You are on page 1of 210

95/7

flr't

slYS'j* r
'

fa
}HV1 BA AHTVl
143AAr-bA
I

HA

nocE6HA

KFb14fA

oAHynAnAnA3Orfiy

MAKEtrOHCKI,I rPAAO

BVt

Y PIAMCKO noBA

CKOTIJE 1957

dr

{,

)t.

,i*

ANTIOUITE

VIVANTE

MONOGRAPHIES

Nsl

LES CITES MACEDONIENNES A I,EPoQUE RoMAINE


par

!cfroue4u
rueaadopaa*ot dpsiiia

FAN OU

LA

PAP AZO G LOU

d-pa,THMHTPHJA nAneSOruy

(f

6 iyna t956)

Rddacteur

MIHATL

n.

pnrRuSEVsKI

Professeur

de Skopje

l'Universitd

SKOPJE 1957

PEAf OBOP
npercraBJba neh o,u,anno

. jetan oA rnaBHr{x

IlpoyqaBarbe

pr,rmcKr.txr-rpoBuHr{r.lja

jeg,uHu

rlapcrBa fi,alru.rbenoBoM pa3BHTr(y. u rberoBoj crpyxrypu jecre nyr xojnm ce Moxe nocruhu uexoBr4Ta cnrdxa oBor uHHOBCKOn H CJTOXeHOT

aaAaTaKa r{croptlqapa aHTr4Ke. OcsetJbaBabe yruuaja pumcKe BJIa,u,aBr4He y BeMJbaMa pagHopo,u,Hor eTHH'{Kor cacTaBa, paSrr.rquTe npuBpe.u.He r.t ApyuTBeHe cTpyKType H crrequ$uqHux [oruTt4rtKux H r(ynTypHr4x rpa4Hqraja, Kao n, o6pnyro, yraplr,raarre Jr,ortpuHoca rcojra cy BaHr.rTaJrcKH,u.eJroBH Pumcror

nonlrTr4r{KOr OpraHuSMa u 4y6De flpo.rlperr.r BaKoHr4TocT rberoBor nocraHKa 14 lberoBe nponacrr,r. V xurory prrmcKr4x [poBr4HrIHja rpa.u,or uwa npunag,a najrcraxnyrrje MecTo: eKoHoMcKH npoqBaT H r(ynrypHlt .u,omer nojegrauux o6lacru rrepe ce npema paBBI4TKy npalcror xuBora y rbr,rMa. Atu, rpa[onu Hr.rcy camo npHBpeAHH il KynTypuu rIeHTpu npoBr4Hur.rja. Onr,t cy

r,r.

rbr.rxoBe ocHoBHe a,rr.Mr4Hr4cTpaT[BHe jenunr,rqe.


My.HHur4[aJrHHx

noje,u,uHurvr uporunqujana MO )I(C HAJ B H I.II C AOTIPI,IHETI CX B ATA}bY CY I-U TI,IHE AAMI,IHI,ICTPATH 8 HOr Cr4CTeMa r{ [pytuTBeHe cTpyKType pr.tMcKe .u,pxaBe. Mane,qonraja Kao pr,rMcKa nponnnuuja nuje .u,oca.u,a 6uaa npoyqaBaHa. Halaaehu ce Ha rpaHr4uu rpqKor u pr,tmcKor cBera

Babe

uHcruryuuja

Crona uayqa-

ona, rvrefiyTr{M, nocraBJba npe4 ucrpaxIBarra MHore HHTepecaHTHe npo6nervre. Moj rasdop je nar nao Ha lby HapoquTo e6or rora ruTo oJL cBr4x Har.rrr4x r4crosHrx odaacru oHa npy)Ka najnurue nnarepnja.na sa ucrpaxnBalLa oBe Bpcre. oa npao6HTHe xeJbe Aa ce noea6anrM r4cTopHjorvr rvrynuuH, naJrHor yp6Serra y Manenonraju Mopana cam y ToKy paAa coe Bl,u.ile r,a orcTynam. floragaJro ce, Har,rme, I.a cy MHora nuTalba HB llcTopucKe reorpa@r.rje r ronorpa$uje Mare,u.oHraje joru yBeK Heper.rlena 14 TaKo BaMplueHa ,qa je 6ee muxoBor pacBeTJbaBaba

nervroryhe npe,u,y3eTr4 AaJba ucTpaxuBalba.

rpaHn[a Maxe,u,onraje y prlMcKo p,oda, o.u,HocHo Ia ce yrBpAe reorpaQcKil oKBrrpu caMoM pa,Iy. .Tpe6ano ie, sarum,-ycraHoBuTll r(oJr,r cy rpa.u,osr saucra nocrojalfi y pr4mcKo ,no6a, xoju cy crapu rpa,qonn HecTaJrH, a rojr,t ce HoBr4 noiarutw u, najea.q, KoJnfKo cy ro HsBopH ,u,osBoJbaBatt4, KoHcTaTonaru xojra,cy ott THx rpa[oBa uMaJrr4 craTyc caMoyrrpaBHe orlurr4He a xoju ne.
Pasmepe roje cy rvroja racrpaxuBarba y ToM npaBuy ToKoM BpeMeHa ySena HaBeJra cy Me Ha TO ,Ea y peuelby oBI4x nHTalba Br.rAr4rvr cnoj rlarHu saAaTaK H Aa ce saAoBoJbr{M Sacana jegypM

npe cBera_ 4a ce [peqr4cTr.r nr4Tarbe eTHHrtKr4x u aAMuHucTpaTrrBHHx

Eulo je norpe6no

II cTyAujom roja he 6uru uperexHo t cropucxo-reorpaQcxor KapaKTepa, anu he ,u,aTr4 cr{rypHy ocHoBy Ba [aJba npoyqaBarba. HarvrepHo cann Hg6enaBaJra cBe oHo r.xTo Mr.r ce rruHr4Jro la Hrje Herrocpe,u,Ho BeEaHo Ba npeAMeT Mor paAa. Taro je raocra.no cJrr4Kabe npr4poAHe cpeAHHe u otucuBarbe [onoxaja nojear4Hr4.x HaceJba, Kao I{ rb}rxoBHx ocTaTaKa, ceM y cnyqaJgBuMa r,u,e Je To Ba.u.lrpano y cyrurllHy npo6aeiua. lrlaro 6u cne To HecyMrbr4Bo oxuBeJro r4BJIaraBe, cmaTpaJra caM na nraje norpe6Ho ,qa noHoBrrM oHo uro je [oBHaTo, He camo HaMa neh u crpaHuuma, uB MHonrx.reorpaQcKHx ;1eJra r{ apxeoJror.rrKr4x- ny_6lraxaqraja o Mare4onaju, aKo, Kao uro caM pexJra, ro nraje 6uno HeorrxoJr,Ho Ba peuelbe oHr4x nr.rTarba roja carur cedu.rrocraBr4Jra. Kon@urypaquja TepeHa 14 npr4poAHa 6oratcrna yTuqana cy HeocropHo Ha To Aa ce je4an rpa.u, nojaarzo oB,qe a He oH.rl,e, ra je jenna o6lacr 6una Malbe nil4 Buute rycro HaceJbeHa. Alu, ynpaBo ca TOr CTaHOBr4r.rrTa nocMaTpaH, BpeMeHcKH paSMaK KoJH Hac r4HTepecyje rlarnena fl cyBr,rue KpaTaK ta 6w ce y rbemy npupolr,Hu ycJIoBH MOrJIr,r TOJTIiKO r48MeHr.rTr.t Aa r43a3oBy CaMr, 3a ce rIOBehame uil4 cnal*ene 6poja rpaAcKr.rx HaceJba. Ja,rarbe rpa,u,cKor xHBoTa y [o6a Panon uapcrBa 14 rbenoBo ona.u,abe npen rpaj aHTHKe 6uno je y Mane.u,ourjn, Kao r,t y ocraJrr4rvt npoBHHqujanna,
MHOrO BHUre peSynTaT onutTen ApyruTBeHo-eKoHoMcKor_paSB14TKa unnuepuje.Kao ileJrr4He Hero npoMeHe JroKaJrHHx ycnoBa. Vocralorvr, uHJb MH nnie 6uo y'oBoM pa[y ;1a ,qam ucropujy MaKeAoHcKr4x rpar,oBa, neh .u,a ycraHoBr4M .u,a na je u xojoj Mepr.r rpa.ncxu

III

rbHxoBy BeJrHKy npenycpeTJbt4BocT. He,u,ocraTaK Jrr.rrepaType H usBopa 6una je ocHonHa cMerrba na xojy caM Har{Jraluta y cnonn paAy.'Crora xie.rrul,t ,qa [craKHeM Aa HH onaj pag, Kao HH 6u.lo-xoj-r,; oncexnrajn pan ua o|mcru aHTHqKe ucropuje Haue seMJbe, ne 6u mor-ao' 6uru aspafen Ko.( Hac 6ee 6orare 6ra6ruorere xojy je nox. npo0. Hiar5ra lvnrat rpeA cMpT TaKo uupoKorpyAo H nJreMeHuTo noKJroHr4o Uemnuapy Ba xcropljy crapor BeKa <Dranosoecxor SaxyJrTeTa y Eeorpa[y- 3a na6anrcy nbaraje n,TepaType irajnrauie r4MaM Aa
BaxBaJruM

j9 Kao AoKTopcKa nrcepraqraja Oulo_ . Oraj paA noAHer soscrom jyia lgss;. @ariyrrery. y Eeorpaly H oa6paru en 24 ""npo$ecopra npe{ ronnucujoin Kojy qy caqurl,aBar,u pe,4oBHH 4-p B.r,rrcrop Hoaax,. Alp MulaH Eyaur,,rup,'alp Mraloru- byp;h; .u,-p Mraxawno lunuh u .u,-p Vnuja Cniiur<.'Cnr,lm qraHoBr.,Ma xomucaje I,I oBoM [prrJrr,rKoM raepairanarra cnojy saxBaJrHocr 3a

xHBoT y Marcenonnjw 6uo pasnrzjen y no6a Pumraua 14 KaKo ce ruHuja lberoBor paBBHTKa. A ro ce &4orno nocruhu camo I4cup[Hr4M nperpecarbeM cBHx noje4ranavHr4x cnyqajena H tlor(yrlajem rbr4xoBor, Ma v ueMaTcKor, o6yxnaTarba y jeany qeiuHy. Pa,u, calpxu y cBoM [pBom .rlery, rope.u, KpaTr(or nperJleAa JI,OCaLat.xrber pala Ha oBoM nHTarby H KpHTr4r{Kon npHKasa u3Bopa, HeKoJrHKo [orJraBJba y xojr.rrvra ce npoyqaBajy paanurarc rpa.q,cKon xilBora y Marcenonr,rira npe Jr,oracxa PunuraHa, ypefeme
KpeTaJra

turaurlarsa cnequjaJrHe JrilTeparype, o6jin.roraname'je,iHor onaKBOr HeMaJrOr AeJra noxasyje r4HTepecoBalbe xoje oiai Haru seh IIp,l3HaTll OpraH_r4Ma 3a yHanpe$ebe aHTr4rtr(r4x cTy.u,uja roa nac. Hajnraure carra o6aneena rlanHorra peAaKTopy qaco[r4ca, cBoMe npujare'rry A-py Muxauny rerpyruencxom, ricijra je ca rbemy cnojcrBeHo[,] noxprBonanoruhy H eKcrreAr,lrranHorufiy opraH]rsoBao caB nocao oKo ruTaM[arba r, SHaJIaqKU pyr(oBo.u.Ho lbrrMe. He xeJrnM [a nponycrHM npaJrHr(y rla My }r Ha oBoM Mecry joru ieTOIIIO saxBaJrHM Ha yrroxeHoM TpyAy H cBecplnoj nomohn.

locT uro je npr.rmr4rra "qa uramna rvroj iai"nao nbcedno usJr.arbe. llpa nosnarum ycJroBHMa xojr,r 4anac cByla nna.ualy y [orureAy

oAnr4qHo opraHr.tEoBaJra clyx6y nosajrursraBarba Klbr4ra u c:f.uMatla mrxpo@uJrmoBa. Hajsag, ca sainarnoufiy ce ceham r cBHx oHHx crpaHr4x HayqHhxa, y npBoM peAy rpqrux, rojra cy mn TaKo {ly6aano roq:ralu_ cenapare caojirx padosa. Peaaxuuju ,,XVIBE AHTI4KE" ayryj'em najaehy 6aarosap-

Vnraepsurercxoj 6u9morew-i Eeoipaay, xoja'je

.TLHOM

noje cy Puru.rranu
aHTr4Ke.

BaBeJrH 16817

H rpaHr4rle ltdaxe.q,onuje

cBI4 rpa,qona Marce,u,onraje aa xoje ce BHa uB nilTepapHrx utu euurpa@cKr,rx r4aBopa. Pa,qr.r 6ome nperneAHocrrl ncnucanu cy

V apyrom,

r.,

flo.rleJra Maregonuje

BpeMeHy

rJraBHoM

,[ery, o6palenu cy rlo odracrrma

on 167 npe

re

ro,u,hHe
-

H. e.

.u,o

xpaja

V Eeotpady,

aiipu",ta 1956.

cDaruyta

llahaaouy

cy nocBe.u,oqeH14 y pr.tMcKo ,u,o6a, alu sa roje cy ce oIIpxaJrH no rpaja aHTr4Ke; KypaHBoM, rpa[onu'urajra craryc nraje-curypHo yrnp$en, a o6rzqnum MaJrrrM cJroBHMa, cBa ocrana Mecra o xojulra ce pacflpaBJba y paly. Ha Kpajy .u,aT ie BaKJbyqaK y KoMe cy noByqeHe .nranraje paBBHTKa rpaIr.crce opraHugauuje y purvrcroj Meluoonraiu xaxo ce oupranajy rocJre r4aBpr.xeHor HcTpaxriBarba. Ha nprroxeHum xaprama he
oHH rpa[onn

Ha MapruHr4 MacHHM BeJTHKHM cJroBr,rMa,rpa,u,oBr,r xoja cy nocToja",ru roxom qeJror ptimcKor nepr4o4a; o6rqnum Benr4Kr,rM cJroBI4Ma, He BHaMo 'ila nu

rojr

6e Hajnaxue

yoqr4TLI peaynraTr4 Har.xer pa,u,a;

yBoA
Enlo ,u,a cy caMoHHKJr v, ulpacltu ua npuBpe,[Hnx ycnoBa y rojoj ce janrnajy, 6uno Aa cy cTBopeHr.r Ber.rrTaqKH, BoJboM HeKor Bna.u,apa uJril Kao xolonuja HeKor seh nocrojehen nacerna, nparoBu o6erexanajy y aniuvrco ,u,o6a caMoil cBocpe.u.uHe

JOM IOJaBOM npenas Ha Je,[,aH Br,tuu npHBpelHo-IpyruTBeHln v I(ynrypHr,r cryrarb. V npnonn clyvajy a6or Tora utTo npa,qoBr,r HHqy Kao npupoAHa [ocJreArdua paBBr4TKa BaHarcrBa, po6ne npor,l3Bo,u,lbe r{ TproBr.rHe y He,(ptrMa DpuMt4Tr4BHor .[pytuTBa, y

ocHoBHe he.rrrje y oHoM orpoMHoM Opranilsnry rojra ce soBe Pr.lrvrcxo uap-crBo. Parracre rpa.u,cxe onuTr{He cy nocregrrn u3_ AaHIIr,r y rojurvra ce rc(p[Jbyie rvroh aHTr4qKor nonuca ]r AoBpuaBa ,u,pyruTBeHo-noJrr4Tr4r{Kr4 npeo6paxaj noju je on 6rao no-

BalLeM ryfer craHoBHr,rrrTBa nocraje yBpoKoM cne 6pxer ra Halsal [oTr]yHor pacKU]latna u nocne,qrbr4x nJIeMeHcKr,tx Besa y 4aroj cpeJlr4Hlr. .Tarno rAe nocroje rpaAoBr4, Aomahn u.nra oi. ry$_ranar-1a ocHoBaHr4, noctoje y aniraur,l Mabe-Brnr.ue paanujenu po6ouacHuqxu. o.u,Hocr,t opor,taBo,qlbe, a TaMo r.qe rbr,lx HeMa, iloxe ce ca curypHorxfiy ronopuTu o nprrMr4Tr.rBHoM nJreMeHcKoM ypeleny nog, npeT[ocTaBKoM HapaBHo ,u,a HaM HBBopr4 Lo- yTBpAHMo ryuraly ,u,a Kala cy y nrrTarby. npaBu rpagonra (saHilTcK-o:TproBaqKr4 qeurpra) a Ka,[a o6uqHa ureMeHcKa yrnpleBa. y xeneHUCTHqKO I pr.trylcKo LO6a, xana Cy Ce KyJrTypHe TeKoBHHe KJracuqHor cBera HeaaApxr4Bo r4snHBaJre y nep[Sepne o6ractu HacrabeHe nprrMr4TunHujurvr r4JrH r{ax norttyHo BapBapcKHM rrJreMeHHMa, ufipelbe rpaEcKor ypelerra ycJroBJbaBano ie u yjelno nparr4Jro y- cro_ry oaai npouec pasrpibasarba rp'{KopHMcKe \uBur.usa{r4je. 3a rpeme Panor qapcrBa rpa.roBr.r cy Hr,ruaJrH u y najaa6avenujurvr xpajenrama pl,McKr4x npo-nunuraja; h E TaMO nAe rrpaBr4 rpaAcKr,r rleHTpr,r Hr.tcy MorJrH ulu Hucy cTutxu ,ra ce p,aanrajy, MyHr{uunanno (rpagcxo) ypefeme npecalranaro ce Ha Br{ue MatbHx HaceJba: .u,o Te Mepe cy rpaAoBr.t nocTaJrr,l

,[pyroM, raTo ttrTo crBaparbe ie4Hor raKBon rIeHTpa npece;ra-

. fpaaouu cy y pr,rMcKHM npoBr4Hunjarrla cTeuurure oHHX cloiena H elreMeHara xoju nypajy .rpyurTBo Ha[pe.[, oHr4 cy r(yJrTypHa xapiluTa y xoira,vra ce raju 14 npeHocu Ha Aounrzia io,

SBaH

na

HSBptUtr.

Mare.u,oncxtl rpa,rloBt{
KoJbe.rba

y plltttcxo

,u.oda

Veo.[

49 pesynTaHTa ApytuTBerlux o,u,iroch y uoje,u.rrHldm rpalloBnma. Ter y uosHoi aHTIruu ceno npe[rbaqn ucnpeA rpa.u.a Kao Hocunall HoBI4x Il,pytxTBeHo-Ha[peI,HIrx cHara. Alu u Ta.u,a, I4aKo ry6e-cnoiy eKoHoMcKy ,ocHoBy, rP?,u,oBr.r ce oApxaBajy Kao yuopHulTa lI saKJIoHH y 6op6r npoTl'l-B najee.ua rap-napa 14 Kao nocnerlbe npu6exuulTe oHora uTo ie ocTaJro o.u, t4syMpJIOr,u,pytuTBa. Ilpoyvanhbe rparoBa 14 rpa.u,cxor ypefelba -nocTaBJba ce e6or r6ri rao jenau o.u, naoinpevrax r'r najaaxnr,ljrax sa.u.aTaKa y racroprjH pHMcKe .u,pxaBe, Hapoql,rro Y [o6a I{apctaa. Ka,qa ce y roKy XIX r., ca o6paaoBarbem HalIHoHaJIHl.lx rpxaBa u, y Be3r4 C TnM, CBe X[BJbl4M I{HTepecOBarbeM 8a aHTUqKy npounocT cotIcTBeHe SeMJbe, apxeonol.xKa .qenaTHocT paSBuna y paSHHM .rr.enoBuMa HeKa.q,alrltbe pl4McKe urvruepraje, Ka.u,a cy. H36utu na roBptxr.IHy 6ee6poinn croMeHl,tun - cBe.u,oIIH 6yjuor xuBora y Har,rarne,u, aa6aqenum rpaienuma, 6ecrpBna il HeBepHa cnr{Ka pramcKe .rrpxaBe rojy narvr ie cavyeala TIH:11 lry.uq-?i, rpauuuuja ttpoMeHlina ce ]I3 ocHoBa: uocrano le JacHo,qa Hcrop;ia puircrcd .(pxaBe L pHMcKor ,u,pytxrBa - a ro n{. I^.19 rxro H ucropuja pnmcKttx uapeBa n prMcKor .u,Bopa - He Moxe 6wru uanuCaHd 6ea reruenHor [oaHaBarba xuBOTa npOnranrlraja. Kpyunra npo6lemu pacfia[arb.a po6ou.racHl4qror cucrema u [ponacrra aHTr4qKe UustrrueaUnie, KoJH cy HaBoAI'lJIll Ha paaMI'IuJbarbe Hainehe yMoBe l{oBeqaHcrBa, He Mory ce nocraBlrTli [paBr4JrHo 6ee noeHaBaba npuBpe,ILHIrx 14 ,u,pyluTBeHux .IIpHnHKa y npoBuHut4jarrra. A r<rryv 3a lrcrpaxl{Barbe nponrHllnja cy rpa,rl,oBr4, He camo BaTo uTo cy oHI{ 6unu iegunr,tqe a,u,MI4HI'IcTpaTUBHOT ype$ena pHMcKe ,llpxaBe, reh u SaTo lxTO 8a Ib]IXOBO ucttiTaBat+,e uocToie peanHe rvroryhnocra, jep ce HBBopHH Marepr,tjan nosehasa LrB AaHa y AaH saxaanyiyhu HoBltM or.u,pxaBr,r.Hr,rie Hur.xTa ,u,pyro
KOIIaBa[bHMa.

6oraro Hacnebe npounocTn. onnoc ,u,pylxTBeHux cH,ata

"rtaec Ai: Macedonia terrarum^{ynrJrio dotita quoriaum, t,u?. driurn, meniam, Hiberiam, Albaniam,-Cappadbciam, Syriam, A;gtpd;, Taurum, caucasum transglressa, 6aec in giiriis,- M.aiii'F;;;i; dominata toto oriente possesso, haec etiam Indiae viiiri* pei vestisia Liberi Patris atque _Herculis vagata, haec eadem est
fvl-1-c-e_$oni_a,

[r-oMeH-y HMeHa MaXe.u,onnje,

incluta regibus quondamque terrarum imperio".'l,l uouto je na6pojao rpaloB-e, [JraHr4He H peKe Ma_ KeAOHCKe, OH C.g Xa rpajy nonono npaha Ha oHo ruro ra npr
Max He ,40Aa: ,duobus

najnuue uMnpecr4oHupa:

Jsi

stitere duo homines".l)

Lxxll

cuir.rs uno die AemiTius'imperator noster urbes direptas vendidit: tantam differentia'm sortis i*.-

paurus

cTana [peAmer mnoro6pojHax noce6Hux cryauja u onuTBx nperJrela, Maxeaonr.rja y prrMcKo .qo6a cuaaa ir.by ;rj;ulu; flpoyqeHe p[McKe nponuaquje. Muorr l,lcTaKHyrn ktcropt4qapn,

14 rrao.qepne racroir.rvape Maxe.uonraja je nname upr4Bnaqilna prrMcre npoB r.rnuu je, naupurvrep, u cro sHe npo_ ::L_o.. -T-noI9 lbuxoBuM {pyurseHr4M H Kynrypnurvr cneqr,lQraviro111111.^:a je MareAoHrja xao HeBaBHcHa ,qpxaBa no_ crama. Crora,

{py.. nor

' y npHI(aBHBarby BeroBor

[pr{MaMJbeHH

lberoBux Hacne.q,HuKa,. KaAa ce ucropuja ly'taxe4oHnje ctana ca cB ercKorvr ucropu j orvr.r) H a j c r a puju nepwo.q MaKeJr,onci< e u c rof H Ie 'l4i[o (Dnruna II o6pa$en je raxose y nusy ao6pr.rx aena.,)

nr{qHouhy AaerccaHlpa Berurcor, -ucnpo6aiu cy-cu Aena il rberoBe efloxe, rao u e[oxe

Rnturonu.[a.") I-lacynpor rome,

t^?,:T.:^Igl9lp.f,1j9 nocroje H o

*
HeKo HapoqrTo MeCTo. Orrarco ie uon xpai Peuy6lraxe npecTarla
pr,rmcKa IIp_oBHHut

xoje 2:.ro.?.!t: _l: -l9lnyno_ ou Outo nocaeheHo Mare.qoHujra rcao_ purvrqcoj nposuHur,ljil. cnarome je jacHo .u.a ,,ocne xo6ne I6g i., 6,(HocHo flocJre .U,Ba Heycnena norytxaja a6aUnBarba pr4mcKe BJracru l4g u l4Z r. flpe H/ e.,. Mare4our'rja HeMa Br4rrre cioje Hcropuje. v ruoj t. ogurpanajy Brrue raKBr.r notuTu.tnu ra dojnu .qb*buj, ioir*i "u V ce Brr.u,JbHBo, Ha Camoj uoBprur4Hrr, uanusecryje 'xrrnor
J

BanocraBrbeH

HeKuM Bna.raprrm tuniuuie pr,rMcK14 neprabn MaKeAoHcKe

HeMa Hujesnor,u,era

idnne

Meby

pnMcKt4M rpoBltHlluiarrra

Marelojrnia

nraje sayauMaJla

ga 6ynd je4una

6rarorsopHo ,u,e' hajHa eeea ca l4crorom - uTo ie cnaxaxo aIIu ona ie 6ula uo JroBaJIo Ha [beH trpr.tBpe.[,Hlt paBBuTaK, - n caBpeMeHL llcrocrpaH6 orl B6JMKI41 [oJlttTfiI{Kl,lx crpyiama pratapu neruajy HI,IuTa HapoqHTo na narvr cao[uTe o ryoi. tbeHo
uMe r43asl4ra.uo rbnBaJra

ia na BanKflly u rJIaBHa aoina 6aaa- Ba ,u,aJbe nhg,raparue Pnurnana [peMa .(ynaoy u Hcrony, Illare,uouuja ce nuie nuue HHI{IIM ucrullata y- otll46a- caBpeMeHr4Ka. Kpo-s lbeHy iepuropuiy nponaauna ie najnaxnraja cao6pa-

je

KO,U,

cnaBHy rpo.unocT,

iou BI4ue i\{axeqoiujy y cnoioi

je

u Ta npounocT -.9-c!9I.3-plIIe BeTa sacelbeHy cfpomHy ca,u,a-rulbocT. LnoMeHyBlIlH I'eorpaQuju, llaranuie He Moxe a !,a oA-

rbnx yrnaBHOM pem[HecqenUuje Ha lbeHy

m1aao1, t;qli,le.e. le50;-b. M;r;;; iH;,; . il till'i3ii:',i;'i:i3r,: !t macedone.Roma lg53.Xao mrje urro HucaM r$orna I[orJra ,,a Konncru" n^.r"rii"
"

H%"t:ll',,hq-.'.-Ji,}*i:lL'ii.tl*#[tiL^[xTt{:x:i,l1s}nix-ls#: s teigung phift ppil r.,' rvr-ri#fi ffi i e50 ; it lvlacJa ont S;Egi8 :;ii'r";;;;';';;;;;' i. illv "'b'apxeicog sec. a. C., Flrenze-l9a+; JL. -Kanauyjruc.-.b 'Aoy6)r"ooc rrri ni rrcaonnrr.$_ "' -' .li1 - i'^.!r fll:-l::' !e34-; {lq*uv'trc, p{oetg -& rou v- MaraDoyrs. "ai o vr s. Cb.frfu gu_ &v Coa i-9'aBl' f _{rcrrca W. W. -l-arn, Tarn. -Antigonos Antiso-nos uonaras, Gonatas. uxlord lglB; piraino, Anli_ Gonatas, lUl:r: M. pirainoJ Anti') w. -Oxford -p p"1r e,r-1 P_alermo gg n# 1954; w;.vi;i Watbank, ta ; i, phiiipp i, i ii p i''tr t F. W. V 9' les4 P^o,'^oj.l I:*i, [1. :*gl i";,
F.

Eeroxa, Kepcri, Pocroaues u roja ce 6aae Beluror H xeJreHr.r3Ma, iep cy ona tiarome ao6po no3HaTa. 8) O.Ba o.u, sehe Baxnocrlr jep cy .,rpa,I{se,a orpanr{serra Ha !y aeaa 3a HaccaMo: (OHI4ly. (.u.!io_a.qe,o ,lla cnoMeHeMO ca,o, O- effii"fir'Jrr.'a",{",!', Ahel Makodnnio-n ,,^i kx.i- Dl,; o. lltaregir."rfy. [p& Letpz-i g, 1847; f. Kauapos, t{ap @rrrn It Mareao""*r. d"[I]iln,f#;

,) Hei{a norpe6e Jla oBIe

1)

Plin. IV,

39.

na6oajaruo

l:I.j.:,J.tpI1, II_.-g1,HcropxJo,llr AJreKcaHrpa

lena Ilpoi3exa,

BurKeHa,

^'iii

A. Momi-gl iano, Fit ipp.o^


...4v ,9v., q
_ _

?;'"r;;#

JlBa

A,eJra,

roja

noonajeu ca,uo

.u,a

r.t3 Kpr.truKa.

KopHcTHM' nOCreJrlba

Maxe.u.ottcril rpaAoBH

pnmcxo no6a
14.

Vson

y IoM CMuCJIy MOXe flpl,lMtrTl',l KaO TaqHa Moruaeno'3 ',l:.,:: ,rr.yxoBl4Ta H IOMaJIO 3aje,u.Jbl4na niHMe,q6a o"Ma*enoHuuMa, [ocn6 142 r.r..- ie,u,na .uma LUTa 'u'a Kaxe'
,4p)r(aBe.

camo ce

ceM.na cy HacraBVItt4 La u AaJbe 6poie cnoje upa1e--lt*.{:"t:l ro,[,uHe oA roAuHe KOHaqHor upeTBaparba seMJbe y rpolll-Hl'll ^:-l r,a u Ma I'I cB oJ v Hira j yhr4 Kao .u,p.r(aB a, M axe'u,otnil

il !p::l^'1.1 npaBy ,cropr1y.-Ar, *ure.u,oncrra iraion !'i:,1::rao: y OKBr4py. HOBe noJIHTt4'{Ke eaie^uuUe
Cianr,,o .U,a XHB,4

on j!-11:

u o6u' .u,pxaBe, aalpxaiurra ciole eTHaLIKe o.u,lt'lxe, iearar, Pepy ni, 9t i,ip.n i l_ or*oIv- !P9 u' nu'! L JvI ax.e'u'on r,ria ie ca'u'a-' Kao .rleo Je.u.He npoirlaue il cJloxeHe IIeJII4He, MHoro Mabe MorJla cdojy iinAras,nyaJlHocT Ha KynTypHoM nb.ry Hero [a ucrroJbana je undrl il oHa Aa{la cnoi 'qonp-In9-:- oHome turg-:.' ann ['inr.rje,

-'pl4MCKe

iif.I

JII,|KO OArr.tr{Hr4x

ro,qyHaBcKr,rx npoBr4HrU4ja rcoje o6yxnarajy r.raralcxra Ea.nxan, c npyre- crpaHe, o.u, HcroqHux [poBunguja rpqror jeaurca, y xoje ce. y6paja. ra'Tpaxr,lj.. Y ,qenr,rrtah xoja ci6pafyjy r,rcrovHe puMcKe IIpoBHHur.tje Heherrao nahu MaxeAonrajy, joru nnane y onurua rcoja ce Tr4rry ^sanaAHr4x AeJroBa I{apcrna. ona eajeario c fpvxorvr uitna cnoje noce6no Mecro u cnoje cneqra$uvHe npo6ne,rne. 14nax y oKBr4py onuTr4x nperJreAa Pumcrcor qapcTBa naro je HeKo-

xe4oHrja 3ay3r4Mq_HCTO TaKO jeano crlopeAHo 14 rrpHnhqHo Heolpef euo- Mecro. To Aonaslr ,u,oHercre o.r[ caMor. menbr noroxaja y pamcKoj gpxanra: Mare.u,on-raja ce r,lslnaja c jeane cTpaHe o,q,

onruTr4M nperneAr4ma paaB14TKa pHMcr(e r,rnnepr,rje Ma-

yKaaanl' . Bopa Ha vlaje cmo yspoKe

oHa yol:-.lgnl1iraera-Ba pr4McKoM lll'rBuJll4saqraioru r Srora ,um ru.irorra Oornenn paByMeBarby. Ocxynnoc.T Jll4Tepu.q.ry*-.I-3.:

u o xoiuml l-:^19-'- ol11' DeqH.KaoHBeoMaorpanuveHaapxeo:Ilo'txKa,u.eJIaTHocTy-Ivll'^enor,rj, [o llpnor isercror para-(a6or HenoBoJbHI'lx noJIHje ilnrepeTHr{Krlx nprrrrttu) Mory AerHMu-'lHo o6jicnuTu sa:ulroHeno 3a coBa1oe y nuyU,i au ir*cxy- ffiarce,u.oriHiy 6ralo cla6r'rje BSJI H t'l aHCTB eHI4 pe gynTaTl't MelyrHM' unqtt npOn piarvrCne OCTaJre ie. Kao ra 6ee.clrcre*arcKrix

HucrpaTuBHor paBBHTKa npoBr.lHrlr,rje Maxe,uonraje y ao6a rpHHqunara. Ha.npnoM Mecry rpe6a -cnoMeHyTu cilKeTu npernd4 y KJracnrrHoru v rorr,ly MorueeHone Pumcxe-vcropuje, u ucro raKo ttrracusHo. MapxnapToBo AeJro o pHMcKoM trpxannorra ypeferby.n) Mare,qonujil y-,qo6a Panor qapcrna xoje je y or(Br,rpy Kervr6puqKe cTape ucropr,rje Hanr4cao Kajl.lo)_ V aHaiaenuroj EiroHorvrcroj ra

[puKaSa ocHoBHr,tx mnuja noJrHTfirtKor-

H a.[Mt4-

oa

noar,rjrax cr4HTeBa MHoro je noxaa

m ioluao norJraBJbe o

,i*niuiilu y Cio1una u @utunu6a' cnyvain, noup, AHt4 L4nu npunuKoM .no*.nrir-r.Uu* 6;;jr; ne_Hux tr Marbr4x r4cKonaBalbar noKasaJll,l Cy ,qa je oaai cran HeMano onpaB.u,aH u D.a Maxenonuia xpraje y cnoir,|m He,u,pt'IMa nepnoLs. 6lara ""-' I{ H3 PI4McKor rlo[ pttMcKoM BJIauhy, MaV"r.idprir*u npqKr4x BeMaJba geo fpvxe - uaKo To oHa Ka.o o6r'{uo'o6paflje xenouraja ce y Hr4KaA, na Hu y pr46cKo no6a nraje 6una, - fr TI{Me AOBOII! l4rHop_ HLx:. cacBI4M i roHeKa,U, hol,oxaj, .u,pyrocTen.n, T:l,lgl npane r4cTopHie fpure IIo,u, pHMCKOM BJIauhy
MH

n HeMaMO Herce (uocle cTap,x r,n noinyno eaCrapelrax ,[eJIa @unneja 1X9?^U: Marepr4lan B6;;;) y riojoj 6ra 6uo u,ropuuheH o6uman _HoBr.rorrpnnen'7) v y roKy oBol-c19-1eha -"ir-i6'-prii,* rporxrlor ii r'iuu r. jH dn ra! er' np u py r{H l4xi }r e npvxe u ctop uie n :-llr_..9,i,.|LI: [ao caMo y ocHoBHHM nuHI{JaMa anaje ,u,a !e pr.irrrcrra ',ep,o.q, IIpeTxo,U,Hrax cry,u,raia.t). HeorxoAH,x ne^olrar*a s6oi
Rom. cesch. Il, cro.4l' Trvro,nmsen, o1 c. Rinray; ir;;;.; under. itre-'Romans,. t .(1844): c. Hertzberg, I (1866)' Die Geschicnte diiefi,;;i;"J;'r;t.i'i.i'-nuiiJirrad der' Rtimer,

eKoHoMcKe HCTOpraje Mare4oHuje IIo,( pr4McKo[l BJray cnojum rcomerirapuma yB HBBope Ba [pr4BpeAHy ucropujy fpvxe y.pr.rMcr(o-4oQa.1'; Tb je, yeiarvrajyhra'y o1,aup Kapar(Tep xo.rexunje y rojoj je oaaj paa o6janrn-eru, ilajoor'e nocraBJbarre noje4u[ux npo6lervra r.l najnornyaiju npr4Kar cTalba y KoMe ce HaJraSr,r [f,r4xoBo peuaBarbe.

oItHoca JroKaJrHe u npoBHHrIr4cKe Bnracru, no.noxaja rpa,qoBa rplrKor u pr.tMcKor. ype$e}ba u y MHora npyra [r4Ta[ba ut coIInJanHe

Hajnnrepecanrnuir- y y cBoje BpeMe HajHonrajr,r noAaur4 Ba eKoHomcr(y ucToplr).y -S?*.nrnu1e, atu oHu Hltcy y reKcry,u,oBoJbHo ucroprauh gtu.") Hairacupnnaje y.raau y ry6aneme rpoBr4Hur4cKe yrpaBe y Marenonujw, oAHoca npaAcxor u rneMeHcn6r ypeferea,
14

rpyrxTBenoi racropyiu Puncror I{apcrna pocroBrleBa Maxe.ioHrrja riMa cacBr,tm 6eanauajrro nnecro.ll) Vlcruna y cagpxajnnrn npunne46arrna rojrrua hracau nponpaha rexcr HaJraBe ce caKynJbeHH

uhy,

Larsen

Il

(l8ti8).

guerraiiui.u'ui-Alrguito, Ro*",

z1 TattulaEcKo .u,eJlo: S' Accame,

Il dominio

romano in Grecia dalla

d.en Anriinsen bt: _,I "fff#,:r,:-A,?"uJ,1,".:H'L.:^,fri:f;f":'#i t{ar Kar ce I{Ma y BlrAy u 1950. Miinchen Riii..r"it, die rOiniitfrl-*oir--i, -n,aiu, ucrDax,Baba caBpe*eHo [^[;*p _c-'aH,e M'are1oxnia il;r' ]lMeJHyIro !e rpqKux 3e*aJba y pr4McKo AoOa, unai< naAa y our,, KoJIt4Ko 'y beroRo.m rranardn y SallocraBJbg'a' Taxo, nanpumep' y nperJle'u'y-rpqKhx Heila
lrpoBt4Hrr,uJa

i. v *6";

1946, n.r'rie--Il^5,9,t^'ynHo

He 3HaM Aa Jrlr

rro4'AuiycrqM

Lt

tlergBull

H6gvlggHnUIlMa O Maxe,u'Otttlifi

crp. 495, r.ue ce roBopu o oBoM pasAo6lby, ao6uia ce nainoe yrficaK Aa ce no.u,,,griechisches Mutterland'i uJt4 qa{-noa ,,Hetlas"'nbApa3yueBa He camo I'pvxa y yxeM cwlcty, aeh u Maxeaoilaia (iep ce cnomflrby u .Qununu) aau.,q,oriHrije ueua nujenxor no.u,arri o ivtdxeaoirir, a ea fpurcy (-criechenland). ce Kaxe Aa je npernopeHa y npoBuHuujy Axaiy. ,) Th, M_ommsen, Romische Cesihichtq,. y (tgfi+).' crp.-di+_iii; 1_rol, Romisch Komtscne A Staa_tsverwaltung, Startsv;iwifuunelilli. J. Mar(uardt, I, II. iLeipzig lggl,-lgg4. iaa-r,'i r 10) Epirus and Maced-onia,-CAH Macedonia, tAH XI "i;;;' (l'9A6"). (l'9A6"), c. XlV.XlV. J.- Keit, J, K.il,. Epirusu) M. Rostowtzefl-The Social and-Fcnnnrn;e Hic'tnrrr fha Roman The_ Sociat and' Econom;i niiibiy nf oI iire ryI. -Roqto-rylzeff, ET-plfu.; Oxford, 1g26, crp. 2gA-214. Cri*r6me;;til;Ky npomaii.,,ile jersa rpeu.rKa. u H ielna rpeu.lKa. orr On xaxd xaxe [a cy Tecaaonura, je' 6uli Tecaaonura. xoia ie' xoja ra civltas 6utri ciiltas llbera ltbeia I TeK cpeJI].tHoM lll s. nocrara pr4Mcxa xo,ronaja,'u'6epo!a, xoja ie 6rlri ceAuure MaKeAoHcKor Ko^rrHona, [o6n,re craryc przrrrcrax liynuuufruJa. tz; lbid. crp. 560-561. , r r ? J.. 3. O. Larsen, Roman Creece (T. Frank, An Economlc Survey ot Ancient Rome, IV), 1836.
EH pe'rr4. Ha

Mare,u,oHcKil

rparoBu y plrmcKo ao6a

Vsori H remerbur p1^[Ii1.r1) t(Vn Hcrr4se snaua.j Maxeaorraje Ba npo6neMa lurpelba rpaacror yp-.$unu. v Miiurol :l9l'3tu3_e nuju. je, npe,a Ky,y, oprinr,rsari,ilu'.pv*or rana no_ ^rpaacna
xBI^ j'Ji##r&,ffi

irarvrcnum rpoBttHqujarvra.ld)

Kao uTo cMo peKJIH, MareAonraia ce o6uqno ne o6paSyie Aen[Ma KOja Ce Cnequjalno 6ane noAyHaBcKI4M !IJII'! I4CTotlHI4M

irenourala

cmaTia neirorrr rpqKor KonHa H y rlopeleruy. ca cu*o*'fpvnon norucnyTa je y [PYru ulan. To je,,clyvai c

ie

Vxolnro ie ilar
IIpOBH[lIHJa

ra o6yxnahena', Ma-

[perneAoM

eile xojn je

lao coajercra HayIIHt'IK Br4JrHO I4CTaKaO JLpytuTBeHo-eKOHOMCKy pasnl4Ky KOJa O,U,BaJa fpury ra MaxeAoHrajy (ra f,RaruaiY, rpe6alo 6ra loAaru) oA Hcrot{HHx rIpoBl4HIII4ja uspaclux na TJIy HeKaAaubl4x -llcrollHl'lx 'u'eCnOruja, OAHOCHO xeJIeHucT14IIKHx rr,tOnap:nja. PutvtCra IOqH: giUujd aurvr, no beroBoM Ml4tuJberby, aa l-puxy (ra JVlaxenonujy) 3a I4CTOqHS.teMJbe lo6a HanpeT1a. neprbn Onagalba, ,[,OK Mixe,q,oHraja je y rberoBoM Jr.eny o6yxnahena eaieg,no.c lpuront

14CTOI{HHX.pt4MCKl4X

O[ l,tlo Ill B. HauIe PaHosH'I' PaHosl'l.q je nPl-

je

Kpa1rbe TuMe -Kao Aa ce npu6pl'IBaly u !.pynorne.ll.y eKoHoMcl(t4x noj. .V urTBeHr,rx oAHoca y Maxenonuju y pHMcKo Ao6a, Panonnq He ,y ,u,oHoct4 HLlulTa HOBO U tIOHaBJba CTapo MHLUJbelbe La cy o cu.t5). j t'l o.u,n a JIu tIJIeMeHcK B r na,u,a Ma renon ra npeo I-loce6Ho MecTo sayBI4Ma o.u,nl4qna flauoaLcry'uHia-^o ta-

ilpiuana o6aaemterb-a_ o
ra

jeguoivr [orJIaBJby,

]l

uHpelby poMaHfisalrl4ie Ha EanKany.l6) [locTaHoBlllxra Jyror,rcToqHy Enpony xao Iau ie y crojoi cryguiu o6yxnaruo, rlbnonurgqKy Uenuny, ietuy hopel [ogyHaBcxrax (r,1lrap-cKl,lx H rpavrrax) oOnacTH, u Maxe,uo.u,ocag uajncupnnuju npurag cBt'lx paToBa Koll'l nraiv. On naie -Peny6luxe BobeHu Ha Tepl4Topuiu. utu ca TepHTocy"'aa BpeMe pr4ie Maxe.u.oHr,1je u opaTl4 npoUec poyaHl{saqule oBe Mano'po,qupalby Putu;raua
14

cr*urpuiytrr

c:a MoAepHor

MaHUSOBaHe pHIvlCKe npOBI4HUI4Je. OA .U,elh roia ce 6aue cneUHialno

rpaflcKo*

opraHI4EaUHJoM

pr4mcKoj

r.rrr,tueprajL4,

Ha npBoM MecTy rpe6a cIIoMeHyTI'l

o[cexaH

r{) Taro. HanDr4mep, Marelonuje nema y [o3Harou ,[eny J. Ju^!g, .188J, -Reiches, Die roiraniictiun ['andsthaftpn d. romischen -lnnsbruck, je pouaHl't3aq'r3-I t11:[9."]i1l ynpKoc Mr4txJbeby mHorux HjIytlHUKa aa yrbla Jlocra naxa; HnaK, P.ocrosues,- H. [., HaBoAl4 oBo Mare,nonrje 4eno Meqy ocHoBHoM lrrepurypom ia_-Mare1onraiy .y [r,rucro 1o6a. ;;;;;; i ;;/4.'jones, The cities of the-Eastern Roman Provinces,
npoBrtHllrll4 pr.rttcrofi ht nepuu. MqcLBl 1949, noraaBJbe: Fpeur,,|r (Axar, Mare.qoHaq). Vn., HanPrMeP, crp' 2d1, rne troiu ,qa ce 3emrba yrrlaBHom Harla3urla y pyKama uIeMeHa, A1^Lp-119.: pHMcKa Ur4Bt4lil3auuia nirie 3axBaTI4JIa yHyrpaubocT, r.U,e ce .o[PxaBaJy
1937. Oxford itl- R. PaHosr4,t, Bocroqnue

v cBlrm ropeHaBeAeHr,rM .qenr4Ma Aare cy crt'o-'6anorru rranraje xr{BoTa Mare.uonaje xao prrrrci. [poBrrHur4je u cMepHuue paaBt'rrKa rpan'cKe y noj. norntiarn' laneKoBr.r rLux H 9.Pl1113uuaje trpoHHrlJbuBux HayqHr,iKa uorh5dly noHeKa4 Ha ocHoBy HesHaTHrrx
17)

uenoKyn'oru n,TepapHorut, enrarpa$t*oM,' ny*r*ur,,rKoM u apxeono[uKotll MaTepujany, oceha'ce cBaKr4[a aanorvr cne nuute.

ypelene Koie Hr,r ao ftpajd unfare ,rj" 6;;; ;;fi;;; ilil;;;i; or rpaEcror. o_cHoaria "Kynona res'a-au l. y-prr.noj Maxe40_ nrja nopeA npaBax rparoia-noJtuca 6uno H'niemeH a ca MyHu_ qr4naJrHHM ypeleruervr, 6ea neher rpar,cKor rreHTpa, u ,qa je caxr'rBJbaBarbe oBe .u,Be Bpcre JroKaJIHe caMoyopaBe ttu.uro ocH o B Hy Hr{T,q,pyrrl.r u_1n9. p a 3 B H rr(a " M a KegoH ii'u,' iii^*unr 1I y Haylll4 u ocfaje u l,a*ac uHTepecaHTHa, ,uno le rberoB paA y noje,qr,rHocTr4Ma [oTnyHo BacTapeo v cnonn o9:3.To}-l:ly'rPa^osr'traa y l4croqHnM pr4,c*lr* flpoB]rHrluiartaa, rojr ycinapra flpercraBJba aorapry Marepujana xoja rpe6a tta nocnyixa- rio ocHoBa Ea .u,aJba' r4crpaxr4B atba, uonc irHie o6vxsario rvrar<eno,rrjr.;i i6;-ffia Marep, jan ua Hirle r;;;;r;"rry'iy,^i^- ii' {11er9naje v,il.oro, rpyro/r4, BH.,. reoperc^ona AJryr J r(oMe ce npoyvana cya6rn, Trirn"rii rpaAora oA AneKcanapa Benraror ji;i;rirn.;.,;, Or ;;;il; 49 cy r(opucrr4 rberoBu aneltur(cu q finiuujy, niorufi.if ,-X;j;: poKny, y xojrzrvra pearmnpa cnoja aanaxarua o KapaKTepy u BPernocrr'r TonorpaQcnrx no,qaTa-Ka or. rpolrue reorpaQa, roju cy u Ea MarenoHrajy rcao ra ia runore lpyre 04 rnaBHr,tx [3BOpa 3a r4SygaBa[be rpa.roaa. rpoBt4Hrl6je, jegaH MarepHjaJr o MyHr4rluialnuru rrnirlrryqrlu*u y Maxe4oHaira ucropuruhen ie [p_r4_po,u.Ho 14 y o[cexHr4* a-urrrd Jlu6enama, E6or-UbnCou, ro',o,py.r.* o pHMcKoj M;;#;;f; -ti.honponraHuracxoj y ttp aBu, a nu y p u.I: rp v e n o j r,r epil,zo) c ra r a r j e4 H e I:r: 1o _o 1-ry c,cre,arcKe cry.u,rje o p_aanurvr npo6rerrruna oii*rreHe H rpr4t prriocxe'Mu,r.aonHje, xoja 6u ce sac,uBa,a Ha :!:{_!:lcropnjd

ffi'itxt?fi

lff"lir,gffi"3ii? j.#i#,.?

crapn arpapHil oanoot' nperepaua nam-.raerlea,a x rBp.u,tb,'l l:..jg..tT,: Kopnury, ATunu, ecaIoHI4KU, Jtuv sbrilrilM nDr4MOpCKI4M npaAoBllma
'oaxnonv
..6r.rvro

schen Reiches bii aut rnaBJbe: Macedonir

E. Kuhn- Di-e stdtische und.biirgertiche Verfassung des rrimi_ aiJZLii.,i i,i.'i

14 y oson norue,u,y,-qHHl4 Mt{ ce' He Heuro-xuBora". no.rlBpryrBaru ucrom cvlv KoM" .' fP"lI:-19.1 I9i" iil8;"'M"*.:h";iljy ca cee MepH flpeMa BeKy Te,uncrorla u flepurla xoil ie HapaBHo oec-

llt.J[

Jones, The creek city from Alexander the creat to .lrrtiniti)n,Aoll"#


20)

o*ro, ;,r A, lo

ll. * ma6,f,;
H.._A.,

*4ltt

i*,*' -l;',',

;#

.,,

noBDaTHO npouao.

""""'i6i"Cl'F;;;i,, iiis il-

Beitriige zur Vrilkerkunde von Stidosteuropa V, l. Siid^osteuroPas. Aus 500 Jit i.n-uoiromiscter und tomischer Ceschichte -1932 Wien
!n1po_'11l9 cip. lS+-i62 r Ver6reitung des Riimer- und Romanentums in Mazeoonten,;'

verwaltuns im romiscrren

J. Marsuardt,

l, crp. BJ6.u 4.;.H. Liebenam, Die Sliidteriiiuirei'{nu, leip^rGrrrioffiTl Ruuott _ A. c.

F"estsetzune dui-Rom.r

in Transdanuvien.

it!.:?l'^H'#:iir,x',-f"5l;:'!i:.["'l],fii;]"^i,hilnu:fil,iil,t#:t Empire, Cainbrilge lglg:--'-! J' '\!rB

Vson
bI,IXOBa cxBaTa}ba ocraiy MpBr{r{a cyurTHHy-cTBapH. An1_rvrnora upoBepuTl'l r'noTBp,U,HTl4 ce TaqHocT

ca*o

yTr,cUH urji ,laoPa pa3Bt{TKa rpar'cKor cneuuialHraru rcriuxruatrnMa' V norrle'u'y ce npoBnaq, Kpoa

il;+;

y'M"*.n'oruaiu ocnonHa Ml4cao xoia mu.19{9L?ry-iP:tu*no seMrba cBa nomenyru nura i.cre Aa.ie. qulol yHyrpautbg:Il-.f"'cKH xHBor y seMJba H croqapa, ceJbaKa '(a 'nr,n nuje nr,,raA ycreo .u,a norrrcne niieioeltlt.9pl^T.1t'ur4iy' Moxe .u,a [oKaxe camo ienna cHcTeM'aTcKa To Ta-qHa, Mncao ra !e

TOra uro cy Marbe ourepehena 6ecrcpajHou cnerlraiannorvr IrHTepaTypoM r(ola AaHac qecTo SaKJraBa BH.u,t4K HayqHHUAMa U y\aroyie ux o.rr, r4aBopa ymecTo Aa ilx br4Ma npulnwxw. Kpcrapehir no

ywly .u,HeBHr{Ka cnoja qeTrpu nyToBama ro ceBepnoj fpuroj,21) -reorpi6wji' Leake je najnurue naxlbe rocBerl,o anrrvroj w ucropuju. Ko.q, mera, Kao r,r Ko.q sehnHe nayunrana XIK n., rr"enrHafyje cBecTpaHo H TeMeJbHo nogHaBarbe aHTilqKrrx nr4TepapHux ilaBopa }l cBe)KrHa xojonn oAHruy BeroBa ,u,eJra, MoxJI,a a6or

'ilir;ll

je neno

t i]l;,b".,.l' ?x* [:ii i l, fi? : !!t?iiii l ;i L*[ [i u'it ce'nocrolame cyrvrmal^tr..1*'Io-IP:*::


HaceJbe

;il;;; v HoBl4 rvrareplaiaa ce rorlllKo ffi;il. f .uu*o* cn,qdi,,ula norpeSa la ce uarvrehepaSBI4TI(a y ToKy nocne^rbrx .d,eUeu
Barba Tpa.u.ltquonurnbi rrru rurnersa o cTe[eHy xr4noTa Y Maregonuiu'

norrr4ca,

paaBta!:-lu apxeolourrca lrcKonasa*o' -9TPl:iiI^ HaM Morng-9-q-:: nairuarue ce-ro t'uouu.ur.,ru rpaleB,Ma r.ne y,Hoxl4o

li

rpoBeparpa,u,cKor

xabeM u TpeSBeHr4M pacylranarsen on je IIo.raTKe aHT]tqK[x nucaqa BeSr,rBao aa o4pefeHe JroKaJrHTere ,r cnoMeHure. Mnore fberoBe rrpeT[ocTaBKe noKa3aJre cy ce TasHr{Ma.

rnrcue, Leake je 6enexrao cBaKH Tpaf aHTHKe Ha noju 6a uauwao, yrnplunao je noloxaje crap{x nace Jba v qutrio npBe ooKyruaje -sanarbl4xoBon ugenrraouKoBafba. C nnuoro epyar4rrr4je, ouTpr,lM

lorne Heac[r4TaHoM TepeHy, c ny6aBJby n orBopeHum [orJ]e.rlonn u aa carpeMeHr4 xuBor xojra cy KapaKTepncru.ttu Ba cBe nyTo-

Heroluro

ro,u,r{Ha panr,lje-,

ffiffi;;

La' KoJlHKo MI4 l'lSBopH 3aAarar roira iarr'r ce6r,| [ocTaBI4Jla' H r'pyrr4x caMoynpaBH,x rpanoBa 6poi noruJ*I'tuiy, vi'tpo,fn pllmcl(or ni riou'eriy' y rot(y l'l na-xpaiy ie.u,nHuua y tvtaxen-dii,-ira -Ori*o Morrr 'uu sa no-By'{eruo nI4HllI pasBl'rrKa -

cnoja fiyroaarca tlo MaK6.qoH-ujr.r, xao tlJro[ ,qyrorogHruher 6opaBKa y,onoj semrr.22) y cnojcrny epanuycxor KoHayna y uonyHy, Kya[Hepr.r Je flpe.[yaeo HHB nyToBan,a no MareAouwiu, np[KyflJbajyhr ycnyr aHTHqKe cr]oMeHilKe H Hapoqufo HoBau, jep je HymusmaTnKa 6uaa FberoBo oMrrJbeHo BaHuMalbe. oH onrraqnb

l83l r., o6ianuo je Kyar.rHepn

noanaje Mecra
aHTr4rrKe

[op,ci,,, r n o c o r: r _,I*H,.:do;l 6 o np
e

1;1l e,u,M e r,| :-1 I tTlL i",_,1 ;'#":,i" aHT]lIIKe reol nllTepaTypr,t xola ce 6asu nHTa[bHMa

noHuie HeMa
.rr.HHaqHHx

" MaKe.u,oHcKr4M rpaAoBt'Ima


efloxtt. Vnproc Tolre'
JbaHo, iep, uaxo

nr1uo-io"tlt,

xoie

- p.any r4ma penaTnBto MaJIo uo]ey MoM Hrile ieh paHraie nllcaHo l{ pacnpaB*oir*u nrrr*.-o noA ie'uHut't
ce.y rbeMy npo6nervrd noimarpaiy

d; g;;;-f:lllldo yonure uIM y ienHoi g{Pub-t]::i

-ffi; ;;'6, e M u,t I "llm],.rr;f,?h.Xlt ^nocaeheHo


i

*i &"r', u

joH.a ra Anonouaje

nr{cue y cnojHlr HcropzcKwM ucrpaxaBalbHMa. fip.arehra Via Egnatia Ha rre4oi neuoj Ayxr4Hr4 oa .(r,rpaxra-

rojrarvra roBopH

sHaJraqKr.t ynorpe6.ruana

arjama

lto Kuncele, Taipel j.,

nocaefieHr,rnn

oa'pebenrarvr tlus9M'--t'tcropllcKo'rqoii HoBHM ynnoM " ignn'* rcrpaxunarra ql4He rberoBy ocHoBy' rpaQcra n tono.p.OEll

ce, y onuTu* AeJInMa' A ra^sra* racrpairanarbr4*a lasunu cy nanomenaMa' t4 nyTonHCUL'

noCe6Huna crynltlirvra ,,nu yBrpe,u.HHM ri-cropuqapr'-b'l-o^'-t 3anaxalba Ha H apxeoJto 3vt, H 8a[bl4xoBe ,br*ouu-Ty,aqelba

vl6,,o'os''u
cy

TepeHy,

KJbverlli, Kopl'lcrl4nH

il?'o;''i(

il'i6r r*r* iran n ux cmeJtonoHoBoceltaTuTttpeLxaBalbaIII4TaH;ayBl'lueMaxoBa npo6leMa I{ }beroBa cucTerpa

^npeTllocraBKe 1l-u-opu' MI'l Ko'u''nfoyua'aba c-BaKor noiegunor a upeixounuK H ErJle,u,arlo ie cti o p o

aHT[Ke.2a) Vlaxo Ha[ucaHa npc Balue o,u, cro rodnia, iryauja oBor peTl(o [aMeTHor l| yqeHor tIoBeKa, o.(rl4qHor [oBHaBaoUa aHTr,rqKr4x u BugaHTncKHx tlilcaua, o,q BeJrrrKe je xoprcTri u ralac. .[psy cr4creMarcKy cryAujy o aHrravxoj reorpa$Hjn Marre.aonraje .uao jq uea.qeceTux roJtHHa nporxJror seKa Deidevisesdu-Dzert.25) Bpro rxr4poxo nocTaBJbeHa, rberoBa TeBa o6yxnara
?t) W.,l-Vl.Leake, Travels in Northern Creece, I-ll, London lg35-lg4l. :?) E,-M, C-ousind-ry, Voyage dans Ia Macddbine, Paris 1831. ,_r) Th.- L. Fr.. TaJel, De via militari Rornanorudr Egnatia, qua IIlyricum Macedonia et rhracia iung_ebantur, dissertatio geofiraptrica] I pais

rrHTarba u3 Torrorpa@raje MaregoHfije u sHarno yHanpe.(uo Hat|e nosHaBarbe aHTHqKe reorpasaje one aeiurne.2s) 14 }berosa H3BpcHa monorpaQuja o TecanonuKu, y xojoj HBJraxe iyt6uay oBor. rpaAa y aHTr,rrtKo t4 BU3aHTHCKO nO6a ra Onracyje beroBe uncrnryuraje H c[omeHr4Ke, caApxr,- Hapoqr4To y uorJ]aBJby o upxrenoj aujeLIeBH, MHora ronorpa0cKa Hcrpaxr4Balba xoja r,lly ynarpar io

onoj naxnoj rvrarucrpanu, uirpaxr,to runoia

y-caojrarvr Jr,BeMa cry-

[peTpecaH t'tx, altv HoBo nocTaBJbarue 6p<i!Hra HoBo-npoHafienu--enu[laTCKa O6paUa y qent4H,, Kao u ry nociu s arbe Ho B I'lx p e syJlrara' r,larepll!i.[]oO. i u o.,

Mebyny,un,.urarvraXlXn.xolucyo6uru.nrauenyurruBehla j.nno oA [pBr4x MecTa r no BpeMeHy 14' 'no Aeo MareAOHriu, 'enr,ecxor'r oO'u'pv- Leake-y' Onracyiyhu y anavaiy nprnu.d,,

ecrn

!^

. ,n) lh. L. Fr.^Tafel, De Thessalonica eiu3que agro dissertatio geographica. Berlin 1839. _ ,u) fh. Desdevises-du-Ddzert, Cdographie ancienne de ta Macddoine,
Paris
1862

Orientalis.

Il Pars Occidentalis. Tiibingeh

lg+1, 1942."

1q

MareabucKr4 rpaAoBr.r

y pnuc(o

a,66a

Vs ori

II

HBHa,rI,

ceBepHe Teca.nuje, BpeMeHcKr{ rIaK l4,u,e o,u. caMr4x [otreTaKa, Ti.

npocTopHo He caMo Marce[onraiy seh u ,,rpsKy vlnupuiy" to Pueoncror Sarrsa, Aapnanuiy, u BeJrnKH Aeo TpaKI,Ije f

on npo6neMa xpoHonorraje noje,u,anux ceo6a ao rpaja aHTuKe. Desdevises o6palyje u Saer4qKy reorpaQujy r,r rcropucKy oAHocHo norraTr4rrKy. Izlarco je y cnoje BpeMe 6una ,l'6tude la plus compl0te. . . sur l'ensemble de la gographie et de l'ethnographie de la Macedoin"'u), oBa BaMauHa cTyAraja nraje MorJra a Aa He
ocraHe
rtoBpr.r1H.a. Henorne,u,aH nnarep_uja.rr nHje

KoMnoar4rruja

Aupyiy, a

lrHxoBo ryMaqelbe He yBeK ourpoymHo.") 9ernpra rJIaBa -,,Vlcropucr(a reorpaQnja y pHMcKo Ao6a" H rreTa rJIaBa - ,l-lonHTLrqKa reorpa@uja" uo cnoioj Bawucnu Mopane 6n l,a o6yxnare oHo r.rrro qr4HH [pe4Mer Haluer paJla. Me$yruru, Desdevises-du-

y rboi caBna,[aH, nr,rje jenanttnena. Mrora nr4Tarua ce caMo ,u.oHe peuasajy. Anaausa HBBopa nr,rje yner r4c(prlHa, a

joj

t4cro raKo MaJro cBe,[ogaHcraBa H c[oMeHI4Ka Kao u o rlpnuma" e6or neKa,rr,eHurje xoja BaxBara Mare.uonrjy nocne 6nrxe xolt @utuna. Hapaano, KBaJrr4TeT oBor ottcexHon para He aaBuclt caMo oA JrHr{Hr4x cnoco6noctu nacua, geh ,u,oHeKJIe H o,tl, HeIr,ocraTrca npeAyqnoBa Ba jenny oBaKBy cHHTeBy. .(oaonno ie 6aq,uru norreA Ha reorpaQcny KapTy roja je flpr4noxeHa rberoBom pa[y, rta .rla ce yoI{H BeJInKil HarIpeAaK xoju je y l4crpaxt4Barby reorpaQuie Mare4onraje nocrr4r'Hyr o.( Tol BpeMeHa Ao ,u,anac.28) .(pyxvuje je no KapaKTepy il ro cBoMe .u,oMeTy treJIo SpaH. uycKor apxeoJlora_Heuzey-a o apxeonoLuxoj nucuiw y Ma\gAg: rcoia rvry je 6uta roBepeHa o.u crpaHe Hauoleoua IIl.m) Iyju Heuzey je, raro caM Kaxe, Hacy[por npBLrM fiyronHctlnrvta roiu cy ,,yxyp6auo Tpqanr o.q jel,nr,rx pyueBuHa .u.o [pyrux rpaxehn .u.a cBe BUAe H He HaJIaaehH BpeMeHa r.a utxTa npoyve", npB.H noqeo D.a cficreMaTcKlr ucrpaxyje H HcKona.Ba oua mecra roja

Dlzert

cMaTpa

r? ,o

nocJre,qrbnm BeKoBr.rnna Marce.u.onrje

nocroju

HeKrrx lbenoBr,rx arnnyvui.i'.ti; roruHa rrpounor BeKa onl,cao je xrn nuu ny]3 cy ra .ro6pr4'nn .u..ro, BoArJra KpoB.Mare,uo_ .:.:,9j, HHJY oA [9ja beorpaAa Ao Colvna L,t nonu*aMa ,(partaa , B?pAapa.t2) v mrarua on je o6paruo flaxtby t4 Ha aHTHqKe ocrarKe u nperlucuBao je narnrace na xoje 6u iauwao. Heonxo,uno je oBoM Mecry cno*eHyrr4 u noBH aror ucTpaxr4Baqa cTapHx Ig Tpavana Tonnauera, vraje ce MHcqeJre u3 aHTHqKe reorpaQr_je, nnoA MnHyur,roane' eujroJroruxe aHaJruae AHTHqKI,'X TCOTOASA t| KPI4THKC TCKCTOBA, ACJIOM OAHOCE HA MaxeAonrjy.aa;' ' Hapo_qxrr4^{ curuuat,jana r,crr4'reMo , BeJruKe BacJryre ,,^,^ ,9.1 ce.qarvraecer,rdx

,u,a'

r.uo je H e u zey_y np aBu ilHuje p e ur a n arb e rp o:i::ir.{ylu..g.I9llh oJre*a Hero MHorarnn Apyr[iu caBpe*eHr4M na ra noaH ujum nuctryma. Mnore lberoBe- rrpernocrurn. -noirptuii. iv "*ur* Haira'r4*a. 3a o6racrr roje je rervre.rnno'rcrpaj*rg _ fta;;;i&t'Effffil? (1f1!r), llarariaq; u Qununw nnbrao ;u ca,*o-hoBr4 Mare pujatr

crBopu norpe6y peBu4upalba

lan, pacnopeAusuil ra no oolacrHrvra u nponp aiunuu nrTepap_ Hr'rrfl BecrilMa o noje4ranaM rpanoBUMa Ha'roj'e ce o,[,Hocl4 r.r nperne,(oM cralba rbuxoBa apxeonoqKor ucnuruBa*"i.r*). armiu, HeMa HayqHr,rqKe anpa6aje, on uraje HH apxeoJron Hr4 ennipa@nPeaynrare cnojax ucrpaxxr L;'M;;i oryrirpe .t r'n.uriXf,i,rof'#So,tfio.o6iaruo je Heuzey Haro He ilory ripuxrararu tbroBy resy o oAnocy Xepax,reje r.r 1]e-1a1on1ie, iep cy HoBu iarnucu noKa3arrr.r ta cy y nhrarby Asa oAsojena rPatra, ilIIaK caM ca yxI{BarSeM l{ A]rBJbe]bei[ ,ruriaa t6eroBo rrSJlaraBe ,o oBorr IIpeAMery fi orrrrpoyilrro , oA*epeHo ap,ryMeHrrca*be. y;.
ao)

Tr#[i?:i.Ay^iffi f :xit.*,1*i?&.J; i.ifrxffi ,r#.;,.?#f x uneh r ra pa ae h ra i T, il.;;, ;j;;' n ;,*, u-u .iu" ::^PLp.ll.l, cBol xuBor nocBerao npourocrr cnoje r.,in^.lp;;y;;; tlo ;;roBor .u,yroro.[nrlrben pal.a cy [opeA ocraror ana Ae6er. roro y xoir'lrua ie na ocHoBy rer.crona u ilutt,ux ucrpaxl'alba .Ha TepeHy g6paluo neoipaQrjy MareaoHaje , 6..o, ortlreno_ l:T? ggopHr4K narnuca y apyrux cnor,aenrrxa mixetonrj.,l *o* Je_caKynHo caB y ro BpeMe'pacnoJroxlrBr., unr.pa$'c*,i ,iliilpr:

cy o6ehaBalra peaynTaTe. Fberono Aeno sagrzuuyje epyluuujotrl u ourTpoymuourhy, oqapaBa nefioroM t4 jacuohom HBJIat'a[ba.
pr,rMcKor rrpoBr4HrlncKor a,u,MuHncTpaTuBHor cHcTeMa
zG)

fiprameua crporo. HayqHe MeToAe Ko.u, ai-xeol]otxKux l4crpaxuBatra qutu Aa je oHo r.r AaHac KopHcHo. .(o6po tloaHaBabe
14 pHMCKHX

xrur.r-a-u:

81)

noiarar o roMe aa Via.Egnatia qunu jyxny rpaui4uy Mare,u,oxrje tStr. Vll frg. ll): ,,Via Egnatia divfue les Crecs et les Macddoniens des Pdoniens, des lllyriens, des Thraces. Ainsi comprise la divisron a sa raison d'tre,

2,) Vn. xanpume-p,

Heuzey, crp. 286.

{gKo Desdevises-du-Ddzert o6jaurrsara Crpq6o4g.q

]toui .oiii,"r,',tii:,;fi donc considdrer ;;:.J;;;e',;;i,".,ii"3,,1h#13I";o;Bll?.:"d,i,l,,.fel,-,X pr6.sent re


Heuzev,,. 32) J.:C. v. Hahn, Reise von-A-.igrra ;..h'5rToniL,"fili.i"ffi,'la.. Rerse {uqch die Gebiei"'{cJ o.iil ,. 'fi/r.orij, wi.i-r"aoi, rsog. . .. .38) W Tomaschek, Misceit"na, Ztsc h r. d. <isteri.'orr"'i.'iv1en ia ( r aozr, us r :?21 ! . lih8'BfJ1dHf

iq!i"_,."t,,fl ,?{"!;!?,'fJl;,i,lt,,L':.',,fi[r#$lililr:,;:ffi
des documents nouveaux mis au

;;;;;;;

ffi

il

bien profonddment au delh de la voie Egnatia" (crp. 184).

est certain par exemple qu' h l'exception des pays entre Thessalonique et Amphipotis'la civilisitiori et la tangue des Or'eb's n'ont iamais pdndtrd

-ouvrage comme ta iefontul-iurunue ndcessaire. de la premiEre partie de ra Missi;n-.-.-.higiggi;;,;l;;1vr1?!dojne un hommagg d ad_miration et ae-rlspect a l%Juur""a.'1ion et comrne

' 28) Hanpumep, I-leonnja je oro ,iropa Epniona,'Jlo6ep ro.n [e6pa, Cry6epa ro.u, 6nrorsa, Auana xoa Fpe6eHa ur.u,. 2e) L. Heuzey H. Daumet, Mlssion archdologique en Macddoine. - raauraa Paris 1876 (rnrara je oxo l5 roAltHa nocne apxeoJlolxKxx t'tcrPaxr,rBarla Heuzey-onnx).

r ii' l,,,Hi4##H*t",toiTr""v;tl%t.i;il$:#tiffi i.U3*_.,

l2
,rap

J\1axe.{ou;ril rpaAoBr,r y pr^rcro aoda

Vsoir

I:
HyMr4BMarr,rK(

oBo beroBo .u,eJlo, je.u.rHo y cBoioj Bpcn, r flarac je npno Kopr4cHo. On ie onJrHr{Ho nosHaBao TepeH r.r c MHoro roy6ann u nor.uTerba caKynuo je H3 HBBopa u turepaType cBe qr{Me je rvrorao.u,a o6oraru c aojy riorrrnn.naqrajy. V apxeonor.xKom ucnlaTuBalby LlcroqHe Mare,u,onnje oco6nro Mecro npr4na.u,a $panuycnonn HayqHilKy Perdrizet-y. y ,uaoro6pojnnm vranqaMa oH je aa6elexuo caoja aa[axarba ca
r43 ,[pyrHx H3.itarba Hr4cy yBeK TaqHe, aJrfi

npaBo,\t ctrHcny, IberoBe TpaHcr(pr4nur4je HaTnuca yseTe

,, OAlusu.
r,r rberroB

gocrojura HacraBJbau Heuzey-a, flep.uprae ycrBapu no MeToAr4 PaIa npl4lla,u,a rpynu rvrnalrax HaytIHrKa xojr cy ce y npBI4M Aeqennjama XX n. nocnehrsaar ilcuprHoM ,rcrpaxr{Barby jenne odtacru u o6jaarnnnamy qenoKyflHor [beHor apxeonouxor'

n 1898 n., o6janno Macy HoBor enrarpa@cKon MaTeprajara uB crpr4MoHcxe rr [aHrajcre o6.nactu u pag. paAuo pasHa flr,rTarba H3 BepcKor H KynTypHon xnBoTa oBHx rpajera y aHrnur4.85) Panehr{ Ha npeJraay ua XIX y XX B., Kao
.qBa nyToBaba 1894

Melyrran, y XX B. nojalJ.byjy ce u nomahe apxeorlor.ure uroJre y rplrMa BeMJbaMa xoje cy rocJre nporepr.rBaba Typaxa floAenrne repnropujy Maxe,qoHraje. O,q craprajrax 6arrancrux HayqHHKa ucraKJru cy ce y HcrpaxuBalby Maxe,u,onuje flanareopruy, rojra je o6janHo MHoro cnoMeHuKa ua Coayna, flana.u,at(r4c, Toj:a je rpoyq,aBao roprLomaKe,u,oHcKe o6racru, u Kaqapon, roju je npnr o6uuao noTnyHo Heric[HTaHy Mopr,rxoBcl(y

MaTepr,rlaJra.

HrrcrrfrrKo

HaceJba ca .oa'ar(oM r4'Bopa u tureparype.cnrru* j;;;dt;;;-, carpxrd,ie.rHo ropel alyror, rr:.::?ji;il-Si *qrana y apxajcKo r4nr4 xracraqH6 l,o6a-n oiri-rola ce'nojia*yJy.re*

rui.p jg,'y",Jio; E;ur;;;;;, reMeJbaH r.r caBecrari qianari i, r(iriuaoiljr:gJ;-;;;i, tuefyrzru, pHMcKlr nepr4oA il no caK areHauxca.-Iaj:l.,lu 96ynV u ro ca.Epxa;y aaje yru_ 96Oan1o_u -ucropucKy reor paSujy M aKe.qoHnje no o6lacTuMa u iactaauo cnr4car MaKe,qoHcKr4x
:3.Li1 AuM,r,ao

u\ufta Ky6r.rvery ra Toay.se) L:Il.yyrt4M..HayqH Touorpaeujo,u a n ra q Ke M #e;;;il xyMep' rojra je raanre$y ocraJron Hanrrcao ;;;rr;.. M Horo O6ep, rralaet,a 6poj vranaxa y e Hqr'rKnonennj a Pa u ry-w i ssowa_ e^a H HM Ma r(e.u.o H cKr4M rp a.o _noj ,4oBHMa, Haxanocr He yBeK najno_yd4anujwx. OAra,{aH
-c

r,r neoHcKot" HoBua Oauaiy.r.r. flocr Ha MHora nnralba uB rono.pu6;i;'d;.u,onuje, Kao v Ha npyre npo6nennp y neaa c nponraH,rrt*r* nii*.. vpi,t.*iu'* yrnpguiane 3a noo.rx, ,*rne.nonc,irx epa, u *.9::i,:.:'] ru*e oMoryh a B a rbe 48 TO B a ,sa MH o nr4x, rrom e Ka p rl4c Ke I,l;;L;, ;;;;, BacJryra npHrraA.a
H r4

..:.T{tTj_. sdoprrar MaKer,oHcxoi

Ied.rrepa rra MaKeAoHcKe

crapomaKgAoHcKe racropajb,

noaHa_

*:lfl:Ill:r.opgloia ,
rJraBJbe

xri.'pt*rr. y .nrcxy cy r'rs'craBJbeHa a3 Hepa3y,Jbu'iux pasnora noBHaTa camo uB uru:aepapuja. Vlrn*oq oHa Mecra xoja cy oum

xopuruheuu cai_r{3Bopr,: To Haporr,To BaxH

utu

Duwcr(o Jr.o6a.

cr-l:.T ,ri.-lri"rilH

xene_

o;;"-;;.u

Jep Hucy uc_ sa Harnuce, cnucar

o6lact. Mnono ce 6asHo ucttuTuBalbeM crapoMaKe4oHcxux HaceJba r{ rbr.rxoBe KynType noBHaTr4 npqKr4 apxeoJror Keparuonynoc, pa,(ehu npnencrBeHo y Jrepr.rncKoM r(pajy u y E.nameju.uu) Hajr.rcrarnyruie MecTo Meby oBHM ucrpaxr,rBaqr,rma aHTltqKe Mare.u,oHraie y upno'j nonoBr4Hr{ XX a. cBaKaKo rlpuna.u,a Har.ueM Bynuhy. O6uraaehu uB roAHHe y noAHHy y roKy cKopo rBe geqenuje cBe, tla u uajsa1avennje xpajene Hauen ,nena Maxe,u,onuje, Byrr,th je npuxynno nareprajala aa neroJrr4Ko a6uprra aHTHsKr.rx cnoMeHHKa, xoje qr,rHe ocHoBy cBaKor r4crpaxuBalba Maxe,u,onraje. To ce tacTo Moxe pehra r Ba beroBe apxeoJlouKe KapTe, roje mory [ocJryxuTr,r Kao yaop Ba ,[aJbta pa.u,. Ho Bynrah nraje 6uo camo apxeonor, neh u ucTopuvap. IIopeR. HIrBa seh[x ll Mabr,rx pacupaBar o.(,,iocHoBHe BaxHocTr,r aa moj pa,[ 6n.ne cy rberoBQ .q,se'crynuje nocnehene cenepnoi rpaHulu,t lt reorpaQnjr,r Maneaoruje y aHTr4rrKo Ao6a.87)
514 n

[raBa,

riiir_, i:.9_ryruycKa apxeoJrorx*a uKoJra y er'unu-- r&-oruurrsa y ora. .y .(arra o.rnasne peiyarare. :111f,I_oi1 illarept4Jan orKpuBeH Tororvr rrai plaosa Bunpuaro 6oraru ,u,ao ie conr,[Hy oc_ ciajne mororpaeajg-. K_oripi;-I;,;;ri :9,:.I.aa o oBoM BHa_ qaJHoM MaKeAoHcrcorvr rpany,nr; He iorrue;;;;;ilroHarHa 6utra
rG.'a.u.r,r:.
88)

VlcrpaxuBarbe aHrr4qxe Mlnq+orilje tuKux apxeoJrouKr4x r.rcKonaBarba, v r9x/ ,uanac ie y aHaxy re_

iurr.pnu*a, no_ o ronorpaeuju Mareaox{d y l{HoroMe paA Ha ToM [OJby. ti.i.p;;oi, ,run*y orra^-

und Paeonla,

H.'Gaebr

a-nt-ike n Mtinzen Nordgri_ech e nr a nds, I I. Makedonia "I..Di,. I (1906f ia (tgiibi ;'rir-orrru* a y zeitschrift ftir Numismatik.
r

trtrfr
xlv
qu'i

B. crr.tcaK Jn{Teparype. rz; H. Byrnfi, Anrdqxn -cnouenuuu narue 3emre, Cnouenur CKA 7l, 75, 77 r Cnomennr CAFI 98; ld., feorpaQula' J. Cp6rie y anrr.rqKo Ao6a, fnacnnr CHJI 19 (1938) l-15; Id., Ceatipua rpanuqa aHruqxe Marce.uounie, Strena Buliclana, crp. ZJ7-247,

Id',CultesetmythesduPangde,AnnalesdeI,Est24(l9l0),.l.
38)

as; P. Perdrlzet, Yoyage dans Ia Macddoine PremiEre, BCH 19(1895) ,r Hr.rB .u,pyrflx qraHaKa y Hcrom sacontlcy, B. cfltrcaK nflTeparype;

(1e28)

[.

ceyer, Makedonia. RE oa8-77t ir;fi0;;;l"ii'iop"craphie, F. crp.647 u s,.). nr) P. Coilart,_philippes, vilt_e de Mig(!oi_ne, d;p;i, ses origines ius_ Ia

s) 3a oberhumer-a' B. CnncaK n,Teparype;

#g$fi#kffi {*r*#it*s'{il[#ni,*l

orientarti i- ,-:i-;o* .r,itiiunn., JII:9i"it. cy BenuKu 6poj.rpvrax w ra,il'H

aaiuncrrxHarrruca ,, aiiiii;'6;fi;i; de correspondance hettdirique. xoniii I;';;;"ro-ir"iui, cao u HH3 pac_

fin de I'dnoqu.e.romaiire. eu.is--ioiir-F:"L;;i;i.,-phirippes ei ra paris rs45. ooa raysaara o6-

l4

Mare.qoncKu rPa,tloBll y. pllMcKo a,o6a

cy oTr(pr4ha y cro6uma, nehnnotvt H3 noSHOaHTI,lqKOr [ep[o,u,at IvtHorH ui ,rrje,u cy vcrpaxr4Barby ra o6janru4B_a[by yqecrBoBanll Erei,- flerronuh, Mano,.o,ah, , .rpunfi nuyunru, (.(rirae,np'ra,.a Capuiu, KoMe Ay3r.*i. no&6no rrtecio Meby oBI'tMa
rvienrro Ba OTKOnaBarbe aHTLII{KOr CtO6CxOr IOSOpHIXTa t4 ]be-

"ir'-"- Coryu, ri-e

,toJll4t(auiliv.+z)

"p.ilu cHCTeMarixa 14CTpaxtrBa'oa flpeAyseTa naraie ('[rarne, MaraPonac).


Bnure Mra.u,ux rpqKHx HayqHuKa

cy

oeh npe para, a HapoquTo rocne


Pa,U,ra

ueHTpy

naxrle

HaJIaBI4

ce y nocJler'tre

paTa

KOM[neKCa Fa.lepraiene
Ha

KPI4TI4tIKI,I OCBPT HA OCHOBHE I4SBOPE


sa ronorpa$ujy MareAonuje y pr,lmcrco ao6a cy __, Hr,ropat xpajme ocKynHr4. To ce joru nrarue ocehi iua c. aHa aa je y
aHTHrrKo .u,o6a

.uro.1*rpa$cror H'apxeoJlotxror marepr,rjala roin ii 3a Bpeill^e para oTKpHBeH y coryny r,r Eepoir,l (Kanr,rnolnrtlc, lasapuguc, hnnponrxoc u n"p.), nb i, ua obplbranaruy paailx,,lq99l:T.1^y see; c ypelen6rtr Mare.u.ouuie y pHMcKo ro91-.(I3L11{'?rt/' ltcBpro nnfepecaHran rvrareprajal ue uaicenepnuiax-- TBaleBa (AeqeB' /{HapxeoJloal4 6yrapcxu o6iaubyiy Mar6.qoHraje r"qre Mr4TpoB tt ,u.p.). " ,'l'Ha!3un, Xa HaBeLeMo Kao rlocJle,u.rber y oBoM I(paTKoM np..reay, lrilto [aJreKo He nocJre,u,rber no anauajy cBora_Ionpr4Hoca noenusr;y Tonorparlraje afiTl,tqKe Mare.uonrie, arneprv;6; enrrpaprqapa n ucropuvapa Encona' Pa.u,ehu Ha- npilnpe-

o6ialrnraarry 6o-

nocroiao

Maruv s6opnurca MaKe.ll.oHcKI4x HaT[l{ca y oKBHpy X cBecKe Koi.i.iiptl"nEJ Cru.cae - uraju je HeI1ocraraK Mopao ocernrt4 nua Ea'con uao Hcroprajom ie MaKeAoHcKoM roi iu 6asuo naua MaKeJloHCKe To[OrpaQuje.
Hervroryhe

yli.rr*

cryurala xoje ra crarmajy

- nai6ornux pel.

noBHaBa-

Ja. ynory rojy le Marce.ilonraja oAr4nparra y cBery. Behuna rr4x AeJra o4Hocr4Jra ce 6ecynirre ni 3lI_1,rToT HaJcrapr4Jt4 nepuo[ MaKeAoHcxe r4cropuie u Ha Ito6a Alercan_ ,u,pa BenraKor 14 tteroBzx HacJre,u,Huxa, jeduorvr peujy ua ao6i rvri_ Ke,u,oHcKe HeBaBHcHocrt4, ailv ola 6u-6una oi n"erurxe Kopr4cT14 H 3a flauI PaA ,qa Cy Ha['1 Ce CaqyBara. Hapovraro rpe6a xatuTn ry6rarax pagHr.rx Mqre6ovtx&. .u,ena c HarJraueHr.rM erHorpa@cKHM KapaKTepo[a, jep je y }burvra MopaJro 6uru MHoro [o.u,araKa o xr4Bory M:irreaoHa(d u cTpyx_ rypfi lbHxoBe seMjbe, xojra narrn TaKo nea,ocrajy.Meby nr,lcdrirvra tux Mane6ovtx& je r,l Mare,[oHarla, uTo wnu-jow oceT_ -dulo
Jbr,rBo

cKrrx Aena nocseheHHx Maxe,u.onuju, ruro jd nornyno

flpturr4qaH

6poj Hcropl,cKHx

reorprs,

pa-ay,rn-

o6arapoM

nrajrann

cy !e Ha oso&t InecTy c[oMeHyru cBe oHe Ko]H e111aHJILT ycrioxrinarbr4Ma, apxeonouKI4M $ulolotuKt46, cnolrarvr no; ipu,focrr* ilu ucropt4cKHM' [onpuH-enr^yHanpebe[by HaLuerHeKa

,i,i,iu*u
,u.oryHu

Make.rr,oflLtj-e

y prarvrcKo .u,o6a. Cnacar nilrepaType

onai

rPHKaq.

IV n. rpe H. e., aJrr{ ce He BHa rcadi je xiartioJ) M;r6d;;; cy H-anlcalra u .qBa rrracrla no r4MjHy Mapoaje. Mapcraja (Mspcrapuiu-6rao ie poq,om na flere u'npiiarern AndrcciHflpa l6"E) Beruror; sa Mla$era He aHaMo cr{rypHo ra.da je xuaeo, BHaMo caMo na je 6uo ropernom ua Quiina.z) Bepdnatro y rroaHor) St. Casson, Macedonia, Thrace

IseroBo

BueantucKr4 cnoMr4rbe ,u,eceTaK [yra Kao r48BOp sa cnoje rtoAarre o MaKe,qoHcKH]vr rpaAoBr,tma."Mucnu cu lu iu KOra
,u,eno

rbrxoB ry6rarar. Hajnoanarr.rju rr4caq Mcrxe8ovrx&

cresau

ie Tearen (Oeay6vqg),

o6pallrnaao najcrapujy ucropujy Maxenonraje

.u.o

rzl 6. Capuia, flosoPnrute y Cro6rma. Fo,(nutmar ruyreia J' Cp6uie


(1937)

l-68.

and lllyria, Oxford .1g26, crp. 277. Muwttetle .q,a c-e Tearenoso ,qeyro oanocnr6 ua riycraphlu fiepuot" 3acHaBa qe Ha 3anaxa}Ly Aa ce cnn rpano"u'roje IlIg{grlS*J,rcropuje ureeafl Bfl3axrr4cKu norupa no-Teareny, a roju ce Mory rraeni.u@urosarra, Hara3e y llomoj Maxenonrijr a Mnr-Aoaiiu. Kot, Ooruja'c" teiieior; r;;; eqne fl&rprct @eooa),.ovfrq6. Tarsa ,qera, y roiuma c'e onracyjy HajcrapHje uaKeAorrcKe ul/.cruryguie, nucy ]tlofJra .u,a HacTaHy nocne yKuEarba MaKe.q,oHcKe cailocraJ'rHocrui cf. R. Laqueur, s. v. Thelgenes, Ni. 10, RE Zw. R. V (1934) 1348. 2) II,or ie .ueno Mapcuje crapujer .noqunaJro c Mr.rrcKr,ru npeur4Ma xaKe.u,o"HcK14x. KpaJbe-Ba H ,u,on14paro .u,o Aaercanlpa Benr,rxor, .u.6rae ie Kbura M-apcrie Mla$er urata h.uraxrapcru utu riepuerercxn KapaKrep; re maloopojnzx Qpai,ueHara rcojr.r cy HaM caqyB aHu Bul,u ce oA xixse ci; l(_opHcTA OBa Kr-br4ra 6aaa sa Harrr par, rapouraro c o6supol,r na ro .u,a ie illapcuja xuBeo,y pr4McK-o a,o6_a,_ {oxna (upirri,il ft. '{aK Ha noqerKy Laqueur, s. v. Ma'syas, Nr. 9, RE XIV (lg30) crp. lggg f a,.

t6
xeJreHracTrrrKo

MarceAoncx[ rpaAoBr4

y pumcro

4o6a

Kparnuru ocBpr Ha ocHoBHe r.rgBope

t7

Ao6a Harr{cao je Ea.rranpo (B&}'"aypog) cnojy MaKeAoHcKy acloprajy.s) fparvrarrauap JIyrur ua Tape (Ao6nt).).oE 6 je, KaKo ce Mvtctrtt4, Tuppcriog) Ha KpHTy - I-ll B. H. e. - Aao r.ur4poKe oKBr4pe cBoMe ,u,eny o Tecalonuxu.a) .(a.nexy flpounocT
MaKe,lLoHcKe MeTpouone ofleBao ie y neny fl&rpto Oeodcr].ovtxqg (V 25 Ktbr{ra rpeMa Cyuu) ra Xpucrogop uB Koura y Erunry Ea BJrane Anacracuia (a9l-518).5) Aril csa oBa AeJIa, Kao u MHora [pyra KoJa cy Ham [oSHaTa caMo IIo I,lMeHy [l KoJa qecTo He Moxemo HH BpeMeHcKu oflpeAeautu,6) ocraiy tsa Hac camo npaaHr,r HacJIoBI,I 6ea'hraxnor caApxaja. CnorvreHyJla caM I4x camo BaTo Aa He 6H Hsnaegaro qy,u,Ho ruro je rpag,nuraia o cBeMy uTo ce rr4qe yHyTpalurler xuBora Mare.qcxrje rano c[pomauHa. Hecranar re cneqrajaJlHe JII4TepaType paanor je uro HaM, nope,q,

crerreHum aaje4nnvrrM Hanopuna panwjt4x HayqHr4Ka, ycfleJra caM '4a 14 uB oBr4x neh oBer.uTaJIHx rlo.qaraKa I4BByqeM [oHe[rTo HoBo,_-aa .qobeM Ao crarypHraier u 6o6er rbHxoBor TyMaqerba. Kopr,truherre ropenomeHyrr4x Jrr4TepapHrrx .u,era BeBaHo je
tbr.txoBHx [oAaTaKa. o csutvl Tr{M,qeJrrrMa [ocroje goAyure nrnoro6pojneracupnHe KplaTr4qrce cryaraje, qecTo o.q He[poqelbr4Be Bpe4Hocr\. ila croMeHervto camo Hrceuony cry4Hjy o r4BBopuma Jlnnrajene-V nera,u.e, HcrpaxuBa:n,a Kloua, nerleScena ra Kynqa
HOCTT4

oBe

npe cBera.aa yrnpfrBalbe BpeAHocru, noper(rra r{ Bepo,[,ecroj-

fllranujy,

Ky6av_erca

MaHoBe sJIaHKe
KOMeHTape ya

ocTaJlor,
re4onr.rje

Ocnonnu rtHcaHH

Hr4 MaKe,U,OHCKI,| rpaAOBH HUCy ,U,OBOJbHO [O3HaTH. 14aBopH Ba [poyqaBarbe ronorpa@uje Ma-

nepiro.q, pr,rMcror Ha.tlt4parba y, Maregonrajy, nopeq Cnra-cra npe H. ., flonra6raje u nen$racrrax Teoporoxa c noqerxa I[ Crpa6oH u fllraHraje; 3a paHoJlr,reraje; aa AarycroBo .[,o6a

3i

pt4mcro u,o6a

cy cle,u,ehu:

r.

r{apcKo .Ilo6a, [ope,u. peJIaTI4BH.o 6poiHor enrarpa$cKor MaTepHaa noaHoIV u H. e. III n. aa fironervrej; iana, - HTuHepapraiu; aKTa upKBeHllx ca6opa Xrajeporle, flpottonuje, hHrvr,{r(o to6a Hajaag, BpeMeHcKI4 Heonpe1eJbeHo u Horraquie eirracxonuia;

Cre$an BueantucKu t{ HeKH BLISaHTV:KI4 l,l3Bopla. Csu oBI4 HBBopt{, cem ieguor Aena enrarpaScxnx cnomeHHKa y xojra c[a.u,a u suavaiuu Cnucax Teopo,u,oxa' o.u,aBHo cy notHaTr4 H rbt4xoBn cy no.qauu MHoro racxopuurhaBaHx y cneuuiaruoj 14 oIILUToj nr,rrepaTypu no [HTarbuma ucropuje u reorpi@raje Maxe.u.onnie. Teruxo ce Moxe raf,u _y HalueM pl,[y no.(araK r4B JIuTepapHHx HBBopa rcojr.l nrzje seh 6uo ynorpe6raBaH o,rl crpane oBor I,IJIn oHor IIoBHaTor HayqHHKa. 9unulo ce Ha npBr,r nornen Aa u HeMa uTa \a ce PaLra y oBoM 6paanama HBopaHoM noJby. I4uarc cBe ut4pe r 4y6rne noaHaBabe rtpe.rtMeTa oTBapa cae jacuraie nr.rAure, npHMeHa cBe cTpoxuje H npe' qrasHraje rvreioge 14CTpaxuBalba omoryhana cBe TaIIHHie pesylrare: nOCTaBuBurn.npO6neM Ha Lxupe OCHoBe u O6yxnatl4Bulu ra CBecrpaHo rao jeAny ueJIHHy, xopracrehra ce yje4Ho peByflTaTI4Ma
Tafel l. oi Gudeman, s. v. Lukili-os, RE Xlll (1926) !90; cfrJlfel, Thess..p. lll. si F. Baumgarten, s. v. Christodorbs, RE Ill (1899) 2450 i d.; cf.
6) !,umuua,
c. MaKe.u,oacKy l4cropl4iy unu Mar<s8qyrr&

jyhu rrrxoBe ttog,aTKe Ha jegnorvr KoHKpeTHoM HcrophcKo-reorpa@cxorvr npo6lemy, MorJra caM y noieuervry raj cy,u, ta ucnpaBUM t4ilU,q,O[yHrrM. Ten Ha Xpajy ruor r4cTpaxr4Ba[ba.r,rcKpvcTaJrrcaJro ce y MeHH je4Ho o,upefeno Mr4r.rrneme o cBaKoM oA ucrcopnruheH.ux r4g-Bopa. P_earamrapahy yKpaTKo oBa cnoja Baflaxarba, xoja cy 6nuxe o6pasloxeHa KoA pacfipaBJba]ba o iloJeAHHT4M IPaIOSrrlAa. - 3a nepuo,u, pr4McKo_-MaKeAoHcKl4x paroB a fioaufiuje je naur
Hajuoyanauuju uBBop.

cam KaKo um rpe6a uptrJIaBHTH 14 KaKo KopHcrr4TH rbuxoBe rtorafKe-. Ha raj HarrHH, ngnasehra oA cyAa o noje.u,rzuuM r4BBopr4ma Irgju ie panujrzrvr HcTpaxuBarbuMa crBopeH y Hayuu, a ilpuMerby-

[roremejeny feorpagrajy.?) I-lpoyuuru cay ry cneqrajaluy iuTepaTypy u t4cTpilKuTu KpuTHqKu cBaKu ol, rroMeHyTr4x HSBopa y rleJrltHr,l_, rpenaBr4Jro je rpaHr,lqe Mor paAa.8) Vsr,lrvrajyha, Mefyrurvr, 6ea6poj nyTa .y -pyKe Te r4aBope paxu nponepaaama xojer tlo,[,arKa, ynopefyjyfir rtr4xoBa cBe,u,oqaHcrBa o noje,u,r,rHr,rm .rpa,rloBr4Ma, KoHTpoJrr4ruyhra ux Ha ocHoBy crarypHrzjrax enrarpaQcKVx t4 apxeoJrorxKr4x Haraaa, ja cam r,f caMa AouJra no HSBeCHr,lX Sana)l(arba o rbr4Ma r4 rblrxoBoM KapaKTepy, yTBpI.uta

xujepoKnoB cunerAerrn, MulepoBe

o r4Tr.rHepaprajriua u l-lronemejy, Xonaro Crpa6ony rz Cre$any BueantucKom r,r BeroBe

KoMeHTape y3

Haxalocr, caqyBaHo narvr je xo,i mera cBer"a HeKoJrr4Ko trogaTaKa xojH ce Mory r4cKopr.rcrrrTrl Ba TonorpaSrajy MaxegoHraje noqeTKoM II n.,e) ,u,or je ynpano oHaj
z1

H. Nissen, Die Quellen des Livius in der.4. und 5. Dekade. Berlin Klotz,,Zuden Quellen der vierten und frinften Dekade des Livius. Hermes 50 (1915),.crp. a8[1 4.;-l_d., Quaestiones Plinianae geographicae,
1863; A.

s; Schwartz, s. v. Balagros. RE

ll

(1896) 2815.

cy HanucaJlr

5e-]I1 41 u..ll npyrux..fpxa..O der die Entwicklung Uber v. KaDaKTepy cnHca ,,Mcrri6ovrrcr"Jacoby, grfechisilien Historiographie, Klio IX (1909), crp. -lrJ-S, np. l. KparaK npeire.u. rnrepapHux uanopa, sa ucropuiy n- reoria@niy Mare.u,onnig cavyx.

crp.2 u

a.., na6paja

l4

Mare[,oHaua ia_r9!e

Stephanos Byzantios. 8) Ko,u, nac HeMa ycJroBa 3a ucrpaxuBaba oBe Bpcre. He camo .[a . xeuoryhe je na6annrh cly MorepHy Jrilreparypy, sefi xe.qocraje u ocrroBHr4 rlpeAycJroB 3a raKaB paa: ,uo6pa Kpurur{Ka ilBAarba rexcrosa. HB cnHcKa nr4Teparype r4 Lr3Bopa rojr.r .q.oHocr4M Ha noqeTKy KH,r4re Bu,.u ce ta cy.Mnora o.u, ynorpe6renux r.r3.rlarba crapa, nera qar u cacBur crapa.

Quellenschriftsteller des Plinius, Supplbd. I7, Ja-hrbricher f. klass. PhiloIogie 1890; Kubitschek, RE s. v. Itinerarien; Honigmann, RE s. vv. Strabon,

Quellen u. Fors-chungen

I_1 (1906)._

O.

Cuntz, Agrippa

u. Auglstus

ald

,irrx r.r ueiytirseHux, og Xercareia


.r1.,

l-o

crp. 200 u A..'Ha sera betoBa rnplema Ocapnyhemo Ce Ha OA1O'

nb Cre@ana Buaauiucror,

,u,aie Casson,

nuje cmeraro, r,tJrr BpJro M,aJro, ro,u, o6pa4e 3a.[arKa rojr,r cam ceSu flocraBl4na, aau je ynanpeJl r4cKJbyrruBaJ'ro cBaKy noMucao Ha HeKr4 KptrrflqK[ Pa]I' Ha t,3BOpfiMa.

napajyhem Mecry.

s; Pol. V, 97; V, I08; XXVlll, 8; XXXIV, 7; XXXI, t.


?

Mare.uoncxu rpal,osu

l8

MareAoncKr4 rpa,q,oBu

pt4rrtc:ro ao6a

Aeo rberoBe lrl,cropuje xojr 5ra Ba Hac 6rao o.u, r4HTepeca uBry6rreu. Taj ry6araK ,u,oHeKJle ce Moxe Ha,u,oKHa.q,uTurune uro je_Io4 Jlunuja caqyBaH y opr4rr4HarHom Texcry npr4xaa ,(pyror q Tpeher MaKe.u.oHcKon paT-a_, a BHa ce [a je aa- ode "qorabif lap ryIo le rnqe caMe MareAonrje -- Jlraaraje npenpr4qaBao llolu6uja. T-.*q rAe cmo y rvroryhuocrl,t rta ra konrponraueMo, BHnuMo na je Jlaaraje BepHo rpeHocno cnoj usnop (yn., Hanpu-, Mep, Hr4x(e, y rJraB[ o flo,u,eJrr Maregonuje Ha r{eTr4pr4 n-ena I6T-r., nolynapame UaBnqaja Jlranuja u ,(rao,uopa). Mefyrr,rm, Kao H
cBaKH HSBO.rr, JIAnrajen TerGcT

rlrraaH
14

y o.rrucr4Barby

(n. rn. o Ilunrecrult4, np. 42). Onucyjyhra oi,noc-e eununa V u I-lepceja ca ceBepHlrM MaKeAoHcKt4M cycerraMa, paBHHM ulupctuw
Bpno a,paroqene [oAarKe B. npe n. e. BJra.u,aJre y Hajsa6avenujuru c6lacruma ceBepHe MareAoHuje. Fbemy rirvrarvrb ,rr,a BaxBaJrrrMo gKopo_ s_a cpe uTo BHaMo o ype$emy xoje je Marce.u,onuja .qo6rala 167 r. Alr, u Ba ronorpaQlajy MaKe,qoHuje on ocraie jenax o,u, ocHoBHr4x Hauux HBBopa; ui ra6ene xojy .[oHocHMo na xpajy oBe Krblre Bu.u,r4 ce ga je Ko,u lbera cnoMeHyTo oKo rrorra o,u, yKynHor 6poja noaHaTr,lx rpa.qoBa Mane-

trqrq croMr4rby, o6r.rvHo HecurypHa (n. rl. o .(eypr.lotry, np.S8). grarajyha BeroBe usneuraje He cMeMo Hr4ra.u, uaiy1uru us Bup.a l,a oH rperpurlaBa r.r crpahyje cnoj raanop (L cnyuajenrairna xojr Hac r{HTepecyiyno cnoj npuluu}r ucxJbyqr4Bo llonra6uja),u Ea rh npeBoAr,t: jep ce npeno[erseM Moxe noHeKa,u, o6jacnnrr4 HeKH HeAoBoJbHo jacan o6pr peqeHr,rqe vilu Mano qyAHa ynorpe6a flpeAlora

floxyuaju loxaluaoBarba nojegnnux Mecra xoja ce caMo Ko,q

KperarLa nojxce

je veoro He.u,oBoJbHo-jacaH r{ npe14

paTHrlx onepaqraja, na cy

Kapar(repa rpa.(oBa aao&exie;;il';;eacrom lu9anr r Teopo.u,oxa.

{pryry_gc1gl "a odloBae a3BOpe I9 Antaroneje, a jyxuo or Jlere u TecanoHr4^e. Mefyraru, ,,oBHaTo je 4a je AaHei- 6una o6yxnahena cuHouKu,uom TecaJroHrd*e -gu j-e'npeMa Aa ro,e ueryluna craryc nrn^ci. n ce noceTa rocrraHara oBolvl rpaAy una o6jacnzr u rume f1{a_c1ax \a oH BDeMeHOM re nOHOBO Cteraor cariaoynpa By ;4 Oaro;ro [; ;; Tecaloir'rKe- hrrr4 rpa.qr4r{HJoM HacranoM npe ocHr4Ba}ba 'Arr"^Huje Teca.uonure' rcoja tgx,qa ce.oapxhra H .qbq,u;u ,.tarro ruure noruc?11) ?.) tja. Kpajl dnracxa *bi ;;nuio"ri*r, rpa1oBr.rMa sr4Tamo u Lv Zanrl5, )6r,ur cy [oaHaro rpaqno nrur6.-n;';:;_ yliy-.\'noanrja HsBopr4 rre ,i,ajy-o-cHoBe Ba rperrocraBr(y Jr,a Je oHo I'rMaro ypefeme. l-p:A:Ig .LUrera ju .qu'r, y iranoil o'a oBa .(Ba clyvaja HHcMo y rvroryhHocrr4 nu arrro " dapuburrjil o.4roBop Ha tluTabe, H \a rr{Me..&o[pr46eceMo curyprri'., Viiii_
14

cnr,cKy

o [punr4Kama xoje cy norrerrom ll

H TpaqKHM nJreMeHr4Ma, Ifuanuje nam-.uaje

y ao6a ,u,oJracKa PururnaHa. 3a no.rerax II B. flpe H. ., ylpaBo Ba Bpeme KaILa PranJbaHH HaAr4py y ManenoHujy, Caucarc deafiaucux iileopodoxa
aonuje
rpeTcraBJba
14BBop

jep aer$ucKt4 cnr4car .u,oHocr{ r4meHa caMo noJruca, o.rr,HocHo camoynpaBHr.rx rpa.u,oBa. Onaj crucaK noraayje na je npe ,u,o-, -6Ho JracKa PunnraHa cr4creM rpagcKe caMoynpane pasarajen vl Marce[onuiu u ua je rpa,u,ona 6uno He caMo Ha npur*op;y nehl u gy6ono_ y yHyrp.aurrbocrr4 (s. np. 24 y cJre,q,. rn.). Ilocioje yt or(Brlpy MaxegoHuje, cBera ,u,Ba cryqaja rcoja Mory .4oBecrr y cyMrby Mr,rruJberre ,[a cy 4el@ucxu t]ecopoi nocefiuna.ru camo n_orruce: l) klsa llere, a rlcnpefl Anruroneje u Kacanapeie Ha Xa,rrn.u,nxy, !_aBe.u,eH, je y le.n$r4cKom criucxy rpan 'Aiaanea (ev Aiav6o."). Ha ocHoBy.Mecra xoira onaj rpa,{, una y cnucKy, otluTe je mururerbe JI,a je ro Aiv6a Ha eanaAnoj o6atu XalKr,r4HKa,10) xoja ce Aoucra HaJraar4o ceBepHo o.u, Kacan,qpeje u
10)

Br.rTKa rpa.u,cKor xr4Bora y Maxegouuju. Bepo,qocrojnocr noKyMeHTa quH.u ra cpeTcrBotu 3a npoBepaBarbe fio.uaraKa Jrr4TepapHr4X H3BOpa, HapOqHTO r.rJTO Ce THqe CTaryca [ojeJr,t4H]tx rpa,u,oBa,

rpBopaape.qHor snavaja aa yrnplraBalbe paB-

Ko ce 6anu ucr-opucKor* reo.pa6rajorrr-'niunLaonrp .q,eJra VII'xmnre, ynpubo oHor AeJra r(ola ce"yorirn o,u,Hoca na MaxeAouujy,- npeTcraBrsa-aerraKy rurery, xojy caMo .rr,eJr,Ha.u,on nabyjy. @p a_rm eHrH 3 Au.ly unioiori, Epiio-*;v;''prsHo y oplrrr4HanHoM reKcry caqyBau je camo L::,"r_l_Epitgni_e_edii;. oHaJ AeO rcoju roaop,t o via Egnatia,.o .nrficnrr* u urupe*u' nJreMeHrlma v BaraAHoM ,qerry nporraHqiaie vurrrrr'{rrJ' rvror\tAl Maxbaorri. ; ;i;;: ffOj Mafe l6ruUin. Crpa6ox n_1!9 us ayroncHje rorHaBao on je croje no,qarKe yBHMao ua Ae.na crapujnx Maxelonujy; ucrop1,t{apa u reo@parruenraprtocr rexcra He Lorytxra ce ycraHoBr.r :p^1P1 K,JH cy ro nr4cr{u. fiow6uja gurupa crpioon Aa o.ru rpu Maxa, f roaopehr'r o prrM*(oM ocrilany u'o cri*y xo;. Je Hacrano v oHr4M o6racruma.rre cy pumianu paroBan, . Min.lo;;ffiJ. Hema cyMlbe .qa.ie on roa ii-oiuauiz n;;;; ino.o reorpascKr4x nojr,aTaKa. vnopen_q c Br,rm oH KOpHCTT4 0qurJreJ(Ho 14 Apyre irapaje ucropuqape'u XoivrepoBe KoMeHTaTope, aJrH a Honuje, caBpeMeHe [r4crle ue Koiux venr,aa tlo,[,arKe xoI, cu oAHOCe Ha rberoBo npenne.l')_ o-.anojraru crapo o.[ HoBOra"6unoje aa MeHe ocHoBHr.r npo6nenn xo.a koprzruhdma Crpaooni. y *no.o cryqa_ jena naje 6uao ruoryhe yirp4rru Hexi, rpa.u, xojra oH m i, crromr4lbe nocrojao y lberoBo BpeMe uilu ie He. Aaru cyu o Bpe.qHocru crpa60HoBor reorpascror np,KaBa Maxe.qouuie iruje c ooJrlor* au-"ju, y cralby y KOMe ce HaJlatra meroia rgIo, VII xrbr,rra, TeuKo ycraHoBr.r ru ruta 6w 6uta lberoBa rpeuKa, a ura rperx*a .nrrd*uiopa. I4nan qu,u
najneher
14

cmpofiottooa vII. Krbura, qa. u y oHar(Borra sparrvreHTapHoM crar'y y r(oMe Harvr ie caqvBaHa, cdtpxu ,iiu.rorrraja'reorpa0crcu onrc " xoluru pacnonaxemo. Ba cBaKora -Mane.qoHuj6

..^,--..1i] .{eJcKr.lM

Ha narnucy croja 6v.Atcrv6crr. Haje Jrr nocpe,(u xoneyszja c eJrIrpa[om Aaaae (Aicrvl)? rz) O Crpa6ony n. oArrr4saH ,raanaK Flonigmann-a E. y RE s. v,

Plassart, Thdorodoques, BCH 45 (lg2l), crp. l'1.

2x

20
Mr4

Maxel,oncKfi rpa.u,oBn y pumcro

,u,o6a

Ce ,u.a ce nperepyje.y rloTl{erbHBa}by oBor HSBopa' HapoquTo lberoBHx $parrvrenaTa. AKo ce cTaBVMo y noJloxai oHora KoJH npenracyje oAHocHo eKcllepnnpa, aKo cxBaTuMo Te.xHI4I(y rberoBon pa.[a, oHtra he nann MHore ,rpeulKe" ttocrarl, jac_ne, a op-]l-

ce uaa rlux rpraje [ocTaTil y6e4rnranrair. V suue cryvaiena Morna caM ,u,a ce yBepHM y Bepo,u,o_crojuocr npaBHJrHo cxsaheHHx no.u.araKa uB e[HToMa. Hraie uorpe6no ra ux oBAe noHoBuM, o tbnma he 6rarr'l pesr Ha oAroBapaiyhenn Mecry.
rr4HaJrHH TeKcT ttojra

Paqehu cTarrHo c @parrueHTuma H ynopefyjyht't no,u,aTKe o ra gpyroj Epitome, AolxJIa cam Ao r4croM rlpe.u,MeTy y ieaHoi -pes yBepeba .u,a ce He rrroxe AaJbera AaTI4 npe,u,Hocr jenu.oi [:piiome r4crpe.u, [pyre. I,l]ari y nefiunra clyuajeaa Epitome.Vaticana yqwtuta MH ce He .caMo HcupnHuJqM' Hero -14- BepHI4JoM. Tano ci* num npeanoc'i trg. 2l E. (:npitome VatiCana), y KOMe Ce rOBOp u o'cvtlortraarrry TecalounKe, ucnpen frg. 24 Epit. (: Epitome edita) no Hcroj crBapr. flpernocraBI4JIa caM frg.
peKoHcTpyr4uet\.l tacrnapenra TeI(CT y BesH C flenarOHraiom u Tr4Me gaiuila AparoqeHo cBe,u,oqaHcrBo o oBoM rpa.u,y. llorny-

20 E. (o

[lraeprajr,t)

frg. 22 Epit. V frg. 2A E. roKyuana cam

Aa

nujn je H caMLrM rHM

TaqHraira frg. !5 E. (o rpauxoj nraep.ucrcoj o6ani u Quautuna) o,u. frg. 33 Epit., iep y teMy cro.iu ra cy falenc n Auononaja 6uru ropyueHu o.u, @ununa II, AoK rona y frg. 33 nenna, na ce lo_6uia yrucaK Aa cy Ta_ MecTa poleis r,r- y CrpaSoHoBo xo6:r. ,(erarnHa' aHanusa frg. 36 E. noraaara je ra cy no.(aur4 o [apop6enuiu w Eucanrujl'I KoA Crpa6ona Taqnr. Camo frg. l0 Epit., rcojra roropu o I'paHHIIaIua nP9nraHqraje Maxe,u,onraje,-ie onrirr,rpHrail.r o.u oAroBapajyhe-r frg. 9 E. Mopann ttpHMeTHTu y.B.IpgA.,tI,a ce y oBoM nocJleIl,tteru Qparmenry HaJraBH o-6rnx 0eddcrloviretu, ea xojra cam yTBpl..uta.ua je ayl'eHTHqaH, ctpa6oHoBcKu (4. nora. Mllrgonuia). Vcruna je \a cy

rpaHHUe rcoje nann naje Crpa6oH npervra oBHM @parmenrr6a BpJIo ueMaTHSOBaHe, Aa He noqHBaJy Ha noSHaBa[by TepeHa u Aa onajy upurr4qHo nejacHy npercrany xoia i1Y reorP.a$nja Tor BpeMeHa nocroiala o HBrJIer,y nojearanux o6aacru. Anu, oHe He

Kpt4TLrKy St. Casson-a Aa y rbuma ro6oxe 'u.onaau ,r1o r4opaaa HeKaKBa Crpa6onoBa Teopuia, xoia Moxe .u,a sagoBoJbr,f rberoB MaTeMaTHqKH Ayx aJIH He uucropuqapa.l') Vcrnapu, Casson je raj xoju He BHa Aa je racrouua rpaHnua Maxegonuje urcada nonraphla .u,o Xe6pa (there is no historical evidence at

slcnyxcyjy

all to show'that it ever ieached as far east as the Hebrost); oH Mr4cJrH na Jag,paHcKo nprarvropie, I4aKo ie,u,no Bpeme nol, KoHTporrog Marce.u,ottraje, nrje HI4KaJL 6rano MaxeAoHraja (was never Macedonial). I-bena 6yna uTo Ko.u. Crpa6ona uuje aa6eJlexeHa Kao ceBepHa npaHl4tla, ,,crB-apla" rpaHuua ,[ynan l,t uTo ce

uapcrBa, na ce I{ rberoBr4 no.(ar{r4 ySeTu r43 TOr anaira,{Hor r4SBOpa O,rLHoce Ha ro BpeMe. Taqnocr oBrlx no,[aTaKa je naH cBaKe ay**u. On, ce JIaKo Mory o4nojrarn o,( ocranux rroAaraKa tto roMe luTo cy y rbHMa r4rneHa rpanoB.a .qaTa y ernuxony.la) Hacynpor rbuna, nolaqr.f yseTu ue crapyirax reorpa0c.r(r4x -cniaca r,pajne cy HJi noysAaH,: He CaMo ga [Itwau1e na6paia. ]rMeHa /uHorux .ie rparona BpeMe Hucy- svule civitatei, au roirr-s, IgiT^y-leloBo croJe ynope,qo c rpa,rloBr4Ma uuja cy umeHa y erHuKory, u6i, npenrcyjyhra crape HsBOpe, oH crroMr4rbe H I]OHeKO MeCTO KOra oAaBHo BHue Huje 6uao. Koluxo cy [oys.u,aHr.r [oAaurd yBeTil H3 sBaHHVne @oprvryJre, ToJrHKo cy Hecr{rypH u oBu [pyrr4. V onracy Mare4onuje nocroje ABe ,,rcr. c rpa.qoB uMa y erHr'rKoHy.. o. cuntz nuinw Aa y rbHMa ruoxe pacrrosHarr ABa conventus iuridici, aaKo oaw nwcli nspuquro cnor*.ryir. ceHy ce rraK quHu aa je pac[ope.q rpalona y oBr.rM A;;r;o: nacTaMa yser rrE HeKon reonpaocror uanopa.l) Ja ne'nn,u,um n, i.rn" HH .[pyro. llpra rucra, AoJtyu]e,'nug Aa ,qait caMo rpaloue SanaAHo or Ancnjq: ona ca,ipxrz HaJope HeKoJrr4Ko onuTHHa w Boruaje, a iarau u6riaee rpaaonr.r ,; ffi;;ii,; ::..ry,:,.Irpli.. oA Kolux trpnil.,- C1g6u,^.cy4eh.r, no roMe ruro HaBHaqeH craryc (oppidum Stobi civium Romanoium),Je ruxob;;;: l:for Tuqe [r3 SBaHr.rqHon cnucKa, anu ce ro He Moxe pehu,H 3a ocrane rpar,ose xoira cy_BepoBaTHo y'er, rra HeKor ,u,pyror (mox Antigdne.q,- Egrgprls ua ,{{r* amnm, eodemque r4BBopa nomine per quod Rhoedias fluit, Scydra, Eorda.u, frflu?u,-Gorajrniae;,;,
1r)

TaKoSBaHe KoMeHTape y3 ArpflnaHy Kapry purrrciror

ro6a. Kol, [Itturuuja [omeuaH u cy y orrrcy Maxe.roHraje nogaqra ySerr'r H3 SBaHr4qHHX CTaT[crr4Ka c [o,(aq]rMa r43 nepnnJra H Apyrrax reorpaQcrux cfluca. Konn6unonarf,e oBa ,u,na 6urno paaJrr4rrr4Ta rrSBopa ,u,oBoAI4 qeCTO IO [OHaBJba[ba, Ao rpeu]aKa H HeJIOTHq_ nncao y ,Eo6a @raarajenaqa, fu;;nuje je Vnorp.i::t::3a caoj I:lr_t. or40 paa uor,c rp.oB,Hrrrrja cacranJbeH y a6od Anrycia,

cluaTpa ,u,a cy -rpaHuue rcoje aaje Crpa6on uupe nero uro ie u_r opuia,, [B ejy npoBt Hrlaja ". K_arca rax an ejy npon, nuriu :.1,1r,I._? HriJe JacHo, J-ep ce BHa 4a Tparcuja nuje 6uta nporrrHquji V Crbi_ donono

fio&aq[

crp'492

rHMe olysr{Ma Tpaxraju (nraje jacHo rura he ;y Tp-arrrja, xag.je peq o Mire,u,ouuji.l) no6ap Aeo rueHe repraropr.rje. Je,u.nolt Pe'IjY,
-,')

Casson, H. 4., crP. 42 u g,

Seare

ss (npr(#'dl"b.","iren-oBa Ae,i: bie Geographi. EiililX'B;1*JlfiIl; u,nd llelq und ihre euellen). ftu.ori is ;;, r,je n IIn iii t! t.-r a. ; i,ii' r,11i1i?i".1,.ofl ,: 33: o H il i, &'l g'l lxb: i Suppl'..17, y xojoj ara,r,'arrpi 1il, n;ilrr.;e noAarKe o Miruao nuru u pacno-

r43 sBaHnqHHX rrr4cra oa ociaanx: l) onuril.rn. iy p"c"n5;;b;;;;; xoHBeHrlrMa;2) rtacusuurapane'cv no .iiiyLi;b;;ilo;r" r4*eHa cy y er*u_ xony; 4) mecra cv rraBe,q,ena He ro ieoroa.6ii;il; ftf;;"";A;o.iiii,.,,il ;;;; ] o-{erbKv o Mixenoriuiu clio i;irit-;;;;-*;;;ri*u ,uno yorrrbr4Ba. tr;'llpema O. Cuntz, Cottingische gelehrte Anzeipe

il rtucrwte.y:rlpu

Jones, The cities of the Eastern Roman provinces, App. I: priny,


KapaKTepr.{crxKe.no xoia,ua

i. ro.y

pacno3Harr,

il' ;;

rbHjila KOHBerrTe, uuca,rn iUOraa

la

iioOuiem

Kpriuuru Scepr ila ocnciaHe


22
Ma r
eA

r.rsnope

23

onc

rLrg4gII

y-

Il

it19

a'--' Lo-' t'o6

npl4'u'pxaBa inoralchnae,fluviusAxius)'Ko'u'npyre'[yT:Jll4cr;aloa' n'Ru y o"' aii uu oH ce He 'r.t'na 6ercru p.n n'1*'" r,rs..9,t?t]trii::f,:X$$i rpdnotu'It crporo. y *o1 r xi,i*rn,ra ''s (Apbrv:3:, An"toHela L - cunruxe (cxoiiffi;; .u M"Aon'1t'[xt'i'-io'i2' Mopranra ra TopoHei, ffiitpot"i' (fhpecr)' I'lcroqHe rvca, Xepaxrel'';'; i;p;;;;vi;

tleotrrale(,(o6ep'"{iip"o'i)'"'f'l''*u""ssani'u'neMaxe-

fifl-jto-$'fl ]'li-[fr?l-]fi lliili rfr'?'ir";'n':ri fildii#!:lft ffiiiliifi ;[*ii1*Iifii:ffi yxervr crvrHcny'16) y ne .nuouty-!"ivtintironr'rly noxole

*#$F:,Ii'ffi

ycr'aHoBIlTI4 HI'lKaKaB HI4 y oqu He camo Aa ce Ty He Moxe p^11' neh na[o u rurI4I{Ko-aAMI4HI4crparnBHu' -ry 1;;tea$cxu Maxegonule' paqyHa tila o rianuuaMa

npallnr,rnr'rie nt'u6n' rpanrue--npournu"le c ucropucKl4M Merra ar.rv*4Hr4cTpurrrgu p'.'r*rUr,--'xo!oiur n'oqurse rorrlaBJbe o Huua*a ru**".tiifi;. t' poittutu p6puloruln B epoBarHo Ie ce Ha npo' MareAour,!,r t rviuct"a""ii npiu'"nu"il"':#bcl{ nont,,ca "') v'era ,, ,r."';;;; an cxe o 6 are'u'o

na

's

o'rl a'u'p ;iI ;;i 4-^t1 1'3ort t un aoBo tIorJIaBJbe ca peKom ounvttt4 Xe6pa. Me5yri"rvr,'-h"n'!t--'.uui*uua *tTy t[;;tl; Mu*tno*!e'18) Crpnrvrouo*, *oiu'!e no HaBo[9 ce y norJlaBJby
u

Huuly

u*. oo'*

t4

ocraJII4

np.rnoiiasrbao oHlla Kar'a My yno'itb*ui"<i-:1T:' one cIII4cKoBI4*u c'e !p BeHcrBeHo cxyxr'to A' no ''iu-ie ca*o ral. Ie npBr, Hr,cy o, iti3"'i"Fi- nr.i.rouo: "o gbqyvrrr4
I-lnr.rnraje

'trouno Tpaxralr, nupuunb npt*u

.pul.oui'

on i'p'*oHa

ilJeopurvra''n) " 9iii"iy'aope sBaH14t{H14M c u oi5 i.oipu{,c nt

lzlerrela

'u'a le

aa xoje je rualo utu Hr4MaJro BepoBaTHo Aa cy npeTcraBJbaJrr,r caMoyupaBHa rena, Kao rxTo cy Eepra, Mueaa, [lngua, faaop, flt(o, Ao.u,yue,- HeMaMo nrajegan florflyHo cr4rypaH npr4mep r4B {v_rareAoH[Je Aa or4 ce oBo Mr,rrxJbebe MorJIo cMaTpaTr4 AoKaSaHr4M. Mefyrr,lrvr, npr,rmepr4 r,ra ,[pyrux rpoBr4Hut4ja noxaayjy .u,a je [ronemeJ roBopr4o o npa,qoBr4Ma Kao reorpa$, Aa cy trera r4HTepeCoBaJIa HaceJba 14 lbt'lxoB nolOxaj, a He BI4xoB a.U,Ml4HllCTpaTVBHu .craryc.za) Crora, axo Ko.q mera'nafeMo r{Me Heron Mecra, Moxemo 6uru yBepeHH .u,a je_ TaKBo HaceJbe BaucTa uocTojalo, anu He u4_a je-To HaceJbe 6ulo [onuc-caMoyflpaBHa onuTHHa.

Hajnpe onrzcyje nprarvropje a oHAa yHyTparulbocr. Hr,l llroirervrejen cnr4caK MaKeAoHcKrx rpalona Huje fiornyH. MHorn rpa.u,onr,l xojra cy HaM Ha HaTnHcwMa cunypHo [ocBe4oqeHu y To BpeMe (nanpr4Mep, _Cry6epa, Apr, Araaua, Eop.uaja, Cep Lr Ap.) ne ualaae ce I(oA l-lrolenneja. C apyre cTpaHe, KoL lbera vwa rpaAoBa

6u nac najnnrue o6panonano ,(a nalenno Ko,u, rbera: Jla beroB cnlrcar rpaAoBa-ofltrrTHHa 6ya. nornyH. On je ycrBapra xTeo .u,a ,u,a reonpa$cnra onuc BeMJbe u crry)Kuo ce BBaHI'IHHM craTI4CTHKaIUa CaMo no HyXAH. 3a rononpaQr4jy Maxe[onr.rje y to6a Panor uapcrBa ocHoBHr,r Hau JruTepapnn r4aBop je lTtiio,tenej. Rol, bera cy rpa,u,o-Bl,t pacuopeleHu rlo rrcropracruiu o6lacruna, npr4 rremy H oH

Apyrr{M MaKeAoHcKHM OntxTUHaMa, l4aKO Ce O r4nupcKr4M KparoBopH Ha ,[pyroM MecTy, Tamo rAe ce ourcyje jalpaHcKa o6ata.22) 36or oBaKBor cHcTeMa paaa Iracrana cy c je.qne crpaHe noHaBJbarba, c ,u,pyre crpaHe [paaHuHe. flrrame je la .nrz je fi.naunje yonure iexrao oHoMe uTo
JeBUMa MaKe,q,OHCr(e [poBr4Hrlr4le

nepurrrr,Mr, nainue y yHyrpaLuxreo r,a Haopolra rpagont v ra uti|rlu ce' I4cTo'lHo -ytlvti'q'**y'. 3aTltM' a A'xiu!a' tbocTt't rrsr,reSy kannaxnona nt !e a6or rora o'o v o.u. oBe peKe'

ro'1.x";6;t;d

tt'ii'ir*'91P1' t;il;i; |li.Xl8 il ro,uJlo o" "p;;;*t;on1:' Amanrllll r r'r'trt' X*l'l;;i l,;il;,,'ffi'r:ff#i uTo cmo nuAllu, Othryonel'

IyTe_re Tecalouuna-Cro6u-Cxynu, Cro1u-Xeparcneja u Cro6u-fl ayranuja. Ky6uuex je norcaaao .u,a je ltinerarium Antonini llsBo\ t4lu npenllc HeKe KapTe pr4McKor r{apcrBa na xojoj cy dunu o6eaexeHrl nyreBfi n ta HeMa EBaHilqaH KapaKTep. Vlcra KapTa rtoin ora yero

3a III n IV n. H. e. aKo ilayamemo niruuce u cnyuajne c[oMeHe HeKrrx mecra y JrHTepapHHM jegaHra naru HBBoprzMa HBBop cy uuiuruepapuju. Kpoa Marcelonujy je npoJraanJta jegna on -Egnatia, n.,'raBHr4x crao6pahajnrax aprepr.ria purvrcxon uapcTBa via {oja iq ea6erexeHa y cBHM urranepapujuna. Oirarvr me, Itineiarium Antonini HMa ryr Jlapuca-TecanoHuka, a Tabula Peutingeriana

;;;;;' *J'' tY u Y irPYrrm


17)

H3Bol

Plin' lV, rsi prin. !y,

33'
qg.

l,il"diliinr"ffi :rr,,fr Jll4cral$a'


i'aqnra """

""

u plin. it) lV,

;q*li*r**#*.n#'iffr iI#,'#I:rii[

Denda civium Romanorum, Epidamnum Lolonia propter inaus-picatum nomen a Romanis. Dyrrachium ippellata, flumen Airus'a quibusdam Aeas nominatum, Apollonia quondam-corinttriorum colonia tiI p. a marl rece4ulr,. cuius in- finibus -celebre Nymphaeum accolunt barbari Amantes et Buliones." 23) laro, nanpuuep,._oI y Arraqu HaBotLn rao poleis, nopeA AruHe, Pamnynr, JVlaparon-u tp. 14 Johes, n. 1., App. ll: Ptoiemy,'c.rp.4g7, xarrauraga Aa l-lronemeleBo ,u,eno nuje oa ropirLra sa norurirqxy'reorpaQrajy, jep l-lronemei ne noKyrrraBa'.u.a pa3nuKyii civitaies o,q ocri.nrrx iaceri.

Plin. lll 145: A Lisso Macedonia provincia, gentes Partheni et . 22) eorum a tergo Dassaretae,_ montes Candaviae a Dyriachio LXXVlll p.,

35.

24

Mareaoucru rpa.uoru ir pra,trcro no&

I(prrrw,

ocBpr Ha ocaoBrre ueeope

is
HeMaMO nuje.qaH

cnyxHJra

nerarium Hierosolymitanum HMa TaKole- mnoro nogy,[apHocTt'l ca ltinerarium Antbnini, arn He TaKo na 6u ce MorJIo noMucJII4T1l Ha ucTu t43Bop. Ou je iranyptro II,aToBaH ca 333 r., ,[,oK je uanop
ocTaJrrrx HTr4Hepapraja I-loAauu rarnuepapraia oI KopHcTH cy 3a JIOKaJII4SOBa[be lojeLr4HHX HaceJba, ooA [peT[ocTaBKOM .qa ce 3Ha KaKO ce

je xao ysop oHoM r4Tr4Hepapuiy ca Kora cy llpenHcailu cBoie noJl.arKe clirir.,nav Ta6yre' u' f6brpa$ PanencRLt.'n) Itinorr,|uao il3 BpeMeHa Kapaxane.

y ro

BpeMe

rpyrrd r4aBop xoju.6H AoKaaHBao aa j-e Anorronuja y,uo6a paiior rlapcrBa 6una civitas, 4o5 ce Keli: u Arconrrcrua npe rora
Xujeporctto s Ciaerc de n caapxu xpoHoJro ul Kr,r rocJreArbra no pery_ nonr4c MaKe,qo-HcKlrx rpa.u,ora rojuirn pacfioJraxemo. v tbeMy :".__{l1glonraja noian"royje rro.(erbeHa y .u,Be npournurj;, np;A MaKeAoHuja wma 32 rpaaa,-Apy.u Marieionraja g rpa,u,oni.

6ure civitates. THm lper rrTo

yorrrxTe He cnoMr,ftby.

KDerao

i;;;r'i., ['.* triy

nVT H DHMCKT4 -*.t,Vir,rM,

He6nanoCpen-ri. o.,{pIrIeLHa rpe6Ka npl4 npenyguBa}by IIJIU Mabe ralbe Kole Je MorJIo HacTaTH upralranOru Ca6uparra 6pOjena Marbl4x nomohnux l4sBopa yTBp'['[lTH 6ea nervroryhe

Aa ce, TH [oJI.aUH rvrefyco6no cnaxy' qecro .[tu ce. orcroialba y MHJbaMa roja ,runefiprl, ne nolynapaiy. y r6rtl cnyvajy, axo nHie ie

craHnua,

4Pyl?x xoira ie'rarranephprai' rauaH.25) Hapovuro ie MHoro rperIJaKa y ta"Ovira. klrrra ilyvajeoa ,u,a ie y rbo! HeKa cTaHI4IIa l4socraBJbeHa (i#6;;r.'ep.itrr), n. cy fiorpeurHo roBeBaHH nyreBu (nyr i;;r;d*'Crirarvron'a sesaH ea <brarrane yelecro 3a Ann6_unor' i'. no.r. 6acinrnia), [a cy orcrolana ca ie.unor-nyra npe6aveua o Ha .rpyn4 (nyr Cio6u.-Cxynu tlyllxyuu-tlarcyc, B' rJI' cy orer ce 72, 73)' flofabl 'u'a rpunraua,ra'Ma.xe.u,otlrai;t, -npr'rrrr. orcrolarba KoJa ;;p tiOyitu ucyBt4txs.ryrS.(nyr,qI{oH-Eupgjq) t4yt4, Hanport4B, ?phh. ndro uio rpe6a lttic-alonura-Cto6H). Hu ltinerarium Antonini ttn Tabula Peutingeriana He oBHauanajy rpaBHu nonoxaj rpa.u.oBa. Ca ror cTaHoBI4LIlTa O,U, Kopncru HaM Mor(e 6urvr iarrro ltinerarium HierosolyT'3.llTll:l' .gy auu MeCTa o6elexeHa Kao civitates, mansiones u mutatlones' Iv{utatio Mox(e Ouru o6HqHa craHHqa 6ee nacersa (Hanpl'lpep: u AP'), atu mansio ;;i;ii; c.pr,itu, mutatio Ad--Decimlm Moxe HeKa craH1{ua y Ta6ylu lA HaceJbe. cuinunn o6erexasa Tenne H Stenas Aa He oanuuuuu lrc.*. (nanp.i Stenas tto.u, ra)l(ba o.6paTI4JIa ce rurb Ha .tlocala i'on-A.6,lp-Kanra!e), ryaie iii;;rilri ff i.r*oiymitanum HMa Ha vilEgnatia y MaxesonHiu ouu Ciriiuies: Xeparneiy, Eaecy, I-lery, Tecalonu{y, ArySu.loP o""t' Kao mansiones o6eiexelru cy rpa'qoBl4 Kere (cellae)'

nucao flor Jycrrauajanorvr, a fr,a.nny- je- ilao r4BBop nocnyx[o nonuc uB BpeMeHa Teo.qocraja II, rj. raa cpe4uie v n., "n ta flpefua- ToMe [beroB crrr4caK rpa,4ona oApaxhna cTarbe y To \o6a.27) 3a Maxe.qoHnjy je ono [rrarbe o,q, Hapoqrzre BaxHocru e6or rora uro je ynpanir xpajervr V r. Maxeabnrr;i aiii'ieioHeKI'I

Kolr.r rdmaMo r4BBoA je rs onurupHrajer ,u,e.ia. LLIro ce ruqe BDeMeHa KaAa je. cacranDen CuneKAeM, cMarpa ce Aa je xujepoiae

Baxr.r Kao AoKaraHo aa XujepoxJroB Crnerc,qeru Hr,rje cacrii.,nen Ha. ocHoBy UpKBeHUX HoTHr.traja, neh Ha ocHoBy SBaH14rrHr.rx noI1:3 _1tg-gnlnut,lja' uro roBehana .rberoBy rp-eanocr.26) Terccr

.(airac

xeHa

BeJrr,rKr4m

' Ar;;;;;ja

u AtcoHrucMa. CsegoqaHcrBo HruHepapraja rvropa 6uru qunn Mil ce, ocHoBy [pecyAHO y cBa TpH OBa C,lyuaia' 'u'a Ha HHcy u Auolonraia Axontucma KEJ1", rBpAt4TH ,qa bera MoxeMo
zr1 Kubitschek,

Xonurmau, ro,qaTarc o,(raox.ueuujaubnoriv,ioa' rciiroprrj.,"i;; ce' rro HarreM rvtr,rrujberby, H rrocJlg JycrunujaHoBe pecraypiqia;'e gaaj . rpaA BBao AHoxreqrajanononi a ne'.JyJrra,ir;riro'rio.1i.;*) j. l-no .,qu,q pagopeH :qa. BpeMe rorirrrx na1e6.na ocaMlecerr,rx roAUHa v n. oH,qa je XujeforJroB no,(aTaK Morao .qa [oruqe ]rB HBBopa HB BpeMeHa TeoAocuja II, anu je rcro TaKo Morao l:lo. ot^Tu yHer H [ocJ]e JycruuujaHoBe o6Hone.'v cnaxorvr cnyuajy marepujan us MareAonHje, d6or BenHKe ocr(yAHocrr4 ocranux HSBOpa, He npyxa eJreMeHTe 3a cr{rypHuje peruerbe rrnTatba xponoaoruje Xujeporcnona CuneKILeMa.

HecraHxor, .prgbrrr-d;;;; onycro uJ emervr o6ja cHuT u q utbey Ilry fla ^ce XajepoKJroBy crr4cKy He HaJraBe MHorr4 rpa4onu Ba Kole ce royBIIaHo BHa Aa cy nocrojalu Kao caMocraJrHe gLllglg: y^Io|u Panor..{{a.pcrBa (Krp, A.rop, Bara, A.uanrraoH, trnl4meia' cly6epa r4 rp.)? Moxra, anra ro 6r.r-rosopurro nporr4B -f*ri; .qaroBalba XajeporcnoBa' cnrcna y go6a Teogooaja'li. 5a AaToBalbe CuHerAeMa He Moxe ce ynorpe6uru, ruo ,rro qnlu

cya.6onocan. Tpe6a
yH lr r.u

qpoj rrnaxesoHcKr4x rpaAoaa Mopgo 6uru rpenyureH. i:.:-*l_ y t4cropuJ14 MHorHx MaKeAoHcKr4x rpa.qosa V nex je csaxa;(o 6no
JrH crBapHr4M
uqH,t4w

flycTouerbr4Ma oA crpaHe Wcroqnui

fota,

xojr,tma

rerb eM u Jtu.6rp

aelr*

20 u 1,. Vn' u beroB

crp' Eine rtimische Stra!e1[.1{:'-.J,i.ll:th' VI (1902) (1914),


}tcupnaH qJIaHaK

hTuHePaPujuua

y RE

Ix

crp. 2308 u n.
r4rr.r

.,,.,^-::)_luT:1{ ie_ 1 cam Hanycrr.ro reay xojy je ayro 6paruo aa je ili:',",ft";'.'363,'B:"i,i?ffi:[;,1'".*rT,1'*111,XgT,tf,'3iJkhj'if;:


nPoMeirfirH XMe noJL Jycrunujanon n'6unu Ha3BaH!.r a xoie XuiopoKre He crroMH'te noA HoBrrM rMeHoM. aa JycrunulanorroJb, risnope'xr;,ipiiriri a. ibid. crp. 5 r 4.

2t) JIen npumep"o rome KaKo norPeulua npe-rcJljta o Kperaby aHHa fiaur cy'( o TaqHocTI4 nolaTaKa oBor Tl4qKOr [pyMa rrrox'e yTMUaTx 'eas6n. the

rn6'Locaticn of Cellae and ogor ,rrn"puf,riu 'o;j.- iil 2t4 L. ii-w"si",n Mactdonia, .class. Phil. 46 (1931) ii"i,ti""i vii eb"hiii ttinurarium. noKa3ana cy ce Ha drli"iil" ,."i;liiuTaqna 3a oBaJ Hierosolymitanum Aeo rlyra' ocroaf
mn:rn!apraja

x) Honigmann, H. n.,.ylpaja u Iluorcreurajanonon r(ol aHTr.rqKor Korerp ona na-Kocrypcxom' jds e pi u ely on;i ;;;;;;.;'ipi a6, i ;i;l;';y

zz; Ibid.

;;*

2o

Kpurruru ocBpr lla ocHoBHe rstiope

21
cMaTpaTH

3a Haiu pa4 6rano 6u HapoquTo BaXHO EHaTH IXTa EarpaBo sHaqH polis rcon xraiep^or4a: "qa Jrr je XujepoKle yHeo y'csoj cIIHcaK camo civitates? Aq lu roJll4c KoIL rbera sHaqll yrerc naCe6e, napOru? V rrerOsorvr tuucxy Hana3uMO HeK3JII4KO rDax,oBa 3a KOIe SHaMO ,[a paHraie Hucy uMlatv cTaTyC nonilca: fi.ino*, Bepra, Axonrncruh, Ahonounja, Kele. 3uaqH JIIa To qa cy ce oBr,r rpa4oB[r y rvrefynpegeHy ocaMocTa1u;tt4, u;tu cy y neion cnrcaK ytuJIH r-ao c6Laura enl4cxonr'rje (i9n,;e^aa-19.1! oA rbHx lvloxe npeT[OCraEI4TI4 La Cy TO tIOCTanu)r u [pyre cTpaHe, cme JrLr cil ucxryqu'Bo Ha ocHoBy ttefoBor cB,elo^rt1l: crba TBpAr.tTH la ie rocToiao rpa.u, (nace6e) Artuonula, E Ao THM uMeHom nuje ion ruera o6elexena Civitas cacTaBJbeHa o'u,
Br.rge Mabt4x naCe.rna? HuCam MorJIa ROhra AO OApebeHor r.rJberba y oBoM nrararuY.2e)
MI4-

u Knrpoc,
6una

cpeArboBeKoBHo I4Me nu,u,He,

uTo ce Moxe

rloBHHjr.rM yMeTKoM.sl)

Vnproc cBoje ocKy.u,HocTH, oBa SBaHhqHa upKBeHa aKTa cy HaM y MHorllM nt4Tabl4ma o.q npnMapH-e xopracru. Aa vKaxeMo caMo Ha CJIOXeHO nl4Tarbe o,u.Hoca xepaxleje I fleiaronujetz) u napoqr4To Ha fiuTarbe nponrnqraja Macedonia saIutaris ia Macedonia secunda u cro6racrce MHTporoJIrje, roia 6ea
noAaTaKa HB aKaTa XalreAoHcxor
Lt

l{ap[rpa,u,cKor exymeHcxor

ca6opa ne 6u Mot'JIa 6uru peueHa. fipoaoiiuje je nocleglbt4 nncau Kora MoxeMo sBaTH aHTI4qKr4M 14 KO,U, Kdna HaJIasHMO nO.U,aTaKa 3a TOnOrpa0njy MareAonr,tje npe oHor BerIHKor [peoKpeTa KOir he HeagraTu .(,oceJberbe

CioseHa. Haxalocr, beroB crIUcaK rpaAoBa il Kacrena


JbeHHx

npncyrHr,rx u uorn-ucHl4Ka y Acta conciliorum [ajy.u.pl9ij-T.9,T, nirHy- cJIlrKy o Liluperby upKBeHe o.pnaHugaul,ie y Mare[onulu' Ha eryrrrencrram ca6opuma nojan.rryjy.-ce' nopeA ConyHcKor MI'lrpononurat 9?Bo HeKH enl4cKotll4 ua MaxeAonuie' H-Ha ocHoBy

Marcenonujra ca.u.pxr Behum r,enom IlMeH-a Koja ce He Mory ra,ieuru$raKoBaTH, atu uwa cryqaieBa Ko,[.KoiI4x je ruerono cBe.[oqaHcTBo Bpno ,u,paroueHo (n.ro,u, Sanapa). MHorH o,u, TI''x KaCTeJra rpeTcTaBJbajy BepoBaTHo HoBa yrnplema [o,u,[IrHyTa Ha BeJII,IKI,IM Hmarbu $a utu Kpai [opyueHI4x crapnx Hacera.83)

oOHoB-

uiiur. nlx'ca6opa

He Mo;t1e ce Hu npu6nrxno I'o6uTu npaBo Cy uoT[yHH IIOIIHCI4 enl4cKotlc6l4x CeAnuTa naK HOrpqt4je CTabe. pacuOpefenux 3O npoBllHUt4iama, aJIu HaxaJI-ocT HeMaMo cTapux

;;i;,fii;

xole 6ra obyxuara .t14mu' -Graec.te u Vlruprar<. Haicrapnja.rvre!{ 1555 A, xoia ce naryie y Vlll 8., Notitia" cod. Paris. UpO,'SBOJbHa nOKaBaJIa ce npu naxJbl,lBoi analuara KaO npl4JII4qHO xOmnu1aqHja xbja Ce He MO111e TaqHO LaTOBaTLI HH I4gKOpIICTIITII

Ea ucTpaXHaaba.so) CnnCar MaKeAOHCKI4X enuCKOnHJa KOll4 HaM Ona ,U,aje He OArORapa npaBOM CTaby HI4 IIpe H14 nocne LOJIaCKa a;o;;n;. IzlHrepecarirno'je aa oBa Horl4quja noxagyie HsBecHe 'l

Karo Hr,rcMo y rvroryhnocru Aa paBJlt4ryjeno rPalose oA TaKBHx yrnplerua, ro ce fi rberoB cnt4caK He Moxe yuorpe6nTu Ea b6orafierue TonorpaSraje MarceAonuie, TI4M npe LxTo cy MHona r4MeHa BepoBaTHo AeoOpMI4CaHa na Ce He MOry HU npeflo3HaTl',f. Mnoro Bpno cneqraQavHl4x reuKoha nocTaBJba npe,u, Hac ropumheme Cme$arua Buaaniliucrcot. Ba Tonorpa$uiy Maxelonuje. CaCtasJbeHo Ha CaMOM I4BMaI(y aHTI4Ke, y JyCrr,lnr.rjanorO [o6a,84) Aeno Cre$ana Bueatltucxor flepi n6].e<llv BpeMeHcK]l ce He Moxe BeBaTIl HI4 Ba xo.jr,r nepraor; iep y lbeMy croie jeaan
nope.u,

cneqn!alue nody4ap1ocTil ca XraiepoKJloBHM. CunenAemoM. nDana Kolil ce ion' Xraiepo1na npara nyt noiaubyjy Kao caMo-

pH

civitates, Kele, Anononraja n Heanor, HaJIaae ce 14 .y norrquiu Kao enucronraje. Satutvt, eIIHcKon 6 NittqE.T' ,nPT'111: cBaKaKo uMa BeSe ca HHaqe HenoSHaTI4M MeCTOM Nffrlorl-g KOA Xri;t;nru, o 'anoi,.oo ie ivloxga HcTo lxro H "Apg.)'"oq' Vl osa anu s-4 enucxl,nujy ,,(uoxneuujanouo*1 J9. I9l{*'L. "oiiiqrji yKq3yjy Cnaxaxo na aajeA,HI4IIKI4 Lt3Bop; nuTabe le [a. JII4 HOcTr4 cy nocpe ilu savcra HoBe enucKonrrje, xoje cy Io]1I1 1Ll3.:,9 xho rarne yune y XraiepoKnoB cn6caK. V noruenyToi H6TI4IIUJH HanaSe ce I{ HeKoJII4KO l4Haqe He[oSHaTHX MeCTa, a CnoMHrbe ce

ci.rn.

pac[paBJbarH.35) Hanporur, crII4caK MaKer,oHcKI{x rpaAoBa_ Ko,q Krao,rqHo ,u,o6a (V-lV B. npe n. ..), Hero 3a ,u,oqnraje, pl4mcKo, jep je sefirHa uaBopa roje je eKctlepnt4pao CrecpaH I43 Tor Bpe' MeHa utu ce oAHocr4 Ha To BpeMe.

Hux nucaqa KJracHqHor, xeJIeH14cruqKor 14 pl4mcKor ,u,o6a. CrvraTpaTu Aa je HeKI4 rpag, nocrojao y VI n. H. e. saTo utTo ra crroMr4lbe Cre$aH BnaanTucxu, Hat4BHocr ie o roioi ne npe4u

lpyrora

[o.u,auH

no]e,u,LlHl,M rpaJI,oBHMa y3eTI4 H3 pa3-

Cre$aHa BrasaHrracKor Moxe MHoro 6orse

,Ra

ce ynorpe6u

aa

2e) Jones, H. g,., crp. 502 u 510, Kao ,u.a cmarpa .u.a Ko.q Xraieporla a ,u,a cY cBe ocrane aEt{LhrlucrParl4Brle nonuc snarln yBeK rpa,u,-ilaceme, -Jnio x}rin a paiyfi H m u a f a a o m : 6{po,, r6pcrr, rdorpa, i;-i;;;-;-,;lid;x ;;6

3l) Heno3uare cy enucrotHje: 6 K&ocptuv, 6 Et6o$roon6-LeoE, -6 KaI' ).iroo, 6'Kor6poo, 6 asiepou. On yrynuo 20 rparqoaa roje na6paia Notitia cod. Paris. giaec. 1555 A, 14 ce nanase KoIL Xuieporla, yn. HonigmanR. n. A., crp. 4. rz; B. r*oi ;,Xeparcleja u fleaaronuia", XA 4 (1954) 308 u n, ' 33) Patsch,',IraHaK Beitr?ige zur Vdlkerkunde von Siidosteuropa V, l, crp, 156, cmirpa i,a cy K&v8i6a, Ilprvritva, fl}"an6r&vcr y llporonnjenoitt cnl4cKy
},MCIIA BUNA ]4TAJICKI4X BCJIUKOTIOCEAHI4KA. s4) Honigmann, Stephanos Byzalli_os, (E_

,,une cornpilalio.lrrr* traire. iaiaive et oir le'seirl caprice d'un 6rudit amateur a accumule les

" ' lg'vn. v. Laurent,


pcrccr, XcoPtct

Byzantion

vll

(1932)

52.1

uaditibni et tes corrections les moins iustifides"'

cTaBEa nocraHaK oBor .U.ena uarrrely 528 u 535 r. s; Taro sr4HH roneKa.q ,II,r'tltuua.

Zw. R. lll (1929) crp.2373'

Kprruvru ocBpr
28 Marce,(oncru rpaAoBr.l _Br4J_

fla ocHoBHe il3BOpe

29

jrl-9[9

noda

noJruc

Tpartra

MaKeLoHKIl
Ko.u, ocraJrux r4aBopa, ocHoBHy Teuxohy u y oBoM y KoMe uarvr je caqyBaHo Cre$auoBo AeJIo. Izltrlarrno ycrBapn y pyKaMa He optanlrlanHl4 Texcr, neh uBBoAe cacTaBJbeHe oA paEHl,lx Jbyn..t4, c paSruqilTUx cTaHoBuuTa, ycne.q, qera cy HeKr4 no,u,aqr4 nornyHajr, 6tuxu opr4ruHany, AoK cy

cayuajy qvHV crarbe

Kao u

uamefy Maxe.[ouuje w Tpannj-e


Haurao ro.qaraK

je, aJrrl -,qoAaje aa ie no Anolo,u,opy u Tyr u\ully rpalr: Hri: Ty .y n2Taby neo4pefeHocT rpanraqa
y_

saua BusaHrr.rcrcon,J(aKo

rpaQcrrx

,[pyru cacBuM KpaTKIl. Ceru rora y Aeny nocroje nehe u Mabe Hu cann reKcr nr,tje yaer uoysgan.s6) Kon Cre@aHa BuaaHTr4cKon HaJraBr4Mo MHoro MaKe.u,oHcKI4x rpalosa.rcojra HaM u3 Apyru4ru4aBopa HVcy noSHarH. Haxalocr, Mano xojr,l oa rl,lx rpaAoBa Aonaer,r y o6st4p 3a cnHcaK MaKe,U,OHCKllx rPaAOca y pITMCKO AO6a, jep, ulu Ce yonlllTe He Ka)(e oAaKJre je Cre$aH rlprao cnoj nonaraK, utu je raj r.ranop crap. Vuraa Hr4ts rpaJloBa ea6erexeH je Ko,[ CreSaHa ca jetuHoitn oBHaKoM r6).t6 More6oviug: Airai, Akesai, Baloion, Dindryme, Emporion, Pamphylia, Praxilos. Huru BHaMo y KoM 4eny Maxe,u,onnje cy 6utu rw rpaAoBr4, Hr,t Ka.ua cy [ocrojanu, Hn !,a nH cy 6unw poleis. Jour je nehra 6poj rpaaoBa, KoA xojux ce Kao r4sBop HaBo,u,r4 Tearen, Teononnn vlu4 HeKr4 .[pyru crapu [r4cau, a xojr.r cy HaM [Haqe raxole HerroaHarv, Te npeMa ToMe He MOXeMO sHaT!,r La ilil Cy Ce OHH O,u,p)(aJilTU y pr4MCKO AO6a: Akesamenai y fluepraju, Parthenopolis ra Tirsai y Mr.r,u,onuja, Eleutheriskos, Misetos, Olobagra npeMa Teareny; Baition, Olyka, Skithai, npema Teonomny; Crastillos, npenna Eyuonragy; Galadrai y fiuepuju, rpeMa Jh.tcoSpony u flonu1ujy. Camo ea rrocJreglbr4 ppsA, Galadrai, MoxeMo rBptr,r4TI,t na je nocrojao y .uo6a puMcKrrx ocnajama jep ce croMurbe ro,u. I-lonu6uja, BepoBarHo y BeBr4 c rHM paToBr4Ma. IrlHa,{e cBu ocraJIH ocrajy aa Hac caMo r4MeHa nnecta,. vrzjr,r ie 6poj oA [rHTepeca e6or tora rxTo nor(aayJe KoJrr4Ko je rpaAcKI4 xuBoT y Maregoawju u y uajcrapuje Bpeme HraK 6rao paanrajeH. 9umenuua ,u,a ce CreQan Busauttacxu cJryxt4o HsBopt4Ma us paltux e[oxa uwata je ea nocJre4lauy neyje.uHaeeHocr reoJraKyHe.

npumopjy cre0an Kl.xe: oio6pr1, ;6-rrg Mcrne6ovicxE oouru6t6l; recaprnt rl vlv '-Huo.)iu. Tyrcra.qraa nuje rvrorao a a crin u oncumy

uuje je" npervre nojam Tpaxr.rje g6yxnarao qeo_XarrKr4.(r4K, ni i io6ai, auo f.t;rf,i;; 3araaa. LUro ce rr.rqe Tyrra4ra4a, oH je HMao j, a,nnV rroJrr4TuqKe rpaHurre, a Teprvra ce y rbenoBo BpeMe HaJraSHJra IIo.q MaKeAoHgfoM rraruhy; Auolo.u,op je n.utt rxcao y no6a,ruau i. uuo Xarnulut<- rpunaflao Maxe.doH4jr.l. hucrpyxriuan ie'aa "r.ioa pa[a cre@ana BueanrucKor 14 3a HaquH KaKo ce cfire Kopr4crHTr4 rlenoBo .qeJro r,r onaj npr4Mgp. o rpary oucnmu Ha nHepr4cKoM
-Ko.u,

Mvtcilu casson.rr;

v e., uuru'nelr.ypnoci criy


cresaH j6'aeponarno

TeprvrH

Xercareja,'

Mar<e.qoHuiy, jep.

Ke,x,oHcKnx. OH

jep je ona ro r4me Loluta rocrre Oslnnonux ocaa;arti. Ilaxo ce MolKeMo yB^9pr4lr.t Ita KoA Tyna4ra[a HeMa Hu iennor
1nja, ry{

nnje morao na Kaxe

je oHa y rbenoBo

Bpeme HBBaH rpaH,ua Ma.u,a

ce Otrcfil,la'eone'Ervri-

ailu nol,aqn rrri).t6 Mcrrl6ovi"E , 4 '"0? uB BpeMeHa KaAa ce Aucuila BBaJra y9lriy-norrruarn 3ry$t1 (aa.nep6 vDv HMo tmaruja HHaqe HHKaKBOT C[4UCJta aa creQa-

gj4cugy Kol Tynu

rpyror

no.u,arrca.3e) ilpervra

thta,

roMe, cresaH

je Hauao rpa.u,

uro-je faaop n6),tg-Mcrxe6ovicrg a falenc rr6),tg dp{*qq, srrio cy Eyuopnja uilu Qutunw rpaloBr4 ManeAoHc,cr,'i Airo,, *
Tpar{KH,
gKOp-O
I4T.U,.

Cruraxca. Cano raxo,

1OBO npervre).

oH hx je Morao
tn4HLt

Hahu, Harpr4Mep, Ko,[ flceyioMr{ ce, Moxe c. boiicl-rn;^-;Z;-

Kaa,

JanHo r4crpaxuBao beroBe no,qaTxe o Maregonraju, us6pojao je


ce.rr.aM.rr,ecer MaKeAoHcKr,rx

nemoryhe cacraBr4Tu crlucaK MaKe,U,OHCKr4X rpaAOBa npeMa cresany Bnaa'rracrom. casson, xojn cMarpa na je c?.oin',ra, Haj6o"rnra HBBop Ba ronorpa0rajy Maxenoriraje ra'rojrE :. ine,rr-

ce cBe ro una y

Br,rAyr

nocraje jacno BaurTo je

repecyjy camo crapu rpaAoBH


HOBe

rpaAosa Ko.[ ltera.ao) I-louro ia Hi_


rIeHTpaJrHe

xoje je y.V s. flocraJro Aeo Marcegonuje. CreQan He.yHoct4 cnoje cxBaralLe MaKeAoHcKo-TpaqKr4x rpaHl{ua, nefi npenlrcyJe I43BOp, a Ka.r ux uKa HeKoJII4KO, He npoflycTu .u,a Kaxe H Apyra MuuJberba. Taro, Harrpnmep, oH Kaxe aa Tepmy ,[a je
HeKo.
36)
az1

nojrr/lona Ko,u, rrera.37) Hr.rcy MaKe.u,oHCKI,I tPaI.osu camo oHH rpaAoBH Ba xoje ou Kaxe .u,a cy no),rg Mcrre8ovicrg, neh u MHorr.r aa xoie croira Aa cy r6).tq Op**qg. Axo ce He BHa r4B Kor BpeMeHa ttorr4qe Cre$anoB [o.u,aTax, He Moxe ce BHaTH \a tu HeKu lrHarre HenoBHaTH rpag, ea xojra oH Kaxe Aa je rpaqKll, nuje 6uo Ha Xaanragury ultu y oHoM .[eJIy rpaqKor npuiraopja

Mareaonuje, on n11.

88) casson, rr. A., crp. Bg, 4r u crp.2g0 npanuaHo ouel'yje creeanoAarKe Kao BepHe il3BOAeX3 CTapr4x nr.rcaua. Aau rreroso TvMaqerne pa3Hilx HeKOHCeKBeHrHocrrt ro.u creQaua uecurypHorufiy xoia ie n6croia.rm KoJL aHrfiqKux nucil{a o rpaHHUr4_Mare.u,osaje rz Tparujri nuj6 iaqno. Tixo, HaIIpt4Mep' no.AaraK o Kacanapeju, Kaoo&v6percr, 116).15'Mcrri6oviac. ,rpdc tni opctrqr, ilrtori fl_ori8,,rc ),eyopev{ on o6jauruiaa'necuiypnourhy ,;;; jy unu.y lVlarenour.rjy. Vcreapn khirrai"G-j; *;Iil,l.^:.:ir3_{ Jq?*, oHTr'r caMo rpa[ MareAonlje, -Kao uro, je rrena nperxoaHraua nbrrr-4eii, Mot',Ta 6utu cano rpa,u Tparcraje, jep naje npexuneaa mare4oHcKo ocBajarse. floaaraK o fioru,uejr.r-n6ru,re oA npexeneH,1cr.14rrKor aeropr, orii o -

;;;;

Kacanlpejr.r-, oA .qoqnujer. Lbilxosa ss; Thuk.

Cre$an unTr4pa y Be3r,r ca rpaAoBama Mare.u,onuje oae il3Bope: Xerareja, XepoAora, Tyru4u,ua, Eynoau[a, Teonouna, @urey (aruncru reorpa@, caBpeMeHur Xelanura), Anaporuona (lV r.), Eyaorca ca_Poaa (lll n.) Teare[a, Eararpa, Ey@opnoua llll a.), Jlyrnra rrs Tape (l a.) r Ena$posara (l a. H. e.).

Hbnigmann, H.

,u,.

ro,rdnu,ruuriiairule rope \hrulal$ rpcu, iep ue sna.(; jJ iem'ero;; ;;'bfi;: ii*i.r3l.^I1^:rp ,{oHy nocToJao fi l&-gus.so.l Eaon xa Xalra4Nrcy.
IV, 107, 3.
ao)

Casson, H.

r.,

81.

30

Marenoucra rPa,u,osu y Pltmcro no6a

Kpnrfiqru ocrpr Ha ocHoBHe

t43Bope
41. Ordaia, M.

3l

vEeo v o6BHp oHe rpa,u,oBe Koju cy Ko.u, CreSaHa o6elexenu xoie croju \a cy ilio"irrr*r.-'o"r* ce.u,a6geceT rpaloBa 3a ocam rpaAoBa ce r*in..qbncxu, Qasson je rpynvcao oBaKo: 3a
cr4rypHo BHa

I3. Argilos, Thr. I4. Argos Orestikon,


trS.

Mare'u,onuje .r,a-iy Ahn' rcrorno o[ ueHTpa_nHe rpa,u,oBa je curypHo rlo!); Crpenca .u,BaHaecr u tbr4Ma ie 1*.Ui, y xeneHHCTI4qKO I'lJIll KaJTHBOBaHO, a greCi rpaAOBa ie naCfalg Casson-y nouasrbarba, uenhojr4o.u,Ba ;;;;;;-- 5u.'1 florro ie MlrlxJberby Mopana iu ocrrlo 42 ipana xoia cy uo 16eroBoM (rvrefy ruuma b"ri, i.,iifd-v ,i"rfrpurnbl nnineng[cKoi paBHHuH y JIr,rHreie [levoplou. Koiy ie ces6pHo oL tlelaioHuie, Eesa 'itfr^'i Kanapni Hi XaffcH.AHI(y!). Hra rraero.u, .pa4a HH paqyHarbe LxTo Criron-ono niaie upaBr,rJrHo. He MoxeMo rohu oA oHora rPa'u,one CiuOun Kaxe, aKo He BHaMo 15eroB I,BBop: 3a HeKe oH Kaxe .u,a cy ultt4pc]Kl4, afiv Mu SHaMO I43 '[pyrux I4SBOpa 'II.a nprarvrep, [eypr4 onc1l rPaa, Anroffi ;,fi , V'fvf.n Jnon,i:, .(na3a il flpyrg oH -Kaxe 'u'a cy -MaKeAcrparaon). MeHe Ii rIeoHcKH sHamo .lla To oHH nudy 6ntw,(,(ervrerqll:'-I?I?.: aJIu .u,oHcKI4, 'kl cBe ce To o6jaLumaaa nopuuherreru l4sBopa K6JH i'raou). ornaxaBaiv oaene e[oxe. -^F Meliirar,^, He 6n 6wno 6ea uHrepeca .U,a ce I4[aK noKyua I-lpecaCTaBI,ITtt cnaca6 MaKe.lI,OHCKI4x rpagoBa flpeMa CreSaHy' py6puxa. nenoluxo ipa.u.one.y il,i;.|,:^ puy !a carvr rpyrr4cana -iaru rpa.u,oBe xoin cy no3HaTH v HB V I pyoprrriy olnoinla y il - rpa.ll.oBe xoira ce crlomnrby caMo Ko'll' rDVrHx H3Bopa; 'j Xarxanuxv xoju-ce He cnoMulbv .punoil.-,r; t[tlffi;';"y"ill xoie ce curypHo y.lV y pr.tMcKHM uauopH*a; - rpa4oBe tsa 3a BHa .[a HUcy suule nocroianl4 y pHMcKo Bpeme u To[oHHMe y rpa.u.ose; rioerekdnaiy -6i.1ri. ,6pourrHo ,rla Y,*.lp-T.-o.P^' MaXe'u'OHu1e, O6'eneX-eHe xaO MaKeII,OHCne XOjra Cy 6uttu I43BaH

I!.

16.

20. Bryanion, f 21. Cazoros, M. ?2. Galepsos, Thr. 23, Cordynia, M.

Balla, M. 18. Beroia, M. I9. Bolbe, M.

Argos, M. Astraia, Ill.

24. Dion, M. 25. Doberos, Paion. ?6 Douriopos, M.

27. Elimeia, M. 28. Euporia, M. 29. Europos, M. 30. Herakleia, M. 31. Thessalonike. M. 32. Idomene, M. 33. lchnai, M. 34. Kassandreia, M. 35. Kvdrai f 30. Lete, M. 37. Mende, M. 38. Mieza, M. 39. Myrkinos, M. 40. Oisyme, M.

43. Pella, M. 44. Pydna, M. 45. Sirra, Thr. 46. Skydra, M. 47. Stratonikeia, M, 48. Strepsa, M. 49. Strobos, M. 50. Torone, M. 51. Tragilos, Thr. 52. Phagres, Thr. 53. Phila, M.

42. Paroreia, M.

54. Philippoi, M.

ll
Agessos, Thr. 2. Agnoneia, Thr. 3. Airai, M. 11. Akesai, M. 5. Akesamenai, M. 6. AIponos, M.

I.

I4. Galadrai, M.

13. Bymazos, Paion.

Brygias, M. 12. Brygion, M.


I

l.

7. Andria, M. 8. Aspis, M. 9. Baition, M.


10.

I7. Eleutheriskos, M. I8. Emporion, M.


20. Nikaia, lll. III
19. Misetos, M.

15. Grastillos, M. 16. Dindryme, M.

Baloion, M.

25. Parthenopolis, M. 26. Praxilos, M. 27. Sintia, M. 28. Tirsai, M. 29. Tritonos, M.

2l Norakos, Paion. 22. Olobagra, M. 23. Olyka, M. 24. Pamphylia, M.

r y VI --

tloHaBJbaba.

o [pl4na.u,HocTfl rpaJl,a I4la cearor ilMeHa nar je yKparKO no.[.aTaK @purrqE; lll':16)'16' 16)'r; Thr': tviarea;vtas; fVi':-"oiig . npeMa Cre$any' :16\.16 rlcrrovicrE; Ath'-r6]rt( rePr' ;iii;;";'pEIlroi'; g"["yl"i,rs;
J"';i+.ri"t'Chalk.-"d}",6 Xclrrt8tr{g; t:HeraqaH noAaraK; -:IlM;l nOIarKa
Paiori

6. Assera, Chalk. 7. Aphyte, Thr. 8. Cigonos, Thr. 9. Dia, Thr.

2. 3. 4. 5.

1. Athos, Thr.

Aisa, Thr.

I0. Eion,
I

Akrothynoi, Thr. Arne, Thr.


Assa, Ath.

17. Piloros, Ath. I8. Rhakelos,. M.

Kalarna, M. I2. Kapsa, Chalk. 13. Kobrys, Thr. I4. Mekyberna, Thr. I5. Olophyxos, Thr. I6. Pallene, Thr.

l.

19. Sane, Thr. 20. Semylia, Ath. 21. Skempsa, Thr. 22. Skithai, Thr. 23. Skione, Thr. 24. Smila, Thr. 25. Spartolos, M. 26. Phlegra, 1'hr. 27. Stageira,*

nPunaAa lPaJl' y o'llHocy na ocraly Ma36or cneun@uvnor noro)Ka!a Xalxu'u'ura 91tJ-t9:u.g:y^ re.lonniy y norrlelly Pa3BilrKa rpalcKor xrnaora, usneo!ula rDa'roBa' 3a KoJe
BeMJb!.r

rojoi

IV 2. Amydon, Paion. 3. Antisara,:4. Beve, M.

I. Altos,-

craPnx pvoprrv iulrcrnriiciipu.o.ou.''Be'nvru 6poi rnx Put*rrana' He MoxeMo yrBP.u,l4rl'l .u,a JIH cy nottoiulu y no6d 'u'o'racra )i;d;;;;;io'ai ';;;y?;r;t. du"p one xalxuAr.r'{Ke- rpa;1oBe xoitt cy crrypHo

l0 ll.

9. Eion,Emathia, M.
Therme, Thr.

no.r.noiu*''y

p;Ma"Ko .u.o6a craBurla cam


I

y I py6pury'

5. Bisaltia, M. 6. Bormiskos, M. 7. Daton, Thr. 8. Draveskos, Thr.

14. Linkos, 15. Methone, Thr. I6. Olbelos, M.

13. Kreston, Thr.

I2. Krenides, f

22. Tripolis, M. 23. Chalastra, Thr.

20. Pisaion, Pel. 21. Potidaia, 'l-hr.

I9. Pieria,

17. Olynthos, Thr. 18. Ores ia, M.

l. Azoros, Pel. 2. Aiane, M. 3. Aineia, Thr. 4. Akanthos, Thr.

5. Alindoia, M. 6. Alkomenai, lll. 7. Allante, M. 8. Aloros, M.

9. Amphipolis, M. 10. Antherirus, M. 11. Antigoneia, M' 12. Apol'ionia, M.

V 1. Demetrias

2. Homolion
VI

3. Phytion

paqyHa uelv,,definitely.and cras;a Deuriopost a,ose Rigfiiinii,iaoia, a mely n.rneriilpuKoBaHe

--lEurson

indi:p{lllf

identifled" rpa'

Abydon: Amydon Aisyme: Oisyme

3. 4.

Eidomene:ldomene 5. Kidna-pydna Eloros = Aloros 6. Oropos:Europos

32

Mare.(oncrn rpalosn y pumcro

Ao6a
oH,l1a

Kpurrvrn ocBpr Ha ocHoBHe x3Bope

33

Blr,u,l'f KaKo

ie reuro oBe noAaTKe ynorpe1fiTu ea, jenny KoHKpeTHy' PPe' ii.ncg yrnpfeny crarr.ltrr,rry. Varvu4mo Kao rpl.IMep MecTo Abydon, roie c'e'roir Xonnepa eose Amydon. Ko.U CreQana crojn no,( 'ABu6drv: lcuptov Marce8ovicrq rbg-)cpdBtuv. . ., ,u,oK ce 3a 11o.g,arKa H 'Apu6drv Kaxe ,u,a ie r6irg -6ncmo _flcttoviug. .(a nnje rpBon sHaJIH ,qa nu Amydon, Kao Crpa6Onoaor TeKiTa He neogcru rpa[, Tpe6a paqyHaTg y ManeaOauiy u Ka,u.a je on no-

Aro ce t1axJbtIBo

rlonJle.u,a

onaj cnucaK,

ce

caHTHo je .ua CreQan BusanrucKr4, rroalrBajyfira ce Ha Crpadona, BoBe .(eypron, E,rramejy u JIunrc rpaAoBHMa (116)"rg), ,rox Crpa6oH roBopr4 ycrBapu, KaKo ce BVp,14 r.ra Hauer reKcTa VIl, c. 326, caMo o ucrot4meHuM odnacruna. He Hanne,u,a BepoBaTHo ,[a je

Vll, c. 327: K66pot' r6).rq r1sv Bp6yruv,

Ko.U, oBor flocJre.qmer TeKcT je racxoapen: K66pat' 16].19 rCav 6cr.rJ )rpd,Bcuv B. Tpe6alo 6u, uuuu MV ce, wcupaBuTu npenna Str. -

2rpdpcuv l'. I4urepe-

crOjaO. V rOpmH CIIHcaK yHenu CMO HeKoJIHKO rpa.qoBa 3a KOJe cre@an Kaxe [a cy r4Jr4pcKr,t, saTo uTo I43 ,U,pyrl4x HSBopa sHago ,u,a cy ce Hara3l4lra y MareAoHgil4. He ruoxemo, melyrum, 6vtru q4rypiu Aa HeMa H .qpyrl4x rpaloBa y Cre@auoBy cngcKy

*oi, .y

66errexunu Kao vilupc1u.a rpl4naltanu cy }/taxe,Uolair,1. To r,1cio BaxH r{ Ba rpa4oBe Koird cy osHaueHg Kao 16}'4 Opqt*qg 6ea 6ruxe o.u,pei6e u 6eii Ha-nolersa uanopt C [pyre

Crpa6on r.r Ha IpyroM Mecry roBopr.to o foprroj Maxegonujn. Crora Mopamo [peTnocTaBuru 4a Cre0an nr,tje ao6po cxBaruo cBoj rraBop, 6uno Aa cy My HBrJre 1.ailu Hea1wmv o6nuuu ,(eypuofl u JIuHr Kao HaBr4sq o1ilacTu, 6uno na je pe,rjy polis xreo ,u,a o6erexu o1nacru llunxecra, ,(eyproua v Enurvrejaqa Kao camoynpasne je4rauur{e. Alr,r To je Marbe BepoBarHo, jep npernocraBJba r.raBecHo paByMeBarbe cTapr4x HHcruTltluja, xoje CreSan nr.rje lzmao. Ko.q Aeypaona on gogaie: otiro nai f1 X<fipcr, BepoBaTHo a6or Tora uTo je BHAeo r.t3 ,u,aJber crpa6oHona leKcTa .ra cy .(eyp4_onu vwailn B14ue rpaAoBa.4t) 3u JIr.lHx Kaxe Cre@an .u,a je rpag Euupa. Morn o 6w ce roMr4c nhra Aa no,u,aTaK noTr4qe o,4 HeKor craprajer usBopa, aa CreQaH nuje \uTr4pao uapuquTo crpa6oua: ycTBapr{ r(oA IIoBptxHor npeJrr4cTaBarba oBor Crpadononor [orJraBJba Monao je CreQan BuaantucKr,r crehu yrr4caK na cy roprboMaKe,u,oHcKa nJrervleHa 6uta errnpcr(a vnil unrrpcKa. O,q ocranux o6racrrl xoje Crpa6oH cnotvlr4be Ha oBoM Mecry, HeMa xoa Cre@aHa Eratyre. 3a llelaroHujy (xojy nurue ca !) Cre$an Ka)r(e aa je poipa Mcrxe6ovicg r4 He rroar4Ba ce Ha Crpa6oua. 3na.ru ,qa je noAaTaK yBeT r4s ,[,pyror HBBopa; B60r Tora ce paeruxyje oA ocTarrr4x H He crojn y rbeMy ,u,a je flelaronraja noirHc. Arr4 aato nog Tpiro).r(, Haratr4Mo no.U,afax 6ori xal_6r6pa Mcrre6ovicrg, xcri &).).q lleppcrrpiag, Koj14 norcaayje ga je Cre@aH qurao onaj Crpa6oHos reKcT r.t cxBarlro Tpruoluc Kao HMe rpatra y Mare4oHraju (l-lelarouHjra) rz y flepe6ujr. Ko,u oBe aHaJrvle u ynopelerua Cre@auoBr4x flo.u,aTaxa ca Crpa6oHoBr4M TeKcroM ue rpe6a ea6opaauru ,qa HMaMo caMo r4BBoAe, secro BpJro Jroue, xoje nnoxAa He [peHoce TaqHo CreQanony

Crpane, MOpaMO r,la6aUrfra HB CnilCKa rpaAOBe KaO '(emerpuaC, 3a KOje CrOjra Aa cy rroitE Mcrxe6oviug, a HaMo .u.a ce HHcy HaraB;Ir4 y MaxenoHr,rira y yxeM cMI,tcJIy. Ilperua ToMe, al(o He

3HaMo HBBOp Cfe$auoB nO.IIaTaK HaM TOBOpH BpJIO MaJIO, lep ra

He MOr(eMo BpeMeHCKl{ O[peAeJIIrTI',t. Cre$an BusaHrl',cKl'r-y BeBu BefiraHa rt{caua xoje uuir'rpa -xarrl caqyBaHa. Vroluro je nnrec rpa1oBurua Ulaxeg,onale nnje pecaHTnr4le uctrTaTu oinoc- Cre$ana npeMa Crpa6ony,, vraie a.no ao6po nosHajenno. I-laAa y oql4,--rpe cBer!r \a.Cre0an ne
UHTr4pa MHoro

KasaHO

HaBoAI4 Ha Ml4cao.-Sa je CreQaH BHsaHrlacxu crapraie nHcue (Xexareja, Xepo[ora' TyKHuajnpe eKcueprHpao Jllttro, HT,U,.), a 3aTI4M je CBOie JIHCTe nocTeneHo nonylbaBlo HOBLTM, .ll.oTJIe HectIoMeHyTHM I4MeHI4Ma H3 AeJIa I]o8HIIJHX reor.pa$a. Ilpra ronne ie cnaxl4 1lyT -xa,u, -6ra npl4MeTuo HeKy I4HTepeCaHTHV rrolenr4HoCi O HeKOM Beh Aa6eirexeHoM rpa[y oBy ,u.o-

Orio*..r1 To nac

[a ce oH Henocpe,u,Ho

Crfa6oua y

ne-sra

cnyx(l4o .crpa6onoBoM l-eorpa-

c Mareaonujom. Alu_ie [o-

iicruuo. Taro !e nocrynuo KoJt _Tecaronuxe, r4e je cMa.Tpao ai-norpa6Ho na .u,o[a,u,a ce xog, Crpa6oHa SoBe Oeddcr]'ovittercr, Bepne, Koiy !e uo HeKoIvl cTapo* uenopy. 6uo eaie' ,r, oin 'ltao ,16)',9 Op'{itlg, a 'u,o4Hlrie .u,o,qao na je Crpa6on ,.*ro
Haal,tBa xrbpq.

r\iHcao. Hajsat, CreSaH He UHTr4pa Crpa1ona.

Hajnraue HoBOr nnarepHia;ra Hauao.ie.cre$aH KO.u crpa6ona y i.a, c foprro_ru MakeaoHujorvr, xoia ie.crapuiln nHclII4Ma 6una r,lalo noenaia. C o6ar,lpor,a ;1a Hann je rai [eo CTpa6onone

Orestai, iep je ono .rrJreMe aa6elexuo, [pema Xenarejy, Kao E.h'og po).oodtx6v. Atru oH una rpag Oreste vilu Orestia, Lt To. Hac. AoBoAr4 y He,u,oymliuy KaKo rpq6a /r,a cxBaTr4Mo oBAe peq -itt-tc^, jep ce r,rHaqe o HeKoM rpaly Opecrujra He BHa Huura. klarlegalo 6w Kao Aa cy cBa oBa roprboMaKe[oucKa nJremeHa

nu KoA

peqH

Vii n*rre

-trylTl'tp3 La KoHTpoJIHUeMo Cre$ana BueaHrnc16r. -CTpa6oH ce Kao HBBop xoA t'p.noti Douriopos, Elimeia, Lynkos u Kydrai'

caqyBaH

opurhHaJrHoM TeKcry,

moryhHocrl4 cMo

H,\raJra HcTornMeHe rpa,u,oBe, x,pyrr4 BpeMeHoM HecTaJrr4.

o,( rojnx cy ce HeKr4 oApx(aJru

I4ina caera [Ba notraTKa y roiurvra ce Cre@aH noar4Ba Ha Crpa6ona, a xoia HVcy caqyBaHa y Haur4ivl Spanrlrenrunna. Onu la; Str'. Vll 327. Alkomenai cnoMHrne Cre$an xao r6).rE 'I}.).opi6og; aa Bryanion croju cBaKaKo rorpeuHo Aa je 16),"19 @eoxpard:v; Cry6epe yonrxre He,ua. lVloxaa je ro )ripepoE, n6Lr5 'I).?"upi6og?
J\tare.qon*or rpaaoau
3

Honigmann, s. v. stephanos Byzantios, RE Zw. R. lll (1929) 2386: norpeuHOr .uor<a"eao Henocpelr.Hy ynorpe6y Crpa6ona Ha ocHoBy ropuuherue H,eroBor AeJIa i;;;itrae-Xorrrepa no[ ,,Abydbri". 3a JI.HpeKrHo roBope l,t no,u,aut,t o TecaaonuKu t4 bepr", B' Ht,txe'

Niese je

42)

34

Mare.qoucru

rpa.u.oBr.r

y put*cro no6a

Kpurlurr ocBpr rra ocHoBHe uaBope


noaHaBarbe H pasyMeBarbe rbr4xoBor KapaKTepa.

35

ce He

rpaAy Xonnoruouy a frg. 48a o TerpaxopuTwwa. Frg. 16 a (npervra Cre@aHy), HanporzB, roAy,u,apa ce rorllyHo ca xpajerra frg. 14 E. u trg. l6 Epit. [4nrepecaHTHo je Ra. ce HeKI4 CteSanoBH uuTaTH norrlyHo no,[,y,[apajy c naurram TeKcrorvr Crpa6oHoBe VII rmrare, oAHocHo SparrvreuruMa lts Te KrLI{re. Cnneruo nu ug rora SaxJbyqttTu r.a ie CreSaH BuaantucKu uMao Crpa6oHoBo LeJIo y oHoM crarby y KoMe na Mr4 r.rMaMo, rj. na je neh y rbefoBo BpeMe je.u,an neo VII xrsrare 6uo wary1reu? Torvre Moxga crvrerajy nomeHyrt4 @parMeHTr4

o,rr,Hoce Ha MaKe,uoHrajy:

ro cy frg. I6b o MarHeTcKoM

enilToma.

