contract, partnership
agreement, joint venture agreement, warran-
ty or perhaps a purchase agreement, at some
point most of us have had to deal with an
ofcial legal document. Even in ones native
language, this style of writing can be rather
daunting, and on occasions a little frustrat-
ing. And this is multiplied when you are
faced with documents in a foreign language.
However, there is no need to run away from
them or hastily pass them on to a colleague
you might consider more able to come to
terms with them.
Legal English isnt really a wildly different
language creature as such. It is based very
much on standard English, but has a number
of specic features. The biggest difference
lies in the terminology vocabulary! Like
any specialist area engineering, medicine
nance, marketing the law has a plethora
of terms which are only, or at least primarily,
used in legal contexts. These can be looked
up in a dictionary, although this, as we all
know, is time consuming. The most common
ones can be learned. There may also be vari-
ations in the structure of the sentences in use
and in the punctuation within the text, which
well deal with later.
Vocabulary
When it comes to vocabulary, there are many
terms which are either used exclusively in a
legal context or which might have a slightly
different meaning to their use in standard,
everyday English. Although some might
not be instantly known by the layman, many
of them appear in nancial and insurance
documents and are fairly easy to learn. In
the practice section you will nd some ex-
amples. Try to match them with the explana-
tions provided.
A great deal of terms in law have their
origins in Latin, which might not come as
a surprise, but there are also many French
words that have survived into the modern-
day English legal system.
Some common French words still in use
today include:
court the place where justice is carried
out, or the people who carry out justice
tort a wrongful act
plaintiff the party who starts legal ac-
tion, also known as a claimant
defendant the opposite of plaintiff,
i.e. the party against whom the claim is
brought
mortgage a special loan to buy or build
property whereby the property becomes
the security for the loan
force majeure Act of God, something
which is beyond your control
verdict a decision made in a court case
culprit the person who commits a crime
bailiff a legal ofcer
attorney a lawyer
Nr. 3 September 2008 46


Many Latin words are still used in their
original form in legal documentation, some
might say purely to impress and/or confuse
the layman. The practice section provides
some examples. Try to match them with the
Latin expressions.
One common feature of legal English is
the tendency to combine two or three words
into a xed phrase. This technique has
developed through the centuries and is used
to avoid any ambiguities and to give greater
emphasis to the expression. Indeed, many of
the couplets include two words which actu-
ally mean the same thing.
null and void,
true and correct
consent and agree
cease and desist
sole and exclusive
t and proper
Other common examples include:
have and hold
perform and discharge
last will and testament
each and every
aiding and abetting
breaking and entering
Other Aspects
Another aspect particular to many legal
documents is the fact that there is a complete
lack of any punctuation. This is done to
avoid any confusion or wrong interpretation
of the text, although in many cases it has ex-
actly the opposite result, as you end up with
rather long, drawn out sentences. Take the
following paragraph as an example.
The Franchisee shall purchase from the
Franchisor the said products on the terms
and conditions hereinafter described and on
such or any amended terms and conditions as
may be additionally agreed in writing at any
point of time in the course of this agreement.
This extract also illustrates a number of
other aspects specic to legal writing. For
example, the word order can often be a little
different from standard English (conditions
hereinafter described). Whats more, words
such as hereinafter would rarely be used in
everyday English, but they are used fre-
quently in legal English. Here-, there-, and
where- words (e.g. hereof, thereof, whereof)
are used mostly to avoid repetition (e.g. This
agreement and any activities in pursuance
thereof shall be subject to Here, thereof
replaces of this agreement) or further
lengthy explanations (e.g. using hereinafter
means you dont have to say conditions
described in the following paragraphs of this
contract). Our paragraph above also gives
an example of the use of shall to show
obligation and may to show discretion, both
of which repeatedly appear in legal contexts.
The said (products) is a common way to re-
fer back to something which has previously
appeared in the document, similar to the
same or the aforementioned. Finally, we
can also see how English uses endings to dif-
ferentiate between the parties to a business
relationship (franchisor/franchisee). Other
common examples are employer/employee,
consignor/consignee, lessor/lessee.
Well, as I said at the beginning, I dont
really expect you go to away now and draw
up a contract in perfect legal English, but I
do hope Ive gone a little way to introduce
you to the world of legalese. !
Vokabeldownload: www.engine-magazin.de/extras
aiding and abetting Beihilfe
ambiguity amb/gjuhct/ Mehrdeutigkeit
amend, to abndern
breaking and entering Einbruchdiebstahl
cease, to aufhren
consent, to zustimmen, einwilligen
consignee Empfnger
consignor Absender
daunting dJnt/ng abschreckend
desist, to aufhren
discretion d/kreschn Ermessensfreiheit
draw up, to erstellen
feature Eigenschaft
have and hold besitzen
hereinafter nachstehend
in pursuance of
pcjuhcn
gem
layman Laie
lessee /elh Mieter, Leasingnehmer,
Pchter
lessor /eo Vermieter, Leasinggeber,
Verpchter
obligation Picht, Verpichtung
perform and discharge ausben
plethora plebcrc Flle, beruss
primarily hauptschlich
punctuation Zeichensetzung
purchase agreement
pctschc cgrlhmcnt
Einkaufsvertrag
warranty Garantie
Unsere vereinfachte
Lautschrift orientiert
sich an der deutschen
Aussprache und wird
gesprochen, wie sie
geschrieben wird.
Betonte Silben sind fett
gedruckt. Leider geht
es nicht ganz ohne
Sonderzeichen:
= stimmloses th
wie in thank you
= stimmhaftes th
wie in the
= kurzes, unbetontes e
wie in danke
= langes, offenes o
wie in hoffen
enGine
Lautschrift
www.engine-magazin.de

47
Autor David Mackie ist
Freelance In-Company
Trainer und Dozent fr Wirt-
schaftsenglisch an der EBS.
Mail: david.mackie@ebs.edu
Practice
above board einwandfrei, legal
assets Aktiva
business entity Geschftsunternehmen
claimant klalmcnt Klger
1 ad hoc
2 bona de
3 caveat
emptor
4 de facto
5 exempli
gratia
6 id est
7 inter alia
8 non compos
mentis
9 pari passu
10 pro rata
11 quid pro quo
12 per se
13 in re
14 ad innitum
A among other things, used very often in contracts to avoid writing a long
list
B let the buyer beware, means that when you buy something, it is your
responsibility to check everything is in order
C something for something, means there should be an exchange of things
for a contract to be valid
D as such
E for example
F for a specic purpose, or spontaneous
G forever, without limit
H that is
I equal and even, used in the context of shares to show that all shares have
the same value
J in good faith, means that people are acting above board
K with regard to
L in fact
M not of sound mind, means that a person should not be able to make a
contract
N for the rate, in proportion to
Here are some examples of Latin words still used in their original form in legal documenta-
tion. Try to match the English equivalents with the Latin expressions.
B
When it comes to vocabulary, there are many terms which are either used exclusively in a
legal context or which might have a slightly different meaning in standard, everyday English.
Try to match the words below with the denitions. You will nd the answers on page 44.
1 damages
2 indemnity
3 insolvency
4 covenant
5 deed
6 liability
7 waiver
8 consideration
9 due diligence
10 execute
11 party
12 going
concern
13 injunction
14 construction
15 writ
16 proxy
17 quorum
18 offer
19 acceptance
20 promissory
21 action
22 furnish
A the ofcial evaluation of assets and liabilities
B the money paid to the claimant in a civil action
C the state of being unable to pay off debts
D interpretation
E a written order issued by a court
F agreeing to an invitation to enter into a binding agreement
G the document which outlines what the parties to an agreement are
supposed to do
H provide
I the minimum number of people required to make an ofcial vote at a
meeting
J an invitation to enter into a binding agreement
K this shows that a company is able to continue acting as a business entity
L obligation or responsibility
M a person participating in a contract or a in court proceedings
N a legal contract showing ownership of property
O the authority to act on behalf of another person, e.g. in an ofcial vote
P a binding agreement between two or more parties
Q a process in a court of law
R something given in return for a promise and which then makes the
promise into a contract
S put a court order into effect
T a court order saying that a person is to do or refrain from doing certain
things
U repayment, or the obligation of one person to cover the losses of another
V a document which states that you have to give up a right to something
A
debt det Schulden
liabilities Passiva
refrain from, to r/fraln unterlassen
sound hier: gesund
Nr. 3 September 2008 48


