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RADIO PLANNING AND OPTIMISATION

Call Setup Analysis – A Drive Test Perspective


(Presentation/Discussion)
27 July 2009

By
Grant Chivandire
Grant Chivandire - Radio Planning and
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Optimisation Specialist
Objectives
This presentation will cover the following:
 System Info Messages
 Types of MOC
 Signaling Flow for MOC
 Call Setup Failures & possible causes

Grant Chivandire - Radio Planning and


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Optimisation Specialist
System Info Messages

 Contain network parameters sent to MS through air interface


 These parameters are:
 Network Identity parameters
 Cell selection parameters
 System control parameters
 Network function parameters

Grant Chivandire - Radio Planning and


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Optimisation Specialist
System Information Messages – Idle Mode

These are sent to the MS on BCCH


 SYS INFO 1
 Contains RACH control information and cell channel description
 These include the following:
• Cell frequency allocation (CA list)
• Maximum retransmission times (Max retrans)
• Extended transmission timeslots (Tx_interger)
• Cell Bar access (CBA)
• Common access control level (AC)
• Call re-establish permitted (RE)
• Emergency calls permitted (EC)

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Optimisation Specialist
System Information Messages – Idle Mode

 SYS INFO 1 Message from ACTIX

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Optimisation Specialist
System Information Messages – Idle Mode

 SYS INFO 2
 Contains the following:
• Neighbour cell description
• NCC permitted
• RACH control parameters (same as in SYS INFO TYPE 1)

 SYS INFO 2 Message from ACTIX

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Optimisation Specialist
System Information Messages – Idle Mode

 SYS INFO 3
 Contains the following:
• Location Area Identity (MCC, MNC, LAC, CI)
• Control channel description (reserved Access Grant Blocks, CCCH
Configuration, IMSI Attach/Detach allowed, Paging Multiframes,
T3212)
• Cell Option (Power control indication, DTX, RLINKT)
• Cell Selection (MS_TXPWR, ACCMIN, ACS, NECI)
• RACH control parameters (same as in SYS INFO TYPE 1)

Grant Chivandire - Radio Planning and


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Optimisation Specialist
System Information Messages – Idle Mode

 SYS INFO 3 Message from ACTIX

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Optimisation Specialist
System Information Messages – Idle Mode

 SYS INFO 4
 Contains the following:
• Cell Selection Parameters
• RACH Control Parameters
• CBCH Channel description
 SYS INFO 4 Message from ACTIX

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Optimisation Specialist
System Information Messages – Dedicated Mode

These are sent to the MS on SACCH


 SYS INFO 5
 Contains neighbour cell BCCH frequencies (Phase 1 Mobiles)
 SYS INFO 5 Bis
 Contains neighbour cell BCCH frequencies which could not fit in the
limited space of TYPE 5 and belong to the same band as serving BCCH
 SYS INFO 5TER
 Contains neighbour cell BCCH frequencies whose band is different
from serving BCCH (Dual Band Mobiles)
 SYS INFO 5TER Message from ACTIX

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Optimisation Specialist
System Information Messages – Dedicated Mode

 SYS INFO 6
 Contains the following:
• Cell Identity
• LAI
• Cell option
• NCC Permitted
 SYS INFO 6 Message from ACTIX

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Optimisation Specialist
Mobile Originating Call - MOC
Types
 Early Assignment
 The network assigns the TCH+FACCH after sending CC Call Proceeding
and completes call setup on the FACCH

 Late Assignment
 The network does not assign the TCH+FACCH until after alerting has
started

 Very Early Assignment


 The network makes an immediate assignment to the TCH+FACCH in
the initial RR establishment and performs the entire transaction on
the FACCH
 The SDCCH is not used

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Optimisation Specialist
Signaling Flow of MOC

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Optimisation Specialist
Signaling Flow – MOC (Um Interface)

 Channel Request (uplink)


 MS sends Channel Request message on the RACH
 Message contains the following:
• Cause value – MOC
• Random reference number
 Channel Request Message from ACTIX

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Optimisation Specialist
Signaling Flow – MOC (Um Interface) (Cont…)

 Immediate Assignment (downlink)


 BSC sends immediate assignment through the BTS to the MS on AGCH
 Message contains the following:
• Details of the signaling channel being assigned
• Request reference details
 Immediate Assignment Message from ACTIX

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Optimisation Specialist
Signaling Flow – MOC (Um Interface) (Cont…)

 Setup (uplink)
 MS sends setup message to the MSC on SDCCH
 Message contains the following:
• Bearer capabilities
• B-number details
 Setup Message from ACTIX

 NB: Authentication and Ciphering have been omitted


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Optimisation Specialist
Signaling Flow – MOC (Um Interface) (Cont…)

 Call Proceeding (downlink)


 MSC send call proceeding message to MS on SDCCH informing it that
the call setup is in progress
 Message contains the following:
• Transaction ID which maybe co-related to the relevant SETUP message
 Call Proceeding Message from ACTIX

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Optimisation Specialist
Signaling Flow – MOC (Um Interface) (Cont…)

 Assignment Command (downlink)


 BSC sends Assignment Command to MS on SDCCH
 Message contains the following:
• Details of the traffic channel being assigned
• Amount of power to be used by the MS
 Assignment Command Message from ACTIX

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Optimisation Specialist
Signaling Flow – MOC (Um Interface) (Cont…)

 Assignment Complete (uplink)


 MS sends Assignment Complete message to BSC on FACCH after it has
switched to the assigned TCH

 Assignment Complete Message from ACTIX

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Optimisation Specialist
Signaling Flow – MOC (Um Interface) (Cont…)

 Alerting (downlink)
 MSC sends Alerting message to MS on FACCH
 The MS will hear the ring-back

 Alerting Message from ACTIX

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Optimisation Specialist
Signaling Flow – MOC (Um Interface) (Cont…)

 Connect (downlink)
 MSC sends Connect message to MS on FACCH
 This happens after the called party has answered the call
 Calling MS switches over to voice on the assigned TCH

 Connect Message from ACTIX

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Optimisation Specialist
Signaling Flow – MOC (Um Interface) (Cont…)

 Connect Acknowledgement (uplink)


 MS sends a Connect Acknowledgement to MSC on FACCH
 Call has been successfully setup

 Connect Acknowledgement Message from ACTIX

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Optimisation Specialist
Call Setup Failure
 RACH Success

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Optimisation Specialist
Call Setup Failure
 Paging Success

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Optimisation Specialist
Call Setup Failure
 High SDCCH Congestion Rate

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Optimisation Specialist
Call Setup Failure
 High SDCCH Drop Rate

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Optimisation Specialist
Call Setup Failure
 High TCH Congestion Rate

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Optimisation Specialist
Call Setup Failure

 Disconnect Cause
 Disconnect cause code
• Layer 3 message contains the cause code and description for the
disconnection
• Get more information from 3GPP TS 24.008 document

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Optimisation Specialist
THANK YOU !