I6b u 48a, xoju-ce ue HaJIaBe Hu y jenHoj o,q, HarI.lHx V csaKotr,l clyvajy oBo [oAyAaparbe nonehasa Bepo-

cy cacTaBJbeHlr oA HerroaHarux [r4car{a rojr,r nzcy Hr.r yMen}r Hr,r rlorJIH .q,a KopHcTe ayTeHTu qHe I4BBope, nefie Hac Baqy,qlrTl,r aKo y rbuma Halemo rperuKe rcoje ,u,aHac npe$ajy Har.xy yr{eHocr. Anu re rperrrce Hucy clyvajne, one umajy cnoj paaJror, 14 rbr,rxoBo
JHM cnncuwa croju Aa ce Oxpu,u panraje gsao Capt4Tuc, uru flpeneJrac, He cMeMo r4B Tora BarJbyrrr4Tu La je anTHqro r4Me HaceJba KoA Oxprana 6uno Capuruc ulra flpenenuc,ao) seh heMo y_ToMe Br4,u,eTtr jary neay xoja je nocrojaira rannely JluxuuAa z .(acapeTa, c jeaue crpaHe, Iluxuul,a u lipenanurane,
Hanpr4Mep, y

Kopuuhetee oBa rpu MaJra BrrraHTHcKa crruca npernocraBJba Aro ce lbuxoBe uyenru$uKaur4je cxBare 6yxna.rrHo, oHe he y MHorr,rM cnyvajeBr4Ma MopaTu 6uru oA6a,reHe. Anu omaJroBaxaname oBr.tx inuia, xoje r4e noHeKa,[ .q,o br4xoBa HrHopaohrra, nuje onpangano.a5) Kan ce uma y Bra4y r,a cy ru cnucu HacraJru TeK oKo XII n. u ta

o6jarumeme oTr(pnBa HaM oHy

ucruiy Kojy

Tpaxr4Mo. Arco,

.u,ocrojuocr HatxI4x @panmenata.

Vl nusanrvctu nilTepapHr ulBopt4 npyxaiy HaM Ty H TaMo no nojn rr,paroueHl4 no,[araK o npa,qoBHMa MareAoH4ie y ?HTrzreKo Ao6a. He caruo paHoBHBaHTucKI4 I4cTopt4qap[, Kao 3oCula, Malx u Marala, tcoju ce Mory BpeMeHcKL, y-qpoi[Tu t4 y aHTI4-t{Ke, Hero u noanrajn xpoHr4qapn, Kao Cxurr.rua y XI ra Sonapa y XII 8., t4ltt4 r,rcropr4qapra XIII u XIV 8., Kao fpenopa u KanrarcyaeH, AorlpaHoce
noje,u.rannM yBrpeAHr{M Ha[oilleHaMa ocBeTJbaBamy cyn6uHe HeKux aHTr4qKr.rx rpa,u,oBa cpeArbem BeKy. Mano je rpa,u,ona xoiu cy crapl4M npexr4BeJrr4 BeJrHKe ceo6e CroneHa I,I o[pxaJII4 ce

suavaj aHTHqror rpa,rla, r4aKo He rrocrojra ronrranyrzTeT nacerna.aT) Iryoj ce [pyra nyr xpr.rje Hacaelrnarle enucKoncKor ce.u,rarura.as) HaJBa.U, HeKr4 rro4aTaK Moxe 6wru rrorrryHo raqaH, anrz je ryMar{erbe rcoje My caBpeM_eHH Hayr{HHuH ,[ajy, npojauupajyhra ra-y
aHTraKy, norpeuno.ae)

sa6elexeuy Ko,4 Hauer aHoHr4MHor rtr4cr{a. Vlxenru$r4r(auuja yraayje rroHeKaA Ha To aa je cpe.[rboBeKoBHr4 rpal Hacne,u,r4o

npy.re cTpaHe, Besy xoja je Morna Aa

ld

ocHoBe sa rpaaraqujy

Cse

cpeAH,eM BeKy. BehrlHa I4x necraje paHraje ur.u tIocJIe ABOBeKOBHOT nepl40.[,a o KoMe Hal.uH I4SBOpl't hyre, uojanryjy ce ro[ HoBI4M I4MeHnMa. Alr Tpa,qt4qujq o aHTHrrKr4M uaceJb[Ma xojn cy HecraJII,r qyBa ce I4 AaJbe. Ona xrBr,r y upKBeHoi atrvrrauucrpaqr,rira, rJle ce HoBe eflucKollltie iaauMeHom
"u,orIHI{Je r.r,

vy

nor

rlpaBlrnHo r4cKopacrno onaj noaHoBr4B aHTucRu rlaBop.

ro rpe6a vMaTu y nr.uy ia

6w ce

rajV

Kao HacJleAr-ruue crapux, I,r KoII, yqeHl4x BI,IBaHTI4cKLtx nHcalra, KOIH BOJIe Aa HaSUBaJy aHTHqKHM I4MeHHMa CaBpeMeHe rpa.u,oBe. Varpe,qne roAaTKe Ba aHTuvKy ronorpaSujy MalegoHraje

nahu hemo xog. seher 6poja Bu3aHTHcKI4x nucaua (n. cnucan raeaopa). floeHaro .qerlo Koucraurr,rHa [opSHporeHI4Ta De Thematibui, y KoMe cy y oflHcy TeMa Mare1onuje.ra TecarIoHI4Ke
no 6poj au

Hajuoya4aruuju Hautvt ilucaHu HBBopr{ cy cBaKaKo HaTrJt4cu. Fbax HMa MHoro, trg .q,aHa y ,u,an cse nuue.- OAnoce ce yrJraBHoM Ha nepr4oA Panor (apcrBa. Fbraxono je Hcr(opur.xhasarbe orexaHo e6or Tona lxTo He uocroju eluprca MaKe,u,oHcKt4x Harnnca, a ny6luxaqaje y rcojuna crp.
702,

MaKeAoHcKI4x npar,oBa rae XHjepoKJIoBa CHeexlema (ca HeKUM MaJIr4M H3MeHaMa rcoje ce He Mory o6jacauru).on) To noxaayje He caMo flo[y,u,aparce KoncTaHTHHoBa ra XujepoKJIoBa cnucxa, neh H Meuame aHTHt{Kor H cpe"qrboBercoBHor nojrvra MarceAonraje noje je ro[ KoHcraHTI4Ha. - raro y[a.qJbt4Bo Ou- neher HHTepeca Ba aHTutIKy Tononpa$eriy ManegonHje cy TaKoBBaHI4 Cfrucrcosu tpadoaa rcoiu c! iipoileHutu uileHa.
ct1

He gaje

Huura HoBo, iep ie yl{eHu uap npenr4cao ycTBapu cfiucar

csw

rpa.u,oB

14

tIoB HoaHTIaqKe rp o n unquie Ma ne.u,onraje,

fl

no

I, 3: { r{E 'AXpi6o( \{pvq rrpcbrqv japicq; rptbrqv ra)uor:pevq' 6 Karoapeirg flpor6nrog xcri oipcrr tirl flp6pe).rE drca).siro f1 'A1pt6a.

valuet'. {6) App.

Ch.Edson, Notes on the Thracian ,,Phoros,,, Class. phil.42 (1947), np. 104: ,,The entries in the Nomina urbium mutata . . .' have
ypdcpsr

AoXvr'E Brcr?r.eiro, 11 rr6),.rE repi r6).rri.rg

"r.,oE,

a7)-Hanpunep: A,u@,anorr-Xprconors; Tepua-TecaloHt4r(a; cf L. Robert, Hel.lenica.l, crp.88; ,,Ajoutons que dans ces identificationd byzant:nes de villes antiques les erreurs- sorit frdquentes et que, d'autre -part, on ne se prioccupe pas tant d'y ddterminer (uels noms"se sont succi:ddd exa:tement sur le nr.me site, ma.is quelle vilie, plus ou moins proche, a tenu le r0le de la ville ancienne." ) Tarcan cnyu.aj r4maMo y Mareaonuju moxga ca ranenrueurauujor*
sltr,u,oncKe Anolonuje ca Jepracoru re) Hanpuiuep, clyuaj Xeparcneia-Ileaaronaja. 3*

Vn, Honigmann, Le SynekdBmos d'HidroklEs, crp.

5.

36

Mare.qoncK[ rpaAoBu

pl,lrrlcro u.o6a
HapoIIH-To

cy

ie - H. Bynrh o6jaanranao y
6aru e6on cBor

rpqi(on u 6yrapcKor Ae.JIa MaxeAonuje, iep cy HaTnvcu ca Haure Tepl4TopHJe, CeM HaJHoBI4JI4X, yrnaBHoJvl cxyursenra y s6apxarvra ,,AHruuuKu ciioileHuqu Hoae 3euhe", xoie
Baxr4 Ba Harllr.rce
14B

o6jan"rreHra

rrecro cy TeuKo r,ocryfiHe.50) To

Cfr.oueruuquua CAH.

OrpoMHy aehr'try MaKe,rI,oHCKHx HaTnvca uB pHMcKor ,u.o6a quHe Ha,u,rpo6nra cflomeHl4uu. Onpr peTKo K.a.u, ca,(pxe eJIeM_eHTe xojn ce Mory Herocpe,(Ho r4ct(opucruTn Ba rorlorpa@uiy. Vlnarc,
BeJrr4Kor -Qpoia, TH ctroMeHzut4r. rpy[t{caHl4 no -u cTulty opHaMeHTa, crIoJbHoM H3rne,u,y, BpcTI4 Je3l4Ky HaTnHCa r.r ApyraM o.u,JnIKaMa, Mory nocJlyxttTl4 Ba yrBpfranarre KyJITypHr4X rpaHHqa, KoJe ce noHeKaA [o,(y.[apaJy c a\Mt4Ht4cTpaTLtBHl4M rpaHrauama IIpoBI4HIrrja, o.u,HocHo I'paAcxux reprropuia. Mnoro cy.pefra, aru joru yBeK npart4qHo 6pojr-rra floqacHI4 HaT[HcH, Ha xojrarvra cxopo rlo npaBHJIy HaJIaBltMo 6uno erH[tKoH rHqHocTH y :rjy je vacr. cnomeHI,IK roAl,trHyr, 6utto HMe rpala vilH npyre Taj crIoMeHI4K tIocraBI4JIa, 6wno a ienno u eaie.u,nraue roja

PABBT,TTAK TPAACKOI N(UBOTA y MAKEAOHkTJH NPE AOJIAC KA PI,IMJbAHA


Ka,q roa ce roBopr, o eKoHoMcKoj n coqrajalnoj crpyrryplr MareAoslje, 6ea o6aupa r,a il_u. ce oHa cMaTpa rpqKoM BeMJboM Ltlu HE; Marce.u,onraja ce ynopefyje c fpvmorta u vcruqe Kao [beH KOHTpaCTT- KaO Tur[irrHo anpapHa SeMJba vuje je craHoBHHr.UTBO xr4BeJro pacrypeHo no MarbHM HaCeJbr4Ma H cenr4Ma H xoja je TeK rloaHort4 To caMo y rrpHMopcKr4M, xeJreHHBtrpaHr4M o6naciran'a, yrloSHaJra rpa,qcKt4 xr4Bor. Irle one caMo Aerr4MHrrHo raqHe KoH_ craraquje HBBoAr4 ce, mefiyrrrM, rroueKa,[ TeopricKr4 He[paBUJraH saKJbyqaK Aa cy rpa.u,oBH He.uTo necnojcrneHo u ryba Maxe.EOHrIHMa' HetUTO ulTo Hg o,qroBapa rbr4xoBoM nyxy, r4 Jra, yKorIHKo ux je w 6uno y Mare.u,oauiu; rbuxoBy uojiry' rpe1i npu_ nvcaTq cnecnoj,ueJraTHocrr.r xeJreHrsuparirx sjrarapa" xojn'cy Hx raKopehr namerlynu cBoMe Hapo,u,y, a He nprzpoAHoM .qpyrx TBeHo-eKoHoMcKoru paaaarry.l) Arco nocmaTpaMo paaauia( rpaAcKon xr4Bora y MaxenoHuju y cnoj meroaoj iloxenocrrz u paanoo6pagHocrrl r(poa

je

flpyro. Tannu HaTilucl4 ofrpranajy noHeKaA [IMe HeII9BHaTOT HaceJba r4JrH norBpbyjy nocrojarue HeKor rpaAa, o KoMe cy HaM y nr4TepapHr4M rlnBopr4Ma caqynaua neiacHa uilv Hect4rypHa cBeAoqauctah. 14 noiHravriu Harflucu, naleHa y camoi Mare,u,oHuiw unw BaH rbe, [HTepecaHTHt4 cy sa ucrpaxuBaqa ronorpa@Hie, Haporrr4To s6or Tora uTo ca,u.px(e, nopeA HMeHa Mecra oAaKJIe rtoruve nojnuK, vr rpu6y xojoj je npunagao raj rpa,u, utu caw noiur,lr<. Haj4panoqeHajr,r cy, ailu Lr BpJIo peTKIr, oHH Harnucu y.KoJI4Ma

lerre rpaAa r4Jru oMoryhanajy

ceM r4MeHa MecTa HaIIasl4MO Ll tIO.U,aTKe KOJI,I OCBeTJbaBaly ypeyrnp$ranarbe rberoBe repraropraje. Haianauajnnju Meby rbnMa ie cnarcaro BeJII4KI4 HaTr,uc He BatHHe

r{utame oBHx HaTtIIrca peTKo npyxa reruxoha. l(cro TaKo H rLl,fxoBo AaToBa[be. Cpasrvrepno 6pojutt HaTfiwct4, \aTupatu no je,u,noj HJrr.r Irpyroi ruare,qoncrcoj epu, o,IaKLUaBajy cnpcraBame
14

Opecrragra.

paBHa BpeMeHcKq paS.qooJba -- KJracuqHo, xeJreHr4crt4rtKo u puncKo - nper nac he ce rocraBuTu Tpt4 ocHoBHa nHTalba: l) nh lra

OCTaJILtx HaT[t4Ca Ha OCHoBy naneorpa$Crcrax HJIu CaApXaiHrax

un.u,raur.rja.

IC noaeprna je BeplHHcKa aralemraja upo@ecopy ch. EdSon-y iour npe para. HdnOpMarHe Ipunt4Ke OMeJIe Cy u3Jlaxebe IIa BpeMe OBe H3BaHpe11HO 'saxHe ny6irurcaUuie.' Karo ce BLl.u.Lr ila- usjreuraja rojn ie noAHeo Ha ll

no;

Hr4aaarse Corpus-a MaKeroHcKI4x Harnl4cl. y-oKBl'lpy.X roma

netynap6nnom KoHrpecy sa enrarpa$niy,. Eaco,n npur.pega 3a H3AaBalbe cauo Harrt4ce uB.pvicon",u,ena Makeiroirlje (A,c^t_e^s 6, 11e.,ongrBs lnternational d'Epigraphie' grecque et latine, Paris 1953,. crP. 42). Jeturtu s6opHr,tK HaTnt4ca us Uel-e axiuqre MarenOuuje oCraje 3aca[a sacTaPeno.]l n"rcprrrVrOraru jOUr yneI( HeO-nxO,II,HO .qe,rO M. ,U.tztrll'tqe, 'H Mctre8ovfq, 6v ),i,)o16 g$eyyopevotg. .., Aruna 1896.

Crl'6epa, Cep u

selbst ist in diesem Krini[sland.nicht.so wie in "Die aem H;11;; -woil aus sich selber erwachsen, sondern dulch are Rtirjten"igentiiitren eingeititrit den, die mehr Hellenen wiren ars ihre unieitanen;'; iuia. np.'rl ,,oie siaain diesen cegenden auneirriiu'aes e;genir'icrren-rvrilj::l:t _9rlltune.n fieooniens rragen ganz den charakter eigenflicher colonieri. . .,, MomieH, Kao rrrro ce Bul.u, rareKo vsapxanHjra y_cnorvre cy.u,y o claoom fiej BIrrKy rpancKor xr4Bora y ig Maxe,qouuiu ol,Bil.[aMoerafua u otpaHuqaBa ra cailo Ha roprtomaKeJloHcKe o6tacrn. Kao_-npHmep 3a rBp.(rby .[a cy rpa_ -r_oBl, y.Tpa.r{Kr4M u urupcKuM_ o6tacruma Make.uouuje 6im ocHoBaHH KaO Ko.'rorrHJe, jVtoM3eH HaBoln erlune u Jleypraon (oan. y [eitr4--l-lepceilry (v oxy, npe*a Liv. 39,53). Morae 6u ce.qoi{aril r'o6e Xet'arnej6 srnllu u Cuaruru),-Anr_aroneja na Ar<cajy n \p,-Alr-io.roje'i.r nriiii;il;El{K.-ru TDaJLoBH xOjr cy ,u,oxrrBela" jan- npouBar, Kao uro cy cro6ll,
MHorr.,

.r) cf. U. v._wilar,now_itz-lvloilendorff, Staat und cesellschaft der une,cnen,. c.Tp. t54: -".d-ie ,stiidte, die doch eigenilich etwas Unmakedo_ c1,p, J!0.: ,,denn..die griechischlrrimische Weise, na.fr-aer li1.l.r_fil,3'j, oas Land in stadfqgbiete zerfiillt, war und blieb den Makedon'en lm we_ s_entlichen fremd".Th..Srf.ry:.ll ii: c. 27i; ,,':.. die griechische ordnung, wenigstens die st?idtisclie, (is.t) 1r,-;i;. bei di6sen-Stir*.n (;i. i6A ;;: BepHoM-aKe,u,oHcKxx)^wohl wie in der fniheren so auch in der Kaljerzeii nur in beschrinktem MaBe,eingefiihrt wo.rden,,; ibid.: griectiJch"-Foritie

[pyr],.

38

MaKe.(oncKI4 rpa.(o BI/

PaashraK rpaacxor

xIBora

npe roJ'racKa pumnana

39

je

ipurcor Tr.rna

KoMe_.rpaA c Teqt4Topuiotrl. ql4qu ayToHoMHy nonrarraury je4unr,1qy; 2) l,a nH y Ma6e.u,oHr'rira 'u,ona3l'l Ao o6pa3oBarba rpaAoBa Kao TproBaqKo-SaHaTcKI4X qeHTapal {aAa H y

Marce4onula BHaJIa 3a flonl4Tejy,

ri. ono

uoJlt4TuqKo

ypelerre

rcoio! rrrdpu; 3) .(a

cBt4M cBoit4rvt npoBuHul4jama, Ha,[,oBeayie y MaKeAoHfijr,r Ha JrOKaJrHe TpaAl4t{t4je, Vilvt Apyrl4M peql4ltla, Aa JII4 Ce cuCreru rpaAcKe canioyupaBe paBBllO y Mare.u.oHl4iH npe ,U,onaCKa Panroaua? Ha npao nHTaFbe Huje 'l\eurro o-AroBopl4TI'I. OHo ce nocTaBJba caMo y KJracHqHoM nepHoAy. Mane.u,oncKa .[pxaBa pa3nujala ce y ,u.py6tllrit4M .u.p_yulTBeHo-eKoHoMcKI4M ycnoBUMa Hero rpqKe .u,pxaBr/qe, rueHo o6paeonarbe npeTxo.u,H,o je nojaB, rpaAoBa Kao AaHaTcKO-TprOBaqKaX qeHTapa. V Oxnu-py UeHTpanHBoBaHe MoHapxrle uarpujapxaJlHor THna KaKBa je 6r'rna MaxeloHHia, C npeTeXHO CeOCKHM CTaHOBHI4TTBOM n jaxralt TparOBHMa

eaioae y

rrf ce rtaynuqrara.rrHo

ypeberbe, roje ParvrrnaHu

nleneHcror ypeberba,

HI4ie

6Hlo MecTa 3a

noJIHCe.

Ononn BaKJbytIKy He cMeTa HeAaBHo LBHero Mt'llxJberbe Jla cy MeToHa I,t [lu,u,na 6ule MaKeAoHcKil rpaAoBI'|, a He rpqKe KOnOHuJe, Jep cy ce u nuI]Ha 14 MeTOHa y .U.O6a O6paaonama

MaKeAOHCKe ,U,pxaBe HaJIaSUJIe HSBaH beHe Tepl4TopHle H HMaJIe npeMa TOMS nOCeOaH paBBI4TaK.r) Aau, aXo 6n Ce .[OKaBanO Aa cy Merona u f|u.U,ua 6nne O[ [OqeTKa MaKeAol{cKI4 rpaAOBLl, a'.u,a Hx HHcy ocHoRar14 rpqKn KoJIoHI4.-I1,_l-9 6y^c11tt11o_ 9-1?: gOJII{TeJa BprJro 11p14HUuunienHO HenpaBL1JIHy nOCTaBKy Aa Je'

caMo cra JIHe a.[Mr.tH Hcrp

XalrcprAura, HBBpueHo no,q ucrt4* rparn6rnr. Henra o.q xaJrKilnr4qKr4X rpaAoaa e6pncaHr.r cy ca SeMJbHHe rroBprrJr4He, aililje nehrana r{[aK HaAxilBena MaKeAoHcr(y oKyuaqujy. Trarvre uTo cy nocTaJrr4 '[eo MaKeJLoHcKe KpaJbeBr4He, xaJrKr4.u,uqKu loilucu uary6unu cy [onfiTl4tlKy He8aBr,tcHocr. He gaTo uTo 6w ,,noanreja 6una y cltrr7y111t1 ryfa Mane,[oHur4ma,., Beh BaTo uTo ce lbnxoBo npucaje.u,urueme [q[ naaruhy MaKenoHcKor KpaJba nraje MorJ]o rpyKvuje uerecrra. flpecraBurH ,Ua_6y.uy nofiuct4 y Knacr4rrHoM cMr4cny pequ,' rpqKrr rpa,Uonr Ha XalnrAuxy BaApxanr4 cy nehy rann Tiry lqTllHy caMgyrrpaBy. {npano y ro npervre, y Apyrol uoJIoBt4HH IV n., n y MareloHr4jil nojegraHn rpa4onra icryirajy xao

59r ie YTruaja 6uao npracajeAHrlerbe rpa.(oBr4Ma

cBo]e -{pxane ,u,a My oocJryxe Kao nojHe u \uBuilusaropcKe -MakeAoHr4ju 6aae. Ha paetuTaK rpa[cxor xr.tBora y o.q nearaHar{HrrKaHor

$Pxarn KpoB qeny MaKeAoHcKy ucr-opl4jy no rcpaja anrarce.a) fiora BeKa Aouuuje, nla,u,a Qun_una II aHa.rura ju , V flornery paaBurKa rparlcKor xuBora y Marceqorlraju o1ny'rHy flpeKperuu[y. vlcrutyhu y cBoM roBopy rpeA no6yrbeurrru -nojirraquma sacJryre cBora _oua, AreKCaHAap je percao Aa je @unwi II yuuHVO tla 9Y Ce Maregonuw cnycTultu ca ilta:f.uHa fAe cy qyBan[ rvralo6pojny croKy y paBHr4rle u \a ux je on Hayr{Ho Aa xuBe y rpaAoBHMa ta ,u.a ce cnyxe BaJbaHrM BaKoHt,lMa u o6uuajuna.b) . Orlrau II je uogatsao rpa.(oBe 14 y rpaHHqHHM o6nacruna

ypofeHo rpqKoM ,u,ixy, IYbe Maxe,u,oHunMa. Voctaaom, ce Aa pairurcy raarvrely Mare.u.onaua 14 fpKa y nuTalby uonrre;e Tpe6a rocMaTpaTu-H O6iaCHrarr.r j[pyKqHie. Hero uTo ce o6r4qHo qr4HH: y oHo .qo6a KaAa ce y I'pvxoj noiaoroyiy noJtuct4 y MaxenoHnjra Hnie 6vtno ycJIoBa 8a pasBI4TaK rpa.U,cKon xr4Boia; HeAocTaTaK naK rpa.4oBa H rpa.qcKor ypebeba ynyTl4o
rrr4Hr4 Mr4

n6rro

je MarenoHrle

l]o

y Aru, Mare,(oHl4ja nr'rie ocrara rpaiHo.6ea rpaloBa' ISneKanl rpapoBa. nehrax 6poj anaran uocioln 6oi HlrcT;;Ko .r,o6a V cy HacTaJrLr Tu rpaAoB t4 t4 tilTa ce 3Ha o br4xoBoM ypeberby?

paSBLITKOM: OHH Cy O61B1U .u,pyKqr.rjurvr noluTprrKr4M -e paanranH y [paBe fpxe' cTpaHH o.u, rpqKor cBeTa u Hucy

nrrKy cyBepeHe ,[p_xaBe cnoJbHorroaaruv(y nperaapajy ce y o6rqHe rpa.4oBe ca noKanHoM


HOBOOCHOBaHI,I

apyrrrTBeHe o,(Hoce, ailv y noncij'ettocLr xojy oraapa BnaAa 9ne, anojra4e BeJIr,tKaHa, [oJrr4Tr4rrKrr, npr4BpeIlHr4 H KynTypHr4 cao6pahaj ca fpvrcom 14 BeMJbaMa crapor i4crorca ueapiunu cy rpalaH H cHaxaH yTuual Ha ueroryrraH xuBor Maxe,qonr,rje. V ro BpeMe Hacraje npouec HHBenHcarba r.rarvrefy o6lacrr c runrqHo rPaAcrcam xHBorom U arpapHr,rx SeMaJba: aehaHa rprrKilx tlltilca, HeKa,qa cJraBHHx r ruohnux Jr.pxaBa, uary6unrur4 ocHoBHy otrHesaBr4cHocr, car,,roynpanorvrj

jyhe

JE. LTMATI' NPHBPE.(Y EATBOPEHOT HATYPAJIHOT TI4IIA 14 OATOBAPA-

aTr4 B H e je gu H u r1e.6) Mareaonuja Ao @alrna Il u Alerccan,qpa Beararor

MorJla

TpraaeceTrrx roAr4Ha v nr,_ KaAa je ogpracxl, KpaJb cntanr KpeHyo ca TpaqKo* uric*o* y Maregorirajy, drlo ie y Maxe,qouraira rur'ano VTBpHeHI,tx MecTa r,lle cy ce MaKe.u,oHUH Mornl, SKJI9HLTII' Terc je nd(nuie, npl4lIa Tyru,u.ul, KpaJb- Apxerai uo.u,urao MHora

rpa,qoBH rxnpoM flpocTpaHor qapcTBa 3a,(pxa_ ca cKy[uTrrHaMa, caBeTHMa 14 Marr4crparuMa.J) u y MareIoHujr,r rpa4drr.r uocrajy cne 6pojBaJy caMo ctloJbHr4 USrne,r noJrHca
100,

H rieipdtrao nyreae, uutvre vrspfrerba 'laot

ie uonehao o46pan6eHy ,Upxane3). Irluarc, 14 y Lo6a. Cutalrconor flOxo[a no1vturbe ce HeKonHKo rpaAoBa y paonunvt Axcuia u y EoTI,Iajra, rcojn cy ce
z; oao je mrrumeme'u3Heo HeAaBno 't donien, Hermes Bl (1953) 85. 3) Thuk. ll, 100, 1-2.

g18..Ia, Kup, Eypon, Vtorena,

FoprHnuja, Araraura (Thuk. ll,

u.

Kahrstedt, stiidte in Make-

W. Tarn, Antigonos Conatas, crp. lg3 u a. .7) O oaxocy xeJreHr.rcrr4rtKl4x Morapxujaunoauca n o r{3MeHaMa Kol:,r43roxeH,rplKr.r. .noIL!9- y_xerreHncrx,{r(o Ao6a B, Ferguson, The l1I3 large State and the Polis, CAH Vll, crp.22 u t.

5) Arr,. VII, 9, 2: ,,tto.go)rapdv 6pdg nLcrvrjtcrg rai dr6poo6, 6v 619,)6'rd pcuE roirg ro),.)r.oi'g v6po^vraE'dvd oprl ap6pcrc . . - x,,.op.iaai ir;" 6ptv ctvrl rrlv 6rgrlsp<6v gopeiv d8curev, rccrrr]yaye- 6i 6r< rriv opov eig ri ne6fcr,' . . . x6).ed;' re oir{ropaE rir6gqve rcrl, r.6por6 rai d$eor xprloroi; 6r6opr1oev,,.
6)

40
Hr4iH 14

Mar<e.u,oncru rpaAoBLt

pra,tncro ao6a

Paaenrar rpar,cKor xr.lBora npe ,u.oracra Pr,rlnrana

4i

rpvxux npaAOB a. Vnpa n O qurbeH uUa,U,a cy VcJrOBr4 Ba paaBurax rpa,u.OBa CaSpeJIH


,u.bnrajra HV La yxBaTU KOpeHa. Anra fO CKr4 XHBOI Hraje pa3BHO yOnUTe, V TO

cBe nehu,

14

cBe Marbe

,u,oxl4BJbaBa .u,!6oxy i.rnr* IV r., y Ao6a iana rpqKu floJIHc y Maxe;r;tt, paanoi ie Luro norureja nHje morra ra HI4KHS Ce k tpag.-

ce pasruxyjy oA :1:q:I:-11I IIKI'I t1p_H-B peAH n v UoJtuTH y Maxe,u.OHnjra rerc jpe-

BOT HOBOOCHOBaHuX rpaAOBa nUje nnOrao I1a SaBI{Ca OI UHTeH[l4Ja fbHXOBI4x OCHI4Baqa, Beh O,U, peaJIHHX yCnOBa 3a rblrxoB paBBI4TaK: AOK Cy je,u.Hy rpa,[oBl4 AOXHBeT]14 cjajan npouBaT u Tpa(rrlunonor' ialpr rercOnrarrrl ra.rrra rpajy jour ra [aHaC (Ourranra,

He 3Haql4 ,U,a He CaMO KaO nOCJIeII.l4Ua KoJIoHI43aTopcKe r,eJlarHocrl4 nojen'l4Hl4x BJIaJI'ap.a' Beh u e6or Tora uTo cy To rIpHBpe,[Hl4\ycroBl4 3axTeBaJ]H. Vocr3191t1.T.?:

i.iuronrKa, KacaHnp.id)'' ,u,orJie ce Apyrl4Ma lY6ra rpar io'y o.q,Max nOcJIe rbt4xoBor OCHHBaba (nanpranrep, AlexCau4puja Me,u,uuu, Ou.rtnnonoJb y Op6enrajra H .u.p.). ^ He aepyiem Aa ce neh 382 r., KaJI,a OluHr roxyuaBa r,? -sr-acrr4 MaKe,u,oHCKOr KpaJba Annuure lluryoTprHe ol -, li:I: JIDVre MaKe,u,oHcKe rpa.u,oBe, MO)(e rOBOpl'lTH O ayTOHOMl4JI4 6'ui,* rpaLona.t) Alra, xpajervr IV s. u y III B. rojaBrbyjy ce y

- rror{r4[be ,u,a us.qaje aKTa He caMo y cnoje /{ocoHy, jep ou npBr4 padr)"efE 'Avriy'ovoE Maxedcbv, neh H y cBoje u y -Kao Hnne MarceAoHaUa pcrdr).eug 'Avr[yovoq xcri Maxe66veg.13) Ha je4HoM Harnucy flonwrHyToM y qacr Kp.aiba @utuna V nocseaoven je u xotvdv Mcrxe66vov.1a) He nepyjem ga ce raj KoHHo'H cMe cxBaTuTH Kao caBeS rpa,(oBa rpqKor Tuna: .qa noTceTr.rMo caMo Aa ce notvdv r<ibv flur6vcuv nojanryje na jegnorra HeuTo crapujem HaTnilcy y qacT reoHCr(or KpaJba .(ponr.loHa (r.ra npeMeHa [ocne raJrcKe najeaae), KaAa nraje nnorlo 6uru peqn o HeKaKBoM caBegy rpaAoBa.ls) tlumeHrq,a na je <Dr,rnran V ,q,oesonr4o HeKr4M MaKeAoHcKr4M o1nacruma Aa xyjy Horarl, Koje npaBo oHe saAPXanajy n no,u, llepcejenn, roKasyje aa cy nocleg}bra Maxe.u,oHcxr4 KpaJbeBr,r Hacrojanu ga Ha je4Hoj Br.rue ycrannoj ocHoB14 ypeAe oI(Hoce ca cnojann nollaHuqr4Ma.ru) HeMamo, meHMe

Mucau ce Aa je rpajervr III n., Ba BJra[e nocr]eAbr4x AnruroHu,u,a, Marce.u,onraja neh 6uta noAeJbeHa y onurTaHe ca rpa,qcKoM caMoy[paBom, 6ap y oHr4M rcpajenana r4e je rpaAcKr4 XHBOT 6uO jave paarrajen. oql u^*!,tHr4cTpaTr4BHa peopraHHsa(uia, xojom je rpe6alo ,qa ce Maxe.u,onrzja ruro Br,rtue tpulnuxu rpr{Kr4M yBopHMa caBegrrma rpa.qoBa, flpaflucyje ce AntraroHy

JTilTeDaDHUM CIIOMeHHIIUMa 14 Ha HaTflucvll/Ia, yMecTo o[uTer eTnrrcOUa Mcrxe6tl.r, eTHI4KOHH CaCTaBJbeHH ttpeMa. rPaIY, txTO yxaayje Ha r4BBecHO .OCaMoCTaJbelbe npagoBa. Alercan.UpgBll

'o6^i,ip, o6erexasaiy. cnojg !ope^.{o .seh,tl.o^a erHHKoHoM Alorites, Alkomeneus, Mie-

.iuilt'

zeus.e) Ha Haruucr4Ma ce iaBJba, t]ope"[, oBr4x IIpocTHx eTHHKOHa' i ,6,n^n Moxe8rbv ex Bep-oiuq nilV Eupcurrcricut Moxe66vt,10) lCOiu rroKaSyje, c jeg.ue cTpaHe, Aa oBH .rpa,u,oB14 Ht4cy HI4Ka.U, 0peTCTaBJ'DaJIL1 CaMOCTaIIHe

Peliaios, Beroiaios, Aigaioi,

ce cBecr o

11pt411a,qHocr, ie4norvr

Kt4AtrKy nolanrnyle ie osa ipcra eTHHKoHa ('Ape0ouoicot Mcr,"50"r, Nlcrxe6[6jvt eE 'Ap[g]tno],ecrrg), 14B qera. ce Bu1,vl .lla cy MaKenoHcKt4x Tu rpaAoBr4 noTnyHo acuMHnoBaHH. o anavaly ql4BeHI4Ua Aa npag,6na y AlexcaHApoBo BpeMe peql4To. ro.Bopu cV MaKeIIoHcKt4 KoJIoHllcTr,r y flpe4rroi Aauju npeHenn Ha MHore

r4 KOA npHIIaAHI4Ka

irapoay 6praxno qyBara'.1" rpqKHx rpa.lI,oBa Ha TpaqKo] ooaJII'l t4 xan-

uOJIHTI,lUre ie4unl4Ue' C

[pyre

CTpaHe'.Aa

ayA.HjeHr{rajy 4ereraTe MaKeAoHcKr4x rpaAona-ofllxTr{Ha (contione dimissa ad audiendas Iegationes civitatium Macedoniae se contulit), Koja cy Aorxrra Aa My roHyAe rlomoh y HoBrly n )KHTy,
_1e) Jones,

He.[,oBoJbHo flperrr4aHu noAaur4 y Jlanujenorvr zanerurajy o nocneAlbeM pr.tMcKo-MaKeAoHcKoM cyr(o6y. [loeHaro je rvrecro y KoMe Jlrtraje nplrqa KaKo je l-lepcej, l7l r., rouro ji:pacrypr,ro a6op BojHr4Ka Ha KoMe je oaryveno Aa rpe6a paToBarr, rrpr4Muo

MoyrpaBe 6uo y rbuxoBo Bpeme crrpoBeJ(eH y qeloj Maxe4oHuju. Ha aAMr4Hr4crpaTr4BHo ypelene Maxegonuje noA nocJrer,rbr4m Autnrouu,Uuma 6aUaiy r4BBecHy cBeTJrocr malo6pojnu u

lyrnrra,

HHKaKBr4x ,u,upeKTHr4x AoKatsa ,u,a

je

cHcTaM rpaAcKe ca-

Mare.q,onriu-!

ron Jlocox

rir*oLurue seh nocrOjehe ultt4 HoBoocHoBaHe rpaAoBe cBojr4x po,[Hux nnecta.12)

I4MeHa

I, crp. 251: ,,Malo6pojue unsoprvrauuje roje urramo o oBoM npetrr{ery noraayiy JIa cy l7ena n [pynil MaKeAoHcKu rpaAoBu nocraJr]r nbp,ualnu
ibid. crp. 250, ,,[a. le-y couujarrHom il exonomcKoM nonJ]eay Maxeaonnjd
,r,a,'IHe
rpq_Kr.t

ua uleuen'cxoj ocron4 y je r+enum -oluriaua,rna Aao nornyHra craryc noluca. Ci. Ia u Rosto-vtzeff,-The social and Economic History of the
Jrr.rKBr.rAr.rpao

The Greek Cities, crp. 103 n np. lS, cMarpa na le Anru-

apxajcry

rrrbnapxrajy

Hellenistic world,
CiuaTpa,

fioilucu ca

IropMaJrHr4M rprrKr4M

ypelerreru". Arl4, Poctosllea

s; Xen. Hell. V, 2, 12-73; cf. Tarn, n. 4., crp. I83' -E6eoocricut, 'Ixvcr{<ot s) Arr. Ind. XVIII, 3-7. Vn. r erHuKoHe fle)tlcrioJ, III n. C. Da^ux, u_a gpg-nrane np^oKceHilie o v .u.el6rcroM .u.eKpery .u.aBaFby Hell. ll, crp.85)'

ocraJra oHo ruro .i" 9.rr!u y flporuJrocrr4,3emiba nJremencKeraaa,6ome eeycrpyrrype". Huje lacno KaKo ce re ABe crBapr,t rrrory .qoeecftr

cKnaA.

'Ffi,;ii;J';L:ouTp-nJr,'itrlulJ.
ro; Vn. Tapn, n.
185, np. 59.
,u,.,

i, h.lot

lnper'ra L. Rbbert,

rr) Syll.l 575, (ruena xe4ocrynuo).

crP. 184, nP. 57. rr; Ha Harnilct{Ma us ,U,enQa c rpaja lV n,, npema Tapn, n'

.u.',

crP'

rz) Mehvrnu. noicra ie y ao6a Anercan.u,pa Beluxor pacnoJleJbeHa tP3l.9-u'"uu:' no o6ricrr,rrvii (sorr'iaia,Etinio'ruc, TunQaia u Ep'),.a H.9 no Carrro rpqKfi rpaAoBn ca npr4'opja ucrynaiy ca roce6HuM oApeA14Ma.,"

c,:yuajeauma o6elexaBarrl c-rapy noicxe. Beporarir.rje je,uH-cKynurxuy uretre FougEres-a (Daremberg-Saglio, s. v. Koinon, cip. 844,'n.'7) ga toHapxacKe ApxaBe ywnaly rlme Kor.,HoHa y cur.rcry 6ovo6-a. philip V of -16) Hajlroryiu.pa4 o^oBoM BrraAapy: F. W. Walbank, illacedonia, Cambridge 1940, nuje nw a,ocrynan.

.ts; Syll.2

?08.- flocroju Mr,truJbe]be Aa Kor,rHoH

Moxe

oBaKBtlm

42

MareAoncKil rpaAoBr4 y pr4McKo Ao6a

Passurar rpaAcKor )Kurtoia npe Loracra

Pu,umaxa

43

Kparn ce BaxBanrro t4 o\6uo noMoh, rasjae.rsyjyhu Aa cy KpaJbeBcKe pesepBe ,q,oBoJbHe.

pacflonoxerbe KoJra 3a flpeBo3 MaLrlI4Ha u ocTane o[peMe.17) HHje ja*ro Ha xoje ce civitates Macedoniae Ty MucItL4. Tapu cMaTpa .u,a ce onaj [o,[aTaK Jlranraiea He Mo)l(e ynorpe6uTu y uorBpAy Mr,il.rrJberba La je fl,lcrenn rpa.u,cKe caMoyopane 6uo aaBeqen y ManegoHrajr,t npe r,oJlacKa PnmrnaHa: civitates noie cy
rpqKu rpa4onu.18) Malo
Aor.xJre

Tpaxuo ie caruo ,4a My ce cTaBe Ha

y ro ,[,o6a rmaJr.o jou jare rcopeue.2l) O,{uraelHo ie aa !u*: 6n Pnnmatu, t ,qa Hrije panaje nocrojala ta JroKaJrHa camoynpaBa, MopaJrr4 Aa je yBegy, jep je oHa npercraBJbarra 6asy
.rbr,ixoBon cr4creMa npoBuHrllrcxe ynpaBe.
BHaMo, r,rarJreAa, naefyrrann, .u,a

Aa

ttoHy,u,e nonnoh l-lepcejy Morne


Hercu rpa4oBra

yonLUTe civitates Macedoniae, Aa cy y rnTaby cBe MaKeAoHcKe otILxTr{He, JeP ce oHAa He BuNn Ha t{eMy ce SacHLlBaiIa l(paJbeBcKa Moh, aKo je rcpar oA6rao norvroh cBI4x caojfix otltxTI4Ha. C ,upyre crpaHe, rnefyrr,tm, lacro je raxo MaJIo BepoBarH.o ra cy y oKBr4py jenne Te Hcre MaKe.u,oHcKe .JI,pxaBe MoTJIH je,qHu npa4oBr4 (HeraAarurru TpqKL IIoJIHcH xojn cy c noTqrrbelbeM Mane4oHraiu uery6unu nesanucnocr) yxt4BaTI4 JIoKaJtHy 3Mo-

ne crojr,r Aa cy

npuMopcl(ti ie nepoqarHo, Baucra, I4aKo xog, Jlranr,tja

cy 6uru

irocraru cnoje r,eJleraunje,

crapn MaKe.[,oHcK[r rpa,qoBH, Kao l-lela, 6epoia, E,ueca- r.r MHort,t Lpyrr4, unaill cy cBaKaKo ype[eme noJrHCa, fipeMa Ta[amrbeM
cxBaTarsy,

y ToM rrorneAy. Behra rpaAoBr4 __ He caMo Hera.u,autLrr rpqKr4 nonficu trorqabeHu Maxe,qonuju, rlJru xeJleHHcrHqKe rBopeBHHe xao TecaJroHHKa u KacaH,[peja, neh u
HBBecHy rpar,nqujy
qHHoBHr4Ka Kao rlpeTcraBHr4Ka rIeHTpaJrHe BJracrrr.

cy

oHr4

[Io

oHome MaJroMe r.uTo

MareAoHuju nauutu na

neh

rj.

crynr.xTlilly, caBeT

nJreMeHcKa

o6lacrunna cy [JreMeHcKe BeEe 6une joru ,qocra jarue, tano 'u,a ce noA civitas TaMo MorJra noApaBylaeBarr4 caMo
MaKeAoHcKHM

cKor

MatucTpaTe, ailil

u KpaJbeBV ropruo-

nonaTapxa, Koja

yrrpaBy, a Apyru (rrannr,l MaKeAoHcKI4 rpaAoB14: Eepoja, I-lela, E.qeca w ap) 6uru Jri,IureHll THx rlpaBa. Mracaunn g.a je nonnoh rojy cy HeKH rpa[ouu MaxeaoHraje noHyAI4JII4 KpaJby Ha fioqerKy

I43BaHpe.u.HO Ll ,U.a Ce U3 TOra He CMC SAKJbYIII4TH N.A CY TH TPAAOB14 HMAJII,I NPHBilNCTUCAH UOJIOxaj y ApxaBH u Lg-HVCy yqec-TBoBarIH y penoBHHM Aax6uHama

paTa [peTcTaBJbaJIa HeuTo

il ,u,aBarby nojcre. Vlcro TaKo je jacuo ,qa legationes civitatiu.m He flpeTcraarajy peqosaH opraH a,[MI4Hl,rcrpaur,rje y Maxeg,ottuiw, na je MaJro BepoBaTHo, Kao [xTo cno neh peKJIH, ,[.a ie totvdv Mcrxe66voJv 6ao caBeT [percraBHr4Ka rpa.u.oaa.
y
Civitates Marce.u,onraje cnomrame
Besr,r

fiayna u ypelertervr roje je ou aaBeo y Mare4oHajra. KaUa cy crurnu ceHaTcKI{ JIeraT}I, Ervrralraje llayr je caaaao y Aru$unoJby norJraBulre MaKe,u,oHcKe, tto JI,eceT r{B cBaKe civitas (ubi dies venit, quo adesse Amphipoli denos principes civitatium iusserat . . .), u ry uM ie jaruo npoqt4TaHa o.u,JryKa ceuara.ls) Heruro .u,ounnje, ronopehr y ceHaTy o caojoj

Jft.reuj'e joLu HeKoJILtKo

rlyra

no6e,qoru Ervrrarraja

nocrojala reh npe AoJracKa Puna;sana,22) norBpny 3a To .u,a MyHuur4ranHo ype-neh $eme Hnje nonuna xojy cy Prann"rraHr,r .(,oHenra y MarcenoHujy, ,qa uocrojra KoHTl4Hyr4Ter y paBBHTr(y a.uMuHr4cTparr4BHor ypelema J xeJreHr4cTHqKoM H pr,rMcKom BpeMeHy. .(paroueu HBBop Ba ttuTarre paBBHTr(a nonr,rreje y Mane4onHir.r y xeJreHncTrlr{Ko ,u,o6a flpyxa HaM Cnucarc aelQacKr4x reopoAoxa HB [pBe qerBpTu II n. npe n. e.23) V nervry je aadelexeHo Tpr4,[,ecerarc MaKe,u,oHcr(r4x rpa,roaa.24), Oeaj Jlor(yMeHar je g,oca.qa MaJro ucropraruhaBaH Ba Tororpa$ujy Lt ucTopr4cxy reorpa$ujy Mare4oHuje. Ilprapoa,no je, rvrefyrurvr, npeTfiocraBuTr{ ,qa oHo r.xTo Baxr4 Ba ocraJre o1tacru roje cy BacryrrJbeHe y rbeMy Baxil u ea Maxe4oHnjy. Muc.nu ce Aa cy y oBoM cnucxy ea6erexeHra camo rpa,u,oBr4 xojuma cy AenQacru tlocnaHauu rlpea Marr{crpaTr4ivta, caBeroM t{ Hapo,u,oM, yllhranalr.r cBeqa.H nosrrB .[,a [ouaJby cnoje [peTcraBHr4Ke y fiel$e na cBeTKoBrrHe.'u) y Marcegonraju, HapaBHo, He rvro'xe 6uru roBopa o npaB[M, HetaB[cHr4M rpa.u,oBuMa-,u,pxanama, nefi
KeAoHcKr4M rpa4oBr4ma,

o6lact. Axo 6u ce AoKasano aa ie uncruryqraja je y puivrcKo .uo6a EocBe,qoqeHa y MHorrrM Ma-

urailu 6ucmo

jou jeauy

no6e,u.H H

civitates omnes Macedoniae se dediderunt.2o) lrl jeaau w frpyttl [o.u,aTaK norcaayjy ta ie Matce.u.ouuja 6um nolernena na civitates, unu 6ap qa cy Pnnn.roauu, e6auyiyhu mareAoHCKor KpaJba n npahajyhra MarcelonuHma ,,cao6o4y", gt4KTr4panH cnojy Bo.Jby
tates, a xoie HapaBHo He MopaMo Bamr4cJIt4Tr{ Kao IIpaBe rpa.u,cKe onluTl{He, iep je y BeruKoM AeJIy Mare,u,oHr,rje nlemeHcKo ypetz; Liv. XLII, 53,
20)

noTqr4rnaBarby Maxe4oHuje, E,r,ruauje

flayl

Kaxe:

2r) Larsen, Cl. Phil. 44 (1949), crp. 85, npumefiyle ,qa civitates o xoiuma roBopr4 Jlnaraje ne ruopajy cae 6uru poleis, .u.a HeKe o,u, bt4x Mory 6urw w nJremerra; anu ra cy nJreMeHa Moparra ilMarh cauoynpaBy roja je cBe Br.rue norcehala Ha rpaAcKy. yn. u Larsen, Roman Greece, crp. 298.

t{E

IpeTcIaBH14uHMa caMoyfipaBHHX JeA]4Hr,rqa,

I(o]e HasHBaJy ClVl-

22) TaKo Mucntu C. I-lelercu4nc, dpXcr{crg @ss6cr}.ovir{(, crp. 23 n n.


_

'Ari, rfit rro}.rre{ct xa,i r}iv

rorv<ov(cr

zr;

crp. 1 t4 A., Ba Mare,uonajy: crp.


zr)

A. Plassart, Liste delphique des thdorodoques, BCH 45 (lg2l)


17

4.

t8) Tarn, H. r(., crp. re) Liv. XLV, 29, l.

l8{, np.

54.

doniae in dicionem populi Romani venisse".

Liv. XLV,4l,6; yn.u ibid. XLV,

1,9:

,,civitates oinnes Mace-

XeparJIeHoH, IIr,t6erpa, .[,uolr, fluflna, 6epoja, Mre3a, E,u,eca, [I-e_,1a, Eypon, I,lxRe, Alanreuoil, Tecalonuxa, I,lAomeie,'Acrpauon, 6parane, Xap_axoma (ncnolnaro y Mare,uonuju l), Iera, Auaua (unx AilHea?), Aurnroneia, Kacan.u,peja, Am$anon, Qutunu, OucuMa. Heanoluc, Canau (u:leme, a He rpaA !), Moplae, Krure, Axan'r a Acap. 6) L.Robert, Villes de Carie et d'lonie dans la liste des thdorodoques, BCH 70 (1946) 506 u A.; cf. ibid. crp. 510.

To cy:

u xonenrap crp.54 H .q.

4+

nnelg4glgg .pe4gbu y pumcro

.uo6a

lrlnrepecantno 6u 6wtto raa, 6ncmo MorJII4 EHaTU oTKa.(a nocrojra o6ravaj Aa ce MaKeAoHcKH rpa,qoBl4 uoaunajy Ha .[eJIQncxe [paBHuKe. L. Robert, xoju je ucrpaxt Bao rpa,u,oBe Kapwje n Jonaje npema oBoM cnucKy TeopoAoxa, KoHcraronao ie na cy [ersracru nocnaHilun nocehilsarta caMo rtpuMopcKe M?Jroaar,rcKe rpagone. OH Mucnu Aa* ce y roMe BI4n[ TpaAuuuia HacraJra npe Hero ruro je Aaercan,i'ap Benr.rru orBopl4o l-pur,trraa yHyrpaurbocr Mane Aaraje.26) Onorn ce Tpa!,t4tlujom, no rberoBoM MHrxJbeby, ir,\oxe o6jacHnrra BauTo ce noBIrBt4 aa yveurhe y 4er$racKrzM cBeqaHocrrMa ynyhyiy crapum rpa.u,oBI4Ma, MaKaKo
rpar,oBl4Ma. Onaj sarrny'.IaK ce He Moxe npHMeH[TH na Maxebnr-r 6eeHavajnu 6wttw, a He LIIaJby MHort{M HoB}tM,

camoynpaBHr4M o[ixrr{Hama xoje npercraBJbajy oanojeHa aAlvll.lHr4crparnBna TeJra. Oeai gel@ucxr,r cnr4caK Moxe c0, npema ToMe, cmarpaTu HeocnopHllm .u,oKaBoM [ocroiarua onaxBl4x onrrrTuHa y Marenonuju npe ,u,onacKa PumraHa.

yPEtErbE

MAKEAOHI,TJE 167

148

f.

IIPE H. E.

raro

mohnurvt

xojoj rotsoplr Po6ep uraje morla Aa HacraHe ope xeneHHcrHIIKor BpeMeHa. Taxo ce Mo)t(e o6jacHuru ,u,a y c[ncKy HeMa MHorLix rpqKrx rpaAoBa na XaaxuAuKyr xojra cy c Oulunorvr usry6ulu caMocTanHocr. LLIra BHIIIe, qHBeHI4IIa na ,qea$ucxu [ocJIaHI4uH
HHcy

gonujy. Crarbe rpaAoBa r<oje nar,a 4aje ger$uctil cflvtcaK oAronapa cnaxaKo cTaby nocne @uluna II u AaexcaH.u,pa; ue a6or Tora uro y rbeMy ilMa rpaJl,ona nojra cy xeJIeHIrcrHqKa TBopeBltHa, seh i6or Tora uTo y fiorneAy MareAoHttje rpanHquja o

y 6ercrny aapo6nen. Hajnpe fleaa, beroBa'npecroHuua, BaTr4M je.nan Ba .u,pyrrrM ocTailu MaKeAoHcK[ rpa,u,oBu nper,ailu cy ce PamrnaHuma. Servrlla @aruua II u AnercaH.u,pa Beruxor, HeKaAauba rocno[apuua cBera, npecrana je na nocrojn Kao caMOCTaJTHa .U,pXaBa.

Tpehra Ma.reAoHo(il_par BaBpueH. je^ norlryHuM Jropaaolvl rraKeAoHcre nojcrce xo,u, flra,qHe y rrero 168 r. Kpar llepaej je

Mare[onnjra o6ranaavnu cawo_npuMopcKe rpa,(oBe, neh u .u,y6oxo y yHyrpaurlocT (Eaeca, Irl,u,onnene, Acrpauon y fleoxnju) yxaayje Moxla Ha To ,u.a je o6uvai-a,a ce I{ MaKe.rr,oHcKr,r rpa,u,oBr.r nosranajy Aa yqecrByiy Ha a,elQucxum npaaHur{uMa yBeAeH TeK y III 8., V .u,o6a KaAa ie cnpoBeAena, tto ort uTeM Mr,r rx Jbeby, a,u,Mt4HucrparuBHa peopraHl,l3aquja, M axeAoaanasr.urra

nraje no.u, Autmonoru .(ocononn.

Camo jour jeaHon, 142 r., sa6eaexen je norcyuraj cBpraBarta ryfraHcre BJracrr4. O.q Tora BpeMeHa tra cBe Lo rcpaia
aHTr4Ke

nporHBHHK prrMcKH na EarrcaHy r,r crBopeHe cy HoBe Moryhnocru 3n [aJb.y ercnanaujy PumrnaHa y r4crorrHoM cpeAoaemny. .Maxe.q,onaja urje o,q,Max aHeKTHpaHa. fipe,vra [praHur{nnMa xojrarvra ce y To Bpeme pyKoBoII,r4Jra pHMcKa c[oJbHa noJu.rTr4Ka Ha lrlctory, Ennr,rnr,lje flaya, 4rarcrrapajyha yc.uone roA xojalra ie joru cmeJra ,rl,a flocrojr,l, uoxronrao je Maxe,u,oHuin ,,cro6ory" y r4Me ceHaTa H pHMcKor Hapo,(a. Ona ceura HeBaBHcHocru naie ayro rpaiana. flaa4ecer roAlrHa,u,oquraje, rtocne Heycnenor noxyuraja Jlaxnora Oulrna ga o6Hosra MaKeAoHcKy KpaJbeButy, ocupoMaureHa fi pacnaprraHa ManeAoHuja nperaopena je y pr4Mcr(y rpoBHHur4jy (la8).

Cromou maxb,qoncrux SaraHra orKnoruen je Hajoa6rrnnnju

Mare.u,onnia nervra B14ure cnoje r,rcropr,rje, oHa He nocrojr,r Kao nonuTuqr(o 6rahe. Ca npnrann reneparlrajarua xoje cy naMTHJre pHMcKo eaaojenarue Kao r,a je HecraJro u ceharre Ha nJbaqKe H y1wctaa ocnajaua. MarceAonuja ce ttocreneHo caxr4BeJra ca Baje.u,nrauorvr xojoi je na cuny npracajenrarbeHa. Cartlo onai jenuncrBeHH [oJrHTHqKo-a.u,Mr,rHHcrpaTfiBHr.r clrcreM rojra cy Pumranu pagButu upuaaro$anajyhn ra craJrHo HoBr4M npunuKaMa 14 HoBrrM norpe6ama, cucreM xoiu je, MaKonnKo 6r.ro cypon, ocraBJbao yBeK
oTrrKpHHyTa BpaTa aa uaje4naqerbe neperpltHa ca.roclq.u,ap-ehr,rm

crojenuma, xojr.r ie Xerene nocrefleHo npeTBopuo y Pomeje, He merrajyhu. r,rnn jesrax H He Arlpajyhu y rbuxoBe erHrr'{Ke H KynrypHe o.q,Jrr4Ke, JeAr,rHo TaJ c?rcTeM Morao Je ,rla o,rlpxH BeKoBr{Ma Ha

y trnua oceharue .u,a je prMcKa Bnacr ryfr.ruoca orcynaquja. Kao n y ocTan[M rpqKHM BeMJbaMa, r<oje cy r.tMaJre caojy ,KynrypHy
zo;

oKy[y ToJrriKe pasHopo.u,He HapoAe [r

J1a BpeMeHoM ua6prarue

ftobert, n. A., crp. 515.

rpagraqrajy, coojy nucMeHocr r,t KFbr4xenHr jearaK, poMaHr4saqrja Hnje morra HV y Marce.qonujn na yxBaTr4 KopeHa. Van u y MaKe,q,oHcKHtu o6lactuma c r{nIpcKo-TpaqKr4M craHoBurauraorn xoje

46

MareAoncru rpa.u,oBl y pr,tmcro go6a

Vpelerse Mareaoxrje 167 u 148 r. npe n.

e.

47

HHCy XeneHr4SrrpaHe

Ponnauraeaqnja MarceaoHr.rje HUje HIIKa.[, 6um y rporpamy prrMcKrrx BJracro,(pxaqa, Kao yocraxoM HI4 poMaHLIBauHja fpvre. BpojHe KonoHr.rje pHMcKHx rpalana xoje je Arrycr ocnoBao y Marcelouujr.r uurare cy Ba IIrrJb .Aa a6puuy rberotse IlcnyxeHe nojHraxe y jeaHoj uI4BHnHBonaHoj u He rycTo HaceJbeHoj nponranqrajr,t.') y TfiM roloHujama, Kao H y je.q,HHora rvrynuqrauujy jeaux 6rao je paMcKoM y MareAoHuju - Cro6Hnna, SBaHLI.IHI,I JTaTilHCKH. Alu, qaK u y <Duluu0ura, rA je .u,o cpeLHHe III s. naTr.rHcKr, 6rao crcopo je.u,raHr,r jeaur, y uoanoj aHTIruH ttoHoBo je rrpeoBna,u,ao rpqrrr. I-locle_Anrycra HeMaMo BI4rIe uuiegHe none xbnonuje y MaxegoHujra (TecanoHntta [o6aja rt4TyJry xoroHuje y III n. camo @r.tcrunHo). Crora MI4 IrBrJIe,(a HeBacHoBaHo MHrilJbelbe .u,a cy pr,tMcKH uapeBu Te)KVItu flojaqaBarny JIaTHHcKoT erreMeHTa ua anavajHoj cao6pahajHoi twaujvt Mopaaa-Bap.uap.') Berepaur.r ce Haceibaaajy y MacaMa Ha reputopujH Cxynd u y .u.pyrum MecTr{Ma cyceAHe npoBl4Hut4ie Mesuje, roja je rer 6r,tna

ce u npeoBJra,uao ie na nacaHlrM c[oMeHuul4Ma rpIIK[ jeaux.

Y Lo6a MaKe.qoHcKe He3aBrrcHocT[ oApxao

Osral p!erraa
ceHara 167

Ba perynucarbe craryca no6e$ene lvlareAonnje uaa6pao AeceT Jrerara, MeBy xojrama qna 6naua uenaopa w rpu KoHBynaFa, y Kole ce Morao flornyHo ya!,arr4, rta HnaK je crnap 6ula rano oe6urnHa Ita je Mopana 6vttu npeTpeceHa y camoM ceuary. JIerarr,r. cy uorxJrr4 ca oapeleHum r4Hcrpyrcqujanna KaKo .[a c HM[eparopom Ervrralajenn llaylom yrBpAe nor ycran Maxe,qoHnje. Ha a6opy y Ann@ranory, npeA oKynJbeHHM npeTcTaBHarIuMa MaKe.u,oHcKr4x oIIuTr{Ha, E,rnraanje llayn je uonorrao xeJby ceHaTa:

r. o cyt6uur

rror{Hrbe Ilaaraje rJraBy

MaxeAoHrzje

y nojoj ilBraxe otrnyKe u V|nupa.s) CeHar je

,(a

M_a_r<eAonuu

ocraHy

clo6o,u,nra.6)

LLIra ce oBAe no.(pagyMeBa noA cao6oAorvr BVLI ce jacuo HB LaJber JlHnrjenor TeKcra: clo6o4a ce cynporcraBJba KpaJbeBcrBy_, ruonapxrcnoj Btacru. Clo6o.u,Hu HapoAu Mory yxr4Barr,t

cao6o4y noA rauTHToM (sub tutela) uapora


HapoAr4

ocnojeHa ra roja ce HaJIaBuna I4BBaH rplrKe yr[uajue c$epe, aln He u y Marce,qouujra. He BHAHM kaKee 6u rcopucrr{ MorJIa l4Martt pl,tmcKa .npxaBa o,q, [oMeparua jeauvKe 'rpaHl4ue y Maxe,u,onuju, o;1uocHo Ha Earranyr, y Kopt4cr latdncxor elennenta.E) Kao

ca je.luuxoM h erHH'{KoM rparliluoM. Vnyrap rr,lx rpaHulla nocrojane cy y roroHrajaura jave utu cta6uje laruncxe eHKJIaBe, ail4 cy oHe BpeMeHoM TaKo\e acwnuaonane.a)

uro

hemo BLr,u,eTH,,ceBepHa rpaHl4ua Marce.u,onuje nonnauaJla ce

numa.7) Ilpervra JIapceHy, nojarvr libertas je aeh panHje 1uo aoduo cnequ@r,tvHy aHTr4MoHapxrlcruqr(y Hory, H rrpoKnaMauuja cao6oAe MarelonuvMa v Vlaupuna oEHaqaBaJra je ycrnapu caMo yrr.u.albe r(paJbeBcrBa y oBr4M o6lacturvra.s) 9HHu Mr4 ce, rvre$yrum, ,D.a ce oBr4M He Lrc(pflJbyje cyuLrr.rna cao6o.u.e rojy cy PamruaHH .u,apoBaJrH ABeMa seMJbaMa rlOT'IHrleHHM rbHXOnOj nnacra (in potestate

pr4McKor, a oHr,r roju joru xt{Bq noJ1 KpaJbeBHMa Mory ce Ha,[aTH cnq6oAr_.aro jegnorvr Ao$e .[o paTa rbnxoBr,tx KpaJbeBa c Purvrroi-

populi Romanis): oHn he


r4,x

unn

MarlaJr.r, nponrtcaTu BaKoHe, HaMeTHyrH

.qaru ycraB, Kaxe ce y npoKna,

rrr4 camo y a6aq,anarby r(paJbena ? Caoururanajyhra ra ryruavehu upercTaBHr4rIHMa 14tupa,oKy[JbeHHna y Crcoapu, oAnyKy
6o,u,a

ny^crxru

ila

xuBe clo6o.u,uu. V qeMy ce cacrojana

rpu6yr, a

aatrarvl he cJro-

ra

-Aa

ceHaTa

Illyrios, ut omnibus gentibus appareret arma populi Romani non Iiberis servitutem, sed contra servientibus libertatem adferre..."
JroHr4Ka

,Omnium primum liberos esse placebat Macedonas atque

Vn. Mommsen, R. C. V, crp. 276. Momaeu ilcrt4l{e aa je TecaocraJra rprlKu rpaA 14 ceAl4ure puMcl(or HaMecHHKa, ruro norasyje ,u,a Pumrsanu nujy HI4Ka,u, H;lmpilBa.fltl a.a MareAonujy ynyry y urailcKy KynrypHy c0epy. C. Patsch, Beitriige zur Volkerkunde von Siidosteuropa, V, t,'crp. lSs-:lAZ: Verbreitung del Romer- und Romanentums in MaZed6nien, karrtaruaea l4cyBtiIxe poMall43auujy Mareaouraje. z) R. Egger, Die st2idtische Kirche von Stobi, Jahresh. 24 (1928)
3) B. Saria, Die Inschriiten des Theaters von Stobi, Jahresh. 32 (1940), crp. 32: ,,Bestrebungen Roms diese Grenzen zugunsten des lateinischen Elements zu veriindern, lvaren gewiB vorhanden . . ." a) Mnoro6pojna pumcra Hl[eHa Ha Harnficuma H3 no6a (apcrBa y '6urra Mareabnrajil He iuory ,u.oKa3 npaBe poMaHn3auuje, napovHro_He y lll n. ra.u.a cy r.rMe Auielius Ao6ule ayroMarcKu Mace HoBrtx rpaiiaua. Vn. u Capr,tja, H. Jr., crp.27, rre ce roBoPt4 o uMeHHMa,Ha ceAilIUTrlMa cro6crcor no3opt4ura, koja cy 6u:ta npere)KHo pt4McKa (2:l), afin hcfiucava rpqKuM cJroBHMa. Capraia ynufla, ibid. crp. 29, na .[art4HcKI4 elemettar uule

t;

uorasyje noc_ne.u,rba peqeHr,lua, He Mopa y ce6w o6yxnararfi nwyHHTeT, ocno6oferbe oA g,ax6nHa, ariu ona o6aseeHo u [pBeH
s) Liv. XL\,,, Ig, I. o1 Liv. XLV, 29, 4: ,,omnium primum liberos esse iubere Macedonas.,, ?) L v. XLV, I8, 2i ,,ut et, in libertate gentes quae essent, tutam eam sibi perpetuamque sub tutela populi Romahi esse, et, quae sub regibus viverent,_ et in praesens tempus mitiores eos iustioresque respectu p-opuli Romani habere se crederent et, si quando bellum cum pdpulo Romanb r'egibus fuisset suis, exitum eius victoriam Romanis adlatuium, sibi Iibertaterfr." 9 J.A. O. Larsen, Representation and Democracy in Hellenistic Federalism. Class. Phil._40 (1945), c1p.88 u y,.; l,lcru. Cbnsilium in Livy XLV, 18, 6-7 and the Macedonian Synedria, Class. Phil. 44 (lg4g), crp. E5. e)_Liv. XLV, 16,7',t .cum Macedonia atque lllyrico in potestate populi Romani essent"; cf. ibid. XLV,4l,5:,,Macedoniam in pdtestatem populi Romani redegi"; ibid. XLV, 1,9: ,,civitates omnes Mac-edoniae in dicionem populi Romani venisse"; ur.u..
to; Liv. XLV, 26, 72.

populumque Romanum Illyrios liberos esse iubeie: praesidia ex omnibus oppidis, arcibus, castellis sese deducturum. Non solum liberos, sed etiam immunes fore Issenses, r4Tg.,,ro) Libertas, KaKo

ta

kltwpr,r

6yly

clo6o.u,Hl.l, JI. AHHquje ie

perao:

senafurir

crp. ' 84 H .u,.

6no

iar y Cro6uma.

48

Mare.u.oncKfi rparoBt4

pxMcKo no6a

Vpeterse MareAonnje 167 u 148 r. npe H.

e.

49

ryfraHcrcrax

he nonyhra cnoje [ocaAe ras no6eleHe seMJbe. flporerropaT pHmoc,r nuje flcxJbytll4Bao HBBecHy, MaKap v TeopeTcKy caMocTanHocr, yKont4t(o ce oHa ne 6u KoclrJla c HHTeobehaaarr,r Aa pecuna pr,rmcKe rvrefyHapo.[He noJII4TI4Ke.
KoJrHKo MecTa HarJIa[IaBa ,qa cy, flocJle no6eAe Ha,u, Ilepcejervr feurlrajem, PuturaHll npt4meHI4Itu na MaxeAoHue u Yltupe llcre' utu 6ap cJIt4qHe o,u,pe,u,6e, y DpaBy cMo .u,a npeT[ocraBl4Mo ,u,a

cTBeHO 3Haql4, U IIO CXBaTa[bUMa PltmraHar HeSaBLlcHocT ,oA rojurx Btacrw, flajyhu cilo6o.u,y, Pnrta.rrauu cy ycTBapl.I

flouro Jk,rnraij

Ha He-

je u y [orJIeAy Maneg,oyraje ,,libertas"

14nwpwiy: PrarrrrsaHra cy,unpenna ToMe, I6? r., nobne oKoH'{aba para, noByKJI[r fiB Maxelouuje cnoje Tpy[e, noca4e 14 ocraJle bprane. 36on rora ce H MorJIo roBopHTI,t o clo6oAu Mare.uouraje. To je 6uo nocre,u.rbt4 aKT Puma y g.yxy noJI]lTI4Ke I4HTepneuquie na lzlcrory; jotu uraje 6rao caspeo MoMeHaT 3a TeplrTo-

SHaqt4JIa

ucro trlTo I'l tsa

llpunavuo [eTaJbaH Jlr,rnr.rjen uanerurpj o opraHr4aaqujra Maxer., xojra aonynyiy HeKoJrr4Ko yarpe.q,Hrrx noAaTaKa tttot flonuduia, ,(uonopa, Jycruua u flryrapxa, He g,aje nam iacau oAroBop Ha cBa rrraTalba xoia ce flocraBJbajy y neau ca oBoM ,Sopmynom" Maxe,u,onraie.36or rora, M?,u,a cy oBH HBBopIa y Bulue MaxoBa [peTpecaHr.r, HecJrararba nocroje u ,u.aJbe , y cBr4M 6urnum upo6nemuma: ,u,orc je,u.Hra crvrarpajy Aa cy qeTr4pr,l . MaKeJI,oHcKe pe[y6.nuxe 6ute opraHrlaoBaHe Ha @e,uepanHoj ocHOBr4, KaO CaBesH CaMOy[paBHI4X rpa,4oBa, ,qpyr{ BIrAe y rblrMa yHr{TapHe TepHTopnjalHe .upxaBe; no Mr4rxJbemy iennr4x, rraBHI4 opraHr.r Bilacru y cnarcoj o,r, THx peny6nr.rxa 6une cy npr.rMapHe
aouraje 167

Vpe$ene xoje je Ervuanrje ,qao Maxe,u,oHr4jr,r 167 r., HaKo nuje 6uno Ayror BeKa, r{HTepecaHTHo ie ne caMo sa npoyqaBar-be AaJber paSBr{TKa MameloHuje, neh 'n ca |Udwper cTaHoBHluTa, Kao [pr4Mep .qpxaBe opraHr.rEoBaHe no,II, pr,rMcKr{M npoTeKTopaToM.

flayl

pujarny eKcraHal4jy u anerrt4parbe no6eleuux

seMaJba.
14

[iapyiy,tsrH MllteaoH4HMa cno6oay, pHMcKI4 ceHar ce no6praHyo .u,a Mareaolrjra oueitnoryha noHoBHo javame, eKoHoMcKo

nojuo. Heeanalrheno 6naro

HB KpaJbeBcKI4x puauuqa I't MHoro

.rlpyror rrJreHa npeHeTo ie y Prarvr; cToTilHe I4cTaKHyTux MareAoHarla; cBt oHli xoirz cy Ha 6wno xojra Haqt4tl yqecrBoB?Itu y
ynpaBr.r seMJboM, MOpaJIH Cy non [peTrb'oM KasHe cMpTI4 3a]e,U,HO c Myr.xKoM AeuoM [peKo [erHaecT roAI4Ha ,u,a HanycTe 3e]uJby:
caMe MaKeAoHcxe.clo6oAe, TI4 JbyAt4 6unu HaBI4Knu JIa [oHI43Ho cJ]yxe KpaJby' a .u,pyrilMa rop.u.o Aa aaroBeaajy;1t) sa6parreHo ie_4a"rne ucKopuIxhhiane aratHux ra cpe6pnux. pyAHI4Ta;") yrnpleH ie rpu6yr y BLtcuHn [oJIoBI4He H3Hoca rojra cy Marelonqu panraje nlahaln

jenan (eHTpanHH opraH BJracrr4. 3a naur pa,u, HapoqraTo je naxno npBo nuTatl,er, alu hemo ce sa,u,pxaTu yrparro 14 Ha ocraJruMa. Mnu.rnerue Aa qerupr4 MaKe,u,oHcxe peny6.ruxe HI4cy 6une
Hr4

najaal, cyrporHo yBeprby -1ehu-11 6parsena. je Helanno reaa Ea je n y Depuouy raarvrely 167 u 148 r. noctojao y Maxe.u,oHHja

cKyrfluTHHe,

no

Mr4rxJbe]by ,upyrr4x

--

penpeSeHTaTuBHa Tena;

Tepr4Topuja"rrne

jep cy

ro je 6wto, Kaxe JIuaaje, y l4HTepecy

rpanoBh-Ipxane HV caBesl4 rp?.(oB?:.u,pxaBa neft ynrarapHe ApxaBe, HBHeo !e npnra TeHej OpaHr, ucruuyhu na je rpagraqr,rja crpore IIeHTpaJrHe BJra.u,e [ocrojara BeKoBIrMa y Maxe4onHjra v , La ce, uo [beroBom cxBararby, o.[pr(aJla I4 flocne peopraHr4saquje nocJ]eAH,Hx KpaJbeBa Ka,rla je ,ua aLMnHhcTpaTvBHr4x ;pilSJIOr?" ,u,Pxasa no.u,eJbeHa Ha rpalcKe TepHTo-

KpaJby. Ann, xajrexra

n'aperioa .rla ce BeMJba I4Ma no[e ilvTl4 Ha qeTl4pt4 ,(eJIa, roira he uMaTH cnoje noce6ne opraHe BJlacrH, u rvrefy xoir,tma He cme

y[ap 3a Marenonniy 6um je cnaxaxo

nocrojarr4
MonJro

HH conubium HI4 commercium: v ro ie cenar MyJlpo [peABH.rI,eo panu o6ea6eleba BeJIHKoAytxHo ,u,aTe cro6o,u,e, ,ua ce ne 6u lecuto na je Henra Aenaa'ror Snoyrlorpe6u, go '{era 6u

aa ,u,obe y cnyuajy .u.a nocToju aaje4uuqKu concilium ea ueJry aemrny.13) Marcegonraia ie H3rne.[aJla Kao pauqepeqeHa, xaxie Jlraouie; jrcrnapu, ,u,onaie oH' H14 caMI'lM Maxe,u,onr-lurtna uuje 6ulO jaCuO KOJIUKO je Oua BeJIuKa 14 KaKO ce JIaKO MOTJIa [OAeJI]lTI,t a
'u.a cBaKI,t rbeH
11)

Aeo ocTaHe ce6w AonornaH.l4)


superbe

adsueti."

Liv. XLV,32,4: ,,servire regi humiliter, aliis

imperare

tz; Liv. XLV,29, I l: ,,metalla quoque auri atque argenti non exerceri' (nec) ferri et aeris permitti". ts; Liv. XLV, 18, 6-7. B. qurar y reKcry Marlo HI',xe. u; Liv. XLV,30,2:,,regionatim commercio interruptis ita videri lacerata Macedonia, iamquain inimali in artus alterum alterius indigentis ipsa quaeque contenta pars esset, Macedones quoque ignorabant".

npyry cTpaHy ca rcojonn nperoBapajy civitates, o4HocHo tbnxoBe npercraBHr4Ke. Civitates cy nocrojane y Maxenonnir y Ao.6a pr,rmcror ocnaj atba, a u La HHcy nocrojane, oHe 6u 6une cTBopeHe Kao JroKaJrHe caMoy[parue je4ranrrqe 6ee o6supa Ha To ,u,a r y rcojoj Mepr rbr4xo-B-e .o6wcru yp6anr,raoBaHe. Jlapcen Inycy je rorvre florr]yHo y npaBy. Me$yrHm, qv*u MH ce ,u,a ce rberoBo
15) Tenney Frank, Representative Covernment in the Macedonian Republics, Class. Phil. I (1914) crp. 57 u 4. 16)

qrje.'u) JIapceH, HanporuB, cMaTpa Aa.cy MaKeAoHcre peny6Jrr4Ke Sune Se.(eparuBHe .[pxaBe, HaKo nuje craxu rrJraH Tora caBesa Mopao HUTI Morao 6urn r.rorflyHo yp6anraaonan. Jlapcen yrasyje q.a q.urbeHrruy .qa- cy_Mare,u,onrln Kojr4ma 'je na KoHrpecy y ArvrSrl nory Ertar,lnraje flayr caoruTr4o o,(nyrcy ceHaTa o HoBoM ypefieruy Marce.qonuje 6unu ycTBap14 npeTcraBHltuu civitates r,l ga cy I]o HoBoM ycTaBy cBaKaKo civitates 6ute Te ocHoBne jegrHr,rqe roje cy fwpate [percTaBHilKe ea .Se,u.epaJrHe cKynuruHe.r6) V uperxonHoM rIorJIaBJby HaBeJrr4 cMo HeKoJrr4Ko Mecra [rB Jlunraja xoja nonaayjy r,a cy PumrnaHr, yxuuajyhra mouapxujy u npahajyhr,r Maxe.u.oHurlMa rrpr4Bu,u,Hy . c,no6o4y, paqyHaru Kao

distracto: adeo'quanth Macedonia esset, quam divisui facilis,

.q.uam se

Larsen, Roman Greece, crp, 298 u A.

Mare,q,oncr

u rpaIloB

r.{

50

MareAoscrr4 rpaJl.oBx

y pumcro

no6a

Vpeberse Marenonr.rle 16Z

148

r.

npe x.

e.

5l

MnrxJberbe camo no @oprrau 14 TepMlrHoaotuiu' Mox,u,a I4 tto TeHgeHqujn, cyflporcranrna @panxoBoM, aJIL He u y cyLxTlrnra. OpaHx xenr4 na y Marceg,onuiu; o,qHocHo rbeHllM Mepu,q,aMa BU3.H npBe y racropraju aa6elexeHe ,[pxaBe ca pe[peBeHTarHBHIrM ctlcTe' rvro.,vr na yHurapnoj, Tepl4Iopraiannoj, a ne @e,ueparunnoj 6a3u, cJrugHe Mo,u,epHI,lM, aJ].il oH He oApt4IIe [oc_ToJarbe aAMllHI'lcrpaTr{BHe 11o.u,ene Ha.rpa,u.cKe repuropuje. Cyuruua rberoBor

I-llyrapx cyMlby y raqHocr oBor ryMarreba. on ^orKnaba_ Kaxe ea EMrrH.[a [I-avaa: Mcr.xe66ot pbv &r66orxl rrlv rirpav tcri ru( rr6)'.etg 6),euo6pcrg oireiv uai c0rov6poug.20) Irla roia ce
BLrr,u
14

he

uwaru cnoie, Marr4crpaTe u

aa

h.e rpa.u,oBr.r

ie MuuJJby Aa cy y nornery rp-afancrna (citizenship) iranornuUr.r Maxe,u,onraie ocTaJII{ yBeK Mane.uonqunna.17) I'b'nopehra o ToMe .u.a MFKeAoHcKe pe[y6lure Hucy 6ure caBeBH rpa[oBa-,u,pxaBa, OpaHk uMa y nu[Y npaBe rpl{Ke npapoleis, xoir.r cy csojenornHo ynaBI4JIH y caBe3e I'l 'MorJII4 .[oBe yBeK r4cTytlt4Tu us tbera Kao cyBepeHe .[pxaBe KoJe 9Y Ce CaMO
cxBaTarba r.lspaxena

je y,^onom rorne,(y cnyudl uraepraciror


169 8

Bar(oHHMa (utentes legibus suis)o,undcu ce,fipeMa roMe, TaKODe Ha rpa[one ]r lbrrxoBy noKanHy caMoylpany. IrlncrpyKTr4BaH

lry

rleJra MaKe.(oHHja yxnaaru clo6o,Uy.OApeA6a o co[cTBe_

6utu cao60Auu u ayroHomnr, rj. ni n. lpyre opraHe inacru, a caMr4M THM


.pinh Agussu., Kala

il s necH r,tx C n ojrax npaB a (yrla n n'orvr cnoJbHoflolutu utcux) O.qpeKne y KopHcT $eg.epaaul4x opraHa. o rarnuM rpa.[oBt{Ma He MOXe 6n'rw'HH pequ y MareloHuin. Fbrax Hraje Huria4 6uno HllTl{ MOTJIo Aa 6yne- y ot(Bl4py MaKeAoHcKe ,u,px(aBe. HuKarsux paanora Pumrnanu nucy I4MaJII,1 ,(a t4x crBope, HuTu cy ce oHI4 MorJI,l crBopr4Tu ,u,eKpeToM. Aau, Jlapcen He MHcJIrl Ha raKBe rpa,u,oBe

Ka.u,

Kaxe

TrdBHe yrrpaBHe jeguHuue, i(aKBHx ie 6Hao y Maxe[ouuiu u npe AcnacKa Pumrnana. flurarue, je npema rome, [o ,rl4 ce 3a oBaKBy .qpxaBy' cacTaBJbeHy oA otIluTHHa Ca JIoKaJIHOM CaMOynpaBoM, MO)I(e

[a cy Marce.u,oHcKe Mepl4r,e [peTcraBJbane $enepa,qpxaBe, seh uMa y BH[y civitates Kao JIoKaJIHe cauo-

paga

peue (n..uorn. ITuepuja), anu je ovarnelHo Aa je Ervrraraje iIayl, upyxajyhra Marceronqvna y uenunra ,,cno6oly , ayroiro uuiy; y npr,9T_lelY_Hruao y BUny yrpaBo ry noKanHy cannoynpany. MaJro Jg Texe, qt4Hr.l. MH Ce, naTr4 [paBr4nHO Tytlaqebe r43-

T.?i,yt dibus contentus sile praesidio rerinquere se iis urbem 'inmunesque ac suis legibus victuros est pollicitus,. (Liv. XLIV, i). PumrnanH cy Agassae cMarpan, caMoyrpaB'o, onrirnbr'(^ {; je 6uo cny.vai v ca ocraara,rn rpanoBr.rMa MaKeaor.nr*) lu n[aila.cnoje saKoHe u o'ehanu cy ,u.a he joj Te saKoHe "oii ocra:1I1.;{race cy ge aounuje onrvrernyne ra atior ro.i 6rrr. prao_

'[ay.l lr--V f l. npeAao Pannranurrra, Eurwtruje F il- 6; tlPUJIO6uO lr. [pyre Maxenonue o6eha o unyn'urer H ayroHo- animos sibf concitiarei onri,,ut reli.quorum Macedonum

ce

ynorpe6raril HBpaB SenepaqHia. Putucre nponlaHlluie 6uae cy raxole opraHuooBaHe Ha 6a3u loralue, MyHl4ut{uanHe caMoynpaBe, anfi BpxoBHa BJIacT je 6ula unaK y pyKailla ueHTpanHe (niosranuracxe)- uacTLI H crora ce rbuxoBo ypelerre He Moxe Haisarr QeaephrraBHum. C .upyre crpaHe, Hu ynopelerre MaKe,u.oHcKr.rx peny6luxa c ltoAePHHM .yHI{TapHI4M ApXaBaMa Hule
flpaBr.rnHo,-

jef urHopuII]e JIoKanHy caMoy,npany. CrpyxTypa MarbAoHcxrax Mepur,a 6r,rna ie cBaKaKo xajdnuxa crpyKTypr-p!,McKr{x flpoBunrlHja, xoja ce He_Moxe o6eaexuru Hu Kac, @e.uepaTHBHa, HH Kao yHuTapHa. flpervra roMe Hrajeqan on oBa rBa
TepMHHa HUJe a,qeKBaTaH.

IrporcraBJbajy monapxuju ne Herry JeAr.tHcrBeHy qeHTpanHcrr4riKy aeh rpxaBy aacnoiaHy Ha noKarrHr.rm caMoynpaBP::.y9-r_11I,
Hr4M JeAHHU\aMa.

1 flayrapxa,. yaerra saje,{no, jacno noniiyjy'iu--frr*un,

ferre, uau je -Xd:pcr Tep r,rTop.nj? a,u,Mt4Hr,tcrpaTrrBHo rpr4KJbyqeHa rpaAoBr4Ma? KO.q llwauia urbes' easdem agrosque -'habentes aKueHaT JIeXI Ha peqH easdem, Kao ,u,a ce rr4Me )Ke,rrlr Harnacuru I.a.Pum.roanr Hehe oa,yaeTa EeMJbir MaxegoHur,lMa, ,s,, nefia N,tparu y. rbrrxoBe floceAe, aJ]r., MoxAa H ila uehe trerraTu rpaHuue rpa,(cKHx repuroprja. V. cnaronn cnyvajy, rlolaun fluriaja

fPalonuuar unv ce

tilv x<irpcrv rai

tdE n6).eq. ,,(a nr,r ce

Mr4cJIr.r

na o6racrr.r xoje Henajy rpa,[cKo ype-

iy

xrbpcr cy;rpoTcraBJba

cy_

henraje no.u,eroene Mare,u,oruaje, noraayie H HalaHaqalHuJa peqeHrtla llhynone npornaMaquje.xaxo {?nn ie

' ,(a cy civitates

eaucra

6ule

ocHoBHe

aAMI4HHcrpaTI4BHe nope4 ocranor u npB.a

npeHoq, Jiranr,;le: ,,omnium primum liberos esse iubere Maceclonas, habentii urbes easdem- agrosque, utentes leg.ibus suis, an' nu.os creantis magistratu.t."") Oapen6a.o 6upgny "9{r?P1I Aa ce Mar'ucrpaTa Morna je, uperua peqeHlrqKoJ KoHcrp-yKuHJH, onnoCra na MareAonqe yonuTe, anra ie lOruuuuje npeTnocTaBt4Tvt, KaKo ro tIt4HH Jlapcen, .4a ce o,qHocu Ha rpa4one.le)
rz; prank, n.
18)

r,
29, 4.
?93.

ls) Larsen, Roman Greece, crP.

Liv. XLV,

tl.a :ely_-g-lale peny6.uraxe, yB rrraBHor Marucrpara (dp1q_ . Diod. yoi, XXXI, 8, T), riaaaar.rriri ce jesuo rurpe iurb *idii cmarpajy caBeToM, a [pyrfl nprrMapHoM cKynurr4H"*. ^oid ,(r; ;t ocHoBHa MecTa KoA Jlunwja na vrajoj r.rurepnpera\uiu rro,tup rro oBoM nuraruy.- Ha npao,ir r*eciy Jluaraje y::1 11.[y_c!u Kaxe Aa pfiMJbaHu Hucy xreJru Aa .u,oflycre o6paaonaire saje.iHIrIrKor opraHa Ba rleny Mare,u,onujy uB crpaxa ,u,a ra HeKr,r yaypnarop He rrcKop.Hcru y neh cy cnaxoj Mepr4r,r4 _cnoje tBpxe, -si r,alu noce6an concilium: denique ne, commune ioncilium gentis ess-et, inprobus vulgi adsentator atiquando ilbertatem saIuDn mocleratione datam ad licentiam pestilentem traheret, in quattuor regiones discribi Macedoniam, ut suum quaeque con-

------:m;
4r.

Plut. Aem, 28.

52

Marea,oncrr rPaAoBH Y Pnmcro noda

Vpeberue Mar<eaonrrle lti7

u l4g r. npe

H.

53

Heru. Hay-qHHI{tl [pl4,q,aBanry Cy Ciliun haberet, placUit. . M,oro BaxHocrr,t trEpa3y coniilium, rapnehn [a ce 16uMe o6elexaBaJIa t4cKJbytll'IBo [prIMapHa cKynuTI4Ha,-.U,OK Ce CaBeTOAaBHO

."").

penpeaeHTaruLno telo sBano consilium' Mefyrum, y iegunorvt Dvmortucv y KoMe 1u caqyBaH ona!.neo Jlr,lnr'rieae racr.opnje -io uu* JI a pc"e u ue.i a s Ho yripnrao, yrpa Bo _c_onsili um, ;.r'-,i

pep(6eg.27,,t Tymaueme oBor B. H. e. Je Bpno Hecr4rypHo r,t,

jaro

1u..I-ry-{r_9e-ia_cno y KoMe cy SaceAaBanH

na iyr je y

[i;i;:

csa nocanarlrba u1\atra.zz) Vocra;' ;;" t;ailiirm naxo' rlecTo JroM, To ra nraie HapoqxTo BaxHo' jep. ce oBa ,u,Ba HBp-aBa
rarvraiy

i.

Hero ca

cnHe.[pr,toHr4Ma cBaKe oA Pnm.naHurna 6uto JraKrrre

qeTupu l4 La

*;;"iy y rradopar*a. !.

y Arrasun6ry KoMe cy q['r4cycrBoBan]r- 91T9--IP..tlt111?: rtpe4l ''pec Hrauu lnarenoncrr.rx o[uTIrHa a He cBI,t rpafaHr I'I KOJH ToMe HeMa nrrtu til.nnru*ot c np7Mainorrr...Crcynuruno.-tvt.28) Orr.rfatio nu ce Hi QcHoBy repilr4ua Loncilium H consilium
He Moxe HI,IUTa saKJbyr{l4Tl4 O KapaKTepy ocHoBHl',IX OpraHa BJracril Ha qeny nnare,qonctcrax peuy6lura'24)
cKr,rx cnHe,u.praona: Ka.u.a

Taro

carvr Jlra-sHie naeraoa

concilium

KoH-

He,u,pHoHa

HagpyroMMecTyJlunr,rieroBopl{oo6paeonabyMaKe'u'oHie no lPyru uyT c,qBBaH. KoHrpec Marursus Ke,u,oHcKr.tx npercraBHl{Ka y AmSunopY (Macedonum sHalba MareAonurama Io craarneuo concilium), ie advocatum 'siatum Macedoniae pertinebat; senatores, ad ..quod i . OBO H ,, 'iroi-tyined,rbs irciri, legend,os esse, quoiurn,consilio res pub' -iiii ot*inistraretur".'u) [a nu je ona o,u,pe.u,6a npercraBrbana HeuTO HOBO, Ulr,| ie caMo noHaBJbaJIa H npeq[3l.Ipana paHI4Je

cpeAHHK uamefy H nrotatHux Bnacrr:,,4'moins a6- piaier un gouverneur i Yr^? la tote de la Macddoine, comme on le'fit en effet vingt ans plus tard, il faflait bien c6nfiei' ioute, ces obli. gations i un organisme central".2e) Alu, upennu: tOui.ry, oru: lgltlpanrlr opraH orpxao ce ra ,qodnraje, cne .u,o Uapiroi',u,oOd (l'18 Kon Je BpeMeHa ropenoMglyra Hatnuc), tla ce MopaMo nr{-

ycraBa ,r HoBHx SaKOHa, O IbHXOBOM nolrrroBafiy, o peuaBatby cnopoBa uamely peny6nara u o rpr4r(yubarLy noptida. trrciu u.n'TpanH[ opraH- 619 ie, no rberoBoM Mr.rrxJberby, ueonxoaaH IIo-

o6aactu.28) Oejira Mucln Aa je aa uruajy nochu.-j.anm opraHom je AyxHocr ror o[,rxTemaKeAoHcroa ar_ 6una .u,a ce 6pr.lne o cnpoBoberuy y xHBor HoBOr

npercraBHr4rlr.r cBr4x MepH.U,a UAra nax o

urTo je y onoan clyvajy BaxHo, neruy ire,i o jeano,rn 4iiuaprorl

epar.ryreHrapHor Haro,ca ua

rlrx

pull1cre yrpaBe,
Je 8aMeHr.r.

Tarr4 Balxro 6n oH flocJre 148


arco

ie rberoB raison d,6tre'

r.

nocrojao'hope,u pe[oBHe tlpo-

6ro

yrpaBo

Aa

iuonrrerue?'M. <Dbiel, xora ie onai

arO Lu ie Cenn nprarnrainr,'x CKyntxTHHa-y uoie.u,HHHM pefly6lrxama (concilia) nocrolao ra ietan eaiea,nuurcfi cnle,en,puoH (conslllum, ia uery 'Marce,u,oH,iy, nuLlr Y o6pasonatuy oBon cl4HerpuoHa ycryuair rojr,Irr,r cy Pra_r,,rmaHu XTeJILI ga y6laXe HeBa.U,OBOJbCTBO KoHilBaBBaHo nolen6rtl Mare[onuje npoxlaMoBaHom Ha [pBoM rpecy y Arvrsranomy. !o tleroBoM MHtu1rerbl, -o_111. ce ycryraK je CeHaT' .[ao cBOJIIM JIeraTI{Ma' u'e roCra Ca l4HcTpyiUraiarr,ra xoie

uo.u,aTaK HaBeo Ha

no*rl-

nr,lje 6uno HrrKaKBr.rx noAymard yxaayje ua _Beaa. peqeHr4uy ,quorum consilio res publica admihistraretur,, rie xoje -je4?H
cTBapHoM.nnaruf,y, a He ,,l'ombre d'Un p<iUvOir centrai,,, xanO ra je naanao Qejen. cryurnarue flopeaa Bpuruno ce, KaKo ce BuLt4 HB r4gBopa, y rJraB.HoM rpaAy cBaxe o6nactu, a Ha.(Bop Ha.u, r4B_ BpuaBarbem napeleba pr.rMcKe romucnje TeurKo ga 6u ce upenycTao HeKoM MaKeAoHcKoM UeHTpanHoM opraHy. Hajai.u,' Aymard no,.BJraqr Aa Ko,u, Jlr,'nraja Herua Hr4KaKBe 'rayerju fr
uanopuma.sl)

JbeHa y qeTHp[ gera mely xojrarvra ir4Tr,rrtKr4x, IIa gaK Hr, flpr.rBperH[x_

noBe apryye{Te u ustlocu Hr48 HOBTTX nOTBpAa y [pr4nor MHr.xJberby ,ua je Mare40uuja-uocne nopasa ro,q nu.qHe'6uta non.-

rrnTalbe ypefena-Marenonrajd I6T r.B0) Jlapcen

Larsen u Aymard ,,perpecn, cy, flocne Oeiela, [oHoBo

noo'riitu. O;f:

ce Bu.u4 aa je cHHe,rpr4ou..6uo-

nepMaHeHTaH opraH ca

aa"6parrunhno o6pasoname aajennuqKor KoHu-nru*u rOiurua'Ce -45tgentis

18; qt . - .tr., si comm.une concili.um ;ffi;iy;.''Liv. vuigi adsentator : . .), iep ie unreH_uraia ceHara .iiliil-iripiobus a He ,l

6una' .u.a cfipeqH oopasonarue aaje4H[4qKe CKyIIIXTI4He' cenata.26) oe!'en ce y cnoioi pacnpanu uar,aefy ocTaJlor [o3HBa I{ Ha noBHaTr4 rrarrrr4c r.rs bdpble ia xorrre ce cnox1l,rby ouv66ptov r
2r)

HeKO HaKHaAHO

rronyurarbe PumDana, ucTo raKo

Hr4 y- ApyrHru

cedonia'n"Synedria. Clasi. Phil' 44 (1949), zs; Liv. XLV, 32, L g: ,,capita regionum, zr) Vn. n Liv.

Liv. ,rii:'i.'-6.'Lo*.i, tonsilium--il^livv

XLV, 18, 6-7.

XLV' t8' 6-7 and the Macrp' 8l r n'

ubi concilia fierent, ili,Zg, Effi e'."r".1h*'"tlr.l'n"x;,zi:yri\,::T;i;?;;i"i;r!;tr'i:r"J,."1'i,T: iontirri, ibi magistratus .creari iussit"' ;;;i;*6) 2.
crp.

;;i ili."F;ylii Fiir-'emile et le synddrion macddonien.BcHT0(1946)


u n.

Liv. XLV,

32,

-2') M. Pocros'es, Harnucr ua Marce,U,o,uu. klts. PAI,I lV, 2 (lggg), crp.167. . 28) Vn. Larsen, Class.. Phil,_ 4{ (lg4g), crp. gg n Jl.-Kauauynuc, Td, rorvdv r6v Mcrre66vrov rci rri ouv66prcl rav pspiol", crp.7g6',, a. 2e) M. Feyel, u. t,, crp. Ig7. O. I.a1s-er,_ Reprcsentation and Democracy in Heilenistic . ':) J. {. Federalism. CIass. Phit- 40 (194S), crp. 65_-97; q, Conlitiim in fivy XiV6-? and the Macedoniah Qyne{1ia. crass. pirir. +.i rl-ti+gi ia:gd.-A: 18.

A{ff

190

x'i;,ti3'flT#:'!".:.1'.li#iFfi fl lTr"ri6rli1u1;i.';*'m6repr"sen' 31) Aymard, n. -o., crp. l0l u 4,

54
_-

_-__

Vpeberue Maxeaounje

]67

u t4g

r.

npe H. e.

B.,!: urr.rr-i,-rvru*.lonri, loi r. <icrird ie, saruel lcamrblll' y Ma KoM 6ojalu Ea Putu'ranr ce. cY cr,,rarpa:Sa irnu nairunrra o9paeonan BraAy o,up.4e

TegaM.@eielaonocTojanyje,u.rrorlleHTpanHonopraHa

leguncrno Mare:ionuje. Iperrlu ro]9I-1-'le neh vetupu, y cnaxoj peny6lut'1l4 no len'aH' o cunenpnon, ienai J '' r V nariorvr ie OAHocy 6r,ro cuHe,[p.lroH npe6a conclllum-y TeJIo IIo T. @paHny q.rnenpraOH (caner) 6Ho ie penpeseHTaTrBHO ca 3aKOHOAaBHOM nlraurfiy, norc-ie concilium 6uo cKy[rxTI4Ha ii ,soopnorn uauhy.s') lrarsen ra Aymard, Harp-orlli: Ili.li y cBaKoJ

[peTcraBH.ura civitates. .***

3,ro ce

. rpaAcre onrrrrHe (civitates); Ha q,ery cnaire penySaranu

ocHoBHe a&Mu1ucrpa.Tr4BHe jeArnr,lqe rr4x" pefiy1nurca 6u.ne c


cr4He,u,pr.roy

punpeSeHTarr4BHo

Teno cacraBJbeHo

nrri

o,

Je Aa cy crane,u,puon ra ioncilium je4ro Te llcro u ila caBeT cacTaBJbeH oA f'.ny6nruu nbcroiao ca6o ieaan. op_raH npercraBuraxa onru rula,a Aa nu!e. 6rao cKyrllJltlt^'.1']..I]It11u^' Teop lcK^or sHallala. (l)eoA cKyrrurnne ie ubcrojarua npuMapHe saMI4cnHTH je1 je'rnpnrrb [a ce -nulib-ertas y ro no6a nuie moua o6atuorlu HUcy. JrlarucTpara raa6dpu Ce 7 6es crcyuuTI4He usneO JIapCen ie[an,143y3eie BrnTr4 t4BBaH cKynuITl4He.Ea) Anl.l,

OHora tUTo ce CtviafpanO npaBI4nOM y rpl{KoM CB-eTy:.y ,i6bpHl'l opraH, f1 dpxatpeo'ori1 irrnrotoi i: rr penpeseHrarHBHo reno.85) Heua gylP:13..:I y-l'l',Kol roKoM TaK
O,u,

,r.,

6*l"l{ifil:.1

b. iunelpwiw, cacraBJbeHg oA npeTcTaBHUKa rpaAoBa-qJlaHol-a


I-loirojame TeKBHx caBeTa - cuHeApuoHa
aJII4 He

caBeSa, SaMeHrHBanI4 cBe B,rule I]pHMapHe cKyIUXTI4tle npey8x*nounu- Syunuutie y yrpaBJbaP"{..t^11::.:T i'] r*rlytr' on

*r*

curypHo rrocBeAoqeHo,

u rpl4MapHI4x cKynl.xTI4Ha y rnaBHHM rpaAoBrMa cBaK" y,?IL:' x"no je'Aymard c npanor,l ucTaKao, Hl4LxTa He -u,oKa3yl: lro#xoBo iocrblame, ani HI4uTa He roBopl,l HI{ npoTl4B Tora. r, l67 M.uT.t#9YlI Ao6uru cy ,rOr:. rupunr.p,ir. Vputerue roie
sHaqH Hetrtialpronu. ,(a lu, me$yrnm, oqpoxpartxii rro)''tteicr M_O: aHTt4T13a ype!.erte Kao p'euy6;lraraHcKo txTo Br4ue Hero *'p*ri^ortf IIo caoj irpra lYttu rre, jep je rvraro ::!9u^?I',9 .l' y Ma6u' Pum.naHu A9BB Oiuttw Maxe1onlluga I.a ce OKyIIJbaJy ynpaBJba[bY y yqecTByjy ]Pxanorn' caMa u ild cB14 o.u.pe[a duve6ptoxq lSqlrorpo.o,l rai" tuve6pt,rr.i1 rtoi,teta".37) Irlepae o6pasoBaby o rhxe Jlnuraie ruio ^uO ie iacaH 14 cJraxe ce c oHrirrr

sHamo 'u.a

; JII4

ie nopen nux

Y_JVIaKe,u,oHI4Ju Je

6-11t9

MHtxJbeby KoJe'cy 6panranra Jlapceu u Ayrnard: MaxeAoHHIa Je HH16? r. nonersbna Ha t{eTl4pl4 peny6nnxe xoie HI4cy HMaJIe

Pesunnnpajyhu

urro je

nanpe.u. peqeHo' npr4npyxll:.T9^

::

ua EarxaHy u Ha l4croxy aii 1i apyrvuja Hero Ha noqeTKy Tora BeKa: ripecraro ce ca nporeKTopaI{Ma r4 npeuno oTBopeHy noJrriiuxy aHeKCr4Je. -Ha Very6unrura Reeuauruzno ino6opy, Mrn.aon,iia je l4g r. _ l,o6uaa He caMo ctaiinor_ priMcror nann'ecHuxa ca rleJrlrm r.xTa6ona meroBr.,x oprana, neh' u crailHy pr.r,cr(y ,ojirv-. M;*Ji;_
38) 9o}''9",r-;

norrr4Tr4sKa auuuia Pum.rraHa

Tpara HeKe caMocranHocrrr. Vocra.uorvr, c-peauHorvr II

palba BJracrr Hero ycraHaK 3a ocno60leBe a.eiune, irniir ;u 6utro oqrlrre.u,Ho Aa ypefem-e r. rir,,je ,rlp*rro npo6y -ue -167 H ra cy Prrvrnanra np-ernapajyhra Maxelonujy y n'pbnnruu iy ;;; cTynuil4 benonn KoHaqHorvl rrorril4rbaB a]By'-t4 yKlr,(arby cBaKOr

j: Kao nocJleAl4ua yry_rxnBalba noOyne,- n;-,[y;;j; lil:*^A:-iP ocnoooDeEa oa pr,rMcKe BnacTr4. Eee ooaupa na rb ruril RnHa cnoHraHy u oayuieBJbeHy nolpruKy *p^fl^y.ije^ nauruao Mare,u,oHa\a u uro je lberoB noiper _ocjao npe aKT ysypnu_

xoje je raAa rperpneJro ypeleme tvtrx.. ce Heonpasnanci voeb.ile xoie ce nDo. y^Jrr.rreparypr ,(a je xo^ncraTyuuja Enunija nay;ia , no[r, ?I3rI I{U r. ocrana Ha cHa3u.ao) oprauusoBa}be ,rnax-e,u,oncKe npoBr.rH.
HHr.uTa o

v raenopurraa nehenno natw HuKaKBrax noje,quHocTlr o Torv cy46oHocHoM no Maxe,uonJzjy noraSajy. He ahiro r(oHr(perH(
-npoMeHarrna

@utuna ta o6nonr_nnarce.qoncrcy nionaixrrfy i,id;. h;;;;, opyxaHor cyrcooa c Pa,uJbaHul/'a u Ao npeTBapalba M*"AOrfri y pr.rM_qKy nponrnqujy.

Vpeleme noje je MareloHr,rja Eoluta 16T r. nuje ce no Hucy nocnyurann cuu.r:' Em;n,ri L1::i: Ipril_ry.. Maxe.u,on\u llayra .u,a cno6gay. rcoja r,rnn je-ner,xo.(,yruHo noKno -uynajy lbeHa u ra 6yry_croxnu.as)ienaluxnyfra na ,o, crcreM ynpaB( oHr4 cy ce qecro 6ytrulu,Be .uox nuje najaa4 noxyLuai flLevac

.uonraje. I,lnax, qnHu Mr4

h.

otltuTa

Y5ft...!yco6HraxBeBa'HI4IIonHTI4I{KI'lxHHeKoHoMcKI4x; s:; flrank, n. t., c1p. 49 u ,u,. _ 33) Larsen, r. ,ll.i Aymaro, H. .u,' ar) E'eyel,,n. l. crp. 1.91,- .-^.,,i L;i;h,'cGsi. Fnn. +o (,nnrl;filPu;,urr,i"^i],fJd[.il. entiEre -d;une un re irs s'inspir?ient ,uneaiilnFi{,iie,ir#;#o;.'rnt;oiFJ primaire, 'Grlcq. centrale et idfi;'oiii,'a iJti.ni"tri. ?p"q* tS ?panoiit dans ta

rind 'Pcopaiorv E),.eu&ep{*i o<blovra! dv6leofev (sc. O Aipi).ros ncro:tb<). rn) gz), XXXI,? (r.

PIut. Aem. 29:

.^. .rqpcrrcd,.6oag coirE. Mcrrc66vc6 pep.r,{oOar r{6 6e_ a"rf., 6,i.$";pi"g opo..rotaE,

*o;

_yn.pot.

, ^ _ - ^tjl _vn., nocrarra nooaunqz_ja_y roM crilcny ur.ro je o.i roi le ;t: M crr.r Ha M ec,r4 K ; "puruuial-rbo, i, iil j; "or;6 on ur e pe opra_ *g:l.g.,gl "^ iill-l pl Hrrsa4nje; SaKoHrr' ".5yi,i Enunuia.llayna ocrajy Ha-cHa3r.r Ll lnu qfiHe iorbao

nanpum

17,2 - u xxxv,4. ep,- Laisen,' Roman oie ec6, cid." gdg' lMareaonraja

ri

xxxt,

tex provinciae
. . . Sonst

i;'F6j;;;'ie,iJ.-i,iii,,ii; i'.;p-t'.le

au lle siecle a' n' E'" ;:";;fi#d'i;;"b";i;;^fir'aeiouveDptcr l"'""'T4"iroi.->ixxi, 2i oo..6pcrrve r,i'p roir6 lvlaxeE6vcrE dri")erg 6vrcr; rpdq crrkoir'' *pcrr, rE/ ;J';il;dP;ctr{g ro}'ire(cr6 drciord'letv

mbntrer bientOt en itudiant le rem6qpo-

I ap cr na v pe! eme

brieb die veriassung, aie verindert).

F.tJ&:ii.

t.rp. 440-'(y^M"i,;;;;ii' rpuii i y- ;;6; "" r",,' '#,f. :* F ff l *a J; "$ i.ti :i "l #?% ;+ bestehen brieben. *',ft'-{L*ut,. wenn auch die vier Merides ".ii,:
Maxeaoui,yey;

t*r

piuilil d.;-i;'ii;, ;;g;i;;ii

r,ii,

56

Mare,u,onct<u rpaAoBl4

pxmcKo Aoda.

_Jggb_u-fj fe{enoxuje t67 u

148

r. npe H. e.

5?

nr,lia ie nogTaJla rJIaBHa 6aAa Aa Boberbe ,U,aJbllx Onepaql4ia Ha Eaarcany u y llpenmoi Aanjn. Eopanari puMcI(Hx nerHja I{ HenpeKrrLHH paToBr4 nofenra Ha nenoi TepuTopr4jr,r noBehanu.cy oceTHo TepeTe H HeBOJbe n6llapMJbeHgr CTaHOBHI4I1TBa. Beh u 860r Tora ce He 6U mouo pehra-na ce npeTB.apabe Ma,re.u,onnje y rrpoBlrHlrrajy orae[aJlo caMo y ToMe uTo ie oHa [,o6una pl4MCKOT HAMCCHHKA.

He mo.xemo, mefyrraM, To. ucro pehra ea olnacHe cilHeIrplroHe, 1ep nuje curypHo Ea ilu je Ha Harnucy peq o cuHe4pr{ony je.qHe MepuAe uru o cr{HeItpr4oHy MaKe.U,OHCKOT KOr.rHOHa. flr.rrarbe je
BaH MaKe.q,oHcKl.r KoltHoH; La ilu TeK y rlapcKo lo6a, Kao npoBHHqHCKa. OpraHr.rsaqnja rcoja uMa Aa c(r 6pHHe o uapcKoM Kynry,

Panuje \urupaHu Har,uc rs 6epoje, Ha KoMe ce cnoMrrrby caHe,qp[oH, Mepn,q,e r,r Kor4HoH Marcegonaua, Heoc[opHo je cne_ [osaHcrBo ,q,a cy Mepr.ue uocrojaJre joru y,406a onannjenaua.

yronr4Ko caoxenuje

uro HaM Huje noauato

MareAonuie y nponun[Hiy. l'lanopl HaM.AoJ.yue I43pI4'{l4To Hasaxouu- rcoje ie Ennulraie flayr nao Mare.u,oraauranaly nl cy -Ito6pH r,a cy ce olpxanil KpoB cBe peny6lunulu 6nii TaKo qhrlu MH Ce, rcaHcrco npeme.al) Aara ro ce He Moxe o,u,Hocr4TH, HeHa onuTe ypen6e xoje -a cy 167 r. Marcenonr{y npraHaBa,e t+A r. no,U,BpraBaJIe ie prarvrcxoj npOnuuBaBT4CHOM ,u.pxaBoM,
UHCKoj y11paBH. Cracrem puMcKe npoB14HUHCKe ynpaBe, Ma KoJll4Ko

Anw,' vt y IIHcTo aIMHHHcTpaTHBHoM florneAy MopaJIe cy HaCTaTLT Marbe-B14ttle Kpy11He uporvrene npl4n14KoM npeypelerua

xaga je o6paa6BpeMeHa

ce nprarlrOlarao npHJII4KaMa trojeJ1l,lHI4x seMaJba'.6rao ie y CytxTI4HI'I

Cny.ila

VCT14. SafO-MT,TCJIHM ,U,a BaKOHI4,

Ba KOje usBopt4_ I(aXy

Aa Cy ce oApxaJru

uaje y npoBr,rHuujy, tiory 6wtu cano saKoHrl xoin cy perynucarra ypelerue rpagoBa I,l rbilxoBl4x TephTopraja, o^cHoBHt4x aAM1InucrpirunHnx herHja Maxe,u,onHje on BpeMeHa Ervrunr,lja flayra 4o xpaja antHxe.a2)
'M"e!yrunn,
ManHy

HerrSMebeHH

14

tIOCne flpeTBapa]ba MarceAo-

JroKanHa CaMoynpaBa y lbgi [OI{t4BaJ]a - npeTeXHO Ha nIeMeHc6l.r6 ocgoBaga, H 3aTb 1xTO Cy Ce usrvrely npoBgHul4cKe yflpaBe u JroKanHrrx BnaCTH OApXanl4 O6lacHu OpraHH (Cune,UpuOnu)
MepuAa.4B) verraprajy 'Jel,an

cffyrcrypy irrarvrcxe npo_saHuil!: tt^ ry1..1?.:.ro.r, s6or Tora uTo je, ynproc ToMe LUTo Je I4MaJIo SHaqaJHHx rpaAoBa,

Jlapcen cMaTpa ,u,a MaKeAoHI4ja

HI4ie l4mana Hop-

Kar,a cy Pururnanra npeyaeari Ii9!:_:-lHgIlpr4oHe. .4n^, 148 .[HpeKTHy ynpaBy y MareAonujw, nuje BHrrIe uocrojaaa noipeOa o6asJbarra pr.rMcr(H r{rlHoBHr4rlr,r. crola- ne' s_epyjervl \a,

y KoM 6U Cttyuajy Morao uMaTrr BeSe c ycraBom ne 16_7 r., o,q,Hocuo Ouru cacran"rreH oI nperci4n_ uilxa qett4pujy o6tacH[x cnHetpuona.A4) _^ ' ,-,He HerreAa Mw Hr,t ilaJro neponarno ra cy pum.lranr a9_ BBojtunu nocrojaree MaKeAoHcKor KoHHoHa I4[t r. Vxaar.rairre na.l'pvry, rAe cy^caBegu, pacrypeHu I46 r., ycxopo oOnor*err, Hr4Je OnpaB.(aryo. uIlHoc pHUnaHa npe-Ma MareAonunl/la, c jelne crpaHe, r fpqrzma,.. r-py.u crpaHe, iuje 6uo y ro npeniu iicioBeraH. lpvrca Hraje 146 r. npeiBopeHa-y npoaiaHqujy 14 ouiJou, .u,yro ro nehe 6u"tu. C mon cy punm-atu't4 Ealbe"r.lrpaara ,q,so_ glpyr(y urpy cno6o,qe r4 [poTeKTopaTa, Kao uTo cy To qu:Hulru c MareAonuHma 167 r., ra s6or roia cy rrM rrrorrn AogBorr4Tri gglg^uy^.Ig]I1. Kao rxro cy ra Marce.q-onqr.rrrra 167 r." r,ailn odMaKe,qoHcKe HeSaBrrcHocTr4,

ultu paHuje, HaAoBeayjyhu ce Ha crapu KoltHoH HB

r.,

OA HOpManHI4X pI4_MCKl,lX OpOBHHqHJa CaCTaBJbeHI'lX OII MyHnqr4nalnrax jeguHuqa. LUro ce TI4qe Lpyre Jlapcenone npunni,l6e [a cy y .MareloHuir.r Hsrvrely JroKaJrHe H npoBInHIIHSK|)
Jrr4KOBaJra

6,u eanaraKa oBe Hauie cTy.[t{ie jecre .u,a noKaxe Aa lra je TaqHo Ml4glJberbe Aa ie y MarceAonnju npeg-uaAaBaJlo nnerrrentro ype[eme u ta tn-cd y ToM rorrle,u,y MaKe4oHr'rja pae-

ynpaBe

oHoM sl'uY y KOMe cHaSr.r 14 tIocJIe opnaHHsoBarba yBepeme urie AoBoJbHo oBo Mucang paHuje nocTbiala. Ir,a ra ie ocHoBaHo.

nocrojaln o6nacHu cr4HeApr4oHtr, oHa noJlasil oA oIItxTer y6efena ,u,a je nO.qeaa Ha qeTupy Mepl4qe ocTana Ha
npoBlrHu[]e, y

cy glrHe, BaApxaHH nocrre I48 r. C'apyre crpaHe, He lp19l,1 |!p'aaa rlocro]H HrrKaKBa KapilKa xoja 6a Besr4BaJra g.rHe.qpuone ila l6?.r. c MaKeAoHcKAM KOT4HOHOM t43 I{apcror Ao6a. ho,u,ena na'mep-wne. roja ce oApxana Ao y To Bpeme MorJra je nrvratn y Hal_ 6 o rn em c r y,r a iy c yA c K o - a,u, r H cr p a i il B H H Ka p a xr 6 p. -rf V o c r'u roii, jeaan o6yxnarare caMo .u.eo npoBrariu4ie Maxeaol I.:p^rlg _.y. oHa y rpBa ABa BeKa cBora uocrojama craJrno lep Je lll-ef pacna r{ MebaJra rpaHrrue. vl ro roBopr4 nporr.rB npernocranxe .u,a cy crape'MeprdAe Morne unaTw raxaxan-norrarhqr, ;;;r;jt
rvr ra

3a [ocpeAoBarbeM oBr,rx o6lacHux reJla, HH KOA hpraXyurama no_peaa Hfi KoA ocranr4x rrocJroBa, jep cy re ayxnbciu c4ta

oKB-r4py nponnHr.laje
KOHHOHy I,r

MareAonuje.nu)

.u

'

rr; Liv. XLV,92,7: ,teges- Macedoniae dedit cum tanta cura,, ut non ho(tibus victi!, si:d s6ciis bene meritis dare videretur, et quas ne qui unus est legum corrector, experiendo ,ius ouiaem tOngo'i.mpore,-,,rfiagistratibus per singulas_ civitates coniiSuer-;t.,, Justin."XXXlli, 2: fiU"ru facta est, legesfiue-quibus adhirc utitul a Paullo accepit"' iiiiuiirtz1 Cf. Niese, lll, crp. 335. as) Larsen, Roman Creece, ctp. 441 u 1,.

474 (Cerichtsprensel). ii) {r Mururbe rse : Larsen, Romari gieece,';r. 4sriidf ;d.-_-_ -C{IpoIHo -1u). rerence. ro lne synedrion .- y narnflcy ua Eepoie _ show-s ttrat ihe four pirls qld not.merely continue as administrative districts but relained thetr old.organs..of reference to the Macedonian toinon iug. gests that the _government.The tater organization was superimposed on the four repubtiCs').

qTg"_y_ c_ly_Al4iy Td rorvdv r6v Mqre66r,cuv. II_ ,, crp. I-7ti (cenapara), Hapoqfiro crp. 6 n l.

{4) nocJre,u,ruu je, Konr4Ko je uenu no3Haro, rrficao o ruaKeAoHcKoM lberoBoM o,qHocy npeMa cnHeApfioHl, na terupujy Mepr4lla II. Ka_ Ea[ynJ{c; rd rorv,iv r6v Marce66vcuv rcrl tri ouv66prcr rav'pi"pio<rrr, up.ogofa ei; Er0rrova fL Kuprcri6q. Conyn J953, (rAe ie HaeeAeHa lr iaa arreprryphl;
Mcre6or.rrd,

Iil titjs+i

Bengtson, Criechische Geschichte, crp.

OoAeaa Mareaonaje I67 r.

5q

noAEJIA MAKEASHIdJE 167 r.


O roMe rcaxo je HBBpueHa noouru Mare.u,ouuje y vernnr,r o6ractu (regiones, ir6pqt) roBope HaM Haua -,u,Ba IrBBopa, Ilu' nraje u ,(raonop, roToBo rtcTt4w peql,tMa, cnyxehu ce oglpne.u,Ho
ucTvtw uanoporu.z) klnax, KaKo ce Morno oqeKI4BaTI'l K9II. TaKBor, cKopo .u,ocnoBHor npenpHqaBarba sajegnuvror usBopa; nojaa-

ce Pp 'AEtdE

tr?ny Arccuj, u cyc.el.itr igi rpajeru (6efirepov p6pog 6xep drd pby dvato}.q.g. opiler 6 )tpup<ov rrorcp6E, <irb '6b 6uopav 6 xo).o6pe1oE 'AEto6 rrotapoE xai oi rapcrreip"evor cr0t@ r<illot). Crpahyjyhra caoj nsnop, ,(Ho.qop ie nocrao nejacau. Aa ner,l'i Ju4Br,rJeBor. napaneJlHor TeKcra, TeuKo 6w ce Morna ttpaBilnHo [poryMarII4TI{ }beroBa peqeHl4rla ,,tlo,\ ol rupaxeilxevor crure r6fio{,,
SaMeHurIa cr0rrp rtnoxe rpaMarurrKu oAHocr4Tr4 KaKO Ha rrotopriE,.TaKo u ua 6xep, oLH. 16 6e6tepov p6pog. Me-

ce y bHxoBt4M TeKcroBHMa Ha l4arne,u, HetsHaTHe paEJII4Ke, rvrefyTum, noHera,u, uorabajy cyurnHy crBaplr. rcoje, -'y piarpanrauaBarby llpne o6rlactu Jlunraie ra ,,(uo,uop ce

ryjy

rornyHo cnaxy. Onoj o6lacru, xoia ie o6yxratala repuropuiy raarvreiy pere Crpnn6na u Hecra,- npr,rcaie,u,H-rbe.Ha cy, no JIHnujy,-ina ona Haie.rna HcrotlHo o,u, Hecra-xoja je [pxao flepPerseus tenuisset, vicej, cerrr Auna, Maponeje ra A6,qepe (qu? 'et Maroneam et Abd-eram). cos, castella, oppida, piaeter Aenum npr4g,ollara cy np.npi o6nacru flo [Ho.qopoaoj'nar 6oprvry.uaurir,l -oJi Hecia, oKo rpa.u,oBa A6aepe, Macaa yr"ap!6rua racro,Itio poueJe i Auaa (nai ra rpdgl avato)'.qv toO N6,orou ep6para tui

Axo. je y rorneJr,y rpBr.tx anejy oltacru Jlunrajea reKcr upequanr.tju L\ -Aroa_qporr, ro ct He Moxe pehH ra xa.u, ce HMa y BuLy Tp-.ha u gernpra o6aacr. Jlranujen reKcT Ha oBoM mecry nuje neiacaH, KaKo ce odil.rHo nuciu, seh Hera,{ aH, u B0or rora ce y rbeMy jannajl opoTuBypeqHocru rcoje je rerurco orKJroHr,lTu nperflocraBxaMaj Jlunuje Kaxe aa je Tp-et-a o6lacr o6yxnatara repuroprjy o.u, Arcuja Ha rdcro^y .uo lleneja na 3ana.(y 14 rrrraHuHe Eope Ha cenefiy, H \a joi ie npuublena

byrrrrr, ua Jluouia caauaiemo nh. ce [o.u, Tr4M Mwcltu nu n.orrr. ,,KojH xr{Be xpaj Axcuja, c racroqHe beroBe crpaHe,,.

lleonraja.

JbeHH

raxole

roja ce rpyxa
H rpaAoBr.r

caanajervro ,s dren.i?,. noHraBJba xog Jlnnuia, ynaauna cy [ne.MeHa Eop,uaju, Jluuxecru u fleraroHUL u o6nacrra AruHrariHja, Trarvrsaja'la'Eanrraeja.ef -_ Mare,qonajy,_a Herapra ilqarvr o6aacrnnea &prub Marceaonri., trnr4MeJoM, JIHHKeCTT4AOTT4 H fleraronujorvr, Eop4ajy, Tarvroajy u t4rn4.pcKy o6aacr Arruranrjy. He sHamo raqHo rcojy nrarir.rriy Jlunuje HaEUBa Bora. To Moxe 6uru utu nlanuiia ,(oKca',

flpy-xana ce c oHe crpaHe [JraHr4He EOpe cBe

sana,qHo <i4 $xquji.'rsoj at tait,r: EAeca u Eepoja.s) Heiapra narc o6.uacr


,u,o rpaHr4rla Enrapa

w vlnupuie.")

Yernpry o6lacr, KaKo


je,-

Tpeha o6_lacr o6yxnaraaa

garcle,

yrJraBHorvr

rat iviofri.rvetcv xai Aivov rr6].eq). I-lpervrh "* Mane.ionraja je aaapxaJla cne cnoje noce.u,e -ucro'lHo oA ToMe, Hecra cBe ao Xe-6pa (Mapraue), Ha unjem ce yuhy HaJIaBuo
,.'pdg "Ap8qpcrv

ii

,(oruy

Aunoc, Hajucrounuju-oa Tpta cuoMeHyTa rpaJl,a xojra cy_caqy.Bailrl treaanrcHocr. t4spaa 6p6porcr (rcoirl crojn _MecTo Jlrarnjennx ,,vici, castella, oppida") ynorpe6rsen je xon Aro.u,opa y cMrcny repHropujtr. Sana.qno os Crpnrocena (6aaa) na iyloj (ipaurcoj) MoHa, I-lpna rvraKe.u,oilct(a o6nadr o6yxnarana je qely 6ucal-

Ba[a.[Ho

on Eepoje,

rujy n rpa,r Xeparlejy' Crnrraxy. 3a .[pyry b6raci Jluauje Kaxe r,a cy ruoj- npuuane Teprropuje narvrebi, Crpprvroua Ha I4cToKy - gqHM Xeparnejg ra Eucairru;e - ra-Arccaia ua BaIIa.[,y, u tacy ioj upn4o.u,atH fleonuu racroqn6 on Arccuia (additis Paeonibus, Qui prope roin ixrane Aiium flumen ad regionem orientis colerent). .(Ho,uopoB rercr ie y onorvr cnyvaiy xpahu. flo rremy, y Apyry-o6lact ynaauna je repuropuia .uujy rpaHHIIy quHH Ha IrcToKy UTpI4MoH, a Ha 3a'
1) Jluo.aop (XXXI,8, 7) ynorpe6rasa ll3pa3 rrfos g.q. o-6lacru Lrlv 6i 1<i.rpcrv o)"qv bt8ii.o, ciq-ftrrapo pipq); t4cro u Crpa6on Vll frg' 48 (flcr6i,.oE.-plv oiv . . . si6 rettapcr p6pq 6rrircr$-a rr)v ldupuv)' Hspas peptE, roj.u ce o4bmah11o sa o.BHa:iauirue verupra /tlaKeAoHcKe peny6lnxe 167-148 r., [ocBeAoqeH ie xa norqy u3 t'ora BpeMeHa I'r Ha JeAHoM Harnucy u3 tlaP-

ta cy Tpehoj o6lacra ycrynr6nra rpa_ Eaeca r.r Bepoja, r1o 4h ce oHr4 nanaae u-:lnan pev6ne odracrr y yxem cMlrcry. Tpefioj o6ang7, upunoieua ie,'nperrri
.q,oBr'r

l11T9T I I flo,u,BJraqu. lpV.oM cnyqajy orrajeaejacno Bauro ce y ri:rccry creuilJaxHo

[O-J.1^1N109

l'IU

aHT]rrtKr.r EepmuoH,6) uau Huue [JraHHHa, AOKYMEHTOBAHA Y AHTI4IIKHM I'aBOPI'MA.') VI Y

cnor

,u.o6a.

,rl Liv. XLV, 29; Diod. XXXI,8,7 ed. Dindorf-Miiller, Parlsiis

1855.

lagones ragonof incolunt;' inotunt; iuncta his^Atintania his Atintania et rymphaeis 'f Tymphaeis et Elimiotis.,, i{rsorunt; iuncta 6) Uberhummer,.s. v.,_RE lll (lg0l)295, r.raenrrsHxyje nraHuny 60Da *gl 6en,uaoio,u,'ucr6 u' Leakt iii, iri5'; ri;'A;y6'; !"-'J"9, {i9rg_q3],ca :rp..671. To uro llusule raxb qa ce ;rqnr,rfla noJi ,aniaHaa Ha ceBeDv yaerr4 yB ce jep e-rr4 y1o1a9 o,*q, aoc, AocrroBH-o, ko,L ruera croju .u.a i6 ]n;!9. .lp;I:-^Ie-p.ir9-n:-Iopa -n: -I 9!a oB-e H lleHeJ eJ oilo oho Ha BarraAy Barra.qy ose ooracrt. gSo6racrt. Vn. Kauabos. Kaqapor, fleotus, fleowts. crp. cro- gS. 7) Kiepei't, FOA XVII; yn. Bynr,r.h,fu;'.r"6;j( .ro"S:"

conieisuirnt.; regio trans BoramBoram monie montem' una parte coniin'J .oniinil 1,i};#1,";,i3;; i,i};#1,";,?3;; t?,?Xlta 6) Liv. XLV, XLV.30.6: 30,6: ,Quartam .-'C)uartam regionem reoionpm Eordaei Fnrdao{ et af Lvncestar r,nnocr.^ D^ stae et ^+ PeBer<ieh eodem

3) Liv. XLV, 29,: Tertia pars facta peest, quam Axium ab oriente. neus amnis lmnis ab occasu.cinguntj. occasu cingunti ad septentriolr.m septentrioirem b;;;;;'aiiiitri; B;it;;*" -;hr;'rt,,;. pleoniae, qua paeoniae, aqlecra. nulc_paru parti regio reglo qua' praeter au occasu ab oiiiiri p*iG.' I lqi!g!?, !qc-

porrigitur; Edessa qubque et

Aii;*";;;;;;

j.p'.;il;;;;';;Ar- ;; ''"'

60
lTun,aiy, ra

Makea.oxcxvt tpanolu

y prt*.*o

,uod,
roanna,.

l-loAeaa MareaonHje I67 r.

6I

fleonHja Ba[aAHo oa, Ar<cuja, TaKo Aa ce oBa o6nacT rpoTebana og lleneja na jyry ,qo ceBepHilx rpaHHIIa fleonuie
Ha ceBepy
ca,u,e,

Pumrnanu [aJrr.r MareAoHutIMa .qa Ha rpanl4tltl lpxe nojne noJluanie Kaxe: ,regionibus, quae adfines barbaris essent permisit, ut praesidia armata excepta autem tertia omnes erant,

Mefyrralr, HeuTo

,[,aJbe, roBopehu

.uoBBon]I

Koiy cy

- o6.nact ie ocrala HeHaoin finibus extremis haberent." Tpeha pyxaHa a6or tora ruro uuje rpaHI,lIIHna ca cTpaHI,IM, nenpuiaTeJbcKHryl seMJbaMa. os.ne ce ianrnt oHa npoTuBypeqHocT Kqia je oAaBHo aaraxeHa y Jlanrajenom Terccry: xaxo ie Tpeha o6racr MorJIa [a He rpaHilqu c .(ap4antlnMa, axo ioi je npuuojena I-leonuja?
yKopeHr4no

tgBoptr HaM He najy_npan? .u,.a qeny saraAHy Ileourjy naaonemo fle.uarouujom, a 4a fleonujy (xaxo'ro Beneq,.rKos ,rrrHa Ha cBoioi xapru Ha crp. 20) clycrnruo. jyxHo o,u, me y o6racr ArnnoUte w cpe.u,rber roKa Epurona.lz) Vcruna je la cy ce flpeMa
llro-nemejy
B_lrmo

ffi!; rVIel.yTuM, Ma Konr.tKo 4a je B_epoBarHa merona IlenaroHr,rja ooyxnarana .qolbr.r ToK EpraroHa (n,

jep ca ,(apganrajom Bana,[Ho oa Arccuja tpaluqh flelaro-

resa

ra. Ile"oarcnujti),

,ua je

Tpehe

Muurrnerre na je fleonraja

6rla no,u,eJbena raarvrefy .(pyre u MaKeAoHcKe MepLrAe, BacHoBaHo Ha Jlnnraieoorvr reKcTyt


ce

yKonr{Ko ie rpaxeno, HaJIaxeHo Je y paanuqt4TuM I,IHTepnpeTaUI'ljartla Jlr.rurajena rexcra. Mefyrrm, Hlrro nr.rie .u,oneo y cymtby Taq-

y Hayt{ri,t) o peuerbe

[oMeHyre uporuBpeqHocrl4,

Hocr oBor TeKcTa a crona uuro nnje floKyuao Aa na ucupaBu


peqrt -nocr
Ha ocHoBy,q,pyror LIsBopa, Ario.qopa-

MHoroMe Harne.(ane nejacne, noM[tlrJbao.je na moryfina ie l-leonuja nprnrKom roAeJIe Maxe,u,onuje 6ula opraHt,tBoBaHa rao cro6o.[,Ha r,pxaBa, anr.r je H cam ynralao, ,u.a -qa TaKBy rtpernocTaBKy HeMaMo HI4KaKBor ocJIoHIIa y HsBoptrm.l.) Hu caMo Aa HaM Hr,rr[Ta nu,ie nosnaTo o neroj ,,He3aBI4CHOj" fleOnwjw, neh JIaeHje roBoptt o npracaie,qHrbetty fleonuje ARypj,

Byrlnh, KoMe cy Jlranuiene

peuelbe noMeHyTe [poTr.rBypeqHocTu KoA rlunuja He MOXe Ce IIpHxBaTuTu. Arco cy ce Cro6ra Hataluilt4 y lleoHnju, a lleonuja ce rpa_ Hr,Iril4Jra c ,(aplaHur4Ma - Te ABe qr4lbeHr,lue, Ba BpeMe o KoMe Je Pjq,,cTole uSBaH cBaKe cyMrbe -- aKo HaM ce rSpr.tr{r.tTo Kaxe ,(a I peha MaKe.u,oHcrca o6.uacr nr.rje umana rpaHr4qa-c ry$nrvr HeMaKeloHcKr4M IIneMeHUNta, oH.rla uocrojra caMo ienHo o6jaruBerue: Hajcenepurjn aeo Bana[fle fleonr,,je riraje yruab y Tpehy o6aac1, neh je rpr4rao t{ernproj. Arco ynopeAr4Mo. Jlanraier ro[aTaK o rpocrupalby Tpehe
KOBJbeBO
Mep
,

Jlnnujy o.(,HocHo [beroBoM r.raBopy [Iolr.r6rajy, oa roru- 5e firorennej yAaJbeH or(o rp-r{ r4 no BeKa: y r4croM Tercry o Korue gB,[e pac[paBJbamo Jlnnuje raxe ra cyce cmo6u Hatasiltu ! lr Jr,a. cy AaplaHrln rpaxuru -fleonrajy aa ce6e, iup i. legauiu Too{xe paHHJe til,Ma npunal.ata, urTo Heoc[opHo noxasyj6.ua je lleoruuja tpdHuttuta ca ,Qapdonujon.l') fipertri ro*r, ndriufr-

.u,a flrorerr,rejen fio,u,arax

cro6u Ha,.aautu y flerlroHuju, aiu nemaro pasnora -l-leraroHr,rja o cro6nnna u uperrocra-

onu. Tpehoj o6aacru Ha ncru HaqilH Kao u o npranajarry Eucarra u Tepr4Topnje ucrovHo o.u, Hecra flpaoj MepI,lALl. BeueAuxon, xoju ie o rorvr nt4Tarby, KoJIIdKo ie ruenu noanaro, flocneArbtt pacupaBJbaorHatagn, HanpoTI4B, Ad ie Jlunnjea rexcr nornyHo jacan H Ta,IaH.lo) On y c.amom TeKcry He
Br.r.u,rl HHKaKBe

.qa ce onrl-y rsnecnoj M.ep{ pa_alr,rrcyjy.


D

IrIe ca

oAro

Ba

pajyh

r,rrvr

Kon Auoaopa croin 4a cl, onoi o6aacru, xoja je o6yxaara.ua reprropraiy ,a*ufrv Arcrja u fleHeja, [oraTr4 ,,t4 HeKu detosu [leonule;": ,,rpk{J, "&pxroi
repr6let

raoaopon

r.rm TeKc

rorvr,

n prarrrerrah eruo

rot'

OudpcrE

pbv 6 flqvetoq rorup6E,

ror'

6b

norperrHa npeTcraBa o rpocrltparuy fleonrje r.r flenaroHlrJe pasJror uTo nam Jlr,tanjeno KaBI,IBalbe l4arneJla KoHTpa,ultKTopHo. Aro ce flerarouraja craBr{ TaMo rae ie cTBapHo 6uta, a He y

rtporr,IBpeqHocrt4, ne,h cruarpa Aa je rpanuuuoHaJlHa

Ie_3epa.

o6aactr Entora, KaKo ce o6uqno qutvt, oH,u,a he, no rberoBom Mr.rruJbelby,, [poTrdBpeqHocr or[acrll. cama o.q ce6e.{') Vcraapn, ptilsrbs Koje oH [pe.[naxe cacToJH.ce y ToMe uTo ce ueno BanaAHo llonap,qapje hporlaruana flelaronuiotu u Kao TaKBo, cxo,u,Ho JInnujy, npr,rnaja'gernproj o6lacru. Hi rai HaqttH'Tpeha MaKeAoHcKa o6racr HeMa rpaHHIIa ca HeflpujareJbcxutvt 3eMs.

Mepr.,Ae oOenexeHa roro-B_o np.aBoM n'unujon oi l-lpecnancr6r np:Ma bpnrony u Arcniy. Ha rai navun ocraJy y Tpehoj o6nacru !_op,Irl-r: ,i-ltufiiela, Arunranuja u TumSaja, aa-xoje roa JIuar.lja u}p$quro
tJf

tz; Ha oroj Beueauronoj Kaprr.r cperuure l-reouuje oKo .u,ober roKa (8. norn. Ileonuia) ocrano je Har-a_x l-leonuje u Mare,uoHHjet PpelgHlUg lp Kqp,ra le u y lpyrou norreJr.y HeraqHa. Ha moj je rpanuqa lrs,ueby
-tr

tV

croJu

oonacr Harra3r{ra ceBepHo o.u, nJraHHHe Eopa (Bener}rKoB, crp.3g, no.izl, rou cryvajy jna'ne 6r Morrra aa-rpariq, fE;;;b;.'d6;";;;? Lu-p- v rla3uJra Ha ceBepy.Tpehe oonacru (,,ad septentrionem []ora mbns .-. .i.;, ulro He Braqu la je ona BaxBarara uery berepHy rpaHfluy re o6tacri'. YerBpra rIaK o.Oracr npyxana ce ,,trans Boram moniem, dna parte confinis lllyrlco, altera Epiro", rj. c one crpaHe re rrraHilHe, cse ab vtnupule

ta cy npilna,u,ale 9eraproj o6tacru. Hnje ravno .qa ce girnpra

8) Vn., Hanpt4mep, Niese, IIl, I80; Ceyer, crp. 762 u 763 Paionien, RE Xvlll (1942) 24W. s) Byanh, n. m.
10) BeHe,u,r.lKoB,

u B. f,enk,

tt) Beneanror, cri.

crp. 28 u

ce e nPocTxpana

qacrlt

cailo Ba neoHcKH 14 MaKeLoHcKU 3eMil M He e BKJllOgBara ort ilelarotugrTs He e noula Aa rpaHhqil ct .u,apAanIlnt6."

3l : ,,Ttfi Karo, cnope

t.

Jlusufi,rperara o6aacrr

I,iv. XLV, 29,12: ,,Da-rdanis repetentibus paeoniam, quod et sua - . .1E) fuisset et continens elset iinibus suis,'omnibus dare liuiitit'em pronun: qui tiavit, sub reg_no Persei fuissent. post non impetraiam paeoniem silis commercium iledtt; tertiae regioni imperavit, rit stouos-paeo;il; a;veherent, pretiumque staluit." vn. u Pol. v,97: rre ce 3a npo,'ra3e Kor bura-3ope, _HaiBehen,llu,qa lleonuje, Kaxe .u,a cy BarBapam iyr "ue .l[apaauaie y Mareaorrliy.

u Enupa.

62

llo.u,ela Mareaonuje 167 r.

63

6pog, ltpodre&6vrtrlv xai rtvtr;v ).eytip"evov 't q IIB6pvov cr,o,, iug, tv oiE xai :r6)'.etq dEt6)'oyot "E6tddcr CD'v E xcri. B6potcr"'.-14HTepeCaHTHO ie .qa nr,l Bynrafi, xoja HaBoAH To

rd
r
6

Auoaoph, nu BeHenl4KoB, xoiri uurr'rpa'Ao.cnoBue BynuheBo Herarani o oBoM nnTarby (raaocran.rnaiyhH- 4!_onyue ua aHauai 4,'o5o: iai ur,rrar), nucy o6parunu raxrby fi;;;;[o,[aTKa, qeJlor peuerbe rluTarta' Tpehoi y HMaIro KOMe DOBa 'oOri.irllaie hfiranojena uera fleonnja BaraAHo o,u, BapAapa, KaKO Ce Ha OCHOBy Jlunraja MHCJII4JIO,- neh CaruO ITtsBeCHI'I 15,eHH

,..ir'ri

iVSHo o1 n.rour. To rvrory 6urr.r cdUo mEHH iyxH1 reJIoBI'r' lleonuia ceBepHa Bapltapa, ,[,oK o6ary ie CroOu nua necHy TarO ce MoXe cxBaTHTH il Hapeo6laCtu. [pr4[aJra gerspr6i 'o6mcru co y .(ap^aHraiy npeKo iieoH' La 6'E*; Tpeho!

roproj o6nacrr4 6uro n fleonaUa? Mr,rcnnrra ,u,a He. V mervry uracy nu .(eyprao[u, 9a Koje ce cr4rypHo BHa ,[a cy npuna,Earm 9etrproi o6nacru, nu flapanaju, sa xoje je To Bpno BepoBaTHo. Jlunrajy Ha oBoM rlecry nuje 6uo Ur.lJb Aa no6pojra cBa nJreMeHa, oAHocHo o6aacrr oBe MepHAe :- Kao uTo To nr,rje yI{HHilo Hu Ba ocrane (ronopefira o ilpnoi MepHAu on je
HaBe,u,eHH

roHrlr4, Atunranu, Tr.rrvr$aju ra Elrzrr,tejun, atu se r fleoHura. .(a rua oqaj noAaTaK, Kojr,r Hr.rcMo y rvroryhHocrr4 Aa KoHTpoJrHueMo noMohy .(uoAopa, npoTr4Bypeqr HaureM BaKibyrtKy Aa je y 9e-

c,ttomeHyo caMo Eucaare ra Arr,t$ranom) caruo najaaxuaie. - nehoHo On je xreo, KaKo cam r4crr4qe, ga nokaxe rxro Hr4 c?rMH Marceg,ouuu Hucy BHaJrrl: KaKo je aaxo 6utto no,u.enr4Tr,t Maxe,u,onujy, a Aa cBaKrr rbeH ,qeo ocraHe .rLoBoJbaH cam ce6iz.16)

'rBBoaH t." ,trpodrec6v: frlif ;,Morno 6u ce noMI'rcrII'rrH,u,a.HBpaBoM [leonniy, ,ry *oi ;;;r; t6fiusv" firlonoP rac-xlnyvyie I4cToqHyno ce6u moryhe.

36or Tora je, ronopehra o qeTBproj o6.rracrr, Morao ,rr,a utsocTaB[ fleonqe; noAeJbeHu narvrefy rpu o6nacryt, o*t4 HH Ba jenny oA tbr,fx Hucy 6vttu ol. HaporraTor anavaja.
lleonuia je,
,u,aKrre, 167
AOCa,U,a MUCJrr,rJrO,

o6lactu. To ie rpr4nana roja je "aro'uarn flpyroi


A.rira,

crBap ,i frry*.narud Jlunr,njend-reKcra, Mr,'crrHM ,u,a He rpe6_a He cmerno ea6opanurr'r ga Jftanuie u

ynpdrio

iai

caMo

nrajaHcupaHl4 15eroB Hapa3 ,u.aje rruyu

rbeHr,r II.enoBu npr4noieHr.r

il

g,;b[op upenucyjy, oAHocHo

npenpul{aBajy aaiennuqKu L,3Bop, u'11a,cy xb,u, TaKBOn Haqr4Ha e6cuepnr4pa[ba HenpeugsHocTil He,aOuxia. Kan urvrarvro, rvrelyrnm' Kao y oBoM clyvaiy, ana na-

.u.aJbe

KoMnJII4Kosai[.

noKagana. Paaa,najajyhr,t na raj nocrynuJlr{ flpoMr/rxJbeHo u c o[peleHrt q]rJbeM - ,u,a ocra6e Maxeony najaehy u najrvrohnujy eTHr4qKo-norrHTHqKy rpynaqnjy

neh

Iv

cy He caMo I
rvrepra,u,ra,

r. 6uta

Oop_nna.rrno pacrapqaHai ra MeprrJr,]r, KaKo ce

Il

KaKo caM, nepyjervr, rope navun fleonqe, Pumroanu cy

parenHa TeKcTa, oH.[a je aaro .yrBp.[uln nRpo6^urn{,}"].9^ qua Jltaarajena CTr4nHBaUHia.: ,,adiecta huic parti. reg-io Paeontae' ub oicusu praeter Axium amnem porrigitur"-He npoTgBypeqp HarreM TyMarleby olroBapaiyher rvrdcra Ko.[, AI4o[Opa. Jvlorna i;;lrd; nuon,iiu B'ana,u,Ho'or Alcraia ra. rpr4rar,He Tpehoi

b6rrcrr, anu uc:ro TaKo H [eo Te fleonraje, je.u,na lbeHa o6nacT iu y Hsnopy uo cnoi npunurlw 6uta raunraje orpe.u,erbeHa. ^oii Kon npenpuqaBaba HBBopa Mory ce noHera r, uctty-cruTr

rou 6arne criapia, arrr4 cBaKaKo He ra ,n,o,u,arn. Axo Jlnruje, raxe ,op"t, o o6.riacrrrvra xoje rpaHuqe c BapBaplrMa, HBpt quto -.eiceota agtem tertia oinn6s erant", oH,lla Moxe6o 6rarn yneper, .uu ie on Tai nol.a-raK Hauao y cBoMe uaBopy' - 1-u19 Ii ftotr [;o;topa nerrra.14) l1cro TaKo' KaJI.a ,(rao,u,op. Kaxe ,u,a ie

erH-r.ryKIM rpynaMa (Hanprarvrep, o BucalTrrMa, B. florJr. EucoaEiuia) PnmrnaHu- uacrojaru Aa ocraBe HeraKHyrr4m [neMeHcKg rpaHr4ue, 6ee o6supa Ha rbr4xoB o,u,Hoc npeMa [pupo1Hr4m rpaj HH[aA,ia. Ca fieonr,ljorvr ce nocryflrlno He Kao ca ocraJrr,rM MaKe1,oHcKuM nJIeMeHHMa u o6nacruMa, aeh Kao ca Marte,q,oHrajorvr yBeToM y uenuHr.r. Tpe6aao je paa6nra neHo nonr4Trlr{Ko r.r eKoHOMCKO je,qUnCrnO, yHHtxTr4TU Tpal..u\ujy nOnrarraqKe caMocTaJr-

4onuje. fiogeaa fleonuje He Moxe ce o6jacunru xeJbom pHMcKr4x BJIacra Aa ,u,aAy Meprl.u,aMa npupo,u.He rpaHuue, jep cy, Ha[poTHB y ocTanHM c.nyvajenuma, Ka[ ce palr4no o rraarrum

Hocrrr. Pnmnann cy fiocrnrnr4 H npemau)unt4 cnoi uuro: o,u, Tora npelieHa lleonr,tja necraje He canao Kao uoJnrruvxn, sefi'u t(ao eTHrrqxo-reorpaQo<u nojan (n. norn. Ileoruuja). fleoHu,u cy ce
g,eQranrarr.rBHo flpeTo

nhtu

y Maxe,qonqe.

6;;;

verupi, rnaBHa irarucrpara, no ie,u,aH y cBal(o! peny6luult,

nureorft$qdcrv xoi oi g6pot f.)poi!ovro), On4a Je oH 11peUI43H1'!]!l On Jlurraia, npeMa vujervr TeKCTy ce MOxe 11OMI4C114TL I1a I4x ]e Aino i ;;i". (,,eo concilia suai: cuiusque. r.egionis indici, pecu-

o,u,HocHo rbeHoM TJTaBHOM

rpauy (ev rtrttatE *pxrlroi r6doapeq

niam conferri,'ibi magistratus creari iussit")' Ocrale narvr iou .u,a ce ocBpHeMo Ha oHo [PYro, seh cnoMeHyro m6cro ron -Jlranr,ria (s. nPT. 5), .y xo,l19 ce Kao craflera-

noui,r,I, gernpre o6nacrra ndsoni


6ovicr6 i6oorE

EopnaiUra, JlnHxecru,
roiE 6o1&'rorq'

u) Kon'Oia Ilno,u.opa, I' c., croiu cauo:'Ev 6i

r{g

Mctre-

.aE t<i:v rcpcrretpEvcuv 6&v<iv ErrJotrdE '

'

'

ignorabant."

15) Liv. XLV, 30, 2t ,,adeo, quanta Macedonia esset, quam divisui facilis, quam se ipsa quaeque contenta pars esset, Macrdones quoque
'

fpanr,rue Mare,qonuje

65

'

TPAHIIqE MAr(EAOHT,IJE

Maxe,u,oHraia xojy cy Prarnroanu 168 r. ocnojnnra Huje npergTaBJbana eTHr4r{Ku xoruoreny ueJrHHy: fleosqr Ha ceBepy, Tpag}ca yaen cy uMarru [rremeHa Ha HcToKy, Opecru ua jyroaana[y HpB,ecHy eTHHrrKy camocranHocr. Irlnar, l1,r saje4HrlqKr4 xr4Bor y oKBHpy MaKe,[,oHcKe ,u,pxaBe ,u,orrpnHeo je rorvre ,u,a cy oBe o6nacru n goqnuje cmaTpaHe HepaBABojuuru 4e.noru Maxeg,onraje ucTopucKom, reorpaScKoM na u erHrlqKom cMr4cny.

jou

Ivlom llpoBranqraie

bge Hononpracajea,rarteHe o6ra-rr, xblre, rraKo o6yxaafieHe nojManeAourje, y reorpaScxbru u eTH14rrxoM gmlrcJry HHKa.q Hr,rcy cMaTpaHe MaKeAoHcrcurvr. Beh Ha noqeTry Ilapcraa Fex,e oJI, THx o6ractr ue,u,nojrane cy ce Kao [oce6ne nponuuuuje. V .uo6a floeHor qapcrBa pacraJra ce rpoBuHqraja Marce.uonuia Ha HeKoJIHKo aAMuHHcrpaTr4BHHx jeAunrz(a, na je H cama

je, l,refyTr,rM, .rl,alreKo r.uHpe rpaHurle Hero ona . MarenonujS y yxem cr\tr{cny. Kao upna pr4McKa nponunquja na Earrcauy, Marceaon;aja j9 nyxe BpeMeHa oryrJbana orco ce6e
Hor qapcrBa,
r,lMaJra

PumcKa npoBnn{raja Manenonuia,

y no6a

Peny6nnre y,Pa-

aonraie (Eyrr,rhen 36opnar, 3arpe6 1924, crp. 237-247.). BpeMeHcKH rxrrpoKo nocraBJbeH, jep norrume c Haicrapujuur BecruMa noa XepoAora w Tyxulu,ua, oraj pa.[, uMa Ba qr4Jb, KaKo ce u na HacJIoBa Bul,t4, ,[,a ycraHoBn AoKJre je na ceBepy ,u,or,upar,a Marce.u,oHraja y paBHUM eranaMa caoje racropraje. By.nuh nr,tje irnorao 1924 r. ,rl,a KopHCTu- oHe rvrHoro6pojne eurarpaScre cromeHr4rce xoje je oH. caM.o6janrao y ToKy creAehnx EBejy .[,eueuuja, a BaxB.aJbyjyhu nojanna Mr,r MoxeMo AaHac MHono Dpequsnrje u tavnnje Aa noByqeMo ceBepHe MaKe,u,oHcKe rpaHuUe y pr4McKo no6a. fioauoanrfiqrcr4 [epuo,[, c r4HTepecaHTHr4M tlpo6reruom [oAeJIe Marce[onaje y Butue nponanqnja H, HapoqlnTo, c npo6rennom uponunqr.rja Macedonia salutaris u Macedonia secunda, camo je AoAr4pHyr r(o4 Bynraha, Kao yocTaJroM u y pacnpaBaMa cBHx ocraJlux HayqHr4Ka xojH o rbeMy y 6ulo Kojoj Be3r, roBope. Kopracreh14 ce [oMeHyrHM By.nnhenram r{JraHKoM, Kao u pe3ynraTr4Ma ocranux HayqHuKa xojra cy ce Ty u TaMo, ysrpefl, Aorr4r{arr4 nojegrannx nnTarba y Bear4 c rpaHuuanna MaregoHaje, MopaJra caM, ,qa 6r Aorura ,qo KoJrHKo roJrr4Ko jacne u noyanane

o eTHHqKT4M u t4cropt4ctr4m rpaHHIIaMa Maxe,u,onuje, rao H O [pOMeHaMa rbeHr,rx a.rr.Mt4Hr4cTpaTr4BHilx rpaHHua y pHMcKo lo6a, D,a us ocHoBa npeTpecem ttoHoBo caB HBBopHH ivrarepuja.rr H rtpoyqurvr npo6neM y UenHHra. Peayrrare cnoiux lrcTpaxuBaha Ha TOM UgJby_[OKyuaJIa CaM ,(a [pUKaXeM Ha npr,rJrOXeHHM KapTaMa (l u II): yuopelerce Tax KapaTa c [pyrr{M KapTaMa
cJrHKe

Marelonuia y yxeu cMlrcJry

no,qeJbeHa

,u,se.uponrauqr,rje.

pHllcKe Mare.u,onuie najSore he noKasaru Hanpe,u,aK xoju TOrr4 rrorJreAy nocTHrHyT.

je y

xano he uoctoju jenaH npr4nl{qHo o4pe!euu reorpaQcKo-eTHr4qKr.r nojan Maxegourzje. Flacrojehu r,a yrBp.u4Mo, KoJII4Ko HaM r,raBopr4 To ,u,oflyruTaiy,
crp.aTHBHe ,rpaHnue Maxe,u,onuje ce. uts ,u,aJber r4aJrararba BrAerr.r,

y pr4mcKo

vecro

MerbaJre, H[aK,

,[,o6.a

Ipauraqe Maxe4onuje 167 r.


3ana.u,na rpaHutla Mane.qosrzje 167 r. noKJrauaJra ce c rpaHuuom MaKeAoHcKr4x 14 HJrHpcKHx rIJreMeHa. Berrra lrnapcKa [JreMeHa ,(acapera, oKo Oxpragcror 14 flpecnancrcor ieaepa, v flenecra, oKo HaBopr,ruTa [pne Pexe v Bapgapa, ocraira cy 167 r. r4BBaH rpaHuqa Mare4ouraje. Hanasehu ce Ha rpaHrlrlu MaKe,rI,oHcKe Lr r,rJrupcKe ,u,pxaBe, oBa cy nJremeHa secTo MerbaJra rocno,u,ape. A rca.u cy ce PrrvribaHlr yqBpcTHJil4 Ha ucTovuoj o6aru Jagpaua, oHa cy yByqeHa
eTHHITKoM

rpaHr{ue npoBl4Hrlrlje Mareaonraje y. paaHHM eTanama rsgHor paa-

snrKa 1ro,[

fpyuracaheMo MaTepujar y Tpu pae.u,o6ma: I)rpanuue Marenouuje 167 r., nocJre ratra no,rl pr,rmcKy BJracr; 2) rpanuue Mareg,oHraje Kao pHMcKe npoBuHur4je on 148 r. rpe H. e. .u,o 297 r. H. e.; 3) rpaHrqe ManeAonuje y no6a floanor qapcrBa.

Mr4 hervro craJrHo yKaar4Bar1 H.a nomeHyre eTHr,rqKe H KynrypHo-r,rcToplrcKe rpaHuuQ MarcegoHraje y yxem cmr,rcny, xoje ra r{r4He oKBr.rp oBe Harrle crynuje. pr4Mcrcom

naaruhy,

***
H reorpa@r,rje autuvrce Maxe,u,oHraie. nocroju, KoJIt4Ko lrr,l je no-

y BaxoBy noruTnvKy 14 Lur,ilomaTcKy urpy. Cxoaraiyhu ,u,a Hrn ie Marceaonaja rJraBHH Henpnjare"rs Ha Eanrauy, Prnnrnanu cy
fionpxaBanr4 ttoBpeMeHo r4JrapcKe BJraAape y rbr4xoBoi 6op6r.r nporr,rB Maxe4onaqa. Taro cy, KaKo HaM Kaxe Jlranraie, 196 r., floc.re @raruunuHose no6e,u,e, ycrynuru ulupcKom KpaJby [IneypaTy repuroprajy flaprrana (rcojr.r cy xHBeJrr4 BaraAHo o,q l-leHecra, oKo roprLer ToKa .(pr,rrvra cBe ,qo eare$a ,(r,rpaxraona)
ilare.u,olrcxu rpa.4osu
5

nprarnvHo onurrapHoj JII4TepaTypv t4B

o6tacru

racropHie

To je

BHaTo, caMo jenHa pacnpaBa nocseheHa rpaHl4uama Maxeao4uie. qJraHaK H. Byrrzha o cenepnoj rpaHI4rILt aHTHIIKe Maxe-

66

MareAoncril rpaAoBr4 y prmcro ao6a

-lgel11g]3IgltoH{le
MaxeAonura ocnojHnv rpat, Oaeneum Ha peur4

67

nocary. 3emroa fleuecra Hr,rje ocrala rpajno y Iepceiesradu pyKaMa. Voiopo nocJre rroBJraqerba MaKer,oHcKe nojcre, Pum.rnanu cy [oBpaTulu Hajaehra .u,eo ose o6racrra.a) llo saBprrrerrcy para l-leuecru cy BepoBaTHo, cJurquo ,(acaperuma u rbuxoBoM TJIaBHoM rpaly JIr,rxrfugy, ocraru 14BBaH rpanuqa Maireqounje, jep ux PururaHu Hr4cy cMaTpail4 ileturr4MHum [oce.[om ilepcejenunn.s) lrlar<o HeMaMo AupeKTHor II,oKaBa Ba oBo rnpferue, r.r3rrrela curypHo Ir,a lr.nupcta [JreMeHa (cenn ArraHTaHa Ha Kpajme,vr jyry), 6ea o6anpa ta iln cy cMaTpaHa rr,enoM paHraje fenqrajeae /r,pxaBe uwt cy Henocpe.qHo 6uta [oABprHyra pr4Mcroj nlacru, Hr4cy 167 n. o6yxnahena rpaHrluaua MaKeAoHCKtax peuy6lrra.
HrrmpcKo-pr4McKy

JIaxnu,q, Ha HcroHMeHoM jeaepy.l) Mefiyrrann, Jlr.lxHr,lg je Ba BJraAe uJrupcKor KpaJba feHquja, ofler .u,ouao ilo,[ MaKeAoHcr(y rnacr.2) V Tpehervr MaKeAoHcKoM pary Jluxur.[ ie noHoso prrmcra 6aaaa). LI flenecrr ce Harraae y ro BpeMe y pramcrcoj c$epr. Kala je 169 n. rcpan--flepcej BapaTr4o Ha rbux, oH je y Fbr4xoBOM rJraBHoM rpary Vcxanu HaHuJao Ha jaxy

ycmopo,

u rpan

! lycrux vrupIr.ux rrpereaa BoAHo nyr y i. npeKo Crcanpa fenqujeay .u.pxany.7) rlpervra ToMe, l6? r. o6racr
Lllap-r-raaHilHe, HacrarbeHa Vlawpvtnas), ocraaa je rassaH rpaHxua Mareaonraje. Ernnvrcy rpaHurty Vl{upa u Mare.uoHarla y MoryhHocTu cMo ILa ycTaHoBt4Mo caMo-na je4noj ravxu: raarvrefy lluxnwl,a ra XepaKneje, Ha via Egnatia, MecTo flraaoH odenexasuro je, npeMa

Aprary,

oAaKne

EpuroHa^.r Hajjyxnajrax orpaHaKa

oKo r4gBopr4uTa

crpa6oHy, oAHocHo lberoBoM r4sBopy l-rorn6ujy, rpaH;uy vlniPuje u MaxetroHraje: fl pi.v o6, raia 'Eyrcr"ia io).eirt,, 6tcrAu1vr6o0 r6)'ecr:g.xai- flu)"rivog r6rrou 6pilovroq Lv ri,l 66tp rqv re l)")-upi6cr xoi riiv Mgre8oviuv. 'Er<ei$ev- S'edri. ricrpcr liapvo0vra 6to- 'Flpox).eicrg. . .e) onaj rro4arar oAHocr ce, c o6auporvr .qa
/vraKe.u.o^HrrJe

..".^-y

p^.I{

rgBgpr.r

je

je,qHHu

VcraHa, aa rcojy Jluaraje Ka)Ke Aa je,6wna Haisehu rpag lleHecra (Penestianae terrae ea maxirna urbs est) r.r Aa ce Halaanna Henarrer(o oA JIuxHH td; d Ha Tpu ,rlaHa xoAa o,[ Cry6epe (aanac VenNrono), Moxe ce ca npHn[qHo cr4rypHocrr.r JroraJrr4aoBarH KoA l(ravena.6) C rHM ce cJraxe u oHo ruro Jlranuje npaua o xpyroM fiepcejenorr,r [oxo.u,y y [eHecTHHcKy BeMJby, Ka.(a cy -- t P"l. XVtlt, 47,12: 'E6curav 6i rad fll.eopd,rcor AoXr.i6cr rccri fld,p$or. oi'ocg irir. 'Ii.).opt6uE, urrd rDi).urrov 6i. ratrop6r,a(. LiV. XXXIll, E4: ,,PleuratO

llpuraa flepcejenr.rx paroBa rrporuB_ I-leHecra KoA Jlanraja Hau HBBop Ba yTBpfrasarue o6nactn oBot rrJremeHa.

!ychnidus-el Parthini__dati; lllyriorum utraque gens sub dicione Philippi fuerant". Niese,'lll, 15, 3, c npanom oaOuia l_[uneloro Muuuberie ,u.a AuxviE ron [Ioru6aja o6elexaBa HeKo urt4pcKo rrJreme roje 6u xuBeJro .rrarbe Ha_c-e-p_epy ^y^-6autunw l-laprlqa, a He rpa4 JIuxxuA (Oxpu,U). Ct. Fluss, RE XIII (1926) 2112, s. v. Lychnidus. z) To ce tarmyuyje Ha ocHoBy 6axapnor HoB[a il3 ror BpeMeHa, MaKe.[oHcKor rr4r]a ca Harrracoiu ,,AYXNIAION", yrt. K. Regling, Z. f. N.

9. 14 l-lapruaw u Bacanraja, 5 muna jyxno oA lbeuta, cy p14McKLr caBe3HlluH. a) [iv. XLlll, 21. Vcrauy, y rojoj ce 6uta yqBpcrr,rrra ,raKeloucKa uoca.u,a, nncy PnmrnaHl{ ycneJrr.t ,u,a Bpare, anv cy oA ocraJrilx rrenecrilHcKr4x

35 (1925) 264. 3) Liv. Xllll,

,Eana

rpa!.oBa y3eJrl.r Tao[e.' 5) Vn. Liv. XLV, 29 _u 30. Zippel, crp. 95 cJr., Mlrcrrr4 [a cy iyxnon,'rnpcrrr xpaienu usmely Bojyure u Jlpranra, roira cy eek paxraje 6uru not r(oHrpoJroM Puua, npranojeHra 167 r. ocraJrilM l4Jrr4pcKun o6tacruMa u3 rto6e!en_e fexurajese .u.pxaBe, H D.a cy onu o5pasona,ru npnn r4Jrr.tpcKr4 oKpyr rojra JIunr.rje inomure (XLV, 26: ,,dnam (sc. partem) eaft fecit 'quae suiria j'dlctam est"; Madvig ucnparuo ,,quae supra lssam est", Zipilel, ,,quae supra f)yqrachium est"). nauroj Bemrbr.r 170 u 169 r. npe Xp., l"rac CKA 160 (1934) 38 u ,u,. Mane ie eeposarHo .u,a ce Ilpyrfi neHecrfiHcKr4 rpa4 xojra ce cnomr4r6e y rou noxo,u.yr,Oaeneum, HaJra314o rraK oKo Teroaa (Byaah, *.nt.), jep je nyr rrpeKo LUap I-llax,rHe aa Craa.ap, leuuujeny rpecroHr4rry, Hurao no cnoj
npurJ.rrlH npeKo

uajanryjyha. aq_!e.,!aru ,,c1o6o[y" cnum eenirarnd rold |n6yru cy 6une no.q [epcejervr.11) To je BHaqilro na he lleonuja ocrafra
I.lySn. ..

MacJrr4nil cy cBaKaKo Ha ceBepHr, .u,eo l-leoHuje xojH je rIecTo-,u,onaBr,lo noJI, tbr4xoBy Bnacr. punn$aHu cy ux,-nnefiyrrnn,

Ha rpaHuqu nper,ah noaHara Y nu ceB.epy, jeaHa raqKa J ao6a prannqrrai ocnajaria. To je ^camo Mecro 6nraaopa. On{-,Hajnehra rpa,u, I-leoHrje,., r<illH ;e <Drlr.rn V oreo Aapaanqu*^ ? .., a, 6u urtl ore)t(ao ynaae'y M;K;.uoHrjy, HanaBHo ce -?) 168 r. y MaKeAoHcKr4M pyrcaiaa (Liv. XLIV, 26, B). 16f r. BaTpaxunt4 iy [apaaHrla ol" prr*rorna Jr,a r4M ,,Bpare" lleonrajy, jep je onl ro6oxe oA paHrje rbr4Ma opilnaHaM je

MarceAonuie .ry \rupuje y no6a uoire opraHr.raoBarba MaKe,[oHcKe rpoBuHur'rje (148r.). cafla MoxeMo 6ea'garrera cMaTparH hraaoH Kao Mecro Ha eTHr,rrrKoj rvre$u linupa n MaregoHaria. Heerora je carvro uTo He MoxeMo 6.urxe JroKaJrHaoBaTH Hra ttraoH Hra cleAefie MecTo na via lgnatia EapHynr (o onorvre B. florJr. "[Iururcecfruda). v|s crpa6onoBa rrgnaralba ce BVIrbt, rvre5yrurvr, ai ce llHaoH HaJraBrro 6ruxe JIaxnra.u,y Hero Xepaxaejl. flpervra ToMe, 167 n. rpaHuua je uovuruaJra Her,[e ucrorrHo on JJrxi,,rau t4 ulJdila Ha ceBep npeMa. Kr.lueny (VclcaHa), ocranDajyfir.r, Kao r.uTo crlo peKJrr.t, no cnoj rrpHnHrIH Onaj rpag HsBaH Maie"qonr.rje. ',(ap.u,auquma,

apyrraa.l,) Bparilhenno ce Mano HHxe Ha nHTaFbo Aa w Ty Moxe 6nru peuw- u o--ariMr.rHr4crparzBHoj rpaHr4ur uarvrely npoar.rnqraje

o via Egnatia,.Ha BpeMe nocne nperBaparba y n_poBrzHt{r4]y, I(aAa je oTnoqeTa uarpa,(tra oBor

--

') Liv. XXXIX..53i 8) qui ex ,,Erigonum flumen,'"Li.r.;

Liv. XLIII, 18-20.

6) H. Bylrah, Paronarse MaKeaoHcKor r(paJba llepceja

Pumrsanuua

najjyxtujnx orpaHaKa oBe

rrJran14He.

oA npern-ocraBKe ,qa je y n14Tarby ar,Mt4,t4crparuBHa urmely l,lmpuie r,' Mareaonule, h cmarpajyhr.r ai cy ilti r. oru 1p1111" yie,q,flrbexe oonacril y jeany npoeunuu.jy, B-yl4h, Cdee-pxa rpanuua, crp.24l, craBJba oaaj no4araK y. Bp^eMe npe 148 r. Melyirlr, ou rrropa Ouiu noirnrrjrr, no[rro ce o,[,Hoc,t na via Egnatia. tt; Liv. XLV, 29.
5*

'I).Loplrriv oprl-v- rai-Ar:yrrlotclr. ral e) Str. VIl, 323.


10) I-lonaeeh14,

."; Str. vfi, aht 3-6t ai,r;"

Illyrico per. pe(lag)oniam

aiSrp."5i'6r,rrr'"ii'J".a"

Bp6ycor. . .

6q

Mare[oncrfi rPaAoBx y

pl4McKo

troqa

--

'-_---Qunun V, xojra

lPaxuue MaxeAoHuie

69

cBa
NOle

CKno[y MaKe[oHcKe Apx(aBe' ollHocHo


ayToHOxIHt4M

E;;r;6p; l*ofain3**e. Tutona raurca y tloaaPnaPiY. -" -' '4eBepHnia 't-y oorllcrra raarvrefy Arcurja,r,n
y
neouilli

cy nporrarxeHe

rbeHl4x Mepu!.A, p-eny6nuKaMa. lyTapxutlHlrM B'eaeca) 6ura ie rbeHa Haj-

iiri.' je

cKHx KpaJbeBa, u ,u,oJIl4Hy

o6peatlo ^p-y-n':11:::9: Cnnta' Ha1cBe 'u,o o-6-lactn -Crpyrvruqe MacesepHHie. nrL*frru na'Crpra,rnony noie je 167 r. rpl4narlo rpaHuqrna u n[e,vraa ileoHuia, *.lo'nriil."l -rQMe .Maregonuja, oKo roprber !e oa,u.e c ipaurrann rrJregeHoM_Mela, rcoje.ie.xilBeno itnu'bpurunrrUe u cpelrber Crpnnnona.tl Hracrvro y ltoryhHocru ra ycTaHoBI,tMo .u.oKJIe je repuropr,ria Cunta 'qonilpaJla y ro
vralr,livr

o6yxaaraia iotun roK pexe Acru6oc (BperaaHu[e)'


ro.uarrra HeKa,u,l o6anrnano

n^ rciony,

Crn1m911'

ie

openre - Ha ceBep y3 AOJIt4Hy crpHmona' -'Cr*o upr,,'6nirxHo Mox(e1lo yTBp.tit4Ttl rpaHUUy r.ralrefy ClOn; MoHa

n Hecia. Brlact Marcenonaqa'Huje HnKa'[, npo'u'pna Ay6oKo yyHyTpal.UrbocToneo6lacTn,Tgjljecrojrann6acHoc.noBHt4M 6oratcrsltMa npr4ByKla ouruna II. TpauKa IIJIeMeHa HacTaFbeHa p-aBHHIle u flanraicrce ni 6pnr,*a ceneprrb or cepcxe t{arc Tq:^:.l:i
noCJreArbe,u.eUenraie

u y npl4mopcKl4M KpaJeBuMa nr.rran 6rana cacsHM noKopena. qBpcra' V rolt nornegy 6uta Hraje'yserc uri.i MarcenoHaua -Jlurujen roAaraK noll :: KapaKrepucrr4qaH je lenan "3::^tl^ii

o noBpar*y pir---*in. nojcx6 faia Maruraja ca Xenecnonll ]89.i.: KoJIoHHla JIr,nar,'j6 onfuirpno onracyie- rbeH.nyT npeKo rpqKilx

noCrojarua

MaKeII.OHCI(e

ApxaBe. I

oBOprri4

lir.r**rj., itrnc.*
p.i AnO..itirum

u"Nlaponele, a alrrarvr Hicrasrba: ,,Hinc agrum Neapolim -perven.tlm est. Hoc omne per Graecorum cotoniis pacatum iter firit; reliquum inde per medios ftio"aur dies noctesque, etsi non infestum, tamen suspectum, aonec in Macedoniam pervenerunt."la) .(arcle, iltBaH rpaHUua M;*;[o;irje Halaae ce He caMo rpanireu Hcro'.lHo "lpaBJII4KyJe I::I?f seh u'HeanOrn, rOir,; Ce yOCTaJIoM, KaKO I43rJIe,U,a, He

o.q [JreMeHa y onoj o6nacru- Jlnnr,lje noMilrre' cunre, je rpaA Xepaxaeja, eana.qH_o o,q Crpra,uona, rarobe nprnuo lnju Ilpaoi o6racrr. v cycea,crpy cunra xranerr.r cy ogomanru, y vrjen .ie rJraBHoM rpa.[y 9.pJ jeano BpeMe yrrorop]ro nojircy Iepcejen no6e4Hur Eivrnnrzje l-iayl.'u; Jyi<Ho oi nrx, y noril4,t4 crpurvrona,- xr{BeJru cy Eracartuia aame npe,a ,aro*y"Eaonur, oxo flaHrajcxe rope. v nparraopjy lpyxao ce yaaHr.r nojic nr.reprilti KOJH Ce HerrTO tl.tupu npeMa yuhy Hecra. To cy o6.nacru i<oje 9e ca clrrypHorxhy rvrory flpunwcaTu Maxe.ronulH- rora BpeMeHa.
BJIara. Ivlefyrann, peK.a FI_u., naje y To Ao6a qfiHulra HcroqHy rpaHurty Marce.uoHr.rje. PunrraaHra iucy 167 r. ogycrailu oA MaKeAOHCKI4X nocela LrcrorrHo oA oBe peKe, neh cy Hx rrpr4r(Jbyrr trJrr{ Ma Kea,oHcr<oj it pxaB h, H ays arvrajyha rpvrce rpaaone A6lepy, Maponejy u Anuoc, xojr.r cyi a6oi- rojaanon .u,pxar6a npe*a
rpaHr4-uy npeMa TparcujralT).

saBucHa .na Ha cnojy pyr(y cryne y arrlrajy nporran pumrnaHa. vlat<o HacTarbeHa TpaqKuM eleruenrorvr, ona je o6nacr npeMeHoM ranaK cMarpaHa. Mar(enoHcKoM. Tonne je He MaJro Ao_ npnHeno -pr.tMcKo Koje je oa,pxano Ha oKyny cBe .ocnajame, reparopnje Ha roje je_uanecno npaBo'roJrarao llepcej."o"6aacr uame$y CrpurvroHa r Hecra o6paaoaaaa je 167 r.' niuy MaKeAoHcKy MepHAy. JIr.rnr.rje Hcrr.rqe rbeHo 6orhrcrno y xr4TapnqaMa u py,,r.vlr\u*u'u), rvrucaefiu cBaKaKo Ha .[oJil4Hy crfr,rrvroHa H npogrpaHy cepcKy paBHHuy, rryBeHe no cnojoj [J]oAHocrH, u .Ha IlaHrajcry ropy c rbeHHM jo.ru cranHrajrarvr pyAHr4uHMa cpe6pa u

MOrJre cy. [a_ uM o6ee6eAe cnorcojan flpona3 upero rbuxoBe repuropnje. JeAHno rpaqKa nrreMeHa y yHyTpaurbocrr4, aKo cy r.r npr4SHaBana MaKeAoHcKlt cyBepeHHTeT, 6t4Illa cy AoBoJbHo He_

cMeo Aa rrx HaBoAr4 Ha ro Aa nanagajy puMcr(y nojcxy. prarvr_ JbaHr4 nponase Kpos- IvlareaoHrajy mapHo. vl ipvrce xbnoHnje

ce npHxaeyje Kao

caBeBHfiK pummana, He 6u

Br'rcoru rpe6enr.l_6oe-.Iiara npercraBJb ailv cy npilpoAHy ceBepHy

o'u.}bl4xtlocBoMcTaTycy'Kao14TpaqKa[IeMeH.aKpoSlll4Jy Heanorna Ao ilpriopriy nporla3H pHMcKa noicxa Ha nyry or H,pas Harrlacnrl4 r^a nrpovl4To ipe6a ,rni'<en<inrii.."'nu "MaKeraqrco,ro.

cMt4c'-v: uorrf.; ,ti1. oun. ynorpe6rneH y- eTH14IIKoM l3"h-{::I:,6rala no.u, MaKe,u,oHcKoM BJIaUhy,

.(a cy rpavra

nJreMeHa

faxe, MeAu cy y Bt4ue MaxoBa 6u.nn nprmopaBaHil .u,a npr'lsnaiY ocsoino tbl4xoBo rilaBHo iiu'ca ,u.a ie AlercanAaP Beluru @u*rna 14 aa rm6ron'. Jeoium rirIao raMo ocHoBao fpa,. Kot14 i" Mecro u "ru"r' Iamphorynnu (LiY' V ce npnva l"-1.'oi"ojra'o inaailo'ile.u.cKo yrrileme ixvr,--Isl. nriu, ru cy noxoAr.,t npe,u.y3ilMaHrl BHrre u3 OcBere__r^p-1\?^.:T
JroHcKy

", ,rj

Ibid'

npeMa ToMe 14 rpaHllue Maregorruje 167 i., Moxemo oT[p].r_ nHJ(e yTBp,u,r.tTH H.a ocHoBy [oMeHyTOr no,qaTKa o rpaAoBHMa. qHJe cy reprrropr]e ocrane HBBaH MaKe,(oHcKe rpaHHrIe. Haj_ nctovuujr gn rr4x rpaAoBa, AuHoc, HaJraEr4o ce na-yuhy XeOph (Mapr4rre). pexa ce Moxe claarpaira r,croqHoM .!per*a ToMe rpaHr4rloM MarceAo.H,aje- -oBa I67 vocraaoM, To'HaM r(axe ra crpa_r. 14Bpr4qHro (V,ll, frg. 48): ei.)' "EppoE avdn).ouv eyrv 'eig 9gtt KfVe).a Exarbv eix.oot' r{E N,Iaxe8ovicrg brfOi ro0ro 6pior, t; ctpeiiovro rlepd6g 'Propaiot xai per& ro,i:ia' rEv rp'eu6o,pi)rrnrou.
,,:l
16)

Pamrnarrma Ba BpeMe przrvrcrco-,nane,q.oHcK6r cyrio6a, lo6nlu clo6oay.'') Aorcle cy Ha HcroKy Eorrfiparu l-le"pcelenr.r roceAr, na

T;;;;;;;i;-Mena

y ocBaja}ha' crDauHBaH,a oBHx craJlHt4x HanaAal{a Maneaonraje, Hero ul4lby He Moxe ce raqHo vll-ptl1'^..S:" cv xuBen, cailo y KoqaHCKou vn$ Cuxra' oKo cpe.u,tber Cipramoxa, r.lle cy 6uttu cYce'll'l4 Heulro eiluie KparoBcKom *puiy, ..ne Ly ce nba.uP'rn11^'-1.!:!.'uaflu"ma? oaof hera Mal(e[oHcKe rpeHHIre ilMaMo y cDe;1craBa sa'yiipt2rlsarie naD:Ko .u.o6a, B. Hl4xe. rr;' Liv. XXXVlll, 41, l0'

In.

touauie rpaHuua..Maxenonlrje Haje 14ula npeKo oB P. Collart, Piritippes, 2ZO.


18)

17\

,, . .. multas frugum !XLV, ?0, 4. Liv. Il,y,

proprietates et metaila . ..,,


nJr6Hr.;He
.

Liv. XLV,

29.