False Friends
Autor David Mackie ist
Freelance In-Company
Trainer und Dozent fr Wirt-
schaftsenglisch an der EBS.
Mail: david.mackie@ebs.edu
Falsche Freunde sind
all jene Wrter, die
hug verwechselt
werden oder uns
aus dem Deutschen
vermeintlich be-
kannt vorkommen,
im Englischen jedoch
eine ganz andere
Bedeutung haben.
Einige davon nden
Sie auf dieser Seite.
Das war eine geniale Idee. That was a brilliant/fantastic idea.
That was a genial idea. genial = freundlich
Mr. Smith proved to be a genial type.
Angesichts der aktuellen Lage an der
Brse ist eine neue Emission nicht
angebracht.
In view of the current situation on the
stock markets, a new (stock) issue might
not be the best idea.
In view of the current situation on the
stock markets, a new emission might
not be the best idea.
emission = Aussto
The USA will have to work hard at reducing the
amount of CO
2
emissions.
Das Gert wird in einer Schutzdose
geliefert.
The device is delivered in a protective tin/
can.
The device is delivered in a protective
dose.
dose = Dosierung
The medicine should only be taken in small doses.
Ich werde Ihnen die neuen
Eigenschaften kurz erlutern.
I will briey explain the new features.
I will shortly explain the new features. shortly = in Krze, kurz (zeitlich)
Well have a break shortly. Well begin again
shortly after three oclock.
Wir kaufen prinzipiell nicht von Staa-
ten, die Kinderarbeit untersttzen.
On principle we do not buy goods
from countries where child labour is
encouraged.
Principally we do not buy goods
from countries where child labour is
encouraged.
principally = hauptschlich
Its principally a problem of productivity.
Das neue Design bietet eine bequemere
Bedienung.
The new design means that the operation
is easier/more convenient/more user-friendly.
The new design means that the opera-
tion is more comfortable.
comfortable = bequem (komfortabel)
You can relax in a comfortable armchair in our
lounge.
Die Transparente zeigten deutlich den
Unmut der Belegschaft.
The banners clearly showed how unhappy
the workforce was.
The transparents clearly showed how
unhappy the workforce was.
transparent = durchsichtig
The company produces transparent foil.
Eine solche Werbeaktion knnte das
Image der Firma gefhrden.
That kind of advertising campaign could
damage the image of the company.
That kind of advertising action could
damage the image of the company.
action = Handlung
The government must take action against the
increase in crime.
www.engine-magazin.de

49
Chairing a Meeting
The economist John Kenneth Galbraith once said, Meetings are
indispensable when you dont want to do anything. Unfortunately,
many business people have this view and see meetings as a waste of
time, time which could be better spent doing something else. An effective
chairperson can go a long way to making sure that this is not the case.
Meetings haben ei-
nen schlechten Ruf,
viele halten sie fr
Zeitverschwendung.
Dabei bedarf es nur
guter Vorbereitung
und konzentrierter
Moderation, um
aus einem Meeting
einen Erfolg zu ma-
chen. Hier ein paar
Tipps.
Business
Bild: photocase.com
Chairing a meeting effectively does not come
naturally; it is a skill but, fortunately, one that
can be learned through practice and effort. This
begins before a meeting is even called. The
chair should have a clear understanding of the
purpose of the meeting and why it is necessary.
It should be clear what outcome one would like
to achieve. In the planning stage, certain points
need to be considered. Decide who should be
invited to the meeting and make sure that the
most important ones are able to attend. When
drawing up the agenda, it may be necessary to
confer with some key people in order to assess
the importance of each item and how much
time needs to be allotted for discussion. Once the
agenda has been nalised, it should be circulated
well in advance to allow time for preparation.
Any important or lengthy documents should
be included so that time is not wasted during
the meeting. If one of the participants has to
take the minutes during the meeting, decide
beforehand who it is going to be. Waiting until
the meeting begins not only wastes time but can
get it off to a bad start if no-one volunteers and
someone is pressured into taking them.
Conducting a meeting in a foreign language is
quite a challenge. Think of the specic words or
phrases you will need and look up in a diction-
ary any you do not know. Make a list to have
beside you at the meeting in case you forget
them. Also prepare a few small-talk questions
which may come in handy before the meeting
formally begins.
Set a good example and start on time. It
shows latecomers that their behaviour is not
acceptable, and waiting for latecomers signals
to the punctual participants that it is OK to
be late next time. However, be sensitive to the
expectations of different nationalities. Some
nationalities may interpret a 9 oclock start
differently from the way Germans do. Having
refreshments available for when people arrive
may avoid this problem. If the participants do
not know each other, go quickly around the
table for everyone to introduce themselves but
make it clear what sort of introduction is re-
quired, e.g., Lets just keep it to name and job
title for now. We can get to know each other
better over lunch.
During the Meeting
Review the agenda and set parameters for the
meeting. Often, it is useful to begin with a
consent agenda to quickly deal with routine
and non-controversial items before moving
onto items that require more discussion.
It is the chairs role to keep the meeting on
track and to keep to the agenda. Tactfully end
discussions when they are getting nowhere
or becoming unproductive; I think we are
moving away from the point, lets return to the
agenda. / Its an interesting discussion, but
perhaps we can save it for a separate meeting.
Remember to keep an eye on the time so that
discussions do not overrun and result in hasty
decisions being taken.
In order to hear all points of view and ideas,
the chair should encourage group discussion
where everyone has some input. This will lead
to better quality decisions as well as making
members feel that their contribution is impor-
tant. If a member has said very little, dont high-
Nr. 3 September 2008 50


light the fact with phrases such as youve been
very quiet or we havent heard from Peter
yet. Instead, highlight the value of their opin-
ion, You have knowledge in this eld, Peter.
Whats your view? Ensuring that every-
one gets a chance to speak will help to avoid a
few dominating the discussion. However, if
this does happen, value their contribution, but
involve others, Thank you Pam, thats very
helpful. What do the rest of you think about
what Pams just said?
Another requirement is that the chair sum-
marises. This doesnt just take place at the end
of a meeting, it may be necessary in order to
bring together a number of opinions and argu-
ments, especially if the item under discussion
is complex or lengthy or it may be to round off
a discussion before a vote is taken. Summaris-
ing ensures that everyone has a clear overview
of what was said. To be effective, summarising
requires the important skill of active listening,
which will then enable you to state concisely
what was said in an impartial way and end with
a clear statement about what will happen next.
During the meeting the chair should keep an
eye on body language, which can often show
if someone disagrees. If this happens, bring
the person into the discussion and ask them to
comment on what has been said. Nonverbal
behaviour can also indicate if people are getting
dgety or bored, which may signal that a discus-
sion is going nowhere or has run its course.
Then its time to step in and summarise.
If a discussion becomes confrontational and
peoples tempers start to rise or voices are raised,
try to identify the interests and values that
underlie both sides and seek ways to negotiate a
resolution. Nevertheless, all participants should
be encouraged to feel equally responsible for
the meeting to run smoothly and effectively and
should be discouraged from looking to the chair
every time a problem arises.
When the time comes to close the meeting,
review the main points and make sure that any-
one who has been assigned a task knows exactly
what is expected of them, their responsibilities
and the deadline involved. Finally, set a date,
time and place for the next meeting and end the
meeting on time!
After the Meeting
Distribute the minutes within a few days as
this will reinforce the importance of the meet-
ing and help to reduce errors due to a lapse of
memory concerning what took place. If any
serious problems occurred during the meet-
ing, reect on what happened and discuss the
matter with other colleagues or superiors so
that improvements can be made or similar situ-
ations avoided in the future. Remember to put
unnished business on the agenda for the next
meeting.
The most effective chairs of meetings are
those who listen, who involve everyone, and
draw out members opinions and ideas by us-
ing open-ended questions. To get people to give
their best, they need to know that their contri-
butions are valued and that they will get credit
for their ideas. It is the chairperson who sets the
tone and manages the process. To nish with
another quotation, this time from an anony-
mous author, Effective meetings dont happen
by accident, they happen by design. !
agenda cdschendc Tagesordnung
allot, to zuteilen
assess, to beurteilen
assign, to zuteilen, beauftragen
avoid, to vermeiden
beforehand im Voraus
bored gelangweilt
chair sth., to Vorsitz fhren
circulate, to herumgehen lassen
come in handy, to gelegen kommen
concisely kcnel// kurz u. klar
conduct, to fhren
confer, to kcnfc sich besprechen
contribution Beitrag
credit Anerkennung
deadline Abgabetermin
design hier: Planung
discourage, to abhalten, verhindern
draw up, to erstellen
enable, to ermglichen
ensure, to /nschua sicherstellen
error Fehler
dgety fldsch/t/ unruhig, zappelig
hasty eilig
impartial /mpahsch/ objektiv
indispensable /nd/pencb/ unentbehrlich
input Beitrag
keep an eye on sth., to auf etw. aufpassen
keep on track, to a. d. richtigen Weg halten
key Haupt-
lapse of memory Gedchtnislcke
outcome Ergebnis
overrun, to lnger dauern als geplant
reinforce, to r/h/nfo verstrken
resolution Lsung
review, to berprfen
round off, to abschlieen
skill Fhigkeit
temper Gemt
underlie, to zugrunde liegen
volunteer, to freiwillig melden
Autorin Judith Fortey ist Free-
lance In-Company Trainerin
und Dozentin fr Wirtschafts-
englisch an der EBS.
Mail: judith.fortey@ebs.edu
www.engine-magazin.de

