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3 Step Guide to Mastering the ii-V-I Part 1: Comping

Who ever has played jazz guitar for longer than a week will have come across the iiV-I progression due its extensive use in jazz and popular music. Because of the popularity of this progression , theres no doubt that learning to solo and comp over it in a variety of ways will make you a better jazz guitarist. This series aims to guide you on everything you need to be able to comp the II-V-I, outlining the changes with guide tones, and take you up to advanced concepts such as adding passing tones and side-stepping. Whether youre new to jazz guitar or a more advanced player this series aims to provide you with some new sounds that you can incorporate into your jazz guitar playing. A new issue of this series will be sent out every Thursday for the next two weeks, but each lesson will be sent as a PDF so that you can download it to your desktop or tablet and take as long as you need to practice each lesson before moving on. A thorough knowledge of the theory behind the ii-V-I and why it works is essential, so lets check it out before we begin blowing over it.

Understanding the Theory

The reason this progression is called the ii-V-I is because the chords come from the 2nd, 5th, and 1st degree of the parent major scale. The example below shows the C major scale and the highlighted notes represent the degrees of the scale in which the ii-V-I is constructed from.

The major scale can be harmonised using the four chord types found within the major scale. The chart below shows how each degree of the major scale can be harmonised in close-position voicings to form the chords, but every the harmonized major scale should be practiced with other jazz guitar voicings such as drop 2 and drop 3. The harmonised major scales should be practiced in all 12 keys, because so many progressions come from this scale it is important that jazz guitarists be able to indentify the degrees quickly when working on tunes.

Harmonised major scale

Now that you have an understanding of how the ii-V-I is constructed lets check out how we can apply these chords to the guitar neck.

The chart on the next page shows how you can construct ii-V-I voicings across the adjacent string sets using drop 2 and drop 3 jazz guitar chords.

Notice the movements within each chord and take note of how the harmony is changing rather than just memorizing grips as we will be investigating connecting arpeggios, modes, and scales with these chords later on in the series.

ii-V-I Chords in C Voiced on Adjacent String Sets

The first two examples are effective voicings that you can use in duo settings with the four to a bar comping style, where as the voicings on the last examples are great for constructing solo guitar arrangements and taking chord solos as the melody note is on the top string.

As cool as these chords sounds further crunch can be added to how the ii-V-I is are played by applying various different chromatic voice leading jazz guitar techniques which are explored on the next page.

Ascending Chromatically
In this first example the ii-V-I is voiced so that the top note of the chord is chromatically ascending.

The G7 is particular spicy here as the raising melody note means that Bb is the melody note, and Ive also included an Eb within the voicing providing a crunchy G7b9b13 which results in an altered sound before resolving to C major 7.

Descending Chromatically
What goes up must come down which in jazz terms means just as chords can be voiced to ascend chromatically, they can also be voiced to descend chromatically.

This example provides a juicy b9 melody note (Ab) over the G7 using the popular diminished shape before resolving to a C major voiced in 4ths in the last bar.

Keeping a Common Tone

Another good exercise when voicing chords is to see how long you can keep the same note on the top string for. In this example Ive kept the E on the top E string for all three chords.

This is a cool sound because you can hear the harmonic function of the note change within each chord. Over D-7, the E is the 9th, over G7, the 13th, and finally the 3rd on the C Major 7.

I hope that you found this lesson useful, be sure to get these chords under your fingers because next week Ill be showing you some cool ways on how to improvise over the ii-V-I progression.

If you cant wait until then check out some of the other articles I have already written on the ii-V-I for further study.

Further II-V-I Study Articles

3 Must Know Bebop V-I Licks 3 Must Know V-I Jazz Guitar Chord Licks 10 Must Know I VI ii V Substitutions How to Comp with Bass Lines on a ii V I Progression

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