70

Mq<94_o1t9t<n

-rpa.roBn

pr4mcKo

ao6a

l'paH,rue Mare4ounje

?l

3a cKoM npr.rrvropiy, BeKoBHMa eKoHolt4cKl't H Ky-nTypHo BeSaHO

ocrpnoTac(o6o0g)'MaTI,luarpqK[4xKoJIoHujaHaflnepH.

o?I':: cyceJlHo KorHo, nporuIaueno je 168/7 r' clo6ol"H::1U Ma.u.a ce oA (Dulnna ll 'llo MaregoHraie. rpaHHua raanaH !e hepceia Mopao y Bl4rxe MaxoBa noKopaBarl4 MaKeAoHcKLM 1LL: .
Pummanr Hucy cMaTpanu Aenonn MareAonHje."b)'
neHe;"u]'

.l1oMt4HaUBJH ,rir*r. Tac ce ynopHo oAy11Hpao MaKeAoHcl(OJ Ilnepujra, Huje rrr'rra[ acu]vlilngq?,I' 36or rora ra ;,';;;l"p*

ilCu,iinu lvlarriegi1e.'
npocTupaxu

.lvxcn, trunrua'MarceAonuje nouubaJla je ro,u'-yuha. petie nol. 'i" pirryuajano _ntarenoH,ty o6aacr 1lraepujy o.x.

llepara6aje.'za) Ha oaoj npaHHrIH caMo-je jeana ia,{xa curypHo yrnpfena:. HelarreKo o,( ceJra Kapraja, Ha tlonHoxly Olunina, HaSeH je in situ Harnr4c us npemeHa Tpajaua, xojiarra je 6Hla oUerexena rpaHr4ua r,laruely uepau6ncror rpaAa Onocoua H nuepr{cKe roaonaje Dium.25)

flpema rome, rpaHr4ua je uuaa BarraJIHl4M o6ponqr,rna Olnmna r;a 9l:*ep, upolaaehu narvrely Mecra fluruoua (Tecalraja) ra l-lerpe (Mareao.Huja), a Barr.rM ce c[yr.uTaaa Kam6yiracxraru [JraHuHaMa, loje cy_ l.Yxno oA XalnaKMoHa pae4aajare Erurvrejy oA Tecancxe

Ha rpaHqur. HeAarero tirirr.'ietuHo celiune leHeja" naJIaBl4rto y. Tecaruj{':'1. .-....^i^ neh- ie yraarao ;.,r-- ffii;;rrinuq'Temne " E.u.pHo or, fleHela llHepuje u blumeje r.rarvrely ce !po6r,ria 'o6racr je najcenepn':l' Ao' r3B' uHju tlep'au6iia. r.crrlni n;p;;;;q*rr- iprnorr., o6yinaheH Oruruuorvr ra Kan6yurcKl4M p[!Mcl(oropaMa, Je,u,Ho BpeMe-npl4[a'u.ao Erranejr'r'r) V 'u'o6a llepanocraJle cyl6ilny pui6ui-Tpirnorr. [enn MaKe.u,oHc*rn bnoi o6nacrH, rj' ffii;.i"g6;. (ui,n, OranHnnu .qapyje_cnd6o.uymarce.u,oHcKoM paTy

..

oti-n.n'ufu nq jyry"ao Arccuja Ha ceBepy.tsl Me-

1 p|rvra II H nr.rjy, Tpeha .MaKeAoHcra o6ra

cr

3a. yrnpluBabe jyxHe

ra

iffi;;;a

oa'roOutr^ je rvrarce^oHcKe BJIacrr. V_Tpeh-enn

fe, eajeano ca oc.ranorvr [1epau9li9y,-lt:aH cKnx rpaHuaa u TaKO OCTaie-ra.nocni l-lepiejena uopaaa'22). n I-panuqa ,t*"by llepdu6raje, c jesne 9tP11u: ra I-luepr'rie o-:lo:.I Ernrrreie, c Apyre cilane, Moxe ce yrBp'u'HTu caMo !-1 Ha noAaraKa ue uoanrier npemena; a KaKo HHIIITa He yKasyJe rpaMaKeAoHcKe CeKTopy oBoM Ha HeKy [poMeny oehei O6nrvra peTpoc[eKTnBHo u 3a Huue, Til ce ror,alrl4 Mory ynorpe6aru 'ua!enor'' y cerly Kecapraju,-na rlarnaca . Vls ori-'noO, lilno. iJr'ol^6Our"-Xui,fr-^*onu lErrrraorra.u.a), caeHalento aa le 4g TpHnoflvca' npuna!'ao ro!' ;;i;, jenan or, rp.u,oBa .nepaH6rcxor To ie noxaa BHue 1a ie y pHMcKo "nri'Fenv6aure'Tecaauiu.z'a1 y MaKeAoHcKy trnntvtely' n'ofiu Tpriuonuc yJraBHo y TecanuiYr d He
MaKeAoHraal Pol.

baMo. Teprropraja TraruQaje Moxe ce caMo tlpudauxao yrBpAr4T]r. Crpa6oH Kaxe r.a cy TatrQajn xHBeJrr oro rrEBoprarura lleueja,

o6lacr. JyxiHg oA Eannaeje, jyxno oa Kam6yuucrax ropa, Koie cy, pasloajajyhra cJlrBoBe Xaluarmona H -fleHeja, qaHt,lJre npnpoAHy rpaHruy MarceAoHaje, HaJraar4Jra ce o6.nac.r TumQaja, aa rcojy Jlranraje Kaxe .ua je-167 r. yuna y IV nnarce.u,oHcl(y mepa,4y.26) Ocraaroajyhu aacala nuTalbe Aa JrH Tratrsajy rpe6a ctllaTpaTa MaKeAoHcrcorvr o6aaruhy ntv He (n. o ronnb IrornaBJbe lopma Marcedonuja), Ba,rl,oBoJbnheiuo ce nomeHyrhM Jlurujenuiu ctseAoqaHcTBoM, y roje HeMaMo pasnora Aa cyMMaKe.q,oHcra

Hemauo crrypHtrx utr4r.rquja. I67

jyroaanagHe rpaHuqe MaxeloHr.rje r. Elumeja uuje 6nla uajjyxHr.rja

cror rpaAa
no_

Hanory Ervrrzaaja l-layaa, paaopeH, alr je 4oquuje rvropao 6rarra o6HosJben iep ce crtoMrrbe y noanujurvr raaropuma.2s) lloaox<aj AurnnnoHa je ravno yrnpfeH, aaxnalnyjyhra naaaay j6,qnor narflwca c HmeHorvl Tora rpaAa KoJI Mecra.Kalarvr6axe, Ha ropmeM Iorcy Ieneja.2e) I-lpenna ToMe, TraruSaja je o6yxnarara BeMJbe jyxno oa. Karvr6yHr4crr4x ropa Ao rpar,a Tpuxe (Tpnrara ganac), Apyrr-ql peqaMa, raarvrely Mecra Beaumucru u Kanam6axe.so) Ha jyroaars,[,y, roplbr4 ror< XaaraKMoHa o6aacr fpeberra, 'nehune

a 4a je rbr4xoB rJraBHH rpaA AaruuuoH 6r,ro He.(aJtexo o.rr, TecanTprane.27) AuruuuoH ce c[oMr4be Br4ue nyra 14 KoA jlranraja y Bejr,r ca pHMcKo-MaKeAoHcKrrM paroBraMa. Oir je 168 r.,

CuaTvtcre, AHaceluue

[punaAao

je, no M]rrxJberby

rrui ia-idurriri Tdc ire yna3r4

XVIll,

44,

4; 48,2. Liv. XXXIII,

y cacraB

30, 35' MaKeroHcKe

npoBHHur4Je.

Iff h"Jf{*[,gil;J';"]':rl;i'tH'":,1^lBil'?'nJ;t''f^:'Li8;;i'; ' Iflre) 29.

Cf. Liv. XLll, 53, 6: ,,Postero die in Elimeam ad Haliacmona -. 24\processit. fluvium D-einde- saltu'hngusto superatis montibus, quos cambunios.vo.cant, descendit ad Azorum, Pythoum, Dolichen: Tiifolim vocant incolentes"
11
26)

R' Vl (1936)' cro' 102' ti.'r.'3idnlin, s' v. Thessalia, RE Zw' iiz i' ip-' prirarizet' tlCH zr; Vn. na Aeroncroi n|1c-r-r npo*ttiu " 'E).).cr.{'ruvoE MaxeD6vr. 'Elrperbrqr i" tr s::::; driapx;, , (lggi) l.l, ioi 2l Muclum.u,aceHaocHoByoBoraMoxeroBopl4TI{Hetulo-,onorl'truIlKoJ

,j

Liv. XLV,

h'ffiHx*ir*t**,ui&il'l'tfr !l!'#=1:Ei,:"Hi'f{s'fr Dbliche t P^yLttign' cy'ipui'o",: A2oros,


rrr4c caqutsaBanr

;{{J{1iry,il;
I.'' crp' 100)'

51r. Vll,S2T.O.norarnaoBalty 9.Bt4L*tcta 53.6. "'"zi)'vnl ""' b-.'L"nli, i. v. Perrhiebi, RE xlx

'Aoy.

,,i i]"r<Ibi,t";'y;;;: ;.t''"o':"e"'^rcri sAH tk ltsasi 4ll': 'Eco. tgaa, crp]''4il i"li,'-iti'
[ti*dl
@eooa]'icr; ' '

(1937) 908 u.a" dPeuvcrr tv r:{r "Avcu Moxebovis'

a' F' Stahtin

'''

poo"AoLrlcrto6

'"

"rDr116''"E

["'l

.?) Str- VlI, 327: Aiyfr.ror.6ri Toprpaio:i-, opopo,,, Ai&xig rai'Ipir<r<qr lbid.: ro5 flqvero$ rqycti, tirv tiptproj3rlro6or foprpcrioi .e *ai ot rj:rti rll i.Iir,6cut _ tt)..!i-rr. XL_V, 2.7.;.9-t. XL!V, 46. 3a yraptr.rearue noroxaja Aurunuorra s. Liv.. XXXII, l5 u XXXVI, 13. Alrunxofl ce cnomr4lLe roa,ptol. lll, 12, {1, mety rpanoBHMa XecruajorrAe. -?i i6-x,1, op. ,rg (u:rr. n''puru Wace-Woodward, BSA 18 (t9t; 2)
._,

Liv. XL\/, 30: ,,quartam regionem Bordaei et Lyncestae et pelagones unt;- iu_n_cta his Atintanii et Tymphaeis et Eliiniotis.,, -inc_ol
. rct-i

Olossoni[os. .."

Ath. Mitt. Lll, crp.90

r,t

E.i u...finles dere[xit int]er Diens[es et

Oeiral,oi.

'

crp.

181. 6p. 1).


30)

Taxo

ra

Wace-Woodward, n.

m.

72

fpanr.rue Marea.onnje
Mr4cJrHM

I.)

HayqHI{Ka, ElutuuotuAq.t)- J98t4Ho Wace ra Woodward pa.qyHaiy ory oOrucT y llapaBaiy.dr) He enamo. .[a JII,| je u llapanaia yaaurriu y IV rvrare1oHcKy- Mepugy, jep ie Jlraauie He c[oMl4rbe y cBoMe cnucKy, arr6 ie'aplo neiilnaiHb ,qa je yraorana. (Beh_crvro n paHAje HaTnaCHJIH .u,a Jlranuie He HaBOII,H HMeHa CBI4x oOJIacTu')

[a ce nor, I-lapaqaj_om Mopa o6yxaarnrr4 camo nnalulcKa o6racr uamefy Tr,,vr$aje ra Opecrra[e, ucroqHo oIr, I-lrH.qa, Mox(.(a cBe .[o o6aactu fpeneHa, a Aa je caMa .r1oJrt,tHa XanqaKMoHa 6vtna JIranujy, n Arunranaja, repnropraja uajjyxnujer ilnr4pcKor [neMeHa Ha rpaHuqn Eflnp_a, r(o]e le JouJ y ToKy npBor l,lnHpcKor para np[BHano BJracr^PumrnaHa, rarcofe ocrara I6T r. y or(BHpy MaKeAoHcKe Apxase.88) .(a ur.lje l-lapanaje, AraHtanui'a He 6n HMana [ilpenTHr4x rpaHnrla ca MarceloHajonn. Baruro cy ArunTaHH oABojeHr,r. o,(_ocranr4x jyxH0ralHpcKr.rx rrJreMeHa, Haie jacno, jep, n,oK cy Tnrvr@aia u l-lapanaja y-ro Ao6a cMarpaHe MaKeI1oHcKr4M BeMJbaMa, Atnutannja ro Huje nuxa !, 6uta, I-lperraa roMe, jyroaanagHa rpaHHua MarceAoHraje I6T r. npeJra3urra je nperco npfipoAHe r{ erHHqKe rpaHHue xoii ie npercrinJbaJIa nJraHrdHa naH.q, ra o6yxaaraaa je ,.eo wnwpine reiluropHje Ha rpaHuUln Enrapa. C_osrana [oAaTKoM o Arra'nranuiu'xao' aa

n[Tarbe

36or iora je BaxHo ,u.a Ha oBoM MecTy [oKyurago ,u,a peuuMo FbeHor .noloxaja. V Hr.ray HBBopa HMe l-lapaBaia AoBo,u,l4 ce y Be3y Su Auov "'y-eHoM pel(e Aoyc (Bojyua) - ,,rq4'obvrcrt 6'crnd ro0 -rrcrpu tov re a6on BrsaHrHcKH,u') nor"pO" otreid$a,,",'?ax(e. Cre$au rora' sehuHa HayqH6rca crvtarpa .Ua cy llapaaaiu.xHaeJlH 3ana,[Ho n on nnH.qa, oKo ropber Tol(a per<e-BojyLue' Mefytutu, Wace KoWoodward yKa3anl4 cy Ha HeKe no!'aTKe HB HBBopa, npeffa 'l'aKo flun.u.a..a+; iil; i; gapasaiA rvropalo 6uru w ilcrotlHo oA ras Eop4Sie aa.-l-et""in! .qa ie A,excair.uap Bernrr, rpehyhrao6nacr,H TrarvrQaje H irrrly, npouruo rpoa ErirMejy. n ipailr,rvile nrp-.'i.i.'@"p" ri tlq )rupqaicrg xo"i l-i'pau*(u( &rpa)'T) Aro ce HMa y Buny.ua id ruM nyre-no Louao-y Tecancry IIeauHy, u TumSaje He Moxe rpaxilrl, ia*ro je .qa c6 rpaur,,-ua lapanaje il o6nacrn !i,r oi<o'hrnnu, neh ,ua le ;lapanaia BaxBararla ncToqHo oa, flunAa. llapanaia ce' flpema ToMe, HaJIaBLJIa sanalHo yrBp^]rn,. flocrasrba ;[ iilO;jE, unjy'cmo b6ratr np,6nHxHo Wace u WOodCesep. Ha npocTgpana OHa Ce ce n,Tabe, AOKne ward [o[;naqe [a !e ona rpanraquJla _c Opecrr,nrvrasl) n a6or

y ElunnHotl,r.u.n. BaKJbyqaK na je u llapanaja Baje.u,Ho c TrarvrsajoM yr.xna tv.MaKeAoHcr(y Mepuy HaBo.f,r4 Hac qarueunqa ,qa je, npeMa

altera

ffi; p;d;ujv v ri o6nacr ra serurbe oKo xaruaxMoHa-(fp-?,Y.tnl^ -irr-painvaaaiyhr,1 Erumuorrgy [a repl,rropr41y oKo Cnariacri), f un,irmona (Karualanra-Cepnua;- n9'nge1199l' 1Y :: 6;ri;;.OBoMprxJberbe, He BHLI4M xaro je- H3. tropAa1e nyT 3a
niurvrra

nJIeMeHa

(quarta regio-I.rans Boram montem, una parte corifiriis lllyrico, Epiro).) To ucro Kaxe ra flrao.qop.rb) Hanporua, Crpa6on Berln Aa je E,uralraje Iayl npvtnojrao Marceaonraiu H enupcKa

[poTHBypeqa oHo ruro Jlasuje raxe, Ha caMoM noqeTKy cBora 14tsJrararba o uor,eJra MarceAoHuje y verrapu l,eila, noBo,[oM qerBpre o6aacru, A.a ce, HarrMe, oHa npocrupara L6 Vlrupule u Eniapa

C)oecrunv Morao ,u,a Bo.u,u upeKo Elumeie, jep ce 3Ha '[a cy ff1[[;fi.,f gg r.-nocre onepaurala y ftenaronnif, Kpenynlr y Eopnajy ra, norlTo cy oBy onycTor.rrurrr4, Ilarbe y Err,lnneiy, _i_"I1lfi c/-iranpurraau ua'na.u, ia Oiecrnrry H ocBoiulu rp11_KenetpoH.") voctalorvr , qt4ivt MH ce .u,a ce cnopelHa ynora xojy cy llapanaju ;;;;; i rcroprjra Mare,q,onraie ne 6u MorJI_a o6jaqrraru [a cy
oHl4 ,rl,pxanH [sBaHpeAHO nJro,rl,Hy ,u,onHHy xaluarcrtloua.
'A.)nvd.

rov flepd6cr 6iav duv&-rlrqE.rfl Mur<e6ovig.rui r& 'Hnerfor,rcr 6cvr1 eic, rtrro.p* p6prl 6r6rale ri7r, 1tbpa., . . .).nr) Onr-r npou4BypeqHu noraur4 r{HHe nejacHonn cnuxy jyroaaua4He rpanr,tqe Mikeao_ Haje 167 r.
MaKe.[oHcr(oM o6nauhy roja je neh 196 r., a6or roia Luro je caMa.^npeuJra Ha crpaHy Prlffiana, 6ula nporJrauteHa c.rro60,iHoru.a2) I-louro ce He c[omr4rce rvrefy o6aacrnrraa gernpre ivraKeAoHcKe o6nacrur-a I AouHHje je nocae,u,oqeHa rao clo6oAHa, pepoBarHo jlaa je OpecrrAa 16T r. ocrana uBBaH rpaHr4ua Mane,qonuje. flperraa ToMe, BanaAHa rpaHuqa MareAoHr.r;e tOZ i. uoltutbaJra je ner,ue Ha roplbem rory Xa.rrHaKMoHa, jyir<no o"u, Kocrypcron jeaepa, H Kperarra ce y npaBuy ceBepa "Hupevr,o* nJraHrHoM, rcoja je paa,unajaaa Opecrra.uy o.n Eopaiie a flacape-

il

oH,u,a

le [o,(eirH.o y

qeTHpr4 ,[eJIa (Ilcrohog

1.r"r\v

o6v

ir

Ha

ceBepo-tsana.u,y Erarvreja

je

rpaHuqnrra ca OpecrrAoM,

crora

flanaAaruc, u) IlilMnua,216 ra n.; Leake lll, 304 r'; Ceye^l^0Il; -1933, 'Ecp' ',t 79 u t"; Xaxauyi5-risiBi'++s-r"al'rc"pir*onynoc, 'APx' ti itg+g)'cip] i lcehapaia),' s. xrxe rorJlaBrbe Eau"ueia ,i'ri,l'ii"i"roti*./ '
az; Wace-Woodward, H. M.
?,.ooo{aq

flctpaucriot; Plut' Qu'gr'2.3:^,," '6xei'!ev rr1g..IIoxcrr6o*ov' O,}ei <irioprio,}r1oav flctpcor5or'" ar; Wace-Woodward, H. m.

ii"ptr. Byz.'i. v. "i'r)v io.p' 'Aoi.av Xtirpc,r:

rnjy o.u Jlnnxecrale, cBe ,u,o Mecra l-lilnoHa


ra; Liv. XLV, 30, r. HanpeJr, npun. 26.
ss; Liv. XLV,29.

Ha'

via egiritia.

si Arr.

angustiae minore certamine,.,q!ll-gI.',1 ii;"kxxl,' animis proposuerant, supeiatae et-in Eordaeam perventum, ubi oervastatis ..."pit-.- il-d" impetuin in oresiide.m ;.J!,iH "us"rL"jil"btimiam consul h npemi Kpomaiepvt Antike ffi;iili;';;idil;t;T;tilm(t.u aagressus'..." Kap* 6p. l), oraiie nyr BoIL14o 13 EopraJe, Scniaitrtiither. ll crp.27 np.ro Cuatucle r Jlancucre' AoJluHoM Xa'rltaxmona y Upecri'u'y'

rs) Thuk.

Anab. l, 7,

5.

Il,

80.

"i

+o:,,lta

;;i

,.

40)

leges redditae".

Diod. XXXI, 8, 8. Str. Vll, frg. 48. rz; Liv. XXX|ll,34: ,,Orestis, .. , quod primi ab rege defecissent,

It;

suae

14

lit "

*fgigf

lpaxrrue MareAoHuje

is

,qugl-y_!1ltJl9_4gq?
297 que gens vendita. Macedonia condonata barbaris, Aetolia amissa, Dolopes finitimi(ue montani oppidis atque agris exterminati".16) Cse on.u,e cnoMeHyre o6nacTl,t yJIagHne cy, no HaLueM cxBaTarby y uponuHqniy Mare,qonniy,- ri. flornaAaJIe no,( HaAnexHocr MaKe.u,oHcKor HaMecHHKa; nelyrHrr,r, MHore oJL lbHx cMaTpaHe cy cno6oAHr.rm H camo ux je noxne[HocT ra 6eao6eupHocr flHeonosa vqnHura floAnoxHurrn:,,Optinuisti provinciam consularem finibus iis, quos lex cupiditatis tuae, non quos Iex generi tui pepigerat. Nam'lege Caesdris iustissima atque optima populi liberi plane et vere erant liberi, lege autem ea, quam nemo legem praeter te et collegam tuum putavit, omnis erat tibi Achaia, Thessalia, Athenae, cuncta CraeCia addicta.aT) MaxeAoHaia rcao npoolrHqria je Heruro ,upyt'o Hero oHa unpoKa o6aact r<oja ce y 6raao rom Br.rily HaJIaaH y Ha1nexHocrtI MaKeAoHcKor ynpaBHI4-l(a, a Maxe.u,oHi4ja y yxer,a cMHcny (ro ce iacno B'i.!.u IrB npBor l{raqepouona uraraial 6net neurro .u,pyro Het'o npoBranrluia MarceAonrju y-I<ojy cy yrceunla .(pav u AfloroHr,,ja. Taro ce ilMa cxBaTrTI4 u fiHort Kacraje, KaAa Kaxe ,u,a ce y rberoBo .u,o6a' Kao L Y no6a o KoMe rnrle (ri. a9 r. npe n. e. rca,u,a je llorvruej rperrrao y ,(pau), cmaTpano'nh ce Apaq HaJIaEL y Mareaonujn: To 6b AuppdXrov.6r' rTt yn rfi np6repov p.bv 'I).).uptrjuv rouv llap,)tvobv, vDv 6b rai r<ire fe. ti6q-Mare6ovicrg vevoprdpbvli rceiror.a8) ,(a ce no.u. MaxeAonnjoru Ty Macnu Ha tlpoBl,tHut4Jy, B-lr,lI,H ce ]rB AaJber ]taJlaralba: 'E; ydp rq a0rq roftrp Xp6vq {r ro Auppd,ltov 6no}"topreito, Ao6rt6g re K&ddrog AoyyivoE roi lvoio( Aoptrtog Ku)"ouivog eg re riiv More8oviuv rcui 6,E riTv Oedda).iuv 0r' u0ro[ repg.]6vte(. . ."nn) .(upaxraoH Hr,lje ynaarao y Marea.oHrajy y yxeM cMI4cJIy. flpervra iorr,te, jyxior,rnHpcxe o6nacTl4 MorJIe cy Aa Aoby 148 r. noA HaAJIexHocT MaKeAoHct(or y[paBHI4Ka, oHaro KaKo ce ro .u.oro,u,l!no ca Axaiorvr ,4Be ro,u,nHe Aounuje, a Aa Hucy us6prcaHe rpaHl4ue raarvre$y Vlaupuje u Marce,u.oHnie. 14s I4BBopa ce, rvre$yrr,trvr, ne BHAI4 Ka.u.a je r,raapueHo rbuxoBo npracaje,u,urbelbe Mare1onuju, u crora je nemoryhe uaahra I{B Kpyra npernocraBKu. Ono nuTarte He Moxe ce ,u,eOLrHHTLtBHo peuuTl4 H 360r Tora uTo HaM Huje uoenaTo HHttlTa KoHKperHo o cy66t4tu HeKa.u,aurbe feHUujeSe [pyaBe. He nHAutvto SauTO 6u PprnnrnaHl4 tIOTrlpHt4JlH MaKeAoHcKoM HaMecHHKy jyxHor.rnnpcre rpajene, Aotc 6u cpe.u,r.rlrlTe paHraje HJIHpcKe .[pxaBe ocraBLIJIH u ,[ane y nexoi qonyHeaaBucHocrr,r. I-[r.rneJI Mt4cJIu Aa cy cBe nilupcKe seMJbe koje cy on paHraje npuEHaBane puMcl(y BJIacr, pavynaiyfiw Ty t4 iy1HoHJrHpcKe, BaJr,pxane
Ka.u,a

r' H' e' I'pauuqe Mare.u,onuje 148 r., Ka'u,a ie npeTBopeHa y ilponernuujii, HHcy MorJIe 6rirno 'Aa ce paaararyjy or rpaHuua 167
fpanuqe MaxegoHraje og l4tl npe H. e. yo

iy^ngrrrpi*.. o6lacrr.i'seh rana


cTabe
Mopu
npoBr4Hrlt

r.,

SanaAy, rJI,e cy' no MfiUjJberry nehune Hay-tlHilKa' upucaje4t4rberte HoBoo6pasorianoj puMCKOj nponranUraju. Altt, oBO Ml4lxJbebe He 1loql4Ba Ha nrapekrHum HirasillAa HBBopa, seh FIa ASMHLilJbarbu6a.u.[peTnocTaBKaMa: npBo H3pr4r{r4To cqeAoqaHcTBO KOje nOraplyje ono
cervr nnox,u,a Ha

[t'ay -!yxHoranupcKe seMJbe n_pnnojeHe rpo,I,IHqraira Maxea_oHujtl ret i+S'r., flpr,trraKog E,eHor o6paeonarba, g6paaJlaxe ce o6uI{Ho norpe6Orw Ai ce oBa rrpBa npoB,H.t,ja Ha Baarany noBexe uTo vnpiuhe c MaTHU6M BeMJboM I4 t{lr}LeHHIIoM ,na Ce oAMax nOCJIe
4e6rnufunHor no6operba MaXelongie via Egnatia.aa)
OTnO'{eno C HBrpa,U,rbOM

flporxHpebe le - noT,qe TeK nB [raqepoHoB-a BpeMeHa.n')

Maxe.u,onraie.

.qo Jagpancrcon
I-lp,eTrocTaBKa

Haxaloct, HeMaMo AOBOJbHO rUatepuiala 3a peuebe II14Tarsa Bara.u,He rpaHHue lviaxe,u.oHraie 1-48 r' I{unerje, vznu tnu ce, c npaBoM crieriyo raxrby na plnuie roMeHyry Clpq99!91l ,etr o' Mecry 1liarony xoira Ha via Egnatia paaanaja Wnnpyly s4 Marce.u.on-nie (4. naupe.Jl, crp. 66 n.1.), Kao Ha noAaTaK KoJH

roBopl,t npoTuB TOra .rla !e rpaHraua Maxe,noHr,rie 148 r. npoullpil; [o i.nprucn. o6aa6. klapaa ronot) dpilov'toE bv rrtr ."6$,

;i;;;Iii;;M
crojana

I-lraroH, saucTa Kao Aa yKasy]e Ha TO ,[,a je [puJII4KOM npaleBa oBor .u,pyma, a u jegno Bpeme nocJle Tora' Ha ToM Mecry no-

xui tilv Mcrxaoovictv, roiutvt

1 01L1e oapelyje

*.virr. ;6;;;^

a,u,nnunncrpaTHBHa r4Jrr4 flon14TLlqKa rpaH14ua;

o66r.'*rualbeM erHt4qKe rpaHuue Vlnupa u Mare'qonaqa.as) It/tefyrum, .rPe6a v6aTu y BHAy .t1a uJII4pcKo npuMop1e MaKeaoHujy, nr,lje
ynasuJlo HI,r ,u,ouHrle, CMaTpaHo ,u.enoM Marce,u.oHnje y

oapebefo, npuMeruo

je

oH SByI{Ll I{unea, aa- 6vt ce cmaTpao

y ilponuirqujy nuli i. yXem CMHcJly. I O Ce JIenO BI'lJlH roBora nporl4B fluaona, y Ilraueiroirosa p.r.rrue ,r-ii.l.t.' roia je l-lueoH l9yli19.,I HeAena pasHa. xoioj ce ua'6pajajy cnbib; upon,iruuir.i (y *oi ce HaJIaBH I4 roMeHyru Ha'rapt4lu nOAaTaK o ToMe ,Ui cy Anolonraia ra- fipav 6uru nor'{ilbeH,
MaKeJloHcKoM HaMecHraxyl:,,Achaia

et Apollonia exinanita, Ambracia illusi, Epirus excisa, Lgc1i, Phocii, Li aiieotr. Bo.btii exusti, Acarnania, Amphilochia, Perraebia, AthamanumAthenae, O:,rr'aLnilm iii.iitu.parthini g"rliA.nses

exhausta, Thessalia v-exata'

cy jyxHe

craTyc us 1'61 r. cBe .u,o ornpt4Jlurce 129r., upracajegraBeHe Marcegonrjra, a ceBepHe Loune

nlauhy

a{) Vn. Niese lll, crP' 335; Marquartit, Staatsverwaltung^ I2, crp. Mommsen, Rom. Cesch' ll, 4l;'Larseir, Rohan Creece, crP. 303. ts! Zippel, crp. 194 u A.

HaJIa3uJl14 cY Pis. 86 H 96.

ra; 57i6 r., KaAa ie flr.raox 6uo namecaur Mare.u.onuie, no'u, beroBoM ';;- -rpaloBr4 in

Ano.'ronaia

u llupaxniou, Cic'

318;

u1 Cic. in Pis. 37. 48) Dio Cass. XLI, 49. Marquardt, r. lt., y3rma oBy peqeHl4[y 'ta cy Jlpaq u Ano,'ronHia yBeK paqyHaru.y Mareaonliy. Ir,oKa3 rs; Dio Cass. XLI, 51.

ro; Cic.

in Pis. 96.

Kao

16

Mare,u.oscru rpaloBu

y purrlcro ao6a
oBr4x Ha[a.u,aqa

lpanaue MareAonraje

71

Koje y rrpusHaBane BpxoBHy BJracr Punmana nornaJre 148 r. no.u jyprcAurrrnjy MaKeroHo(on ynpaBHr4xa. V csaroM cnyvajy ocraje oTBopeHo nnTalbe Ka,u,a je HsBpueHo paarpaHuqerbe y unHpcKHM O6nacTr4Ma u3Me5y y[paBHr4Ka nponr.lrrur,lje Mare.u.oHuje l,t ynpaBHur(a l-[r,rcaruucre fanuje, ;1p]rrM peqr,tMa, ra4a je Mare.u,equja ro6u-aa Ha.c-eE*e,pplganaJry oHe rpaHr4ue Koje je nrvrara y Ao6a [apcrna: Ibeu cpear[u Torc fipr,tnna jyxnu orpaHqn

no.U, HaAJre)KHocT HaMecHHKa lluCannrcxe larr.rje.s0) Haje ucr(JbyqeHa, MebyTHM, Hl4 npyra MoryhHocT, ,[a cy cBe HnHpcKe o6JracTu

ciae fuerint qui gladiorum atque pilorum".bs) 6paneha ce o.[ u yunpuhyjyhu rpanuuy, nnakelouqcra nperopr.l H npoKoHBynu ly ca cnoje crpaHe npeAysr4MaJrH noxo.tre y cyce,(He seMJbe. ocarrnflecerux ro"quu a'I n.- pwncra nojfiri l<inpriu je t9 fiyHana u norsu*u,,a^rpaAoBe,na floury. tVtegyrrail, ;;; Ao KpacoB,x noxoru,a 29lZS r., pHMcK, ro.*yxBar r'i iiiii:i ocraJrr cy 6ea rpajuax [ocneAr4rla. Ter< je Mapxo (pac, raaiMege, Cap,u.e, S.?9, Tpra6are u Aapnariue u Aa npouHpH rpaHurde npoBuHr{uje Marce4oHraje na cenepy ao Aynana. mare.ro_
r'rHJa

?.BaH ruaaaujom EacfapHa, ycne_o

4a y iqna noxoAa

noKopr4

Lilap

llceyno-Or4nufloB ycraHaK y Mare4ourjr, noxopultvt cy Pramluann fpvrcy. Tuna je qeao floryocrpao jyxno og Mare.qonr.rje r,ouno troA BJracr MaKe.u,oHcKon HaMecHrrKa .51) Vlcruna, 6utto je rpvrux .u,pxaBnua roiarvra cy Prmranu BeJrr4Ko,[yrxHo ocraB[rJl4 ,,cJro6oAy", ailu Ta je clo6oAa, Kao r.xTo cMo BHAeJIu, BaBucuila o.u, troruTetba u go6pe BoJbe oHHx rcojama cy prlMcrr.t Hapor, u ceHar noBepunr.r ynpaBy y oBoM .[eJry pr4Mcrcor cBeTa. IzlnrepecaHTHo

ra je ynpaBo neruoryhe nparuru H npr4KaBaTH To KpeTarbe. I-lpe cBera, neh 146 r., ucre no[uHe r(ana je yryueH
rvremajy

V no6a Peny6larce rpaHHUe MarceAounje, re je4rane nponuHquje Kojy.cy PumrnaHr uwailu na Ealrcauy, TaKo ce qecro

fl.rraHaHe.

ce ra.u,a rpaHHqr4na Ha ficroKy

r(paJbeBcrBoM, KoMe
ttparrnopje.sa)

je jeano

BaSaJrrrr.,M o.(prrcKHM BpeMe 6wao rlorqurbeHo u, IoHTCKO

ca

Te ucre 27 r.. npe H. e., KaAa je Kpac npocJraBr.ro BacnyxeHu rpnjyn@, ,qouno je {o oopatsoBar[,a nponranfuraje Axaje 14 .u,o o.(Ba-oa iirra iyxHor ,qena EarxaHcror floayocrpBa Mhreaonr.rje.s.s; o roivre KaKo je uaaprueHo paBrpariraqer;e uamely MircelciHraj6

lep je palil4qt4To. TyMaqeH crpa6oHo/B rIoJtaTaK roja Hann o roMe roBoprr. Ha6pajajytH npoBr4Huuje xoje le 27 r. Anrycr npenyrcr).icrg rcri Airru).riv^ ncri 'Arcrpvdvrov rai r,,rr,, 'IJ:rerp'curtxrlv e0vrlv 6da ri;) Maxedovirl rpodrbprdco.',56) Monnsen je na ocHooy oBora saKJbyqilo .[,a^je Te.calraja ocrana y cKJ]ony Mare,u,o'-

u nonoo6paaoBaHe

rrpoBr4Hurrje

nocroje pasnwuiia

Mr4nrJberba,

crr4o ceHary,Crpa6oH nomilrbe n Axaiy: ,,. . .'AXo.ia""pe1p, OJr_

Aorrno

ie,

MepHAy,

4nojeHa

a nouHuie ce jaaroa Kao .(eo Tecanuje, neh TaAa HBv3 Marce[ouraje.62) HaxaaocT, 14sBoplt cy hcyBHue ocKyAHr.t ga 6u ce MaKap u opra6luxno BHaJro xa.qa je J1o Te
npoBaHUr4je MarceaoHnje,

6u 6wlo c Hauer craHoBr.tura BHarr.t Jta ilu j,e 146 r. JI,o [poMeHa Ha rpaHnllr4 MarceAounie ra Tecaauie, ga an nanpnmep, Tnnn$aja,. roja ie 167 r. yJraBuJra.y IV nnar<e,u,oHcr(y

HHJe, a ucTo TaKo b,Tonr4ja, ArapHaHnja n leo Enrapa, ,Uox je ocTarr4.EI_rp, rto rleroBoM Mr4rrJJberby, flpunao upourriurii iai_

JacHo roBope .u,a

flpoMeHe AouJIo.

Hajnraue je 6waa HBJroxeHa uBMeHaMa ceBepHa rpaHr4ua ycle.[ cranHux HanaIa lawxux u l,aJbHx BapBapcKr4x cyce1a, .(ap4aHaua, Crcopgrcra, Me,ua, ,(enTeJIeTa, Beca il 1pyrnx TpaqKI4x nJIeMeHa, rojra cy qecTo ,[y6or<o npoAilpanH y MareaoHujy, a,onlrpyhra noHeKaA It Ilo caMe fpvre. Crora ce MorJro 6ea npeteprBarba pefir.r ,ua ce rpaHr4ua Mane4oHr.rje Haraar4Jra TaMo rtte ce ocehala cHara pr4Mcr(or opyxja (,,semper Macedonicis imperatoribus idem fines provin50\

6da y6aqyje. je,qHo_ p4,_1aro ta npeanoi poxp, no6raia erarem" ,Ao yr"rryvyjyhr".se) llpenaa T_orrlr nporuniir,rja Axija je o6yxBaTaJra cne o6racrn r<oje ua6paja Q1pa6oH, H caMO Cy Her(a Huqa Maxeaonraje Bpar,rra ce Ha crapy auaujy oA npe lad r. rpjlHrUa ce u l.albe MebaJra, 16 r. npe H. e., nocJle i. . ._u*e_q_qpHa je4uor uo;ioaa [EHTerefa u Cnopaucra, purvr*iHn cy ,;i,,"p;;; i repuropajy Aenreaera, a ,cJreAefie roAnne, y oKBHpy'naHoHcxHx j patosa, Tu6epuje ie ocnojrao a BeMJby Crcop.qrc*r. Vlene\y i '
,

cy oae o6racru -6une o6yxnaheue Axajorvr crona je oqHrJre.[Ho .u,a je Crpa6oHon rexcr ,cnrrp.n. On npeAnoxeHr4x emeH.[a.uuiq uajy6e4rnunuja je oHa xoja raaa pevH

p1*y^tr]

M_efyrr,rnn, .u,pyrr4 enr.rrpaecKu

luTepapHu

radnopr,lur)

ra

enmpcKa nJreMeHa ocraJra

y oxBr4py Maxe,qoHraje. JyxHa

rpa_

52) KoA flro,remeja, HarrpilMep, Auruxuox, rpaa Trm$aja, Hane,u,en je iuely rparoBilMa Xecruajoru.u,e (lll, 12,41), a u cara o6lacr TuuSaja HaJra3r., ce mely recaJrcKr4lu o1nactuna. Atu u ro,q I{e:apa na jeAnom

u tr., r.ue cy HaBe.q,eHa cBa Mecra us H3Bopa roja ronope 3a ro,ua ie Axaja 146 r. nperBopeHa y npoBr4nrtr4jy n noruurseHa MaKeIoHcKoM HaMecnrrKy. B. u Larsen, Roman Oreece, crp. 306 u a.
Mecry crojra
b.

rt1 Vn. Brandis, s. v. Achaia, RE (1894\ 192

Zippel, crp.

194.

(flumen Aliacmonem, quod Macedoniam a Thessalia dividit, civ. lll, 36, 3). Oaaj noAarar(, aKo ce y3me .u,ocJroBue, roBopr,r rarole 3a ro aa Tum@aja nuje y ro Bpeme npuraAaJra Mar<eAouuju.
o.u, Teca.nraie

.u,a

Xa.nuarmor

cBoM cpeir.rbeM

rory

pa3[Baja Mareg.onHjy

il; Cic. in Pis. 38. 5a) O paroauua 3a norqr4r-baBarbe Meeuje, a. Ceyer, crp. 766 ,u Zippel, clp. 253 u t. Brandis, H. Jt.,crp. lg3 u.t..flpunuKoM no.u.eJre npoBr4Huyja, An.5s) rlicT Je_{ao npoaau[fije ,,'E},lt<ig per<i r{E ,Hzeipou rcci rd Moice6o-c-glaTy vrrdf, (Dio Llll, 12, 4\. 56) Str. XVll, 840. Rdm. Gesch. V,234, np. t. fl) ;s; {l-orymsen, Cf. Larsen, Roman Creece.-crp. +gS n no. B. ,t) H v.Caertringen, s. v. 1'hessilia, RE Ziv. R. VI (t986) l84.

?Q

MaKetroHcKu rpaAoeta

y pt,t]$cro 'u'o6a

fpauraue Marenoxr,lje
-

79

u 6 r. H. e, H3nBolrlna ce oti

xao noce6na npahend }beHa crapa rpaHnua M,*t,u.our{r'r ie , aoiHa vnpaBa, Meanie Hu!e,;;btfi;, iacHo.-na il b nolna vniana
l.vlaren-onraie Mearaja'

Ha" cen-epy. Mena u ,,[eHrereTa' t Jttl cy oHa o6yxaaranu , ,pur*lJ n"*tnu TpaKHiy' ocraJla y rc 44 r. H. e., nulu'iv ytnu y npoBl'lHqniy

oKBHpy ManeAonule'

n!9-u-111: H oBo crabe or'Hoce-q9 -rpaHI4Se onHcyJe: ftq:^ yll Crpaool' "p.ni. l0' ur,|ie Marcenonri.,''n"uno"nu*-ux ro0

Mefyrnrvr, onionapaiyfiu SparileHar .n.pyror e[l4ToMaTopa,6a) norcaayje [a ce y opilrHHaJ]HOM TeKCTy \aficTa roBopl,lJlo o npaBoyraoirortr o6.nrircy'MareAoHuje-u o pequ Xe6py u npa.qy Kuncelu Ha r4CToIIHol meuo! rpaurqra. 14nar, raxo o6jacHr'rrra qa je xon rpaHHUa Manenonuie? Crpa6ona via Egnatia ysera nao jJxHa -fecaloHurce u

rar nraje caqyBaH y opurl4Hany neh y SparmeHTy

eflnTom?Iopa'

Ha oso

'Oit

'A6pi.ru,
l'pcppTl

i1 Mcr,xe0o,,iJ

rfi 6tcr "4.'i"Lpoit".''eppo'' :torcrp"o0 rcrt rJstH, *"lx*_"1 il; ;, rx o p p a- Hiti::f "i'; p q( ;' i'tpbs a"" 9J,."" ;ff ', tx")rt,,utvcrricr. 6 6,p a:ro.':i:' dxqpcr tooro r{g rd 'eeooa).ovircei*E' rai'bdd roi.aq, io.dtv 6t:q 3jl3ln' rpaHuuy Muxc6ovloq n"pil'i'lioyfappou -yvota'") Jap'panciia6oHos6M--noAaTKy' onor'r npervra vunu,
p

b'. ot'otu)"ii"''

*t". P.'o*^",:\:tcrpo)'t1 ffi;t'"t*"! rcr6rqq pedqirpptvT'J 6-! rfl :;

l-(up.axuloHar LIIra ie c o6aacruua iyxuo o,( lyau ie y opprHHany roropralo o ueroj aamrurrneHoj tunwiw, VJtu Cy_SanCTa npeTCTaBe o reonapaJreJIHOi C Onun JI,pyMOM, rpl6croru" noloxajy iroje^,Hrax o6nacru r,, MecTa 6ure y ro

-ild**,

-vcroa)'rfrrq

Ku'lr6)'ov

116-

no6a cacBI4M HeraqHe. LUro ce TI4qe ceBepHe rpaHilue, H Ka"lI, ce yBMe y o6aup .[a oHa rpe6a .u,a npeTcTaBJba SaMuu]JbeHy a He peanHy nuHl4ly, noraqr rcoje Ham Crpa6oH gaie o ruoj ne Mory ce r.oBecru y
cKJraA C OHHM IIIT6

MareAoHt't!e

lr,tHrald' napaJleJlfia cKo Mope,. a raciouny - x;6;;'; rpaILoM Kuncclotvt' llocy.t.nl1u'i'itt nolu o6arou, HaM ie on.u.e 'tlaTa, npeTKaKo rpaH,ua, rbaJro ce [a r.rcroiHi no Crpa6ony Hcrot{Hy craBJba unu*poJ*;;,'i;, ie'ro6oxe A'ira ro ur'rie TaqHo' Hgtr'61) vHnHra !91u -Hetry rpaHuuy Marenonrl!e Maxenonuie, c-rpa6on ynerc rpaHr,tur,l KaO o Ka.u.a roBopt4 tperue Quruha II u AlercarHMa y BH,rLy He ;;;i;'"pt*t' 9t3tp'n'uu Mare'u'ouraie'62) noJi-t pena .npa Beluxor, ,ul' it oia Maxe[onl4ie y yxeM cxsaraba crpa6onona rraue naK LIIro ce
ia'u'paucttotvt

o rtOj enarvro I4S .[pyrllx I43BOpa. fllaHnna HilrJIe He CgOMI4rbe u CTOra Ce He MOXe rag6rtrgsuxonaru. 3a Crcapn ce o6uqHo cMarpa [a ie ro LUap I-lra6raHa, anr je npao BepoBaTHo Aa ce HIVlaly y nuJI,Y rbeHil HajjyxHrajH orpinuri oKo HBBopa Axcraja..pR6er ce. lr K6I1 flroEepflrCr Ce
BH111S

ne"noi,lu nbrvrr.lue Kao nJIaHHHa Ha ceB.epy Marce.u.oHr.rie, re ce, 6es O6eapa Ha 15eHO JIOKaJII4SOBarue, <lnaj Crpa6OHoB nO,qaTaK MOxe upt{xBaTr,lTy KaO TaqaH. Me$yfrarvr, KaKO CTaBVTI POAOne na CeBep'Marce.U.OHnje, Cem aKO Ce TI4M UMeHOM He MHCJII4 Ha IUIa;;ri tlr.rpran? A ttaro-rerc npout4p14Tta -tVlare.u.ouniy no Xervra? Traure 6r,t'uo6ap r,eo TpaKHje npnnao Mare1oHuiu, a o.[pHctco Oizlo 6r.l orpanHqeHo Ha rleH IrcToqHH Aeo. Oqr,r-

cMucny,tbeHeetHuure,aHeal'Ml'lHt'lcTpaTl'lBHerpaHuue'oHoce r*X '6t rai tlr urd 2rpup6vog Moxe 1a3Becrlr ,t'ouo.'*lurnut eret6il' oi)-trrrog edrro6-

ir;.Jlr"iinp,,o.r#ou3,.r''6t!'' lx6xpr N6,drou. "n' Ectde 6tcrcpepovtog rrepi tcrOra

^p.rourarno rJle.[Ho je la cy rpaHUUd roje narra gaie Crpa6oH iaro ulennaTHBoBaHe. [4CXuapeHr.t jOru KpOB nepO enuTOMaTOpa, tberoB.t4 noAaur He Mory'6uru noyaaau 143Bop. Izlnax oHI4 nojavanaiy
Har.xy cyMrby

3aCrpa6oHa'npaBaeTHt4tlKara'rairopucxarpaHnuaMaxe'uora reorpaOa' Kaxe HaM rrnle !e Crpraruroni altv,utma l^tJgP'uuoa 'oo'ucr H-ar'refy CrputuoHa oH, nolu purynuly-y mu*"1911.ry' uHecta,eoor_duliilnoBenoJIHTt4KeacuMunuparbaoBl4xTpaq. nn6llXuraie Mareaoriux xpalesa. AAMIaur4crparr'rBH^ iftn'ua peuil Xe6py' Ha no6a ,ff'V"i-rli'09l9.:: 'Crpa6on

"" i;pi"

'-11:3""Otot'

' 'u')

la y Crpa6oHoro Ao6a, rj. y npervre Ka'(a je crnopena nojna ro,uaiaa Mear,lje H raga ioLu Huie nocrcljaaa npo-

anuqraia Tpaxraja, Maxe.u,oHuja uuie I4MaJIa Ha ceBepy CBoJe llcTopHcKe rpaHHue. ' Tei< c o6paeoBarbem npoBHHIlHje Tpaxuje, 44 r. n. e., MaxegoHraja .qo6uia Ha I4cToKy Marbe-BtIg1e TpalHe rpaHI{Ue: seMJbe

Hraie 6r,rra iu .u.aje v nu'DY ABe]y Cenepny r,r jyxuy rpaHuuy M opa o. lt og-'t-i1baH cKor t'u *ui u1' un I Hx ri 3 a.\rn lu JbeH r* nip iltl MareAoHilla *ttb"oi il;";o' "Ona! -npelclasH ro peKe x.opi,"t"il';; Crpa6onon no'u'aHMaJIa o6lnr cJIuqaH npaBoyraoHl'lKy'

::i Ui *l[1
6zi Str.

rai opgrqr', cuE rlrii'"i"'ti pr(ov 6r'roiq-*o'"';l;'tq atp"pflt uoog i4u


N6oroo 106 ,lorcr,lloD "Jo' re6ovictv'

Vff

(re36) 35 'u' **e, RE Zw. R. vr;'l'* IVlctre6oviav irg."33'i eita I:"P.iE::.::


ra

oKBHpy MaKe.u,oHcKe fipoBHHUUje,-npnnaJre cy Honoo6pasonanoi npoai,ruqrajra Tparcnju 14 TaKo ie Hecr noHoBo. nocTao rp_aHuqHa plru' rlo "cnoj npr,rnraura cy THM IIoBoJnoM opl4(JbyqeHa Tpaxrajra ir nre,ueHa Me.ua- u fieHrelera, xoja flro"nennei craBJba- y npo.errHqrajy Tpaxr,rjy. He,u,alerco o'u. Mecra I-lapanucoc (l4naeec), Ba11a.[Ho o,( Hecra, nafena cy ,lI.Ba HaTnl{ca HB BpeMeHa uapa na rcolranna ie cnomumy,, crpareara Tpar r,ri. ".:t) K,ra!.u,ra j a (4 I

ucroqnb o,q HLcra, xoie cy oKo .u,BecroTl,He roAI,Ha Srle y

-56), ce ,u,aJlo sanJbyt{HT14 I'ls 'osora'64


61)

,u,a

rpaHuqHa JI[IHI4ia Harvrely


u. X, Mat<aflopcrv6orrot

'"ou 'rleo191 "a 'lLcEctr'6poE -*r

6 rostou roiE 6tol6id' frg' 35: "'p6xP' x.po"iiq'-"' iDb'r""ov xcri 'A)t6lctv6pov NIct'*o"d-

str. VIr,

6a rux HarIIUca o6ianuo ie. f. Eara,laKrc, -o5,ar6r,irJ;, op4rtrca I (1936) ll tt A', .trpy-ln je xeo6janmen, troHic. \pcr"tr<ri ap-1aro?,.oyrr<cr, ilIcrre6ovtr<a ll, cTp. b5.
s;) Seaau

Str. VIt, frg.

9.

B2B.

80

MareAoncru rpaAoBr.r y pr.r,ucro a,o6a tllaKe.[oHcKe rpaHr4rle

I'panuue Marenonuje

8l

npoBnHr{lrie Maxe4oHr4je u npoBt4Hur4je Tparraje Hr{je r4una KopHToM caMe peKe y [beHoM Aorbem ToKy, neh je TpaLIKa repucxBarr4Tr,r I-lroaerrrejeB no.(aTaK ,[a je Hecr Ha rpaHr4ur4 oBr4x ,u.aajy npopHHqHia. 14 npeMa ltinerarium Burdigalense rpaHurra npoBr4Huujd Po.uone u Maxelonuje Rhodopeae et Ma- ,,finis HaJrasr/Jra ce Ha 9 mura cedoniae" o,u, KnaHua (r,t cranraue) AnoHtr.rcrvra, Tj. Ba[aAHo oA Hecra (s. o roMe onrur.rpHuje y

ropHja nperaauna Ha ,(ecHy o6aay. Crora He rpe6a 6yxnalno

BaKJbyqKa Aa je rpaHllua noqt4rbaJla ceBepHo o4 .(pava, ,orttpti,'iHKe Ha cpe.u,oxpahlt uatrefy .(pava H lbeua, u .ra ce KpeTana jyxuo o.u, Mecra Epicaria, sa roje ce BHa Aa je _yJIaBHno y npgarnurajy .(arrvrauujy."u') LUro ce rfiqe nJIaHHHe Cxap,u,a, xoja je,

[erarnnoj alaatv}tl, Byauh je noruao no

ror,1. Edonuda u fiuepuja).

no flronerraejy, 6rna Ha rponnelr.r flarmaquje, Meauje r Mare.u,ounje, Byauh nuje Morao Aa peuil nuTarbe r,a iln ce Ko.u, llronervreja noa, Crcap.[oM Mrcnil Ha caMy LUap-l-llaHVHy unu Ha rbeHe jyxne orpaHKe oKo I4BBopHtuTa Bapaapa.6s) tlunu MH ce

*{
f,rannu
rpaHHua

rtoByqeMo ca upr4nuqHo cunypHocrr4. Eurarpa@crra c[oMeHr.ruil npyxajy HaM noHeKaA BpJIo [oyaLaHe r.r jacHe eJreMeHTe Ba pasriraHH'rerbe noje.u,uHrx odnacru. To rvrory 6urra npe cBera ,u,14peKTHH rtoMeHH npoBr4HuHje ntw rbeHor HaMecHHKa, Kao ruro je Pararue KoA Lfltuna, xoju je ceyvaj ca anavajHHM HaTrucoM

raqHU. 3axnarnyjyhu enHrpa$cKoM Mareprajary y moryhHocrr cMo .II.a ux npeur4Sr4paMo L Ila Ha HeKHM ceKToprrMa rpaHuuy

JIfiTepapHH HBBop aa yrrpfr{Babe MaKe.u,oHcKr4x y ,qo6a Panor Ilapcrsa je [lrorer',rejena feorpa@uja. Melyrrarvr, rbeHl! noAauu cy qecTo neogpefenu 14 He yBeK

aa je Hertaoryhe Tpaxr,rTr4 oA aHTLII{Kr,rx reorpaSa TaKo ttpeunaHa BHarba ilB oporpa$raje Haruux rpaieaa. Peuerue nuTaba Aa JII4 ce Maxe,u,ouHja npyxana Ha ceBepy ao LlIap-[lJIaHI4He Mopa ce xahu na Apyroi crpaHh. TeroscKr Kpaj I43rrIe.Ea .ua je y aHTHqKo

lo6a 6uo HacrarbeH .(apa,aHuuma u jaue noBeBaH 3a cKoncKy o6racr.Hero aa jyr. Morlo 6u ce HaBecrt4 y npnnor oBg.ll MHUJberby aa je jear,rHn notsHaTu HaTnvc lte Terosa laruHcru.6e) HaxanoCr, onaj ceBepoaanaAHl4 r.eo .u,aHaurbe MaxeAoHuie je, Kao H cyceAHa Ar6anuja, y apxeofloturoM norne,u.y lerra incognita. ,,(o nonrjt4x, KoHKpernnjux Haraaa, Mopamo ocraTl Ko.ll rpeTrocraBKe ,rr,a je o6aacr Terosa ynaanna y npoBnHltuiy Me-

[oKaBao na je osa o6racr xpajervr IV s. npr4naAana Cpe.u,osemHoi ,(arraiu. Ceru Tora, HaT[ncr4 .[aToBaHrl no MaKeAoHcKoj [ponHnuncxoj epu, nalenra y uorpaHnqHr4M MecTHMa, curypaH cy nyToKaB aa yraplraBarbe [pocTuparLa MaKeAoHcKe repraropraje. A TaMo rl(e ce npoBrrHur4cKa rpaHHua no[yAapara c ieeuuKoM, Kao Ha ceBepy npeMa Aapaannjr, cam jeeurc Ha r(ome cy Harnr4ctl
cacTaBJbeH[ noKaByje ra r<perarbe rpaHuue. He cMe ce BaHeMapnTr,r cBaKaKo Hn oHoMacTr4qxu marepujal, Ma .rla ce He Moxe oqeKr4BaTr,r ,u,a je erHhsKH MoMeHaT 6rao yaerc yBaxeH Kor{ noBJraserba [poBnHrlr,rcKl4x rpaHr,rua. Hajaa.[, u crl/,n cnoMeHHKa, qecro Bpno KapaKTepucn4rraH ga je,uny yxy o6aacT, Moxe ra-

-ua

snly, a

,u,a

je rpaHuua MaregoHraje uuJIa

iyxHrarvr orpaHquMa

LLIap-l-haHnHe.

ceBepoucrorrHo o,u. bera, ceno Py.u,trurc urvrajy rpqKe cnomeHnre.To) Cenepno oJL tbt4x, Blaqe ra KauaHono (neuro I4cTotIHHje), IpI: nalaJrr4 cy naTHHCrOj Csepr.r H cBaKaKO yJlastinil y .(apnaHujy.?1) ,(orcaa 4a onaj Ha[I BaKJbyqaK uraje npouaBoJbaH flpyxa
Ham

Ha Bapgapy npaHulla je nporaerala ceBepHo oA Beleca. V nereuron cpeey, celo HonaqaHu' I(pai camor Eapnapa, vt

Ta6y;ra I-loiruHrepujana, xoja, rao ruro hervro BH.lleTH' Taxole cranJba Ha oBo MecTo rpaHHuy Harvrefy ,(apaanraje Lt M3xe.u,oHuje. 3aucta je cpehHa oKoJIHocr tuTo cMo y oBoM clyvajy
l"UOnyhHOCTI4,U,a KOHTpO,'IutueMO SaCHOBaHOCT Hat-tlHX npUHUIlna Kox, yroTpe6e enurpaScror nnareplljana 3a yrBpfranarue rpaHuua.

rcofe 6urvt

oD, Kopucrtl.

JalpaHcror Mopa a,o BapAapa j ,'rsana orKaKo cy unHpcKra rpajenra npr,tnojeura rpoBHHulrjr.r MaI xe4onnju.66) fioaapranajyhu IroremejeBe noAarKe o oBoM ,[,eny
KaB

L ji,

CeBepHa rpaHnua MaxeAonuje

y cnom 3anaAHoM treny o.u, 4-r"jg cg n"o cnoj npurrr4rlil Me-

001 M. Fluss, s. v. Lychnidus, RE Xlll (1926) 2113, rasoau Kao,u,olla ie Jlaxnr,u 6uo y nponr,rxuuir,t Mar<eaonujfl cpeArHom ll s. x. e. jeAan narnuc us EeHeaenra (ClL lX 1602), y KoMe uemety ocraJlor croja: ,,provinc(iae) M[acS]doniae.Lychnidu[m].". Vcrnap.n oraj ,u,o.ras je cynrruax, iep ce u nb [Ii'ore,r,rejy 3HaJlo .ua ie y Il s. Maxeaonria .u.onupa.na Ha 3anaAy no Ja,u.paucror Mopa. Hrje mn iacno rura Sryc xofie Aa Kaxe c,re,u,ehutti: ,,Die Verschiebung- der Provinzialgrenzen im Laufe der Zeit

I-lpe,na Ta1ytrw [ojrHHrepwianu, npyra ro pely craHl{ua Ha nyTy Cio6H-Cnynn, ad Cephalon, y.u.arbeHa je on Cro6a 2l mumy, rj. oxo 34 rm.72) Oso orcrojarse o.uroBapa orrpl4nllKe pa3^.[a;br.rHH fpalcro-'Hosa.{auu (oxo 8 KM ceBepHo o,u. Bereca). Cne67) Byarah, CenepHa rpaHIdIIa, crp. 245 u ,u.. flrolemei raxe- tta rpaxirua noqutle oa ,[,paua, aJIu rilMe ce He MI4cJIH Ha caM rpag, neh Ha tte-

rOBV '

TEDHTODI,IIV.

erkliirt die Zuteilung der Stadt bald zu Makedonien (CIL IX I602), bald zu Epeiros (Proc. arc. 18, l2), bald zu lllyrien (Steph. Byz)." flo,u.arar o npuni.u.nocru lluxnur.a Marenonr,riu je ua ll s. H. e., llporonuiea nar ue

zo) Ai'ruh, Cnomexur 7l (l31), 6i. 82 (Honavanu), 6p. 85-86 (Pya75 (1933), 6P. 37. x;rx); " Cno,nennrc ,t) CIL lll S2aZ lSraue); Cnomenrar 98 (1948), 6p. 437-439 (Kar.-:anoao).

ua;'tuial iip. 248 n r. oe) Byrufi, Cnomenur 98 (1948), 6p. all.

Vl r.(nocne

6nru peva o HeKoM noMePaby

o6paaoaarua npoBuHlruje Honu Enup). LUro ce ruve CreQana Busanrucror, oH roBopu o l,lttupuir4 Kao o erHuqKou nojmy I Ty He moxe
rpaHl4tle.

zr; Tab. Peut. Vll, S-VIII, l: ,,Stopis Gurbita - XIll -ad - VIll -u Cryna yuerHyre cy Cephalon'- Vllll- Praesidio". I4smely ll-peer.ta.rja pelau,ujr, s. creA, nPI4l1. oroj nprnaAajy 1- Ta6y,ru HeKe craHilue r<oje He
trlarce,u,oncr<n

rpaaoeu

B2

MaxeAoucKr4 rpa,u,oB14

pHmcxo ,u.o6a

lpaxrzue MareAonraje

83

Aeha craHr4qa Praesidium, rcoja je, KaKo lbeHo uMe rroKaByie, 6uta Ha rpanl4tlrz ,(ap.u,anuie, 6una je 9 rvrursa, o.u,H. oKo 13 xrvr yII,aJbeHa o,u, cTaHuqe ad cephalon, 14 HaJIaSr{Jra ce, fipeMa ToMe, Her.u.e ceBepHo o,u, yruha flumtre, Mox4a oKo Katlanona.Ts) Harnuc r4B cerra 6aaue jyxHo or KarrauoaaTa) noxaeyje .ua je

TaMo nocrojana 6ene@aqr,rjapna craHr4rra. fpanraqa raarvrefy .[.Beiy nponraurlraja uporaaura ie, .[,aKJre, raamely Praesidium-a h ad Cephalon-a, Tj. jyxuo o,u, KarranoBa, a ceBepHo o.q, Hona,raHa. Arco 6ucrvro cMeJrr,r ,u,a ce ocnoHr4Mo caMo Ha jenan HaTrlr,rc, MorJrH 6ucno rpaHuuy ap Bapnapy cnycrt4Tu Ha jyr Ao ceJla Conota, raervrely yruha flqurbe u Honavana, jep je jegruu noBHaTfi Harflr4c IrB Tora ceJla naTuHcru.Ts) Ilourarsyhr,r rasrvre[y Conota u Honavana, rpaHuua ce KpeTana y npaBuy ceBepa, npoaasehra rasrvre$y Katranosa u PygHr.rrca, KojHapa ra Kpyruraqe.'u) I4ctoqHo oA Te rpaHrltle, Oaqe
7r) l{cnpaBKa oBor nyra y Ta6ytu llojrunrepujaxu rojy 1'e npealoxno H. By.nuh, TepHroprzja plrMcKor CKonra, flacnur C. H. Jl. I (1925), crp.2 il .u.., He Moxe 6uru npuxnaheua y ueJlocrr.{. Peroncrpyruuja nyra Cxynra-Haucyc, ca u,qenrr@uroBarteu BilH,ere Kynarr,tJla ca Bpancrom 6arrom, je nornyno y6e.u,rsrasa. Metyruu, nyr Crynu-Cro6u, raro ra je By,rrah peKoHcrpyucao, ie ot<o l4 Km.qyxu Hero uro je npano orcr_ojarue Cronrse-f pa.u.cKo. Byruh je ymerxyo namely craHuue Praesidium u Cryna, ua orcrojarcy o,u, 8 tvurma o,u, npBora, Bl4tlery KyflaruJla, u.uenrrz@uryiyhu ra ca l(atrauoBoM (Bynah, H. a.., crp. 3: Scupis -- XXI 6arua - Vlll - Prae- Stopis; yxynno .59 Curbita sidio VIIII - ad Cephalon - rur4.Jba, r4JrH OKO 90 Xm, - XILI- fpaACrO-- yAaJbeHO - VIII je yMeCTO 76 rcO.nUKO ptrMcKr4x

yrBpAHTr.r

I-lore ynaar4Jro je cnrypno y npoBr4Hqujy Maxe.uonujy, jep He caMo Aa cy cfloMeHr.rIlw na\euw y roj o6lacru ulpaauTo Mane,qoHcrcor Tutrat c rpqKI4M Har[Hct4Ma H- rpqKo-MaKeAoHcKI4M umeuuuta,zz) neh je Ha HeKoJrr4Ko Mecra HabeHo HaT[r4ca .u,aToBaHux tlo MaKe.qoHcKoj epr, rxTo HeABocMr4cJreHo rroKa3yje Aa je ona o6lacr llpr4[a,raJra MaKe.qoncroj flpoBHHu14 in.rr) Texe je_ perurartr nr,tTabe KaKo ce KpeTana rpaHr.tua AaJbe Ha r{cToKy. Ca cpe,ucTBr,rMa KojHMa pacnonaxeMo- HeMor.yhe je

Crora 6u_Hajnp[po,[Hrrje 6uto_-np-ernocraBuTu,u,a cy Ko[ nrrr4rbe, a HapoqHTo Haropuvnno, npwnaLail 'nafena Tpaxraira. Me$yraru, jelau 9r ABa Marra @irarrraeuia y
rpr{KH.
JroKaJrHTeTr4

Tparr,rjy. Ceao fl,{u}ba (Bojuilr) ia n,rarbu u Haropr4qHHo, r4cToqHo oA Kyr,laHOna,7e) .u,aJra cy tprlKe HaTrlr4ce, ,4oK Maro ,qaJbe Ha ceBepy, Helonex [pr4na.ra JraTr,,HcKoj csepu.so) Melyrr,rrvrr rox uann je npeMa Aapahnr.rjra jesnr HaTrruca Morao ,qa nocJryxr,r Kao cpe,u,cTBo 3at rroBJraqerbe rpaHHrle,sl) ro nilje clyvaj I ca rpaHr,trlom.[peMa Tpar<uju, rAe cy cnomenrailu rar(obe aoHrajy Hru

\a M je xparoacKo-KoqaHcliu
y

r(paj yilaauo

y Maxi-

6uru 6arca. Melyruu, oII He y3uMa y o6rnp ta My orcroiame oa 6arte .u,o Cro6a nocraje oxo 14 KM, oAH. I muna Eyxe Hero uro tpe6a, ynpaBo Ba ry jenuy cranfiuy xoiy je ymerHyo. floaaseha o,u, Tora lla ce fio HaueM paqyHy Praesidium Mopao Haragr4TH Her.u,e no,u, KarvlaxoBa, a c o6supo,rn-"qa npBo orcrojan,e roje ,qaje Ta6yta usa Crynuja (XXl mHrua)
MorJra

o.[ Cronrsa), u onpaBraBa ry ucnpaBKy rfiMe ruro ie roA Karlanona

na je yilerabe

oAroBapa rarrHo orcrojarsy Croure-KarnanoBo (oxo 30 xru), cmarparuo

oBr.rx KpaJeBa HaJraSHMO TpaqKa Jrr4rrHa HMeHa, r4MeHa MecTa u erHr4KoHe; peJbesHe npeTcrane rarvrajy cnoje naj6lraxe analorr,lje y cyce,qHr,rM TpaqKr4M HaJraSr4tuTHMa, a HaArpo6ne monrte ucilu_
7z)

llaxenoHui1yry 6u yerAe 6uta-rporraefd raennely Aupganuje, Tpaxraje r,r Marcenonraie. CenepoucTot{Ho oA On,Ier I-lo.rsa, 6plonraru KorrarrcKoKpaToBcKu xpaj r, seMibe oKo cpeArber r,, roplber ToKa EperanHuue, 6une cy y- pr4McKo ,qo6a HaceJbeHe TpaqKrrM eJreMeHToM. To jacuo noKaayie apxeoJrourKrr rvrareprajan rojraM pacloJraxeMo, Ma KOJrr4Kg [a je joru ocKy,raH. Ha naalo6pojilrarvr HarnTcuMa u3
nunqraje

Aro je To raIIHo, oHra 6u ro 6uta

Haropraur,tny rrarne[a Laie-6uo ,qaroBaH Ha MaKeAoHcKr4 nauun.r;)

uajcenepnraja TaqKa npo-

je nyr Crynlr--Cro6u Mopao Praesidio ad Cephalon - Xlll u3ure.u.arr4 oBaKo: Scupis -- XXI - Vllll - 555 ra .r,., ymeruyo ie Stopis. (K. Miller, Itin. Rom, crp. Gurbita - Vlll norrryno npoil3BoIbHo Hsmely Crcyna u flpeluguyua, Ha. orcroiar+y oa I oa,n. 8 t$uroa, ieany Heno3Hary crarl4uy; yKynHo orclojame oL lT MI4Jba (orco 25 rr*) je Heuro xpahe uero paa.u.aruna Cronre-Karaanoeo). oa XX
Mr.rJba

craHr4ue Ha orcrojan y on XXI M[Jbe oa Cryna nemonyhe. Arco ce 3aApxr4 oea un$pa xao raqHa - Ko.u KarraHosa je naSen nunuapuj, Cnomenux 98 (1948), 6p. 438 Ha KoMe je o:naven_o orcrojarue

nopeA

pr4ucKr4x,

oA

.rtacTI4, Ha cIIoMeHI4UI,lMa 143

napaeno-Cynporxo cyceaxoj xparoncroj o6


uBqer I lOJba HeMa
TparIKI4X ilMeIIa.

KoJIoHLrje Cxyna

oH,u,a

7l (1931), 6p.9). - B. Saria, Die Inschriften 30, raro$e cuarpa ra ce des Theaters von Stobi, Jahresh. 32 (1940) crp. y onoj .o6,racru ilpoBI4IIuucKa npaHl4ua noKranaJla c jeeaurom rpiHlluoM ysr.rr'ra anpoKcr4Marr4BHo .qonfiHy flqun e Kao rpaHI4I{Hy ,uHliy.- v rpynnum nore3r{Ma rpaHr,ruy JIaruHcKe 14 rpqKe KyJIrypHe c@epe na EalxaHy no-B^yxao je neh K, Jireiek, Die Romanen in den Stiidten Dalmatiens l, crp. l3 u a. 76) Ceno Koinape, na lenoj o6anu l-luurue, nano ie HeKo,rt4Ko JIarilH14

zr; B. Hanpe.u, npnt*. 71. 75) Byar,rh, Cnomeunr

Eypuutru.Uqfgr-ryup; Cnomenur 77 11984), 6p. Sg (narosan), 6p. -78) 6fl; Cnornery$ !Q^(19+-A), 6p. 395 (aa'ronaH). - Paatuqh (xoa Ca. Harbne): Cnomexrr 77 (1934), 6p. 62. CnoruenHK 75 alg33). 6p. l56 (vn. - Matuxo.' Cnomeuur 7l (1934), 6p. 32),6p. 157; CnomeHur 98 (I94b), Ari. +OZ u 40i.'Kpywuqa:. C^no^me^narc 7-1.(1934), 6p.64; Cnomenur 98 (1948), 6p. 8g6, Bg7, (qaroaan), 398, 399, 4^0;) (aaronan;, 401 . Ilpeofr; inor,reuu( gS ([S+Al,
ze) Cnomexrzr g8 (1948), 6p.210, ibid., 6p. 219 u 220. 80) Cno,rnenr.rr 7l (1931), 6p. 201. Ha Sparmenry ce Biltu cBera HeKolruKo-cJroBa, aJrt,t oKBt4p yKpaueH ro3oM_ u rpoxlem npr4na,ra runy xa,q,rpo_6sux cnoMeur.rKa roju ce ne cpefie y Maxenoulijr.r. at) yHyrpaulH,ocrr4 .CnopanurrHu HaJr-a3u rpvrr.rx Harunca a,y6meJ,ap.u.axuje (noenar nam je camb jeaan cayvaj, Cnor*leiHi 0a jtS+ay, Op. 432, ut cela J{orre Bonno ro,u, Cronrsa, npu uerrry ie rr4rr oBe nagrp6Oile fl.roqe nornyHo Aap.u,aHcKr.t) r.l, o6puyro, Jrarr4HcKr4x y Mare.uonujrr, He Me-

6p.40a (aaroean) v

4C6.

cKr4x Harnr{ca, By;tuh,- Cnomexurc 98 (1948), 6p.446--448. Jeaan rpl4Ml4rnBaH Harnuc ,r3 ror cela, ibid. 6p.449, noraayje '{yAHy, BapBapcKy MeuaBfiHy rpqKor 14 JraruucKor. Celo Kpyurraqa, Hanport{n, y Oaueu florsy, ilMa ucl(Jbyv:.lso rpvre HaTnHce, n. upum. 78.

. .r) Cnomeurr 98 (1948), 6p.220. Bure rojrr nuje monyke peKoncrpyucaru.


6*

lba]y BaxHocT oBor

npaBHJra.

ce

ocra(u rpouuepenor 6poja

84

MareAoncrH rpa;I.oB14 y putttcxo Ao6a

['pannue MareAouuje

B5

oKo KoqaHa I4JIu Kparona tpe6a, [peMa Ta6ynu fiojruHrepwjanw, TpaxuTH craHuuy Tranupara, xoja Hocu TpaqKo r4Me; Ha cpe.u,tbeM ToKy Bperalnraqe HaJIaSuo ce, KaKo je je,[an Harnuc roKaBao, rpa.u, Eaprana (uo cnoi upranr,rrlra raro$e rpaqKor HMeHa), nosHar raa XrajepoKJloBor Caner,u,erua n araTa Xal,u,aTKe: Her.u.e

TaHe Ha Br{ue MecTa y lrenoj roj o6lacTl4, TaKobe cy TunHqHo TpaqKe.83) JlrarepapHra uaBopu ngrep$yjy oBe apxeorloulxe no-

KeAoHcKor ca6opa; HeuTo MaJIo r,tcrounr.lje 6uo je BepoBaTHo u .qpyrn rpa[ ca rpaqKHM I4JvIeHoM 3anapa, noEHaT u3 ucrttx r.ranopa.s') I-lpervra crapujrarn hsnopuua - [Ioara6ujy, JLanHjy, Crpa6oHy u fTmnuiy - HtrJIeAa r,a cy y o_roj o6lactu xl4Berlil Me4ra.85) OnH cy Ha r4cToKy, FIa cPeArueu crprarvroHy, rpaHI4rIIrJII4 ca Cutttuma, a Ha Bana'qy c .u,apAaHcKI4M nJIeMeHuMa Tynara (ra fana6pr,rja?).'u) I-lourro ce [aK, KaKo cMo BIIAeJIH, oKo cpe,u.rber rora I-lqurbe npenJlIlfiy elemeHTll JIarHHcKt4 H rpI{Ktt, ro je nepoBaTHo ,[,a je Ty HerAe iluJIa rpaHl4ua fiap,u,anaua u Tpavana. Ipervra flronervrejy, Me4urca je 6rana [pBa Tpaqxa crparernja Ha tsara1y noja je rpaHuqurla c Maxe.u,oHujorr,r (cenepno or, rbe 6rana je ,(enreretnta, a jour .u,aJbe Ceparara). Ona najaanag,Hraia TpaqKa o6,ract Mot','Ia je na o6yx;ata caMo rcpaiene oKo_roprber H cpeJr.rber ToKa Eperalnraqe. flomenyra HaTIIrc ua 6apra,re,
r<ojr,r
r4B

.folbeu Bapnapy. Ha ocHosy Tora je BeHe4uKoB BaKJbyrrr4o ;1a ce y [epr4o4y uame$y'V s. npe H. e. n II B. H. e. MopaJro t4B-

Eapnane rpyxa HaM MotyhHocT .u,a 6oroe flpeqr{BupaMo cBoje o oBome ceKTopy Marce.(or{cre rpaHr4ue. Bene,u.ur(oB je HCnHTaO ,U,Be BpCTe aHTHqKAX rpo60Ba y 6peranHBqKoi o6racTH, otl, Kojrlx jeAnra [orrarty Ha II u. H. e. H rarvrajy TrrturtHo rpaqKn KapaKTep, .[,oK cy JLpyrH oTnpHnr.lKe ue v. B. npe H. e. il Hrvrajy Haj6araxe aHaJroruje y rpo6oBlrMa HB rIeoHcKHx rraJraauura Ha
HB

ApxeonoilrKt, irnareprajan KojI je Beue.u,lrxoB npoyq14o bi odjanuo y cBome r4r{TepecaHTHoM qraHny y Beata c HaTnucoM
BaKJbyqKe

je o6janno lzl. BeHe,u.raKoB, caMo.norrpfyje onaj aaKrbyqaK: caanajenno 1a je Eaprala 371 r. npuuagana rponraHqujr.l Cpegoaervrnoj .(arcuiw,") d Bpno je neponaTHo ,u,a nra panraje Hr'l Baprala, Hu ueJra TpaqKa o6.nacr ceBepHo o,u, rbe, o xoioj je p9,{, Hraiy yrasrne y Mare"u,onrjy, neh cy nainpe flpunar,arle Tpaxr'rjra, a nircre o6paaoaama Aypelrjanone Cpe.u,ose/une ,(aruje, flPfr' nojene cy onoi nocae.u,ruoj.

bera

BprxHTH HgBecHo noMeparbe craHoBHr4rlTBa H .uoha ,u,o flpomeria FberoBor erHr4r{Kor cacraBa y oBoM r(pajy. Orr Mr4cru .u,a cy fleoHqn, uary6anuil noJIHTt4rrKy caMocralnbcr, 6uln norucHyTr,, ca ceBepa oA TpaqKHx rrJreMeHa MeAa a .(enreaera, 14 r,a cy oBl., npeoBnalanr4 y no,rneHyroj, 6peraaHuvxoj o6nacru. 3anaxrarua BeneAar<oBa cy Bpno r.rHTepecaHTHa: Meuarba craHoBHur.r;rna je cBaKaKo Mopano 6uru vt lberoBa npeTnocraBKa Aa cy y paHor4cTopr.tcKo ,u,o6a l-leoHqr,l o6yxnatalv Ha ceBepy H KoqaHcKoKpaToBcKr4 rQaj je BpJro BepoBaTHa. y npHJrot BeHeAuxone npernocraBKe Moxe ce HaBecTfi r{ noAaTarc Tyr<raE[AoB Aa je 6ulo [eoHcKr.tx nJremeHa 14 oKo ropber ror(a Crpr.tMoHa (Arpujanu, Jlajaju),tt) ,u,orc_noeuuju nHTepapHu uaB,opt4 roMxrby r(ao najcenepHuje ravre l-leour.rje y r4cropr4cxo .uo6a Mecra 6naaaopa lr Acrra6oc. Mefiynarvr, qHHH MH ce na apxeoJrorxKr4 rrarepujan

r43 oKofluHe hyc'renAura, Kauapoa, VIsz. DAU 4 (1914) crp. 80. O naaMon/laMa lt3 Tora rpaja n. Huxe. rpo6nram ' sn) O Tpanynapn, Sanapra u 6apraar, B. norJlaBJbe lTeouuia, ssi Cua -ueira-rs Jl.irepapHr4x 143Bopa roja ce ornoce na Me,u.e npuKynuo ie Miiller, Ptol. crp. 478, na rora ynyhy_jemo.*. ' tE) Ha ,ueiny o6anj Crpr,riuoua crasrba_Men_e Plin. IV,40. Meau xao cycelr,r4' Cunra: Thuk. ll, 98 i4 Str. VII frg. 36. O rpaxuura muxoeoj ca' I{ap.uanurama: Str. VII, 316: ,,Tc6r' 6i Acp6avtard-rv eiot rcri oi lcr}rdpprot, rap d.]r'er @p-griort zpriE 6tu oi; . . . r6Lr6 cipXaicr, r<a[ oi Ooovctrcrt, [ot] -crp.IvIoiSorE 243, pacnpa-e-rsajyhu o oBoil e ouv&,rrrouor." Bylufi, Ceaepna rpaHl4[a, Kaxe: ,,Hu[rra He croju Ha lryry Aa y3MeMo r,a cy MeAll xHaeJIu Ha 6perarrrur.ln. V rom cayvajy IoMeHyra IrBa .u,apAaHcKa nnelueHa Hficy

83) CrJoMeHHx,TT (1934), crp.7l 14 t.t43 Kouana, ca rpaqKuM ilmeHuma 'l-lrrair<er.,!o; u Nl6oru).o; Cnomenuk 75 (1933), 6p. 153, ue l-l.neuunaua (Kpaloao) ca eTHuKoHom Kcroapoqvlg. 14, BeHe.u.ilros, 6apra,ta. Pa3xonrn n Xepe npoyrrBaHr.,s l. CoQut I948, crp. 85, ynopelyje- npercrany 3encanoueuyroi,t crroMeHI4Ky 143 Koqaua ca pe;reSoM oiL 14crol' r,laicroPa(?)

ni

murparlHjH TpaqKHx nnemeHa ca ceBepa 'Ha jyr qmarpao ,qoKaaaHurvr. Axo ce norJreAa KapTa noKaJrurera noiy Bene.qurcoB npranaxe cBoMe snaHKy, npr4Meinhe ce ra He Eocroji,r frpuranarre ua,vrefy Anejy KynTypa u \Ba THna caxparuHBaba. Tpavxe MorHJre HcttHTaHe cy, npeMa Bene4urcony, Ha cpeArbeM lory Eperarnuqe, Ko.[ cela Tapunqu, Baru Tboe, ApryrHue. Tarcne Morr4Jre rocroje H KoA cera Opraaape (cpea rouaHcir,t) u y KparoBcKg$ H r(yMaHoBcxom xpajy.se) Cne cy oHe r4B pt Mcror BpeMeHe (ll n. H. e.).no) BeHeguxon xoHcraryje ,qa ce He BHa Ka,4 [oqHlbe y oBoM Kpajy o6rauaj noAH3arba Harrpo6Hr.tx MorrrJra. Craprajer apxeorroruKor Marepujana Bacal.a HeMa. Heurro jyxHr.rje o.q, noMeHyrr4x ceJla, 6aux<e LUtuny, Ko,u, cena PaAame, orKpr.tBaKJbyqaK

Kojil o6janryie BeneluroB Hnje IoBoJbaH lla 6u ce

FberoB

aeHa.

Jloruje

je [eoHcKa Herpoflona,el) vujr_marepujal uMa cBoje aHay Harraarulrunna Vayuruua (flojpancxa o6racr), flaren

. 8t) BeHe.u,firos, nalem Ha

6hta na roj peuu. Mor;r6 6i ce, metjyru,u, npernocraBuru o6pnyro: A.a cy olu 6ui:r'na EPera,lntlutl, a MeAu ,.a cy noqilrLaJifl l4crotlao o,q,aile"'

II, 95, 3; yn, u Str. Vll, frg. 36. H. A., crp. 86 a .q,.-Ceao Aqraaap Hr4cam MorJra I(a Kaprr.t. Mg*A? je ro aoxalrrer Xaqarap na n'ecuo j o6am flvume, rpeKo nyra cena Cp. Kojnape? To 6u ogroeapalo oxof npeaasnoj aap:
aancxoi-rpauroj aonu Ha l-l,rrt+a rojy crrro HanpeJL KoHcraroBaru. e0)-V jearoi o.u_ner Morr4Jra roA 6eut Tene nalex ie Hosa[ rpana I-Iayraanjg, ruro rano!e yr<aayje Ha Besy ca Tpaxr,rjo,ri. st) Herponony cy orKpxntl h orxdnalN i:e.rauu, raxo ga je BeHe,f,.HKoB ilorao B,a Hclwra caMo caApxaj rpoOon a u l,a ce ocJroHH Ha
rrcKa3e ceJbaKa.

asl Thuk.

Apxeo,rOur<ra ,rnareprajaa, Aoxasyjyht4 TPaI{Krt KapaKTep oee o6,1acrv, st4rt4 nemoryhotrt oBy npyry nperrocraBl(y. h7) BeHe,u,14K6B, H. n., crp.84. Tercr oBor Baxuor HarrtIca.u.oHoc14Mo Hr.r)Ke, nor,r. Ileonuja, npurvr. 66.

86

MaxeAoncru tpal,oBu y prmcxo 4o6a

lpanuue MareAonuje

87

il Eoervruua (noruu Bapaap) ae VI _- V n. npe H. e. _-l[OcrpoBo) tra HHCy OBU HaJraSr.r u3 e[oxa TaKo yAaJbeHfix BpeMeHcKt4 Morna 6u ce uamely noMeHyTHx "u.aejy rpyfla noByhr{ rpaHr{ua, TaKo [,a 6u o1nacr PaAarbe npeicraBJbana najceaepuraiy apxeoJrorxKr4 yrapfeHy raqKy ueoHcKe KynTypHe o6lacru. Mefyrra,u, ta 6u ce cMarpaJro AoKaBaHHM ,qa cy ce fleonrlra paHraje npocrnpailu u AaJbe Ha ceBepy, norpe6no je y apejra rpaqr(r4x MorilJla y KoqeHcKo-KpaToBcKoM Kpajy orr(puTu neoHcKe rpo6oae. 3a pr4McKo (Uapcrco) Ao6a xoje Hac uHrepecyje, Marepajaa rojra je o6jasr,to Bene,(urcon je oL HaryHpe"qHe Ba)KHocrr4, jep ce Ha
ocHoBy rbena Moxe uonyhu npr,inavuo raqHo rpaHuua Hamefy MaKeAoHcxe (neoHcxe) r.r rpaqKe (rvreacxe) repraropraje: oHa ce r(peraJra ceBepHo oA Lllrlrna u Pa,u,arue u niltta npeMa ilcToKy BepoBaTHo firoaqranurloM Ka cpelrbem rorcy CrpHMoHa.

,torafai cranna y ao6a Xa4pujaHa uau AHronuHa |-Ir,tja, jep Ko]r, Ironervreja Tecarrraja neh ,ruHra cacraBHu Aeo Mare.q,onuje.es) He BHaMo Hr4rrrTa o paanogrrna nojra cy .(oBeJrH .u,o oBe a[MHHHcrpaTHBHe peopraHr4aaquje. Ono crarue ocraje na jyxnoj. npaHuuu cBe Ao [oaHoaHTurrxor Ao6a.
naj.u. Onaj ce

fpauuqe Maxe4ounje y

noaHopr{Mcr(om rlapcrBy

MaKeAoHcrcoj epr.r nonaeyje r.oKJIe je aonrpaJra Ha ceBepy MaKeAoHcKa flpoBnHu]rja.e2) O6nacT oxo yuha Crpyrvrnqe y Crpyruy (flerpnu, MenHHrc) npuoagana je Cranrraqu: r(oA MecTa Cn. Bpau, rAe cy nafeHr,r TparoBH BeJu{Kor aHlurrKor HaceJba, noraarayje ce ca MHoro BepoBarHohe rpa,u flaprrxonorn (n. Hrrxe [ornaBJbe

.u,o,runra

Crpuiuona, aehu 6poj Harnnca

Jl,aroBaHr4x tlo

TeK flocJre 358 r., a [a je y rbeMy ynorpe66en Ba ucTor{He AenoBe uapcrBa HeKr.r craplaju noflHc rra BpeMeHa rrocne KoHcraHTr4HoBe peQopme.eT) ,(onyurTa ce raxofe moryhnocr ta cy
HeKe npoMeHe uB Auorleurajanonor BpeMeHa 6n.ue yruHyre H lounuje noHoBo yBeAeHe.e8) Axo ce io uMa y aurf, onna je

fo.u,r.rHa BeJrr4Ke aAMr.rH14crparHBHe peSoprvre AuoxneqHjanoae (297) yer,lrvra ce o6uqHo xao ro.u,ana Ka,u,a je n nponnHu;ja MareAonnja cmameHa rHMe uro cy HB lbe r,rann6iene ,u,Be HoBe pr Honu Enr,rp. rpoBunur4je - Tecanraja Oso cralbe nojanrnyje HaM ce upBr,l ryr y nonucy rporuuquja- rtoaHaToM rto,u, HMeHoM Laterculus Veronensis, Kojrr, npeMa Mgnna_e_uy, g,aje cnrany uapcrBa nocJre ,(aoxaeqrajano-ne peQoprrne.e6) Mefyrram, nonrja _ucrpaxuBarla E. Schwartz-a noKaBaJra cy ,u,_a- je Laterculus Veronensis nacrao MHoto .aounuje,

Cuttil.urca). \ane Ha ceBepy, KoA ceaa Cyuruqe, Ha Ba[a,u,Hoj ' o6atu Crpramoua y 1tuswau HaBopr.tuTa Eperarnraue, .na[eH je HaTouc .u,aroBaH no Arrycroroj apu, utTo BHasH na je u oBa o6aacr ynasr4Jra y Marc9.aoHrajy.") He euaMo ,[a nr je cna ona
repHropraja npuna,qara Cuntuurr; BepoBaTHh,l-e je aa
cenepnr,tjra ,u,eo

MareaoHHje 6uo HaceJbeH MeAurua, c o6auporvr a,a je KoA cena Beruue (Heurro jyxnnje o,u, Cyurr,tue) aa6enexen eTHHKoH flerpcr8rlv6g, rojr Moxe uwaru BeBa c rpaAoM flerpa

1e

or_aj naj-

JacHo Aa ce Ha ocHoBy oBor,rI,oKyMeHTa He Moxe Hr4 rlplr6J'u,t](Ho ycraHoBuTr KaAa cy o6pasoBaHe ttpoBaHuuje Tecaauja u Honu Enup. Ocralu nortncrl npoBnHuuja- rojrarvra pacnoJraxeMo, a y Kojr4ma 99 HaJraBe Tecalraja Honu Enrap, cy cBu uoanujei

y Meguqr.r.ea)

AaryMa (Oecron Eperujapraj cacranrnen je oko iTZ r.,Iloleruirje Ur4nBHle clryxu.ce nonacoM o,u, oro 386 r., Notitia dignitatum

Hacrarra

je

xpajervr

o1tacrw uarrlely Crparrnona r Hecra. .(o.runa Hecra npunat^ana je Tparujr: Nicopolis ad Nestum (.u,aHarurtu Henpoxon) 6ao je
Tpar{K[
rpa.u.. cpe,u,LrHom II s. H. rpe H. e. ynaarJra

ro cnoj

llranuHcxu

BeHuH lTupuaa ra Eoe-Aara npercraBJbatu cy npunulg.l4 npapo.u,He rpaHnue MaxeAoHnje u Tpaxnje y

a HHKo r,r He [oMr,rr.xJba ,qa oBy KoHcraraqujy noTrpertr4 KaKBHM AoKaaama.ee) OvrarneaHo je Aa je cBu Bacluaajy na MonnaenoBonn

TanHo noHaBJba na

IV n.). i\1e!yrr,rnn, y nilTeparypa ce crepeoje npoBuHuraja Teca;rraja o6paaoaana 297 r.,

Ha jyxHoj rpaHuur4 nporHHqraje Marenonraje nacrara je e. BerrilKa flpomeHa: Tecaar,rja, rcoja je on27 r.

y npoBarrrlr4jy Axajy,

ilprlrJbyqeHa je MareAo-

je o6januo reha 6poj

Crpynu, rAe cy nalenu Harr,ucu raroBaHH Ha MaKeJloHcKr,r HaqaH. Jleqea cnouexr4Ka il3 oBor xpaja y Aze. BAVI l2 (1938). crp. 290 u tt., Jahresh, 29 (1934), Bbl. 171,30 (1936), Bbl.69 u a,., 3l (1939), Bbl. l2?. u n.
er) Tpe6a, melyrum, HarromeHyrr4,u,a Ha Kaprr4 ro,q, Jleqena uma je,u,no cero Cyurrua u r4crorlno oa Cs. Bpava, raKo Aa nuje jaoro oAaKne ynpaBo IIoTt{qe Hal'nuc. ea) Jl. Jleqear, I,lBn. BAU 12 (1938), crp. 287, 6p. 8. Liv. XL, 22, 12:

jr).[r^49I9p", Eauo,4apeHue orr, o6racrura na cpf,4na Crpy,ua, l,lts. BAl,l l3 (1939), crp. 190 li r., .rtoHocu Many cBl4x Mecra, na cpe,u.rroj

Maedicam regressus, urbem, quam Petram appellant, oppugnare est adortus (sc. Philippus)."

,,...irr

i,i#;l{ll-,

Roman creece,-crp. 438 n.g. llpro enrarpaScro cn'eao.ianciBo o npr4K.rbyuercy Tecarllie Makeaonnin laie Ham iarhnc rae Eepoie c noqerra fil a., Arch. Anzeiger 57 (1942) crp. l7O, 6p. g, cf. L. R6bi:rt, Hellenica V, crp.29 u n. eo) Mommsen, Verzeichnis der r<imischen Provinzen. Ces. Schrilten V, crp. 561 u a.. e) E._Schwartz, Ueber die Bischoislisten der Synoden von Chatcedon, Nicaea u. Konstantin-opel, A-blr_aqdt. d, laygf. Akaa. tggZ, crp. 7g n n.; A. H. M. Jones, l'he- Dale and Value of the Verona [ist, JilS 4q OgS+)Zi u t. Mucltu nucjtri aa je ILatercutus veronensii- ro-iio'*ni'"dyi"" usmely 312 u 320 r. W. Ensslin, The Reforms of Diocletian, CAH XIt, crp. B92. ::) 9J.ne.nurom es) r remerbnou r{ranKy o Tecaniju V RE f f'. 'stiilrlin, ! Hiller v. Uaertringen, Gaertringen, G. Lippold), pumcr6 Ao6a, tjppo!_d), pumcKo napoqirro no3HoptrMcKo, no3Hopr.rMcKo, no6a, a Hapo'{t4ro nPercraBJba jeaan appendix. Cne- je 'rexurure 6a,iei{o Ha KJracuqHu h xerepuo,u,, r.rcro Kao u y qIaHKy o MaxeAosaia (ceyer) r.r Enrapy

ss) Brandis, s. v. Achaia,Rq | crp. Ig4; Ceyer, crp.767 u t.; Hiller v.^Caertringen,.!rv. Th6satia 0q93) Re Zw. n. VI (iSaOi crp. t'BS. Larsen,

t.

rij^.

^"";;;;;;;

88

Mare.u.oHcrr4 rpaJloBH

pr,tmcro Ao6a

l"pauuue

4uSLoryj"

8q

.u,aroBalby noMeHyTor flonuca npoBl4Hunja. Irlnar nocroju ienaH MoMeHar, [oc.a.q HeBanaxeH, xoju roBopx 3a To 4a ie Tecaarja ,u,oucra oAnoiena on Mare.u.onraje uon Aaor<neuujanom. I-losHoaHrt{qKu LIBBoptt rtomrrby,[,sa rpa,u,a .(raorlequiano-

xoja he noquraje npeoBrralarv, a npema..Kojoj ce anne Tecalr.rje nporerno u na nehu Aeo Mare4oHraje.loa) Aarz flporconaie nnie je.qrann rojra cranrna ,(uorneqrajanonorn ra Kaacapejy y Tetarujy.
Irl

noJba Ha repuroprajr4 HeKaAaurle ManegoHraje: jegHo BpeMe' HaKO I,rSrJreAa KpaTKOTpaJHO, HOCI4ra le TO I4Me CTapa MaKe.lI,oHCKa fipecroHrrua l-lera, a TaKo ce- BBao il rpa[ xo_jr'r je ,(uorneur'rian roArrao rco.u, Kacropraje.loo) 9unw MH ce l,a 6u y Hajmaruy pyry Suao qyAHo, aKo He ra nennoryhe, Aa y r.rcroj - npoaHnurajra ABa rpaAa no6ujy t4cToBpeMeHo HcJo ume. Eu.tlo je napaBHo l4croumeHilx rpa,rr.oBa y Mareaourajr.r- (AnolouniA, Xeparcaejd, AnrnroHrajd), ailu oHLt cy ttpufia!.atu o6lacturua rcoje cy Y no6a

hemo

nuje Xuiepor(JroB crucaK rpa.u.oBa I-lpae Marce4onaje, rtpnMerr4-

-ro4 Xrajepoxna

r4MaMo

to

r.rcro.lob) t-lorneaarvr<i'

ln

[axJbr4-

ocHr,rBarba rpaAa uonuTt,tqKa 6rzre jour oLaojeHe, uauIY peAoBHo HeKU ettHTeT Ba pacnoaHaBalbe. Taxo 6ncmo HoclrJrr4 yB ilMe sa .(raorrnequJaHonoJbe (fleay ra Kacroprajy) oI{eKI4BaJIH .u.a ce HaJIa6yty HeqHM .paant{KoBa.Hu jeqan o.u, fipyror, aKo at4ln4 y ucroj ttpoB,tlrUl4Ju, atu Tora y Haul4m, Ao,u,yme ocKyAHI4M r4BBopHMa HeMa. Saro MHcJluM Aa ce Ha ocHoBy Tora uTo ce

il

cy

TecaaHjra

noJtHrHyT 6una o.qn-ojena o.u, rj. aa ie jenau firaorcleuujanonorn 6iao no,L,ulqyr y Tecal.uju, a Jlpyrt4 y Maregonr,lira. To BHaqr4, AaJbe, Aa ie Tecalr,tja Kao caMocraJlHa [poBl'lHllt4ja 6um o6paaonana seh yog AraoraeuujaHorvr. y ,u.o6a KoHctaHtuHa flocBe.rloqeHa HaM je nnrarpono,rraja y Jlapuclz.lol) 14 To roBop]l Ba To .u.a je y ro no6a Tecanraja 6una noce6na nponranqHja. fipralltrom ognajarsa Tecanraje oA Marce,qonHje, npurJbyqeHe cy Honoo6paaoBaHoi npoauuuair.r jyxcre ra jyroaanaAHe o6aacTn Mare.u,onuie. flpervra l-lporonrajy, tPfl.u, Karacapeja, xoju je Jy-crnHr.rjaH o6nilnno, HaJIaaHo ce y_Tecaauju. Keparvronytoc h Benc .u,oKaBaJIH cy IIa je onaj rpa.q 6uo KoA .u,aHaurber ceJla. Kecapuje, Ha nenoi o-6aaw XaauarrtnoHs, Y pauaje nnaxeAoncxoj o1tacru ErHmuotu Lt4.'o') I-lpoxonraje cTaBJba y Tecanrajy Lr MaJlonpe noMeHyTr4 AroraeuujaHonon xo.u. jeaepa Kac_ropraja. Mefyrr'rrvr, H o6nhcr Kacropraje rpt4flaAarla je panuje Maxe.u,onnir, o.u,rlocHo

.(r,roireuujaHonorn-I(acropaja roMt4rte louHraje y nponnnuujn Moxe BaKJbyqHrf .rq ie neh npraruroM lberoBor ocH14-

Baba repraropuia Ha rcojoi

je

Maxe,u.onaje r.r npHnataila Tecanuiw,

Hamehe ce BaKJby'{a_K Aa ce y Jycrunujanono" uo6a tpaHuua u3Meby upoBr,rHrlr.rje Marceaonraje ra nponunquje Tecannje nraje noFy{apana_ca rbrrxoBHM eTHr,tr{KuM u ucTopt cKr4M rpaHHqarua, neh je Tecaar,ja odyxnaTata u panraje MareAoHcre o6aacrra-Eairvre;y u Opecrr.r4y. Alwr- w_ aa V n. pacnoJlaxeMo jennrann cBeAoqaHcrBoM o ToMe na je Kar.rcapeja flpHna,(ana Te'camiu: na EOecKoM KoH\wny (449) uoruucao ce ,,Theoctistus caesariae Tliessaliae episcopus"106).. IIouro je, rvre$yraru, .(r.lorcleqrajauono.r oA caMor uoqeTKa, Tl. on cBor ocHr4Batta, 6uo y np_onuHqrzjra Tecalnjr, Je BepoBarHo Aa cy Ernmuora na v Opecrraia npranojeire lo Tecaarajra nprnr4no* menbr ua.unajama Kao eace6'e' npbnrnifrl" u ga je. aeh ot ror BpeMena rpanuqa uanne[y Tecalrije , tvtiKeAoHUje r4arneAana oHaKo Kao r{ nol JycruirrajaHorvr. I-lpuauv_uo c,rypaH terminus ante quem ea o6pasoBarbe BpeMeHa nocxe KoHcraHruHoBe cMpTr,r (337;ra"y. V rom HTrrHepap?jy ea6jnexen je racrovHo oJr, Jiraxnuga '(6dJ,3) ,,fin;s Mace_ et Ephyri". v .upyrom HrHHepaprajy (ltinerArium Anronini), 99lirg r(oJH Je, KaKo ce Mucnu4, Hacrao y .(raorcneuujaHono Lo6a an-n HMa Kao yaop. Her(y craprzjy xapry108), MareaoHuja ce npyxa

peqlt-o

.(raorlequjaHonoro

ra L rbeMy Hrrcy BacTynJbeHe il.rje"qHraru rpaabr* Op. c'tiu,.a, nu trlumeja, yflpaBo one o6lacru y rcolrama cy ce HaflaSuJtH

ni

rpeuur

H[r

u Kaacapeja. Ilperraa- rorue, He r,loxe 6uru Ko.[ flporouraja, HH Ko,u, Xajeporna. Hanporan,

je nacrao 33314 _r., ailh uwa, [peMa

npoBr.rHurrle^_t]9ru Enrap gaje Harvr ltinerar[um Burdigalir\se, roju Ky6raver<y, Io]arar a u uB

je, nnelynam, o4aojeHa.

oA ,(pava

AnoroHraje-.uri Tohufia na peuu

Heciy. Tea;;;j;

ruare/roncroj o6tacrvt Opectngu.lo3) TaQen o6jaumara


roo;

oBe

V ucro BpeMe Kan. u y ltin. Hier. [ocBe,u,oqeH je Honra r rnwp u .Ha Je,quonn HaTnrlcy ua OxpHga, Ha KoMe ce crlomr{rre rr(ir) p(erfectisjimus) [pra]eses pqov(incia.) N;";i;j as_gllriq trprrr Dalmatorum.".lo,n)
D^(ominis)- n(ostris) (duobus) [co]nstanrio Rug(usio) constanrio 'punr. lLaes(an)J. . .". Wea tora ,u,oJra3e gna ua6pHcaHa Meby_

floqetax HaTnHca ByiHfi r{rlTa oBaKo:

llporourajeBe noAaTKe MeuabeM crape HoMeHi(ralype ca HoBoM, nort.


B, aa l-leny norJraBJbe Bolliuaia, sa JlHorleuujanonom-Kacropr,ia
OpeciiiuAa. toi; Ct. rur) tU,J. Il, p. 103. Chr. lt, Or. Lnr. Cf. Lequien, Ur. r02) Proc. de aed. toz) (ed. Haury, p. 1.V,274 (ed-. aed. 1V,274 P.

N. -5ees, Bees, Z Lu-m^mazell3). lliJ]. N. Byz.-Neugricih. JahrUiicher donischen Bistum Kaisareia. Byz.-Neugficih. Jahrbiicher l0 (-1933), ctp. 436 u a. A. Keramopulos, Wo-lag die- Kcrroapeia des Proco-pius ? Actes du (14aa' 6AH), Co$rzl, 1935, bvzantines (l4aa' EAH), CoSrzl, IV CongrEs ConsrEs International des Etu-des byzantines lV E'tuueia. il florJlaBJbe Eauueja. n a. B. r 407 ra crp. 4tii cro, ro3) Proc. de aed. lV, Z7A (ed. Haury, p. ll2). A. Keramopulos, 273 (6d.
'Opaoorbv "Apyo6
Aror).qeiavoiro)rr6

2350

tm; Hier. 642, tl-_12.' 106) Lequien, Or. Chr. II, p. I35. 107) Kubitschek, s. v. Itintirarien. RE lX fi9t4) 23.54 toa; Ibid. 2BB7 u a. Cf. Itin. Ant. Att,-!;A24, t_2f gfg, A. npouununja Epirus Vetus cnoMnlbe ce y lrinerarium ivtdritiii,r'n,-ia]-6."'cilit;;I'i6;''{ .q,aroBabe oror cnuta ilcro raKo necn.ypuo, cr rcuiiriJcii.k,-r]'"., H!^ie

,-) T"fel, Via

Egn.

crp.

45. 46.

Byz.-Neugriech.- Jahr- Kaoro[la. Opectfiuaa" u .[. B. r norraBrbe blicher 9 (1932), crp.56

. loe),B)raufi, Qororpagujom.

u np.

48.

Cnomenrzn

7l (lg3l\, 6p.

260

u 75 (lgBB), 6p.

174 ca

00

MareAonckr rpaJloBr,r y pumcro ao6a EnHpa nocnaro

lpauuue Mareaonuje

9l

Tr4M, KoM6uHatluja Asa Uapa KoHcranquja, jeAnor aBrycTa u jeg,nor rleaapa, nuje nocrojaaa. I-lpema ctuql nojy je Bynuh flpr4noxlro cBoMe H3.[a[by, MorJro 6n ce [oMr4cJrr4TH Aa MecTo ,,Constantio" ctojn y npBoM, a Mox,u.a u y o6a,una pe[a ,,Con-

Jluxnun ce

'rapy HaJra_3il

I-lpononraiy.113)

ToM cnyvajy rvroryhe cy oBe xoru6nnauraje: l) aro je y nuTarby KoHctaHtun I, rao aBrycT, H Konctantun II, Kao IIeBap, HaTnrc 6u 6uo r4B BpeMeHa uarvrely 317 r., raga je Koncraurr.rH ll nocrao ueaap, n 324 r., ra.ua je 14 rberoB 6par KoncraHqr.rje .u.o6r.ro ucTy ruryty i 2) c o6aaporvt na cy JI,Ba peAa ua6pucana, nnire HcKJbyqeHo .u,a je y veraprorvt pely cTa]ano lou Je,(Ho rrMe, a y npBoM PeItY, ca cBaKe cTpaHe [ocBere ,,D. D. N. N." jou no jea,Ho ,,D" n ,,N'. Harnuc 6u oH[a Morao 6util uocsefieu KoncraHTr,rHy I Anrycry, KoHcranrrauy II lJ,eaapy r KoncraHqr.rjy II l-[eaapy, rj. norr4uarn uB BpeMeHa uarvrefy 324 u 333 r., ra4a je r.r najrvrna$u 6par KoncraHc .u.o6uo rr4Tyxy ueaapa ; uM je rvrorao 6uru u ,rB BpeMeHa Kara cy cBa rpn 6para, Koucrantrn ll, Konctanuuje II u KoncraHc 6unvt asrycrn, rj. uarvrefy 337 u 340 r. Hr,rje Mn ja*ro

stantino", ca rr.rrarypom @.

jennornr u-aneLurajy xoir,t

JIany $57-a79.":) 14 npenna Xrajepoxly y onoj npoBl4Hunju.."') Vlcro raKo H npeMa C rum ce He crlaxe ieauno onaj noAa-TaK: y

noclao naura Xoptvtraaay 519 r. nojaarnyjy ce H Lignidonenses.lra) Vrorano ce ,,episcqpus Praevalitanus" cxBaT14 Kao ,,MllTpotIoJIl4T IlpenarnraHe", Morno 6u ce 14B oBor saKJbyquTra .ua_ie JIuxnuA rala ynaarao y IIpeBailvTaTy. Ha neay JlnxnlaAa ca flpenaautanorvr
cno

je

,,Andreas episcopus Praevalitanus"

yriaayje
nrvre
u

HVJI4

cnyvajy, onaj naruuc cBeAor{r,t aa je .u.BaAecerux utu Tpn,u,eceTux


roAuHa

[rTa BHaqlt pe,t ,,Dalmatorum" Ha Kpajy


JIuxHaAa.

HaTrlr4ca.

V caaxom
.u,a

o6yxnarara u repulopr4jy

IV n. uocrojaaa nponuHlqraja Hoslr EuHp u

je ona

C onuru BaKJbyIlKoM y [poTl4Bypel{Hocrn je no,u,aTa6, cBera HeKonHKo roAHHa mra$a oA nainnxer ,[aryMa xojra gonyuLra
ooMeHyrn oxpn.u,cKr4 HaT[r4c, ga je ronqr4ny

Cap,u.uuu (343) npn-

Jbyjy H r,pyre npoBaHultje na [4crorcy ca ennTerom salutaris."') V r,rcroru uaBopy y KoMe HaM je npBL nyr ga6elexeHa lVlacedonia salutaris ce janrna, Ha rpyroM Mecry, rao neh yxn-

jyiucararcur,tjy enncronraje rcaxo fipenarraraHe TaKo ta Hosor Euupa. Her,qe xpaiervr IV n. MareAonuja je noneJbeHa y ABe rponr.rHquje. V Notitia dignitatum (Or. p. 3) Macedonia (V yxeM cnwcty unu Macedonia Prima) Ha:naau ce me[y nponuHqujama upe@enrype l{nupurca noie r.rrvrajy KoHByJIapa 3a HaMecHHKa, AoK ce Ha qeny flpoBranur.rje Macedonia salutaris, ibid. p. 5, Halasr praeses. V- crapujaM no[Hct4Ma [poBl4Hutaia pfiMcror uapclnal16) uponr.trqraja Macedonia salutaris ce He ctloMl4rbe. llpervra MomaeHy 6yne o6paaonaHa oxo 386 r., Ka,u,a ce n-ojaq; ona je MorJra

jep ce

np

BHa

il\rt t .Y n T a rb y j e n e ra u p K B e H o - a,u, MJ4 H L crp-a-r T n_, l_. 1 1l Aa je g.ouHl4]e Apa'rKa Ml4Tpononh)a uuana noJI. cBoly
14

r.r uonaTaK I4B j xoi oipat 6rt flp6Be).tg eta?,.eiro 11 'A1pi6a.'15)

Cuucrona rpa,u,oBa xoju cy

n-PoqeI-lo

la

cycrBoBao enrcKorr ,,Dionysius de Macedonia de Lychnido.s1l0) He enam KaKo ce oBo Moxe .qoBecril y cKna.u, c oHHM ruro je Hanpe.u, peqeHo., \a nw je Jluxnra,u, Ha 6lrro rojrax paerora 6uo npafieu npoBHHrlr,fjra Mare.uouujw, wnw je uprneHa aAMr4Hr4crpauuja sa,4pxarra sacTapeJry IIonnTuqKy HoMeHKnarypy ? ono. je apyro
BepoBaTHHje
TeK

6nna olpagoBaHa npooraHuuja Honra Enup, ycneA r{era, y no6a Cap4raurcor KoHrlHJra, Ta jouL cacnLrM cxopaurba npoMeHa Haje 6ura cupoBeAeHa 14 Ha upKBeHoM uoiby. Irla.uaajaruem Hosor Enupa MareAoHujr je apahsHa lbeHa

u ronopuno 6u y nprror Mr4rxJberu,y .u,a je aaracra y KoHcrautnHoBo BpeMe, a ne 297 r., KaKo ce o6il,IHo ysrrMa,

Hyra npoBraHuuja: Not. dign. Or. p. l4 Hervra nponranqriy Macedonia salutaris xao eace6Hy [poBl4H4rajy, neh je jeaaH [beH Aeo rtoBeaaH ea Hosn Enup, Apyt'H sa flpeaaJ]t4TaHy, TaKo Aa jenaH yilagv y MaKeAoHcKy, a ,u,pyrn y .u,aqKy nraieu.esy.118) 9urueHuqa ,u.a ce oHa cnoMr4rbe Kao floleJbeHa, a HI4Je JeAHocTaBHO H3OcraBJbeHa, yxaayje Ha To ga raj no.[aTaK norl4qe Lrg BpeMeHa orMax flocJre [beHor yrn.u,alba. Ha ocnony caMe Notitia dignitatum He Moxe ce ycraHoBI4TI4 KaAa ce ro "loro,uuJlo, jep je onaj cut4c, HacTao BepoBaTHo y nocretrrboj geueuHju IV n., Tpfleo uBMeHa u Ir,onyHa cBe Ao oro 425 n.11e) Mox.u,a rpe6a BHAeTr4 ietaH terminus ante quem y nrcMy nane lzlHoheHrHja I

crapa _erHHqKa rpaHuua Ha HcToxy. Irlaro cy B14rue o.u, qerr4pr.l nexa 6uau y oKBupy MaKe.[oHcKe npoBnHuuje, uaupcrcn rpajenu cy r(yJrTypHo r{ eKoHoMcKH oAyBeK 6uau opwjeHrucanu npema Batta,u,y, npema ,.(aarvrarlr.rjn. JeAr,rHo najr,rctovnujr rrr,lxonu ,u,eJIoB14 oKo Jlnxnu,u,a rioju cy jour Ba BpeMe MaKeAoHcKe caMocraJlHocrn noBpeMeHo yJlagurtu y cacraB MaKeEoHcKe Apxaser6unu

ue 402 n., ynyheHoM conyHcKoM MuTpononary Anuchiy, y KoMe ce Ha6pajajy cne npoBliHunje lrlcrovHor lrllu.puxa roje rpe6a .u,a
ury lbid.
113)

rrz; Hier. 658,

g.
18.

cy y

og ManegoHr.rie. ra VI a. rpauraua nennely Marcetonraje ra Honor Enupa 14uJIa je r,lerJle.na ncro raKo LrcrorrHo o.u, J]uxHpr4a. ,,'Avr<i:vtog txifxoroc, Au1vi6ou" norflr.rcao je nucrvro roje je ca cuHoAa Honor
VV
KynTypHoM rorneJly BaBacHH
lro) Lequien" Or. Chr.

tt*; Mansi Vlll, 449 sq. 1r5) Hier. ed. Burckhardt, App. I, 3. u6) JlaroBatte oBilx ctilca xnje curypno; B. Harpea crp.

Proc. anecd.

ll,

p.

285.

tta; Not. dign. Or. p. 14: ,,Praevalis et pars Macedoniae salutaris", ,Epirus Nova et pars Macedoniae salutaris". ttsl Cf. Polaschek, s. v. Notitia dignitatum, RE XVll (1936) 1085, I096.

crp.

uz) Mommsen, Verzeichnis der romischen Provinzen, Ges. Schr. V,


509.

87.

tsz

MareAoncrcu rpa.u,oBu

y puficKo

ao6a

lpauaue Mareaonr.rje

93

ce.rroHoBo noiauryje npoBHHUr.rja Macedonia secundi. ne anamo, ruefyrrrvr, xa.qa ie .u,ouno Ito re HoBe no.u,ere. v anrunna XarKer,oHcKor ca60pa (451), Ha KOMe je nope.u, KnrHrura XeparJrelcKor, SaMeHHKa conyHcKor MuTpotlorura, 6nlo eacrynJbeHo lgtu _uregT MaKeAoHcKt4x enuqronuja (Quaunu, .(o6ep,, cup, Cro6u, fl.apruxouor, Eapra.rra), aa-Oenbxena j6 ridpea uMeHa enncronuje cBa-KH nyr u. rbeHa.nprnaAHocr nponr,|Hilraju Mare-

9yay rorqurbeHe conyHq<oj apxuenacr(onuivr t4 y KoMe HeMa MareAonuje salutarir.rzo) 4l z r.' vlnoheHrnje nonaeJba ro lrcro HoBoM conyHcroM erracKorty Py@y. V csaKotur clyvaiy osa Macedonia salutaris nuje 6um Ayra BeKa. .(ouuuje. je Mare.(oHtrja - oner noAejbeHa 14 y pBBopHMa

goauiw Prima (Mcrxe6ovia( s,).rrr) Irla rora, ,rnegyrr.lnn, He cJreAr.l o6aseeHo Aa cy- y ro Bpeme 6rre ABe MaKeAoHcKe nponuHqrje: o6erexasarre Mcrxe8ovicrg a'Morro ce BpuHTra no rpinulvtju.irrl V roru cryuajy naK Mopa ce Aorycr.uTt4 La cy no6pojaHa lnecri p_aHuJe, rrprdnuKom npBe no.q,ene Maxegonr.rje, yilaluta y flpsy

qe"nnn.123) l-lpervra ro_{e!- rcpajervr

Marenonujy. [^ne Mareaonuje cromr4rbe nol, 482

Upr.peHy Bnacr HoBoocHoBaHe apxuenHcKonraje lustiniana Prima.12a) Mefyrrarvr, .u,eceT roAr4Ha ,qoqHraje y Hoieau CXXXI He 545 r. rbe oner nenna.125) JeAuHl.r r4aBop rcojr HaM ceM uMeHa aaje u KoHKperHux no,q,aTaKa _B-a .yrBpbr4B_qlb-e repHropuje flpne r,l'fipyre Mare,uonnje jecre Xr,rjepoxae. Xr.rjeporcloBo cBe.u,oqaHcTBo o,(Hocr ce Ha xpaj V 14 ooqeTaK VJ 8.126) Ilon}zruafiemo'najnpe Jla Ha ocHoBy

Macedonia secunda je je,[Ha oA npoBr4r,urlu xoj,-; qap craBrba

roHoBo no[eJbeHa.

u SIT r. comes MapV n. Mar<e,u,oHraja je neh 6r,rna V Hoserra XI qapa Jycrnnijala ua S3S r.

IoA

rLera o.[pe,(r,rMo, KoJrr,rKo je ro moryhe, rpaHr4ue ,Ilpyre MareloHuje, na fiemo ce oH,[a ocBpHyrr.t Ha rtuTarbe ,u.a nu je rcre rpaHuue MorJra uwaru u Macedonia salutaris, xoja nam je no3Hara Ha npenaBy ua IV y V B. O.q ocaru rPalona xoje XrjepoKne cTaBJba y .(pyry MaKeAoHr4jy, TaLIHo cy noKanHBoBaHu caMo Cro6u, Ha yruhy EpuroHa, u Baprara, Ha cpeArbeM ToKy Eperannuqe.r2T) fipu6JrrrxHo ce Mory JroKarril3oBatr Apr, jyxuo o.q Beaeca (cero Cravunqu), flenaronuja, Ha AotueM Eparony, u AcrpawoH, oKo ltaBoplruTa Crpymraue.1z8) KereHrAun rz AprvroHr,rja cy rroTrtyHo HenoBHaTr4 rpa[oBr4, a Sauapa je uoaHara joru caMo no rome uro je ruen enHcKoI] ca'unujaa.o,q6rao Aa yllecTByje lra V eryrraencKoM ca6opy."n) Beuer,unoB craBJba cBa Tpu oBa rpaga, npeMa pe[y KaKo cy HaBe,q,eHa rog Xnj^e^poKJra, ceBepouc-roqHo oA Baprale, Luro je BepoBarHo rTaeHo.130) [Ipervra roMe, Macedonia secunda o6yxnatara je, ronrKo ce I4B Xrjeporcnoaa CauerAeiua Mox(e Br4era, cpe[rbr.r rox Bapnapa (Apr, Crodu, AcrparaoH), gorur rorc EpuroHa (fielaroHraja) r Ueo 6peralnuuKa cJnlB (6aprala, KereuuluH, Apruonuja u 3anapa). V .l-lpnoj Mallenonr,rjr,t gcrgly rao najceaepHrajra rpaloru: Xeparcreja (ron 6urora), ,(o6ep (y .u,orllrHtr Crpyrvrnqe), flapruxonoro (no.u Cs. Bpava, y [otuwu Crpyrvre), Hnje jacno KaKo crBap crojra ca Bana,[Ht4M Ae.-rom ceBepne Mare,u,oHraje. I-lelanonnja ce nporesaJra Ha HcToKy :to Jlunrecta ra ,.(eypnona. M6xna je ona y ro BpeMe o6yxBaTaJra r{ oBy [ocJlegrby cnncxy.13l)

6epa (Heurarono Ko.[ flpralena) He cfloMalbe O6nacru oKo roprber


FbeHe

o6tacr,

ur,tira

ce rJraBHr4 rpa[ Cry-

y XrajepoKJroBoM

orig. chrdt. dans les prov. danub., crp. 86g u a. E. Schwartz, H. r., crp. I0. Clnuau c.nyvaj 14MaMo H Mansi lX, Eg2 A:,,Amphipoleos primae -- -,22). (n. nornanr.,e Eaouuta u Iluepuja, npui- 42i. V ,uo6a V exyMacedoniae" MeHcKor ca6opa (553), r.ro vraiux je aKara ys6r'oiraj no.foarax, nuje nruie nocroja-na Macedonia secunda, na rlnaK ce aa A,nsilnoJb Kaxe 'aa je y I-lpuoj Mare.u.onuju. . . tzl) ,lY.l_ur.. Cqll, Chronicon, p. 933: ,,utramque Macedoniam depopulatus est", il p. 939: ,,duae tunc Macedoniae,,. tzrl Nov. Xl: ,,Ut Primae lustinianae patriae nostrae pro tempore sacrosanctus antistes non solum metropoliianus, sed etiam archiepiscopus fiat, et certae provinciae sub eius Sint auct6rjtate, id est tam ipia mediterranea Dacia quam Dacia ripensis nec non Mysia'prima et Dariania et Praevalitana provincia et iecunda Macedonia et'pars secundae Pannoniae, quae in Bacensi est civitate,. . 125) Nov. CXXXIr cap. lll: ,,Tdv 6i rstA rcrtpdv pcrapr<irrarov tippeziororrov- ri16 ilpdrtrlg 'rooo:r'rav{; r{E lper6pcrE rcrrpiDoE d1err. ded ur,i, -ri., otrefcr, 8rrcrro6ooiq\r roirE 6mor6ror:; rriv 6rapxrt6v Dacicri mediterranecrg rui Daciag ripensitrg, Praevale<,-,E rcri pz1dzpic,g rcri Muoicr6 r{E dvor6pai rcti flcrwovfaq, rcrd ncrp' curor5 ro6ro1; lerporoveio,)cfr . . .., 'crrlca, r. Honigmann, Le Synek_. 126) O .u.aroearby Xr.rjepox"roBor 12,)

ru). Z_elller, Les

il g,orber roKa EperanHraqe, HacrarparrKuM eJreMeHToM, Htlcy ynasuJre Ba BpeMe PaHor rlapcrBa y nponuuqujy MareaoHujy (n. crp. g3 n.). OHe cy najflpe caqr4rbaBaJre .u,eo Tparuje, a 4ounuje, nocne o6paeoaarra Cpenoeemue .(anuje, npuKJbyqeHe cy onoj nponranqHjH. I'pa.u
371
"r.oHcKor ca6opa,
r2,) tze;

Eaprara, HajjyxnHju or rpaloBa oBe o6nacru, npunaaao je r. joru ynerc .(anuju. ,(oqnnie, cya.ehra no aKTr4Ma Xarre-

on

ynaau
oBr4x

y tlpny

Mane.u,onrajy: BepoBaTHo

B. noriraBJ6a ITeouuja u fietaronuia. rze) Mansi, lX p. 199 D.: ,,...ad Sabinianum reverendissimum ep. Zaparenae civitatis, Illyricianae dioeceseos. , . No! posse venire eo quod
non praesto est archiepiscopus Benenatus.'{

O roKa,rr43oBaby

rpa1oBa, B. rrorJraese lleonuja.

Ilpyre Mare,uosrie: ceBepHo o,u. Enrorsa u Muretroaa (l,lnomeHa Ha Bap,qapy), 3ana.u,Ho o.u, tycrengula (Ilayraruia) u jyxuo o,u. Cronrsa. Cne je ro raqHo, aJrr4 lier.oBoJbHo oapebeno. Ve Bapaap, rparlllua je Aonupara 6ap ao,llemupKanrrje, jep ie rreJra AoJIr4Ha Crpymraqe 6uaa je y l-lproj Marenonnjra. 3arulrr oH ,ronalueyje 3anapy y o6aacru Jlynxu[e, a oBa ce
o.u. hycreng.ura!
HaJraBr4 Hcrosgo

130) BeHeArron, Eapravla. PaexonKr4 H rpoyqBarll,fl I (1948) crp. lr JI.! B. HHxe norJrasme lleonuja.

.:

83

!31) BeHeJluKoB, H. M., oBaKo rroBJraq14 rpaHUrle

dEmos

d'HiiroklBs p.

r,r

a.

94

Mare.u,oHcrr{ rpaAoBr4
npranrarcor4

y puucro

ao6a Marceaouraie

fpannue MareAonuje

95

je

He SHaMo .qa Jru je ona o6yxnatara il qeny 6peralnHvr(y o6nacr (ca Sanapom, Apnnonnjorr,r n KelenoMepeHa rrpeMa ceBepy.
nr.r,uanon).

no,(ene MareAoHuje rpaHrrua [Ipne

Ba;rHTaHr4, BaKJbyrrpro Aa ie u Macedonia secunda, xojy oH Kao n cBV ocTailv HayqHr,rur4 cMaTpa uAeHTI4tIHoru ca Macedonia sa-

Iutaris, o6yxnararra caMo yaaHn nojac rpeMa Enrapy ra ,(apa,a-

Macedonia salutaris c ripaja IV r. HHje 6rala L4cronpoBHHqujonn Macedonia secunda c ripaja V n. Ha raj r4crr,r BaKJbyqaK Hac HaBoAn 14 rla1beHuua .qa je [pr4JIr4KoM yr(u,u,arba npBe uponuHquje, rbeHa repr,lropr.rja npHnaJra .qeJrom flpenaluTaHrr, a AeJroM Horonn Enapy, KaKo ce Bu4tl uB Notitia dignitatum. To, nnefytunn, Hraje rvroryhe npernocTaBr4Tt, ea nponran4ujy Macedonia secunda. Karco sawncluTt4 na cy Cro6u, uan var BapraJra n Sanapa, MorJril 6uru npurJbyqeHn flpenalur anu unu Honona EuHpy? Karnor cmucJra je rvrorra vwaTu Ta ycKa rpaxa roja ce cpe.u.r.rHonn EalxaHa npyxaJra oa JaapaHcror Mopa 1,o Crpunnona? Macedonia salutaris xpajenn IV u na [oqerr(y V n. mopala ie o6yxnararu BeMJbe Ha ceBepoaalla.qHoM AeJry Maxe4onuje. LLIra nurue, MeHr,r ce qrHta Aa cy ceM MaKe,u,oHcKe repHropHje y rbeH cacTaB Moparn yhvt n ,uenoBu cyce4r-rr4x rrpoBr4Hur4ja Honor Enupa, I-lpenarnTaHe, a Mox.u,a ra .(ap,uanerje (y cnyuajy,u.a uraje paHuje nocrojena eaje.uHaI{Ka rpaHuua ilBMeby Maxeaonr.rje a flpenarurane). Iocle yKfiAaba Maxg.u,oHr,rje salutaris npahenr.r cy noleJlHHr4 rbeHH .u,eJroBH [poBr4HuHJaMa KoJr4Ma cy paHrrJe npr4nap,atut, npu qeMy je, napanno, MorJIo nohra H .u,o troMeparba rpaHr4ua. Kana je nocre4rsrx aeueHHja V n. noHoso o6paaonaHa .r.pyra Maxe.u,oHraja (Macedonia secunda), y rby cy yKJbyqeHe
npoB14Hur4ja

Arco je oBa o6racr ce y XuiepoKnoBoM cnucry - Koja[pr4nHKoM Harratsu.y Apyroj Marce.(oHnjn ttpBe noleae Ma. xegoHuje upr4nana l-lpnoj MarcelouujrE, oHAa je ovurle.(Ho Aa
BeTHa

nujq."t)
oH

ca

roJba (AprvroHuja: Apamarura raannefy Euto.rna u Octpona, 3anapa: I{anapu, 13,5 rrvr Baua.u,Ho o.u Braro.ra), raro Aa, npeMa FberoBoM cxBararby, rpanuua uarvrely ilpne r.r ,(pyre MareAonnje u,ue jyxno ol Butorna 14 ueo ror Epunona ynaSu y Macedonia secunda. Tpe6a HapaBHo npHBHarI4 Aa ce, y BpeMe KaAa je nracao onaj BacnyxHt4 HayqHI4K, KoMe T0JIHKo ayryjervro ea
vHanpeberue MaKe.u.oHcKe Tonorpa$Hje,

je

flpr,lrvreruyiyhra Ha ry. MaKe.u,onujy XujepoKJIoBe no.u,arxe, JroKaJrlrsoBao MecTa Apnnonraja u 3auapa y 6msuuu Erz-

Cto6u

HaJraBe, ,u.orc je .u,aHac, apxeoJlor.xKI4M HcKonaBatblrMa,

je4na BHano rr.e ce il

saxnarnyjyhu HoaHIvl HaJIaBITMa H MHoro uTa [ocTano JacHI{Je. 3aapxanajyhra TonnarxexoBy ll.u,enruSr,lnaur,ljy 3anape ca ;laHaurrbuM l-[auipu xon EHrorna Kao chrypHy a cranrsaiyhr'r fielaronuiy ron Eutona, Xonnrman je y ,cnorvre u3,[arbY Xuie-

poKJra, Ha Kapru Forma Imperii Byzantini II, raxole noByKao npvrpaHuuy raa.trefy .u,nejy Mareronuia iyxno oA Enrorua att4 x.rryuyjyhra ,(pyroj MaxeAoHnja u flpecnaHcxy_o6lact Hirax ceBepHo on JIepHna r,u,e oH rIoKaJILsyie Xeparlejy. Xo-

Hr{rMaH

$rarcoaarre Aprvrouraje ca ApamaHJlr, a l4cro TaKo HaBoALl 14 Henoryhe O6epxyrvrepgBo u.u,enru@r,tKoBarue Mecra Kerenu,u,un ca cpeJI,rbeBeKoBHr,rM Kleu,(raon, .u,aHac Krnyv, Ha rtoAHo4y Belacuqe, HaKo ce Ha KapTI4 florrlyHo npaBHJIHo .u,oJIHHa Crpymuqe
nairaar,r 14

He npuxBaTa,

aJIw

tt ue on6pria ToMaruenoso

HAeHTH-

y llpnoj Maxe.u,oHuira."n)

oHe BeMJbe
yTBp.u,r4nrr.

rr.oHcKa nponunquja troHoBo yKHHyra, ycnocTaBJbeHo je, BepoBaTHo, paHrje crar6e, rj. rpavre o6nacrw oro EperanHr4ue npr4naJre cy noHoBo Cpe.u,oeeMuoj a ocraJro MareAoHrajrz. je pev o onoj apyroj MaKeAoHI4aro ce cBaKH nyT Ka.[a "(arraju, o<oi nponr.rHqraju roja ce 6eapaaJrr4qHo HaBHBa secunda HIH

A rala je usrvrely 535 ra 545 r. oBa ceBepHa

roje cMo MaJrorpe

DpeMa Xrajepoxnonom cnilcKy


MaKe-

xon Lllrajna Apyra Marce.u,onnja rarvra yBeK Hcrl4 o6ru-t<, Ir Ha noqerxy V B. H cro t'o.u,t4Ha ,qouHlaie nol JycrranujaHomlss). OHa ce npyxa oA rpaHuqa Honor Enrapa Ao TpaKHje, o6y_xnarajyhra u cpeamra rorc CrpuMoHa. Hraje nnu jacno raxo ie LUraju

3auurrJJbao [o.II,eJIy oBe npoBltHqraje rasrvrefy flpenalraraHe, c Ko' jo,lr oHa, Ha rberoBoj rcaprra, HeMa qaK nr eai_egnu'IKl4x rpaHuua,

salutaris

._ y

Hayl{rloj.,TnrepaTypt4
ca

ir Hosor
133)

HarnaulaBa beHa necta6ul-

Enr.rpa. flpoqec yrtt.[arba Apyre Maxe.u,oHuie (salutaris u secunda) 6uo je, no rberoBom MntxJbeby, v Y npBoM n y

HocT,132) unaK Hr4Ko nraje uomraurJbao Ha To Aa oHa naje mopala r,a ce no JIpyrH nyT, IIocJIe Bl,rue ,u,eueHuja, nojanra noHoBo y HayqHuur4 cy Aocaga rom6unoBanr roAaTKe ue Notitia dignitatum c [o,u,au[Ma raa XrajepoKJroBa CuHergerua, rlaKo ce oHr{, KaKo ce MeHH qntu, oAHoce Ha ,u,Ba He camo BpeMeHcKH, neh u TepH-

HcroM nHAy. Pavynajyhra

jeanonn Te r.rcroM nponunuujonn,

terr. Gymn. I8 (1867), crp.7l7.

Tomaschek, Miscellen aus

der alten Ceographie. Ztschr. f'

6s-

Honigmann, Le'synekdEmos d'Hi6roklEs, p. 16. O aoxaausonamy 3anape, Ap,uoNije, Kelenuiuua B. norJl. fieonuia; o lleaaronuiu, r. norr. lTe,taronu ja. tas;'E. Stein, Geschichte des sp2itr6mischen Reiches, I (1928),.KaPra

ti9

roprajanuo paBnHqHTa crarua. Tarco je, Hanpr4Mep, ToMaureK, e6on rora uro je rpema Notitia dignitatum jenaH Aeo rpoBt4Hqraje Macedonia salutarib rpr4nao Honom Enrrpy a Lpyrr tlpetrz; Cf. Zeiller, H. .r(., crp. 164 Empire, crp. 662, np. I.

n.(no m6m rur,lrumetry,B.HanpeA crp. 9l ,At.,ral'a nuie 6llao,llpyre Marerapra Ill (lmp. Rom. circa annum .lonaie). Vcrw, Histtiiie du fias-Emirire, 'fienasa'I oror nocmprHor aena J.-R' toO p. Chr. n.), xojy ie Ha[prao
Palahque. Mof'aruo'ianorrreuyra .Ua je na onoj ua_nu- Makelonlria se4unda norpetuuo y66lexena, lep me y ro BpeMe, oKo 560 r., nuie rnue 6raQ, ci. ibid., crp. 662, np. l.

Imperiuri Romanum anno 390 p. Ctrr. n. (H_ema MareAonuie._s.alutar.is, rioja !e y ro BpeMe BepoBarno nbcroiana) il Imp. Rom. anng 454 p...Chr.

np.

I; E. Stein, Histoire du Bas-

96

Mare,u,oncru rpar,oBrl
LrcTH.1s6)

y pamcro

'u,o6a

ApyroM cryqajy

nui, np.u inwiaau aarrnyvyle on He caMo no

.(a ie neo

Malte.u,oHuje y VI B. rpHaHaJloruiu. c pa-

noAu.noru, rocBeloqeHoM^y Notitia dignitatum, neh n no roMe uTo Je erl4cKon Phocas Staliensis, Koin Ha.t gxymelc.KoM ca6opy Bacryna ip*r.nrcnona EeneHara ub lustiniana Prima' Oro. 'iuo.hr" no iiLuortr no[aTKy HB aKara Tora ca6opa, hg

,rp*

Mdbyrr-m, .aa rH ie^ennen'ua.usja ;;;;r;i,;i.' np.riinraHe.'37) -ty Istaliensis r'r stadiensis). v pyr<onrlv ;;;;"Si;ii.niil j6 i.lro, "s;;6."G';ri; ip.nroxro 3eaep,138) a nppxBarrao LLIraiH' i-roiorrr 6e uireilrrr(iraryie\OoK14Ho ceAruTe ca Cro6wMa, raro .r'.Vi,ria-Srp n, Ai Auto ie.u,nocrannuie, IraKo narleorpa6cttt4 Scodren-

n P E rn

E'

H3[=#?t?f,f'X
UeHTpaJrHl.r

PAA,BA

AOrbA MAKEIOHr,rJA
u Ano.rja flpeTcraBJba
KeJr,oHcKe

Moxlla rexe, npeTnocraBuTt'l .lla i9 <Dorca 6ro enucxon sis u TilMe npr,rponno trpr4[a,u,ao llpenalrraHu, Hero IIOBeSaTU npecro6e r, seMJbe r4cToqHo o.ll, lbl.rx cBe ,llo crpramoHa qa npeTBaJrr4TaHoMTrasl lUraju yraayie pa.u,x noTKpe[Jberba cBoJe noCrurnu na 6ulanrnura raparcrep Cro6a. Alu oH ce I4cTo TaKo

I-lpocrpana paBHrtrla usnne$y

Aeo Maxe[onuje, jearpo ma,4pxaBe oKo Kora cy ce BperlleHoM or(yIII,Ina cyce,u,Ha

Aolbax roKoBa XalraxnnoHa

liaiba

roprboMaKeAoHcKa [JreMeHa

*o*. o6jacHnrH H cyceAcTnorvr Aap.uaHuje, Kao LI.TIHT6eHI4UOM fl,a cy Cio6u pu,ucnra rvrynu-qrnraj. Vocralotvt, II,BoJetsI4I{Hocr He rrr,rje iaro uBpaBVTa y Cro6ranna, KaKo ce MI4.JII4, HapOI{l4To npeBare
v DaHoBr4BaHTucKo Ao6a, Ka,(a noHoBo ,[onagt4 ,u,o ipu*o. ieenra. C npyre crpaHe' HI4KaKBe. KynTypHe BeBe
HV

14

jeaepo JeHuqe, xoje ca ceBepa [prrMa c.rrHs lvlorJreHuue, a ornqe penou Jlyarajom y Mope. Mourapnu TepeH orco je^aepa- nonaeyje

14 o,[aKne Je noTeKno ocBa]arbe 3eHa cpeArbervr Bap4apy u c oHe cTpaHe Bapgapa ,uo Crpyrvre Mecre. V cpenraHra oBe paBHr4rle HaJraBr4 ce BeJrHKo aJrH nJrrrTKo

f,a je

HeKa.q,a

uiruii,

ieMebv Maielonlrje- n ulHpcron (.u,anarumer upHoropKoHLnoi;'nprarrropia, xoje je o6yxnarara llpenalaraHa, Ht4cy


CTATOBAHH.

"u,on!,paTu

secunda nraje cnonneiryfa. IrlnrepecaHrHo

- -' K;A flporonrala,


o6HosJbeHux

roj-ra nHue

cpe,u.I4HoM

je

,u.a

y rberoBoM cnl4cKy
y.

VI n', Macedonia

,ri.

nurrar4.Mo. rpa.tt 3auapy.'no),To nornPbyje Hauy rperrloyKl4craBKv JI.a le le,qaH neo Apyre Maxe.u,onaje nocle rbeHor "npah6u Cpeloeemnoj,(arcraju' Aarba

tl HoBono[rrHyTnx yrnplbrua

o6racru flayra-

Bara.u,a 14 ceBepa oxpyxyjy. Ioaoxaj crapoMaKeAoHcKHx tpa.u,ona .i[yx oBaKo Bamrnrr]Jbene lanuje nornplyje ony npeTuocTaBKy. llojaru fiome Marcenonuje jacHo Harra ie oflpe,(eJbeH Ko,u, Tlxu,upr,qa: ro je Mare.u,onuja roiorvr BrraJ(a flepgHra y ro6a Kana ie Curalrc r{3Bprxilo HanaJr, Ha rbera, ro je Maxeaonuia rojy cy

rberoBa [oBprurlHa 6nna sefia. Ona je Mopana Ao noAHoxja nlanuna Eepnnaoua u fiajara, roju ra ca

fl'huk. II, 99). Trx ce rpaHnr{a

Aricuja, Eopaajy, Aannonr.rjy, MurronHjy, Kpecronujy u Eucanrr,rjy Ap)KHM v ia y ono,rne pary, c rom flasirrKorvl caMo urTo caM Er,rcalrraiy, xoja je nocle MaKe.u,oHcKe
excnanauje BaxBaTr4JIa H BeMJbe r,rcro,{Ho oa CrprrvroHa, craBuJra

ocaojala ArerccaH.q,ap, flepgraKilH orau, 14 rteroBH npeUr4 ra rcoja je o6yxearana fluepujy, Eorraajy, ,u,eo crape fleoHuje oxo ,u,orber

ileby

npHpoAHuM paBBr.rrKoM eKoHoMoco-coqujaJrHr.tx oAHoca. V ornHpy $,aKex,oHcre ,u,pxaBe oHH ce HHcy MorJrr,t paSBHTH y noluce, 6ea

V .(orroj

HcrorrHoMareAoHcKe,

Mare.uoHrajn rpagoBLr

He Aorbomar(eI{oHcKe

cy

o6lactu.

caMoHr4KJlr.t, HacraJru

o6supa na 9Bo-j aHauaj H BeJrr,tr{r4Hy., Tef xeJreHucrnqKo i[oHero rm je noKanHy caMoynpaBy,'xoja y ro Bpeiue y
monapxrja&ta BaMerbyje npany no.narejy.

.u.o6a

cB]lM

Iluepaja
136) Stein, Histoire du Bas-Empire, crp. 662, np'

ienno crroBo MaH,e

(rpaBffiriil" Stobensii nero Stobiensis). V PyKonr4.oi# CHMA i J :ti, f ils i: i',".fiT'l " "' ca ,,tt'aT 1 *:i;i s aj i t#J r I ; :, r r; inff i,"#.. i.-;;"d.lV;;, r.l. rii"ii , [. t2z1, ". noin. rtdonuia, npum' 80

,rtj Stouun'sf ,"a nisa nea

rrzi Mansi, lX l9l A. rraj Tsiller, n. .u.., crp.

l'
alu
ra

163.

cJIoBa eaie.u.xuvra ca Staliensis'

yruha fieneja Ha jyny ,u,o yruha Xalrarnnona Ha ceBepy, aaTBopeiJ ca ganala BHcoKHM BeHueM Oaumua H Hr,txlrM o6poHrtnxa flreprcKr4x n.nannHa.l) Ca oBaKo yrnpleHrarvr rpaHnuaMa
1) Vn, Ceyer,

or

I-lnepNia je ycrra rpamopcKra nojac

[]x

Tepmajcxol' Eanlzaa

*:'

crp.

650.

ltareron*in

rpag,oru 7

98
IIHepuje
He_

Mare.q,orcru rpa.u,onn y pr.rmcro

.u,o6a

Jlorua Marce.u.oxuja

flraepuja

cnaxy .ce cBu aHTr.rsKr.t r.taBopr.r. Ko,q, nrorenaeia, y nehunu rberoBux pyKoruca, Iftaepuja noqufie Ha ceBepy 9S yuha Arcraja, TaKo ra Borraja HeMa youuTe npunaopja.2) 14 rco,q Crpa6ona Ha je4uorvr rvreiry crojra .u,a ce
Harpr4Mep, 6ap

Mare,u,onuw, ctlynTaiyfin ce ua foprue Mare.u,onuje, nporepaJll ud- osor Kpaj.a.-Onra cy ceJa,q,a Hacraturru Ha noAHoxly hanro3e.5) Ha aeae c Tparujorvr yxasyiy KynroBr.r Opeeja, fflcre -ti6lairr. Myaa_r.r \uonnca, jarco parur.rpeHr.r y onoj

n Aaop, upyxa Ha ceBepy ,[o peKe ArCuja. Anu rorvr rreroBoM nonaTKy nporuBypeqn Apyrr no,u,aTar npema KoMe je I},rgna ilwepucrw,_a Anop 6oraajcrcr,r rpa[.q) Vl Crpa6oa n llusuje pa-o6tacru uynajy _y Iluepujy caMo ceBepHH ,[eo oBe o.q AH6Ha ,u,o yiuha XaruarcmoHa.a) r flo rpaguunjr, Iftaepuiuu cy 6unw. TpaqKo rneme xoje cy

rlnepucKo npr4mopJe, y KoMe ce HaJraae rpa,qoBu fluana, Merona

Befi

cannraM Tr,iM

paHo ,rsnoxeHa rpqrcoM yTr.iuajy. Ha ruenoi

ruro je

uarJre[a Kao rpq[e xolonuje Merona H l-lu.(na. OHe y V n. nocrajy flpeflMer 6op6e [r oruMarla uamefiy MaKe.[,oHcKe .rpxaBe r Arune,- rqoK Hr,rcy {?iaan no4 @nlnnom II rornyHo nfrlcajeAurbeHe Maxe4oHr.l ju.u)

upurvropcna, fluepuja je6una Bpno o6alu ocHoBaHe cy

Ao6a, 6ap ne rcao rlpeA r(paj aHTuKe nojan.rryjy ce y uTulepapuiuwa HeKa r4Haqe oornyHo HeroaHara llecTa, Koja ce He Mory u\eHTufiuKoBaTr4 Hr,t JroKaJrHEoBaTrr. flannn HBBop Ba_floanaBarbe rooorpa$raje llraepHje y,u,o6a pHMcKor ocBajalba je Jft.mraje. V rueronum npr4KaBHMa flocneArbnx cyro6a uaryrgby Maxetronaua 14 Pr{MJbaHa, Koit4 cy npeTxo.rl}rnu noKoperuy Maxe.u,oHHje, norrnuruy ce MHora Maba u Leha HaceJba y oeoj o6racru- [Irepnja je 6una rJraBHo rlortpr4ure rux paToBa qecro 6ea 6nr,rxux floAararca [oMohy Kojr4x 6u ce Morao -ail4 o.[pe.u.HTH KaparTep u rroJ]oxaj rux HaceJba. JeAan o4 najcraprjrx nonilca llnepraje r,l Mare4ouuje yon-ron Merr ruTe, MetoHa (Me0<i:vr1) He ttoMrrrbe ce HH Ko.u, JlrrBr.tja iru ocTanux ucTopr4r{apa r4 reorpaoa pr4McKor BpeMeHa, ceM Ko,u, Crpa6ona. Merona ce o.u,pxana ,u,o Bna,u,e @imna Ii xao ayToHoMaH rpa[, yaamajyhH yqemha y.cyr(o6rrma Arumana r Mari:.uoHar{a oKo ceBepHe ereicKe o6ane. 36or caBesHrnurTBa c AtuHorvr ona je 353 r. paaopeHa ro nape$emy Ouauna II a rueHo cracaMocTanHe o[urTHHe.

o.r

oBr.tx rpaAoBa Hr,tcy uocToiaJ[.u

c gpyre cTpaHe,

pr,tMcKo

HOB HT4TUTBO paCeJbeHO.T)

Aa je llr,tepHja uwata paanuien rpa,qcra xr4Bor, ruguruo neh 14 no ToMe uTo HaM uSBopr{, Ilope[ rpqK[ opraHtrSoBaHl4x rpa,uoBa Kao uro cy 6urc Metona u flrgua, cnoMurby qrrTaB HnB 4Pyrrx rpaAona: ,(uon, fIrarvrunejy, JIera6erpy, XeparleuoH t4 @rany y nprannopjy, @rlaxe u Bany y ynyrparumocrt4, u Ep. Heru . Uol. III, I2, ll sq.: ...'A${ou rorapof Erpo},.at. fllepicrg.Aobiou (orcr,}rof 6rcpo),.cri, Ift6va, 'ALrd,rpovog ,rorcrpo-6 6rpo).crt, Aioy rolu:via, Bogtpou rtorcrpo6 Orpol.o{, Ilqveror5 rorcporS irpo}.cr(. V-ieAnom pyKonrcy naclor.iTlepiqE ,Uoila3u h3a Au6ioo rrorcrpof. 6r<BoLai. Heroluro pyKonuca neuajy npBa ,u,Ba p_eI-q,...TaKo_,u,q il_3-q flrepioE .u.oJral14 o,u.Max 'A)lrCrxpovoE nozcrpoS -Erpoi.cri,
a; Str.
2)

"Oa, p.erri rri Aiov r6).rv 6'A}'td,rpo:v rorcrp66 6orrr,, 6rp6).).cuv ei6 rdv @eppcriov r6)'rov' rcri ro'<ini rotrou (Ti. or ll,raona) q fipdE poppriv cof r<6J.rrou rapai.icr rlrspfa r<qLeircr 6og ro6 'A5ro6 rrorcpor], Ev rcri {r 16).rg flri6vcr l,l nato .u,aJbe: i1 plv o6v fl66va ffteprrrl '6orr r6Lrg, f1 6i 'AIorpoE Bortairri, yl. u frg. 20. n).Liv- XLIV,8, I: ...consu.l ab Dio ad Philan ducit... Ea profectio . famam haudquaquam secundam habuit. Nam alii metu recessissd eum ab !r-gq!g ferqbant, quia manenti in Pieria proelio dimicandum foret, atii...; I.LlV, 9,. l0: Et consul capto iam Heralleo castra eo promovit, tamquani Qium atque inde summoto rege in Pieriam etiam frogresstirus. Vn. Harra3u y J[uouy, eepylyhu la tJy flueprajn nahr.r y fipaBuy cesepa). 5) Cf. Thuk..ll,99,3. 0 o6lacrn lTuepulu noA llannajcKom ropom B. HI4xe norJr. Iluepuja u Eaonuqa. 6) U. Kahrstedt, S_t_ddte in Makedonien, Hermes 8l (lg5B) 85 u 'xol6nuje a., H3Heo ie uuurr,erse Aa Meroxa u I-luAna tucy 6nae rpuxe aeti MaKe,u.oHcr(,, rpa,u,oBr.r ca caMoynpaBoM; oHe Bo,(e caMocTarHy [onr4Tt4Ky npgua, MaKeJLoHcKolu. KpaJbeBcrBy l.r noraeyjy cenaparucruuxe rengeHurie

cf. Miiller, Ptol.

Vll, frg. 22:

500.

Huje. Me$yTuM, [poTrrB Tora roBopr.r qrlrbeHrrua [a ce ra HeKa,qa TaKo cJraBH-q nyr.a He HaJraar.t y Cuncr<y Aen$r4crr.rx reopoAoxa c noqeTKa II n.,e) .qa je HeMa Hu KoA flrrrHnja n1a Ko.[, hTore,rleJa, Hu y uTurepapujurua, a [oroToBy He r(o11 Xnjeporna u y npyrum no3HoaHTr4r{Kr,tm HsBopHMa. Vxolrxo ce naK o }boj H roBopr.r y HSBOpt{Ma H3 pr4rr4cKor BpeMeHa, To ce qr4Hr,r yBeK y Be3r4 c HeKr4M noralajenn HB npounocru.lo) Crora je uprapoiur4je nper[ocTaBHTH na Crpa6oHoB noAaTaK penpo.rryKyje nexr,r crapuju
H3BOp, HerO Ha OCHOBy TOr jetrilHor noAaTKa, KoMe npoTr4Bypeqe CBa OCTara CBe.qOqaHCTBa, SaKJbyI{t4Tr,l ,(a je MerOna [OCTOjana H y ptrMcKo ,(o6a.11) Kon Mecra-Jle@repoxopu, rge je Herizey Vn. RE XV (1932) 1385-7 (Lenk). ') 8) Str. Vll frg. 20; yn. u frg. 22. e) Plassart, 1'h6orodoques, BCH 45 (1921) crp- 17.

BoAefir orcTojalbe r(ole je 4enH o,( Anopa, c je4rre cTpaHe, H fla,u,ne, c flpyre: Eiq fl66vc, Meecbvq, "A).cupog... naeOq- 6'o6da 11 N1e,)cbvq t{E- p}v'Il66vr1( 6oov re*o,p&xovra dtaBiov dr6Xer, rrlg 'A)"<i:pou 6b 6B6opf1xovrcr.8) Ha ocHoBy oBora Morno 6u ce noilAr,rcjr_LrTr 4a je Merona o6uonDeuau Ea je nocrojana I,I l.ou-

.Crpa6on -roBopr.t -o MeroHr4 Kao

o uocroiehem rpa,qy, Ha-

XLIV, 7 (ronsyn,.xoju ce
.u.ocra )Kflra, rpehe

r.r

roje

Arrana ucropuruha-ea y caoie_l,rnrgp_ege (Osai-pa1 Mu urrrr4paHo rrpema Hist. Zeitschr. 175 (1954), crp. 619).

ntje aocrynai;

,,loc_a eis iam sponte, qua-e incolerent, tradidit, id est Cerru, Peilas, Europa, Mediana, Petina, Berdu et alla quae Sium vocatur.,, MoMsei je y rpxruvKoM_anapary Banficao: ,,significatur Methona eiusdem provinciae". Hato ce Mediana He Moxe r,ueiruQuKoBaru, Moilaenosa 6dleuxa je recymrurrBo norpeuua, jep Meroua y rb npexe xuje nocrolarq.

,9 Qto{. XVI, 31, 34. 35; Plut. Quaest. gr. tl; Ael. n. an. IX,7; 11) Lenk, n. 4., rarote je murumelba y ,na Merona uuje nocroja,ra 'ruarepxxcKo Ao6a. Kon Jopaana, Cet. 288 u r., cnomlrbe ce ,ueby .t,o.HcKrrM rpaJLoBHMa roju cy 478 r. ycryrrJbeHil 1'eo,u.oplrxosraM I'orIma
Polyaen. lV, 2, 15.

x :\le.u,nara:

7*

100

Mar<eaoucrra rpaaoBr,r

y pr,ucro

ao6a

JroKaJrltBoBao aHTuril(y

Axecaueue fina crapa


[pervra_

aHTHr{KOr HaceJba.l2)

Merouy, Huje yo[r.ure HabeHo rparoBa

,l.e9qge$a9llle--_!l-.,pli9- - -41
nini, y
,(uonh H
ce y rbi: lluAna ce He onomurue.l?) V cpenbeM BeKy noiaBJby1e gaHac'18) HoM cvce1.tuv nic.ne (rrrpot, xoie ce olpxanq Ao I-loloxa!- fluAHe iou-r uaje TaqHo yrnpfeH. lIrAna ce cBaje ocHoBao KaKo Harra3r4Jra Ha carvrbl o6aiw (nona flu.u,Ha xoiy flu.u,uy noKarlusonao Heuzey oa'pxara). ie A;i;r;J;r1. .u lyro xon [Iiueo-KraTpoca, oxo 5 KM ceBeponcToqHo Oil .u.anauirber Kraipoca H pTa Atepa.u.e, jep je na o6anw uarnely [oMeHyT-or ;;;; nur.5-(rrpoca KoHcraroBao aHrlrI{Ke ocrarKe (1ytu6e'
K'u,rpgca, ue je Haurao apxeoJroruKe xoira ""'" vra'aviv fa aHTHIIKo nacerne.t,)
14

Koirzma r4Haqe Hrl[Ta He fana.upe sHaMo' JIoMHrbe Cre@aH BuaaHructcla: AxLcarvrene ('Axedcrp6,vat),

nuep[cKa rpa.u,a,

TeareHy,

ocraje orgopeHo rruralbe ta flu -cy AxecaueHe yorluTe nocrojare y [o6a "qonacKa PraMJbaH.a. Hanporno, fiotialuieio cseAoqaHcrBo
o,u.Hocr4
.rr,oHcKt4x _paToBa

ralo Hajcrapuju

tlonvt6ujy.

u l-aaarpe (la].&6put), npeMa JIarco6ioHy u flouro je TearenoBo ,qeno-o Maxenonujn ^oOyxu.neplroJr MaKeAoHcKe r{cropuj. ao IV L. upe'n. e.,

xorvre je flu,u.Ha 6ePoie.16)

eafielexeHa Kao learaHa cTaHHqa Uatrely

IoBHoaHTHqKnM 14sBopHMa (Hrr,|Hepapraju, Xrajeporcne)

lru.qsa

ro

no6a'

ce tto cno] npnlut\t4 Ha ao6a pumcKo_Mare_ re MoxeMo cMarparu ila cy fanagpe noctojane rpaA lluepaje y ro6a
MaKe.rr,oHcKe HeBa-

HajaHauajur,rju

[Ira,(nr,t Kao o [oJIHcy, ari4 ce y rberoB [oAaraK He MoxeMo yg!,aru, jep ce y p.enny, Kao u.rro cMo BHAeilW, t4 O MetOsu roBopr4 Kao o nocrojehem r-paily. flaranajea noAaTaK o llntau nuji yaer Ha AarycToBe @op,uyre nporr,rnquia, BeL n3 HeKOr fleprnJra, r.r raxoSe HaM He MOXe KOpr4CTr.rTH. Kon l-lroaelneja craryc rpaAa, Kao trrTo 3HaMo, He r4rpa yJrory, r, rberoBo cBe,[oqaHcTBo He KaXe HaM Hr,Irrra Bl4ue ,u,o ILa je l-lu,u,na Kao HaceJbe crBapHo nocrojaaa y uapcKo .u,o6a. To'ucro Brrlr,r'o ra r.ra ltinearrlu; Anto-

roxraj camoyopaBHor rpatra. Crpadori roBopH o

rcana15) ta fiocJre rora fioqutte nocTeneHo ,q,a onaAa. llalua ce c,,oMHFbe y pr.rMcr(o .u,o6a KoA cTpa6oua, frttwnr,rja, Iroaenneja u .y ltinerarium Antonini, alra nuiegun oh oBux r4sBOpa Haill He .u.aje o4roBop Ha naTabe roje nac najnnrue aaHr4Ma, Harme, [l,u\ua-! y uapcKo no6a cavfrala no_

Bwc+ocru Qolnu ie flu,una .(n66va). Ha ea [ra,u,Hy ce He BHa, Kao HIz ea Metouy, Lo na je upno6nrn o 6nta rp.ira xononuja !{Iu je To MaKeAoHCKr.r rpa,u ca camoynpaBorur roju je noven og v s. Hacrojao aa og6panra cnojy nelairacHocr o.[ Maxe.qoHcKe lpxcane.ls) Kpar Apxenaj npennecruo je 410 r. rpa.u, ca o6are y _yHyrparxboc-r (ua or<o 20 craaraja), atv je riocae rberoBa ySwcrsa npso6urno HaceJbe xpaj .rvropg o6nonrseno.la) flu,u,na ce.o[yrilpa.na Qwtunonoj excnansrajw. l4narcie on nraje fiaaopao, neh, upHcajeqnHunur,r je mareaoHcioj npxra'nu, nanpoir" lou, BHrre yqBpcrr.ro. 3a npeme paroBa c punnrnaHurvra Iraina je 6ra;ra mohno y[opuffTe Mar<eAonaqa. V_tlenolHeuocpe.u,noj 6nraranra oAr{rparra ce cyt6onocHa 6urra I6g n. I-lu4na je rada orJbar{-

Iu*p'onori;i.fo1 HEaasgo je E.u,con npeArloxro I1a ce nra.u,rra TDaxr4 KoA Mecra'Marpraiaroc, oxo 2 KM ceBepHo oJI, flaaeoeflt4rpa@cxe cIIoMeHuKe

je jeaan larHuqru HaTruc

yJrasrrrra y cacTaB r(orroHt4je .(uona Tg [1 h'i;; osa o6racr -nrlnu 6rali .norr,re .(vicus) dse xolouraje.2l) i. ,ip.ru ToMe , iAarb Hb,u,osoJbuo BacHoBaH - Jep rruje curypHo Aa je o6lacr Mrnpor-Aua,u npulaAarra llu^nn - onaj Heuzey-on 'al(Jbyqa6 no6raja y BepoBaTuohu xan ce uMa y BLlJty Aa, Kao rxTo cmo

'ri;;i'd iyx;;;e oa Knrpoca, y cery.rlluxporr-Auanu nafen noira je HaBeo Heuley;a fla saKJbyqaK

Manonpe pe6n6, Hu y !e.u,no6 HBBopy rab Uapcxor BpeMeHa I-lu.u.na nraje ah6eJlexeHa rcao civitas. '- -iuplr cBeTr.t rpag Marce^oHaUa y ;IraeplajH, BeMJbH Mysa, na

AVlC

nonno^iy b*rnu, ueHTap BepcKor ll xyarypHor xllBora Maxenonr.rle ornaro je rpgn Apxelaj ycTaHoBI4O y rbeMy oAp)KaBalne

la lu je

no

Orrninrrcxrax Hrlpa, Auon (Atov) ie non PunnroaHunna npeBa3l4Luao eHauajy ocrale rpaAoBe ose o6JIacTLl U BpeMeHoM OKynl,lo oro ce6e repuroppia *roar* ,u,oTJIe ayToHo6Ht4x onulTl4na. fluon je je,u.uuu nnepracxn rPa,u, Toiu ce noMl4tte y noBHoaHTHqKI4M i,rsiopurr,ra, uTO [oT6pe[Jbyie nperuocTaB6y Aa ce rberoBa TepHropuja LUHpuna Ha paqyH 'llpyrux.

ro; Str. Vll, frg. 20 u 22; Plin. JV, 34: ,,ln o11 .H9.5a1!ea,^ flumen oloro.,'u*nis Haiiacmcih"; Ptol' lll,12,12 (rp.e6a .\oilas. 'oprijir" -i{rui* Pvdni, ;5;;;b na ce y HeKol14Ko pyKonilca nu.u,Ha He cnolvr}trbe, B..' npHM' 2-5:i. Dio - XXXill - Pudaia - XVlll- Beroea". Ir,"r in. Ai,i. 5iA, -i"planu, '" ""i)'n.j^

Vn. I.enk, n. .u, 1387. 6.. Heuzey, 240 (onunpnuje o rome y Le Mont __11 !.,Ipr" ^g!p. Utympe ^, et l,Acarnanie, _crp. 160), cmarpa a.a jb flaAna 6naa rpvror no_ peKrra,..? paroba nocrara ,uaKe,u,oncKa ryKa. {l i.e y-.Aoql l-lepcacrcrx -rt) ce -^ cy lloK

12)

(r' uernru pvronudu,ua Retina), rcOjr,| MomeeH


LEr\cLLu" rtrPuv lr0.. rttpov-raletrari IUPa; rl uaropai lna 4 YUY

1.-ru. (u' IprI-.

ll),

nomurue

ce

14.

tpur;

lr,U.eHTI4(pllKyJe

llH,U'HoM.

l-91i1."

l43rneAa HaM onpaBAara' bsa "fii'V;.-Sii:1li[ He ""- Hnexiir6rarauuia iig. zz 1npum. 3), rie l4mauo^r4Hreqno,l,ry!{-eny.l?.:
-;;^--'-;;""-::."i"-"-. KtcpoE' tsurcl(hargt,- -{PP-!'^ lua:. rrDovct Hier. ed. Burclihqlgt,.Appi-1,.43':,T:9ll-rd t4ne,.Hier.--ed. npomeHl.nu u,y.e, cy npomenl/.nu c1' KiSeos, Aqqr IIJ: ia "4y. Il66vcr App.'11,.67-: ]]i:Lllf..:',5':q::; ""' 'ii)'Heiiiy,-crp. 241. y'uirririra Kirrpoca HarIII4ca ruue ua6eno ie

t3trt,'

BI't1?HT1-cKe.Cf1:5o*,1t.p.'ry"-u"1o^lj' . - --

oery,Hatla nocre 6urKe, H caMo. .u.a je earsopraa, aeh je u saau,u,ana Bpara na 6u cnpeqrrira yJra3aK Prmrsana,

Iiv. XLIV, 45: ,,oppidum ,deditum militibus datur diripiendum.,, oc'ra.rru MaKeIloncKil rparoBr4 6epoia, Teca"'lonura, rleaa n - y yp. -- caMil npejlalr Pum.ranufa, .flunlra, rbjy cy ce cKnoHUJre Mace

tr; Diod. Xlll,

49, 2.

It3 DirmcKospemerrl roira s. irrMlaua, cip. 129 r,r-1.,

rs'Maximus): Maximus); Heuzey, crP. Helvius

. r^ ,,A,n\ --- o, r,l .. -6P.-155-162. fii-Ei;;'r: it.'r6,i,u'of Hesperia--18 (1949), crp-.84 'u' olymptas, -tds 'l-letvium Maxiinianum rilium c' :1) Harnuc: op. 188 ic. 6p. H;;;;;t" trr;;,i;; ,ilumnua, "j 271.
t

ty-iepo"arno iosyvenla ilB

cyce,u.He flugne,

Jlora
Ka.ua cv Pnnnrnanu Aorxru y Mane4onujy, 6uo .(uoH ,,urbs non mignu_,:-l) prr.^u xoaonrja, AHrao r.r3Ha,rl ocraJrr,rx nlrepHcKHX rpaAoBa, 6ap rio npocrapaby cnoje repraropuje. l,lcnonasarba r(oJa cy rpu,u,ecerux ro.[rrHa

Marea.onuja

I-luepuja

_J03

no.iiu*

je Aroriluli:

ycryuruen.2e) He auaMo rcaaa ie Hecrao. Enrarpa$ckv Hatasu

V cpearuem BeKy Ha

rreronotr MecTy He cnomntbe ce HHNaxan rpa-u,.3o)

olip*ao [o rcpaja_ aHTr{Ke, cynehra tlo roMe ruTo . aa6elexe' lron cu y je Xrajeporcnos6u" C,Hercaennyr'rl-r' ro-rro j.arn, rpa,q y qeloj onoj o6lacru. Wtax, raarleaa'ga ie u ou'Orzo y onaAa6y' jep, rco;rrlno HaM je uoeHaro, nuje nocrio Lnrc,,oncro ce.u,r4uTe. MoxAa je crpaAao o4 fora, "xojHrvra ie 4lo .. oro
n) Liv. -IUV,.7, B: Ipse glbery ingressus, sicut non magnam, ita exornatam publicis locis ei
23)

Br{Hur,tcKor HaMecHara.26) Snanrqnu jesraK rconbuuje 6uo je',ni_ THHCKT4T anr4 cy_.r"prIKH Harilucu Ha beHoj repr.rrbpujra qerufiu Heno Jlaruucrcu.27)

oBor nexa nofena rtoA pyr(oBoIcTBoM ipvxor apxeonora CoTrpuarnca Ko.4 MeCTa Maaarpraja nornp r,u,ta cy nonaausoBalbe flraoHa Ha ro, MecTy r.r ueHead cy ua BilAeJro MHore apxHTeKToHcKe c[oMeHaKe, IlperexHo r4B xeJleHrrcruqKor BpeMeria.2') je no-crao ronoHqja no.u, Anrycrorvr.2a) -Hu nouu, .u Uo., aose Colonia lulia.Augusta Diensis.2') (ro ror6rrj; A"r;i ;; HaBoAr,r xoA finranuia u l-lroaennejar. a [peMa .(nrecr'arnrfi lron je.yxranao^ Hranc^o upaBo (ius liaiicum), il.;;j;;;. npuBurrc_ npoBuHlrt4ctu rpa.q Morao u6aru, KBHpr4rcKy :if,.I9l.,.lu ^i:I3n cBoJllHy Ha seMJby, HMyHHTeT I'I HeBaBucHocr y oAHocy ua npo-

upyxajy enemenre aa yrnpfiaBarbe tlpocrlrpalba oBe xoronuje. Jour oA camor noqerxa 6um'iy, xaxo ce quHl'l' nprauojeHa-xonoHujn MaJra rpaguha, jyxuo on .(uona,_firarunneia u Jleu6erpa, nnun nia qyBeHa ro KynTy .(rlorir,rca ra Myaa. 3a llrarvrnneiy {aT9 Crpadon . JIeu6, aa ce uaaasi 6.riuay .(raona u la ie xonna (tlXet 6' q c9).tg ro Aiov xri:pqv rr).qoiov flipnl"etov, 6v&d 'Oppeug 6t6rptpev.31) Ona . je

y 6lr'rxoi u

pa"rnoj oKorIHHI4 Au-oHa

ro 6uaa u rtpe opraHusoBarba puMcKe KoJIoH_I4Je, JeP Cnnocy gel@raocnx reopo..u,oxa, ,u,or. ie JleH6erpa y io apervr6 (uouerhrc Il n-. npe H. e.) iou nocrojala. Kao caMocra.rrin rpai.") I-layaauraia Kaxe nq-le4yo-rvr Mecry Il? i9 Jlera6erpa nacrpa.u,iaa o,r .n6naan-e 6yiraua.sB) Tai ce roralai 1: ,^oI: SpOAHO tIOCnyXrO 3a JIOKaJIHSOBaT6g OBOr AaTOBaTI4 ay.u je Manor HaceJba. flonoxaie llrlmnleje n Jlera6erpe yrnpnrao iet HBrJreAa, H. Kouac, orKptrBlxu ocraTl(e crapl4x aul.nHa KoA
BepoBaTHo

je'nervra

Aja llapacxenu -anaHor


mLcra

jalO raruo

nenocpe,u,uoi 6lrauuu Araona lonanraayie Cq rpa,u,rafi lluep fluepuna uru llubpr,rj-a (ntepiE); yKoJII4Ko je s-aucra paHuie nocroHaCeJbe, OHo Ce

noxjy "

KaHarua (Jleu6erpa), ioru r,aJbe na jyry, Ha uoA-

(firarvrnreja)

jyxno

oA- Malarpuje,

4Y

dnuauuu

Onr.lrvrna.sa)

y pl,lMCKO n96a nuje

paaru4KOBaJIo

3a ro.u,uHe lgZ8 no tg3i-Ge;, I^ jr3^T::-tc.l.rF_-t?_{"t:}-oyrxrl; HeIIocrynHa). IxaBHa My jg. c-B-pxa 6uta ta nponaNe xpau 3enca, no KoMe nqgryo: yh- X..Marlpolg!, N6ai ei6{oer6t* arou ro6 rrreprror5. l?3.1 _6^1o, 106 iepof ro5 Ar6E. 'Apx. 'Ep. rg3g, s27. v 6rurnuu a)6,or! Jluoxa orKonaHa yTpaqgH.9^rp.o6nrua, I'. corupua tvrc, 'Erecqpr< l: ,, leArl pacKoluHo err.odoer*iE oxoh{g .@,r.irr1E Il (r9a?) 7. pyrueaune airu,{roi HaceJba KoA ".ti

f. corupha[,uc je o caojraru rlcrpaxr4Barbrma .Ercrrpeiai

multitudine Statuirrirnmuniir-rqr. egregie... no,u,Hocuo fiaseuraie

oA caMor ,[uoHa.

:j ,'

MecTa'Kapraja ua jyxurlrvr. o6ponUranna Olutvtua, nalen ie rmrnuc ua npervreia"Tpaiaiia, xoiutvt ce yrrplyiy rpaHuue llmeby Arpttl u recarcrcor rpa,u,a Orbcona (inter Dienses et Olossonios).35) Hatuuc noxaayje Ea ie Jlera6erpa y uapcKo ,u,o6a yrlaal4na y

Jyroeaua,qno o"q, Jleu6erpe,

c o1e crpaHe Kaualua, Ko,u,

cacraB noaonHje AraoHa.

Manarpuje ($Ialcr&pra), xa'pevuira-B'agupi tnororri,

,iiii.lu.ro

noraaviy

f. I.ft<onoruy, '-no,yp&p"t M";;;;;;l9ib. zf)-. rlo_ruro ce cno*rne Kao roronuja sefi ro.u, I-lar.*rrja (a. Huxe npu,n.26), Jluon je Mopao 6uru xoaoillrlp-an nor'Arrycron, tt ro Ha noqeTKy beroBe BJraAe, BepOBaTHo nocJre. -6urre Ko.q AKUuja, faIa cy ocroBalre r ocrare rolontje y Mare.u,onuju.
25)

Iluona o6iaauo je

i::f; ;llil:;rr:T1'{;Xi,^h"i,,3f,'Hr:ffi

i:ir,iH#,ii,ill;Tltffi,#;

rpaAa: Xeparler.ron u @nta. Haicrapuju.noMeH Xepar.neuoua caqyBaH HaM je l(o,u, Ilceyno-CKurlaKca (c. 66), Kor, Kora je XeparcneuoH HaBe.u,eH Kaq tlpB[I rlo pely_MaKe[,oHq{l, rpa,u, Ha Tepmajcrorvr BarHBy KaA'ce noSe taa Tecalyje. XepaKreHoH cro6r4rby y nerolr,;xo MaxoBa llonu6uie u Jlranraje y BeBI,I c

Jyxno

o.q Araona noctoiar_a

gy na rr4epuct(om nprarvropiy.[Bo

Xepar

Mtinzen,

Jluou rvie fiosau oA Asrycra Ao faaujega, B. Gaebler, Antike

ll, crp.60

ra

flrepfcr, { rcrrpiE ror3 'opg6coEl epx. 'ncp.-rg+g-tg+"g, irp- 52, 'sliury'aa j? npeMa HaBeAeHOJT{ Mecry ua J{rrecra Jlr.loH 6uo ,,provincia'senat6rii, ii. rolonaja na .rrjy je ynpary nocraBJbaH cenargp"'i'

26) Plin. lv. 35: ,,.... coloniae Bu[idenses_et Dienses, Xylopolit ae...,,i Ptol. Ill, .1.2, tz: Aio* rortorvra;^Du.!,--t5, s. -oor,r,ii'lb "o*"L*u, HopaBHor yrg f.. Hronomy, y.^1.,. crp..'80, iltt.'ltqqqg ({q,E*sl, A.ip;}p", rriprt\ercr,

n.

B) .lord. C,et.287 u n. (e. npum. ll): Sium rpe6a ucnpalrrt4-y Dium' si Edson, Strepsa, Clhss.'Phil.50 (1955), crp. IE7, npNm. 63, raxe J.a ie npulnrortl uCr<bllaBalia y Maaafpuju ualenO B-ll3aHrilCKHx U6ra.lba ca xnrolt AIOY. Mnclu cBaKaKo Ha paroBIr3aHTI4cKe ? at; Str. f,rg. 17; cf. frg. 18. u) Plassa-rt, Thdorodoques, BCH 45 (1921) ctp. 17. 1t. ttorjat, n. t., 'dpx. 'Eq_qp. Igtq-1949,-gT!.. 25 u n- - Edson, l{otes ih ttre Tliraiian ,,Phoi6-s", Cihss. Phil. 42 (1947), crp. 97, nputrt.7(}, Elr.lauaBa .11a Ce J]eu6erpa sule nalael4Jla Ha O6a,rCrOm nyry XepareopoAoxa, neh .ny6me y rresox-Iluou, LlaKo ce cnomume y

uj

33)

Paus.

IX,

30,

0 sqq.

Ceogr. Rav.

Harnuce u:_ Il-n_ona, npeua Leake-y u Heuzey-y, B. Ko,u, Ils,uuue, -n) u crp. 139 .u,., Op. t68-lgI; taiun, f. Hronb,uy, r. a-;X'tvtiKapoHac, H. A. z) Hter. 638, S. Haaas, ce u y ltin. Ant. A2g, 2, Tab. peut. r

-Cnucry TmvrDaurruocru. Ha caMUM ItaAI{HaMa Olnmna. ' ss; f,nmuiia, crp. I59, 6p. 197.

I04

MareaorcKra rpaaoer

pu,ucxo no6a

,[,oma Mareaonuja

I-Laepraia

105

paKJIer{oH r(oA fl,raramona, Ha

flepcejenram paToBurr,ra. Leake

u Heuzey

nor(aJrr4aoBanu

Aaro .je y xencKoM poay - 'Flpd,x).eta. onaj o6nur janrna ce u ua je4uoM HaArpo6uonn Harlr4cy rr3 pt4Mcr(or npemena (?), nalun-o3 y,Karpocy: Il&rptg 6' 'Hp&x}"etc ncri 'Aprepi6tupog 6'"eriEog.ut)

rpa,q. Koa, firr.rHwja

_ &puKJreuoH ce croMrrne cirvro joru Ko,[ fimnuia u Cre. Sana BnsaHrracrcorrsT) Te He HaMo ig n, je n y pranniro Ao6a, oAHOCHO tIOCne OCHr4Barba rcoloHraje \uoua, ocra() caMocraraH
u cre0ana BraaaHrracror
HMe XeparaeaoHa

BeKoBHor rrJraraMoHcKor rpaAa yBuLanu cy SparmeHTr{ aHTrlqKr4x cIIoMeHHKa, a JyxHo o.q caMon Kacrpa nalenr cy ocraulr aHTHqKHX rr cpe4rbeBeKoBHr.tx rpalenaua.B6)

rpa[a, ceALiura enucxonnje. ourac XepaxneuoHa r.r8Bopr, [ornyHo o/q,roBapa oBoM noloxajy. v s[,.u.HHaMa cpe.[be-

Mecry trosHaror

cy

xe-

B14SaHTHCKOr Koj{ narvr aajy

raj HaqilH llpocrtlpana .(o neHeja, oAnocHo .(o c;Me rpanraue npoBLtHIIt4je. Irlnar, 6ea curypnrajrax enurpaQcr[x HaJIaBa TO MOpa ocTaTu caMo npeTnocTaBKa.
Koja ce ua

Ha cenepy repurofraia rcolonuje Aorfipana ie ,u.o-l-lu,u,ne, o6yxearajyhn'rvroxiia ra-onai rPa,u. Haxa.noct, [erlo- je [lnepnja apieoaourua MaJIo t4cIIHTaHa Te ce SaxJbyllul'lma Heuzey-a o npocrrapamy ro,rounie .(uoHa H &aHac He Moxe cxopo HHUTa
Ho oJ. ,(uoua, Ha ilBna'y IrB KJIaHqa Koiil tt' [uprr- IIe 6raje Bo,[,ti y I-lrepujy, HaJlaBI4JIo ce yrnp$eno mecto-fietpa, xoje je fiepiej aahoCeo 168 r. ta 6w sarBopl'lo ryr Etunauiy ndy.rry.nn) l-lerpa ce He crtomllrbe y a,ouHr'rjraM l4aBopl4yr. 4lt_y cpeAbeM BeKy noSHaTa ie e[ucKotII4Ja_TOFa ]IMeHa fi OHa Je nocBe,rl,oqeHa Ha je,u.uorvr HaTnl'tcy raa XII n. HafeHorvr Ha MecTy r,u.e ce roraanayje aHTuI{Ka llerpa'45) Ca raro ocKy.u,HHM MaTepuiaroM TeluKo ie ua uITa [peT[ocraBI'lrl4 o KapaKTepy oBor rracerna. Me$yrrrvr, cam noloxai llerpe Ha Mecry r,u,e, npeM-a Kporvraiepy, ie rvroxe Aa craHe BI4ue !,u. Tpl4.qeceTaK ryhaft)

Ao'qaTI4'4)

HaT[ric Moxe_nocJty)t<uTtl Kao ,qoKaB aa je XepaKJrer4oH nocrojao

Vrolnro

nraje

nilTally HeKa Apyra'Xdparieji, osaj

eH.rra fpgit <Dr.raa (ptL";


Ilqg*r^9re@any

pr.rMcr(o

Ao6a, anv He r,| ga je 6uo canoynpanHa oIIrxT[iHa. aarpalen je cpeguHbrrr III B. rpe H. e.
BHsaHrracKo^r noAr4rao

(240-229), cun Aururona foHare, lr HaaBao ra no rvraiuu or,lnr.rn) oula ce cnoM,rbe Ha HeKonuKo Mecra ro.r Jlunnja y seau c nocne,u,rbrM MaKerIoHcKo-pLrMcKr.rM cyro6nrua; 14BrneJla Kao Ia je y nr4ratty rp_aBr.r rpsA, a ue carud Kacren-(yu. XLIV,7, i): ,castella super Tempe et circ_a Philam").40) Jl;;uje xaxe .q, iu 6wo ygameH oKo S,rnrrna o,q Xeparcrcwona.nrl Haiaxarx lpyrr.ix uoAaTaKa o rbeMy HeMaJuo. TpaxH ce 6nwiy Ileneja u ierrrua, aJrrl rberoB nonoxaj Hnje crrypHo yrnpfien.ar) I-lpervra cBeMy uro cr,ao perrw o-XepirreraoHy n euti,
MOnJTH 6UCWO

ra je

,(rarvraipuje II

nonopr.l [poTrrB npeT[ocTaBKe IIa ce l-lerpa y aHTHtlKo Ao6a pa3Brrna y upaBn rpaA.47) [Io croj npHnHu[l je u ona yila3.uila

y - cacTaB rcolonrje

,(r.tona. CenepHo .unH ceBepoaananHg oA AI4gHlHaJIaBI4o ce y .u,o6a Ar pprvlcKor ocnajarua rpa,u, Arace (Agassae). Ou ce noMlllbe ca6o iroa Jlraar,rja t BeBt c orepalrajanna puMcKe BojcKe 169/8 r.

Arace cy ce Hajnpe npeAane Punananuma, ailH cy 9e .u,ouHuie orMerHyne, IIa cy nocne _6urxe xoA llr'Il.ne uo napeleruy Emr,|;rnja Ilayna paB_opeHe.48) Jlraarie narvr ie caqyBao llHTepecaHTaH

.qBa rpaAa

,u,o6a l{apcrna yladuna y cacraB roaonuje-,(uona,

npxxB_arnTu Heuzey-oBo Mr.ruJbelbe

,D.a

cy u

oBa

rpaly

a) fl,utrlrqa, crp. l3l, 6p. 160. Jlumaua o6jaaryJe onaj xarnuc rpema Leake-y r,r He Kaxe Hrurra o lberoBom .uaroaairy. 6n ;e yOe5e, ai'ie i nHTarby^.nr,repil.cKt4 Xepar,relroH, a He HeKr4 ,u,pyril Es) Steph.. Byzt !. v. _(Df)ra, a6),.rg Mcrie6ov{cE, rriopa Aqpr;rpfo,r ro6
'Ar'<ry6vou_ rrar66_9,
ao)

in ora Heraciea, flumen Apitas.i..,; Steph. Byz'.i.v. ;upar},.sra...re} {eginium, fltep(crg.

. 36) Leake,.lll, 404; Heuzet:, crp..88.L4.,9-l ra a.; A.Eaxaronyloc Td rd,otpo^rori ll}.crrcrp6vc, Mcrre'8onrd I (1940)-60 u A. 37) PIin. lV, 33: ,,... et in regione quae'pierla appellatur a nemore

noAaraK na iy Pumrnanu, npuJl6Kor\4 IIpBe npe4aje, o6ehaJII'I oBoM ayrouorru,ljy ra rannyHl4TeT: obsidibus contentus. sine praesiaio rbliniluere se ils urbein inmunesque ac suis legibus victuros est pollicitus (sc. Ervrranuje ilayir). To noraeyie ,na cy Arace npeTcTaBJbaJle ea PamrnaHe caMocraJlHy onuTl'tHy.

r43 KrraHua

Kromayer,. Antike Schlachtfetder, Il, crp. 7, craBrba @rly ro4 Mecra Kacrpr, sa^o.6alu 6auty yuha llexeia; Heuzey, Mont OIympi, crp.82, Kiepert, FOA, u Jlumuua, crp. 156, rpaxe onaj iiaa Burue y yHyrpaubocr4 Ko,u, Mecra Jlarocro,ul.raH uilu llupreroc,- Hi re.lary lleireja
az)-

passuum"..

-ror5_fgy_ol-q rcr),.oop6vou, 6E drd trli pqrp'iE .nii"; . . . Liv. .XLll, 67; XLIV, 2, 3, 7,8 u 34. nr).Liv. XLIV, 8: ,,Heracleum abest a phila quinque milia ferme

Plris, 1860, roje'nricam Morra .ia ynorpe6llm. v Mission archdologique en ce qecro noSl4Ba Ha oRo cnoJe .uelo' Macddoine'oH ---- ,rt Liv. XLIV, 32, 9: ,,Quinque milia Macedonum missaS.d praesiaium Pi,ttioi et Pefrae, quifiris piaepositi erant Histiaeus et T-heltgenes ei fvtiadn.'i cf. xLV, +i,'4: ,,.. .intei praesidia eius saltum ad Petram evali et ua Pydnani regem lcie vici (ionopx Emuanje l-layr). Metyrnu, xof lllyrapxi crojn 1Aem. 15): p{ctv loPol}v dn p6vov &ro).eiaeoOcrt, t}v 6rri flepicrrp(crE zcrpd rd fl6&rov rcri riv fl6rpav . . .
roi 6romayer, Antike Schiachtfelder,ll,30-5,. np. 2... .i Ha uafnuiy raa Jlo,,rux'e y l-lepara6uju (WaCe-Thompson, A Latin Inscipti6n from Perrhaebia, BSA l7-(1910/ll), crp. lg3.u 4,.), roium-ce ce ,,Petraeas in Doirrpbyiy rpaHl4rte oBor rpa.u.a c Ernmdjom, nomumy liChiS,.. 9uxu u4 ce ,11a onai aOraauTeT He Moxe UMaTI,I Be3e C 11uepu'
CrOiu [Ierpoltt,,^4aAa

rDaxnnirua l-lraedr,rje o6jiauo y nery Le Mo_nt--Olympe et l'Acarnanie,

lr1 fleuzey je enauaixe u rpalne pe3ynrare cn-ojux apxeorolllKux uc'

is)

l.

hrconoMy, H.

lI., crp. 37 u

r,.