51
Checking the
person you
have called
has time
Is this a good time to call? Ist der Zeitpunkt jetzt gnstig?
Have I called at a bad moment? Rufe ich gerade im falschen Mo-
ment an?
Can we talk now, or is later bet-
ter for you?
Knnen wir jetzt reden? Oder
wre Dir/Ihnen spter lieber?
Do you want me to call back later? Soll ich spter zurckrufen?
Shall I get back to you later? Soll ich spter zurckrufen?
Are you busy right now? Stre ich Sie gerade?
Have you any time to spare right
now?
Htten Sie gerade einen
Moment?
Do you have a second? Haben Sie einen Moment Zeit?
Enclosing/
Attaching
Please nd enclosed/attached . Anbei nden Sie .
Attached/enclosed you will nd. Angehngt/beigefgt nden Sie .
I have attached/enclosed . Ich habe . angehngt/beigefgt.
I am enclosing/attaching . Ich habe . angehngt/beigefgt.
I have sent the copies as an
enclosure.
Ich habe die Kopien als Anlage
beigefgt.
The report will be sent under
separate cover/separately.
Den Bericht sende ich Ihnen mit
getrennter Post zu.
Im afraid you forgot to attach the
le/to enclose the documents.
Leider haben Sie vergessen, die
Datei anzuhngen/die Dokumente
beizufgen.
@
Unsere Redewen-
dungen erleichtern
Ihnen das Telefo-
nieren, Brief- und
E-Mail-Schreiben
und Prsentieren.
Changing
Topic
Now that weve covered sales,
lets move on to our advertising
campaign.
Nachdem wir mit den Verkaufs-
zahlen durch sind, knnen wir
jetzt zu unserer Werbekampagne
bergehen.
Id like now to turn to our latest
developments.
Ich mchte jetzt mit den neuesten
Entwicklungen weitermachen.
Let me now continue with next
years targets.
Lassen Sie mich jetzt mit der Zielset-
zung frs nchste Jahr fortfahren.
That takes care of the suppliers.
We can now look at the problems
in our production.
So viel zu den Lieferanten. Jetzt
wenden wir uns den Problemen in der
Produktion zu.
Ill now go on to show you the
new layout.
Als nchstes mchte ich Ihnen das
neue Layout zeigen.
That brings us to our next topic. Jetzt kommen wir zum nchsten
Punkt.
Phrases
Nr. 3 September 2008 52


Just a Matter of Trust!
Egbert has just returned from a training course for team building. Hes
now in the company canteen where he bumps into one of his managers.
On the
Move
Bild: Barbara Kohm
Egbert, der Ingeni-
eur, ist beruich viel
unterwegs. Immer
wieder schlittert er
dabei in Situationen,
die uns nur zu be-
kannt vorkommen.
Gerstet mit den
Vokabeln und Rede-
wendungen dieser
Rubrik werden Sie
diese Situationen
das nchste Mal mit
Bravour meistern.
Jens: Hi, Egbert. So you got back in one piece?
Egbert: Well, it was touch and go. At times, I
thought Id never make it back alive.
Jens: So tough? Then do tell me, Im all ears.
Egbert: Well, I didnt really know what to
expect. As you know, the training com-
pany had set up the weekend to promote
their training methods and their effective-
ness in team building and bonding. We
were under no obligation to book further
courses, so I went more out of curiosity
than anything else.
Jens: How many were you altogether?
Egbert: We started out with 24 participants,
MDs and training managers mostly, but
four dropped out during the weekend. !
all ears ganz Ohr
bonding engere Beziehung schaffen
bump into so., to jdn. zufllig treffen
canteen kantlhn Kantine
curiosity kjucr/oct/ Neugier
get back in one piece, to berleben
MD (Managing Director) Geschftsfhrer
set up, to arrangieren
touch and go sehr riskant
www.engine-magazin.de

53
On the
Move
Jens: Not from injuries I hope.
Egbert: Well, one sprained an ankle so couldnt
continue, one was afraid of heights so
left on the Sunday morning and the other
two, who were from the same company,
decided it was not what they needed and
gave up. Actually, I think they thought it
would be an easy weekend of eating and
drinking with the occasional activity.
Jens: But did you know what you were let-
ting yourself in for?
Egbert: Absolutely not! When we arrived on
the Friday afternoon, we were given a brief
introductory talk followed by a coupled of
ice-breaking activities to get to know each
other.
Jens: The standard thing?
Egbert: Yes, more or less. However, one
activity involved building a centre for a
training seminar. We were given coloured
cards, scissors and glue. The group I was in
took time to get started. We couldnt agree
on an approach or what type of building.
Interestingly, when we were later analys-
ing different types of team member, it
turned out that we had quite an imbalance.
Jens: Sorry, I dont quite follow.
Egbert: Well, some people are coordinators,
others more creative, some pay great atten-
tion to details, that sort of thing. Obvi-
ously, no-one is 100 per cent one type, but
as the weekend went on, it was possible to
identify the different traits in people.
Jens: Did the different job areas play a role?
Egbert: Yes, I think so. There were a few
engineers in the group and Id say we de-
nitely approached things differently from,
say, HR people or marketing people.
Jens: It sounds really interesting.
Egbert: The fun hasnt started yet. In order to
build up trust, we were put into groups.
One was blindfolded and had to fall back-
wards and be caught by the other members.
Jens: Ive heard of that, and I dont think I
could do it.
Egbert: My biggest problem was that in my
group there were a couple of very petite
women and a rather slim guy.
Jens: No problem for you to catch them.
Egbert: Of course not. But I had visions of me
attening them if they were supposed to
catch me.
Jens: So what happened?
Egbert: Well, when it came to my turn to
be blindfolded, I was really anxious. The
seminar leader kept telling me to trust the
group, but I just couldnt let myself fall
backwards. Just as I was thinking Id give
up, a quiet female voice said, Do you re-
ally think well let you hurt yourself? I felt
so ashamed so I just fell backwards. It was
quite an experience.
Jens: But what happened?
Egbert: Nothing.
Jens: What do you mean, nothing? Did the
two women catch you?
Egbert: No.
Jens: No?
Egbert: No. Of course I was too big and heavy
for them and the guy. So, they did what
anyone should do in that situation and
called in expert help. A big guy from one of
the other groups came over to help. Look-
ing back, that was one of the easiest things
we had to do.
Jens: Im beginning to think you enjoyed
yourself.
Egbert: I can denitely say that enjoy is
a thought that never crossed my mind the
whole weekend.
Jens: Then what was so bad?
Egbert: Now its over, I cant say anything was
bad. I think I learned a lot, but the weekend was
very gruelling.
Jens: In what way?
Egbert: Friday evening, we were told to get
plenty of sleep as it would be an early start the
next day. After breakfast at 7 oclock, we were
driven to a river. We were put into groups of
six or eight and allocated to a guide, who gave
us a brieng session on safety and techniques.
Then we were each kitted out with a wetsuit, life
jacket and crash helmet.
Nr. 3 September 2008 54


