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# CHAPTER 10 CIRCLES

## (A) To Identify Parts of a Circle Centre Circumference

Diameter

Chord

Arc

Sector

Segment

(B) To Draw a Circle and Parts of a Circle Draw the circles below: 1. Draw a circle with center O and radius 2 cm.

## 3. Draw a diameter of 3cm passing through a point C on a circle with centre O.

4. Draw two chords of length 4cm passing through a point E on the circumference of the circle with radius 3cm.

5. Draw the sector of a circle given that the angle at the centre is 60o and its radius is 4cm.

(C) To Determine The Centre Or Radius Of A Circle By Construction The perpendicular bisector of chords of a circle intersect at the centre of the circle.

1. Determine the centre and radius of the circles given below: (a) (b)

## (D) To Understand and Use the Concept of Circumference to Solve Problems.

= =
Formula :

22 7 3.142

Circumference = 2r

(i)

To find the circumference of a circle given its diameter or radius 1. Find the circumference of a circle of (a) diameter 14 cm (b) radius 2.1 cm

2. Take = 3.142, find the circumference of the circles below: (a) (b)
3 cm 10 cm

3. Circle P has a radius of 21cm and circle Q has a diameter of 5.6cm. Find the difference in the circumference of circle P and Q. 22 (Take = ) 7

(ii)

To find the diameter or radius of a circle given its circumference 1. Take = 17.6cm. 22 , find the diameter of the circle with circumference 7

2. Take = 3.142, find the radius of a circle given its circumference is 314.2 cm.

3. A circle and a square with length 5 cm have the same perimeter. Find the radius of the circle, correct to 2 decimal places.

(iii) To solve problems involving the circumference of circles. 1. A circle is inscribed inside a square of length 1.4 cm as shown. Find (a) the circumference of the circle. 1.4cm (b) the difference in the perimeter of the square and the circle.

2. The tyre of a bicycle rotates 50 times per minutes. Given the diameter of the tyre is 42 cm, find the distance traveled by the bicycle in 5 minutes. Give your answer in meters.

3. XYZ is a right-angled triangle. Semicircles are drawn on all 3 sides of the triangle. Find the perimeter of the diagram. X
13 cm cm 5 cm

## (E) Arc of a Circle 7

The length of arc is proportional to the angle at the centre Formula: Length of Arc Angle at centre = Circumference 360o
Length of arc Angle At Centre = Circumference 360

(i) To find the length of the arc given the angle at the centre and the radius 1. Find the length of the arc of a circle with radius 4.9cm and an angle of 56o at the centre.

2. Find the value of x for each of the following circles: (a) (b) x
7 cm 72o

300o 3.5cm cm

3. The figure shows a circle of diameter 12.6cm and and arc AB that subtends an angle of 80o at the centre. Find the length of arc AB. A O
80
o

(ii) To find the angle at the centre given the length of the arc and the radius of the circle

1. Find the angle subtended at the centre of the circle, given (a) radius = 35mm, length of arc = 143mm (b) radius = 28cm, length of arc = 22cm 22 (Take = ) 7

2. Find the angle subtended at the centre of a circle by an arc of 22 length 12.1 cm, given that its radius is 3.5cm. (Take = ) 7

3. Find the value of x given that the circle with centre O has a radius of 14m and the minor arc AB is 44m long. O A x B

(iii) To find the radius of a circle given the length of the arc and the angle at the centre

1. Find the radius of the circle, given (a) angle at the centre = 36o, length of arc = 8.8cm (b) angle at the centre = 45o, length of arc = 121mm 22 (Take = ) 7

2. Find the radius of a circle given that an arc of length 19.8m subtends an angle of 180o at the centre of the circle.

3. Find the radius of the circle with centre O given that the major arc PQ is 121cm. Q O
30o

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## (iv) To solve problems involving arcs of a circle

4. The minute hand of a clock has traveled one quarter of a revolution. Find the distance traveled by the tip of the minute hand given that the minute hand is 12.1cm.

5. The hour hand of a clock moves from 12am to 8am, covering a 2 length of 50 cm. Find the length of the hour hand. 7

6. The figure shows a right-angled triangle joined to a semicircle. find the perimeter of the figure.

6cm 8cm

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7. The figure given shows a rectangle PQRS overlapped by two quadrants PAD and RCB of radius 7cm. If PS = 10cm and PQ = 14cm, calculate the perimeter of the shaded area.

## (F) Area of a Circle Formula: Area of circle = r2

(i) To find the area of a circle given the radius or diameter 1. Take =
22 , find the area of a circle with radius 7 cm. 7

2. Take =3.14, find the area of a circle with radius 5.6 cm.

3. Take =

## (ii) To find the radius or diameter given the area of a circle 12

1. The area of a circle is 154 cm2. Find its radius and diameter. (Take =
22 ) 7

2. A circle has an area of 78.55cm2. Determine the diameter of the circle given =3.142.

## 4. Determine the circumference of a circle which has an area of 616cm2.

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5. The figure shows two concentric circles with centre O. Find the area of the annulus. Important! 3 cm O 4 cm Concentric Circles
= circles having the same centre

Annulus

18cm

## 22 , find the area of the shaded regions below. 7

(b)

14cm

O
24cm

42cm

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2. The diameter of the circle has the same length as the sides of the square. Take =3.142, find the area of the figure below. 28 cm

3. Mr Lingam bought a pizza which is circular in shape. His daughter ate quarter of the cake. Given the area of the top surface of the remaining portion is 462 cm2, find the diameter of the pizza.