Ha KoMe

rora je
Jlaona.

Temne. Heuzey je y llrprery uauao u JeaLn .rrarr4HcKr.t .Harnuc cy ucuucana rlmelra rpiliyxeHa r{3 fiopoAxtte 6e6uja, 14 Ha ocroBy 3aKJbyr{tro aa je n osa o6racr ylastzla y repnropujy ro;roxri6

ora niie

MHOro yLaJbeIIa
1.

oA J[oluxe. O osOI*{ Hat-

nncv ' B. nor.[asJbe Euurcia.

s) Liv. XLIV, 7; XLV,27,

Ugt<3fgl511p3aggr4 y plrmcxo ao6,

Ilona
aJru

Marce.u,onr,rja

- fluepuia

lOi
BA/1.

je nui 1_o1ryieo --'--r'''\qr\v raayjlcBe.(osaHcrsa raa'purrrcitor ro6ai_e) "non9{_9Tuj Araca nr.rje'monao aiii-yfapgen. JL,rnuje Kaxe na je ronayl, KpeHyB,rr4"c nojcxon ,a ilro,a,ucrota.uana (eo die) crr.*ao.no lexe Muruca, a cyrpaaiHlpostero di.);;;.r.r. o.uarre je jeanbaHeBH,M ruapure,rn aorui'o .qo peKe Acropga. Hw je4ua Hrd apyra pe^a Hr4cy\cur.ypHo uaenrusur(oBaHe, a He nocrojra carnacHocr Hr4 y_norieay orcrojima r,,il,refy iiioiu Araca. Heuzey ra Kporualep loriraayJy-'A.u.. xo.u ruecra , fla_ JreocreHec, ,.[.cy na.be'r4 He3HaTr{u a-iruqxu ocrarl,, U-k-rpr_ jyxuraj6 oerr,.-MHoro ror Karepani,-iiirt,'e5y [il;; i"iirtHe.uo) on_orvr apyrorvr c,ryuajy erile Zy'rop6i,ulil { xoroHuje ,(raoua (yro.rrr-rx6 cy.nocrojri. y prin,cb t i.Crru l,iou1. ot4rtAKE V ynyrparuru6cru fiaepuje, y_ rbeHo]vl" ceBepHom .aeny, Ha_ ilaghlu cy ce, npeMa l-lar.rHujy u -Ilrolervrejy, FpaAonn Oianaxe u Bana, .O .puay @rlare (ori"*"if ,*r*o Marro roAara^a. I-lronerrnej Kaxe Aa ce uanairao ltiep,iji,, ^ ro y *enoj ynyTparxrbocru, a To ce cJraxe y i v nmiraj;nunn tlo,tarKoM: intus phylacaei, Aloritae, cyrresta. . . .,,iii E;;;^;;"'pt,vrr-vallaei, caei, yaer ila ssaHH,Ine AnrycroBe craTr4cruKe, Kao u erHr4KOH @u).ara;o( na jelnorvr narnricy ua S.p."i.;;i a"^rriyiy'ou'.y . or4JraKe 6rare n,s'Bao KoA Mecra llarr,,orpaqujaHo, uarvrefy cdpn'rid u'E.r_ BeH,qoca, npouraprlBrrrr4 Ha raj HjrvraH'rpannue nrepriJ ra'aln. crpane_O mnlypucxe rope .u,o lolr.tr^e Xa,rHaxmona.ur) V o6_ nacr u C ep_n u je. 6JrH x e xr n u y Vo i ust in r,, p ;i ; .i;;; ;;",^ ooi., Hayvnaqa.sa) floruro je, nnefyru-rvr, HaxHag'Hzrul Hara'r4Ma yTBpleuo aa je ona o6.rraci hp\!:tu,i; fiil;fi- (n. ono no.rairul, rpa,q, Or.rrare
a'

ro

uaje_acKJbyseHo, jup u runeajCr,r-.prl Awrauuou, xojra 6r,ro ncry' cyaouny, i"'uriri.i'oonou^.n,

He aHano La il4 cy Arace nocne 16g

l.

r.

o6'osJberre,

V cyceg,crny @rlaxa u Alop_a llnranr,rie cIIoMI'Irbe, Kao BIIAeJII4, Iz rpa,u, Baaa (O0d,).)tat, BdIo). On [lrolervreja caanajemo Aa ie Bana rpa.u, I-haeP\ie u--Ia ce HaJIaBI4JIa y ynyrpaurrbocrn one o6racrra (n. npl4M.5l). Ono urro je Cre@an BraaaHTilcKt4 -npu6eaexuo o oBo,vr rpaAy yraayje Ha rteroBy cTapr4Hy.uu) Hurarnux rpyrux noAaraKa HeMaMo o rbemy. ltxenrusutconafue Bane ca craHlruoM Bq9, (Bata), r.ojy noauorxTo cmo

je ca cTaHH[oM Ea,u.a MoxAa caMo IIpHBLI.[Ha. ' n crnuHocr Heuzey je rIoMI4uJJbao Ha MoryhHocr .u,a ce Bara JIoKaJIUayje xo.u c-ena l-laratuqe Kpaj Xalaarcrtnoua, jyroncrovHo o,u, Bepraje, r,u,e je caM Bpiruo lrcKoflaBaba c rplo 6orarilM peayxSenrana

Selexe y ceBepHoi [Iaepnj1, nr'rje oaryano. Cy,qehu no llrra-nr.ijy'u llroaervrejy rpaa ce sBao Bala, a ne Bara (ynprcoc CreSaHy BnaaHrucrorra xojr'r Hna raj o6lrx B&).1"4), re
aHTr4qKu HTI4Hepapujra

tatuma.56) [Iopea pacKotuH14x xeJIeHHcr]tqi(o-MaKeAoHcKHx rpau rpo6nraqa, naleHo je ua ronn Mecry I4 MHoro ocraTaKa lrs uoeurajer BpeMena, uro noxasyje Aa i9 oBo BeJIHKo HaceJbe

nocrojaro v
THo Aa

iannoyflpaBHa onrurHna. hernurrro Hr,rKaKBrrx eJre_ MeHara 3a [br4xoBo 6AUXe J]OKaJrrl3oBarLe. Heuzey ,* iu ,rnu-

y ptiwcrqo [o6a. S.byrl*, Heuzey je cam npl4Meje y cpe,ubem BeKy o6.nacr flalartlue 6wta noTqubeHa y upKBeHoM norneAy erucrconr.lju y Bepujvt n Ha ocHoBy- Tora saKJbyrrr4o Aa je ona o6la cr u y aHTI4tIKo no6a uo cnoj upu-npufia1ana Ervrarrajra, a ne flr,repuiu.u') flpetra rolre, rPa,u xurlu Bara, noir rasnopt4 craBJbaiy y llraepuiy, rpe6alo 6u rpaxuru Ha .qpyrom MecTy. lrl,u,eHrn$raKoBarbe HaceJba ro.u, llalarilue c
flocra 6esnavajnHx HaTnHca, roin He ocBeT;ranajy ono nr.riarue. Irlnar, y nocJle.u,rbe _ BpeMe rcryuuo je y Kopricr oBor peuerua u EAcoH, nolaaetiH o,[, IaAeHTI{qHocru Baae H craHl4qe Bada (s. nuxe). Keparvrouynoc je IrMe rpaAa Bana npn6nuxl'Io IrMeHy recHarla Vdlus!3n-a (Liv. XLII,2) nporyMa'{uBtuu oBo HMe xao 86}'.i.aE Xrev&.58) Ha ocHoBy Tor.a oH loxanuayje rpa,u, Baaa Ha jyiuo.vr yraiy oBor recna(a (4anarururz Capaugonopoc), xon "uecra Byaa.ra, jep ce, no beroBoM MuluJberby, Ha ceBepHoM
cBera HeKoJIl,IKo,

Baloni

14

r4Haqe rre noqrasa Ha I{Bpcrl4M ocHoBaMa, iep

je naleno

rpe6a Tput<uru cerepnrje.'

o) Vn. Liv. XLV, 2,7,,1, Maximum filium ad Aeginium et Agas_ "e. cri,<. sas diripiendas mittit.'..,,'l,ls{ai je cymue aa Jlaiyie una y Buty rrm$ajcrn
rpa.q, AurusltoH,

r<ome

ie v

*iv;r,'m'$_lantr#;***i*'11-*ffi-ipilHffi-tt
tr) Kromaver. Antike schrachtferder, r! !sQ, np. 2j Hirschferd, RE s. v. Jtof . il, t'2, a7: n,ejrcrl-o;il; o0d)'l\crr' [Irepncro nprmopie onncyiy'nrJii.iidi'iil, lz, r2; prin. ,r. ,X]'
.51)

ff "J1tJ,xr,i::,n", jt:;x.,ii,,rd"iiltl L,:fltildi:ili{,,ifiiryff Mopa 6iru ta ie nd cpeai.r rpeuma , dd i;l;rir,"y ft?.r"^i?fl;,r;,Jfl".


o') )rumwta. crp. 67, 6p. 56. He'sil.u,r4 ce 13 Kor 6u rpemena Morao 53) Heuzey, Le Mont OIympj, crp_.216 u_1,.(npema l,unuuucrp. 173). sr; Cf. Oberhummer, S. v.'phytakai,-RE^XX (Td+il"tidC; A..k;b;-

riBnaay uB KJIaHITa uaJlaBI4o rpaJl @nlame. Ono nyxoBllTo peurerbe He Moxe ce, nnefyrrM, npaxBaTuTt4 I43 tlpocror paanora nrro, KaKo he je.u,aH IIorJte.( Ha KapTy ogMax noKaBaTH, o6lacr Byraae. 6ausy perie Eypora, He Moxe nukaxo Ita ce pa'{yHg y flirepnjy. Byiaia ce Haraer iyroaananho oa l-ltarroHa u ,(olrx6, iiepara6ncrcilx rpagoBa, AaJIeKo Ha Baua.u, oa Kapuje, I'Ae je npora-auJra MaKe.u,oHct(o-TecailcKa rpaHHIIa. Bra.u.eau cmo,,lla
11 Steph. Byz. s. v. Bdtrtrc' rr6).rE Ecrij.aioi. O6uy6vqE 6r'l\[ar<e6oviq (sic):
i-e1'6pevor. fI0$tov r6roY. 56) Heuzey, crp. 180 Mcrrce8ovicE, tbq fl6L}ia' 6 rro).kr1E Ba1trcr(oug *etayaydv siE <dv i'0v

6rru oraj narnri.

'

;z) Heuzey, crp.27l.

u t.; ilnnuua crp.

175

a.

moIIyJIOC, AenO HaBeAeHO

npu,n. 5g.

{i (1931) 314

"si

a.

Xepdmony.loc, Volustana ra a.

Ild,),.}.46 xrevcr,

flparord'Ar<,

'Aor1v.

t08

Ilort,a MaxeAonuia

__ [tSto_t1,, Ipq49B]Ly

prmcxo ao6a trtrcy

Eoruaja

r09

Sabatium

Hatera

Anamo
Bada

Acerdos

paEJrora H"arpa$dn npuir,-uw TexHHsKH rexra H cKy[Jbr4 nyr ua ,,(r,oHa ,urapercrio aa TeiaaoH,Ky, Iro{ je parlale,'' 1'oui oA xeJreHucruqKor BpeMeHa, nocrojao nyr xoji 1e'rco4 I-lraane i:fiT,,y_,pl1ly Bepoje H olarne HacraBJbao np.niln;;
Hr'rrrKr4x

nojerraHe craHHu..;;j'[, *:^ilg11r0utcvi9.,1 1gx,lr1ayje yoe.u,runo aoxaayje aa. je rex- y aooa noegoi ulpcina raanpao ioj_

Aruloi roia ce 6de anoy,Jberba Moxe u.q,enru0HKotsar, c rpa,[oi, Aaopo,il Soraajil;;6r;;;;; V oA yuha XalaarmoHa, cBe cy ocrane craHaue [ornyHo Helo_ Bpao je neponarHo Aa cy oo,rru, ;;j;;y';rm caqyBaHr4 :I.1Ig ucKBapeHr',, aflu ,[ocaAaurlb, noryruaja erueuirupaBa rburt4. llo MprnepoBom cxBaTarby njrr je ,od;'";, Hrcy y6.a\16;; y npaBuy ceBepa npeno_Xarr.rarnnoua ab Aropul u oaurre cKpe_ rao Ha jyr narpar y Ilueprajy n?.nperco B;;;'rru,i -E.p6t, t nperaaehu. joLu jelnonn b.iiv XanuarcrraoH:r;i T;le je4nro peue''e roje moxe MaJro -roia npra4o6aru ea ce6e.'itfib.o"l. Crpyrcono nauru.rneni a'u cy v frtiv* no,euaHe l:99!lrnuje craHrrre ca ,rsa yrl: g{_L9jrl je jeaaH -aoailo-,r"a [ri;;;6;; y TecaroHr4Ky' nox je apyrdsrpeTao ,,pe*a Eepo;ra H o.uarre HacraBJbao raJbe rarole ea TeCaronun!.ur; Ouy'ri.;y .rir_;;: 11o iu u palpaa.uo y cBnM nojeaaHocrrl^,uhiii,nl'ro^yrruu*

_- Hateia x[ Aiamo vil BadacraHuue: Dium - xll - _- _ B..or..r) __ XV los - o;;;;jarua -.xxroja - Aru4aje - Acerdos xll Ta-6yna r,ra,vrefiy Eepoje trop, cy nyra
y
Fo^r?nu_! crBapHocrr4. cem craHrue

oA _AIroHa Tadyna l-Joiraur'ep

i;;;ffi rildlff ii:Jit'.',TJilH,il:llf,ff 'JJd,,4,i#ibfl.oTt1Xi: stenas sabatium xit -- bluHll,ioiv-rurirr.r craBJba - xv -Mecra KoA JraHaurber l-loae,-ceBepHo oa lljiarai,ion;.;;) cenep-no
'rjaia
HaBo,[H oBe

K,BarH Hu Jr'RailH3.Baril. craHHUe nu nyry"Tamne-Tecaro_ HaKa, ea6erexel^e reorpa6a ,1_Taoyna. hojrnnrepujani Paaencrcor. [Der

Malbe ce To ciH,(a Moxe npeTno_ o.q, KaMoyHr.tcKrzi .opr. HanomenyJrr4 cMo Ha floqerKv. oBor florJraBJba Aa ce y ttoaHo_ aHrurr*r4M uruHep^apr,rj,Ma nojaB.nyje uras Mecra HHaqe rorryno HeroBHaTa rcoja ce crora ne ,rnbry niaircurupi_ cTaBuTu sa o6nacT

ce Ba o6ilacrH Cepnuje H naneorpa(ujana yTBp,(!,no Aa yna3Hre y tluepujy: yTonr4Ko

Arulos (:Atoros) u Acerdos, nor< ie craHnua .81{u (:Valla) Sula na [pyroM [yTy, roiH ie 14rjrao npexoj|epoje. EncoH H,r.eH-

jyxno

irOr*viu'iiatera
r,o Alopa 6nle

! To cy

i i;rp;i;,irj;

;y

i ridxonn Bcrg0pcrg xo[ ,(uorra, a Anamon ca iuiruii,toHorvr.6+) Maronuno,u,a c_y,ItyxoBI4Te oBe u,u.eHTraSHrauuje, nnrcrunn ni nracy peanHe. Saruio 6w na nyry o{ Ary.ll
6rrrrn,i flronr,
*oiy
Batt1TO

nane,u,eHe caMo npBa cTaHLlUa, y Heflocpe.lrHo] I4 nocneAlba, He[ocpe4lo l4cnpefi Alopa? I't
I-lra.u.na,

i iia

ce-MopaJra HanaSuTV na o6a nyTa, u Ha OHOM. t(OlU Je

ttiri.riti*

je'raCnala U3 OBlrx HTnHepapnla

Antonini 6erlexu'ni nyry .(raon-Eep9!u?-

ie1uHa cTaHI4Ua
BO,U,!,O

9-l:

rHpeKTHo y npaBuy ceBepa u Ha oHoM roju je cKperao npeMa 6epojra. Macrlrr,a Aa je nqTalbe oBr4x cTaHuUa ca pagflonoxfiBHM MaTepr4JanoM HepeulJbr4Bo H .rr.a ce He MoXe Ueahu ,t3
oKBrrpa Marbe

vilw

Bl4uJe

BepoBarHllx npeTnocranxu'65)

Eotuaia
navrehv-laebHi'e

Aaa

Ayxa Hero

,u idriupy i Arvr6axcarrile nh- icroxy.

Eorraaja !e o6yxnaTaJra cpeAHlxHI4 .UeO .(Orre Mare.u.onuje, ra Enr.rnnele na !yry, Eopaaje Ha 3ana.u._y_, Anrvronraie
Aorura

i.t n.rraHLrHcKH BeHuu EeplruoHa ra I-lajaxa npeTcraBJbaJIH cy rbeHe npHpo,qHe rpaHr4ue. v rroi cy ce. HaJraSLIJIe IleKa.[aurbe npecToHHue H ce.rr,r4rxre npoBr4r{rr,cKor KoHHoHa Eepoia.') il'[;t;;-II6ra ---- lrlr,,ra HayqHHKa riojra aanaAHll ,qeo one o6lacra (ca rpl[o-enu.o*i ra Eepoloivr) crvrarpaly noce6Hotvt o6ra,rhy . EM?l BUMa rujorvr.2) Melyrr,rnn, Ervraruja ce Hu y jegHolvl t4SBOpy He [oJaB"byJe

ror

XaluaK6oHa

Kao

HaBr4B JenHe bnpelerie o6laciri: lo ie I4rIIr-cTa_po ume Marelotlale') iarln naara'n noira Ce ynorpe6ruaBao 3a o6elexasalbe [o"; i/i;n..u,onrf. yon*i., o,iHocio rbeHor npr.rrvropia.a) Ko,u

ie "i iin.rni EnConv, H. ,u.., crp. jir<o norcehi Ha uue pe.re AcxopA.r o oa,'r' ts'#i,ii^ b;;' ;*;,;etvirm, (r' .crp' 106)' Jlnnraja Ko.tl ;d""pro1 ilraepuin, .u.oiyue-riroBaHo ;;;'y 1) y0eqarJbr4B Ont{C Ose O6naciu (ndnaurue KamcJrr4KOBr4r
182, Acerdos-

or1

lbid. crp. l8l.

6rra craruua

il3a

t ryr ea TecaroHur(y openaiao je iuri_ l.:.:ilo!-1xy. AapexraH aKMoH JyxHo oa, _Aropa, t..qe je narpa$.n" u"r,rx, rnotr, vraju,
ce
r4MnoSaHTHr,r

xl'lBJba' heitrx ceila u rpa,u.oaa, aHTnqKHY craHoBHilKa H caBpegeHor Fahrten' Makedonische ii"r#Lnrri 6orarcrr"u il rlenora, ,qao le A' S!r-uc^k, onultPtro rosopll Crpyr i.'DiJ ri'itieaonischen Niederlapde. Saraievo 1908. Hageiba. IleTaJbHa Mana u o cnOMeH[UgMa u ucrOpuiw nbienlrunX aHTilqKl4x c narse),

Bpno

14

;;ni;jt rnrre o,raguasa cgaJlaxebe cBaKoMe ro OBHM KPAICBHMA. """"' i).v;]6lv"r, 64g cl. I4aro cau cMarpa
oarclrrfi.U.e'HeMa

unie

JII4I{H9

yllo3lrar

ra Aru-

ruapa.

Ha ro/u tlyry

ocTarIH

14

,(aHac

HaJraEr4Jre

cy ce craHurle Hitera, Anamon,

Blr.u,e

Ko,[, Mecra enanor Ka-

oz) struck. Makedonidche' Fahrien, makedonischen Niederrande, ---- --"' Il, Die rrrs'rrsvrrrJerrsrr crp. 95. u 4. .ffi) Edson, Strepsa, Class. phil. S0 (lgSS), crp. l7B w y,.

5e) K. Miller. lln.Rom., crp. SZ5. Koa. Ceogr. Rav., igS,5: Sabatum; 374, 7: Sabation. 60) Tab. Peut. VIII, l. feorpad paseucKn l.tnr_a """''""' odlr:xe lmera (,uec,ro Hatera), At,eFon r Bata' rc"oei.'R;'r.'163, --- +l'5z.i:"6. 6r) Miller, Itin. Roni.. crB. SZ+.-

KoMe, ceorue cnxcKy MaKe;r.oHcKux H;;;;;ii';;n'iiJ"ou, 6poj yflelarouuje. peueno, HeMa \'3rpe.f,6y.u,tl -irg.' -' "'.-;) r i: orr 'Hpa&'cr 6r.,).eico rp6repov i, viv l\{ore6ovia; sti.'\ill Emathia lustin. 'Vil,'i,'f; ,,'lVloacedonia ante a nomine Emathiohis-rbgis ... venisset, t"s;i;'ri;it-est,l'. iiii. Vii, t, iit ,Curanus... cum in Emalhiam Edessam occuPavit. ' '" ur6'em "'"""'.iei. i26r 'llpu.xctv. dpocer*ri";-Pol' xxlll, 10' 4 (:Liv' 40' ii;". ilii lflpo-Oto", c'i' 6i nalariv flcttor'iav. 'rpodctTopeoop6vrlv' 3): ... ei: cir' t'ot' prv ;;" ;;E;;i,',io" ,u:,uud n o6racr oKo .rlo'oer rora Arcnia' Hacrar+'eHa HeKa.x.a lleonultma.

fajep unaX cTaBJba ^a.ropJr.,_Eoruaie ilecra sa nOce6xy o6.laCr Emarujy, y o6racru,

lt0

Mare-aoxcru rpa.troBlr y pumcro ro6a


TpanraUr,1ja

Jlosa Marea.oHrfa -

Eorraaja

lll
KpaJbeBcKI4M Aurt onuITeMaKeAoHCKe

noce6Honn o6ra'rhy _uiw ne. To K'",re

tiu

K6ppou. "i,, ,ocr,i'lltepiuv ot,, tofrov eE rqv Borrt*icrv i.,pi*t,r"o. . .6) Arco HMa y B,ry Aa cy TpauaHr,r r.oilasuJr4 ca r4cro^a finr.r ceBepor.rcroKa u na cy florpa, .u,o l-leae w llupa, niiu-i&.nruu ,,6d o

6e

.rr,oJrHH, Arc,aja u saruM npolplr.r aane: ere,rcr Oi rqv &i).r1v N,IaxeEoviav npou*bpe, ,Eoo.r ""ieE e" *p,J.epa II6i).qE xai

le ,;t;;;;ili"*..r, ua II Tyrcalano_r^gce roBopr,r o Crrarxosotra 4.Igp,jeJnirru roxoAy na Mane,u.oaujy 42g i. Tynn,qu,( np,qa ila cy ce Tpavann ra flo6epa cnycrr.rJlu -y Marea6nri], t;;;jr;-;.11" ,puoou. y

fy,traii'loB ro.(araK qt4*t4 Mt4 :ii19 npn',q*o jacan oAroBop na uurame rpe6a ,, {aje, nriiir;y

xepo.qora w Tvxuyw,a Ennarr.rja ce yoflure He crroMrrrbe, seh 6oraaja. Jeaan

&;;;;

ce,

rpanoni Arare (Alycril,r) y KoMe cy y IV u III n. olpx(aBaHe cBeqaHOcTr4 MaKe,U,oHcKOr

uteurr,r$nxyje E1ecy cq_ cTapHM


ABopa

ce

ro6rruv

6<

uHje o6yxBarala caMo oonacr no,\reHyra .?:yrjl ,(Ba rpa.ra, KaKo ce o6a,{Ho Mt4cntr4, neh u BeMJbe :y, FI::.1 opgKyrrl -B djl1 H r rii"i,i", y JerHoM xoju narra je cauyaan rrr.rcKor, 4eleracro npopovuruie caneryje 4gr Arioa fl&f,r;;, ocHrrBarry
BanaAHo ,i ;yxHo oA mux cBe.u.o fluepraje. Vocranonn HeMaMo -J. lrzpeiirau ro6a3 .u,a ryffjeaan a epoj a np,narraJr e r,*u rr; rl u ts;i

rlv-Ilorrr*icr v

xu\'

n,;;i;ilJ'nonuryje

.qa

cy no cTapoM o6nuajy caxparbl.tBaHl . MaKe.U.oHcKl.l urunrpr.io) Ll.u,enrra6rakoearbe oBa "(Ba rpaAa nraie iou nutio .u,oBeo y iyrvrny. I4nar ce oHo' no MoM MI'IIUJberby, He Moxe cMaTpaTg cHrypHI4M. llpe cnera, y E,u,ecr, IA0 cy KOHCTaTOBaHU rparoBtr noropr*ii, iiiv Hrb;;; HI4KaKBH ocraqu rp66nuqa''1) 6poi_pacKotuHgx npo6ona MaKeLoHcKor Fianporrn, -nibunrrpnJrr4qaH je jyxuo on'Eiece, y orcorHnra Hayce-(n. Hr,rxe). ;ffi 3arum, Irol6rvrdi HaBoAI4 Aure nope.u, EAece, rao noce6aH rpa[.'.') H;i;fi, u,ro i. Hapo'.rrrro Ba)r(Ho, erHuKoH Aiycrioq nojannyie ce Ha cnoMeHuurarvralV ra III n. yfiope.[,o c eTHHKoHotn'E6eddcxiog'13) To cne, qt,tn]t MH ce' HeABocMHcJIeHo norcaayie ,4a cy y nuTarby ItBa HaceJba, a He ie,u,no. ,(pyro ie nurarue '(a JIu ce-rpar, Aure o.u,pxao ra y pur*c{o .u,o6a kho ahce6Ha onuTTHa. klmartlo paaHrpe, H r.rle

u npupelunane

o,4 Xarua*MoHa "qo-Axc,aja, llraepHje.?)

c nex uoderre KoBe^ rpal.6) :ry,6pg1 ocHHBarby rpar,a Aii'cri, -poiona crape MaKeAoHcr(eJrpgcrogute, xo;a ;e, Kao uro henno sn,.Eru, uAer,rr4qnu EJIE;;;";J,H ce HarasHna y *enoj 6tueuuu. I-rpe,vra oBoM npopoqaHcrBy ona je 6ura y o6lacrrz Eorraaje. Je.u,unu flilcau KoA Kora je Haaan Boruaja BaMebeH HMeHoM Ervrarnja je llroneuej..Ko,u ool.u Enourriu

MaKeAoHcKe .u,pxaBe,

opi'ciiil yrne,u,a 4a r(peHe y Eoruaif , ,qu'frr; rAe -i;; -p.,; rorilrHe


lnr i

JOra '---

Y TO: ce noiinryje y nHrepapHI4M 14sBopl'I-Ma reK y III n'1a) je.u.ai rpal y cupuiu Lo6ro LIMe no [boJ Alu qurueHr.rua .u,a ie 'ndxasyje '.ua j-e y paHoxeJleH,IcrtrrlKo no6a v.) s. Byz. isteptr.

En..i

,u,a cyMrbaMo

it.x6nonqca Eneca He camo nocroiaaa neh n npeTcTaBJbana rpa[ o,n HBBecHor aHavaia. Cne,u,oqancTBa o E,u,ecr y pllmcKo no6a cy Bpno- MaJIo6po!Ha- Cenn xo.u, Jluar'ria ra .(donola,.xojt't roBope o ruoi Kao o
ienriorta on -En..u

BeMrbe ri. uery [o1;'ilfl*iaonriy ce,

odvxulii".u.

anavajnra-jr,1i rpa,qoBa Tpqhe MaKe.[9JcKe o6lacru, ce cnomume !ou iart,ro rcon- Crpa6oHa (Ilolu6uja), rao ciirrrUu na via Egnatia, ro.u. Ilrole_4eja v y urvHepapuiurua, il

Y::,?,^Ylil.:, llgp xoja ce He Mory raqHo ircniuew^ouoir.

6uta cpeyurure MareAorrcxe r.r y ruoj r.l"-ti.ig. u:yyo rpaAC H )r( o r. rr .u.p)KaBe y E;;il,, n."# : " J:I: I rf:Ig lg9: I i i oi i,r rz c-v il ;;;#ffi "dA' :'i;J;;;: fo,Pjjo i ] _I ^p " u rupuci, ;5?;ffi';frilX[#r?

Eorraaja je

najaan, y floaHopi'rrrcrco',u,o6a, nou Xr'tiepoKJla u Manxa'ls) ,) tr*tin. vll.l. I0: .,urbem Edessam ob memoriam muneris Aegaea-s,
populuiri Aigeadai vocariit". Cf. Diotl. XXII frg. 23: rd; Aiy6as.
Coaa --- - rnq Mcrre8ovtr{; Pc,ot}.eiag'

rc

HB

^-iil;;i

EAECA

cy Pumnaau ocaojurr *?j,:^9:*.::.:.113 $ge,qoHujy, r^: l:.: i x r p a a o ui, u n ua Jn"#, -.,i n, i."oi?i: I :I 3 *,1. I: ^jyll je 6ara npna-^aareaoncni ;t;;-ir;;,,d';6 IIii 9rl KpaJba Apxeraja, xojr je /Ipx(aBHr! ueHTap npeMecr,o y Anw u rocJre rora, Ea6ca Banp)KaBa. cuoi a;;;;i;'yrne.(.[eny.
^

A{y6cttE XVI,'!i2: ,au crytbvurv rcri y&pcuv oowe)toop6vorv (ceai6a Kaeonarp.e, fiepre cpnavna.ll);. Arr' l-ll, 1: r'iv dy'ivcr e.l" AiyaiE 6r6ilqr<s J-'Ot",iporo'1s1. Alercaulap); Dig$.. X,t-{'^5^2: d$ctr}ev iKaa;H4ap) dv Ah'crtctii, ra")ctrep d"!og {v.roig pcror}.efior; Plin. lV,33: ,,Oppida reges erat.. '" .\esae. odo mos sepeliri -H.

<i; [Icrre6o'

i6) Diod.
to,q

. lv
.

iicg flv

ra

;ili';ff;

" iri A. Struck,

5) Jhuk. ll, 100, 4. vgg:l,.reubn. 16e0): d].r' i"]' cne,y6per.o5 ror:]rPj:$ty-T'^].9 Jl*: II; rqi6c ,rpd6 rol6prl).ov. ld'rr,)cr 6,tiv af,1.,.eiri"g i6qr; 3<or'<i6ecrE aiycrg eivqrllr.raE
I

o'u' trflece' c.Harpa 'XVjil,norpeuno oAnoiuo AI4re -rB).u.a ie I-lro,remej 6:'rteo,r'rCroE AilcioE; Plut. Alex. 4l: Er)p6LoXo; Arr. fna. Be3y oBal -{iyq,io;;'Curt.V,2,5: Augaeus (Leloch, Gr''G' ll12, 326 ,loBo'['H y Aer:ycria tlrl' erHuKoH c rpa.u.oM Aigui'a ro,u.'l-lrolemeia; lua JIu BeSe c rum 'Apsvrs-E Ha;lasrMo: g, H' e-' B. nPe i;;. m;b'li, ail. Fla narn,acHma r'rs-lil K).eor&rpa l(aoo&v6por: Marritq 6$ ri"rlc,'"o; rtl"*Laa* cg Aii.;;;lC,tlln I187, ra
,E6ooqE,

Jt., 62 cl. tri itiol. Iir, ii;36;;,,.. .'E6tooo, Bep.orc,

Aivaict ' '

'j' Miiller, Ptol'

518

Ei:t",:lt:'fu5:".ii".,i" yer, 649; v.uyrr. 8T;'u""'i:'r*i:y;"?#::1i,,e_1".j'oxil,";1,"E'."lxi"i"T Steph. I Byz. s. v.'Aiycrl.. .'1i",*$;--*,, .rrl "", *;%ilijffi +) Ptol lll, 12, 30. xIV,'zi, Jor tertia regio nobiris urbes Edersam et Beroeam ,:i riu ^^ Pellam et habet".
6L6yero. o.

IC XIle ll35 (Oea,rI,Ba npilMePa, KaO u HeKOJII4KO [pyrnx cJIl4IlHI4x' xoje iiiu nauriia y lilreparypu, Huca* MorJIa Aa npoBepu', norlro MI4 senuxe a6upre Harnl4ca Hrcy nPucrynaqHe)' --"""i.iPili:Pt;il:-lo, tzi ebtva'en.-ll, 2.9,?.i!?t:!,-e.7; vn' u cn:i,caK
reopo.u.bxa '""""f;iTtr:Plassart, Thdorodoques, BCH-a5

rB0,S; tiin. ni"r. O-OO, + liivitas eaiSsalj Tab. P6ut, VIII, .\lalch. 18 (FHG lV P. 127).

Vii ai'a:'p;i-iX81V,

-(19.?l)- )7,^Fa;, tz; Ptol: Ill,'t2,-lp.;.ltin' Ant.

l;

Hier.638,8;

?19, 1'

lt2

MareloncKr4 rpa,[oBr.r y pumcro 4o6a

,[gp_f

[1't949ll]3_:

Eo'rraaia

il3
I-lpema

je mopala 6uru npurr4'rHo BeJrr4K H Harlpel,aH rpa,q. E,qeca je urvrala Tr4rrr4r.rHo rpqKo-MaKeAoHcKo rpaAcKo ypeleme ca floJrr.rTapcrrma na uery.lu) Asa HaTr]r4ca ca c[HcKoBr.rma e@e6a Mory ce yseTr,r Kao cBeAorla penaTr4BHor 6larocTalba r.l pasB_HJeHOr KyJrrypHor xnnora.le) Hercorraxo JrarHHcKr4x Ha,[,rpo6nux

ru oKoJrHHu ne najy jacHy c{HKy o roMe xonr.rrcu jie r raran' 6uo ouai rpan y pr.rmcKo go6a.16) [4nar qurbeHr,rqa .ua je EAeca roBara HoBaq_y no6a Panor qapcrnalT) ,u,oaornno je p6urara: EAeca

Apxeonorura r4crpaxlrBarba Hucy BpureHa y Eaecr,r. pelaTHBHO rualo6pojH.r4 cnoMe1uwt u HaTnucn nalenri y caMoM rpa[y

ona

I-lceyao-CKHMHy (v. 625), gla ie sajes,Ho c Eepojoru najyireinraju y yHyTpaLUFbocru Maxe.uoHraje. Mefyrurra, gorliraje, non lpax .Aarycrorvr, KaAa je o6paaoBaH MaKeAoHcKI4 Kor4IioH, Ba ce,u4ure

ie

rocraJra leHIgp Tpehe MaKer.oHcxe odnacru.26)

xoHaeHr2l.)
rrana

E[eqa nocrojala jaxa pHMcKa Haceo6una, xoja je iri,rara indl

HapoqHTo HaTrrHcl4 xojra cy y qacr llerp.oHraje crparure, hepre JIyuHja l-lerponraja Eaca,' n6.qr,lrnu ,q rro).rg rai o[ duvrpaypqretr6]xevot 'pcupuiot"- noxasyjy na je y
cnoMeHHna,20)-

rberoB rIeHTap. Mefyrunn, neh 14 caMo HaceJbaBarbe KoJroHucTay lle.rry yrasyje Ha r4BBecHo o[agaFbe oBor- rpa4a, jep y Harpe.(Hr4m, rycTo HaceJbeHI4M rpa,[oBuma Haje 6uao MecTa aa KoJroHr4cTe. firlflyJrc oBo_M MaKe.qoHc_KoM rpaAy, Kao ruro je, HalprMep, 6uo gyvaj ca @unwnuwa. Me$yrraru, I-lera je ra ,uane oninani. Xa,u .nuoH Xpracocrom, roju je l-lery roceruo HerAe Ha rrpeJraay ws I y I[ a. n. e.,.Ka)Ke .qa ce Ha rbeHoM Mecry He B,,.[,u HH Tpar HeKe Bapgt{pt (ei rtE 6t6,p1otro li6)"}.av, ou6b dqpeiov 6rfetcri 'ro]teo;g n,u66v) u ta oHa Jrilr{H Ha romuJry paa6rajeurax Upehosa (rrolUv

flela, reh Eepoja. ,(o,u,a je flela aeh 30 r. rtpe H. e. -rocraJra prMcKa roronnja, ror je itouHorr o6pasonan 4ouHHje.26) I(ao prrMcxa roronaja, hera cndraxo Hraje llorJra Aa yqecTByje y xr.rBory KoHHoHa, a joru nname .qa nocraHe
oBor
npoBr4Hr.t,Hcrcor

rena nr,rje uea1pana

ry_ru9, Moxe ce Kao paBJror aa

ro

HaBecrr4 qHrreHuqa

Morlo ce o.IerhBarfi la he ce

KoJroHr.ranparteM ,qarr,t HoB

Ha o6ponur4Ma Eepmraona, Ha rJraBnoj cabopahajnoj apreprjn

v nosnop,McKo ,ro6a E,qeca ce o.rlpxaBa Kao civitas, a.nu Huje nocBe.u,oqeHa Kao efiucKonu ja.2i) l/tenaHpeAaH nonoxaj
je E,qeca Ouna rpaA onar.ne-je- noqurbaro xoa ceia pnsapu Ha rryry ea Teia.

ienau

MLrJboKaB 14B BpeMeHa Jluqunuja naldH r4cToqHo o.u, E,u,ece, ca o_SHaKoM npBe MaJbe

--

JroHHKy, rroxaByj^e.na

nEJIA
,

parryHarbe MHJba") je ono,u rpatry .rr,a oAoJtr,t cBt4rvr - oirnoryhHlo .najes.[ama u \a HacraBr4 )Kr4Bor 14 y cpeArbem Ber(y, BanpxaBtllu qaK, [opeA HoBor cJroBeHcKor r4MeHa BoAena, v crapo rnne EAeca.
14 .qpyra .MaKeAoHcKa npecroHr4Ua o.u, roqeTKa IV s. no 168 r. rpe H. e. flera ([6ircr), AoMoBHHa ouruna II H AnexcaH,u,pa Belraxor n pvltur\a MaKeAoHcKr.tx BJraAapa, HaraanJla ce y pHMcKo ItoSa y craJrrloM oraAalby.2a) IIocae 6rarxe ro,u, flHAne

,\,

Btickh (clc), Hahn,-Bormanjr (Arch.-Epigr. Mitt. XII) u tbyru. csi ru narfiuctl ywtt4 cy y-3oopHNrc Jlumuue,_ 6p. l-49. y XX nery o6janurH cy Harnuce u3 oBe o6nacru: A. Struck, lnsthriften aus Maked<inien, Rtrr. mit[. 27 (190?) p.QI .rr9-p-. l!-ZQi A. Plassart, lnscriptions de Pidrie,'d'Emathie

tul9:t qlapuiul

Hs.qaBasa, Harnr{ce

u: Elece o1laeum cy

Leake,

oityidrou6 oixrlropal".rr) Oaaj yTr4caK HaMeTao ce jou Cuue a6or HeraAautrbe cJraBe u 6oratcrna llele. flela je rolonabrpun. no,u. AnrycroM (30 roa. upe H. e.), Ea.x,a v ocrane xonomaje y Marelonujw-fluon, KacaHgpeja, r{rrpaxrajcrn u Qutwnu. .Ha nenoj TepilToprjra Hace"rseHu cy urailje Anrycr otryaeo BemJbr4tuHe noce.u.e y gl(H ceJbaur,l -rcojr,rma Hrarr,tjra ra 6u Hx rro,uerruo- cnojram nojnuqrarua.28) flera je yxr.r"Baira ilTancKo [paBo (ius ltalicum), Kao u .ocrarre roMeHyre xoroHnje, BepoBarHo seh oA ocHr4Barba Kononraje.2e)
KaHauyrilca, 'O 'Ap16).coE ,(clr'ai perappu$pfoerE rou Br. Mcrre6ov{a, ColyH, I9{8, crp,.77.r*.[lo,{emo}r lv s. lleaa -ie 6utA uajaef,u rpaa Mai<enogi.rle iXen. Hell. V, 2, l3). Kao npecroxr4[a Quluna V n-fIepcejh, I-le,ra ce cn6"rlrrbe Burxe rryra xo:r lloarr6uja u llunuja y ne:ra c pilmcxo-lrraKeAoHcKr4M

ro je tehKaxo" peropc'r, flpeTepaHo. A;ru, nennaMo pasJrora ,ua nocyMrbaMo y BepoAocrojndcr JlyxralaHoBt4x pequ aa je llela y FberoBo BpeMe uM.ata ,,rcx,nrtvou( rcri
repupov duvrerprpp6vov),

et de Bottide, BCH 47 (1923) IBG cr. Honuie nyoaurauu je muruucy no3nare. 9,ry-uajuu Hara3u_Horupar.u cy y xpoHr4KaMa apxeonor.uKHx qaco[uca, yn. u X. MarapoHac, Xpovtri cipXaro).oyiru. l,Iare8ovrr<cr 2 (1952) 47 ca. .Miinzen,
tz; Qaebler, Antike ll crp. 62. ts; Vn. HaTnfic .[.uruHqa, 6p. 12: . . . rro].rrcrp-1o6v<<uv rri:v repi . . . Acru

!lpa! HanasHMo B Ha Harrrr4cy H3 J{eypuoua, 500. Fpa.acru caner poo)"4 cnoMrrH'e ie


re) Jlramuua, 6p. u 2. zo) Struck, Ath. Mitt. 27

Bynrah cnoruennr 7l (lg3l) 6p. Ha Harnrcy ua Eaece, ,llamuua, 6'p. i.

E_reca ce. cno.MlrH,e y je.tHou errr4rpalry ra-e lll raru lv s. (JluJrruira 6p. 5i larpiE pi,v por'E6eoocr...) u na ie.u.nom nplo no3nou Harnrlcy us 6edoje, Perdriz-et,^lnscriptions de Roumdlie,'BCH 24 (1900) 542 (in civititi ldissindt). 1r, 99H 76 (1952) str. 228 (Chronique des fouiltbs;. :r; Cf. s. v. Pella RE l9 (1937) 346 bn. (Oberhummer). llela ce cnorru4H,e seh xoa Xepogora.(Vll, 123) u Tyru4uaa (ll, gg,4; ll; 100,4). Apxenaj npeHocr4 npecroHauy ug Haece y l-lely, B. nHrepecaHrHy ,uonorpaeljy .[.

21) Jltrrulua,6p.3. Vn- Korneman11 q.v. Conventus, RE IV (lg0l) II85. 22) CeM y r4rr4Hepapuiuma, Xujepofira r.t Ma.nxa 1yn.'npr.rm. l5),

(1902),6p. 19-21.

roa

Uv. -XLV, 30, 5; Diod. XXXI, 8, 8: Str. VII, frg. 48. tr. Kanauvluc, Tri rotvdv rc6v' Marce86r,cov. tr[crrebovrra, 3 (1954) .:t) crp. 12 cn. 2,). Dig Chr.ys. XXXIII. p. 402. Lucian. Alex. 6: tle).].aia 6i lri 6reir.r1, r-ii-ar piv ei8cipovos lcopioo rard toilg rriv Mcrr(e66r.urv pcror).6cr;, r-6v 6e ru-tervoirg rcai oLryioroug .oircqropa; dlovroq (,,rleL).cric'r je ernuron, oAHocI,t i:e Ha jeany xgly o rojoj ce roBopu y nperxonnoj peuenrauu. Koa O6epxi',Bep.a,

PaTOBuMa. 25)

- r4Hreprrynruuja' vune pegerrr4uy Hepa3yMrpara!), c.lpahunaH,e u norpeuHa -r'reon).. Mela Il, 34, ra4 iaxe sa l-le'"'rf la j'e ,,et mirxima ei inltistris,,.
--oloniae, RE lV (1901) 549. T) Dig. L, 15, 8, 8. llaxe,uoscxlr rparonu
B

a. l- , 347: ,,1ls).).cria

erieirn rr&)"crr e,)6stpovo6

..

.,, (rao Aa je n,rie

npe;tucvje cBaKaKo HeKI crap14 r.lBBop. 28) Dio Cass.^L1,4; P_lin. 1V,34:',,Petla colonia,.; cf. Kornemann, s. v,

l14

Mare,u,oucrr4 rpa.u,oBrr

pramcro .[o6a

Jlorta Mar<eaouuia - Eoruaja

I15

xeJreHlrcrrlrrror BpeMeHa. Tq Mil trr Jberbe npr,lxn arajy .u,aHac cau3l). IrlHa.re je ranno. ua$eHo penaruBHo MaJro cnomeuurasz). Haaaen r,rs pHMcKor BpeMeHa cy TaKo maao6pojuu la ce He Moxe .qo-

ocraqr{ cTapor-HaceJba. Ty cy lleny JroKaJrt,laonarr nefi npnu 14crpaxuBaqu (Leake, Delacoulonche, Cousinry) ua ocHoBy no,u,araKa aHTLlrrKHx nucaua, a r e6or rora [rJTo ce y. 1nuewnu Tor noKaJruTera HaJraB14 nelurcu 6poj TyMyJra ua MaKe,qoHcKo-

Anatcnucu-(Aju Anocroaw), jyroracfouHo o,q naJraHKe Jenuqe, na MoqBapHoj Hnprura HcrorrM-eHor jeaepa, r1e cy KoHcraToBaHH

K.ao pnrucKa KorroHltja lulia Augusta pella - Colonia rpr.r y roKy neri [apcrna (ao Ilera je KgI3{g JloBaq .rrpBa Ilopaniaua .lll)'o), Fben je noloxaj crarypio yrnpfen Ko.( Mecra

o.[HocHo l0 rvuz.roa o.q. craHnue Cephira Ha Arccuiy).3a) Itinerarium Antonini .q,aie Ha jennorra trecry (319, 3-320, l) oTcroiarba 27+28 Mt4rba, Ha .rr.pyroM (330, 5-7), 30+29 numa. V Ta6yna Ilojrr.rnrepujanu nar HMaMo orcrojarba 45 (l) +27 numa. llpna uraSpa je cearano florpeuHa H HacTana je rIoHaBJbabeM nperxo,u,Hor orcrojarba (Cellis-Edessa).35) Oa llele ce lasABaiao

6uo jan

HETI,I HI{KAKAB SAKJbYqAK

@parmenre .u,Ba Jrarr.tHcKa HaTrIHca, o,u rcojr,lx je

JC y oaoj rolonajr. Tpe6a, rvre$yrarvr, cKpeHyru naxlby -je,EaH,

TOME KOJIHrcO

JIATUHCKI' CJIEMEHAT
Ha

jano.u HaaBaHa .(raorneunjanonornem r,l .(raorcleur,tjan - Mox,u,a ie arIH ce HoBo HMe noKyuao ,[,a o6HoBI4 oBai rpSA y o[IaAalny Huje a,yro oApxaJlo, Beh ra ie noHono ttorucno craposT).

V Itin. Ant. 330, 6 yMecro lleae Ba6enexeHa je craHI4IIa rt4 Dioclitianopolis. I-loruro ce Ha ItpyroM Mecry oBo IrMe BI4ue JA (, He flojaBJbyje, Mopa ce saKJbylttiTv \a je l-lela.nol ,qaoKJ]eUIlV noenoaHTl4sKo .u,o6a flela ce cIIoMHrre Ko.Il Jopnana Kao jenaH o.u. MaKeJLoHcKI4x rpaloBa rcojn cy 478 r. npenyuTeHu Teo[opuxoBHM l-orunna38). Iocaenron noMeH flere HMaMo Ko,[ Xujeporaa.se) flera Huje nocraJla ce.u.HtxTe erucnolluie. OHa ie nocrefleHo uaywtpafia, a.]ra ce HIIaK oApxana ,[,o caMor rpaja aHTI{Ke.
Cynporno E:recra u fletu, rpehu
BeJIUKI,I rpa,u, EMaT.I4ie

IryT Koir4 je noa.uo

Eepojy H Aarbe rpeMa

fluepujras6).

florxro ce He noAy[apajy nornyHo. Itinerarium Burdigalense craBrba I-lely Ha cpelrily nyTa H3Meby Elece u TecaloHuxe (30 Mr4Jba i je.(He r.l c ,qpyre crpaHe,
Barbe rbeHor noaoxaja,
Caebler, Antike Miinzen Il, 93-100. 3a..yrspt^tBq!!e rlo^rroxqla^l-!ene ocHoBH14 H3BopH cy Liv. XLIV, ^]r) 46 u. Str..VIl frg. .20,22 u-23, e. Tafel, Via Egn. 52 ca.,'Strrick, Makedo: nische Niederlande, crp. 84 u cl., g2,-Oberhrimmer, H. t.,342 in. Hucra x MosBapHa o6lacr oro jeeepa l_enr,|r,re 143rJreAaJra je y' anru,vxo .u,o6a apyrvaje Hero .u,aHac. Mun,6,s15g Crpyra, H. .u.., cTp. 05, Au je jesepo Jeaaqe jour y.V l. Ipe n. e:. npercraBralo nelukfi r'aaras roir.'i J6,uonrrpio Ao noAHoxja llajara u Eep,uuona u roja ce BpemeHom s66r peqrux r.arora cBe B,rue.cMaH,uBao u cyauo, He Moxe ce orpxaru, n. Kanauyrl..tc, Mare6o_vrr<d pel,srrlpcrrcr, l. To:roypogicr rorj @eppccucori r6).rrou rdv S-ov at,irra x. X.,-Colyn, I955, crp. I-.8. Vn. ll Edson, Strepsa, Class. phil. S0 (lgS5),
ao1

HapaBHo Moxe paqyHaTr4 r4 c oABnarrebeM cnomeuuna98). flela ce HaJraarrla Ha via Egnatia. Orcrojarua roja HaM tajy wunepapHju'He Mory ce ilcKopr4cruTt4 aa ravnuje yrnpfu-

cy

rrcrom orcrojamy on jeanor

I-lene, a .upyr.H

Euutw:4.u,

Ha$eu

y ceJry Aranapr, oKo car u tlo Ba[ar,Ho o,u, y ceny.Ky@alony, ceBeporcrortHo o,q nere, Ha
r.r

rlpema

oavt JroKaJrr,rTeTa ylralunu

no caTa. Bpno je neponarHo .u,a y Tepuropuiy xoaonuje, uaKo ce

Bepoja, roxr4Bena je y puivrcrco .u,o6a BeJIHKH npouBaT I4 nocTarla qeHrap KynrypHor xr4Bora riponunrlraie. Bepoja je y no6a purtacKr4x ocnajarra nefi. unnara ne[y npouJlocrno)-u Baxuna Kao jenaH ol najyrnegHHir.rx MaKeAoHCKHx rpa1ona. JlHnr,lje ie Hasuna
3a) Itin. Burd. 605, 4-606, 4: ,,civiias Thessalonica - X - mutatio ad Polli, unde fuit Alexander Decimum mutatio Gephira - X X - civitas mutatio Scurio XV - civitas Edissa". Jltagnus Macedo - XV , 35) Tab. Peut. Vlll, 2. 36) 6ap raKo I43rJIeJI,a npema Ta6yau flojrllnrepuianu, yn. u Ceogr. Rav. 194, 15 u 374, l. Itin. Ant. 328, 4-S He HaBo.ILI4 Iaauely Sepoie u TecaaonaKe najegxy craHHuy. 37) TaKo nuciu 14 W. Kirbitschelr, s. v. ltinerarien RE IX (l9la) 2337. I-lo Geyer-y, crp. 678, yKonuKo nuje rpeuray urulePapujy, ott.u,a-i1V.nurqruy Heiu lp'yrur'.[,raor,r-euujaxonorr o KoMe He 3HaMo HI4uITa. H Tafel, Via Egn., 44, cmarpa .u.a 6ee npyrfix .u.oKa3a He MoxeMo npt4u]trn u,u.*lruSaxosalbe [e,re-ca Iluor<,lerlujanonorer*, O6epxymep y eJIaHKy o flelu y RE ne cnoMurle ,ll.uox,reurjanorrorb. Miller, ltin. Rom.52l u t. u Philippson s. v. Diocletianopolis RE V (1903) 658, nlenrr@uryjy JlllorilelrajqH-qlo{b u3 HrflHepapuja ia JlvoKrequjaHonorbeil ron flporonuja (de aed. IV, 3) n Xujepokne(642,12), c ron pa3rluKom ruro Miller cr$arpa JLa ce rai Jlr,loreeuujhnonoJb Hara3ro xo.u, I-lele (iep je n l-lela 6uta na jeaepy),. aor ra Qrlancon craBJba roa l(acropraje. Vcrnapn ro cy ,q,na rpaAa, ie,u,ar y lVlarenouuju, npyru y Tecaluira, B. HaoPeA crp. 88. es; Iord. Cet. 287 u a. (ed. Mommsen, MGH): ,,loca- eis iam sponte, quae incolerent tradidit, id est Cerru, Pellas, Europa, Mediana, Petina, Bereu et alia quae Sium vocatur", Momiter y Kplrrur;KoM afiapary Kaxe: ,,intelleguntur Cyrrhus et Pella oppida lVlacedoniae ptimae sibi vicina". 3,) Hier. 638, 3 (on rrera npeyiuma no,u,araK ConSt. Porph. them. 49). co; Hrzje cfirypta rpaaHur,rja reKcra Thuk. l, 6l , 4, r,u,e ce cnouurie -s. nojan;ryje ce Eepoja xa jeAnom Har-ruqy, a y lll n. 6epoja. Kpajem lV ce cnomurie BUure nyra y Be3fi ca lluponam paroBrma, cf. Oberhummer (1899) v. 305. 6epoja ce Hala3ll u y ael6racKom ctlrcKy s. Beroia RE lll reopo!.oxa, Plassart, Thdorodoques, BCH 45 (1921) crp. 17.

EEt

crp. 174 u np.77.


3j)

Koje cy raMo BrAeJru. Ko,u. Jlramuue cy caKynJbenuu csu Harilycu ra l-le;le KoJr4 cy y EeroBo BpeMe 6ulr no3naru, ibid.6p. 128-!54. O.u rora Bpe_ MeHa-,-Ko,'rr4Ko je ueuu [o3Haro,6ulo je i*a.no ua"iaga: A. struck, lnschrif?en aus Malredonien, Ath. Mitt. 27 (1902) c1p, BII;_A. plassart, BCH 47 (tgz})

Ilr,,r'l,rta, crp.. 100 _il .u,_., np_eHoc,l H3BeulTaje npnnx Hct.paxilBaqa -Delacoulonche ose o6,'racrr (cousindry, Leake, H .up.) o cnoMeHil[r4Ma

crp.

yM.erHnsKor 3aH-a-rcrRa y rpecroHt4ur4 Ath. .l\,litt, 5l (1926) 75,a t,.).

pe3ynrare: uarepfijal je ua xererficrur{Kor BpeileHa

185, Hcronaaa_ma

xoja je apuruo lgl4 r.'1.

noraayje painrrar MaKeroxcroj (Bronzen von pella,

14r<onomot

aara cy

nene

Ilrz,uaua,.6p. tSA u 154. Struck, H. r., crp. gB, xaxe aa je u y -[Iele,'cae'rpafieno car ucroqno o4 oA aHTur{Kr4x (ipar,uenara. O aoralurery Kyea.rroBo B. tnile crp.'121J u 0., "]3) je.u,an c_ery Mircnp-Ea6a,

8r

116

Maxeroncrr4 rpa.[oBr,r y pumcro

.u,o6a

Ilor+a MarceAonnja

Eoruaja

117

noraTr,rqK[ ycJroBH HHcy HeraTHBHo je 6-aaa trpBr MaKer,oHcKH - Bepoja rpan rojra ceJrpetrao Punnranuma [ocJre 6urxe rol l-lr,q,nen,) BrlAil ce no flcey.uo-Cr<umny (v. 624-625), nojn Ka)r(e Aa cy Ilena u Eepoja nBa naiacrarnyrr.lja rpaAa y yHVTpaurbocrtl Maxeronuje (ev rfr pedoyeirp 0' eidi pbv roil"oi r6),etg, f1 I16Iio xcrl B6potu 6' rigcrv6.droLrcrt). Eepoja je 6u.na ro crpariu via Egnatia (oryaa KoA UHue. IroHa, In Pis.89: oppidum derrium Beroeam), aJrr.t KpoB tby, utu n{}peA rbe, rrpoJrasuo je ucTo raro BaxaH nyT Kojr.t je neeunao Tecanr.rjy c Tecalonuronn.*3) Bes rora 6r.r reuiro 6raao o6jacnurra rbeH erioHoMcKr4 rpoqBar 14 KynTypHy ynory rcojy je o,u,Hrpana y xHBoTy npoaranrlnje. V Eepojra je xuaeno rvrnbro crpaHaua, HapoqaTo Jeapeja u Pnmmana. Jerpejcxa orrxrrHa y Eepojn nocBer.oqeHa je Ha noqeTry xpniuhaucKe epe:.,.], ryoj ie, xao uLro je noaHaro, npofloBelao Anoctol flanaeaa). O ,4ocerraBalby naK pHMcr(Hx rpafana, roje je nnopano yBeTH Maxa HaporruTo.rrocJre rpalancrrax paToBa vnje je flortpr4rtre 6nna Maxe,u,oHuja, n runxoBoM crarrroM HacrabilBarby y Bepojr, roBopr4 HaM Harrtrlc ua ArrycroBa BpeMeHa y r(oMe ce cnomurbe KoHBeHT pnMcturx rpalana (ot evrer<rr1p.6vot'PopaIor)a5). ,[a je Eepoja EawcTa pacna H uBeraJra,,[,oKats je n ro ruro je npluurom o6paaoBarba MaKe.u,oHcKor KouHoHa oHa raa6paHa Kao rleroBo ce.rl,HruTe, ilaKo, .qo.u,yue, nraje iacno aaruro je munnouSena Tecanonuxa, xoja je unarc 6una najnehu u uaj6orarraja rpa,( MaKe.uoHraje. Paeror KojH ce o6uqHo HaBo,u,H, .u,a je HaHMe Tecaronrna, Kao cno6o.qaH rpa[, 6una uengH npoBr4Huraje y yxervr cwucrty, He Mox(e ce flpr4xBarurw iep je 6nno u Jlpyrrlx cno6o6Hnx rpa.u,ona xojra cy 6ulu uentpu npoBHHuHcKor KouHoHa u yBL4MaJrn )rc4Bor yveuha y rbenoBoM pary (n. norn. Mutdoauja, rpr4M. 80). Morro 6u ce norltucJruTt4 u Ha To [a je Tecaaonura 6nta rJ'raBHH rpaA jeaHe nponr,rHqraje .laje cy rpaHr4rle 6ule
yTr4rlaJrr4. Ha paBBr.tTaK rpa.rla

,,nobilis urbs"ar).

,(a uoeu

rrocneArbrd noMeH oBor npoBltHul4cKol caneraa6). Axo ce npuxBaTH OIItxTe MHlxJbetbe Aa ie Mal(e.qoHcKH KOHHOH O6paSOBaH

BpeMe KaAa cy u y [pyrilM npoB[IHuuJaMa O6HOsJbeUU VJlu t4SHOBa OpraHHSOBaHU npOBl4HIIlrCKH OpraHH Ca BaAarKoM Aa ce 6puuy o uapcKoM rcynryaT), oHAa HeMaMo paBnora Aa cyMrbaMo .[,a ie Eepoja oA caMor [oqeTKa 6una o,u,pefeHa

nog Aaryctotvt, y

tsa benoBo ce.quurteas).

V .qo6a qapa Hepne (96-98)' Bepoia ie neh ilMarla Heoxopraiy, Tj. [paBo oil,pxaBarba xpaMa pa4n o6asroarLa qapcKor KynTa, l,t HoctlJla Turyny MerpofioJle. I4e jelHor HaTol4ca casHajdrvro .Ua je K. llonra.nr.rje I-luton, dpltepei,E rritv )epcrd<cirv ncv.i dycuvo06rrlq ro0 xotvoO Mcrne66vov, nocpe.u,otsao Kon uapa Hepre urrlp ro0 p6vr1v oOrqv 1etv rilv veoxopiav rri-rv XeBaotriv xcri ro lxrlrpo,rbLe<rig d.Eicupa. On je ro nocrrttao u saxBaJIH14 rpafanra Eepold nor,Hrrl cy cnoMeHHKe 14 rbeMy H I{aPY, rojr,l je y MebyBpeMeHy 6rao yrvrpoae). I-loruro je Hepra BJIa,qao cBera .u,Be roAo6ura
.u,rduTe
AHHe, BepoBaTHO je .qa je Bepoja Heorcopujy t4 TwTyny MeTponorle o.u, HeKor lberoBor flperxo,u,HuKa, Mo]I(r.a y ao6a Olaaujenaua, KaAa HaM je, xao uTo cMo B,l.u,eJII'1, rlpBu nyT nocBeEepoia, Kao ce.u,bven, H Ha HaTnucuwa u Ha HoBuy, KoHHoH

Kot4HoHa. Tr,rryny MeTponoJle, xoja je ilo npaBy npr4[aAana TecaloHHKI{ Kao rnaBHoM rpa[y flpoBl4HuHje (n. norJl. ,lfudonuja, npt M. 84), ,uo6aaa ie Eepoia Kao cegulxTe KouHoHa.

Tor

Oquraeiuo

n Cam npI4BHrerliJe KOJe Je yx(HBao rberoB plBat Eepoja. V npnr,lrvr BeKoBHMa Ilapcrsa Bepoja je 6wna ,,BeJII4K t4 MHoroJbyAaH rpaA"5o). V rsoj ce o[pxanajy cnare ro.llllHe BeHaTIIr,rC, .U.a Upl4CBOjU

je lta je Tecarontara 6ula onaj rpag rojn je non Hepnom noKytrao 6ea ycnexa, KaKo HaM noKaayje ropenoMeHyTl'l

y Be3il C UapCKITM KyJITOM 14 C BpeMeHa Ha BpeMe npupefyjy rarpe (ro. 'O).6prrra), Ha -roirma yvecrnyjy rar.uuqapu t,ra paBI{Hx .u,eJIoBa rpqKor baerasl). FbeH rpr cy yKpairHKe cBeqaHocTl4

I ra a6or rora Hrje uaa6pana ,u.a 6yae Merpofiona MaxeAoHar{a. V cnaxom cnyvaiy -Eepoja ce nojanFyie Kao IIeHTap KorrHoHa y lr,o6a Qnanujenaqa, Ka,qa HaM
Je npBH rIyT Ha HaT[rcr4Ma H HOBUy [OCBe,[,Or{eHO rberOBO nOcrojarue, u ota to ocraje cBe .u,o cpeAHHe III n., Ka.[a uMamo
41) 42)

AaJreKo ur14pe oA eTHur{ril4 Ke.u.oHCKor Kor4HoHa

u ucropucx}, yrnpleHrax rpaHrrla

Ma-

46) I(anaUynr4c, To rorvdv 16r, r\Iorce66vov, cTp..6, 12. ctt. flo:narlt HaTnlrC ue SepOie fla KOMe Ce CIOMt;tby Maxe66r'<uv rd xorvdv' 90t'-_6qr_qt'! qergp,r r,leprie'(Pocronuer, Ha.u.ttrig4 rs Maxe.u.outru, V|5z.. PAVl lV, 2 (1899) crp.'167) jd najcrapuiu enrarpaQcl(H noMeH Kol4Holra. Ha--uonuy ce

xoHHoH nojauryje npnra-nlr y ao6a ,[,omrruniaHa, ]laKo cy MareAonun xoBaJrrl HoBau ioLu oa uapa K,'raya,lrja. cz; Ceyer, crp.767;- Gaebler, Antike Miinzen I, c'rp. 1l; Kornemann,

Antike Miinzen l, crp. 6), nero o3Jrorr'rauexu L. Calpur ilius Piso Caesoninus us 59-57 r. r!pe H e. Mety uuorodpojnam ennrpa$cruM cnoilerfiunma u: Eepoje .r4Ma cBera He.KoJrr.,Ko Hag.rpo6nux nJroqa Ha J'laruHcKoit, TaKo 4a o neroj po.'ilaHuJauujn ne mexe 6uru nu pew,

Liv. XLIV, 45, 2. 43) To je yrepluo Edson, Strepsa, Class. Phil.50(1955), crp. 173 u a. 4{) Acta Apost. 17, 10. 13; 20, 4. 4r) ,[,uruuqa, 6p. 58. Cnouenux je_ no.uurnyr y r{acr JI. Kalrryprllja I-lutona To he 6urra npe L. Calpurnius Piso, npor(oH3yl l3--l I r. (Caebler,

Liv. XLV, 29, 30, s. Haupe.u, np.

8.

RE Suppl. lV, 930. r8i Kanauynuc, H. .[., crP.

i-c,ypu'gai dv6r6oror, "ApX. Ae).r. 2 (1916) -cjr!.^148r^qP. +. H-arnnc y qacr raih Hepne: .[,ttnr[a, 6p, 55; Cormack, JRS 30 (19+01 crp' 51, je y npaom
4npe,na

rsj Pocro"sueB, H. .u.., cip. 170.u n., 6p.2,- A. Opaanaoc, Bepoia;

13.

pe:l' npbqr,rTap @eo_v Nr6po_uav. a y npyr6M [oor.rr1]pilocrvrcr rd 1116 prlrpor6i-.*; dr:o1ro Mecro [ouyxco]pr]oar"a, truMe je- ueo Harn[ic nocrao iacnuiu
hana[y.ruc, g. 9., l4 cl. io) Lucian Asin. 603. ;r1 Vn. Kanauy,'llrc, r.

ReC SZ (19414) crp.2l4,


.u,.,

MeHH

HeAocrynno). Vn.

o [eroM rlfiratly

68 u A.

18

MareAoncril rpaAoBr,r y pumcxo ao6a

,llora

MarceAoHlja

Eoruaia

119
KV,P

He[oBHaTr4x cTaHHua c yKy[HHM orcrojaruenn o.u, 78 pramcxrax MHJba, rj. cxopo ,(Ba nyra ne{rarra Hero uTo je y crrapHocrr4. Hemamo peairHr4x ruoryhnocrn ia rcupaBr.tMo noaarre roje Hann .u,aje Ta6yaa. Mo-rc.u.a cy ,u,oncra KoHTaMntucaHa /tBa [yTa, KaKo MHcJre Crpy6 a EAcoH.u')

ua Tecalnje nperco fir.tona Bo4r4o y TecaloHnry. Tabulh Peutingeriana craBJba lrannely .(r.rona n Eepoje ner MaF[,t4x, HHaqe

Bultu y cnyx6y cBoje uHpe r.r yxe [oMoBrrHe Mare,qoHr4je u Eepoje. Malo je rcoiu rpa,( Mare4onHje ceM Tecalonare - Eepojasz). Aao raKBo MHorrrTBo clyvajnux HaJraBa rao je aa6eaexeHa Ha ryry rroja je _ V rtuuepapujuma Bepoja

HCKJTeCaHa r4MeHa OHr.lX

uaBanu MHoro6pojHr4 norracHr.r crroMeHuut4, Ha KojHMa cy 6una KOjU Cy CBOje 6OratCrsO 14 yrneA cTa-

Ha uola nyTa .Harvrefy E.qece u flele, !5 4rya y.[aJbeHa oA jen,He r.r ,u,pyre, HaJIa3ilJIa ce' npeMa ltin. Hier. 606, 3, mutatio Scuiio. Oea--craHHUa ce c flpaBoM n.4enrgSr,;xyje c aHTusKt4M rpa.q,oM Kuporvr (K6ppoE), quje nocrojame Moll(eMo npaTHTrl o.(, najpaHnjrx BpemeHa lt.o noaHe aHTI4Ke, .ilaKo HHaI{-e o rbeMy He sHaMO CKOpO unurtass). TyxuAu.u,,'KoA KOra c-e Kup najpaHraje
l-lenese). crroMr{be, cranDa oaaj ria'u. y Boruajy, y Aa ce no 'nueuan Ol Crpalona. u CreSaHa BneaHtucKor caBH{.eM-o beMy HaBBao ieAan MaI(e,u,oHcKH rp?.{ y Cupuin6o). KilP ce croMurbe r(o[ llirr,lHraja u flrolemeiau') H HajEaL KoA Jopgana, Kao ieAaH on rpatbBa Koje_cy 478 r. ofiy-nnparu l-otr. V ruerny je ynipo Teonopr.rxoB orau Tr,rynrarvr-up.oz). Moxna je y To BpeMe

O repr.t roprajarrnoM pacnpocrparbe[6y Eepoje He BHaMo HrilxTa. Kao enucroncKo ce[[rxre Bepoja ce janrna ,[ocra paHo, qilu y crapuje a,o6a He r4rpa HeKy naxnr.ljy ynory.sa) Cnu,{no E,u,ecu, H Eepoja ce oApxana Kpos ueo Cpe,u,rur.r a Honu BeK c rrcTHM HMeHoM, ruTo yrqeyje cBaKaKo Ha KoHTr,tHyHTer Hafeuo nucMo uapa falrajena (253-268) crlpx, o.u,roBop Ha mon6y rpalana Eepoje ta ux qap Bautrvirt4 or, HarraJia Xepyaa
AoBH, Hu Eepoja Huje 6rla norureleua Hanala BapBapa y rtocJreAbrm BeKoBr4Ma aHTHqKor nepuoAa. Jeaso He.u,aBHo npoHaceJba. Mefyru,u,

i(ui irecrao
ceBepHo

Kao ca6ocTaJrHa civitas, ie^p ra He -HaJIaBIrMo -y Xuieporcronorrr crrtcKy. flpervra flpoxonrajy, de aed' IV, 4, o6noi.rien je no,q, Jycrrailajarior,l xacien Krap. _Kup ce noKarlgayie Ko[ Mecia fpagrarure (llaleoKacTpo), HsMeby E4.ece u Jenuga,

o[

flpyre,

jacno je Aa, Kao nu ocratu

MaKeIr,oHcr(H

rpa-

H Apynux repMaHcxnx BapBapass). Kao H y nehuHu MaKe.qoHcKt,x rpar,oBa, paHoBr4aaHTucKe auAr4He Eepoje narpalene cy BenrrKuryl AenoM oA apxhTeKToHcKHx @parmenara, [osacHr4x creJra u .u,pyrux cnoMeHHKa roju cy panuje yrpauaBaJr14 aropy56. Vl crapoxprtxhancra Herpooona Larra je y cexyn.qapHoj ynorpe6n Macy crapr,rjux Hanrpo6Hrax cnomeHurasT).
6r) Beh Delacoulonche roroprr o o6uny aHrrrqKux cnoMeriuKa y 6epoju, KaKBo ce .pe.rKo cpehe y MaKe.u.oHCr(r4M. rpa-floBtmq. O_q je o6jaaub MHoro Harnuca, roje je Jlurrrutra rpey3eo aa crojy e6rzpry (6p.50-lll). l-locJre rbera Harnr4ce ua Eepoje cy y nehem 6pojy o6jasunu: M. Pocroauen, r. I., crp. 166-188; A. Opaaraoc, H. A., crp. 144-163; A. M. Woodward, lnscriptions from Beroea in Macedonia, BSA 18 (l9ll-1912) 133-165i M. Auaponuroc, 'Apxaior inypagai Bepo'icrg. Conyd, 1950. Hoauju HaJra3r.r o6jaaneru cy y Arch. Anz. 1942, crp. 172-183 u ibid lg40 (non vidi), cf. X_. MarapoHac, Xpor.rrcri ripXaro).oyrrca. Mare6ovrt<0. 2 (1951), crp. 37 cl.
HcrconaeaH,a

norcanraayje ce rpal Crraapa (2n66pa).6n V cely Enncrone u .y cyce.u,Hr4M. ceJIHMa HabeHo ie, nerolHro HarIIHca KoJ14 yl(aayly Ha [ocroiarbe HaceJba. Ha ie.u.norvre oA tbilx sa6eJlexeH iq .I: HaKOH 2nu6puiogt gITO je ra .anO ttoBOAa OBOj nOKanl4SaUI4iLl.6s) .{na apyra.iaraica npercTaBJbajy .noryrvreH.Te o ocro6oberul p9: 6bna riyrerrr rocBeht4Barua xpartay 6orrrue Aprenr,Ue fasopujeJo)

Jyxno

ol

r,u,e HMa aHTuqKI'lx ocTaTaKa"'). 3a- Haycyr KoA ceJla E.qece, Ha

[yry

EnucKone, cKltl

Cxranpi ce c[oMtt[be Ko.tI, Illrarlraja, flrolervreja

Hexoruxo KrtJloMerapa iyx(Ho ol Hayce Hanasfio ce cTapomareAoHcKu rpa.u. Ml4eaa (ltteEa;.ot; Delacoulonche ie no- MhE:
npema Diod. XVIll, 4, 5 AlercaH.u,ap Belurn ie noANrao xpam rDalv. 5e) Tnur. lt, I00,4. B. HanpeJl crp. ll0. ool Strab. XVI c. 751; Steph. Bvz., s. v. ot1 Plin. IV, 34; Ptol. lll, 12, 36. oz) Iord. Cet. 287, yn. Harpen npram. 38. Yx.onrcu r,rmajy ucrnapeHe f o6.r1xe'..cerrupellas". ,,c]eropellas", ,,Cerra pallas". Mo,ueeH ie ucnpaouo
58)

BaHTHCKOr.ut)

r,1

CreQana Bu'

gOBHOaHTHqI(HM HtsBOpl4ftla HeMa OBOr MeCTa..

1' ' OBoilt

- Rav. -p Ceogr. 6yre, n. crp. 108. 5a) Euucron ,,Gerontius a Macedonia, de Brevi" (codd de Beroi, de tseroe) npficycrBoBao ie rouuury y Cap,uuur (343). I-loeHarz cy 14 enilcKonr r,la Eepoje na. ES-ecroru, V erymeHcKou r4 Vlll eryurencrom ca6opy, Le Quien. Or. Chr. ll, p.71.
Ibid. Mxoro6pojnil no3raru Harnr4cu-y xoju,ua ce cnoilrlrby MaxeAosujapcu, cHHeAp[, aroHoreril url,. norurry as je.u,ne ryae rojy ie
[crpaxuBao H.
az; Ibid.
Kor,rac.

Vll

sr; Tab. Peut. Bada XX

sehrx pa3mepa y 6epojra Hrcy

- Acerdos - Anamo - XII Beroea".Cf.u - Hatera Xll Arulos XV-_194, i6 sqq. O noryurajuma ,u,a ce ucnpaBe noAauu Ta,,Dium

Vlll,

l:

Xll

BprueHa.

tatl - Cerra's faiali

or; Struck, x. ,u,-., 70. Vn. r.r Miiller, Ptol. p. 518, xojra MficrIH na 6u 'fiene u mutatio Siurio rpe6ano l4cnpaBrrl4 oa XV orcrojaire uJml5y

r'-Cerrd(-Cyrihus), Pellas". -- lbid.288: ,,...et-rex Thiudimer in civiae'liritudine occupatus ... rebus humanis excessit".

sa X iurra. or; $truck, u. 4., 56.


lonche. - -

[loloxai

oBor rpaAa yrBp!.14o ie npnn Delacou-

ss; ss;

Arch.

Anz.- 1942,

crp. 172 n a.; MarapoHac, n. 9., crp.

38.

6p. 126 a; cf. Plassarl, Inscriptions de Pidrie, d'Emathie rt de tsbtfide, BCH-47 (1923) crp. 182. oz; Plin. IV,34; Piol. IIl, 12,36; St.pt,' QVz.-s.-v. xr66pa' Mcrre6or-,c: :t6).r;, cb; Oec16vr15 dv Mare6ovtx{t' rd 6"}r'rxdv XrobpctioS' o8) Ienax oa rpuiepaDaxa AlercaH,u.poBr4x 3a BpeMe r-beroBor floxo]la l- Hnarriy"6uo !e-l-ley(ecri, Arercan.u,poa cux, ns Mge3e (Arr. Ind. XVlll,

125-127. 'toj'gr.rmr,tua,

o;1 .[,umuqa,

crp. 96, 6p. 126

b; yn. [I ocraJle Harnuce ibid'

6p'

6: fler:x6o;cr;'Ai.e[ar'6pou,

Mreie6g.

t20
KaJTH3OBaO

MareAoHcru rpaAoBt4 y pumcro go6a

Ilorua Mar<eaonuja - Bori,raja

12t

MUeSy y 6nu3r4HL Ceila Xoponanar rA9 [ocToje nec JIe[t M cranaKTHTr4Ma. Ono loraJrraoBarbe npraxaaheno je ra on .[pyrrix Hayr{Hrrra, HaKo Ha ronn l,recry aucy sa6erexeHH ocrarln aHTHqKor Hacena,6s) a6on Tora urro je Mueea

hune

rg.e

TuTuMa y nehunanna KoA Mueae, a u fllyrapx y Alercanlponoj 6uorpafiujw Kaxe Aa ce Ko.rr, Muese Harraano Hr.rm$eraoH

6uaa noanaTa no cnojr.lm nefiunama. I-l.rrHnHje roBopr4 o craraK-

Apr.lcrorenoBe uKore

cy jorr y rberoBo
u

BpeMe [oKzrBI4BaJrr.r KaMeHa ceAur.xTa


r.rIeTaJrr4rrrTe

Crr,tnpe ra KHpa (arr no,u, llronervreja ne uocroju oapelenr4 reorpa0crra per Ko.( Ha6pajama MecTa je,qHe o6aacrra).71) V Curqcy gelSucrax reopoJloxa MHeea ce Hara Bu usa [}.la,ne r Eepoj-e a HcnpeA E.qece u flere.72) Arco je ono J-roKarilBoBalbe TaqHo, oHAa je Mraeaa Gnta y.[aJbeHa 10-12 xn ot, Eepoje, r,r oKo l0 rnn oa, Cxr,rape. Mefyrum, uarvreSy oBa ABa rpaAa, orflprnr4r(e Ha rrona nyra, KoA cela AHo Konanoc, HcroqHo oa Hayce, noKaJr[ayje ce o6rvno Kuruou jegan Apyrn rPal KnruoH (Citium).?8) Ono MecTo nocBeAoqeHo HaM je carvro rco4 Jlr,rnr.rja. Kpehyhra y upolehe l7l r. ua llele y p1T, I-lepcej je onynr,ro nojcxy rco.u, Kuruona, a oAaTne
Elr.rrrneje npeuao y flepara6ujy.?a) Iloryuajn Aa ce Ha ocHoBy Jlranrajena KaBuBarla yTBpII,r4 uoaoxaj Kr,lrraoHa He Mory c_e cMarpara ycneJrlrM. Jluoaje Kaxe [a cy ce Maxer,onrpl y Eop,uair,t ynoropunn KoA jesepa Eeropnruc, a ra cy o[aTne cre.(eher AaHa crurnr4 ,u,o XaruarmoHa y Elr,trvrejr. Mefyruru, _o,q Eeropwruca (Ocrpono<o jeaepo) ,uo XaauaxMoHa 'upenalHrr urvra 55-60 [*, orcrojarre roje ce He Moxe aa je-noA EeropuTvc .(aH .[an.75) 36or rora je Leake Muclrlo .tta ce flo1paayrneBa He Ocrpoacrco jeaepo, neh MoqBapHa o6lacr

igao; feonpaSr,rjra u KoA flrolemejar FA ce uaso.u,li

npillrurrHo peqaTa rro.qar{H rcojr.r Mory ;1a flocnyxe Ba JIoKaJrr4s0Balbe Mreae. IrlHa.re cd oraj rpaA cnoMHrue i,l y I-llHHuraarvrely

atu

y xlar!.z0) To cy

je,qHna,

jeaan or npyrora (oxo 5 xrvr), 6ap ue y pr4McKo .rto6a. Knruon ce, rvrefyruM, Kao uTo cMo peKnu, ceM KoA Jluaaja Hr4rAe BHue He cnoMHrue. Hraje HcKJbyqeHo .ria je [ocpe,u,l.r rpeuKa y lluauJeBOM Ter(CTy.

Ha nyry nerra Eepoja.?6) Kporvrajep, HanpoTr.rB, Mt4ctla ,qa ce Capu-fjon He je Moxe cmaTparr4 iesepola ra 4a nyr rpeKo Hayce (1550 r.r nucuHe) Heo6ilqHo r_e)KaK. Crora, no rberoBoM Mr4rxJberby, orcrojama roja gaje Jluauje He rpe6a yaeTr4 HcyBr4ue'crporo: Krarron ce Mopao HatasuTn HerAe xo,u, E,u.ece, KyAa je no,u,r,ro HajnaKruu H Hajop14polnujra nyT Ba Eopaajy.TT) I-lpe,r,ra ToMe, Huje HH MaJrO CurypHO Aa KurnoH rpe6a TpilKuru _r(oA. Hayce. Irl uHaqe, yr(oJrr.rKo je y nr.rraruy saucTa rpag -- Jlrnuje Kaxe 3a rbera oppid-um u .urbs -- He nepyjervr \a 6u Tpu rpa.rta (Cr<nApa, KatuoH ra Muesa) MOrJra_ nocrojara Ha raKo ManoM orc_rojarry

Capu-fjoil u rpa)r(ilo je Kraruon Kon Hayce,

Htl Mneaa, TaKo .rla


6epoje.

noauoaHTr4sKo Ao6a He cuomurby ce Br{ue ua CrHgpa, HeMaMo HHjeAaH rpar HBMeby E[ece u

je npexo Eopnaje u

es) Jlumn[a, crp. 2l; Struck, H. L., crp. 50 cl. Cf. Miiller, Ptol. 513, Bpno- ilcrrpnaH qrraHaK o Mueau y RE XV (1932) 1548 r.r a. (Lenk). XoponaH je oro l2 rm ceBepo-ceBepo;analHo oa Bepuje. . ^) Plin. n. h. XXXI, 30 (e.d. C. Mayhoff): ,,destiltantes quoque guttae lapide durescunt in antris, conchatis ideo, nam Miezae in Maiedonia etiam pendentes in ipsis camaris..."; Plut. Alex. 7: oxoljv piv ofiv crui6v xcri 8ratprpiv td repi Mie$ar, l,upgcr,iov dr66er$ev, 6rou p61pr vfiv 'Aptotot6)roog i16pa6 re )r.r.$;r.oo6 rci rSrrooniou; reprrti.rou; Berivtooorr..
14

Karunolrrnc, rojn ie o6jarHo oBaj Jren cflo",OA|ANOC". c npaBoM Br4AH^.y .oBoT OaraHy uepcoHraQrrupaHor xepoja HcroHMeHe pere,8o) jep je, npenaa rpaanqHjra rojy uarvr ie caqyBao CreSau Buaanracru, OlraH, ct4H Bepeca r,t 6par Eepoje u Mueae, 6uo enoHunn pere.8l)
neHHK, Leake, lll 288; raKo u Niese, III 129, 6. Kromayer, H. M. 1?) Ct. BCH 78 (1954) 140, rae ce oBr4 rpo6oau, npunracyjy Herpo76)

Ocraje, nnelyrram, oTBopeHo nr4Talbe KoMe xeJreHr.rcrr4rrKom, oAHocHo AortHrlje plrmcrom rpaAy rpe6a r,puoucaru Heo6uqHo 6orate aHTnqKe HaJraBe r4B oKoJrHHe Hayce. I-lpe cnera Ty ie npurnyaH 6poj pacKorxHHx MaKe,rl,oHcrc4x rpo6Hr4ua . ca .llopqclm @acagarna, peJbeOHr4M H cJIr{KaHr4M yKpacnMa, Koje Teuxo Aa cy Morne rlpntra[arr,r o6HqHr4M nptaBaTHilM Jrr4ur,rMa. Taxnrax je rpo6Hurla naleno Ha rroMeHyroM noKanr4TeTy HcrosHo oA Hayce-AHo Kouauoc,Ts) a racto raKo lr Kotr cera JIe@KaAu, oxo 5 KM ceBepoucror{Ho oA Hayce.Te) Kon AHo Konanoca KoHcraToBaHfi cy ocHM Tora n ocrauu rpafeauua. klHrepecauTaH je Ba r4.qeHTuQuKar{iljy HaceJba Kor. Auo-KonaHoca HaJraB jeaue MepmepHe 6ucre MJra[uha, uB II B. H. e., c HaTrrrlcoM

77)

71)

Plassart, Th6orodoques,. BCH 45 (1921) crp. 17. Lenk y Hanpel nouenyrom qnarrKy He 3Ha aa onaj Baxafl fiBBop. j1 Vn. M_araponac, H. [, Nlaxe8ovrra 2 (lg5l), crp. 47. Oberhummer, RE s. v. Kition zt1 Liv. XLII, 51, l: ,,Citium oppidum est"; XLll, 41, - Macedoniae 2: ,,castra ante urbem ponit..."; XLll, 53, 4: ,,Profilitus inde toto exercitu, Eordaeam petens, ad Begorrjtim, quem vocant, lacum positis castris, postero die in Elimeam ad Haliacmonem fluvium proceSsit". zr1 Cf, Kromayer, Antike Schlachtfelder ll, 236 np. 2.

72)

Plin. !V,34; Ptol. tlt, t2,

36

7e) MarapoHac, H. n,., crp. 47. MarapoHac fir4cJltr Aa cy one rpo6Hnrle np[ra]laJre rpaly Karnony. Melyrum, oBe ro,uuue ie npona]en jour je,uan rpo6. TaKo pacKouraH JLa ce Mhcnil.u.a je mopao npuna,u,arlr HeKoM q-rany KpaJbeBcKe nopoAr4rle (luvno caonurrebe r. [eleranuauca). Hexorgue ce nr4ramo ne rpe6a ru ry Henre rpilKt4ru HeKponory MaKeAoHcKux KpaJbesa AHre? ( B. Harpe,u. crp. lll). so1 3- Kallipolitis, Buste d'OIganos, hdros ponyme d'un fleuve macddonien. Monuments Piot 46 (1952) 85 u .u.. 81) Steph. Byz. s. v. Mieicr,' z6),tg Ntcrrce6ovia<, rl Xrpop6vtov trccrl.eiro,

no.nu Kuruona.

,,i:ro )116(11; .)r:ycrrpoE B6pqrog

B:tpri: 1'ap rpsig.,e1-(:r'r'r1oe, Nlis!crr', J36goror', "OLycl,r,or,, ricp'rlr, ,rorcpoE ircbvu-

ro5

X,Iarie66r,oE,

rig Oecry6rrlg

tv

Nlcrr<e6ortxoig.

Itz

MareAoncru rpaAoBH y pumcrco noda

Ilotra Mareaonuja -- 6otraja


oBaj

12s

. 6ucre HaJraBHo HumQeuon


ttvttt4,

Karunoruruc npernocraBJba .tla ce Ko,r Mecra HaJraBa O.nranone

Haycn u [oMeHyTr,rM apxeonorrrKr4m noKanuTerr4Ma. nXHE V nprrraopjy Eoruaje rroMr4riy ce ABa rpa.qa: [4xne u Aaop Irlxue ("I1vot) cy jegan oE crapvx MaKeAoHcKr.tx rpa.[oBa xoje cnoMurle neh XepoAoT (VII, 123): 'dc, (dr 'AEtdg) ouptler Xti-lprlv rlv Muy8oviqv re xo.l Borcari'6a, rilg elotr& rb rupd, Od?raddcrv drervdv Xutpiov, r6).reE "I1var re xui nOLiu. Izlxne cy HeKaAa KoBaJre uoaaq,82) a r4 eTHHKoH {XvqioE jarma ce Aocra pauo.88)
uotamuju."n) V Cnucry aen@racKux reopo,u.oxa lrlxne ce HaJraBe Htsa EAece, fieae u Eypona, a r4cnpe,u. AlanreuoHa u Tecarouare.su) V pr,tncro ao6a l4xne ce croMr4rby caMo Ko,rI, lTnuuuia (lV, 34): ,,Cordyniae, mox in ora lchnae, fluvius Axius". (He yBHMaMo y o6BHp CreSaHa BueaHrucror, rcojr, xao rxro cMo Br,rue ttyra wwatw [pr4nure .qa KoHcraryjemo, ne ,u,aie cTarbe
BpeMeHa; yocranoM, y oBoM cryvajy oH ce noanBa Ha Xepo,u,ora). tlluHrajeB no.qaraK He uorrlrre r4E BBaHHqHrrx HsBopa u crora He BHaMo fi,a ilu cy y 4o6a Panor uapcTBa lrlxne jort

Maeae, na H}rje HcKJbyqeHo Aa 14 caMy Mraeay rpe6a rpaxr4Ttr HerxTo ceaepuraje Hero rxTo ce o6uqHo

rpa[ HaJIaBuo y Eorraajr, AaI(JIe satla1Ho oA AKcuja. 36or rora CrpyK MHcJIH ,u,a je Sparmenrupatu HarIIHc ca1pxao yroBOp C HeKr4M CyCeAHfiM rPaIOnn. Mefyrrarvr, quHI4 MI'I Ce

6lrxe

Aa Ce H Ha l,pyrom HaTnrcy Moxe, y .[pyroM P9ly, ronyHI4TI4 II]OAIN TON'irlNatS:N, qHMe 6ucrvro Aa6ililt4 joLu je,qHo enurpa@cKo cBe.u,oqaHcTBo o lrlxnanna. Haxalocr, Crpyx He I(axe 4a aH je H Apyru HaTnuc rralen Ha JIeBoj o6anvt Arcrzja l4nl4 Korl camor KyQalona H, uJTo je najraxHuje, He Ka)Ke HnunTa o KapaKTepy uHcMa Hil yonulTe o BpeMeHy H3 KOra Cy oBa ABa HaT[[Ca.

flo

marce,u.orrcKtdm l,lxHama ,u,o6uo

je

rrvre

je,uaH rpa.r(

Meco-

Hr4 y JeAHOM ,qpyroM nl4TepapHoM 14sBOpy pl4MCKe enoxe ceM KoJi finiaiuja, Mopa ce paqyHarv u c ApyroM rraoryfiHourhy J,a cy oHe Ty caMoyflpaBy Hsry6HJIe v fi,a cy, yKonl4Ko _9Y ce naaaiure KoA Ky0aJroBa, rpt{caje.u,I4rbeHe KonoHHjH llelu. V npuiror oBoMe Morao 6u ce HaBecTH JIaT!,lHCKt4 HaTnlrC Ha$en ro,u,

36or rora ce He Moxe .u,oHeTI4 HI4KaKaB [oyBAaH SaKJbyqaK. Axo cy HaTilvcu t43 pl4McKor BpeMella, oH,u,a 6uctvto y [bHMa uiy'aLt ,u,oKa3 .[a cy lrlxHe 3a.[pxaJle cBoiy otItxTI4HcKy caMoyflpaBy H y .rlo6a llapcrsa. lrlHaue, c o63l4poM .II,a ce oHe He
c[oMrrFby

cBora

yBeK floce6na civitas.

Ha ocHoay XepogoroBa r{ l-llr.rHr,ljena no,[aTKa l4xne ce roxarraayjy HerAe usrvrefy flele ra Anoaja: Ko,q, cela MucupEa6a, [crovHo o,u, fleae, HJrH HeuTo ceaepnnje, Ko.[, KyQalona.bG) V o6racru Ky@alona Hauao je Crpyn .u,na jaro Sparrvrenrr.rpaHa rpqKa HaTnuca.") Ha npBoMe oA lbrdx oH qHTa y mecroM pe[y I]XNAION AI-I[MO>, ailv cMarpa la onai HarnHC He J(onyura HrdKaKBe BaKJbyqKe o noJroxaiy rpa,ua Vlxni, tlorrlTo

je

Ha$en

ua nenoj o6alu Arcuja, a

BHa

ce

rda r4sBopa ,ua ce

p.og

Kcc.'1 16)14 I}iporcr r<cri r6roE Xrpup6vo6. Miller, Ptol. 518, muclu aa je Crpumox moxAa 6uro crapo MMe peKe Apa6uca, roja nporHqe Kpo3 -noHaycy u ythBa ce y jesepo Jenuge. H Lenk, H. M., c nparoru o,u.6lja Mucao Ea 6u Muesy ilorJrr rpaxuru xa Crpu,uoHy, jeD je ro ouurle,uno jcauo crapomaKeroHcKo HaceJbe roje uoxe 6uru Cano y lloruoj Ma-

crp. ll4 u up. 33). V 6orraajcKoM npHMopiy, uamely yLuha JIy.nwje u Xaauar.\lOHa, HaJra3ilo ce rpaA A{op ("Aicupog). To ie rvropao 6uru .[IpeBHr4 MaKeAoHCK14 rpal, jep ce cnoM]4]be y BpeMeHy_npe_oH' .runa II: [oBHaTu yaypnaTop MareqoHct(or [pecrola 369 r. flTo,reuej 6rao je po,noM 143 Aropa (l-Iro)'ep"oioq 6 'Atr.oPi"rlg.tt) Alop je aa6erexeH KoA [ceyao-CKl4Jlarca, a u je4arl AlerccaHApon rpnjepapx 6r-ro je noperrtoM raa Alopa.8e) y pr4McKo Ao6a Arop je rocBeloqeH I(o[ Crpa6oHa u Ilaunnja. Crpa6on cnoMl4be Anop y frgg. 20 u 25, xoin_ cy TaKo. rcxoapeHu Aa ce HB rbux.He Moxe MHoro uanytra. l'lnax H y ie,[HoMe H y flpyroMe crojra jacno .ua ie Arqp 9yo rPal 6drraaie,e0) a frg. 22 gaje HaM 14 orcrojarue Hamely JVIeroHe u celaMleceT craruja.nt) Ko,q llnuHr.lia ce Alop cnoAropa
KyQaaona (a.
.u!.irbe ABa

AJIO

KeAOHr4jr.{.

L. Robert, Hellenica II, 87, np. 3. !r) ar; 9f. Ha jeAnom arfiqKoM raarpo6noru cnomeHfiKy, J[uruuqa, 6p. l5l, ieAxom .u,e,lS_ucxo-m HarnHcy na cpegune lll n. (''Ar.ny6v<rr 'Aodr,6pou 'I-p'aicur), BCH 52 (1928) 189, 6p. 5, cf. Robert, r. .u,., 85.

Ha

ra

. 'Eori rcrt 6r6pa rilE rivcrtolrrr<{q r6}.q. Robert, H. M., c npaBoM oa6Hia rom6unauuje 3eopouoca, no xome 6t ce KoA Cre$ana BfisanruCKOr [O.q. ,,t{E. riyclto}rrr{g r6}.rE" _[OIpa3yMeBaO rpal, He Ha HCrOfy (y -AnMeconotamuju), neh y o6racrn Crpu,nona (lan. 3r.rxne). h Caebler, tike Miinzen ll, crp. 63, c,uarpa ,u.a ce rnaBHr.r rpa[ Ea.onaua 3Bao lchnai 14 crora je onom nnemeHy npnnr4cao HoBau ca fiarnucoM ,,IXNAIQN". as) Plas_sart, Thdorodoques, BCH 45 (1921) crp. t-t. '
r<dr,_'I-XvcrioE.-

&) Steph. Byz.

s. v.'I1r,cn' n6).r6 Mar<e6oviag,'llp66oroE

6B66pqr. . . td B,)r,r-

nyTa: ,,in ora Heraclea, flumen Apilas, oppida Pydna, AIoros, amnls Haliacmon. Intus AIoritae, Vallaei, Phylacaei, Cyrrestae, Tyrissaei, .Pella colonia" (lV, 34). Apyru ro.u,aTal( ie riapoqilTo BnseajdH, jep, rao uTo nor<aayje yuorpe6rneHn ertrr,rroH, noTur{e og, Anrycrone Sopnnyae,.na HaM Moxe nocny,xlrTu Kao Heoc[opHo cBe,u,oqaHCTBo Aa Je oBa o[ulTHHa IIOcroiana y pilMcKo Ao6a. llpervra npBom fllunujenoru ro.uaTKy Nsrier,aro 6u ta ce Anop HaJIaBHo jyxuo o,u, XaluaKMoHa. I43
Arr. Ind. XVIll, 6. e0) Str. Vll, frg. 20: riv piv o6v "A?rorpov Borrcrircr)r, vopilor-:orv, tilv &i fl"i6r'av llreprrfr.; trg. 22: q plv oiv l}j6vcr Ilrsptrri 6orr r6).rE, 1 6i '-L'-ocpo; Borrairr]. To je norpe6no Hattacurt4 g60r rora uro y l4cro;tl $par.xenry, MaJIo ucfipelt rora, ctojn Aa ce lluepr,rja IpyxaJla lo Arcuia
18. esl Ps. Scyl. 66;

se;

f. Struck, lnschriften 309 ca., 6p. 14 u 15.

87)

Cf. Struck, n.

.u,., 93.

aus Makedonien. Ath. Mitt. 21 (1902) crp.

crp. -st;98 u np.


Str. Vil,

frg. 22;

3).

d..rciyer. 6'i1 Nle')cbvr1

...

rit(

'A),.6poo

6i iildopflror"ra

O,;.:$l*,

124

MaxeAoncrra rpa.u.oBu

y prlmcro

ao6a

Ilorsa Mare.u,onraja -

'Eopnaia

125

.[pyrora To He [poHcTr4qe HyxHo, iep ce rlo.[ ,,intus,, nolpasy_ MeBa yHyTpaubocT c ienne u c .u,pyne cTpaHe Xa.nrarMona, KaKO Ce BH.U4 nO OCrannM HaBe,feHHM rpQ,[oBUMa. vOCraAOrt noaHaTo je na jg *rnpo.pa@raja onor xpaja r4Brox(eHa STaJTHHM HBMeHaMa u Aa XanuaKMoH qecTo Melba ropuro.s2) 3a 6lr.rxe
t4ocTa, Leake u Lpyrn KoIt ceJra I-lareoxop, ra aesoj o6anw Ercrpuue, crpyr HeuTo Hr4BBoAHo KOA MeCTa Mera A"ua60p.e3) Asop je ea6enexeH y r.rcr(BapeHoM odaury Arulos Kao cTaHrrua Ha nyry .(r.ron-Tecaaonura y Ta6yau rlojrraHreprjanra.nn) He BHaM ila il4 cMeM ygeTlr onaj noaaTat( Kao cBeAoqaHcTBo .qa ce Anop oApxao 14 y [oaHopt4McKo
BaHH ocTar.tn noaHopHMCKor

civitas y paHouapcro Ao6a, rpeurKoM

Hero "Apvrdcr, 3a rcojy u He SHaMo cl4rypHo .u.a nu.ie 6ula rpag ra xoja ce, Kao utTo cmo peKJIH, . no,vlnrbe caMo y v B' npe H' e' 6 cr,' 14 naaeorpa$crcra ce 1aKue na O6jacHuTU npeJIaB oA T 0 p t 6 y Adptoda, Hero o.u. "Apvt6o y Adptddu.

npeTBopeHa. y-Adprddcr,

Delacoulonche

ra

noKanr,BoBa[be Aaopa HeMa HilKarar,nx ung,uqr.lja.

craBJba Ko,[ Mecra KaH4u, ule cy Koncraro-

Eopgaja

Ty1pylcA V rope

Ka)Ky na je raxBa civitas aaucra nocrojana y paHouapcro Ao6a. Kao npernocraBKy camo Mopamo r4BHeTrl rvlr4r.uJberbe,u,a HaM je npa4 Tupwca MoxtrIa iia6elexeH H KoA Xuieporla v ucrsa_ peHoM o6nr,lry Adprddcr. fpaa Adptoocr, xojr"cb y XHlepornoBOM CtIrCKy rpajr.oBa npoBHHuuje Macedonia Prima nanaeu uza Eopnaigr Elece, Kera u Aarvronrj6, .a ucrpeA Xeparaeje y Jlunxecruaw,s.6).Huje noanar y MarceAoHujn, na j-e Tomauerc np6gloxuro ra ce Adptodcr ucnpaBw y 'Apvrdd".ot) Tg$lueKoBy xonjercrypy crloMHrbe n XoHurmaH y cBoMe !34arby Xrajeporra, ne aaysumajyhn nr,tcaraB cTaB no rorue.es),Me$yrlrvr ria-a Apauca nbrruarue ce caMo jenaH jegranr nyr Ko,rI Tykr.rara4a (n. norn. Eopdoja), na Mr,t cTora I oMaueKoBa Hc[paBKa He l48rne,(a MHoro BepoBarHa. fperuxa y flpenuclrBarby c,e, HapaBHo, Moxe raro o6jac-

IIoBHoaHTTvKUM uanoprrvra oH ce He cnoMurbe. us llaraHraja noMrrrby ce, rvrefy ocraJrrrM onu_Tr4HailtayHyrpaurbocru Maxe,uoHuje, a ,Tyrissaei". I-pu.u Tupuc^a ^(T6prdoa) Hanaau ce Ko[ Ilrone-naeja *eby rpatr,oBHrrra Eruarraje.es) Harura BUure He SHaMo o BoMe rpaAy, atu cy oBa ,[Ba cBeAoqaHCTBa, qnHU Mu ce, ,[oBoJbHa Aa Ao-

,u,o6a.

V octaluM

HaBeAeHoM rIHTary

Eoptaja je rvrara nnaHr4HcKa o6lact y yHyTpaursoctu Maxeronuji oko"Ocrponcror jeeepa (Eeroprarrac), ol4Bl4'{eHa ca 3a[a,ua" Hepeurom, a ca HcToKa nJTaHHHOM ,(OrCa, aHTHIIKI4M nlo,lI,HY AoJIHHy peKe EepnnnoHom. Ha iyny oHa ie o6yxnarara -6urw ienHa oII npBI4x o6nacrn eobtirnu. Eop,udia je -rtaoirana ["iV iV Apr.u.h., bcaoiranil np,nr4Ko,' npoA,pa*a raa foprue y

,loitv Y.') -oMaxe.uour.rj onoj o6,ractu u rbeHHM HaceJbHMa I4MaMO BpJIO MaJI.O noAaTaKa KO.[ aHTr,rr.tKr4x rrHcaua. Kpoa rby ]: npoJlasl4o_nyr rojr j;;;'n;;*;ie u JlraHnecrr4;r,e satu.o y Elranneiy ra Tecanraiy,
a ilCTo TaKo ,t pHMcKa via Egnatia, noja ce

I43 Jlunrca CeBepHHM Kperarra y gpaBuy E[ece u Tecaronure. On eopnaiCxui rpaAoBa cflo*r4rby nilTepapHI4 tf'BopH Ca,ro TpH:

i;;;;

eoplrjL
Ke.ne

.\oHuiv.

EoPgaiY.
Apnu

no*ono*. noi.fiaqeh

vs Jluuxecrn.Ue, Epacu,qa ie uCror .u.ana dqt;i;.;; y npnrcy (xcrro- crdqd,).eruv ^pd')'Lov ic.v^ cuerlpepov x'eircrr Og "ApurOOcrv rrprlrov r{g llep6ixxou up1{().'z) I Ipema OBo6e, ApHuCa Le rrropala HaJIaBHTL na. rpajrueM ceBepOAana,u.HOM Leny E'oonaie. v 6allsuuu KnaHua roira noAu y JIr,tHx' ' JLIHV Apnrcy HMaMo I'l Ko,u,Tlrorervreia' atv ce oHa TaMo y HaBoAl.r Kao .pra Tayranara.s) ,[,a .nu ie To rpeuKa ralH ie o6aairra Unt4pcKor nJIeMeHa Tayaanata noCrajao 14cTol,MeHil IPEI,
V ce
1) Ct. Ceyer,698 r.r a.' Iaiep cmarPa Ea cy OpecrrIl'a il Haj;rapuja celliurra MaKeAoHCKyx nJIeMeHa, oAaKiIe cy oBa nPeKo Eop,[aJe y npaluy ceBepa y ne.naronuiy, c ,uPyre crPane

Hrita,

rpqKHx rpaAoBa, aflu Mu ce quH14 aa je pea,rHuje nperuocraBllTt4 na je T6prddcr, sa rcojy BHaMo roys,q,aHo Aa ie nbcrojana rao
Struck, Makedonische Niederlande. crp. 17 cn. Struck, H..u,., crp.20; Hirschfeld, RE i. v. Aloros. 'E.u,cony, B.Hanper crp. 108 u A. llpema Class. phil. S0 (lg5S), clp. .e9 l8l, mocr. Ka,uapa,y 6:r.utunr mbcra K,lu.u,l.t, ia6eaexes ia na Ta6yii Kao craHil.ua Analron (-Aliacmon). Alop ce Mopao HaJra3urr,r Heuro cenep.rnje (moxaa 7 Muna, o,rrHocHo 56 iralqraja,'q. ibid. crp. lg0, npum. 143). - Aaop nomuruy jour Mela, ll, BB r Ste-pli. Byz. s. v., atu nr{xoB}r noAaltu _I_e AortplHoce Hfiurt'a nilrarty beroBor J]oKanx3oBarua. Koa l-lroremeja lll, 12, 25, nonuwe ce^Alopoc y l-leonuju. Moxna !e nocpe,ur clyuajxo ilJnperypabe pe4ona? sr; Ptol. lll, 12, 36.
eB)

j.p ju recincka llapuci 6im'jiian' on nu;noanri;ir;

ryllg:j-T:

ez)

fitf/nlil;;,.;,t:ne tV, 128.


)
Thuk.
s) Ptol.

cy Eop'u'a o*o ,J.io"^oa''riibr.meja rao raq,o 4 94?I-P-a ra JloKa3o.M ealuu rrrup.*o. nop!*-iu.'vt Kiepert, FoA XVil HMa rpar oiJiiljlf^i&

tll.

12, 17: Tat).ur'ricor" "Aprtooa' Tatel,

Via Egn' 23, yauma

oi'

vurha lenyra. C. Miiller, Ptol. 493, Hanporl4.B., cMarpa. Aa nocDe[IHo craBuo y l4rl4pcKu .u.eo nPoBtlHriule Ntaxe4ouaie o6lacru Ettu-

eo) Hier. 638, I l. oz) Tomaschek, Ztschr. f. osterr.Gymn. e8) Honigmann, ad Hier. t. c.

I8

(1S67) 717.

a JIa Je ioje cy ce HaJIa3uJIe oKo Xa'nuaruona' u ;;;";rli-r-[pecr,av,-raro'11,rrapcKy. y cyce.[crny Tay.nanara, raKo MaKe,,loclfr'ro Eop1aiy, oH 'u'onyllra ce rnve rpala i-o":ry oro i6repi Eeropuruc..LIIro rpa.ll -AqT'::l Eopnaju: ul-l i! u y utupctbl :a ie morao nocrotaru ilcroumeaucraBrbeH y I,rJIt4pcKI4 .u,eo nPoql{H-u.U.e i=rii ,iro moryhe ia ie.norpeulHo Erraiuejrrurrra n'opecrrrvra (ibid' 505)' irivqaj c iiui":orri", rio ,;'l; y c Apnr,1com.y MaKeAoHBe3y C;i.;; 6Sd, 11oBoA14 .tlr6.'remeieB noItaTaK
cxo! Eopnajtr.

126

MaKeAoscrx rpa,u,oBr y pu,ucro lo6a

Jlor+a Mareaonuja

Eop.u,aja

127

He MoxeMo pehr4. V cnarcom cryqajy, onaj flroremejea noAaraK He Moxe ce yaeir.r Kao cBe.qoqaHcTBo o nocrojaruy eop.tajcre
.Apnrace

floroxa!. Kera Hrrie Moryhe yrBptrrrTn caMo_ra

ocHoBy

IIpema Torvrarrleironoj xonjexrypr,a) eopaajcry


6r.rcryro HMaJTH

pr.rMcKo .[o6a.

AoBHMa nponunqr.rje Macedonia

y "Apvtda.s)
rpag

prima, uaa Eopnaje, E.u.ece, Kera u Arrnourje, a ucnper Xeparneje, HaBoIUa HeKr4 y MaxeaoHuju HenoaHar rpag Airptdou, uuje rme TomaueK ucnpaBJba
MaxoauKo Ha [pBr4 norJIeA r{BrJreAaJra upr4BJraqHa,

uy

Apnracy

Xr.rjepoKJroBoM Cunerlemyr rAe ce nrely rpa-

E[eca, jep ce noAauu uTuHepapnia He craxy. KepannonyJrocoBo MHruJbebe Aa ce paSrrHKe y oTcTojarbrrMa Mory o6jacnHrra rranre uTo ce To6oxe Xepaxneja jegannyr cTaBJba ro,u, BuroJba, ApyrH nyT KoA JleprEna (rAe ce upeMa rberoBoj TesH oHa HaJIaBHJIa ,u,o 48 r. npe H. e.)'o) He Moxe ce flpuxBatfirfi seh H e6or rora uTo HTuHepapujn noruvy 14B uapcror .u,o6a, KaAa yonuTe He Moxe

oTcTojarba Koja HaM ,u,ajy urHnepapuju Ha penaqajra Xepanneja-

oBa l4cflpanra

rpyry nnoryhHoct, Ha xojy cam*yraaaJra y nperxoAHom nornaBJby: Aa ce non Adptddcr rcoa Xajeponna xpr.rje Triptddcr. Eorr.lajcxrl

ry6r o.q cBojq" BepoBaTHohe ral ce

noMr4cJru Ha

'HHxarsu JLoKaBu, nnefyrunn, qaK u HHKaKBH npaBu apryMeHTu, He nocroje aa rr,u,eHTr4Qrzronarue ApHrace c pr4Mcr(HM HaceJbeM Kele. Maron l-lerepcxor jeaepa, rAe je HarIao MHoro6pojHe TparoBe aHTaqror xrBora, cnnarpajyhlt ,qa oBaj uoloxraj HainaIr,Ho o.u,

Trapr.rca nocBeAor{eH je y no6a PaHor uapcTBa, ,u,oK o Apnucu HeMaMo Hrje4an cilrypaH [oAaTaK nocne Tyxuguga. Leake u Ta@er Mucluiln cy Aa ce Apuuca HaJraaaJra Ko.u, [aHaulrrer Ocrpona u 4a je y prlllacKo no6a .u.o6ula r.rrvre Cellae. Oso MaruJberbe ilaBo.u,e Kao ruoryhe u Xrapru$ea4 ra fajep.6)

6utu \soyMJberba y horneny noroxaja Xeparcneje.rl) He,u,asno ie Encou, yar4Majyhu y roMoh HeKonr4Ko nunujapuja Halenrax y oBoj o6lactn, ca MHoro cHrypHocTr,r JIoKaJrHBoBao Kele rco.u iraHaumer Coporraha, jyrosana4no o.[ Ocrponcrcor il jyxHo oA flerepcrcor ieaepa, yTBpAHBr.xr.r aa je via Egnatia ututa He ceBepHo o.[ THX ieaepa, KaKo ce .u.oca,Ila cMaTpano, neh ce, HanpoTHB, t4cTor{HoM o6arom Ocrponcrcor ieaepa cflyuTana na jyr
r.f

I-lanaAaxuc

je noranilBoBao

ApHr.rcy KoA Mecra fpa.u,urura, Ba-

Sorne oAroBapa oHome [uTo rrann Tymra,qun Ka)Ke o Apnracra.T) Ha rorrn Mecry je KepannofiyJroc KoHcraTotsao nocroja[be crapor

Kpos KnaHau Krapnn-,(epBeH us1ujam ua Eopaaje y Jlunx.12) fipervra rome ornaaajy cBa paHuja JroKanilBoBarba Koia cy floJra3ilna o.rt uper[ocraBKe 4a je via Egnatia Hrrrla ucruw npaB[eM KojaM H Mo.(epaH rpyM.13) ' V ltin. Burd. croju .u,a cy Cellae 6une mansio, rj. nehe Hace.Jbe, aJrH He H civitas. Irle rora 6u'ce Aano SaKiby'{r4Tu Aa Kene y ro .rlo6a Hr,rcy 6ure caMocraJrHa onuTuHa, seh ,[a je rbuxoBa TepnTopuja yJraauna y cacTaB Her(or o.u, cyceAHnx rpa-

yrnpferua uB

BpeMeHa Quauna II u Ha beMy Hauao MHoro ocraTaKa r4B xeJrerrucTuqKor r{ plrMcKor npenneHa.B) Me$yrnm, Kao rrrTo cMo peKJrH, no.uauil rojarraa pacfloJraxeMo cy t4 cyBr4ue ocKyAHlr n HecHrypHH ,qa 6ucno MorJrfi Aa rBpgr.tMo la je Apuuca

toBa. Mefyrram,

qr4rbeHr4qa

I(ErlD

nocrojara y pr.rMcKo ao6a. Mecro Kere (Cellae, K6),).crr) naraauno ce na via Egnatia
Hervrefy Xeparcaeje
carvro

joru

u EAece.
.[,o6a.

Ocr.rnn

HacrarLi

y pHMcKo

Xrjeporne.') Cyaehu no rrMerry oBo

vTulepapfiia, mera cuoMurbe Hacerbe je mopalo

,loBoM CnHcKy v La ce y Notitia episcopatuum cod. Paris. 1555A enucKofi 6 K6.),]..q9 croMurbe Kao cyQparaH coJryHcKe apxuenr,rcKonuje,l4) roBopu ilnaK aaTo Aa cy ce Kene y rtosHopHMCKO .[O6a O,U,BOjHne y nOCe6Hy On[XTHHy. Tpehu rpaA y oltacrn Eoplaje je ncroumeHu rpaA Eopnaia. Eot Hema paaJrora, quHH Mr.r ce, .u.a ce [ocyMlba y rtocrojaroe oBor HaceJba H Aa ce cBH no,rlauu y rojunna ce Eopaaja cnomume Kao
l0) KepamonyJioc,'Ar.aor<ago.t ricri Speuvot ev r{r 'Ar.ru.Mure6ovial. 'Ap.1. crp. 60 u a. tt; VocriroM, pa3ruKa y orcroiaruuna xoja naln aajy uruHepaptjrr ra pe,'rauujy Xeparneja-5ere uenocu 7_l,o I M-rrJg4, nor je crBapHo orcrolaru-e uarrrefiy Erzroma u Jlepuna or<o 25 rm, r'j. 16 mu:ra. Ocum rora nuie !-onure curypHo aa je via Egnatia npoJla3t4Jla (rao .u.axaruItu ayromo6urcKr,r trpym) xpos JIepr,rn. Eacon (n. cleaehy nanomexy) cmarpa a.a je aHrgrrKr.r nyr Huao oA KJr.aH[a Kupau -Il,epnex npaBo Ha ceBep ra Xepar-reju, ne cr<petyhu npema 3ana.u.y (s. 1., crp. 15, np.59). tz; Ch. Edson,- The Location of Cellae and the Route of the Via Egnatia in Western Macedonia, Class. Phil. 46 (1951) I tr 4. F.,ncott cMarpa :a y onom cnyuajy raqna orcrojarsa aaje ltin. Burd., roju ie cacratrbeH Iia-ocHoBy- rr4r{Hr.tx nyTHr4x aa6eaexaxa, iLoK c.e y ltin. Ant. u Tab. Peut., xojn y xpairrem nperciaaroajy nosnuje rperuce. ielsor aalelnuuxor !i3Bopa,
Epr1p. 1933,

Aa ce

ro

MecTo HaJraBr4

y Xnjepox-

a) Tomaschek, Ztschr. f. <istr-'rr. Gymn. lB (1867) 717. s; Hier. 638, ll. Honigmann, ad Hier. l. c., Horr.,pa Touaruexory nperoocraBKy He 3ay3umajyhu crar. 6) Leake, lll, 315; Tatel, Via Egn., pars occ. 43; -Hirschfeld, RE II (1897) 1205 s. v. Arnissa; Ceyer, 659. z) H. IlanaaaKIac, 'Er< r{E "Ar<u N{cr,rce6ovia;,':\.}r1r,ti 25 (1913), crp.436. ,[,umnua, 243
o.u,

Ocrpoecror jeeepa. s) A. KepanronyJloc, Ai ,,c6trer;" ror-i <IrrLirrou ll' i;r, I,Io-rie6ovig. 'HpepoL6yrov Aor. Nlare6ovia;, Ko3anu 1937, crp. 49. e) Itin. Ant. 319, l-3: ,,Heraclea -- Cellis XXVlll - XXXllll - Edessa"; Cellis Edessa"; ibid. 330, 3-5: ,,Heraclia- XXXIll - XXXIII 'fab. Peut. segm. VIll, l: ,,Heraclea XXXII * Cellis XLV - Edessa"; Itin. Burd. 606,4-9: civitas Edissa - XII - mutatio ad Duodecimum - XVI civitas Heraclea".mansio Cellis-Xllll -- mutatio Crande --Xllll

raro\e

cmarpa

,r1a

je Apnrlca

MopaJ'ra

6uru

cenepo3ana,u.Ho

xaro je EoKa3ao Ky6rauer, norKpaJ'Ia rpelllKa npt4nflKoM ca6Hpama orcrojama uamax cranuua (mutationes) roie cy y tbuua u3ocraBJbene. 13) Kiepert, FOA XVll, craBJba Cellae xo,u, lopNllqeBa; no lbeuy il Honigmann y utn. Xrzjeporla ad 638,9; K. Miller, Itin. Rom.52t, xsg 6ame.
1{)

Hier. 638,7 sqq.: 'Eop6crla,

"E6eoocr, Ke?.?.crr, ',\),pirrricr;

Ceogr. Rav.'lV, 9: Celis.

Iicrprapleiot'

f.

KoHu1apuc. Ai pqtpor6ltetq
r<cri

fl

,,ra\t"E" crrir<ir'.

Aruna

rai

ai

<ipXtenro'<orrai ro_6 Oir<oupevtrori

1934,

clp. 9* 6p,239.

128

__ag.r"r.^, rprrr",

Jlora

Mare.uonuja

Anuonraja

129

,vtoryhe le aa Je Ha [oqerKy .cBa eop4ajcra repuropuja'caqw*rbaBaJra- jeany' caMoynpaBny jesranr,luy (i, xorrr iny*fii Ap*iV ne rpe6a .yoruTe cnnarpair.r- noaracrimj. Arrra, y hoanouapcKo ao6a cenn-Eopaaje uojanrnyjy ce n Ke"rie nao'civitis, KaKo ro noxaeyje Xajepon;ron Cr.treri.ieM, rrTo BHaqr{ Aa ce y ro BpeMe noiarvr Eopaaje .nuje nuure [o,qy{apao c HeKa4aurbo6 nne6eHcKoM reparopnjoM, na je pprapoaHo Aa ra BexeMo 3a HCTOr{MeHL|

oAHoCe na o6racr. Kuhn-ona Te3a, Aa ce r,reHo&r Eop.qaje no.(pasy*eBao He je.u,an rpaA ',oA seh rcoMureKc Ma[b]4x HaceJba yjearrci*rai aajelrHrrno* opraHuyrpaBoM'u), nu rrroxe ,qa saxil B;l ueo pHMcr(H nepnoA. ?,ulll1g1

rpatr flpor]nnave raKo Kao Aa ce

Haceibe He 6H 6uilo cTaplrj'e o.u,.BpeMeHa @uluna V. Terc cHcTeMaTCKO r.rcTpaxuBarbe IIenOr KpaJa Moxe ,qaTu oAnoBop Ha oBo rrrTarbe, jep cy H Ha Apyn4m MecTI,tMa y Eopaair,t ualenu TparoBL

' I"Urb ie rnu. ocranr4x craHilua na via Egnalia y Eopaaju, mutatio Crande (rarue je cBaKaKo ucrBapeHo), l4 rvrr.rrna 3a[a4Ho o.u Cellae, 6ur.a je na rpaHr4ur4 JlrHrecru4e u EopAaje, Mox4a Ko,n PocHe, 6nuiy Eamuqe, rAe je naSen ienau numjapui.z2) Cranuqy Ad Duodecimum, 12 nwma yAaJbeHy o.u. Elece, rpe6a Tpaxr4TH rcoa Ocrpona.2s)
Anmonnja
Mareaonqra ilo.i np-nurvr Teruenr.urarvra ocnoiulu cnyurajyfir-ce Ha loprre Marcenoiuie npexo Eop.uaje y npaBuy nprannopia (Eorraaie ra llr,Iepuje).') OHra cy noTucnn ucfipel, ce6e crapoje.u.eoue Anrvrone u ripilrrnyqilflln t4-oay o6aacr caojoj ,(pxaBr. llonoxai Anrvronnje yTBpAI4o je jou Leake: MaJIa nJIo.u,Ha ,u,OJltlHa roprb-el' rorca MbrrieHriUe (Jlygr,lie), otlBl{qeHa nJIaHHHaMa Hrqorvt- _ra llajaxom, aadarreHa Lr HeKaKo no crpaHu oJl ocrane .(orue Maxegoruaje, o1noBapana je nOrnyno oHOMe LxTo ce sHaJIO o AnrvrOnrajra. Mdrb6pojHe BecTI,r.xoje o ruoi HMaMo cBaKaKo onpaxaBajy cnopeAHy ynory xojy je oHa oAurpaila y ronl4Tl{qKoM H KynTypHoM
t

cTapr4x r,pa]loBa.

nace.rna.le) Huje racxnyqeHo fie HaM HOBr.r Harnuclf orr(pnTl,l HeKor HeflogHaror eoplajocor rpa,[a u rulie norBp.u,trTu Hauy npeTnocTaBKy Aa je u cama Eoplaja 6nra rpa,u,.
r4Me

er,,o 61a c.r,17). arr-r- je- ro,Marro B epo B arHo ii n'opnliv (Heordea, r.pu6a.guirina) Kojg j9 HaBeAeHa nuo nocioj6;;;;; HaTnHcy nojHnrca Tr..l{epnonaja-Maxcuma, AHqpourrond .rnr.ir) p6.ra9r Eopaaje je apxdororuKr4 Marro 'r'crr^rinu, rra HraK :lu,^6p-olluju- nalae-r y rlocneAtre BpeMe oqr4rrreAHo'norasyiy Aa Je oHa Mopana 6virw rycro HacrabeHA u naje r.lnnala BeJruKa
MTlro Ta s
_

;ii neionirrri.ii ie ra Eordae-a rpa.u, a ne o6racr.r6) (oa cre6aHa bHBaHTHcKor 'Op6aicr, r6LrE M_crxe6ov_(aE Mox(e [a o6eaexira, xaro je npr.r_
rpa4q.Bq; ,rnnoio

patr. MelyrHrvr,.H

Mreagl fopaunaje

KaJr, I-lanniaje

u xpyru\

\urnpa Eopaajy n"pul

d;;;;

Anrvronraja

je,

npema Tyr<Hnra,u,y, jeg.na

oA o6lacrla nole cy

la

crojarre seher Hacerna.zl)

oKBHpa npeTrocraBKa. Ar.rlararla u nanat.aKfic rpaxe Eopnajy Ko.( Mecra KarpaHaqa, jyror.rcrortHo o.u,_OcrpoBcKor jesepa,-y XoHnrm-an KoA csra Miipanrr.r (aanac praarcr.i), c ,.uu crpaHe JrpyMa Koxanr.r-Bepraja, rAe cy y nocneArbe BpeMe na$eHn sHaqaJH.H apxeonouKr4 crroMeHu:u.u u HaTilucu noju yrcaeyjy Ha noI-lpenna Jr.oca[aulrbuM HaflaluMa, oBo

r:-, trop,(ale, TaKo Jla cBn AocaAaurbu noryuaia He

He nocroje

Hr4KaKBe unnraqnje

Ba .uoi<anaeoBabe

rpa.qa HBJraBe h3

Hl4 r46aJra I{t Me

[a npt4Byqe flaxrby LtgTpaxl4Bava- I-lytOttuCUV t4 Leake, Delacoulonche, apxeonoar xojn cy ie nlara o6uuinu aHTfiqKHx Hilcy ea6erexHlu cKopo Hahn, Struck -HuKaKBI4x
ocraiana.2)

xLrBory Maxenonuie. O6nacr Morlena nuje apxeoJlolxKl'I t4cnvTara, aln ona nuje

-Byz. rir6 Nfrcrv6e5 (Erx_arcoH ).c1'ovrar r<ai 'op6aior, cBaKaKo noraeyje ,ua ce;se ,u.o6uJlo fiMe no nreMeHy). Taiel, Via Egn.. cto. 42 t4 IDL4M.

Oeaj no,qjrraK norr{qe BepoBarHo ils HeKor cra'pri1erue-"opi ,r) Stgp!. s. v. _.'Op6cria. .rr6).rE Mcxc6ovfag. ,o i,).,roolr,

.rr,oHcKr4x rrJreMeHa:

Mecry (lV, 35) flrunule cnomilrbe nJreMe Eopaaiaua',,op"a rrDvrilx


,,Paraxiae, Eordenses,

,,.,1tn,-St2idt. q b[rg.Verfassung, crp.406 u s,. ,u)-Pliq lV, 34:,,.Scydra-, Eordaea, nilezi, Gordyniae...,,; Ha ApyroM

fl

Alinoii, pelagones,-'Mvgaonesi. je

rraKe_

"Op6or.

na-

18) Kubitschek, lmp. Rom., crp. 212. -fyOrav'er taroie ttoryrrra, :ylporno Mo,useny, aa je nqonom nainucy, rao r ro.u. fituxu1a, Crd$rri

Bnsantacxorr.p9! o rpaAy Eopaajra a He o rrJreueHv oasocno o6aaciu. t1


1936,

HeKoJIITKo aHTI4qKIrx HaceJba. [4aro cKopo orcelreHa o.[ ocraJlor cBeTa, nJIoAHa Eon[Ha 6uru rygTq. HaceJbeHa I'l y aHTHrlKo, Kao I'I Jlynuje mopala o6jaauo npBe BilBaHTrcKo ao6a.8) llanaAaxuc loqHuje narnraie iae Anrvronr,tie, Qparrvreure uagrpO6nnx CrtoMeHHKa I43 prrMcKor BpeMeHa, H yKatsao Ha ocTaTKe .[pyrl4x cnoMeHI4Ka H HOBaUa r43 pr.rMcl(or H llpe,u,pl,tmcl(or lo6a. seMJbI'I Arruona: Iopt y Ilrorerrlej tloMrrre TpH rpa[a ("Oppo), Eypoh (Eup<urr6E) n Anca,r ("Ar|crlog). Xoprvra u Ancan XOPM. ce Brure Hur,re He cflomfirby. H.rraxnux no.u.aTar(a Ea JIoKaJIil- EVPOI SOBalbe oBHx MecTa HeMaMo, Te je cBaKL nOKyLXaJ y TOM npaBUy AtICA"

o6racr

Je.u,HHo

je

1914

r., ycraHoBtro nocroiame

flanaAaruc,

roju je ncTpaxilBao

oBy

je

ie

passim
20)

Cf. X.

Maraporac,

'Er<-r4g 'ELrpefu;
13.'

rd Hapoqr4ro

J_lumuua, crp.2t3;.llana{aKac, E. r., crp. 484,6p.12-lS u crp.416. zt) Honigmann, ad Hier. G38, 9. On nepoBarno BacHuBa cnoje n,r_ uJbebe na KepauonyJrocoBom^qraHxy y.'Apx. Ael"rior, 14 (19A2-ABi, xojN HaBOIr4 (menu xerocrynan). 3a najnos-l,rje_ HaJra3e H3 ror Mecra'in. x. M_araporac., H. 4 , 6p. 2,.9,29 , grp. 1.3.- llopea cela MopaHlLl, ri Apyra o6auxrua cela (Anraepu, vlao6acu) inajy He Maro aHrilrlKux ocrarara.

crp.

roi

r{g''Eop6a,crg. 'Ap1.

'Egr1p..

.u,., crp.6 ra 15, np. 65. Miller, Itin. Rom.52l, xoI, Samuue. Miller, u. m.; Geyer, 678. 99, 3-6: civ6orqosv 6J.. . rai eS '{\tr11!cr5 .A-Ipgrg1 yn. Miiiler,' Ptol. crp. 506, Ilsmuua, crP. 324; Hirschfeld, RE s. v. Almopia; Struck, Makedonisihe Niederlande, crp. 7l l-1t^-.

P) Edson, u.
23)

t; Thuk Il, gi

'3) iJ. I-lanaaaKHc, 'Er rrlE'Avor Nlare6ov(aE, 'A$r1vd,25 (1913) crp.453 u r; Ptol. lll, 12 2l: 'A).pcurrnr" "Oppcl, Eipor6E, 'ArfaLoE. (

.u.'

Mare,q,oxcru rpa,u,onu

130

Mare,qoncxr rpaAoan y prrucro Ao6a

Jl,orua Maxe.uonuja --- AmSaKcarHAa

r3l

rpor4sBoJbaH. Eypon HaJrasHMO jOur caruo_ Ko.[ flrrauHja, xoja Kaxe Jla r(poa rbera npoTr4qe pcra Rhoedias.6) flouro j'e'onrurenpa_ xsaheHa rcnpanxa pevu Rhoedias ioufiii-rrrtisd"gl, Mr,rcng v ce
Ju4BoBao

Am@axcr,rrprAa

p:I_r_r-l.r 1 H r H c K H M r p a A o M A I nao n n j o M, o.u, H o c H o cp ea m e B e K o B H oM NrorJIeHoM. Ila[aAaKuc ttaK cMaTpa lta ce Eypon Harasr,fo HerxTo jyNnraje, Ko.tI PyArtHe, rAe cy srbuae)r(eHu aHTr4qKr.r ocrauu, r{ Aa

aa je rpq4 Eypou 6wo ua peuTJyIrlr. o.lu;;;i;;;it iu ,rorcrEypon r(ol Crar i.ae (Cy6ofc*o), ,auntrO-r*Viyt; ;;;

A/lMonl4JA

gpuo xpai aurume ,orr4cHyo h HarKpurruo HoBH ll.j^u nuja (xoa C.rraraue).6)
Al.rvronraja

rpa[ Armo-

Vepaa Amsarcu Tvtl\a ('z\pcpaEirrg), sa o6elexaBatre BeMaJba oi(o Aorben roKa Arcraja, jasrna ce reK Ko"r[ uoa.nrjrax nucaua. Crapujra HBBopr,r.He roMHFby oBo ranne. !or< je-nperraa Xepoaory per,.a Aricr.rj paanna jana o1nacru 6orraajy H. Mr,rrgouaiy, .[orre Trxulra,r, pasnuxyje raamefy oBHX aaejy o6tacru je4an yaan nojac Ay)K peKe Aroaja, Jlo flere Ha Banagy lr Mopa na jyry HeKaAa HacralbuBaJrr4 IIeonr1r,r.1) Irlrvre AivrSarccaTHAa nojanrsyje ce, KoJrrlKo je rvreHra noBHaTo, HajpaHuje aa npeme Ora;runa V: Ko,[, Iorr,r6aja 14 Ha HoBrIy rora BpeMeHa ArvrQaxqaTuna !e jenau o,u, neT ,u,ucrpr.rKara rojr.rnna je @rarran V Aosnorrao l8? r. KoBalbe cpe6puor u 6axapnor HoBrIa.2) Fbena ce KoBHI4ua Ha.raauJra y TecaroHHK!r, rds qera 6u ce MoxAa cMeJIo BaKJbyqilTH ea je ona o6aacr o6yxnaraJra 14 rreBy o6aly peKe. Moryhe je

xoju cy

caMoy[paBHl{ rpaAorr-civitates, u Ea ilu je'aa;atra rpajerta aHTHKe roAr4rHyT rpaa, Anruonr,rja, hr1t4 je qena ob.nacr elrntinije; a;;: KOirr,rKo c[oMeFryrr4x Haceiba, I]percraBJbaJ]a jenny caMoy[paBHy jeluurarly opranusoBaHy Ha rvryuHqranarro;. 6-&oLi, noru Je y pr,rmcKo .u.o6a BaMeHr4Jra crapy. orelreHcr(y. loO.rracny) op.ur,rsr_ rJuiy? cseAo,{arrcrBa t-trorerurLlu inrarlu Hucy ,u,oBoJbHa

crora [rrrarbe Aa

ruet<.u uosnaje

rpa,_t cromr4[6e caMo r(oJl Xrajeporra: ,,'I.lop8cria,'E6edda,'A).pcr;rcio, z\dprdda ..-.;;i1 CfrOrn Buean_

ce-r6b

ttoA

Tunn I4MeHoM

JrH Cy XOprtaa,

caMo o6nacr.8) floctasJba ce Aucar v Eypon 6wnw Ea]rcra

ra je

u*re 'Apgaliog,

ynpaBo y

ro Bpeme HacraJro, Kao ar,Mr4HacrpaTHBHH nojam, jelno oA naroOpojnrax !,MeHa o1mcrw y Maxe-

"I"OHHJ[.I

6'a ce creKJro

o6nur.:.y:. rarco- na je rroaHoaHTr4rrr(o HaceJbe Arlrvrbnraia 6;;0 r4.rLeHT.Hrr.HO C Eypononn. Ty oracmo uly.aru je4an cnyuil 0rrx civitates, cacran"rleHldx oA HriBa Marlax HaceJba, 6ea raspaBr4Tor rpa.u,cKor ueHTpa, na xoje je crpeHyo raxrby E. Kuhn.d; lrluin ca ocl(yAHHM Mareprajanorvr rcojrarvr pacfionaxeMo, oBo n7Ta[be oA

do6i uena "o6nac, Ar*oiiri;''6d; opraHr4_ BoBaHa rao je4ra MyHt4rru[anHa je4anuqa ca ueHTpoM MoxAa v lvRonv u 4a je npemenonn Ha oail rrraBHH rpua ,ip.Hero HMe aa je y paHouapcno

Anrrnonraja ue iuonnurbe_ npe x,r;.poxai, a KoJr, Xuiepoxaa HeMa ocraJra Tpr4 Hace"rna (Xoprvra, Eypon u' Ancan), naje'r4cKJbyqeHo

pecoM, a u fltwuujen noaarax o Eypony He noruqe r4B BBaHuqHe craTucri4xe, neh r4B Hexor re_qrpaqiixoi,anopa. noirio ;;;'p;;

Hacerba. [lroleruej ce py6oBog6 yBeK

c,rypr{o

MHUrJbebe

Aa ^ o Kapar(Tepy rpu an*oncKa

flo.u,ersena cy Mrlr.rrJbeba HayqHr4Ka .qa JrH IroA Arvr@axo,rTHAoM rpe6a cxBaTrrrrr BeMJbe orco Awcuja, rj. c jeane r4 ,upyre

KOJa HeMaJy nneMeHCKO [OpeKJrO.

qairo rionpd6cKr46

crpaHe peKe, ulrvt BeMJba rcpaj

Ar<craja,

r4HTe_

o6a.ne. Oso apyro MHnrJbeme, roje uannely ocranr4x aacrynajy Leake, Tafel u Geyers), BacHilBa ce yrJraBHoM Ha Crpa6ony (VII, frg. 23: eira 6 'A$rog Otutprlv rqv re Borrtcicrv xcri rrlv

rj. 4yx

jeane rbenoBe

"Appa$irrv yrtv). I4ctoquo o.u, Axoaja craBJba

pyKonucuMa tluepuia noqufbe c'yruhervr Xanuaxmona, a He c ynrhern Jlya,uje (r. crp. 98, np. 2) onga ce Ha uuTr{paHor l-lrorc,ueienor rexcra cme BaKJbyquTt4 caMo ro Aa je yruhe Axcuja npHrraAano Aru$arcuTttl*u, aJrt,l He H Aa fe 6rzlo lbeHa Barla.qHa
rpaHHua.

TecaroHuKe Ao yurha Axcaia: 'Apgatirt6og' Oeddcrl"ovixq, 'E1e6ti,pou rorapoO expoiai, 'Aiiou iroropoO expo).cxi.a) VIga Tora .q,ona3r,r llraepraja. Arco ce nrvra y nuJr,y Jr,a y HeKr4nn fltolemejenrarvr

.tn@axcrTuAy,

atu

flrolervrej

no/L rboM nonpaayMeBa caMo nprarvropje oa

TeopercKor HHTepeca He Moxe 6uru peueHo.

Crpa6onoB noAaTaK, npeMa r(oMe cy HeKa,u,a fleonuu

V npunor npBon/l Mr,rruJberby tra ie Arvr$axcurv&a o6yxaaTarla BeMJbe c o6e crpaHe Axcraja Moxe ce HaBecrr4 Apyrr4
)r(r{BeJru

ptil. IV, 35: ad Axium amnem, eodemque nomine per . j) ".Fgopuq cnomane fi;;il quod Rhoedias fruit ..::,r!.li"yje ;'d;;;;J; Almop^it,?elagones..." (lV, BS). ^u-o-nli!iiu-, 'crp. 0) u. 454 je ,i. u rtre .l-lana4aruc, Hase,(eHo H Mr4urJberie Delacoutonche-a. S^try:5,- ,. a.,. cl.p. 4., 7i., ;;;ri,; ;;-ft rroxarru3oBarne Eypona, nbrpaerrla o i e 06 n a* u,'r,eczrypuo.
8) Byz. s..v. 'ALpcurric' z{6 Mcrre8oviaE, .^ .ste-p! '-td, i..)vrrdv 'Arrycor| rcri 'A).p<i:*og xtirpcr

fi?lr.%ffi,raoro

.-. rui "E).).qE r{g

s) E. Kuhn, st?idtische u. biirgertiche verfassung, crp. 40s u n.

'A&&,pavzoq.

r.ri "elpLrricr, Jio

tirlr iq

fiv tbrroov'A}.pore;.

..

oot -flooer6c6r.o;

t; He:'. Vll, 123; Thuk. ll, 99, 4: Trlg 6i Ilcnor,{ag ro.pd rov 'A$rdv rori:'poy orsvqv Clvcr rar}]rouoctr' &vcp.)ev p61pr ll6l}.qE rai Oa?rdooqE Artriocrwo. z; Pol. V,97,3: ...a0rdE 6i (6 00.rrro6) rapotrcrprirv ror''E dr r{; Eorricr; rcld r{g 'Apgcrfia8og {rev riXrr:r. ei6 "E6eooav. Caebler, Antike Miinzen I[, s. v. Amphaxitis. 3) Leake lll,449; Tafel, Thess.36 H a,; Ceyer,650. 11 Ptol. lll, 12, ll. Ha Apyrom Mecry (lll,12,8) Ilro.ne,nej craana y A"uQancuru.uy rpa,u.oae Ape'rycy u Crarupy. Oqur,leAno je aa je nocpe,u,r rpeurxa, jep o6aacr oaa ,uBa rpa,u,a HeMa HuKaKBe Be3e ca Arcujem.
TaKO .rIOtUnO AO rpeuKe. 9*

-\lfrller, Ptol. c1R. 496,,uucru .na.qy Ha Kaprr4 xojy je flronemei 14Mao rpe.[ osirua umena Amphaxitis r Paraktia 6ytna ucnucaHa npeKo pe,u.a u g,a je

132

Mare,q.oucKtl rpaAoBr.r

pr.rMcKo no6a

Jloma Maregonraja

rpaAone- I4Aorvreue, foprrzur,rjy, Arananry u Eypon, fiaKo y r,rsBopr4Ma nehemo nahr 4raperrniir ocJroHqa-ea 16. ,(a onr,t rpaAoBr,l !!c.y ynaarJlr,t y EorHajy, To ce BrAr.t ue TyxraluloBa rslararsa.s) HHle, nnefyrum, HcK.rEyr{eHo .[,a je y npnrtaopjy Eoruaja gonupaJra
.u,o caMor yLuha Arcci,tja.

oKo Aorber Axcraja, y seMJbr,l Koja ce BoBe Artasarcurra4a.s) oaai no.u,araK Hcroplrcrcor KapaKripa no6uja cnoj ryHr,r anavai TeK ra.u ce ynopeAr4 c oHHM ruro TyxunuI., Kaxe o ,,fleonujr_ a9 llele u nnopa", iep ou4a uocraje-jacHo Aa je peu o ianannilj o6atu Arcuja.6) Crora cam cKJroHa Aa, c Xrapur@el4orrn,z) ArrrQaKcl4Tl4Ay cTaBLfM_ c o6e cTpaHe peKe u Aa y rby paqyHa6

Anr@aKcr4rxAa

t33

Tynraaua Kaxe Il.a ce -oApr4cKa nojcra inycruna I4a.

ca yHyrpaiumomhy. Hrautra npupo4ur,rje, [peMa ToMe, HeLo ulTo.cy ce ,qy-x pexe, Ha ueJroM rbeHom ToKy oa Cxyna y l{ap4aaujw yo yruha, HaHHBarrH MHoru rpaAoBr,r, o.u, rcoirax cy HeKH uwarM r4BBaHpeAaH crpaTerxKH H rlpnBpe.[Hr.t snavaj. Ha ,u,orbeli ToKy'Aricuja, y A,vrQarccuTunu, xoja ce KynTypHo nr,tje pagnaKoBaJra oA crapr.rx .qorbo&raKeAoHcrr4x o6racru Eorraaie ra Iaepraje, HBBoptr HaM rromr,rby HeKonur(o rpa,u,ona vraje nocroJarbe rvtor(eMo [parr4Ttr oll V n. tlpe H. ei .u,o qapcKor ,uo6a. npBI roMetr rpaAoBa rra .qobeM Ancujy r4MaMo KoA Ty[r44r4ga. I-onopehra o CuralrcoBoM noxoAy na Mare,qoHujy 4Zg i.,
npranaopja

fpa.qcKa xHBoT y onoj odtacru paBBHo ce Bpno paHo. ,(onuua Bapaapa 6una je rraauu nyr-rtoiarr,r je ua Ereje'npoLupata Ha ceBep rpqra r(ynTypa H rJraBHa cao6pa.hajua Besa

qegcrBy .(o63pa H A9_rpgraona.1l) Ot Crpalona, o.4HocHo ndprerur4opa E_Qecror (ll--l r.) na Kora ce oH roBHBa, caaHalemo ,u,a cy lrlAomeHe 6ure Ha nyry rcojra je Hs TecaroHr4Ke rrpeKo Cro6a u Aaplauraje.nogr.to l{Ayianb, rpyruM"peqnMa ra ce Hatasuta y Aonr.rHr4 Arl:rajarl2) I-loruro cy Hlorvreue'jeAunu rpa,u, r4aMely TecaJroHHKe u cro6a roje crpa6ou naBoJtr4 r-oBopehq o gB-oM nyry, cMeMo BaKJbyrtHTr4Ita cy npercranJbaJre Ba)Karr cao6pahajHr4 qBop. Ha npyronn ,rnecry Crpa6oH cnoMHBe KornfiHy l(oja oA lrl,u,omena BoAH ,u,o peKe crpurvroHa, flpv qemy, KaKo ce Br,rta r4B KoHTeKCJa, uwa y srt[V Ay6o,qolrany y rcojoj ce Hanaae paepa ,(ojpan ra Byrxono.ls) Ha- ocHoBy osrx [oAaTaKa MoxeMo npndauxno_ yTBpAHTH o1ilacr rAe rprida Tpaxr4Tr4 onaj rpan. -o*iony floaoxai_ Irllomena Moxe ce rauHdje ycrinonrarr4 Ha Ta6yre fiojrr.trrepuiane, xoja _lrlnoMeHe craBJba Ha lZ purwciuL mHJba o.u, craHrrqe Stenas u 20 numa o,q craHr.rue Tauiiana.la) floruro ce craHuue stenas u Tauriana c npr4JruqHo crrrypHocrn Joxanr4ayjy npsl-KoA KJraHqa .(ervu.lp-Kanrzja h .qpyra xbr, I{ojpaHa, To cy ce lrlAorvreHe MopaJre HaJraSuTu Ha oHoM ae.rly nafrapcKe ,rl,oJrr4He, rAe ce oBa r.uHpr,r _II_peMa HcroKy xa BalauAoBy. xan n Tomaruer Muctuntu cy [a l4.u,omene rpe-6a rpaxuTr4 KoA
I"pa.qqa, alra

"ralbe Hero
ffio.u,

I,TAOMEHE

ruajnpe lrlfiomene, a nocJre BaytseJra 6ea loprunrajy, AraJIaHTy a_r{eKa n,pyra Mecra. JeAano je Eypon HBLpxao orrca,u,y n naje 6uo ocaojeH.n) trl.[ometre ('I6op6vcrt, Ei6cipev4) cy npBH rpa4 y Mare4onraju Ha nojre je Crzranrc y4apuo Ao,raeehu as .(o6epa y fleonrajra. V Cnracrcy ,qersncxux reopoAoxa c roqerxa II n. nfe u. e. kl,qoMeHe ce HaJra3e Hervrely TecaaonuKe H neoHcKor rpaAa Acrparaoua.10) Kon fllunuja ce ldomenenses raxole crromr,lrby y cy-

reoHCKor rpa.qa .(o6epa,

y Marc-enonrajy v na je y Mar<e.u,onr,rjra ocnojrna -6op6e

6xcruo Ha ocHoBy oBoI HaT[uca raMo JroKaJrr,raonarr'l4gomeHe, je o6nacr gela fpvultrTa cBaKaKo ytas,.ila y repraropnjy o.Bor npa,qa. Hncrraryuuja noaurapxa noxaayje 4a- cy ialomer]b ilffiane rpqKo-MaKeAoHcr(o ypeleme.

ffiolrcrovno o,q Munetrona, _Ha nenoj o6aau Bap4apa, Mo)r(e ce npo-rruTaTr peq^ro).tt&p1qg. v nr.rraruy je neponarHo roJrr4Tapx rpaga l4Aomena. Aru Mecro HaJraBa je-r.rtysuure nocTpaHunptporHot' ryTa Kojr neayje AoJrr4Hy Brpa-rp. c lojpaHorvr 'aa

{Ir}tTrl TaTIHO noKanusoBarbe oBor fpa,ua. Ha jeauoM, HaxaJrocr, Pp.;ro oruteheHorvr -sparrrneHTy rpqxor HaTnr4ca il3 ceJra fpvrarurej

MHnerKoBe, c AecHe crpaHe pexe.15)'Huraxnrax apxeoJror.IrKHx r,ln,u,uqaja BacanaLHeMaMo Ha ocHoBy (ojrax 6ucmo MorJlr4 HBBp-

flirvrup-Kanl.rje uro ra Ta6yra gaje. Kranepr noKarrnayje lrl,qoruer;e

je orcT)jqbe

o.u-

oBor Mecra Jlo

f,ar,a

r; Str. Vll, frg. Il: IlcrioveE 6i tri rrepi cbr. 'A$rdr, ,to{cpov rcri rr)v ral"oup6vrlv 6rd_ coiro_ 'Apcpcr[irtv, 'H8ovoi 6i rar' Bro&}.rcrr r]v ].orriv p6Xpt
)rpup6vo;. Vn. r Sleph. Byz. s. v. 'Apq' "Afrov, 6i'o i#pq ).6you, Td Ag crr51or5, 'ApgafirqE, Irp&pcov !'.
rooap6g.

IrlAomeHe ce cnomulby r{ non Xr,ljepoKJra, urro je y ce oApxaJre ,q,o xpaja antuxe.17)


11) tz;

,qoKaB Aa

o; tbid. ?) Amphaxitis, RE I (1897), 1884. lirschfeld, s. v, "Exeua a; Thuk. ll, 100, 4t 6i rcat 6; criv tl"Lq, Mcrre8oviclv rrpouX<bper rlr, 6v dprotepd.r I16I).qg rcai Kbppoo. 'Eoco 6i cobrorv eE clv Botrrcricrv rccri Ilrepicrv our dpirovto. s; Thuk. ll, 100, 3: ...ir 1116 Aop{poo 6o6pa}.e rpdsrov pdv dg <iv rDr)r.irrrou rp6repov o6ocrv dpXqr., xcrd ei).ev Ei6opevlv piv rcrrd xp&roE, Iopruvfcrr, 6d r<cri 'Ara)'.d,wqv rcai &]Jla rtrta Xcopia 6po).oyicp... Eipo:ror" 6i 6ro]"r6pKrldav p6r', 6),.eiv 6d our i166var, o. to; Plassart, Thdorodoques BCH, 45 (1921) l7: 6v 'I6op6varE ... i-r. 'Aorpecr... cv Bpayl'Larg. Koa, Cre@ana Bzganrucror r4maMo rarole o6ar.rx y tt{Hoxtint4 : '16opevui' 16}.lg Nlcrre8ovicr;, 6 ro}.itqE 'I6op6wog, tbE K)'.criop6r,roE.

l!in.- !.V_, Qll ,,ldomenenses, Doberi, Aestrienses,,. Str. Vl11,389,5:.iweo[$e* err'"forpor,'Or' Oiaoplei"lg ,.ai !r6p<uv xcri o io lu<. -su].ri*c 1) Sir. Vl[ frg. 36: r.,rd roi. rdr. cirro Ei6op6\.rlE, yn. nor,T. N,ffioqta IIeonuia. Peut. Vlll, l:-,,Stenas Xll Idomenia _ XX _ Tauriana...,, 1-*) IaD. - I75; 15) - -Tomaschek, tVtisc.if .n,-ZI;ah;. E _t [ahn, ?lil.fr_Wlrdar,--crp. = !- osterr. Uymn. I8 (1867) 69a; Kiepert,.FOA XVlt; yn. Ceyer, 662, r.u,e ';F EaBe,qeHa r{ rpyra JroKaJru3oBarsa roja ce He Morrnpuxniruiu. Honig_ rurann, ad Hier. O3g, S, npr{Ma ,roKa,rusoeame xoa" tdli-M;p;;u;-;;",
l*to6 crviorn rproXr[)liouq xctd 6raxo

S[s-:errosa. te) Byrah, Cnouenar- 9q (t_g_4!l crp. 4g, 6p. cror Bp.em-9ua (y.r.t: r.irlre AypFlzrltO>] y g peay).

l0l.

To je apa

1,3

pr,,-

tr; Hier.

639,

5.

r34

MarceAoncru npaAoBu

pr,ucr<o ao6a

IlOrua Marea.oxtja

AruQaKcnluga

135

Eypon

(orcpyr I'ynnenuua), na .u.ecHoj o6aru Bap.uapa, Ha$eH je novacnu Harttac ils 108 r. flpe H. e., noAHrHyT oA crpaHe rpa,qa Eypona (Etrpcunuiov q ri).tE) y uircr M. tfuauyUHja PySa, npoxoHayrra r,l HaMecHHKa MareAonuje 109 r.18) HanaaoM oBor HaTnr{ca perxeHo je nurarue nonoxaja rpa.qa, o KoMe cy panuje noctojale paaHe

- cr4rypHo JroKanr{BoBaTH caMo flocneArbe MoxeMo jenHonn saxBaibyjyhu ennrpa0croru Hanaay. V ceay Arunrnapy Eypoua

O.u, ocrara TpA MecTa Koja Tyrcu,qra4 naipaia y onr4cy Catalrona ooxoAa Ha MareAonrajy foprnuraje, Ara.rraHTe t4

Hr{jy Tpe6a rpaxtrT14 HerAe KoA .(ervrup-Kanraje, KaKo Mucttu Byarh ?27) CaaKaxo He, jep Hvt Cro6t4 Hvtcy 6!tt43y Tor KJIaHIla, n6h oro 30 xrvr y3 BoAy. ,(pyro ie nuTabe Aa ilv foprunrajy rpe6a Tpax(r4rH lyxno oA 14AoMeta l4nu ceBepHo oIr rbl4x. AKo 6ucrno ce .rrpxanu AocnoBue Crpa6oHoBa TeKcra, oHAa 6ucmo foprranujy MopaJIu cTaBuTu y lleouujy H npeMa- ToMe ceBepHo

rpa.[, Kojr4 cy, uo Tyxr.l4r.rgononn HCKaBy, Tpauanu onceAant,t atu Hucy ycnenr4 ga ocnoje, mopao je ioT sl Bpeme Ma-KeAoHcKe HeBaBr4cHocTpr unaTu rpaAcrry ayroHoyajy, jep ie-y III B. rrpe H. e. aa6eaexeH eTHr.tKoH Euporraiog: Ha jeanorra ,u,er$ucrom HaTnHcy naje ce nporcenraja Ma1&rg )uparrcpo.
MaKeAoHcKH

npeTrrocraere.le)
Onaj crapr

',

E0pcoraio; Ma.re66vt.]')Fypon je gcurvr Tora [ocBeAorreH. y Cnrc^r<y TeopoAoxa ('Qpcor6g)21, KoA l-lnauria, I-lronervreia, Anujauaz21,

raayje rueroBo nocrojarue u y


THMo

CreSaria Bnaantucttorzs) u najaa,q xoa Xrajepoxla2a), ulTo

.u.o-

je Europa (: Europos) 6rao rpe4aH 479 r. TeogopnxoBrlm foruma aajenHo ca jouL HeKonHKo rpaAoBa MaKeAoHcxux.2s) ropTkrHi4JA fpan foprnrinja (lopruvlcr no4 Tyxraau4a) HaJraar4o ce Ha caMom Axoajy. To ce Moxe BaKJbyqr,tTH ue caeAeher Crpa6oHoBa Sparmenra, Ma Konr4Ko Aa je oH HenoTnyH H Kao nehnHa TaKBHx HBBoAa HecurypaH H HeAoBornHo jacau: fipo( apxrov 6'r5r6pxerrst (r.l llatov[u) roiE Muxe66ot, 6ru lopruviou r6].ecuE xai 2r6pcuv Eloudcr td.6 eidBo),ag eni ro" Trpog . . . .. 6r'<irv 6 'AErdg p6c'v 6udeidpo).ov norei rrlv Muxe6ov[ov hx rqg llatoviaE.26) TecnaU xoju orexaBa nporaa us fleonnje y Mane.uoHr.tjy je .(ervrrapKanaja. V ruena ce ca ceBepa AoJraar.r npeKo Cto6a, c jyra
KoMe

Ha noAaTaK

hs Jopnanone fotcxe

noaHopr4Mcro .u,o6a.

racropuje, fipeMa

Aa

florce-

poBaTHo La 6u Cutalx ,u,olasehu ua .(o6epa y\apno uajupe Ha I4,q,oMeHe tla ce oH.u,a Bparl4o y npaBuy ceBepa, Aa nocJle noHoBo KpeHe Ha jyn.") Vls [llr,lHuienor noAarKa MoxeMo nssyhu carvro ronuro r,a ce I'opruHuja HaJIasfiJla_ Ha ,qecnoi o6anu Arqaja u To Ha beroBom AolbeM roxy.2e) Ht'tcitto y Moryhnocrr .(a ravnuie yrBp,q,umo rbeH noloxaj. fopruHraja ce He cnoMnlbe xo4 XujepoKJla HLI Y rPYruru tIoBHoaHTLtI{KHM HBBopl4Ma xon Cre@aHa BHBaHTIrcKorEo) raro Aa He sHaMo Ao - cem KOr Ce BpeMeHa oHa oApxaJla Kao caMocTaJIaH rpaAl,laa foprunr,lje HaBo.rU.t TyrraAraA MecTo AralaHry ('A".o- AIIAH' i-irvrq), xoje ce BepoBaTHo raKobe HaJIasHJIo y AoJIHHH Axo,rja. O 6 ra,{ii o ce AranauTa ilII.eHTI,t Qraxyje c Mec roM'A}.}-dv<r1,'A}.}.d,vrrov, Ba6eJrexeHo Ko,q Cre@aHa BilBaHTIicKor upelua Teouomnysl),

or

lrlnorvrena.

Alu

ToMe ce nport4Br,t Tyru,u.u[, iep

je malo ne-

xoje cpeheMo

14

tetovs2), a Ko,rI, fllHHnia xao Allantenses.s) Hurarna ocHoBa 3a iroKanusoBalbe oBor rpa.u,a He llocToiu. Ilpeiua c[l4cl(y Teopo.r.oxa, oH 6H ce Mopao HanaEHTI4 jyxno ol Eypona,6a,z.ay l,lxna x TecaronrrKe. ToMe He cMera LUTo TyKI4rHr, roBopehra o rpaJ,OBr,tMa Ha KOie je nanao curalrc, cIIoMH[be Eypon [ocJleArbH, [ocJre lrlAomena, I'oprr,lHrje r Atalaute, jep je Eypon raagrojeH

Cnraocy ,u,er6rcKttx TeopqAoxa

ltao 'A)").6v-

oA ocTanux rpa.[oBa Kao MecTo Koje cy TpauaHra once,u,aJlH,


He
or,
CIIOMUTbe,

xoje cy ocBoiunu.aa) flouro ce nocre [lnnnraja


He MOXeMO

ax|u HHcy ycnenH ,Ita 3ay3My, HacynpoT ocTaJIHM rpaAoBrMa


A.nanretloH Bl4rue
SHaTH AO KOr Ce BpeMeHa O,qpXaO'

oBa peqeHuua ua Crpa6oHa. 3naqu

npeKo foprranuje. Cairno TaKo, tI[lHH MH ce, Moxe ce cxBaTHTH


JrH

To, melyrum, 4a foprr,l-

2z) Byauh, feorpaQraja, crp.7. ze) H- nperua llroabmejy lli,12,36, loprranuja ce Halaar iyrosanaAHo

Hanilcao HeKoJu4Ko I'oiIuHa nocJre o6jaersunama oBor Harnl{ca, sefi Hil Honigmann, y cBoMe u3Aatty Xuiepoxaa (1939 r.), He crrou14rbe oaaj Harnuc
14

l8) Harflt4c ie o6jaruo C. Kyreac, N(rq'Porpaiou orpurqyofi apop6voo rird pcrre8orrrilE r6).eurE. 'E).}.ryrra 5 (1932) 5 u a. ,e) 9yauonaro je Aa He cano Ceyer, crp. 663, rojt je cnoj vlanar
H3xoce zo;

lchnae. fluvius Axius".


do;

H.u,ouena. ze; Plin.

lV,34:

,,Scydra, Eordaea, Mieza, Cordyniae, mox in ora

$teph. Byz. s. v. lopSr.rvia' r6).tE Mctr<e6ovia6'

'fo

t:$vrr<dr" lop6o-

E"""iryt*ppfl: 5J'v. ri,p."6s. r6)i.rE r\roresor.icrE, dro Erpd,rou ro6 McrBI,? rceD6r,oE roi 'Qper$oicrE riE K6rporo;... Td 6.)r.rrdvEupozcl,io6. KoA Cre$aaa
BHsauracKor 14MaMo noce6Ho, xao oa,nojeHy peg, o6.nur 'Opcr:r69. Hema pasnora ,u,a ce cymrba Kao uro vunra Ceyer, crp. 666, La cy ro ,u,Ba o6.nsra
u
,,

zt; Plassart, Th6orodoques, BCH 45 (1921) crp. 17. zzl Plin. IV,34: ,,Europus ad Axium amnem"; Ptol.

_ca{o ctapuje_npernocraBKe o JroKaJrr4aoBaby Eypona. P. Perdrizet, BCH 20 (1896) 473.

lll, 12,36 (y

o'olnl

zo;

zs; Iord.

"fr?l,l 3f#- :

Eup,or66.

Cet. 288, B. nor,'r. lluepuja, np. Str. Vll, frg. 4.

ll.

"rcrq;. rt; Steph. Byz. 'A),'i.&l.rr1' 16)'.rg Mcrre6oviag... @e6rotrrog 6'i;r' *p<t:rwr ,I'r).r*rrrrxrir"A).)'&vaov cririv silre. -Io E,)wrdv'A)")"d,r'rro5. az) PIassart, Thdorodoques, BCH 45 (1921) crp. 1l_.__ sr) Plin. lV; 35. Edson, Class. Phil.50 (1955), crp. 187, np.7l, MLIC.'rlr .ra cy 'A2r).ar'r4 lt 'A)tlctvtrov AotluHju cnpahenN o6luu,ll 33 'Atcritrvtr; 3a) Vn. Plassart, x.,u,., crP.54, np.8; Oberhummer, RE s. v Alalante; tlirschf6ld, RE s. v. Allante. Kiepert-bso ,oKa,'I,r3oBabe KoJl Besfe;ruje 3acHHBa Ce Ha ilHulJbeH,y Aa Cy KOJI Tyrn,u,uAa cBa MecTa HaBeIeHa no pely on ceBepa npeMalyry. (Taxo n Edson, Class. Phil. 50 (1955), c'rp. 174 u np. 72). Tone ce nporuBH cnilcaK l'eopoJloxa, y K9M9- npaBall KpefluAna, 6epoia, Mue3a, Ereca, ceBepy ralba H,u,e oBaKo: nainpe -- npema Hxne, [1ela, Eypon-n naisan nPema iyry 3arHM npema r.rcrory

.{;lanruox n Tecalonara.

136

Maxe.u,oncrx rpa,u,oBn

y pr,ucro

,uo6u

J{orua Mareaouuja

Mraraoruja

137

Mur4oHuja
o.He

rilv Muy8ovisv nal"oup6vqv.1) H,


:tX"-.3.1..I r.r urp,MoHai
AHrennyc.2)

TyxranH.,q 11_r11o^yHrAoHHjoM. o6racr Koja cTpaHe Arcuja .u,o cTpHMonai rpav 'AEtoO

ce npy)Ka

[oBHaTo, 6ap
c

roja je_nocne maxe.(oncxor ocnaiama BameHr,tJro glglr!.1 r,o xe p.i r-, ::1. :') B a' E ca.rrrraiy ce, r,,re!yiurvr,-;;' Jep ce rbeHo HMe o.rtpxaBa u Ko.Il no3HHjax nracaqa r o6eae)ruui leAHy npr'rrH'irHo oapeleny repraropraiy,- o KpeiroHlzjra n;;-t
Tpar{Ka r4MeHa

pacfionaxe,uo jecre Xepo,uoros noaa_rarc (vll, lz4.'lzii; ToMe .(a pena Exejl,op r4sBr4pe y seMrbl, Kpeciond. ia6er j^1_fp.croHnjonn enao eana.u,Hu aeo Mr.aoHrlu, nuo rxro ^ricni ce I? bHcaJrrHJoM BBao. rbeH rrcror{rJu ,qeo, H Aa cy io 6um crapa

-crapujux roju cy ony ooaacr crasrbaJr, oKo jeaepi'E;;6;j rr* orco jeaepa Jlanra.u,a, AHTemyc rpe6a rpaxmn)rarco yOearai,b ielio noKagao Ta@el, jy.xHo od Coayia, y rr_Jro.qHo* r,r uaerionr npajy ono faaarr4ue, Ha jyxnrarvr o6poHrlr;Ma Xopriqa.;;TruraoH uil-iL HaJIaSr4Jra CeBepHo oA Te nJIaHHHe. . Bp:19 je reurco,. c(opo ue,uoryhe, pasrpaHuquru Kpecro_ Hujy ga MzrsoHaje. Jegria xoHrpeina'n6cr ci xpuiionr,riu xoiorvr

cayvajy, yipu? lvtn.noirrjl'yubrpeOndi i. BepoBarHo y. rut,lpe]u cMHcJry, jep je Maraonrija, KoJrrrro ce HB &pyn4x r4BBopa Bun14, AeJrrrna \ca Eucaltr,tjorra u KpecroHHjo[,r seMJbe namefy ABjiy BenHr(r.rx MaxeAoHc*UX peKa ra'nr;e lotesana Ao .rr,ecHe o6are Clpunona.s) Anrervryc, naK, jacno ce pa3_ rrrcyje oA MurAonuje. cynporHo rvuaruneriy Hayr{HHKa
npnorra

repnropujy, Hervrefy Aorbax foxond Arfraji .:y \rry 'r nope.q, Mur.uonuje, w Bucaarujy,

rrlxpr >"pJp,i"ol apy.ono Mecry, *.tyirli, ,i


Kpecronr,ljy

Maro je o6racrr.r y Maxe4oHnjr, y xojunna 6u HaM 6uno tlo r.rMeHy, ToJrr4Ko npalosa Kao y Murnonuju. l4arco o nehuHr,r rr{x rpa.u,oBa He BHaMo cropo HHuTa, He BepyjeM .u.a ce Moxe o6iacnrarra cayuajnorlhy uTo cy Haru ce
caqyBana roJrHKa r4MeHa.

Aa je Mr.rr.qonr.rja 6wna rycro HaceJbeHa H 'u,a le y ttoj rpa,u,cKu xHBoT 6rao jarco paaanjeu. V MHr.qoHHjy cna,u.a, [pe cBera, rJraBHu rpag MarcenonHje y pnMcKo Ao6a, rbeHa MeTpouona, pflrqp { r6oqq Maxe6oviag,T) 'fecaaoHuxa .(Oeoocriovixq). 3axaaryjyhil csome oAnuqHom nonoxajy, onaj KacaHrpon rpaA ce Harrro paanuja H usera. no.u, PnmraHuma, Kao ceAr,rurTe [poBHHur4cKor HaInecHHKa, TecarorrHra je nocraJra cpue u,enoKynHor nprrBpelrHor'H KynTypHor, a y .u,o6a floenon qapcTBa, H rroJrnTr,rqKor u BepcKor xHBoTa He camo MareAosaje, refi 14 rlenor cpe.u.rber Eaarana. Mnoro6pojna cBe.u,oqaHcrBa o TecaronuKu, y cBHM eIIo-

rorvre rpe6a cBaKaKo B[AeTLt ,(oraB

TECAJ
HI4H

xaMa beHor uoctojarra, omoryhnaa cy [prnr4qHo AeTaJbHy ]r BepHy peKoHcrpyrurajy treHe racropuje. Hona apxeonoux-a Hc-

TpaxrBarba r{ cBe 6pojnajn ennrpa@cru HaJraBu qr.rHe cBe perne@nnionn cBe xr.rBJboM .cJr]rKy lbeHor KynrypHor r.r .[pyrxTBeHor paBBHTKa. V 6ea6poj pacnpana H cry,u,Hja ocBeTJbeHa cy paaHa nr{Tarla ua aHTHqKor [epiloAa rbeHe npouJtocru. Ocurvt

r,,

;;

Tora, nocrojra u crapa, aru oLiluqHa MoHorpa$uja Ta$erona, rcoja ynpnoc HoBHM orxpHfirrvra 14 HayqHuM peaynTarrrma Ba,[pxaBa H ,u,aHac cnojy Bpe,u,Hocr. Oa KopHCTH je, HaKo MaJro
opurnHanta, n Ta$parraiena

canreaa.s)

,uo odnacru EucaaTa, a Ha jyry Ao xanKrrluqKor [naHHHcKor BeHua, ytcnyuyjyhu o6_racr j..*pu Eon6e u JlaHraai- Ci oanocy A;: saxcaruse r Mur.qoriHje 6uro je pevr pannle in. .rp. TJiiio.l;1

Ha ceBepy Ao nraHr,tue

nr, HrlJroanii. ''e, y-,"fi;;; 'y rwurao_ 13 Jj Barrcra rbeHl r-ep uropuja .?.:lr.-ll HHJy, KaKo je flperflocraBno Ta$ea. Ctora-hemo y oBoM paIy, nol Mn.goHraionn o6yxo_arurra cse aeMJbe ucroqHo on nrci;ill
rpa,q

o6lacruma KoA flronenneja, Huje4aH

aounrje

Bpervre He

BHaMo.Hraruia; me:Herrra

,dty *u*.,qonc*r*

Kpyue u

Eeruux_

p,ara, Ha ucro(y

y pr.rMcr(o ,u,o6a. V Crpa6ononoj Becrn o cr4Hor4Kr4aMy xojr,lna je 316 uJtvt 315 r. npe H. e. o6paaonan no Hanory Kacan.q,pa HoB [onr4c TecaronuKa, uMa [o.u,aTaKa rojra omoryhyjy upr6auxno yrBprbeHor craTyca
$r.raarue TeprToprrje oae ayroHoMHe ourxTr.tHe y npBo BpeMe rbeHor uocTojarra. Curnonxuerraorvr je 6uno o6yxnaheHo, rlpeMa Crpa6ony, oKo ABaAecer r,r uecr Marbr4x HaceJba y Kpycugt4 u Ha

rvrarepr.rjata u cuequjanne nuTepaType He MOXeMO Hrn rIOMt4CilnTh .u.a Ha OBOM MeCTy HSIOX(r4MO, MO y uajrpafir,lrvr IIpTaMa, racroprajy oBor rpa,qa. Sa.upxahervro ce crora caMo Ha oHr.rM rrrrrabr4Ma xoja cy y HenocpeaHoj reeu c HauoM rervrorvr.: yrapfranarue*Tepr4Topuje TecaloHHKe ; opeTpecalbe pa aHr4x rmeHa noja ce Tecaronurcra lajy y r4BBopHMa; [poyqaBarbe

Ko[ osaKaor o6rrna

1) Yn, 9uJ."r, crp. 655. a) Tafel, Thess. 255 y n., r,u,e cy no6ujexa MuurJbe*a Cousindry_a 'Heaar6ro -io"irol, oa' rrruiruu a,raqKo !I:19:l I-L:l\q:l .(Jlanra.ua). HaceJbe ca opoJHr4M ocrallxfia r43 xeJreHucrr4qKor 14 pr4McKor BpeilteHa,

l) fhuk II, 99, 6;

Thuk. ll, 99,

4.

I00,

4.

np,..qe,y ce.noansa ia ttinrirv;.;;;K;i; jli;{;tI:Ioyrg 9r Crpuuo_Ha, HIU.M Ha3aBa , 06l?_gl. Kaeaae (Xpncronorsa), euiuni ;'ffid;;;;-a (Xpuconora). V anrnqrcum nsroprmi iema noraririiojri'ou onpaBAaBanH

5) Tafel, Thess. 242. 6) Ta@g., Mticilu ,qa ce lra3uB Munaonaja npore,ao

na Tep,ropuiy

oBo MurrrJbeme, a KantaKy3eH, uaKo_ BoJla apxail3[paH,q nuje yaer ao6ap no3HaBaJrau anrnqKe reorpaQuie. B. mojy pacrpaBy Euon-AmQunoJbXpnconon, S6opnnn BrsaxrororuKor uncrr4ryra 2 (1953) crp. 16. 7) Anth. Pal. IX, 428. s; Th. Tafel, De Thessalonica eiusque agro dissertatio geographica. Berolini 1839; O. Tafrali, Thessalonique des origines au XlVe siEcle. Paris 1914. Ta@eloaa- orpoMaa epyauuraia a npo,u,opua .aHaJrr4aa r43Bopa ynpaBo aaaur.nyjy. Kog, TaQpanuia, aHrrqKrl nepilo.u, je caiuo yno[ y cpeAbeseroBHy r4cropujy rpaaa 14 HeMa ucrpaxuBaqKu KapaKrep.

138

.ll,o

pa M$q4qryr:_: Jgggttt1l3

r3q

ro 6v ro oeppaig n6).rq,
p_ecK,

Tep-rr'rajcrog^lllyuy

(rccr")e).d".

Tecarouura panrije

xcrt o6ppcr'xol rcpqdrdg rai Aiveis noi r,oo6E.)rj @parmenar {pyror eflaTo*aropa y- xorvre ce roBopu o oBorvl cHHoTKHBMy je xpaha ra nejqsnrajr.r. v neny croi, ;;fip; au ..
BBaJra_" Teprvra,

M^.6y^,p1^lL' Tepnna, fal 9y a,uryw',,fnoronrjr,'i"urr_crpa, Auneja u Kucoc (rriry !e ourro,x,o$rJ,r,,, r1v 'Ano).).6vicr xcri Xa).6drpa

zre.pl ".y,EE

:"),

Ev rfi. KpoudiBr no).idpcrto xcri xar"eixoit x.,i duvotxidsE ei(

Hararbao.ls) Mefyrum, Hajnonuja apxeongIUKa ilcTpaxl4Balba y caMOM Conyny oTKp,rJIa cy CrnypHe ocTaTKe npexenenucTuqror fiepuoAa H TuMe KaO [a ie fpaRuUHoHaJIHO Ml4LxJberbe 1OHOBO ,u.o6ulo flpeBary. lrlsrlocehu peaynTaTe apxeon6u]KHx ugTpa;xuBarba npeucTopyc6gx ryrvr6n y colyucxoi paBHtlllt4, xOja noxa-

Ar,meja ra $zc_qc.r) 86or iu.ru.rrra oBa IBa MeHTa no jen,Ho,la je Tep-vra 6una jgat, oA rpa.rouu r,oj, .y curounuan,tom yje4nrbeHrl, no npyroT'je Tecalonrarca nonramryra

cy ,.rHor4Kr,BMoM f,oi, Xalacrpa,

o6yxnaheHa'

^aefy'nli&r*, inorr*y flor.i*eHqe ca,o

uuiik ce

er;:

Ha Mecry

crape

HOBOOCHOBaHO.

Teprua

SaApxaTr,t

Teprr,re oaioci-f.i*. , - ueiino je"urararc. rpaAa TecaroulrKe, Ha KoMe ce MopaMo nalnpe

JroHr,r-Ke,

rri

Ia ni"'r'or. je nograrHyra Teca.nonuxa 6uto" paHr.rjJ "rcro-riJ oL*y, ur'cu*.ro. Teprua ce HaJraBana Ko.q Mecra,g*.-., jy.or.roono oiLorynr, uame[y pToBa Belura u Matu Kapafyyiuf, r.[e HMa ronJrux rra, ie ra no6una une.'l ilpii, apryMeHar granuaue, :9p.l,.l1o,r9iurua ga 'nnje Ha!.eHo npexeneHr4crnr{Kr4x ocrarara ria ieprarofri, co: rryHa, uMao'6u u npMa Taupamju npecyla, anivil:'uii, 6u ce AoKa8ano_4a y coryny Sar4cra Hi:pra- KJracuqHr4x rparoBa, narane 6rl_:g..qI1r11lTL 6uno 4eSunurrBHo peueHo Ha urery r a(penoBelaQparrjy,. re3e, xojoj je uuave u on y ocHoBH ,) St. Vll, trp. 21. str. vti, fis. 24: "on rrerd. rov 'A[rov rro?c1p6' i1 oeoocr].or,,irr1 r.,o;l .f') r6).rE, i) rp6cepo'r. g"dri.r .6r<a)reiroi rriopcr 6,eJrr Kaooa;;p"; . .lii".i,",l. s;
AaJro B_aKJbyr{r.rTt4
r6pr$. roltixvra cig cui4.r,_ oiov Xq).-&J"por--at,rr-,J.:?rooo' r.,{ 11) t'afet, Thess. p. Vu .nnurpu

06pprt 6xqiii"o,,, y tilioorl6uo* u Aa norr4qe oA cpeAlbeBexoBHor enr4ToMaropa. 9n ju ocr4M TOra cKpeHyo flaxlby Ha q,rbeHrrqy r,a Ha rep H ropuii, g I u_!, :y _\u2en ra H rrcrxu, ip.*ur., ucr uircu rp a_ 9.9 roBlt LIB KoJax 6u ce

ayTopr4reToM Taeenonram, uaro je i piiuiu OrLrro ,rr_ ry Bacryran il cy np orHo il,rr4 r, Jb.* ;r,'1. - ni no,rrio ITL:,3^*9 lr iu AHMHIIa uHcucrupao Ha pa3nt4KoBarby oBa ,[Ba rpaAa, rnpaed,a

rorpxauo

BacHoBaHo Ha [oMeHyroM Mecry roa Crpa6oira saHcrBHMa BaBaHTrlcnux uucaqa, npeoBJra,q,aJro je

TpaarrqoroHaJrHo uyearusurcoBalbe rpa,qoBa Teprue u Teca_

syjy na ce naira Hace.rra y o.pgi olmciu olpxaBaiy.o.u,Inpeucropucxux B.peMeHa .u,o V-lV B. rpe H. e., a ynaayjyhu na to ,ua je y uonraje BpeMe y cgnyly naleno apxeoJrorxKHx cnoMeHHKa uB KJIaCHqHe e[Oxe, K. POrvreOC je npe4nO1llo HOBO, KOMnpoMr,rcHo peuerbe oBor rlnTarba: I{eJIa o6lacr o,u, Ce,u,eca na Ha ceBepy caqurbaBaJla je, 11o [beroBoM MHii.y lo Conyna ririerry, jegan noJII4c - Teprvry, caCTaBJbeH oA BI4Ue Mabux uace.rsi; Tecalonraxa je 6uta IIoAHTHyTa Ha Tepl4Topuiu Tona noJltlca, art4 ce, 14 nocJle rbeHor ocHgBarba, Ko4 Ce4eca aaAPxaJro HaceJbe tloA I4meHorvr Teprua, roje je Ao rpaja aHTHKe rPeTcTaBJbano MBBecHy noII4TH t{Ki
(anrurra n
r,r

ayro ,paranu

cTpaTI,i BHy) ie.u,ranraUy (6Y-

cruao_

rorqrcr). flpema TOMe,

jrHB, K6JL Je AaJIeKO

jg.rolarax ,,r'1 rrp6repov ra frg. 24, HayreHTt4qaH

nonorHuju u Sauxra yuhy Arcuia oA ce.lleHeHaceJbeH;a Aa je y ruerr'ry nocrojao He-ry Xpyr.r4 rpa,(, on 6a mopao 6uru Cnoneuyf y HauJuM uaaopuma.la) I-ldcrojane flpexeneHucruqKrx ocraTara y ColyHy noKaayje neOCnOpHO Aa TeCarOnura nuje iloAurHyTa Ha HeHaceJbecror', Morao ocraru

He BH,[H HI4KaKBq.KOHTpaAI4ttUHJe Crph6oHoBHM Qparrraenruma.. OH He nepyje.ra je conyHcKu 3aPonneOC

je

nbn aemroumTy. Aau, BaKJbyqaK xoiu r,1s rora uSBoAu Pomeoc H Jr,yxoBHTo peuerbe xoje oH 1lpe.llnaxe, HaKo caMo no ce6u

moryhe, rpeTcraBJbaiy ycTBapu noxyruaj Aa ce onpaBAa I'IAeHTH@raioname Teprvre u TecaroHHKe, y y6eler4r ,u.a I[,-Tepapuuus' ropra npyxajy ocHoBe 3a Ty rpa.urauuiy. Ono rvrelyrurvr, nuie

llocretrru ie, roluxo je MeHll noBHaTo, nilcao o npo6.rremy iroKaJl4aoBalba Teprvre Ch. Edson.lu) H oH cMaTpa ,u,a nl4TepapHl't H 3Bopr4 xo! r,rnna pa crona x(eMo lr.lle-Hrla Q Hxyiy TecaloHt'lxy c{epMoM r.r HaKJIolbeH je ,Ua Tpaxl4 Teprvry na rvrecry noaHrzie TecaJoHHKe. EACOn, KaO H OCTafiV HayqHl4qla KOJIa Cy Ce TUm [uTa[beM nOea6anuJlr, CTaBJba Ha paBHy HOry BI4SaHTllCKa CBeAOqaHCTBa

cacBI4M TaqHo.

c aHTtarrKtAM u ne rcupnrnyje cBa o6aseure[ba xoja xaiy nr4TepapHn t4lBopti 3a peuerbe oBor nuTarra.
.LeHa
14

nam npy-

ce crro*r4rbr,Iog--l{,1yia u ^ l?jj.y,^^,f -1ffi frporonraja ue,ua rese ca recano'uro,u. seh aa je ro HeKo .qpyro-nai:ene ,iryt r4rr_rg!!a. utiiiiqrr(oBabe Tecaaonure 'd;;;i;ifi:A?fri+ffiT,1 u repme eacrynaly Kieperl FoA'xVi[ . yonure yBeAena y--cnacdr maKe.u,o,cr..rx rnecr"a)..c:i[ir?]rl 6L.fiii,[di; q p. s2 (,,
@.ppl, a cassa nd ro-1h;;;;i;;j k;"

.r,., rar. d}.}.cr. aa Tepma xoja

rs; Jafrali, Topographie de Thessalonique, crp. 6l, .u.-', r.u,e je uaae'crapuia 'rpvrb JIl,treparypa, Me-Hfi Henpltcry!?^qlla. He B14.u,uM Ha oCxory qeri bUerhummer, ir. m.'u RE Vl Zw.-R. (1939) 145 s. v. ThessatOnike, CMaTpa nt4Tarbe . peuennl'1, iep ce He nO3hBa HH Ha KaKBy nOnujy JlTeDaTypy x He HaBOAt4- HoBe apryMeure. 3a Crpa6OnOn noIaTaK Aa Ce

;;;';;ir;i;;' ;ri io'r itit\,1.