Autorin Judith Fortey ist Free-
lance In-Company Trainerin
und Dozentin fr Wirtschafts-
englisch an der EBS.
Mail: judith.fortey@ebs.edu
Jens: Stop building up the suspense. What did
you have to do?
Egbert: Youll never believe this. White-water
rafting!
Jens: Youre right. I dont. Egbert, are you trying
to tell me you went over waterfalls, in a boat,
voluntarily?
Egbert: Actually, theyre called rapids, not
waterfalls, and I really had no choice. Its not
only Asians that have a problem with losing
face. Besides, I kept repeating to myself, Its
just a matter of trust. These guys know what
they are doing. After all, they were hoping to
drum up business so they werent going to put
our lives in jeopardy.
Jens: So what happened next?
Egbert: First of all, we all went to the river and
in quite calm, shallow water we had to hold
hands and stand on the outside rim of an inat-
able raft.
Jens: That must have been some balancing feat.
Did you manage it?
Egbert: Sort of. For a few seconds anyway,
before falling off into the water. But our guide
just said, Well, the worst thing that can hap-
pen is to fall in, and as youve just done that,
its now plain sailing.
Jens: I cant believe Im hearing this!
Egbert: We were then taken by bus higher up the
river, got into the raft, settled down with our
paddles and, whoosh, off we went.
Jens: Where was the guide?
Egbert: Oh, he was at the back, totally in control,
but you dont know that at the time when hes
yelling instructions and your heart is in your
mouth and the adrenalin is rushing. Every time
you go over some rapids and get soaked, you
think youll fall in. I cant say that my life
ashed before my eyes, I didnt have time to
think, but it was just amazing.
Jens: As my son would say, awesome.
Egbert: Wait for it. When we got to the bottom,
we were told that wed just had the dummy run
and would now experience the real thing. After
a few more instructions, the whole procedure
was repeated, but this time the guide was obvi-
ously making the run more difcult, and as we
went over the nal rapids, he manoeuvred the
raft at such an angle that we capsized.
Jens: What do you mean? You all fell in?
Egbert: Not only fell in, but the raft was upside
down. We really had our work cut out to right
it and climb back in. After that, you know what
team spirit is all about.
Jens: But if that was at the beginning of the
weekend, what else did you have to do?
Egbert: Oh, walking in the tree tops, jumping
from platform to platform. Walking over rope
bridges with nothing to hold on to. That sort of
thing. Anyway, thatll have to wait for another
day, Ive a meeting to go to.
Jens: Thered better be some photos to back this
up, or I wont believe a word.
Egbert: Dont worry, youll see them. I cut quite
a dashing gure in a wet suit! "
angle angg/ Winkel
ankle Fugelenk
awesome toll, fantastisch
back sth. up, to belegen, beweisen
be kitted out, to ausgerstet werden
blindfold so., to jdm. die Augen verbinden
brief kurz
brieng Informationsgesprch
capsize, to kapels kentern
crash helmet Sturzhelm
cross your mind, to einfallen, in den Sinn
kommen
cut a dashing gure, to eine gute Figur machen
drum up business, to Geschfte auftreiben
dummy run bung, Probe
feat f/ht groe Leistung
feel ashamed, to sich schmen
atten, to zerdrcken
glue Kleber
gruelling gruhal/ng aufreibend, mrderisch
have your work cut out, to mchtig reinknien
mssen
heart is in your mouth Herz schlug bis zum Hals
HR (human resources) Personalwesen
hurt, to verletzen
imbalance Unausgeglichenheit
inatable /nflaltcb/ aufblasbar
injury lndschcr/ Verletzung
jeopardy dschepcd/ Gefahr
let yourself in for sth., to sich auf etwas einlassen
life jacket Rettungsweste,
Schwimmweste
lose face, to Gesicht verlieren
petite pctlht zierlich
plain sailing unproblematisch
platform Podest
raft Flo
rapids Stromschnellen
rim Rand, Kante
rope Seil
rush, to schnell ieen
scissors lscs Schere
shallow water Flachwasser
slim dnn, schlank
sprain, to verstauchen
suspense Spannung
trait Charaktereigenschaft
voluntarily vclcntrc// freiwillig
wetsuit Neoprenanzug
white-water rafting Wildwasser-Rafting
yell, to laut schreien
Unsere vereinfachte
Lautschrift orientiert
sich an der deutschen
Aussprache und wird
gesprochen, wie sie
geschrieben wird.
Betonte Silben sind fett
gedruckt. Leider geht
es nicht ganz ohne
Sonderzeichen:
= stimmloses th
wie in thank you
= stimmhaftes th
wie in the
= kurzes, unbetontes e
wie in danke
= langes, offenes o
wie in hoffen
enGine
Lautschrift
www.engine-magazin.de

55
Gelesen
& Gesehen
Am hugsten nutzen wir unser Englisch im Umgang mit auslndischen
Geschftspartnern wohl beim Schreiben von E-Mails. Doch Vorsicht. So
zwanglos und frei von jeglichen Rechtschreibregeln private Mails auch
sein mgen, beruich ist das etwas ganz anderes. Hier zhlt jedes Wort
und der Ton macht das Geschft. Den richtigen zu treffen, dabei hilft
dieses kleine Bndchen.
Selbstverstndlich listet die Autorin alle notwendigen Redewen-
dungen auf, gibt zahlreiche Beispiele fr Standardmails, geht auf
Stilfragen ein und streift sogar Interpunktion und Rechtschreibung.
Dazu gibts Vokabellisten und immer wieder passende bungen. Doch
das handliche Taschenbuch bietet noch mehr. Die ausfhrlichen Hil-
festellungen zu Standardsituationen der Geschftskorrespondenz wie
Vereinbarungen, Einladungen, Zu- und Absagen, sowie zum Verfassen
von Berichten, Newslettern und Werbemails verbessern nicht nur das
Englisch, sondern sind sicher auch fr die deutsche Korrespondenz von
Nutzen. mm
Schreiben
mit Stil
E-Mailing in English
Kirsten Wchter
Cornelsen
ISBN 978-3-589-23489-9
Linksverkehr
www.nsf.gov/
news/special_reports/nsf-net
Eine sehr schn aufbereitete Zeitreise
durch die Geschichte des Internets aus der
Sicht der National Science Foundation. Mit
Beitrgen des Vaters des Internets, Vint
Cerf, und Eric Bina, der den ersten Web-
browser Mosaic geschrieben hat.
www.periodicvideos.com
Im Periodensystem der Videos von der
University of Nottingham werden alle che-
mischen Elemente mit kurzen, informativen
Videos erklrt. Eine gute Mglichkeit, sein
Wissen etwas aufzufrischen.
http://sprachtest.cornelsen.de
Wie gut ist eigentlich mein Englisch?
Wer sich nicht vor Trainern oder Kollegen
blamieren will, kann mit diesem On-
line-Einstufungstest zu Hause im stillen
Kmmerchen seine Fhigkeiten gem des
Europischen Referenzrahmens schon mal
vorab einschtzen.
Mit jemandem auf Englisch zu telefonieren fllt selbst denen schwer,
die die Sprache ansonsten gut beherrschen. Ohne ein Bild des anderen,
ohne seine kleinen, unbewussten Reaktionen sehen zu knnen, fehlt
einfach eine komplette Kommunikationsebene. Umso wichtiger ist es,
sich auf einen Anruf vorzubereiten. Dabei hilft der handliche kleine
Taschenfhrer Phone Calls in Englisch von Sander Schroevers.
Der komplett in Englisch gehaltene Fhrer beginnt einfach mit Rede-
wendungen fr das Annehmen eines Anrufs, Begrung, Durchstellen,
Nachfragen und Beenden eines Gesprchs. Darauf folgen Standardsitu-
ationen wie Verabredungen, das Hinterlassen von Nachrichten, Ver-
kaufsgesprche oder Reisebuchungen. Jedes Kapitel listet neben den
Redewendungen die ntigen Vokabeln, Beispiele und Tipps. Eine gute
Ergnzung ist der Praxisteil am Ende des Buchs. Hier geht es um Inter-
kulturelles, die Unterschiede zwischen Grobritannien und den USA,
falsche Freunde, richtige Aussprache und vieles mehr. Plus Vorwahlen
fr wichtige Stdte oder internationale Feiertage. mm
Sprechhilfe
Phone Calls in English
Sander M. Schroevers
Haufe
ISBN 978-3-448-08627-0
Wer beim Lesen unseres Beitrags ber die Rck-
kehr zum Mond in Erinnerungen schwelgt, dem
sei dieser Film empfohlen. Das Konzept klingt un-
spektakulr: Astronauten erzhlen ber ihren Flug
zum Mond, unterbrochen von wenig oder noch
nie gesehenem Filmmaterial. Doch die Faszination
des Films macht etwas ganz anderes aus.
Da sind zum einen die Erzhler, darunter
Micheal Collins und Jim Lovell, die wirken wie
ganz normale, rstige Rentner. Oder die Art und
Weise wie sie von ihrer Reise erzhlen als wre
es eine Bustour nach Oklahoma gewesen. Und
dann natrlich die Bilder, nicht ausgesucht nach
dokumentarischen Gesichtspunkten, sondern
allein danach, die Faszination, die uns damals alle
gepackt hat, wiederzubeleben. mm
Mondschtig
In the Shadow of the Moon
(Film-DVD)
Riley/Sington (Regie)
Think Fim
ASIN: B000X9VU5W
Nr. 3 September 2008 56

