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Resources for Young Learners Christmas fun: songs and activities for children CHRISTMAS FUN is a complete Christmas

package for children, providing an enjoyable and rewarding experience for young learners, while familiarizing them with a major British festival. It consists of: An audio CD with attractive arrangements of eight well-known Christmas songs, and karaoke versions for children to sing along A full-colour book containing the words of the songs, together with a delightful full-page illustration for each one, with related language activities, two doublepage sticker activities, a Picture Dictionary and Christmas crafts for children to make. Support for teachers and parents These notes provide: cultural information and background to the songs key words for each song, including the target words in the Picture Dictionary suggestions for presenting the songs and activities Christmas in Britain Christmas is the most important festival in Britain. Christmas Day, celebrated on the 25 December, marks the birth of Jesus Christ, and many of the traditions at Christmas relate to this event. Traditional Christmas songs, or carols, play an important part in a British Christmas. Children sing carols at school, and in the weeks before Christmas groups of carol singers go from house to house, singing carols and collecting money for good causes. You often see carol singers on Christmas cards, wrapped up in warm coats and scarves and holding a lantern that shines out over the snow. The songs in Christmas Fun are a selection of traditional carols and popular modern Christmas songs. To find out more about Christmas songs and carols, visit http//www.carols.org.uk. For more ideas about Christmas activities for young learners, visit http://www.oup.com/elt/global/teachersclub/resources/young/extraideas/lessonideas/c hristmas/ Suggestions for presenting the songs and activities We suggest you follow a simple procedure for teaching the songs: Look at the picture, talk about it with the children, and present key vocabulary (dont attempt to explain every word) Play the tape as often as necessary for children to become confident about joining in Play the karaoke version for children to sing on their own.

Then do the activities. Answers are on page 24. Pages 2-3 Away in a manger Away in a manger is a much-loved Christmas carol dating from the late nineteenth century. It was written in 1885 especially for children, and set to music ten years later. The picture shows the first Christmas, with baby Jesus asleep in the manger and his mother, Mary, Joseph, the cow and the donkey looking on. The shepherds and the Three Kings who come to visit Jesus can be seen in the distance. Target words: baby, manger, hay, star, stable, donkey, cow Other words: crib, sky, asleep Find and colour. Children look at the picture on page 2, and find the items illustrated. They colour the items to match the picture. Match. Children match the pictures on the left with the pictures on the right. Pages 4-5 Silent night Silent night was written in 1816 by the priest of a small mountain village in Austria. Two years later, the poem was set to music by a friend, and the carol was first performed in the village church that Christmas. It was sung to a guitar accompaniment, as the church organ was not working. The song is about the peace and beauty of the first Christmas night. Target words: angel, star, shepherd, king, Mary, Joseph, Jesus, sheep Other words: sleep, infant, peace Find and circle. Children look at the picture and read the words. They find and circle the words in the word square. Write. Children write the words in the spaces under the pictures. Pages 6-7 Rudolph the red-nosed reindeer Rudolph the red-nosed reindeer is a twentieth century Christmas song. In December, many large shops set up a Santas grotto, where children can come and visit Santa, (Father Christmas), tell him what they want for Christmas, and receive a small present. The poem was written for the Santa in a large American department store to give to children. In 1949, the singer Gene Autry recorded a musical version, and ever since then the song has been tremendously popular.

On Christmas Eve, 24th December, children in Britain hang up a stocking (a large sock or a bag), and Santa comes down the chimney in the night and puts presents in it. The picture shows Santa in his magic sleigh, distributing presents on the night before Christmas, with Rudolph leading the reindeer pulling the sleigh. Children in Britain often leave out a mince pie for Santa and a carrot for Rudolph. Target words: present, reindeer, Santa, sleigh Other words: foggy, shiny, bright Number. The pictures show scenes from the song. Make sure children understand which lines they illustrate. Children number the pictures in the order of the song. Write and circle. Children write the words under the pictures on the left-hand side of the page. In each row, they find and circle the picture that is the same as the one on the left. Pages 8-9 When Santa got stuck up the chimney There are many stories about Santa getting stuck up the chimney when delivering Christmas presents to children. This popular Christmas song is an amusing version of the story. Target words: Santa, chimney, bicycle, book, computer, doll, dress, football, paintbox, plane Other words: beard, soot, sack, tickly Write. Children write a letter to Santa, filling in the presents they would like him to bring them. Pages 10-11 Sticker fun! Stick. Children stick in the items that are missing from the picture. Pages 12-13 O Christmas tree! O Christmas tree is a traditional German carol. The author and composer are unknown. The tradition of bringing a tree into the house and decorating it with sweets, baubles and bells started in Germany. Christmas trees were brought to Britain in 1841, when Prince Albert had a Christmas tree put up for his wife, Queen Victoria, in Windsor Castle. Now most people in Britain have a decorated Christmas tree in their house at Christmas. The first verse of the carol (printed in the book) celebrates the trees green branches, while later verses describe the beautiful decorations.

