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Temporal Alteration of Fracture Permeability in Granite Under Hydrothermal Conditions and Its Interpretation by Coupled Chemo-Mechanical Model

I.

Introduction

rest of experiments, than calculate the hydraulic aperture from flow rate datas 3. The chemical analysis was

Examine the flow and the transport behavior in fractured rocks, because in particular the fluid within low permeability rock masses may cause hydraulic weakness. II. Methodology 1. Rock samples were the Mizunami

detected the effluent concentration of fluid samples that taken from the flow outlet. 4. The SEM-EDX experiments was in order to identify the

conducted IV. A.

chemical compositions. Experimental Result and Analysis Water Flow Experiments

granite, with the fracture due to Brazilian test. 2. Water flow through experiments

Water show experiment examine the evolutions of the fracture aperture. In ef-1, ef-2, and ef-3 experiments. B. Evolution of the effluent

with various temperature of injected fluid and various confining stresses. Examine the correlation of various stresses,

temperature, time, with flow rate and fracture apperture. 3. Chemical analysis to measure the pH and determine the concentration of chemical composition. 4. SEM-EDX experiment to examine

concentration for ef-1, ef-2, and ef-3 shown that the Si concentration were the most temperature dependent, and

increased greater in room temperature than in 90C. C. Microstructure Observation Using

the fracture surfaces III. Procedures 1. The water flow experiments

SEM-EDX. The two kinds of minerals composition CaCO3 and SiO2 were mainly revealed based upon the EDX analysis. D. The monotonic reduction in the

consist of 3 samples that conducted in various experiment conditions, in various durations. The experiment was

fracture aperture was observed from the flow through could experiments, be described developed and by the the

representative due to the coupled chemo mechanical model. 2. The temperature was increased till 90C, and kept constant throughout the

process previous

models.

Evolution of fracture permeability through fluid-rocks reaction under hydrothermal conditions. Flow conducted novaculite on through natural 1.4 under experiments fracture Mpa in and this several experiments is to examine the dissolved fluxes during the flow-through

temperature ranging between 20C to 120C. After the flow-throught 4.

experiments. Roughness profilometry

experiments, the fracture examine by XRay CT to measure the evolution of the fracture structure. The importance of those experiments are for determining the characteristics within rock fractures 5.

conducted to digitally reconstruct the aperture distrubution of the fracture after the flow-through experiments. X-Ray CT imaging conducted to examine the volumetric imaging of the samples.

stimulated by chemical subtances in geothermal and petroleum reservoirs. I. Experimental Method 1. The flow through experiments conducted to open the natural fracture in novaculite rock. Flow through experiments shown the simulation of the condition in geothermal and petroleum

reservoirs which are affected by high stress and high temperature. 2. The duration of flow-through experiments up to 3150, within various 3. ranging of times,

temperatures, and flow rates. Chemical analysis was conducted to fluid samples whose are

collected from effluent of flow through experiments. The aim of