57 www.engine-magazin.de
Leeside
of Business
So, How Should We Protect Children?
l
e
e
s
i
d
e
Anthony Lee
Senior Lecturer
Centre for Business
Languages, ebs
E-Mail: anthony.lee@ebs.de
Recently, I found myself shocked while reading
about the way some Americans are protecting
their children. Due to the number of shootings
on school campuses in the US, a small district
in Texas is allowing teachers to carry guns in
order to protect the staff and children should
there be any gun attacks on the school. The
Superintendent of the school believes its close
proximity to a busy motorway could make it a
target and, furthermore, the nearest
sheriffs ofce is a 30-minute drive
away. He also wrote on a web site,
When the federal government
started making schools gun-free
zones, thats when all of these
shootings started. The schools
trustees gave their approval and
there were no objections by the
childrens parents. Having grown
up in a country which was proud
that its police force wasnt armed,
I cant imagine a child going to
school where the teachers not only
have pens and paper but also pistols in their
bags. Unless the gun is worn in a holster under a
jacket, how can anyone be sure that it wont fall
into the hands of a child?
A few weeks later, following the nomination
of Sarah Palin for vice-president, I was reading
an article which mentioned that her ex-brother-
in-law had admitted Tasering his 10-year-old
step son. It was obvious that I was supposed
to be shocked at this but, as I didnt know the
word, I thought Id quickly Google it. What a
mistake, as I spent the next hour clicking on
links nding out all about Tasering. As you may
already know, a Taser (a registered trademark
and named after a ctional weapon: Thomas A.
Swifts Electric Rie) is an electroshock weapon
used by police forces, not only in America but
all over the world, including Germany. It is
intended to stun and immobilise people and,
hopefully, reduce the use of rearms. Among
the many things I learned whilst surng was
that three police ofcers in Miami were afraid
a 6-year-old boy would harm himself with a
piece of broken glass and so Tasered him with
a 50,000-volt Taser for his own protection. After
the incident, the parents said if theyd offered
him a piece of candy, he would have dropped
the glass instantly. There have been a number of
deaths following the use of a Taser but, despite
protests calling for its ban, the manufacturer
now sells a consumer model, including a pink
Taser marketed at women. In the US, Taser
devices arent considered rearms by the U.S.
Government and can be legally carried with-
out a permit in 43 states. I wonder how many
school teachers have one in their pocket?
However, my feeling of superiority that I
dont come from such a gun- or weapon-happy
culture was put into perspective when a stu-
dent criticised Britain. I was discussing cultural
differences with a group of students who had
recently returned from having spent a semester
abroad. One of them, who had been in London,
commented on how shocked
he was to see mothers keeping
very young children on a lead, as
you would with a dog. I knew
instantly what he meant as reins
or harnesses have been around for
a very long time. Today, there are
two basic types. For very young
children who are unsteady on their
feet, there is a harness, similar to
the one in a childs safety seat in
a car, and attached at the back is a
rein, or lead, which the parent can
hold. The practical side is that the
toddler has more freedom than when sitting in a
buggy or holding someones hand, and should
they stumble, they are then either saved by the
person holding the rein or they have both hands
free to help break their fall. The second type is
a kind of nylon ribbon with one end attached to
a childs wrist and the other end is held or at-
tached to the adults wrist. These were intended
to be used to stop young children running off or
getting lost in busy supermarkets and crowded
places, but they have grown in popularity in the
UK since the early 90s when a small child was
taken from a shopping mall and murdered. Al-
though there is a school of thought against their
use, they certainly dont raise any eyebrows in
the UK, and are generally seen to be for safety
reasons rather than for constraint. It was a lesson
for me to learn that, in the eyes of my student,
we are treating chil-
dren badly. Neverthe-
less, reins are a long
way from guns or
electric shocks!
approval Zustimmung
constraint Zwang
harness Leibgurt
holster Pistolentasche
lead Leine
proud stolz
proximity Nhe
rein Zgel
ribbon Band
stumble, to stolpern
stun, to betuben
toddler kleines Kind
trustee Geldgeber
unsteady schwankend
wrist Handgelenk
Renaissance for
Antique Videos
It was only forty years ago when some artists swapped brushes and
canvases for video cameras and recorders. Quickly embracing the
possibilities of the new medium, they created a whole new form of
art. The Laboratory for Antique Video Systems tries to preserve these
precious early recordings.
Vor nur vierzig Jah-
ren tauschten einige
Knstler Pinsel und
Leinwand gegen
Video-Kamera und
Recorder. Schnell
machten sie sich die
Mglichkeiten des
neuen Mediums zu
eigen und schufen
einen vllig neuen
Kunstzweig. Das
Labor fr Antiquier-
te Videosysteme
versucht diese
wertvollen, ersten
Aufnahmen zu kon-
servieren.
History
Alle Bilder: ZKM
Antique is a pretty strong word to describe
something that is a mere 40 years old, especial-
ly when you are talking about video systems.
Antique implies that something is centuries
old, which doesnt exactly apply to the video
tape collection thats cluttering up your shelf.
Or does it? To learn more about the historic
aspects of video recording, I met with Chris-
toph Blase, head of the Laboratory for Antique
Video Systems in Karlsruhe.
Hes a bit late and I pass the time in the
current YOU_ser exhibition of the Centre for
Art and Media, ZKM, the head institution of
Blases laboratory. One of the exhibits is a vin-
tage red VW camper van with a camera and a
monitor in the back, which is simply showing
the live image from the camera. Looking at
myself, I wonder where the art is and read the
description: A similar van with this setup was
parked in 1970 in a shopping street in Darm-
stadt and was used to show passers-by their
image on TV for the very rst time. Back
then, that was quite something, says Blase,
who has just come round the corner and is
now pointing to a vintage television set show-
ing a black and white video. Fortunately,
the moment was recorded and we managed
to restore the tape in our laboratory. The
tape includes mothers showing their babies,
youngsters showing off and pensioners hiding
shyly in the background. All of them are ut-
terly mesmerised by the fact that they are seeing
themselves on TV. Suddenly, I realise that,
indeed, a long time has passed between the
fascination our moving self-image once held
and its ubiquity in the time of Youtube and
The installation Der
magische Spiegel (the
magic mirror) by Herbert
Schuhmacher enabled
passers-bys in 1970 to see
their live image on TV
back then, an incredible
sensation.
Nr. 3 September 2008 58