,{-rJ,frJ,T#i'**"*fi

ietu'aonr'x'a panuje 3Ba-qa Tepila-(Vll' trg. 24'1, ie Moxe ce pehu 4a ie florpeluaH, Kao ur6 O6epxymep uunu, jep oH He noTv,qe OA gTPa[OHa,
yMerHyr Aouurje, y BH3aHrHcKo BpMe. seh'je ---' Jlni k. Pomeoc, fuoo e*rt.o i1 ra),.ctiri r6)tr( (1940), I u n. ' - -"15)
100 rr
,q,.

@6ppq. Mare8owrd

f {i{illi:W{:t!il',Jf (1934) 289t, rlxe


i{a

ii

r"xt,d#}.fi h.,l,,.i1*tf

nfm roraauao"ao-i;i,;y roA CeAeca.

ry

Ch.'Edson, Notes on the Thracian Phoros, Class. Phil.42

(1947),

I40

MaKeAoHcK[ rpaAoBx-y pa,ucxo ao6a

Ilorua Mare.u,onnia

Mrarnonuja

141

@ana Buaanrucxor.

HecvmrsuP:_l:I1 je y nraaHrn_cro ao6a nocrojana rpaauqrja (oa xoje rorr4qe-n noaarrn ciirfri,*a aa je Teprvra H,u,enrilqHa ca TecaJroHr.,KoM a,tr4 errrro,aropa) , Je nr4Tarbe .ra nlr aacHHBa Ha aHTr4rrK,ru r.,BBopHMa. ::,:1^tgaAuuHja I,I llelaro_ HHJa Je y cpeAlbeM BeK.y utenrneyurosrpii *upu*r.ior*,-r*co cnojHx KopeHa y aHrurrKo .qo6a. 36or rora $ ln-aatguja lervrg joru iuanon,I' no4nprnemo 4erarsHoj ;e norpe6uo ra aHaJtusu caB pacnonox,B,. o oanocy T.il^; ;T;fr;;;;r;*, T.1I:lLj., aHril,{xh cBeAoqaHcrBa oA rro'HoBr.r' aHru:Ipg.o oanajajyhu rpe urro HI'r Kqu, je4Hor oa pauujrail,.rpuxr.rBar{a :yI,.11* ro HUJe yIIHlbeHo. flocne ocHr.rBarba Tecalonure, Tepma ce cloMr4rbe KoA oBr4x aHrrqKr4x_ nrdcaua: Crpa6ora, nr,rnl,i;, n;"*onrji-, cii
crpa60HoB noAaraK 1,3 trg. 2r, xojrz
crvro

EAcou, r.aJber KoHcTaTyje na y frg. 21, KoMe oH ocnopaBa Bepo,u,ocroinocr, peueiuqa ,{ 6d pqrp6no}''l r* vOv Ma-

i-Oo"i"i

bdri" u-e moxe noTI4UaTu HB opl4rgHanHon Crpa6ouoBor TeKcra, jep Ce 3Ha Ua ie Tecalonuxa [o6ula TIlTyJIy Meiponbru rerc'y III s. n. e. Ou cmarpa .u,a ie To l4Hrepnonaunia efuuroruaropa, rcoju I4Ma y su.f,Y TecalonuKy Kao ceAH111Te en6CXOnUje. Menra Ce III4HH, Ha[pOTl4B, ,U,a OB.lI.e Hltje

nl4Tarby TH-

Tyna rterpono;re, HHTI4 Ce IIaK MUCIIVt Ha et]ucKotlcKo ce.lll4uTe; I',l8pia pq"p',:ro).tE ynorpe6rn.n i9 Ha oBoM Mecry.y cBoM upno6urHoM BHaqerby I'JIaBHor rpa[a ]eAHe npoBl4HUt4ju (u: HI4xe np.um. 84). VrvreraK e[t4TomaTopa oBa peqeHl4Ua He Moxe OfiTu, JeLJe y cpe,U,rbeM BeKy uolarvr Mhnenonraie 6rao rI_OTnyHo 14sMerbeH u Teca.nbnuxa 11o TaAaubep cxBaTaby uraie 6r,ua MeTponona MareAonraje ("4g ,r0v Mcrxe6oviug). O ionaefie 6rarra HHxe jou ronopa.

n a b i ;; ; ;xxj'ffi ffiiJ.l;,ih,1i :llJ:,_flg. .z+) iuiip*r-fioqiruvp.uru no.qaraK .(a ee Tecaroti

xsaheHa cuHou)
ca

jrre.,u'i.ilv, L:ffi .'am'iJ#i'Jil^;,ilH?,H'.'#:;l1 ;-?,1,^[t'#


\ :1H,t' G,: ?iaT i,, {i #,ffi "t i,? r.rlt He Bepyje ,u,a je peubnra,iu

Mano ,,pe

ur4-

rvrOrvr-MltLxJbelby, peqeHI4lIa y xoioi ce roBoppr o TecaloHI4KH KaO MeTpOnOJILt Maxe1onuie je_ayTeHTHI{Ha, [OTI4qe O.U, opl4runirnor Crpa6ouosor rercia-- Ona HaM LITa BI4txe oruoryhana

IIci

r:J{d,{. $l-

[onyHulJlo u ocMr,tcJr_HMg ie{1y oureheny peqeHI4lIy H3 rpeTxoAHor- sparmenra (vll, tyg. 20). v ca.u,arurr.e,rn l4s4arby ogo

fa

I:III l,HTepnonaquja enraronnaropa.


Hocr, Irs. 24, c
KoJI4Ma

s;ftr#tr},

oH norKp.^p_Ll:.^

Hocr. Anr ue caruo


AaH
e

or ,om6uja), rirg ce cnoMr4rbe 14 rbuxoBr4 rJ gllo!: ygrl-1:;*gllrl_,i nJjrro y c. 38e,s (rf '#,l.ip#:: .uaJe oTcToia*e oA TecinoHr{Ke .qo ,^(yxana,-rpuii, Afi&;;;p}. HrajeaHorra 6.u osHx no4aTaKa He
TaK cBaKaKo rorr4se

Oeddai-ovixeta_y_cluitl ocTaJrHM rpaA cnoMrrlbe: y c. 32S, nle ce. roBopr,rJvlecrrrMa rAe

o6lux

m;;;;;";; aor.ri- ynpuro Ao cynpoTHor BaKJby,iKa. flpe cnera, EAcon norciuryje na ..,;rg. 2l ,araeu o6Jrrrx r,r[4ena Oeddcr].?l-r*r_ro, xojr.r je, rlo [beruy,'Ao,inr1.";;;;;r:;) Hraje reruxo u':!^y:.::tilt'r'vluM, 4a crpa6on ynorpe6;rana
@parnaenara nnene^ju

,q,oqaHcrBo uMa B.a perue}te rleJror nraraEa.

inoje rnp5eme o uutof nepo.qocroio6araponn Hd sax;oct noiv crpaoono,o cn6-

3anpxah.,ro'Ju Ha apryMeHTHMa

T.p,t

rp;;"eJorrr'E;;i;,;;

tt#H

s,

*uEio .riira:1).6,yerat 6U Oe,OOcr}.ovixetu 6tcr. rfiv 6ntg&vetcr,r. [a ce !e4an rpaq,' e6Or CBOr yrJle.qa soBe TeCalOnrKo, - TO 3aHCTa HeMa H[t(aKBOr CMhcJIa. AfO, rvrelyfurvr, [OqeTaK peqeHl4qe prlrp6rolboynr*o pe,{iy ,l*rlrp6rro}'tg", c^n9 he nocraru jacno: irg 6g l6yercrt" f1 6'edOoiorixera 6t.i riiv errrgd,vetav. TecaloHuKy cy aaanra MeTponoroM s6or lbeH.or yrne,u,a. oaa IonyHa, yKolilno je ravna, noraplyie ca cnoje'cTpaHe ayTeHTiltIHocT ctlopHor Mecra y frg. 21. Hajaa4, Encon nprarvrehyje ga frg. 2l ronopu o rpaAo.BI4Ma

rcoira Cy o6yxaahenra cHH9IaKHBMOM Kao o rpaAoBI4Ma KoJ14 cy caMo npepaiopenra (ia.)e).<bv), Aox fr.g. 24, c -rpaBoM,.noM14tbe -lrl onai apryMeHar E,u.coceJbaBalbe craHoBrirtLurna ([,ertprttde).

o via Eg,irii, -+a,ia.

ce

id;;j

onai

HoB nr.lie TetuKo noduru. I{rarrapahenno Apyrr Hau I43Bop o

yo,rena MaxeAonnje y, !e.Tr4pn .(ena

noxeireTr{.

t3#"f,1,,1'r,:I i1?J Utl Oedosi;;{r; Kaxe! )rp&-E;;;"frJrupo" F<,.r.,, 6b Oedda).ov(xerq,v a0rflv *rol ayreH_ Tnr{Hocrr4 oBor odlrxa xoIt.' Crpa6ona ne 6ucmo MorJIn Hu
ou).ovixq. CreSau BuaaHrncn, s. v.
tc; Ibid. crp. 102, np. 101.

il.6'"";;

IlpyrH

aHTHqKr4 rrHcau npy, ;;s-av cr a u ur i o X e,,xi

;'

ro. V cpehnoj cMo oKonnoiru

Moxe c.e oCnop uru ayreHTutt_


,ua nann je_

crnor*,iervry TecaloHune - ienerHi'r rtope[ Crpa6ona - .(nonr,r'ac,.rig, crli XururapHa*uHr4Ha: Ailrq (Atvero I q+,9) 6t6peve li,irrOO"rv buvsdreiag r{( rto"o roig 6icr661oug roUg 'A}.e$&v6pou yevop6vq(. 'Eri 6b rql tcuOOev8p-ou pudr),etcr( xcr$Xp6.)q,-5re 0eOOciLovtxq ,r'-,il,g Lxri\ero, ncrl oi Aived,rcrt dUv &].).ot( ro).)'oi( eig riTv ve6rrtoto,, per,prtqocrv.lT) Osne HaJIaBHMO oqa HBpaBa yrioprino: nu.)7p6l)q'u periprtrlggi. Eee o6eupaJ(aKBo heruo sHaqerbe,U,aTu I{Bpaay' tto"tiXp60q,") onal nO,qaTaK .(raOnr,lCraia Xalu' o rojoj ie peu r<-on Jluonucnia, cnoMfirbe ce H 11ocJ']e Mefyrum, ocnrruiu Tecalonrlre riair nbcrolehu rpan (n. HHxe, np. q0). Iiio"rcrle,-ollHocHo beroB I43BoP, xao ,u,a ro He ana, jep ltPl"ll-o
re) Araxeja,
17)

Dion. Hal. Ant. Rom. l,

49.

[HiaJloxa' xixu nai! ona nocrojala camo Ao BpeMeHa^A.ne-rcax.,UpoBl4x Hnaqe- 6n'ce u3pa3 ra&qrp6,)q (ra$e).<i:v rO,U Crpa6Oua) mOrag CXBaTuTl4 He y CMHCJTy ,,pa3gpeH",'beh')r CMHcJIy ,,ynnnyt Xao CaMOCTaJIaH^rpa.U.". y;ar;;;,''*L'ro je neionar.io aa cy rfiaaoiu 6ulu pa3opeHil. Cranon-

Ilorua MareaouHia
nuje y/ueTHyTa" or erxromqJop_l-neh .u.a je locroja{a y frg.2l opurunatnoia rerciy, , \a jy je crpa6on, rcao ra flwonwcuj., i,uriuo-y cBoM r4tsBopy. llpervra ToMe, cynpoTHo E[couy,. cmarpam aa je trg,'it g.pl.Il1ry, .ra .ra q Ho pe np o.4yx yi e Crpa 6 o o n ! nic a o,. "_u^pjl^
KapnauraHr{Ha no_Ka_Bvje

-- Mrar,qouuia

143

aa.pev xa.}e}.ov y

6uru

HarporrlB, p.u:Ily-u
uHTepnoJraqr,rja

Tecalounxa.") Fberonu- apryMeHTH cy iacnu: Ilpororirje roBopu o b6HasJbarby H yroplranarsy aehax rpa.[,oB-a ndce6no LI He craBJba Hx y aaje4nrauxr,r c[HcaK; oH ynorpe6JbaBa oHa uMena MecTa roia cy y onuToi ynorpe6l4 y rberoBo BpeMe, a He apxauqHa. TaSeil crora MI4cJII4 .u,a flporconujena
[o.u,paByMeBaTH

[:r36repov O5ppr1- exu].eiro y frg. Z+ iopa eufiToMaropa.

Teprvra HeMa HUKaKBe -BeBe Ca TeCaIOHIIKOM, Hu Ca


Teilrrror,a,

Tepme.20)

o_l1J_noarrurc ua irapor HBBop d, r.? y rberoBo :1t19"{I.f:y:ug BpeMe I epMa u Xalacrpa HVcy nocrojare Kao riocedni HaceJba, flororoBo He ,q,a je Tecalonrxa 6w-na no,[r4rHyra Ha ruecry

crroMr4rbe Tepruy na joru.jeanoru Mecry. fonopehra Teprvrajcror aanr.rna, xojra jb ao6rao alae no oBoM HeKara anav.ajuorn_.?3ny, C;Ra6oir iaxe Jla ce Rxq,r; y-irii y, {o.pg uane$y Xalacrpe I T6prue: d 6e ,AEtdE ex6i6oor'dr;;tt XaL&drpar, xa,.i O6pp.lg.rl) O.ruj noAaTaK, caqyBaH y o6e'.pito_ mae, He raayje MHoro, jep je iro cnoj ipnnulw yEer r43 KaKBor crapujer. rdpBqpl. (V_ucrorvr gparrvrerlly noiuaruL ce'.pr.q Me_ roHa' rcoja je.353 r. 6u.o paaop'eH, ra T6caronra*u, xoli'1;;;;;x1I..l-gryllia soqHraje ocnonaHa). Vtaarc ,,e u.py16r' ui-'0,

o rpuMopjy

Crpa6on

I herme in Thermaico sinu.,l He 6u je llrr,lHuje cnorvrerryo Teprvry u Kan, oHa He 6u uocrojffi; y [beroBo BpeMe, jep Harvr je meion /lreroA pa,u,a uo6po noinar.'Ala,

k1._l.glbgi g ri toris y

,,ln ora sinus Maceddnica' oppidum c[,riis1i-a-eiintuJ ftexui Th essa ton i ce ii neiu

ca Tecalonuxona, neh- Fa je y flrrTaby IrcroilMeHo yrnplene y Hexoi apyroj o6nacru MareAonu!e. 3a.p Hraje, ivrefyrr,tru, rprpo4HHie y fiporconraienoi Tepnnra er.rAern ie.q,uuy noaHary aHTHt{Ky Teprvry , Igi }beroB no,u,aTaK crrrarparil Kao AoKaB BHue La cg. noroxaj Tepme nuje nor.rranao ca no.noxajem Tecalonuxe?23) He marce je anavaiHo .u,a ra CreSaH BuaaHrucrcra paanr'rxyie Teprvry on Tecalonune.'a) Hapaauo KaAa Kaxe '[a je Teprvra TpaqKr.r FpaI, ou raj rtogaTaK yBHMa ua cacBuM crapor HBBopa; aJrH oH ce rtoBHBawHa Anolo,u,opa (ll-l B. npe H.e.), Ko,( Kora je Hauao .u,a je Teprvra MaKe,q,oHcKI,l rpa& Aa ie Tecalonnrca AouJra Ha Mecro Tepqe, Anolog,op ne 6u Morao ,u,a roBopll o MaKeII,oHcKoM rpaly Teprvru a La To He crloMeHe_, a Aa ie _on To peKao, To 6u ce crrypHo oApa3l4no H KoA Cre@ana BH-

aHTI,II{KOM

rojy on

ra.u,enrrasrzrcyie

Ko.q fl.rruHraja T9nrya

je

Ha.aereHa_y cycer(cTBy TecalonHxe: oru-i, nac HHMaJro Baqy,uuno Aa

SaHTr.rcKor.

u conai'ci

pr6;r;;

qaHCTBI4Ma

urro je rranpeg peqeHo o aHTI4qKHM cBe,roO TepmU, MOpaMO KOHCTaTOBaTI4 Aa CBw aHTI4qKt'l nucuu roBope o oBoM rpa[y Kao o Haceiby roje ce, paBnLIKoBaJIo o1, TecaloHl,tKe. Hbrvrarvro Hraiegau cnyvaj ,qa ce sa Teca'
Pearamupaiyhra

KoBaJra Tecalouurcy

r,a ilmiwje'uraje nuruo y cBoM HaBopy o r4AeHT[suxonaBy qBa ani rpaAa. l{na'r]e 6 no Hau cao ",,Th esla o n i 6.,^ qr;;;; ; * nerme llPynu\u ^t appellata" ^:: uilr4 HeUITO CJII4TTHO, Kao uro, nanptrmep, 3a .l Kacang,prajy xoa._mera crojra:,,quondam potiaiLa, nunc'Crs_ sandrea colonia." Mox,qa nac oia pacy[rarurui n.tu-vrup-^, ra je, rpe*a I-lnranrajeooM TeKcry, Tepnif Mopara nocioiri, v rberoBg BpeMe Kao fioce6no nace.rre. Je,u,ao-je ranarc clrrypHo, aa je llnunrajy 6wta HeroBHaTa rpr4r,Irja Koj" ; i;;i;e;:
r{LrKaKaB no,[araK t-o-i
r,,

Byje

qarbenarla Aa ce oHa HaBo.r[ y[opea6 ca TecdnonraroM roKa_


Haj,uamy pyKy

noHI4Ky ynorpe6raBaJlo unne Tepnna. Bepsuja o Teprrau l(ao npeTxoAHl4ul'l TecaloHure janrna.ce
npBr,r

nyT r(O.rI BHBaHTuCK6T xp6g6qapa Malale: . . .tui nr(let :ro].tv eig rilv Moxe6Ovicrv, 11v exdiede Oeddu}"ovixqv, ripr rp(;r1v

i.eyop6vqv'xibpqv O6ppqv. IzlHrepecaHTHa je 6erona Ha[oMeHa fa' je Teilrvra 6u'na xorvra. Fby nalasuMo Lr KoA MHorO nosnrajer BHSaHTHcKor rtucua Ileqeca: 'H vOv Oeddcr).ovixq p.6'v, st6ittg f1 i-apnpordrrl, 0n{p1e xcfipq, O6pprl 6ts tilv x}.i1dtv 6xu}"eiro.2u) He
BHaMO oAaKJIe

Tepma ce nocJre

9nrrKy
TaQe.rr
Hr'ilurBo

je
je

MaKeILOHCKHX

rora c,,oMr{r6e reK Ko,[ frporonraja, y KaCTela o6uonJbeHHX nOl JycriaHajaHonn.ri) noraeao Aa ce [o,q, Tep,vrom oB,u,e HUKaKo.He Moxe

ca

Tepruoru.

l;

je yBeT onaj TaKo KoHI(peTaHJIoAaTaK, aJIL y cBaKaKo OrIeAa CTarbe y XoMe Ce Teprvra HaJIaBI{JIa nocne ocHuBarba Tecalonuxe, xana je [perBopeHa y xcbpq, a He npe rleHor ogHgBalbar [aAa. ie 6r,rna CaMOCTaJIaH nOfl]tc. ['ls caMe qt4rbeHl4ue .u,a ce Ba Teprvry Kaxe na je 6una KoMa, a To
rreMy

ce

je

nnOrna nOCTaTI4 caMO nOcJIe cHHOI4KHSrua TecalOHI4Ke' MOpa Ce 3aKJbytII4Tv la ona Hr,rje 6ula fiAeHTI4ItHa c oBoM.
zz;

npeceneho, aru axo je rpan 6uo Ha 3ro,lHoM nOloxaiv u 3a AaJbr,r orlcraHaK, oH je morao aa 6y.qe o6HosJbex, 6i{ro Kao. KoMa, duno Kao npaBn r!aa, rao *uio G 6r-o, ,rrr"aa, tryval ca Aarejo,u. l1) th.. Vll,.frg 20 w trg.28. ..^-..j:J ]il.]lf.l.._r:: p; Yl,iorpeurxo cMarpa.q,a ce Ha oBoM Mecry norr,
14Mao ycJroBe_

:s1

l epMoM noJlpa3yMeBa'l-eCarOHUKa. 2r) Proc. de aed. p. ll8, 48 (ed.

Haury).

;.1rera i,a ce Ti:pma nord,'rueyje Ha noJloxajy TecaloHure. a; Steph. Byz. S. v. @6ppq' 16l'r.g @pamq6' 'Arto)*66cupoE 6i..Mare6or-ic_: gqoi, rai Oouru6i6qE. 6 ro)r{1116 @eppaioE' dot. rcri' @sppoioE r61.tog. z;; Malalas, p. 190, ed. Bonn.;Tzetzes, Chil. X, l74sqq.(nperrra Tafel, Thess. p. Vlll).

Tafel, Thess., crp. 15. fldson, n. A., crP. 104, npuanaje a9 o-nai llporonuieB no[araK

JIotta Nlareaonuia -

Mr'rr4oHuja

t45

crpa6onoB enuro*aTop t4 cnucronu rpaAoBa. I(oJH cy flpoMeHalrn unne26) cy jearanra npercraBH]rrln rpaaaquje o ilJI,eHTIarIHocTH Teprvre r,t Tecal6nraxe. ,,(arra npe.[Hocr

Maaara

u (erlec,

ManeAOnnje

Orvrra.rneH

HapoqhTo KO,ll noSHrajrax necHI4Ka u nncat4a

-Tecaloiraxa.qo6unay lOHUje, He MOXe Ce O,[,p211arr'r, jep HaM He{oJrg6o aHTHqKux


caqa ' I'oBopa
Hexaga Etrarraja .qoKyMeHroBaH

nrAV enr{TeTa Kao

TJIaBHH

rpa4 Maxe-

nl4-

nuie paHraje uocrojao. tbyru rpatr, MorJra 6'r' tu 6yAe jenn6 o6jaumeme. Aru, nuje c,rypHo Aa Ha Mecry Tecar5nraroi nr;e npe rbeHor ocHlrBarsa nocrojao npyru rp?[, jep cy KoA aHT]tqKr4x IIHCaIIa ea6erexeua jgru .u,Ba r4MeHa Mecra-iao'paHajr HatuBtl TecaloHaxe. To cy 'ALia u 'I{pa.Xa. Aa ur,qr*o irru ce o

y.ie onpaa4ano: Tecaronnra HHje 6uta [oAr4rHyT. ,, *.iiy xoja ce H Rocne cr,tHor.tKt4sMa olpxala Kao KoMa Ao xpaia aHTHKe. ocraje, metyrrzrvr, Jla ce o6jacnr.r KaKo je nacrara oBa BfisaHTr4cKa rpa4uquja. [pernocraBKa Kojy je - uaueo K. Po,ueoc, aa je mecio na rbme jd raarpafena Tecdiroi,rn.-ouluto cacraBHrr .Aeo rpalcKe JepHropaje Teprvre u la Ha ToM MecTy
Teprr,te,

oBlrM noSHr4M !t3BOpHMa I4Cnpe.u cBe.u,oqaHCTaBa aHTHrrKux nucaua

locrojao rpa'u,,,EmatHja-' je rol crpa6ona,- creQana fpan BgsaHiracKor H Jlrnraja.- I'oaopehy or ToMe ,11a ce Maxeg,onyja HeKaLa BBana Ervrarr,rja, Crpa6on noAaje: {v 6i rui rroitg'Hpg$[ct ::pdg .)o).ad6n,s2) Morno 6u ce noMHcJIHTH Aa je oaa peqeHl4qa uHTep[oJlaquia enuToMaropa r Aa rpag Errlarr,lja loju c.e oBAe crtoMltrbe HeMa BeBe C OHOM Maxe,U,oHcttoiu o6laruhy xOja Ce y .I,aBHa BpeMeHa HaBI4BaJIa Ervrarraiol,r, neh 49 je H.aCTaJIa a6pxa Cu rpandrvr Ervrarrajorra (: Oraoarua) y rpavrcoj [lraepr,ljra. Aro ie uax

o ToMe ni je

xa.rxja

rbr4Ma 3Ha.

Je

;ar.t&. Majuexe g-uyvajy cBr{ ce crraxy Aa -jrujg-nocrolao .paa y cBoM KOMeHrapy_ ys^ cresanon TeKcr rpeAnoxuo Aa .ce ri).icr HcnpaBr4 y [o6p]pg,3o) pyrcononehra ce npra ToM cBar(aKo norpeuHoM nperrrocraBKoM,ua je ul,enru*urosarbe TecaaoHure ca TepmoM BacHoBaHo Ha aHrravxoj Tpatuuuiu. Jacno je aa ie
MorJro, inefyrrarvr, .u,a
'A).iry. Ko.( creeaHa Baaantucxor xbpynreJra u Aa ro r,lrue rpe6a ua6pucaru uB cnr4cKoBa Mare,u,oHcr(Hx TonoHrrMa. Brp n'e 6ra

Xanraja ce crloMr.flbe caMo rcoa Cre0aua BueaHTr4cKor s. v. Oeddq).ovinr1' r6).tE Maxe6oviq(, rlzrg c{.po excx}.eiro 'A}.icr, Kudddv6pou xridpcr.. . >r.p6p9v 6E oeoocr.),ovixercv uurllv gqoi. Mano je BepoBaTHo ,u,a ce 'A).ia sBao qeKr4 rpa[. fipena Taseny, ro j"e, cyaefira no xMeHy, 6uta uilu KoMa (pagus 'a piscatbribus rra6itatus), raru je ilMe HacraJro r.ouHr4je oii p6aao cxsaheuo. enrruru : *Ltg ( mari ii ma.), yuorpe6"rueuoi xo.u.'n-exor necnnKa.2r) I-lpervri Ta$pqrujy, ro ie rarvre koie cy craHoBHHuH r4B yHyrparxm ocru ratu Tecalonanu Kao [pr4uopcKoM nnecry.z8) 6oupxv,rep raK MUCIWI.qa Ce TaKO tsBaJra o6ala. npe ocHr4Bama r!a[a.ro) i/ cBaKoM

peqeHgqa ayTeHTI4qHa, OHAa Ce rpa.u. Ennaruja, O KOMS Ce l4Haqe roBopr4 y npounom BpeMeHy, Morao Hana3nTu caMo y^ {,.*glqcM6cny, u To y rbeHoM upun'ropjy (,tpdg ecr)'d'dd7)' nraju'y - y ixe,ta 'npHnor ayTeHT.r4qHOCTr4 crpa6OUoBa, - noAaTKa roBop14 6eleurca'CreSaHa BueanfHCrOr Hp.a8{cr, rro}.tg rcri" lcupiov q r.Cv Mare$ovta, xoi 'Flpa.)iq q 1d-rpcr.33) Izls xoHreKCTa Ce BUAV .f,a He MOxe 6uru pe'{H O ErvrarujH-Ot4cvt6u Ha nl4epl4cKoM npltriopiy. :Flpct,)ia urlr 'Hpcr.)ig ce panuje sBana Marce.u.onuja; ucronubi, rpan 'Flpcr.)ta Mopao ce naraauTV Ha TepuToprlju re cTape

Ju c oHe

CTpaHe Oae p-exe.- VocralOn_CreSany BrasaHTllcKOM je IOBHaTO nu Ce Orlq,rrrra SBaJIa u Ennarr,1ja H MoxII.a nraje t.ryuajHo r1To oH, Kora Hapoqr4To _t4HTepecyiy o6luqu u6eHa' rOiOp"ehu o OuCunnu ynOfpe6JbaBa O6lux 'Hpd..)etcr, a He 'Ilpcr0ia. 'Hajaa.u, rp.a4 Errrarrila cnoMulbe .[Ba rryra u Jlratraie. AHa.rruaa oAroBapalyhrax oAJloMaKa xo,u, JlanHja noxasahe ,ra c, CynpOTHO ,U,OCaAalUrbeM CxBaTa[byr IIO.I]. ErvrafHjoru y rbHMa H.e n6f'paeymesa O11CHma, neh HeKH ppaA sanaAHo o.U Crpunnona.s{) Xa;rehu Ce ptIMCKoM ceHaTy Ha CBilpe[OCT -pl4MCKI4x IIHHOBHI4Ka .lI. XopreHanla u I-. Jiympeqraja, .u.enerarl4 Xanxulaua uajanrru

MaxeAonule, xoja ce Hraie npo-crupara

HH

Ao.CrprmoHa., a KaMo

cy Aa ,,ca1a yaralaiy Aa je 6uno 6orne [a cy

saTBopHJIl4 BpaTa

l'Fllrla$iq? Er,rarxJa Haaus.'Hpc0ia aa Tecanounry Hrlaeurno y CnracroBr4Ma

ce HcupaBH y

lpaIoBa.SoF cy

ce TecaroHr.rKa HeKa.qa anana Ervrarrja nociojur i', y aHTaqKo ,u,o6a. Ourure Mr4ruJbebe aa ie r4Me 'Hpa..)ia crapuic6r4 HaBrrB

3onape.31) Ona-ABa Br4BaHrHcKa cBeloqaHcTBa ao6r,rll;/ cBoit nyHy BpeAHocr reK Ka,q, ce yTBp,qu Ia je rpagrzqraia o roMe ,[a

npoMeHunu4 HMe I4 Ko.[, Brr3aHTr4cKor xpoHurrapa

-"

ii

rs) Tafrali, Topographie de Thessalonique, crp. S, zs; Oberhurymer, s. -v. Thessalonike, RE VI (t'SgO) t+S. 30) Ilpema Edson, H. 4., crp. 102, nfj. l0S. ,r). B-.Hanpe.q, .!plrm. 25. Zonara ilt,'p. lS0, Z0 (ed. Dindorff): ).ovr'rq, i) ra).crt piv 'Hpa,)icr rccrl"eio$crr ).61,arcrr.

App. I,^ 55 u.Ja,-15 ad Hier. ed., Burckhardt: @6ppq rcai ,Hpa$iu Oeooa),.ovt"q; {pp. III, l0-6: @epp.t 1 Oeoiu}.oviriq rcri ,Upa+ici. zz; Tafel, Thess. p. V.
,u)-

32) Str. Vit, trg. ll. Vn. Ceyer, crp 663, s. v. Ematltia: ,,Die.se-A18abe ist wohl'aui Lin this'sverstiindnis Aed Epitomitors zurtickzutiihren". laiep ne Qpal,uenra. ;r.6n; ,rj*un [pyril r.r3Bop cem nomenyror Crpa6oHosor Brr3aurhcKor xpoHa.qapa Simeon. ffi rlr, ;t;6i, -"',uopa cBecrn 14 no,u,araK r p ri' E rrlt (sic) }.eyop6r'r1 16}.rg'Apa,}icr rcrt iiig.-p. ZOOI t0 ("a B6nn.): {v 6ri ). ct r t nt rdst 6')vel 6ptbvopog' ") c -br) C. Miiller, ACM t,' p. 222, ymehe xai ucrlpeA r'6v 11 1\Icrre6ovio _u ;raTDa ILa Ce noA Emaruio,r,i ry MuCItv Ha rpall Orcumy, KaO u Ko,U. Crpail;;';nr;rji fr.'narse). 3ouapi je nax, IIo H,eroBoM MHturbelby, no6prao il rpaAa Errrarraie. xte o6racru -3.) A, TaKo, ,in6-rm"p, Oberhummer,-s' v' Emathia, RE;.Collart, !niliq^. o=:. cro. 83. no. 3:'..Emathia est nommde aussi par Tite-Live... et plus tous i"*i .n?oi.' pir StiaUon'et par Etienne de tsyzdnce,. qui insistent io-ntrsion possible de ce nom avec celui de la Macddoine d;*;";ii

rJeoou_

primitive". Geye5, s. v. Perseus, RE.XIX (1937) 1015, cmarpa, ucro l3T.o. n,OrpeutnO, ,U.a ie na O6a MecTa KOA Jlaeaja peq O OfllaCru Y,Marhlt4i oSracr ne moxi: Aa 3arBoPu rParal

illaxetoncru rpaaonu l0

t46

Mare.u,oucKr4 rpaAoBH

pr4mcKo .qo6a

Jloma Mareaonuja

jep cy

Jlyrpequjy u Xoprenarajy u \a I4x Hucy nycrutu y cr-Qi rPar, oHr4 rpaAoBr4 xojra cy TaKo nocTyllunt4, Kao EMaTuia, Ann$rauo.ro, Maporteja u AuHoc, ocraru neourreheHl4, AoK cy KoIt rbr4x xpaMoBt+ onJbaqxaHl4, HTA." (quod ad Lucretium Hortensiumqus attineret, scire tutius fuisse claudere portas quam in urbem eos- accipere. Qui exclusissent eos, Emathiam, Amphipolim, Maroneam, Aenum, incolumes esse. Apud se templa omnibus ornamentis spoliata. ..).ut) He moxe 6urw cymbe ,qa Eluaruja osHaqaBa oBAe rpaA, a ire o6nacr. .(a JIU To Moxe 6uru Oracranna? Pea rcojr.rrvr ce rpa,u,oBu na6paiajy roBopno 6w Ba To Aa ce Emarraja HaJraar4Jra earla4no ol Arvr0r,r[oJba, a Oucuiua je 6nra

MurAonrzja

147

lloiuro ce Arvr$ranoJb

HaJraBH

xerbe rrperco peKe floKasyje

je rraopala 6uru Herge rasrvrefy Annsrauoma u .l-la,u.He, F,uar,uja jep ce y rbeHou npaBrly rroBJraquJra, npeMa HaMr4rrrJbenoj npr.rvra ,{uonopoaoj, paadrajena puMcKa nojo<a. Hajaa.q, ro je Mopao
uTo ce
6urtw
BeJrHKr4

BaraAa. l-lpema TO,Ue, OBAe H[nOr.UTO He MOXrc 6UrU pe\ O OnCUutU-Emarrajra, noixTo ce oHa HaJraar4Jra [cToqHo oa Ann0uooJba. Oqann rora,

la cy u:u.flu y rpaBuy

Ha ucrounoj crpaHu pere, rpeJra-

noMopcr(H

cJrax(e

.,'lanajenor [oAarKa

rpar, oKpy)KeH rxr.tpoKoM paBHHuoM, oHr,rM ruTo cMo SaKJbyqr4Jrr4 Ha ocHoBy npBor
o Ennarraju yaeror
14B

pelenu reorpa$cKa oA 6wrw uaiaHavaiur,rjra Meby [br4Ma, jep ,t1oJIaBa Ha rpBo MecTo. Oucuma je, nnefyrr4m, AaJreKo saocrajaJla uBa Amdr.rnorna, Mapoje XarrralaHu yofir.xTe
HaBeJrH

r,rarvrefy Arvr@lrnorsa ra Maponeje.

pacroBaraAa Ka HcroKy, Ennaruja je tuopala

A axo rPa.uonu Hucy

pHlAcKoM ceHary. Taj rpa,q je nnorao 6wru caMo TecaloHr4Ka. Oaaj SaKJbyIraK, quHu MH ce, He noAJIe)Ke HHKaKaoj cyiursra.

roBopa XalxralaHa y

Heje u Aranoca tro BeJILrtltHl{ H yrJIe[V, u MaJIo je neporatHo ,qa 6u

Ono uro ce nB l{t4TupaHor Mecra xoA Jlnnraja troxe camo narafarra, rj. ,u,a je Ervrarraja o xojoj je pev 6uta BeJIHK rPaA u La ce HaJraBVta BailaAHo o.u, Arvr@rano.rna, To jacno 14 HeitBo'
cMr.rcJreHo upoueJraan ua jegHor ,u,aJber flacyca Ko,u, t4cror rlnCtlar KoMe ce raxole croMu[be Ennaruja. Jlnrraje rpuqa aa je KoMaH,rr,aHT Annsrano"rna firaonop, ca3HaBrII4 Ba nopaa flepcejeae rojcre

Kao fiprrmep rtopeA oBI4x I'paAona.

rog flu,tlue, yuorpe6uo J]yKaBcrBo


noca[y

.u,a

erat, raxre Jr.aJbe Jlanraje, ad Emathiam classem Romanam adpulsam esse agrosque circa vexari; orare praefectos Emathiae, ut praesidium adveisus populatores mittat. His lectis hortatur Thracas, ut at tuendam Emathiae oram proficiscantur: magnam eos caedem praedamque palatis passim per agros Romanis facturos. Simul elevat famam adversae pugnae: quae si vera foret, alium super alium recentes ex fuga venturos fuisse. Per hanc causam Thracibus ablegatis, simul tronsgressos eos Strymonem vidit, portas clausit."36) firaoaop HaroBopu TpauaHe Aa

vyjy sa flopaa, otlJbaqKaTI4 cy My Ha rpry janno npe,[, nojcxorvr ILoHeJII4 jenHo JIaxHo nncMo, rcoje on o.qMax npea, cBI,tMa upotluTa. ,,Scriptum in iis
oBr.r, Ka.u,

ol

KaKo

n-se xuJba4e TpaqKr4x nojHara, j_ep

6u ue npaAa yAaJbLIo ce 6ojao ga he rpa4. ,(uonop yJl.ecu TaKo

Texe je, rvrefyrum, o6jacHuTu BalilTo JInar.rje, xojra TecarroHuKy BoBe.yBeK rbenam npaBr4M r4MeHoM, y oBa ABa cryqaja ynorpe6SaBa urue Eruatraja, roje je ovltnnepHo Hauao y cBoM r4aBopy, a g,a ra ne pasjacHu caoilrtvt r{r4TaorlnMa. Mox,u,a y rleroBo BpeMe ro nr,rje 6uno norpe6no? Vllu je, ranpoTuB, oBo urvre 6uno raKo .\raJlo tloaHaro (nnox.ua y ynorpe6u y jeanoj yxoj cpe4unu), ga nw llusujy caMom nr,lje 6ruo jacHo Aa ce oAHocH ua Tecalonury? Joy je uynnraje urro Crpa6.on, KaAa Kaxe Aa ie y o1tacru noja ce HeKaAa BBaJra Ervrarraja nocrojao Hcror4meHu tpa1, He .r,oBo.u,u oaaj rpaA y BeBy ca TecaloHHKoM. ,(a nuje oBr4x cMeTrbH, .\rorJIH 6rcmo Ha ocHoBy cBe,[,oqaHcraBa Jlusuja u BVBaHTIcKHX H3Bopa .qa ce TecaloHuKa BBaJra Ennatuja, c je.que crpate, u
noAaTaKa xo,q Crpa6ona u CreSaHa BHsanrucKor o nocrojarcy

crapor rpa,qa Ervrarrje, c lpyre crpaHe, BaKJbyrtr4Tu Aaje TecaJroHHKa r,rapacJra Ha Mecry HeKaAaurH,e Ervrarraje u Aa je o,u rre HacJreAuJra rme.37) V ronn cryuajy [ocTaHaK BfiBaHTucr(e Tpagr4uraje o ugeHTltvHocru TecaloHure r.r Tepnne Morao 6u ce o6jacHHTH TaKo na je Tecaronurca, xao najnaxuaje npilcraHHlxTe y
Teprvrajcrorvr 3aJrHBy,. I]pHpoAHo cMaTpaHa HacJ]e"qHHKoM oHor fPana quJa ce HeKaAaurba cJraBa oBeKoBerruta y ilMeHy SaJrHBa. 9urnenraqa La ce Tepnna oApxaJra, y HerocpeAHoj 1nusuau TecaJIoHr4Ke, Kao rreHa KoMa ao xpaja aHTuKe (fiporconraje), raxofe ie ruopana ToMe Aonpr.lHerr4.'

[oby y
MorJrr4

Jraro 6qrw rroTyqeHr.r. VjeuHo ,,(raoaop pauupu JIaxaH rnac Aa cy PurvrrnaHu rperp[eJlu uopaa (r<oa [ragne), na yKoJIt4Ko 6u ce [orBp.u,HJra. oBa Becr, cBe sehe H sehe lvlace Purursana y 6ercrny naJre 6u y pyrce TpaqaHHMa. IpenapenH o,tt .(r,roaopa
TpavaHn xpehy

[rreH, jep cy

norvroh Ennaruja, vr,tja cy noJba 6una I4BJIoxeHa nycrouerby o.q cTpaHe pr4mcKe @rore, cranrajyhu uru y HBTJIeA 6orar

ro6oxe Pururanu, pacTypeHu no oKoJIHl4M noJbHMa

flourro cMo yrBp,u,r4Jru na je oA Tpujy uMeHa roja ce y H3Bopr4Ma I{oBo.[,e y BeBy c TecaloHr.tKoM, jegHHo rame EruarHia eeh y aHTr4rlr4 [aBaHo oBoM rpa,[y, 6ralo s6or rora ruro je Tecaronurca Hr,rrna Ha MecTy cTape Ervraruje ufivt r.xTo je To u.ue .u,o6rJla Kao rJraBHu rpaA MareAonr.tie y BH.uy enr4Tera, AoK
ume ir).iu o6uqHa pyKonucHa Kopy[TeJra, a O6ppcr - rroce6Ho riaceJbe xoje je nocrojalo napanenHo ca TecaJroHHKoM, BpaTHMo
37) fpet"i.cc

ie

y norraoh
7.

Ervranajra

u |ipertaae Epet@ Cfrpuuoua.

rs; Liv. XLlll,

nique, crp.6, np.2, g,a

3t) Liv. XLIV, 44.

TaSpa.ua, Thessalonique des origines au XIV-e- siEcle, crp. l, yonrrrre il He ).Bn.ua y o5rrp moryhnocr nocrojana rpa.(a Emaruie (Hdmathia roa, ruera!).

noanarg ,uu je camo no TaQparrjy, Topographie de Thessaloje K. I-lanaKoHcranTfiHoc, 'Iocoprri rai yeoypagrr<| 'Hpa$ia;, Tpaxuo npan Emaruiy 6anty yuha Jlyau je u XamraKMoHa.

l0*

t{__

Mare,u.olrcxr.r rpa.[oB14

pamcrco ao6a

.i|orla Mare4onraja
Ha

ce caAa Ha naTalbe TepHTopr4je oBor HajBeher MaKeAoHcKor lpaaa. Perau cMo Aa HaM ereMeHTe 3a yraplrarame repr4Topr4je TecaroHnKe y.qo6a rbeHor ocHaBarba Aije cipa6oHos noaardrc o q4HoHKHBMy, y KoMe ce na6pajajy [or4MeHue uecr o.u, .u.Ba_ ,q.eceT H uecT HaceJba y Kpycraan r,t Tepruajqconn BaJrr.tBy, roja cy yiegameHa y rroBoocHoBaHoM rpary. Ta nhcera cy: Aiionoilaja, Xaractpa, Tepma, fapecr, ArzHeja u KHcoc.Bs) Anueja o repnnu 14 rleHoM flonexajy neh je 6nno pequ. Jyxuo og Tepnne, repraropnja .rpa,(a .Teca,roHure o6yxsatala je AraHejy. flpenna Arz.Heja. je O}la najceaef Hraja o.r"1 cega,rn rpa^XepoAoryr ,[oBa Kpyclr.u,e. 04 Auleje yrraauno ce f Teprraajcrcu BannB w BeM,'by lvlraraoHrajy.se) Koa Aroawcwia Xaanr<apuauraHHHa caqvBaHa Harvr je TpaLkUUja Aa cy AraHejy ocHoBanr TpojanUu norf
sohctso,\^ Eneje, y BeMJbH Kpycrara, ceBepHo o.i, halene.ao) Taqan noaoxaj .oB_ora Mecra He Moxe ce yrBp.quTr. Ilpenna Ilvtzuiy, AraHeja je 6u,ra 15 pUrvrcr<rx Mr.tJba y.u,a.raena oA TecaroHHKe u Hailallrra ce npero nyra flr.r4He.ar) Ta$ea Mr4cnil .qa ce Moxe JroKaJII4SoBarr4 KOA aHTUqKHX pyUeBHHa y 1lusttnu cena y-pra_ AuoHoiuu.a2) Onaj pr Harrtqr4 ce jyxrro ba pra -Ba Meraro
HoMr4

MurAonuja

149 HHKaKBe BeBe ca


Xa.rracrl

je4nor rpyror r.raBopa. He nnoxe nwaTv


rpa,qoM

Hcror4rvreHr4M

npema ToMe, Moxe ca cr4rypHouhy TBpAT4TH Aa cnaAa ABaAeceT H ruecr rpaauha o6yxnaheHux ct4HouKrrBMoM.

Mecra Kyaarr.rja, roje ce HaJraBil Ha rreaoj o6anu caAaurser, a Ha aecHoj o6atu HgKaAauner KopfiTa Axoaja.as) _ klsmefy Xanacrpe a Tepnne HaJrasilrro ce, npeMa Xepoaory, -l'eprnajcrom na sanr4By H Mecro Cuu,r1 ()tv66g),ae) aa r<oje c, cana

. 3anaaHo o,t1 TecaloHuKe HaflaBHJro ce Mecro Xalacrpa (Xcr).&drpcx). Xanacrpa je 6una Ha caMom Axcujy npeMa Crpa- eMeHAHpaHor 6ony, Ha_rueronoj aanagnoj o6anu.46) Irla ie;iHor noAaTKa CreSana BHBaHTncKor aarnyuyje ce Aa ie nocrbjano H r.rcrormeHo jesepo.a?) Arcuj je roa yu;ha rpoMeHuo ToK, TaKo Aa nehuna [crpaxuBaqa nonalnayje Xalacrpy KoA AaHauj[ber

fiapop6 eruju.a')

y oHHx

Kapa6ypny, xojn BaTBapa ynaa y Teprvrajoir,l BarruB. pr AnoMorJro 6w ce EaHcTa pehra aa je nper<o nyra l-lr4,qle, at]ff rberoBo orcrojan e o.u, Coayna, qaK 14 Ka.tr ce paqyHa y npaaoi nwnuin, ie .l.yxe ol23 KM, KoJrHKo qHHLr 15 pramcrHi rrrr,lra. Aro je JlnnajeB_rroAaTaK o pagAaJbwnu uene\y TecaloHuKe n AuHeje
TaqaH, He 6ucmo cMeJru uhn y rpaxerby oBor rpa1a jyxHaje o,1

).olvia)- yuna y cacraB HoBoocHosaHe TecarroHHKe. kl-crc.riyueHo 6n ry 6una y nuTarby noaHara MUrAoHHcra Anoroni.rja,so) i. ,n? jep je ota ucyBr4ue yAaJbeHa oA Tecalonn(e, a ocyM Tora Ko,u, Crpa6oHa ulpwquro crojra Iq cy ysera caMo Mecra y Kpycn4u 14 oxo.Tepmajcror Banr4Ba. Bp,lo je nepoaarrro, HanporaB, ,rla je AnoroHrlja $ojy croMnrbe* Crpa6oH HcroBerHa ca. ApyroM,
xanKilAr.rqKom AnononHjonn. Floiuro ce lbeHo nocrojarue AoBo.u,t4 y cymrby oA cTpaHe HeKHx nayvndxa, noxyruahemo Hajupe II,a yrBpAr4Mo .ua lu je, ceM Mur.u,oHilcxe, nocrojala u [pyra Anoronuja Ha XalKa.[ilr(y 14 y KoM Kpajy ce oHa ia.rlasrara.

Hajaa4, Crpa6on Kaxe Aa

je u nera AnononHja ('Aroi-

Ano.qon

pra Meraao Kapa6ypHy. onaj pT, yocraJroM,


aone A[vetcr.a3)

14-r-lceyiio-cnrarvruo

Kucoc Mecro Kacoc (Krdd6E), . roje Crpa6ou cttoMr4rbe nocJre AuHeje, -HaJ'raBHJro ce no croj npra,rr,lqra y yHyrpaurbocru, Ha noanoxjy HCTouMeHe ltJraH14He, Hajanue ruraHuHe XalrnAHra
vHjra

. C HaaHBoM 11 Xa).xr6tnq janna ce jeaHa AnoaoHraja KoA freneja (nperrna Xerecau.npy). Tagea je- c npanom oBi Ano-

ce

BanaAH14

I-apecr

lapecr (lapqoxrig), {gjr, npeMa noMeHyrorvr Crpa6oHoBoM rroAaTKy, AoJraslt t4sMeby Teprvre r.r AuHeje, unje nann [o3HaT Hil

o6poHqu cnyLurajy .qo caMe Teca.noHilKe.nr)

aa,; Str. VII, frg. 21. rs; Liv. XLIV, l0: ,,Om,issaque Thessalonicae oppugnatione Aeniam inde- pelun!,. Quindecim milia passuum ea urbs abeSt, a-dversus pydnam posita, fertilis agro.'

ao)

46. 123: . . . rupcr}'app&r.orv orpclclv rccri 6r rriv rrpooe_16orv rrol,icur, rqr flal,Lflvrlr,,6popeooo!ov 6i rrir @eppaior r<6l,zcur, t{ror o15r.6pat&, 6ort ru6e,

{t) l'afel, Thess. crp. 217, np.


Vll,

Dion. Hal. I,

49.

.2) Her.

Aira$o3, Ii<bpppera, Arocri, liyor.o;, K&p!rq, )pfl,cr, Airjercr. 'H 6i co-rro" X.i,prl I{poooairl dtt xcri dq r66e r<tr?,.6ercrr. 'Ard 6i Ai\,frl; ... ftSl eq aur6r, rB ro'v @eppcriov r6\vrov dyiveco.,.6 zL6oE ra| 1'{v tr)v l\Iuy6oyiqv, rr}.6ov 6i ric(i(e(o

rs) B. nou. Xatruturc Ceyer, crp. 663, xe 6eaexu yonure lapecr ua Tepmajcrom 3arr4By u cralrba noaarar Str. Vll, frg. 2l , iaieano ca noAaufiMa o ucrouueHom rpaJry y Op6eruju, c xoju,na onai nema Hr4KaKBe eeee. 14 Ch. Edson,_ Notes on the Thracian ,,Phoios,,, crp.l02, np. I0l, ,uoIynrra 3aqy^Ao_ D.a .6u cr4Hor4Kr.r3mom TecalonuKe Morao'6urn otiyxnafteH n lapecr y .Op6enuju N Ano,'ronraia y MurAouujul Koa Crpa6ona, 'melyrum, jjrcno,crojt{ Aa cy yaera camo Mecra na Teprua jcxom 3arliBy u y Kpycul,u. Crpa6on nam je uc'rrna jelunu- 13Bop, ar14 HeMaMo par.loia .u.a y lberoB noAaraK nocyMtbailo. Jep aKo'O14cMo raKo IuilpoKo tal/.nctuJ''t4 ct4HoltKil3aM KaKo ro qunu EAcor, o.,HAa .6u ua uelom ro,u orpoMHoM npocropy oJl Tecalonure ao Op6eruje r Ano,ronuje muraoHilcKe HecTaJ'ro car[ocraJrHux rparoBa, a ro 6u ce Mopano HeKaKo oJr.pa3r4rt4 y aounlie apeuel (n. iope np 42):...,*ai XaLeorpqv izi roav'A$ro'vrrorcrpir.. -_r0) Her.^Vll, L?3 ^ Vll, fye. 2.0 n 23: 6 6; 'A[rog tri6'6<oor pera$ir Xcrtroorpctq rai @6ppr1;. Str. lzl Steph Byz. s. V. Xc,l.crocpcr n6).r; @pdrl< repi rdi, @eppaiov'x6),.rov ...2rp&[]<ov6dSvep66pr1t, Mcrre6oviag aurilr,ra].gi...'".Eoil 6a].rpir. (legeroi I{pv4) r{r r6}.er 6pcirvopoE. 'O ao}.irq:, Xa\ao;paio;. Emer.q,auHja je raapurena Ha ocnoBy no.u,arKa ao4 pulde: Xa).aorpatov virpor., dzd Xcl),.aotpaE'r!E ev Makedonische Niederlande, crp. 7 u t. ru; Her. Vll, 123 (8. Hanpe,u,, np. 42).
rllar<eDovig ?ripvqg. Cf. Tafel. Thess 279. _48) Ct.. Gqyer, crp. 662; Oberhummer, s. v., RE

;i .;2 rlv 'r\!rcr.

rrpoerprlp.6r,qv

rozop6r..

OipFqv rcai livSov re 16l"r*

r<od Xcr),6orpr1r,

eri tov

lll

(1901) 2038; Struck,

43)

rr1 Cf. Tafel, 'l'hess.

Ps. Scymn. 6?7 sq.

crp.

258.

cr:p. 102, np.

5n) Ha Mr4ur,oHr4cKy AnoaoHriy Ntuclu: Kuhn, St?idtische u. bii gerl. Verfa-s-s^ung, c_Ip. 392 u .u.; Ch. Edson, Notes ori the Thracian pho"ros,

l0l.

150

MarenoncKu rpaAoBr4

pHMcKo ',qo6a

Jl,orta Mare.uonr.rja

Muraonaja

t5l

je

bersy He Mory ce oApxarr.r. KceHoSour [pHIIa Aa cy ce rpa,qoBl4 AxaHr u Auoronuja, o"hrcp p6,ytdrcrr rrlv nept "OLuveov rr6).eruv, o1parum 3BZ r. JlareAennoHy Ba nomoh y paTy rpoTHB Orunra. pojcr.a rcojy je Cnapra rocJrarra yqBpcrr4na ce y fiorraleju, o,qaKJIe

noHujy r,r.qeHTu$r4xoBao ca MUr.qoHr4cKoM (o. xrxe [prrM. 9l). Melyrr.rnn, Ano.nonuja xoja ce cnoMr4[be Ko.r, KceHoSoHTa y BeBr4 ca paroM Cuapre u Orrnra 382 r, He Moxe HHKaKo 6uru ntur.[,oHHcKa. Apryrvrenru xoje je uaHeo Eeaox y flpunor oBoM TBp-

IeoB rlerry aHTnKy. Trnne ruro oA6auyje Kao HeTaqHy rpernoje Qutwn pasoplro JIo remeJba cBe xarKr,rAr.rr.rKe rpa.u,oBe, Eerox ne no6raja ra onaj KoHr(peTan fiemocreHoB no,u,atar: Merota H Oraur cy oJrr,rcra s6pucaHw ca BeMJbHHe [oBpuriHe; BarlTo ro He 6u 6wno raqHo u aa Anolouujy? 6erox, najaag, HEHocH Kao aprymeHaT npoTrB nocrojarra
craBKy na
oKoJrHocT Aa cy oBa .rr,Ba ucrorpaAa Mopana ruelyco6Ho npaHr4rtHTr4, rlTo je saucra ueuroryhe Ao[ycrl4Tu. MelyruM, MHr,uoHHcKa AuonoHuja fl xaJrKHAI4qKa Auononuja HHcy MorJre rpaHr4rthTH: aKo ce rorvr6rzHyje Crpa6onoB rroAararc (rcoju Berox HrHopnr.xe) o rorvre aa je Me6y rpaAoBHMa y Kpycu4u vt Ha Tepmajocorvr 3aJrHBy, o6yxnaheHurvr
HMeHa cHHOr,rKr43MOM npilJrr4Korr,l OCH14Barba

npyre Anolonraje Ha XalKr4AHKy

aaje4no c" MaKe,rI,oHCrtr4M caBeBHHUUMa BprxHna Harra,ne Ha nporr4BHune. JeAnoM npHnHKoM, npr4qa AaJbe KceHoQonr, jeqau oApe,u, o.u, uecT cTorHHa onr4HTcKHx KobaHura .uojarue y noAne y AnoroHLtjy vt norrHe llycrorxr4Tr4 oKoJrHa lloiba. V AuonoHrjy je Tora AaHa 6uo crurao (r,rs IIorHAeje) n yilpaBo ce HaJraBHo Ba pyrrKom cnapTaHcKu caBesHHK, eJrr,tMcKr4 KHes Aepaa. On ie najnpe [ycTrao OnranhaHe Ha Mr,rpy, atu Ka.[a ce oB?r oxpa6praure

caMr4m raunjarua, on ueale ca cnojran Ko[baHI4nx y 6ercrBo. foHr,ro ux je y crofiy AeBe.u,eceT cra4r,rja ,(oK ce Hr,rcy cKJIoHLrJIr4 y onfiHTcre er4une.51) Tpe6a camo naxJbr.rBo trporrr4Tarr,r .u,eTaJbaH onrc oBor cyro6a tta ce yBepr4T[ ,q,a He Moxe 6uru pequ o Mr4r.u,oHHcxoj AuoroHuin. PaalarnuHa oA 90 cranraja (oro. l5 rru), rcojy onunrcrra KobaHnur.r rannajy ,u,a npeBane 6exehu raa Anoronuje y cnoj tpar, je cxopo Tprl ryTa Marba o,u, orcrojama uervrefy Orrnra H AnoloHrje Mr4rAoHr4cne.u') 6erox Mucntu aa je [ocpe.u,r4 rpeurKa u .ua rrra@pa Huje BepHa. fpeura oBe Bpcre je noryha cama no ce6u, aJrr ToK onepaur,rja, KaKo rlx r4aJraxe Kceno$oHr, roaopu rporr4B Ee.roxonor rnpfema. OnucaHra .uorabaju ogurpanajy ce Ba Bpeme jenHor Eala urw, 6ome, je4Hor no[oJlHeBa. (Kaaa je oJrHHTcKr.r oApe,q, ,u,ojaxao y Ano.nonuiy, 6uno je nonne). Hemoryhe je BaMucItHTtl .qa 6u ce uKo oAnyquo Aa roHlr- y crony nenpujareJba suTaBnx 50 KM, c rHM ,[,a ce rlocre, uohy, KpoB Texar 6pLonrar repeH - MurAoHHcKa AnolonHja Hataluna ce c oHe crpaHe Xopraua - apaha HaTpar y caoiy 6aay. AnoMopaJra ce HaJraBHTr4 6nrxe OruHry lonraja o xojoj je onae .peq il HeMaMo paaJrora ,u,a cyMrbaMo Aa je orcroiabe Koje HaM HBnop naje raqHo. 6erox, AaJbe,.TBpAr4 Aa Hu KoA jeguor aHTraqKon [Hcua HeMa [oMeHa o neroj npyroj Anoronuju Ha XarxH,[nry, ceM l\,rur.QoHr4cKe. MefyrHrr,t, KaA Aeruocren Kaxe aa je Orlun ;'aBopno OrrHT, AnorrcHrajy ra Merony, TaKo Aa r4M ce Hu Tpara Buure nraje nuAero,53) peq Moxe 6uru caMo o AnoloHuin ua XalxrAaxy, a He o MhrAoHucroj, roja ynpaBo y To BpeMe nor{Hrbe Aa ce noMHrbe v Har.xr4M I4tsBopHMa H o,u, TaAa ce o,u,pxaBa

u npu1tnxaue

uHMa r{ HarHa

TecalOuuxe, 6ula n jegHa Kaxe Kceno@oHr, oHAa ce xaJIKI4,u,HrrKa AnoloHuja iuopa rpaxHTH Her.[e oro .15 KM Barta,r1Ho HJII{ ceBepoaa[a4Ho or, OlnnTa, y o6nacrra Kpyoaae.54) Izlarvrehf rbe il MilrAoHucxe AnoaoHr,rje 6rano je MecTa aa MHore Apyre rPalcre repuropuje. Ilpema rome, Mopa ce oA6arlurr Eeloxono Mr,truJblbr xoje je flprrxBaTHo r,r I'e6lep,uu) .qa ceM MHr.u,oH14cre Anolonuje Anolonuja,

c oHr,tM tuTo

HaM

y Kpycnnu 6uta ie paaopeHa rlo.u, @uluno,vr, a rbeHa repuropraja je 4oquaje yrlna y cacraB Tecalonurce. 36or Tora ce oHa Br4ue He c[oMr4[be y HsBopHMa. Tepr,tropr,tja Tecalonure o6yxaara.ta je, ,qaxJte, y ,u,o6a

nnje 6rano Apyror r4cToilMeHor rpa,rr.a Ha Xalru.4axy. AuoloHraja

Moxe oApxart4.56) Ou je yorttuTe cr.rHor4Kr4gaM TecaroHuxe y Muoro [xr4pr4M paaMepaMa, Hero urro je crBapHo 6uno; [Io meroBom cxBaTaby, Tepr4Topuja TecaloHr,,Ke npyxarra ce o,u, flalene, Ha iyry, no Op6eluje, Ha ceBepy (fapecx) ra MHrAoHr,rcKe AuoloHuje, Ha r{cror(y. Canno tlo ce6n je MaJro
He
BaMr.rcJrr4o
se)

Arccrja .u,o pra Meralo Kapadypny. Jyxno o.u, ron pra je4au je 6uo npucaje4umen Tecalonuxu. Kyrr .u.eo Kpycrne raxole je rnpluo .u,a je qeno npocrpaHo npnMopje o,u, flalene .u,o roMeHyror pra npnrtalo TecaJroHt4KH, ailu ce Ber.oBo Mr4rlJberbe

ocHr4Baba rpaga, o6any Teprvrajcxor BaJrr{Ba oTrrpuJl.,Ke og yruha

Hcro'{Ho
55)

Gaebler, Zur Minzkunde Makedoniens, Vlll. Die Distrikte Doberos Das mygdorrische Apollonia. Z t. N. 36 (1926), crp. I93. - npr4xBara Oeo mulurberie u Geyer, cr.p. 659, xojr,r y csoj cnucar MaKeroHcKrrx npaAoBa yrocl4 camo jeuny Ano.'lorraiy (u Crpa6onoB noAaraK .u,oBo.u.H ]'Be3y -c_a ruom). Hirschfeld, RE ll (1896), crp. ll4, pasluryje rpr Anoaoxrrje y Marceqonujr.r. Hajoe6ursnnja Se.roxoe apryueNar je caararo ro Jr.a

HKaKBHX KOHKpeTHMX epryMeHa'ra.

O6r.lvro ce yrcasyje na Mecro l-lolnnupoc, oKo ll rm ceBepooA Oannra, Kao fla no.noxal xaJIKrrAHqKe Ano,ronuje, alr 6es

und Paroreia.

i1) Y-n. Beloch, C.r. C. 5e)

y B,.rny Aa ce usmely ona


53)

lll,1, crp.l03, np. l. Xen. Flell. V, 2,1-.1;V-,3,1-6. V sar.lyruuoj aunluin orcrojame u3Hocl4 oro 40 rm. Tpe6a uraru
Dem, 1X,26.
.rLBa

rpa[a Ailxe

Bl4cot(t,t BeHa4 Xopraua.

ne Hailalla y cnucKoBuna atunixor Qopoca. To je taucla cnacKoBu Hucy noroyHr4, u raj paenor nuje AoBoJbaH ,u,a o6opr.r cBe ocrare rojn ronope Ba ro ,qa je cer'l Mr4r'AoHr4cKe Anolojou nuje nocrojana iea,na Ano;ronraja Ha XaaruS,ury. 56) Kuhn, Stedt. u. biirg. Verfassung, crp. 39.5.

ce

r{yAno,

Ano.nonraja

arw Hautn

1y_
ayroHoMHH

Maxeroscrcfi rpaAoBH y pr.rucro ao6a

,llorua MareAouuja

Mraraorlja

153

ltlcKu' f apecr u MilrAoHr4cr(a Anononuja nojan"rryjy ce Ka o lott4cu u tipktpolLHuje je nperflocraBuTt4,[a cy oH-H raj norornai unnalu o.[' caMor fioqerKa Hero Aa cy ce 4oqHuje ogaojraru oA Tecalond<e. LUro ce ruqe Kpyoa,ue, _peH jyxHu Jr,eo npurao je cBaKaKo KacaH.qpeiu, Ha ToM LeJry Xalxu4ura, 6rraxe KacanApein, noguruyra je HellTo .qoqHraie Anrr.rroHeja. Ma na ce HaJra3,rna y yHyrpaurlocrH, AHtrroneja je r4MaJra Jtyr(y
ToMe, lpxaJra jegau ,u.eo o6are.57) Ocrrvr Tora, rvropano je HaKo ux y u3BopilMa He HaJraannno. Korrn6peja, naoprrmep, Koja ce, Kao 14 nehurra

BepoBaTHo Aa 6u [Ionr4c TaKBr4x pasMepa 6uo opraHr4SoBaH y or(Br4py MaKeAoHcKor KpaJbeBcTBa. ,(oqHuje, MebyTHM, H op6e-

6urw H Apyrnx caMocraJrHr4x rpatroBa y Kpyoaga,

r, rrpeMa

y Frr,lrvrejn, reorpaocKl4 peA yfiyhyie Hac Ha Xarru[ur, r-e je- onLure MhuJberbe Aa ce roA TfiM HMeHOM rpHje Auneja.6o) Melyrurvr, aKo c, KaKo ce MI4cJIl4, y oBoM c[ilct(y IIaJIaSe 3aflCTa CaMO poleis, camoynpaBne jeAHHI4lIe, oHAa _6ncnno y ToMe uMaJIu Aokaa ua je Ar,treja H nocJle ocHl4Barba Tecaronure ocTaJIa [onilc. To 6u 6rao raayeeTax Kojt4 ce Moxe o6jacnuru camo raKo Aa ce HaceJbe, xoje je cHHout(t43MoM npeTBopeHo y KoMy, BpeMeHoM TOJrIKO pa3BHnO ra ojavalo Aa je noHoBo Ao[lno '[,o caMoMHOrO Cluvnraje r4A4eHy rpaAa Aicrvil

Kojrm

je

HaBeAeHo

CTAJ]HOCTH.

ocraJlux Mgcra

Kpycu,qr, nocJle Xepo.u,ora Brttle

tlaxo ce,u.am BeKoBa paa4naja Xepo4oroB no.[araK oBor cry6epcror c[oMeHHKa, Bpno je BepoFaTHo ra cy nuaguhu xojra cy ce6e o6elexHru r(ao Koppped,rcrt 6ulu ttopped,rur.58)

rrarnucy uB II B. H. e., eQe6a us Cry6epe, r4B 203 r. H. e., Ba6eJrexeH je ernuxoH Kop.o,u,

nuTepapFrHM HBBopaMa, HeAaBHo

tlocBeAoqeHa Ha je.qnorvr Kao nocTojefia oflurTr4Ha: Ha c[Hcr(y

je

He cnoMurbe

y rrr6ryhuocTa ,qa ycraHoBI4Mo. Carvro Halvt je jenna TaqKa Ha ceBepoucToKy noBHaTa: Ko,q MecTa AjnarH, otto 12 rcn o.u, ConyHa, HaJIaBHo ce rpan Jlera, c xojurvr je TecanoJroHHKe HHcmo
Hr4Ka rpaHHquna.

,[onre ce y yHyTpaurbocrh npocrrlpana Tepl4-Topl4ja TecaflocreArbl4 odpoHuu Xopraqa Koifi ce cnyLUrajy

peKJIoM HB xaJIKHAuqxe Kom6peje. Etnuxou, Jr,oItyue, nr,rje .uoxas uocrojarua rpa.u,a-civitas, jep ce rbr4Me Moxe ulpaluTu u npLt,

y coJryHcKy paBHI4uy npeTcTaBlbailn.cy BepoBaTHo rpl4poAHy rpalcKe TepHTopl4Je Ha oBol cTpaHIr. rpaHHuy 167 i. Tecalonuxa je rocrarla rrIaBHH rPa.u, Apyre MaKe,u.oHcKe o6nacru. Jlr,rnraje (XLV, 30) Kaxe 3a lby .ua ie 6um ,,urbs celeberrima". 3a cse Bpeme pHMcKe BJIaAaBuHe y MaxeTecalonura 4onuira 'Ka,u,a Tecalonuxa je flocraJla ceAHLxTe puMcKor y[paBHl4l(a. Vlnano AOAyr.Ue caMo je,uan KoHKpeTaH noAaTaK o ToMe Aa ce ce,u,l4l.xTe purvr-rux BJracrH y Aoda Peny6luxe ra PaHon qapcrBa. HaJIa-

Herr,t oA rpagona xojra cy 6uilu o6yxaafieHu cHHoHKr4BMoM .IloMr,rtby ce H [ocJre ocHr4Barba TecaaoHuKe, urTo roBopr nporr4B flpeT[ocratsKe .u,a cy Ta MecTa 6wna paaopeHa H HanyuTeHa. Taras je cryvaj ca Teprvron, Aanejolr n XalacrpoM. ,(ox je y npuHuhny npr4poAHo npeTnocraBuTu Aa cy oBr4 rpa4uhu nacraBtllt4 Aa xHBe rao x<ip.crr HoBoo':HoBaHor rpaAa, clyvai AraHeje Hac [ocraBJba [pe4 noce6an npo6rem. V Cnucxy genQr.lcxux TeopoAoxa noMarbe ce rpa4 Atcrv6s. Vlaxo je ono r4me no b6nHry
57; Tarn, Antigonos Gonatas, crp. Ig8; cf. Ps. Scymn. 621,Liv, XLIV, moxAa Plin. IV, 35 (Antiochienses:Antigonenses?) cnucaK reoporoxa, Plassa't, BCH 45 (1921), crp. 17, r Ptol. lll, l.2,35 (K).r:ai, M6po).).o9, 'Ar.rrtira.pcrpi). Ceyer, crp.658, 3Ha caMo aa jegny AnruroHujy H craBrb..a 1'6r'ercr l caje4no c?cBt4r jacxe noAarKe llceyno-CruMHa u Jlnauja o xaarr.u.cxcj vAnrraronuju ca no.u.auuMa o Asruronuiu ta Bapaapy (Plin. lV, 34, Ptol.
10,

na.rr.Hocr HeKoIl ceny, aJrr4 KaA ce uMa y au,rly KaKo je 4alero Korvr6peja o,u' Cry6epe,. 6uro 6u rryAHo Aa ce rbeH erHuKor nojanHo Ha janHom cnomeHr4Ky -Cry6epe, Aa oua -rruje 6una civitas. Cse ro norasyje aa je jegaH geo Kpycr4Ae ocTao uBBaH rpaHurla TecaronuKe.un)

je ocTaJIa men Hajaehrz rpa4. je. 148 r. MareAonuja rperBopeHa y upoanHqujy,

je4Hom HaTflilcy TecaloHrKa ce SoBe rp<r:rq Moxe66vtD,..uu)

brno y Tecaronuru: To je rloMl{tlarbe KBecTopt4ja y ieAuonn Iluuepononom roBopy.61) lzlnax o[IxTe je rvrr,rtuJbebe ga ie ro TaKo 6ulo.s2) V npanor roMe HaBo.u,H ce il enurparvr AurnnaTpa Ha TecaroHrKe, y I(oMe ooaj necHHtt C rpaja crape epe HaBI4Ba caoj poaHn rpa4 p4qp r\c, xaoq1. .. Muxe6oviag6s). kl -Jlyxuiau rcaxie Aa ie l'ecaloHut<a 6uta Hajaehr,r rpa,u, Maxenonraje.oa) Ha
Crpa6oH raxole Kaxe ra. ce

y rberoBo .tlo6a

Teca;toHtara

14crr4uana uBHaA

ocraJlhx

MaKer oHcKt4x rPa,u.ona

Oeddcrl"ovrxeicrg, Maxe8ovtx{E no}.etug

vDv pd,}.tora

(VII, 323): trlv &}'}'ov

60) Plassart, Thdorodoques, BCH 45 (1921), crp. 77; B HarpeA, c-rP. Anneja ce ilocJle ocHI4Batra 'l'ecalonnxe cnoMurbe i9.9.-roA^JIusrj, {L, 4.9;',,proficiscuntur ab Thessalonica Aeneam..." vl XLIV'. 10,7: uotrliS' saque"Thessalonicae oppugnatione Aeniam inde petunt." h3 oBI4x Mecl'a ce He BaAfi Jla nu je y ririrauy camocraJlan rpall ttnt:y, He, B. Hanpe,u, np. l&

ra; By,ruh, Cnouenur 98 (1948) 6p.388, p.79; cf. idem, Deux nouvelles inscriptions de Derriopos, Comptes-rendus de l'Acad. des Inscr. et Belles-Lettres, I939, crp.22l u a. Onaj cryvaj je nnrepecaHrau s6of rora rrrro rroKa3yie raro norpeurHa Moxe 6uru cnuxa o pa3BUTKy /uyHl4ulrnanHor ype!en a y Marceaonujr.r xojy crBapal{o ce6u ua ocHoBy ocKyAHr4x Jrr{repapHfix l.l3BoPa.
5e)

IIt,

12,33).

ot; Cic. pro Planc.


6s) es;

oerduxil."

c. 4lz ,,Thessalonicam in

quaestorium (nos)

'

Boecking aa Xot. dign. Or. p. 243; Tafel, Thess.. crp. XXVII Anth. Pal. lX,
428.

tl

160; Marquardt, Staatsverw.lz, 319.

MoxAa Ha oBoM 4ely Xalrul.,u:ra, arr4 BHue y y.Hyrpaulbocrr,r, rpeSa lpaxr4Tr4 H rpaAoBe l(,rure u Mopu"'1, o xojr,l,ua B. y o.(eJbKy o
Xatruptny.

3a 6epojy, roja ie 6nna raKMaI{ Tecalonaxe (n. crp. l6)' Jlyxujau' ibid. 34. rcaixe-Camo 6; 116).rl r{g i\[ar<e6oviag I]tporav p.e1u]qv taf ro].o&r',]pcuror'. os; CIG 1967 (uur. qFe4a Marquardt,. H.4, crp._319, rrp. l5; y RE s. v' Thessalbnike, crp. 146 (Oberhummer) croju Cl(i 1969).

01 LUCian. ASin. 46: rr6trecov rd:r, i.r, I\Icrre8ovig tilg pef iorrlg

_Oeooa).ovir<r1".

154

MareAoncKr4 rpaJloB,,

pltMcKo Ao6a

Jlona Mareaonraja - MurAouuja

l5s

,ror- rvr"rrOo"t"Jj rxro y Br.rBaH_:qg tia u,,ano HHKaKBOT CMUCta. erora MucJtvM ra rog crpa6ona u?paa prrrp6,rori! urrra croje *n6uno, npno6urno SHagerbe ,,FJIaBHOT rpa.u.a_ jeanor nJIeMeHa rrnu nponrHqriei i ro
Tr4cKo BpeMe ne

Je oBa peqeHuua uHTepoonauraja sweaaruiror ripehr.;r;;;; Aa Kao ruTo cmo peKJru, nojam MarceAoHraje ce y nrzsaHrr.rcro lfr ' Ao6a Merba , [f laouHr,rje y IX n. o6racr.'Cory'nu flos,,rbe Aa ce paqyHa y Tecanrjy fi TaKo ro ocraje xpoa cBy Br4raHTr4c*y enoxy68) *91_Crpa6oua je ynpano HarJraueHo Jr,a je Teca-, rIoHHKa 6una

:apr,uu) Aa je TecaroHura neh v' cipiol*,iJo Bpe*e HMaJra Turyny.Merpoflo;re, nuje onpaB.qaHo, Ka.q, ce oBa rr4Tvna ianna na Hatnr,rcuna 14'Ha HoBuy r.fHaqe BHa Aa ce ruCironr*!-ru* y^ll^:.lt ::li) niw, icri;;; Je HeMoryhe npern ocraB.ru

tdri.

euov8pei. Ora peveH,ua noT,pbyje, qu,u MH Ce, ayreHTr4qHOCT noAarKa uB trg.Z!, VJII*.,'o irorvre cnno aeh h*arru npr4nuKe crp..l40), a rpe*a xor. je-fecanoauxa 6wra l1-fggoprdMg.(a. MeTponoJra

liberae conditionis Teca.nonuxa uann


[I;runr,rja.71)

je

nocBeAoqeHa

KoL

MaxeAoHaje: 4 ae p.1rp6,roirg.i,rg'"r" Maxe6ovtoE 3arcrsyvraru ra ocHony oa-oia, xarco' je 'io yqu*Uo Mapx_

Tecaronuraje H tto.u, pr.tMcKoM n,raLlhy sa.u,pxana cnoje paHraje ypeferse. Erara je no4erneHa y HeKoJrHKo Quna, oAHocHo .u,eMa (Kexportd,g, Bouregdlorcr,'Avrtyovtdg,'Adx),.4flt&E, Arovuotuc,.72). Ha uarnucuwa ce crroMr,tlby rIoJrr4Tapcu, 6yne lr AeMoc,
repycHja u l.pytu MarilcTpaTu.") TecaroHura je xao clo6o,qaH rpag MorJra ocraTu cegr,rutTe npoBuHuucKe ynpaBe, aJrr4 nocroju Mur.rrJberbe Aa a6or ror craTy9a, xojram ce ua.u.Bajara o4 ocraJre nponr.rHquje, Tecaronuxa Huje ymsuila y MaKe.u,oHcKH KoHHoH. Tarco, HanpuMep, KopnemaH,

r:rp.gngl,

,qpyroM rpaAy He 4aje ce

ie'Tecalonuxa y crpaoonouo Ao6a

Ilocle

y ro

BpeMe

.rr*i*o
ro

HMe

l!:Iu craryc cro6oAuor


HO
B

cre4,.6e) HgBuy ro.i'rpuru,en,i'. 9l-t_. Hcro raKo trppl,-_n!^ H a rr prc oM eE>>A A o NrKEo N Arcirio gE;r-is, ;;-;fi ;;";;;; y c[oMeH Tor ,qaTyMa yBe.u,ene u Haporrr4Te urpe. 11lajnor je Qrcorr, y cnojo; 6a.rr,qHoj pacnpaBu o ApxaBHr4M _l:ryuuo -nbHoao I(ynToBHMa ,y
HSH.O rur4ruJbe*e
,,pHMcKl4x
eo)

rA M'A;;"E) A Nr(6vroq) Ayr(ox p ur u p) r(crios) K n TaQgal yxasaci l-e na ouui H Ha BaKJbyrraK KoJg Ha rbera

rcrirri-;A-A;;irue rpr4yMBr4pa rqiiu norafaj r?6r.k.H r4,raBabeM fPl&a: UA C HAT N4CUTUA OEXX A AO NIKEO
N EAEYEiFIA

Auronzjy_ r: orranrjgn.vi

6urrce ro.q, OulH na

(42..) TecrroHurca je,

drnu. Hnjeauorvr ultu ra THTyna.


Ba BepHocr

n;;;u

i(;ili nyr(;p*;;;). h;;;

ronopehr.r o MaKeAoHcKoM Ko14HoHy, ulpnquro Kaxe: ,,Ausgeschlossen waren die freien Stiidte Amphipolis und Thessalonike, vielleicht auch der von Strabon (VII, 326) als frei bezeichnete "Avcu Mcrxe6ovlcr genannte Bezirk."t*7 Vl [. I(aHauynl4c, nojra je He.qaBHo y uoce6Hoj cryauju AeraJbHo o6pagr.ro nr4Tarbe MaKetoHcKor Kor4HoHa, cMarpa La ,,oBa ABa rpaAa (rj. Tecalonuxa u ArvrQuuorn) ra roprboMareAoHcxe oltairu y cyLnTHHu Hucy IrpeTcraBJbaire .u,eJroBe npoBr,rHur4je Marce4onraje u ,u,a a6or rora ppfl.no BepoBaTHo Hucy cyAeJroBane y rpoBl,rHrlr4cKoM Kor.tHoHy MaxeAonuie".zs; .(oucra, HB BpeMeHa npBa ABa BeKa llapcrna HeMaMo HHleaaH c[roMeHBK xoju 6ra yKaBHBao Ha HeKy BeBy TecaaoHure u
KoHHoHa.
,uaKe.u,oHr4japaxaT6)

Tex noqeTxoM III s. Tecaronuna je Aana HeKonHKo


(Hajcraprzju garoaaH Harttuc Ha KoMe ce cno-

,\rurbe MaxegoHr4japx ua

Tecalonure je uB 219 r.)r?), a [oulTo

.uoAr4pHyo oBo n9Talbe u tra je -rorvr npr4Jrr4KoM -ycra.non.rneH r,r KynT :civitii Ao6potnopal, (,ptrpotruv

Tecaronuxu,

e0epyJr,i.,rrr) Xao

:a6.,ltxtn je KyJrr ,,pr4Mcrr,rx no6porsopa". Karo je Harnr4c AaroaaH ca 53 r'. (rj. ilorr4se us 95 r. npe H. e.), ul.u,arau je eaxnyquo p,a je osai xynr .uopao 6utn yaeteH npe 42 r.,. no croj flpuntuuu Beh 148 r. hpe x.-e.-Ila .ru j9 qely1flM nocBe-cilrypxo npepaqyHaBal+e .q.aryua npema npbnuuuncroj epu? [Io Anrycronoj epr, Harnuc 6u 6uo ut ll11'2 r. x. e. (yn. rrroi ,{ranai il3 p14McKe lVlareAoxrje, 36opnr.rr_<Dul. @ar. 9.4-alo.pqpy rp.qKr4-x Hartl.tca lll (1954) l^5 u .u.) _Maro je aeponarHo Aa 6u ucre ronnHe 1148) 6ro yne.uen u Kynr ,,3ea.ca Eleyrepuoca ,r PoMe" (Edson, ibid.) il KyJrr ,,pr.tmcKr4x
.x,oOporaopa". zz; Steph. Byz. s. v. Ker<por(a' 6ori rcai KerporiE Xrnpu Opd.rxqg. 'Eori r<ai 5r','1ro; OeoocrLovficrlE, oi 6rlp6carKexp6rror. lbid. s. v. Boorecpa].ers.o{jrcu yrip rai .)ipo; Oeooaior.ixrlEr e..U.Hm14ua. crp.438 u.q.; Duchesne-Bayet, crp. 16.

BU3aHrucKo .u.o6a npHnaa,aaa Tecanrir. iia ,u"'ell;;;;;; JeAaH noAaraK us ftop$r.rpore'arosor a"r,a oJ rt,.rrtiu'rr-'ir:Z;:;:#p.o,, +up.o @eoocr_ ).or'(r<q... T,i Si vrir. ets e?lr;;_;E rcrsrv-Xprl *crriIov Oeooq].o_ r'(rr1 xai cturri McrreEoviag pepo; eori. O,rrarr..A"xo iJrii';[ irpu, Maxe,qonaia oBlle ynorpc6nex y crapo,i* c*hcny, jep renra'xciia tl"i Ao6a Koncrax_ ruHa [opQuporenui'a 3Barra reciaoriixa o6yxraraaa je yipano repuropujy He Ka,q a-rrr

Marquardt, n. a. Blg. no. 16 Caebler, Zur tvtrihzttunae Makedonie ns, Z. f. N. 24 (1g04) crp. na, nf,.) rCf. os; Oao ju nll3.,"-:-onrxilpHo pacnpaBro Tafel, Thess. crp. Bg a 4., r.r KoA Bera ce mory nahu norepi{e si ro aa je ooniti"f.i5l,,i;r;.^;

zr; ptin. lV.

86.

Edson,..JVriced^onica II. state of Thessaronica. H,arv. Stud.5l (1941) crp. iZT r, a. Orajlr**vrux curts ocnoplro j" X. ttta.xapoHac ,Ard op1'ar'6oerE ?(i\. \.[r(u\. Oeoos].o\:fKni. /\tn;*;iftifi *. 'OrO*Aifr-i,'-iory, 1950, crp. 253 u r. Ha Harnr.rcy n5l,, M;i;p.ii",i'i,oil",lv,u, rom qranKy

ll) 70) Ittul ch.

Ee -Maxe.q onr.rie.

rhess.

b. xxrx.

_rr) Vn. Tafiali, Thessaloniqu'e des origiires au XlVe si6cle, cip.26 u A. C. lJeauxtAyc,'Ard r]r, rorr.or-.crr. rcri r,,r" ro].rreicrr" r{g ciplaiag @iooacrp.24 u A. cMarpa a.a je Maracrparypa nonurapxa'lrocl.oiana y io.'*rl;, I ecanoHaKu il flpe AonacKa ehM.lbaHa. 7a) Kornemann, s. v. Korr,6r., RE Suppl. IV, crp. 930. '3) 0,. Kanauyrtuc, Td xorr.dv Marce66i,or,. Mcri8ovucd, 3 (,l954), crp. l1 u a. ,:) HarnHce narcojuua ce cnoMuH,y MaKeAoHuiapcu 'O us Coayna o6iaeuo je u o6paauo [e.nera.u,itc, H. A., crp. 76 u l. rsuma pacnpar.ra ri^rbrx yBpcraBa y cnoj coucaK maxenonujapaxa r.t Kanauylr.rc,-t. A., crp. {9 rr a. zz) [Ie.reru,u,]rc, H. g,., crp. 56, 6p. 9. Hexu oA MaKeAonHjapaxa ca' HeJ.aroBaHI4x Harrrfica MoxAa cy ctapuju, ailu cBaKaKo uucy pauraiu oA

Ilorua Mareaonraja
r56
MareAoncrrt4 tpa[oBu

y pumcro

Ao6a

Muraouuia

r57

cno6oAHor rpaJla Tecalonare H KouHoHa.rt) .(o ncrclr BaKJbyqKa AouJao je n KauauyJlr4c, npouJ upuBwvt ra Ha cBe ocTane ,,cJro6orue" o6racru il rpaAoBe Maraaorrn;e H KoHcTaTyjyhu u Apyre 6utne npomeHe y KapaKTepy r oqranueauwju caMoi'KonHoia.rr; Melyrnrvr, narco je, Mopam npHBHarH, MaJro qylHo ,rl,a HeMaMo HUKaKBHX noAaTaKa roja 6a yKaat,tBanil Ha To ga je TecaJ]oHHKa 14 y npBt4M BeKoBuMa l_[apcrna npunaAana MaKeroHcKoM KorHoHy, qutteHilua Aa j_e- oHa 6nna cno1oAaH rpa.[ Hilje paaJ]or rojr.rrvr
uraBHr.t

uJa Hr4Ko He cyMrba - To noKasyie aa je - yy-pa,ny orra yqecrBoBaJra KoHHoHa. 36or rora je Cormack ilperoocraBr.ro Ila je y III r. HacryrfiJra neKa rpoMeHa y olHocilMa
cKor caBeTa

cy

MaKeAoHt4japcH

6wilu syfixquorrepH noMeHyTor hporuHqu-

Kao Eepoja, .uo6aje Heol(opHjy_ H TuTyily .rr,a ^r4- _oHa, Merpo[one.82) KaHauynilc no.u,BraqLl .qa ce HeoKopraja TecaloHrare o.rtHocH Ha npoBr4HIlt4cKI4 xynT uapa H Jla npeMa ToMe cTil(arbe npaBa Heoropuje noKasyje HcTo TaKo Aa je TecalonuKa y To BpeMe (lll n.) cyAerroBarra y npoBHHUHCKoM xt4BoTy Mare.qoHraie.88) Tnryna MeTpo[oJre- H BeJIr.rKr 6poj MaKeJI.oHI4japaxa nocBeAo.qeHHx cpeAHHoM III B. Ha HaTIIHCHMa U3 TeCaronnre
ycnexa,

yKasyly Moxjla Ha HeuTo Bilue: JI.a ce


cacTaiao u
TecanoHilKr4. Tecaronara ra Eepoja

Hoce oA cpeluHe lll n., H jeAHa H Apyra, Tt4Tyty MeTponone Mar<elour.rje. V ro,tre HMa Heqer He-

y To BpeMe KorHoH

6u ce Morra oijacnuru lbeHa aa.qaojeHocr. Mory c, HaHMe, HaBecril npuMepn .rl,pyrilx clo6o.[Hux rpaAoBa rcojra cy 6ulu

rpaAos[ nponaHqaje (ce.qrauTa

ylqaryo ueHrpl4 Kor.rHoHa: AHraoxraja


rcujra.8o)

TecaaouaKa ocrana.no crpaHu npoBHHqHcKe opraHraeaqrje rou-

36or uera je Eepoja npernocranineHa u ador "uera

y Cupuiu

pr4McKor ynpaBrrara) q

w Tapc

JrorHqHor, ailn To.je o.u,ronaparo nyxy npe,ueua.8{) Aouu[je, ca o[:lAarbeM BHaqaja KoLrHoHa Kao cpe.lHurHor opraHa Ba o6aBJbarbe [poB14HuHcKor KyJrTa [aPd, uery1wna je BepoBaTHo u Eepoja cBoj sHaqaj r, rna[a Ba To HeMaMo efirrpaScrcr.rx AoKaBa, MOXeMO npeTnocTaBrTt{ Aa je yqcopo HasHB (ue onue ruryna)
MeTponoJre ocTao

Kranr,r-

tlo npaBy caMo Tecalouuru,


AoAeJbH"Barbe

Kao

TJIaBHOM

je

- fopanjanorvr lll (238 Ioa, Teca;roHzrca uocTaje veo. -24! l(opoE, a Mano ,u,ouuuje, Ba BnaAe (249-2Sl) pr1rp6:ro).r( Aeuuja n xoLu.rveicr.sl) Tecaaounra ce seh y -l 'n. 6opwia) 'aiu 6ei

Je To oHa crBapHo 6una, jep He cMeMo - yxonuro uery6uru ua pu6a c,ryvajura KapaKTep Harrltx enrrpa$cKux Hanaaa ocraje nejacuo.
HoHa-

rpa,rly -nponuuquje. Mnoro uHTepecaHrnuiw Hero cawa Turyila Merponone ie craTyc_ KonoHuie, rcoju TecarIoHI4Ka no6raja 3a BpeMe AeUuiS,

oKo 250

crojr.r y BeBu ca HajeaAama l-ota. I-lo TaSenY, To ie 6uo ie,u.unra HaqfiH .[a ce y onaj ir.oraAa cno6oAaH rpajl nocTaBH pl,lMcl(a nocaAa, roja 6n c ycflexorvl Mor,la Aa ra o46pann.8u) V cnanorvt

r. Mncru ce ra

noloxaja

ttonoHnje

MaKeAoHujapx 6p.2 xoa Karauy,ruca, H.,A., crp.5l). [paja ll r. (nanpuuep, l(axaqy,ruc je noryurao. ,u.a yrBpjllr xponononajy cBxx narnt4ca Hi rbjuna ce cnortrMrby MaKeAoHulapcu 14 .u.ouao je ,no aaxJbyqKa.u,a o,u, l9 nosnarux mare.uonajapaxa I0 npnrra4ajy cHrypHo lll r., a aa ce nuie.u,an He Moxe ca curypnouhy craB:4ru y l! B. Hanporun, o.u.5 noaHarlrx rip.pepeiE ro6 r<orr.o6, rpojuua nprna.u,ajy lr., ieaan rpa,y I r4Jrlt roqerKy ll r., a nrje.uax lll n. .roon Tora KaHauynfic Mucnl/, La cy riptrrepei,E ror5 roryofi u ,t,lareAorIjapx .u.Ba ilMeHa 3a }lcro 3Babe, -c rt4l,/, ra ce ruryna mareAour.rjapxa noqena ynorpe6maBaril TeK y lll a. Vcrpaxusarua Kanauytuca cy Bpno rHTepecaHTHa 14 MoxAa he ce u onaj n eroa 3aKJbyqar( noKa3arr4 iaqirrartl. Xeirlm c-aM9 na yKaxem Ha fl3BeCHe HeCfirypHOCTl,t y Jlz,ToBatby HaTnr4Ca: dpXrepetg Hfijapx (gp. I0) HMa cJn4'{Ho rme: Trp(iprog) K},a66ro6 llpeioxoE, rberoBa fiepra ce rarofe sone Tu6epria Kaayaraja, a xena Orinr.rja (ibid. ctp.60). Htro ,Ioi,).ro; TaKo l,a cy u_-rBa mare.u,onljapxa, orarl
.Hr4Je._cr4lypHo 'Ir.1'evo_E.u_'Io6).rog Mjlpro;-us

'

cJryqajy, npaBHU noaoxaj TecaloHilKe ce nuje mnoro LBMeHH0 Tu Me uTo ie nocrana KonoHuja, jeP ce To AoroAHJIo oHAa KaAa cy Beh Hecrajale pas,rilKe y crarycy noieAnHt4x rparoBa. Ha narnr{cuma H HoBuy neAecerux H LueaAecerl4x ro,u.l4Ha lll n. TecaJroHr{Ka Hoct4 TuTyny MeTponone ,l KonoHilie. flocleAn H ,u.aToBaH HaTnHC Ha KOMe TeCa.nOHuKa I4Ma Ty TllTyJly noTl4'ie ue 261 r.86) Hraje 6ea aHTepeca Ha oBoM Mecry cnoMeHyTLt ra ce ua jegHotvt Hainucy raa 337 r. Tecalortt4Ka SoBe npocro ,,Oeddo)rovtxt[ov
f1 r<i),tE".87)
8e)

6p. l, Trp(6pro;) KLa66roE Aroy6r,r1g,-i:rannei je y I B. Ha ocHoBy urela u ofauxa.nuc,u^a (KauauyJl4c, H. ,u,., crp. q4 u n.); melyrum, r jenau MareAou Cun, lll- n. (Kana:uyitlc, i. ,r., crp. 56 H [.). .18) Cormack, JRS 33 (1S43), irp. a2' u a. lnper,ra Kanauyruc, H. Jl., crp. 12, np. 5; MeHr HeAocrynno). le) Kanauyahc, H. Ir., crp. 12 u 42.
a0) A1!r9cl1a-

nouerry

crp.343: ,,Gewohnlich wird unter Metropolis die Hauptstadt der Provinl verstanden (npram.: Procop. de aed. 5,4 ,,tg oi, 6i xcri eiq prltporz'6)"ecu; &$iopa I])r,)ev, oiitcu yrip zr6llv <iv rpor.rrlv tori ni')*oo; rcr),.orior'Pcupcior". Allein in Asien gab es, wenigsterts im zweiten und dritteir Jahrhundeit mehrere Metropoleri.. . In andein Provinzen hat das
ar) Cf. Marquardt, n. :r.,

83) Kanauyat{c, H.

lll

B. crp. l6l; o puBanfirery Tecalosnrce r 6epoje, Hapoquro s.,-yn. CaebJer, Z.f.N. 24 (1904), crp. 335 r a.

Ha

4., crp. 15, np.

9.

Vorhandensein mehrerer Metropolin seinen Grund

^libe-ra_: Piin. V, 7-g; Axrsoxlia, ce.u.uurre cilp,lcK-or CIC 2810, cf.^Ko_rnemann, RE !qpp_1. lV,.gB4 s. v.; Mar?1uardt, 416 u 430. 3a Tapcoc s. RE Zw. R. lV (lg32j Z42Z: 2426 !:[.,.crp..-394, ,ge) (R n Marquardt, x. .u.., crp. 388. 8r) B. oArr4vny' cryauiy H. Caebler-a, Z. f. N. 24 i1904) 245 u t.; f lereKu.u,r.rc, H. A., crp. 83 fi ,u,. pacnpaBJba o pa3Hrrm rutylaia roje i6 -(Ha 'y

KonHoHa:

vinzen aus verschiedenen, 'inIri.iher selbststiindingen Theilen zusammengestellt waren...; sowohl Asien als in Bithynien aber I:nden wir, daB tei dem eitten Stieben der meisten Stiidte nach einem besonderen Tilel die Wtjrde der Metropolis als ein blosser Eh.-enname verliehen wird".
as;
ao1 azy

darin, daB diese Pro-

faiel, Thess. p. XXXV|ll.

Tecaaonura HocxJra

pa3Hr4M rom6aHaqujaMa oBr.rx

HoBuy-u nainucu,ua) roxy lll [,, oanocHo o rpHjy ruryaa (neokdros, metropolis, koloneia).

REC, Bull. dpigr. 1948, 124, 125.

nerei<uauc, u.,u,., clp. 86. Ath. Mitt. i900, crp. i 17; ea AaroBarr,e oBor narnfica a' Robert,

158

Marceaoncr<u rpa.qosa

y pu,ucro ao6a

.ll,or+a Marenouuja
.

MrrAonHja

159

pacre r{ }beHa yJrora y ucro'nocraje puia Vlcroqnor puMcKor cne nr"qnulaJr) Ona -uapcrBa Je ne caMo Merporrona MareAoHuje, neh flocreneHo opepacTa y .(pynu ro peAy npag Br4BaHTr4cKe .rpxaBe. V moj ce HaJraBe $,apcxa [Bopu-l.,, y rtoj jg ce.[Hure npe$exra nferopraja aa vlaupur<, L ruoj MnTporoJriala Maneaonraj6 r.r enaapxar l4iro,rHor Vl trwpurca.Tec aronurca je jeaira og rrajs na.iajnujHx I jrra I{a pcrn a,ss) rbeH MHTpo[oJil.tr say3aMa y norzqajat]la enHcKonraja [eTo Mecro,
Jtpr4cKor MHTponofHTa. Tecan_onuKa nocTaje jeaan o,R r(ynTypHHx ueHTapa cBora BpeMeHa. Saxaaroyjyhra oArflvHHM BH,(r4HaMa oHa ce yclleulHo cynporcTaBJba cBr4M ysacTo[Hr4M Hajea,qanna BapBapa, H HaAxHBJbyje 6ee nefiHx Kpr4aa [ponacT aHT?tqxor cBeTa. Maxoluxo ,u,a cy apxeoJroruKa [cTpaxulalba y MaKeAoHo.ll,Max HBa pl4McKor, qapurpaAcKor, aHTfioxHcKor

y IV B. BHar{aj TecaroHuKe

llceyno-CKuJraKca, KojH ra TaKobe craBJba y dnueuay noMeHyror jeaepa.e2) Atrw je rpal Beh paHuie nocrojao, jpp je cavyaan rberoB HoBau v3 npBe qerBpTH lv n.e3) MoNna je uarpafeH .133 r. Ka0.a je, npenna Tyrcranu,uy, I-lep,u.utta HaroBopt4o Xalrufane na Ha[ycre npuMopct(e npaAoBe H Aa ce, AoK Tpaje paT

Altureonujn.sr) [4arco ce Ty roBopr,t o rpr4BpeMeHoM npeceJbaBa[by, naje ucrryqeHo Aa je Auolouraja HacTaJIa ToM npt4JII4KoM, qHMe 6u ce o6jacHnre r,r rbeHe KyJITHe Beae ca XarxnfaHrarvra u
O,rrHronn.eb).

ca Aruruaurnna,

HaceJre

oKo Orurrra u oro jeaepa Eol6e

aJIeKcaH-

orKonaHn - rcojra per{r4To cBeAoqe o rueHoj crannoj flpounocrt4.o,) HajaaxHuia rpaa Mrzr,qoHraje nocne Tecaronuxe 6una je, ANO.,IOHHJA KoJrHKo ce 14B l,laBopa MqKe BHAeTfi, Anonorrraja ('Ano).iovtcr), nrraBHa craHHria na.via pgnatia rsnnely_Tecalonr4Ke r4 ArvrsdncJba. Haraeura ce jyxHo o,q jesppa Eol6e, rzarvrefy pexa Arvrr,tra v OnranrnjaKa.',) Hajcrapaju noMeH oBor. rpa4a ilMaMo KoA
rur4Hr4

croj rvrerporroJru orexaHa s6or rora uro cy ce Ha rleHoj TepHropuin efioxe cmerbrrBaJre 6ee rpeKr4.u.a u uTo xr4Bor y nbl jbur Teqe, r4rraK noc, ojr,t He MaJro apxHTeKToHcKr4x H Apyrux cnoMeHHKa r{B aHTr4srcor ,u,o6a - 6uno Aa cy ce car{yBa ilu Ha noBp_
u.iln

Anononraja je iegan oA qeTupl4 rpar,a KoiuMa je @ranHn V ;lo3BoJIHo, 187 r., KoBarbe 6arapnor HoBua.nu) Aoquuje ce oHa cnoM14[be Ko.[, B14txe nucaqa: crpa6oHa, flrl.lHraja, llroaeMeia H lp. Aorc llro.nervrej BHa camo 3a jeAHy Anononajy - MHrAoHI,tcKy,e') flauuuje I4x ctlomnrbe .u.Be, jea.Hy y Mur.u.oHuiw, a Apyry na Arocy.ss) Behuna HayqHHKa MucJlt4 Aa je lllr,tHraje oBe nonaTKe ySeo I43 ABa paSHa UsBOpa, a Aa ce o6a oAHoce Ha Mur:.'.pvr[.. Oeaj XerecaH/LpoB Qparmenar, caqyBan ro.u, Areueja, .moxe ce o.1Hocurt4 caMO Ha ,Uninonlrcry Anolouajy, uaro ce y lbeMy Anolourja 3ose Xo).KrDrr<q (yn. 'l'afel, Thess. crp.238, Ko4 K-orq cq yo_cr?_JIgM_1-Ie

\a cy

88) CBeAoqaHcrBa o rome a,a je TecaJroHuKa npBn rpaA Mareaonraje MerpoloJra y paHoB143aHTr.,cKo _4o6a npa,'ruqHo mnoro6pojHa. ropopy roju je Kao us36p oApxao 356/7 r. ciaa,y uapr4rre Eyc-e6r.rje, Jylujax._Anoc.raTa Kaxe: "Ap' or5v drr. 1pr) 6r,i p.er!6r,tov rercpr;piov- 6q)"o6.,: tr{are6or..ia-.rccrt pey&}q rd ap5o$ev.1-.!r.orro; ruirrlE cbg dv6o$og piv autrlE co rpucoiov i1 lt6).16 ereivq, iiv dveorrldcrv, tre66r.trov oipar. @errcr)"c6v, r'r,g xrrr'
r{- H,eHa

cy y

6i

ixe'ivo:v 6:r<ovupov- vrr<q; (107 d., ed. Bidez, p. 79), a Ma,'ro AaJbei "Ozl 6ri f ivoE pir,' ctnr{r (rj. [apilUe Eyce6uje) op66pa 'E]..].qvu<6r,, 'E]"].l1r,cuv rd;v rd,r-u, nai:r6).rE 11_pr1rp6no).t; r{g Marce8otia; (ll0b, ibid. p. 82) Ha xoNqrary y CaparauH (347), enucKon coJryHcra Aeruje pexao je: Or5r d1-r'oe,r"e 6rro'n rcri zq)"ircq royX&ver l rtlv_ @eoocr)"orrucr1ov prlrp6no)"rg (Mansi, lll p. 17, l8). Theodoret. hist. eccles.5, 1.7: ,,@eoocr)"ovir<q r6).rE, 6ori pef iorq rcri rro).oqv,)pcurrog* (V ner)..Exp. mundf,5l: ,,Habet (Macedonia) civitaterir splendidam Thessalonicam, quae est et ipsa una eminentium". Cf. Tafel, Thess., crp. 28 u t., u1e cy ua6pojaua .cBe,u.oqaHcrBa r{ sa .u.ounuje BeKoBe. 8e) y SpanmeHry Jlr.rorleuujanoBor. E.(Hrra o ueHama xoiu ie o6jasraa Elsa Rose Graser, Transactions of the Amer. Phil. Assoc. (Lancastbr), 7l (1940), na6pajajy ce najeeha rprrcraHfirura nllnep,.tje; ruely ruuma je u

nocraBrba nhrarbe nocrojarua rpyre Ahonorluie; Beloch, Ct.C. l\,1 (19221) crp. 103, np. I; u Gaeblei, Zur-Mtinzkunde Makedoniens Vlll, Z. f. N. i6 (1926), irp. tga). floruro'ce Ammites ra Olynthiakos yrr,lnajy y ieeepo Eo.r6e, rpha roiu.otttt onrornaraiy Mopao ce Hana3uTl4. ceBepHo .oA nraHuHcKor .nauua roju npeceua Xalrtl.u,t4.K; ocIlM Tora,-y ll n., xaga ie xnneo Xerecan.u,ap, nuje tuorro 6nru apyre Anoloxtzje xa XalrHA14Ky, ceM MHr.r,oHHcKe. CynpilrHor je muurrserua Hirschfeld, RE ll-(1896) crp. ll4, s. v. Apollonia, Nr.'3. .ll.a Ce y MaKeAoHcro .u.o6a nojam Xalru,u,uxa npourapyje u'na iyxru Aeo MurAonuje oro jesepa 6ol6e, ,u.oKa3 ie vrruenuqa Aa ce na ieiruor'r ,u,ersucrom HarnHcy (n. ni.rxe nPuM. 124) u Aperyca, rpa.u, Ha ceRepor4cTory Ano;ronuie, naauea xaJIKl4AI'ltlKI4M rPa.u.oM. e2) Ps. Scyl.66:'Ape,)o0oa'EtrtrqviE, Bo)"p,i ).ipvq''Aro)').cuvrcr,'E).).qviq' , ss; Caebler, H. Jl., crp. 195 I n. fe6nep- je uosau ca Harnl4com Ano.roxaje 1.puttlcao mr,rrAonucroi Ano;r_onuju 56on rora uro cuarpa ,U,a ie

io Oro j'e.quHn rpaA rora HMe.Ha y Mar<e,u,ottr,rira. NlelyruM' ,u,a je lancra v ItrTatl)V HOBaII M]IrAOHt4CKe AnOlOnuje a ne XaJIKI4.U.l4IlKe, .lI,OKaB Cy npeTtrru. pi6e u nrtltte Ha noBuy, roiama ie o6unoealo ierepo 6ol6e.

Tecaronura.

so; V 6lr.rsHuu Falepr.rjeaoruyKa, HeAaJreKo o,u, naJrare rojy je npe oBon para ucKonaBao E. .l[urae, orKpr4o ie He[asHo X. Maraponac BeJrxKy oKraronanHy 3rpaAy, !e_gma crHrrHy J[ilorrerrHjaHoBoM rlraysonejy y Cnlury, aln nehux pa3Mepa, cf . Maxaponac, To drcrd,l'ovov r{g @eooa}.ovirq6. flparrucri 'Apx. 'Er. 1950. Arung 1951, crp. 303 a a. B. ra Maraponac, Xportd ci.pxcno).o1'u<&, Mccre6or.rr&, 2 (1951), crp. 3 ra n. (cenapara). -riv

sl; Thuk. I, 58: Kai IlepE(rcra; rrei,)er Xa).rct8tag rriE 6ri ")crtrctoorlt z6trerE ir).re6r.ccr; r<cri rcaccrpa).6vrag, crvorrcioco,)cn 61 "O}.uv.)or', piccv te rr6)"lv ratcrlv ,loropdr. folllocro,)crr. roig r' dr<).rao6or co'bror.; r{6 6aotori YlS zEg re Moy6o\.iaE :Irpt'r;" BoIl3f v ).ipr.q.,. d6cur<e r'6peo.)cu, 6or; dv 6 z'pdE 'Atlrlva'ioug t6).epog {' gs) y rope noMeHyroM Xerecan.uponotu @parMeHry., Athen. Vlll,^ll, rOBOpl4 Ce O Ky,rry xepbca O,'IHHrOca y AnonOxujr.t. Tafel, Thess. Crp.24.0, ;;;;;; ra cy iairy,bauu na o6lacrr Orunra 6unu ocuusavn Ano-nonrie, i;i. i; npec6,lro utn' flepy,uKa il,'I14 @u.nun ll, nocle Pa3apa16-a oannra' Hdsal Airolonaje c noqeiKa lV s. ucxrbyuyie ony Apyry moryhuocr. Vn. lu Hirschfeld, n. t't.
oo;

zeprpplooolr' 'AppirqE r<qi 'O).ur',yrar<6;' d.r-puMouor E' ciprp6zepol

el) Athen.

Vlll, ll

(c.33a):'Aro).),cur"fav

Xcrtrrcr8r.r<ilr'E6o rrorapoi
ei6

crlv B6lpqv

irLin. tV, gZi ,,oppidum in cacumine fuit Acrathoon, nunc s-unt Urrnop6tis, Pala'ehoriiini,'Thyssus, -Cleonae, Apollonia cuius incolae Nt[a.-Uii'cbgriominantur,. il nars-e, lV,'.38:..,,et r-egio Mygdoniae subiacens, in qua recedlntes a mri'i Apollonia, Arethusa."

sz1

Caebler, Die antiken Mrinzen,ll, crp. 47.

*i

ptol. lll,

12, 33.

,160

Mareaoucru rpaaosr y puilcro ,(o6a

JIona Manenoxuia

Mur.nonrja

l6l

AoHr4cKy Ano.nonujy. fe6nep je rdaHeo .rlyxoBr4To o6jauruerue, npeMa KgMg ie flnr.ftil.rje norpeuHo npovurao y cnofo HsBopy . ,rpoE re "A0? yMecro ,rpds- rcp 'Acfrp, re je o,u, rioflarra xoju cL oAHocr.f Ha AnoroHr4jy y lLmpnjw craoprao Anononr,rjy na Arogy.") A.nu, To 6ra eHa,{ulo npernocrasrru .qa je flnrinHje, xojra Je, K-ao uTo ce 3HA, ql4TaBe peqeHHIIe il ojLJIoMKe rlpeytst4Mao HB

ffipe.na ltin. Hier. 38, npema ltin. Ant. 36. onn. 37 numa''o') To Bflaq!,f &a le r,|srvrefiy Arvror,|norn a w TecaJIoHI4Ke 6UnO Ha Via npemauryie ng"ilii6r'rey 10 iiuma; neruro npeKo I00xrvr, uro RpaBy pasAaJbr,rHy uarvrely oBa ,u,Ba rpaAa. 36or Tora, c. o6aw-

caojrax ugBopa, nefi

ruro je rrcKJby-rpaAoBl4Ma Anoaonujy I npbE rop 'A,irQ, 'o6iacnnru qeHo. M'raclurvr Jta ce Ha 4pyru Haqnn Moxe xario ce Ko.q flnraHraja loiaarala Ano,roHuja aTocKa. Krnyv aa paByMeBarbe naje narvr crpaGonos no.rarak o Auorouujw na pry'xojia, y BeJTHKOM crpra,uoncKoM SarHBy, CTBapa MaFb[ saJruB npema ATocy: eiq p6,vzot rdnptpbE &xpa riq L6rw notoDda rdv x6Lrov npdE rdv _A'}cu, qri).-rv Bdxrlxrrig -rr1v 'Aro).)"ruyicrv.r0o) He Moxe Ce pehlz na 6r,r onai Qparrrrenar 6uo y cBaKoM norniray jacaH, na ril4 rberoBa HHTep[pera4aja He Moxe 6uru crarypnh. Aro 6n pr, o KoMe je oa4e pge, u4enrraenKoBao ci' prorrr Kanole I l.raru Ha ceBepHoj Hrraqu Aroca, osaa Auononuja noja ce Ha rbeMy_ Harasur,a He Moxe 6uru [pyra Ao aTocKa. Onaj ttoAa.lr.HqKHM-

usaopy Haurao Meby

aTocKr,rM H xaJrKH-

polr Jla ne snan6 npandu Kperalba. nyra' H.Hcry y-"9tyl1ot11 Aa yTBpAI4MO HI4 TaIIaH nO.nOXai AnOlouuje. Urvtarpa Ce ,u.a-le rpeba TpalryiuTu Ha cpe!.rbem Aeny iyxne o6ale jesepa Eor6e, Hb:,qariarurle fiolune.lo3) V ltin. Hier. Auononrajh je oanaqeHa Kao mansio, a He Kao civitai. 3Haqra rrr{ To na ie- y rvrefynpegeHy^ n_sry6ura npaAcl(y caltoynpaBy, H Ka.[ ce To Morno-noio.Uurra? Kon.Crpa6ona ce jegaH oA MI4rCno,\t615e Kao noJII4c, KoE llrolemeja raxole rao
.LOHHCKT4X

rpaAoBa, aJrr4 Hr4 ienHo Hlt .upyro cBeAoIIaHcTBO He *oxr 6uru'curypaH Uoxaa ,[; ie y Crpi6oHono u fltorerueiero ie T9 uTo lo6a Anononraia sancTa 6una-civitas. Haiuynrrraieruro 6u anactlrlcKy' y XrajeporloBoM u su irana E* Anoronraja sH.rro aa ie oHa [o.q, rpaj anruKe noHoBo nocTaJla caMocTaJIHa onrrrru.iorl He rnoxe 6uru cyMrbe-na ie Anononraja xojy cno-

rax 6u nornp!r,rnao fiauHajeqy necr o nocrojarby,


JIa

qt4H.n MH Ce,-4a ie jeaan oBaKo soprvryrrracan'nbtarar, Kao uro ilaM ra 4aje crpa6onos Spar,vrenar, Morao nocraTu rsBop l-lnraHujene BeSTpr o uercoj r,rHaqe nenoenaroj Anoronr,rjra na Arocy. aa AnongHr,ljy rpe6a rpax(Hrr4 jyxno on jeaepa -3naiyha Eor6e, Moxemo caMo nprz6nHi<no yTBpAHTH neu noroi<aj ira ocHoBy orcro_jarra AaTHx y rarraHep'apr,iirarvra. flpema Jlunrajy,tor; Anonouuja je 6rara ua jegax aaH nyra o,u, Arvr0nnoJba, uTo ce nor-

je y rrurarby He Kaso-l-lnaru, aeh pr Meprvrep-Eipny, xojn ce HaJraBH Ha ucrovnoj o6alr,l Xalrcr"[rra, npeKo nyTa pra Kano-llraru, t4' BarBapa aaruB_ rrpeMa Arocy. v oaorvl tryvily, AnoaoHHja o_-rcojoj je r(oA crpi6oua perr Moxe 6urw 'cariari MHrAOHt4Cra. vOCralom, 6ulo 6ra vylno na Crpa6on nraje cfloMeHyo onaj snavajaH rpag. Hapaan6, nuje raqHo Aa ce AnonoHHJa HaJraBUna Ha camoM pry, jep ce Ha. .[pyrrx HsBopa BHa, KaKo he,vro BHAeTH, aa je 6utra niOre y yHyrparurrocrri. I4uar,

nope.u, Milr.[o.HHcKe, H arocKe Anolonraje. Mefiyrrann; uarreAa Mu LepoaarHrje, 6rulKe cMr4cJry_^cauor iexcra--crpa6ononor SpamureHra,

*r[.

[ro,,ba ra Heanolraca,

Xrj.pbnrle MilrAoHucKa, I4aKo je naaegena rasrraefy Aru$ujep o .noCrolafiy ngep-ucge Anolonrie y puucxo Lo6a HeMaMo HHKaKBHx nop.aTaxa.lu') [a ce Mr4r,u,oHHCNa AUoloHuia oJr.pxana Kao caMocTanaH u aHauajaH rpa[ no npaia aHTr4Ke ,[qKal ie u.uutseHHua .[,a Je *rirt,i*'o y'Notitia 6piscopatuum Cod. Paris' 1555- A, Kao

nOrvrarbeHy coJIyHcKoi nnurponoluira.loc) I,,laro osa moruquja ripercranrna noanuiy xorvruula[uiY, c npogsBoJbHI'lM LoIaULtMa H I43[AeHaMa, Te He OlpaxaBa ie4nO BpeMeHCKI4 O'U,pe(n' $.no cTarbe, HapOt{t4TO ulTO Ce TuI{e CoJIyHCKe MI4TpO[OJIuje

.nrcxonrly

102)
'

"p.miAtuqplrnora Ta6yn-a l-lojruurepuiana^u lti-dO'*rr"d. Oa Anoloruj;-'[o oz. 3l Mr4Jby, a ltinerarium l-lierosolvmrlanum flsaxsno ie Ch. Makaronas, Vii-egnitia and Tfiessalonike, Stu-ties pre'se;iffio Drvid Moore Robinson, I11950) crp.3B0 u r',H& ocHo^By Teiliiuipri" ao*ueuo ,u,a pnMcK1' Lpyrrr nuje' nio,raluo- Kpo3 caM rpannyra ca-'Ioxr.rKv. KaKo ce locd,ua N.ucttuJto, neh Aa je ncrounu Aeo oBor oo,tr*bao'rcon Colyna o.ll T3B. Jlerajcre- rannle, Kperao 9-" y npl"^ry-^t:
nerarium Antonini .u.aiy
ros)

Hier. 88'puMcKux

Peut. r ltin. oA coayua u.o Anolonule. 6nlo je^rpema Tab. tiin. Ant. 32O-27'nusa, a' Itin. Ant. 331 ini,*t

nylo cnaxe c orcrojarbem o.[ 31,


xdje aajy
ss) 14T14Hepapraja.

oa

oAHocHo JZ pwncxe MnJbe, Anononraje ,u,o TecaroHnrie 6raro je

Caebler, Zur Miinzkunde Makedoniens Vlll, Z. f. N. g6 (1926), crp. I94.'Ch. Elson,.Class. Phil. 42 (1947) gg, n. Tg,raroNe cMarpa Aa ce o6a no.u.arra l-l.rrraHrzjeBa oAHoce Ha Mr4r.AoHr,icrcy A'nol oniiy. I-louro no.u.araK noiu,{e oll u3BoAa (epiiome), y io,ue ce He Moxe.yBeK rpaxfiTr,l HeKa He[ocpeJLHa ",Ionuqria resa mely peqeHfiuaMa, TeuKo je uaBprrrr4rfi eMeHgauiljy. flo cnucay, nourro je y rirararuy pr Mep,uep-6ypyn (8. AaJbe), oqeKuBa,to 6u ce Heuro Kao. ,,stE [i* ro dvrrr<p0,,. tor; Liv. XLV. 28.
too; Str.

Vll, frg. 35. lloqeraK oBe

peqeHuue

je ouuueAHo

,rcKBapeH.

rocrao 6.ii;-lt"iini. Tur,re ie orcer( nyia Tecarouure-A.m6unors rrrro Jryxr4 ,.ro .ro-i;-siOen"x6n, ninprmen, xo4-[i6pert-a, FOA XVll, Tecaaonure I4Ae nPaBo npema ucroKy' npeKo xopraqa' rle on torl Hier. 640, 3. ,ti ijiischt.fh,'ng tt (1896) crp. 114, s. v. Apollonia, Nr. 5, ocranna orBoDeHo nfiTalbe La il4 ce Ko.ll Xujeponla cttomxrue MilrAoHl4cKa utv le6re-pono i,i.J,i.-,i"- A;;;;;,G. Honigmann, ad^Hier. 640, 3, HaBo.u,r4 ca1o nocroia'a ienna ;;,il;;;,'|.-i:"N.'3o iieriti aiP'le0 ra n., 'rI.3.ie arai6 vaeo y- o6aup nueplrcKv riioi6i,ril y M;K;ro;iir. Vtr"ipu, Fe6nep Anolonniy,'Koia He cnaAa y Marenouuiy y.yxem cM-LlcJIy' ""--'-i;j'i.XOnrAuprC,'et'*pXrrrrro,.orcti- r<ai- prlrpor6)rer; ro0 Oixouper.*ori
II.:rot.;.pieiou rcri
-,,'J.i.5ri"
11

eepa aao6u.llaeehu-noc,'Ie,q,[be orpaHKe Xopraua H I(Po3 KJIaHaIL AePBeHU eifirrjao y o6.nacr lerepa Jlanraia, olraKo KaKo ro stltp.t1 vt Mo!.epaH nyr He-

anr.-ri', Arraua 193t,

crp'

49'

]lare.u,orcxu rPaaosu

11

ocHoBy oBe noruqrzje' He TBp,qHTH Aa' ce enracronuja AnonoHuje o4px<ard .u,o -MoxeMo a. xurifcu oorrno orhi c[HcaK, arrfi cBaKaKo MoxeMo rBp,[r4TH'Aa je OHa itin-raa -Anoronocro_jana. A ro je aa Haue nr{Tarbe ocHoBHO. RrO G auja 6wna ce,(Hlxre euutronuje, aHavn ra je onu'-Arii u.rrn ,

Ita 6u

HanpeA crp.26, [pr4M. 30 u 3l), r4naK ne,uoryhe je nperno cTaBuTu Herca enncnonuja y noj MorJra 6uru H,Brr,rnruJbeHa. Ha

vil

riivii

sHavajan npa6.

Jepuca, anw unaK He TaKo AarreKo Aa He 6r.r jEaua- frrinonri, Monrra a,a o6yxaaTu reptroprajy ra jeaHe u Ipyre. O6jaurnerue rl ,rpdg rr1; "A.}co 6pet xetp6vq --norieha uac na MaJIo npe uI,!Tr4paHH [oAaraK US crpa60HoBe etIHTOrUe ra naje rrcrcrnyveHo r,a lrMa HCTo flopeKJro. [4nrepecaHTHa je u oeneruxa: iirtE ioi. ',O].uv,.)o; 6y6vero. l-lperco oBaKBr4X Ha OqflrJre.q [orpeurHHx rto,u,araKa He rpe6a [peJraar4Tr4 Kao npeKo r4gmr.rruJbenui crnapr, uuh rpu6a noxyLuarr4 .(a ce o6jacrig KaKo je Ao rbr4x .qou,o. Oiry^u
BHsaHrr,rcKon4

.cy ttpouertanw une. V rrann ctlHcKoBI{Ma rplr Mecra Aa*Ce Auononraj, nounrje inula,lepir.oc, 'Arro).)'ruvia f1 vDv 'Ieprdd,g, rl ,rpgg tq "A$cu 6d;;;;lra;rrrrr;) ; na jeunonn -Mecry FIeulTo apyxqHje:'Aro),Lcuvia 11 vov 'Iep,do6E, ijrrg. rai "oruv.)oE 6,y6,vero.1os) Kaxo oljacnuru ose noAarre? TaQe.rr ju, n1 rbux BaKrbyqr4o Aa ce Ha Mecry .q,o,Ioriu. 9llouy Jepuca, rj. ceaepHo oA Aroca, HaJraB,rra HeKa nuoriorilii *41, rpe6a paBJrnKoB aru oE MnrAoHucKe.ron) Me$yrrarr,r, yfitb;;, j". .u,a ce Ha Mecry Jepuca HaJragr4o aHTnrrKr4 rpZt Arcigr. fr,lox"qu ce Besa ur,uefiy aHTr4sKe AuoroHuje r.r cpe,urbeBeKoBHor Jepraca Mo)Ke o6jacHr.rrra ,Ha raj HaqkH, rirro jd Jepuc uacr..qro erlr4_ cKorrcKo ce,[urrTe AnonoHr,|je, KaAa je ona irpajervr crapor BeKa pa3opeHa. Anolonuja ruHr,qoHlacra ie".qoayue .qocra ,qaJreKo o,u.

glojf

cKoBHMa I'Paltoaa nojra

I-locneArsl4 tIoMeH Anononaje r4maruo

---l&tlglnie- Mapro AHraie 3a cBe cn-oje sacnyre npema Ma*t{9^n'j1: t^T:i jl.ir, a rmfouraTo Ba ciainy no6eny na.u, fa,raTgIua Ko,u, Apra' xoiorrr ie cnacao rpaJl, o,( rlJbaqKe H- nycrouema'llo) V narnncy iI'ino'"r;t fl Arlruiov Bouril ncri tie'sqpo( u oi Aqru[ov ro),.trdpxcn. Haiuu'c je re I 19 r. rpe H' ' " HajcTapllle cBeAOqaHcTBO O- Jleru je HoBau c HaTnl',tcog 14 480 _r. npe H. e."') -\ETAiCjN;-i,oj, ce s,aryie uarvregy 500 ce Kao caMocTaJIaH no--rltc H

-4gge-lylereA elvll

163

Br{BaHTr,rcKr4M

Cnu-

Ha

ivl.i.iri;-Til;"nrrxu.

.Ilera je 6r,1lra nhnpe.qan rpa4 L olpxaJla v xeJleHuciu,txo 4o6a, IlaKo ce HaJIaBHna y HenocpeAHom [dunraie ce oHa cnoMl4.[be.. ri.r6racxrix Teopo.u,oxa, Ko,[ flluuuia, [Iroremeja.ra Uretpana u oKonfiHrl nafeno Je HeKoJI.HKo Breinrrcnor.lt2) V cely Ainarra "ese6a,11s) norunrut.-HaTIlI.q rpojuue HaTrrHca -- Jrer cno*.nrrc HaTnuc ..ooino"a foronra111a 14 rpuny (")eoiq' xa\ Ji) rr6)"et),11a) He'u'aJIeKo y ceny nateu .(pemurlaB,' -;;-qapa Becnaauiana, ; ra p.pyrux cnorueHuia . ioju _ nornplyiy cneHBBOpa o noCfOiarby oBe rpa,U,c6e OungTepapHr4r X,oqaiCrna

y-9:I:II

lo'n:iifi.rj -

lo6a. He sHaMo uiiilu 6u1o c rp-a.u,oM y tIosHoaHrl4IIKo 'u,o6a. y BuaaHTycro 'u'o6a -'?ewt"'i(' V XuiepoKJloBoM curairy ra nerua,'Mefyrilm,

r.ilTHHe 14 y Ptrmcro

;#;il;"i.-.nir.*onriu

,u,a ]e irocr'py*r,l naails enucKonr4ie nporymaq14o [pe_IngcTaBKoM p.Uriri Hacne,u,r4na enrcKorcKo ceLI4llTe Jlere y-BpeMeHy KaAa je Ona [OqeJIa Aa OIIa[a r-r.nra ie CaCBuM HegTa.lla1l6,) nOurfO Ce cIIoMHrbe y BxBaHTIc[?M ,lI.oKyMeHTI{Ma' irennuna -n;;; BpJro qecToEu.rlgronuja Ait!( xai 'Pevrivqg npBl'r nyr ; 6r SHar{rlJIO' aKO npuxBaTO "ralbnnorur.rl?) n.118) lX rpaierrr ie nOCne,U.OqeHa rymaqerbe, r,a Jlera--nuie Burre nocroiara v ir;;t;A;;;;; io nooi, orp ne kao BeJIIIKI4 rpa.q,' Melyrum, aKo noKJIoHI4Mo

4i"qs rui

]19:I-.i:. 9:?j

'

TeKcr oBe Bpcre Morao je ,u,a 6y,q. rroBo.q r.ueurr,r@uKoBarry oBa A,Ba ,q,aBHO HsyMpJra npaAa. o xojartaa (uapovraro'o crapu_ ieu) BusaHrr4rrrH Hucy Mornu unarl Hery oup.lLnr;/ np"riiury. JrETA JeArlnu rpa.q y MrarnoHujra, uopel TecarioHianu,'xojri iL *ox. TaqHo noKaJrHsoBarH eaxnarnyjyha enurpa$cxum Hllaarma je rlera (&.4). v. ceny Ajaarr," "6xo 12 ,[* ceBeporcror{Ho o,q coryna, naleu je ndenaiu Beiluqu HaTrrr4c na xomu ie-ei6ere-

6wna onnnr? cryvajaa- rpeuKa To He Moxe 6uru, u'.n npu n.pa3yMeBabe cTapl4x HSBopa, qecTo HCKBapeHfix [pe[[cr4Ba[beM, y rojran,ra ce duta cauyaana rpa.q,uuuja rioja je, irao ,io-.,*o B14AeJrn, .u,oBoAHna y Besy nocraHaK Auononraje H KyJrT xepoca Ornnra y Anoaonvfiu c .prnom Orrranrou. noiperurio -cirlt.n

reorpa$y

tIoMHCaO

Aa je AnoroHnja

Her(aAa

rlo) Ilr4Mr4ua, 6p. 675.


1rz1

rrri f,gfd-*Hirilftiii'iin. 176 (unr. noema Oberhummer, &E t. ,..-!.1.). 17; Plin. IV, 36;

Ftol.
s{r n

lll,

p1rrr".t,'itiiioa'"q*i;BCfi
s' v' X. tVtarap[,xac,'Xpowrd

45 (1921)

crp.

12, 33; StePh. BYz.

^crp' t-la,u.a-Y oqu Aa cetu 4eoiuq. P-1T: rJ;a'XfV? fi"inrt ni,ti. naroihn. y HM.HUMa Koia hmaly eQe6a, ocranux KoA nomina, ;;;--ri, "6ie-irii puMcKor n-n*il ifiriri-r,nqnoi Itll.,r" ia narponra'muKoxotrt, nema-truie[Hor cy ramo e;rererrra, a uyta rp".ifii. b. u ocrale cnoMeHI4Ke ua Jlere roiu crP. 21 u Y,. o6laalbeHu, -",--'iirf'[rniua, 22 r. H. e. ri. op.'ti-zq Harnuc !e Aaronan ca 170 r.,

113)

upXato]'o1'rx&' ]'Iaxe6ovtro'

(1951)'

crp, I70,

xeHa o,u,nyKa rpaAa Jlere .qa ce [oxBaJrr.r


rr?) Ap
roe)

pr,rMcKr,r KBecrop
II,

68:

'Aro)").ror-;a

g.

l,
i1

Berges, lil] $[IFTbf,trl:tus den .schatzkammern des Heirigen qecro cnoMHtbe y np,tm. ye il f dg 1norp..no croir nh ce Jltlre Jlure ce cnoarocKl.lg oo^yr"rr[iri, ldr g-e ycrnapn MucJ14 na PenAuny). 6pnjenuia, anu o ruoi ce roBopt4 ii,Li"iii,Gniiir ^i6iiv [or Hrair'rpopa Aitqg 6re).&<i:v),6uro Kao o rpaAy *otr'iJ'froiioi, (Sr,i tqi ).e1dp,evlg cy--rbenuT-^ii:I:l Hacerbe' 6ltlo

tot; App.

Tafel, Thess., crp. 68

lll,

iEproo6;, q rpog n,1,, "itirl -r.r3r.


93

l4_

u,App.

- ed. Burckhardt; App. ,la, ,ad Hier- Synecd.

ra

a.

'u'a ie-,na IseuoM o6e,rexaeare DyuesuHe, bnnocno Mecro r'u'e ce oHa u Yn. r Tafel. Th6ss., crP. 65 n' il21 fafel, x.1U. rta) Tatel, Thess,. crP' 65 n a'

ru.trv rlspatl<iHoBo.

HeKa'q'a HaJIa3uJIa'

ll*

E
-e

-i:e-x--E;;;:s

5:g ? i=EHT; : N
E

FF EsqE$:aiE:EB:i::pH

Ex

;BEE

tF

silri#ixiuffixu+*ii FF:i*Eii' iIifiiFlE iil*IiF; {:E lggitiiiiigliEgE;ii ilaE 'i;iiEsr*g }: if* Etr;r;+IE
iaiiiEiig :.*s nrE;' : t*g;e Fs IiHiilEE E$IsiEi:iigiE;

lg

l!

ir ;dii;i !53gii: l'1;ii ii [giq;'itiF{i ii;*i i ;tr I lgllrr { iilr

ixTmffig+iruilffiEii
g}:
EliHli-B$eBiiE IEE EEi

/a

iFii r

gEreri

:ffi:
= r: 'o A) E, {

al!
F

g!

Eiq-sF-"-{----;" SS-$i *
iS
EH
_E_gS

o.

>1,--

o o'!J A) ;'tr

-?6-9

;: Ec;;l*i i[igFc
9,
I _q"'
:uE

= rr = s -ArY(D rQo) = x =HE

e E *e,. {Elo

*H 3gE:E- $E E

a)

jE

;i=HEEe;EE=:p E:iEE:[;iEEE'UEg

ig1s*s.tE; iE fi f;,F f ? n=-

iiigil #E $u;=$ "; iF F I ;:iIE$E,;E:i3 *iiiEElEf,g:iE; { ni $>= -N'= Y 3 73*6" :9,F &.i";i:Hr; F ix s EEEiiEiEEBSEE;i ;;;:; i: =",36 I :' e-'P=?oi + (D' o =K = = ; I qE i a E E; 5B:$gg I I EeaE t;;iEE*i:E =5q.* 9 = ^GB *x' 7. s?3 E6<r s ;;i E.E;i:!; : i ilE !E: igB;i : F " e.'83 =1" tr = X * x s si E.i s I 6'E,4,: E :3 '"9o rjx ;; il 3; = * riE i; i ilaE*+EE i: I: a e 39q s 2.. *-3 d -Ii;*E3E;iEi * 8-'? A9 X r,r; i' u-, i=t:;ts:ETiaF il ;.'st e5 i 16
:j.or- o(r;
9p-jg'-<i

o E'E ? H 3 E t X e;' o:=x-o = x o! 6 X r !DD-1loOY


v

^ES-o= SHcpEE'

;=;si;3;x=HS

aEeaisEeEEE*ii:
o
A'
A) (D

3Ei:$E ;EEiEii[Ei!E

H
0)
I

6. 3,
E

q) (D= _ !{:*

rct

Ed

.7o a .i E ,r5 ]'i' -'q . u'

- crn =-!: ): = i,

P ,? :

'
R

'-

a :l

X
rD

=
E

!r a

-'

O-

0,

a.

',fi'a -i t,

r:5 q, x l-

l='ri i=

!D)=

I IrI -d-

f' +

1OJ-{^J a) !5

3.

X --o s o ir so, '13 {


l^,Sar()

rp

I
I

E -A
';

i sr rD< -J= Es a)r rDrd

>x-utg g

FISI I

gs gE

lo\ ICn

166

Maxe,qoncka rparber

y pr,ucro

aoda
o,u,pxaJrr4

puje. He BHaMo Aa nru AO pr4MCKe e[OXe.


Aruuoja [oju_

cy ce l-laprenouolb il Tupce

i. p.4.'n0)
Mellissurgin

oqrrreAHo

Kon firolemeja cnoMr4rbe ce y Mrar,qonHjn rpa.u Ka].iv6oto, je no_cnoj npnilu\u u.u,enruqaH c rpa,qom ''A]liv6ota Ko.d CreSaua BueaHrr.lcxor.lse) la nu ce uciu rpa,q rpraje r noa
HcKBapeHr4M r4MeHoM

ornpraruxe Ha norra nyTa raennely Tecanodure-u Ano.nonnje HaJraar.rna ce y_qqpcrco ,u,oda craHrr{a Mellissurgin aadelexeHa y ltin. Ant. u Ta1ynu l.lojrranrepwianu.tal) -

Huxanne Apyre [oAaTKe,o oBoM rpiny

l6prv6oE xoa XuieporJra, Ter.uKo


HeMaMo.

roPlbA

MAI(EAOHI,IJA
TJIaHHHCKe flpeAene .Ha

IvlaKeAOHCKe I(6TJ]HHe. LAs y cy ce Aaneroj lyoutrlocrr4 orra cnyc.rv;1,a fopru6 MaregoHuie MaKeLOHcKa rrJreMeHa Koia cy y [oMeHyToj paBHuq]l oKo ,4orbux

Ba[aAy H ceBepo3anaAy IIeHTpanHe

fopma MaxeAonuja o6yxnarana ie

ToKoBa Xalnarcmona, JlyAr,lje u Axcuia

ygapula TeMeJbe MaKenoncxoj ApxaBr.l) . ?_. Ernnqru ognooa y onoi npocrpaHoi oOJIacrH cy Bpno 3amprxeHr4, jep aHruqKU nncuu Hucy yBeK c1-flu:11.J,.y9.:':ty. uop-ercla [OjeAHHIrx rOp[bOMaKe.u,OHcKHx IIJIeMeHa. tr [II4pUI't Ha ]yry , hn p^ rd ten.py MeuaJrH cy ce c ,ManeAoHut4Ma ra craprajurvt jeguno no"op'o,luMa. Mebynrrn, y prarrri:ro ,u.o6a, roie Hac oBLe ilnilpu.ije, crnaf, c.'n-pyxuuje nocran6aiy: cBe o6racrr4 l(oie cy 6ule ipaino y cKnory MaKe.rr,oHcKe ApxaBe cMaTpaHe cy y

pirrvrCno .Uo6-a nnaxe4oncruru, 6ea o6supa Ha eTHI4tlKo nopeKno tbr4xoBor cTaHoBHH lxTBa. noiu* foprue Marer,oHuie-, KaKo HaM ra r,aiy I4sBopH' je canpennenoi JlurepaTypl'l rprnr4qHA lacair u o.npefeu. [4nar, y -florpetirtlo o1pebyiy rpard, no MoM MHLuJberby, pa3nuqpTo ce -|rtd*.,u,oHraje. ra^-rr ^ f,,ilarannurrio Tarn rz WOOdWafd Woodward Wace u Hlnpr,;rvrep, Wace Taxo, ,-rinnrmcn [rud foprru JhanxecrHAy' Eopaajy,_ o6nacrra Mane.u,onr.rjy ,Oiiiuiv' v fopny h;?;;;iriv, dpilrr4,u.y, napaiajv c Trarvrsaiirr'r u ErramprorntrY,')

il-

E;;r;ii;'nrnruirr:iy,

ialej'irui"rna V ts_oj inr,rcix LoprboMaKei.oHc1l4x o6tacrn ra Eopofecrr4J{y, AeypHoo, .(acaperaiy

naiy.s)-He6Jlanabe usMeby.oBa .u.Ba MHttlJberba H-uJe BeJIilKo H Tuqe E.'i l61ne crpaHe Tr,;rvrQije u Iapaaaie, aa xoje fajep usputtt4ro Kaxe [a ce He Mory cMaTpaTu MaKe,loHcxuru,a) c rpyre cTpaHe f.Vpronr,,K.oju je xbn Waie-a ra Woodward,-a o6yxraheH aaie,u.uo c' tlblaronrajorvr ho.q uoiMom JIuHxecrul.e.5)

nigmann, ad Hier. l. c.
nqeJrapcTBy.

tro; Ptol. lll, 12, 33; Steph. Byz. s. v. t uo; Hier. 639, 2. (Const- Porph., de them. l6prv6o6); cf. C. Miiller, Ptol. p. 514; Tomaschek, Ztschr. f. <isterr. Gymn. l8 (1867), crp. 771. Ho-

3i' Geler, crp. 651 u n.; Iaiep ce y noruIe.ny llacapellit -^I3I9..i: MaKe.u.oHcKy o6rac'r-orPaDyJe craurua nori eiceOan 6poj rao oanoieny jtelom y IVlare-

crp. 19lltlZ), '-"''

,j Wii.-fffobdwiiOi
167.

t1 Her. VIII, 137, 138; Thuk. Il, 99.

inscriptions from Upper Macedonia. BSA

18

"rr"."Oo" lbrri . urro rarcote


3 (1954) 10, np.

na ie osa-lairo
nraie 4'

je1.nram

tu; Itin. Ant. 320, 2 u 328,6; Tab. Peut. Vlll,2; cf. Miller, ltin; liom. crp. 522, npeua KoMe H ,[,aHac nocroiu Mecro Merrcyproc, nogxaro no

iJiii"i,iir_.ir"i.-i6-r--(iruuyarc,
r) Cever.
H. u.

aM MiltuJbe15em raqgo. C fajepoe -*ot.ro,,


1'o

Morna

rriv

o I op15o1 rylatr'1ate66r'orr', I\rc'rieEor''r'tid,

Ia

ce Pat{yia

rj Wace-Woodward, u. ,u., crP. 168.

l68

llglg.q-on.t, .pa.qo", y

pr

MareaoHraja

r6q

-rii i..^4-r:lt"eruja duna rrrare.qoxini-' o6nact aa je rprnilriu f _oprbol Maxe,u,ouuju. lacaperuja je vuHula .u,eo rBB. MaKe,qoHcKe vlnupuje, rj. onrax raarapcxux eervrdra roie cy nocrre oopaion.na rdaKeAoHcKe fipoBr.rHqaje yrune y rbeH cairas. 3aTum, 6eb uxaxnor
9 xojoj he .q,ouHra je 6uiu'pevra (r.'rorJr. nea&oiuii1,';;6;;;ir; le r4B crl4cxa noprboMaKeAoHcrr4x o6nactu fieaarourja, roja ce y cBuM Ha[xtrM HsBoplljua."tojaaroyje xao noce6Ha o6nair, oABo_ jeH-a og-Jlunrcecra,u,e. Halaaii, cyniorHo yr(opeiiuno, MuruJberby, xoje nraje Hr4Kan.aoeo!6no y iyiury, ,u,i jd E;tA;i^ aiii--fid f9n,1e -tvtare,qouuje, ulBopu Ham- ronope, Kao u,t'Jtt*o ;;;r; Aa Je oHa rpnna.q,ana .(onoj Maxe4onraju. Wace ra Woodward rIor.uJII4 ci y caom pal\y oA uAeHTraerarona_tra foprue tvtareAonrale c IV nnarer.oncKoM rvreiuaorvr ue r6i r: u s6or ioiu cy, He rcrpaxyjyhu noce6no rr4Tarbe npocrr4pama fopme tr,tixe,qorirj., aori* Ao rrorperx.Hrrx pesylrara.6) fopry3 MareLonuja (q &vo Mare6ov(o) noMr,tbe ce npBH 'HaM.o alu moj onrurapnHje roBope caMo [y] .191 Xen94or9,') {yrcuau,q u crpa6on. fonopehra o noxo.u,v oJrDHcKor KDarba UrrarKa rporr4B MaregoHraje, Tyxraarat xaxe: tpavra nojqci yrana je yP ,[o6epa_.y lorby Maxeaonujy, KoJoM le Bna,u,ao flep.a,r.rrta. Harame o.QjhLunaal nrcaq rv(dr..qoHur4Ma ce cMaTpajy u JlnHxecrn u EtuLtaejura H Apyra ropba ,r.r.ni r"ii 6wna y caBesy c llep.u,nxorrr ia npuaHaBaJra Lerony BJracT anu & cv u*aila caoje Bna,qape. (o"rl xaru xopugqv 6o(iu).o0drv eg tili x&ra Mqxe8oviav, f]( 6 lleo6ixxag i]p1iv.' rd,v ycrp Mcrxe66vcuv A.uyxqotui ecrt 'E).rpuisrat ral-&).iu Eevq' 6r&vo.)ev, & ::di nai p6v edrr. rofrorg nci 0n4xoa podt),eiog 6'exet ncr.)'G0rd). l6pp-cr1aoflpaBnalba, Ha ocHoBy pacnpocrparbeHe rrorper.uHe roanuurie.

pepJo

Me$yrrarvr, +rn jeg,no Hr,r Apyr.o craHoBr4r.uTe He oApaxaBa r4aBope. rpe caera, Hr4 y j-eaHorvr r.raBopy neherlro iiatn

aa

CBa OHa HapOrrHTOr ionnenrapa. ,(OruOrvr MareAOnrajorvr Ce SBana noJI, HaJIaEI{JIa floxoga y C7rar6osa reiruropraja xoja ce no6a He[ocpe,rI,HOM nnaL1fiy

oao

TyxH.rr,HAOBO

uslrararbe je raxo.iacHo.u,a My ne rpe6a

nperlr4 oBer KpaJba

llep4nre, ri. one.seMJbe xo-ie cy oTau H EorHaja, Ilnepraia,-Eop,Uaja. u Axoaly ra Mnraonuj.a,_ Kpecronuia, ,{r,rrri-nr.,1r; neo fleonuie c oHe crpine Axcuja' , y fgP*-Y-[u:t: ffi;;;t; , B-rcurrHia, oHa_rrJr_eMena xoja l4maly cBoJe l(paJbeBe y6paia loHajy Tynun,Hn

ocrojrlu.'Ha

[bHMa HaKO 11pn3Ha]y BpxOBHy BJIaC'T MaKe.lI,OHCJ(Or KpaJba, u ruefy rpynt{M rop}bomaKer.r Enurvrejue. MI4Cnl, CaMO na OpeCfe u AOHCK14M gJIeMeHH^4a OH ie rvrOraO La Sa xOje uapulll4To KaXe EopnajUe, Ha He HI4KaKO a ne.naronUe, H, npema ToMe, npu.u,a cy ynaBHJII4 y cKno[ [lep'u,rarcune [pxaBe

;;i;;ilt ;;il6 lirn*uire


nalanu'----

llon

e fr,nrnr1oM qe nofny-Ho cnaxe H oHo utro Crpa6on-xaxe o fopilcrifvfrn.lonrair,l: xai 611 nui rtr" repi A6yxov rtui lle)-ayorcri 'Eliperav rqv &vcu Mcrre8ovtov 6t&)'ouv, "t""i"ilOpeO",aOcr o[ 6' tiorepov tgi 6].eu.]6,pav.e) Ilpema CrpadoHy, ,U,aKJIe, o.qHocuo 16eroBo* craprajen r,lsiopy' (ci. en6)"ouv, o l, 6' ii_d " t P o v),

.(onoj

Maxe.u,our'riu.

i;i;;- Mux.,ioir;, q6yiiarara ie JIunxecru.u.y, I-le.rraronrajy, bp.iirn, , nrr*,ily. Tg cy lenr,'ne roprboMaKeAoHcKe o6lacru xoje -' J natvt LISBoPH uMeHYJY.. 1lebir,1je BanaAHo og Ancraja, 1oeH ceBepHil
aeo,

xcr)-eirar)
Je

Aoruy Maxe.u.onujy nax bcnojuo je Arbrcanaii, n.iarnrn ;;;'u nporepaBuuu ul.lluepraje. Iraepajqe, re Boraaje lp_:igil npeurl, borHaJrle, sayseBlUH ,U,eO neOnHje oxo Axcuja i,t usrn a}ll'u u3 trop,qale trop_najue H He Ar^aonraje Almone (&v6drqdav 6b xui vOv 'Eop6iog ucr)'ouF6vrg Eop6o6g, . . . ' rc.,i ei 'A).p<r:nicrE 9T ^rqq "A)"pcona6). 3arocno.qap.,rru cy on, Maieaonqr4 r,r Apyrr4* [Jremenuma_(Mun,q,oHuunna, KpecroHr4Ma u Bucarrurvra) xbja i cutu Apxe. To ce cBe BoBe Marce,qonujoru (ro 6e E6prcrv N,Iare6ovia uHTarK H3Bprrl,to uanaA.8)

LUro ce iraqe c,g- Cro6a na ceBep, Mopao je -npranacru, Kao uTo cMo ;;ALrrr; gernproi maxeaoHgroj penyOn-raqu, a ne Tpehoi (n. crp. nr,'je 59;;). Mtiyd-t, y noO_u ioraixa Pum.rnaHa ^fieonuja HaJIaBuo ce xoira Bap,qapa. ,(eypnon, o6vxsaiala idrrro a,orrny rpeMa Jlranraiy' ;;;il;;;A il;-.Crr.,tu"ra rlbraior1uie,- 6uo je, JIunrecTgAa cy noruro nonoxaiy, flo cnoru o6nacr. neontru flelaronuja, Ca nojrarvra vranra je,u.ny reonpa$cKy UeJIltHy, ynaBLJIe y IV mepn,qy, , ,[,eypuon ie rvropao rtpl4tlcru onoi nepul..u, uano
1,l

io

rco,r Jiranr,ria

iOZ

r.]eyprrjn iu
s; Str. VIll,
10)

tl6'crojrl

HecTaJro

oH

y fopny

reorpaQcror nojrvra fleoHuie, y6pajan je reponaTHo


MaxeuoHraiy.")
326.

l4sputlHTo. Pacnapqa-Babem lleonnle r,;aaboiuo' Kao noce6na-o6lacr, a xag je


14

r y ruoj je uagao

fiepAraxa,'AnerccanApoB cr4H, KaAa

i,i.i.n-, iip.

floefi jr.eo OBe Klture - nA H nOrJIaBJbe O nOAeJIu Mafe.(Onuje u ,"rro!^;6;; i07..-- ,et !e 6uro orluraunaHo KaAa cau .u.o6uaq .u.ero 'p fr"i""liiil'p.;;;,;'e la find-aetta monarchia macedone, Ronra 1953 (yn'
B, trp; 4)..1-lucau oBe oncexHe crya,uje
^'-tcl-o. y ToKy Be3aHux 3a ParHe onepauuJe i'i.npuu*.rie tonorpificrcrax fiural1a ie la yHarpar I4cKo;t;['eir*cKo-MaKe,u.ohcror cyro6a. Hemoryhe mu quHtl .rLoHcKoM Kparby

. 6) Larsen, Roman Greece, crp.443, HarurauraBa,u,a cy wace a woodward yc.raHoBr4Jrr.r _u,q,eHrr4qnocr 'Crp'a6onoee lopnJ-Mareirorrie ca lr"lr_ Mefyram, oH npaBrrno ^xoit;"ryi; ;; f::l_l.l:p;1r[_M3xe.u,our.rio,n. ilacaperhJy rpe0a cMarparH r.rrr.rpcKoM, a ce
qh"ru

ori iu,

,p".u,rrte,o* cBora uilararsa,

nocrleArbeM MaKe-

.y.r1yly^::

JluHKecrH.qy.

Aa

[Ielaroruja

He cMe yKJby-

pilCrUrrr rtefgB noBux peueba y ror.ryeAy^ronorpaQHje' seh cu.lP^..11I?'Ma craB npema -,io.iiii6ir" yKaxeM ie-nsom sa reulrohe

paA 3a nOjeluna 1i,'Iat+a, aJtu Mu Ce

11a OH He .U.OHOCI'I

z) Her. VIll, I37. e; Thuk. ll, 99.

r,rrri*e*rmi."Oune x'e,rtir*,r'aa xoie creaoa HenDaBilJIHO TyMaqerse JlualtjenOr

AoHoctr Ha-c'rp' 422 xap'ry rloAe,I;,'ii';;;t;d; iir-, ttt itreprae' Merosrtrleorrrja Ha KaPrH Ha crP' (rioja

ll3BeLUTaja O nO,U.e"1l'l TePll-

iogr

;;;;'M;*;n6'nrie

167

r. Ha roj

r<aprrr

ie

l?0
fpanrqe
Ilrasuie

Mu,<"aor.rc, rparoBr_y pa,ucxo

,qo6a

_-tqg ;;'[lr;xi;t riv re Zirrreci.crv lcri "1." IcrpG'i1" fU I x d'S o i u ( xcri. rd:v' Lnnriyro-rv 63vriv'Apppcxxtuv,'Arcpv*' " ['l os4e ie.ia*ro 4a nr,rie peq camo o noJl]t,;;", ;Apgr).o1icrv.'u) rvra6eAoHcxoi
'u,pxanu. rguriol ripruuinocrra orr.lx gnejy o6lacru cruarpaHe MaKet4nnrad,enraH ,u,oKa3 A9'cy Trarvr0aia u [lapasaia

rvrarceqoncr.oi' Mepu;ru o6nacru l1l9A, y fraproj Eopaajy, Jir.rHrce.cru.q,y, nuai.#rji:.' ErffiilJirov, Turneajy u ArranraHrajy.ll) Arco yriopear*o i';ili;;"noourrn c oHr4ryr rxro HaM TyKraaraq ra Crpdoou ri "'r'rr y o,*^rpe c,era' r. rru J,|.v ; lr".rrfJ.i#'n'*:Xt#;i|;l rr,l,! cro*eHyo ope_cluay. pauaje cMo HarJra i.'jil;ft;'ni"ol3'nl Mecry nraje rvropao Ha Becr,- cse o6ni;;; cinu ( ;:' fi :'6{i,'';;'; o;r cr,na He cflara nnebl oue o6racru xoje'.y triyr.JHo Hs.CTaBcy' Punmanu r.t--noli,u li *rirooHcKor para 3i.1!:-opecrra4\ rroKJroHr4rrr clo6oly^I_r.^l-ro je neponarHo .u,a je ona iaf nffiy: HeaaBucaH roroxaj eaapxa ta u nocte nepcEjedu nopurr. npuniu ToMe, Iv rvrarce.qoHcKa iaepuaa o6yxnataira je cne roprboMaKeAoHCKe ofltacrw c.e,rn op'ecr,Ae, rcoja r'ldi .. oarur" ,rBBaH rpaHr{r{a Mare40naje. Arir, qeM roprboMa*eAoH.rux, IV ruareAoHcKa MepHAa o6yxnaraaa ie lr.apyre o6nacru:-eop,qriy,'Til_ unupcKy xoj6'it;;rj;";;;;aja (n. crp. 59, Piit,,, trp. D), a Hcro _Aiunranujy,' nupurliy"rl.if iluiiypn, 13no, ;;: rralHo_o,q Bapaapa (a. cip.'62 u n.l. llrrarbe Turvr@aje a liapanaf_u, 6u rcojy cmo pacnpaBJbajyhu o jyxnoj rpaH,rru trnakeaon;F I6'?-;.;.;;ilo"r':I rarofe Moparra yhu y IV rvrepusy (n. cip. ?i ; ,o..oro paa_ n/rorp,T,. Aox HeKI'I niyunuqrza.l,'il;;;#l,iu uepuquro Kaxy Aa oHe Hr,rcv MaKe.qoHcre o6racrw, nbyru rax y6pajajV rJ5;';du.ir' f;ill Maxe,qonHje, o4Hocr,6 Q'eirpr.'rrn.,(oHcKe mepage.l2) Ilocroje r,Ba HeocnopHa .q,oraEa .u,a cy y .uo6a Alenca'uapa Bernxor u 3.'ff TJ,f 3f ffi l'ii'lbilff.fl,3,,l,ffl;;;f;ij:;:?lxilffii#"e yqecrBoBarrr4 v rrH,ur.,cKoM [oxo,u,y nonaum6 ad ioa Aprajinii A1a.rr, A+raporvrbj.? .qil.;,i fi,,^iie;:i. G"r'oJ,,arllLoE re d ,Av6po_

Ma_rce4on.j n, roAylapajy ce c rpaHHuaMa f .opne las..Verspre Ma-rce4onuje ,'i f or.r., KaKo rspAe Wace r Woodward.

l*

nonarky AoHcKt M s.rror*; riin, fr.*o ri ]l "Bemxu xloa 6aae, npema xome je Arexcan'u.ap

il;;;i.

u r..irriv. Cnu osu no,u.auu norcaayiy Aa cy y xeJIeHHcTHt{Ko ropeKrlo iro6a Trarrr6ala u l-lapanaia, 6^ea o6supa Ha eTHutlKo tlopeKnoM 6HnH usrleAa cy ia OpecTu cTaHoBHHruisa'rbgxoBor BepoBaTHo H;;pqrl - i*urpun. MaKegoHcxnrvr o6.iacruMa. To je crora oBe 6unil cTarbe ro;e cy 3aTeKJIl4 u Pururanu, rla cy Mepl4Ay' y IV nnaxe.u.oHcKy yrxJle o6racta y Mebyrrarvr, ,u,ounraie, y [apcKo ,u,o6a, TumSaia He cflaAa ilroce KoA rolvrur6e Anra6noH frfrnutorli:iy:' it;, rrraBHH rpa,u, ;;;;i;;;5y rpunoBli*a recarlcKe o6racru Xecruajoll*^t',1 :iT.1 Tr.r,u6aia. riao o6.uacT, HcTo Kao H llapanaia, HaBeLeHa- ]e MeDy rpaHuua ;;ffi;ffi*'oOrrlir*u.,r) Kaaa ie nporvreruena. {axea,g ugie [DeMa Tecaluig, He 3HaMo. JOru Mabe je iaCta CuTyaUuJa r ;;il;'C;rpv.- V'-niiOu rpalaucrrax paroBa ua.rvrefy.,lleaapa Enrapy.l') niruuaaao Kao ra Ar.rnron ip'"i ie irt^iii,ir p.ar*t4paMo cBe IxTo ie 'u,oca.u,a peqeHo: foprra Mane-

ra-a-,+pHja.nole An?Eopnaiy' Enumeiy y TecancKy llapaaaie [ouao TrarvrQailu ,-.p.nrrrrax o6racua ynagnne I-leiranv.r6) Ha qera ce BI4,u,H Ia Tr,lrvrsaja ra [lapanaja Hucy

[u

.uonraja,

iv *i,or,llon. ,yxoii npercranrna ieluy KpaTrorpajuy uolnTuqKy i|ptty 1.tunu.u,onuiv rvrir y6paja6o, 'u'pxehn ce Ha' ;;";;;;;y. Bopa, Err.lnejy, dp.lrrny, JluHrc"ecrH,u,y, flellaroHrajy ra "(eypuon' rarcole crua' i;'"Airj, , ii'dfirriia, xold cy y xeneuuiruqroy ,u,o6a qapcxo to6a npu' Hr4cy
iplirilrp6o,*'r*uuoi,crrr* 56iacrr,1rura, ,lnuru Mun.n"nrjv, fia r4x cTopa nehemo iloce6no o6pafuaara
oa, crpa6oua caaHajemo .u,a ce foprra Jvlaxelonraja erale fopme MaxeAo' , .,ro6ir.ro,[.;'l .(a rra cy Bal4cra cse o-6racrra .(eypuo.n, Elunneia r.r Opecrune ;rj; _.-nrn*.cfri'u, flerironuja, ,,clo6o.u.y" 14 goKre ie rpaiall_lu**'*ou-u,^nlyt' - yxuBane To Mory paajacnraru caMo HOB14 e[UrpaQcKI4 HaJIaQI't. ;regala,
tr; PIut. Pyrrh. Vl, 4. 16) Arr. Anab. I,7,5: "Ayruv (6',Ale$crv8pog) rapd rfrv 'EopEcr{crv^re rcr ,rir, ,Bl,lpro.*';;t ;tp;-rri^r{q >ropgatcrE rcai flapar:aicr; &rpa, 6pEopcrio
4l; cf. ibid. lll, 12,38 n 40. 18) Caes. Bell. civ. IIl, 79, 7: ,.. . 8d Aeginium, quod est . gpPidun "ni " (i e E n p a ) o c c urr it' " e s s ij ia.,' Ca 6 s ar i ve n ie nti o p p o sitrim-ffi t 1g\ Str. vll. 326: Caes. Bell. civ. Ilt, 34: ,,cttius provinciae (sc. Mace doniae)'a6-.1 piit.,(uae Iibera appellabatur, Menedem";r!tt,'l-t"if*:.0?l1l ;&i;;rffi;;isius iigitus omniuni iuorum excellens studit
1r) 12,
r,1

iao

reoipa$cro-racropl4cKn noiann, He ro'u'y'u'apa ce ca

,qoHcra o6racr.ia;

[f:;'fr "?1,.,f :fi Mcrxe66ve<''Err.11tuv_ 6b irr4 o,og To He Moxe 6nru--cynFe aace BePI{o

t"{}'i,^x,si?fr""?ru:?e"}I*l,jlt,trJ".":l ;d r,iffi;d ri^crptodaio( . . ), [i"' je


Tramea.ir'-rui,ira Kao MaKeXoa fllyiapla, nar, j, meroaoi o,i".prO.,ii,
oo
.

riyxxb-oi-A;ffi ;[1]e1,:"?"?i3,ir_;fl
n p

ft'#ff##.%flpii'Il9r
er r r
e

.!.:{To,r.rie) noiaanyje ce iyxno oa

:..t 9 o6nac'rw nocraje rar,'ruurno, aro'Ee fipnxBarr4-;;';;;y' Harua Te3a 3arra.q,Ho on Ar<cHia

u,f.lfofff"? i!fft.1ffiii'"J'i,',Tffi:#;l'; a\u! u oi a r r: u e tb'iit


c j

E]"Arl?:,"irt"Jf,.Xr,f xe'L-o', aa ce ;::..1-"-r",


,u,a

ila*ru
riift;
fleonuja

E,"?:tT;X:rl;#*f;
je

iih#i.?recru.qe,

nbneneni _6una ilr", T,i niJiro.. -^-'-""- " XLV, 80, o. ll) p. !ir. nanpe.i, npr,n. I u 2. ]]) P] 4rr. Ina. XVIit, 6. ,; Ibid. XVIII, 7- Kparepoc, Aaercau,u,poB cr4,H, u [IepAuxa, Oponron iaraie cd ribi-"'r6'i,iiile ;;;.AoHcKr4M rpuje-

iprrveirct

ptlt. ttt,

&6 flelu?tivav

rqg eeodcrtlclE'

";6y

ft

112

Mareroxcxa rpanoalr y prmcxo ao6a


E.uumeja

loprua Mare,l.onria

E,lrmeja

173

cerbeHa

AaJy Bpno MaJro nor,aTaKa. MelyraM, apxeoJloruKr,r usBopu HaM HaJ,raSu noxaayjy aa je oBa HHaqe BeoMa nno[na boracrGrru .y.ro

.uyro Ko,( rbeHor craHoBHH_ (noxaa edor roia uro ce cHCTeM rpa.qcrce camoyrrpaBe '(ouKaH pasBHo KapaNrepncrutt*a cy 3a oBo crabe {. T_Oj) .u,Ba eTHI4KoHa, je,[aH uup.t4 Apyrr4 yxg * [ne_ - o[rxte.qpxanHa, MeHCK'}r' rcoje no*r jeano rr4ue Ha je4norvr uainwcy ue l{easa (222 r. npe H. e.): c,Duiupxr, pii"ricuroq M;,.;6;;;:EJi1).e,p,.1"q, Ltt flu.)eiou. Qunapx,'Xurunronou cr4H, He Hocr,r erHHKoH tro Mecry cBor [opeKJIa, Baro r.uro ro Mecro, ll,;Jerov, He npeT_ craBJba an!fihHucr_parfiBHy jearnnUy ea ce6e: ou i.,errrJirU, a caM[M TUM u Marce4onaq.]) V uoaHoaHTaqKo .u,o6a E,rranneja je, rcao u Opecrra 1ia, upr_ jesuau_rbeH rpa,rr. xoja narvr je :i11 rpoBrHuujw Tec.anuju: y ro AOOa nocBeaoqeH _norq,*bunl" nl'o euacronnja - Karcapeja M,rponon,ry napilc*oM n'naaaeu gu y krj.,pr;;ouo* canerc.u,eMy oBkna nposr.iFruraje r ecaJlale. A.E{.lp_.f . (., tr Jtu*elu H rbeHa,'A HaceJb-HMa nniepapnu
UITBa

e,ramejcroi o6nacrn, oAp)KaJra

c opecra,on, n EorraajoM, a Fra'rirony 'i !p^nui^' n'nep,,ior,n. tbenq jyro_ olnacru rtrpiio^1^ nule 6una 'fcroqHa a ucro rano je crarrHa, reurco nbayha ;.ry E;ua[y Ha jyro_ Ban a,y npeM a erhpcK,,\r o 6 aa cr u n_a- Tarrn@ ii h n rp iuuir,,[.ri. cy noaperileHo raKo-lg Vgrrrr. -y .u.raB ^lltaKeAoHcKe E-nurueja je npno crynfiila y runucrhqKe BeBe c ,(pxaael). MaKeAoHl_u!, cKoM Ap)r(aBoM! ai'rH Ao ape^nena @uiluna ia ;; jt r;Ap;;; noarTuqrcy caMocraJrHocr. flocre npucajegntt *i *rnunoucrcoj ,qpxaBn nolr @utunou, oHa no_crile il; ;;;iuouoJu, ro, HaKO Ce cBecr o npfi[aAHOCTh eraruejcxo.r naennery, o.(HocFro
Eopgajoru
rpaHHua npe*a reca,rcrcoj

Eea,r,reja je najjyx*r vtja oddacr ManeAoHrje, oKo cpe.[rber ToKa Xaauar,uona' --oHa te rra ceBepy

JeAanr rpa,u, Eru,ltltotage xojn na,u je Ha Harnrclawa cu- AHAHA rypHo oocBeAoqen u uuiw ie nolorxaj ucro ra.Ko carypHo yTBpf'en je Aaana. (Aiuv'4). Cre@atr Buaanr.acrcu, jearnr nilTepapHLl HBBOp icOja je cfiOM14tbe, Ka)l(e O Lboi clenehe: Aiccvq' :ro)-tq ttjg Muxe8ov'iuq d:to Aisvo0 rctt8og 'Ei'ii-r.ou Badtiecuq rdsv

"90 MHTcKH noAaTaK Tuppqv6v, p.etrlrxqdclvro( eig Nictxe0ovlcrv. Oaai

jou

ocHqBaqy rpaga AaaHe nor<asyje .u,a rpa[ rpe6a Tp3;KAT14 y Envtnuotvt"du. To je cee uro ce sHano o rbeMy, .u.or nuie Heuzey oTKpHo y cery Ka,rrjaun, jyroucrouHo oA Koxaue, gBa HaTnHca na rojrivia je 6uno ah6ele;rceHo rMe oBor rpata. lpu, .Harnnc npeTCTaBJba BOTHBttt4 CgOMeHilK H3 UapcKor .u.o6a: Oarl Led*6ry Iiio0arvt xc'-i rfi r6}.er 'Er:.vfi T. @I-uuLoq .t\ectrvii5. .-o). Apyf.n FrarnHc je Hanibo6HH erHrpam, HeLIITo ctapniw oA npnora'). 3axaarnyjyhu oura,vr Harta3nMa Heuzey 19 yrBpAHo o6lacr y

rcojoj je-ipe6a.no rpaxHTH rpaA Auaul'. To


HMeHy

je Morno 6u'rn ro

rberoBOM MHtxJberby HJItt CaMO CeJIO Ka,rlljanr,

ur.rjenn 6nC,rnO

HHa, oKo 5 rcnn BanaAHo oA KalltiaHu, r.(e cy Haleun ocraun xelreHHgTr,lqKfix 1w!,w1a. Osy OfilaCr ncTpaxHBaO Je AOUtll4Je Keparvrouy,loc.. OH MACItw ,u,a Ka,raiaHil He Moxe 6wtw aHTilqKfi nOKaJrHTeT, lep HeMa OCTaTaKa HaceJba, a HaT11l4Cra nOje je

Mox!,a

AMafiA np14SByK aHTHqKOT UMeHa, I4JI'4 MeCTO KTl4-

Heuzey TaMo Hatilao Mopaah


rcnn

MecTa. KepafiOnynOc y ceny K6capair,r, 5

cy 6u'tvt troByqeHa c Apyror je HalrtaO HeKOJII4KO aHTHIIKI4X CnOMeHHKa


HCToqHo.

yrep!6rua flareoxacrpo Ha l-eBoj odatu XalnarmoHa. He yanir,rajyhra y o6ar.rp ,'IoKarHTet Kranua na-xoia le yrcaaao Heuzey,

oT

Ka-nujanu, rleAaneKo oJl

y atrattu H Aa je y rboj

Mopano 6uru

urrJr:Or;93f.ti

nu-

camo

l) 3a npariuue E,rr,neje s.,U,. KaHauyrruc, Ilorj irrerco i1 cip.1u(cr r6i.rg 'E'ipsra. NIq*i.ovrri& Z .rf f il.nupuru), np. 2, r.u,e ,e HaBereHa H crapuia "rlareDarvDa. 1tSSi), ,a'6'..rrr* maurreire Wucu_u H Woodward-a (BsA r8' irgr.l('1ysii'a.6 r,i7[-tip -rdi iat ;,i.1,"'i.Iir'[lu]nu;y
aeu,u,oc), AoK oKo

Auany moA l-laleomacrpa.6) . Ke"fannony,'toc,lorcalreyje ' IrlcipaxHBarba Keparvronynoca Ko.( ceJla Kecapuje HMarIa, KAI,lCAPEJA cy, rvrelyr66, Kao UUJo peLxerre jelnor Apyror -nl4Tarba: JIoKa- (: AI'IAHA) JrHBoBarbe nOBHOaHTI,tqKor I'pa,U,a Karzc.apeje (Caesarea), KOjy Jycrnuuiau.') H. Bezc je !e, upema l-lporconajy, o6Hoat{o qap jea,uor 'neh Harn,ca nafeuor y yTBp.u,Ho Ha ocHoBy bno iraHuie Kecapnju Ia Ce Ty MopaJIo HaJIaBHT14 ce.tlhuTe Kecapelc.Kor enr.rcKgna, uaKo Je oiO 6lrno [oTqHFbeHO napfiCKOj nnr'rrponO;rnira.8)
O|taCtu a. X. MarapgHac, 'EK r{g 'Etrtp.eioq xci rq; 'Eop6uict;' ;Ap1o,].o1-'*i oo).i.oYi Ko(avqs. 'Ap1. 7-1!r Hapotrr4ro crp' -'Ecp' l9?9,^9TP' l$iVlctu, Xpovr.Liri ap-1atof,oyrx.r. ]Iurie6ovtrri.?(1951),Slp 19 u A. (cenapara)' {) Heuzey. crp. 288; fl"uxuua, crp.22l, 6p. 213; Maraponac, H. .tI. 'ApX. 'Epqp., crp.3,6p.3 (ilonoso o6iasruyje Ha'fnr{c c rrlax,lM ucnpaarama)' 5) JIrmnua, 6P. 214. oj Heuzey,'cip.285 u n.; Kepamouy;roc, -Wo lag-die l:{-c*oape('r des procofius. Aci6s cirr lV CongrEs'intern. et. byz. Sofija 1935, '107 n r.
Hana3e fi3 OBe

c;,r1i';;ra, Anacerrua) craa:rajy_[Igpaeai]r, ri. uanpes crp. r^.,i;'ii;;6.;;, ii t,. -) r. yere,zet, proxenes macddo.l,_.ls ^ BCH XI (lSgT) crp. 102 r .u,. Ocraril npoKceHfi us Marce.u,onaje I Delphes, o6d.lexLnl .y npe cBera y1o ilaSeaorun ([{uneSj.r,), a iarr.rr"!.rr^onoM rpaAa (.O,rur."riu-rr, @eoo.^1vrKsi. Kuoocv6 oei, irr _r-ieiu).q;, e S-Arr,p,ro 1g;:i- ft ; i" Fiti i"o r, H 3 K ora ^o rr oorrapx, Hajrauro ce j, o"oriir,,lkqe nui,'ir'otl; rrepa,i6ncKoM ,r;I;. lp$nonucy, t<oiu ie y pur'rcr<6 .u,o6a yra:uay cacras Tecaluje. 3) vn' ,[rrr'rHua, crp.2r8;-,it j;"n. nJ,,ui;,i;;, ,'E;.',1;".\r.ir: .lrarcs6o'ia;' '.\,)','ti z.s lioril_ +qo, '+sd. w;;;-w;;e;:;;: i-riscr,plions rrom M a cedo n ia, ssn xvr ir g r r zl'i5i, i.i i ijo ir ; A. I(;;;; onv",io., ..A.r.q,oKcrcps,i tj :ip.:.r61i r''95ur-qs rr' ;rrr. 'A'', 'r'gsll"Jrpl"Jd'.,.,.
-ii.rns6o'.ioi.
e"*:

y Eaameiv o.aacra orcb cperber rora Xaraarmo,ih iK;;r;;;;, cepaaja, Bearlpter roKa oBe

(H:a. 6AH). '

7) Proc. de aed. lv, 3,273:'A)"Ldr rcai A&pr.ooav xai Iiaroapeictr. re:ro,qrc6i<rri. ocpiorv ti.1'ar. tciv opuuurcuv .o1e66v' n cirerviorou; eivgl ouvepurr-e. Bnor).sirq 6i 'Iouorrr,ra.ro; irprpcu csilq iolupticura :ror1o&pevol . ' . fIo?.l"ci 6i gpo6pra iri @eooa).ru; 6 $aor}.sirg oitog aveveaoctto " 'ir}.)'a -

3a

Hoeraie

- bi Nl gees, Zum ma|eddnischen Bistum Kaisareia. Byz.-Neugriech. jahrbri6her l0 (1933) 346 rr n. Harnrrc, nafen y ce.Jy_ Kecaprzja., Ha ocHoBy "nOra je BetlC rt;'epurtlO u4eu'i'r,tQtlKaUrljy, r,IIaCrl: ,,...[Kar'o'roicl; e'zior<rro; i'"

t14

MarceAoncKu rpa,u,oBt4

y pr.lmcro ao6a

ficrpaxr4Barba KepaMorryJroca_ roKaBaJra cy .u,a je yrnpJgpeHcga Delbe I lareoKacrpo r(ol Kecapeje na Jycrunujanonor BpeMeHa, a .rla je rorcarnrer u panaje 6iao nace"rneH. To ce oAnrlrrHo cJraraJro c oHr4M ruro Kaxe nporonaje o o6nonu Kaucapeje no,(
Jycrrauu jarrorvr.

" Ue$4o-qlrq-:, Erylgtg - --t crHMa rne je rpa.u,cKl,I xrBor 6ro malo paanujen.l2) OHa ce
r qpq,

75
ra

y cayuajy

E.nurvreje, Kao

14

y clyvajy ocTaJlux roprbopa6e,u,oHcKnx


Max_e.u,ott!-9:

bo'u1;4,
cHrypHH

Blffi:X'u1:",fl|;:i:,'tu4u,
Enrarureja

6ona, na ie

MeHr,ro HMe H HasBaH

HBBopuma.

lll n. H. e. - xojra norspbyje Mr4rrfJberre ria le -r npi ,,(i,rorcre_ qujana Ha roM Mecry nocid.jarro uac-e"rn_er0). Ilpbr,aa xanranb]iurr.y ocrauH 3t4r,r.rHa y Kecapraju cy raa .(rzorneurajanona nperrreHa). llono.( Ba npo*eHy u*eHa rvrecra rrroparo je 6raru nero uirpaDaBabe Behr4x t4tu MarbHX pasMepa Tarco je Keparvroflynoc ,u,ouao Ha r4Aejy Aa aHTr,rr{Ky Araauy, xoja je, Kao r.uTo cMo BUEeilU,..qOr(yMeHToBaHa Ha .[Ba HaT[Hca ue odlaxme KarujaHu, na,eHruon[yie ca [o3HoaHTrrqKoM KaracapejoM H .U,a h by JroKaJrr4ayje xoa flaleorcacrpa. Araana qe He cflorarrrbe y noBHoaHTr4qKuM
BaMeHHJra .(r,rornequjanona Karacapeja, vr,rje JI,o AaHaC y HMeHy cela Kecapuja. Kepannon5'JrocoBa re3a r4arJre.u,a Bpno BepoBarHa 14 nor-

rpagrte.rrcKa .u,eJrarHocr y Mamegonuiu u r4Har{e [o3naTa,e) npoje Ka(capeja. (HeaaBHo je B. Ramiomruc g6iaarao ienau HoB Harraa r.ta ce.ria Kecapr,je capKo6ar r,la

Karacapeja ce He cflo*r4rbe y usBopu,a paHouapcKor ,(o6a. ^2 36or. Tora je .Keparraonyrroc [perflocraBr4o .u.a cd onaj rpa,u, panraje npyrcunje BBao u {q je no.q- ,.(uorleqrajanor,,r,. .irr1i i?

HHTepecoBarbeM nrale Heurro

ga onaj nerccraxorpaS ca I43p_aBI4TI4M rpaMaTuqapcKl'lg no6prao.") B..hu Ba;I1HOCT Ce npl4upertla K.oMe je l-lepcej ,u,ol1ao y no4arry_ Jluar.rjenog nncyle -f a eam) I4sBplx I4o lustratio c noirax (ciic y orconunurr'nieiy, ri.ro! rpyua.il) klma uayvnrara xoju y oBoM tto[aTKy BI4Ag HeocnopH6 rorae ,qa ie Erulneja 6nna rpa,(, a He odlacr c MyHI'lLluIIaJIHI'lM ypefenem.itl Crarypirraie vrznra MH c-e llrolervreieBo cBeLoqaHcTBo ii .6uny 'E)"rpta y Errrartara oru14, iep ce oH Kao reorpaQ I4HTgpecoBao 3a fPaAose Kao HaceJba' a He. Kao aAMHHI4CTpaTHBHe yBeTIl laienHo, oBI4 noAaUH qHHe ieeraHraUe.t0; V cBaKoM clyvajy, Enrarvreje' rpa.u,a [ocTojarse J.ocra nepbnarnum Alu, naiiavra apryMeHaT xojra ce Moxe. 14sHeTI'l npoTHB Kynone TeBc" jecre cBaKaKo nocrojarre. s_eher Qpoia camovrrpaBHlix ottulTLtHa y Enr,rnraOTVp14, aa rcOje Ky.u nuie ]uorao HH

6uta rp3[

noaranaivhu ce na crpan9_*oxeMo 6wru

ce r{Me otrpxairo
[p:n_JbeHg
JLa

Fby je

iisru.
nOrr.

HaruucH cy HaM orKpl4rlg rope.u, rpa.u,a Auane, ioru je,u.an Ko1t Koxana (4. nuxe). llpema ToMe Elrnnuoru[a nuie rpeTcTaBJbaJIa y purrrcio Uo6a iegny aLMI,lHLlcTpaTI4BHy le4un11y lu':r6),.tg 'E)-ipero nHje o6yxnarala UeJIy rbeHy Tepl4Topl4Jy Beh

je Karano turucoBt4m HaJraar.r,l,ra. cer,,r koa Ipor<onr;r, KaucapeJa.ce cnoMnrue jorrr camo Ko,q, Xajepoxna.ll) o6a nucird
crauraiy je y
IHKe
trnr4MeJe

carlo ie4an IneH Aeo.

EJI14MEJA

Kao u o6racr y xojoj ce HaJraBe fleraroHuja, - uanprarvrep, Eopaaja^- rocyMbano ce H y norJrely nrrnntiiL nu .. ;6A no-t4 'Ei[peta y t,lsBopHMa He rro,[pa3yrneBa rpaa, nefi r{eJ,, ooJracr ca Buure HaceJba opraHHBoBaHa Kao je.q,Ha civitas. To ie ycrBap, roBHaTa TeBa E. Kuhn-a o noirolr*ry orruTrrHa ca MyHarIr4naJrHoM opnaHr4saurajotr 6ea npagcxor uenrpa y o6las) vn. rpaAoBe,[I,aorneuujauonorn-Kacropuja u Jlraorreuuianonorn

u OpecrnAe opoB_HHut4ju Tecanujw, xoja je noa, ,(Hoxreuuianonn o,qnojena o.u. MaxeionHje (s. trp.'gg'n ,u.).- SOo. Tora je Karacapeja u ivlorra aa ,6ya'e abuHrali rorrrr4rbeHa Jrapucroj murponcfiaju. Auana Huje 6una jenr.rHLrpa4 Erurvreje. Izlaaopu 'nam roBope o rcror.rmeHolr rpaAy Errarvreja 'E)"(pera, xojr.r je - :zo).rg no cnoj nprrJrr4ur4 6uo crapa npecioHnqa E.,iurvrejau a.' vlciwula, Kao lr 3a ocTaJIe MaKeAOHCKe rpal{oBe xojra Hoce }rcro r{Me

upon rllg.uiy Tecarujy. Mu neh roBopr4Mo o npucajelralberby jyxHo,uareAoHcKr.tx

"ciao

'umaru

npio6mtru

v panouapcKo trg63 nocBeAoqeH nan ie eTHI4KOH 'Eltpt,i.rrl;.kd cy El'rarrraore? [a;rn craHoBHr4ur4 He6a1au[be oftacru Enrarrruorude ,rn npa[aura Enrarvreje Ia rleHe repuropraje? llpno peKJIH'

je uCx.myuenO a6Or Tora uTO ElqmuofgAa, KaO L1TO CMO irrje cavrarraBaJla jegHy jegunCrneHy aAMI4HI4cTpaTuBHy IIeJIHHy, eeh ie 6wta cacTaBJbeHa oA neher 6poia camoy[paBHux orKO14HOHa,

inrutta. l{cruwa, ona ie MOTJIa [a 6yne opraHg3oBaHa y BH[y Te je u eTHHKOH 'E).rptc.r-rrqq Morao Aa u6a OHaJ

rz; Kuhn, Stedt. u. bi.irg. Verfassung, Il, c.rP. 425,w t,' ,E).:r.pict'16).rg NldrceSovia!. )rpupcur' '('tind 'E,tripoo s. v. ;dL,ipo tori Toppqvrlv puorL6oE. Td 6^)r'rrdv 'E).tpr<brqg. 'A).u"i St.pti. byz. .ou 4p.r'ofA-&iO
eam fi". Xliit,)l, S:',,Et Peiseus, Elimeam profectus et circa je.r.pan exercitti Iustrato uh Sirituih-vocantlbris Epirotis ducit (Stratus Eronuje) . . . cum decem milibus peditum eo. profectus est et equlTlDus trecenii(, quos puuiiol"s piopier'angustias viarum et trsp_erital:t_lgt vix.tr.ansgressus Propter i"-tio a-i.-Jum p.rr.nisset ad Citium montem, itiituainem nivis' locum quoque castris aegre invenit'" 15) Miiller, Ptol., crp. 505, rle c-y caKynJbeHa .cBa JlurepapHa cBe:o,runcisa o Enr,rmeiui Ilir'rr,tua, crp.27B, np. 3; Jl.-Kanauy"rHc, H' P'rcJP: c g- nnuby.r*, xrr;e reuiro xahra hpun'rep.e 3a yno:'pe6y nPe[J]ora

!nr'6oo< ^'""-ri) 6' 6v E0odrrnr 'Etrtpeio.v qrlot.