Target words: present, stocking, card, bell, star, candle Other words: branches, lovely Colour. Children should colour the picture carefully, including all the small items. Count. Children count the presents in the picture they coloured, and write the numbers beneath the small pictures. Pages 14-15 The twelve days of Christmas The twelve days of Christmas start on Christmas Day and finish on 5th January, Twelfth Night, when the Three Kings arrive with gifts for the baby Jesus. Traditionally, Christmas celebrations come to an end on Twelfth Night, and all Christmas decorations must be taken down to avoid bad luck in the coming year. The song The twelve days of Christmas dates back to the time of Henry VIII (the sixteenth century) and is thought to be French in origin. It is full of hidden religious symbolism, and was written to teach Catholic children their faith, which at the time they were forbidden to practise openly. Each line refers to a different aspect of the Catholic religion, for instance my true love = God and two turtle doves = the Old and New Testaments of the Bible. The song was first published in 1780. Most people today, when they sing about the exotic presents sent by a young man to his love, have no idea of the songs religious significance. To find out more about Twelfth Night, visit www.novareinna.com/festive/twelfth.html Target words: numbers 1-12, partridge, pear tree, turtle doves, French hens, calling birds, gold rings, geese a-laying, swans a-swimming, maids a-milking, ladies dancing, lords a-leaping, pipers piping, drummers drumming Other words: first, second, third, fourth, fifth, sixth, seventh, eighth, ninth, tenth, eleventh, twelfth Number. Children look at the pictures of the presents, and write how many of each there are. Pages 16-17 We three kings We three kings is about the arrival of three kings from the East to worship the baby Jesus. The kings, whose names were Caspar, Melchior and Balthasar, are also known as the Wise Men or the Magi. They brought gifts of myrrh (representing a painful death), gold (representing kingship) and frankincense (representing godliness). This famous American carol was written by the Rev. John Henry Hopkins, for performance at a Christmas pageant in New York.

Target words: shepherd, gifts, king Other words: Orient, travel, field, fountain, moor, mountain Help the kings find the stable. Children draw a line to show the route the kings need to take to find the stable. Count, write and colour. Children trace the words and colour the three small pictures to match the big pictures on pages 16 and 17. Then they count the number of times each image occurs in the picture on page 17, and write the numbers in the boxes. Pages 18-19 Frosty the snowman Following the huge success of Rudolph the red-nosed reindeer, Frosty the snowman, also sung by Gene Autry, came out in 1950 and was another hit. It is based on the story of a snowman who comes to life. Target words: snowman, snowball, nose, eyes, arm, buttons, hat, boots, green, blue, orange, yellow, black, brown, pink, red, purple Other words: carrot, coal, fairy tale, magic, alive Colour. Draw childrens attention to the colour key and the numbers on the different parts of the picture. Children colour the picture according to the key. Pages 20-21 Sticker fun! Stick. Children stick in the items that are missing from the picture. Pages 22-23 Picture Dictionary Colour and write. Children make a Picture Dictionary as a record of their Christmas words. They colour the pictures and trace over the words. Page 24 Answers Page 25 Jigsaw cut-out Make the jigsaw. Cut out the pieces of the jigsaw and fit them together. The completed jigsaw can be stuck on a sheet of paper or card. Page 27

Pop-up card Make a pop-up card. Following the diagrams, cut out the rectangles, then fold and cut the Christmas tree. Open out the tree and colour it. Then bend back the branches and stick the tree onto the card. Instruction words: Cut. Stick. Fold. Page 29 Christmas mobile Make a Christmas mobile. Cut out the pieces of the mobile, colour them, and pierce holes where indicated. Tape two pencils together at right angles. Assemble the mobile as shown in the diagrams, using strong thread and sticky tape. Page 31 Christmas crafts Make a Christmas chain. Make a snowflake. Make a stocking. Follow the diagrams and make the Christmas decorations. Instruction words: Fold again. Draw. Open and decorate.