webcams. Maybe the term antique isnt so
far off to describe a laboratory whose mission
is to document this fascination, especially the
fascination early video held for artists, and to
preserve it for posterity.
The Art of Recording
Christoph Blase, a former journalist and art
critic, was always interested in the possibili-
ties of video recording devices. Following the
development of art and technology closely,
he realised that the early works would soon
be lost old video recorders were rapidly
replaced by newer, better machines incompat-
ible with the old tapes. So, I started collecting
vintage video recorders, is how Blase recalls
the beginning of a passion that, in 2004, led to
the foundation of the Laboratory for Antique
Video Systems. Today, we keep around 350
Vokabeldownload: www.engine-magazin.de/extras
a mere lediglich, blo
affordable bezahlbar, erschwinglich
brush Pinsel
cab Taxi
canvas kanvc Leinwand
clutter up, to vollstopfen
curator kjucraltc Kurator
device Gert
embrace, to zu eigen machen,
begeistert annehmen
exhibit lgs/b/t Ausstellungsstck,
Exponat
foundation Grndung
imply, to unterstellen, bedeuten
in a bad shape in schlechtem Zustand
item Gegenstand, Begriff
mesmerise, to mesmcre/s hypnotisieren
passer-by Passant
portable tragbar
posterity poterct/ Nachwelt
precious preschc wertvoll, kostbar
preserve, to bewahren, konservieren
reel Spule
shelf Regal
show off, to sich aufspielen, angeben
showcase, to prsentieren
swap, to eintauschen, vertauschen
trunk Koffer
ubiquity juhblkw/t/ Allgegenwrtigkeit
utterly vllig
VCR (video cassette
recorder)
Videorekorder
vintage vlnt/dsch alt, klassisch
youngster Jugendlicher
video devices capable of playing over 50 dif-
ferent video formats, he adds, not without
pride.
Video tape recording started in 1956 with
Ampex desk-sized VRX-1000. US TV stations
used it to record shows and then transport the
4-inch wide tapes by plane across time zones
for a replay in another part of the country. In
the early sixties, video recorders nally be-
came portable sort of. Blase points to a wood-
en box in a corner about the size of a trunk:
On the 4
th
October 1965, Nam June Paik used
such a Sony Videocorder TCV 2020 for his
rst recordings, which are today considered
to be the beginning of video art. The equip-
ment was so heavy he had to use a cab to carry
it around New York. When, in 1967, Sony
introduced the DV-2400 Video Rover Porta-
pack with a separate B/W camera and a 1/2
inch reel-to-reel tape, it started a revolution.
Although it was only for recording, the device
was not only truly portable, but also affordable
to a broader base. News stations and artists
were among the rst to adopt the system and
explore its possibilities. Another video record-
ing milestone was the U-matic, one of the rst
videocassette formats, which was showcased
by Sony in 1969 and nally introduced to the
market in 1971. Formats for home recording
like VHS or Betamax hit the market in the mid
and late seventies, ultimately turning the VCR
into the household item it is today.
Naturally, the early video art is of greatest
interest to curators. A surprising number of
tapes have survived somewhere in the corner
of a shelf or a shoe box. Unfortunately, these
decade-old tapes are in a bad shape and not t
for instant replay. The restoration of the !
A Sony Videocorder TCV
2020 from 1965. A similar
device was used by Nam
June Paik, the father of
video art, for his rst
experiments.
http://on1.zkm.de/zkm/
stories/storyReader$5574
(dt.)
Webseite des Labors fr
Antiquierte Videosysteme.
www.
40jahrevideokunst.de (dt.)
Projekt zur Restaurierung
und Vermittlung frher
Videokunst. Eine weitere
Ausstellung zu dem Thema
ist fr 2009 im ZKM geplant.
www.zkm.de/you (dt.)
Die aktuelle Groausstellung
im Zentrum fr Kunst und
Medientechnik in Karlsruhe
mit Arbeiten, die den Be-
trachter zum User machen.
Unter anderem mit der im
Artikel genannten Arbeit.
www.labguysworld.com
(engl.)
Etwas rustikale aber umso
umfangreichere Seite zur Ge-
schichte des Videorecorders.
Mit vielen Links und Bildern.
www.useddlt.com/
historie-4-video.0.html
(dt.)
Grundlagen der Tonband-,
Videoband- und Datatech-
nik mit groem Kapitel zur
Video-Magnetbndern.
www.
fernsehmuseum.info (dt.)
Die Seite des deutschen
Fernsehmuseums bietet
natrlich auch viele Informa-
tionen zur Geschichte der
Videoaufzeichnung.
www.engine-magazin.de

59
imsy tapes can be almost as complex and com-
plicated as bringing a Renoir or Botticelli back
to light. Video tape restoration is a four-stage
process, explains Blase, consisting of clean-
ing, replay, analogue processing and digitalisa-
tion.
How Videos Come Back to Light
Before a tape is even allowed on one of the
precious antique video recorders, it has to be
thoroughly cleaned. The reason for that is easily
demonstrated by a video Blase shows: A video
recorder is struggling with a reluctant tape pull-
ing it over the video head, rst slowly then fast,
but constantly emitting a deathly screech. Over
time, the rear coating of the carrier dissolves and
becomes sticky. An untreated tape could be
stretched and damaged or even ruin the heads
of the video recorder, explains Blase, showing
a blackened piece of white felt from the cleaning
machine for proof.
The plain looking, custom-made cleaning
machine is one of his greatest trade secrets, and
so he quickly rushes me off to a row of reel-
to-reel video recorders. With their electronics
stripped open and extra wires, switches and po-
tentiometers dangling from them, the machines
look as if they are in dire need of repair, but the
contrary is in fact the case: All the video re-
corders have been completely refurbished down
to the last electrolytic capacitor. We sometimes
even add a few new features like tracking adjust-
ment. Although these machines all look alike,
they are not backups for one another. They
are necessary for one of the most tricky parts
of restoration the identication of the tapes
recording format.
Prior to the rst video standard, the EIAJ
standard from 1969 for half-inch tapes, each
manufacturer used their own recording
format, recalls Blase. The basic recording
principle might always be the same a tape
moves along a diagonally rotating head but
tape and head speed, rotation angle or direction
differ slightly, even among machines from the
same manufacturer. That makes identication
of the tapes format a complex trial-and-error-
process. But after restoring hundreds of tapes,
Blases team developed certain exclusion strate-
gies to quickly identify the right format and the
associated video recorder. Now the video can
be viewed for the rst time in years, sometimes
decades.
A rewarding moment exclusive to the curator
and certain vintage monitors: Unfortunately,
most modern monitors or digitalisation devices
interpret the signals from the old video record-
ers simply as noise. After all, these signals
A small part of the Labo-
ratory for Antique Video-
systems large collection
of vintage video recorders.
Tapes in over 50 differ-
ent video formats can be
replayed.
Nr. 3 September 2008 60


were intended for B/W TV sets. Therefore, we
have to process the signal for further use.
Unavoidable variations of tape or head speed
cause signal and synchronisation to be slightly
out of phase, which is easily tolerated by
older, analogue equipment. But modern
devices built for precise and strong signals
have a hard time locking on to these weak and
fuzzy signals. Therefore, analogue process-
ing becomes necessary. The signal is passed
through various Time Base Correctors and
Frame Synchronizers, which basically boost the
signal and synchronize it with other equip-
ment by buffering frames for release at the
precise moment. The necessary equipment,
either antique or custom-made, lls several
racks and is orchestrated via plugs and cables
on a switchboard. Each tape is different and
not only requires the right video recorder,
but also the right combination of processing
equipment, Blase says, describing his very
own art.
Tape and Tape Again
The last phase of the restoration process is as
clinical as the word digitalisation implies. A
small, inconspicuous silver box containing an
A/D converter and a brand new Macintosh
computer does the rest. The resulting video has
a surprisingly good quality, is hardly washed
out and has no noise or icker. I suspect this
to be the work of heavy digital post-process-
ing. Although mechanical damage can be a
problem, the magnetic layer of the tape hardly
degrades and is usually in pretty good shape.
Digital post-processing simply isnt necessary.
Anyway, it is completely out of the question for
curatorial reasons alone. Nevertheless we might
use it to perfectly match the digital signal to
the original analogue output, says Blase in
response to my objection, thus proving that hes
more a responsible curator than a perfection-
loving technician.
Finally, the digital data of the restored
tapes is stored on tapes! Envisioning a future
Christoph Blase brooding over the very same
tapes in forty years time, I raise an eyebrow.
Theres almost no other possibility to store the
huge amounts of uncompressed digital data,
Blase explains, because each minute of video
produces up to 1.5 gigabytes of data. Thats
around 80 GB per hour. Quickly adding up into
the terabyte range, DVDs and even hard discs
are not up to the task. Therefore, Blases team
relies on Linear Open Tape, a widely accepted
magnetic tape standard for archival storage of
large amounts of data. A sophisticated backup
strategy will further ensure that future genera-
tions can enjoy antique videos.
Surely these generations will marvel even
more at these early tapes. Even today, video
art can by trying for a layman, to say the least.
Compared to todays viewing patterns, early
video art is in the true sense of the meaning
long-winded. Many ideas like grimacing in front
of the camera or playing with the in-the-box
or window screen theme seem almost childish
today because they are copied over and over by
the Youtube generation. Antique videos have
a Renaissance in the Web 2.0 so to speak. But
it was back in the Sixties and Seventies when
these things were rst thought of. And, as in so
many cases, this rst inspirational spark is an
essential part of the art. " Matthias Meier
Master of the tapes:
Chistoph Blase, head of
the Laboratory for Antique
Video Systems, is as much
a video recorder geek and
collector as he is video art
lover and curator.
A rare set of a National
video camera and recorder
from about 1966.
archival ahke/v/ archivarisch
boost, to verstrken, steigern
brood, to brten, grbeln
buffer, to puffern, speichern
capacitor kapa/tc Kondensator
carrier Trger
coating Beschichtung
curatorial kuratorisch
custom-made magefertigt,
spezialangefertigt
dangle, to baumeln, hngen
degrade, to zerfallen, schwach werden
dire dela schlimm, schrecklich
dissolve, to ausen, lsen
ensure, to sicherstellen, garantieren
envision, to /nvlschn sich ausmalen
exclusion Ausschluss
felt Filz
imsy dnn, zart
frame hier: Vollbild
fuzzy unscharf
grimace, to Grimassen schneiden
inconspicuous
/nkcnplkjuc
unscheinbar
intend, to beabsichtigen, planen
layer Schicht, Lage
layman Laie
long-winded langatmig, langwierig
objection Einwand, Widerspruch
rack Regal, Elektronikeinschub
refurbish, to instand setzen, renovieren
reward, to belohnen
screech Kreischen
sophisticated technisch ausgefeilt
spark Funke
switchboard Schaltbrett
thoroughly grndlich, sorgfltig
tracking adjustment Spureinstellung
trade secret Berufsgeheimnis
trying anstrengend, beschwerlich
viewing patterns Sehgewohnheiten
www.engine-magazin.de