-fIera.
p.":l
__'o]

B. Kalunolurlgr
642,

'H^

ll,2 -Pan MuL.e6or.tr<u, Maraponac, Xpor.rxd tip_1uro?,oprcu. tt; Hier. ll.

(noeelr6ap 1947).

rip.leia l(aroupeia
mra

je

Aoru<{; Mcrr<eEoviug.MopHeJr,ocrynaH, ur4rilpaM ra npeila


1116

i (l95l), crf.

SS.

',circa" uttu'.,,y..6ttui,rui", cf', uanpugep' ,*a"-ot oai^ci, y cmrlly ,,uer,u.e yl' 'lhessaliam". XXXVl,4i Bell. civ. Caei. ----' rsi ptol.' itt, rz, lgi,,Lircum ,E)"rprtorriv. ,E).fpia (ucnpaano Miiller, codd. -Ei.t'pa, [orPeu'o Elrmuore il Ha uJIl4pcKoM noM14Hre t-Ironemej "elup,r,). npu.uopiy lll, 12, 3.

.t

ZO

UU_e.rr,oncKr,r

rparosu y prmcro ao6a

lopua Mareaonuja -

Elu,raeja
14

177

le

leJrH, 16).rg 'E)-ipercr aa6eaexeHa Ko,[ HeKonr,rKo nr4caua:


BepoBaTHUJe

cwwcao roju uwa erHrrKoH 'Op6drqE y prrmcKo ,u,o6a, rj. aa o6eaexaea rpurm,qHuKa oBe uupe sai6aHprqe y rono - xori,oni. cayvajy, rpaAa Enranneje nr.rje youurre nvt 6uno. Alu, rcouHon Elumuota ce H,r,u,e He c[oMurbe, 4or je, xuo ,ro cMo BHAa eTHnKoH 'E).rprcurqg oaHaqaBd flpocro rpafianojanrnyje ce na jeqnom pecr(pntlTy 14B .Bpe(l0l n.), nafienb,rn
qg.Be_pHq

nocrajy

cne.q,uuy o[pfiuarbe,

cB[, noryruaja mero'sor norarilBorarla. Oraj uponycr KaHauylruca sHHr{ beroBy r4rraqe ouTpoyraHy aHa6ecnpe4rvreTHr.r

nocrojama oBor rpafla,

ToM c.rryvajy

crora

Jtugy ocraJrltx uo,u.aTaxa Bd noKanr4aoBarbe Eaurvreje'RpoMa-

ruenom.20)

nuHa Elameje.

MeHa qerBpror KoHsynoBarba uapa_ Tpajana

Onaj

erHr.rmon

rpa4 Enr.rueja nanaar4o y rrcror{Hom ,qeny EaumuotlrAe, beroBo noKaJlr4aoBabe ro.u, flaruorpaqrajana, Ha 4ecuoj o6alu XaauarcM.oHa, He Mopa ce r,puwwTu Kao cr4rypHo. Tepuropnja je.u,nor. rpa,(a uMaJra je y punncKo Ao6a qecro BeJrHKe pa3mepe, Te crora HHie ucr.rnyqeHo .qa ce rpa,rl, Hanaar,ro Ha aeaoj o6aau XaluarMOHa, HaKO Je r4ruao nOCeAa H C Ilpyre cTpaHe peKe. JbeHo

Arco

je uocne cBera uTo cmo

peKJrH HBBaH cymrbe

Aa ce

Kon Mecra Kacrpu,


aHrHqKH. 4q:uH.x.eJa$a

rpan ,(oiuxe.17) V

JIt4BoBatr,a

rojr,r ce ro tr.rxoBoM MHruJbelby Harraaro KoA Mecra niloipu: uaaHo' uamefy ceprr.rje H Bernenn a, Ha aecHoj o6atu Xanr,tircMoHa, HeJLaneKo o,[ KnaH(a Volustana (Capanaonopoc), xojra .u,onr'rHy Xaaraxmoua n-eayje c fiepara6r.rlbnn.ir; flrarameru JrorcarpaAa E-nurvreje noea6aeHo ce ueaasfio
H

Iichis per summa iuga at_ campum qui pronomae vocatur, ita campus in parte sit Elemioiarumi et per summa iuga . . ." l,JilvTa%y y cy rpaHuue ua jeluorvr yxeM npocropy ra noruro je leAHi crpaHa-yroBapaq rpar, ,(oauxe, a He rbeHa o6lacr ne_ pau6uja, To Mr.r ce qHHil .u,a ie r.r apyia crpana 6um rpagEnw_ meja, a ue o6lacr HJrH Kor4HoH Erili,rejaua. O6janryjyha onaj Hlrrruc, Wace H Thompson Hr.tcy yorure pac[paBJbaJilr o moryhnocrH .rr.a erHaKoH Elimiota-e -u,vra lxHpe BHaqerbe. Onw cy ra AoBent,t y BeBy c rpaAom Err,tmejoru,

fines convenientes definitioni rggiae. factae-ab Amynta philippi patr(a)e inter Dolichanos et Elemiotas. Placet fiirem esse'i termiir5 qui esi in via_ supra Geranos inter Azzoris onoareas et petrieis in Do-

Eilt4l,/'t4oTa: ,,inscriptos esse

*i*y' ce olpebyji.p*ru. ,s*.5y

o,ri EnacdHa, rAe ce nbrca.iueyje

Je.qno BHaTHo HaceJbe, npe1pr4mcro u pr4mcKo, ycTaHoB- MA/IEI,

ooJre KJracr4rrHor BpeMeHa (V n.) xoju je Ko,rI, Tor Mecra rpoHarrao H uciluTao, B. Kalunor,rTnc je usueo npeT[ocTaBr(y Aa je ono HaceJbe, rcoje je ,neh panuje r,aro ,qocra rvrarepnjaaa rae prrMcKor BpeMeHa, MorJro uo cBoM reonpa$crom .flonoxajy r 6orarcray,u,a oIl.roBapa rpecToHu(u ElurvruoTuhe - rpa.u,y ErHmejr.2l) He anajyhu iout sa peayJrTare oBltx HcrpaxrBarra, ,(. Kanaqynuc ce, y [omeHyroM qraHKy, uejacnuo npoTr.tB ltAeHTu@urorama 'Errarvreje c HaceJbem KoA Kox<ana, Haso.[ehil oBe pa3nore reorpa@cKor H rcropr4cKon KapaKTepa: l) nraje cnrypno 4a ie o6ldcr KoxaHa npa[a4aJra Elumrorv\u, a ne Eop.qhjr.r; 2) naq.ere ro,q, KoxaHa yr,aJbeno je cBera l8 rcrvr o,( aHTr.rsKor rpa.qa Auaue (n. rope), ua je MaJro BepoBarHo na 6u o6a uenrpa Elr.rrnuorune 6una na rpajruenn ceBepoucroxy oBe o6lacrn;

je rcoa MecTa Koxane. O6janryjyhu rvrarepujaaua

HeKpo-

MoHa (Cepruja-Karajaura), norcasyjyhil Ha ocHoB.y .u,pyrnx vBP-opa aa ce oHa lulypvila Ha ceBepogana.u,y .u.o Opecrune. Anw, KaHauyrr'rc HHje o6pau.ro naxrby'na aarrnyuux ro1,, Harrilc r,rB /{onl4x HaMehe. y [orne"q,y JroKanlrsoBarsa Eaumeje: ano je rpaa, trJIHMela [ocroJao, oH ce lllopao HailaluTu y HcroqHoM neny trrr'rr,u,rotua,e (a He Ha ruenoj aana[Hoj rpaHHr[H, KaKo rBpAu KaHaqynHc), Jep ce.rpaHr,tril.to c nepan6acrcum rpaAoM. npr,lxna_ +pyre ruoryhnocru, ta ce Ha Harnrrcy M.4cx,u na o6lacr labe trnH,rreJy a He Ha Fpstr, HMano 6u, t<ao uJTo cMo peKJIH, Ba tlota; Ha roM Mecry, nope,u, Br3anTrr.cKt4x 3t4,(,r.{Ha H npeucroprcKor rpo6rsa (crapo rBo3,u.eno ao6ay, ualeno Je 14 HeKoJrr4Ko rpr{Kr4x Harn14ca, 5'-o]H- r]g5a3y1y Ko_Hrr4nyilrer oBor Hacerba, Wace_Woodward, x. a., BSA lg (l9llill), crp. lB7, nainrcu 6p. BS n 36. le) Kanau_yalc, flo6 drcerro i1 tip_1ctiu 16),rg ,ELfpers. I{u*e6ourd, Z ..^_-.
(1951),

9no6lacr 9 npaBom oa6auyj-e MxuJberbe Wace-a n Thompson-a Aa je E,rrannuorHla o6yxnarala caMo .u,olbH ron xarHax-

Kana(ylrac.re)

3) orcrojame nemefy Koxraua u nrraHuHe Krarzona HaHocH rrpeKo 100'xrtr. H TeurKo je upernocraBuTt4 .[a 6u ra llepcej Morao
20) Kaxaqy.uuc ie on6aulro _ Bernmucrlr, ua rpajnem pajnem jyry

[pe.BanHTH ga Tpu AaHa, no BaMH H cHery, KaKo Kaxe, tlwsuje.22) Melyrr.trvr, nporr4B oBe HAeHTra$unaquje rrrorao 6u ce;tvrox.qa napaxaje JroKaJrr,3oBarue Elrameje Ko[ ilecra Elumuorr4,u.e, Ha ocHoBy Elumuorrl,u.e. ocHoBv ro6oxrue ro6ox[e cJ'rnr{Hocrtl cJ'rnqnocrtl

nMer{a E;rrameje ir u Belrmnciu Belrmucru (Desdevises, crp. 365; 305: ,llr,lmrt1a, crp.2l8), 218). JL,lmuua. crp. Kao fi noKaJrr,l3oBarsa noKarrfi3oBarsa Kiepert-a, FOA XVll (rzslre (r,lsmeby fpeseua u 9ypxnu), (roa gypx"rrr.r) I-lanaAaruc8,,H.[., crp. I-lanaAaruca,,H..It.. crb. 445 (ro.i 9vpx.rrr) r Krom6yer-h,Antike 9ypxnr) Kromiver-'a.Antike SchtachiSchlachiKrom 263, np. 2 (xot Cuarncre). felder felder Il, Il,_crp. crp. 263,_np. Cuarnde). l-lpema |-lpema Kinauyar.rcy orcrol'ame Kinauyaucy orcrojarue peBeHa-Yypxnfi n nJraHr.tHe Kurr,lona usmely I lpeaeua-t{ypxnfi Kuruoia je ucyeurue ucyefrue iualo malo .U,a ai 6u [_BMeby Ilepcejy o_r.uro.florpeon_o llepcejy y6psaHor xoAa.u.a 6_u-lo.norpe6n_o rpu aana yopsaHor xoAa,u.a ra npeBanr{ npeBanu (n. xag6or npe,( np. I4)..06lacr I4). 06lacr Cwarncte Cwarncte on6raia on6nia nar Kaxa[yluc s6or rora uro rauo nuje nateno HHKaKBTx ocraraKa xoju 6u yriauaalr na uocroiarre arrrr.rrtKor HaceJba. .Iloraan3osame roje npernaxy Wace u Thompson ne

and Thompson, A Latin ,-rr,l-tylrce I7 (1910/ll) lg3 u a.

Inscription from perrhaebia, BSA

y3rMa Kanauylrac y o6rr.rp u s6or rora rilro xe iepyje ,u,a cy oda saxxr.rja rpaaa Elur'rnoru,ue, Elriueja u Awaaa,6utay rseriom rcrortxorr ,u.eny.

crp. 1-14

(cenapara).

Hnaqe r.r3rrela Jla oBo JloKaJrr43oBarse Ee florJrexe ocHoBHoM nprroBopy roju KanauyJnlc cTaBJba ocrannm y norneAy EeroBor- orcro;arra air nJIaHl4He Ktttzoxa. zr; V. Kailipotitis Denise Feytmans, Nerp6roLr; rc}.croorr<iv 1p6vor. 6v Kolavqr. 'ApX. 'Eeqp., -pfiMcKo Hacerbe roA l(oxaua 1949, crp. lll. 3a -crp. 3Halro ce o,u, paulrje, n. IVlaraporac, H. r., 12 n. 1,. zz) Kana[yrmc, n. JL., crp. 12 u 1,. Mare.u.oucru

tpatosu

12

I78

Maxerqncru rpa.qona y

puu%
rpehem petry

fopma Mareaonraja
rlr:rcy cxpahuaara).

Ennmeja

179

Becrr4 u jeqau HaTnr4c HE KoxaHa, Kojr4 je_ o6jaauo X. MarcapoHac, a Ha KoMe je, raro MH Ce qu:Hnr'si6eJrdx.no HMe rpatra rroAr4rao, rj. rarvre. HaceJba xo.q Koxror.iitTo Iojy je cnoMeHHK je eparnnenar jenne noqacHe crerre, Mox.qa prd;_;;';oj, BHSaHTHCKO ,U,O6a [OcnyxHn-q 3a r,r3pa.qy je.qubr'rcanraiera. iu'i Karc6 ce HE upTexa KoJI,r'JIOHOCI4 Marap.ouac BuI:u, nafiena je carvro je. ,ulra noJr0Br4Ha Ka[HTeJra n rra rboj ce HaJIaSr4 Crtejiehll narnnc iD --s L-+"i+E++i:.i..rife

" Tt) A o/::ii,+ i--.i l" :,.! i hTA i,iIoYnH ., i" ;.,! r;,;.:.i...iiv.:i:!i i KA l/'i"i :r i.'i *.;3 i...'|;,-;
i.

Crora MV ce qr,rHr4 Hajneponarnr,rjun ,u.a je y crajalo r4me rpa.u,a, uTo je n camo no ce6u npHpo,u,nHje, u ro y reHuTr4By [JrypaJra eTHI4KoHa ca qraHom TON iorlH. TOM l4crpe.u, M y cneg,ehoi peuu), AaKJIe: ,,TO]M MAAEI[.... Haa tora 6u Aoiuro JII4trHo uhte u naTpoHHM. 14 jeaHo u npyro cy mopaJra 6uru KpaTKa (nanpnmep: l&iov Aro6cbpou). Atto je moja rcomdunaqraia TaI{Ha, oH,u.a je rame oBon HaceJba [o.{tlrbaJlo ca IIAAEI. . . (Ma}.et[&r<ov]?).'*) To je 6uo' rpan xojra je I4Mao 3ou).q ra 6qpog, r.aKJre, caMocranna civitas. He gHanno ra .uu je opnnaAao Erumuorn tu vltu Eopaaiu. V crarom cnyvajy HaceJbe xo.u, Koxana nuje Erumeja, wiu no.noxaj ocraje u ,[aJbe HeCem nomeHyTr4x rpar,oBa MopaJto je y Enr,rrvreju 6utu u .rpyrux aehux HaceJba. Ha jeguorra HaT[rcy nafenoru y MaHacrrpy Cucauu, y 6p.uonraronn Kpajy ceBepHo ot, Cwarucre Ha renoj o6atw Xaruarmoua, nomarse ce ie4an rpa[.25). Taj narnrc je ycrBapu je.(au crucaK eQe6a, rojta je Morao nort4uaTu
H3BECTATI.

,i i

i;;; M M A n i'!?.;jiMMAn

i*. !

r ) rrCiprrf
ir:=:bneJ

pou/

E I 4:,;'!ri i.,.j :i:,t!\! i;i r-""Y" ".r' ' =" -I


i--=:

[ f
B

cai,lo HB HeKor neher rpaAcxor IIeHTpa. flurame je, mefiyrunn, o:laKne je raj KaMeH .u,oByqeH, jep y ea6aqenom xpajy rg,e je naSen HeMa HHKaKBUX rparoBa rojra 6u yKaBr,rBaJrH Ha flocro-

jarre

aHTHqKor HaceJba.

flurarre je, raxof,


Opecruga

Cncanuja nputta,t1ana Emarvreju vJtu cyce4uoi Opecrragra.26)

Io au. je o6lacr

4a le ,qorryHa [pBa ,(Ba pe[a curypHa. wea oBora oseKHBaJrH 6ucnno r4Me rpaAa ur,ljonn-je oglyrcorvr c[oMeHrrK [o.q,[rHyr, t4ItH naK r4Me JrnqHocrr4 y ,IHjy ce qacr crroMeHHK ,(uxe. FIa' oao *RIi.g ry yraeyje Henorry_Hrr.narpoHurvry 4 peAy ,,...IOAC)_ ruY", 1ig KoJlr_Tpax(H r4c[pe,q ce6e je4uo Jl,rrrHo ulne. Aro 6u raj narpoHrrm 6uo nnalo Ay)ror, rao, ianpr4Mep, 'AoxLqrro6drpou rarri 'Arro)'.rosrbpou, oH,[a v..s p. ne 6w or.ino niecra Hr4 Ba uro trpyro ce&r JrrdqHor r,rMeHa. He sil.qfiru, ruefyrrm, roje 6u auqno'rrne Morio .Y llPnom cilory wKaru rBo ,,F", Huru tIaK BHaM JIa.THHcKo
unne

.[Ba pera ce Mory Jrar(o ur6ee role6ama [oryHr.rTr4 oBaKo: Ilgrq Klard rd 66[Eav 11 | p]ou],11 xui [r,p 64p,,,l. Karo ce BuEt4 uB Ilprexa, cpe,[fiHa Ka[r4TeJra [peceqa y l, Z u 3 peny cJroBa AerrTa, an@a u jora, TaKo upno.M pe4y nr' ,qetuoj il_ Ia je.y ItoBuHt4 r.r3a I[eJrTe Mopano 6uru joru naj,rnalbe rrjecr clloia. v ToM cJryqajy.6u HaTttr4c r4Mao wvpt4ly o,u, oxo S0 cm. tvtrroro \upu ou nraie Morao 4a.6y.ue, y cnarcbrvr cryuajy He roJrr4Ko [a 9y_:u.^1r[*by peqn ,,xard, rd 6(iEcrv- u ,rTl pori'r,1,, MorJre V&l \wTt4 jou gne pevu (nanpi4Mep, ,,roiE &p1oudii, rarrz xbruro carz,iuo). n!{19* pery 6poj- cno'na'onionipa_ u a6on rora cmarpaM 1^ {

Ko.nraro ce r.ra ocxy,u,Hr,tx r,raBopa rcojurvra pacnoJraxemo Moxe o6yxnatala roprbu ToK XaluaxmoHa u BHir.eTH, Opecrra.u,a 6aaeu Kocrypcxor jeeepa.l) Crapuir.r nracuu roBope o Opecrnrtaa

je

Co-ryr, 1955, crp. 92,6p. 866,yeuma peqr M. Malert...] c oBor HaTnuca fiao HMe qoBeKa. Alu, Karo noraeyje uprex roju rrpulaxeM, ucnpeIt npEor u HMa Mecra Ha Harfir.rcy ea je,uno r4nr4 ABa cJroBa, TaKo ,u.a ce oBo u He Moxe yleru oneojeno Kao noqerno cJIoBo flMeHa M(riprog). Ocuu rora, aKo 6rr ro NI o3HaqaBalo crpaheHo JIr{qHo ilMe, oHAa 6r cle.qeHe Mcri.er . . . MopaJro 6nru renruJrno uMe; metyrnlt, KopeH oBe peqlt ie nornyno Eeno3Har y puucroi onouacrr4uu. O unenuma KoA MareAonaua y pr4McKo lo6a, e. XA 5 (1955) crp. 350 N 4,. zs; Leake I, crp. 318: Jlumaua, crp. 234,6p.216; Wace Woodward, BSA l8 (l9l l7l2). crp. 185, 6p. 34: ,,'Aletgo6o11g r{E r6},.eoE, droos 6qo. e.) . . ." {l{8 x. 26) JluMHqa, H. M., craBJba oeai ualnuc y o6nacr Opecrr.ra,y.

:r1 (anauYruc, Mctrs8ovm| flpoocuroypcgfu.'E)u}.qttro., xup&.prr1pcr

8.

urja 6u ce crpahenaua BaBpluaiarra c? ,,F,, (npvra


?3)

r4meHa

ce

MarapoHac, H. Jt., crp. g r.l A., 6p. 17.

TfPEITI. i'Aprorap-1ool l).aurov rrir. lci6e)"9'ivl ilpcua.. Huje mu no3llaro ilA je osaj Harnr{c oOjarren Ha Apyrom Mecry,.ar}i je jacno a,a y np.ro,v(.ta peay {opauo urarw uue Flayrosa 6para, cHHa Apucrapxona, roju je cnouelrdK nollurao. 14me 'Op6orqE, rcoje uoxe ynpaBo ILa craHe y npB14 pe.u., HUie perKo y MaKe,u,oncKr4il HarnucilMa. I-lpeua roue, Ha oBoM cnomenr.rKy HeMa EHura ruro 6r yKaBr4Bano Ha HeKy Besy c o6lauhy Opecrup,ortt. I?*

t; B. Saria, Vor- und frtihgeschichtliche Forschung in Siidslayien, .\\rl Bericht der Rcim.-germ. Kommission 1925126, crp. 97, earnyvyfe na ocnoBy jeaxor Harnuca uB cera BaHenra, Ha Banl.u.Hoi o1aau.Manor [IpedilancKor ieeepa na je u ona o6:racr yJra3r4Jra y Opecruay. Harnuc rnacil:

tB0

Maxe,u,oncKr rpa.[,oBr4

pr4ncKo .qo6a

loPTa Mareaonuja

- oPectuna

1!]

o enHpcKoM nJIeMeHy, a crpa6oH Kaxe Aa cy o1u, HaJrace y cyce4crBy MaKe,(onar{a, a6or yrJre.qa r mohu oBHx, BpeMeHoM n cawu [ocTaJrr{ .u,eo MaKegonnje.2) Ope_cru cy npucajegumenu MaKe,u,oHcKoj ,u,pxaBll rtor <Du.nnnorra II r,l on Tor
Kao
BehH

Pamrnanu ocao6o.u,uln o,q Mare.q,oHcre Bnacru flepau6e, ,(oaone u Marner,r o .rr.o cy Opecruma, Kojra cy 6unu Marce.uouur4, .[aJrr4 ayToHqmujy a6or Tona rrTo cy Ba BpeMe para nperxnq Ha braxoBy crpanya). Opecrra4a je r.reue,u.a BaAp-xana
Jlranraje He c[omr,rme rvrely o6lacrn,nna gernpre Maxe,u,onnjes). LI y oKBHpy MaKe.u,oHcKe npoaranqraje Opecrra.ua yxr,rBana rdaBecHy ayroHoMrajy: lllunraje je HaBuBa cllo6onnom,6) a BeJrlrKH

cror ocnajalba Aa cy 197 r.

BpeMeHa ttorrr4me cBaKaKo rbuxoBo acr,rMuJroBame.s) V no6a prm_oHtr ce cMarpajy MareAoHqHMa. lloan6raje raxe

cy Bprro ocKyqHe. cem crpa6ona ra Anujana,-Ioj' cy HaM Cauyraan noAaTKe O OCH_UBalby rpaLa H lberoBoi .neau c MaKeUJIH .LOHSKOM AI4HacTI4iotu, Apr y-OfecrraAu ("ApToq'OpedrttdY 'caivro BHsaHCreQan 'oireottlf criovrdrue lour e;;;a "6'6,, rHtxradl. Cam.o r,tlrb rpa[a ,,&pyoE" SHar{Hro ie, xarco HaM caonBaIrCTa HaJIaBI4O

Aa S.:-AP' ;;;;;''cip;6on, n, MaKeAoHcKoM ieanKy paBHHuy'') y paBHI,lUvt, Bwqvt ce d nO TOMe UITO JIHBHJg, 208 r., Kaxe La cy .oHH JoroBoDehr4 o naieia.ia fiapgaHaua 'cnycrr tn ce y ,,apnejcKo noJbe": ,I)arflllDil]r' Jto opeiru,u.e n

cloj

ayToHomaH

noloxaj n [ocne llepcejena nopaaa, iep ie

descenIlriiir Tn tviaceAoniam effrisos Orestidem iam tenere ac Haicrapuiu Beh cy rora 36or campum"10).. eir;;-in nrgaesieum Xaluaxy
HaJIasOM 11a !e -ne4a.neKo oL Apm'enoxoptz,

je

lrcTpaxt4Baqr cMaTpatu ia ce Apr nanaalo AoJIt4HI't oA Kocrypcxor ieaepall). fa npgrnocraB*a Kao ,noila iyxno 'nornpfeua

HaTrrHc

cneuu$ra,tan
nponuHqraje.

ua ,(panuva, o KoMe he HHxe 6uru pevr,t, rarrycrpyje noloxaj xojra je osa o6aacr uwaila y oKBHpy

APf

Fbera je, no rpanraqujn, ocHoBao caM nereH.u,apHr4 efloHr,rm [JreMeHa Opecr u vs rbera je noruqaJra MaKeAoHcKa r(paJbeBcKa noBa Aprea4a?).

o6racr. Irlnar, HeuTo JrrlTepapHr,r t4aBopr,t, Her.nro enurpaScrr,t Hailalu- orvroryhunv cy Aa ce ycTaHoBr4 HeKoJrr4Ko rp4,roBa y rboj. Hajcraprajr v yjenno rJraBHn rpan Opecra 6rao je Apn. Haxalocr,
nr{TepapHe Becrr.t

Opecrraqa

je y

apxeonorrKom norJre.u,y MaJro ucfluTala

pJIaBHH Aa ce Ha oBOM MecTy Mopao HanaBHTI4 nlc je mo.nao Tai canesa. [bl4xoBor ce.[,t4tuTe rprn Opeiia, fpal paH,ie H

nir

_ie4nor sHaqaiH_or HaTnl4ca ceny Xpynurura Ha XanlraK{oHy. ,fIoAurqacT rlapa KnayApi,a oif- cTpaHe rd xorvdv 'Opedtrbv, HaTy -noxaeyje Mefyrurvr, Kepamoryrloc, xoir'r. ie

Ml,ttuJbebe, nOcJIe HcKOIIaBana xoia je 1940 r. Bplul4o iio,u, KocrYPa, H 14r.enrll$4xyie c Aprom. npeucropHcKo. 1-p-1t19,HCTOpHCKO-nacebe Koie ie-orxpuo na jyxnoj o6arn ieaepa'o).

caM 6140 sa roxaiileonaibe Apra i<on {lrvreHoxop?iar^npoMeH,o

{";^ ;fi" Apr').

ie lrsrlena

oBone rpa[y

c6v Mcrre66vorv of r)'.qoluiovreE a0roig pa}irorcr t6v 'Ilnerpcor6v, of piv 6r6weE

_ ?) Hecat. frg. 107; Thuk. ll, 80; Str. VIl,326 (npema crapou uraopy); Str. IX, 434: 6rd yrip rlv 6rlrp&ver&v re rai ri1v txr*gdcerclv tciv @erralt6ricri

oi 6' &rovreE, p6pq rcrrliorcrwo @arrc}i6y i) Mcrrce86vurr,, rc,}drep 'A0crpdveE rai A'i,)rreE rcri Ta?rapeE @errcdr<iv, 'Op6orcn 6i rai flelr.ay6veE rcri 'E),.rpt6tcrt McrceD6vcuy; cf. RE XIX (1939) 961 u A., s. v. Orestai (Johanna Schmidt). l-lpatrte,u6e o pacnoj qhcrorn Opecra rojur*a je nrrcau cMarpaJla 3a norpe6no ra npouapa cnoj s;raHar( (,,bel dem schliesslich hervortretendem Rassengegensatz zwischen Hellenen und liarbarentum zelgen sich die O. als tapfere, konservative Vertreter der echten, eigenen Alt" r ca.), nroxeMo Aallac y HaJMarby PyKy rpe3perH Kao o,[pa3 cpe[IdHe u BPei]leHa y
KOMe Cy HacTare.

s; Steph. Byz. s. v. 'APToE. ' ' 6pS6i1t r<-srd Mare6ovicn'- oy66r1 "APYoq j"r+iar. I-lotjrelrua ieu')ro')ictt o'{HrJIe[Ho ie- ucxnape4a' a.y- Ap1 ro4 Cre$axa B il eaHru c r or ,\i[;;-#.'oi'lil'rptar ? Ce.u, trt t't no ie lr Arcraii, ceBep-o3a.narno oA Crri_6a. .11u. fuj Aor ce orHocrd 5, i;;il-;;i Xujeporno" noaurl,i-tO{f , a),-tynpoiro fli...trfeld-y, RE ll,- 789--N
'oosocr6y. ii.E"

I::nloTi*'3,8ffi S:lrz:-n:t;[,:ifi g.uarg HaTnr4c ,a ord.tgrue Be;rica c Arfos


iainruca us Jlere

Ori:stikon !). 14 Apr c Be;1l4Kor 'T,lT,,i:;*,?#;:'ff He Moxe 6r.ru y Opecru.u,u, B' o cBegy ro6e norraBJbe

*';\r&";

HcmoqHa Ileonu.ia. "-*-;i Sii.Viii;372: &pyog Si gc{ rd re6ior'),.riyerar

a; Beloch, Cr. C. lllt,227. V 6nrun roa Ap6eae Opecru cy aajeaxo c JlunrecrilMa caqnbagailil jeaxy rd$rg AnerccanApoBe nojcre, Diod. XVll, 57, 2, Cwt lV, 13, 28, cf. Beloch, n. 4., Illr, 326. r; Pol. Xvlll, 47,6: Mcrre66vurv piv-o$v coi,E 'Op6o<crE ra)roop6vou6

rrapri roi6 vei,r6pors"' ud.ir,otc 6' o'(ovrcrt pcrre8ovtrriv rcri Oettcrtrtriv elr'ctt' ' ro) I,iv. XXVll, 33. tri Ieif.'tV, izz; Desdevis-es, 307 cr.; ,ll,utunua, 230 cn' rzj fl. ninairxri, -'Er r{s "Avcu tr{a'fEovtag' 'A;}1vri -21 .(911]:..9T.?:

6i

6t&

xai M&yvqrc(. Vn. u Liv. XXXIll, 34: ,,Orestis,... quod primi ab rege defecissent, suae leges redditae". lltluurno ie nanoMeHyra l,a 6u Purulsanu n Opecre ,,oclo6o4r.rnu" ry\uncKe BJracrH, ra ce
flepparpoirg rcri A6)r"orag
onr.{ caMH

t,i

rpooXcop{ocrt ogior rcrtri

rdv a6l,epov crr)rov6pooE crgeioov,

i1)'"eo$6p<oocrv

4{0 6p. 2Z:-rr. ri*6icur-Katoa.p;l .. .taqql"l:: oi<nr >'e[p]gor<nt l[leppct'rr1rir rof td rorvdv 'Ooeortiv I ...lwo< aparcttio"A)'i$Crv6pou lr]cri 6mpe)'q')6woE -*1'r""f'v!.ooiro;''Aie$d'v6pou... KoriHja narnuca ie rarna 'u'a ,; i;;;. .. -nperciasa ue.uocraie croBa

'Opeon&6cc rcrrcroxeiv rore 'Opeorqg ge61'ov rdv r{6 prlrpd'E g6vov rai rcrrcr}rrreiv dr6vopov 6cruroS riv X<bpor,, rrfocrr 6i rcri rr6].rv, rcr}"eio]ar 6' crurr)v 'Apfo6 'Opeonr6v. App. Syr. 63: "Apfo( cd ir, 'Opeoriccr, ti.)ev of 'Apye&6ar. I!Iare66ve;. By.nrah, feorpa$tja, crp. 12, norpeuuo Mt4cnu JIa ce oBo ilecr'o xon AnujaHa iuoxe oAHocr4TH na Apr y Lotu*u Bap,uapa, B. norJr. ITeonuja, npram. 15.

5) Liv. XLV, 30. e. crp. 73. 6) Plin. IV, 35: ,...t liberi Amantini atque Orestae".

nucy oceharu Marceaonur4Ma.

z; Str. VIl, 326: A6yetar 6d

rlv

Korrr.rKo orriprruxe ;; [;;;;.;;d;+, ia,ra pea,riaa. 36or .rora ie nemoryht'1:PuflTirB-tI::.: ni noq.irv uoienunuxAparcr torS 'A']re$ctrtbpotr tipi*unJi' narnr,1ca. y'1 p. ume rpe6a [a rilacH Harnrac je Mopao crP,' 57)' n. n., t<.p""onyabca, q:i,i*a.*i crolu u ron 'nocle,u,be lli]Ie 'A].ef&v6poo HeMa naTpOHHMa' HHaTl,| JOtrI KOJfi pen, leP '(;;;; ie uucrHo iL ov"furivlp'.i'o nparic uuie ;raro pehu' flana'uarnc o p.ciriu px, i!: nperc e.rHI4 K rou-ttona H' ;;Tt;; 6;'i:;;;i'";'.ri; ;*:i;, 'A&r*'6., 25 (1913)' crp' nirifui*ri, BrE 'a"b'aiii'" [i1"r^'airiv r{1'opioilaoq.
(

471. "Ii)-Cf. no.2\. -"'

55.

M"*upoHac, Xpor*ri dp1arotro1'rrd,,. NIcrre6or,<& 2 (1951), -c-rP, cllariai'kd-piin6nynota 'e''oona'p|-i' Kuoropicrt, Ilparirrcd 'Ap1' 'Ec'' 1940,
nncam mora'a llo6lrru.

u L.,

ucxo

.qo6h

opiiq MareaoHnla

Opecrr.u,a

__rs
Fb

,,::li?,'.!o?,6;:Tox,x',;?3*'3ff
xrequjauorvr_

Ke.nerpoH

dutu fyrta*e &a ce ceEirum Ha.,raa,o Ha nonyocrpBy y (oiivpcKoM Vocralonn, npyror jesepa 14 Heiua y onoj o6lacrr. l.l.t-{ll ne SHaMO Hr4t[Ta Br4ue o oBOM rpany: Ia tu ce y pHM_ .n1,199.? pl_r_ulq y civitas, .u,oKne ;e nocio;il ,ia. TtK'oi flpoxonraja. caanajeluo o, 19 uap Jycranrjan ro.qfirao rpa^ Ha ocrpBy y jeeepy Kacroprija, r1. ria rrreciy HeKanarurber Ke.re_ -j.p TpoHa. ona eecr l-lporconujeBa o,u, ocoofror r*.p.cr, ce y ruoj roBopt{ u b jeandr*a .qpyrom rpary JuoBe olnacru _ ,(r.roxreqraianouo.nv. Eio ,um ni,i, npribirj. i"pruu, A.r,roK/rEur4- ,,:tt::Ig-i19^ig"{ Te.carur;rr .i;;; no r*uny ,(raoxneqajanonon, JAHonoJb a:.r,u je apeu-enonn ir_aappeu o.q BapBa pa n ocrao je rplo : APr HeHaceJbeH rr nycr. ,-;".:.;r:.rT 6iiri^;r, Harra'r,r cd jeaepo .u,yro rcoje .u y ie.eepy ocrpBo *"tt;;r^y'Cny3. Bo.ua: ? :o^r:^ry^.loly!1, jeaepo je ocranrar".::,lgr-*ny yciy.npeBJraKy _- n.,rrty;; neTHaecr cTona _ rojolu ce moxe a,ohra ao ocrpna. nu olipni ce ,u,Hxe BeoMa'BT4COKO gqno, roje caMo ynon'a Br4ru, ocrano je uorpraeuo jeaeporvr. 8'6or'rora ce iu uup (*.ly;i;riliirl, viir: .qeBLIlu aa je nonoxaj Aaornequjairono.rra'raxri JraKo rpHcry-BpervreHa naga, u aa je rpa,u, npe MHoro [perpneo oHo rxTo cMo q:Klt!, y?rpatu4o Ha ocrpBy uo6po yriplbn rpa,u, u, Kao rxro Je^Ip.1.pgtrHo, ocraB.ilo My rberoBb z,r,te."ii , ualpxaheMo ce najnpe na [r4Tarby crapoi, [perjycrunu_ janoncxor rpa,rra Auorreqnjanouona . neirdo*6niii"*u ,u*.r, caanajeruo..u,a ce raj rpa,q Harraarro y aiua-ui;"K;;;ypcror je_ na je 6uo_ ua JraKo rpr4cryrarrHo{ ,.iiy, y;;;.[ qera ce ::p:, Hr'rJe Morao oA6paHarn o+ napdapa, xojr.r cy ii rruiau.q u y*uruTr'rJrr4. onaj HeKaJr.a cpehan la obirr rpa4 rexao Je ,[yro y pyueBr'rHaMa u oflycreo' AOK Hujg Jycriuulan oary,iuo au .h o6Honr. Karo car,ao HMe rroKaafoe, 7ro*iri,""o&-oirE je 6uo usrpagejr nor ,(uor.noqnjanonn. iu' ny i; i, 6;o'lrir, , rpar, rar je^

Jlrar.rja. _onuc Kajq uirvr .Jlan rig tum in orestidem"facit et oppiaufr'c,ii.iiffi adgressus in paene insuta.sjtum; tacus moenia cingitf irgii-rti,iuiliiOri unrrn ex conlinenti iter est...") no,uyaapa ce Ao re Mepe c onr4corvr cpeArbeBeKoBHor Ko^crypa na icrou,uenom jeeepy,'aa He Moxe

Ao6uo ,qpyro uMe. (ceretrum) aa6enexeH HaM je canno rco4 ^..,lprAl?u_rpgn


r

-'-' ^".;,I.l,;Tf

i:,;[it:j:

Kepanonyaoc je Ml4utJbelba
x.rriqg
ja

H6nn o6ir o

nreH

H HaB Ba

rlo4 [uoIa i9 -,( Aproc Opecrr.rroH 16) ercs a


n

uoxleUrai anono.rsenn.

npernbcraBra uBrJIeAa Bpno aeponatna.lT)

tiiiixxx,'lii,'l,irorH;; ;t

Ona! Auorneuuianono"rr cTpa1ao je, xaxo HaM Kaxe IlPoxonuje, o.U.'bapaapa MHoro .BpeMeHa .11pe Jycrrarrnjana (rollq rp6ripov) r,r oirao ie nyro (6ri paxp6rurov) ropyureH v uycT.

36on' wspaaa rol)rtp rp'6repo,, u tr\ poxp6rotov Kepamonyloc Mr.rCJrr4 La Ce paBaparbe Ar,rCrcneUrajanOnOrna MOpJIO ,u.or6,u.HTH npaiervr. IV 4., Ba Bpeme AlapuxOnor noxgAa, a He cTo roIHHa .qoqHgie Ka,[a cy Teo1opuxbnr I'orH npo*pcrapultu MaxeAonujOtu.18) Alu na OcHoBy TaKBUx I43pa3a TelIlKo Aa ce MOXe H npiaOluxHo yTBpAt4TI,I BpeMeHcKl4 paBMaK. Vocralonn o4 Hajeene Iricrounrx frira'not Teb,u,opuxoM (a78 r.) .u.o JycrurHuiaHa npor.xJro je [oJIa BeKa, a To ie y Xunory jenngr rpaga rpl4nl4qHo nyr nLpao1, ynpaBg ,u,oBOJbHo ,rl,yr a ,U,a ce r4naK ne aa6opanu

rpa[

xreo 1ta o6Hosl4 rpa'u - rpnqa ;1rybe Kata je Jycrrnujan -raaa6pao 6orne MecTo 14 roAurao no6po Ilporionrale,"- bH je yinpfen rpaA Ha ocrpBy H, KaKo ie nparq ocTaBno rpa"uy rbeiosb-rrvre-(rri).tv 6v ii v4O,p dlupcurdrq e8eiputo xcri ro ovopcr, d.q rd etx66, Ig{xe rfi n6Let). Oso Hal4srneA HeAoBoJbHo JacHo ql4HH MSCTO, nOie ie UalO nOBO.q,a paBHI,lM Ty6aqe.r5u6a, MOx(e, npoo,u.asHo neh ra Mn Ce, Aa Ce CxBaTH CaMO OHaKO KaKO ie Ty6aqt4o TaSe.u.: Jycrranrajan ie rasrpa,[l4o H6BI4 rPan Ha .4pyrom ,u-ecry, antl My je ocranub ciapo u-me ,(raox.ueUaiano1t96.'e). KepaMO[yJrOc je Upyror Mur.rrJberba. IIO ruenny, peqeHl4Ua ,,1tcti ttr
ovopa-o.gf1rerfir6\e{'3Har{l4AajerpaA.3a.u.pxaoI4^4eMeCTa

KolH Je HecTao.

(ocipra, o.[,H. jeeepa) Ha KoMe je r-onu-l'HyT H Aa ce, ilpel^a ToMe, o.U, Tor BpeMeHa sBao Kacropnia.2o) He camo Oa j9 cHHTAKTI4TIKH
nervrOryhe OBaKO CxBaTHTH OBy peqeHU(Y, Jep Ce le3epo He c11oMHr5e Henocpe[Ho y boj, neh ce roBopl4 o ocTpBy, Te 6w ce w OHo LIMaJIO l4cTo uMe, uiTC l\lopano npeTnoCTaBL4Tvt Aa Ilpbxonraje nrarne He Kaxe, seh luuu.lJberue KepaMonyJloca Nlopa

i9

.i

ea6ariHTLI npBeHcrBeHo

nojanrnyje ferc

qujauouor

'

A.r,'ollulllol o6Honuo,ei, net ilrir"i.fr, ?'i;p;;6il] ,o.,..I9J,1..:.:-^.Ilqrjalno 6anuo oBr4M nuramenn, Mucltu ra y paBHHUU JyXHo o,u Kocrypctor jeaepa, aa rojy ce le,uuHo r,aox6 pehra aa je.,,e06,9o6og", Huje 6und *utm aa A xaro ce y roaHrjum usnoprlla Hr4r,q,e He cnoMr*o; aia-irirau. Ap.d66pu.rrnno,
u
^ t"/,
15) Proc. de aed. lV, Z7A. 16) KepamoflyJroc, H. n., 57"

enrcKont4la .U,a XrjepoKJIoB noAaTaK o6jacuu rpeT[ocTaBKoM ,[a ie Ha MecT) ciapoi,(uomleuujanono6a,-jyxno-on ieaepa Kacropraia,-o6pa' 3OBaHO nOHOBO HeKO Mafbe HaCeJbe nO,lI, HCTI46 unneuOm,22) He
1z) Oberhummer, H.

h Ko4 Xujgp-_otclq. tL y no3naroJ rlorl4ul4lt, roia ce [aryie y VIII n.21) I-loxyuai Kepannonylocz
rm.amo

s6or rora uTo ce rpa'u, I(acropuja


l{r'roxle'

CpeIlrbeBeKoB-HI4M cnoMeHlrUI4Ma, .ll,cl6

rpoga

Slti

hl'i.

u"i',("f3*,ry;'['

u ru

rq

a'

22e

; cev et' 664 ; o

erh

rn m e r,

HaJIaBI4o y 6ausunu iesepa. uirianonors - 18) Kepamonynoc, H. 1., 58. tsl Ta1el, Via Egn., 43 u t. zo) KepauorryJroc, n. [., 59 n .u,. zr; Hi6r. 642; l2;'Not. Paris. 1555 A, 6p.

(on

4., craBrsa .ll,uor,'leuujaronors na mecro Ke,re Kucropu;e. _Metjrturu, flporconuie iacuo Kax(e Aa ce ,lluor'ne

zz) KepamonyJroc,

n.

,u..,

60'N

.u,.

236. j' ,'

;
"'

, ''

184

Mg5sqolgKu rpaAoB

t4

pu,,..Ko

oo6,

Iopba

MaxeaoHnja

OPecrH.[,a

185

npr4x'arJbr4B. je: Mopan, 6ucno. ce y clyvajy iluraTn Eauro je Xajepol::-,:-rl?rao y cnoj cnracar ro,,r ro HeEHarHo HaceJbe, -no.-roirl 3-I-r yotln Jycrunwjanon rpd4 y n_eronoM cyce,qcrry. HaJBa.u, u rpehe Mr.rurJberbor je Jycruniiiii-i, r,? . tb;.-r*., ii.' ou jo ;;t ry cr unulanonorll)l "fi:'r;ooffi _ru me$yrurvr, aariro rd ovopcr crg\xe ri1 -rr*.. lra [norconr;.-purro ,,xai r6),er"", aa je rpa4 ycTBapH abOiro Horli 14e flporonajera reicra Bur:w cu;icno'.ua je pev o o6Hosl., ,,opyueHor H onycrenor rpaAa fl,orcnlur.,janono.rna, a He o Asa rpala. LUro je nonra, rp.?r rio.qr,*nyr neron,xo K,noMerapa ,4aibe 11 ,c:Bepy He t:rba'narlra y cylurulu. VIe rto.u 6u ce .q,aro aaKJbyI{HTH ra je ra nerda,aubu Ke"rerpon, L..1IIo o orfol ?y;: ot4*t4, KaO uro cMo peKrv, He SHaMO H,rrrra, yila3uo y cacraB T ep uT opuie rpaaa,( oxneUa i aH on orna r o,rr, Hoi Hb *e.o,ioilil; I9ry1,(, Apr?" ,$:_lI. j: -ly&unuigr;,-;p;;'dro oy.a BeKa.rr

fi;

ce HopHcTe rLeHHM g.O6purvra (r,op4, Eu).eia, 6ioEot). oeaj usBaHpelHo HHTepecaHTaH ,u.oKyMeflaT, BaxaH 3a npoyt{aBa}be 3eM.bflruHgx o.u,rroca V fopnoi Maxe,u.ogwiw y lo6a PaHor l{apcrna
C,aqyBaH H

HaTIIHS [oTl4qe raa Il B. H. e. - noCTaBJba [pe.U, KOMeIrTaTOpa &fllue rluTarra nOja uuje JIaKO petI]uTI4, IraKo je narnHC o,u,IHtlHo

ca1pxai roTIIyHo jacan.26) o Ko.Me je rpaay peu sHaJIo nr'rje ce IIpe cnera, AocKopa Ha OB.M HaTrr,cy. Irlmd rpa,u,a sa6elexeHo je y np-ao* ile^y *rnrCu ('Erx).qoiog oyop6vq( tno ro0 rrjbv Bartuvcrituv ro).rrdpXou): s-l!r cy [oqeTHa Cnona Tor umeHa orutehena. flpervra O6janroerroj monulH rpeAnoxeHe.cy pasHe ,rr.onyHe. caxelapuy, npBH H3.[aBaq

IIenilHI4 y3eBrxl4 lberoB

r.r

riaTIIHCa, 1OMI4CJIaO Je CaCBI,IM HeeaCHOsaHO Ha rPal Arvranfnjy. Vfoodrvard je cnorvreHyo Kao Mol'yhy rconn6unaqujy rpa4 EparnHy

BAT14HA

olnyKy cKynurr4He rpa,u,a Batune, AoHeTy ,,oBo,qoM xa.ri6e p.:,y.rl^.p^1b1!. {_u Hx He^r.r Lrapy',oi nporirai*onrro rorilc-

Hajanav.ainl!, enurpa6cKr4 HaJraB us Opecr une, a MoxAa u uB UeJre Marcelonaje, nelarn HaT[Hc wi ceJra' '14Affi;[; (Apanuv),25)- ornpr.ro nur* ie ienuo, r4Har{e nornyHo HenoBHaT rpar one odtactu Barr.try. HarnHc .ilirir" n..6rr*y _ BeMJbe

roa l-lporonr,rja ,i noA'xrrffiolag..Aaorreqnjaxono* je - -y y Tecatwjy craBrbeH u nq -y tvtur"rionrly;;1u"ro'. .u, Hsnoxr.,rra y nornaBrby o rpaHr4uaMa MarceAo_nuje (iipjss , a.l, A;;ffi',;j;: ie (a BepoBirHo Li qena Opdciaa;j y;;;opr4rvrcKo I9.T9I ,qo6a Baucra nptztlaAao Tecanuiu.

leno

!4!113:f-Lr,lj1'!i*?ff nocnelrbr4 nyr cn_oMalbe, He 4aje Hrarcaxan peanin termiiur-;;; 3a HecraH3I 3lT'1rn or, uiu.6iI:., pl,irurrunrr..Kor rpa4a, Jep Je ro noBHHja xorrrrnralaUaja roja "ne-olpaxaBa r'Arq"\qr oApe_

'[?ll,.,Il.;;f t:;ru,j._*:,Tilt
lerHo

::tT

-BperueHcKo

crabe (a.-cip.'-i61.

Crpa6oua, 6'epp.rur.alo,r), xoid je AoKyMeHroBaH ca*o I(oA Iv*riraivhn ta ro irrbxe 6uri noTnyHo Hero3Har rPa.q. llanaH .Lxrc'ie nrx 6Ho vaepeH na Ha Harrllcy croiu [A]crrtvcricov je He'u,atsHo' rer Hajea.u,, Opecta.27) ie Jlauuiy rpaaorvr "po.r.tro pieunrapajyhu ronr.rjy HaTnuca, Encon rpoqflTao [paBo r4Me I-lpema roMe, y ceBepH.otvt [enY 9p.Bo"ruvu(c,Jv.2s) Gi; iro" MecTo rge je irarsuc Haben y4arneno je upertaa CaxecTr{.U,e - cara o,u. Kdcrypa v l^ll2 cdrl o.u, r4sBopa .Xa.uuaxiipiiy 4 *o'ni1') HarIaBHo ce'rpan Batuna (Bd,rruvu)., I?:*.T,^I': CauOyipanna ie.U,unuqa Ca nOJII{TapxOM Ha qely, eKJIeCUJO/}I H

Ha BeMy nope.4 Barrane

:ly:llrrrrlrHcKe [;"ff
ii', I ;,1';

(6!F6biu

rq)

r o,r.r,o.yty;y';;'i

Hajnehu HHTepec Harnnca Jrexr4 6e.cymrue y ToMe uTo ce v beH,x. rpafana -rarcolenoian.rryjy u HeKe xoin jMaiy .gnPefena craHoBHI{Ka. rareropule rpyre BefirJ'bHLxHa npanh Ha TepuTopwiu oil-or rpa1?- To cy'Op66.rat u e:rap.1rxoi. Onnoc Opeira np,lma Barr'l(ra je npl4llrtlHo jacan. Op,iiin Ht4cy rne6e'npranoidHo^rpany Barunu _- KaKo je muce Opecl.rrvra o6elexanajy npHna.qCiro PocroiUeB,oo)

lil!'HHUI4IaJIH HM OpraHfl ma

-'neh

ila ra Kuc, x o jr je Hff ;:'', j1o #::'*:l::,"1*'s,,-a1 ^q g',-? iri' ;? IXi:!,"J,pXllu1:.o_y_6#^-:t1iv9,!;;;;;;,;#'p#;;;;";i',T;"1n9,J"1: ward-a, v'qrs-q, na Ha y-!B nno,pr{MeAa,a npumeaa6a y y-rtw Be3fi C C -upyrvajrm aexurjama h (Ei; zd 661'pcc [A]u*r'ctr<ur-;,i;td;;;0";,'TilrIl Hanpe,u,}rerHn 2s (r0tB), *p. ltfl;'l|i

-,) Ilarfluc Je npBH g-6i1ry9 o6iaeuo r.ocTa lrpnr 3.pJ^, Aoc_Tq^Ienornyno H Heraquo (D. Care_ "i."yJtsh,,il;{ifrlifl;,iJH; 6p. 2t7. Hoeo r.r3rr"abe Harrrr4ca "rao i;ly":#:1,?',"^ri;.J?,rfj::,ii,ir;i*r,#I::';/,iily,,_;:1.-1?e, id

,f".#xiii{:".":":,1r"r".:1,:ii#:r. npenoru n.peBoltll l-tporonuj"e'o-;il;;;;. npofonujea nO,U,afaf r6).rc n,6).rg 6i 6r :a ,,an der Arenze von Thesiitien--iiegt eine i;*;l'..:r'*3b:r"Jfi,Y ff.f;" i!{i;,ir.;"^*iii;":,"":"'.ifi*ilffi_,u[_i1l;,,7 8'ilf ;;,/'ir"x###;iil,i1:;i:y,;i3:ff r,. ff ji #:noiu11.Jl1_Ir*l;:ll=:":i; ., a n n ;; K; b; ;6 *; ", ; ; j ; ',i ;. ;#frl i lo l g i e u i p " y ;i1;; ;' ;ffi .i ; " :"#;; ifi :ffi : ffi : '!:?1:*,.u',,"T,,, *i) : : - it 6;i; -rq::ol; Jacxo j,t *l_yi: narabyrpaHrlrra ri,tiiiiJ. .y
.; a
13

L,,,Uf"fX$ ,[uorneur,ri _-, [;'i5T.?fl L,urrrrur'r'er, 3H'#?,-,:'^:\ff H. ., 142, IqZ,

o s d' H i d rokr Es, p. r r.r ,#;l#.,f, 4 ;ilfl j*i;:*,i#91ii.&*;',";]:;"i;;o"#:l?;'ff I [:t, J*:]{T3I,.: }^11r, :\g:,

mr.r je il3 npyrt4x l43Bopa (KaHauynlc, Td rot''dt rriv NIcrni. 2t ra le- F. W. Walbink, Philipp V of Macedon' G-*UiidS" fgSg,'cii. t6g, np..2,.u,aroeao onaj -narnuc ca 143fi44 r. n. e. .,tiutyrrrn-, npega ri,rcry'x<iira ie.o6jaruo Woodward Harnrc ie naroaan

-eao'',ur',

$) ';;p: t-loeHaro

li;

t., 1

(rprcrrooloo<rlr rai -cetrGpctKodrclr 6ret),-ufo, a TptrcTa r{eTp.u,eceTorrr_'ronrigo,n -Wooawqlg,..nb rpoBr4Hrlacxoj epn, orrgB1p_1 1_g?*: *i*d i" rspauynao-, Hucy'm, nbsHirra aprymeHril Walbank-a, vrje /I,ero HrcaM Morra [ooaexrx, u cTora ce He mory i'nycTuTht y pacflpaBJbabe oBor nuTalba. zz; Jlrar*nua, crp. 239; Woodward, n. n. crp. 341 ; llana.qaxuc, fl. A' 28) Cf. MarapoHac, Xpovrr,i cippno).o1trd, Nlcrrce8ovrra 2 (1951), crp. L Manaionac v ca* noreplyje raqHocr oBor qura'oa' 55, uprr,n. 291 I[umr,|ua, H. ,]u. ce.no_.Ilpaur.rq Hucar MOrJra .U,a xatetn nu na iea,sOj RapTy. Ha r*oje nurame, r. X. MaraPogac :ry6aSnO nu i-e- caOnuITxO .U,a ;;'i:pa.;;,{ .u.#uc so"e.i(panoxopr4 u ta ce uarasu oxo 18 rm y apaunoj
.rr{Rglr{ Jyro3anaAHo

crp.

462.

-ff."h j

il8#

Empire, crp. 561 (nPnm. 92)'

on Kotrypa, ia qeMy My H oBAe nailenure saxsaryiem. u) Rostovtzeff, The Social and Economic History of the Roman

l86

MarceAoncr(x rparoBt4

I- puMcKo .qo6a

f oprua MareAosuia

JlunxecruAa

lBl
ouotvt

M,','UJbelb ,u,a

Texe le vlrgl uru Ko cy 6rap1,roi. po.roBueB je raaneo cy rg prrMcKA Se*Jboroce.q,r,rur4 HacrarbeHlr Ha repraropujra rpa4a (oi ert,tex"r*T",) ,p;ffiajy npoorauquju,

Ha,ecr,4Ky ognyrry cryururnnu nu

ucrrnyvyjy enapltxoi. Ilpercruiniiu, Od.,iiu^vrpaBo r

y o^nyq, cKy[rxTHHe Barntrejl1u ,qu' ,,Opecra,,.Hruajy npaBo na c.no6o.u,no flPntuhe.}be. npxannre aemrne (dqpooio_fij), ,qo6 ce oA Tora

Hrlqfi Beher 600_t ca,oynpaBHr4X Orr.rITr.,Ha (ctruuuux Baraura) ,'o,r,o, Hlu e.)voi ieii,i ,opedrrtv). ucro r.uro u xorvdv Je a6r. ;;;r, trol,

noje cy yjearairene V

ir'r* ,6;;;i;l
pr. Hoce

j[a ie Ha IrcToKy

nbroxajy rIepHHcKa o6ract, il;ri; ,i:0"*.'ti4rrinrpa ro cBoM Eopn3je a Ha Hcrory' rpeMa o4 cenepoban1lg i"ii'.u rianaer,r o6nacr,flacapeta'

rpaHnl{l4fl A

iLI]LS1CKHM . IlJIeiUeHHnna.o)

oio6f.";.4;j;

tr-lp.cnuncxonn ieaepy, .u.on'pyie Alu, SeMJba JlunrceCta nraie 6llna orpaHilqeHa caMo Ha Iepr,na*y-'o'Orua!, KaKo HSKI4 HayqHl4tltl TBpI\e. Ona ce npocrfipaJla I'pa,u, Jlunxecra Ha ceBep Ao bt4TOJba, nr{e. ce HaJIatsHO TJIaBHI
m Hapoqr4To Ha plrmcKo .u.o6a,

rDunar.ana Ilei" 6ntorocrca paB-HI4rIa X;p;;;;ir:i{r*;-;; ni tt jroSa nocne oranuna ll na *'c" KaI{ raqHo HHJ. iraroHrl, HH-

xoie nac oBAe npBeHcrBeHo

ih^,!if cyrrporcrauraiv caMo- rpa\inina QroLiirl,tl''r.t u cBuM coe_ crr4,a. H a j aef 6n u rnrj.'ri'.i..qr' . ro.u ru rnen;'h;;Ir;U;, na cro6oaun }oroftl "y "is 6p..r, ta u'4ana Ir{:^Il3-r\thw y oKBI'rpy juaKeAoncre [poBr4nqaje, ^rj, Lrapl,xot craHoB_ rn-e,ua Hr{Ke ocraJre M1_g1orraj6, npou4Hrlr4Je y yxeM cir cBorvl cr:arycy pdanraiona* ria f. _n9 Je BaxHo Har,,ac'Tu r,a ce r4B ono. ,n-u"rujno't ,HaTnuca Bu,.n x'a je Baruna, ilaKo opnaH,Borrau rao caMoy[paBHr4 noJrr4c, ynaar{na^ y jelqny ruupi aAMlrHr
rvr r.r

j-ffi l{liL"l"}','u?i,}n:1-,'X#"#tki:di1{

bi;;;.;i'ilr;l.il^p:il
,Sfl|I}rr#:,fi;:
y
npyrr4M roprbo-

vtu Meuarbe y Oulo KoM Bli{ qecro cpehe y caBpe*eHol :;ti*.i; , n&u.oHalla, Kole ce ca, y noceqnoi pacyKa'arla daO_nyle yspone;;t Havu,. Ha rpar,a Jlunxecra, rrannor ;;;;;' ;;r'.ft;oi orro.y Xbpaxieie, caM orluupHo xoioi. heaaronar?, rpina Y tri'unor ;;'[;;;;rri., cy ce oBl4tvl rojra HayqHr,r*a cBr4x lr,HeJra MHLTIJbe[ba u xranore8e TpaHeol,pxrlBocT noKa)I(eM no6ytxaJla La r 1asuru nriurr.* Xeparcneie c I-lelaronraiorvr.a)
norpelxHo r,t ra,u,enrrasraxoearue
.[HUHOHaJTHOT

I'nii,:Vtr4

ranenrla0laKoBarba Ha oBai cnoi HeAaBHr4 p-af cM3.1B.1y^ IrsrII4txHr4M 11

Bana

ce ,ros

"'dp.or,i,

MaKeAoncrann o6aacrlrma.

uujy cycpehenno,, xao rxTo hervro BuneTu, z

, ' ,irr-i","jjtts3:#;X

HaoBoMMecTyuouosu,lAapryMeHTenaxojunnano'ruBaMoJe u-Ilelaronraia oA caMor noqeTKa 'lI,Ba l-Beperbe .u.a cy xepaxnela

6iu'ol.nu rpala. I-ldnasehu o'll re 3a MeHe HeocnopHt^ -'IP^:.Y:.: rpa1a .Ha o.qroBapaJyheM iis-oprt, "6 b cruxoru o.U oBa ABa geraronnju IIoy

;;;i;
Jlzuxecru4a
e,r o rJr e. t e,c]1, . ^lqu11. II *, o ro y, r op #f 3f *f #*I"*,?;::::r:i;#;,';5;","TJX',f.?Tt?,1',ff i',T.{'iil#Jfir":i:li"+:*:ti,",,1Ti;l;J#ffi,lJJ-l#,ij r r4i,.I{1*j.:., J) M ii ;8 "; ; .?;' i,iril].it,

Xupunr";, y

oBoM,

cne.nehervr

rJraBJby. Cervr
rb o M a K o HcK eM

Ll

y.i

I4 re6rpa$a' JeC1166rrrby Ce KoA BHLIIe aHTI4qKux I4CTOpHqapa o ttome he Cria6ona, KoL fi;ir6nien no.qaraK caqyBaH

xoA Tyrranrana, JIunxecrl4 14 tLl4xoBa o6lacr Jlunr

;;;

B Jr a

M a K eA o H c K

uc

"

j;"I;,T,"J#f #,lii Ia'"X,".r,:ri:g,.ryrlr_y:-..,."ii3i',iili.il.ff Xx'"i',';",1'l:i,"P;^tT,,*:{i:*".1iiii.;|. Auyxqdri!: & oaoritro ;;; ;;;;;Hl"r*i"r'#"r: nlf: Ilil ,,.il'*oo rvru[:I::i6 nLy^Iy'l, ir4ori;;t n;il, illl,J ii ; "#p ;J,ff; il' #lf i; .' i #;l 3"'I l-' I "gp-1xi i,, u^,j?^,I y,1^i ^ --r;ilil ;; Jj ;;|" r'i i. "H 8;:ff .; ff??;,'o h rt r n rr 6u n-a oa a o;e'ni - ! !1 "ll, fi;,:?;ffii.^?u,&frilf
-

ii" : I f ,o#oT;1, # ?iii'l I ;u"y :*: y. I l,-l y tv-,' n o ffi , i v'vttPA ueue crapoce'qeoue ^;" ;J"[: ilH:Jlf,i:",,'1?,?y:Ilf I-baxora ":did,il'.np_o"."J#L"r;pffi ce BeMJLtt, lenardHrie.'z)

I',

olJ,T,(Hf*t

.729, ,132' n'flenaros'iq,^5A 4 (1954) 308-345' r; @. llan,aroi,f,'*.pu,t,ti' 3, np' 4 crp' 169' np' 10) na u P' l!te(y!. crp' Harna.u.tto caM BuAena ' Lri, zo'c:t. u crp..423, i;;i, til;.o-J rl"ii".itl:i'; m6naicnja *iceabn., i-lelarosuie c Xepanp. l, 3alpxaBa rpaAuUt4oHaJrlo-raAeuru6urcosatle ll,l' 12' 30 r na App' x-rejom, 3acHoBaHo Ha MaPruHryrnoj 6eleuiuu ad Ptol'

a; Thuk.

lV,

124; Y-n. rr

lV,

IIl,

l'iii"

104a.

il ;;'

"o.ioi,, cBe,[oqaHcraBa o rpaAoBuMa X6pqrcre;u aErHqKI4x He cgera urro ce Ha r,beroBuM Kapraya rpa4 flelaroxuia
H

Merotttr -;';;;;;';16;;;'v npo6'rem ' n9-{-"1!-u nonrpanHruulv !r ,aiyeby'oBa ,ir.Ba apyropaapeAHa cp.eA,5eBeKoBHa r43Bopa Fbetuy

,r)
32) 33)

flana.[aru

Woodward, x. 4., crp. 341. d'sx.'

r*

nojas$yje ycpeA oll rbe' Vojralot't o6racru Jlunrecrnnl,-i-ooru.i' nelar<innia ceneprto Jlunnecru.u,e n [Ielano[-1. Melonu H He rroKyrrraBa .u,a npeurcrutnblrtron" rrlaBHI4 rlDerMer n,eroBe i,iii6,'-*i"'1e [ieyrrrmr"o ran cd HMa v B]t,u.y ie aa6erexena Zi]'nuru.onuia' -spttuluuuL! KrbHre. Ha xaprt *|it .u,oHoc, nu

flelarowuiu'

fffif Cf. i:niliffi:;fitlii::, Ceyer,


2)

l"+'"i"t.

vn.-Tt

65l,

--

u[.'ii,

"s"a,'''epilfl*",i1,.

a flelaronuja nouepeHa Mano y JIeBo i.-'tri,i*J*"-y'odoacr oro Eurora, ua 3axBara i**.'-o*o Cro6i c o6e ctpang Bap1apa. -Haiaa,u, raKo Aa " ul'r a JI un re crn'u a M a m e c19i;;;, ; iii.- +iz-n eaaron,ia 3 av^3 I9i1it,1 " na'npeo! oJL noMeHyrr'rx rapara, O"-^ HeAocrleAHocr ie y 1l:::.n9I..tl:nojmona' vtliem caM paH

-.ip'. JluurecruAa Hcrorrno oa Bap.u,apa, ceBepno oa urdo', dro crp' 37 Jlunrectuna 3ay3nma na roj rapi, ueo IoK Epnron-a' Ha ra.irra

Ogg.

neny nocnearruu neiPe'Ifltuh'eHocTu lgorpaQcrul ceeijbapat+,y nocBeTHJIa ropenoMeHyry pacnpaBy'

Ise

MaroAoxcr<t.r

lPe4gxx y prr,ncxo aoda

fopma Marelonuia

Jlunrecru.u,a

189

crpaoon ra'Jlr,rar,rje HeKorrr4Ko nyra ro-nole o Jlg1rry cTaBJba_ jyhu ra y cyce.dcrao liirpeii; I-torvrunane Jlunxecla_ yngpdao 6 Ir'#5iuiu"il"heypuona.6) *Jo oBUx nuca[a, Hapoquro ce r4sBerrrralr, oanoce Ha pa.1!j, roBe @unwna V ^o*ji:i1lu u l-lepcejd, He Aonyurajy cyivury Aa cy y [o6a AonacKa prmnana Jlranretiraa.la-hela.orr,li^ dr;;.u,re jacno -norrroy paBnpaHI'I'{eHe o6racru. Jlrnrectu u, fieaiion,{r ce oAnojeuo r,r KoA llceyao-ecurvrna-; I-l;;;;jr"z)'*" ""'" *E'AH,EJA , Xeparreja j9_'61r. .irirrr, , ,o* na u je{uryu npaBurpaa, v IIII:.ruti. (flronemei ;;;'il**e caMo my). caruo

6uru Brrr,e .?:9p3, noxaeyje aa via.Egnatia npolaenla ie r(poa seMjby lluuxecra npe nero:rur9-ie y.,raaiai y EI6;ly.;)

Hrxe

ngJlaTarc O OulranOnOj AelainOCTt't .(eHH ,(ennOCfenoB -ii*o

n;;;ilr-i,

irp,lil, 6;;;r;' Bapvo6vtu.-6tu 'Hpax).elcrg *r" SeOri-(ri Ay"orta 6Sd;) ;irpq "E6eddat, nc6i fl6)")rcrv p61pt oed'Eop66v eig zni Auyxqdrci-:v ?(uI '323) ri. na- c9 Xepax.neja HaJIaBI4JIa Ha ,Ooi.on-rxietog (Str. Vll, y ninni. cruly a ne'y iar,roi Jlunrcecruru ..(MT3 S.:^-6lY' ;;;y tHpax).etog xai Auyxqdrc1v MO)Ke yAeTH H KaO Cv O.4 ouotvr. g;*;;j;,- rrrefiyrr,lrvr, Xepaxneia je nefaas,noiuo. neaaHa 3a JIunnecruuy
14

MotJIa I,IHTepnpeTupaTu .!, C!p1' (oaHo*ro llorra6ralenfl) p.eqeHl4ua b via^Eg!9_tia: -ex9i-

,0, .. Moxir.a

,,6v 'I)'-

cTaJIHo

ce nojan6yie c engTeroM f1 Aiyttou cBe 'u'o

[IoBHo aHTI{qKor,u,o6a.12)

I(pI4Ba rbeHo MaKe[oHcKo. noper


fl

to

H,.4e or_ w neayjg.-jd-ri]*un.aoHc*y

Xf

rpaHHqHuM o6aacrunna

f :','ffi ,r.ry_r' jiiirr;r:fl :lr.l%,[:.


-no.qraeao

j:;;,ru1;,6*#;;f;
.u,a Mv

yruirbilu' .plaouu

Ho !.a xepax,i ujubrn^ noArrHyra ";r;; npe 349 r.1r) O6nacr Eurora, nge je aa Bna.(e @ununa II no.qurHyra Xeparueja ce Ha ceBepoaana.qnoj uBu\u Ilunxecrr,ue. ' Haila3l4 Mox,qa oHa npBo.Hrno ra-nrajinprnuarri rr.,Hxecir*u, neh je Orrun uerp_aiuo .r9iy_ ,up uropujn xojy je 6uo I.p;^ffy'nu oTprao ol' vlttupa. Taiio 6u'ce roiuo cxBaTHTrl

;fl i,',.i3ri^%'#?XXJil'j'?.X,,lJJj:lrifJdff mn*l;m: Mulbe_caMo jeayV X_ep11ej[ Martaonujra u Ba 15y Kaxe ra V jy je noaurab eumn,'crn Aiv,i*ri;li rb;;;; ';;;;;rrraK Moxe o.qHocHTH KaK,) Ha y JlrinxecTutu TaKo r.r na Xepa_ I:pu-*r.jy rlejy-canrury, jep_cy neponirnb o6e raarpalene y ucro BpeMe. -nrii.. Melyrr,rrvr, jearind Xefiarcl'ejy rutu Monao je ,ua n,lra y v suuy ,(e,ocren ra,ila .u is-'p*i""au yrapfyje rpalone ,,"., 'fLlrord,,frI ri; o @utuni- Dpuqa.u.a o'Jr. ro.u.ar*a Eeaox je aar*yu je

je aa csoj np_ounaT ur4aJla [a saxBarIH oAJIHtly HOM nonoxaJy nno.u,HoJ paBHHrIr4 Ha rpaHUIII4 Marcelonli. -1 Ce H.'rHDcKr4x BeMaJba. Kpoa rby ie O.U, CTapHHa-Bo,u.l4o Ily.T KOJH ra. xoira y^Marcenonr,1l.y np.no'Jlr,1xnra.u,l ; k;;;;*i. .cnyurrag 36or rora.. jg.lleaap !e y'prarrrc*, no'6u BaMeHHJra via Egnatia. *orao Ba rby Aa Kaxe ,qgae est sribieCta Candaviae".13) V Xepaxneira ie 48 r. rpe H. e. !.olxJlo .u,o cacTanxa florrtneia c noiranraiog ,u,aqKor KpaJba EOupe6ucre, Aropnuonorvt aoralai 'aa6enexeu ie Ha Harrr,cy xoin ie il;r;;j*.-O"ri u-o,i,rarao y qacT cBora rpafan-uua Axopfioxry Ha InonrconoJb
Xeparne.ia

ilibr" gronucuja 9BHM pequMa: duvruXri:v crur.tp.J46 Maxe6ov{crg ey roi( lrepl 'Hp&xLeto.vjqv trli ro0 Afxou-.14) Hema CyMrbe .lla ju p.u'o kepannelu y Jl,rnrcecruAu tt uraie rerxKo o6jacnuru
r:1 V nomeHyrom tI.raHKy XA 4 (1954), crp. 315. L3:-Ip1{; ?-QtyllxuroM aYrKE>' Kolil Je or.rru cu'*-ni 4paiuenar cyna c yruc*yruM caexooaH Ha Mecry aHTlrqKe Xepaxaeie, Kao Ha ieAuno ItoKyM_e-HraP{o. na ,rosalrcrBo \a cy y'bOrutiil Eral6ia xuzeiu Jlaxrecrr'r' Vnyhyjyhu onoulocaMTaMopeKnao-neo-6nqnouo6,rnryAY|KE>,xeJII,lMHaoBoM [. flerpyuencicra crpenyo naxrby na 6u secrv tra ror.aM ;;;;ltM.

rrlanoupe HaBe-

xxvt,

s; Str. Vll, g2A. 6) Str. Vll,326: rpog Ei roi.rorg ('EyXe).eiorg:Ieocpq,)iorE)Ap1.r{orcrf te rai i1 Aeupforroq rcti.4^rprno).rE tleltcrrt}crl^iiii.i=,.oiiT[], rd. xepi A6yro' r<ci rle)'.'yov{61n 'b!,eoa,iaa 'qod ir<&}.our,. ibid': o 6i 'Epivcuv "ai-'b-r.ipr,o* rr)r, dr,<r: Mcrre6or,{crv er tr6r 'r).Luprrriv dp6v rcri .a"s";"""s-'6"trr.o.s "oi,.a auyr4ociuv r*i Boul'ov xai a].,ipioi..,' xai rlelta1.6.,r, ,ig ror, ,Airdv erc6i_ Dcuor. Liv. xxxu.'si per Dr.;;;!l;;;'rfi;,iT,,i;!; ;
83. Liv. pethgori;il;ii;icui,;-iii,l XLf," .;; Bri: xxx,, "", quartam regio_ Flrrioi.; in;;i;;;.-', ,) Ps. Scymi., ptin.'rv_ g-1I'
ZS,

6urr'r crpaheHuua o.q AY|KE>TAr' naro 19LTg ^:l'"Jill y 'u'ooa :.oKymexroBaHo caMo c ,1, napuiaura c e mor'la ie nocrojaru npeKO JIarilHcKOr iesnra y KoMe ce Pa.ursana, Ka[,a Ce neg O6lrUr.r yerarvrajy rv6r rvro 14 (paixo " 'l *31u..::, ra pa3"Ill'rKa ffiO;;il';;ft-;;;;,rKoBarlo IlqLcrlov(cr t't H !r rpqKog Je3uKy (Kao urto, ilanpnr'rip, nocrojr'r rapnjanra fhloiO.reE, n-open fie)''cryovtcr t4-fle}.ay6ve;)' I-lerpyuteBcKrl noMuIrIJba H Ha

.rYr(a> Morra

Vu o ;;,';i1,i oi"l"ruoyrcrq, ,Ap6r,rou rorj od.(rrnoo rriopa. rietoch,'ci.'cl-iii-r,'s?8,';p:?'i;;;;ll,iro je aa ce uc_ Ap,6vrcr oi).rrrno;., noruro i,ry. noerri i,xaxas rpan A,mtnra, ifli%/r,i,

supplementa .urbium OiviEii.,, Vn'."r'nrr. Anabe) Steph. Bvz. s. v. ,Hpar).er;.'. .

Ojl: .:) Justin.-VIlt; 6,ii',a-rio. 'pi"iulos in finibus insis nit; aritrJ lr"liti.ii,is..rggni. terniinis ;,"..ti" g!,;;d;il"b:ftil'?XtorBIoi;

nem Eordaei'et lynce"sta.-.I

4: oer

na ie AyrKE> cnoDerr.Ha noKa,Ha rpopma y nrrypany ;drii inoiyhxbcr:oiFr'o>. Mucllt,u'na 6u 6-utto spr,o,Kopt4cl9.{-1^:.e vuecro oonqxe o6janr c no6pom Sororpa6niom u orlIcKoM, ;;;i'6r;rg.nir nono"o y.re crBapil Morao.lu'11-,{1IIJ9:,

etiam ex im319-t1i-s-qtul']i^]l^ castra .or*odorn-qiroa Domiti,ts, qui dies comp.lures castris Scioionis coitata habuisset, r1i iiurui,tiriae ."ut, IU-uo dis.uss.rat'et Heracliam q*"-"ii irL-i.iii c"nauuiae-, iter fecerat, "1 '-Pii^fo^1:i"-illyT .[a le oB,u,e peq () Pompeio videretur." o[asHO je xoucraroBaHo

ro ie 6one eeprrpqn ri-br-ni^6 rif Clei. de bello civ. Zg, 3:.,,Accessit

,-

iltiil:

obic.re
SuritiJi,

ll] ff,TS,ij}.0J,,. I, 48: eooi <DrLrrrrro'

Br. ,ri.).oprors !o).ers reqgi[e,r..

na ie u enurer v lrnrlih,tlrl a ,. o Xcpixleju na CrpumoHy, Kao norpeluaH .u.^o,rl.araK' roih nnaiy pyrconucu,l4s6a,IeH ,t3 reKcra ,repi 6i tfv_i_ri-Kav6crou(crE 66ov crire ;;"K;;'tr;;;iy Vn.' Sdr.- Vtl, bZl_._A.z u iVtatch.'frg. 18 (FHG IY P']i9 )1:llJl-t3: i.ipvur eioiv cri Kct\'dcl,iJlct; "rp;lox*boi, AOAaSehn H3 Enra,amua) rcrricdtr. riro r4g f.opHxoBe Tpyne lr ilDeHa Jluxxunv). r rr; 35. Xeoax,reiu

Dittenberger, SYll'2,342

190

@nucro.u,o6a
o6nwr<. 'Hp6x}.era

Fopma Mare,u,onria

Jlranrecrrl4a

191

oqr4rreAHo 6uo Iory A6xoE, npe


1ryr,r

'Hp&x)-eta q A6yx.ou. A6xog je noauaro rlme HeKoJrHKo MaJroaSHCKHX per(a Te je_ cacraa.rnau HaT[aca y ,u,aneKoM ,(raonucoaaBe.qeH caravnourhy r4Mena A6ynog

gIK)r{a

4 grri roD A6xou yMecro npaBHnHor


r.r

uTo oH BepoBaTHo nrje irarcaa vyo sd JliuKecre. 36or rona'je Hanugao errr roD A6xou, rcao,La je y nnua via Egnatia: oHa ce' Kao uiTo cMo' Bur"eilu, npBa nyT ctloMr4rbe Kor, I-lolu6uja y BeBr4^ c r^M .[px]loM. oi xepdx.neje je ocann rora ronaTarby,peKa, a ne o6lacr Jlanr.ls) xeparcneia je duna BaxHa trauraua

sr4o rryT aa Cro6e, rojra je nesunao BapAapcKy ,[oluHy ca rJraBHorq cao6pahaiuorrn aprepraionn y Mare4oHyiu. Oryni je Xepixrgia ea6erexena y cBr.rm uruneiapujuma, y Iiinerarium hntonini ra ltinerarium Burdigalense Kag craH,qa Ha via egniii;, ;'t Ta6ynr.t flojrranrepujauu 14 KoA feorpaSa paseHcxor H Kao craHr45a Ha

Itin. Ant. u liin. Burd. 1s orroJ['o !4 pur,ncrcux MrrJba, mro orroBapa. npanoj .pats,qaJbr.tn, ,rr.$y Oxpra.ua a-Eptrora (G9 K^a).r:J 1o 1e Bpno jar,u,oxae au X.p'^: rpe6a rpaxuru ron EuTo"rra, a He Ha npyroM Mecty'ri; $ejy l4ruuepapuju n-orcaayjy HaBecHa Hecrraraba y norrrery oTcTojarsa uamefy. Xeparneje u Eg,ece,18) arra je ch. Edson".u.oKa3ao Aa je orcrojarre xoje -naje ltin. Burd. ieAr.*ro raqHo r4 ,u,a oAroBapa [paBoM orcrojamy 6uror-E,4eca.1s)
14.,u,.' r.rr.e
r<),.eicrg.

ra.Xeparcneje raanocr nfervra

ryry Xepaxreja-cro6u. orirojame

rzamefy JlrxnH.ua

_r?

'Apx. 'Ep. I933, Crp.

t toj uaanar .,,Xeparaeja u l-leaaronuja,, XA 4 (lgS4), crp. BIB o6uja m^Ke pa onylo oe o,u r Jrerue (nepi r4E Aoyrrliirrfr (',Hpurr

iu

Kao rpurcu opraHHBoBaH rpa,E Xepar<neja nraje urvrali rpu6y. -y Mefiyrurvr, uagnpo6nu crromeHr4K BeTepaHa VII nerraje, uaien diluauHw aHT[qKon HaceJba Xeparcneje, Ha KoMe je ltao [orvroBHHa nojnnra H_aBeAeHa Her(aclea) u rpra6a Fab(ia), nonaayje -rpa$ancko ,u,a cy rpalana Xeparneje Kojr{ cy crr4rlanr4 pHMcKo
roca.q,a He3anaxeuux nunujapnja E4con je ,(orarao ,u,a je via Egnatia uamely E.u,ece r.r Xeparneje Hurna jyxno_ o,t Oc.rpoacror u l-lerepcror leaepa, npolasehu Kpo3 Knanau Kup",rr.r-Jlepnex, a-ne ceeepHo, KaKo ce roca.u,a MAcJtLuto, r,t ,[.a ce craHu[a Cellae HaJra3uJla y 1ttuzwgu Mecra

AHtrqro HaceJbe xor Eraro.rra (6yroBo, oro ,Z xn jyxHo oA EuToJba) nraje cacremarcKr,t Hcrpaxuaano.2o) llo_rpruaucxn H clyuajnv Hailasu rojurua o6ralyie rleJra beroBa o6lact cneroqe o anavajy HaceJba r,r rberoBom ryroM xr,tBory. Oa, rvrnoro6pojnux HaTnvca nalenux 6ulo Ha Mecry caMe Xeparneje, Guno y Earory H rberonoj oronuHr{, HaBellhepro oB.ne caMo oHe y KciHMa ce ctlomrrbe rpa,[ Xeparleia r4Jrr{ nJreMe JlanrcecTa.rr) I-loqacur HaTrHc nocnehen [1. I{enuarjy @ponToHy r.rHTepecaHTaH ie napourro a6or rora urro ce y lbeMy nneir,ie JIuHKecTa rd Auyxrldrisv i'0voE crromrarbe onBojeHo o.u rpa4a rojra ce, y To He Mox(e 6wrw cymbe, HaJraBHo na meroaoj Tepr.lTopwju:.nai r{E rr6}.etoq rai ro0 Auynr;dtriv 6.}vouE . . .rr) PocronI{eB Je CLaKaKO y fipaBy _Ka.[,a Ha ocHoBy oBor HaT[Hca saKJbyuyje na lJunrecru Awcy 6unw rpafanra Xepaxneje, Ma,[a cy duiu npruojeHn meuoi npalcKoj repuropuja.n') Onaj Harnrc uoxaayje ,u,a je Xeparileja 6wna Ha rpqKu HaquH ypefen rpa[. Ha rrervry ce cnomltme nehnuUa (pou].eurqprcv) { paaHe Marrcrparype TurlrlsHe Ba rpqKoMaKe4oHcKe rpal1oBe (no).tr&pp1E,,zapicrg, tiyopuv6lxog, f ulxvcrdiopXoE). V E rarolny cy ualeua u r,Ba c[oMeHr4Ka flo.qurHyra or crpaHe MaKer,oHcror Kor{HoHa, uro rarcole yxasyje Ha aHaqaj onor rpaga.sa)

16).ltin.-.Ant- 318,.4: Heraclea,, (yrynHo ,,Licnido - AB - Nicia - I l- Castra 44 mp\; Ib.329, l0:,,Lignido _li'_ i;---scirtian" _O_ raclea." (y5ynno. a! *p)I ltin. -27 Burd.606, g sqq.: ,,civital Hericl"i-_ ti'-

I9p:.-.o-rluqaB_a lqilroxa Toooxe fi rIeJIa oOlacr ,qo6r,l.na ume

QA)

Lu au ce r4MeHoM AtroE 'na 'nainuci ,i l,,io*Eo_ Epurona xoja nporuue rpoe JIepUn, no r<ojoj ie

JInni<.

Hoaurpag uau Coporuh, jyxrro oA flerepcror jeaepa, a ne


zo;

ron

Fop-

BHqEBA.

- ad Duodecimum Itin- Burd.606,4-9: civitas Edissa - mutatio -xll crande mansio cellis xllll - mutatio xllll mutatio Melitonus XIII civitas Heraclea." ts; ch. Edson, The Location of cellae and the Route of the Via Egnatia in western Macedonia, class. phir.46 (lgsr) z-i t. Ha ocrrosy xvl-

nocJre rora npeceiluno y cyceany lleaaronr,tjy (Eu_ npenerro Hme xeparreje, ne-rlroxe ce o,u,pxarrr, uird ie rrpfixBara xoHurMaH r.t npeKo rbera H HeKr4 "rlpyru uayuHiluH. o rbnre pa'cnpaRrb_am.onur.rpHo y noMeHVroM rrraHKy XA 4 (lgS4) 309 r.r a. ra; Itin. Ant. 3lg, l_3: ,,1-leraclel _xxxlll_cellis _ xxvttt _ XXXIil Ceilis XXXIII Eauli".; f$espa";. ibig: 330, 3-5:,, Heraclia

Nicej _ tt _ neiiciei;i -t6- errberi'... raKo Ila ce no H,oj ue Moxe rr3paqyHarr,r orcrojarue Jlaxur4.q-Xepar<neji. uAaBHO. Je HanyureHo Mr4ruJbeme Leake.a,2gl u jl., .u,a ce Jlrains.q iaaa3r{o Ha jyrouclounoj o6anu r4croquenor leaepa, a He'Ko.q, - Oxpraf ;;'t" crora nocraJro 6ecnpe,u,,n-erHo 14 BeroBo JroKaJrr43OBaUe Xep'a*"iu Jlepuna Ha ocHoBy orcrojama Jlraxnat-Xepar.ne[a. ^oi re3a 4a tg Xepirnejd 6H.ra ro.q, 'Jlepuua, 4a ,^ _ir]-. -K9!lI9n_VrocoBa Je y roKy rpabaHcKor para usmely l-Ioruneja a I{esapa cnaJbeHa r Aa ce tteHo cranoBnl4rrrrBo

Fphyri-l_3 . civita-s cledo" je jeana 6pojra (,,Lignido

(yr<ynxo

a4 mp). Ha Tab.-iieut.

raaocraBrbena

I4cronaBaria cy BpueHa cauo lg36 r,l Ig37

apyrni rpateauna yKpauenfix JIeIIIM Mo3afiuuua, cf. M. Fp6lfi, Orronasarta y Xepaxaeju Jlunrecruc Ko.u, Earora. VuerHuqrr nperJreJr,, 1939/40, cB. 8,
r crp.231 u t. 2r) 3a rrarnr4ce h3 Xepar.'reje s. JlHMuua, crp. 258-275 u Bylr.rh, Cnouenurc 7l-(1931), 6p. 14-47; 75 (1933), 6p. 5-29i 98 (1948),6p. l9-63. 22\ Cl. P. Perdrizet, BCH 2l (1897) l6l- r.r ,q.; ,l[umuua, 6p.248;Cno.{eHHK 77 (1934), 6p. 4.Kouula Harnr{ca norr4qe o.q Hero3Haror Jrul1a !r o6jaa;rena ie npnu nyt y aruHcKOM ilucry Ifcr).rlyevsoia (xarnuc je necfao):,,flc6tro; Kul)ri8roE {>p6vrov, ciyopcrvoprlocrg, zpeope6ocrg e( Ae).goirE eri

KoM orKpr4eene

je[na

panoxpraurhaHcKa 6as]raura H rreKoJrr4Ko

r., rojonr cy

npfilt4-

ror),ua rojy je

ror. Ilr3r)rov, dpytprov 6rr6oirg r{r r6}.et eiE oe{roo ciyopcofav, dsiror. iv or&r,et rcpazo/.rioctg, yupvc6lapXrioct; d;r rrir, i6icor,, eir<6v<r:v civa&rioe<o6 rcri dv6prd,.,tov d$rcu,)ei6 rlro ro6 poo),.eotqpioo 6ld 66ypctrog rapret<ov rcri co).tcupX<irv, yuptcrorapglq i6dl ddo6e6er(y)p6vog rat r{g r6)'.ecog rai ro6 Auyrcqor<lv d&vooE su.i tidg rr6)recoE 6rd 6oyp&r<uv, riv orri)r"qv civ6&qrev 6r rtiv l6{<ov.',
33) M. Rostowtzeff, Gesellschaft u. Wirtschaft l, U7. Perdrizet, H. .r., crp. I63, _cr*arpao je Aa cy Jlunrecrr4 caqumanaau jeany civitas ca ueHrpou y Xeparrejn. 2t) IIr.rmuua, 6p.218 (Mcrrce66r,<uv) u 6p. 221(cb rcorvdvrrlr,l\{ar<e66r.cuv).

192

Maxe:roHcKr.{ rpa,u,oBt.r

y puucro

ao6a

fopH,a MareaoHuja

JluxrecrrrAa

193
HaM

npaBo ylucuBaHr y Tpv6y Oa6uja.25)- He iloxe 6uru cyMlbe ,qa je Ha oBoM HaTnr4cy peq o Xeparlejra y Jhanrecrvrt4, o oHolu Harrnc Halen, a He o Xeparnejra lPany y .:^?i,1y ie pyyeyHHaMa Cuaru\u.26) I-loanar je joru qr4TaB Hr4B .qpyrux nojnraqKax Harnuca uB paltux xpajeaa,.na xojurvra je rao Mecro nopexna aojHr4Ka HaBe,u,eHa Xepaxleja 6ea r,rKaKBor enr{TeTa, a yB rpu6y Oa6rajy. Beponarno ce cBH oHr4 oAHoce Ha Harrry Xeparlejy.2?) Xepax;reia je y tloBHoaHTr,rqKo .[,o6a nocraJra ce.[,Hr.xTe enucrconuje. V aKTuMa ca1opa oApxaHor y Caparauu 347 n. roTnrcao ce erilcKon ,,Euagqius a ,lVlacedonia de Heraclia Lynco".28) pnrarer q Ariyrou o.upxana c, Kao lxTo BrrgrlMo, r(pos ueo pHMcr(H uepubn. V xox Xnjepoxla Xeparneja ce BoBe'Flpdx).era r\6yxou fi Haila3u ce y tlponnnqujra Macedonia Prima, .u,oK ce fleraronuja, rpag c xojarvr ce Xepaxleja vecro norpeuHo rl,u,eHrn$raryje, HaJraBilJra [pema CunerAemy
Xeparcreja ce crromr4rbe
ToqHr,rx

ie ond-caqyBaHa carro y
cBojr4M

;reK{Hj} ,,Eracleam et Larissam civitatem Thessaliae", HaKo


jennorvr Ko.u.eKcy.31)

Hercoluro roAI4Ha nounuie (a79 r.) Teo.[opux ie ca cB]lM I'oruma KpeHyo y Vlttupux, pasopgo Cro6e 14 noHoBo foruao no Xeparcneje. Malx rp6qa Aa je Teo.Uoprax Ta,[a nouTe.r.eo Oaaj rpa.U, BaTo utTo My ie eflucKotl xeparJleicl(H IIocJIao

iaxn-ejra-y JIHHxecrhqu. Onrac nyTa roirarvr ie Teonopux.Kpe.Hyo ia Xdpanneie Ka JlraxHragy (xaro" riiv 66do6ov xgl drevilv 66dv

pasHe [apoBe, arw ta ie nouHaje _HttaK otubaqKao u cnatuo ira KpeHyb nyTem via Egnatia ni JIHxnu[ H .[aJb-e npema .(upaxujouy-.32) He rnroxe 6irw HHKaKBe -cyMlbe-Jla je peu o Xe-

ri,r'

nehe: Teo.u,opuxoB orau Tr.ryl,r,tMep oceojuo je Haracyc 14 o.qarrre locJrao Teo,u,opr,rxa npema VnnajaHr,r. Teol,oprax BayBMe Vnnraiany u Cro6e, a BaTr4M cHJroM npurpa1u u HeKa [pyra Mecra y Vnupwt<y (,,o.ui venientes tam eam quam Stobis mox in dedi'ti-

fora y

l4nupur<.

O noxony 472 r.

y Macedonia Secunda.2e) y V n. y. BeBH c unnasujanna Vlc-

Jop.u,aHucnpuua Ate-

one accipiunt nonullaque loca Illyrici inaccessibilia sibi primum tunc pervia faciunt. Nam Eracleam et Larissam civitates Thessaliae primum praedas ereptas, dehinc ipsos iure bellico potiuntur".30) CaaHanruu Ba re ycnexe Traygranep KpeHe caM HB Haura, Aobe 4o Colyna H o[ceqHe rpa1. floruro Hraie Morao ,u,a My ce oAylpe, naTprur,lje Xalapujau, xojra je KoMaHAOBaO rpaIOM, CKnOnr4 C rLHM CaBeS U yCTyI[U My HeKOJIT4KO rpa.q,oBa MaKe.u.oHcrr,rx. fipanaq rojunn _c_y ce KpeTaJrH l"oru noxaayie jacuo na je y rruTalby Harra Xeparcreja, a He Mo)r(Ia

aeh cnomeHyTa Xepaxneja Afyxou Hajeaa r,orlaB14 tt floc.Jle.u.rbH, Hau ,u,oKyMeHTap\u tlorarax o Xepaniejra, no4aTaK I4B aKaTa l{apurpagCxor caiopa 553 r. H y tbeMy npBH nyT ce Xeparneia nojan.rryie ca enHTeToM ,,Pelagortiaed, ymecTo,u,ora,ua u rrer,, Lyn c i ".'-Me!y yqecHuut4ma o Bor ndnqura 6uo je w ,,Benignus ep. Heracleotanae civitatis qule ce Ha .llpyroM Mecry_norflHcy1e est primae Macedoniae", xojn -Pelagoniae" (oaHocno,,Pelagonienxao',,BenignuS ep. Heracleae

rii-cruve)3s)'noxaayje ,na ce Xepaxneia Hailasuta Ko,[. Btatoma, o.r,aKJre npeKo rnaHua $anara B6AH nyr Ka oxpuny, aHTutlKoM Iluxnraay. Xepanreia ie, Kao uTo ce BVD,LT ua MalxoBa noAaTKa, 6uta Cenraruie eIIHCKOnuje, re npeMa ToMe TO MO1xe 6ufu CaMO

erci,

trlv

v6crv )"eyop6vqv "Hrretpov drd.youdcrv ovaorrldcrg

sis).tn) V-remaiorvr 6poiy HaBeAeHI,lx cBe.u,oqaHcraBa o Xepaxrejra. oBo je iearanra cnyvaj na ce Xepaxleia .u.oBo.u,H y Besy

y Cro6e,

Xepaxneja

Orr,rorunra (Tecanaja). Onra cy

olaTJre

y Xepaxreiy u

r.ra

BaTHrl

pr4m ttoBHaTHM ryTeM nperco Eopgaje ra Enrarvrraje

cy BayaeJru JIapr,rcy. Crora


C.

MHcJrr4M .u,a

y Tecalajy, r,q,e rpe6a r;perfiocraBVTvt

cy ce cnycrultr4 cra-

VnnrajaHe JlorrrJru

Ca flelarOnrajOnn. Pfaao [poTyMaqeH Kao .U,oKa3 O Ll.U,eHTI4tlHoCTIl Xeparleje ra fielarouuje, onaj je uogaraK I4saBBao [pl,lrlut{Ho 3a6yne, jep raarl-ena Kao .u,a [poruByperru cxopo caBpeJueHom cBe:toqaHcTBy XrajeporcloBoM o nocToiarby,lI,Ba.o.llBoJeHa rpaAa. Vcrnapu riraKaxse flpoTl4BpeqHocTg HeMa. Benignus ie 6uo enucKorr Xeparcleje u ta He 6v trollJlo no sa6yue, c o63l4pom ,tta Xepanneip noie cy 6Hre cel.ra$ra enucKonllje, !e 6uro ra tpyirax iref y rcojra,vra je najrioaHaiuja ra Hajyrre4nraia 6uta TpaqKa Xead je p6q o Xepar.neiu y Tecaaui,t_(.t. Prooemium p.Xl)' W. Ensslin, theoderich der Grdsse, Miinchen 1947, crp. 358; sallpxaBa l\louaenob. rercr, ar.u yzu\a .u,a ie peq o Xeparleiu y Jluurecru.u.i't, 39. ibid.. ' cro. sz; Malch. frg. 18 (FHG lV, p' 125): ... r<cti 6i erporrirv r1}'&ev iri tiv. 'Hpur).eicrr. riv dv llarebovig, xcri ro6 ciplrepeoE ro6 dy ra,(rr1t (r{r) r6iet rai
BeHrHo cmarpao

s) By.nufi, Cnomennx 77 (1934), 6p. 3: ,,. . .Fab(ia) L . . . C. Vetilius f. Fab(ia) Sedatus Her(aclea) vet(eranus) leg(ionis) Vll Cl(audiae p(iae) f(idelis) v(ixit) an(nis) L, m(ilitavit) an(nis) XXV, h(ic) s(itus) e(st). z0; Cf. X. A. 4 (1954) 319. Byaah ie c npaaom cMarpao .qa y oBoM Harnucy rpe6a Br.r.u,err4 .u.oKa3 aa je Xeparaeja 3aucra 6ura ro,q 6urolra, Arch. Karte, Prilep-Bitolj, crp. 4.

st; Mommsen,

H. M.,

Ba.tlpxao

je-

leruuiy

ae.hure- Ko,ll,eKca u KoHceK-

zz; Kubitschek, lmp. Rom., crp. 243; Jahresh. 7 (1909), Bbl. 158: ,,M. Val(erius) Valens Fab(ia) Eracl(ea), vet(eranus) Ieg(ionis) VII Cl(audiae) p(iAe) f(idelis) .. ."; CIL Ill 9734: ..L. Cornelius L. f. Fab(ia) Heraclea mil. Ieg. Vll . .."; .Wiss. Mitt. VII (1900). str. 75: ,,L. Flavius [. f. Fab(ia) Valens Heraclea mil. leg. XI Cl P. F. ...u Vn. nnxe nonJlaBJbe Cuu[iiurca, nprrrr. 20. 28) Lequien., Or. Christ. Il, 82. Enucron Quintillus Heracleae npucy. crBoBao je E$ecrou ct4HoIly 449 r. Kao BaMeHuK apxr4enucKona conyflcKor. zs;
30)

rcr.;oEsrri r{r ocpcrrldt rcri curiur ci,rroorei}qvro6 66pcr rriv re X<lpav dra{tr1 :cocrr, glsrp6la$e... Cf. H p. 126 sq. V Miiller-oeot{ npeBo.u.y norpeuHo croiu: ..Hinc movens ad Heiacleam (Sinticam) Macedoniae pervenit". BuAu E. Steiii, Histoire du Bas-Egpire ll (1949), crp. 14, rle ce Xeparleja rJleH-

V,

l.

Berlin

Jordanis, Rornana et Getica, ed. Th. Mommsen, MCH, auct. attt.


1882,

Hier. 639,

l;

641,

S.

c Xeparlejom y Jltlnrecrn.u,t4 t4 JIoKaJIHsyje xo.u, 6urona. rrsuryje - 33) Malch., ibid.. p. 127. . sni Mansi,'lX I73'C, 190 E (H. Pelagoniensis), 194 B, 197 A.8.,26? B, 389
B.

p. 131, $ 285

sqq.

ttar<ea,oncrr.r

rpa4onn l3

194

Mare,u.oxcr14 rpa.u,oBt4

pnt{cKo Io6a

lopn a Mar<e.[.oHfiia

--

IIunKec'nrAa

195
Grande
Eesa

paKneja, Benignus je irnopao Aa TaqHHie o6enexa cBoj rpa[. 14 y jeanor A y .u,pyrom'cnyqajy, H Ka[ Kaxe ,,Heracl6otinae civitatis quae est primae Macedoniae., H Ka.q Kaxe ,,Heracleae Pelagoniae", jacHo je ,nta je .4rvre rora rpala Xeparneja, ? .ui je ,,Pelagoniae" o.[H. ,,Pelagloniensis,, caMo e[rTei. Jacird je aa le peq o_ HcToM ejrltcKorcKoM ceAHruTy, Koje je 347 r. sacTyrao y Capturlw ,,Euagrius a Macedonia de Heiaclia Lynco.,. je y noaHoj aHraqu frerc ! tios. Ilpenna ToMe, Xeparaeja ruoj aruilagu ertilTeT ymecTo noduJra .qoTaAaurrer "Pelagoniae-" ,,Lynci, A6yxou'. 14e suaaHTucKr4x Cn[crosa npaAora KojH cy npoMeHr4JrH r,rMe ca8Hajenno, HajehI, Aa je BpeMeHoM oBai eriHrei [oTHcHyo caMo rue (:Hpd,x..tero q vOv lle].cryovia uJtw 'Flpdx]"etcl, xu.i f1 vOv llel.uyrovio)rt) r.r Aa ce y cpe,u,beM Ber(y Kao aHTr,tqKo uMe rpajla, nopeA cJroBeHcKor EHToJb, oApxaBa HaSr,tB flelaroHrje. Taro rpe6a o6jacunru_,r MaprnuanHy-rpuMe[6y y jeAHoM
,,Xeparneja - ro je ,u,aHarxrua flenarour,rja"uu). Beailaarbe Xeparaeje, vuja je o6aacr npBo6ilTno ynaarrna y JluurecTrly,_sa flelaronHjy yraayje Ha Tb .u,a ce rpeA Kpaj aHTilKe [ojaM'l-lelaroH.nje 6wo npouJt4pr4o Ha UeJry [aHaujtby 6Hroncro-rpane[cry (neraroucrcy) paBHr4uy, odyinarraBruH. ]t repuroprajy JIHHKecrr4ne. [loja,na JIuHra, Kojr.t ce uajiryxe onpx5o
Il.rorertaejeBom pyKonwcy ad

9-ruaehu craHr{r{a, mutatio Crande,

HcrouMeHoj peuu,4o) xoja ce [peMa llwawjy HaJra3ilJra y o'nacTu Jlnnrca nilu tbuxoBom cyceAcrBy (ad Lyncum. .. prope flumen Bevum).a1) Aaw, cBeloqaHcrBo BilBaHT.r4cKor nerccilr(orba6a nuje AoBoJbHo \a 6u ce BaKJbyqr4ro Aa je Berirl 6uta aawcTa rronuc. To ie BepoBaTHo 6nno Marbe rraceJbe, vrajb je ume Cre@aH BusaHTrrcKl,r Hauao y HeKo.ll cTapoM HSBOpy, MOXAa y HeKOM nenerurajy cJl.tqHoM JIuor.ljeny, y r(oMe ce roBoprJro rlcro raKo o plt&lcKo-MaKeAoHcKrrM paTOBfiMa. HeO4peleHocT naK Jlr,lar.rjesa rareutaja rlo Tonorpa$crcurvr ttr4Tarorma qhlt4 ilnyBopHHM. no-

Melurona, Hanasulta ce Ha cauom ynasy y Eopaajy.tr) Ko.q,. Cre@aHa Buaaurucror sageneireH je ra r!'at.Beriq,

I4

rvrnrra jyroracrovno og,


Ha

rj.

lll,

1.2,

30: 'H[rixie,cr 4 fleiayovio,

ynpaBo Kao enuTeT xepaxneje, u3ry6r4o

caApxHHy H 360r Tora je Mopao 6uru gaMetbeH. Eurorncra enrorour.rja 3a.[pxala je cre ro uajcropuiux Jr.aHa y oKBr,tpy UpKBe HMe enacKorilje flelaronuje (tridxorctg fle).uyovicg)..r)

je

BpeMeHoM cBaKy

xyuaj JroKaJIHtsoBarba onor nnecta.a2) Aorne ce Ha BaneAy rpocrapala Tepilropuja Xeparcneje HHcMo y M.oryhHocrt{ Aa. yrBpAuMo. Itin. Hier. neiua Ha perraunjH Jluxnr.rl-Xeparcreja uHjeany civitas, aru To He Mopa ,[a BHaqH Jla cy_ ce TeprrTopHje oBa ABa rpaAa .u,oAt4pHBane. Mutatio Parembole, Koja je r.rcro uTo n crhnraua Castfa y ltin. Ant. (a Moxna ucTo rxTo u Nicea)ro') d y/(aJbeHa je 12 prrMcKtrx Mt{Jba oA XepaKreje, HanaErrJra ce Ko.( MecTa"Kaixanra r.t no qnoj npururlu_ je ynaarna y repuropuiy oBor rpatta. .(aroe Ha Banary Ia lq MHJba oA Jlt4xHrr.qa (ornpanuKe Ko.q cena Eyrona) mutatio
Brucida oBHaqaBaJra je y noBHoaHTHrtKo .u,o6a rphHuuy'Mare.uo-

Parernt - Cas Nicr

nuje ra Eqrapan) a BepoBarHo u r4croqHy rpaHnuy n[xHn.rr.cKe repnropnje. Korvre je, mefyrum, npunaAana repraropuja rasrvrely Epyultae u Castra, o6lact ,[aHaurber Pecna, rAe niler,aa ltin. Ant. rpe6a TpaxnTr.r craHrlrly Scirtiana?a5) Brucida je noBeaeHa y BeBy ca rpar,om Bpuyicrg xo.u, Cre6aua BuaaHrracrcor H c ttJremeHorvr Bpura, craprarvr nlerueHom urje
ocraTKe HaJraBHMo Ha Bur.xe Mecra ua Ealranyr rlo u na aanagnoj
as1 ltin Hier. 606, 6-9: mansio Cellis mutatio Grande - Xllll - flpema Xllll- mutatio Melitonus - XIll - civitas Heraclea. Edson, The Location of Cellae, crp.6 r np.65, mutatio Crande rpeOa rpaxr.trt KoJt

Brucide

Scirtian

Meltonus Melitonus, noje je y

rrJreMeHa npyxana ce, Kao uTo cMo Br4.qeJrH, jyxno oA Xepa-b6yxnaTana Kneje cBe rr,o Knan[a Kojr4 Bo.u,il y Eopnaiy H je H laHar.xrby JrepHHc.Ky q6.rac.1.. V ,gg Kpajy.Tpe6a rpaxr4rr,r Hac.erbe

Cem XepaKneje, y JIraHrecrr4Au HaM Hrrje noaHar HHjeAaH ,u,pyril rp_a,u. [4erreAa Aa ra Hr4je Hn 6ulo. I-ope uoMeHyTr4 Hifnuc y :a9r fl. Ilern.uraja OpoHroHa noKasyje Ia je nlervre Jlunxecra (rd Auyxqdroov 6.)vo;) upauaaaro Xepiklejr, a reprropuja oBor

ce"ra l)ocne, 3 xm ceBepo3anaAro oA craxr4rle Eatl,uqe, Ha yJra3y y KnaHa[ llcpac x. a0) Steph. Byz. s, v. Berlq' r6Lrg rllcrr<e8ovicrg, rqi rpdE ar)r{t I}e6o6 rorap6E.

na via Egnalia,
35)

I3

ltin. Hier. 606, 8 da6blexeuo Kao muthtio


104.

pHMcr(Hx MHJba yl(aJbeHa o.u. XepaKneje.sb)

ael Cod. Paris. Coislin, 337, cf. C. M[iller, Ptol. crp. 512. - 37) I,lxrepecaarau ie KHxamoB no.u.araK (ed. Bonn. p. 127): 6v 'Hpcrd,.eig t{t Moo6v... iiv trvr y},.ci.rrrqr,6raro}.ou'}oivre< 'Propaior fle)rcryorriuv di.o-

Hier., ed. Burckhardt, App. I, 4; App. III,

lru(ooor, rcojra noraayie 4a su Bugaxunur,/ua uuje 6ulo facuo orry.u.a ro Jta oHr aoay l-leaarourajom rpa.u xoir.r ce y anTr4ut4 raao Xeparleid. _ .38) l-lo Miller-y, ltin. Rom., 521, uerge KoA KeHana, no Ta$ely, Via Egn. 41, roa. Iepnna.

tt) Liv. XXI, 33, 6. ,z; Ci Oberhumer, RE lll (1899) 375 s. vv. Beue n Beuos, rAe cy ,u.ara pa3na ,oKaJru3oBarra. Karo je Heuzey, crp. 301, npaBunHo o6jacuuo, ,,ad Lyncumt Kon JIrBHja He 3HasH t,:rol, rpa,l,a JIuBKa", n-ef, je 6yrrarnu npeBoA rpqKor repi Aiyroo rpaHfiuu Jluura. Bevus, peKa il rpajl, Mopaxu cy - Ha 6nru y.salaAxoM lleJry ose o6aacrn, fia rpatnua ireuoj npilma,[],achperr"iri. B-. ,r,roj ulanarc Xeparneja r'[Ie,raronuja, XA 4(t'gS+), crp.3l8, rip. 38. --,3; Kea CreQana Buaanrncror sa6elexex je rpa;r tritrarci, 6rj'I1"?.op'6r, B-epoBaTHo r{AeHrflqaH ca cTaHxuotu Nicea. He repyjem Aa cy r4cToBerHu 'y ut<crra) ri Not. cod. Irajepox.ro-B rpa.u, NrreDrlE (Xoxurmax ucnpaBlo Paris. 1555A 6 Nirqs. .1) Hiet. 607, 2: mutatio Brucida finis Macedoniae et Ephyri. rs; !lin. ltin. Ant.330, 1. Scirtiana je 6 ruursa- aana,rr,Ho o,q Castra (Kaxai , a 27 numa xcroquo oA JluxnuAa,
l3x

ti

d,lvrrdv

BeucrioE.

196

MareAoncKx rparoB u

puncKo .qo6a

loptta
HyHT Harrasr,rJro

Mare.u,onuia

JIuHrecruta

191

rpaHHrIrd Marce.u,oHHje

cnaBy EpuroHa.aT) Crora ux rpe6a rpilt<uTu, ttulu Mr.r ce, oKo roplber ToKa Epurona, Ha berosoj .uecnoj odatu, y [naHuHcKoM Kpajy oro ,u,aHarrlbux cela CmuJreBa 14 Epexana: rbr4xoBa Tepuropt4ja morla Lu la r,orupe u ,qo via Egnatia o6yxaarajyhr,r ra Bpyur,ray.nt) Oa Crpa6onar KoA Kora r4Maruo najnrarue noje4u. Hocrr.t o oBr4M o6lacrunna, caaHajeMo .[a ce rJraBHr4 rpaA Eprzra Kuape BBao K66p'crt,ae) zlJra K?o-ar,r MHorH Apyru, r.r onaj nogirax Crpa6onon je ucropracrcor KapaKTepa. Crora He Moxemo TBpAHTH Aa cy y beroBo .u,o6a Kf8par 6uae flonrc. LUra Brrrxe He BHarilo na rs nu cy 6panu, Koird cy y Aoda pr4McKor ocaajama rtpercTaBJbaJrr.r cBaKaKo noce6ny onrxrr,rHy (asrvrely .(acapera, JlHunecra u ,(eypuona), 4oqnuje ocralra ognojetu ulu cy npucaje4arueHra
.u,aJra

oBH Eprarra xHBeJrr4 cy y cyceACTBy flaptuna, ,.(amaCrrona, Enxenejaua, JIHnrecra w ileypuona, a rbnxoBa je sem"rra npr4[a-

cyce,[cTtsy Vlnupa.46) Ilpervra Crpa6ony

e.lleHAauHjy. tlpervra roMeHyToru crpaooHoBy IIt{TaTy, MecTo cap-

rpanuvnon MecTa Vlmpuje 14 .MaKe.u,oHlrje, il Xepaxreje. [lurarue je ca,uo c Koje cTpaHe .rpyMa ra Tpe6a rpaxHTLI, Aa JIH jyxno -

ce y

6ilu3u1v1

vla Egnatia, rsMeby [raaoua,

npe.ua flpecnancKoM jesepy utu ceBepHo. Jlr.iauje HaM Ha jeg,no,vr Mecry opHqa Aa je l7l r. JIeraT pfi.\lcKor KoHsyna ocBojr4o y vlawpuiu I,Ba rpaAa: ceremiam .. . et Carnuntem, munitam urbem . ..un) He xpnje JIU ce MoxAa y

l{.\ieHy ,,Carnuntem" HaLUe ,,Sarnuntem"? Hoea eMeHAaUHja craiiaKo camo noBehaBa xl4noTeTl4qHocT qeJle KoM5unaguie, aJIV caw fiflaK xeJreJra Aa yr(axeM Ha oaaj no,u.aTaK c o6BLtpoM Ita cy ce rpajloBr-f o KoiHMa I'OBOptI JIunUje MOpaJII4 HaJIasuTu y rpaHIdqHOi odiracrr r4Emeby Mane,u,onuje u l4awpuje, y Kojy ce, Kao uTo

cllo
Hail

HeKoM

o.[

nehrax cyceAHr4x rpa,u.ora.


emeH,u.aurajy HenosHaTor

Capnyxr MecTa BopvoDq,-vroq rco4 Crpa6ona50) y )upvo0q,-vroq, Iojy je npe4Jroxr4o A. Evans,s') oH.u,a hervro Ha oBoM AeJry via Egnatia Moparr,r Aa Tpaxr4mo cTapr4 utupcKu rpaJr, )cpvoOg noaHaT H no HoBuy 14 no paTHoM ny{aBcrBy xoju je Qutun JI ynorpe6rao sa rberoBo ocnajaroe.s2) Harnlrc Ha HoBuy rJraca-)apvod,truv, ailt4 eTHHKoH )apr.o6vrror ca KopeHoM )cxpvouvr- flocBeAoven narvr je y ,u,aa naj6o;sa florrajeHoBa pyxoflilcaru') H norKperrJbyje Evans-ony
St. ph. Byz. s. v. Bpoyiag' 16}.rg Mare6or.iaE' cd d,)vrrdv Bp6poE rci Bpoyre'g. lbid. s. v. -tlg_O!'rd d&v:( rai Ilpoyci. Eioi Ei 1\Iar<e6or.trdv d.)r.o; -9 'IlJroproi;. rpooeXiE cf. 'fafel, via Egn., 34 u A., rAe ce HaBoAr4 r, MluuJbetue Wesseling_-a ,u,a je o6,rnrc Brucida MoxAa ucKBapeH oa, Brugiada, u Oberhumer, RE s. v. Bryges. *z; Str. Vll, 826 u 327. rs1 fiurrnuua, crp. 249, ctazrca 6pnre noa Pecua ro; Str. Vlll,327. llpcma Sleph. Byz. s. v. r.larreAano 6u aa Je rpaa Kydrai npt4naAao Jleypraonuma. Cre$an Bu3anrncxr je oaaj noLaTaK yseo

AKo npaxBarrMo Bpno y6eg"rnr,lny

(Icrpvo6vrnt) u Carnus (Carnuntem).


!{cToM MecTy, }Lera

craB.Jba H capHyHT.tt) csaxaKo nraje clyvajno na HcToM Kpajy HSBopl4 noMl{rby TpI{ .rpa.u,a quia. ce HMeHa pa3nnKyjy caMo tto [pBoM cJIoBy: Bapvo0( (Bcrpvo0vra), )crpvo0g

BHAeJTH,

cyJl.ehu IIo CBHM HaBe.u.eHr4M rroAauHMa, Hcror{Ho o,q, oxpuAcKon Jesepa n jyxno,og, via Egnalia, y oOracTI4 PecHa H flpecraHct(or jeaepa. Ceaepno H ceBepoucrolrHo o,u, Et4ToJba, Tepttropttja JIuH-

6u rpe'aJlo TpaxuTI4,

Aro je

peq

o jelnorvr

Te

r{ecrHAe 6naa
peBHHrIr.r.

14 peKorHucur4parbeM TepeHa ycTaHoBJbeHa Ko.U. cynoTpana, llyrypyura, Mojna, flo4nnola, EoHua H Ha ,u.pyrrM $ecrnma56) yrasula y repilTopujy Xeparleie u JJuHxecrHAe, To

,(a

nra

je ornopena npeMa nroAHoi H nycTo HaceJbeHoi cy HeKa o.u, aHTI4qKHx HaceJba roja cy cJIyqaiHHM

HairaSrMa

J.o.rla,

mcry noKa3aTr,t caMo 6yuyfia cl4cTeMaTcKa ucKoIIaBarba. Hacerne niol Cyno.(oJla, Koje je, cyAehil no ocralll4Ma, Mopano 6ur,u opHilHqHo BeJIHKo,6T) 6ulo je, qu1u ce, xepal(Jleicxa x<r;pr1. Ha leanoj noBHoaHTLttKoj apfi H_abeHoj y rom ceJly, ca TpH ,l1aToBaHa

aouunje floqJe paroBa c Prmnanuma orrycreJre. \a cyso; Str. VII, 323: 6rei')ev 6'6ori rcrp,i Bapvofr,ra 6r,i 'Hpar).eic6... 5!) A. Evans, Antiquarian Researches in lllyricum lV, crp. 89, npuu. a). Enanc Mucln4 na je u n,aprarrcKr.r Kacrer Sarnunto (Marcellini, Chron. 518, 1, ed. Mommsen MGH,'auct. ant. Xt, l) ilJLeHTr.r'raH c rpaaom CapHyHroM. Bperuencru pa3MaK roiu pas.usaja no,qarre o xnr4pcKom Caprynry (Crpa6oxoB noAaraK rorurre on flottu6uja'u oluocr.r ce Ha cpeaany ll a. npe H. e.) n MapueJrilHoB.no.r,araK o .(ap,u,aHcKoM Kac-Tely Sa'nunto, rao
H

oa Crpa6oHa r.u.e cy Kraape HaBeJr,eHe oAilax 143a ,IteypltoncKi4x rpa,u.oBa, na le raro mor.no Ao..H .u.o rperuKe; yocraJroM reKcr Cre@anor je na oBoM Mecry r4cKBapeH. Crpa6on y oBoM rrorJraBJby HarJlauraBa La cy . - Marce,u.ouraje nojea,uue o6tacru foprse HeKa,u,a umaJre runoro rpaAoBa, a

Ilhu y

HaTnHca o ocno6abany po6l4rba, I-loMurbe ce KoMa ql4ie I4Me HHje HaBHaqeHo (.)erlq lladrnpdrqg rqg xa$t6pup6vr1g 6v x*pn).ut) klma'

rie Ha HeKo ceJro noje rvry je npruanano. Arfi, HapaBHo, oHo ll]To BaxH 3a noSHoaHTIrqKo ,u,o6a He Baxu H 3a nepl4o.[ pl4McKor CIcBaiarba, Ka.q,a je 6poj caMoyrpaBHux ie4unr,rtta 6uo AaneKo tsehH. Crora je neponaTHo Aa he Hera oA rloMeHyrux HaceJba -ry .u,ona3e Ha [pBo MecTo oHa rII,e cy HabeHH xereHl4cTl4qKil ;ry Liv. XLlll, l, l. 55) Zippel, crp. 76, Mucln4 .(a ux rpe6a rpilKurh Ha l4crol{Hoj crpairr,t

sH.U,y BpeMe lIB Kora rioTt4l{e onaj cnoneHul(, MI4cJIHM,u,a e no,( xrbpq oB,rle Mucrt Ha ueno HaceJbe Ko,u. CyBo.ttoJla' a

Polyaen. lV, 2, 12. sa; Codex Florentinus (archetypus) r.r codex Monacensis, rojn je no Woelfflin-y xajnoys4anuiu. Ct. Hs.r.-1. Melber, Teubner 1887, crp. XV. Ocraru pyKonilcr unajy o6lnrc Xcrprnoi;orot, roju Ham .naje r,t Cre@. Bu:auTtlcKH S. v. Iapvor5;, cbE Muo6;' r6l,lE 'I).).r:prrcr1, rd 6')vrrdr. Iapvo.rorog tb;
lf
oo

npeT[ocTaBKy HenpnxBaTJbr4BoM, ynpKoc cJtH'.rHocTt4 uMeHa.


52)

qr{rierilua aa Jlap.uanaja xaje ,qonilpa.ra na jyr

.u,o

via Egnatia, uranll ony

tlxpxtcror jeaepa. ssl Cf. Vulii, Arch. Karte, Prilep-Bitoli, s. vv. u Kapry.

i'oro:.

li (193i) 212 u A.i id., Jeana rpo6nraqa ro.4 Cynoaona, ICHJI I4 (1934), sII u A i id., Crapoxpuurhancra 6azunuxa y Cynono,'ry roA Burorsa fo:.uurnnn MyeeJa J. Cp6uje I (1937) 69 r t.
s) Bylnfi,
Cno,uexur 77 (1933) 6p.7.

s1 Cf. tD. Mececner, I4cKonaBaba y ruapujoacr<ot'l Cyn_oaoly, l,QfJI,

iq8

{$:{u5g__pj39ry_,

pumcxo abtia
tr)

foprsa Mareaor,rja

I-lelaronrala

199

c ooJe.q,1,lHr4M MeCTfiMa IIosHarHM H3 Jil4TepapHux raaopa.se) AHTAHI4JA? V nesu ca Jlunxecrr.tAoM norpe6no j'e .rla cnoMeHemo h
Halen je
nneMe 'Avf,ovoi, oII.HocHo-rpan 'Avrcrvicr. Kpajervr npotlrnor BeKa

ocraur ([loamo.n, flyrypyul, Cyno4o

6uru ugeuru$uKoBana

6n;ro Anrana r tdBBaH Maxegonraje. Po6ep ce ocBpHyo Ha oBy oxonuocr caMo yarpeA y je,u,noi.npurvren6r' AonYuraiVh3.ry ie

yFely etg ro". crvcr).rilpcxt.r",\,,f1 6e ouveogopc,! yev6d.}tu drd 6v Maxe6ovig 6vrcuv'Avrcvcilv(..


KOMeHTap?r_a !?porrn.To
LIITa

parrejr,n(?) y neaH c HBrpaA[boM nyreaa.60) h; oBoM nainncy croMHrby ce y .u,Ba Maxa AnTanu, rojra rarole rpe6a Aa cHoce reo repera oKo o[paBKe nyra: ,,. . . xcri 'AvruvouE duvre].eir,.

utn

utlc.TpyRqr4Je IIpoBr.rHuHcKor HaiuecHrrKa ynyheHe

BntoJby.noBehra fiparrueHar jegH<ir

qaicror

rpany Xe-

rucMa

eurina MorJra 6urn- y npoBl4HUuir,l-Tpanraiu Hlu MeeHju.65) One npoBHHIIHje Hucy Aairexb oA o,6nairu rAe ce Tpaxe Aurauu, ail$ HnaK He TaKO 6lrasy'1.a 6u Ce AHTaHU MoTJIH cMaTpaTH je EOrpaHrlt{HHM nJIeMeHOM, tia6u Ce Mopano npeTrtoCTaBuTu,U,a
MeSHCKOT IIJIeMeHa 6una HaCe' .beHa Ha MaKeAoHCKoj TepuToprira. To Hrie nennonyhe, aru nuie Hu nHOfO BepOBaTHo. OCr.rm TOra_ nOCTaBJba Ce nl4Talbe OAHOCa

lenna rpaHa HeKor TpatlKor finl4

r6sv

Onaj ,niepucuHraH SparMeHaT

cy ANTANOI xoju ce y rbeMy cnomr4rLy. Perdrizet je rvrHcnrao Aa cy ,,aHTaHvt" HeKa ropnopaqnla npe[ygr4Maqa xojr cy ce 6p'unyau o o,tlpxaBarby nyreBa, a Ar,trvrraqa aa je ro Hena rvrareAOHCKa peq Henoslraror sHaqerba. Holleaux ie, ruefiyrilm, Haueo rlpeT[IocTaBKy aa je peq o IIoBHaToM ulupcrorn nl,irrreny ArunranA_t {1_j9 .ilanullur .rorpeurHo Hanucao ANTANOI "ymecro ATINTANOI.U') Izlano je MaJro BepoBarHo ,u,a je racra rpeuKa InorJIa ABa nyTa 4e 9-e noHoBr4 y r4Har{e I]oTI]yHo l4crrpaBHoM TeKcTy, Ivllt[rrJberbe Holleaux-a npuin aTunu cy ra ,ipyru Hayq1u\u. H3ppJ11o_ je rocrre rberoBe pacrpaBe nocirro'lucno Aa peq ANTANOI rvropa 6wru une [JreMeHa.
'Avravo[t]62) ynepuo je L. Robert-a aa je rrJreMe Anrand siucrd nocrajalo u na je na HaTt1Hcy fie JIraHxecTHAe TaqHo ea6eaexeHo tberoBo H.Me.u') je nreivre AHtaHa .rr,oBeo y Besy c' -PO6ep rpa,u,onn AntaHuja, rcojra je nocBeAoqeH caMo Ko,q Xrajeporila, ,uctuuyhu qfirbeHr.ruy .aa 6u u npena XrlepoKrroBoM cnrairy onrj rPaA. rpe6alo rpilKuTu,y cyce.(cray JLanrecTHAe, y odaacri uaurefy {epjxreje r.r cro6i.6-)gtcsal nperrocraBKu no nHTarby Anrana Po6epona r4arJreAa iajyOea.runiia. Vlnax r moj .. ,orj, yquH,uTu uBBecHe aaMepre. IIpe caera, Ha HaTnucy vtl 6rro6a croju na he rpolxaK 3a oflpaBr(y [yTeBa clocurti caMo oHH Antann roja xrane y Mareaonuju- (Aria rrirv 6v Mcrrce6ovirl ovrov 'Avrcrvc,bv), Luro SHar{l,, I(aKo cy neh [pI4MeTI,IJIU U lipyr|, [a je
5e) Hanpl,lrep, npum. 57.

je npuayxao raxrby nrarhne Ko cy

14BaEBao

je nprapoaHo Aocra
14

Anraua ; Jlunrecra. I-lpertra Pocronqeny,- Auranu (onnocno Aruntanu, jep je oH rpl4xBaTug MuLlrJbebe Holleaux'a) 6uttu cy a,X,I1HHHCTpaTIIBHO BeBaHI4 ga JIIaHKecTe, Hal(O HHcy 1lpuilagatu truxoaoj repr,lropuju.uu) .(pyrrm p.eql4Ma, oHH-Hl4cy rpeTcTaBJbarlH Ca.\toCTaJIHy a,U,rvruiluCipaTI,lBHy ienrannUy. Melyrum, Kao LxTo cno s}tAenu, Po6ep je one AnraHe ranenrra0uKoBao c rpaAom Autanra xon XujepoKJla' roiu je cBaKaKo 6uo, xao n cBu tpa' roje uanoi.ri Xrj6poille, caMoyrpaBHa oour2Ha. Ono ron, po6ep nrije HMao y nragy. .(o4yue, r4BJraB nocrojra 14 y oBoM
nni:rparrBHy
Cnyudiy: iepuropraja Anrana MorJIa ie npenenoM I(a cTeKHe
a.11Ml'l-

camocTaJIHocT Hajaag, rpe6a HaroMeHyTH .u,a o6rprtt Avrovicr,ltgryT. P:.9: noTrpenJbyje caojy TeBy, nnje nornyHo cHrypaH'_Jep Hel(pl pyKo-

Ho;u^ualaa

jeguo_r pg.r_e$a ua Cto6a c HaTnucorvr A6p.oveE

nucu'Xtrjeibxlori-Cun6xaenia urvraiy'Avtuyvia.o') Anu. KaKo Ht4 Xp,u6nnaqraie Ca 'Avrayia: 'AvrtY6vercr HHCy MHOpO Y6e.qJblase (a.. nora. I|eonuja), Po6epono MrluJberbe o.craje saca.lla unaK
HaJBepoBaTHHJe.

lle.naronuja

ArO oCTaBI4Mo Ha cTpaHy najCrapuje MxTpJIOllKe BecTr o fleraroHurma I{ }bttxoBoM eIIoHI4MH6M xepo1y' t(o1e I'oBope o fy6Oxoj. CTapocTH oBor nnemena, vuje eTHHIIK6 n.opel(Jlo iorrr yBeK nnje pacneTJbeHo, [pBe nl4gaHe [oMeHe o [lelaroH4l4Ma nalaeurrlb y lV n., na_,ttBa aTI4qKa HaTnl4ca. kls npnOr HaTn[Ca caanajemo [a cy 3_6514 r. ArurraHH l(o,qerll4rll'l rpo6cennjy v eyepr6oajy Heror,l n[. . . rdv lle]]-cry6vo,rv po.dr)t6o1), a ABe ro'
rxrie xaiiu,lje,
36312, noxBaJben

I-llyuna, 6pranayru, Oro;lo6

n tp.i

B. norrl. leypuoL,

je oAnyKoM el(Iecuje rao eyep-

the..Roman Empire, crp.3l0 u crp.58 np.3,,qa je ro nilcMo uapa Tpajlna. Holleaux (B. cr. npum.) eutu y onoiu tppanMeHry napeA,6y nponraxilucror HAMECH14KA. ul) Inscrlp_tio-ns_ {e ,la Lyncestide, REC I t (lggg) 273 w t,. 4 Holle_aux, u?) Py{r!, Cnomenun 75 (1933), 6p. i9. 9r) !.. Rolgrt, _ANrANOI, REG 47'(tg}4) Bl u a,. o+; Hier. 639, 2a.

oo; P. Perdrizet, Ins-criptions d'Hdraclde de Lyncestide, BCH 2l (lgg7) .rra ie v nrrramv r-r.r4cto uapa Xanpniana, P^ocroe[es,-The-Sricial and Eionomii Fiistory oi

l6l

u n., ,[,u,uaqa, crp.270, 6p.247. l-lep.qpase i,narpa

s) Robert, H. ,1., crp. 36, np. 5. ..i Focroiues, i. ,r., cr'p.'SOt: ,,lt is th.erefore probable that the 'her teriitory the countiy of the Lynkesli city of Heractea iniluded in one part of the tribe of the 'Anvruvoi rrhb where not citizens of the city, -same way as the Carni and Catali wete being attached to the city in the attaChed to Tergeste." "cod. s;; Camo Taurinensis Ltila 'Avrqvicr, ocraru pyKonncl. lrmaiy

cf. Honigmann, ad Hier. 639, 2a. -\i'ru1'ricr, '1) iG II, t, lE0, uui. npema W. Ferguson, The Introduction of the Secretiry-Cyile.' Klio l4 (ltil5) 393, np. 5, r.u.e je yrapleHa u xpoHororrla narnuca.

200

Marea0xcxu rpatoBu y pu,ucrb ab6a

1^-.- - Marceaonuja f,i-,,^n^,r,fa foPma

- llelaronuia

201
,

y pary rporr4B XarrcHlaua ra Alr0unorsa.2) Mdnelai tlenarouil u [eJraroHcKn KpaJb, v.aje. sarvr Hrrnb nraje cauyBaHo, Hr4cy MoTJIU [pr4naAarr4 KpaJbeBcroj ryhra ilnnrcecra, raro- cy MHorH yrJre,rHa ::L1111' Jlexl4' naroHl4le y
rBprunr4. 3navaj oBa .r,Ba HarDVca'so ucro{ujY

rer aTHHcKe .[p)r(aBe Mev6].croE fletray.rrv, Ba BojH u ! eunan: ct4ct(y noMoh Kgiy je npyxHo arrHc*o* crpurbrv Ta[,roreiu.

o6laCrnrua' yKonnKo Cy la je flelaronaUa 6ulo H y CyceAHI4M y oxH yonruTe ycnenu Aa-caqyBaiy erHuure oco6eHocTH Ayt'oI-leonUuma v MaxeAonUuiua rp;lr"l nonrairauroj'aalennraUr,l--c y ro Bpeme seh 6unu npeTo-

(ioira cy ce w

cani

neponarno

fr.a l4x, flpeMa roMe, He rpe6a cly'aTparu norqllfueHraM crsHoBHH,

cnojy o4nojeuy nolrarrviiy* sajegnrz'rry n,


oxBr4py JlraHrcecrra4e.s)

MoM MHtxJIeby, yflpaBo y ToMe rrrTo HaM oHrr. HeocropHo AOnaayjy .4a cy y iv s. rieraroHura u*atn

rlo

n..

nn.in y- MarenoHue).

,.ry' c KpaJbeM Lt

o TOMe r[e'c'r, HanasHJra llelaronuja uocroje. pasnuquTa oHa ooy.6HrxJ,belba. HalpacnpocTparbenraie ie Mt4lxJbebe .[,a Je cpeArbeBeKoBH6M Ha 3acHI4Ba ce Ono o6nacr. xgaTana 6uroni:xy
uao La AOKaXe [a ce l-lelarouaja HalaaaJIa
I(paJ AKCHJaT_oKo

r.xTBoM

flocne oBHx Harnuca Hacraje .uyxu [epuoA __ Ao ptrryl_ q(r4jK paTo.Ba y KoMe r4,Bopr4 He inorrrr.rmy nera.&u;. y - ur4perba ao6a javarua 14 MaKeAoHcKe rpxane noA Onnrntnn il cyce,u,u Maxe4oHaua norvruiry ce fleonqu. neonnji I1u9_gu_r"pHr4 Je np[3Hana BpxoBHy BJTaCT Qutnta II, a-r HacnenHuur.r @unh, noBH cy 'recro paroBaJrr4 c fleoHqraMa Hacrojehra aa r4x sa.[pxe.
florqurbeHocr,4.
OBI4M 'aOni,to, HuKaA He c[oMr4tby, txro 6wu cnyvajHo jep ce EHa r4B AouHraiax HBBoDa. cv q rpa H H H r.r|r o 6la cr n,vr a u a,ueb.y I-l eo n rai e n tvt a r eao u rfri.

H-eAasHo ie upooienrr6r*ouu6y Xeparreje c l-leraronuioru. BeHe.u.HKOB u u3' HcTyoHo CxBaTarba fpagaqirOHanHor TOr THB flenaroHuit''], gll-t noroxaia HoBa nperpecao nl4rarbe ^noII^

yrufia Epnrona. I-beroea Te3a, TaqHa CaMO 8a JeAHO O,U.peDeHO Epe6e, He M@16e y- UenocTI4 [a. ce rpuxBarra. I-lcijaru flelaroHuje

MaKeAoHcKHM OAHOCUMa

muorodpojna[,r BecrHMa O

He Moxe

l-lelaronuu ce

Iy::lr, I

[a

cHuilo y6pajaBe

Aa cy y ao6a javama neoHcxe ;l:li^.l.:...u.:lgurrHo uenaroHrlu yuJil4_rIOJIHTr4rtKt, y qHMe


tbeH cacraB,

'Prrroonu nuje HIleHrHqaH c nojrvrggl:i1l?: i,'loOh AorracKa iruie v UapcKo ,Uo6a. Pacnpanrnaiyhn rilTa16e o,u,Hoca XepaKneJe u ileiaronule y noce6notvt. qJIaHKy, AeTaJbHo caM ananuguparfi cBe H3BopHe nolarKe xojr,r rTory nocnyxnru 3a-9lP:!f'.?P^' uotroXaja l-le.uaronuje, crporo so[ehu palryHa o tbl4xoBo] XpoC*rrp.* Aa le uenuHe Patu norpe6Ho r'a oBAe "r.irirli,.tl rronoBnr$ H came noAaTI(e H peByJITaTe Ao Kojux cam Aolrna

I(oI Apyrux.
_.._..

KHx nr4ca\a,

il

raaje4uavaBabe nojnna lleraronuje pqr,^malu

Ce'O6ja_ l-leraronaua rr,lefy neoHcKa [JreMeHar KO;[, ne-

6U

npxa'ne

'-'-'-r;of.t,

TbHXOBHM ACNUT VBATbCM.

c ['eor;jb*;i)

rrocrana cpe.u,HuTe IV name.u,oHcKe A^epr,rAe u Loluna *t;;iilf nanHo ypeferse, jacno rocBe.qoqeHo Ha nurnrli-iu ;; q;il,6; ,u,o6a. Ha crfiqau HaquH ce ocaMo cTailura , iyc"ana o6ract

c b6paaoianernupuliiii u\a y ,u,yxy prnn_ rpoBr4Hrlr4cKor ypef ema, ,u,orrrre ci no seh6r ,epaxii. :,(9f , r, rIoJeAHHe ,U,OTJre HecaMocranHe o6naciu. Tarco je u rielaro_ nuja, roja y ro BpeMe MOxtAa nrale u,rainu ,rjlano sehe Hacerbe,
orruT[Ha
l-leaaronrzje.
r,rJrr,r

no6e[nlra Mareaoiuiy u roAe[ul, !I 168 r. je u fieonraja uarrr,lSy Apyre, :::I^l:. {__1._1_1p, .qerra, pacnapqana (a. g0 grp. , r.). o.q ror apeia-ena T:I:,I I:IlpIg _ru_epuse . HecraJe reorpaqpcrcor uojrvra Ieonraje, rcojn ce norcranao c rpaHr4(aMa HeKa.qarxlbe ApxaBe lleoiilije ra"o6yxaaruo rrr.tv ocrarror u rep,ropr,jy
nJreMeHcKo--Mynr{qa[aJrHrax je4un

o-no*ony @urnna V nporun vlmpa-217 r. l7oy ;r6n!e r.>ire Aa ie Crepnurau4a, ilJIl4pcKH KpaP, 6ro ynaosa npr.u.o67o fTucauou, na rpan iaanra ie ocbojuo ra' [;;;'.;;;jy o6ce6e MHore rpaAOBe AaCapeTCKe H OrtyCTouJHO rpaHHvny <Drarr,;n ie y rorrr noioay rloBparilo raary6Marenonitlf) -racr I4 oKoJbeHe o6ractH ri o6aolrao HoBe TepHTopl4je -y ,(acaperr,1jr,1 jun, Jlaxur,rx.a. Vlcre iolrane ocrojrao je Oanran u Eurasopy y fleonraira.t) I4arco He BHaMo rAe ce Hana3HJIo MecTo I-lucauon,

"rii Ileaaronr,rie, KaKo ro MHCJIH BeHegutton.e) 14e b.;il;;dr!.r, lbera CaBHaleMO ABe BaXHe CTBapH, roje je BeneAunOB npeHe'u,o 6perao: l) ira ie fielaronraja y rtl Bp.eme Mopana Aonuparu rol e, 6ap y ro *irpi*. init.p.rcre) rpanr'ru6 n .u,a je, nperua oKo Aorber roxa--Eplrr9lf:iil9. rpainrrra
Bpene, He cmemo
gamo

,bairax

l-lorra6raien nuje cacunru 6ea BpeilHocr, 3a y.rBp-

llpne rroAarKe o.l-lelaroHujra agjy nalr l-loau 6rje u Jft,lnr,rje c paroBrlnna Mare4oHaua u pummana. Ko.q rurax ce l-li. raronaja .nojaanyje n_pe Kao reorpascra ooriii Hero Kao eT-

.(eypraon.
BeBr4.

u 2) na llonr,l6r,rie iacuo paanldKyJ-e-llenaroH]lJy Vl ro roBopr4 ;; n;;;rG, , iojoi ce HaJIaBH riran,-E,nasopa' je fienaronraia, unw 6a.p ou.ai s,a' d;;;;;ilpLd*r-'Bi,n.arnona lbeH ,u,eo o *o*. .ouofi llonra6raiL, 6uta oxo Cro6a ra Axcuja. *-" paly rarole ii irrrrl.r, noluu, o tl r ilt'n'rar<e,u.oHcKoM ilcroM npranalaiy H 6uia *otruy on-norr ,lpuT9ll' Hg^l:::urraja"jlranujena o paToBarsy oranHna V c vlnupuna H AapAaHrnn,
BeneAurcon,

HHqKu nojann.

To rpe6a HarilacuTu crora ruro

rrraje

,i,rivu"*

r) H.
ui

z; Ditt. Syll.2102. qrraHaK,,Xeparreja, I-leaaronuja,,, XA 4(lgS4), 1l crp,B24u r, r) P. "oj Hanpnmep, Str. Vll, frg.'Bg.

,i Pol. v,'108, l. ,j Pot. V, 97, l.


si SsHgqnroB,

xR 4 (1954) 326 n a.
H.

BeueJlnKoB, 3emure

no

Cpe.u.nr,ts BaPaap,

crp' 6 u

a"

4., crP. ll t't .u,'

ziz

MaKe.u,oncrn rpaAbnu .y pumcro aii6a

lopma Mar<eaonuja

I-ieaaronuja

203

qr{Ma 2ll r.'Bul,.u ce ja*ro g.a Ie flelaronuja y ro BpeMe rpaHuquta c vlnupuna Ia sana,qy_u .(apAaHur4Ma na cenepy, u Aa'ce
LaEnr4KoBarra

BaJe. HeKonHKo rtyra nomarbe ,,KJraHue rojn ao.ue y l-lelaronnjy,., rAe je onrun_raMecrHo nocany \a 6vt c[peqilo AonasaK trap,[aHcne nomohrr.") O loraauaoBarbytoBor KnaHqa ce MHoro nr,tcalo.

l-teonuu (a. nraxe), ro je flelaronuja morla .qa ce aonalyje c AapnqHquMa caMo AaJbe Ha Barta,q.y . fonopehra o paroBarby Qutuna V 199 r.' c PumnaNutra, JIil-

on. Jlnnrc3.t2 Kaxo

sy

AorrHHy Ancuja rpxaxt4

To BpeMe Aonrparra 4o AxcHja u o6yxnaTara o6lacr Cro6a ir Enaaeope.l) Er.uasopa ce u6 llonr,r6ujy Haflaluila y fieour.rira, CroSu no Jlr,lnr.rjy (oanocno.oner no llorn6njy,roira"rtay je 6ici ranop) raxofe y_ lleonujr-ra) ,(a"rne na jyry -Anruronrija 6una ie rcTo TaKo y l-leoHujrz. I-lery Aonr4Hy cpe.nruer Anciaia rpxaJII4 cy y To Bpe_t[e-lleonqu, AoK .ce l-lenaroHraja npocTupaJta ,qaJbe Ha Ba[a.(y. Hajnpanrannr'lje pettlerbe oBor nHTama aa-o je Bene.[uron. On_je yKaaao Ha KJraHarI na 6a6yur,r, roju t4B 86Jleca Bo,u,u rca fipraneny 14 xoju je, flpema -ToMe, cnajao AapnaHlily ILHpeKTHo c [enaroHcKoM paBHr4uoM. IIonra6Hie na noMeHyroM Mecry roBopr4 o ,,KraHquMa" y MHoxHHr4, jep cy Hg Enaaeope ABa nyTa BoArrna y MareAonujy, je,(aH Aorr.rHom Arcrja, ,npyrr D.peTo 6a6yne y llen_arouHjy. OOa cy nyra uurra KpoB KnaHqe xoje je rano 6uao o46panrarl.r.
to; Liv. XXVI,25, 3: ,,\/astatis proximis lllyrici in pelagoniam eadem celeritate vertit iter. Inde Dardanoruh urbem Sintiam in M"acedonla transitum Dardanis facturam cepit; his raptim actis memor Aelolici iunctique cum eo- Romari belli per Pelagbniam et Lyncum et Bottiaeam in

Ha KrraHarl iyxno o,q Malon l-lpe-naHcror jeaepa, roirz y nepuHcr(y y yBepemy Aa cy Jlanr u fieiaronrja jeano re racro.12) 96lacr, Epameno je n muurnelbe .(a ce tto.q [eJraroHcKrlM Kn-aHqeM ycTBapH Muctu Ha KJraHarI ro,u, Beleca, aa x'ojn I-loar.r6uje Kaxe ry, ril?iqa lyr as.,(apaaHr.rje y MaireaoHujy atu HBBopr4 He .qajy ocHoBa-Ba rnplerre ra je llenaroHuja y

na

llonnuc,rnro ce u.Ha Baeato, nojra Ha Oxpraa BoAH xa Eurony,

il

BoAr4

o6nacrr llenaronaje:
MOXAa

Taxa 6HToJbcKy o6.uacr, xoja npuna4l Ilrtnnecrug:l4, HH ,U,onr4Hy A.rc-hja yuhe EprroHa, rAe xHBe fleon[u. Honoo6paaosaHi civitas flerarosuja. ivropaaa je 6nrr,r yxa o,q, panraje rebrpa$cre

an cy ce BpeMeHoM y npaBe-rp_a:u,oBe. To je 6uo cayuaj u c flelaronrjorra, rcoja HaM ce y Ao6a-[apcrna nojannyje Kao rpar. .ruro je Hanpefl peqeHo, I-lelaroHuja je y - I-lperna cBeuy ocaaja-rua rpaHuvrla ria jyrry'c Jluuxecrnna, Ha LoOa-pilMcr(xx sjroaAy c l{nwpuna (,(acaperrama, flendcirrvra), Ha ceBepy c Aapgauqrama, Ha H-crory c fleonrrunna. Ona raii nuie o6yx'aa-

l-leraronuje o6yxnatara seha 6poj' rvrarurax neaaroHcKrrx HaceJba. vlarco ce y SopMyrrH Ervru.ur,rja flayaa HarrrarraBa Aa ce Hehe Hr.tuTa Merbaril y TepuTopujanilram o,quocunna rpaAoBa,ls) PHMJbaHr,r cy cBaKaKo o6pagoraara oA [JreMeHa uJIH BHlxe cy. ceAHhx HaceJba, civitates, y oHr4M o6ractrrMa foprue Marceaonnie rge rpa,[cru x(r4Bor pauraje uuje 6uo pasnujei. [eHrpn rrax caMoynpanuux jealrHHrla, na xoje npelaeH unne o6nacrilrpaEBuI,tMeHoM

I{oHcKy .Mepury, unjrarrn je qenrpom nocraJra ftelarour,rld.ru; no agaJlorliJ14 ca ocrarr4M MepuAaMa Tpe6a BaKJbyrtrlTlr ,ua ce KoA Jlwauja, Kao I xo,u, Auoaopa, KoA Kora umaMo cKopo u]leHTHqaH TeKcT,16) noAp-aByMeBa rJraBHH rpaA oBe o6J,acTu. Me$yrarvr, nor.uTO rcog Crpa6ona croju Ha oAroBapajyheM MecTy nelsyrior MecTo fle).cryovig,17) vpito je repoaariio Aa je pev o nonoj camoynpg.sHoj je,qrHuqH MyH14uHnarHop KapaKTepa, itclja je noi

u y Bear.r c noAeJroM MareTa.u,a cy fleraroHqn, BajeAHo c JIr4HKecT[Ma H ,u,pyr[M roprboMaKe.u,oHcKilM o6nacTr.tMa, ylUJtu tlernpry MaKeAonilj 167 n.
Jlagaj_e cnotvlnrbe l-leraronujy

IlEIA

oo peAy je rcpararc [oAaTaK y l-l.ceyao-cKHrvrnoso!. flepraerba, ,o.IrJreMeHy JInHxecra u llelaroHaua KoJa xHBe xpaj Antnja,,.rr) y Je.u.HOM TaKO CyMapHOM npernery Kao lrlTo je ona aHoHHMHir nepilereEa, y KoMe ce IIouMeHIIe HaBo.u.e caMo rpfi MaKeAoHcKa nJremena, He. cmeJuo cyBl.lJe 6yrnalno TyMaqHTH peqw ,,Kojr.l
KaB I(a

,.

n ApyPe cavtoynpaBHe

bl *6 ce osrbiraa';d;r;i [;ti;;;;; ;
onuTr4He.
BpeMeHcKH npBu

vlia.rlolr6rajeBnx u Jlraujesilx noAaTaKa

ro0 ricrcd Acrp8crviouE' oi: yrip dtt pdr6rov i1r, c,uroi6 6ppcrl"eiv etE Marie6ovrav <Dr)r.inrou r_6 r. s i o 6 6 to r- 5rd ri6 npoerpr1p6r.1; r6).eto;. Liv. 5qg5_o_9y'ro; XXXlll, l9: ,,circa Stobos Paioniae"; cf. ibid: XXXIX,"SB,'fS.

. Pelagoniam :,) Liv. XXI, ?8: ,,tiliyq,.-Pg5gq._.. ad obsidendas angustias, quae ad. ^ sunt, mittit"; XXXI, 33,3: ,,magna se duo auxjlia Rominis detraxisse credens-,..exrrna parte Aetolos, ex-altera Dardanos, faucibus a.d. Pelagonig* filio Perseo interclusis.,i; XXXI,34, 6: ,,itaque'revocalo ^ quod in faucibus Pelagoniae erat, ut"iis filio prae^sidioque, topias suas augeret, Pleurato Dardanisque iter in MacEdoniam paiefacit,,. 12) Leake, Ill,320 r.r a.; Niese, Il, crp.600, nf.5; A. Kepamonyroc, 'Avcorcrgai rccri dpeuvcrr 6v ri'Ar-or ]\Ior<e6o*ig..'apX,'Ere-lU. IgB3, crp.6l,np. L tB) Krontdyel, Antike Schlachtfelder ll, irp. 28, np. l.' V! 97, l; Karri 6i roi.6 o,5roiE rcaipoi,E. rlj0,.rrrrroE 6 pcor),.ei,E - .l-a) Pol. rcrre?rd,pero Bul.d,!opc,. psyiorr;v o6oclv ,(6].rv ri16 flclov{crE rcr,i }"icv bbrciproi Kerpevrlv. xpdE rri6 et.opo}.ri E..rd,q d.rd r ig Aap6cvrxilg eiE iViar e 6 o r'-f c['r <irots 6rri. r{g np&[so:E tai.rrl< oxe6dv drro].e .tor]cri ro6-g6pou -

Thessaliam descendit."

xHBe rpaj 4rqaja', .u,a 6racrvro r4B Tora l,66uw jour jegau tt6cy l-lelaroHuu )KHBe.ru.r oKo Bapaapa.2r) C. Miiller, vujy
15)

r<q,i ro6 rerrtprou fleLcryovicr.,, tr1 Str. V.ll, frg.18_i tgi ro piv. (sc. pepo() zpoo6verper, 'Aprprr6).et ro 66 @eooa),.ovlreig, td D6 llirlr.Lrll, rd 6i fleLay6or.;,

sou If6).),.a
te,1

Liv. XLV,30, 6: ,,quartam regiongm Eordaei et Lyncestae et pe_ _incolunt; iuncta his Atintania et rymphaeis et'Elimiotis.,. Liv. xLV'29,9:,,capita regionum, ubi concilia fier6nti primae resionis Rmntripolim, secundae Thessalonicen, tertiae Fellam, qira'rtae pelaEoniam feiit,,. to; Diod. XXXI, 8, 7: 'Hyo6r,ro Di rcri z6ierE r6oocrpeE r"riv cr0r<iv reoo"tpgl pep<ir',.roi pdv.zprbrou_'ApgfnoLrE, roi 6eu rrpoo-@ioocrl.ovircr1, ro6 cpG

!g_c.o.ng^s

icir.

1'). Ps. Scymn. 621-622:.,,drl*o6 to Aoyrqoiiur. rerp6r'cov dreioe rapd'rdr' 'A5r6r-(t. 2u) Vrr, BeneAuKoB, H. A., cTp, 8.

_8.

nanpel crP. 50 u a.

6) risi rrlr, ile).rrl.6r.cur,,

2b4
eMeHAaqr4Jy

MareaoncKr4 rpa,u,oBr4

prlmcKo ,uo6a

Foprra Marenouraja

l-leraronllJa

205

y lleaaronuju carvro Aaopyc, rxTo osrlrneAHo yrasyje Ha noMeHyry sa6yHy. Beh crvro cnoMeHynu, y Betsu ca JftanrajeM, rroAaTar Crpa6oHoB o no,u,eJrr4 Mare,u,onraje 167 r. H peKnr.r Aa ce xo4 Crpa6oua Kao cpe,rr,r4rlTe 9errpre o6lacrn nojanryjy lle).cryove6, a He Ile).ayoviu, Kao xog flrao[opa u llusuja. Onaj rroAaraK rcTopHcKon KapaKTepa cBaKaKo [oTr{qe r43 HeKor cTapor r4SBopa }t nuje rapaKTepucrr,tqaH Ba Crpa6oHoBo Bpeme. Vl firunujeBa roAarlr4 He AortpaHoce MHoro JroKaJrilEoBarby I-lelarouHie. OHr,t cy cyB14rxe ocKyAHl4, HejacHu u rtoTflqy o.u,
Crpa6on noMurre
paBHr4x HecaBpeMeHUx 14BBopa.")

Ha LBa Mecra Crpa6on HaBHBa flelaronrajy r] rpirro).tg lfe).ayovio".") Irlarlega ,qa je nocpeAil Meuabe llelaronuje c TecaJrcKoru flelaeriloTr4goM, rAe cy rpa,{onw Azorus, Pythoum u Dol!che caqr4rbaBalr.r jeany Tpunonr.rc. fonopeHu o roMe KaKo cy roprboMaKer,oHcKe o1nacru panraje HMaJre MHoro rpa4oBa,

capeTHMa }l [pyrr4&l uJil4pcKul//^ [JreMeHHMa, y TO BpeMe opuua,u,ao TepnTopr,rju ,(eypuona, JluuKecra, a Mox.u,a r,t Eprara.28)

oBor y r(oAeKcy rrcKBapeHor MecTa rrp[xBaTaMo, no.uBnaqH c [paBoM Aa ce oBoM peqeHr4uoM Bptrj14 r4s,u,Bajarbe fleaarouaqa xoje je nr4caq cromeHyo Ha Hnr4pcKoj o6aru Eajenno ca JLa6ypHr4Ma o.u, flenaroHaua y Marcegoaujw.2l) He moxemo oqeKI4BaTr4 y je,u,norrr cnvcy raKBe BpcTe Aa Ba flelaroHqe TaqHo crojrz Aa xHBe oKo Eparona, a He xpaj ArcHja. llpema rome [oAaTaK llceyao-CKr{MHa HeMa HUKaKBa anavaja sa 6rHxe' noKaJruBoBarbe flerarouuje. flerarosrja ce crromr{tle Ha HeKoJrr4Ko Mecra ro,u Crpa6orra Kao o6nacr Ha Epranouy, y\cyceg,cray .(eypraona H JluHricra.") l,laro oBr4 KparKr4 r.r cymapHn [oAauu He Mory g.a ,u,oBeJr.y Ao cl4rypHor saKJbyI{Ka, Llsl'JIeAa Aa KoA crpa6oHa'llelaroHuja sa yxe BHaqe[be, jep je rbeH Barra.[HH ,rl,eo, xojn je rpaHr4qr.lo c Aa-

KpoB BeMJby lLnupa, Jlunxecta n llelaronrajy H, ocranrajyhu rpal c JIeBe cTpaHe, yilula Ce y AKcilj (6 ptv ex '1).).uptci;v p6tov 6ri Auyxqdrrlv toi r{g fle}"ayovio( ev aptotepq d,greig rilv rr6itv zai duppril).cuv rQ 'AEtrp . . .).") lrlrvre rpaga nraie sa6erexeHo.

nonajnpe Mopa [oMHcJIHTI4, jep ce oH HaJIaBHo Ha reBoi o6anu Epnrona 6rraay rberoBor yruha, MaJIo je neponarno ,u.a 6H ,{ar u y jennorvr TaKo I4cKBapeHoM SparrvreHry Kao uTo je oraj, IberoBo unne 6talto r.raocraBJbeHo npr4Jlr4ro^4 crpahunartar TexcTa. I'prr, vuie je r4Me HBocTaJro y oBoM eKuepnry Moxe Suru camo HcroHMeHLr rpa.u, fleraronuia. Arco je oao Harre TyMaqerre TaqHo nu 6ucnno y oBoM Sparrvreury Crpa6oHoBoM uwaru He ca,uo ioul

,(a je y

opurr4HarrHom

TeKcry crajao rpan Cro6u, Ha Kojil ce

jenno cBeAoqaHcTBo o rpaAy l-leraroHujn, sefi v npBla, uaKo cacBHM neo[pefeHH rro.[,aTaK 3a FberoBo JroKaJrr4soBabe. fpul lleraronr,tja ce HaJIa3Ho Ha neBoi o6aru, ulu 6orne, c JIeBe
cTPaHe EpraroHa.

Civitas l-leraronHja uocoegovena


KHX HaTnr4Ca

je

Ha HeKoJrr4Ko BojHI4tr-

n3 BpeMeHa PaUOr UapCTBa. Ha CAAm T[rM HaTIIr4C\MA l-lelaronuje, u T pu6a aa6elexeHa je, rtope.u. r.omoB14He BeTepaHa

- ugenru$uKoBalba Maecia, Lxro r,rcxrnyuyje cBaKy rvroryhnocr oBor MecTa ca Xeparcneioru, wjn cy rpafanu yJraBHJrH y rpr6y
6ulu
Carouu

Fabia. OnH serepaHcKr HaTnficH norilrry r4g paBHHx KpaieBa r.u.e cy rr4 Bojur4rl,H cJryxr4Jrn uJtu rrocJre orcJryx(erba nojnor poKa

AeAyKoBaHu.'n) Hajpannja o,u, Tr.rx Har[r4ca nalen je y 14 cnara y BpeMe fipe 42 r. w. e. Vlsa rbera no Bpe.neHy .qonaau ua4rpo6Hu cnoMeHurc faja Jynr,rja 6aca, BerepaHa VIII .rreruje, nalen ,,6ruly Cro6a". Ocrarra norarry uB PuMa, ripajy I u II s. n. e. V je,u.uorvr noBHoaHTHr{KoM rpo6y, orronaHom y oKonHHu Cxonra,3o) nalen je y cercyH.[apHoi ynorpe6ra jou-r

Axnnnryma Ha ,(ynany

Jlarvr6earaja

y A$prauu vt nprananajy

ie,qan TaKaB HaTIrHc, Ha KoMe je sa6erexeHo Mecro l-leraronuja u

(civitas) flelaronuje unano, Kao uTo cmo Br4AeJII4, xoA Jlranuja ra .(uoAopa, Ko.[ xojrx ce Ba llelaronujy Kaxe aa je 6una rteHTap gernpre MaKeAoHcKe MepHAe.?6) fpa,u, flelaronuja norvrrarse ce.npehyTHo ra y jeqnom Crpa6oHoBoM Sparnenry, o vrajoj crvro euenAauuju.u uarepnperarlujr,r ronopunra Ha lu.pyroM mecry.27) Crpa6oH Kaxe, Har4Me, ga EpuroH Teqe
llp.nra romeH rpa,qa

rpu6a Maecia. Haxarocr, He Mor(eMo BHarr4 o.rr,aKne je raj narruc [peHeT il rAe je npno6Hrno crajao. Bpno je neponarno ,rla ce BeTepaH II nperopujaHore KoxopTe, r(ome je Taj crtoMeHl,rK nonHrHyT, HacTaHV,o nocne aojne cnyx6e Ha TepHTopujra pHMcKHx Cryna

u l.a je

rarvro

lr

yMpo.

1ui

Str. Vll, 327: 6 6d .'Epiy<ov zo)"}.ri 6e!&irevo; fiebpara 6r rtiv 'Il,Loptrctirv op<irv rccri Aoyrqorriv rcqi Bptycov rai Aeupr6rrcuv xcri flb).a1'6r'ov ei; ror. 'A$rdv Erbi6cuot.

9: Mliller, Ceogr. gr. min. I p.220 ad 621. zz; Stt'. Vll, 326: rpoE Ei co0corg ( Eyle)ieior;-Ieoapq,){orE)"Au1x{orai te 1.{9up!9roE rcai f1 rpturo}.rE fle}.oyovio rcai 'Eop6oi rai 'E}.ipera rai 'Ep&rupcr.
21)

Imp. Rom, 243: l) CIL III (Salonis, ante a. 42) Cornelius L. f. Mae. Pelagonia ve[t]. Ieg. Xl ...";2) CIL lll, 630-7325 -rr1 "L. (prope Stobos) ,,C. lulius Bassus C. f. Ma[e]c. Pelagon(ia), mislsus) v[e]. ti(ranus) ex leg. VIII Aug. mil(itavit) ann(is) XXV, vixit ann(is) LXXV h;e)r(e)d(es) f(ecerunt) C. Iulius Caenialis et C. lulius Olympius et C.
zs; Cf. Kubitschek,

st,. Vll, frg.

20,

lulius Felix. Ex t(estamente) a(d) m(onumentum?) den. LX? (ua npBor BeKa
n. e.); 3) CIL

i3) E, o rome onrur4pnraje XA 4 (1954), crp.332 u t. z; Str. Vll, 826. zr; PIin IV, eius. septentrionalem Paeonia ac Pelagonia Q.3: "p-q[te4 protegunt a Triballis";_lV, 35: ,,q!.hoc amne Paeoniae gentes: Paraiiaei, Eordenses, Almopi, Pelagones, Mygdones.(' zel B. nprM 15 u 16.
zz;

optiio) Ieg. ll Adi(utricis). . ." (n3 BpeMeHa nocne Jlor'ruurajana); 4) CIL VIll, ?865 (Lambaesi) ,,C. Domitius C. f. Maec. Pudens Pelag(onia) 7 leg. Ill Aug , . ." (us Xaaprajauoaor ao6a); 5) CIL Vl 2382 b8 ,M. Aelius M. f. .\l(a)ecia Mestrianus Pel(agonia).. ." (nperopr.rjanarr ornyureH 177 r.).

lll

3350 (Aquincum) ,,P. Ael. P. f.

Maecia Mestrius Pela(gonia),

XA 4 (1954), crp.

333 u 4.

s) Heo6jaaJbeH B:1e.fl.e.

HarnHc,

HaJra314

ce y CroncKoM My3ejy, nepoaarno

206

Mare.u,oncKu rpalr.oBx

prlMcKo .u,o6a

loprua flarcenonnja

I-lelaronuja

207

CueurajarHy naxrby Bacrryxyje onaj HaT[rrc Ba Koju -cQ, xa.o rxTo cMo peKJrr.r, cMarpa Aa je nafeu ,,6trusy Cro6a". I-aj Jyluje Eac, po,u,om HB fienaronuje, crryxr.ro je y VIII Annycronoj .nenujra, xoja je 6opanrra y fopnoj Meaujr usruely 45 u 69 r'. n. e.8t) V ToM BpeMeny je ra l-ai Jy.naje crynro y nojcrcy, y xojoj je octaon r(aKo crojr,r Ha tteroBom HaTlHcy, 25 roAr{Ha. Iloruro ce cMarpa .ua je Harttuc naben ;,6tnttly Cro6a", Pareplrnr je aar.royquo Aa Ty LrMaMo cryvaj [ojeAr,rHaqHor HaceJbaBatua HcnyxeHor nojnrra Ha repnropr,ljra Cro6a u To y .u,o6a qapa Becnaarjaua, Kalla
c"e

y yxeM

cMacJry

rieaaronuja coyxnaraila repdroprajy'oa utupcrtux rrJreMeHa, Ha sanary, Ao fleoHuje y .qoarurra Axiraja, Ha uciorcy. Bu4eJrr,r'cmo rarcole ,u,a ce Kao. peayrrraT pHMcKor ypeferoa Mrxrnonra;e ioi r.-rleraroHr,rja nojanryje xab cpe.u,rruie'gernpre rraKe,qoHcKe o6eacru. floruro c_e y rom HcroM rrpouecy oanajajy -,ilceonunoj.ru;.

opraHuBoBaHa Kao aLrwtucrparuBr.a jegnnHqa ca MyHHTI unarHnw Ipelenervr, Burenu cMo Aa j6 y ao6.a pr,r,acrcor ocrrj*ui ;6il4i

uil4 naK uvpa o6lacr ca nehnnn 6pojeru HaceJba,

oSracru,

p.anr,tje o6yrnaheue llelaronulorta, " y


jeg,Hnraqe,

OcuosHr,r ttoAaraK tcojra Hann oBa MomseHona 6ereLura [aje jecre na je HaTrr4c nalen y Moprrxonotoj o6nacru, a ro je jenan TaqHo oapelen reorpa$cxu nojam. Patu 6lrx<er onpeAeJbuBarba nAecra y roj o1nacru ,qo4aro je aa je narnr,tc Halen ,,na o6aru Epurona He,q,aneKo o,u, Cro6a y fipaBqy.'Br4ToJba". Vle rora HUKaKO He MOXeMO ,[a SaKJbyt{HMO ,U,a Je peq O TepUTOpUJt4 Cro6a, seh o jeuHoj TaqKLr MopltxoBcxe o6nacrn roja ie 6nraxa Cro6urvra nero EHtoJby. A ra MoprlxoBcma o6racr, c ie,qHe T c Apyre crpaHe Epraroua, yilasnila je, raro cmo BHAenu uB panr,ljer HBnaraba, y fieraronujy. Cror:a MI4 ce quHu HajaeponatHuje, c oSaraporvr- g.a. ce Ha HaTrHCy He roBopu o penyruraiu aojnura, .u,a ce Jyruie Bac nocne nojue c.uyx6e BpaTLto y .u,oMoBt4ry fi na, npema ToMe, y

nyr no.ignryjy Kao MyHr4ur4nuym.t') Me$yrr,rm, uuje TaqHo ta HaTnHc norr.rqe ca repraropuje Cro6a. OH je -sa6erexao, nafieH, r(aKo je Momeen ,,ifr districtu Morihouo, in ripa Erigonis fl. non longe a Stobis Monastir versus".33,;
Cro6ra
rrpBr.r

flnwauau Mecra rae je uafeH rberoB HaTrIl4c rpe6a TpaxHTl4 14 I'pa.r. I-leraroHuiy. C oauru moir.rm BaKJbyqKoM rloTryHo. ce cnaxe paHuje HaBeAeHr4 noraTaK Crpa6oHa, npeMa KoMe ce rpa,u. flelaronraja H.aJraBHo na renoi crpaHH EpraroHa y rberoBoM .u.orbeM ToKy. Osu roinravru HaTrrvcu npyxajy HeocnopHn ,u,oKaa Aa je

y npBHM BeKoBilMa [apcrra nocrojala civitas Pelagonia, uuiu cy rpalanr crr4uarbem pt4McKor rpalaHcror npaBa ytasultu y. rpu6y Maecia.'a) ' He Moxe ce ca curypHourhy o4ronopuru Ha nl{Tarbe lla
JrH

ce noA flelaronajom Ha oBI,IM Harflactlma flor,paaymeBa

rPa.u,

saj CIL III 630-7325. Hahn u Heuzey, roju cy oeai narnuc Bu.q,enlr enrJrecKom KoH3ynary y 6uroJby, Irt4cy HL,uITa sa6erexl4rl,t o Mecry r,u,e je naben. !s. Jlurrruua crp. 274. 's9 Oa, csux Mo,qeptrax nayvnllra rolu cy ce laitunu nt4Tarbem l-lelaronuje BeneAuros ie ie,uana rojn je, x'aKo ca pe3epBofii_ roleOartem (noaaeehr o.u, rora .tla ce roa. XraiepoKJIa cnomumy noce6Ho ,u,Ba rpaAa

Cf Ritterling, legio RE XII (1924) 1651. -t) sz; lbid.

Xeparleja u l-leraronuja), nour,tcluo na To .u,a ie iuox.u,a nocrojao rpa.u, l-leaaronuia. On ena 3a Harnuc Jyluja Eaca ll3 IttopltxoBcKe o6lacru, npranehyiC..u,a ce y lbomy l-lenanonraja sesyje sa rpu6y Maecia, roja Huje sl6erexega y Xeparleju, alu ne usBrlaqu H3 Tora KoHaqaH 3aKJbyqaK. l(oA octarni rayvnrara fielarostja je yner, Ha oaaj unu otai HaqhH, ll]IeH-

lainpe opnaHUBoBa,a y ieany civitas 14 .ra ce e6oi rora y crpaSouonom r.raneurajy o uo&e.rru MaxeloHuje jan"rnajy nel,Ly6riel, fle).cryov(u Ko.u, ,[r,loaopa a pelagonia rti,u, nunala. V l;riecro ftlaKeAoHHlu cy cBaKaKo, Kao H y HeKUM npyrtlM pt4McKI4M opoaunqujaivra y mojranna je rpancrra )r(r4Bor nocrereHo nort4cKuBao crapo [JreMeHcKo ypeleme, nocrojaJre raKBe oIuruHe-civitates y rojr,trvra je craHoBHr4luTBo, HaKo pacrvpeHo y Br4rre Ma[bux HaceJba, [MaJro Myrriluunai]rro ypelerue. Te cy onLuruxe uly,aile sajeAuuurce Marucrpare, cKyIIurTr4Hy r,r caBer, a HaceJbe y KoMe !e 6ul-o celr4ure rr4x aaj-eanuvrux ynpaunnx opraHa riraie .ce xannajano oA ocTaJrnx, neh je onrurilHa Ba,u,pxaBaJla r{Me nfle,meHa oAHocHo o6nacru. To je 6uta, ruelyrr,|rvr, caMo [Ipera3Ha eTarta'o.U, rt,te,vleHcKor Ka npaBoM rpaAcrcdrur ypelerry cuyna rAe J,o ,u,oJracxa PrrunaHa nuje _6uno rpal(oBa,' jep i. y "nehunu cnyvajena rpa.u,crr qeHTap 16pso paiarajao. To'ie, vui.r.r rrrr.r ce, rropao 6uru cryv.aj n c rle,raroirnjorvr. ycrnapu, Tr,r,vle nucy uacrajare HeKe- ri ehe pa arr,rrce y aAMr.r H rrc rpurr r uto-rep, rop,,rjin'HoM rrorJreAy, jep je H narne rcra repuropaja octajana y;rinurLeHa xao. je4Ha aAMr4HHcrpaTr4BHa 'jea,raiurra, caprb uri6 ce rnaBH-H_ rpal{ cana ilcTHuao Hcnpeld ocTaJlilx HaceJba. IrlnrepecaHTHo je na xo_A flrorelaeja HHje aa6enexeH rpat lleaanonrja. He repyjem rya 6u ro nnorao 6uiu AoKas ,u,a TaKaB rpag naje nocrojao,.i.ep llrolemejen crrHCaK MaKeAoHcKtrx rpar,oBa. uuje nornyH. 14suenalyje lac, nnelyrann, urro firone'naej ySpaja y lrerrarorrcKe rpaAoae Cro6^e u'Ayl,apwcr.ru) 3a6yi ril.trH Ha ocHoBy rona Aa je o6lacr cro6a -oaynerc npr4flaAara trlelaronuju, Kao lrrTo qt4tu Bene4uron,s6) Hraje npanrarno, jep crapujrz mB:p:!, roje cl,lo aHatui,vpailu) rporHBypeqe raKBoM cxBaraby. o6jaLuEerue rpe6a rpaxraru y nfyronne.'Koa l-lrone-' il.eJa, Har,rMe, HeMa IIeonaje, re najsuavajHaje ceBepHe MaKe,rLoHcKe o6racrr, rcoja je Ayro- BpeMeHa 6una HbsanacHa rr,pxaBa. rs.no Hue ce KoA l-lrorerueja reayje camo 3a o6.uacr',,(o6epa, roK . ce ocrana neoHcKa rnerueHa (Acrpaja, Vopu) nojanryjy Kao ca$ocTaJrne o6lacra. Percra crvro neh na je,'ci pr.rrnrcrrrM ocBa-Aiiu ianeu H roAeJronn Maxe,u,oHuje, fieonuja, ir<i;a jA rirco5u
p_tot. lll,l2,3l: Ile).cr1.6r-cuv.Ai6d,pro;o;, 36) Bene,u,uKoB, H. Il., crp. g.

:Ip_aTrlBHe

inoryhe je 4a je

ad,rrrranu-

ra

l-leraiouuia y yxem

cmr4cny

I)

)t6por. O Ayaaprcry

B.

Hnxe.

rr$aronana ca Xepaxrejom.

208

Maxe.qoxcru rpaAoB

r..l

y pr,ucxo ao6a

loprsa Mareaonr,lja - llelarounJa

209 Ueny ,u.aHar.illby

TecarroHrKy. Ka.q cy qyilu ta uM y cycper ure c noj*cor,r, BapBapil Harycre. oBe rpaldne, roje cyo txTo Hl4cy 3ay_3eJra, il {peHy y yH},TparurbocT, rge onycroure ooaacru. oro [9_6epa ra lleranoHr,ije- (eig rrrv ped6yetcrv d,varcr nepi A<ipqpov rcri lle)"cryovicrv ef.6go""o no.vta.lo:picr). P,":t< y roJ cy ce ooilacru oHl.r cyrco6utu c ,(aJrMarcKoM KorbHUoM uery6unu Tpu xulbane nyla. I-lpeoctalu KpeHy ,qaJbe r cyro6e
KacaH,upejy

pacnapqaHa, [oqeJra.,ra He_cTaje Kao_eTHr4qKH U reOrpa6cK[ nojaM. ua, me cy orlB.oiunH [eygraou, I-lenanoni.rja ra .u'pyie o6nairr.r. Heauname lleonraje aa- [o6ep Kor, flrorervreja rocrreArur.l tloMen ose o6racru rojr.r Harvr je caqyBaH. oqr.rnJriaHo je ga ie y Uapcrco .u.o6a seh cacnum HecTano crapor nojma fleonuje,rT) ra ce ycKU lojag fleonraje BanalHo o.u Arccraja, y KoMe cy ce Haflalsru w Cro6w, noqeo 'na y6paja y fienanbiuiy. cnenefiu uomen fle.uaro-Huje r{MaMo Ko,u, Bocurua. I'onopefir.r o aeruroj najeagr.r 268 r., 3ocr,lrvr opr4qa r(aKo je jiaaH ,u,eo oBHx BapBapa, qy ce nprrpyir,t.rrra Mepynu Ha Jra_ {9jrma 93nna, crrrao Kpos Xeaecnonr Ao Aroca, a sarrrM orrceAHyo

cj

'jb

raulbe o6lacru leypraona r Jhurecta4e,. rj.


nqp r
H

cKo

6rrornc ro -rif rlen

cr<y

ncry)

*(nelaro
J(*

f an nrauy.

fora

uap farr.rjen

aeo_ caoje racropuje Kop,crr,o Kao rrsBop arr,rHcKor ncropr.rqapa .(excrara, caBpeMeHuKa il yqecHfir(a y paroBrrMa [porHB rorcKHX Hana.qaqa. 360r rora ce 30cHrvros nolaTaK Moxe o{aTpaTr4 [ornyHo BepoAocrojnrarrr. Haxalocr, ne Moxe ce TBpAt4Tu ga 3ocHM HMa y BU.u,y rpaA.Hacegbe l-le_ a ne o6lacr, r4aro je ro neponarnajb, c o6aapom .rr,a 1_aroH3ly; le H Aooep rpa[. Vls Socumosa Hgrrararba o xperamy fora

ce c uapeM KoA .
3ocarvr je

sa oaaj'

Hurua.38)

. Xrlg u l(go naicarypnaje


I

Btt\u ce Aa cy ce ra ,qBa rpaga Mopana uaraauiH y 6nuauuw BapAapcKe AoJruHe, rojorvr cy forr.r nuwt y npaBuy HuLua. Ocraje HaM ,qa HaBeqemo rao najuo snuju no*a, ilelaro-caeloqaHcrBo o nocrojamy rpaAa lelaronnje, no.qararc HB _ Xujeporcnora Cunerge,raa.dn; V rlerry
sa6_enexeHa

Kaqapon, Ba BpeMe opounor para, npr6elexro neruro aHTr,rrrrux crtomeHnra r4B oBor rpaja.4o) Ocraun HaceJba yrapfeHra cy Ha BHue Mecra -- rxro a,oxaayje ra je oaaj 6pnoanrr.l Kpaj y auiraur 6uo HaceJbeH Hnje4no oJL THx HaceJba V uurdj odtacru oKo Aorber roKa^!;" EpuroHa naje nlenra6HrcooaHo, TaKO {-a Ta o6lacr npeTcraBJba Ha reorpascxrrvr KapraMa aHTfi'{Ke Mare.uonuje jeaar npaaaH flpocTop. C HcToqHe crpaHe BeJruKe okyr<e nojy qulu EpraroH nocrojaro je r<on ce.ia Bnroaauru, "KrKo ri6rraayle apxeorrourKu yr.alepuial. na$en Ha nonpuuHu,{r) aHavajHo airir,rqro HaceJbe. Hajaaxnajn oa TaMo na!'enax cnomeHr.tKa" je cnaraKo MepMepHr cryo ca JrarHHcKt/M HaT[[coM HB BpeMeHa XaapuiaHa o noBJra_ qerby rpaHilua (termini positi) ramefy anejy onuriaua ntu tla nJreMeHa uuja ce HMeHa, r,raxarocr,- He mory jacHo npoquTar}I (inter Ceneatos et . . . xinos).a2) Moxaa ce yleirnoMe or Ta .u.Ba eTHHKOHa r<praje r4Me caMor HaceJba rcon BHrilaHrrrta, aJru qilTarbe oBa ABa pe4a HarnHca je TaKo Hec,lrypHo aa je 6orne He npaBHTU Ht{KaKBe noKytxaje rnrepnpeTr4parba ra raeirru0uxoaarua?r;. I,lnrepecaHrHuja je ca rneAr4ura JroKaJrr,rgoBarba fieraroHHle ceBepoganarHu neo Mopuxona, c JreBe crpaHe EpHroHa.
llperyra oHoMe

{oprxoBcKa o6nacr rAe 6ncnno MopaJrr rpararu Ba rpangm flenaroHr.rjom npercraBJba jeaHy oa najnaarue l,cnllalux odaacrn Mare,qonaje. I-locle Hahn-a- u Heuz6y-a, caMo je joru

Geneari . . . xini

nujy rpelaio rpaxr.tTr! Her.(e oxo

uTo cMo panraji peKnrr,

MrlcJnrMo

rho rpaa y nponraHuajr Macedonii Secunda, uea Cro6a, Apra u AuctpaugHa rpa.(oBa na Arcujy ie l-lemrouraja
r4ilu

ruero-jroj 6nweuuw

_-

.xr.raoBabe

o6aHporvr'Ha ocKyAHrry. riasopa y[paBo aa onaj flperaEHll nepilo.u, Aa yrBpAunno rca.ua je on nponao, ,rra flra seh Ba Bpeme rorcrlrx najdanir rpajervr V s. rarr nbunnle.-V cBaKoM clyvajy oH ce Blrtue nuje o6naBJbao, jep ce, xao ruro cAro Br{.QeJril,rberoBo uMe y cpelrsenn BeKy npeHocu Ha Xeparlejy,
cnoBeHcKra
Hraje

KaKBLIX. rvroryhHocTt4,

fielaronuje oKo ,[,orber. rora Epraron-a." flocae rora ry6r ce rpar rpaly l-lelanonnjra.

rrrTo rarcofe uorapfyie Haue JroKaHemamo HH-

ea6erexeHil HtaKaKBH aHTr,r,.rK14 ocrarlu, nor jti c flecHe crpaHe, He[aneKo .o.[ cena Kyruauavena, xpaj caMe peKe, HBrJre.u,a no-

rne 6u [peMa crpa6ony rpe6anb TpilKurn rpal,

ttwtt4 crpehyha-y n_paBrly ceBepa. Ha nenoj o6ani- Epuroua,


Hr4cy

BeJrr4Ke

ga 6u frelarooxyKe Kojy Epraron rocara

peKe
r4ll'lt

crojana aHTuqKa Hexponona, moxga H aHTilvKo Hacene:in) [locmarpajyhr apxeonouKy Kapry oBe o6aacrn na.(a y oqr Jta ,rma y rom rpajy MHoro JroKaJrr{Tera c jegne il c Apyre crpaHe ,Uprnuute"4s).
_KoJr.t

Hoce .KapaKTepucrt4rtHo r4Me

,l'paA",

,,lpag,HulTe.,

Eurorn, Kao uro ce a reoipascrH nojaru helaro-. nonoBo npoulrpyje y rpaBuy BaraAa,'o6yxaaiajyhra nexasa)

Rei^ie- durch die Gebiete des Drin u. Wardar, crp. 164 cr. u *,, t ff 'rf,n, 355;,Heuzcy, cTp. 3.20 u t_;__G_Kazarow-,_ tnscriptions et antiqirites ae ti jllacddoine occidentale,. BCH 47 _(1923)27s u t. Vn. Vulii, Arctiziotogische Karte) Blatt Bitotj-priiep, crp. i.- ' -

.I)

42)
aB)

KO.ti,

rz;'Taro ce Moxe Moxra o6ja_cxuru onura ynorpe6a ilMeHa rlcrror:iq rpqKux nficaua 143 UapcKor AO6a meCra flq,r,rloYic.
3e; Hier. 641, 5.

Zosim. l,

43.