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## (G) Area of a Sector of a Circle

1 circle Formula:

semicircle = circle

## Area of Sector Angle At Centre = = Area of Area of Circle 360 Sector

Area of Circle

(i) To find the area of a sector given the radius and angle at the centre 1. Find the area of the sector of a circle, given (a) Radius = 14cm (b) Radius = 24m o Angle at centre = 45 Angle subtended at centre = 210o (Take =
22 ) 7

2. Find the area of each of the shaded regions where O is the centre of the circle. (a) (b) O
72o

7cm

4.9m

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(ii) To find the angle at the centre given the radius and area of a sector 1. Find the angle at the centre for the circles shown below. (a) (b) O
21 m 18.75cm2 Area of sector = 77 m2 2.8cm

2. The area of the sector of a circle, with the radius 4.2cm, is 15.28cm2. Find the angle at the centre.

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(iii) To find the radius given the area of a sector and the angle at the centre 1. The area of the sector of a circle, with an angle of 70o at the centre is 22 m2. Find the radius of the circle. (Take =
22 ) 7

2. The sector of a circle subtends an angle of 60o at the centre of the circle. Given the area of the sector is 231cm2, find the diameter of the circle.

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(iv) To solve problems involving area of sectors and area of circles 1. The diagram below shows a circle with centre O and a radius of 14mm. OAB is a right-angled triangle. Find the area of the shaded part.

O B A

2. Find the area of the shaded part for the diagram below. (Take =
22 ) 7

10cm 36o

6cm

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PMR Past Year Questions (Chapter 10 Circles) 2004 Paper 1 Question 19 Diagram 12 shows a circle with centre O.

## The radius of the circle is 10 minor arc MN. (Use = A

55 2 1617 8 22 ) 7

## 1 cm. Calculate the length, in cm, of the 2

77 2

1155 8

2004 Paper 1 Question 20 In Diagram 13, POR is the diameter of circle PQR.

Given that PQ = QR and PR = 14cm, calculate the area, in cm2, of the shaded region. (Use =
22 ) 7

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A 56

B 93

C 105

D 142

2004 Paper 1 Question 39 In Diagram 25, PQR is an arc of a circle with centre O and PRO is an equilateral triangle.

## The perimeter, in cm, of the whole diagram is (Use = A 42

22 ) 7

B 63

C 64

D 85

2005 Paper 1 Question 23 In Diagram 18, PQR is a straight line and PQS is a quadrant of a circle with centre Q.

The area if triangle QRS is 21cm2. Calculate the area, in cm2, of quadrant PQS. (Use = A 11
22 ) 7

B 19.25

C 38.5

D 154

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2005 Paper 1 Question 24 In Diagram 19, PQR is an arc of a circle with centre O.

The radius of the circle is 14 cm and PT = 2 TS. Calculate the perimeter, in cm, of the whole diagram. (Use = A 66 B 94
22 ) 7

C 98

D 126

2005 Paper 1 Question 40 Diagram 25 shows a circle with centre O. The length of the minor arc PQ is 3.3 cm.

Calculate the radius, in cm, of the circle. (Use = A 2.42 B 4.50 C 14.85

22 ) 7

D 29.70

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## Calculate the length, in cm, of the minor arc PQ. (Use = A 22 B 44 C 88

22 ) 7

D 176

2006 Paper 1 Question 21 Diagram 16 shows the surface of a table PQRSTU. PQST is a rectangle. PUT and QRS are semicircles with centres X and Y respectively.

It is given that PT = 1.4 m and PQ = 3 m. Calculate the perimeter, in m, of the surface of the table. (Use =
22 ) 7

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A 10.4

B 13.2

C 14.8

D 17.6

2006 Paper 1 Question 22 Diagram 17 shows two sectors, QSR and UST, with the common centre S. RSU and QST are straight lines.

It is given that ST = 2QS. Calculate the area, in cm2, of the sector UST. (Use = A 11
22 ) 7

B 19.25

C 38.50

D 77

2007 Paper 1 Question 23 Diagram 16 shows a circle with centre O. PT, QU, RV and SW are diameters of the circle.

## Which of the following minor arcs is the longest? A TU B UV C WP

D RS 24

2007 Paper 1 Question 24 Diagram 17 shows a circle with centre O and radius 6 cm.

## Calculate the area, in cm2, of the shaded region. A 18 B 5.4 C 10.2

D 30.6

2007 Paper 1 Question 31 Diagram 22 shows a square OPQR and an arc RSP with centre O.

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## 2008 Paper 1 Question 21 Diagram 12 shows a circle with centre O.

Calculate the area, in cm2, of the coloured region. (Use = A 105 B 116 C 539

22 ) 7

D 616

2008 Paper 1 Question 22 Diagram 13, O is the centre of the circle and POR is a diameter of the circle. PQRS is a rectangle.

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It is given that PR = 10 cm and PQ = 6 cm. Find the area, in cm2, of the coloured region. A 25 48 B 25 96 C 100 48 D 100 96 2008 Paper 1 Question 30 In Diagram 19, PQRS is a square and STU is an arc of a circle with centre P.

The area of PQRS is 576 cm2. Calculate the length, in cm, of the arc STU. A 16 B 28 C 32 D 48

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