61
Leon Theremin
Sein Klang taucht in unzhligen Science-
Fiction Filmen auf, als Instrument jedoch ist
das Theremin nahezu unbekannt. So un-
gewhnlich dieses Instrument ist, so unge-
whnlich ist die Geschichte seines Ernders.
History
Audio-Datei
*see list
enthusiastic
emerging
thought up
tone ... inuence ttingly
ghostly moanings
created ... frightening
spooky
innovation
Fascinated
location
ill fame
experts
*see list
kidnapped
ill-matched
reputed
expulsion
Andrew Boyd, University of Houston
Dieser Text ist Teil der Radioserie Engines of Our Ingenuity
und wird hier mit freundlicher Genehmigung des Autors und
der Radiostation KUHF wiedergegeben. Den Originaltext und
weitere 2000 Kurzberichte ber die Geschichte der Technik
nden Sie unter www.uh.edu/engines
Regelmig neu auf www.engine-magazin.de:
Eine Episode der Technikgeschichte aus der
Reihe Engines of Our Ingenuity
komplett mit Text, Vokabelhilfe und
Audio-Datei zum kostenlosen Download.
It has been called the strangest musical
instrument ever conceived. Unlike any other,
the theremin is never actually touched when
played. Instead, a musician controls vol-
ume and pitch using her hands to interfere
with electromagnetic elds generated by the
device. Used in the soundtrack of the 1951
science ction classic The Day the Earth Stood
Still, the theremins eerie wailings have ever
since conjured up images of sinister aliens and
creepy monsters.
What few people realize is that the ther-
emin was originally promoted by its Russian
creator Leon Theremin as a serious musical
instrument. Born in 1896, Theremins experi-
mentation with electronic instruments led him
to the Kremlin, where, in 1922, he personally
demonstrated his invention to Vladimir Lenin.
Captivated by Theremins work, Lenin granted
him permission to travel and present exhibi-
tions, telling Theremin come to see me if you
need help.
Theremins journeys took him to many of
the greatest performance halls in the world,
including the Grand Opera House in Paris
and the Royal Albert Hall in London. New
Yorks Metropolitan Opera House served as
the venue for Theremins 1928 debut in the
United States, where he remained for eleven
years. Supported by patrons, Theremin en-
joyed a life of notoriety, research, and teaching,
meeting innumerable luminaries including Al-
bert Einstein, whom he hosted for an extended
visit.
In 1938, Theremins life changed forever
when he was forcibly abducted from his Man-
hattan apartment and disappeared from the
world. Decades later a personal history as
incongruous as that of the Soviet Union would
emerge: time in a labour camp; years work-
ing for Soviet intelligence; purported recipient
of a highly prestigious Stalin medal; a return
to teach music at the Moscow Conservatory
of Music; and dismissal from the conservatory
while his musical instruments were hacked
to pieces with an axe. According to Theremin,
at the time of his dismissal, a conservatory
administrator informed him that electricity
was for electrocutions, not music.
Though there remain pockets of avid ther-
emin enthusiasts, Theremins grand vision
of an instrument as common as the violin
was never realized. Yet, his inuence on the
dawning era of electronic music was immense.
Robert Moog, creator of the Moog synthesizer
and himself one of the most inuential gures
in the evolution of electronic instruments, was
fascinated with the theremin. In a heartfelt
interview, Moog aptly summarized Theremins
impact, calling his work the biggest, fattest,
most important musical cornerstone of the
whole electronic music movement, and add-
ing, thats where it all began. !
abduct, to entfhren
aptly treffend
avid begeistert, eifrig
captivate, to faszinieren, entzcken
conceive, to ersinnen, ausdenken
conjure up, to heraufbeschwren
creepy gruselig
dawn, to anbrechen, dmmern
dismissal Abberufung,
Amtsenthebung
eerie unheimlich, schaurig
electrocution Hinrichtung auf dem
elektrischen Stuhl
host, to beherrbergen
incongruous unvereinbar
interfere, to eingreifen, beeinussen
invention Erndung
luminary Leuchte, Koryphe
notoriety traurige Berhmtheit
pitch Tonhhe
purported angeblich
sinister bse, unheimlich
venue Veranstaltungsort
wailing Jammern, Klagen
Nr. 3 September 2008 62