,[., crp.278, HaBoJlH r*tralbe C. Cichorius-a ,,gent(es),, ,,Geneatas", npeMa kome nam ycrBapr xe 61 6u.no cavyraHo Hr.rIe_!T oL-r{Me}ra ,q,Bejy cycelHr.tx onuruHa. !eAHo Archiiologische Karte, Blatt_ Kavadarci, crp. 16 x Ha Kaprl -. U.Bal..Kpaj E-/. ^n_.l,Vu!ii,-uucy_ o_6uur-tn_nn Hahn su HeuZey. rs; lbid. A-7, D-7, E_7, E-9, E_9.
Kauaponr
H.

tbid. 277.

Karrapon, n. 1,.,-275 n

1,.

Mare,(oscru rpa.u.onu l4

210

Maxenoncxr4 rpa.u,oBr.r y pumcro 4o6a

foprua Mareaoruja

fiocroaeJia l4crouno o.q Korcpe, on'er npexo. 6pi:ra ,l'ia.r1r.rurTe", y cery lleruTaHn, HaJlaar.t ce yBuAaH y rIpKB, narnr.rC roju je neKaAa rrogarlo Aodrov6ov. rd xorvdv y qacT M. Jyluja Cenepa,
Ovurle.qHo ie na y oBoM cnyvajy ref,r,lui rd xorvov o6erexana He HeKfi caBes 'rpaAona, neio Jepuy jeAnucrneny oflurTr.tHy (.prt cu repraroprajorvr xoja rvry nprtta,(a, ilJrH Br.tue
Ilp_r4Ma[r4na*e).

At45e yrB,pAHo ocrarKe HeKor anavajnrajer aHTxr{Kor ftaceJba, xoie uarre.u,a HHje 6uto yrnpleHo Br4,qaHamaa6). flerarouraja nepoBaTHo nrje annala yrnpfebe. aKo je nacranh y pHrvrcro ,rt,o6a CHHOHKT,TSMOM Br,rtlle Marbax nade.rna, a nonoxaj Beaoaoarrle 6H ce go6po crarao ca noAaurMa o ,,fauces ad Pelagoniam... Jyrosana4Ho o.qarJre, y jeanoj .uy6o.qoruHr,r ornopenoj lpema Ilpnoj Pequ, Hatasu ce ceJro Korpe. V menay je ndlena !9nna nera apa. rcojy cy 3orlrr, .(raoocypri.qoB o,rH, u (acanftpa, Kacaugpona rhn, tlo xeJbll caoje h-eprie Anerccan.qpe noia' je xr,rBeJra y l-le.uu, goAuril4 H nocBeTr.rnu n'Ap)rpr6r xuv[cfuj]f+ xu\ rfi n6).er'47). Ha roja ce uoJrr.tc r{oxe raj uarnrc o,qHqiilru H r.u,e ce l-aj rpa.( Hanaeuo? Hraje Jrr{ y nrnTa}by rraoxa.a Har.rra llelaroHr.rja? Haj6luxe BeJrr.tro pHMcKo HaceJbe Ha xoje 6u ce uoHairtp_e MorJro rroMuclr;rTr,r jecre Hac_eJbe vr.rjr.r ce ocrauu npyxajy oa o6luxruer ceJra l-lpnrenqa Ao BorroBant). Aan oHo -ie Hinasn Ha [crortHoj HBtaqq npr4neficre paBHaue, Ha ooAHoxjy'ceaepnHx
orpaH_ar(a

y yHyTpaurrocrr4, a ne rpaj came peKe. Arco ce no$e AaJbe yB peKy ,[o Mecra o,u,aKJre BoAH npr.tpo,[aH fiyr r,ra Mopuxona u epHroHcKe AonuHe y Aonr,rHy Pajqa r.r fllernapcrr KJraHau, a npeKo oBora y npfine[cKy paBHr4tly, nauhu fie ce Ha HeKoJrHKo HaceJba Koja no cBoM noloxajy Mory Aohn y o6ar4p Ko.u, noKanusoBarba llenaroH[je. Heuzey je y oxonuiu ceni Eenoso-

Moryhe je, mefyrnnrr, Ita ce flelaroHHia

HaJraEr{rra

[y6oe

I-lerarouuja

2n

opraHy nneMeHcKe yrlpaBe. ocraje, mefyruna, oTBopeHo rrr{Tarbe na lr,l je Aodsov6ov rd ',(orvov npeTcTaBJbano caMoy[paBHy je4ranuuy y panry noJruca, uru je rao xcirp.rl ynaarno y cacraB HeRor cy.cegHor rpaaa. Hncruo y rvroryfinocril Aa naalemo raa oK.BHpa.JrpeTnocraBKH. Vcro TaKo He MoxeMo BHarH ,ua nra je
HaceJbe y BeEil c noJrrlcoM xoju ce cnoMr4rbe Ha HaTnHcy He Koxpe. J.p, ilai(o cy joj llpnaeuau H l-lemtaHu y naa,u,yrunoj nwnujvr naj6.nrxu, Korpa ie npupo4Ho orBopeHa ycrBapfi caMo npema Eoilt4tu Eparona. Caruo cucreMaTcKa TepeHcKa ucrpaxuBalba y oBO HeKoJrr4Ko nomeHyTl4x JroKaJrilTeTa Mory noKaSaTH rr,e cq Hailasfita ilenaroHHjaruwjr,r cMo noJroxaj rerc npu6luxno ycnenr4 .u.a o,[peAr,rMo.

drov6cuv 11 r6.tr,( wlu i) x6prl. Apyru noBHaTH cnyvaj TaKBe ytloTpe6e ugpaga rotvdv Aa ceBepHe Marelonuje -- Neurro]"trd;v td norvdv (ua Harnr4cy IrB ceJla Bra[uronaqa jyroaa[a,rr.Ho o,q, Beueca)52) '_ jou jacnraje ro norrpfy;e: camo Hrne Nedrroitg noKa3yje, [a je peq o nonoj, rpagcxoj oourTr4Hr4, a He o HeKoM

oBo

**

Celeqxe fhauuHe, roja ra ycrBapr.t paa4aaji.on K6rpe.

V fieaaro nwju y yxeM cMHcny nr,lje r,rs JrrTepapHlrx r4BBopa noBHaT nraje.u,aH ,[pynn rpaA. flonra6uje cnoMarbe Mano Mecro

rd xotvdv y roM cwt4cly nocBeAoqeHa

Marbr.rx HaceJba yjegr.lreeHr,lx

y jeaHy onrufi,lny). vnorpe6a

HeMaMO paSnora La MHcJrr4Mo Ha nJreMeHcKr,r KapaKTep oBux xouHa6l). Aodrtov6cuv rd notvdv He BHaqr{ HtItrITa 1pyro Ao Ao,6) Heuzey, u. .u. 325. ,...q-ui marquent certainement une position ,. . antique de quelque importance, bien_ qu'elle ne paraisse pas avoir dtd entourde d'une enceinte fortiiide". o.u, Brrollura, ro4 yurha - SanaAHo peqr4rle 6yrypr.rue, r.u,e ce .u,oruH.a Epurora 3Harno urlrpr.r, nocrbjr.r iarote

je y Maaoj

r48pa3a

Aer,tjra6b) u

(r61,rdpa) I-lucarort (Iltdduiov), roje_ce Mopa.no^,Hailatsuru Ha [lucauor aana,u.noj ABvtLtt4 lle.rraronraje npeMa .(acaperHlra.un) Benegurcn rorpsu.Ho ipaxu oBo Mecro oKo Aolber Epnroua, a DesdeVisesdu-D6zert No.u,,(err,rrap-Kanujesa). , flpema flronervrejy flenaronuja je, rao uTo cmo perrr, o6yxBaTaJra u ,u,ecnci fionapaapje, raxo ra oH y tby paqyHa qaK ]t CIoOe. Ja carn fionapaapje uannojr,lra y noce6no norrlaBJbe, anw Ha oBoM Mecry MopaM c[oMeHyTu u \pytu rpaa. noja flroaeaei'HaBoAr.r y fleralonajr.r nope.u. tro6a I A06tip,oroi55), jep AvAAF He BHaMo \a tu.ce oH HaJrasilo y fieraroaujw y yx(eM cm[cny llpernocraBKa aa je Audaristos r4cro rxTo u Euristus6T), npBa cranraua rrr nyTy Cro6r,t-Xeparheja rpeMa Ta6yrr,r IojruHrepujanu, Marlo je aeponatna. He nepyjenno Aa je Euristus, y. rar(o Heflocpennoj 6rugr.rnu Cro6a, Morao 6uru caMocraJ]Ha onr.xTHHa y ao6a KaA cy Cro6n reh municipium.
jeanom ,{

titu y floaapaapjy.

Audaristenses ce cnoMu]by

r,r

KoIr, flrrauraias6).

ca HMeHoM ,,rpagoK". a7) Cnomenrar 98 (1948) 6p. 35a. rs) Vulii, Arch. Karte, Blatt Bitolj-Prltep, Kapra, H-6, J-7. 'fleurrasr -Pl. ae).Kaqapon, H. V, celo noI., 289 .(na Kapru- ibid., rpeuHo je craerseno iyroaanallH0 oA Batolnurar g,oK ce oHo ycrBapH HaJra314_ceBepo3aIa,u.Ho, -c oH.e crpaHe peKe, y npaBuy [Ipulena, a. Byluh, [.). V rcrom ceay uafen Ceiepa. ie r na4rpo6xu cnotuennk M. Jymja I: -Bylnh Harnncu. Mory nornrlaril c rpaja ll rau noqerrd lll a. n. e. ie noJ"toKarHTeT

' ,

c,ryvajy Bylr,rh, ne y.narehn iiorv6r., IIpaBUJIHO rOBOptl O rparfy. ra) B. nanpea crp. 201, npun.7.
.60) plin. IV,
64) BeHe.u,r4Kor, crp. 55) B. rope np. 35. 5?) Heuzey,
85.

62)'Byluh, CnomenuK, Tl (1931) 6p.63; Harnuc je .u,aroran.

y rpyrom

y npo6leu

14 y 3Haqe}ba peqrl

45.

nouo

llleuencro ypeterue loprue Mareaonuie ce y nortBJraql,l ran je y nrrariy plrucrb ao6a.

o6jqn.r4o_ Harrnc 9a Qg1o1ga.Q_r,r-j9m,_CnomesnK eo) Ct. Brandls, Asia RE (1896) 1555.

nr)

ll

7l (lg3l)

6p. a37.
14

Hayuu

cyBrue

l0: J[pexoro(?); tttt. u BeneAuron, 45; Geyer, 660 (Euristus xuje y BuJu.l,tr{o ue xojax pa3nora cnlrcKy; Kao yocraJro:u - Hlr ocraJla - Heue rrunepapuia). Mecra rcoja cy no3Hara catuo
ra

328: Paieu; Desdevises: Tpojan; Byruh,

FeorpaSuja,

l4r

212

MareloncKu rpa.u.oBu y pumcro

.qo6a

ioprsA Mareaonaja

J[eypuon

213

fleypuou

ie ,(eypuoo

JraBU rda cerra Hennrona u 6ele [prae, jyroaana.qHo l-lprna rojurua cy ,qoKy{reHToBaHH o6lacr .(eypraon npa.q.OBH le[a] Cry6epa Arromena, duroryhuru TaqHo JroKaJrlraoBalbe

_ fleypr,ron je, npenna llwaui,y, o6.uacr [Ieonraje rpai Epuronat). I,l Crpa6oH Kaxe ,u,a cy ce cBr.r ppalosu nre,ueha (r,lnn o6lacril) fieypuona_- Bryanion, Alalkomenai ra Stymbara - HaJraaurrr,{ Ha peqr4 Epr.rrony.2) Ha npyrom MecTy Crpa6on craBJba AeypHon y cyce[crso JlfiurecTa r llenaronraje.s) EnurpaScrn Hal.eypfioncrce o6lacrpt y ceBepoaana4noj uBu\u npocrpane pau" nHqe roja je flpu[a.u,arra l-lelaronuju. Onnoc .(eypraona u l-leflaronr,lje nnje cacBlrM jacau. I,l jenna 14 [pyra o6nacr norra.u,ane cy y craprje Bpeme non fleoncry lpxaBy fi g6or rora cy cmarpaHe treoncKnm EeMJbaMa. Hraje, rvre$yrunn, ucKJbyqeHo aa je fielaronrja y ruupem cmucny o6yxBaTaJra

rpa.u.6). Vocrarom, n6irE ttoa Cre@aHa BHBaHTHcKoT ue BHaqr yBer( camo rpaA y yxeM cMt4cJry, Befi H civilas, a civilas ie .(eypHon cBaKaKo 6Ho, jep je, Kao irTo fiervro BHAerlr, ueJra

beroBJ Tep[tTopHja qrHuJra jeIny


Cena

cy

oll

ueueuraja

puMcKtrx ocnajama n ,(eypuor, nouTo ce HB paToBr4Ma MaxeAonaqa u Pnrr,lJbaHa BuAg .ua je f-leraronuja rpanlluuta Ha Battag,y c Vnupuna ("(acaperama), a Ha ce_Bepy ca ,(apr,aHultma (a. crp. 202 u t.), fonopehra o rpa,r.oBuwa y o6lacrr .(eypraona norpe6rro je npe cBera pacnpaBaTu rturarbe rla Jrr.t je nocrojao rpa4 fieypuon. JeAunu nncau xojra narrl ro t4Bpr4qr,tro xaxe je CreQan Buaar.rTuctu. On ce noBUBa na Crpa6oHa, u.u,o4aje Aa ce.TaKo EBaJta

y ao6a

ce uyria y-cxonckorvr rvryaejy, caapxra olnyr(y rpa!.cxor aeha .(eypuona,- caaBaHor oA noJrnTapaxa, Aa [pr,lM]t cBoTy o.u, 1500 aunapa Kojy je recrameHTorvl B?BurT?o M.'Beruje Oniou, c Tr4tvr Aa ce o,( KaMaTa uula cilaBuT,u cBaKe roAr4He jegan ,qan y qacT Befr,tja 6o.uaHa. Hatnuc je ,qaroraH ro,r1uHour"yltd,,.ulru, rrpepaqyHaTo no aKur,rjcKoj epu, 2l I r. u. e.7) florraralbalbe rroJrr.tIap?x3- u 6yney-repraja ,,(eyprona (rov mepi Bdppapov @t).irnou er Aeppr6rrrp zro),.rropxov ouvayuyrivroy ro pou).blrqptov) HaBeJro je BehuHy HayqHHKa Ha BaKJbyqaK Aa je y nuraruy rprn ,(eyfHotI, a He ilcToHvleHa o6nacT. Taro cy Mr{cnnnr^.(aruHqa u Capujars) TaKo je ayro.Bpe$eHa MHCJrr.to u Bylrh.e) Jearnra je Heuzey, oAJrr4qHr noSHaBa-

9rui.Bpno 6uo je nuure RyTa ny6nuKoBan.).

nocBe,qor{en jour .caMo na je.qHorta Harnr4cy HafeHo^i


BHaqaiaH H_arn.c, KojH

aAMr4HHcTpaTr4BHy je.uiaHuUy.

noMeHyTHM nr4TepapHHrvl r4BBopr4Ma

fieyfaon narrr je y genHrony.

on

npefl co6onn onaj Crpa6onon TeKcr, rcojr,t u rvlr{ HMaMo, t4 !,a ta i: plaao HHTepnpeTr4pao; jep urzr4e KO,[, Crpa6ona ne crojra ga
1) I.iv. XXXlX,53: ,,Oppidum in Deuriopo condere instituit -- Paeprope Erigonum flumen qui ex lllyrico per Peflaoniae ea regio est gloniam fluerrs in Axium amnem editur haud procul Stobis vetere urbe: novam urbem Perseida . .. appellari iussit". Geyer, 653, mrcln Ha ocnoBy oBor Mecra Ko,u, Jlrarnja aa je o6racr Jleypuona oxo 200 r. npe r. e. r.orrupaJra Ha xcroKy ao Arcuja, jep ce npe,Ma n eronoj unrepnp-eraqHju TeKcra HoBr,r rpatt Ilepcer,l4a HaJra3Ho HeAaJreKo oa, Cro6a. Metyrum, Ma,u,a noBe3HBatle pevn ,,haud procul Stobis" ga flperxoltno ,,ed.itui", rt. ila ymerHyry peqenl.r[y y r<ojoi ce roBoprr.o roKy pere EpuroHa ll HreroBoM yrrr4Barby y Arcnj, curraKrlqKu nl,lie najucnparnra!e, rnar fiH ce vnna. ,u,a je I'ajepoa 3aK[,y'la_S Henp]txBarJnua, jep' ocrar'rn t,tsBoptr craamajy .Ilorbu rox Epurona y [1e;raroxr.rjy. z; Str. Vll,327: r<ai 6ri rrlr 'Epryti:r,r" rtd-aan cri r6v Aeopr6nov r6)rer;

u odnacr.a) Cropo ie crrypno

.u,a

je CreSaH BusaHrrcKu r{firao

Antike, il, Lei'pzig, tgt+, irp. F: LjrryrStiltungen in {gI S.rjgch..I.-r-6-l!: E._Preurer, At-h. Mitt. 40 (tg2t) crp. l0; H. Byruf;, Cnofuen,,'r ff,.6.p-.QSi 7l (t931) 0p...50^0.; Q.^9g.p,tiu., Apxeo.rourxa ucrlaxnBatsa y Jyxroj CpOriii, craprnap 3 (1924-1925) ll2 u t,. B. r mane ircnpanre KoJe caM AaJra y q,'IaHKy ,,llptrror raroBalb_y rpqKHx Harnilca to nponuHqrje Jllare,u.onuje.i, 36opmr_<Dua. Qar. 3 (1954) crp. l8 I .u. pr3.[ore xoju ne nonyurrajy ,u.arosa[Le oBora u HeKoJrxKo Apyrilx Harfiuca xs cry6epe DpeMa ua-xeAoucxoj npoailHr.rucxoj epfi, 14aKo je'ia rs,rrrri ro.il.HHa AaTa Oe3 cneUHJaJlHe

nocy ,.lretpana [Ju3anrHcKor crpa6ona a. nanpe4 norJraBJrje o u3Bopr4Ma, crp.32 n a. 6) Jlumuua,'ct-q.^Q92; f. flanareopray, 'Ec.rypcrgri Aep6ir6rou 6v Mcrre6oviar.'Aetyi: 20 (1908).crp..l i,t Jt., rA-e cy_ HaBereHa u'pauuja u3Aar+a;

Vll, 826 npum.3) _ je;*pr.on-i{orao 6uru rp,ag, Kao r.uro ie ra l-lelaronr.rja no cBor flpilnnuu Bapoulj M.efyrrrm, crpa6on Ha rom mecry ra6paja cimo o6aacir.'o oi187, Mucnu D.a 6u, (n.

5) Byaah, n.

a.

roa Crpa6oua

7) V nanpe[ nouenyTo,u ,ilanxy usuerra caM naJleorpaecxe B ,[pyre oBlraxe ,riroog


B-r-Saria,
oe[3croror5'..

3) Str. Vll,326: a'pd; 6i rotrorq Aoyr{orai re rcrr'q Aeupioro; rcat i1 rp'rro).rE fle).a1'ovia. Vn. ibid. Vll,6,8: 'O 6i'Ep'i1<ov ro).),.ri 8e$apevoE Se6para 6r< 16r' 'f].)roprrcrirr. opcirv rcal Au1'rr1oi6r, rai Bp6y<uv rcrr' Aeopr6rov'rcri' ITe).41'6r'<ur. eiE rdr.'A$td.,, 6r<6'6<.oor. a) Steph. Byz. s. t|. AoopioroE' r6)tq Marce8ovicrE. Zrp&pcor, 6p66pqr oijro xai I XCDpcr Hurepnynxrruiy rpe6a craluru lr3a 2rp&p<ov ep66pqr, jep ce oBe pequ oAHoce Ha npBr{ Aeo reKcra, aor je rpyru Aeo [o,u,araK. Cmucao ,,Crpa6on y ceamoj KH,r.r3H TaKo Ha3uBa jeany o6lact", Koju By,rrah, Cnomenur 7l (1931) crp. 188, cmarpa Marbe BepoBarnum, ycrBapr{ le ae:uoryfi, jep 6u y rom cryvaiy peqeHr4ua Ha rpqKoru rJracuna: xrpdpruv sp66pql o0rco r<q,i t I r, Xcbpcrv?

c'6ucqvro, d:v

rd

Bpucrvror.

rai

'A).cr].ropevai rcal Xrf:ppcrpa.

Phil. Wien, ll_(1925) c1p. BZ H.A.! r...aus dei 1ri. HaBelexe. Peqeauue H3 narnuca) klar hervorgeht, dass hier unter Derriobos eine Stadt und nlcht eine Landschaft gemelnt ist"; v Hfixe: ,,ist aucti die erwihnte Inschrift ein Beweis dafiii; dass es. .. eine stadt Derriopos -sib. denn ro)'.tt*pxoE (sic)- bezieht sich nicht auf eine Landschaft, soridern'isi dem- decurio, dem Mitgliede des cemeinderates der stedte rornischen Rechtes entsprechend. Auch sind die Ausdnicke 3oo].et'rriorov und Boo].ri n cht mit einer Landschaft zu verbinden". MsurJberre Capr,l'it4lo rra ie'roan

Jlnnrua, gTp.: 1-O?. r 4:; .8) d. \fereins class.

Ciramiae-Derriopos, Mitt.

des

l-lepceu.ua,

Ha3Bao

3aIeHHro cTapo ut'te Jleypnon, je npernocraBra roja ie ne Moxe Aor(aaarx. Capnja nocTaBJba. rpajL .[,eypuon xoA 9enuroBa Ha ocHoBy noMeEyror Har[Hca I orcroiarba y urntepapuiuna. o rremy B. Ht4xe. s,) Byaah, Cnoiuenux.-71 (1931) Lri,.-187_:' ,,He doxemo pehn aa nu cy rparoBfi HaceJbS roA 9enuroBa ocraun cru6epe um D,epiona. Je.uno ce caMo Moxe pehr rao cxrypHo: Aa cy o6a rpaaa 6utd 6auzylcaan

CTaHKOM rUaKe,U,OHCt(e He3aBUcHoCTa Hec?a,lO 14MeHa l-lepcefi.qe I,'

rojr je npeMa Liv. XXXIX, 53 ocnonao <Durr.in'V v [.ypr'.rry ra tlo cBort{e cuHy, lrcToBeTaH ca .[,eyplonou, aa je ia ne_
na ra je

214

Mu*"Aorc,<, .poro", y prmcro aoda

foprua Maxeaonuja

Jleypuon

215

o6erexaname o6racru, He Mopa Hu Ha HaTiincy oaHa,raBarl.r rpar,-Hacene, neh nneMeHcKy. repu.roprjy yjeaurueny ), ieaHy camoynpaBny jelr,lnHUy _-.civitas.ro) Heu2ey-je .(eypraon aaMHurJ'bao Kao onurTvtry y xojoj craHoBH14rrrrn6, fiacryiino'y B14rrre Malbnx HaceJba, -uM?- MyHHqHtlanHo ypeferue.. fnanHa rpal, Te orrrnTr4He, .KojH je Heuzey nornyHo npaB[JrHo u.qenrroiaronao ca ocrau[Ma aHTr.rqKor HaceJba r(o,u, qenurona, . rvrorao je, no rberoBoM Mr,tnrJberby, caMo ,,par'\rne sorte d'abus de tangig!; fleypuona. Tarco je Heuzey BaMnrxrbao H civitas l1e:riaroHuilr,; rbeMy, o6yxnarhna He calro rpaa Xeparaejy, Ha,nojra ce rarole ycnoBHo lpeneo HaBr.rB flenaionHje,'neh ,r-rleJry nr"eMeHcKy repnroprjy fielaronaua.
ge6e, noJudc, neh je 6uo cacrasHr.r aeb camoy[paaHe jeaiaHuue

nau-.pHMcKe npoB14HuHcKe aArvrr,rH14crpaurrje, yBr4,D.eo,aa HaaHts Aeppiorrog, roja aHTvtqKu nucur4 ynoipe6:ildnfiy HcrJbyrrr.+Do- Ba

!4Me utu Aa ce Ha rbena npeHeno nrvre o6laclr, oAHOCHO nJIeMeHa, MOTJIO je Aa Ce ySAUrHe rsHaA OCTanilX HaceJba ,u,a ce pasruje y [paBH rpaA-nonilc. BpeMg- rag,a je nucao Heuzey joru nr.lje duo oTKpr4BeH

Alr,

xaJlo cBoje crapo

npeneHoM, rJIaBHo HaceJbe Te onuTr4He, 6uno na

je gallp-

HaTnuc

rroJtw'Arro}.tro6d:p,ou (oy e0ep y 6tr1v., 3)

ns 9enurona, Ha KoMe ce cnoMurbe rpa,u, Crybepa: IruBeppaiov fl n6kE rai oi duvrpcryporeu6pevot 'Prup.aiot-ApX6.
Irl
H

il

repecaHTHo

Aa-ce sone ,(eypilon; atu oH nrje npercraBJbao o[urr4Hy

Ba

roja je,.no

MaxeaoHraju u rpyrr.rnn xHBoT camo nocTe[eHo IIoTHcK}IBao crapy nneMeHcKy opraHu3auujy, roncra:, je rueagecerr4x roAUHa npourrror nera E. Kuh;, y cBoM I9l?o. auauajuoivr {ery o MyHr4qrrarrHoM ypefemy y Prarvrcrorvr qapirny.,r)
TaKBr,rx oruurr4Ha
pt4McKIrM npoBl4Hut4jarvra

flocrojarre

rojrrrna

je rpancrr

MHrxJberbe o ynorpe6u ulpala ,,rj AeppionoE" ocrano je locnopa HeaaflaxeHo y Hayrlr4, na je nojana HoBor HaTnilca ua qenlaroaa ioru Bllute KoMIInt4KoBana ueno n]lTalbe. l,lnnajyhu na fupajy uannely rpa,(otsa ,(eyprzona r,r Cry6epe aa ugenru@uKoBarbe HaceJba ro.q 9enuroBa, Aramraua w Capija cy ce.onpeAejr.utu ea .(eypuon, rroJraaehu on npaBUJ'rHe KoHcTaTaltuje .q,a je natnuc y $otue ce cttoMrrbe Cry6epa [oqacHil 14 Aa je xao raKaB Mo_rao 6r,rru no,qilrHyT ra y nercoln cyce.(HoM rpary, .[oK je HaTtruc .(eypr.rona caApxao lexper Koju ce o.qnocu Ha yHyTpaulbe nocnoBe rpaJla, na je npeMa roMe Mopao 6utr no-

saMucnnTn KaKo_6H_Heuzey 6Ho peurno nuTabe oAHoca Aeyprona H npa.(a Cry6epe .(a je BHao Ba ooaj Harnr,rc. Me$yrr.rrvr,

cn ax atco

tteroBo uc[paBHo

e cy onuTilHe uMare

caBeT,

nnja,
nao..

opraHa nuje ce raagnajano oA ocraJrilx, neh je ueJra onurHHa Ea[pxaBaila ul/'e [neMeHa o,(HocHo o6aactu. -Taro cy, npeMa Kynonom cxBaTarby, Aamonuja, Eop[aja r.r [Ie4ar'onrila bra.rre civitates, raro nraje 6uno fpaAa xojll c6 anao Ebp,uaja,'Arrvrocnoja sanaxarba 6uo je HapaBHo Aanexo octrynriraira Hero

a HaceJbe y

aaJeAHHqKe Marr,tcTpaTe, cKy[uTl4Hy tr KoMe 6uno ce.u,r4urTe rux aaje4Hr.r'tKrax.

je

olnocno l-lenaronr.lja.u)

MareprajaJr Ha KoMe i'e

fyil

Bacrto-

pacnonaxe^ao u MHorH tberoBrr 3aKJbyrtrlr4,,,y,,, 913]_I9ryi-{1Hac noJe.qHHocTu[a, He Mory ce oApxaTH. carvroynpaBHa onuTu:Ha, ' KaKO. je OH SarultlrrJba, MopaJra je coaxarco nocrojarr Ha noqerKy aano$ena MyHr.tut [aJrHor xr4Bora .y prlMcK[&l nponHn4r,'jar,,la, 1r. cBr4i^ oHHM O6AaCrUma rAe rpa,u,crra xuBoT nujc 6r.ro pa-anrajbi.
*lerrr4roBa...-; r4 flF:+aJreKo He-4aneKo oA o.u. LIenfiros yA-4pyrut a ...'_;_Llct1,t, ncTt4, une Une lnscription inscription grecque 9r -4pyror.u de.Macddoine, de*Macddoine, Mdlanges Glotz ll (19u2) (1932) 875: ,,Nous ..Nous avons fa'it desTouities desTouitieS h cepigovo i Ceoisovo et nous y v avons avons trouvd des reste3 rpstps s0rs srirs d'une d'rrnp vilte vilta antioue, anfinrr.a. (t,hirra Il est imp.ossible imoossible dede ddcider que-lle.dtait ouelle dtail cette cpllc ville: villp. Deuriopos, l-)prrrinnnc stybdrri., ll peut-6tre.Alkom6na";,Vlc.ri, ou peut-6tre Alkom6na": Vlcrt4, Arch. Karte, Karte. Bitolj-prilep, Bitoli-Prilpn. irp.'5: clrn.-.s: ,,tticiii N:rn :;::! ;f JLt 1* ii rt,'i i.'.,ii t!; -D'e i ; ir;' ;ii ni ii li'''. iii;i! a ; ;' i;'d; ;' Ji; " ;;,- :'
i

-_t4'ua cy ABa rpara: Stuberra n Derriopos.


Io) ro) LU) Heuzey, Heuzev. neuzey,
.u..

e Stad I ae s N iml ni feorpa0uia,.crp. feorpaQuia,. l eorPaQuJa,.crp. crp;.1.t ll rt u a t. a.


in

i?i o ft t, iiair' r i ir:- r,"t ;. v",j j r"ii "i''i,..i"i-o. 14 Ha Ki( l,l t<i.fert-oroj Kieoert-oeoi raorr Fon'xVir FOA XVll orrruo*j'

ia

l{eypuon Morao HataswTu, r4aKo HUKa.u. Eruje 6uo curypan rpe6a nu leypuon cmaTpaTu rpaAoM r4JrH He. I-lpr.r rorvre, tii ie Harnrbao [,[eHru0uronaby HaceJba KoA genfirosa ca Cry6eponn, a l{eyprofl Tpaxuo Heute_y rreronoj 6truaunw, ncruuyhu .u.a uHje crrypHo ,qa je AeKpeT ,(eypuona na$eH y Yenrarony. tvte5yna,il, y nocneAlbem cBoM pany_ no oBoM flurarLy, o6jaaryjyhra ABa HoBa coucKa e$e6a ua 9enarooa roja cy,ce oqraueario o.nHocuta Ha ucru rpa[ ua xojH u HaTnuc us .(eypuona, iep ce y rbHma cnoMrlbao ucrlt ,,o6porBop M. Berraje OrroH, By.nuh ce yBepuo la ie r ,[eypuoncKu rer(per norrluao iaucra He ge-nurona. Crora oH ca4a [oMntuJba Ha noryfinocr.ua ce,(eypr.ron cxBaru' rao o6racr tuju 6u rnastu rpa4 6rzo Cry6epa.lo) On ce noBHBa Ha MuufJbeme Heuzey-a ,u,a ce nog. ,(eyprzononn ira HarueM Harnucy Morna no.rpaaymeBa-Ttr ,,"repurt,puja jepHor nJreMeHa, vraje je craHouHnruTBo, Har(o je o6paaonang jenny noauruvry aaje,tJ-Cgpyi-1, n. a.,-Crqpanap lll (1924-102S) crp. ltB; By,rnh, Cno, flenr.rK 7l (1931) crp. 186, 6p. 501. l-.) Ar.Ulrua, crp. 312;..Capuia, H. Jt., crp. I14. ,u) VuIii, Deux nouvelles inscriptions gl-ecques de Derriopos, Comp-

Capuia Mrrcruro Jla 6u oHa MorJra 6vtru na nyry Crodnig Xeparleja, jyxno o.u, t{e[urona.14) Byluh je y nrarue MaxoBa pacnpaBJbao o roMe rre 6w ce

t{enzrona, craBJbeH-y caMoM rp1ny.-Ilorannsyjyhu [eypraon qeor4roBa, JloK je rpaxro Cry6epy ceneposanaliir o.u, $9.[

Ar*,ru

ilp;;

i, iiii,iueri
. i.
..;

lbld. crp.406 u n.,426, 429 u n. fleraroHHja je, npema Kygy, crp. 427 u a,. o6yxaat'ara r o6racr Jleypuona; lbeily nucy 6im noefaf; Harnucr4 .y rojHma ce JleypHorr, oAHocllo beroB n.risHra rpa,t Crydepa -.',,.
._tz)

388

il) tt; E. Kuhn, Kuhn.


r.l

cro. irl6. crp. 316.

i.i:
:

Stiidt. u. Stedt. u biirg. Verfassung, norraBJbe Macedonielniicrp.

tes-rendus de I'Acad. lnscr.

nojanryjy Kao caMoyrrpanle

je,qnaaue.

,,

l'existence d'une ville. du nom de Styberra. Foimait-elrl re centre de la rdgion de Derrlopos et les politarques hvec Ie bouleutdrion n'aDpartenaientils en m6me temps h Styberra et i Ia rdgion de Derriopos ?,,'

et Belles-Lettrei, crp.22B:,,On

ni piut niirr

216
.[,HttUy Hr.rTH

Maneaoxcril rpaAoBr.r y pumcro noda

ioprua Mare4onHja

Ii.eypaon

2t1

CTY6EPA

B14AH r.ro cnncroBa e$e6a roje je Bynr,lh o6janro. O,{arrelHo je, Aarae, aa ie y nrTalby jedna aaje,u,uHua. I-lurarue je carvro

je yKa3ao Ha HoBl4 MoMeHar r(ojil ce y nuTarby onHoca ,[eypraoua ra Cry6epe nojaBr,ro ca HoBr4M HarnncilMa, Ba roje Heuzey nuje nnorao lra BHa. Marepr.rjar ila tlen[rosa npyxarr,rram noryhnocr .qa 6ore carJreAaMo ypelene ienue caMoynpaBHe je,qr'lnraqe. te Bpcre. TeNuute npo6re,ua. nraje BHr.xe y rome Aa iln cy .(eypr+ou u Cry6epa ,(na noce6Ha rpaAa: jep, c jeaHe cTpaHe, He Mo)Ke 6nT u BHue cymrbe Aa ce Cry6epa Hana?uJra roA 9enaroaa (0. Hr.rxe); c .u,pyre crpaHe, r.rcro je raro o,trjrpHo ,tta Ha genrroBa noruqe H HaTfluc Ha KoMe ce coomH[by oi e,v Aeppionrp no].trdpXot, c o6euporvr aa je HoBau rra BaBeuTarsa M. Berrja OHaona; Koju ce c oBr.rM AeKpeTolvr npeyauMa, Koprlcrnna Cry6epa, KaKo ce

ce nraje ycyAro Aa .[e

htu civitas, 6rlo

HacTa[beHo rra paBHHM TarrKaMa", Byanh

,u,eQrrHHTrrBaH

oAroBop Ha oBo nrTau,e,

aHTta_rrKHM rpe6a ile.uaru,crapy _ocrau[Ma y Cry6epy, Hehe 6w"ru cyawuHo Aa QB.u.e uBHeceM u a*aflusupai^ Te floAaTKe, Tr.{M flpe r.rjTo oBa, no MoM Ml.ilUJbeby, HecyMtbuBa qurbeHr.lua nuje ro.u, nac joru yBeK nornyno uprxnahena.le) Hajcraprajr romeH Cry6epe r4MaMo roa Jlunuja. 3a riperue onepaquja KoHByna Cyrni,uraia nporuB (Dnnnua V (200 r:), pr.lilcra Bojcra je, uanyurrajyhn JIrHr, rAe ce panaje 6rala ynoroprna, KpeHyna Ha ceBep 14 ,u,ornJra y Cry6epy, .ua ce ramo cHa6le xHToM: ,,Stuberram deinde petit (sc. consul) atque ex Pelagonia frumentum quod in agfris erat, conVexit." (Liv. XXXI, 39, 4). Cry-

rpafanraHa. Alr.r, u 6ea oBor HaT[raca (npe Hero uTo cam Morna Aa BHaM aa tera)l8) ja carvr, nolaaehn oA rope rraHeTof cxBaTalba crpyKType .(eyprona, ,EeTaJbHoM aHaJrLtBoM cBr.rx ocranux JruTepapHltx n enurpa@cKrrx no.qaTar-a o Cry6epra n,oryna llo yBepelba
,q,a y-

t{enr.rrony

3 BaHr.trrHo, 8a ucTy aAMr.tHr,rcTpaTHB Hy jegrHnqy, ynorpe6rn aBata ttBa HaBuBa. Crora mopaMo nperflocraBl,rTn .[a je 2tuBeppoirov f1 r6)..q 6ala ueurTo .[pyro, HeuTo yxe Hero q AeppionoE. CTy6epa ie 6uaa opraHr4BoBaHa Kao noJruc, ca cnojorvr reparopajortr H cBojr4m opraHr4Ma BJracril, anra je yje.qHo 6uta ueHTap r.ur4pe o6.nacru..(eyproua. Ta o6nacr, aaje.uHo ca Cry6epoM, caqHba-

BaurTo ce Ha BBaHusHrrM aKTrrMa nojanmyje vac )ruBeppaiorv q n6).tg unu 2tupeppcr,tulv rl poulil xoi 6 6qlrog, qac oneT oi 6v Aeppr6nr4l no).trdp1ut u rb pou).eurr1prov. 14ctcloyqeHo je ,qa cy ce

6nwauuu. Aa

je Cry6epa Aol,cra 6wna y rnoAHoj paBHr.ttlu, To BHAunao r,r HB Jlpyror [oIlaTKa rco.u, Jlunuja roja ce o.[Hoct{ Ha
llepcejen_roxoA- nporaB l4tfhpa 169

6.epa ce, AaKJre, Har.aswna

y lleaaronuiw uaw y meuoj rrenocienHbj

je u nocre,qlby

naaa je jeany aAmrrHr4crparuBHy, caMoynpaBuy je4unuuy. HoaLr HaTtlHcH he csaxaxo yr{eru Bt{ue cBernocru y oBe nrTa}be u paajacHr.rru y rojr,rrvr je cayuajeBaga Cry6epa Hcryrana camo y cnoje ilMe, y xoirarua naK y r,lrvre ,(eyprona.16) Je,u,an HeAaBHo npoualen HaTtlt,tc na 9euuroBa orKnoHr4o cymrby Aa ce Cry6epa BaucTa

noKan[TeTy. To

je novacnu c[oMeHur

r<ojra

Cry6epe" floAlrlao y 'racT HeKor caor rpalaHuHa (tdv no].ei$lv).") 3a onai HaTnuc He Moxe ce pe.hr, Kao Ba onaj pannje nomeuyru, .u,a Je Kao noqacH[ Morao cTalaTu H y HeKoM cyce.rl,HoM rPaIY, iep y nerrry uspuqt4ro crojH Aa rpa,u, Cry6epa oAnuKyje ,cBota"
16)

je ,canet il

HaJraar4Jra Ha ToM Hapo,u,

je nocaao nocnaHr4Ke uJrrpcr(om KpaJby feHqnjy, a cam je,',npo1ajyh.n po6.rne, caqeKao TaMo ruuxoB noapifarc.2,) Irie- oior Jl_unr.rjeaon uaaeruraja cneAu .[a je Cry6epa-duna raanHa 6asa Maxe.u,oHaua y lbr,txoBlrm onepauajaMa nporrla Vltupa. l4a tte
LUe-ne-p, Apxeoaorura Hara3r.rurra y MareAoJyrocnanuie. l, crp. 182. Canu HcrpaxrdBaqr.r Llenrirosa H3rre,u,a aucy 6unu cBecHH snavaja orKpaBeHor Harnilcar B. Hfixe npnu. BS. fl. JIncr.r-vap, y cBo^Me qnaHKy Hawu nateAoHct{a aHiliutra, Conpe,uenocr, Cronje 1954, crp..60{ r n, roju, yocraJroM HeM.a r4crpaxr4BaqKu Kapaxrep, He cnoMl{rte, MoJ t{JIaHaK. uH no.u.Bjla9u Aa Je Hara3oit r{oBor HaTn[ca nBTar6e rAenruovxoBatba qenHroBcKor noKaJrHrera -peueHo y npulor cryoepe, aJrlt ce 13 b-e-roBot nficalba He BuD,r4 )f '{eily ie Hontna xojy ,Uonocr noileayr,4.Hlrn!c. Hrje 6r.lrno, ,qa nonoBH,uo joru jdanom, urro ce .i narnucy

Kaxe: ,l-loruto. je nerolaro AaHa caKyrrJbao xltTo ri Hapeluo Aa aa munn uofy- r MauIrHe Ba oncabrrnatue rpa[oBa, (n-epcei) Kp.eHg onarne_(rj. ua Cgy6rpe) 14 rpeher naHa lofe y Vcriann najaehra rpa,u, flenecra"20). I-locre na.[a VcraHe llepiej ce nparub y Crydepy ca_ aapodJbeHlrur4Ma u raMo je Vcxhnq-e w 'htupe pacflpoAao, a ParumaHe (6r,rao rx je. oro qeTr{pri xtrJbaAe) npe&ao rpaAoBUMa Ha qyBarbe. 3atprrvr je nonoao Kpenyo y seMJby leHecra, l.a ce nocrre ocnajarua cenepnnjer neHeirHicror rpa1a Oeneum noHoBo Bparu y Cry6epy rao no6e/luJrau. I4s Crybepe

r.

Jlnar,rje Ha ToM Mecry

Vn., nanpultte-p, M. . j') nrjr, EuqurloneAaja

H HanoMeHy.

ta) B. moj vlanar: Jeaaa HoB Harnuc ns genuroaa,

XA

(lgSA) 220

uro KapaI(TeP oBI4x HajBI4Ixt4x rolrur*,Hx MaKe.u.oHcKI4x rpaAoBa nuje, e6or ocKyAl4ue ,uarep.Hlaaa, 'gofloturapcu ce crlortll4rsy o6nvno Kao Koren4j oa rexoocBerJbeH. BoJbuo nrKo q,'raHoBa, aJIn tbr4xoB 6poj xuje yrapten. Camo y je,unom clyua;y r4mamo ielxor noxfirapxa: Ha BeJIltKoM Harnncy ue Jlpannva y Opecru.ur (!. crp. 185) nomurse ce noJlt{rapx rpa,[a Barlne, xoir,r ie yJ]a3uo y cacraB OpecrH,u.e, opraH[3oBaHe Kao KouHoH. To Nac HaBoAr na nomuca6,' c o6sr,tpom Aa ce Ha Harnucy l.rs 9enurona noMtrby norlrrapclr q,ele o6Jlacrr, na cy lronurapcu Moxaa 6unu npercraBHilrllt noie,u,ltHux rpaAoBa HaceJba y saie.u.xavroM caBery H Aa tlx je npeiua ro,ue 6llrto oHont4Ko KoJIHKo u THX YXHX CaMOy0paBHI4X JeAUHilUa. ' 17) Hafnuc .nex,.r y-Croncrom uyeejy Heo6janrsen, rtao u ocraflrl marepujal xatex rpr.'nHKoM HcKoIIaBarba y iecex l95B r.
puoncKr.rx noJrr4Tapaxa, TUm npe

Hrxarny cmerr+y

oBaKBoM cxBaraby He qnnrl no.ltfiltarse,.u.ey-

ruarucrpara

oo,U,HrHyr y ca,uoJ Cry6epu. ?(,) Liv. XLlll 18, 5: ,,lnde frumento complurium dierum sumpto iussoque apparatu oppugnandarum urbium sequi,-tertio die ad UschnamPenestianae, terrae ea maxima urbs est posuit castra . . .,, - XXVlll, 8: 6 Di rlepoeis ,(apcrTc. 2t) Li_v. Xllll l9r Xllll, 2A. d. Pol.

cnoulltie i1 lruBeppcriov pou)'| rcri 6 6{pog, jep cmo ro r4l5aJtl H ni panujuir rarnt4crila, Hero -u-ro ce fi3 TeKcTa Harnfica Br4Ar.r Jla ie ro cnomenur

r6peto;

eig zr6peppav

spoobe56pevoE

clr.re )rsfcr,r. dl.crguponcbLrloer. rai rfr. 66r,uprv roi6 nspi ror. fl}.supd.cor,.

rir.6rcrooe,

2t8
je

____

Mare,aoHcrn rpaAosn

y prmcro ro6a

foprua Mare,qonuja

^ ca PumroaHuma l7p_ u 169 r.' y Hauroj -aerrrnra, By.rruh je nriurab Ao Bar(JbyqKa Aa Vcxany rpe6a Tpaxr4Tta xon,Kuqena.22) Me!yTHM,_caMo je,UaH ttyT Bo.u,r4 us flelaronnje y Kuqeso. On'nolaiiH

BoAHo Hajrpafiu_nyr Ba -BeMJby fleuecra u npexo br.tx Ba r{nupcxy ApxaB-y. flpoyvanajyhu uEBope o paroiamy l-lepceja

jleypuon

2)9

oA 9enuroBa H Lr,qe .u,onunorra Epr.rroHa.


HaM JIasHje

roBom noKaJIHBoBarby KoA 9eunrosa.

raxe o noJroxajy Cry6epe nornyno

Ilpervra ToMe oHo uJTo oAroBapa rbe.

IlorvreHynH crvlo panraje crpa6onoB no,[,aTaK o ToMe Aa ce HaJraBHJra ua EpuroHy.ql4 oH roBopr4 y nprnor [AeHTr4Suronarua HaceJba KoIr, t{eflqnoBa ca Cry6eporvr. Ftaiaap, us uTu-

cry6epa

jarue.

on 36 puMcKr.rx- Mr,rJba, ro.rrar<o j9 npe,rna Ta6ynu llojrun--on Cto6ir ,u,o Kepannaje, o.qroBapa orcrolaruy Qn Cro6a .u,o Maprone Bapoutra ron flpulena.20;'Og, Mapiconi: Bapour_n nar, orcrojarue on I I MHJba (oroao 16 rrr,r), role ce na T_a6ylu HaJraBu ula cratuqe Ceramiae,.noaoru alc yndano ,ro t{enra.roBa, r.u,e _6u, npenna rome, rpe6ano rpaxuTfi oHy'cranutl,y noja je y Ta6yiln usocraaa, rj. Cry6epy.r6)
repujaHu- 6nno

Xeparneja. V Ta6ylu flojrunreprajanrz, rle je raj nyf ai6elexer, HeMa Ao,u,yttte oBe craHuqe,2s) anu, raxo je neh o,qanuo KoHcraToBaHo, otcrojame Cro6r-Xepaxneja y ToM r.rTr.rHepapHjy je lacynraure MaJro, TaKo Aa ce Mopa npeTuocTaBnru l\aje ieii -aaxrycraHuua orrrarra. Aa je ynpaBo Cry6eph Ta craHuua, To qyjemo Ha ocHoBy rora uTo ce rd'.u feorpa$a Panencxor, roi,a c, KaKo ce 3Ha, cny)Kuo Kao r,tSBopoM HeKr.rM utunepapujen 6rucr un Ta 6yan fl oj ruHrep ujanw, c norvrrarue Mecro Istuberia'ru6f y' ocTaJrHM craHuuam?. Ha.nyTy.- C1oO5|eparcneja:,,Euriston, Ceramie, _lstuberra, Heraclea".2a) Capuja je uoraaao .rla orcro-

y.epapnja. ca-aHajervro

;te qe Cry6epa nanaatara na nyry'Cro6u--

je 6una Ha peUH Epurony H oKo 16 xrvr yAaJbeHa o4 Maprone Baporun._.Cse ro roBopu Ba To ,(a je Cry6epa 6rra xoA Aanautser gennrona. Cerra HaTnrlca o KojrrMa je neh Qulo peqr4,- nocroje jou qna HaT[Hca Ha rojuma ce croMume Cry6epa. Jeaan oA br4x je crroMeHHK BeTepana V nnane,(oncre leruje, nafen y Tapenry (L. Allius L..f. Scap(tia) Stober(a), vet. Ieg. V Mac ...rr), -nepoB,aTHo c rpaja I n. n. e., r4a Kora ce BH.qH.[a cy rpa[anuC:ry.6ep9 *oi, ay crr{uanu puxlcKo. rpafaHcxo npano ynr.rcnn4nu-y rpu6y Crcanrrajy. V Cry6epra je Moparro 6u"ru ldcra cranro' HaceJbenr4x pr4Mcr(r4x rpafana jep ce ctloMr.tlf,e rbuxoB KoHBeHT (yu. HanpeA HaBe.qeHu HaT[r4c: ,,EtuBeppuicuv 11 rri].r( xcrl oi
paBHuqei ga dtrvnpor*oreu6pevor'Propcriot . . . "). Apyrn HaTrrr4c rojr.r rarua BeBe ca Cry6eporvr noruqe uErneAa Ha flpHlena. On rJracr4: "ErouE ZE> (?). @p6vrorv Arovudiou )rupepptriog

ga ce Cry6epa

H-ane.u,eHr Jr[TepapHH no.(au,, npeMa roMe, jacHo noriaaljy HaJraa]rJra Ha ceBepoucrounoj usuiu fleaaroniiil

zz; H, Bynr,lh; Paroaare maKe.rloHcKor r(paJba flepceia c pumrsautma Hauroj Bemrbu 170 u 169 r. npe Xp. Iaac CKA CLX itga4t. cro. Bg u -u. Vn. r Niese, lll, crp. l4l, np. 4 (Virary rpe6a roaxirwoi<o fuona uau Knuesa, a He KoA lle6pa). l-lo roue urio JIunHje'XLlll, I0, I xaxe,,u.a ce Vcrana Bara3r{rra ua rpanrur. Flep-ceiene npxa-ne thaud piocul ind! (sg. Lychnidi) uscana oppldum finium-imierilquri Persei'erat, ilrr npeiua eMeHa,auniu weissenborn-a, uscana oppidum iinitimum lmperio p-e-rsei erat) Mucnw .u,a xe 6u rpe6a;lo uJ[tpcKe xpajeae_roje cy Heg,anHo Marcaonuu Ouilu onycrolrl.rrrr, l,a 6u cnpeqltra ynale JlapAaxaua u Vlnupa, Tpaxflrx Herjle qaK Ko.u, Terona, neh jyxnllje, uoxna oro focrrnapa. hcro raKo iloIAa rpe6a O-enaeum, Draudacum u ocraJle neHecrlrHcKe ractele, xoje ie l-lepcJl'ocaojuo Loc4e Vcrane, rpilKurl 3ana.[Ho olt oBor rpa.rra, lperla Faluvnury u Jle6py, a He Ha tenepy, r.u.e cy BepoBarHo xr.ise,rr

iteioveE 6roiet.28) & iu_ HaTnnc rojra je rao [oBora Heuzey-y na aarrnyur4 Aa ce Cry6epa Hanalwna xoq flpanena.2e) Mefyrl,r,i, [be.roB BaKJbyqaK, rcoja ofloBpraBajy Hoau enrarpa@cru HaJraarr, nrje H l4Haqe JIoBoJbHo BacHoBaH. OpoHron Cry6epanuH Morao Je'.qa nolr4rHe cnoMeHuK cBoMe cilHy H y fieKoM cyceAHoM rpaAy a, KaKo je u .(nnnraqa c npaBom npumeTrdo,'o) cama quruenuqa-urr6 oH HaBoAu cnoj erHrrKoH yraayje ynpaBo Ha To, jep nuro HeMa' norpe6e ,qa erHrlKoH orHaqn y cnojoj BeMJbr4. Hrijti r.rcrryqeHo Jla je OpoHroH Cry6epaHr4H 6uo o.vrap1t,;v y Herorvr liyrorvr HaceJby AeypuoncKoM,_TaKo ra 6u ce r repr4ropHja fipuaena Morna o6yxnarnrH y ,,(eypilort. [^ocroja+-o aHTr4rtKt4x ocrarara roA gennnoBa yrBp.u,uo je . joru l86l r. Heuzey, a npo6Ha HcKonaBaba xoja 'je'1g24 r.
r:cyBxue Maro ,u.-a 6u ce na-beMy npernocraBUJro nocrojarse joru jeaue nenorpe6xa KaA ce orKJtoHlr rJraBHH paalori6or xora - nocraje ce t{enrrono ua.enrzSrz(yie ca Jleypaonom. Miller,' ltin. Rom.. 5SO. - ro.q .roraausyje.Ceramiae xoa Eepora.ud, t Cry6epy c-ena Crapu C'pnuu, Jyxno oa 9enrrora. llpema ByrHhy,- l'eorpaQaja, crp. 10, Ceramiie cy MOrne 6Hril xo.u, llpulenua r4Jr]r KoA Maprone Bapouru, ule HMa ocrarari pr4McKt4x HaceJba. orcrojane u o4 jeanor n oa apyror Mecra .so genurosa. l,g-9:1tT.1rl._.rl.lo_,-all_J_u-Iu-Ig,l:p_o-yJro ga 6u nyr saorpenyo y npaBrry
craHr4ue
'

6 dvtdplcuv Arovudiou roD uio0 ro6 ayopcrvtipou

roUE

,f,,apAaxqra.

m; Tab. Peut. Vll, s-Vlll, Ceramis XI Heraclea".

t:

..Stopis

nocrojao'rpaa Jleypuoli u.jl,a ce' oH Mopa noKarr.r3oBaril^KoA 9emrona, Capuja je Cry6epy rpaxfio jyxno o.q, tlenurona,y npaBuy Eurorua (Cxpuid, H. i1.,'crp. t t+). dria rpernocraBKa jep je orciojane Llenurbeo-Erarbn cama no ce6u maro BepoBarxa

Apx. ucnur. y J. Cp6v,iu, Crapunap ]!) 26) -Qaplja, je


Vsu,uajyhu xao crrypHo .ria

!l) -Ceogr.

- Xll - Euristo - Xxilll

---"'

Rav. IV, 9, t0-13.

llpHnenUa H oAaTJre Harpar y Yer|nroBo t4 buTOJb. zt1 CIL IX 6155, cf. Kubitschek, tmp. Rom., crp. 244. O6aur,,Stobera,, l_aBJna ce caMo fla oBoM Harnfi-cy, r4Haqe r4,iltaMo o6lure ,,stuberrai (Geogr, Rav' ,,lstuberra"),^rpuxn ,,rrtj3eppe'j_(xoa crpadona ,,)rirppcrpa") Kba Ca-" pnje, Ceramiae-Derriopos, crp. 38, o6"lur- Iropsppcrtcr 'ie 'erimon a ne
r.,Me rpa,u.a.

3 (1924-tg25) crp."l t0.

Heuzey, crp. 317; Ilrmuua, .6p.272; Hahn, Drin u. Wardar, 6p.22. l ollHHa Harnr4ca Hr4Je cfi.rypHq: Hann uMa caMo npBo cJroBo Z . .., Kol. Heizey-a croju zEci (867t); a ru,uuua je ucnpanuo ia zz>. Erxnroil strl berraeus -nocBe.u,oqeH HaJu je u ro,u, Liv. XL,- 24. zs) Heuzey, crp. 317; cf. Leake, Ill 321-cr. 30) Jlnmrrta, c"rp. 312. /
_

,t)

220

Maxefloncxr4 rpaJloBx

y prucxo

ao6a

foprra Mareaourja

oHAa.ce rai.6poj Mor(e H noseharw. Vctun4 y ocraJrraru cavyBaHHM cnucKoBnma-_(ua 20?,_y 206 u ZZB r.), 6poj eee6a le MHoro MaFbH (10-25'Hiueua),be) alr.r oBa paanuna rrrbrld 6n ce o6jacnHru THMe ,u,a HHcy yBeK ganlacuBaHa HMeHa, cBr4x e$e6a, seh camo ilMeHa oHrax rcoju cy ce ucratnu. C .upyre crpaHe, r,loryhe y cnucKy r,ta 190 r. ru.rje o6yxaaheHo cirrro jeniro roAltrr.rTe, i. .q, Jep ce H_a ucrom cnilcxy HaJraBe u ureHa 6pahe. Eulo r(arco My
130 eQe6a y ll r. n. e. je iarcra BeJruK. Tpe6-a camo uomt4cJruTu Ha ro Aa aTfiHcKil cnr4cKoBu eee6a uB BpeMeHa Auronana Aajy npoceqHo oro 90 HMeHa, la Aa camo n,

e0e6a, y\t4.cu-railfi sehuHoIA mlaAafiu

xoie je rpa.q y jearoj ToAHHH Morao Aa Iid: V o6'a cnrrcKa ug 190 r. Mory ce na6pojaru npero-_130 rameHa maa4uha.st)To 6u oAroBapano ieny on npeKo 4.500 rpa$aHa r4BHaA 18 io,u,rana, HJrr,f craHoBHlrr.uTsy oA oKo 20.000 cao6o,qnux Jby,[n, He paqynajyhu po6oae.88) Ar(g ce ilMa y B4Ly .u.a cy ce y ylpyxebe
raa rrrayhnrax ttopo/tHua,

npe.a.y3eo Byanh florBp.u,rna cy MHU]rbebe .Ea je Ha ToM Mecry Mopano nocrojarra BHaTHo nacere.st) Aounnjra Haraar,l, a Haporrr.rro najnoruja prcKonaBaba y jecen 1953 r. orKpuna cy HaM Je.q,an HaupegaH npoBuHtIHcKU rpa.u, Ha rp'{Ktr Has1,;H ypefen n npoxeT rpr{KoM r(ynTyporvl: ABe BucoKe cTene ca cIIHcKoBt Ma eSe6a us 190, 203,206 u 223 r.,*) fpn HBBaHpeAHe crarye xoje il{He yxpac cKoncKor nanHAapaja,ss) 6aaa aa craTyy Cenrurvruja Ct,tauana Hrrcomaxa, npt,tnaAHHKa yrneAHe MaKeloHcKe nopoArue xoja je Aana HeKoJrHKo MaKeAoHHlgRu*, H jeaHor ronayra,tn) nrjHoBHJH MaTepHJan, Meby rcojurr,r u Honn crtt,tcaK eSe6a, ,u,se 6aee ca noqacHr4M HaTflucilMa, HeKonr4KO CTarya HT.q., uoraayjy jeany cpeAu1ty Ha- BHcoKoM r(ynrypnoru nunoy.ab) I-pa,q je nnopao 6urra BpJro npocrpaH !t MHoroJbyaaH..To ce-Br.rAH r no camom repeHy,36) To norcasyjy ra 6pojnra e@e6a

- Ileypuon
HeKorrr.rKo ,[ecerr,rHa

221

ienuoi tucrt4, us 42 r. H. e., una 120-130 rvraanuha.ao) Jlucre e6eda Koje cy Halene y Apyrr4m MaKe.(oHcKHM npalonuma (Eep.oia, Eneca,

Vocrarom, Tpe6a HarnacilTr4 ,u.a caMo [ocrojarbe HHcntryuuie e$e6uje.y Cry6epra yxaayje Ha beHe jarce KynTypHe BeBe ca
rpqKHM JyroM. '

Jlera) umaiy o6nqno ro

umena.l')

n. e. I4a rora
Haq[H

AaToBaHH cuucKoBr4 e0e6.a, u tloqacHH HaTnnc CHraaHa Hnrconaaxa 14 .qeKpeT .(eypuona. Ha raj
BpeMeHa
14

Csn

HaJraBr4 r4ts

qe[HroBa npr[a.rlajy yrrrannorr,r

cy

ll u lll r.

rpa[ Cry6epa 4orcyMeHToBaH uarvr ie ot 2tt0 r. ttpe H. e. (Jlraauje-Ilorr6raje) Ao lll B. L e. V ro,rn paamar(y ou je 6uo najsnavaiHnjra rpag Ha ceBepy lleraronHje. 3a ,qounr,rje Bpeme HMaMO CaMO rro.rlaraK leOrpaoa Paaencror, xoju je, rao uTo cmo peKJru, yseT uB HeKor rarraHepapuja 6rncxor Th6y.ln IIoirr.rrrepujaHri, na ce npeMa ToMe. o.rtHoo.r na IV n. lrtsnena$yie
cTao, uilu La je rorrarco onao ra je rteroaa reparopraja 6aaa [prKJbyqeHa HeKoM .u,pyroM npa,qy? fla,u,a y oqr4 ,u.a ie apxeoJIouIKr,r ruarepujan t,ls 9enaroaa oAnHqHo casyBaH, Kao ra Ha 6ap Ha ocnooy rbera Bpeme unje g,enoBaJlo. I,lnna ce yTacaK oHor Manor flena rpaAa rojn je ilcoHTaH -ira je rpan cTpaAao o.q, SeMJboTpeca n la Je cBe TaKo ocTaJro Ha MecTy HeTaKHyTO U nOKpr4BeHO SeMJbO,Vr. klnarc, O TOM nilTarby He MOXe ce [oubru HilKaKaB cyII, cBe ,[,oK He 6yae o6jaaroeH caB Marepujaa uponalen y ToKy [ocJIeAbHx LtcKonaBatba u AoK ce He oApe.[u BpeMe H3 Ko]er noTl4qe. Oxo 6 KM BanaAHo oA t{eufiroaa, KoA 6ere lJ,prne, url.r Arr, HerAe y rreHoj 6fiu3wau, HaJraSilJro ce HaceJbe Arrcomena. Ctpa.
Ko.q. Xujeponna. 3Haqil Jrr4 To .[,a
qr4rbeHnua .u.a

ce

Hra

Cry6epa uu o6racT Aevplrolra He nomnrby

je rpaA y

rvrefyrpertaeHy He-

rparo, 6poj oa

6on raxe, Ha reh noMelryToM Mecry (a.


MeHa
HMe

nprarta.

at) Byalrh, Cnomenux 7l (1931) crp. lg0 u a. rz) Byrr,rh, Cno,ueHur 98 tl94l-1948) crp. 184 cl., 6p. Bgg r Bgg. O AaroBaby.oBfix Harnuca a. moj s,'raHaK y 360pnuxy - "--' sa'r.3 r: J oar. r-" (1g54) crp.
215

u n.

u; O. fianat6ray, Jeaan HoB Harnr{c He genurosa, XA B,(lg)A)


Ha

ar;

ibid. 6p.

Br.0_892.

je ao'6prim rielom jou noa BeMJboJtl TaKO JLa Ce Hircy ilorrH npoqfirarfl. o. tcxonaaany y geniroey unje .u,ocan o6iarroen Hu npeiluilvnapaH uarcruraj. Menrr je n<i:iar can,o ieauii,il;i;I y .u,HeBHo,tt cKorlcKoM Jtucry ,Hoa_a Mare.u,onria" oa 25 0rro-6pa g53 noa HacJIOBOM ,Jle.ypuorr utu cry'epa", y KoMe ce ilr'rarbe na.enr:il6nxoaar+,a HaceJba ro.u, 9ennroBa ocTaBJba14 AaJbe oTBopeHo. ha4aj,no ce Aa ila1.(pujal ua 9-enarosa x.ehe A.oro,aeru cy,u.6uNy nrirepuja.na'ca ocriri,x ---rrJ^onanarua.y$areAonujr, rojr.r vexajy ro'tusaia neo6jaa.rsenr. - - se) Bylufi, Cnomeurr 7l (1931) crp. Ig0 r,l ir. sz) Bylufi, Cnomenrx 98 (1948) Op. ASe u B8g. 88) Ilpxnmo ce Eeaoxosor piuyrraNa craHoBHr,rlrrBa I{ beroBnx no.u,araKa o ocrarrrM rpa,[oBr,rMa, J. Beloch, Die Bevtilkerung der griechischrdmischen Welt, crp. 70 u t.
6r.rna

6urn aaapruenr,l. BehuHa Harnuca

,r,) Oaaj mare.pujat zuneta caM

repHy npe Hero ulro cy

paloru

- jelaH oA, fleypno[crl4x rPalosa Ha EpHrony. Irl r<on - Baaanrucxor ArxonreHa je rlonuc.42) Mefyrurvr, Ha ABa CreQana cKopo HcroBerHa Harflrca, Hafena y Beroj I{prau, oBo ce HaceJbe BoBe 'Aixopevd n q 'Aixopevolo:v xr.rprl. O6jaaryjyhu oBe HaTorce H KoMeHTapr.ruyhn ux, Byruh nuje o6paTilo naxrby
Ha

oAHocHo 'A)-a).xopbvu[, xaKo Kog.

2), ta ie Arxottera ttacu lbeHo

Morao ,(a ce nt,tTa Aa JIr.r KoA 9enurona HIuaMo ocTaTKe ,lleyprotta, Cry6epe uan Arxome-He.44) Vcrnapu, Kao [rro cMo BH,u,eJrH, .(eyprou Huje nocrojao rao rpstr, a Aarcouena je 6uaa y punct(c,. .u.o6a xci:pr1 rpaga Cry6epe. ,(a je ro Bailcra raKo, AoKaB
Harrl4c r.r3 .E.u,ece, Iluuuua, 6p. l; r.tr Eepoje, Ilu,uuua,6p. 53; us JIete, MarapoHac, Mcrre8ovr.r& 2 (1950), crp. 30. r?) Steph. Byz. s. v. 'A),ropevui' r{E 'I}'.)rup(6o6 16}.19. rs) Bylr,lh, Une inscription grecque de Macddoine. Mdlanges Glotz ll (1932) 869 ca.; l.7crla, Cnomenur 7l (1931) 6p. 339.

ro

Aa ce Aaromena

Ha br4ma aone xd:pr1.ta)

36or rora je oH

rt; Vn. Hanpruep,

eo1

Beloch, H. M.

ee) Bylr,rh,

u.

iu.

rt; Vn. HanpeA

npum. 9.

fopma Mare,[onuja
222 Mare,u,oncr[ rpa.u,oBl4 y pu,iucro no6a ,HaTnuc Hs

Jleypuon

223

je npyrn

nrrame ,M. Berraja Ourona cymbe,,Ua je r-.6)119, o KoMe

BeId llprae, Ha

nbcras[rr4',qe je HarIIHc npeHer ue_ 9enurora y Eeny Ilptcsy s6or rora uTd ce o,u,Hoctt na Cry6epy 6nno 6u_norpeurHo, jgp je ArrorvreHa Kao KoMa, ynaarJla y TepnToprajy Cry6epe, na ie,
Jl,pyrllM peqHMa,
14

rpaly je y narnracy

KoMe ce cnoMl4rbe BaBeCry6epraab) (ne Moxe 6uttl

peq,

Cry6epa).,!p.r'

oHa srHilJIa .u,eo Tor noJll'lca.

oBoM oH c_e Mo]e o6jacnuru Ha ABa HaflorJre.u,y Hraie noya.[,dH, qr4Ha: ralra je flocpe4r rpeuKa crpa6ona, KoA Kona I',Ispaa r6)utg Ha cTpaHy

* [o' ocTaBr4Mo
HeMfl:

cres4Ha BHsaHt]tcror, rcojr y

lpeua roMe, Bpno je BepoBaTHo tta je AlerccaH,qpon o$ruup 6r,to lopeKJrom ue .u.eypraoncxe Alronnene u \a p oni y To BpeMe 6ula troJrr.tc. To 6u ce cJraraJro c oHr.rm r.xTo HaM Kaxe g lboj Crpa6oH. V pr.rrtncro Ao6a Alrcomena je uperaopeHa y KoMy cyceAHor rtoJ]Hca Cry6epe, , Ca HeuTo Marre cr4rypHocrt4 Moxemo nperrtocra BuTu l,a ce H.d ceBepy repuropuja ,(eypn-ona npocrr4pana ,u,o flpltJrena, l5e I_e, Kao uro cmo peKJrn, na$eH Har[rc rcoju je OponroH Cry6epanr,ttr .6-.dvrdpXo:v, rro1r4rao cBome cany .(raonracnjy, anopaHomy.uo) He BHaMo I(oHKperHo uTa BHaqH ,,d,vr&pXcuvi., anu Je BepoBaTHo .[,a ce [brrme o6elexanala HeKa Marrcrpafleuton
nnennr 6uo no,u,urHyT na repr.lropujra Aeyp[oucKe onlrrrr4He, a He UBBaH tbe, TltM npe uro ce H Ba flwonncuja, OpoHronoBa

,,

Typa

r.q_BaH

lBeK cTpt4KTHO SHaqerbe rpaga-civitas Bub floHel(aq cnyxa Ba o6enexaBabe HaceJba yonure' uJllr, lu.To Je BepoBarnraje, raj flo4arar Horl{qe I43 BpeMeHa Ka,u,a je Ani<orvrena 6ula eancra caMocraJlaH rpa[. lrlnrepecanrHo ie .y BeBH c rlrm yKaBaTH,na iegau ,u,oca[ IteaaflaxeH noAaTaK: jenan o.c, Arexcal:,u,poBl,rx o$uqnpa, flei$cuv Kpate0o, 6uo je 'A).xopeve6E,.nopixnorrr raa' Ari(o&tene.ag) Kan 6ucmo 6uttu yBepeHI4 La je y 'nr,traruy HauJa AlrorvreHa, Aeyp[oncKa, a He HeKa lpyra, onaj no[aTaK 6uo 6w o.u, I4ByBeTHor anavaia jep 6u noKaBHBao .peJraTr,rBHo paHil paBBI4TaK rpa,u,cKor ypeb-erba y oBoJ HalceBepHujoj,o6aacira foprse Marelonuje. kla Apuianoaa narlararba

rpaAcKor uentpa.ll) 36or rora MHcJruM ila je cilo-

9IHa, He KaXe y KOMe je rvrecry 6uo aropaHoM. y npuaeny, ro4 Mapxonor rpa.u.a, nafenra cy ocraur,r aHTuqKor HaceJba,-[oirunrolr,t ce o6uqHo lrJr,eHTr4$nr(yjy cq Mecrom Ceramiae y Talynu
repujanr.s2) He,u,arexo op. I-lpranena, oKo 5-6 xrr,t. ceBepHo o.rl lbera y MaHac{upy fne_cgggrly sa6elexeno je Ha je.inorvr Haroncy rr4ecro Ko)-oBaioq.58)V Ko,no6awcu- ce, npeMa roM HaT[ucy, Ha-rylr naar.lo xpann ApremrlAe E$ecrce, vajra je 6rao jaro paurnpeH y oBoM .u.eny Marce.u,onr.rje. Hrje racrJbyveno ,na ie Taj

Kepaui

rpaloBa

Moxna cy Ceramiae

r,fJru KoMa?

6raae je.qail oa, ,{eypraoncrcr,tx

Ko,ro6,

itira ie cavyaaH onai

- Bl4gil ce ,u,a Kpare'se, 6r.rb Mare.u.onaq, a ne fpr, Te rlpeMa ToMe or[aAaiy ui . xorrr6ranaqr,rje rpar,oBI,t Alalromene .y fpvr<oi (Beorrajr,l' l4rarcn),a') xojra ce yocranom yBeK jannaiy y roM o6rtlxy, a Hura.u, rao ,,ArKoMbHe". Ocraie joru carvro rpag AlalrcomeHe rojra Crpa6oir cTaBJba y cycencrBo AHrunuona y TrarvrQaira.ot)
roAaraK

-Ko,u, je lleuron, cH.H

lpam

HaJrasr.to Ha MecTy ,qa_Hauber MaHacTHpa, Te 4a rpe6a H Kolo6ar.rcy TaMo tpaxrtr.sa) Hraura, mefyriatl, Ha HaTnHcy He roBoplr Ba To ,u,a Je y [r4Ta[by KaKBa rapou,.jep je cneraJrrrrllTe MorJro 6uru u y HeKoM ceny. TepeH Ha KoMe ce rranaata MaHacTxp (upexo 1200 n Ha,rt,MopcKe nr.rcane) roBopH npe sa ony

O6racr' Trarvr$aja, Ha rpaHl,tqu Maxe.u,oHr'rie r'r TecalHje, Mebara ie qecrO rocflo.g,ape, na je u r5eHa eTHHtIKo-l.ICTopl{CKa [p6na.u.: uocr Maxe,u,oHniu Hecl4rypHa 14 npoMeHJbrana (n. Hanper crp. 170 cl.). MefyTrM, y ToM ucroM AprajanonoM cnflcKy AlercaH,u,poBlx
o@iaUr.rpa, r,r Arana,'

npyry

rpeTnocTaBKy.

j,elan_rpa{ Aeypuona:
Ko,[ JluBr.rja

Ko.q Crpa6ona cooMatbe

Auapomenejeaa caHa' Crr,1nasaia ()rupgaioE).a'g) To narvr uorcaayie .u.a erHilKoH 'Al"topeve6E ne moxe Aa ce o,u,Hocl'l Ha AnanrOrvreHe y Tnrvr$ajra, iep cy CTaHOBHHIII.I oBe o6nactra y rO
Bpe6e O6eneXanaHH OnlUTHM IIJIeMeHCKHM eTHUKOHOM Irttpquiog.
,5) I1r4ilr4[a, crp. 304, 6p.261;

y KoMe 'ce c1loMl,lrue fleuton

-'A)'xopeveir(,

flaLa3u['lo

BojcKe 200__r. npe n. e.r6) Heuzey je noKaruiloaao EpraaHraon Ko.rI cera 9e6peHa ua L{pnoj Pequ, iep cy no rberoBoM Mr4ruJbe-o6nacr

ce, Kao u.To cMo Br.t,u,ear, joru Epuanr Epraanraon.Es) Ono Mecro Hanaar.rmo u npraraay paTHux ouepaurja.pr.rrvrcrce H MaKeAoHcKe u nlannncky
Mopr4.xoBa, cBe

ny

[urarbe noKaJrHaoBaba naxo EpHaHHoHa TaKo


ro; B. Hanpe.u, reKcr ys npum. 28. 5t) Heurrd cJItlqHo ropdpirov -y? sz; B. rope crp.2l8 u npun 20. Koa Jlanuja,

lo

fleonHje y yxervr cMr4cny. Bynuh c [paBoM ocTaBJba oTBopeHo


H

Aeypraonra BaytsHmanu

ocranl,x Mecra

Bylnh, .ui Arr. lnd. XVIll, 4'sq.: 'Br'ai ;Apgur6l"ecuE {yov oi8e' ...61 6l rq< lQpeori6oc Kparep6g "" 'A)"e[o.'6pou rcai flep6irrct6 6 'Op6vteo' 'Eop6aiol 6i gio).epaiag nL O nal.ou xcri Aproz6vooE 6 flerooioo, 6r< I1i6vr1E 6i . . . 'Eri 6i
Cnoiuenur 71 (1931)' 6p'-343.

r"ooiOg r. 6 'Arr6pop6veco )ruptpaio; rui fleor6otctE 'Ai.efd.r'6poo Mrel-etg, r<ai IIei,lcuv Kpcrreia, 'ALropevetg, rccti Aeovvd,roE'Avarrtrrpou Ai'1-aio;, rccri flcrwsr:BepolaioE. O 6r or piv oi o0p1o-< Nlrotr&,oo'ALopitrlg rai Mol'L6cr5 Zort)'oo

Xllll, l, cnomurse ce HeKo Mecro Ceremia,-_roig-gy Pu,u.rsanu ocsojl,au 170 r. y pary nport4B Mare4ouaua. Nies-e_, III, 130,' npru. 3, Muclu aa ce onaj-rpaa, He iloxe
nlenrr6uroBarrr. I,Inar cluquocr ca crax,ruotu Ceramiae runrepujauu fe neo6uvno Berr4xa. sB) By;ruh, CnomenaK, 77 (1934) 6p. 58. nr) Byauh, feorpa@raja, crp. 13. rs) B. nanpe n npun. 2. re; Liv. XXXI, gg.

y Ta6y.rrt IIoj-

rzi cf. RE I (1894) 1275 sci. s. v. Alalkomenai (Hirschfeld). .8i sii. Vtl, izl; i'r. Stiihlin, RE Zw. R. vl (1936) 96, craerua o6racr Aurraslldna n Aaa.nroueHa y recancry Xecruaioru.u.y.
rs) B. npum.
46.

tr{are66vs6' "E}uirqves A! ". ns.vte6 -

224

Mare.u,oncKu rpaAoBH

y pu,ucro [o6a

ea yr-rpfuBalbe oBHx HHa'{e HenoaHaTHx JIoKaJIHTeTa, _ ycJle,u. verd je r ,u,outno uo Hajpaeuonpcuraj:tx roru6nHaqraia.sT) HeuzeyoBo noKaJlllaoBalbe EpHanuona xoa .9e6peHa o,q6r,riarvro e6or
TOra rxTo je, raxo cMo y npeTxo,u,Hoj rlanu uSHeJIll, Moptrxoscxa o6nacT, 6ap sehtam cnojrarvr ,qeJIoM, yraauJla y l-lelaroHuiy,

Koia ce cnoMnlLy roa Jlrannja (Athacus' Ottolobum, Pluinra, Bevus). Jftanrajeno ilBJlararle He npyxa curypHe norlaaHe Taqre

cy o6lacr JlaxHr,rga H BerrJby |lapruua, ycTyrll,tJtu cBoMe caBesHHKy, HJrr.,pcKoM .ryg, {paJby fl;reypary.s) I 67 r., [pr4JII4KoM opra Hr.raoBarra qer upt rtlaxe.qtjH.cni: o6lacrr, Aacaperu u ocrar,a vilupcKa [JreMeHa ocratt cy HBBaH rpaHaua Mare,u,onwje. Vl.u,ounaje, KaAa cy cBe r4JrupcKe repr4Tooceoiene BeMJbe, o*u
ceBepHo

os

a He y ,(eypnon.
noqeo

flepcen,ua

HesacHonane npernocTaBre
,u,a rpa.rr.l,t

ruajra noKanuaoBalba

ocrajy raxole u cBu naryrpa[a flepcera.u,e, rcojn je, npema JIusHiy, Onlun V y o6lacrr,t [eypnona.68)

ExcKypc o flacaperr,rua u Jluxuug,y


Tyrvraveme xoje cMo rope JI,aJILI o o.u,Hocy nJIeMeHcKe Tepuropraje .(eypuona H rsl4xoBor rJIaBHor rpaga Cry6epe Moxe ce noTKpellnTvt u untycTpoBaTr jennr,lrvr aHaJIorHHrvr cnyvaieM Hs H4i6nnxer cyceAcrBa: cryuajervr ,(acapera u rbuxoBor rraBHor

JluxnraAa rpaAa - Beauno nrreMe

"(acapeta ToKoBe pexe Anca r,t Eop.u,ar,lrca (Ceruenra r,t ,(eaoJtat, a Ha ceBepoHcToKy o6racru OxpHncrcor ra l-lpecnaHcKor jeeepa. Hercu HBBopt4 cruarpaiy fleHecre u fIupycre, xoju cy xHBerIu AaJbe Ha ceBgpy,
raxofe,u,acapercKl4m nJIeMennma.l) llo,{es oA @urrana II, xojr.r je 358 r. noKopno 'ur,upcna rrreMeHa cBe .u,o JlHxnr,rcxor jesepa,2) {acaperr cy y UeJIHHH nnn ie,u.nulr cnojr,lrvr AenoM yil.agultt4 noBpeMeHo y cacTaB MaKettoHcKe ,rtpxaBe. Anr,l MareAoHIrH HHcy ycneJllt .qa acuMl'tJrytpajy ose najaaha.qnnje cTaHoBHI4re cnoie ApxaBe H TepuTopuia ,(acapeTa nirie upecfana ,u,a ce cMaTpa-rnltpcKon. KaAa cy Pumrnanr 197 r, no6eAulra @ulnna V H oayaenu My cBe HeMaKg,u,oHcKe,
5?) Byarah, I'eorpa$uja,crp.2 cJI., yn. n cIP. 15. Cry6epa ie- jeu,uHo otr rr4x'meira ioje mbx-emo u,u.enrusgrbnarr. I-lo roue turo cy Puurnanu lrs,'Cry6epe xpenyau y fiayraay He MoxeMQ saKJbyill4Tlt ga ig r [llyuua 6ula ia Aeypuoncroj repnroprjn (Ceyer,66_8), Kao u-TO He iloxemo 3narl4 Ita Jrr,r ce JloKanurer Orolo6 (Mecro, pera?), 3a Koll4 HaM tl3Bop - [axe na ie 6no y.u.arsen 8 pumcxtx MI{Jba od-npnor PI4McKor JIoroPa ,,ad Lyncum prope f lumen Bevum", HaJIa3uo y Jlrnrecrn4u, lep He 3HaMo HI{ KoJa je ro'pei<a Bevum, Hl,trr y KoMe cy ce npaBuy Pumrann noByKJII'l ,npe,ueurrajyfiu JrOrOp, La nu npeMa ficToKy, ceBePy uru Jyry' - yn. Kromayer. Antike SChlachtfelder lll, l9 cl. 6t) Liv. xxxlx, 53 (s. npum. l). I

o6yxnaralo je Ha jyrosaqa4y

eTHHqKa rpaHl4qa HSMely MareAonalla H Vlnnpa npolasu.ua je HcroqHo o,( JlraxuuAa. To Hcro Baxr,r 14 Ba nocHopr4McKo aoda -KaAa je Jlr,txnr,t.rl aajeguo ca ocraJloM AacapeTc1oM repraroprajonn yuao y, cacraB nosoo6paaoBaHe npoBuHrlrdje Horr,r Eur,lp.a) 14riar, BI4ue Hero r.rjegHa lpyra uJIHpcKa o6lacr, ieparopuja .(acapeTa 14 HapoqHTo rbux.oB rJraBHH np-al llraxnrA 6ulu cy. IIoA jaxarvr KyJrTypHl4rr,r yruqajeM Mare.qonuje, KaKo To noKaayjy rsuxoBlt crroMeHr4qr4, xoju ce rru rro HBrJreAy, HH rro jeaury H nrcMy He paaJrur(yiy oa MaxeAoHcxux.s) Ta ucroprcra n rynTypHa cpolr,HocT orJreAa ce uanely ocTanor, quHV lvrr4 ce, u y ypeb.erby roje je y pHMCI(o ,u,o6*a uwata.,(ac_apercna o6racr r,r ona je paaJror uTo ce noHeKaA fiacaperuja y6paja Meby roplbo$aKeAoHcre o6.nacrra (n. crp. 167 u a.). V t,teseurajrarvra o paToBHMa Qlatwna V ca PrnnranrMa t,r Hruprarvra Ha TepaTopuju fr,acapeTa, fioln6uje ra Jlr.rrraje cfloMilrby sehu 6poj nace.rra, roja Hasunajy rr6).etg, oAHocHo urbes u op-

puje a,o Ja.qpancror Mopa npranojene

npoBt4Hur4jra MaxenoHuju,

pida.6) Cnepro ilu Hapaa noJluc y oBoM cryuajy cxBaTHTl.t y crporom, KracfiqHoM cmr4cJry? CaaxaKo He, jep ce ,(acaperu y To BpeMe jan.rsajy Kao rrJreme, a He Kao caBea rpa,qoBa. floluc,
[peMa ToMe, Moxe
nneMeHa
HaceJbe, o6r{vHo yrnpfeno, roje cnyxH Kao cKnoHr4r.xTe nJremeHy, a.ru roje He BHa aa rpaAcKy caMoynpaBy. Ko.u, Hexux oA .u,acapeTcKMx npaAoBa camo unne noxaayje rbnxoBo nJreMeHcKo no-

(ri).rg Eyle).dvcrr,

BHaqHTr4 oB,u,e

rro).rE l3oroi),

6uno repuTopr4jy nercor Maber

6ulo

Marbe

ilnfi sefie

l-lepce4-iry ca ,ifeYJrloIIoM, ugexru$uryie ltePce4_ily crp. 37, H.[exrll(pl4KyJe IleYJHonoM, B. Ceramiae-Derriopos, ctp. Ceramiae-Deiriopos, Desdevises. Tilxgerua, Desdevises, ron Tilxserua, nnHM- 8; 8: Heuzey; Heuzev. crp. cro. 333, 333. cTaBrba craBJba [lepcelAy flepceu.u.v ro.u. npHM. 317

Saria, rasrpalen. B. Saiia, q"4 rpaa rpai urrpalen. Jtl.r jri He exanro 3HaMo ,u,a Jttr ,om KoHcraryle BoM xoirciaryje Aa aa ne i,i onai

ron roa.
1)

Vn. Philippson, S. v. Dassaretis, RE lV (1902) z; Diod. XVl, 8.

Kana.u.apaua.

2221.

Corrhzgum-, Gerrunrum, Orgcssum, Jarut BerilKtl r ao6po yr-oplenu rpan .lutrrnarpujy n najsa4 ,,oppida" Codrione u Cnidum). Geirunium je moicaa lcrO lurO t4 lepro6E- lepror5r,cog fo,q I-lonu6uja, a COrrhagum - K6pcrxu? ErruoaourKa BeBa Gerrunium (roa Tpe6enuura;, [I. JlHiuvap, - fopenrrr,t jep XA 3 (1953), crp.257, je nesacnoiaua, cBa Mecra noMenvra Ko,rl ilrraHja Mopana cy ce HaJraBHra y iyxnoj Jlacapertlau. Koa JIrsaja, XXXI, {0, cnomutte cefi143 Apyrax uiaopa no3narr4 1acapercKr4 rpaA I-le.'rHy,u

s) B. nanpeJr, crp. 66, cl. npum. l. a)_O ernrzvxoj rpauuqn Vnupa u B. crp. 67; o rpaHr4ur4 -Mareloua[a Hoeor Enupa u MareAouraie n. crp. 89 ca. s) LLIapora ynorpe6a rpqKor jesura y oKorl.rHx JIuxnu,(a BH,ttH ce usuety ocraJror u no rome uro je Ha Mr4lboKa3HMa r43 Kapara.uuuor Bpe.uexa^nafie,ya,u y Oxpuny u Crpyau (a. xuxe npram. l5) oicrojane ,,dnd -lo-1r"t6o6 q"' \aro Ha rpqKom jeeuxy. e; Pol. V, 108, 2: rf1; pdv Acroouprjtldog rpooqyp6vov n61"erE, crig piv p63cur, rd6 6'6ruyye}.icr.rE (o6lacr Oorpurf<, s. llucuuap XA 3 (1953) 255 c.'I. npil.il{. 40, ne nocrojia; ona je naoA planoilrilTaH,a pyrconuca), 'Avrrrurpercrr,, Xpuoor"66cuvcr, Ispro6\..ra. Pol. V, I08,8: rare).apero 6i 116 piv Aaooapry6o; Kpe<brtov r<ai lep;o0r,rcr, r<iv 6i repi rfrv AoXu8icrv ).ipr.r1v 'EyXe),.d.r,ag, Eepara, )crr{cuvcr, Boro0E. Liv. XXXI, 27 (Punsanu ocaajajy Hajnpe ,,castella"

raxofe y iyxnoj ff,acaperugu.


Marenoscrr,r fpalosu l5

226
p

Mare.u.oncru fpa,u.osn

y pnlucro

.qo6a-.

fopma Mareaonuja 217

Ercrypc

227

(l{ H O4Op, [I rO.rremej) ovrar.ne.qno [JleMeHorra Eui6,drcrt, rloBHaToM ca je,qnor HaT[l{ca 6u Eu't6dtcrt 6tlo Ouruna V. (Mane je neponarno ira eTHr4KoH o6paaoaaH npeMa uMeHy rpaa,a).?) ,[pyru ofler rPaAonu noianryjy ce, cy.uehn rto HMeHyr xao rtridparu HeKor BJIaAapa (nanprarvrep, AHtHnarPuja). Haiaehra ra yjenuo HaMa Haj6o.re roBHaTLt rPa.u, .(acapera 6r,ro je JIr.rxHttA (z\uXvr66g, Lychnidus), Ha ucroumeHom i.qepy. Fbera ctlomurby MHorH l43Bopl4 oA BpeMeHa pHMcKIrx ocBaJa[ba .u.o rpaja aHTHKe, a flocBenor{eH Ha-rvr je il Ha HeKonHKo Harrtwca. 14urepecar{THo je ,Ua neh'}raicrapwi\ Hau14 uaBopu, llonu6r,1je u Jlunrie, Hucy Haqucro c TH01 lPe6a ilu Jlraxuu4, paqyHaTu y je,quom Mecry jacuo Ka)Ke ,,ad flacairerr,tjy unu ne. Jluanie

sesu ca ie v "up.*ena

eKIrO: TaKO,'H a rpr4Mep, rPa,[,.E6tu

la

Lyctririduni Dassaretiorum",) Ha ApyroM_ naK oH roBoprl q Jlraxuuny Kao Aa je raauaH facaperaje.'g) To AorIaBI4 tro cnoi npuluqr.r oTyAa ruro ie JIHxnuA aeh y ro Ao6a Mopao I4MaTH H3BecHy caMoyflpaBy, KoJoM ce Hs.q,BaJao oA ocTaJlor AacapeTcKor nneMeHa. V qapcro no6a Jlr,rxnu,u, nocraje ce.u,HlxTe enncKonuiu.ll) O rrenny Ce fOuOpra KaO O rpaAy ,,ru}rat6n).outo( xcri eu6aipcutj.") 3axraryjyhra olnra.qHoM, rpxpoAHo yrapfeloM ronoxajy.,. JIUI: snA ce onynpo uajes4ama Teo,u,opl4xoBHx I'ora rcpajervr V n.") I-lporcouraie Kaxe .u.a ie OH HacTpa,U,ao o,U, BeJII4Kor seMJbOTpeCa na noqerry Jycrranrajanone nla,u,anuHe.lr) llonoxaj aHTuqKor Jluxnuga, o KoMe cy y rpo[JIoM BeKy 6una [o.u,eJbeHa MHUJbe[ba HeKu cy HayqHHIll4 craBJbang JIuxHn.u, ua jyxny o6aly Oxpr,u,cttor ieaepaln) - ylnplen je ca

la

ra ce roHoBo BpaTH y
Crpyre

.npyrora.l?) TpaxraTu naK rla.u. Iy6Jbe y yHyrpar.rrbocru HeMoryhe je, iep ce BHa Aa ce Jluxnui.nam-eu6 -.(o4afienno, BeJrHKor "y'6nrasr4Ha jeeepa" (eyyrorcr peyi6rqq,.r. nrxe). Aa je ](p"rlg To nervroryhe a e6or rora uTo ie reruro aanucnurl' La Aw rpyM Morao uhn oA Crpyre oKo g KM Ha ceBep y 6pta -Hsrvr'ely

a rpyror y oxpuay.lu) I{une.n,- a gounHje _ri ,bayc, BaKJbyqHJrr4 cy Ha ocHoBy oBa .qBa Mr4Jboxaa? ,u,a ce JIuxnuII, Mopao Hata3HTr.r Ha noJra rryTa uame$y crpyre rz oxpaga.ru) Meb-yTHu, Xo_ HurillaH i-e no6ro cna6e aprym6nre <Drycone,' noni'syjyfra aa nsmefy Crpyre ra Oxpr.lga, nojr.r cy_y"ua.ro-enr.l jeaan oA apyrora cBera oKo 14 Krvr, HeMa MecTa aa Jluxnrl, ako ce oH, [peMa mHJboKaBr4Ma, cTaBu na 8 murna, oAHocHo lZ xn ol jeanoia u

[IJbe]be [oKone6aHo je Ao.[,yue HaJlaSoM ABa MUJbOKaSa n3 r. c vcruttt orcrojam_em irrro Au1vt6o0 r1,, jeAnor y Crpyaw,,

.ItoHer ca

xoie 4aiy Mr.rJboKaBH, XouurmaH cmaTpa ,u,a ce-JluxnraA HaJraar4o Ko.q Oxpu4a, a.ta je mrnoraa xojri je Halen y Oxpragy 6uo

.r

oxpra.q. floruro orcrojarse Oxpana olroBapa ornpr4Jrr4Ke orcrojarui, oa


MecTa.

8 nui|

.Aocra BepoBaTnohe, aaxna.ryiyhr,r Hanatsy HaTnHca. Be.nuxr ^6poi aHTHrrKr4x crroMeHHKa, uafeul.tx y Oxpra.uy, rraefy roirana n jegan HaTouc c uMeHoM rpaAa Jlnxnu4a, ,u,oBeJlll cy npupor.Ho ,q,o ugeurraQr.l(oBarba oBOr rpa.lla C aHTuqKum JIuxnuAOpr. OaO MIaz; Diod. XlX, I I ; Ptol. lll, 12, 29:,,Acroocpqtio,r' p:1,r, Ao;w669." Harnuc Ha KoMe ce cnomutty Euiestai naten ie y 3ana1,xoj Mare4ouuiu, ceBepoBana,nHO OJL MeCTa KOXase, e. X. A4arapOHaC, 'Errroro)rr) )"rrrrou ro6 E'. 'ApX. 'E'p. 1934/'5, Il8 ca. u 127.

moMeHTH

arpoflona crapor, npenpHurcxor ^IIHxnvila HarraguJra ce xoa .CL. Epaa,lra, 9Ko q rm cenefHo or Oxpr4a, a ,TpaHBr4Tna,, cran'uqa ilrrxnu.r 6una je.c one crplue 6perh xo,q cera' Jlarovepeja. Hoan

nonaar4 rrpe cBera o.u, ,qa via Egnatia s6or [oABoJI,HocT[ TepeHa-HHje rvroraa [peJraauTr4 rrpeKo .fipurrra KoA ,u,anaLurce crpyre, neh ,qocra cenefrnnje oaarjrele), ua. -u' [xocH Kao HoB MOMeHaT rpanr.t4raiy no rojoj MHJboKas rail crpyre nuje nafeH in loco, neh j-e aonei ca crpaie. Ilpenaa llucuiipy,
TepeHcKr4x ycnoBa,

r{:Tyrluo

ca

lpyror

je

HoBHM npeAnoroM Ba rasHo JroKaJrfiBoBarbe Jluxur.[a

Hegaano

ycraja aaKJbyqaK .(. Koua

[I.

JLacuuapls).

On

ro0 pccoll6o;

o6sup KoIt pacmaTparba oBor nuiarra.- M-e$yrrarr,t, HeKe npeTttocTaBKe o,u, Koiux oH rronasr,t y cBoM pa,u.y Hucy raqn6. flpe cBera, Pons Servilii, uocneArua crannqa np-ea JluxnrAom npeMa
Zippel, crp, 62; Fluis, n. t ,2l Il n n. Uonigmann, Pour I'Atlas byzantin Byzantion Xl, SgB u a. [...JII..,!11p: IgIurAq o Kanmi H BeBe iluxnr.qa c iirejou n'.[alpanou. I(A--3 (1953) 245-260, napouraio crp.2S2 n s.
8y,,,
h

xoje je r.rsHeo rlucuuap

rvropajy

ce cBaKaKo yseTu y

@t-

XXVll,'32, 9i". .. nuntius ex Macedonla venlt Eropum quendam cdrrupto arcis pra6sidlique praefecto, Lychnidum cep.isse: ,,tenere.et

sj

s; Liv. XLIll, 9,

tiv.

7.

-'i i li,{,Ii :'t 16) f,"^L'#

%'J

H?,1'

axt,fl

r,f,: yf I i3?# tt I Td-, ."

t,

Dassaretio'rum quosdam vico! et'Dardanos etiam concire". Vn. u Pol. V, l0B, 8 (rope npirvr. 6). KoA. I-lroaemeia lll,_12, 29, Jluxnra4 ce _HaJIasr y

l? 18) E

iLaiaoeilliil. Oiralu Hesopu rolu cnomumy JIuxnrr,q He ocBeTJbanaiy nurame ca ode c'ipane (Str. Vll, 323,327; Steph. Byz. s. v'). Cs4 nr4repap^Ha cBe.u.oqancr"a. o Jlrixnua,y iprarynro ie K. Regling, Z. f. N. 35 (1925) 255 u a'; rrJraHar Lychnidus,-RE l3 (1926) 2lll (M. Fluss). vn. H ''-- - io) Le Qtiien, Or. Chr. Il,'crp. 285. (,Dionysiirs de Macedonia de Lychnidb"-.-ni xonur,r,'ry y Capnuuu,'343 r., i'. xanfe;l crp. 90). Vn. n RegIiirs, x. n.. 2Sg u n.; Fluss, n. 4., 2114. tt1 Malch. frg. 18 (FHG p. 128). tz; lbid. (p. 127, 128) -anecd.
rn) Leake

ta; Proc.

18, 42,

III,

281

Kouo,^,,HaKortt_Hre xunuwra so Oxpuacroro erepo xpaj ':) A. Crp!_ra". I'o.u.riuen 3_6opuur Qr.rl.-<Dar. Cronje, Vcr'.-eutt. ot l,en,4 (lgSI); 3,^crP,.-Q n 4,. JI,. i(ouo IIolaBH o.r rorpeulHe npernocraBKe Aa ce {pl,ons Servilii Mopao HaJraBarI xa Jlpur,ly (8. cre.E. npu,lr.). He nornajeu rmqno repen, alu ltru ce quHH Aa ilMa KoHrpa,q,Hxunja usmefy oHora urro croju Ha crp. 8, ri:[a pxMcKH nyr s6or n6.uaoaxocrurep6na nuje morao J,a rpoJaglr Kpo3 Crpyry, H onora ca crp. 4 u rq rae cd y aerl ca Kod[flra fia nny feeepa ucrraqe ,tta ce o6ara Oxpracrdr jesepa Melbara roKom lp,exeHa, l, rAe ce HaBoAe JLBa uurara J. I{erajr.rfia, npe,ua rojuma ce Ha xa.ralnoi H Ha ucrosnoj o6anr.r qoa. jerep-ou Brl.u,u crapa xalnpfua, oclliotqu itMupur ayiiieaa roiu cy BesuBaJtu Oxpu4 ca Cmpyrou u Cmpyry ca' KalutuTte,u,
15.

228

Mare.q,oucKu rpa.u.oBlr

pr4McKo a.o6a

foprua Marce,qonrzja

Ercxypc

229

cy u cBe ionn6rairauraje 1oie..ce aacnranajy Ha roi norpeurHoi loraruaaqujra HeoApxHBe2o). [4cro raKo' qtttu MI'l ce .qa He[orpe6Ho xo,unruxyje-craap hpernocraBKa o neroj,,TpaneuTqoi"
,.civitas Cledo", a To BHaqH, Kao u yBeKr Kpos caM rpaA unu llope.ll, rbera.
.u,a

Ta6ym fiojruHrepvialw, He Moxe-ce

Tpaxl4TI,I Ha

[pur,ly,

na

cTaHHuu Jluxnrg, noja 6ra ce HaJIaSuJIa Ha ,qeceTaK K[nomeTapa y.u,aJbe H a _o.q, rp aAa JI nxn r,r4 a. Vlr unepapuiu nam. 6ele xe c TaHI4qy

je nyr nponaEro

lennx y
cnnervro

ruro je ,4oBeAeHo y cymrby nopeKno_cnoMeHHKa HaOxprany- u onor-..ie.qHor MHJboKaBa ue CrpYFe"), JIoKa.nusosa[be JIaxHH,qa Ko.[, Oxpnga fiocrano ie cBaKaKo lvtarle crrypHo. Aln, oHo ocraie Bacaga HttaK naisepoaarnraje. He
Tr.rnne

rpefien pe,qa Moxemo curypHo peKoHcTpyhcaru: I{ IIOAIL. Vlsa rona .qonaar.r r.rme qoBera (Aup. Ot . . .) y qHiy qacr ce IH)I(e CIOIY1eHUK. llpe,vr.a ToMe, onaj narnHc HaM npyxa ayTeHTaqaH .[oKaB .u,a ce rpaA JIuxnuA SBaH[IrHo SBao AulvetEiov q .6IrE u IIa je 6rao opraHHBoBaH Kao ayToHoMHa rpaAcKa onr.uTHHa-nonr4c.

oH AoHocr.r2s) .naro ce Moxe x,onyHVTn rloqeraK rpeher pe,u.a HeBHaTHe H.cnpaBKe caqyBaHl4x cJIoBa. Peu Au_lver6icuv HHig ,uorna Aa cToja caMa, oHa SaxTeBa H3a ce6e ooaneeno unu i\ pouiq ncri ti 6{pog viln 4 16}.rg util4 HeruTo y ToM CMtIcny. flpeua 6pcjy cJroBa H HeKr4Ma oA caqyBaHrx cJroBa Ha fio'{eTrcy

yB

sa6opaauTu J1a y [pHJIor oBe rag.eurra$r,rrcaqraie roBopu orcrojame Jluxnufl-Xepanleja, xoie ce, Kao rxTo cmo BI4.q,eJIH' nornyiro cna)Ke ca orchojanervr Oxpraa-EuroJb (n. crp. 199, np. 16). 3a ro 6u roBoprfla H cpeAbeBeKoB_Ha Tpa.ttutll4Ja KoJa OxpraU ragenrrQHxoCala
BHaqr,I
HaJraBr4TH Her,u,e

lri

irapaniro He

ipeqramo [peMa -naory

cs.

ca hHru,IKIaM JluxnuAotvt. Alra To Aa ce caMo HaceJbe Jluxnu,u,a nuje morlo HenocpeAHgj 6Maunu ,u,aHaLxrber Oxpu.u,a,
HaJIaSU

,u.orlpHHeTra

Epaervry. carvro HoBtl apxeonoLuKu yrnp$uBarby Tasnor noloxaja.

flperaeehr4 Ha [rTarse roie nac ie HaBeJIo ,u,a HanpaBHMo u JIuxnHAy, HaBeruherno iegan xaronaj ercrypc o ,[acapenama -,(urvruUa, a rcoira je, nperua 14a.u.aBaqy, nalen nr,rc'rcojr.r lL o6iaauo

y Oxpaay.") To je nouacnu

cnoMeHI4K o.u, Kora ie ca'{yBaHo iarvro [pBHx HeKoJrHKo peAoBa: rtpBa ABa y qenocrn, rpehu n H r{eTBprrz HeflornyHo. Araruuua_ie npouHTao camo npBa EBa pera; 'Aya.91 r6Xl I Aulver8io-rv. Me$yrnm, Ha ocHoBy xonnie Koiy
zo; Ar<o ce yropeAuTalyaa lloirraurepujaxa ca ltlnerarium Burdiga' lense u'ttinerariuin Antonini ia .U,eo IIyra oi cranaue Candavia .qo JIUxnra,a, npumeruke ce .u.a cy orcroiarua koia aaje Ta6yla n3url4tlHo rpaha. rlper'ri Ifin. Burd. orcrojarl-e^ crandavia (:candavia) - Jlraxnu'u' HsHocH 34' muma, a npeMa Tadynn 28 uursa. H:a-' Kas.u.anltie, na I mu6a orcro' jaH,a .u.oia3r.l cranu[a [n Tabernas (ltin. -Ant.). Ha iom ucrou orcrojamy ctasJba Ta6yna cTalII4Uy Pons Servilii. KarO ce nO I4MeHy BI4.U,y oBa cTaHr4Ua r,r nraje nercO nacerle, seh odilqHa mutatiO,,,KO.U, Kpqme",-Ha flpena3y nDeKo oeke. O.U. crauaUe ln Tabernas AO Jllxnu,U,a OrcrOiarue H3HOSH Zi (ltin.'Ant.), onnocxo 25 MrlJba (ltin. Burd.),_ u Ha roM Aeny nyra HarIaBe ce ABa Maba HaceJba: Claudanon't Patras. Ha Ta6ylu, melyrnM' u6a^{o orcrojane Pons Servilii - Lychnidus cBera l9 mrma i MucnuYL F,a 6u ra XXllll u-rltMe ycKna.u,l4Tll no4arKe Ta. rpe6airo wcfipaBuTu ot XVlllt-na 6yne ca notiUuma ocranux rarunepapuJa. V craxom Clyuajy iacno ie Aa cL Pons,servilii He Moxe noMephrl't .u,o.l|prma, iep ory4a-u oHaKo-KparKa

Taxo'ce y r4cTom rpary JlraxHu.uy HeKe oltJryxe iioHoce y r.rme canor Jluxnr,qa, Apyre oneT y HMe ,(acapera. VocranoM, Ha upocrpaHoj repHropuju ,(acapeTa Morno je 6uru, [ope,u, Marbr4x HaceJba, u .tl.pyrHx flpaBHx rPaAona xoja cy yxHBanH caMo:r; Oraro
x3rneAa lberoBa

nytu BHaqaj TeK KaA ce BeSy Ca HeKOJrr.il(O ,qpyrHx crroMeHr4Ka, rarofe nafeurx y Oxpufly, Koje ie nogurla He BHLUe Aulvetdiorv f1 n6l"rq, aeh naeme (um canea?) ,(acapera. To cy Tpu roqacHa HaT{rHca H3 pr.rMcKor BpeMeHa: rpBa ABa cy Beh o6jar$eHa, a Tpehw, neo6jan.rreH14, Haben je npe HeKorrr4Ko roAr4Ha y upKBt4 Cn. Co6uje y Oxprany.2n) Ha rIpBoM ra rpehem crojr,r Aa cy cnomeHr,rK noAllrnu Aadduptytor: tIpBH, y lracT Ao$poTBopa .(puanra, KaunnoHoBor cuHa, rpehu, y qacr uapa foparajana. Ha .u,pyrom ce, nefiyrum, nojanryjy Auddcpqr[cuv o[ &plovreg i pouiiy xui 6 6qpoE. Onn narnr4cu HeocnopHo cBeAor{e Aa je Tepr4Tcpnja AacapeTa npeTcTaBJbaJra y puMfi(o Ao6a jeaHy aAMilHHCTpaTUBHy ieeunuqy ca cBojr4M opraHuMa BJracTu (&pXovreg, pou),q,6{poE), rao H cBaKa npyra civitas, u ta je cegraruTe Trrx opraHa 6uno y llr,txnr.r,u,y. Teruxo je earuucrurv, Kar. ce oBo HMa y Blr,[y, Aa ce Jluxur.u, nraie HaJraBI4o Ha repraropujra ,.(acapera. Bu,uelr cxo, me$yTHM, ,u,a je u on 6uo opraHHBoBaH Kao aace6an rpaAonr.xTr.rHa, ca cBojrdM opraHr4Ma BJracTH H cBojoM repuroprajom.
Ona xoscraraqraja ,u,o6nja cBoj
.lLOBeAe

trtinerarium Burdigalense, rAe ce oH HaBIrBa ,,civitas Cledo".

To ce

yocTanoM MorJro SaKJbyrrr4Tu H Ha ocHoBy

ronuia: A I A @ I{T Y x H AYXNEIAION . OA'TI]AIPOY . o YAt, IIt'1'

orQrojana,iTa6yle nocrajy nornyl{o nertio-ryha. --Mefyrum, Jlucuuap ysfna iltrarcor{e'p6j Kao noJloxai ,,cTaxuUe" JInxHn.U, e6or rora uTo ce TO 'Bpanurura, rAe 6u ce no tt,eMy IIaJIa3uo Lenor,,nd:larul:ir-a-'l,8.mltJba o.i
Pons'.Servilii"'

erpyre:*=.irojn,u,hO6oxe inobNja Zippel-oay xrnore3y


KEXl.Ilqr.EUje:noyslaH. "r:, ,,;rr.iR?)":.;[nr*uqa; 6p,:842*:"

,.;g;,i,',2l)|.Ilficrrqapi::H. j,.;: cTp.:;!$9. Hasonehu

raj

no,U,aTaK

o_

-,

:] '

Jlucnvap u catl.

MltJboKa3y

H3

zr; Clromenur 7l (1931) 6p. 263:'A1'4.)r1r ctXqr I A]uooaprjcor ApOlccvrcc x,-[t]:ricovol I ro]v rpoororqr. I r]peope6oavru I rpo;] ro.' rii'prov au j rorpd,r:p<r...; Cnomettut< 75 (1934) 6p. 177: 'Aya[,]ir r6.1qr] lAcrooafpr1r{cuv ld,p.1orru{; ,3or-'}.i rcri | 6i1poE [. . .llto).e I paio'' dpe [r{q iiver<cr]. 3a o6aseurebe o xeo6jan;reHoM lrarnucy t43 Cn. Corpuje ,u.yryjem Apyrapfiux 6. JocuSoscroj, rvcrocy myaeja y Cronmy, roJa mn je noxataaa SororpaQrajy ror crroreHuKa. (llpr,rmen6a npu KopeKryp14: y melyapeueny oeal rarnuc je $e"uo.u HarIII4cy us Colyua. Jlaaapuguc, 'Apxcriat errypagui Oeooa)"ovir<1;,

gflaa.:ren y X.A. 6 (1956), crp. 166) Ern.nxoH,,Aeoocpe<brr1v",-cpeHeMo


1946,

Ha

'

.:,I

Corl'n

crp. 36, 6p.

8.

230
yrrpaBy;

Maxeaoncrrz rpaaogx I_ry,u9[_o_49gt_

no.u,paaymeBaJIo Aaodoprlriruv

.(acapera, Koia je npercraBJbaJra jeany aAMlrHucrparunny je14 To Je MorJro ,qa HyTe rpanuqaje.

Vcraapr, Kao

HanaBHMo oso: Oi).rmoqtv Au1vi0X, rr,1r&iw pbv )addapirq npoduyopeuop6vT, v6v 0b 'A1pi67.27) llpervra oBr4M rrosHHM BHEaHTHcKUM usBopuma ,.(acaperac je 6uto crapo ume JluxnHga.

p(tr16 d.rna)'.ctr xa).oulr6,rr1 . . .ru) O,{ranre.U,no je 4a cy )opitrlg u AuoddopirqE jeaHo re Hcro ra b6a nolaTra noruqy nb cnbj riputn\u uB ltcTor HBBopa. Hajaa.q, y jegHorvr cnucKy eflucxona kB

p6v! f:VqIoD Eyyrdta lipvqg peyidrrlE AulvrEo0 xd,.oup.6vqE' ,iq'iE q n6)trg Aulvr6dE e.rrrrnieirst d;rovfpo.rqrffLipvq, Auadda-

THcKHx r,raBopa y xojrm+ ce oApxana rpa,qraqHja noja je Aacaperrjy BesuBaJra aa JIHxHU,q. V je4norvr o.q [o3HaTr4x cnucKoBa rpa,u,oBa ro-ja cy IIpoMeHuJru uure HaJraar,rrvlo onaj uo,u,aTaK: 'H rilE 'AXpi6oE ),ipvq ,rp,erlv Aulvig 6ncr).eiro, f1 rr6iq Iop(rqg rprprlv xcrioup6v!. . .,u) C.anqan [oAaTaK naaaaailo H y je,u,nom Crnruql4Hom pyKo[Hcy: FIoirE 6b rj 'A1piq br\ ].6gou xer-

ToM cayvajy 6u ce noA Aaddap{rtot Ha HaTnucufia rd uotvilv. 14nrepecaurHo je Ha xpajy yrcaBaTu Ha HeroJrr.rKo Bt{aaH-

+q' '

I,ICTOTIHA nEOH t[JA


cpunm, rox Arcuja

XII r.

uro

cmo Br4Aenurlluxnwa je 6no ueHTap

oltacrl

.[r4HHrly,

[pyxl,t

ocHoBe 3a [ocTaHaK noMe-

OsaKrrax o.u,Hoca, Kao


capera,_ _HJrH

jou y MaxeAoHujr.r, a uaporrr4To y fopmoj


Hero r.xTo HaM HeAocTaTaK KOHKpeTHHX

uTo je 6uo o,qHoc JluxnuAa u ilaCrydepe n ,(eypuona, 6uao je no caoj npnaraqr,r


MarceAonHjrr- nHure
CBe,U,OqaHCTaBa ,(Ony-

uTa

.qa naralamo.

App. ad Hier. ed. Burckhardt. Vn. r Regling, H. r,., crp. 250, ^1.,-2 4, crp. 261 nplru. 'l) w L. zo; Skylttzes-Kedrenos, II p. 468, ed. Bonn. 27) Regling, H. .u,., crp. 261, np. I (Gelzer-oBo Aeno ,Das Patriarchat von Achrida" HuJe mu npucrynauno).

Vnpxoc ronoe, Ja caM ueny o6lacr ,BI.by Axinja n CrpunaoHa, ceBepHo oA [naHr4ne Ee_ Jracrqe, o6yxnarura Kao j*nv ueauny. 'V .r-oil ;;;6;;;-,

Aooep, ro* ce ocrana n-eoncra'nremeHa ierrpiii, n"iil f!!a HaBo,u,e Kao uagnojeHe o6aacru.-2)

r, BeMJbe raamely oBe pe*e u crpunona cy y ao6a pr4McKr4X OCnajarua neou*ca nJreMeHa. Ileonraja je je,qno BpeMe, ia saa,(e Orlinifl,'n-pinrnrrarra MaKe_ ,u,oHcKy BJraCT, ann ce flocJle rora ocJroo0araaa ]i ocTalrra naar_ BUcHa cBe ilo. 284 r,, raaa jy je Jlr.rcrartaax noHoBo ;oio;;;; MareAoHrjar-33 npenn6 raacrd' ,iui"slu neonui'.y on., caMocraJrHH, r,a 270 r. noHoBo 6yay dpahenu o.q crpine nHrraiona lonare ro^ mare^oHcKy srdcr. B;-;p;Me-6rrri,u v u.tr'a.o 6ro je,uarre.ql y pyxalai M;K;roj ii'i", raaa je cefl-gonuje BepHa rpaHr{ua .Marenonuje ,u,onapana .qo Erraeope. Oa rora BpemeJra lleoHr,lja j! cnnarlaHa ,[eno,, tvtrr.a&rrie,, r fonopeha o heraroiuju -cacTaBHr4M i-rFbeHoilr o.rr,Hocy ,;;;ffi;;ji Hatflacu,t* cMo Aa y p&r,*c^o Ao6a ilspa' ,l-leonralai. np.rcrrurii t.#i ,,?:2y:::, rioiarvr 14 ,qa ce rocne pacnapq.aB.fi [.;;;l; toI r. He y[orpe6r_a_n_a BHue sa oaHa,riBqrbe jeane oapeSerie "cy. (n. crp. 200). Va fteoHuje o,qnojnae ce *;.i;;; lequroryaje bene oinacru Kao camocraJlHe aAMrHrrcrpaTr4BHe JeAr4HBue, na cy r(o,q llroaerraeja qa-K H_ Cro6u, HeKaAa rJraBHr4 .pu n.i,irj., craBJbeHH y flelaronrajy. Hajlyxe ce, r.r ro ynpaBo'Ko.rr, nror'ej I-l-1o1raje BaApxan6 da repHiopriy 'rc'rolro oi a"Jir, I_.irf1._ OII, CTAPHHE I,ISTJIEAA 6UO IIEHTAP NEOHCKI4X NNCMCHA H I,[E JE neoHcKe .rlpxaBe, ailuv ry ce y or(Br.rpy-fleoxuje rloMl,rbe carvlo
HaceJbaBaJra

o6racr o6yxnarara jd u rpavxr.r

ceBepoucrosHoM ,u,eny, oxo EperaJrHuue u flpeMa Crpra,uony, oBa


eJreMeHaT.

***
Hama rtorHaril ,^ . .l.luiaenepHujra (Bul6!<r,pcr). 3a my

-rpa.u, Kaxe l-lorr.r6raje'ai'1. A^nd peyidzrl

I-leoHnje je Ernascpa
n,Of,tE

6,,rasc

ucropulyfleonr.rje r tteHe oAHoce c MaKe,qoHcKoM **_rL|l_pl3riJ yn. f. Kauap-on, -fleonus, 4l u n. .apxaBoM z) ycrBapu cauo je*irn pyKonrdc r-Ir-ole.ruejen fiMa peq Ilcrrovfag r4cflpe,u, A6pgpog' Miillei, Ptor. p;s0g. v 6craaam pyKorrr4crma ra peq je raKo na A6Bqpog I19.1?r.I-I3_o tpyru rpla y o6naiiu-*ipiih. naocrarrsena Mrcnu aa je flroreuej moxaa ninncao al,pipl" ng;;ri;-(, "r??, Miil;;, ;.;; ,;;;;,_;;;; oae Jl.o6epe o.q, o,r.rx koje Xepoaor iiar:i:i'oxo riurril"i[.*rope. -rol cBaKoM cnyuajy aravajno Ie aa hroaeneji HeMaMO npaBe o6,racra vfleonaje.

232
rfl( y

lvlm"no,rc*, tprnotu y p'^ncro

no6" - u3 y;;,agy
ie @r'rarn

Hcroqaa [Ieoar.rja

233

lpxaBy ?,'ocroiiaailr,r je 217 ;.', caMuM rum o6ea6elao cnojy oA yna.u.a u"qrrio HeMupHl4x "(apnauaua',) pur-aeopa je ocrana

g;po;;ri. i
i68

flcrrov(ug u ga je Hruala sroAaH

nonoxaj Ha caMOM

Mln.no_nrajy, o.nnocHo'fleoHuiy,

raro

.na

j'.

MaKeAoHcKt4M pyKaMa Cne

y norrroh,

;.

nd .u.olaCxd Puu;uana' 3narvrO 'n'a gepcej'riapeLrao rarrc6lrm qeTalvla, roje je 6uo noenao
,u.a

Aoby

y Branaeopy.n) To ie nocle,nrbl4

IIOMSH

oBor

IIeoHcKor rpaAa.
noTnyH.o narru.. Traroror Beneca.s) llOloXaj Beleca SahCTaaarnapaiy o KflaHlt,ivla.Ko.J., Ka)Ke Itolr'Oraie ,io o..o*. o^noBapa

onrur.eiennuulrrerb'eI.aceErlaaopaHaJIaS[JIa(o,u.Aa.

JIHnniy liuraaopa ce ;fi;;'flrpnanule y Mar<e4qlrjy, u u npeMa y HaJraBHna Herge ni Axcuiy.6) LUro ce naK TI4qe KoHTHHyrTeTa

Apra i,i noAhrHyr croMeHr.rK- vlnax je.npno nepooarnriji. oErrrr oBrx HaT_ rr,r.ca nocrojra joru. jeSarr^riaftiu v npra-eny,'.,i; ;;. ce rar(oDe croM,rbe f1 r6).tq fr r,f" 'apy-eorcit,yr.r,j qapa lopa.Hjana , on je csiir*o ,nopa<i fii iu-.'ioi^eHrrK y rracr cr.lhr--y ..ro, rpahy. IIpe Ho uro npe$eruo ua nararbe aoraanaoBalba Apra [orpe6Ho ie .u,a ce oc-npiieMo 14 rra Apyra cBeAoqaHcTBa o ruervry. H3lcraRuir noMeH

.[Ba cnbniil'uri ,i.= r*oxeMo 6HTr,t c,typ*u aa ie.13j39_y.aMoM Apry, i.p l. lyrrie-Xacrrian Monao 6uru rpa\aiun nerol,cyceaHor'rfaaa'r.ie niy po crpaHe

;,1'd.{,]iil,-,,"[f :iiFjl,]#tlii:ij,{,,ff H IIaTpoHy.'o) 3u npBr.r oA oBa

.xJixt,#,.?;1ry;

Bnraaope u cno'eHct(or Beneca, aro uuje npuBI4AaH' nyT lbera !e,reurro o6jaCHnrr. Eralaaopa Ce cnoMq16e nocJle1,15g npBL nyr l0l8 r. v HarrilM ,ruLprni, 168 r. npe_H.'e., a Belec H- Bereca ca ruHrBHi. i.'l t<rn o; lt,[,eHrt{qHocr E,nasop-e crt4'{Kor ,r.arulri 6uaa curypHa, To 614 6uo Aoxaa 'u'a ce Eu-

il-.[il.

pr*ci..'

JIaSopa'KaoMarbeun:'/neheHaceJbe,-ol.pxanaToKoMueae enoxo .u,o AonacKa CloneHa' 9y,u,nonar9^i-t'^I:I{y.} Hur[e BHure He cnoMlrtbe, HapoqnTo naK Aa Je He]\14 oHa ce ha

y HrHHepapri;;u, :.p i. ryAa Mopao' npblaBxrr4r,t nyr Cro6xy PHlIlcKo Crynra.tj Cr6ra rasrne,[a BepoBaTHI4je na je_tiu.naaopa je rbeHa Tepl4To.u,o6a orrsJror naoxna H CaCBllM HecTaJIa, a .U,a

Apr '

p'rala nprarJbyqeHa repnropujll HeKor Apyror cyce'u'Hor rpaAa' I'l ,u.at: V camorvr Beneiy, rho H y CeJIuMa lberoBe 6lHxepHMCKOT H3 oKoJIHHer naleHo !e mHoro enranpaocrcr,rx cfloMeliuKa noji-noxiayly xario ie rycro 6ura nacerbeHa ona o6aact lesr'rxy, te odract Beaeca [;6^.-tu^ Harnriira cy Hh rfivrcorvr rup,,, i y iu, r<y,rr,onra parra rpure KynTypHe c @ep e npeTcraB Jba Arcca1a. y .ll.oJlhHH ^oA Beleca, y c.erluMa-CxaquHU1 (orcO 16 r<'vr)

;;;il;;;; t'-

y qacr KB_ecropa Mafrcd,qnria iis.;."np. ce roBopH_^g nopeau_-Kojy cy Pr.rrrrJbunr-oln.lnn. ;.lr-ii P_*y raA I-aJIarHMa oro Apna: rcai rois r6i r,ir..,",r," lti"J,a--*'ou,ra1r)6,vrog xai Endrpatefdavro(:iE ror)g xurd.,Apt. oq r,6nouE drpa_ ron66rp pe(lovr . . . npu., ,sn^uur* oBor'sHiqaiHor HaTnHca M^-ctut^ cy La pev &pyog y oBoM cnyvajy nrj.'o,ioO.;; il;; Beh ,qa o6erexaaa npu v6rvry cy ,iuni i ;ili .lr:rlt'Ar<cuja, Crpa6oHon noJraraK.{a_j6 oaa ilev na MaKeAoHcKoM agaqia..na ,,.u.oJ,4Hy,,, nHvtBHHy.,,.ts) licr.wHa,,u,ocKgpa ie 6Ho-norna, ca*o Apr y Mardaonrjr.r, Apro. Opu.ir*oi,, iiri; ,rp;il; ]:llr_lpra .Illu uo"aHo y o!a1q xor r.rrrrefnperarira;e nordnvior Harnuca lep ce Hata,u ro crpaH, nyra' nojrar,,, iy (.rir' Ha*4parru y npanuy Jlere. 36o11911 cy ciapu ucrpax<uBaqrr, He anajyhu,aa Lpyru Apr y MareAonniu, itenru@nrcoraara var Aproc Opecra_ Ko' c Aprom rojra xajeicixru cnoilar'e y npoB,Hurja
noJr,rHyro,
Macedonia
Byauh, Cno,ueurrc.7l (lgBl) 6p. gg: Kcrrd 665crvlra. lJ ri, 'f"0i;;'K"lo,.r,.d.,, .p1-aril,gli j 16),er 'Arol.i].66ooo( ro\r +.otql,:;i.ili;:..J.t,'iiJi.iil?.t:J ,tura

BHaroM Berrr.rKoM Harrr,cy

.pua.

,tf.g ,,*i.qlo, no MoM M,r.rrJbeby, y noui Jlere 1e;riaia, iel$;;, ;;e6ivi-il,

i,,i..

cy rBa ra Bo.qbaparlt (ueu;ro ,ua,'ue'Hh jyroracroxy), uafeHa ('Apyedraluv f1 ro)"tg, HaTnHca nu i. ruburuxen rfaa, Aprcy noqacHl4' npBI4 no'Apyedtcrituv-rr<-r).tg). ^oir'*u o6a Haru:/tca 4 r,i,"
3)

Jy.or.iorio

y 4 p. Iflih lfl.lt i"i..?"t-?flj::-:'L a ,lii{a",L,l"rr'. (pli, ui',i"uxoa ByrHha :'i.$T?,:"1i"/,,1-JJii,f#rl,l1; ":;:i,'r,Tffi ry:l{fuid.il{tfu vocraao,u, r,aru ,rrri';;' ,iu'T!arno c,urcra. Harrrac rrorrrqe
,r.rirr ?.p.

tiy tt,h 1l1t:1.-e.1" "'tgl;l;;prel,,t,)..1.E!!6x;;j

-"

Pol.V,97: t(crrri 6i toir; an1o95 rcrrpoirE rDi)rrrro6,6 Pl"tlti!..TlTld9:f Ketpdvlv Bui.alopa, pe1.io..1.,.o6ocrr'. rr6)rrv r{E flaror'{crE xcri }riav eUrctipcu( 'rPog 6r'i -rqg- rp&.$eurE rdq eiopo)rrig r.i6 dzo r{6 Aap-6crr-rr41 ei; Uaie6ovic'r" .tbore d. ydp 06 ,<crr,i Acp6cr*iooq. roi [{6lov cp6pou ro6 rcrtrrl; oXs6Or, *"r,oL.i.tof,,t i ci'r' eio66cov'6tri tqE
r<pcrro6r,ro5 or)|irrrou li.".iir"-r? appdri,.-rig rua*e6o.,ic[* "P"t'olYTl;.*iiil:'*, 8: ,,Miuir Antigonum . . .. qui iuberet murtfiudinem movere"''

-xi

lr"?i;ifllT.lruio*

l,y i i:i",'fi

!l

r6r1E

[1 3H$i 1"r' 7 Xi1i :l x t li_ii;:l: 1 $le "lTlI il.-iir;;;:;J l"d, o"io.4.,1 ."iir.pl,"* iffi,.i;:f;j;

"1'

tocus est - castra Cattorlm"'aA'ity];L;;; -'ijieoniae if 5) Vn. a1';il";;p: oorl rnele HaBereHa u crapula nnreparypa; nw,' crp. 4i Beue'u'uron, crp' l5' uuoou.'n1o '6)

Ka-

z1 noneml.-s;rrrii'fl oxpraAcro! apxnenrcronrju, F. gesten'der Kaiserulkund.en 6p' 806' - s) Cr"rruu'iA'C"piriion'nariirrl" ce oKo 8 t<tu cenepHo oA Bereca,

Liv. XLIV, 26' 6 sqg,

D6lger, Re-

i'r?3,*iiql$Llil;"ir{1,.,J.T1'I,,'..,"_1:r:rjfl"a,fi ";:[;] :n:::liiiff orov f{ 16}.r; l4 "a',' Apr[elorcrtri. Oeaj narnac_-nor,ve ae]iina.rHo ,t3 242 r.Kao x crrrqa, a,aroeaHa Harnuc rs ororne-(;;;;";;"(yf;id:..;p:"fi}i,, i BepoBar,o je 6ao rroAr4rHy,pa,rrro,u-lgpaujaxoaor npo'aisa xpos Eaa_ "n#Ui,ir-,.,.,, n oc'n e ," ro e e a. n ffi ffi l"rfJ#ffi Jeaa ? 9:5: Jla F; " crpaHe ca p e ra, iile n ie ne.qa sno i'o'$i&;'ff 1 T. 'r'"9 "r" ti$faf "#[:'#u:,
e

B. crp.

8l n l.

.,0. ,|fl.

#I."#ii?;f#lr:tg ^i:;^21;y,t;.r;ol,?,;J,r

Duchesne, yn. .r,ymuua

234

MareAoncrn [PaAoau y pu,ucro 4o6a

14croqfla lleoar.lja
J,l

235

secundala), fiaKo To oqnrre4uo Hnje

y ToM Ayxy ucrpaBJbanu r no.u,arax creoana BasanT[tcKor, Koil.l cem Apra OpecnrroHa nomlltbe jou jeaan Apr y Marcegonuiu.l6)

urato

HHKaKBoT cwvtcila,

MO)(e Ce CmaTpaTH CUTypHHM Apra - y o6nacrr4 CraqtaHaua.

6ap

npHonH)KHO JroKanr4soBalbe

Mefyrnm,

'Apyedraiov { n6},.rE jacHo je na je y cenepHoj Marenounjr,r nocrojao joLu jenan rpaA BBaHr.r Apr r,t .qa XrajepoKne cacBr,rM TaqHo craBJba onaj rpag y tlpoBLrHuujy Macedonia secunda, y cyce,u,croy Cro6a, Acrpauona u lleaaronuje. Onurvr je norapfen u [o,q,aTaK Cre0ana Braantucror o ,qBa MaKeAoHcKa Apra. Irl Xr.rjeporcre u Harflvc r,ra Jlbre roBope Ba To ,qa Apr rpe6a Tpaxrru He[aneKo on Ancuja.16) Crora, oA Tpr4 noKanr4TeTa y rojarvra cy naleuu rope[oMeHyTV HaTfiLtcH MoxeMo oAMax r.rcKJbyquTra ne rotvr6r,lnaquje llpr,llen. Harnuc y qacT I'op.uujana Mopao je rarvro 6Hrn npeneT c Apyror Mecra. Ocrajy CravuHut u Bogonparn. He snajyhu Ba Harrilc ila Boflospara rcoju je rex HeAaBHo orrprrBeH, Byanh je nonnuuJbao Ha Crapu fpan (jyroBaIIaAHo oA Cxavunaqa y npaBuy flpurena), rAe je Halrao
o,q, crpaHe

nocnrO flpoHanacKa [oMeHyTa Tpu Harnr4ca noAurHyTa

crape Erlaaope. Fberoso flocroiarbe nocBeAorreno .je oa


npe H. e. .qo

MaKeAOHCKO HaCeJbe Ha neOHCKOj repurOpujn r,r MOXLa je Orr onaj rpag xojn ie y pHMcKo Ao6a HacneAuo anauaj n repuropnjy

iynehu no MaKeAoncKoM

r4rvreHy,

Apr je BepoBaTHo maale

VI s.

II n.

H, e.
H

y oBoM xpajy.")

Bereca, aa6erexeH je rpag Heanoru (Nedno).r(), unave HeooaHar Necrnol"etrriv td rorvdv, KaKo croja Ha tloue-

EAITI

ocTaTKe aHTilqKor HaceJba, Kao Ha MecTo rJLe ce MoxAa HanaSHo

Apr.l?)
ta

,6. Jocasoncra, o6janroyjyfia Harruc us

Bogonpara,

yrcaayie, melyrum, Ha JroKaJII4rer r.rarvre[y Bo,(onpara, CrauilHaua

Bunuuana, tAe HaBoAHo HMa rarcofe aHTI4I{KHx octataxa.ls) Ta,raH norox<aj He Moxe ce yTBp,u,r4Ttl 6es HoBlrx repeHcxnx rlcrpaxnBarua. Arr.l, trocJle npoHanacxa ttocner,rber HaTnuca,

Ha Kora ynyhyje Bynuh npurr,rKo,u o6jaaruearua Harnuca u3 CKaguxaua, Cnomenur 7l (1931),6p.88. Ilousnje (feorpa@nj4r crp. l2) By.nuh yau$a nocroJame r4crol{MeHor rpaAa y ceBeprroM ,qeay Mare.u,onuje. ts; Steph. Byz. s. .v. "Apyo;' epD6pq q 6v Mcrre6ov(g' 6y66r1 'ApToE 'Opaonrov li cv )ru,)fur. A6er (npema ,U.uuuuu, crp. 570) npealoxuo ie HcnpaBKy: 0p66pr1 xcrtal Mcxebovicrv "Apyog 'Opeorrrdv, 6y66q 6v Exu&fcrr. Byarah, I'eorpa$uja, crp.72, c npaBom cylr{Ita ta 6u CreQar Bueaurucxu o,u, leauor Apra y Opecrulu HasnHrlo .u,Ba r,r ci;arpa r,a ce ceril,r rpa.u, rora umeua no CreSaHy BraaxrucKou o.u,Hocu Ha Hau Apr, Aor ie ocul.r

tr; Hier. 641,2--Sz Xr6pot,'ApTo6, Atorparov, fle)rcryov{a.,I],rtut.tqa, x. ru., noneeyje XujeporloB roAaraK sa Aproc Opecrlrou. 1,1 Ceyer, crp. 659, ilna y cBo/u cnlrcKy caflo jeaan Apn, Aproc Opecrrarox, yt xojr uhrxpa u Xuieporra. Hcrn ie clyvaj n ca XrapuQel.u.om, RE s. v. Argos, Nr. 5,

Cy nO CBOJ flputuw yunu y qeTBpTy Meprr,u,y, nocTanH cy TaAa rpxr,ruTe aa UBBoB conu LrB MareAonuje y Aapaanraiy.?r; Suauaj Cro6a Harno je nopacrao y pr.rmcxo .qo6a" y BeBu ca craJrHr,rM paToBHMa rojn cy TaAa nofenr.r ca ceBepHHM: cyce,qr{Ma MareAour,lje. Joru y peny6naKaHcKo ,uo6a Mopanr4 cy Cro6n HMaTr.{ npunnr{Ho iarcy onrurr4Hy pH_McKux rpafana, .quMe ce o6jaumaaa ila cy y Anrycrono ,u,o6a nocranu oppidurn civium
KOJ[4

Becrlr o oBoM rpaAy trorrrl{y og, Jlunraja il oAHoce ce Ha Bpeme Qwnuna V, rj. Ha roqeTax II n. npe I. e.20) Cro6-r _ce xog JIunuja cnomulruy u.y BeBu ca tloAerronn MareAonuje 167 r.: Cro6r,

HyTOM HaTnHCy, tIO MOM MI,ltUJb[b]5 He SHaqu HHIIITa .UpyrO IlO NeurcoLetrrlrrv f1 r6).tg unw xri:p1 (a. o rorvre crp.2ll). Carrr HaBilB Mecra rcxrnyuyje ttoMrcao o HeKaKBoM nJreMeHcKoM. KapaKTepy oBor KonHosa. He tHaMo HHrrrTa Bil[re o ToM HaceJby. Hajnehr,r rpaA ceBepue Mane"qoHlaje y pHMcKo .u.o6a 6um ey Cro6u (Xt6por), Ha ymhy Eprlrona y Arcuj. llpne nuTepapHe

cTo6l

uuiw caqyBaHH nplrMepqr o6yxnarajy nepro,u, o,u, BecnaanjaHa (69-79) Ao Eraraiata (218-222), a raro ucro u Ha Harnn.
&edv 6toug rlpo';

Romanorum, a ycKopo nocJre Tora municipium.22) Kao MyHHuunuj Cro6u cy uocBe,u,oqeHr.r Ha JroKaJrHoM 6araprorvr HoBrIyr

Opecruara. Mox.sa ono uyano li Av Xro$fcn Tpe6a uinpazuru- y { 6" 'Il).upia,t? Heruamo Hr.rKaKBrlx pa3nora La flonycrt4Mo, KaKo To qr.rHu Byath, .[.a ce u Anujanoa ro;LaraK o nopeKJry MaKeAoHcKe .q,nnacluje Aprea,na (Syr. 63: 6&ev oi 'Apyed,6at Mare66veE) orHoo.l Ha Hau Apr, a ne na Aproc Opecrurou. Ilporur rora roBopr,r 'l.rlbenfiua ]ta ce nau: Apr naJra3n y

le) Byarrh, CnomenurJl (1931), 6p. 63: Neaeol.errtlv rd ron.dv "I{pc,v cf. Byluh, feorpaSraja, crp. 12. 20) Liv. XXXIll, l9: ,,circa Stobos Paeoniae improviso hostes obpresslt (Onaan Ilapaan[e t-9? r.); ibid. XXXIX, 53, 15: ,,. . haud procul

I-leonrjr, roja le BpJIo .tlouKaH yIUJIa y cacraB MaKeAoHcKe .u,pxaBe. r0) KaKo ce tl3 Harnuca Bul,u, no6eAa KBecropa Mapra Anuja na.u, falarnua u ttilxoBr.rm caBegnr4ur4ma Me,u.uma 6uta je cnaconocHa no rpa,u, Jlery. Hajesna je uoraa uhu camo ronufiou Bapaapa u Kerrr cy ce ilorru ynoropurr.r Her.q,e Ha beroBom cpeJlrem roKy, ria ynasy y npoernur.rjy Mareaorujy., Toiue nornyHo orroBapa Mecro xoie Apr una y XujepoKnoBOM
CrrI,lCKy.

o rpaHxuaMa qerapu MaKe,u.oncKe 167 r., HenprxBarJbus, jep Jlnsuie, oAHocHo beroB fi3Bop floru6aje, caapeueHr4K rax Aorataja r,t sa quraBa rpfi Ber(a crapuiu o,u,'I-lrolemeja, y o6a clyuaja Kara coo,/tll4re Cro6e r43plrqr4ro HarJraruaBa Aa cy oHtl neoflcKr.r rpaA, B. flaflpe.u, crp. 61 r a. o6aacrr
nporrByp-eyjrocr y Jluor.ljeao,u r4a.narajby
npBr4 nyr croul4ny Kao oppidum civium Romanorum 34). Onu cy cearaxd--nocranr{ oppidum clvium Romanorum o.u,Max nocne 30 r. npe E. e. 14 ycKopo cy,:ngpoBarHo ioru aa AnrycroBe Bra,u,e, Kao il cBa ocraJla oppida roja naao.q,a [Ilunuie, ffipacnrt y municipium. Vn. Kornemann, Municipium, RE XVI (1933) 597.

i9 tiv. XLV,29: ,,post non impetratam Paeoniamlalis commercium dedit; tertiae regioni imperavit, ut Stobos Paeoniae deveherent pretiumque statuit." H Ha osom Mecry rpe6a HarJracr.tTrl ga je noryuraj B-eueaurora ,u,a Cro6e, rpema flroaemejy, craBx y [Ielaronuiy n rune peuH ro6oxruy

tz) Byluh, teorpi@raja, crp.72. Honigmann. ad Hier. 641, 3, Aorryura moryhnocr JroKaJlri3oBara Apra ro,n Crapor fpaaa. te; E. JocaQoBcKa, H. a., crp. 225.

roA l-larnuja (lV,

zrl Cro6u ce

236
cuwa.z?)

Mareaoxcrr rpaloBil y prrtlcro aoda

Hcroqua Heoxuia

237

Ilpunagalv cy rpu6t4 Aemilia.2{) LIIro ce THqe MrrulJbe}ba, TaKopeh[ otturer, .u,a cy Cro6ra .u,oqHuje nocranla roionaja, ono qoqu_Ba r,rcKJbyrrr.tBo Ha ro,q.aTry ,rB Dlgesta (L. 15, 8, 8) na cy

Cto6u,

ius Italicum. AnaluaoM oBor Mecra na .(Hnecra ttoKaBaJra cam, meSyrurvr, y noce6noj pacnpanly, r,a cy Cro6u yolunu ius ltalicum npe Enara6ar0r Io cy la npeMa rome Ao6utu y cnojcray

Kao H HeKoJrHKo .u,pyrux MarceAoHcr(ux rpaAoBa,

yxuBalu

yKpuTaqata ca nyreM noju je ua Cepgur<e BoAr.to xa Xepaxnejra na via Egnatla.26) V noanopr.rmcxo ,u,o6a, Ka.u,a nyr CraprvruyrvrTecaronura nocraje jeana oA nJraBHlrx cao6pahajnrx BeBa puMcKor uapcrBa, pacTe r anauaj Cro6a. Cro6u nocrajy Bpno paHo enucKoncKo ceAr.ruTe: Ha Hurejcxonn ca6opy (325 r.) aa6eaexen
rojnua ce

Aro je oaai rvroj aaKJbyqaK Taqan, rj. ano lus ltalicum nraje 6rao BeBaH ga cruuarbe nonoxaia xolonuje, onAa je rvrano BepoBaTHo 1a cy Cro6ra r4KaAa [ocJre rora nocraJru KoJroHuja. C o6auporta aa je ius ltalicum o6yxoatao y ce6u naiauura opaBa na ioja ie iegau npoBr.rHuHcKlt rpa,q, Morao ,u,a nperen,qyie, He BHnr.tM aarxro 6u rpany xoju je ro flpaBo oAaBHo rrMao 6ula norpe6na r.r SranrunHa THTyna xolonuie. Aro ce noaHaTr.r floqacHil Harnnc Hs HernecejoHa cro6cror noaoprrrxTa garyje y Kpaj III n., raro caM y [oMeHyroj pacnpanr4 nper,JroxuJ]a, uwatu 6ucrr,ro HoB AoKaB Aa cy Cto6n ocTarru municipium u nocne Eaara6ala. llo naorvr 'MurxJberby, Cto6H Hucy Hr{KaA nocranr roaonrja.2s) Cro6u cy ce Hanasnilu Ha Ba)KHoj cao6pahajHoj aprepr.rjn Tecaaouura-Haucyc-CuprvrHyrvr, rcoja ce ynpaBo xon Cro6a

u ro BepoBarHo joru aa Bpeme Anrycta, KaAa H cBr,t ocTaJrr{ MaKe.u,oHcKLr rpaJtoBr.r nojra.tcy Ty npilBunenajy r,rMaJrr4.
MyHr,rqurruja

rpa,u, opoBt4Hurie Macedonia salutaris, ycneA uera je fi rbuxoBa enucKon{Ja [oAr4rHyra Ha paHr Mr4TponorHje. A noruro cy Ha[r y V ra VI n. nocBeAoqeHe errncKonilie y Edpraara u Bauapd (onn rpanoBlr cy.rpema Xrajeporay ytaluilu y rpoBr4Huujy Macedonia secunda, Koja ce peloano ra.u,eHru0r,rnyje c Macedonia salutaiis), To ce npeTflocraBUJro Aa cy oBe ABe enncKonnje AonaBr{Jre noA
upKBe-Hy
_

cro6cKu enncKor Ey,[r,toc.27) O.q rora e_nucronuja nocBe,[orreHa Harvr je Bulxe nyra ,r,o Kpaja-VII a.: Ha XalrceAoircxorra ca6opy (451) yvecrnonao !e enucKon Nrx6).crcg 2topci.rv;28) oro 500 r-, enracrcon Oulrn n6. flHrao je nenury_91.o6cry 6aewturyt"r) tu VI eryrrleHcrcoM ca6opy y Ua.ptrrpaay (680) 6r<i je 'Io&vvr1g . 6L6ou Oe-oo bxioxoxog i4q )<oB6,ov_ 16]9o19,80) a Ha Tpyaotorvr ca6opy (692), enratro'ri Mapyapirqg.sI) je nauunete je nefi on xpaia IV n. y Cro6r,r,tra _ - __ fr,ruper]o Sa nocroJana JuuTpononuja roja je urnaaa no.( co6om Tpr,t enapxrje: cro6cry, 6apralcry H Banapcxy.s2) Ooo Mr4tuJberbe floqr{Ba oqurJIeAHo Ha yBeperby aa cy neh ttpHnHKoM npBe uo.u,ene Marenonnje y aae npoaranquje, xpajem IV n., Crodu nocTanu rJraBHH
npHcyTHHMa H

je mely

BpeMeHa

cro6cra

cto6crce MlrTpo[onuje. V aKTHMa Xarrce,uoncror ca6opa etlncKort cro6cKn Huxora uwa caoie Mecro Meby reropnUom ocrannx npacyrnux MaKeroHcKrrx enr4cKona, He paeluryjyhn ce Huqr4rvr

Bnacr cto6cror Mr,tTponoJrrrTq.tt) Vcrnapu y r4BBopr.r.,vla HeMa ur.rje4Hdr ,qHpeKTHor

nomeHa

[br,rx.84) fioanaro je, rvrefiyrraM, ra cy cnrcxonra noruucnura osor ca6opa cacraBJbeHr4 no jeanoirn cTporoM pe,ty, TaKo ,u,a cy najnpe ^HaB_ereHH Mt4TponoilhTu, a BaTHM enilcKonu no nponr.trr-lujarraa.'u) y aKTrMa VI eryrvrencKor 14 Tpyncror ca6opa nbr-

oA

zr; Honau Hoo4 yBeK ,ereHry: Municipium Stobensium. Harnucn y crromr.rlbe municipium Stobensium cy oBx: CIL 111,629, ra Xaapujaxonor Bpeilena (ll9ll20); B. Saria, Die lnschriften des Theaters von Stobt. Jahresh. 32 (1940) crp.7, uca.2. (o Aarosaruy oBor Harnrca a. ,uoj
qnaHaK: Harnrc r.la Hemeoejora u AaroBaH,E Cro6cror noaoplrrura, X. A. I (1951), crp.279 u n.). - _2r) Cll.lll, 8203 (rs Cxyni); CIL VI, 2382; CIL X,6096; cf. Kubitschek,

,r,
28)

de Constantinopl-e,- Byzantion

U- Honigmann, Recherches sur les listes des PEres de NicCe et

Mansi, Vl 577 D r,t Vll I6t B. , ^_.2t) B. Saria, Neue Funde in der Bischofskirche v. Stobi, Jahresh.2S (-l 933) c'rp, 132: 6 d,1'rd.l:arog eriorcoroE @{}-rrrog oiro66pqoev rriri ,l1tcrr,, toO Mansi, Xl 645 A; cf. 614, 673. Xl 994 D. - O6r.r,{Ho ce HaBoA}.r Kao erilcKon cro6cru u Phocas Staliensis, rcoju je Ha V erymeH:KoM ca6opy (553) sameruunao apxilerilcKona lustiniana Prima Eenexara. Hncam yn-e-peia ga ,,Staliensis"
30)

ll

(1936) 432,

pl. l,

Ne 68.

@(eo)6 6rr).(qorcrv).

Imp. Rom. 244. zs; B. inoi ilaronpe nouenyl., qrraHaK, X. A. I (1953) 270 u 1,. Oaom roit Sarryvrcy He nporr,rBypequ no,u.araK CreQana BusaHrr.lcror s. v. Etp6pog' d,rorroE 'P<upcrirov, aKO ce yOnIxTe OJI.HOCH na CrO6e. Cre@an urry6uae cBaKy ca.[pxr.lHy. V rp.urou jesury rHje uura[ 6nao a,u,ersarnor H3paoa sa pHlrcKH municipium u se 6u 6uao rnualo qy.u.Ho aro je oH Ba Cro6e peKao Iq cy &norrog 'Porpcricuv. Vocralom, Cro6n u nucy 6unu odN,{an mynNuranHj: oHr4 cy uratu }irarcKo npaBo }t rlrue 6nau usjeiiHaseHn ca xo-n_onutaila, uITa Buue craBJbeH[ UBHaA !br4x, B. nor[enyry pacnpaBy

3r) Mansi,

rpe6a

pyroaolen npBeHcrBexo Qnnoaou.tKullr r4Hrepeconameu, inje Monao Hilaru pasymeBarua Ba'crape nncruryuuje xoje cy seh .u,asno 6t.tae
BfieaHtucKH,

129; P.l'pyjuh, s. v. Cro6ucxa uurponolrja, !apo.u,xa.EHuilKrone,u,uiq Ilrale mu-, uaxalocr, Aocrynlo .rreJlo Jlinopcror, Cesehichte des Exa"chats Thessalonikl, llerporpaA 1901, re cy il14 crora Heno3Harr.l apryMeHTr4 roju ce HaBore y rrpunor oaou rrp.Serry.
Jlo.nrrjr jacno je tra cy rpaHu[e_ roje rpyjnfi 4aje-,,cro6njcrbj il.ilrponoluju" y noMeHyro.ll qnaHKy y Hapo,qnoj. Enuuxaonear.riu (,oa Oxpnicxor u [Ipecnancror jeaepa Ao cpe,u,rber roKa Mecre") nemoryhe. O-loralr:. 3oBarby 6apraacre H 3anapcKe enucrontje B. HHxe. 3r) Mansi, Vl 577 D: lnlovro; <Dr),.{rrrov, Eloepioo Ao,3r'ipou, Ma$rpir.oo )sppriq Nrrco].d.oo 2topcbv, Aop6aviou Bapyaor,, 'lo.:d,vvou Uap,)rxoor6).eo;. 85)-E- Schwartz, Die Bischofslisten von Chalcedon, Nicaea u. Kon-

sz;

ilcnpaBUTr4

6. Capni:, n.',tI, ctp.


Hs oHora

,,Stobensis", B. crp. 96.

sa;

uro cmo Haope.u, (cip. 93) per.tu o Jlpiroj

Mare-

crp.288 u n.

ze; Str. VIII, c. 389: ,,6.'reo[Oer, 6rr' Torpov 6r"Et6op]6vq6 ro,i 2r6pcov rcti ActpEcrv(gr"i Tab. Peut. Vll, 5. Ko,u. Ceogr. Rav. p. lg6 nena Cro6a, HaKo cy sa6eaexene cBe cranaue Ha nyreBuma xoju nora3e o,[ bera Ka Xeparaeiu (Euriston, Ceramie, lstubera) s xa Tecaaolruru (Asigonla, Stenas, Idomenia, Taurlana, Callicum).

stantinopel, crp.

14.

238

Maxe[oncxil rpal{oBu y

pr,lmcrco no6a

Hcro,rna lleorufa

239

nucu cTo6cKor enHcKona Jonana ra MaprapuTa HaJIaSe Ce Tal(Obe AaJIeKO ilea ttoTnr4ca nocnegrber Mr,rTpononl,lTe. AIu, He roBopl,I caMo To nporraB flocroiarba sro6cKe Murponoluje. OcHorHa noJraEHa npeTnocTaBKa Ha

xoioj ce aacHr4Ba yBepelbe o nocro_iarby cro6cre ruarponolnje Aa'cy, Harime, Cto6n- neh rpajervr IV s. nocTaJlr{ rJraBHn rpa4 ceBepHe MaKeAoHcKe npoBl,trrlraje nraie no{aaaua, a aeponarno je ra nbrpeLunq.tu) VIarco ne.ruamo ,[HpeKTHI,tx
ttollaraKa o upocruparby TepuTopuje npoaunquje Macedonia salutaris, qurbeHr4ua .u.a cy Cro6u y aKTfiMa XalrceAoncKor ca6opa HaBe.[eHH Kao rpa[ llpae A{arceaonuje Hano.u.n Hac Ha nperrlo-

Barbe yMeTHOCTr.r fipena3rror nepr4oAa

npel,eTr.r roja cy yKpauaBaJr, oBe rpa$enane, cTaTye, pe;resr, u frp-ecxe, qHHe naaac yxfai lggryuncKor Myla_eja ra'npyxajy- oaaavaH Marepr4Jan Ba npoyqa,qeKopaTr4BHa [Jracrr,rKa, Mosar.rrlr4

craBry .u.a cy Cro6ra, npunuKoM npBe noAere MarceAonuie, ocraJll,t y or(Bupy fipne Mare4ouuie u npeMa rome y upKBeHoM norne.u,y

IIo,u, coJryHcKr4rvr apxr4enHcKonoM. Aru, HI4 3a nepuoA uocrojarua npoaraHuuje Macedonia secunda, xpajem V u noqerxoM VI n., KaII,a

cy Cro6ra Bawcra 6unw rleH rJraBHr,t rpa,tl, He Moxe ce TBpAI4Tt't aa je enncrouuja cto6cra rperBopeHa y rvrrarpouolnjy. Csara
aAMHHr.rCTpaTrlBHa npOMeHa nuje S.eaycJIoBHO MOpaJIa nOBraqHTn HapoqlaTo Ba co6otvt Lr rpomeHy upxaeToi_ jypra-gnraruu-ju.

Bax.r Ba npoBr.rHrluje-xao rur.o je 6uta Apyra Mare,u,onuja, roje, .crBopeHe BepoBarHo I4a nojnux pasJlora patu urro 6o.toe o,u,6paH6 on nainzipa, HHcy rpijare Burue oA HeKonuxo fleueHnia. Csara,xo je 6rano JIaKrre yl(r4Hyru jenHy Tat(By npo_BtIHunjy, uelo yKl4HyTLt ieany rvrurpouorniy. A rvrrarpouoarja cro6cra narn nraje
HH TaAa Hr4 AorlHr4je nocne4oqeHa. : floroxaj Cro6a na nenoj o6atu Epuroua, Ha caMoM rreroy Arcrj, HeAarreKo oJL cTaHHrle fpancKo, ycraHoBHo ucru yruhy -Heuzey,-

To

je

jour l86l r.t') O.u, Tora BpeMeHa TepH je Ha rbemy 6eaex<enu. 'lcfiuTuBaH u cnoMeHl4tlt4 CuctemarcKa r{cKorraBa}ba roja je nol{eB on 1924 r. opraHHsoBao Hapo4ura rvrysej y Eeorpa Ly u roja cy no.tl pyxoBo.u,crBoM Heronuro narunx ra crpaHux apxeonora (8. Capuia, B.n. llerrconufi, R. Egger, E. Dyggve, 6. Mano Sncu) nofeHa y roKy HI43a roAriHa, oTKpr4Jra cy nl4K pHMcKor v paHoBt4SaHTHCKOr npa,U,a:
apnra HeKonHKo

nyra

i 'A"##?ttF;1#lfl xr'.?+'',',$*,{tt# 3e) IIDeua E. capujr.r, Die Inschriflen d; ih;.,iui, ,on stobi, Jahresh. 32 (l^940) crp 27i HMirHa i,.r<r.cunu Ha ce.u,Hrr.rr,,Ma atu cv c*a r.crnca*a rpqKo, ,Ju][3il'n-Jil,fJ ir,[.r,", ::h1I9"'d;ii TH Hartttlcn norzqy
ElP,oict?S,{i'"'te*i'#"elo"i^f
,ireHar.6ao jar y Croluna (ibid. cip. 2g). 4o) Ka.o uaycrpaquia ia sere koje'onaj rpatr na neprzeepujra rpqKe KynrypHe lQepe oapxaaa c rpqKr4m l,icroxorrr',n&e-ce HaBecrr.r Harnr{c j, Horu ony ijoiiiil,-1;hr;sh. 15 (l'gr r, _AnorroHa Kraproca JJ, Tp^.Il HB

Vlar<9 cy uyalu pHMcKo rpalarcxo npaBo, uatoje y rrurvra .topano duru .q,ocra,u,oceJbeflr4x-pum.rnanZ i-hrunwia,, cio,oi cy-caqyBaJrh KaparTep rpqxor rpara. Harnucu Ha5enr, y il;;, Kao H y [br4xoBoj orcoluHr4, BeJrr4KOru nehuHoM cy ia rpuxor* jei BHKy, HMeHa roy_!, ranole nperexHo rpqKa l,naneabnln;i.U, Muoro6pojna cnorvreH,u,'orKpHBeHr4 Ha *raxoiol repuropulu, KaKo Malru, TaKo v BeJrr4KH apxureKToHcKr,f o6jexrra, i;ft;i;; yrilqaj rpq*or l4croxi. fioeoparui., iuSr*no'aHrHuJa lgraayiy caqyBaHa cro6crca rpa$enuna HE pr.rMcr(or BpeMeHa, paarurvie :u _gA cyce,[,Hor rnrr4sHo pr4McKor rosopr4u]Ta y cirvnr*ii'i5 le_rpqKo rloEopaure ca MHOTHM eJreMeHTHMa prailcrcor no3opHLxTa yseTr{M ca lrlcrorca.ao) CJI:ll^l: apxeoIlorurr4m yH\yuuianq,a Cro6u cy rpajervr ,,, B. - Jroxr4Benr4 HeKy KaTacrposy rv (aena{r^orpec?-, najeiga'nipy6pso ooilori:teira. xpaieur v B. raJru cy y :st:?I:'] _1r_r.._:y pyKe reoAopr4xoBax l-ora H o[Jbaqraruu iy.zr) Alw, He BilAH Ce HeKr rpercur. y buxonoj ucropujw. oro soo i. aaiyje Ju i.rrqaHcrBe'a 6aewnwrca Kojy j., icaxo- noraayje 'Har[r4c r43HaA y'.taBHHx Bpara, noAr4rao ertrcKorr @u.lun.nd)" Cro6u cv nr.r] rrraBHr4 rpal nponranqaje Mac6donia seiunda u ^HJepoKny rttry 'CroncKor HayqHon ,q,pyrurBa, Craprnapy- u Haj6oru -c_Jahreshefte. nper.'rejl r,oca.(aurrser paAa Ha ,rcrpaxuianlr 'cro6i, unycrpauuiaia-

Ha rpaHnrlw Vlctoxa

u Banata:

y si'rn"ani, J yayrpaulbocrH J--r

orKonaHe cy u ucuvTaHe MHore janHe H rtpt4BaTHe rpalearanu _ [pkne, oaJlare, ttosopuIxTe H Ky[aTI4na, yJII4tIe, TproB-H TpemoBt'1, rrecMe, Bo,[,oBo4r4 r,r KaHaJrr,rgarluja, BHAHHe u xanuje.Es) Vmernuvxu
14_

ealxra),

pHMcKa H-iuen1

yrJraBHoM r.re norn-ujer apemina lnocne,'lG;;_;;;;; ce He Mory y3Tr{ Kao -- AoKaB ra Je Jrarr4HcKH eJre_

3s) V pany La Macddoine Salutaire et la MacCdoine Seconde, Bulletin de l'Aciddririe'de Belgique, 1956, crp. 115-124, roira fe y,ne$yape,ueny

Kora ce Bulu4 La cy u Cto6u, K-ao t,t irHora npyra rpa.u,oBa r.rl #i. Maodnacru,.ca I-ronra, Hs .dlaje , ci (rirri,'iiiai "Ioa3,cKr4x HrKe oBoM xpaMy. Harnrzc xoju ce oaio_q, na Cro6e j.;; a;oG ;;c;;Ii;i-d;;;;;-

Ii

Heuzey,324 tt a. ,ll,se roAI4He .no_uHuje -Huh-n je .u..eranuo ficnrrao reDeH. ia6eneilrio cnoMeHI4Ke H llarrlllce, Reise durch die Cebiete des D:in u-'Wa}dar, crp. I58-9; Reise von Belgrad nach Salonik, crp. 160 r'r n',250' re; llpemepulrain u Bylufi cy 1902 r. o6uutls lepeH lt o6jannau auue Harnnca, Jihresh. 6 (1902); Bbl. 5-10. 3a.upeue [Ipaor cBercKor para Henuu iv-orrOnaJlu HeKoJIt4Ko CTapoxprrufiancxux $aeHaura (P' Clemen, Kunstschutz im Kriege Il, l6l u n. u Hald,Aut_den Tri.immel!.Stobis). O Airrrm ilcKollaBatium-a AasaHH cy l4sBeuirainy foAHutrtaxy CKA, y flac37)

143t4uao Lt3 uTaMne, ilCnuIaila caM ucupnHo oAlroc-ABeJy ceBepHI4X./UaKe.rLoHcKI4x nponnnquja u, y Be3H c 'r:a6' ntlralbe.. cro$cxe murponoluie.

i.";,t(;;H;l5ry o Be3aMa c 6zui

jill_C#','J;''IHH.Xfl

qyBeHftM cBerr4J'ureM: "Apr6pr60E'.to1icrE i6perav rc,i ,ripelo:icrr,'e"Of.f.,u*o; .iepaoupevqv dorcbrcrrcr dreorv s, papruprl,)eiouv ie e.ti ayveiar drd ro5 K),.apiou ... l1l P, moj .vranar' j't( A. I (lgsti crp. 290.
re,3crorciv, K).ar:6iav

ia*,',","r"r,,i:%*t6:[luf];;;,7

:::;-t:..:._]16FouS,6r6p,)r1oe io r i 6gyy166avro,i axirrewev.

fz) {tqt^ch. frg.,l8" (FHG.tv f. rzs): xai r!r" zprrrrlv r{; trrcrre6ovfcrg 16rai rri'r. ).s d:pc(rcDrtiv i,iv ratiqt.p,ppoupo,ii-*,,

orp. Silr'

R' Egger, Die stiidtische Kirche von stobi. Jahresh. 24 (g2B)

29

- ** -

MargnoscrH rp.aaosr y pumcro

ao6a. VI s. (o

...

.__

l,lcroqna [-Ieonuja

24t

joru HeKoJrr4Ko
Hl,rX rpa,u,oBa.

ep. Phocas Staliensis y Phocas Stobiensis B. nahpea crp. 9O) oHr.r cy ce MopaJrr,r oApxaTH Ao cJrcBeHcKrax Haieaaa. Me$yrrnan BeJIITKe npeoKpeTe HBaBBaHe .f onacKoM CroseHa Ha Eanrciin Crodra curypHo Hucy flpexrBeJ]r4, jep ce y cpenrbeBeKoBHr,tm HBBopuMa yotltlrTe He BHa ea mux.aa) [locrojarue cto6crce ettucKonuje y r-o6q I{ap-arpancKor x Tpyrcxor ca6opa (680 u 092) Mopano ie 6utw Sr.rrctunno. CenepnoMar(e4oHcre odlacru 6une cy y To lpeme usry6rsene aa llapr4rpal, ailH y Har..u ,qa To crarue nehe Jlyro rpajarra er1a,cKoflcKa ce,u,ilura cy o4pxaga
geqeHuja

Ma,[a ce He cnoMr,trby

y {pyroj

noi]oBuHu

ernengaqrljra

nocle ry6urria

yrruuTelba Aort4rI-

AHTHfOIIEJA

Mornlt yTtspgr.rrrl repnTopr4jy Cro6a. V ao6a Panor qapcrBa, rcao jyxnu cyce.[ Cro6a rromr4lbe ce Anruroneja. He anarvro ,u,a Jrlr ce oHa o[pxar,a u ,u,ouuraje, y [oBHoaHTHqKo ,u,o6a. Anruroneja ce, rpeMa_Ta6yar.r fiojrltnrepujanw, HaJraEaJra na 12puncKr.tx ,rrr{Jba og C-ro6a, Ha flyry Ba Tec,anonuxy.{5) Bylrah.je loranraayie rog. TpervrHHKa na Bapaapy (oro 20 rM Hrsno.u,Ho oa Cro6a), rAe cy naleHu cutyplu TparoBH nacera.a6) JenHy
:;

Hemamo AoBoJbHo rro.(aTaKa ,qa 6ucmo MaKap u npr,t6luxno

"

Jahresh. 28 (1933) 129 u

r.t Ha ocHoBy apxeonouKr4x ocTajeAHnr{ oo rueroBoM Mr4ruJbe}by cutypnt tloueH Cto6a'y cpeAH,eBeKoBHHJ|{ }r3Bopr,Ma 1Skyl.'Kedr. ll p. 460 ed. Bonn.: r<cli eu$i,g 6 paorlre) q dx&.po.3 6r< Moour.oa6).ecoE tcctretotv eiE @eooc)"or,'irr1r,, rccirei,)ev d,noiolv e.; lleLayovicrr., pl6iv truparr'6pevo( rri.rv 6r,,tooir.. . . ft6prfaE Di rcri .orpcradr. lerpo6rar rd cppof:prov lfpl).rirou xcri rori )roreiou. 'Exei$ev rcrrcr),crp,3d,r.er rd,,. 1'$epr.riv )r.ey6peror..rrorup6r', 6., . . . _6rctnepcroag irrq,vetorv tE td 8o6er'q r . .) oAHoo,r ce flpe ua LUlrn Hero Ha Cro6e, raKo 6u ce MorJIo noilrtcJrnrn

rara. Melyrrlr,

KJbyqyJe KaKo Ha ocHosy JrrrTepapHr4x TaKo

tr) flpema Capuju, Neue Funde in der Bischofskirche von Stobi. t., Cro6ra cy ce o.u.pxanfi ro Xll s. To ox aa-

Anrrronejy cnomnmy H filunraje a llronemej. Aau, [oK 6H ce llrunrjen noIr,araK (oppidum Stobi civium Romanorum, mox Antigonea, Europus ad Axium)a7) rvrorao eBeHTyaJrHo oAHocHTH Ha HaceJbe Ko.q Tperrluurar JIoTJT l-lroaeruej cTaBJbl Anruronejy y Muraonriy, a oBa o6rracr Ht4 y KoM cnyqajy Huje Aonupana TaKO AaneKO Ha CeBep, npeKo ,(ojpauqtor Jeaepa a ,,(eruupKauuje.as) TapH MHcJr.r Aa je Anraroueja ua Bapaapy jeaan oa Tpr,r r4cTor.t.ueHa rpaAa xoje je noAlrao Aurilron I'onaTa.ae) A.uTHroHeja je, no [LeMy, 6um ce.q,l,luTe cTpaTera HoBo[pHcaje.u,HrbeHe neouraje, u Harasurra ce Herfle iVxug oa Cro6a, rne je rocnoAapHra ytraaom- y. fiemup'Kauniy. Csararo uarJre4a JvlHOrO neponarnraje tra ie Aurr,lron lonara ocHoBao rpa,u, y lleonuir, Heno y MurAorujr, re je rvroryhe na je nocpe,q,H rpeurca Ko.r nTonenreja.so) I,lnaue, yronfiKo 6ra l-lroleirreien tlo,[,aTax 6Ho TaqaH, Anruroneja (rvrrar,qoucxa) MopaJra 6u ce HafialuTu MHono jyxuaje, u y roM cnyqaiy 6u ce nocraBr,tJro nHTaBe HHje rr il llnunraje r{Mao y zuqy oBy AHTr.roHejy, a He oHy roja je Ba6eJrexeHa Kao cTaHHrIa Ha Ta6yau. Hajea.n, nocTojr4 Mt4txJbelbe ita ce Aufuroneja naaaar y r4cKBapeHoM o6rrry Kao 'Awayvia H KoA Xlljeporra. Me$yrnM, HuTu je o6lur 'Avroyv(a cfirypaH -- y HeKuIvl pyKonucuffla HanaSr,r ce 'Avrcrvicr, ttojr.t t4EBecHr{ HayqHilUr.f npeTllocTaa.rrajy ;- HatTU ce HB peAa Kojrfvl Xrajeportle HaBOAH OBO MeCTO MOXe [UTa SaKJbyI{HTr.r O }berOBOM EOnpxajy.u') Taro rilTalbe rocToialba AHTfinoHeje y noaHoaHTltrtKo
Ao6a ocTaje sacaAa oTBopeHo.
34. (,,Antioch-i-enses", ibrd. IV, 35, mox.u,a rarole rpe6a ,,Antigonenses"). Melyruu, nuje iacro na rojy ce Anrur<iuejy o.u,Hocr,t oaaj fiarnfiies no,u,araK y3er H3 3BaHusnor Aarycroaor cnucxi, trorrrro cy ce,n fleorcKe Anruroneje nocroJale AururoreJe u na Xalrfi.quKy
HcrrpaBHrr.r

rr; Plin. lV,

no rome uITo ce -oAmax _Ii3a aayaeha

npeKo UpHe. IlpoQecop Mrxauro ,tlrnufi mu je cKpeHyi naxby.- Ha qSyy fiy r.r oBoM npfinuKou :axaanyje.M Aa rnptase l-lpu-aen. u Lllr n - on xuje ocnojuo cam uap, reh noicra rojy je 6uo nocaao. IIap je ir,ouao y -l-leraronujy u ol,aure no{rrao aojc<y Aa 3ay3me [Ipu,'ren u lUrl,ln floc{e rora oH ce npaha ug.l-lelaronuje (6rei&e!'ce oAHocu Ba I-}eraronujy a Be Ha LLIrun) npeKo l{pne Per<e Harpar y Coayn. Trane je- ornalo je.u.r.ino ceeAoqaHcro o nocrojaruy Cro6a y cpenbem nery roie ie Capr.rja lrsfleo Kao _cr4rypno; ocraJla cBeAoqaxcrea nocrhjy rr4Me jour mane repoBarna. LUro ce ruqe cpeAbeBeKoBHux apxeorolxKxx ocraraKa Hr4cam MorJta jacno Aa Ba,rLrdM ura KoHKperHo Capuja HMa y Br.rAy. l-lprl rom /laJbux pa.[oBa y Cro6u,na mopafie ce o6parHru cneunjarna naxtra nH-

CrnneuoHa roBopr.t

npeJra3y

a8; Ptol. Ill. 12, 33. ILa je mrrlonrcra Aururoaeja fi.q,eHrurlHa ca Aurnrouejom re Ta6yle flojrunreprjaHe MHcJre rrnrety ocraror: Hirschfeld, RE s. v. Antigoneia, Nr. 4; Geyer, crp. 658; ByaHh, Arch. Karte, Kavadarci, crp. 3. Byaah o6erexa]la xa csoj-oi Kaprr o6aacr Munngxi.ijy oro Tpeuuuri, na aeoroj o6anu Bapa,apa. Mefyia,u, yn. Str. VII fig. 4, rae je Knarau Jlenup-Kanr.rja nane,u,eu Kao npfipo,(Ha rpaHr4rra usmety

uy

Vltrupujw.

l-leonuje

2l;

ralby HecraHKa uJnr H3yluuparta oBor rpara, O ro6oxrbeu npcypeten y 6asuauxe enucKona @u,runa y Vlll B. Butu cal,a 1,1. Hr,lxoraJe'nrh-CrojrorHfi, Opr.ragr npoyqaBatly r143aHTrrcKe cKyrnrype oJr X no Xll sera fis Mareaonuie u Cp6uje, 36opnr.rc pa.u.oBa BusaHrororrKor HHcruryra CAH IV (1956) I58 u o.
nas

o; Tab. Peut. VIl,s-Vlll, 2: ,,Stopis XII Antigonia XI SteXX -- Tauriana - XVI - Vll - Rav. - Gallicum - Xll - Idomenia p. 196: ,,Calicum ldomenia SteTauriana Vn. Ceorg. Thessalonice".
nas Asigonia".
a6) Bynr.rfi, Arch. Karte, Kavadarci, crp. 3. Panlie JroKaJluloBatue no cJn4rrHocru rrMg.Ha ro,u, Turaeula oa6lja Heuzey,333, xao neiuoryhe. K.

Miller, ltin. Rom. 573 - ro,q, Heroruna.

50) Miiller, Ptol. p. 514, nura ce ra au je ro4 l-lro,retlneja oaa. Ar:uroaeia npanuln6 cras.IbeHa y Mur.uoxnjy. 5l) Hier. 639, I Sqq.: 'Hp&r),.etcr Atyroo, 'Avrcryylc lepiv6oo, Nrr<66r16, J6pq ro;: 'I6ope*q. Hontgrirann, ad Hier. 639, 2, npernocras.r;a o6ailx 'eln[] vir,, 3a6eJrexeH caMo yJeauorrl pyKorficy (Taurinensis), u ca L. Robert-om, REC 47 (1934) 3l u n., AoBoJI.r.r oBo_ Mecro y Be3y ca nrre,Meno,u Anrani, xoie ie xrBero r,lr,tnely Burora H I pa4gK6p 13 crp. Igg). Byauh, Arch. Ka.-te, Kavadarci, crp. 3, npernocrasJba ooauK Antagnla, Kao H Wesseling x C, Miiller (Ptol. p. 514), t4 t4lerruqrryje ra ca Anruronejom. Wesseling je u c.nelehy pev y XuieporroBoM cnHcKy lcp(r,6oo HcnpaBr4o y Ift'y6oricr;, aor Miiller t ucitu l,a 6u rpeOa.no I{HTarr, 'Arnrr1'or,(c rai 'A}uiv6o: r;u'Ai"iv6orcr. Cseea rai HeMa, no moM-MI,lruJbebyr oBAg'cpo!'a irreQT?,

xnopa lov&,rou.

ct. Beloch, Gr. G. !V,262.

ir) W W. farq, Antigonos Conatas, Oxford 1913, crp. B2l, h

Maxe.u,onr,rie.

flp. Steph. Byz. s. v. 'Avrry6r,etoMcrre6ovfc:,

IIlareAoncrr.r rpanoru

16

Hcrortla rIeoxuja
242
Mare,u,oncrr4 rpa.u.oBn

243

y pumcro

.u,o6a

stenas

paHnje cBe.q,oqaHcrBo o oBoM'rpalYr roKaslJe yrpaBo cyflporHo:

Jirxtro o.q Anrraroneje (Tpemunr?L . K9I - Aemrp-Karrje, Bynah- noKanrsyie rpan Stenae ()tevcr().52) $.!111t1_ 13u_9PI He ,Eajy HHKaKBe ocHoBe Ba saKJbyqaK 4a Je nocroJao rpaJl TOra r,rMeHa, uaKo TO CBU O.[peAa npAMaJy Kao HeUTo Heocrophro. Frg. 4 Crpa6onone VII rrr., rojr ce HaBo.qu rao naj.u.a

ce rpan rojra ce HarIaEHo Ko.u, KraHua (rd' dov&) sBao [pyl(ror Crpa6ononor QparMeHTa: 'H 6b llctovia . . . 6td. lopruviou rtlLeog xai Er6pcov 61ouda r&g eidpo)rd,q br\ t& rpog
,laje. Eao

(........

xedovicrv

pev otevd,, To ce Bwnw no qnaHy cd, noiu tlpeTxor,t , u no no' qeTry cne[ehe peqeHl4ue 6t'r!_v. Alu, ocutvt pelw dtev6, ncnpe.u. Fbe, crajalo ie r-rvre rpaAa. Ha ro yrcasyie npeAnor -npdE: 6ni

), 6t'ri;v 6 'AEtdq p_,6!PY Dudeidpolov ,rotei r'iiv 1\4obi r\c, Ilcrtoviag... Au'je y laryHu Mopana craiarra

IrpeMa AururoHeju. Taro He BHaMo ronae je rpaly rlpr4tta.[ana ooJracT KaBaAapaua, peTKo u3,q,auHa y cnoMeHHunrlla, HHTepecaHT-cnojeo6paaHocrr,t.srj Hr.rM no coojoj npr4MHTr4BHocrpf ra V nucy cBar(axo ceocra HaceJba, a He rpaAcr(H UeHTap.'O6aacr Ijtby Kara,q,apaqa je 6nuxa Antrronejia u narnucu ca ruenrx cnomeHrKa cy Ha rpqKoM ieaury, Ma.u,a ca jaxo r.rcKBapeHorvr oprorpasraJOM. AJilr, y Macv nprrKnx HaTnHca uaanajajy ce HeKoJil4KO JraTnHcKrlx, oA xojax je je.u,aH Hapoqr4To -eHhvajan, jep moxaa {Ia?yle Ha np},naAHocr onor xpaJa'Cro6nma a He Anruronejra.

HOr Uapcrtsa HrcMo

He caruo Ba noEHoaHT[rtKo l,o6a, neh Hu ea nepuo.[ pa-

rraoryhnocru

\a

noByqeMo rpanraily cro6a

rc rrpoE ...6"euo,,6r'cbv. He rpe6a .[,oKaBHBaTr .u,a ie_Ionyna eri rcr rrpdg rirq )rev&g dreva uemonyha u 1ecmwcttena. ['le rora
naK cne.u,H JLa ce
EBaTLT

'

aurrqno HaceJbe ro,q, Aeur,tp-KaLtajg naje mouo Stenae. Crann(a ,,Stenas", roiy Ta6yaa llojrnnrepuiana craBJba Herueby A{raroHeje ra l,l4orvrena o6eae)KaBaJIa je xaanaq, a He r{crourrreria rpa[. LlIro ce H KoA feorpaoa Paneucnor (lV, 196,.6) nanaaa Mec.To ,,Stenas", To He cmeTa HaueM 3aKJbyqKy, jep ce BHa Ita je on flpellllcl4Bao cBoie no.qarKe nB HeKor wrnnepapuja rojr ie 6vto t't HBBop cacraBJbava Ta6yne. floruyno ltAeHiuqaH- clyuaj HMaMO_ u Ca KnaHtIeM Tervrne Ha yaaay y Tecaaujy. Ha roM Mecry_ Ta6yla lloirunreP[iana raitobe 6enexra cianr,tuy, a feorpaQ PaseHcru mecro Stenas5), ailv HHKoMe nr.rje nalo Ha naMeT ,[,a 360r rora SaKJbyvr.t ga ie y lttusunw rora KJIaHua nocTojao rpa4 ,,Stenai". 14saopra HaM He Kaxy KaKo ce sBano HaceJbe rog.(emupKannje, ycraHoBJbeHo apxeoJloIIIKLIM llcrpaxl4Babl4ma, Hu La tu

. jeu

(Zw'DtoEA[.... .], pou].eur4[g]...).u')fpvrra o6rur r.*ini tr runorcaa.yjlaa 3ora.ri Hrajti 6u_o pt4McKH rpafanr.fir u Aa npeMa rome luje 6uo AeKypr,toH cro6cxbr rvrynauranuja.
TpoHr4[,tr4Konom 3_qnaAHg

ypefenuu. rpaloBama, KoJroHr.tjarr,ra r.r ruyHr.tur4nujurvra. nptirvra tome, Merr,traje Arrenxaer, ocao6ofieHurc, raro ro rberoBo ,r*i norcaayid LUIo cy o6aqno cBu aBrycranu,st) nnoxe 6Htu caMo r.t3 \Ka9 LTOOa. VICTUHa He /Vlopa Ce 6eaycaoBHo u3 TOra SaKJbyq[Tr.r aa ie^u Mecro r,ue je beroB soilrarr, cnomeHrrx crajao ipinunao cro6unar -ailu ie ro cBaKar(o nnoryhnocr ca rojoru ce Mopa paqyHaTH. Me$yrrarr,t, Heuro cenepnuje o.u, Kanaa'apaqa, Ko.4 ggfll-fra.uuha, Ha$en je Ha,nrpo6nr.l cnomeHaK treKor Aer(ypuoHa

[i!] tqraenomenl Memmius Anenclelu[s] Jaullustilij;-ao;'nosHaTO Je aa cy ynpyxerba aBrycrana nocrojaaa caMo y pHMcr(H

_t.o-le BoTHBHH cno-MeHHK- jennor aB-rycraJra: ,,[Sac]rum Apolt_

Kr4x cIIomeHr.rKa

y llpny Peny, xo.u, Apenona,

o[ Kana,uapaua,

je ono r3pacJlo y civitas. Aro ce Auturo_Heia aaucra HaJIaBHJIa i<o,q Tpeninura, MaJIo ie nepoaarno \a 6u na_^or-croja.rry olt cBera 9 rm noctoiao tpyru caMocrarlaH rpa,u,.ut)-lnjqj !e rpa.ncro] repr,tropujn npuna.u.arlo HaceJbe Ko.u, ,(euup'Kanraie y pultcKo Ao6a He MoxeMc pehu. Cnarca [peTnocraBKa o tome 6u.na
6r,t upousnoJbHa.
52)

lr,rla Ha nyry cro_6r.1-Xepanreja npervr a Talvnw lloirarirep ujjanu. Orcrojarue _oa, I2 puncinx ,itp?' xoje aaie Ta6yaa o4roiiapa orcrojaruy l-pancxo=Apenono.se) Mecro Euristo"n cnoMurte pl feorpa@ PaseucKr.l (ll, 1OO, I0).'l,larae.ra MH MaIo neponarni
npeTrocraBKa Aa je Euristus u.(enrHqaH ca rpa['dm Au6&[toroE
mefyrum, oA6auurr npernocraBry l43Hery y r4crom qrauKy Aa ce noruerpal Stenae. Kao uro cmo Bul,eru, nu onaj rpaA HaM xuje y r43BopHMa adxyueHrosaH. Ilo HeBux HaJra3a MoDa o_craru orBopeHo,rr{rar5e vujoj je rcpuiopujw npr4na.[ana o6lacr JlemdpHyTt{ cnoMeHilK ollHocrl Ha cyceJlHl{ r\arr4Je

or, yurhi peurud puje HafeHo Heriro aHTil'{loral-raayje ce o6uqHo Euristus, [pBa era_
ne,q,areKo
r,u,e

Eurisrus

Bynilh, Arch. Karte, Kavadarci, crp. 4; id. leorpaSuia, crp. 10. ra) Tlb. Peut. VIl, 5; Geogr. Rav. lV, I95, 6. sri Ta6yla aaie uimdSy Aniuroxeie u Stenas orcroiarue o.u. Xl Murba. K. Mrilli:r. aa Ptot.'lll, 12, 33 H Byruh, H. Jl., c"rp. 4, rpe.u.naxy Aa ce oBa uu6pa ucnparil y Vl, raro 6n o,u,nosapana orcrojaruy Tpemxlr - JIeinil6unrr'. - Ha iearom Harnrcy ua 6yayp-9aQanra, oro 6 rm 3anallHo o.u,'Ilenrai-Kanuie, tnomume ce HeKu.rpaa-16]'rg. V uaamy-,,J9litt1-1-a1n,rc-r-r Minea,oirzie. Jla lu ie nocrojab rpan l4y,uexil9!?", X. A.2 (1952), cro,262-6. norarana ca6 lla ce osai rpa;1 nuie asao l4ymegxoH, KaKo cy nictunw panniu HcrpaxilBaqu, u La Hymexuou.-{oiJ Le cnoMntte Ha Harnucy xaid yonure uue mecta, aeh rrlio rame- (M. II, l-lerpyureacrn. X. A' 5 (1055) i40-r.r a. ucnpaBro ie nenosnaro rmq,]o9lLt1v{,y }-N^oupflwov; ucry rrcrpaBKy npe.u.rloxr4nu ci J. n L. Robert, REG 67 (19.5+) I46 a l.). Mopam,

7l (1931),6p. 152, 157 u 170:98 (1948),6p. l3t. !6) u2 Qnoruexurc Vr. HanpnMep, anrycrare_-C. Kopnear.rji Aiaori,o:ala u K. <Dyauunuia Enurrera Ha Harnr{cy r4B Heuecejora cro6Cr<or noaopuurra, B. saria, D^ie lnschriften des Theaters von Stoui. Jahresh. az 1fga01 irp. 7 u cn.2. 68) Cnomenur 71.(1931), 6p. 142: Z1,tLog A[. . . ]pou].eor]E f6r.Acr:r<irr r<cri r{r oup,3icul. rcrtu.lop6vqr 'Ioo}"'cr1 @eoy6voog-p.,rii.rE ldilv 6d relietrou Ilcrpcrlr6r,ou. Cy4e.hf no nrrcMy (raagpalg6'o,ueia u, pbiiOoraano omr.rrpox O), Irarnr{c je us lll s. 5e) By,rynfi, Arch. Karte, Kavadarcir crp. E ra 10.
.

(1948)

_-^.^.

ul) B. ^Cno,uenrar 6p. I07-16a.

u by IIyp-luQnHKa.

7l

(t931), 6p. t80-178; 75 (tgg3), 6p. 87_t40; 98

l6*

244

Mare.u.oucrcu rpa,u.oBll

y pumcxo

ao6a

KoA firoaerr,reja r.r Audaristenses Ko.u, Ilarannja (n. crp. 2ll). Euristus je uo cnoj npr,rrrqil ynaBro y cacras Cro6a.
Hocru
Hra ceoepHy rpaHHuy cro6cxe repnTopnje nr.rcrt,ro y rvroryh,u.a yTBp.u.rmo .u,oK ce He ycraHoBr.r uoaoxai rpa.na Apra. Irlcrpaxrnaba y o6aacru Bereca morna 6u ocBerJre oBo

. i:yl
ooc. UTaHU$a

4croqna

neonuia
peUra.6n)
o

245

Moxe rBpAr4rH Aa je nocrojao rpan AcruyTa6yae) He 'l'a6yau

[Il4Tarbe. .. ' Almana? Herne Ha cpe,ubelr ToKy Bap[apa rpe6a rpaxnTll rpaIl, Dalmana? Alrnana uflw Dalmana, xojn ua je.u.Horvr MecTy cnomnrbe IIunnje.60) Ko.u ArrvraHe ce 6no yaoropno flepcej, raAa je xpenyo y cycpeT faauma rojra cy y' Me"qaqu (xog Aecyna6e) ueraar,t Ha rnary Aa 6ra rpeunr y Mare4oaujy n romornr My y pary nporr.tB Paruroana (168 r.): nad Almanam urbem pervenit et in
HHTepecaHTHO

la

aHTHqKH

_ -flflcera Tap,nqa, Kap6unqw it panarue, us,uefy HaJra'ilo ce ,,oBHorpal Eapra_na -(prlpyc),o).


Ca60pa.(451) r,l Xr,ljeporaosor- cnrcra,65) oaaj rpa4 je

ilaJraSHJra ce Her,(e y KoqaHcKo-KpaToBcrorvr xpaiy. HaceJba oAroB.apa rpaqKoM r(aparTepy oBor rcpaja.

cneaeha cTaHHqa Tranupara, 30 mura yaimena


neBoJ ooanr4 rlperaruuue, ceBeporrcrortHo

ce Monna BBaTu H npeMa

Tpavxo

n Airular
r,lrvre

Tpanyn

og LLItrna,

EApfA,

ILOHCKOT

l-loanar uB aKara XarreSZt

ripa fluminis Axii posuit castra". flnnHje noaaje ga cy I'aaH 6wnw ra!.a 75 prarvrcrcrax MuJba yAaJbeHil oA KpaJbeBor noropa KoA Anmaue. Me$yrra,vr, KaKo Hw noaoxaj ,(ecyaa6e uuje yrnplen, o:aj no4ararc He ouoryhaaa JroKaJrusoBaroe AamaHe. Crrira cy cBa .u.oca.u,autla JIoKaJIrnBoBarba npouBBoJbna.6') 14sJlrlruHo je pefiu Aa He gHarilo Hr{ KaKBo je ro rracene 6uro, untu Aa tu ce oApxano y pHMcKo ,u,o6a.
rpa.u Earvrasoc (B6pcrlog, 116).rg llcrtrlvcov, 'Egopog xL'),

CreSan BpraarrrHcrcr ea6e.nexrao je


Hr4trTa BHue.

npeMa E@opy oeoHcKlr

raxole He BHaMo

MoxAa ce

KoMe

pa,u,lr caMo

HcKBa-

peHoill o6.rr,lry Mecra Bui&!cr:pa?

'
O,u,

***
y
Cro6a rorraano je
npervra ceBepotlcrory nyT xoju jti Cap.u,uxy. I-lpaa craHl4qa Ha ToM nyTy, npeMa Ta6yau

IT{.9-r!1, I3I9 c. panraje rraorno nncawi. Onaj'nbaaraK yneo Je MHoro cBerJrocrn npo-6leru rpaHnrle MaieAonuje ---'rvA\ nlervra TparcHju u laruju (n. qry. 8a u BeHeA[KoB, roia je o6janrao c[ol4eHr.rK u BeBH c rbuM [poyqHo rHTepecaHTaH Marepu.jan ua-nehen 6poja-MorHJra y oKo-

AaroBaHux cnoMeHHKa c rcpaja IV n. y naru-ervr- Aeny. Mixeno_ nuje, yrorrKo BHaqajHr.rja rurb cMo r.rg rbera caa*alr He caMo Eaprane, seh H HeoqeKI4BaHy rrr4rbenrr.Iy .qa ce l?I9I9]_rPara oBaJ rpafl Harrasuo 371'.r. y Cpe,uoaervrnoj {arclju, a n6 y Ma-

Harnuc npeTcraBJba cnomeH.nnoqy o ,uarpaamr.r rpaAcKe Ka_ nuje n Ha[eu je na noKaJr[T_ery ,,Xan,rerur'r:;, rne cy KoHcra_ ToBaHH ocraqr B[At4Ha u 6aeutut<e.66) To je jeaan on peTKux

nocBe,u.oqeH H Ha je.u,uonn He[aBHo nponalenorvr rarirracy r,ra

i.

l.)l

JJt4Bu

oBgr rpaAa'

Mur.xJbelba

Astibo? l-loirrzHrepwianu, BBaxa ce Astibo u nataanna ce ua 20 MuJba orcrojana on Cro6a.62) Pexa Acrn6oc, y t(ojy je cnaru noru neoHcKr4 KpaJb Mopao Aa ce oKyna npl.lJlt4KoM KpyHl{carba, 3a6elexena narvr je roA [orujena.63) Onrure ie rnuurseme Aa ce Acru6oc EBaJIa .u,agaurba Eperalnuqa, a La ce MecTo Acrn6oc HaJraar4rro tco1 Ll-lrnna, xoju je o,u, rbera HacrIeAHo uMe. MebyTr4M, Mlrcrl.rtvr ,[o ce Ha ocHoBy oBa ABa je,u.r,tHa no.[aTra (Uoau-

BoAr4o

::9I.,I, I._!rrp Acru6oc.6z) Vlne rpaAa Eafia.rre no cooj nprle T?aqKo. BeneluroB HaBOAr4 K8O [aparrene ronoHr.rMe IfiII 6erga y tircarrnqr,r, Bergula y Tparnju w xugpoH,M M-/Bargus.
HnaHos

HaceJbe, uB uapcKor ,[96a]_I9ie

i. je ru je Eapra"ra rvraafe rpavro ro BHaqajy


aarueHr,r

ilo

crapu

n_\urupa ernmoirorajy KopeHa berg/barg_ r<iiy -JJ


aKTuMa XanreAoncxof

6aprala ce nojanruyje -

y BHaqelby

.,paanr{BeHe

nofi".oai

1e J-

.qao'JopiaH

uyT {ao ca6opa, rAe Ba etlucKonu 'Srp.rir.

,,arre,u,5r,c*, rpag nptsH

0o; Liv. XLIV, 26. R. Egger, Pr,ucru Harrrrc ur tynpuje, Crapunap 4 (1928) l0l u 1., tttuctu na 6r roA Jlunuja rpe6alo qt4rarn ilecro ,,ad Almanam" Ono je cauo no ce6u moryfie, aJIH, KaKo - ,,a(d) Dalmanam"" je Byarah, I'eorpaSr.ria, ctp. 5, nailacuo, Ine moxe ce Tpaxilrl.t HIIKaKBa aesa ua,uety onor rorroHrlMa u JrrqHor ilMefla Ilalmaxa la6elexeuou na ie,qnom ,no3noanrlrqKom Harflficy r.m tynpnje. 6r) Kiepert, FOA XVll, craBr6a Aauany jyxno on ller*up-Kannie; BeHeAr4KoB, crf. 41, np. l0l H Kapra Ha crp. 42, uznte\y Cro6a u Etlalope. or)_ T4b, Peut. _Vll,.5: ,,Sto.pis .^IXX - Tranupara - XX - Astibo .- L - Pautalia . . ." Miiller, Ptol. p. 486, trsmerro ie pen craHuua v cra' sno najnpe Astibo, a 3arHM Trantipara, c o6rrpom ,ra ie nesa na,uety

ucro,u :l::f.l:^tt_tibl IryBaly ce r8a ja-xo ourreteHa rop3a u je4na rJraBa, roin "vrujy, cy. no [cKa3v r{v_ g1?_u-.rl._-ry, nateru y camom .ulrnny. HC [LIrHna ay v xvi,ii'",i'r_
I

tjl CeeepoucroqHo grl LUrHna, na apyroj o6anu 6peralHtue, no_ __^,.. noKa.'rr,rrer croJl{ Jexeao (Exorrpaa), o!,arle norfirty ,u,Ba no3HoaHTfiqKa KOPr{HrcKa KarrilTera y ruruncKoil ,nysejy._To- 6u mbrao oIrra no"rroxaJ

tlt.

il

Beueauroa, irp."8s.

r;dy;;;:

d *,os)

;'.

#o

sffd

Zd*rupu.

Mansi, VIl,

if; l- I'J i:'Jf lilf i.- ??ixi l6I B; Hier.64l,6-9: B&pya).u,


"

;i'.t#; [ :' ;1. l#,


l

l]xf#.;

Ke).er.i6rr,,,App.ovicr,

crBapHoM orcrojaruy
63)

lUruna

i Acrula

osarfle,u,Ba
A.

H Jla orcrojame on 20 Cro6r-LUrtn.

MIrJba oJI,roBaPa

Polyaen. lV, 72,

r A. Harnuc ttacu: Antlno Vil D(ominorum) niojtioiiiri viitoriosissimo_ rum l.triumfatorum semper. auguitorum 1 vdtJriiinia-ni-ei'va-tentis Barsa_ renlLstJDus porta con.structa. est, disponen j[-te A]ntonio Alypio -urrFol c(larlssimo) con(sulari) provinc(iae) D(aciae)'lvt.aiierranJr"i..'Haras,; jo .u.anac y Kypruymara-.{ani y Cro-nrv.
Eaprant. crp. g2. Eaprala HeMa HrrKaKee ecse (ceir Mox,&a no ocHoBHom ropeny?) ca rpaAom-Bragyla (n. xlrxe).
67) BeneAuxoa, o8) Bene.u,uroa,

.e0) Beue.u,r'rKoa, Eapraaa.

paeronra H npoy.qBaHras

(1g4g) crp. g4

cri.'Bg.

246

Jviareaonciir rpaaoeil

pn,ucko ao6a

14qrouna l-leonuja

247

(F"pL*i), croju .na je ua llpne Mare4ouaje (Mane8ovioq o,).un) Moryhe je ry je rp,nr,t*oM. npBe-_ ro,u,erl Maxe4onraju y nu. upoaranquje E3Prana npr,rnojeua l-lpnoj _Marce.u.onuja. jloilnrje, xpajem.v n., Eapraaa_ npr4[aAa, npema Xrajeporuoiror,n'cranexj
.u,emy, Marce4oHr.ljr,r salutaris.

cacraB _Mare.u,onrje, floaHaro nann je jour Henonr4Ko rpaAoBa, roju a6or ocKy,q,Hocru rnaBopa nucy joru MorJrH 6mi noKa-

aru y.,toru o6arry_ neh [MaMo c{oBeHcKo ,,6ireraannua,.. JdpAaH HnaHos je 6wo [oBeo y nb'ay enrcr,6nuly npoyiLqvir(cr c EapraaoM lr Ha ocHoBy ro_ra BaKJbyqHo aa' je 'Epera.riHr,l[a ,u,o6ula nn^e no Eapraan.z,) 36or rorh_je nuctito 4i Eapraly rpe6a rpilKlaTu Ha cpeArboj uaw aoruoj Eperalnrqu. Harnuc ua Pagama uorBpAao je meron BaKJbyqaK. V u.croj o6nacru,- Ha._roprbeM r cpe,qlbeM Tor(y EperalHlaue, roja je rerr. rpajem IV n., a rnoxAa u aounuj6, yuna y
aueoaanu.Tt)

Huruta He 3Ha"/ro o Aa.noj Cyy'uau oBor rpa.Ua. Teo@nnaKT Oxpr.lac_rcu cnoMltrbe y IX u. enplcronljy tspayo).qvtria,,

BHap;.j; BpeMe rorraAaJra no.q UpKBeHy jypriararcunjy apxr,lerlrcKo_ na pri mu, u norJ;-;p6.';,i',i;j;'i!il;t'doni a sec u n da .TaAa He nocroju Bu're, namehe ce sarcryqar ca rrom BepoBarlr.o j-oru ueru rpaAosr.r oBe Aa nrje

y ro

cKory Eenenary ua iustiniam


I

Ocrana *o{.}-1iup9r(Ia, rpg^3anapa ce croMn}be 14 y aKru*a v ervmeucroi' -ca,opa'tssel.-.ni;;; ;;;rajenno .u,a je egigconur Z.pirr.),-u.' c iuitrtiil' ooo"ro *lj:1.15, _ Aa npucy crByle oBoM KoHqrrny ue coauxapHocrt
_

'

3Ar

Jp6ma piim;idi'ni#;

i;;;

cBo14 apx,enr.r-

usr i nia

nocJre_

'.eHor u panuje.?7) Je llpunaAaJ/.a

yKaaama-y cyceiiuv

upou,inqridlilr; ep.aoJd;y "I;;i; ,_;i;j

f't;;pr;-;

KoBalbe Sanape c Aauirumr.r,ra ie t e B v' r a e u,r,r a o c r a r a K a B en H K e Jf# r ffl?Pi "^ Jr # bt XtT ffi Ha ocHoBy crroJbHe ctuq*ocru rMeHa HasbAura gecro
cp

rlpervra xuiepor.uoBo, c[rc*y, Banapa 6u 6utranajr,,ctovHaja rpaA Apyre Mar-eaonnje. BeneaarcoB norvlr.rrxJba Ha r.r.[eH ru6n-

cy

Ha

:ETIEHI4AI,IH

rpar,oBe: Ke)"evi8tv, 'Appov[a u zdnrccrpa. 3a npBa ,rBa rpaAa HemaMo HtrKaKBnx flo.uaraKa Br,tue. Xonurlran je y cnorvr ue,q,arby

klaa

Saprare, Xzjeporle Ha6paja y Apyroj

Maxe4onrajr.r

e.u v 6r r.rp x it T'[] i."r1? i: r:'#::[3 : nia secunda flo,[eJbeHa raeMefiy llp"ena.rri,rraHe ra Hosor Enupa, xao
rrr

noxr4o Toruauerc a npraxahrro Xi

llifiHf.1*,f ir11#ilt!,.!i,t",f 'gm*',ru;;,f :li


e*a
3a

oBaHo

a np

Xujeporna rcttpaBuo Ke]'evi6w

onpaBlaHo Je.uau no cBoJ npurtutlw Tpaqr[ ce Heo6fi,Iau o6lnr Ke),.evi6tv Morao yaera Kao [cKBapeu o6lHx o,u, Ke}.evt6qvoi (y uaronopy KeaeHaiunh), y KoMe 6utrvro vnatu pac[pocrparbeHr,t rpaqKu eTHr,rKoH Ha -denus, -deni??2) O6epxyMepoBo ulenrrQnKoBabe oBor Mecra ca cpe,qrbesbroe6r.rilr
K).ei6rov, _Aanaurburu Krnyvoru Ha flo.qHoxiy Eeaacnue, roje uaBo.u,Lt u XoHurmatr,') rtoTrtyno ie. npoaanornHo u ynyhyje Hac y o6aacr xoja je nprnanana llpnoj MaregoHnjra. H 'App.ovicr, HaKo uMa noruyHo flpaBunaH rpqKu o6.nuK,

y Ke].utvi6rov

HeTo[oHr4M. Mox,qa 6ra

norpqxBrrrr{

tatum. Oqarre.u,Ho je, rvrefiyrur,r, aa'3d".fiffi; Aa He 6rcmo rvrorrru rpa,ixo iacere rpaxtaTr ,prr*o ilMe u Ko.( Eurona. Ocr.rru rora ilBrJrg.[? M]t Hennoryhecy,rBe eracronHje _ xela paxaejcra H Barapc^_a r,ror,ire 6;i;iil; ;;;;y jeaua
,qpyre (oxo

uro ie 6una

Macedonia saiirtarii Kgit

;;;;il;"N"titir;ig;;
oA

I3

- ,,uro, ouy rr,ri;. Hajaaa,


rr_eH

Bt;piyniyurr,

6uno

.pM6HHJA

Mecro Ko.( cena Tpa6orranrure (cpea I{apeno Celo)7b).

Moxla npeTcraBJba HeKo - rc-KBapeHo rpaqKo Hme.7a) Hraje rvru noBHaTo Ha ocHoBy vera ie Jopaan 14saHos JroKaJrr.taoBao oBo

es; E. Schwartz, Die Bischofsltste von Chalcedon, Nicaea u. Konstantinopel, crp. 39 ra ll, np. l. 70) BeHe,u,r4KoB,
71)

lusriniand prima, u -H;r;' ti;;p' 3.pl_T_..n1.nonujn li"ynex cnalao i y lypucl.jzruujy conyHcKor apxr.llnacrcorra. 3a BeneauK-oBo u\earufiwr(oBarbe Banape ca ceaom CanapeBo Kao ,u,a ro'opr, oronHocr_T1g gd;i),, np.*'";;u-fi; o md aaamo, ,-aucra rpe6a Tpilt<uru y roM HaJHCTOrrHr.rllr-To le, re{ry Apyre Mare.u,oHlrje.'v neara c rHM rvrornr4 6acmo Ha_
HoBJbeHax

f,:e:i{ % n 11ii:X# ffi L,: l{' lI,,',ff aflu, M, cuo Br{[ery..Fa je_S!3 r.

enucron 6ro norqurbeH

,',,#ffi{##l,;

x.

,n.

Ocra[H JraceJba KoncraroBaflu cy Ko,u. cela Oprarapra (Kouanu) lr KoA Kparoaa, BeHe,u,r,rxos. crp. 39. zz1 Honigmaln, q4 Hier. 641, 7. calu rprlmerr4rra y Kpl4- Harna.u,Ho rlrrtKou anapary Burckhardt-oBa HBAaba Xujepoxla 4a jelau oa iraj6oJbrlx pyKonfica, c_odex Farnesinus us {ll e., rao 14 HeKonflKo r,pyr}rx pyKon[ca, unaiy o6luK Ke].evi6qr zr; floni$mann, H. lr. pyronuce _ 7n) V cod. Hierosolym. 39, rojr.r cnatta ,ueNy Hajcraprje -Hter.-p. Xnjeporuoaa Cnxer.u,erua, ctoju'Appevia. Cf. Honigmann, 10. 75) Bene.u,flKoo, 6aprala, crp. 83. Jleao Jopaana Haanona, Cerepxa Marenounja, xuje mN npncrynaqHo.

ii['li]!difiL1,lt'i#J"';'l;f,',ff #f#T, unu nol,urHyrux y olmirw'rpaaa nii,iaifi., ilnii,


ll) ltlansi,.tX p. tee.

Hl'ji'Hft frr,:,ii*ll'#lryif1'lf{r[]lT][,q',,sff it# lopuja Jlpyre Marri rouuft'6il;:!;.",iur. *re!y flpe ttPetr"rtvt' aarnraue u llodor
,,,,,,i, fr,T*Hl,: f8!il?l'i.',f,1;f.1 cymn. 18 (r867),crp. 7r8; Honig.
a 'rur,sr)J Enapa'^.8. o To,lte Han?ell crp. SSI^-'ue'rg r 78) BefleAfiros

248

r:
can.IHocr uMeHa oBof MecTa MecTo zeuroupieE.'o) a',

Hc

roqra l-leoruja

249

ce
;;
e

robopr,|b 6ra y nfraror Haruoj npernocraBun 'ua i9 5-'-n1?11^119i 535 r,l 545 r''-KaAa je yxrnyra Macedonla "tviniuriuua niraeMeby axu jra' ;;;,i;e;i np i'ruyu e'ia C pero servrnoj .( na oiorrr *i.cry tp'e6a najead crogeHyTra r,1 ienno HaceJbe Koje HaM l. n"unuro ciruo no'eTHr4KoHy K-crdcpdnv6g,..aa6eleJllxo )KeHoM Ha HaTrrncy I43 ceJla llneruunaLa .(KparoBo)t'). (Yloruno Hacerbe v-ryI-'Tv-I'.-tlt) iio.vr. A; iii "6ralo ierue r,aiero o.u, MecTa rnt,je .na.fen HaTnrc x 'qa HeMa HHKaKBe Bese ca o6ratrihy xoiy o6pafyieruo'

;; i; i.r-*,

ca 3a-

u'o 6'nac.r nornyH o olr

o-B-a

?:

;9::i : LT::I

o6aacr .q,aHaulber ,(giRaHa Ha aana^Hoj o6anu rrcror.rr4eHor. l5,I! o.q Bipaapa, goo rriii,n'ie-iiiiiiani i-.::.p.: .[AeHT}|vna,nai6oJbeoAroBapanonoXd1y[ooepa.'i) "u

;;ilil;

i; ib

llli

je !-yy9n'aa {Jlc-1rby, urie-je.ocranre roncrar5n'uo y anwiiii rpqKe xeresHrrqke

Hac npucranuqa: XonnrmaH ra cMarph aepbbiinrr,6)"i-Mil;i., Korr4Ko.mu je_nosHaro, noiaeAnra nricdo l9l3l,^ioryupuxBara ra He.yaasehu a.V6-ine y anaauay nt4Tepapflr.tx o iorrr., r.raBopa,

rlgHero MHoro .rpoirrpuaJrora, i. __^-.13.19 ^v..I:tl,lpeMeHy TpaAr'rqroHaJrHo rajeAnavaBarbe ,(o6epa c Aojpiiorrr rar,,ra ,i r;:

ctanuqe,(ojpauu,

orKpHO aHTfirrKH'Ao66:*i

***
pumcKo r'o6a Tpl{ tle.u,olranu Crpyrvrnue uomrls'y c-e- y H rbHxoBt LtcTo]lmeHH vlopu u Acrpaju [JreMeHa, .(otiepn, oHcKa

rpunou,

ca llaio.nrH-ma nrervr? [o'Olpu ciasrba Xepdaor, sjie,uno (V, l6; ceni,pHo on giHrajc*erope. n..,o,e ''uaje'catuo tu .rr,pyr,M [JleMeHHMa, 't npn-

: .(o!6p-, Aciparaou ;;t.1.nr"

ra-

-['lopon'

'#'Tir&:l#itii."3?;,iir'*T,:XtXi',:Xff #:i;i: a,o Aa ce rpe,a lrrcurury .(o6ep- ruopao nrrirrr* ;;ffi;_ HcrorrHo oA [,l,uoru'ena,
TanKoBH

,{:{3jJ.X'Jf

fy[{i._

,I"i:'lf *TI'Ji.o;XH jffi t.^.,ffi *r'#l,,,ir::i,?ftl,If rodep c ,recror'a fadpono, ceBepHo ga


abJiuH'#ii"c;
.Tpavanu__sayaern,

Vfil"ilii.

6nnxan'nO,oxaj Onr,'i
Tyrcna.na, sHa-ea

!e,'rvrelyrum,
IIJIeMeHa,

.u.a HaIu oH

npnor rnaxe,q,onciro, .prni *oir;tt;_ jep ol.i .Har,upy y ,pi,ruy, jv.u,

Ao6Ep

aana[y, o*o-erp,MoHa H EanaAHo o'u'


Lu

iep Cy

OHa XnBeJIa ,UaJbe Ha

iaxe Aa ie oapr.*o.'ffi;lr; trtu,*u y M"ntn-6!-1!y1Jv*utui nrrarrurry Keprrrry, xoja o,0.pl,IcKa uoj.,tu, npellan ra HeHaceJberry rpa1l. ,(o6ep, paBABaJa C;;;; sf,- n.oruur, crllrna y neoncriu
oAaKneJeKpeHynayHa[aAHaMaKe.IloHcKerpaAoBel4.u.otnene,

nuonl*rl-pul AoO.pl Onyiylyhra noxoa

oB-e nerce'8?)

I'opruuuiy '

u ,r.----.,-.., no[aTKa' Befio]iaeehr,n yrnanironi. o.u, oBor Tyxranu.u.oBor t K' o' j(gipunu' oltacru JtoKarrtyl.-fiootp v nayqHnKa hnua

-Atalanry'oo1

HilL':f i'j*#*'J;ndmruL-? *"{Tr:

llrffi{ fffi; t;::'*i;i:lili::l,t+:*t'fhlfil;il'Jili:ft {lx{li oe' Ouiauris.r4u D6zert, Ta$e.n Au,uraUa npl4xBaT,nr cy
;;;6il;"""v
-) E-"c'
..1. rn.riripr*uuriy.tu) (Drn,ncon

ro flpa/ueruo_XonurmaH, Ha aaf.tytu cpearueBeKoBHor cxonaja^cra, xojr,r je .(o6ep no6prao a cxolwja rj vOv A6ppw, H_'uo" noj, y a,pyrbrur pyrcbnucy, t6pprlv). .(or ce fe6nep u.fajep gaAoBoJbaaajy canno upu6arxnraru oapesnaarse,u noa6xaja A'o6eii lnpnra'"ra-tr"urru, usruefiv

iHffi',1*":;.:,'jl,i,t#5%1r"1'.iiy^t$fu;,##i:flxTi u.nu nainame nraje-'neponarno Aa ai Cir'ii* ao*uo najnpe y .(o6ep, ,,a . oH.[a KpeHyo Ha ceBep, ra 6u ce [ocJre rroHoBo Bparro na ivr. Doll oi6raja rano_fd 'na.nrr6rnor.rru A;66; c fa6pon oii am c,arpa .u,a ce iiffitill.'rrJi'*eronoj 6nrje aa'ce 'Miiller-dsa iror*orn iiri^ C rrorjoro* 1,!1.1: 9orrnelHo EacHuBa, rcaro je
A;6il" ?;;il;

rarcose c,arpa Ira

U?.i'Yrrd-26)''rv JV, B-LJiloE' Zearoupiel' Dai'a!\, )ou,l,lcrona;, Xep6ooor<6pca'

de aed'

4, p'

flatt&'

Tdprcupor' (Tranu'

'-'-'

J,isyrinr, cnomixur, ,l#j3.rkuooV

i"rl. ii oM iie-i u' . 1' v Liin *u*".'i. li"l? %',""?, ;; I' |Si:,.,i,, F' etiititt''ptritipp6s' *p' 503' np' l' '" Amonnora'r"h;;il;;;i' ' arl Thuk. ll, 98-11)0. -crp' 19; Leake' lll' 467'
14

Doberos Hena Hlrli$Or,, 124e. -tr

ri rifi,;ris ;ffi ffi{*: *l.:;x# goue Bene.quroB, He Haso,(ehu- Hr4KaKBe aprymenTe, N*tctu la ce ,(o6ep Haflaauo V riu Crpyrr,lu, - --' aJrH ra Ha rapr, 6e_ flexajyroucroirno gn 4ot l4Aomena.ni' Ilogoi.a joru jenaH pa'nor iiojr ronop, nporrrB JroKarr.,ir'r*fr'^#^",0r,?1,'.-'##:lr#'f i',#ff 'XiTJ.['J##i."rtffi rpaA r.r .q,a y Bpe,e Curarxbna noxo,qa u,.,ju
3

:l;,ri

x;:;

,a;#[t

e, a'.

bv

fr;;;'" t-;;;;:

!) Honi-ginanri. Lhilippson, H. M. s) ad Hier. 689- 4.


I
(tg4g?
'AYctorclet
oo;

*1 r<l'?i. iviriilit: ciiu tvtuttaonen'

,[,.:tii{Ifld,{tffiHitil"-HT:#,18$p}

rffi.itrffitfr ;.il:"[i.#]S.[[rJ:.i:.J,t-f

l*t;fli:l"jr{{,ff

ii,,I.i".'ipta8:":'

.fl 8;,BlJl',iii':{, j#[8.ffi !lF: l!l'-f;oi{";; W T;; itii..p'ii-'n

A#[irfHac, c. Miiner, il"Lio."#'30f."'

i'"et

'

5i','.rrpr1v

rr]6 AolprirelE. r\rlcuce.orrr&,

Joiini,' ."'pl'? f, ' o'.,

:$:'.;,tl??,f "I:0,:ii:tu.iti,',i;

8.,;d';;;;:

250

Mare,qoucrn

t'pa,u.oBl4

pl4ltcKo

496"
HaKo 3a 'To
,

I,lcroqna Ileonr.rja

2st

AoHcKy ApxaBy. Mefyflann, BpJIO


HerraMo At4peKTHHx ,q,oKaaa

ie neponaTo. [lepcucxltx y MaKeAoHcKHM pyKama.,Ceruruo ce Ra ie jgtx -l V,u.o6a aoOuo o,u, Kceprca DaToBa *ur..u.onin, KpaJb Alexcanlap nrhHrnu .(rlcopv ti o6racr ieaepa 1lpa-c1;;;;;;. ;p;Ai;;iutb. O.u, r-or BpeMeHa Maxe,u.ottl'-.tl^?jP9: idae, -sarHo ceae'pno'o.u. ce II.pxaJIH KoTJIHHy uervrefy Axcuia u-Crpunnola, Y Kolol 'reuro je u.Aoipql' (gp-aqajan^a) Byrxobo iep nurriu^i.i.pt ear^ucrraiu it 6u- ouu ,u,onp14 ys Axcuj Ao Tl,u,omena a ,[,a He ur,'je ume ;;;F oorucr .(oipaua. Crdrh ruucruru .u,a ,(o6ep, Tpa;;5-uTu rpe6a c BeBe ,(ojpanom, yocrllorrr HeMa eT[MonouKe Be.rracHue, MoxLa y ,u,oJll4HH crpyrnuue. on ceBeprro ceBepHHle, -t-

.ra ie o6nacr ,(oipala ra'u'a 6nn1

V npulon rnplemy Aa c_e l{o6ep HaJrasr.to y toluHu Crpy. ce HaBecr}r u crpa60non [o.u,aTrK vll frg. 36, je,.6apem y c_B_oM npBoM AJty, rrornyHo jacan: 'E;i Ot Tojn &pxroug irlvrt ir:ro 'I{pox}.eiag xcr.i ii,. 6ruui;. 6t 'ii,v 6 )tpuprr:v ' g6percrr, 8eEtdv i(1ovrr rov rorcrp6v, Lx plv rcilv eilov6pov 6btiv { rlcrtov-ia rcqi rcl. repi-rdv A6prlpov nuf rilv 'po66rr1v xai tdv Arpgv .<.rpoE, 6,v 6eEto. 6i- ro ,repi'"ov Aipov. Kaaa ,e'Xefiraele
Mr{qe Mox(e
H KnaHua r(poa rcoja_ Eporp,qe Crprznnou nofeivro y npaBuy'cenefa HaM.peKa c_recHe cTpaHe, oHAa c rese crpaire JSKO Aa -6yau I leonujy u o1tacr .(o6epa, a c AecHe Pogone u Xervroc.ee) ISaM^o roje re-ve CrprzrrloH, cy pynelcKr4 KnaHau, rcojri -Xeparleja ld"_o-"_t":1 ca Eanara IpgB saTBapajy o6po-Hrlr,r Eeaacr4r{e. ce HaniBuna y dnuaunu rec.Haqa, jyxno oA rbera, a ieaepoaanaAHo oA rbera 6una je-fleonraja u olnacr tiperr,ra ToMe, [eonajot ce cmaTpa o6racr cgBepHo on Ao6epa. Eelacu(e, a .(o6ep-ce r,,roiuo

-ro!a Ka.q 6u ce sHaJrO !e ro rJlaql4Ha Kepruna. Alu ra ce unaOHa Ce b6raqno H.,u,eHTHSr,ryie c[oMr,rrue. He B14r.re Hrtr^e HuHa o,u, [be. c EelacuuoM na ce a6or Tora r,1 .(o6ep cTaBJba iyxno Doll je, Ha[poTHB, .U,OKa3.uBao ,ua ce Keprcu1a HatasvIa I4CTOIIHO nrrsraxonao

'Ty*i,refbe'Tyr<u.LraLona [oAaTKa 6utto

6u MHol'o

JIaKLUe

i.J IIrpt4H-nJIaHHHot,n') o,ri Ciprr*or,r r-in Ora oso 6ulo TaqHo, JroKaJrr4Bonaru6 Aodepa y ,U,onuHI,! CrpyrurUe
HayqHHKa

Aro

no6rrxe \ytru.y

Hataauru

rrr.rbeHHua

yrBpAHMo

r.oJtuHu Crpynnraue. Vlesopu HaM He aonyruraiv' .ua npeMa Tyxuara,uy; TpavanH raa

61,1i 6u nprponurie Hero rberoBo JIoKaJII4soBarbe y oOIacTI'l _loioaHa. Kuriepr rafuenrrasraryje KepxraHy c Ma.neLuKoM nJIaHHi,br* ra cTaBJba ,,(o6ep -- t4sABaiaiyhu ce THMe oA cBHx ocTaJlnx
t{unu

MH ce ,u,a ie Knnepr y ufdny y n6rnenyJIJlaHHHe KeprcuHe. je Ta nIraHHHa Mopana, 6uru c oBe cTpaHe _crpuruona, Jep ce [poHaJra3r4na HBBaH CHtalxone ApxaBe, xoia ce Ha Sanagy y- o6s^IP rvrefyrilrrn'i: Eelacliua, pexe.e6) o"e crrparla ,u,o lo'uar,l O[_.Meg,ae6), j.p'ce Ba *,y n'.'*ox.'pehra La fiaenriaia CraHre
Ht4Tt4 ,U,a

on,i rtnlgRr,lrura

Cfpyr,nraUe,

y 6lnaHHH PaAosuutra'ea)

,t{o6ep je nocnegoseH u Ha Harnucuma.rot,t V-'tnucronrrr*i ufei ropr,ljaHcrax. nojnuxa oTnyuTeHux y roiy II n. HarraBH ce u HeKoJrr4Ko Bojnr.rxa poAom ua .(o6ep^.roz1 Cau oru aojnrqr,l npra_
Forbiger-y: ...r<ci rd ,repi rdv aOptpo*,,,, 3q.1Io"lcnpaB,'6a TeK.gt'^npeMa oesl(r 'p,oE6rrqr- r<ai ro'v Aipov dpo;. npeua oBoM os rci repi rfv rexdry ao_ je Doberos ry ynorpedrseu y ,uj,ruroru pory. Ila ru je I9:1L"_ _1 lp._1oA: rrocro1ana u nratura ,llo6ep, Hau je noipelr,r oner- rperuxi ercuepnr.rcr'e,
Gaebter, Die Distrikte Doberos-u. paroieii, Z.
oBe peqeHr.rue oqr4rreAno je ucraapen. Tomaschek, Miscellen ,rr) K.gaj aus der alten Geographie, ztschr. f. risterr. Cymn. lg (lg67i cro. 6g7.

rberoBo nocrojabe o,4 Hajpanrajax

ry ro 4d-ra rpe6a rpa'inru'6lajxe Irccujy._^Ha ro yraayje H 3ocrnnon no"qatar, [peMa KoMe cv foru 268 r., rcpehyhu ce HB CoryHa y npauuy Firr;, ;-;V;r* uluilu Ha cBoMe nyTy o6aacrr ,(o6epa ra fie.riaroHnje.roo;' cem y noMeHyTrM JrrTepapHHM {4BBopr4Ma, xojia nrixaeyjy
lrl.q,oMeHe roBopr,f BpeMeHa ,u,o nosHe anrrakd,

r,a cy,

uoroxai ,(o6epa y Aonr4Hr4 crpyniraqe,'llnin -,(o6epa

Kpe_

rre so.qu nyT I't3 Tpaxrie y lleouuiyJ?) rro'HaTo KaKBH iy p-aanoat4 IlBenH .Kranepra. ga y JI'SJI,4HI4 Crpyr.raa6efe'P.nourrr-e,3 Ie roie-apyno MecTo '.(o6epa.'lrlsine,Ua MI,l [a ie Pa4onurute MHUe, Kao uoloxaj r,rcvBuue LaJIeKo riq 14ldMeHa' y uujem cyce,(cTBy- MopaMo

frr;u'*,

npeKo

noOup nouro ce u io.i l-lnrar,aia u Ko,u, Xraieporra fi;il;;; cnomr4rbe oAMaf hsa rbrax.ns) Ocnnn Tora, rloKanl4EoBaPJ,,(99:11
TaKo AaJIeKo Ha ceBep cMeTa

lo

aHa,'torulu

ca

nraHnHama-

Po:rona
na-

r.r

X'e,ua,

roje ce'Haa tte cnoruurv?


nrraHrHr.{ r,rinretv

;;;i fril

u To

LUTo

6;o.y flpeb!

Maxe.u,onuiu,
.

ie, nleMa -xl4JepoKny' a ne v ,(pvnoi'


lvlurcc6orricrv rrpc6cov

y?TlLlu

x. A., crp. 68. sri Kleoert. FOA XVll.


ss) DOll,

6t'i Keprirn! 6p4p9l ' ' ', jtvt,irv r<cri Ilq,r6vtov. H.u.arne lbid.j"b 1r<rpir.;i "8-ipogli,o.i pcs6ptlv 6e$td,r 'Oair*1," iv 6tr6r.tei gg, *eV e[1o' flaiovag, iv bil iO a;.Oplg .E (lt, &orotcod,t 6l Itvroitq KcIl l\lotool'E' *u'"''n#) i6iii':E;;p;;r;-;j a,L.u-o (ro6 6poos) t{r dE(.r fir- rp6tcpo' ai:ro: 'Lrodpc,.lo ropcbv ri1.i i!Lr1v, 6tc tri flaioYag- torpurcuoer" '"""'"iii pliii Iv, 35: ,,1domenenses'.Doberi, Aestrienses;.!i:]' 91,9t-a-:l; .A6pr1po;i l6opo"4. Vn. i'i Ptol. IIl, l2-,-25: rlsrovfas' A6Ptlp1E..!:'Xro y JeAHom pyitonuiy; y'ocialr,tMa HeMa peuu rlaroviclg' B.'HanPeA npum' z'l'
rng "'' atrori "-;d) ,ipX,tg,
ixet"-cx

;ti ti,;t'ii,'g8,'i:'

apoE irope6eto

tri <iv

pir'

6tri

HOBTIy

Mecro. Zosim. l, 43l. ...-rd iepl A613qpov rcri' fle),.cryovicrr.6),.4i(owo. lbid. ,, "o) ^^ lr,.:-d.Ilcr"o_p90{qou rpePp Tozrlpoo, cf. Tbmascheli,"Miscelten, Al^lIoja zrscnr. r. osterr. Cymn. l8 (1967) crp. l?t. 1'1) Caebler, i. a., crp. I85, ry,iravr,r MoHorpam Al' Ha MaKeAoHcKoM _

uTpl4MoHa r{ He

c9 Jlo6ep Harra3ilo

onpeleryje my 6.tlxe

rcroumenoj

N.

aolb%r.';;;l'i6d.
A,iii,iiri

6poo5

CtL VI, 2520:,,T. -cii Aelio T. Djbiro,'mir. coh. iiti priiet6riu.l'...,,; vi, iirsi Maximo .Dobjrb, pir. 9oh. vrrir iir(aLtoiiiil..:.;-c-rr. vr, ds8,i ".1J{gmilia sQ:.: Flavius. T. f.'Aemitlia) lustiriui DoUieio;,,,'Ti.-Ctatai;; *,2t11 :rI. I l. t. Aemil. Priscus -Dob(ero) i p.2,21: ,,M. Aurelius M. f. Aemil. pudeni
f. Aemi(lia)
M_a_rcetto

.qo6epcr<n,u. I-lo rse,ray oH 3aKJbyqyje ,ua Io_B1rI oE (Duruna_ V npaBo aa ryjy HoBa[. 'u2) Vn. Kirb.itsclek, iffp. Bo*.. crp.242:

ca Harnrrcoil{ ilAroNoN Kao [AroNoN aosHpc)N, u c,uaipa osai

cyJg7.. rr,,[oOuf ;h;6;;;

Matebscri,-r'trici 1e'i1e-_epigiati-ai Roma, crp. bi;-r, Dobero vet. ..", azsig: ,. .. . Dobero'mii. c-orr. fli praet(oriqe), CIL Vl 32520:2B7ga: ,,C.'Valerius" Marcellu-s- Do6u;;:'. .;; C. lulius Proculus f)obero.. . ,,
Q.gb(e.1oJi._

Yn. l_G. cll vl 32515:_,,Magnus

I,lcroqna [IeouraJa 252


flna.u,ajy

253

MareAoxcxr rpaAoBr.! y pr,ucro lo6a

Tpudu Aemilia, [rB qera HapaBHo He Tpe6a BaKJbyttIlTH r4Mao pnrvrcKo rpancKo ype$eme, Beh, KaKo je Ky6rqerc nprrleruo, Aa cy y rpu6y Aemilia ytalunu oHr,r rpalanu oBor rpaAa roju cy crynajyhn y prlMcKy nojcxy go6r,rjanu putvt-

Acrpar,rona, Kao u oltacT ucrou.nlrcHor nJreMeHa, Ce npu6luxHo yrBpD,UTH Ha OCHOBy TOra uTo ce u KoA IO)K9

lloaoxaj

Aa ie ,,(o6ep

Acrpaju no*r{rby HenocpeAHo ya .(o6epe.,ir) vle xrjepor,u nhi caeuajeruo.tra ce Acrparaou Mopao HailasuTu ceBepio oA Ao-

cre$ana BuaanrHcror, u KoA tlruunjai u Ko.q nror.ruiil

.(o6ep je mopao 6utw npilnuqHo BeJrlrKH rpa,u, c o6ar.rporvt ie nocTao ce.u.r4r.rrTe enrcronnje. Meby ttornucHr4lluMa XalKeAoHcKor KoHur4na (aa9) HaIIaEu ce u Eild6prog Aopqpou Maxea,a

crco rpalaHcKo npaao.loa)

ie npxna.r,ao -npoBHHuuiu.Maaedonia secinda,,qo['j. *pg, jep {o6ep 6uo y l-lpnoj Marelou nii.rttl

8oviug rprlrqg.lo{

cpegrberr BeKy Hnje nocrojao, 6ap He roA'rHM r4MeHoM. Ko,u, HuryltQopa fperope ooMurbe ce MHoro ,u,ounr.rje eflucKon AeBp<i.rv.106) Cru,rHocr r4MeHa HaBeJra je Herce HayqHUKe ,rla [omrrcne na je y nfiTarby aHTHr{Kr4 ,(o6ep. Vcrnaplr ro je .(e6ap, xojr,l ce cnoMutbe y Hil3y ApyrHx cpe.[,beBeKoBHHx HsBopa, u KoJr.r HeMa HrKaKBe BeBe ca [o6epom. Aa ,(o6ep y cpeArsem nery nraje

V knjeirbrJroBoM CrariE\xaervry HMaMo rocJregtbu nonnen ,,(o6epa.106) He eHar o KaAa je rpaA paaopeH, anr je cilrypHo Aa y

nocrojao noxaeyje H seh


A6pqpov

cnoMeHyTa cxoluja ad Thuk. II, 99 A6ppqv (I-6ppqv). Cxolujacr je no crt4LtHocrr,r r,lMer:a, sHajyhu sa cpeAlbeBeKoBHr4 .(e6ap, gat(Jby-

rilv vOv ncr).oup6vrlv

3a KOJOM Cy Ce paHVJu ucrpaxuBasu raKo JraKo [o8oJu4rr4 OrrHrJreAHo HeMa eTHMOJrOtxKe no,unore, neh je cnyvajHa u npuBuI.Ha. Mefyram, nourro ce BacaAa nn ,(o69p 'He rrroNb ravnr.,le rilxuJrr.r3oBaTr,r, He Moxe ce Hr.t noloxaj Acrpaja 6anxe yTBp,qurlt. rlopen HaBe.qeHHx HBBopa y rojurr,ra ce cfloM,rby rpa[ u rJreme Acrpaja,.. xon EnrajaHa nan-aa hno vt pexy Acrpai, rb;u ;e -"e TeKna Hsn,re$y Tecaronure n Bepoje: Bepoiag xai 6eoo&iovixrlg p6doE pei rorcrpd; 'Aorpaiog.rrr) Xonurnnan cMaTpa Aa ce
s_6or rora orx6uja ra4enrHSnKoBarre oBon rpaAa c JI,aHaulboM Crpymr.ruona, ro.xTo pe{a CJpy,*rqo Ha xojoj ce HaJraBr rpa,q crpyrvruqa He reqe r.ra,rae.fy Eepoje ra Tecanonrare.rr*) Melyirarvr, aHTr.rqKa uMeHa cBHx nehrax pexa rcoje c_e ynunajy y'Teprrrijcrri Eanr4B ao6po cy Ha,u rrosHaTa: To cy XalraaxnioH', na itojra je oner r4B err4moJrouKr4x(!) paalora MilcJrr4o Leake, -uano re,{e

_on npernocraBKe .rra _id IIool,p Hi'laluo ;(bA A;ll panall2) Bagera crvro Aa ce .(o6ep *opub ,iruurru ceBepHo oA Ebnaclrue. crora _nr Acrparaon He^6u Morao 6uru ftor crpyrvruqe, aeh ra rpe6a rpaxi,rru ceaepuraje. c.uh.rHocr uMeHa
noraaefiu

BehraHa HayqHr.rKa u.qenrrasr.rxyje Acrpar4oH ca

crpyrvr,uo',

rpjA

AcrparaoH .Mopao Hailasvru Ha roprbeM ToKy oBe peKe

ACTPA14OH

y6ucraorvr l-lepcejena 6para .(urvrnrpuia, HaBplueHum l8l r. no HaJrory rbr.rxoBor oqa KpaJba @uanna V.107) Cem rseroBor rlMeHa I,r lberoBe np[r[aAHocTu fleonuju, He caaHaje,uo r,ta oBor KparKon [oAaTKa Hr4uTa Buule o rpa,[y Acrparaony. V ro Hcro Bpeme oTnpnnr4xe (npna qerBpT II n. npe H.e.)
rcoA, Jlunuja, BeBH

quo Aa je ro ucru rpaA. V 6lneuHa ,(o6epa xrBerro fipnu noMeH rJIaBHor rpa4a oBor

je

neoHcKo rrJreMe Acrpaja.

nJreMeHa

Acrpauona,

uMaMo

noMrrbe ce Acrpauot t4 y noanaroj 4er$ucxoj nucru Teopo[oxa, u To oAmax vla I4AomeHa: . . .6v 'I6op6,vcrtE,. . . 6,v 'Adrp6,ar, ... 6v Bpay6Lcrtg.los) Xencrra o6.nnx nmeHa 'Adtpato
caqyBaH naru je 14 Ko.rt Cre@ana Baaanrucxor.l0e) He moxe 6uru cyfl{rbe .ra je y nt4Taruy Hcrr4 rpaA.

jyxrro_oa Bepoje, Jlyauja, Arccuj, Exeulop. He-nu.urmo Ba Kojy 6u^ce .Apyjy- pe{y Morrro pehu -6uruaa req6 Hervrefy TecaroHUKe 14 Eepoje. To nuje MorJra HeKa rvralenai" neariarna periHr{a, lep Je }beH roprbu roK EaxBarao ileonrjy rAe ce 6ea c8a.Ke cyMrbe HaJraSHo ACtpauon. npervra roMe, uJtH oBa peKa
'Aorpcrror'. Ilctrovia-;'..4.6p,tp_oE (pyronucu unajy o6-riuxe Aiorpa(co-r', rp6-to.y-,'Eorp6o r-, y n. C. Mii I I er," ptol.' 508). .$1o 1]1) Hier. 641,4: Xr6por, "Apl'oE, Aior0-cnov, fle).tyovicr; y pyKoruc], groir Esorpq,ro\,. Byauh, Ieorpa$uja, crp. ,ur.rcar,ro jd,qa ptiordcirov roi, Xnjeporua croju ymecro Euristus (npaa craHr4ua Ha nyry Cro6r.r_Xspa_ 'Aorpaicuv' z.\-zJ: ^, ^.11u).Plin..lV,
,-35:

,,ldom, nenses, Doberi, Aestrienses,,. ptol. il1,

12,

r0r) Mansi, Vl, 577 D. Lequien. Or. Chr. ll, 77 nanolu Kao enncKona no6epcror, npe Eyce6raja, leponrrija rcoja je yuecreoBao Ha ca6opy y Capl,uuw: ,,Gerontius a Macedonia de Brebi" u .u,oaaje ,,Codices manu exarati habent de Doberi". Melyrrau Ha crp. 7l ucror ,u,eJra, I'eponruie ce jaema Kao enficKon Eepoje: ,,Gerontius a Macedonia de Brebi. Codices quidam melius habent de Brevi sive de Berve seu Berrhoea". OqHraeAuo

Jr3) Ifubitschek, Imp. Rom., crp.240. lbid. crp. 242, KyluueK Koncraryje: ' ,,nihil aliud de hulus oppidi condicione patefactum est."

il,

je aa je y nnrarsy ncra

y cBoM no[arry De them. c.4, ed. Pertusi, camo npenucy;e XuJeporra. to01 Nic. Gregoras, I, 164, l2: d 661-e Aepprir, (6mor<oroq) rird cdv &p6vor' Ar6).er rilg rp6rq6'Iooortr.tcrr,{(. torl Liv.XL,24,3: ,,Astraeum Paeoniae Demetrium mittit..."; lbid. XL, 24,5:,,Demetrius abAstraeo Heracleam (cndraro Xeparneja Cunrura) venit." toal A. Plassart, Thdorodoques, crp. 17 u t. Vn. r.r crp. 55 u npu,u. l. lm) Steph. Byz. s. v. 'Aorpaia' .t6)"rE 'IlJ.r.:p{ag' 'AEpravo; 'A},.e[uv8perd6o;
r05) fiop@uporeHur
cr'.

JIHqHocr.

xreia)..-faxo cy yocrarroM Mucnuilu fl HeKil crapulu redrpiOrn, vn. rvtiiil.i, Ptol. 509. Bepoairxr,ri. j", uelyruu,-.u,a je Eriorpt{' no-r'arri od arorpo,o,.. IO M14ulIbeH,e Aene HOnigmann, ad Hier. 641,4; Ceyer, crp. 659; Beirenuxor, crp.38. rl3) Taxo, Hanpr{Mep, Leake, III, 466, roja je naaasno erut{oJrouKe aeae HsmeSy peuu "A.orpotori-crpyur{(a fl Crprlrrron; Tafel, Tess. ai+; luMuua, crp. 329 u t. Vn. ra Oberhi.rmmer, R^E i. v ; piassart, ThdoroaoqGi, crp.55, npliM. l; Kauapor, I-IeoHur, crp.6. crp. BS;tm; --deneatroa, rpa .u,a ce -noroxaj Acrpaja _Ha ocHoBy nocrojeHux DoAaraKa He Moxe yrap,qujr..Koa Kieperta, FOA XVII, Acrparzoir xnje aa6enexeH. 113) Aelian. h. an. 15, l.
111)

Honigmann, H.

iu.

oi

6'd1or, 'Aorpc,iav ce A6pqpd

re. Vlcro u Herodian.

213,

6 ed.

Lenz.

254

Mare.u,oncr[ rpaloBl.{ y plmcro no6a l,lcroqaa Fleonraja 255

Hema BeSe c Hau.lHM rpaloM, ll oH,u,a To Moxe 6aru 6ulo r<oja peqr4ua 6nraay Eepoie,l15) uttu ce y.ElujaHoBolvl -pyKonl4cy noTkpara rpeurca u ra ce peKa ApyKur.rje aaal..tr.) H y gugIlPI. roM cnyqaiy ona ne Moxe uuaTu BeBe ca neoHcKhm JPl.uonn AcrparabHdin, rojra ce Mopao HaJIaEI4TH rterAe ceBepHo oa ,[o6epa. ' y BeBr4 c noKaJIHsoBabeM .(o6epa u AcrparaoHa norpe6uo ie ua oBoM Mecry noTceruTll Ha BllsaHTHcKy TpaAHItHjy npema itojoj ce Crpyrr,urua paHnje 3q1na Tra6epr'ronor. Oa.aj ButirerpaAoaa rojn cy npocrpyKo nocBe,(oqeHu [oAaTar (CnracrcoBr t), noenra je notrquie ennrrreirianr,1 HMe117), TeoS r.rnar<r Oxpr,l.u.c or" cronaralle), Harnr,tc H_3 upKBe Eog,op-olratte. Eleyce Ko,u. cera Bu6vue ienepno o,u, Crpyrvrtlue ua-I080 r.120) H arocra noBeJba

Tra6epaono.rna y Qpuruju, rcojr,r je 6wo Ha,[aJreKo rroaHaT no KynTy 15 rnyvenrra, npeHeo Ha MaKeI(oHcry CrpyMr.tuy, rAe ce Bpno paHo EojaBr4na nereH.(a o I5 nlyveHuKa u yKopeHr.to rbHxoB kyar.l2a) I-lpervra ToMg, y aHTr..rrtKoj lvlareaoHrajra nuje 6uno rpa,u.a

uB i286 r.1"t)

yur.rHrao HBBopH He'sHa1y HId 3a

Mare,u,onniw,"') Irlnarr, EaCnyXHH I4cTpaXIrBaq CTpyMI4qKe enl4cI(OIII4Je u [OMeHyTe upKBe Eordpoauqe Eneyce_ L. Petit npilxBaTno ie oBy roaHoBilBaHTilcKy rpaAputtiy o CrpyMHlru Kao HacneAHI'lKy e116cKollcKor ceAiluTa Tr6epnonoroa Kao raqHy H I'taHeo qaK npernocraBKy .[a ie enr4cKon Teorctuct 143 Tra6epr,louora,-'ruju-ce norur.rc HarlaBL y arrr.rnna VIII BaceJbeHcror ca6opa-(692),6uo

ce iouL_TaSely cytumr'rn, jep

Karas TH6epr,lonorn

aHTHtlKx

, Irlrvra iouL rpu rpaAa y Mane.u,onr,tjn xoje He Moxemo noKaJIHBoBaTu,aru Ba Koje nepyjerrao .qa cy ce HaJraaunra y r.rcroqHom Aeny Marce.u,ouuje, uatrely Axcnja u CrpurvroHa, MoxAa y camoj Ileonrju: To cy lrlopou, Eparnl u fipumana. - : fpaa [JreMeHa Vlopa llcupov crtoMrrbe flrolerrnej oAMax HBa KIOPOH .(o6epa, a .ncrpeg Cuura.125) C. Miiller je uomrurrnao Ha To ,q,a je ume Mo)KAa HcKBapeHo og, Ardopoi (rpavxo nJreme, Bana,u,Ho oA Crpr,rMoira ?)126), aJrH Ha jefiuorvr HaTnHcy Her,aBno HafeHom y Eepoju nocBe,qoqeH je erHHKoH 'I<bproE u TuMe oorBpbeHa Taqrrocr nToaemejena nogarrca.lz7)
BO.u,H

ynpaBo LrB oBor MaKeII,oHcKor Tra6-e-puouona. To 6n no rbemy 6rab naipauuju nortleH or.or rpa.ua.123) Melyrrarvr, oBa npertrocraBKa JlltureHa je Cnare peaJllle OCHOBe I He Mo)I(e Ce yKaSaTu Hw tta

ie,qaH no,[araK

illjn on XI s. flpaao

iiao je K.. Jrapeverc. OH ie Ha Brixe npl4Mepa noKaaao KaKo cy ce ca uo.ielHnnm KynToBHMa npeHocv.ila v HMeHa rpaAoBa 3a rcoje cy onH xyaronu 1utttt HapoquTo BeBaHH. Tarco ce tl ume

iaare,u.oHcKoM Tpl6epuonoruy xojra 6vt 6wo pa' o6iarurterue oBe BI,I3aHTilcKe rpa1raUraie

' cnllcKy

6W Ce MOXAa saKJbyqLrTU l\A Cy U Vlopw xHBenH y HcrortHoj fieoHnjra. Marue je Beponarua MiilleroBa [peTnocraBKa Aa ce rpaA lrlopou HaJraBilo y olnacTu ,(eypraona, e6or rora urro 6u npema flroaervrejy rvrbpao 6wru ceBepHo ol JlnHrecTfi,[e H l-lelaroHraje. ,,(o HoBr4x HaJraBa oBo nr4Tarbe ocraje orBopeHo. fpan Bparrar (BpdyuIoE) HaJraBu ce y Xr,rjepoxlonom 6PATI4JI
CMeJTO

OBa nJreMeHa

[Io

peAy KcjfiM firoaervrej

Ha-

. rr5) .lgan3 HumSa 'Aorpaicr 6uta je nO IereHilH AaAHJba Eepojr Ha, ytl. Oberhurfrmer, s. v. Astraios, lii 3, RE II (1896) 1796. rrol Taf'el, Thess. crp.-314, nPelnoxfio je emex.u.aunjy. 'A$t6; Mecro ,Aorpcrro;'. rora urrb rco.d ite@ana Braianrucror croiu ra Acrpauou - 3bor 'I),Lr:pia(, HeKu'cy Hayqpn11u rpaxpJIH onai rpan-y Sana,u.HoM a6 js "E).r.: ynorpe6naBa Hasl'lB i"ry J.tut<"Aounie. Me!y1au, Cre@aH B.Dsaxrycrr uitiprii y ,iirip.,u cr*'iircly, a ur4rar roir,r on HaBoAlr rcao -caoi 143IoP Hana3ilo'6rya_sy Ilo6epa. Ta6e,rosa (Via ce-AcrpiraoH iio(usyju au iilrb 'ESn. p. 2gf ucnpaara AI}TPON y.AIETPAIOIq y XuiepoKnoBog cul4cKy I Atotpri;v:'A).1otpo5.i! KacreJt iplaoul Honor tinupa He Moxe ce o.uprraru '[lpoxonr,1ja, yn. Mtiller, Ptol. 500. roiu ce'cnoMfirbe H Ko,u. ,iHEnrpv, ' lr1' A'pp. l, 20 ad Hier. ed, Burckhardt: Ttpeptori.tolgS il r'0r'2tpoi'pptrlul App. Ill.'19i 'nepporotrolrr; 11 r'6v )cpo01uc!cr (craxaro ilcxaapeno)' tts; Cf. Tiiel, Thess. 294, np. 10. rrni -i. L. pdtit, Le Monhst'Ere de Notre Dame de Piti6. I4:s PAH crp. 94 u a. 6 - (1900) ' ,fo) ltrid.: rcrpa Mavouil po*aXor.: xcri yeyor,6ro; 6rtor<6roo 1113eptour,i).ecu,g.

!aa' flo6epa u Vll,oMeHa, a r4crpe,( flpumane (? - f]pipou).o), I-laprr.rronoJba 14 Xeparleje CHnrure.lzs; V 4ensrlucorvr coLrcKy TeopoAoxa MecTo Bp&yu).ar, xoje je BepoBaTHo r.lAeHTr4qHo ca Bp&yu).og,"n) HaBeAeHo je ornnn peAonn: Oeddcrlovixq, '16op6vat, 'A6rp6,a, Bpdyu).crt, Xctp&xcopcr, Ar1rq.180) 3navra cy

u:UlJtl4 u3 TecaroH[Ke ,IIonuHoM Bap,qapa Ka VlloMeHaMa, oAaBAe ,u,aJbe Ha ceBep Ao AcTpaHoHa, na cy ce oHAa

TeopoAoctl

Ia

rln) K Jiredek, Das christliche Element in der topographischen Nomenclatur der Balkanl?inder. Wien,. 1897, crp. 65-71. 3axaaaxa ca,u npo@ecopy Muxaury Lunnhy uro /rrr4 je crpeayo naxby Ha oBy nHrepecanrny Jupeucroay pacnpaBy u yKa3ao Ha HeocnopHocr rberoBe apryueiraurje il
tzs; Ptol. lll, 12, !l 3 lltoprnr,. "Icopor.. Hexu pyrconrct l-lroaemejeru 'Ao"Icupov rpa,U, 'Ai.<opoE. V Apyruru nmljy HBa umljy H3a 'IcupoY pyKonr{cr4Ma rpa,u. rpa4 'Atr<opog. rpaI Anop Anop AoApyrraru pyronr.rcu,ua ra3u HBa llo6epa, kao neoHcKfl rpaa, Kao neoxcnr.r rpar, if. cf. Miiller, Ptol. 509. V onoi o6aacru oroj o6aacru

lteroBilx

SaKJbyqaKa.

rpan Alop_nr,lie unave.nocBeAoqeH, Jlpyrn rraBopri tnajy camo sa Alop y Eoraaju (n. crp. 123).
126)

l7-18:

rzri F. Dtilger, Aus den Schitzkammern des heiligen Athos. l\'1 ll0, Olpdgrl 6"i Xerpi ro0 pe1'&Iou ,oirov6poo rcui rcrpooL)'opioo Ir.'eprour6' Le.oE bbre).o6E ie,:eoi 'i.uur"'ou... ra ll0, 54: 6 p61aE oirov6po.E t{g &.yr<r.tu'rq5 .i,oioulE :.pcup;rfr!q; rai rcrl]ou).)"crproE'Irpegroorr6l"ecuE ebrel.fE iepe irg 'Ito&r'vr1;
1:2)

tzz;

l'oproud,tov Aootpaloo 'Id:prov 'Ior6d;po 'Avcy6voo

rzaj

I'afel, H. M. i. Fetif, H. ,r, crp. 100; cf. Le Quien. Or. Chr. l,

1223.

i for.rl critorl. rza; Hier. 689, 6. rzs; Taro A. Plassart, Thdorodoques, crp. 55, np. 2; Honigmann, ad Hier. 639, 6. Oao je peaar cryvaj aa ie jeaan rpag nocne,u,oqer cauo noqeTKom Il a. npe H. e. I na rpajy aHrr4Ke. l30) Plassart, H. .u.., crp. I7.

Miiller, Ptol. crp. 509, 3. Arch. An2.7942, crp. 178, 6p. 18: Kcrrri td 66$av roi6

oov66por6

256

Mare4oxcKu rpa,(oBu y pni,rcKo ao6a

Bpahanu Ha jyr npeKo Eparuaa 14 HenoaHaTor mecTa XapaKoua y Jlery. Ha osnx ooJI,aTaKa (cnucra reopo.u,oxa ra Xrjeporyaa) BuLu ce caMo ro Jr,a ce Sparul HaJIaBUo r.rarvrefy Arcrja u
NPHMAHA

rvrolyhnocTH nu npu1auxHo .qa o,rlpejl,uMo odlacf r4e rpe6a Tpaxr4Tu Manonpe cnoMeHyTr.r rpa,u, IlpurnaHa. V pyronuCuma XraieporloBLtM sa6elexen ie rao llptpou).cr (Ilpipuu).cr Ko.u. Konst. Poiph.). l4cnpanry llp[p.<rvcr, Kojy je npeAnox]to C.'Miiller (Ptol. p. 509), npuxBarr4o je n Xonuruan.lsr) On yr<qayje n Ha mutatio Pennan4, ea6elexeHy y rarnnepaprajy Burdigalense raaruely Au@anorua u Anolorrr,rje, vuje je I4Me nloxr.a r{cKBapeHo o,r Primana. Teruro je rto oBoM rtaTatty SayBeTH craB, MaAa pea. xojurvr je flprarvraHa ea6eaexeHa Ko,u, Xraieporla roHncrvro
Bopr,r Ba ceBepnuju

Crprmona, ceBepHo raru

jyxno oA Eelacnue

uoroxaj nero ruro je uMaJIa craHlaqa Pennana.

Brcanrrajom, cunrr4xom-, o.qomanrHLoM, Enonrilorvr a l-lnepirjon craBurra cam y oBjlj oAeJbaK u llapop6eaujy, raKo ce oHa HaJraEr.t 3a[aAHo oa crprnnona. To can yuunw:il a6or rora uTo ce oHa, KaKo he ce BI,rAer[ r,ra ,rl,aJber l,raJraraba, He Moxe y6pojur.u an y AorboMaKeAoHcKe, a Hr4 y neoHcr(e o6aacrrr, Himi5y Kolr{x ce HaJraSrr, -flapop6enuja
69^r, (V!r_ frg.- 36): 'Yrbp 6b r{6-'Apgm6}.e<og Bdd}.ro, ,oi p6'Xpt ;r6).eo6'Flpox),.eioE, Elovreg auLci-rvcr etrraprov, .6v 8tuppei-'6 xrpup<rrv Qqpqpe"oq bx rd:v repi 'Ayptd,vtuv, oig napti-'Po66rrqv r'eral (4( Muxe6ovicrE q rlapopBq).iu, ev pedoyciq. iilouoq rsrcr tdv g0),.cf,vo rdy 66s F'i6op6vqg Kqi)"ino).rv, 'Op06ro).rv. Otlurrro6_ roLrv, lgpqdx6v. Irlaro fioTnqe ue epitome, onaj Crpa6ouon rlo.u,aTaK o llapop6elrajn je gonornHo iacan ra npequaan na 6r g,e Ha ocHoBy'rbera Morao o.u,pe.Ar4TH noloxaj oBe o6nacru. I4nan, ,(oca,qa uuje y Hayqu nocrrrHyra carlhcnocT o roMe rne rpe6a TpaxHTu flapop6enujy, yr.nannorvr e6or rora uTo ce p_euerbe OBor mtTaba BeBI{BaJIo ta HAeHTrSuronarue nJraHr{He Op6era, y .uujoj ce 6nueuuu, KaKo camo rr6no Hme noxaayje, Ilapopoenuja rvropara HailaauTvt, t4 ruro cy flo,qarlH o onol nll'al ttunuixO.U aHTI4qt(xx nucaqa TaKO KoHTpa,qr4KTopHrr, 'ct^n^i, ,u,a-Hx ie
131)

Ocnunarre pHMcKe xo.rronraje @unwni.r 6uao ie gr npecy,qHor anauaja sa AaJbH paEBr{TaK oBe MaKen,oncKe o6racru. Ca I4croItHoMaKeAoHcK,tM o6lacrraua y yxeM cmucny
nJIaHI4HcKHM npeAeJrr4Ma.

Ha rbrxoBoM rprMopjy. Kana cy PuM.rnaur.r ocnojralu MareAoHui!, TpaqKa rrJrer[eHa cy ce jo^ur xHJIaBo o,[pxaBaJla, HapoqHTo y

je eHbprHvnoj ro.rroxu3aropcKoJ [oJil4Tr4uH oBor ,u,aJreKoBH.u,or BJIaAapa, oHa je ocraaa o.u, Tor BpeMeHa rpajno BeaaHa Ea MaKe.u,oHcKy apxa-ry. [Ipaaaxe rcoje cy BaBnaltane flocne Alexcan.rpoBe cMprrl y eaponcKom lteny beroBor uapcTBa ycnoprrJre cy xeneHr,r3r4palbe oBr,tx Tpar{KHM eJreMeHToM HacTa[beHr.rx SeMaJba, xoje je 6uno ornoqero Heronr{Ko BeKoBa panraje [ocpeAcrsorfl np,{Knx rolonr,lia

lvlarenonuja noa @urano,vr

IV. HCTOTIHA MAKEAOHI4JA O6racr usruely CrpunnoHa u Hecra npr,rcajenurbeHa


II.
3axna.rryjyfi
r.r

tl-r.p-op-Oelqi9. no_Mulbe

ce caMo na je"u,nonn Mecry rcon Crpa-

Honigmann, ad Hier. 639, Z

Hervroiyhe ycKna.quTr.r.

oa Tora xohe

ni4

ce oioer

Maxe.qoncru rpaaolrn l7

258
I4CTOT{HO HJrH

Mare,q,oncKa rpaILoBH

pfirucKo .qo6a

Hcroqsa Maxelonuja

259

BarH

Op6ery He nony,u,apajy u uonyrurajy paBJrHr{HTe r.rHTepnperaquje, rtocrynaK rtpu peuerby oBor npo6.rema Moxe 6uru o6pHyr: aKo pacnonax(eMo cr4rypHr4M r.rH,ukKaur4jarua aa yTBpfranarre noroxaja flapop6eauje neaanucHo oA aHTHrrKHx noAaTaKa o nJraHr4HH Op6ery, u4enrrQr.lxoBabe oBe nJraHr,rHe MoFa ce [oABprHyT]r SaKibyrrKy rojr,t narvr Te nH.uHr(auraie Hannehy. V rranpe.q qurraparibm Crpa6orionom Sparrtaenry nocrojra
TaKaB, He,rI,BocMHcJreHL [o.u aTaK Ba noKanr4BoBarbe [Iapop6err,rje

8a[a.[HO OA crpUnnOna, XOhe rr4 Ce r4[eHTr.r0UKOflrapun-nraHrdHoM, MaleruxuM [JraH14HaMa, Eeracuuom altu Ocoronom, BaBucH cBaKaKo u r'4e he ce JIoKaJrHBoBaTr.l IapopOerr.ria.1) Mefyrun, c o6BI4poM ,u,a ce cBe,roqaHcrBa o

ca

ArprajaHa oxo Po,u,ona, ou 4o4aje: ,? yB lbux rexr Ha rraKe_ Jl0ncrcoj crpaHu [lapop6e.nraja, ioia y ynyrparunocrH HMa, y KoTJIHHT Koja noqurbe oA I4.u.omeHA, ipr,o,or. Kanprno.rr, Opron6"rj, ou.uunonors u fapecr." I-locre rora ie ofler npaha ni Ercrrre. Kaa ce oBo H[la y BuI\y, oH.[,a Hehe 6ara re'u:ro AoKaBaTH Aa

ce

cmarpa,

peqH o\c,.rtup&xsrrcr.He oAHoce

cne,uehoj .peqeHr.irru^Tj...ua ilapof6tilrja neilu ya sriurr,i, Beayjyhra ncrp6riiuo ot( rap&xeic,", sa nrfr.ri ,u !-. La_$rpuiaHe. JaHe, uoil Je Mopao ra npoull,,lrH ceBepHe rpaHHrle llapopoearaje
Jlo.u,I,lp r{B a ru.a)

refi na 6ucarre, o

nojnnna j._

na ArpulaHe, KaKo ce ooaqno pui u y npeTxolrnoj n y

JruflorroJb ra fapecr". lzlaKo nr,lcy joru orrpr.rBeHu ocrauu VnoMeHa, rbuxoB npra6,raxxu noloxaj MoiKe ce ca cr4rypnourhy yTBpAr{TH. !{Aorvrene cy ce HaJraBr4Jre Ha Bapnapy, uarvre$y ,,(ervrup-Kanraje u Benfenlrja, BepoBarHo oKo Murerrosa (n. Hanpe,u, crp. I33). Ha ocHoBy rora Kranepr u To,tnauren u,nenrHQnKoBaJIH cy cr0),.rlv 6 drrd Ei6op6vqg c .u,onr4Holvr pexe Crpyrvruuer !.oK cy M. Doll u C. Miiller JroKarrusoBanfi oBy I(oKoTJrHHr.r

ro je napop6eaucxa KoTnn*a (au)trnv) ,,Koja nor{r4be oa I,lnonnenA u y rcojoj ce Hanaae rpa,qoBu Karnno.r, Optouor, <Du-

cBe Ao repHTopt4je o;or nJre&reHa oKo roprber roKa crpamona, uaro HH rberiy u.raje 6nlo jacno r,u,e 614 ce Te ABe o6nacria morne
ArpH ja H u ce, ]lnefyrum, y Crpa 6oHo
B

oflpaBAaBa u jenry H lpyry rneHrH@uxauujy. Ou o6lacru na Bap.uapy y xojoj cy ce HaJraar.rxe l4.u,or+ene BoJr,e Ka crpnrvrony ABa npHponHa nyTa, jeaan ceBepHo o,u, Eeaacuue
I,OnHHoJr{ Crpyrvrraqer $P.Yrtl

rnilHy jyxnO o,u Eeracilue, y odractn jesepa ,(ojpana u Eyrrrora.2) Vaer carll Ba ce6e, Crpa6onoB flo.rlaraK o uapop6enuck'oi

jyxlo o,U, oBe nrIaHHHe' K9TJIHHoM jeaepa flojpan u Eyrxono.s) Ilaxrnna alarusa Crpa6ononor Qparmenra o llapopderr,ljn orrpnhe HaM I{eKe

y xojoj cy

cy xi4Benr{ .qaneKo Ha ceBepy HcIIo,q, nJraHuHe crconiraja. crBap na noiy i:ir nnje o^6parura nuxnl- y oBo,rl t-__ -Apy., uTpa0onoBorr no,qarxy jecre ro lxTo cipa6oH Hanrauana Jra ce Ilapop6eiru_ja aataarz y- MaxeAonuju, oiinocJo ri. *in.ao;;;rj (oig rapaxewa\ r \g X,I crx e 6 o v i aq fl ncrpoppqj,.t,r). [P_anu uaal [o.qaraK le Tpe9a cxBarnTr{ TaKo xao Aa ce pa.u,H o flrpop6erraja nexoj npyroj (rierir*o, lilI:.lgT:_T9L -Hacyrpor rpavrcoj HJrI4 neoHcroj). crp.a6on ie camo xreo Jr,a rroAByqe r,a ce llapop6eanja naribnesyje Ha repuropr4jy E,rcrrm c oBe o4 crpunnoHs, rAe cy _orru-npaHr4qHnil ca rpyraM, TpasnHM nJremeHHMa. .(a ce fiapop6enraja- naje nporesa.ria ,u,alero Ha ceBep, c oHe crpane Eelacrue I BVr,t4 ce uB ,[aJber laJlararba xo.u Crpi6ona: aKo ce nole on Xepaxleje ra rlauua KpoB *oi, nporrl.re crprarvron ,u,aJbe xa ceBep y3 pery crpu*un, oHIta ce c rreBe crpaHe Hailalu ll-eouuja u o6lacr [o6epa. To suaqu lla JloCrpyrvrHue, jaP [_eH roprru roK rle ce nuruaro ltodup, l1I, yrae\na y l-lapop6enrajy, ueh y l-leonrajy. fiapop6eriia ie 11]9 npyxaJra JyxHo or, crpyMuqKe Ao.rrHHe, oKo Eelacuqe, - rcoja
ce Ha ocHony onora Moxe uqenruouKoBaTu
n).

yarpen, y jenHoj ynnerHyroj peueuuqra."Kapaxref, :IgIrpI -cyo oBux Urpa6ononux QparmeHara, xojr uorr,ruy oa, HEBoAa uE opHruHaJrHor reKcra, qnHu paSyMJbr,lBr,rM 8au-rTo ce olE nnorao H[OCpe.rI,HO _HaAOtseSaTu Ha Arpujan-e, ,raKo ce no cMHcny oAHOCr,t Ha Bucarre..s) Ilapop6eruja je nperua To^re olnacr y cycedciloy Eucaailiuje.rr HeMa'Hurcaine'ree6 ca erprajir;;;, *'rj;

orvl @pa rrvrenry

xoiu jacHo norcaeyjy .qa je Crpao a0)"ci.rv drd Ei6bp.6,.rr1E nmao y ilir,uV oBy ;I,pyry KoTJrr.rHy, jyxno o.q Eeracuqe. llpe cBera rpe6a npr.rMeTHTH ,u,a Crpa6on yrvrehe cnoje Becrn o fiapop6enuiu y norJlaBJbe nocneheno Er,lcarrr,riu. foAoca.&a HeaanaxeHe MoMeHre

cTpaHe Crpu,r,rona, y Maregonuir.r, j-ep ie

Euiaiia

6uno

14

rrcTor{Ho

6on, roaopehra

nopehn

Xeparcreje,
791 sq. 'z;

o Bucaatu'nna HacrabeHnm ceBepHo oA AurSunora Ao y nno.u,Hoj ,u,oxuHu Crprrvroua, xoju J1onaaa uB seMJbe
alten

Cf. E. Oberhummer. s. vv. Orbelos, Orbelia, RE Suppl. Vll (1940)

caoje rrolarKe o onoj roraunr ra.uajyhu y \uny AoJIr4Ity C'rputuona, u ,u.a le Caro Morao pehra ,u,a oaa tioqume oD, Hlomena. Hema ry-rIuKaKBe

Ceographie.- Ztschr.'f. d. oesterr. Gymn. Wien l8 (1867) 69a; M. Ddll, Studien'zur Ceographie des alten Makedonien. Stadtamhof 1891, crp. l3 r.r r., C. Mi.iller, Ptol. crp 451 u 507 - s1 D6'1, u. t,, cTp. 18,. npanulno. ie npumerl,o.tla ClPa6ou ll3raxe

6lspert, FOA XVlt; W. Tomaschek, Miscellen aus der

op6e;ro,rn.

e6pre ruuru 6u ce npeMa oBoM nollarKy /uorro o'.leKHBTH ILa 14[,oMeHe 6y.u.y na Crputtotty. KaKo ro rarmyuyie Oberhummer; RE Suppl. yll,lg],
gelegene EiEop6vrl nicltt am Strymon, sonCern am Axios zu suchen ist'"),

slv. Orbetii {,,D6ren Lage, ri. rlanona llapop6elnie - i-st ebenfalls unsicher und ufr so mehr verworreti, als das angeblich oberhalb des Gaues

y...u..i ,,.Ob sie tm Norden oder Osten oder, wahrscheinlicher drinkt, 'im- Nordoslen angr-enriun, lrii" -iiii lL zu Geb ote steh e nd en n ii iJmitiei ;n Jiib;; hi;;i;. ;;; 9 lll.n nicht :l.,l ninauskommen 9l..1l: qocn lassen.,, s; Eso je.uuor [.(eHTlrsnor npuuepa (r,u,e je otg loravKr{ BeBaHo r{e ymerHyry.peqeHuuy., seh ea raaniy) ui llHo.u,opa XXXt, g, 91 lg_.tl",.lly , : rptro\,. (Sc. lr6po() 6 repr6Xer rarri 6uop,iE piv 6 ,-flrlverdE ,rorcrp'd;, rc,i'Dei &prrov rd. ),'ey6pevo._v,Bepvovtpo;, npoore,)6vi<ov raf ,,.r<,r.,, i6,rrrr'rr]j flaroviccc,

was

mir
g_:

Drill, n..n.r glp. Ig

cigr6).oyor'E8eooa'xcri :.-::ii:i-"-6_\F tr\eca ,l bepoja rPaAoe,r fieonuje!

Biporcr. FIrrO nehe rnpaur;{.[a cv

l7*

2.99.
Cae
ra

Marenoncx,,

rpaiorr-y patcro

aoo" . _ . ..

Vc'ro\tta Mareaonnja

26t
JleBe cTpaHe nilepucKe

uasHo

paBHnua Hamefy Kpyrua-naaHuHe

@ilJIHnO-

noJb

,u,ao je uoBo.u,a MHorr.lM KoHTpoBepaaMa. JeAau o.q, rJraBHHx paSnora uTo ce oBoM Aaercau.u,poBotu noxoAy .qao ilcrovuujn flpaBaq Hero uro 6u ce oseKr4BaJro tto ocTaJIoM oflr4cy jecre cBaKaKo _ugenrra$r.rKoBarbe on.u,e rrouenyTor rpa,u,a Qt),furrroug rr6),.rv ca Oaauuuma Ha no[uoxjy flanraio<e rope. He muclum na oBoM Mecry sahr.r y cnoxeHo flnTarbe r(peTarla ArerccanApoae nojcKe Ha nyry y BeMJby Tpra6ala.s) Vraeahy carvro Ha qurbeHr.ruy .u.a je, npervra Apajany, HarreM je4r,lnorvr r.tsBopy o oBoM nHTarby, Alercau,uap .qouao ua Am@r.rnorna najupe y BeMJby raroaBaHr.rx ayToHoMnrax TpavaHa H .qa je rer [ocne Tora [peuao npeKo Hecra. I'.qe ce Mory cMecTHTt! TH Tpavanu, aKo ce yBMe .qa je-AaeKcaHlnap uulao ,u,yx rtrepilcKor upr,rrvropja, TaKo ,rta cy My Quaunw 6uau c lene cTpaHe ? Ha onai morueHaT, KoJrr4Ko rvrr je [ognaTo, nuje Huro cKpeHyo naxrby; ou, rvrefyrilM, HeocnopHo aoxasyie "qa ce Alexcan.u,pona aojcra Mopana KperaTH najnpe AoJu4Hona Crpramonar F[e je naurula na ayroHoMue Tpavane, rj. Ha oHa HajaauagHr.rja rpaurca uneMeHa aa xoja Tyru,u,nn Ka)Ke ila Hucy ynaarna y Oaprzqco qapcrno,s) n aa je rer oH,u,a upeuna peKy Hecr. Koa oBaKBor 0paBr.l,a

Xepo.uologom aer.uhy .u.a cy cranoBH].lrlr4 ria oKoJrnne jelaepa [Ipacujane (6yrrona) .rloBoarrru ,rpBo \pa cojeHraqe ca nlanuHe Op6ena.6) Bpno je rvroryfie .u,a je na Eelacuqy Mlrcnro u ApnjaH Ka.u,a, y cBome ontacy AlercanApoBor fioxoAa ua Tpra6ane, Kaxe: 'Oppq.)6vru 6i EZ 'Ap.gur6Leog dppulaiv eig Op(uqv rlv tri-rv a0rov6pov xu).ouir"6vcuv Oprpxrjr:v, Ot).(rrrouE rr6),.tv 6v tiptdrepcl elovro xui rov "OpprlLov rd 6pog. ArupaE 6b rdv N6drov norapdv }.6youdr 6rt Oexaraioq tiginero &d rd 6poE rdv Aip.ov.7) Oaaj

n Ee.uacuue, jep je ro jeauua o6racr sa rojy ce moxe pehu .u,a *o'p_&xero;t BrcalTuma Ha uare,u,oncroj crpatu u \a BoJr.H o.q, HAoiueua rca Crpumony. VteuruflwKoBalbe Eelacrue c Op6elom, xoje jacuo npollcrnr{e H3 aHaJrr,rarpaHor CrpadonoBor [o.qaTKa, [orBpfyje ce r

raxe o flapop6eraju je raro upepagnora Jla .u,oBe.u,emo y cymrby Bepoaocrojuocr rLeroBrx no,u,aTaKa. [Iapop6errucKa Kor.rrr,rna je
jacHo
uam Crpa6on
.u,a HeMaMo

uro

no ce6r MaJro 36or rora, MaKonHKo .qa Ha upBr.l ::,qolq:Io). Dcill-on ngennor Aa ce epa;iHod oiirryi*s :fl:{.1:.T.I3!yju. Tro,ll.ry xAeHTr{(pilrcyje. ca Crpa6onosuru @r}.rnzrb6rro}.,v y mory 6urn oqoj rpan o KoMe At;fi;:'"A y llapop6eauju- n6anar npaa, onnr.rrionoJb,HH.rTa aq raj npaA rAeHrripraryjerra o .i' eiij.;;;;; iPlP-"fllje .nero KoJr{ ce Hailasuo y _6tuaunu naauuHi op6ena. y:"y:r5.::.11r 5a oBo HAenruoaKoBarbe ne rvroxe 6urr cmerrba Her.uTo rrDvK_ uujn o6nux lrrreHa, Hlr oKoJrHocr ra o napop6err.*oil OrliililaKo HaM je
He.

Op6en, aro ce oBa ilAenTu'6raryje ; n;: plrHoM unu c I lanrajcrom ropoM, oAHOCHO EOi-.(iionn, ,cio [beroBxM najjyxnHjum orpaHqr.lrr,la (ono rocneArb; ju' n.r'cunoo 6enuju, oqnrJreAno je a,a duameHaru

<Dr.nHne Hr4 nJraHrHy

KpeTalba, a<rjcra nuje uor.na Aa HMa

ropo,

eununr,t;il"ililj{;"; .roBop,

l-lapool

Apajauoa no[aTan

o o6a .D,rrnosa .r-pa,qa, ie je sh Ap;F;A; HEBOp r.r ouaunonoJb y flapop6enuju' nofao 6uru ucro raxo rloBHaT rpa,q Kao etannrr no.( llanrajcro,rn ropoM. 3Oor rori Ixro npBU o,u, oBa SBa npala Hr.rje ".qoxrau.o'iii;ny Wlti,i"y Apyron lr txTo llanrlta rrsBopr.r o lbeMy hyre, ne tr,aer,ao saKJby_ -335-i.,
BpeMeHy ocH,Baba

,?Iy:r_Oil.(rrou n6\,^q u @rlurno6no).r-E F;frdlnaBaJru JeAHaKo 3a I{crr4^rpr{.l:l C


noxo.ra ua Tpu6ane

qo-Jby r{Hase He sHaMO Hr4rrrTa. Drill_ je

noiaiao Aa cy ce o1nnuu
no.q,_

apyre crpane,.Ao6a AlercaHrpoBor KoMe rrann roabpu'ipuiinje'npiro dirucro

.ryt_f1t HUJe MOraO

:iy

Kao .u,oxaa ,u,a ce!_q6el, tla npeMa roMe r.r llapop6eJrr4Ja, Hara_

fgujaH, ronopehr,r o ArerccaHnpoaonn noxo.uy .(arcre, n !W!vr, Aprjauos roAaTaK Moxj ce yaeTll
Aa cnoMeHe.

Bilo

Batta.u,Ho

oA CrpnmoHa.

8) I-locle lrsJraraba ByauheeHx, E6vrcr, Arana 1912, l8l n a. (rae je .u,ara H cna panuia 6u6auorpa$rja), uaro ux Beloch, Gr. C. lllz, 352 u a., He npilxBara, He Moxe 6llrlr suue roBopa o Her(om noxoly rojr.r 6u nmao Ba ur.rr6 yurhe llynala hru xery o6luxruy o6lacr. V axalneu reorpaQcrrx

o; Her. V, 16. 7) Arr. Anab. l,

l, 5.

'

r.r rorrorpaScrnx no.(araKa Apujanoaor onHca o6aqno ce sa6opaalra -Haupa ocHoBHa qilttexilua ga je ArexcaHlap KpeHyo nporr.tB Tpn6ana u u Aa 6u oH, qaK H Aa cy Tpudaaw xlrBerr,r AareKo ucrouutte Hero rrrro Ce H3 CBHX HaIuuX I,t3BOpa CMe SaKJbytll.tTllt CB?Kafo lSa6pao 3a HanaA 3anaAHri reo brdxoBe repr4Toprlie, dtruxu Atrupuna, a xe najhcrounrjr. Ha noBparKy ca Jlynana, Alercan,u,ap npona3fi Kpo3 3euJby Arpnjana u fleona\a. 1,1 To roBopu Ba HeKy aanag,nnjy raqKy na Ilyxary Kao Mecro rae je A;rercan.uap rs6uo npo.nasefiu rpos rpu6ancKy aeuJ6y. e) Thuk. ll, 96.

le Kao uro cMo Br{Jlenpr, nocBe.qoqeH.Kor, flroaervreji. fape&-jri Ko,( nronerraeja na rcroj reorpagcroj ruiipraHn i, iilprr*orrorbeM

*^_..y^l naJrHnoJb,

^ro)t,qa :j^,?rI _np-HcaJeri!,rbeHa Mareg,oHujn, u cawy uaaHriny Op6ea noJ. Kao cKrroHr,lrrrre opororbeHxM BapBapuMa. N-ng::LI-rru ,Xliqt roje Crpa6ou uaeo.u.r y llapopAenii^ J

Ilop^..[Iu!99!e1ucrce KorJrHHe xoja je

JQfan Fpsr, I'apecr. r-rolHieH na^^ je iavynao necr .u,a ie I f aro n a o y 6pao n ra ro j r,r ir y^,'o o rrbl r;nffi Je Ha cBoJe ,,por,BHilKe BapBape, xojr cy ce cxpuna.rrr.r uyMaMa r ruyMapunMa, nyr.urao ,oBaqKe uce Aa r,16 ',o u La ux v rpat xnatajy.l2) Sem"rra op6ela je npeMa oBorvl ibv ,nucy oOyxnarara,

liapop6elrja . ne - Crp?goHoBa rco.d .Mopa rroTnyHo o.u.roBapaT, [ronemeja,,,) g9.ll.ll_^9.pgtl:" v'n.ofol' iiioi,.r.; c.aMo

d"i;

g:lll

b;;;;r; ;;

sefr np6 orr,rni

Igu{a <Drruuono.ro u fapecK_upro[oJb,


It., crp.22 u n.

camo

tlocJreA[bH, l.ApEcK

,, *,t,

H.

ais,, } r,, oppr1).icov x,i,pav 4 *^.. gcrpcryycu8qg rai 6qosic!. ., :,'try6;11r dc-ad* Kara8uou*vcov r<iv p"irptp,ii" ig ,a ti,.!.r ^. Sd,pvou;, toirg &rlpeurrr<dg x6vag ro)..L,i: 6!rlyclye.., ",.i ,.II"i.1ri"ri egr.x".O.jrooi rodE rlsiocou; airtir. 6,)r]peoov. "i

!j-i!jl9|.]t ii,,? r",'qffi

z6z

MareAoncru

rpa49ry_yllItgIe_{99
ilcroqHa Mar<eaoxr,rja 263

oR Eelacrqe. To je cne ulTo ce o lberoBo6 iyxu<l "iooxe pehra. tln4nuien rolaTaK o fapecxy, oAHocHo (ernr,lkon noruqe na AnrycroBe Qopruyde npoBI4HIapecqrarvra -A,oxai rluJa)r ;e ,u,a je oaai rpql nocroiao Kao cagocTanHa onrriHnu y no'6a Pan6r qapirna.'') I-lapop6erncxr fapec5 HeMa HlrKaKBe BeBe 'c I4CTol4MeH-l.lM rpalog . y Kpyga.qu xoju je 6uo
Tpa111uTH

Mared,onraje ra. Mee.uje.ra) Apxehu ce CrpaoonoBa noAarKa u uHTepflperaquje Koif cam rope Agna,. MHcJIHM ga lrapecr rpe6a

i(rnupp TorniueK JroKar4ayiy. ra .y fl.ortr,nu Crpyluqe, rge _je no lbHxoBoM ML!LljJberby 6uo'-O (Io].,n., cr.nd r{E Ei6op6vqg.18) Mtilter uaK MHcJru ta je flronervrej norperxHo oApe.llHo nonoxaJ npema rg69 n lrapecxa', a6or rora Op6elnje (gapop6eluje, tcena n.ndnuna Op6el HaJIasil Ha rpaHUuH LxTo ie" crrrariao ,u,a

y Cranruun

il

npeMa ToMe Mopao 6u nohu ceBep'Ho o'n' Eelacuue'

Encalruja Odracr n?o-crnpana ce Ha ,rlorbem rorry peKe P.::lrll Crpamona. O^buqno ce cMarpa Aa ct 6scaii, xr.rBer6 caMo tana,u,Ho o.u Crpr,rmaHa, a aa cy EeMJbe r4croqHo o,q nuri iir_ ceJbaBaJrr4
lg.gu ,,yy::!-y rv B. HSaSBaJra
o6aacru oBrdx rpaqr,x nJreMeHa. neinai,ane'r"rrr* rrgBopa ,lo_ xaayie Aa cy ce rsuxose .rpanu[e Mopane rrelbaril. H;6;;;
oa.omanrra

E.qonn. vc!.aap7,

rdui*o'i; prGr,ir*irii,

nonoxajy

nuty aa je'ercnaHsr;i n^irerior.nu


t]oMepalbe THx [JIeMeHa AaJbe

i,%ffi.,rffi ru{{t Xanxrauxy.l)


He cyMrba, jep ce

t[ ,l

i *'# i I

.;:* u;{it#i t, #
;;;rro"ii-."oiririJ

dn;;;'t

rfirnour*u Karuuo;ry r.r-Opronirry (Kc].]'iro].t9, top$6KooironOtrrro).tg) He BHaMo rrnuTa. lVlaro ie reponarHa.-l-omaueKoBa jep l-lapruce yMecTo ,Orthopolis", *u*iypu ,Parthicopotis" XonOln, npi,rrru llrolle,ueiy' HaJIasfio y o6nacru Cuura, ceBepH-q
KArunoJb

cHHol4KHBIvloM TecalonuKe''u) o6yxnaheH .-O

15ena c[oMt4Fbe Aprajan xao Oi].urrou 14AeHru$uxonaru-e oBor rpa,u,a CaiCTapnm TpatrKHM MeCToM Bune.(Bivut, Bivq), xoje ie Jlexano Ha CrpyrvruUa ?) {oig ie, rolon,BnpaHo o.u, Oul-rna peUH

on x.p.nieje, ruro ce ryroxe saKJbyr{HTuu Ha ocHoBy Xujeporcla.l7) 3a Orilr,trionoJb cmo seh peKJrr4 na je BpJIo BepoBaTHO ,[,a

Aprr'ua na npzrvroply aiuaano


Tpyxaiy. ,u,aibe na-denepy:

Kaxe. I-lperua Xepgaory, ErcarTr,rjcina Le ssara oo.rraJi'ri;;;


sb-

Aa cy.Ercantr xHBeJrH Earra,[Ho o,q CrptrvroHa, y ro HHKo HtsBopr.r y rolu norJrery,caaxy. Aai,'io' ;il;; Mr,rruJbelby, HHUTa He roBoplt Hrl nporils ror; Hi 6il;; au F r{crorrHo oa crpuMoHa, a ina raaopa y xo;rr*a'ce ro HEpUquTo

Ir,

MOpaMO Ce yt]HTaTI4 ,U.a nU Cy Ce Te MaKeAOHCKe KOJIOMeHTH, ',iu

Morl6nbliE, nHie Hnmalo o,lrypno.l8) Ocianrrjyhu ornopeHo nilTaH,e JroKaJrHaoBarba Karuuora, Opronorna w qium[onoJba, aa.xoje ne,u.ocfajy norpe6HH eJleioqpvrJbuBo
HaBBaHo

tio"ri (:

cBe.qor{aHcrBo

lQg 6.drpur6q,.. Ev.)o.ra rlriou 6uop6ov "p.ig oixqp6vr;v "Apyr,Lov 16lr" r'crp.eEqte, *t,tn rcr6 rqE ra). 6,er ar B tdc').rin- (VIr,'

gi la;pilo;I-r-r.r*e xoje ce d"t;;

Crpa6o'Ha, Ce CBe CnOMI4rby, KaO L1TO CMo peKJIH'- CatvrO atu, Ma.u,a je nonarar rbuMa reorpa+cror KapaKTepa a He HCTOpHCKOT, He MOXeruO HI4MaJIO 6ufu CUrypHH Aa Cy Ta HaCeJba

nri.

ibiqrcoi rdprropruja oapxa te il y puMcKo .no6a. Orre

rol

reroj o6anu Ctpuruona, cTaBJbajy cnlinamH HSBOpr,r y Eaoua- vepae flal",xurts".por; o,u ,',a*eiiune MoryhHocr Aa ce-Encarrrnja nporesana u c oHe crpane TixuucKor jeaepa.
HaJrase Ha
seMJbr'f

yurh6 npeTcraB_ JbaJro rpaHr4uy Er_caara u Eaona: Eaon u ervr6r,,no"rn,'xo;r,r ce


,uouuHje

peq

Hc*JbyquBo Ba[arHo.

o Ercartuju

o6anu, na

rojoj je r

rcao aa gA. Crpra,vrona

ir6i:-oio ;riii-ri,ii. cTaBJba , Vlnax, "Ciprron. lbe,y j; ;p;,';;;;;


iiaraira oay oolracr
y_

bz;i lty,crL<rg, 6,v r{r 6t;"f rl *cr6rrep")e

CrPa6oHoBo no6a 6uaa civitates'


13)

Kiepert, FOA

XVll;

Tomaschek, n. ,u., crp.694 s a,' (roa. Pa-

-noarrura).

tr; Mriller, Ptol. crp.


o,

t5) Plin. lV, 35. roi Cvnpo.rio ,uucnu Mi.iller, Ptol.'507. Vn. Tomaschek,. tl. I.,.C','P.

507.

xTu,tli

MorX6rohv, q Btrn/picr/ "oi' "o'nooi,i M. p. tSZl Bivrl- r6),.rs.. M6pvqtar ccr"(rq6 'Hp6osog raf ;;i;:..'.',iE?Vr] tooo,.. .irvou&o0crr. rird Oil'.frrou oiretoileiocr, cird rrlv &v cri'lr{r ouvorrro&61'ror' po'rxot (npema iomaueryr -H. 4., crp. 695 u n., roiu npen'naxe u'u'eHrllcy iprriioeariti oro. rpia.i ci'Or;runonorem y fiapop6erujr. Kon 15era n pexa HaBeAeBa I ocrana Mecra 13 itsnoPa,. iAe Ce cnomnlty 6nne ilon'r roja Hocll HeKo neo6nquo KaMeH'e)' rro,xoi,i-ii1 no"ilpOno).rv orj"vor*ioal na
rcct-i

^txx n noun.45. 'I r 17) flapruronoJb B. HHxe olelbaK Cuntfiuta. ' t{) 3a y7. iiuties, Ctrit. p.510: 'o p4t<oe pcrrapilurrrov

# i" lfxr"fi g;'

i1.';, i:

"^fr

il

i# ?ffi

ft

#i fii'

? IfJi, i B
ad,r"t'ctE

MoHai oH nuie ilMao paBnora .u,a inorrreHe'Bucaire to ria leboj odatu pere.2)" Vocranoiu, BpJro Frv,o;tfi; iil i.'vrraBo rrrpelbe 'y ro Bper4e, rho ri,ro ci,o ,!t'pui'Itu, rrpu*opano [119aonaua nJIeMeHa, Meby rruMa H Ercarrer E8 ce rroByr(y rpeMa Il3:I3 Hcro*y, u ol* rara npeun, c oHe crprnJ cip,i*oiu."L? -.I ure(paH BuaaHTlacKH caqyBao
HaM

lr Kpecrouujo-m roropehu o ocuilrmuma Arer.unopr'l fi;;'8ffir: je 9[o", rojr rpaHuue nnaxelonix. apxuu; rpo;;pro C?pir-

Tv*aaraa cnoia,*e

Eucirirrlt

r;l6il; ;;'M,rronuio*

ie JIur6SpoHoB rro.[,aTax

@{}.rrrrov,

#fl
Hs

;',?i3[.iIJ;;,[?^';li,TTf 6Xfi
1) Thuk.

;,li;ifi

t'#ifl

],J:H;i:[

lv. I0g r'r II, gg (rae croir ,u,a cy -no_crpa6brt, fpreaau norrcrr, Eaone ii6j; f i"bm cayl_aiy?niiii^Ko Kopr4crr4 crape ,r3Bope, Mur,[onuu cy. ieana "ipaia'Eaor"t ,H6r.,roi . .-. 6i rai Brod,,.rcrr rfv "noj"-o ]'ouri, (Mcrxe6ov(av) pexpr :.pu'po,,,oE. tr.gJ p;r-"tro opooqyope6oi.co Brocrtcrr, 'H6o^,c6v s'oi pd_v Moy66veE ai +nal"rEli5;"iiic,rvs; (VIl, frg. ll). z; Thuk. ll, 09 r'lV, lgb. "r 3)
M,arAoBuie).V Steph. Byz. s. v.

265

ne 6uctvto Ha H, Ma.u,a Moxe uhu y tlpunor Hauler muLxJbeba' llcey'u'o-Cxnmna'a) r'l aa Baxu Hcro To tbemy [Hct4crl{panr. rDw"rr ynorpe6n HH ri;' rGffi!;; quHt, Mt,l ce' ^He Moxe 'u'a ce I'l llcrot{Ho o'[' Ea HI,t npoTHB *up5.nu ,qa cy Bucalru xHBeJlH y Maxes,oHr4iy (y vxeM O, oo"oi'iii. Slturir.

&,ft#";.
;

,lJaBrb:r

Dein Maceaoniae rosopeh[ o rpaqKlrm

) r#?i;t Lru;rm,' ieit,i;fi

;;;i'r;id.*ilo

dictos",6) alfii Ha ocHoBy TOra

i<axe: "amnem Strym<inem supra iut'*-Denseletae'et Maedi ad Bisaltas usque


tIJIeMeHHMa, oth
He, cMelvlo orpaHut{t'lTu

h'* | f; fi, fJi ltt?Xft , itk amnii Sirymon ":'l-littxro


:

T,'ff#
'u'aJbe'

Bncalre

iep cy r,r Ae1r91e:n t't MeAil' caMo Ha ,u.ecHy ropruer ToKa oBe peKe' "u";'r;"'ip'*onu, npema ocraJtum ,auo[,'mu, ryy,tll oro cranrajy Bt'tHauerre'u' Ka'[' H Aor cnorrlenyrra nanopu,T) ncrryvyiy ttloryhHocT ,[a Hx oi'Crpr*olr,'tt.
canTe BanaLHo

rreoHllt'r "^^...Lu a La cv

Tora Ai je _Er.rcarrra 6uno r ucioqHo oa crp-rLo*ru, Mopamo y3err Crpa6onoao cBeAogaHcrBo. Kao ravuo, TIM npe rxro ttpequsnl' Onrc seMJbe Encaata rojra HaM oH daje HHji 6nru uarurirxJbeH o,( enr4TolvtaroDa. '*O.io p-II9y Mecry Crpa6on'ruT. au 9y orco Arc,.rja r(r4Berr,
MareAoHr.rjy ao cipumoaa HaceJbaBarrr4 npraa Aa je onaj uo,qaran

AaJbe, y ucrorvr-crpa60Hoaoivr sparrvreHTy, HaJraS!, ce je4an npro KoHKpeTaH noAaTaK HB Kora ce BhLuD,a je Eucaaia 6uab c Crpumona: Eucalru, *u*. Gpr'Oon,"xr4Be ceBepHo :9. do.nuau rcpos rcojy Dpomuqe cnpuiii. ?!:9rr! l- oosUpoM Aa HHleAaH Hau r43BOp He roBopr.f

flt1l1 plfl.tll,opj !

,u,r4peKTHO

nporua

"-og^Ta-n-y EloHu uBncairu'".1o) Vl's.Koniir,iru ce

iacno u u?p'4ttuTo ie 6ralo r,f r4cToqHo o.u, rsera, AOTne crpa6orr oBe c 14 ti c ienne 'u'pyre cTpaHe t[1 i"riu'ir".v-br.urTt, xHBenv

.i:if 1i:i3h li? i;x; fs, {i#I:!!l rux* *fi 3a To raJreKo BpeMe Ha roje- ce oAHocu onai
llareaoHui_e.

.ril,,

x;
nu

n6pav'8). ii piv rr x;;;';1"ipi, "0.>'pipovo( 1o6,ii.o,r"eg rtai 'H.ovoi xui ;il;; 6or.'o'4r,5:roi< irpi'Aei-" roig x*i Ocr),&rtr;7 "Ett Mctxe6ot'iog &apcrvreg' 6 v xcri. o1 Btdd,),.tut, ut ,, ;V'"Op 6b rqg. Btdir')-rat xcti "i"liXO"""g oi< 'Pridoq tPcrotl'euJt". -'Apqtr6)'eog e$xupnov' 6v 6 tap p ei i"i'"" b v teg -Lt* o,''iiit;;;lip"rltt'"g,--61 "t' ir'vd rrotctpdv i6vrr Erptrp.<rv ,i,ppqpZ"tn-';pJ-pU toiq Btd6')"r*tg

;'J;ts;[]t:fi ,#]*sli':t:l*:ytet'ni""&#Ti""':J;1] i'>t pt'-p<i'-"' 6E' A v t&v(l)v T o p tc'' Moi6tr' v fi !; "ail;:;,'aiia"*"' 6trrirtet.e) rcri 2r*t6, etg ro.'fr"}; Bri;ir6v xai.'o6op&vru,:v peqelnll^ osor Crpa6op 6

MOHa

xHBerIH 6ucuro Ha ocHoBy rre MorrII'l a-axrbyqur' 11 !y-P.Y:?n'n 6u 6uo oBui-l3IJbJqaK camo Hcrouno oh c;p;;;;'-M.t5yt'r'r' H cynpoTnO rnp$erue ncTo TaKO norpeuaH KaO txTo 1e ieraino on'cipr.rrvroira. Mailo

HoBor @parmenra, npeMa xo!o! -cy OHIa 6ule naCe*ane b,u.Orrranfratta,'E,u.Onuma u EuCaJITHMa,

Amo 6ncnno C. tunpxaJll4. na npno!

Melyrun, Crpunou nrje np.r.iruilio ,r*uy np.npexy ta du ce nJremeHa rr,ropana pdcnopearr, i.,qnu c iea,,e, i Apyra_c Apyre cTpaHe peKe. llpe*a roMe_, HB oBrrx ocKyAHr4x ocTaTa^a Crpa6oHonor TeKcra rojr.r cy HaM o oBo;!r nr,raLy caqyBaHr, ,;a* rpo,BnaEil Aa cy Eucarrr, _x,Bena c o6e cipane'a;p;^i;;;. dr;j-;;;; aaKJbyr{ar nornpfiyje I sobeHr4rla a,a ce rvretro Eepra, ai r,oje urpa.on Kaxe na j.e 6uto y Eracirrru4u, io.;oj- npurru\u Ha_ JIaBHJIo, Kao r.xro hemo Br4AerH, ^ - --'' I,fcrorlHo a ne Bana.q,Ho oA

i#Lix;iil"ltry,lirvxl* [ijirilq{il'x"&i.?,?'ifl seMJbe lrcroqHo o.u, rbera,_rorxro crpilr,rou npercraaroa

6pa.r*uHur

rpaHuuy

Crpuna^oHa.

eeMne c oHe crpaHe

Crpw-

oa cy Eucalrn xrBeJrlt caMo ainrnno


Ps.-ScYmn'E g' o rcr6tnv p3yag, rotapdg rctpappei ' ' ' rarpi; ieitcrt LeYoP6rn BePYa ' ' ' 5) Plin' lV' 38'
,u.':

uprrriolerila u Bwcaaru: cis Sirymoni'm auterir veigentia aa -oicasum, Bisal_

9.llg 91Mo na aecioi -o,6_am"CipwMoHa HaBoAr4 ce o6r,lqno JIilcy 16.T r. I-tpnoj MaKe.q,oHcxoj o6aicir, *6j, l^rl^.:..I:g13l 11u ooyxBaraJra rep,ropHjy raervresy crpumoHa Je
u H'ecra,

Kao rrarn,n apryMenaT y upr4nor MaurJbelba

,u,a

je Eracanra

ticam omnem .u.T^H9ra9tea,


no.q,araK,

r)

650 H

. eis' 'Apqiro).r!'

)tpopdv Si,rclpri
1'er
o

6 rtr r ci

eo6

v'Av'rrqcvoo;*

'

,ii Ptin. lv'

,i ij lir"riy r

40.

l-lrore'ue-Jy B'.Huxe'

orr,fneAHo Ug ucrot ubnopa, Haaae[,vlo t<oti ilioii;;;; 'irl,.; 'iqq *p6< 6udp&s 6b ror. )rpup6voq Btdoil* leJ" u T"rri, 2v r v,.ff 'Flpax).eiaE.t z) a cyl,lr6e Aa ce Ha ocHoBy oBHx noAaTaKa ,u,o6raia yr,caK na ce Eracaarraja HaJraBrJra caMo BararHo e;pfi;;;i; Hapoq,To g6or npu.u.eBa ,,omnem., "tr no.o, caMor ,,*6.do,.. Mefyiril,
noo EucatruTll-yj, nornp[yjb Haue rne.(r4ure axeHr.r noxaayje Aa ce no4,Bisalticam- omnem,,-'no[phayrue;;jy ;;; 6acarrcre EeMJbe Eana,qHo o[ Ctpr,rnona, aJlr.r He - rrcrnyuge nocrol.ru'a
,u,arar

qu* Sirli;;-ipiJrirnt.,,;

Vt*u

llnauja,

Ma

Jro 4droe, nan a-tervro"rbyr

r,

.u,ocalr,a He'a,,a

",,.,'i,l*itt"d'nis;i,tirtr"t,fi '' pixpt ro6 flowrroi ce ynorpe6trr


or6Pcrrog
'

'ul,;ifl?#?'l:0"ff#"'if

r O'r'omaura" "Harue re3e. Et6 tti peicr$t Moxe 3naq"' repuropile-'-a!! -Uft:lL" rt. raro a"-crpr*o-n;.i';;;jti-"llq"-:. cn'u'o rperxoltrom 6rri il{atDo*^ x:1;03,"";9.'i::

s; I-locneana peqeHua

19.1: -"'im"5f

Hlt 3a Hfi nporllB

;: rpe6a uary6uru

H;.;;;'; i-oa.itiruii",

rcolu,

oBI noAa[I'l caqyBaHI't y eKcqepnTl{il4' qecro ra silHe'HelacIIHM' "il,i.u.a caxumalynu t:ipi6onoB'reKcr'

,t

cy BaIli

t:; Din. ITvl'Er.'r; XXXI, 8, 7.

ill

i[:

a np

266

ManeAoncKil rpaAoBlr craHoBHr4r.xTBa H rra

pr,r,uir<o .q<i6a

Apyroj, lenoj o6alu oBe pexe. I-lpanaajyfiu noAe.uy Maxe.uonnje r(ojy cy rraBpurunu Prm.ranu, Jlunuje roBopn o rome KaKo je cnara odlacr aa ce6e cnoco6Ha Ba camocraJlaH xuBoT u na1paja [peAHocru cBaKe o,u, rbr.rx. 3a nppy o6nacr oH Kaxe remefy ocTanor: ,,Pars prima Bisaltas habet, fortissimos viros Nessum amnem incolunt et circa - lrans Strymonem. .."") Irlepaa ,,trans Nessum" He Moxe oBAe uwaru cnoj nparu cwucao, jep c oHe crpaHe Hecra, rj. ncrouHo oA lbera, nraje 6raao Eucaata. Ctora MH ce quHu La je cruucao one ymeTHyre peqeHHue onaj: .rta Eucaarn )r(HEe oxo CrprannoHa, rj.
raannely Crpranona

drcaatcror

Hecra.

xojrarvr cy ce paBJroBr4Ma Puru.rnanu pyxoBo.0.r4Jrr4 npunr4r(om noBJraqerba oBe rpaHuue. Hrxo ce r,oca1a nHje nuTao BarxTo Putu;ranu HI4cy sa.u.pxaJlu Kao Bana,&Hy rpaHurly flpne Mare,rr.oHcxe o6.uacru nprpoAHy rpaHuuy riojy vrarrr,r pexa Crpnnnon? LUra je nux HaBerro Aa yr(Jbyqe y tlpny Mepr4.[y yaaHr.r nojac 1yx tsaflagHe o6are Crpurvrona? O6jaurnelbe, qr4Hr,t Mr4 ce, Moxe 6uru camo jelHo: MopaJrr4 cy npeBarHyTr,t eTHuqKH oAHocHo nJreMeHcKH MoTr.rBH, jep je y oBoM .qeny Maxe,u,onuje nnervreHcKH xHBof 6uo y 4o6a pr,rmcKor_ocaajarua jour yaer paanrajeH. Meby Mepr4.[aMa, rvre$yrrrvr, nraie 6wto npaBa conubium 14 commercium. Vnpano BaTo ruro ]e Eucalra 6wno 14 ucrortno on CrprarvroHa, PumJbaHr.r HHcy oBo nJreMe no,[eJrr,rJr.r r,larvrely ABejy Mepu4a o,upebyjyhu Kao rpaHr.ruy caMy peKy: uena Tepuropr4ja Euca.ura c je4ne h c

l4ngltperrHy rtorBp.u.y Ba raqHocr Hauena saKibyqKa npyxHhe HaM JIfisraien nogaraK o rrpucaie,u,rarrersy Eucanra BanaAHo on Crpnnnona llpnoj nnareloHocoj o6tacTu, aKo ce ynuTaMo

^{i{xu,'ifiipfi',.Ttr.1;}1i.,,'f# sopoca.l7) fiocraBJba ycnex, na vByr(y y crioj caBes u ce nura6e KaKo cy Aru*au,r npu^opajy Ha nlahame rD'4r,r{; a A y y ay r p aru n tic r u Ma KeA o Hc n u rup * Jdil 9lll 3ti -rp t';["' YnaJbeH oJ. Anp_nnona)? vraxo noryuan a \a ro o6jacnr, Ea,con npzanaje 'r,a 6n ilu,o reuKo seHl{fijy v ono_y cnyqajy Ai HeMa aorycrrr H aru*c.y rrHTepHeocnopHor cBe.[oqaHcrBa aTr4HcKl4x cnr4c*oBa.'j) Arr, na Hcro-j crpa*H Ha rojoj ce rpax, 6epra, caMo MHoro 6'nuxe' o6unr.r 6r,lo je H tpan Tparun,- r<oiw
crilrcKoBr.rrua

a,n; v u,

Eucarra 6ra1o_:ly9 na roj nocroje -.]!l.Lr -pere.rs) Mefiyra,ra, Ana os6u*r-1!1.3rora xoja roBope _ia_ro ir. ;.-,86;; ;;;. Hanasnru ncTorrHo or cipuruoni: 1) E-;p6J. oura Eyru Hil. ro,rlrHa qran Aruqro-Aerciol^ iu; ii'srpra je Ha rpenasy ua V.y IV B. npe H. e. KoBaJra !1r_. .HoBau. Mare,u,on.uu cy, Kao nocJre ,porepr4Barba flepcajana(a r.r' ce'obpne !!rrg :;-rornuro, ocnojralu aeMJbe [..;u r,,srr,refy Ax_ cyia n CrpHmona. iyxraraoubnn cBeAo,{aHcrBy_oBe cy -l-lpervra ooJIaCTH 6rare. y rraaxe,qoncxra,u pyKaMa ;- ,^ Bpe,e frenono_ HecKor para,r6) r.xro BHasr4 je ,uprropri, Ha rojoj au .u-no oriluTel4 Mr4r.r.rJbersy.Mopa-na nalaiuru 'E;pi;'' 6uila y-V'u. nolr ,r,rareAoHc^or. h y. y r u M, .Ka Ko ri rm u- eAidn V j.rii,,;i _111,_1 _Mef oa c.aojzx yc_r.r9-.Ta_x ioruui'y noir*iJu"noiiriro KaKo ce Marepujaa ,,B cnrrcxoBa aT,rtxo-l.r'i*;;';;;;:, tt w r\v P n cr rlT u a a u cT oD ucKV reo nn a rh uir,, u . -^ -,-1,;.i^" ; ^ i::'Y

-ta.rerju-**94gryla

__?gi

:?ffiti,:

pere npunarru je fipaoj mare1oHoroj o6nacru. Vlcrn je cryvaj u ca Xeparlejom Cunrnxonn. I,l oHa je npucaie,u.urseHa l-lpnoj o1aacru a6or Tora uTo ce ocraJla repr.rropuja
Jr,pyre crpaHe

iid'*1:X'"X:i{BxpP,'!3f :1{fi aio BeBy. To ce HLtquM iu oa o6jacnuru ce fiepra rorarusyje Ha ,Uecnoj o1alu Crpur,aona, ceBepHo oA Tparr.rna. Ivlefyrurvr, Kao rrro cMo BHAeil4, Hr4rilri y3? ire npHmofiana ar rrii#ri rpaxlr&ro Ha MaKeAoncroj repu"ropuju binriH<, oJr LrpHMoHa

,':u};,;:;^ri;:,i;.ffi di

HaJIaBuJra HcrorIHo og Crpu,rnona. Ilpervra ToMe, JLanr.rjen (rz ,(raonopon) nogaTaK He nporuBypesu Hauloj reara. Alu, onaro KaKo je SoprrlyJrr{caH, oH je 6ea cymme Morao ronpr4Heru l,ace crBo'pu y6e$erse ,u.a cy Eucanru x[BeJru Hc(Jbyr{r.tBo Ba.[aAHo oa CrpramoHa r{ MorJro je y roru cMrlcny Aa yrHqe na uoanraiy

Crnra

f .^t e. fit-.2.20 (roa o.6anljesepa); nu*tusa, crp' 60t @clo)i Miiilej,:"Fiol.Taxrzru..lll.ll.u_{nrj Tiij''rv AepKr't'xruc); Kiepert FoA xvri -(KoA. lnu'.i,itrlr ywha cnpumona y jesepo 660. Hrcv irra [iib:iilrl ?iltIy.r, .4,ocrynHx qaaHur.'st. casson, risa z1-1rsrg-rgrg), y KoMe ce 6epra raen_ ra@axyje ca BaceJbe, ceB-eprg oalrxrru ceiinnlcerom K,ro,erpy -na

-I,l

reorpaSujy.

o,u, Crpumona, oH,u,a


EEPTA

,qBecToTr4He craauja ylaJbeHa oa ArvrSraflojba: 'Ev 6B: roig Brdd).ratg dva norapdv t6vrt rdv )rpup6vo xcri fy B6pfq i8purcxt, xri;pq dm6louda 'Apgur6iecug n'epi Oroxooiouq orcr6iouE.la) Crr,t HayqHHUu roju cy ce 6asurH nHTalLeM JtoKanH3oBarba anr-lirire Eepre rpaxe onaj rpag BanaAHo og Crpunnona, yBepeHr., na je

na je Eucarra 6r.ro H trcToqHo he ce cacBr4m apyxuuje fiocraautu v nuTarbe JroraJruaoBarba Eepre, aa rojy Crpa6on Kaxe ,na je 6wna

Axo ce ycnoja

Mr4ruJbelbe

trnirfi 4i$l:ffj{fi 3anaAHO


O'q

Harpure,

oxo

X3ffi?rlffit
16)

u iT tfl l :# Thuk II- gg, O: ,Erpd,rqoav 6C rai c6v d].),.<or, 6&v6v oi Mcr,Ke66v( otrot, d-rcu,i r.frr. drr d1-ouor, .3,. Ur.iepou,r.c rcri lpqo.rlriol, rcri Brocl].cfcrv. cf' Edson, itotes on "f trre-rrri;;i;"-pi,;ro!.' tir"rr. pi,ir 42 (1s47) n,

nluttf.'

o'q V

r,q,e

iff ; L?5*:B, i

}l{';tfl:lil+r#,if, ie ,afeuo MHoro ocraiara KoJ, yly s' ilDe' .,'i' oo v .qoou, j,.Ii# r y#, tt TI ; l : l. l t ".*t i ii lt#.'yrl
pr4iltcKo
yKas

fliffi
c3r pesepaom
xa

, i?

18)

1{)

Liv. XLV, 30,3. Str. Vll, frg. 36.

f;::1,,b,*;o;,?luY,Ti"ll,|fr"l:',n,I;*ii.,?1,,:?,H.t?i:,,ilffi!i,.',1,,,lfi

MareAoncru rpaAoBr4 y pr.tmcKo Aoda

Hc'roqua Mare.u.onuja

269

t4 Aa THMe CTBap KoMnnr4Kyjenao. Ha,raeehil ce HcTor{Ho oA crpuruoHa, Eepra je nnorra nocraTri aruHcKH caBeBHLIK a Aa ce y rome He Mopa Bu.qeTlt HtrKaKBa xonqeq,lja MaxeAonaqa rranylena .u,nnnomaTcKltm [pHTr4cKoM Arnue, KaKo Encon o6jaurbaBa oBal cnyqal.
rpajerra V n. npe H. e. KoBaJra HoBaq yrqayje fla To .u,a je oHa mopaaa 6utu l{BBaH MaKe,qoHcKe repuropr,tje.") Aa ce oHa HailaSuta HcrorrHo o4 Crpr.rrvr olar Bu1:t4 ce ta tlo rome uro je rbeH- HoBau KoBaH no ysopy Ha HoBau

Ta[one'6una 6epra. Anu w ro noKagyje aa ce, cyflporHo po_ xepy ra Encony, Mopa rpaxur, i.rooro_oi Ciir;;or;,

kl ,tul*,euuqa ,qa je Eepra

([oiv ie. nornp.u,uaa !9craBul 'A6ptcrv6rro],r( je rpa[


uraBa- .u,a He l,tglg
s.ea,epauraja.'z6)

lepra qnaHoBa oBOr ocranux CaBesa. npala rpig roj; ce cnoMHrbe Ha oBola HaTnucy 6rao je npeMa poxepodoi noei, y cyce,u,cTBy
E.u.conona rionuju)

reprropuje rojy llroaervrej y6paja y OaorvraHTuKy, yneo je Eepry ra rraefy 6acalrcre rpa.ioie.i,;-Sda o6ar,rpa raro je to Tora Iloullo, ja y ToMe Br,tAr.tM joru jeany [oTBp.u,y r{3Heror_rnp$erua: [a-cg Bepra HaJrasaJra 3a[aAHo oa crliramona, 1e 6n je l-lronemej (], sehHHn pyKorrca) y6pojao ruefy ipu,u,ord
je,qaH

Miiller na caeAehu Haqu+: HeKu I-lronennejee npbnracanay, roju je noa Crpa6ona 6uo npov urlo t_a ce E6pra iraraerara Si,i, catruju, a Hraje BHao .u,a no Crpa6oHy Br.lcanrraja o6yxnara a
..qeo

*p.u je crlsrbeua y OaoMaHTr{Ky; caMo HeKH pyr(onvtcu unajy E^epry u y Eracarruju.2o) Oso,qnocrpyr(o n,o.Mr4babe 6epre y o4omaHruqu u Bicairuju o6jaruruina
Ko,q Ironervreja

Meby Crprmona

ocrpBa Taca, a [ogHaro je Aar. je yrrluaj Tica, roJu4Tr.tsKrl, eKoHoMcKr{ n KynrypHr4, SaxBarao yrnaBHoM erejcrcy o6any ue-

Hecra.

HaT[ucy t4a BpeMeHa Cen@irunulaa. onaj inonneriur notturao je cane.a_ne_T_rpaAoBa: Oi.flevrar(oleirat [. . . .]or, 'A6ptuvono)"rircrt, [B]g[p]ftior, )xrpB6ptot, la!<bptor.z]) I,ldgaeav j. Roger je, rao uTo Br44r4rvto, r4Me rpehe onuTuHe xao "u,o[yHt4o [B]e[p])',i.or. Oay-- ao-nyfiy .rrorBp,u,r4o _je ra Edson, xojH ua cno:1oj lionujw una P_?PIq.") Mul,a je o6lur Bepydot, rvrecro npaBUnHor erHilKoHa Bepyoior, xoju je nocBe,(oqeH 14 Ha HaTnrrcr4[4a H Ha Honqy,2a) neo6uuaH, cHt'ypHo je ,qa je jelaH o,q, qnaHoBa l-lerrrumuja ceaepa,
Ha$eHorra_

O,(ouanrrre. Eepra ce

crroJvtr4lbe r.r Ha jenHorr,r

oBon nucqa, KaKo crvro neh uli.afiu npHnr4Ke.u,a uaiaacu/,/,or trcpas noJruc,HeMa yBeK BHaqebe camoyupaB_He jennnuqe.
AJreKCaH,(ap

r, ,u,a Je KaI(auJ[r,H arHHcKH CaBesrIl4K Eepna y purvriro nperBopeHa y KoMy' rj. npHnryueHa repilr opujw u6xilr neherno'6a Cycuanor rpaJla, a ,u,a je lo[nNje, J nosHorlapirb ao6a, nouon ri nolriu itfr: Cne.(oqaHcrno I-lroaenaeja, KoA rora ce Ebpii :II^:3T9Il-q9y_. [oJaBJbyJe Kao [oJIHc, He crvlera oBoM TyMaqeby, florrrro Ko[

Eepry tlocJleArbu nyr nalaer.tmo y Xrajeporcaonou Cunex_ ruTo noKalyle a-a ce.g.npxarra Kao camocraJrHa rpagcr(a onurr4HlAO rpaia-aHTAr(e.27) IrlnrepecaHTHo je norceruTu &a ce Ko.( crpa6_ona Eepra. Haiiusa x6pq, a He e;;: n. ,iiyii.4a ro ruoxe Guru cnyuajHo, nrra je narr-rpe-runa-i, runiii,' jep crpa6ona \urupa u cre$an Braaanir.rcxu ,;il4o;yt'. He.u,eMy,

rojra je uoa, Xaapujauorta tlpomeHrro Ha-cnorvrHrby gun. crcarrn6epru celpa[ npBn nyr Ha oBoM HarrrHcy, aJrH rbHxoBo HMe jarco uorceha ua HMe je4HOr Cena H3 oKoJrr4He Kymoanurle, ceBepoaana,[Ho o[ flparvre _ vicani Zcambu . . . (a. uorraa me Ed'oruuda u fluepiiof,' r:iiop ..-iururro v oroMaHTHUH (n. nraxe ro nornanrn6).
HeKLr HaMa noBHaT

rPdll' L Baro ra oB.tle HaBottHMo y MaprHH[, HaKo ne auarvro y rojoj ce o6lactu Hataaho. Moxaa ce no,( THM r4['eHor,a npa;t

Tparrjr,r, Tog.Tg je lleuranona 6wta cBaKaKo perr{oHanHa BepcKa cy4ehu no n*eHy, ro je ouo ,iiLii'i^MoynpaBH,

rorryHo aeuoauar. 'Vlataiaq'A'.;;: I4lpt pequ o noaHarola Xaapnjrnono*y y AHonc 91Tu

a;p]')'Iffil,

ts; Cf. .Edson, crp. 95, np. 58. g,narpajyfira Aa ce 6epra Harasr{Jra Ha MaKe.q,oHcKoj repuropuj.u,. EacoH o6jaurruana ruero nparo KoBaba HoBqa 6r.no rao ycrynaK ,,laissez faire" - MaKeAoHcKr4r KpaJbeBa, 6l110 rao - .no6a y caa6ocra MaKerroHcKe npxiae nocie ApxeaaIr!-a-Bo- I_3-ypnlpaHo cuprr. cse ose reurrote ornaaajy caMe o.u. c'e6e raa ce npilllu ,u.a lene je Eepra 6una ucro,.tHo or, Crpnmona. -lll, 12, ct. 28; JVliitter, Ptot. 510, 4 u St4, 2. 1) P_tg.l. zt; Miiller,'r. nr. I-lpo$. tp. Vlmja CHnaur crpeiyo ,un !e naxsy _ qeily Ha My.u Ha oBoM Mecry 3a{p_qlbyjeil -n.) - Ha uHrepecaHrHy vurueilurry t'a le u na Mepraroporoj Kaprn (XVI Eepra ae6eriexexa Hcroqno oA LTpuMOHa. UBa! noAaraK 3flaileHuror xoJraHJlcKor reorpaoa ocrao je ,u,ocaAa He3anaxeH y HayrIH. Metyrum, Ma,q,a ,ily He 3[raJuo r.raropa, on ruie oe3 cBaKe Bpe,u,Hocrr4 ga cnopHo nuTalbe JroKaJrlt3oBarra Eepre. Roger, L'enceinte- basse de Philippes, BCH 62 (tea8) ZB u t. -22) J.

rd

nr:.ili!{i,uTjllx'i"ilTxi;,r#e#d;Hi,i#lxT.ul,i?;Evnop naxo ocnojao, usfpafr.vto u HasBao Eynopaja"oia


esrropov".so) 14apas e0n'opov rrrbxe

-r

Haiaeponarnuje , aOo'. iorl .. cMarpa llro:^nBl.:j:.:,luo.rue ita ce trynopfija Mopana Hataruru HerAe Ha CtpunnoHy, ua
Ed-son - [x]tppaior. a" crp.-41..-Mox.ua ie.6.-u- JtoBec* y BeBy ca oBri, ' rpa.[oM_.ylBpbepg 'A6prd.vtov, proc. de aeh. IV i.-tt-g;'i?' 27)
28) Steoh. Bvz. s..v..B6pyq, 16l.19 @pd,rrlg ,rp,ig r{r Xeppovrloor (Miiller, p.'51.4_:trl li.p"*i"q,). ';;;rij':rJ oo ocuprl, flot. -- r-r' crr)cr)v )r6ycr... A6ystar-xcri B6pyrov'0roroprotr6g. ' Ptol. ll1, 12, 32.' le) e). Steph. , drrroe Pyr. S. v. Et.topf*.r6)rq Nlcrre8otia6, fiv 'A),e[av6po; ra16tu; *rrrlocrg rad

ce Mo)Ke ooe.nexutH Mecro rcoje je raxo npoxoAJbHBo, Mecrol(oje je aarco ocnojeno, rann rrreiro roje ie -pbano u 6or6r,rMe

,ruir-ipoiur.b

BHaqelbo:

:r. Sqger I{Ma [zrppri]or; 26) Roger, n.


Hier. 640,
6.

u ta6ta.

_ _ r, Ha cnu-cronuma Sopoca arrlcKor casesi' IIEPrAIOY, n.

:i)

9.h. Edson, Notes on the Thracian phoros, crp. 94. Blpycriou Ha HoBlIy. Edson, n. m.

caHnpy

l,3a

<i-r.,'6pcroe l1d':d.eiirropo\r. lpeu ,rarix6 o,riii"ia,uo o Aler_ Koi'a 3HaMo, Thuk. Il,9ti, au'je ircioiiro S,iirri;jil.- --'. "

270

MareAoncrcu rpail.oBu

y pnncro

ao6a
t_

llcro,{Ha MaxeloHaja

27t

MecTy r.u,e ie npeJlas [peKO peKe 6uo naK. ilHTarbe ie, MebyTl',lM, Ha Koue Leny cTpHMOlla Tpe6a T?a)KVTU Taj npera3. I Ceru Ko.u, Cre6aua BueaHtacror H fironenaeja, Eynopaja je aa6enexena n y Talyaw flojruurepuianu I'I Ko,t feorpa@a Paaencror, KojH upre HB Hcrot' uaaopa.81) flotaran Ta6yae floiruurepraiaHe camo .tI,erIrMHqHo .[oflplrHocu yTrpbt4Barby ttonoxaja Eynopraie. 14s rbera casHaieMo Aa ce lYnoprzia HarlaBHJra Ha uyry Xeparleja Cuurltra - @utunn, l7 ruu.lra yAaJbeHa oA troraaHe craHnue. Mefiyrum,. KaKo nraje nocr[rHyra carJlacHocr HH y rorne,u.y norox<aja Xephr<leie Hr y norrleny npaBua Kpe-

nre$y Arvr6anci.rru",

(rao. iyxrra) Bo.[ro je ot Xeparneje ra Arvr@ano*y, a He Ka @a;runrrrua, lraro_je y'Ta{yai-5uo.r.*.Ho.ru) Arco ce florJre.qa ,aq,rr Ha noir cy npercr;BrbeHu o,lr nyreB, "(-;: y

jd rvropao rrhr.r ae*rom ::,9^.r:I:l_ni, F'HJa ce Ha.rlaBI4Jra- HerAe Ha


r(oBar w oHa ie. xao H ocraJra Ftucamn|a.rr)'
A,r,r6r.rrroJba

cao6pahajHa aprepaja, na 6u' 6utto qyrHo

.(3. ;e rperuri" noty nperrocraBrba K. Miller Marepona racnplnra' nar jL- yiorr*o :,:l.Tllr.uro .19rvha. BepoBarHr4Ja ce_^BHa na je-nyr .noluno,u Crirr*ilna 6uo BaxHa -Ha;e

tia), yau4ehe ce

a^nir;-;;;

HrrJe,u,He

craHuue Ha via Egna_

T;6i;;

o'arorvr Crpurvrona. EynoCrpurnoHy, jyxno ,ri j.ir.p, -6;;'naecra


Ha roM

ai

oH

Ha ManH

Taria noMenyror nyTa, -je n[Tarbe JIoKaJIUsOBarua EynOpr'{e OCraje


HepeureHo. ieAuu
,u,pyrlr.

oyry,

npuflaAaJra

oneT ceBepio

KoA 3epaoxopra-ia (orco Q0_rcn ce.Bepo3ara,u,Ho parneia aoitarraayje -ranu

o{

cranJbaiy

rbera, neh npema ToMe

iyxuo oA Taxuncror

jeaepa,

\a

nn ce xe-

roa,,(e.uup-Xucapa (CuaeponacrpoH' iybn Ar,r@r,ino.rna) rorcroquo o.[, Pyu:ncrcor rnanqa).82) Kolap ie aorcalrsoBao Eynopujy jyxuo og Am@r.rnorna' Ha 4e*roi o1anvt Ctprmona, Ha MecTy rAe ,lua aHTHql(l,lx ocTaTal(a H rAe Je u y AOIIHUIa

fl) rpra craHrrue cne

BpeMeHa o6asJbaH rlpe,'taa npeKo perce.33) O loralnaonarry- Xeparcreje Cra'trurce pacupaarahe$o y cnelehe,u nornaBJby. O-n,ue ily HahomeHyrr4 ci,uo io na Xeparcleja HHKaKo uraje morla 6utu xb,u, 3epaoxbpHia, hs rpocTor pasrlora urro ie o6lact 3epnoxopHja ruroparh rplInaJI.aTH Eucaarajl, JIoK. cy Cr.trrn xl{BeJIL .rr,aneKo cenepuraie. Ilpe,ua roMe, un Eynopraja Hr,1je MorJIa 6utu jyxno on Tixuicroi jesepa, neh camo ceBepno og ruera.Ea) flpr peLuerry ttuTarba xoiutrl ce rpaBlrem KpeTao nyr Ha KoMe ce Harasura Eynopraia Mopa ce yBeTH y o6er'rp ga je na l-lojrraHrepuianu, cdm onor IyTa, sa6erexen-iour ienan Ta6yrra -r.rame$y

Trinlg (TrilJon non reorqSOg nip*oior; ie l,rox.u,a r4.reH_ rHqaH ca Tparuro,, rcoln

nparvr. ;;il;i;?rro.rrr*u"u crar,ua (n. Apaco,. HaJra'Hrre cy ce , 6;;-;;;j;'il; je, xaro ce MeHlr rtHHH, TaqHa Muaepoaa

z Eynop,je aa_ oerrexeHe ^^*_-!r*e$y cy Ha Ta1yau crauaue"Tri.l" ,'ar"..o. vn,ie.ir.il. ca o.[roBapaivfiunn Mecrom ro.q l-eorpa@a panertir. noxaayje'aa je
npernocraBKa.

(na Ta6ylw, ew,un')

je

brd6ur-B;;;;lirlri^"*^*e: Ea picr r<irv 6zi ootlxr15 npbE rr;1xeppo"4oq, M,rredo.rro.or)


upenna

TRIN)

ra6.' priut.

'6,r|-ii;;;[]d;ffi"U;; ""i
5gB.

m6).tE

ls

Tpunlo

Tpar

xm.) oa

:X.f*iiler,

Itin. Rom., crp.

-',f
de cette mme

Xepaxneje f @aluna. Oaa carua no ce6u I'lsneHanyr birjyha or<drnoi'r noiraje jou uynnraja aro ce, npelvl-a_ Konapon"ol" ron,rOraHaqrjr, rperrocraBV fi,a ie ral. iyxH1 uyT XepaKreiaOdrranra uuao uaiaehurvr AenoM

CTaBJba KOI1 Ailr$ranOrna) [apaneJlHo Ca rJlaBHllM ApyMOM vla Egnatia.sr) Crora HaM HarJle4a-qPIo npp,xBaTJbHBa l4cnpaBKa laoBa ,lLBa ryra Ofae rcoly je npe.u,loxr,ro K. Miller: iegan

(on

Eynopraie,

Koiy

t_r:l_l-rL

i/ia Egnatia,,l. ,ii gg*ti. on Heano*h ao [le''ri, na o,ra H HacraBrba 1y9t;-,ili-Ej;;j;;,eMne .u.arbe uraBHil/]r nyre M o n e n,, Dcr( e ipa nuq,e a o nriplirioni.' i;;; ;;;;;".inL, o n o., u r.*u ca ,,itenr ad aiiam
"^lf"-t_:-, c.e na6pajajy cranraui Ha

L{'i,{}liT{f** r,Hfi{fl ;t?it.;d+*{;hflL.j\r}*?'fi de Ndapolis, r"A'nonymi-a.-nr".iin.'iir*er" res stations -uiil.J'e.r,.ro.iie.i_l.u;'i;


r-oure, aprEs avoir nommd ius on najnpe HaBotr r craHrue Ha rnaBHoM_nyri

;fr;.M;;;d;;ir-;;;i..;#iff"T

Konap

'q,ora3e .{ecra Ha

nyry cailicum-Aiig"onia nu ."liJrrl*,


*

nyry tiiuo-r_'e,=.iii."iuntica, Barail

quae dicun-

.u

Enecon

ol,

[-?:i1::;;HHJJi.:?:t-ilrllf ;,."AH^t"'.1."f#;l;i,liiffx]# 6uia ve Korrapo'nor urrarama aa',ie nvirriiriiii-b?rl,iii'ili-,ri.u


Ellfu , $l ". [":i: e:, ii, L:l^":l,l:it.lpan,oBe,, Jooi' "o.i^"oi" 'i'"':"-ilii'3;il;',l"vie' iep je oaa
I

-B

Tab. Peut., VIll 2-3: ,,Hetaclea Santica - XVll --Eupo19-a ; Rav' lV' 9: VIII - Cru.ro - XVII - Trinlo-- X - Philippis". Ceorg. -quae dicuntur ..flu* ,a iliam partem in ipsa Macedonia surit' civitates t.iflon '-- - Gt"ton Arason Eupbria Eraclia Xantica"31)

ti ffi *..u
,
"

:r;

ny

r'

f u du,

b,,i,i;

ial-Miiller, Ptot. 513'r.l .u. cranra--EYnopuiy--Ha caMoM l'l3Jla3y Crpl;TaxuuirOr jesepa,KoJL Mecra Heoxopll (JenHUe), rA,e ce yCrBap,'l Rom. 584, nola:ehH o,u. Tol'a 11a ce HaJra314o AmSunors. Miller, -X"narleia -ltin. craBJba Eynopuiy cqRepno nalasu.na rol'Ileiuup-Xr,rcapa, o.rr'Taxuncror jesepa. l,lcro ra(o u oberhummer, RE s. v. l.l Kiepert
,no.ra rr3

Egnaria -n iffi',iil l:fl'fi,?rl',.uql-'y -nr ecra -ca no rpeqH,4 x nyre Ba : Herailea_eurTiton xirii.".'ri.t".'iji"'"'Ji:""#'X;TXeXrir'u,l"rJ:lrrJiliH;fFfl

'i't fiJ ?i' X;,f,"- j ",lf :X : *J ;1, ffi.,# T I J :i.ilgll''e " H'tipili c* Mecra Ha nvrv via
:a

cra,lruy p.'"'Je"ii;;; ;;;;envra lorr6

He/ua'o nona3Hy

i : ii; : i;y

r,],_

naBe,u.eH

3{

callicu m_Aiisonia_r

FOA XVII.
33)

Philippes, crp. 508, np. 6. Collart, 'Evnodraja irarisu,ra Ha Mecry r.u.ile craBrba P. Collart, oqerusar;t-6ucuo-,u,a'6ine ra6erexeHa v xa via Egnatia. 35) Collart, Philippes, c-rp. 506 u n.

*i tr;'ce

*]l.{{i"f*,"*ii[i,l*ili*;; iilmea#}{fii,iri'ffi s' v"cr'


f

n u, ii)gfifi!'rf,'

Hiller v. Gaertrinsen s. v. rragita RE Zw.

272

Mareqon154 1pe4gBu

pHMcRo .q,o6a

H'croqxa

Mareaortja

Cuxruxa

273

A,n$anorua, na ce TaKo H ,,'IoKaJMByje ceBepoeana,u,Ho o,u oBor rpaAa. C ruiu ce craxe H peJl,ocneA KojHM je Tparna yBe,(eH y ilucTy TeopoAoxa AcKnenfiejoHa u3 Enutaypa (360 f. npe H. e.).") Teopo,u,ocw cy vluilr r,ra Aperyce npeKo Aprana (Ha o6alu BaranHo o.u. yruha Crpurnona) y AtuSruorn (na rIeBoj odanu Crpnnnona), a aaraM Ha ceBep .tlo Bepre, oAaKne cy ce cnyToMe, cBH Ha::iu no.u.auu o noloxajy Tparara nonyAapajy ce H roBoper Ba ,rAeHTHqHocr oBor Mecra ca craHr,iuoM Tplanno
utTaJrr,t noHoBo npeKo

Cuxrnxa
Bepoaarta.[,y rpaHHquno je c l-leonuHMz] a Me,qnrua.2) V|axo HeMaMo Iur-peKTHHx IroKaBa Aa ce rberoBa o6ract [pyxana H Ha ucrovuoj _odanw Crprrvrona, ilnaK je fo Bpno Bepo'aarHo. 3a fo

r{oHa, ceBepHo

Tpavro [JreMe Cwnra xuBexo je ua cpeAbeM ToKy Crpuot EHcanTa w Oaorvranra.l) Ha Batta,u,y H ce-

Tparnla y Crarapy H Arcant.

Ilpenna

y Tadyrn fiojrranrepuianu.
Graero

roBopa -Crpa6onoB noAarax Aa peKa Crpn,vron reqe KpoB o6aacr Me.na u cunra. a TaKo HCTo r{r4tbeHr,iua Aa j,e npnaunom
rojr,ene Marea.ouaje 167
BHJIa BanaAHo

.(arne Ha ceBepy, orco 25


6wna

rc,u

je craHnua Craero. Oso

(17 mnma) ylr,aJbeHa og Tpnua, Mecro HeMa H[KaKBe BeBe ca

fasoporvt, o,qoMaHTCKI4M HaceJbeM. Irlaa Craero "u,onagu Arason, sa6erexteH KoA feorpa0a ttR,4SON PaaeHcxot, a wcnytxTeH y Ta6ynu. Arason je rvroxa.a H.u,eHTI4( - APaYnoc?)

Apcnr

qaH ca lucantcKHM MecroM "Appoioq I(oA flrolenneja, o.u.H. ca nparom "Apu.upo( rcoa XujepoK,,'ta ra "Apua-oq rtoA KoucranTilHa flop@rzporeuuta.a0) Ca Hauer craHoBHLIrTa Hennoryha je Ta@eloaa [peTnocraBKa ra ie Arascn Hcro urTo t4 Argilos, IroBHaro MecTo Ha Crpranoncronn Ba,rII4By Ba[aAHo o.u. yu ha Crpnnnona, rcoje ce c[oMHtbe neh KoA XepoJl.ora wTyt<ul,w.ua.41) Aprna Hw y KoM cryvajy naje Morao Aa ce HaJIaBH Ha nyTy

,u,a Je. y ocBoJeHVM \|IIUqCKHM I TpaqKHM SeMJbaMa ocHHBao KonoHHJe tla .My nocnyx(e Kao 6aae ea yuepLuherue MaKeAoHcKe eracru.a) Xepaicireja ce crtoMuFbe KoA Bilue aHTHqKfix [Hcaua

uonaayje Aa jy je ocnoeao nwn 6ap yrzpguo HeKH r{JraH MaKe,[oHcKe. ArrHacruje, I]o cooj npuilkllu Qwnwn II, ea rora ce BHa

r. Xeparc,reja CuuruKa, roja ie HaJraoq Crpumotra, nparJbyqena l-lpnoj rvrepr,rgu.s) -Fbeno'ame Hajnoanaruju rpag Cnnra 6wna je Xepaxrbja.

XEPAH/IEJA

nojr je

K A,l I'l T'EP E?

OCA?

rcaejy canrnrcy. o rbeviy He sHaMo Hr4urTa y xeJIeHHcTHqKo k pr,rMo(o .rr,o6a. Ca peaepBom MopaMo cnomeHyrt4 fi eoucKorla 6'Arru).oD y Notitia episcopatuum Cod. Paris. 1555 A, y KoM o6narcy ce eloxAa ranofe rpnje Hcro ,uecto.+2) ilro;ierr,rej craBJba y Euca.rrrujy jou ABa Mecra: Kalarepe (Ku)..itc6put) r Ocy ("OOoa). O6a cy HaM HHaqe nornyHo HerroaHaTa. 3a Ocy nocrojH MHturbebe Meby 6acarrcxe rpagoae.a3)

Bo,r.L,o 6wao

ue Quauna, 6utto na Arvr$HnoJba y Xepa-

ea je norpetuHo y6pojena

Ot Crpa6ona caanajervro jr.a ce Xeparneja Haflasufla Ha rpaHHIIr.t Er,rcarrA (urip 0J r{g 'A1rgrr6a.eu;g Btd&},rat xai p61pr r6).ecuq'Fipcrx).eiuq),0) y 6nueuau KnaHua KpoB rojr,r reve Crprarvrou rpe Hero Luro uaOnja y cepcxy paBHHuy (Pyuencxlr ruanau), a To c rberoBe AecHe cTpaHe (eril De &pxrooq i6vrt rind r{( 'Flpox}.eicr6 xai rd, 6revd,6r' ci:v 6 lrpupov gQpezar, 8elrov tllovrt rov ,(orcrp6").u) Panrje HaBeAeHH Jlnnrajen n .(raoaopon [o,u.aTaK o npuiaje'l/rberby 6racaarraje a Xeparc,'reje Canrurce I-lproj Mar(eAoHcr(oj
o6aactu Tar(obe jacno norcaayje Aa ce Xeparleja
HaJ'raBnJra tsa-

Mana, Haxanocr, HeAocrajy enrarpaQcna cBeAoqaHcrBa l(oja 6w aan orKpilna raqaH nonoxai oBor rpala, HnaK, norvrohy lilTepapHxx rrsBopa MoxeMo ca AocTa cHrypHocTu La yTBpAt4Mo 6ap o1nacr y xojoj ra rpe6a rpaxuTt4.

t1 Str. VII frg,36:eg'Ayprctvcuv'ytip 6r,i NIa-,6or- riui rrr.irir.ei6 rd peraiir Broo)..rriv xui 'O6opavrrr.rv sr<rinrl (o Irgup6r.). - 2) [oaopehu o CHraaxoeoM rroxo.u.y na MarceAoirrjy, Tyruana (ll, 98,. l-2) Kaxe na je_rr",iaauna Kepruua, npero roje je iperu,ra rpar{Ka aojcna, pa:4eaja,':a CaHle o,u. [1eonaIa. Vltyhu npeKo oBe rrraHr4He TpaqaHH cy ura,nu c flecHe crpaHe fleonr.rjy, a c ,'reBe Cunre u Mege. Trm nyrem cy,ce oHa cnycru:ru y neoncKrr rpaA ,[,o6ep. klaxo ce He Moxe ca cnrypaourhy rAexrr@rKoBara ropa I(eprnua, rnaK ut Tyt<utu,0.oBa no.u.arKa npo[3na314 jacno aa cy ce Cunru Hafla}r]tt4 l4croqHo hnu r{aK ceBeH. m.; cf. Edson, Notes on the Thracian Phoros, crp. 95, np. 55. - Vlaro 3ana.tl.Ho .[,o Crpnmoaa, Tparrl nr,rje 6ro 425 4 r. Kaaa ILoJIa3lt notr aTlrHcK14 yTHrlaJ npe ncrqhr-ben Nlarce.u,onunMa (nojaeJbyje ce Ha .rtHcrama'Qopoca,.e. Edson, H.,u,.,-crp. 98, np. 77). oj Hier. 640, 7; Const. Porph. de them. c. 2, 38, ed. Pertusi.; cI
3e)

Hiller v. Caertringen.

3) Liv. XLV, 29: ,,...accessurum huic parti... cis Strymonem autem vergentia ad occasum, Bisalticam omneh cum Heraclei, quam Sinticen appellant." Diod- KXXI, 8,7,: flpdq 6uop.,i; Ei coti :rpupovo; Brocr)tricr adoa _-lrarci r{g 6v r{r lrvirrr]l 'Hpcr<Lsia;. B. uanpe.u. norJ,"taBibe Euctutfuuia, crp. 265 n n.

poncro'{Ho

oa

Ilo6epa.

Miiller, Ptol. 513. 4t) Her. Vlll, 115; Thuk. lV, 103, 3-5. la; l. KoNr E apl4c? Ai upltetrororcri ric(i pqcpo:67.et: roui Jlarprcrpleiou rai ri ,-,tuit:" uurcir', crp. 94, 6p. 2a5. aB) N'liiller, Ptol. 514.

Oirouper,txor-i

He*roryhe r,a J,'rfi ce no.[.araK Cre@ara Buaanrncror S. v. 'Hp&r/.era . , .l<f', rroLrE llar<e6ovicrg, 'Airivrou cor5 (Dr,).ir;rou ri(cpcr. o,q.HocH fla oBv Xepar,rejy ,tfiu Ha ficror4MeHH rpa.u. y J1rnrecrHnN (8. crp.188).

a)

je

yrap.uHrH

5) Str. VIl, frg. e) lbidem.

36.

Marce.q,oxcru

rpaIocn

l8

274

Mare.q,oncKr4 rpaAoBN

pr.r,ucro no6a

Hcroqna Mare,qonrja

Caa:'ara

275

[aAHo o.n CrpraruoHa.T) Ilnranraje cnomulbe Xeparnejy Ha rpH Me6rf?, arra je TeurKo Ma uTa H3 bera BaKJbyqHTra.s) Xepaxreja ce MopaJra HaJraBI,rTH Helr.aJrero o,r CrpHnnoua, jep na HoBuy HB I. s. H. e. HaJIaBHMo HaTn[c ,,'Hpc%].eturri:v 6ri )rpup6vo;", a r,r Ko,u, Xuiepoxna ce Xepaxreja BoBe 'Hp&n).etcr )tp6pvou.e) Haiea,u,, Ba JIoKaJIHBoBalbe Xeparaeie rvroph ce yseTr y o6BHp ra Ta6yra fiojrnHrepujana, H,a rojoj ce Xepaueja nojanreyje rao noJIa3Ha cTaHuUa ,q,Ba ,qpyMa rcojra Bole y Qraanne.lo) O roi$e r,q,e rpe6a rpaxaTu Xepauejy raHera cy Hajpaanonp*uaia Mrr.rrJber-ba. MaHepr je craBro Xeparcnejy Ko.r, MernuKa, Ha neaoj o6afrra Crprauona, ceilepHo oq Pynencxor KJr?Hrrar K. Mr.uep roq ,(euwp-Xwcapa (CranepoKacrpo), jyxuo oJl KrraHua, Ha ucroi crpaHu.lr) Melyruu, cBe.q,oqaHcraa JIraraja, .(aoAopa ra Crpa6ona xoja cuo rope HaBenr He[BocMr4cneHo yrcasyjy Ha ro Jr.a ce rpa[ HaJrasro Ha AecHoj o6arra CtpuMoHa. Ctora ce Hr,rie4uo oJL oBHx JroKaJrr,rBoBarba He Moxe nprxBaTnrra. Vrcaayjyhra Ha ne,uoryhuocr .qa ce Xeparcreja cranr,r HcroqHo og Crpumona, Leake je norcyuao .u,a AoKa)Ke, Ha ocHoBy orcrojama xoja naie Ta6yna fiojruHrepr.riana uar,tefy Xepaxreje u @wtr'na (s. npt4tlt. l0), tta ce Xepaxreja HaJIaBHJIa Ko.u, MecTa 3epaoxopn, Bana.rr,Ho oA Taxrancror jeaepa. I-lpervra rbemy, jenau oA nyTeBa Xeparneja -@wtunu o6raaauo je noMeHyro jeaepo ca ceBep?, Ir.pyra ca iyra.r2) Leake-oBo Mr.ruJbelbe npr4xBaru ilu cy C. Miiller H y HoBuje npervr.e P. Collart.ls) fiorasehr oA no,u,araKa Ta6yne floirraHreprajane oBr HayqHr4rIH Hacroje .u'a ycKna]re orcrojarua r{Tr{Hepapuia ca crBapHOM pa3Ir,aJbHHOM r,larvrely orarrana u 3epaoxopr4ja. oqnr.ne.u,no je na cy orcroiama Ta6yire rcpaha. HapovriTo To Ba)KH aa TBB. ceBepHr nyr, tcojra 6ra saorpyxr{Bao jeeepo ca ceBepHe crpaHe. (Koa Kolapa rlyr npoJraarr rpeKo TaxrHcrcor jeaepa, Koje ie ra HepaSyMJbHBl4X paSnora [OII.eJbeHO y Tpu .rI,eJIa, I{HMe Ce nOcrt{)Ke crcpahr,taarbe orcrojarea.) Mefiyrunn, saK r,r Ka.u, 6u orcrojarra nornyHo oAroBapaJr0,'n) 3epnoxopu HHKaKo He Moxe ,qohr
z) B. nanpe.u. np. 3. s; PIin. lV, 38 (Xeparneja Bana.u,Ho o/r, Crprmona); lV, 42 (Xepaxreia rrrely rpavKlrl{ rpa.roBuMa, alu rpal me n Oarnrt) 1V,35 (Heraclea Sintica,-roJr,araK y3er uB Arrycrone Sopmyle nponunuuia, reorpa.Scrr neonpeteH).
to;

Aprrarau AnfiunoJba xunerri E^racdrrr., i.u- cu rbuxoBa Tepu_ ropuja rporeaana Hajmabe oKo 40 rrvr cur.[n-o-oa Arvr6unoJba. 'florrro je 6ucarrcxa rp.a,u, Eepra 6ro, niur,^a eii;#;;;;; IIoAarKyr oro 200 cratuia yaarien o.q A&,6anorba. b.prrirpii ce, mefiyrtaM, HaJIaBu Ha ABaieceraK KlrJloruerapa oA oBor rpala, Te aKo ce Ha ro/vl Mecry aoxaarayje rJraBrJH rpar Cranra. nd Br'r.u,r.rrr,r r.[e 6u ce MorJrr4 c/,/'ecTuriBucatru. 3iir",- ;b;.;; Sepnoxopnja nropana je pano rqfi; ,rr ;;;;;oHcKy Bnacr, ,qoK -rek ron OHruno, tlnoiop.nr. Xeparreia ?! :y_r"_BepoBarHo Je or4na no.u.r4rHyra Ha rpaH?Ltv, a He Ha repuropuju 'xoia ie onaBHo 6wna MaKe,u,oHcra. fipema rome, oo.rrdci 5;tro;;'pri; Mopala j9 npranaaaru^Bucaniuju, a cun'rw-.f-xru.ru Larbe Ha y-. r o C u n re c n y-c f M o q a K a o "3 ej a ox o p,aia, raro I I l.lp I :t^r: !,.a neMo ,ttoBecrr c ruw y cKJraA TyrrSnlaoB [o4araK Aa cy ogr.r rpaHuqura c fle_onrlrMa er Menrrvra? .(o xarae' a6pre n6rog, noKaJrlraoBarbe Xepaxneje KoIr, 3epnoiopuia nai6one he'ce vfr,(erH aKo ce norJrera 5_apra Forma Imperii Byzanlini II To_ v HHTMaH0BOM r4sAarby Xajepox.noaa Cuirexaervr"a. Ha rol itapiu Xeparneja je_cra_arni:na rcba 3epaoxopr:ri ?ur.pHo o.( Lu, ilo.q Hurpnre, je l-lap,rr.r*ofloJb,.(noa' s,rari,M- nrrursi;, ,lo, ;;; Ha ceBepy,_ Kor, Kouaqa_-6epra. Be.pra je, rvrelyrra m, 1ucaaTcK, rps[, a Xeparneja w l-laprizronorn cy .pu,uour" til;4";;i; 9y - y ToJe n9_M.oIe dutn cyMrbe __ xl,BeJrr4 ceBepHo, a He jyxno o.q, Bracarrat Eea olsupa xohe ni'ri-'i'i,q,pxarr4 JroKayy1T._P_.ql_. Kon Kouaqa uilv ne (a. crp.i'oa i- x.), luino Je .u,a .cy -X_epaxaeja ra flaptuxonoro MopaJrH '6uru .uaJreKo ce_ nepHraje. LUro je ononrana Hurpure naaa raKo MHOnO HaJraSa, ro runje pa'nor na ce raMo JroKaJrHByjy n.xorrKo HaceJba 6es o6aapa na nolar*e roje trairn o mrm"a'Aai/ ,au-opr.r. noruioie Xeparcneja Harraaurra aiiiv eyn.r.*or Krarrua, :ry1t:_9rpu6_*y MoM Mrrurbemy, JroKaJruEonamd Xeparreje ,cot :l1l^o:^*u^lg: -!9 3aIIanHo oA crparuona, JeSepa byTKoBa, Ha yJraSy y KnaHau, roje Halagqgo KoA KunepTa.ru) p,aru Tadynu flolrrahrepujanu rpe.[Hocr HcrrpeA ToJrr4Ko Jrpyrr4x crapujux u noyaaannjHx xoju c.' nG5yi;6;; ^lrsBopa cJraxy ae Gu 6uno npauurno.,b) Ocrajb a, i. naSe nriio-ooo.u,
ra

y o6enp sa rr.olyuaoBalbe Xeparleje. Buamo Aa cy ceaepHo

Scotusa - llll - XII Vlll - Daravescos XVlll -Philip-Strymon -Sarxa-Xlll pis".-,,Heraclea Santica - X Il -Euporea-Vlll XVll I'eorpaSa Trinlo - X - Phili pls". Oaaj apypfi nyr ea6e-qexen-Craero le u roa, PaaeHcror 1lV, 9): ,,Trillon, Creron, Arason, Eupo-ia, Eraclia Xantica".

s; Grebler, Antike Miinzen, Il, crp.63 u tab. XlV,6; fl1s1. $39,9.

Trb. Peut. VIll, 2-3.: ,,Heraclea Santica

-craero

11)

cro. ' 583 u


14)

3a Mannert-a cf. C. Miiller, Ptol., crp. 510; K. Miller, ltin. Rom.


n.

usHocu no Talynu oxo 25 xnr (17 ,uu*a), orcrojane flpaaraOpgano, oxo 30 rru; Cra'ero-nupoi.r, orco f Z x,u'(p;;;i);;b;;[;r";_ crpym.a, or<o-..l0 r<m.. olsrojarse 'o,a,,rn^-_n'p-ui'iliiz'',<"r Marbe Je Hero orcroiare Phitiooil-Trinio 1t0 marua, ts ftrj,'J; ;;;.iy qiirii'i I-lpasrzia Ha-rra3e Lb 6apyurand roie te'r,ropajy"r;^6rrd; (s. rapr1,, corlart, u._.u,._,_Pl. l), y xoir cayuajy nyi l,r oKo 20 xrrr. 'J ' rruoc, '

tz) Leake, lll,22.> 1q g. ta; C. Mritler, Ptol. crp. 5l


oHa.

crp. 509), ails

Korap -u ylxma orcrojarua

P. Collart, Philippes, crp. 500 r 4,. y BastryuHoj anauiu (4. ra6eay xa cy ltyxa Hero orcroiarua xoja nale Ta6yla. Trinlo -

l;

vn. P. Perdrizet, Krio r0 (rgrr) 17 ,,Mais c'est d,une mauyaisc mdthode de sacrifier_,d9s tdmoign)ges comiire ceux de ftrrcyaii"-'o" d.'Appien, qui sont crairs, saldio_ri'qu.s-J.ion-aet lu.i, ,,autofsior; a.i tleux (r. n]4rary. je noroxiai llp"a6ecxa,.'taqueii6, o qe,y B. norraBJb e E^onuta
Ituepuja), h cetui de ra fam6use Tabre, lgx

rr) Kieperf.'FOA
ro)

xvit. '"

;";;'-t.tt"- rafi;r,,^;.ji

276

Mare,qoacKn rpattoBr.r

prlMcKo ao6a

l,i".o,{ou Maxea,oNuja

-.

Cuuruxa

277

jaumerue Ba rbeHe noAaTKe. V nperxo,u,HoM [ornaBJby BHAeJII,I cMo na cy Kon rsn. jyxuor ryra uaruely Xepaxneje u Oflruna na Ta6yaa norpeuro oBHaueHH Kao aaItpa craHr4ua @wnunu, aox je raj nyr ycTBapH lrrjjao ,u.oJrr.rHoM crpnrvrona H BoAl4o o.ll Xeparneie Ka Arvr@rano.rny. Aro ce Ha roM nyry yMeTHe craI'eorpaQa PareucrcoF, I y Ta6yrx ie ucnana, Eyxr4Ha nyTa tlocraje anafno aeha on 52 mume, uuto 6u ce [ornyHo cJIaraJIo ca JroKaJruaotsabem Xeparcreje ceBepHo o4 jeeepa Eyrxoaa. LUro ce Tuqe rp{ror, TBB. ceBepnor nyra Xeparclleia@ununu, xojn je npeMa Tadynu 6uo nyn 55 pramcrcux Mt4lba, u oH He Moxe fla ce Aooe.u.e y cKJra[ ca crBapHHM oTcrojaruuma, TaKo ,[,a ce Mopa [r o.BAe npernocraBarr,r Aa je HeKa cTaH[ua uaocraBJbela utw na je HeKo orcrojarue norpeuHo AaTo. [Ipaa craHilqa [ocJre Xeparcneje, Cnoryca, HaJraB,z,ta ce na Crpnruony (a. cle4. norr.) ra orcrojarbe o.rt 4 rvrure, xoje naje Ta6yla, Moxe 6arn TaqHo, jep ce ra Xeparaeia, rcao [uTo cMo BHAeJIIT, HaJlasvra 6nuey oBe peKe. Caeteha crannua, Sarxa, yAaJbeHa je l8 rvrr.rrna oa Crcoryce. Mtiller-oBa flpernocraBKa Aa ce rol TttM prMeHorvr ycTBapH rpaje noSHaTo. oLoMaHTcKo MecTo serrai, xoie ce .qouHrrje, y cpeqrbeM BeKy, jauoa ra y o6nurcy Sarra, oAHocHo
parcrejorra gaodunaeu HHua Arason, rcoja

je

sa6eaexeHa Ha or,roBapajyfiervr MecTy

Ko,u,

F:i?:l?i"

u ,qaJIeKo cunruxa [ocBeAoqeHa je y npBUM BeKoBHMa _ ^-xupar,eja rlapcTBa Ha HeKOnrrKo HaTnuca nperopujancrux nolurrrca. -n;-;:;; Aa cy pr4mcKr.r rpa\ann oBor-Mecra nprznaaaa u rpu6u
o.u, Crpraruona.

Mopana ce HaJraBr4Tr4 r4croqHo oA Cepa, npeMa To6e

ycneln.lO) Ona craHutla,

aro

nuje^ ttocpe,qu HcKBapeH o6aur,

rbeHo 6.uuxe JroKaJrlrSoBalbe. oHe crpaHe Pyue.ncKor KnaH(a,


re)

Her{cn[TaHa r{ crora, Kao uTo cMo peKJrr4, Hema iuraxa,nx apxe_ oJrorrJKr,x un4rquja_ H,a- ocHoBy xojHx ori ce rnorro

O6aacr y r(ojoj- rpe6a rpaxurt4 Xeparnejy je norrryHo


-Hanp_orun, .
H3Bpr.ur.rTr4

o6mcr'n rrr.rnrnu

.u.aJbe

Ha ceBepy, c

, n.iii,uu

oBo aHauajno HaceJbe, c [pyre crpaHe, orcrojame oA 18 mura o[roBapa ornpHnHKe crBapHoM pacrojany uarvre$y roMeHyTa trBa Mecra. Mefyrlrm, aKo ce no$e ,raJbe o.q, Sarxa xa @nrunnMa, .rpyra rlo petry craHl/ua, Daravescos y.u.aJbeHa ie nperua Tadyru 2l nusy o.u, Sarxa, a 12 numa o,u, <DuJrr4[a. Daravescos ce o6HqHo noKanaByje xon AaHarxlbe.(pame,'7) rxro olr.roBapa orcrojarry or, 12 MHJba o.u, Onluua. Alu, oTcrojarse og Cepa ,u,o ,(parvre je r,auoro nefie Hero 2l nuna, na ce Mopa rpeTnocraeiru Aa je ynpaBo na roj pelaqrajr,r rcnytxTena HeKa cranuua, vltu Ra je orcrojarue y Ta6ynu norpetlrHo. K. Miller, roju je craHlruy Sarxa rroKarrlrgoBao Ko,r 3rxne, y6auuo je na rom ,(eny nyTa cTaHHuy Serrai.18) lrl Iiolap je Sarxa craBHo rcon 3raxne, atu ce rberoBa rcom6rnaquja Kao uTo cMo BltILeJIu, He Moxe yserr,r y o6aap, nor.uTo r,r oH cmaTpa ,u.a ie Xepanneja 6uta Kor. 3epaoxopraja. lloryurajra Aa ce cTaHHua Strymon, raarraely Sarxa u flapanecxa, cTaBH Ha ucronMeuoj Peqn HUcy
tout h fait ddconcertante, tant on est surpris de n'y pas trouver l.'Egnatia, tant les noms semblent ddfigurds et les distances fautives".
Ilpa6ec'r<, rro3Haro rro crpaxoBHToM nopary

Sarrae (n. cne,uehe uorranrue), je BpJIo ttpuBJIaqHa: c je4ne crpaHe, 6n,no 6u qyAHo Aa nyr rcojr neayje Qwnunw ca Xe-

Xeparaejofi- aoebaeflu cy y_Be3y

.-""Hiili.lVffi ;dsii*i#:\-Liit,;!;i*t:"*nL* i,',:,:,":i'dt?idf sa roir,ua ce Xepar"neja jaana ca eflurero, -u

20) ctL v[,2767-Dessau 2082'.,,c.rut(ius) Zoiri fir(ius) Fa(bia) Montanus, domo Heractea SentiCa, miiiesl c_ohlortis) XII . . .,,; CIL Vl 2654:

npr4ToKy Crpy,ue.

pevjy ,,Strymoni'.

Mriller. Ptol. ctp. sr0; coilart,_phirippes, crp.507,,ur.rcrr aa je y Ta6yiu oOelexera'peuuuh'xoi"-iE yJr4Ba y An*r.zc,

cBu ocran't aojlravxra Harnucu Ha Ko-

sentici.'lfr;brfrr;,;il;;

ca en,rerorlr ,,sentica" nasoai.r xac-na 3aKrbyqaK nL -au.;p;6;;;Be Harnilce, rJle HeMa ror enrrera, Jr,oBecril y Be3y ca Xe-paia"io,uv lrii*Liirfr. tI Mateescu, I Traci nerie eptgiaii rp-riu-rii.iiJ'Qu'.oromana I (r92s) 8l u ,u,., rarofie ,panacyie'.p.g oin'om., 1ta;*ene uarnuce Xepaxreiu Cunruuu.

X^epa.rneia na crpauoHy

aHrlqKor HaceJba naten jeaan cnrqin riolnrru* na.u.rDo6nr cnome,r.rK Ha KoMe {epa_rureje, je rao no,os;,Ha -aerepana Fabta (a. cip. lg.l a ar),, notra.sna ce lpl99" \a tu ce roDe HaBeAerrr Harfluctl ra roju,ua Xeparreja crojra nnratte 6;t ;;fi;nu'',,iiriilIi oAroce salrcra ,1,.X-.pry:il^L:. a He.Ha Xepiraejy y Ji;;;.;_ _Clpunoly, crul,u. llaaa y oqil .u.a cBil iojnrruu'ca rax Harnilca Hoce pxMcKa ,,rue,-al ce, npae ^,{r4cro (ora[ xojt cyJr{rypflo ,lr Xepir,l-uJ. urnrrxe 1n_9i1ue, JellHora o.rr rir4x HocH-rparrKo lr,ue Dila$ yro ;A-io;;b; rpaqKoM KapaKTepy craHoBHlrrurBa,cunruxe). ocH,n [oMeHyr,4x Harnuca, noSHar[ cv r.l npyrr ra xoja,ua .aojnuur HaBo,u.e xao caojy abmJ"iiiiy-l+;;.j; id.; oe.x.are. rpu6e). Henpaa,rao le cBe r"_ ,aiir,.,?u"""-iii, t;-X;;;^),;;; LHHTHKy. Kao urro ce o6u,{Hb qutu. nanporrn, ,rr*unrrl" r,a HaM

ff*tu;'';t'+fi**ff..+*t*lmmru eaoer.iierr?"n.rili.I"il

HeKoJrHxo cay+ajena

nojan*yje

ce

tz; Oa cran,rue Daravescus

xileeaH 465

Ct. Collart, Philippes, crp. SA7, np. ta; K, Miller, ltin. Rom., crp.

MorJro Hara3HTH KoA "u,aHaturber ceJla Sapanr,rr, He.u.areKo


2.

y Ta6ylr,t rpe6a pa3nt4KoBarlt Mecro r6jr cy ramo AraruaHil ,u,o' r., xoje ce, karo le flepnpr,re-e norarao (Klio X,_crp. I7\,
oa
CrPumona.
584.

xh, y npfiror Harrrer MHurJbeba aa ie Xeoaraeja Cunrr"ir-Aiii x?,;ft "'fi crojum e nurero M. V nolnaroi', oiiilqroi A, il;;;'ir"ri, i yrer o6erexera
rruur.rja, Jahresh.

[iI-a!!{#?"el:-Hllai&l;",,,,*:,;::il,;,;,ft

i#iiJ-,]i*ili,:tl,,i'?.,i3f,,d'i-'..','-1ti]"tltt.Jii'!$'iif::T,'r? ;f ffi''*'+f il{'il":i,!iffi 4[I.iii't,};l]i',.,'fi 1Ttrilf, jf


,Il8 Ce rberoBa Ao/r{oBhHa 3Bara Xeplr<aeja.

Aro je raqHa npernocrhsKa JI. poOepa Aa KoA Cu. Apuui nAPTI4KO- UMaMO OCTarKe aHTHqKor rp?rll-lapruxoriotba,2zl oH.na je H ona

Kpajenra Dpuna1al.u npoBriHuujn Maria 6niii AHlUTe te o6ractu Hailaauilo ce flsrneaa "xoti rrreci, r4e je, KoHcraToBaHo nocrojarue Eenrrrcbr iriirr*or

rrafeno je Bpno MHoro apxeonou^or Marepujam. Befira,6pgj Harnilca, ,u,aToBaH[x no MaKeaoncrcoj epra, ndxdavie aa cv u oBn "Ct:

i;. 'ciil

g6[

cr.,npl,r, n-ii.*b.,r)

2:79 - Onouanrnra. rberoBe no6eAe no[ TpaiaHorll Ll .u.a ie ,u,o6uo rMe y cflomeH ;;i n;pi;H,'r*a. -. - n o rpehenn rpaAy y craHrr.rur,l rojn cnofvlt{be llronervrei :-

..

l'icroqtra Maxelonni4

TP4|CTAJI

no"rb

j; ;di;;;; MHOrO HaJraSa rae ca. Bpava r teione oKoJrr{He, Muc]tu ia 6w . ce HaceJb^e rco5pa. Bpava MorJro ugenrufiuronair.r cu *e.f,.*rr* -fr rp a o M D d ba,_ c n y r HM. o A llw a wja.2a) tvt ebv i ,, *, rpqKr4 HarnHc ur1, ca. Bpava je
on obiasuo nonaeylu ai ju rpalcxo ipe$eme .prib. rrnu H paanujeH^r(ynrypHH xr.rBor. crtira na r4rrnela nepoaarnuje M,rurJbeme Podepa Aa ce ro,q^Cs.^Bpaqa Haraero nip'rrronon, TIM npe luro nnarepujaa r,ta Cs. Bpaua noruqe ucKJbyrrnBo Hs qapcKor u BuSaHTptcKor IIepHoI,a, a g_cya6unr,r nocJre .(ecy"q,a6e "
oBo
Hac.erbe
^n

o6racr npilnalana repurophi; Cqlrln! ce, npeMa flapruronorb Hara,,,o y^Ciniuur4.rr) A.'Auq.b, ibr;
esu a o_M e H K

rlro.rrervrejy,

Tpr,tcrory (Tpidrolog), ne anauo HrlulTs; c-eBepHo oJr Cs' -roju Ha iennorvr HaTnucy us 99na Beluue' rvr.o x'n'a rpe6a Bpaua, saoerexe;'i.;';d'-* [::oosryo-E' MecrQM fletpa' cnoMeHyrHM KoA
AoBecTl.t

y BeBy ca Me'llcKI'lM iIHsrla.zl) kttraei.rro-?, no-ouo*u


(a. o
Me,u,uma

'u'a tIpoBHHUHle HcroqHo o.q UTpt'lMoHa ynasl'lo y cacTaB maKeAoHcKe

le'leaaH Aeo

Me'n'a

crP. 68 n 84-80)'

rrr,-

y III

B. H. e. uMaJro_

rojra

O4omantuxa

xa.tireiioncio. codopu floTnucao ce e[l4cKon Jonan llcrp$rxounri].e<oE, a H KoA Xraieporcla aa6erexen je flap0rroro).rg.27) ca,r,ro jeaa, oa Haiciapr,iri-iy*o_ nuca CwneKreMa (cod. H ierosolym ita nus S9)' nrvri- o6r,in"ri"po,x6rro}-rg, ycneA vera-je r.rer.rre,ua XoHrrman nperflocraBr4g 0Bo uMe y c1o!:_lonTry.r'l Hraro H He cymrla aa jb y nrirrey a He ,qBa rpa.q.a. 3a xojra herno ce o6aurc onpeAeJrrT t4, HaJ.,qrn, riruii xpajena, H naje raro 6urHo. Baxrro je HarJrac,Tr4 a. c.'ilj rpaJr, cnoMHI,e Tes y a,o6a uapcrBa r 4a je MoxAa reK TaAa r4 ocHoBaH. UoJtr4K ilaprnKonoJb roBopuo 6w Ba ro Aa je ocHoBaH
^y

r4 Ko.q, Ol_erona, Kao xo,( flroaemeja,' KonoJba o6rnr [r*porx6zro].rE, alu arcnrnna

130 r. Meby AyroBeqHr.,M rby.qlrma HaBoAu u qernprL:...^.)l-Ioi11 Mare.u,orrua (ca rpavri.rrvr urvrenorvr) ua ndpiwrconorna.ru) Aoayue

Aonacra Prnnrana He EHairAo nuura.zs)" '---r----llaprurono.rn ce cno*Hrbe carrro y r4tsBop]rMa rr' qapcKor .u,o6a: ceM ro,n l-ltorenneja, HaJraBr4Mo ia u rcoa Or.ioiu'(ono

y nlo.u,noi cencloj^-qaBHl4ul'l u Ha rope, HaJIaBuMo iotu o'u BpeMeHa haHraiix-e c.r.pnr* oOponui*u V 'u'o6a Ka'u'a cv Putnruaura Olo*'nr''''i Xepo.u,ora ,pur^o"nl.*t
lrlcro,iHo
o,u, CrprarvroHa'

t';ffi*'*ll;*x,*ry,;,,e*;rmmt','rut -onauou;11^ll9: ca EAonunotvtjenni,o6rair' y Koigi


MaHrr4Ka qnHH

ce na6pajaiy

gloju V"e.iofiiprr_

u rpaAoBlr: c*orytal^ E;p.;, I'abo['' e"ounbrn o xoioi ie cneAba rBa rpiiq ;;ft;ii v-eao"gvr- '.P:p:l' Kao rpa'uonra oaoaeh 6uao peq,, ilbrp#;i'r,Ji:"a rone' qynnor,| raaop. MaHTrKe ocTaly ion nrore"naela carvro cxoryca rpa.u. oAomaHra' rrasfiil cnoruuarue H.e ;';;;"j; ii'fr"orfr.i KpoB ueno Cep. iennn, tpri'y oio: o6lactlt xoiu ce orpxao

rape,rre or o6.racrrr.a Ha Crpy,ua. I,lan. EAH -^l! &^tr.uea, EAao l 3 ( l e3e). cy se.u,exe H.. n pyte,16;;,i;lt' y,ii?r"u l'1^ir9. _xh i" ^ o6jaarsen |11^ marepujar 13 oBor rpaja. ttoi'ca.'hpaua ,i$.r,i cy-iiiruu, Bu,.uua I BoAoBoJla u ,.ovru cnoMeHr4ul4 ]r1 r14pg1aoa u Bui,alTucror ao6i.
1

anifqxo ,u.o6a tt ,u.o ,[aHaulbtix [aHa' 3aCxory.y-1>*o,o0doa)Crpa6orrKaxeI.aceHaJIaSt4JIaCI{oTyCl rQ t(otapQ'6) pnra ie narre 0vr0g i"o iipi"iro'"oE rpaE aurti piv nuil ia*ro3ef yrilM' KaI(o peur,'(rteai'oittp n,-ii*oi .t+ .notayc.o-);' qH 6u ynpaBo rpe6a cxBaTI"lTH'rJprt,.0"r0(..tou')rpup6vog"' atu sanan'Hn r!' mopao sHaquru ,,c6u. crpaHe",. llpllMoHa' -of cMo BUAerlu' Lxro r<ojr' ilrbrervriiem, c cru.uno 6n 't Yo io'Cu ne nH c fllunrjem' Ko[ Kora Crcorycy ar"uro. y Ono*unilfy,
Bprao6ld

,r)

lcoig, MaKtrb;,.

PtoL lll, 12,27: 2rwrxr;;'-{eio.g-l'oE, --' .' 1v.trr1. 'XLIV, -' rrtp,ri"ori,Lig,-''Hperx}.erg 26. 3) [. Jle'{eB, H. M.; Liv. zs) Morao 6u ce norr.l.lTl.aa ie crapo rpaqKo Hacerbe -s,ue.'v .ilecyaa6a,. ,qo6fisur, rpqKo ypefene, npoMeHxro 16"'.i",irir." MebyrilM'. ;"il;;',f nocraBJba ce.nurabe oAHoca reprzroprja cunra , ,fr..olI',u',y' ze) Phl.egon, M_acr. FHG,iil,6dg:'ror,g,rg rorroo, rlaporroroLfrq6, Mctre-Stirv' Bi$u; frlaorou, flaporroz6).en; r{5 rtcr*ioL'..,*, etoeo,'og ltgcr,iffio,*orro23)

L, Bo.g..rt, REG'6t 1ls+sy,

.rp

iog-i6rii. epig..)l-""'-""'

r,

-Ii.'.:",:: p*i1pa' fi"ti'"-0."d ""i-i"(tt91 r{r prlrpi oi uoi ro rlHer.VIl,l12:."e*at6'.iE.xerpoStdIld'yycrrov6po;dr6py<ov"'iw 'o66pa*re; ?a" *po*"ri filepog te riai rdrr 1pt'oe&. o. *oi aplip;; ;'-; p'i"il"i'
rcri Pd),.rorcr >atPc,t'

2s)

[. Ileqes,

til' Hss' BhLi AxrraqHr naMerHUlt14'^'.,':ll;

l2 (1938) t''

287' 6P'

8:

z; Liv. Xiv, +. a;Str.VIl,Irg.36:"'eiErdpero[irBroa?''rrivro'i'O6op&r't<ov'6rztrret

r6)teo6. Hier. 68g,

..

Mcre66r,. ,')-Mansi Vl p. 527 il np.; ibid