Impressum
E N G L I S C H F R I N G E N I E U R E
Vorschau
Hotline

63 www.engine-magazin.de
Vorschau
Technology
Worldwide
Features
Language
Magazine
! Grammar Review: Das Gerundium
macht aus einem Verb ein Substantiv:
Learning is easy.
! On the Move: Egbert hat all seine
Dokumente verloren und darf einen
Behrdenmarathon antreten.
! Business Partner: Singapur ist zwar
nur ein Stadtstaat, seine Wirtschafts-
kraft sollte jedoch nicht unterschtzt
werden.
! Kultursprung: Unser Kultursprung
landet diesmal in gypten.
! Basics: Die Gestaltung von Schnitt-
stellen folgt einfachen Regeln die
nur allzuoft missachtet werden.
! Technical Dictionary: Prozesstechnik
ist ein weites Feld. Umso wichiger ist
es, die richtigen Fachwrter zu kennen.
! News & Trends: Das Neuste und
Verrckteste.
! Gelesen & Gehrt: Neue Bcher,
Sprachkurse, CDs und Lexika.
! Wie immer haben wir fr Sie fnf
Reportagen aus Wissenschaft und
Technik ausgesucht. Leicht zu lesen
dank unserer Vokabelhilfe.
enGine erscheint vierteljhrlich
jeweils im letzten Monat des Quartals.
Das nchste Heft erhalten Sie am
11. 12. 2008
Ihr direkter Draht zu uns:
Redaktion:
Matthias Meier
Tel.: 06151/380-327
Fax: 06151/380-99327
eMail:
meier@hoppenstedt.de
Abonnement:
Walter Menzel
Tel.: 06151/380-366
Fax: 06151/380-99366
eMail:
vertrieb@hoppenstedt.de
Anzeigen:
Heike Heckmann
Tel.: 06151/380-310
Fax: 06151/380-99310
eMail:
heckmann@hoppenstedt.de
Redaktion
Idee und Konzept: Matthias Meier
Chefredaktion: Matthias Meier verantwortlich fr den redakti-
onellen Inhalt
Sprachwissen- Anthony Lee, Judith Fortey, David Mackie,
schaftliche Zentrum fr Wirtschaftssprachen an der
Betreuung: European Business School
Layout: Reinhard Foerster (verantwortlich)
Titelgestaltung: Ammann, Gestaltung
Anschrift: Havelstrae 9, 64295 Darmstadt
Telefon: 0 61 51 / 3 80 - 3 27
Telefax: 0 61 51 / 3 80 - 9 93 27
E-Mail: meier@hoppenstedt.de
Internet: www.engine-magazin.de
Verlag
Anschrift: Hoppenstedt Publishing GmbH
Havelstrae 9, D-64295 Darmstadt
Telefon: 0 61 51 / 3 80 - 1 30
Telefax: 0 61 51 / 3 80 - 1 31
E-Mail: service@hoppenstedt.de
www.hoppenstedt-zeitschriften.de
Geschftsfhrer: Erich Kgler, Tel.: 0 61 51 / 3 80 - 3 07
Objektleitung: Heike Heckmann
Anzeigenleiterin: Heike Heckmann verantwortlich fr den
Anzeigenteil, Tel.: 0 61 51 / 3 80 - 3 10
E-Mail: scope-marketing@hoppenstedt.de
Vertriebsleiter: Walter Menzel, Tel.: 0 61 51 / 3 80 - 3 66
Preisliste: Derzeit Preisliste Nr. 5, gltig seit 1. 1. 2007
Erscheinungs- engine erscheint mit 4 Ausgaben pro Jahr.
weise: Einzelpreis 8,70 , Jahresabonnement 32 .
Bank- Danske Bank, Hamburg, BLZ 203 205 00
verbindungen: Kto. 49 89 40 23 90
IBAN: DE 42 2032 0500 4989 4023 90
SWIFT-BIC: DABADEHH
Postbank Schweiz, Kto. 91-45 91 75-2 EUR
IBAN: CH 03 090 0000 0914 5917 52
SWIFT-BIC: POFICHBE
Druck: L. N. Schaffrath DruckMedien GmbH & Co. KG,
Marktweg 4250, 47608 Geldern
Nachdruck: Nur mit ausdrcklicher Genehmigung des Ver-
lags. Alle Rechte vorbehalten.
Der Verlag haftet nicht fr unverlangt einge-
sandte Manuskripte, Unterlagen und Bilder.
Auslandsvertretungen
Frankreich: ABC France S.N.C., ZAC de Mercires 3, 14 Rue du Fonds
Pernant, Immeuble Technopolis, F-60200 Compigne,
Tel. (00333) 44230404, Fax (00333) 44231110
GB / Irland: Hartswood Media, Mr. Paul Barrett, Hallmark House,
25 Downham Road, Ramsden Heath, Essex CM 11 1 PU, United
Kingdom, Tel: (004412) 68711560,
Fax: (004412) 68711567, EMail: ieaco@aol.com
Italien: Hoppenstedt Bonnier Information S.P.A., Ing. Giacinto Cavalliere,
Largo Parolini 131, I-36061 Bassano del Grappa (VI), Tel.
(00390424) 529088, Fax (00390424) 529191,
E-Mail: info@hbiitaly.it, Internet: http://www.hbiitaly.it
Niederlande: ABC Uitgevers c.v., Tako Hofstra, Hendrik Figeeweg 1c,
NL-2031 BJ Haarlem, Tel. 0031/23 553 35 02,
Fax 0031/23 553 35 03, Mail: thofstra@abc-d.nl
sterreich: Compass Verlag GmbH, Tamara Epp, Matznergasse 17,
A-1140 Wien, Tel. (0 04 31) 5 12 53 47,
Fax (0 04 31) 8 76 37 00-1 08,
E-Mail: tamara.epp@compass.at
Polen: Hoppenstedt Bonnier Information, Polska Sp. z.o.o.,
Przemyslaw Berent, ul. Kwiatka 12, PL-09 400 Pock,
Tel. (004824) 3 66 33 10, Fax (004824) 36 633 33
E-Mail: p.berent@hoppbonn.pl
Schweiz: Hoppenstedt Publishing GmbH, Verlagsvertretung Schweiz,
Michael Rebsamen, Gurtenweg 2, Postfach 151,
CH-3084 Wabern, Tel. (004131) 3 48 00 05, Fax (004131)
34 800 07, E-Mail: rebsamen.hoppenstedt@bluewin.ch
Skandinavien: BSW International Marketing Bent S. Wissing,
stbanegade 11, DK-2100 Kopenhagen,
Tel. (004535) 385255, Fax (004535) 385220,
E-Mail: bsw@tele2adsl.dk
Tschechien: Bisnode AB Central Europe Area, Martin Coufal,
Krizikova 159/56, CZ-186 00 Prag 8 Karlin,
Tel. (004202) 66 79 92 75, Fax (004202) 66 79 92 59 60,
Mobil: (0042060) 3 80 75 05, E-Mail: coufal.m@hbi.cz
Ungarn: HBI Korltolt Felesseg Trsasg, Litauski Kornl,
Bajki Ferenc utca 1-3, HU-1211 Budapest,
Tel. (00361) 27 61 54 28, Fax (00361) 2 76 09 33,
E-Mail: lkornel@kompass.hu
INDUCTIVE
formulate
hypothesis
!
apply for a grant
!
perform
experiments and
gather data
!
alter data to t
hypothesis
!
publish
DEDUCTIVE
formulate
hypothesis
!
apply for a grant
!
perform
experiments and
gather data
!
revise hypothesis
to t data
!
backdate revised
hypothesis
!
publish
The Two Scienti c Methods
T
h
e

L
a
s
t

S
t
r
a
w
Nr. 3 September 2008 64


Learn from the mistakes
of others. You wont live
long enough to make all
of them yourself.
Anonymous
backdate, to zurckdatieren
deciency Unzulnglichkeit, Mangel
grant Subvention, Zuschuss
leading edge hier: spitze
match Gegenstck, Partie
midget Kleinwchsiger
occur to so., to jmdm. in den Sinn
kommen
revise, to berarbeiten, korrigieren
submit, to einreichen, auch: sich
unterwerfen
Virtual Wisdom
The Web is like a dominatrix. Everywhere I
turn, I see little buttons ordering me to Submit.
Nytwind
It has been said that the great scientic disci-
plines are examples of giants standing on the
shoulders of other giants. It has also been said
that the software industry is an example of
midgets standing on the toes of other midgets.
Alan Cooper
There are two ways of constructing a software
design. One way is to make it so simple that
there are obviously no deciencies. And the other
way is to make it so complicated that there are
no obvious deciencies. C.A.R. Hoare
For a long time it puzzled me how some-
thing so expensive, so leading edge, could be
so useless. And then it occurred to me that a
computer is a stupid machine with the ability to
do incredibly smart things, while computer pro-
grammers are smart people with the ability to
do incredibly stupid things. They are, in short, a
perfect match. Bill Bryson
The best thing about a boolean is even if you are
wrong, you are only off by a bit. Anonymous
Pass it on*
www.engine-magazin.de
> > >
*Weitersagen: Leser werben Leser
Ich habe einen neuen Abonnenten geworben
und whle dafr folgendes Geschenk:
Cross Culture Benimm im Ausland
Trying to Save Piggy Sneed Hr-Buch
Dieses Geschenk wird mir nach Zahlungsein-
gang der Abonnement-Rechnung zugestellt.
Name: _________________________________
Vorname: _______________________________
Strae/Hausnummer: _____________________
PLZ/Ort: ________________________________
Telefon: _________________________________
Datum: _________________________________
Unterschrift: _____________________________
Ja, ich mchte engine regelmig im Abonnement beziehen.
Schicken Sie mir bitte 1 Jahr lang engine (4 Ausgaben) zum Vorzugspreis von
32, frei Haus. Falls ich nicht 6 Wochen vor Ablauf des vereinbarten Bezugszeit-
raumes kndige, verlngert sich mein Abonnement um jeweils 1 weiteres Jahr.
Ich zahle bequem und bargeldlos per Bankeinzug.
Bankleitzahl: _______________________ Konto-Nummer: _______________________
Geldinstitut: ______________________________________________________________
berweisung nach Erhalt der Rechnung
Meine Adresse:
Name: ____________________________ Vorname: ____________________________
Strae/Hausnummer: ______________________________________________________
PLZ/Ort: _________________________________________________________________
Telefon/Telefax: ___________________________________________________________
Datum: ____________________________ Unterschrift: __________________________
Einfach faxen an: Hoppenstedt Publishing GmbH
engine-Aboservice, 64295 Darmstadt, Fax: 0 61 51 / 3 80 - 9 93 66
3
/
2
0
0
8 w
European Business School
International University Schloss Reichartshausen
Die European Business School (EBS) Nr. 1 in der
Bewertung von Personalchefs und Studenten
*
.
Die EBS steht fr akademische Exzellenz, Unternehmergeist und kulturelleVielfalt.
Das Studium bietet integrierte Auslandsaufenthalte an einer von 150 Partnerhoch-
schulen, hervorragende Kontakte zur Wirtschaft und vermittelt wissenschaftlich
fundiertes Know-how mit starkem Bezug zur Praxis. Die EBS ist die Top Plattform
fr exzellente Berufsaussichten.
We develop leaders!
*
W
i
r
t
s
c
h
a
f
t
s
w
o
c
h
e
A
p
r
i
l
0
7
,
K
a
r
r
i
e
r
e
M
a
g
a
z
i
n
M
a
i
0
7
www.ebs.edu
Gut kalkuliert!
Ein BWL
-
Studium an der EBS lohnt sich.
Informationen ber Studienfnanzierungsmodelle
und Stipendien fnden Sie auf unserer Website.
Bachelor in General Management ( B.Sc.)
Bachelor in Aviation Management ( B.Sc.)
Master in Management ( M.Sc.)
Master in Business & Law ( M.Sc.)
Master in Real Estate ( M.Sc.)
Master in Finance ( M.Sc.)
Master of Business Administration (MBA)