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# PFP 005 1. Find the first derivative of the following (a) y = x3 . sin(2x) (b) y = x3. cos(2x) (c) 2.

The position vector of a particle is r = 3t i 2t3 j 7t2 k. (a) Determine the velocity and acceleration vectors of the particle as functions of time. (b) Determine the angle between the velocity vector and position vector of the particle at t = 1. (c) Determine the angle between the velocity vector and the acceleration vector of the particle at t = 1. 3. The velocity vector of a particle is v = 3t i 2t3 j 7t2 k. (a) Determine its acceleration vector as a function of time (b) Determine the position vector of the particle as a function of time given that r(0) = 2j + i. 4. For a particle moving in a straight line, a = 2t2 3t + 1. Given v(0) = 2; r(0) = 1. (a) Determine the velocity of the particle as a function of time (b) Determine the acceleration of the particle as function of time 5. For a particle moving in a straight line, the displacement time graph is as shown. (a) At which points is the velocity of the particle positive? (b) At which points is the velocity of the particle negative? (c) At which points is the velocity of the particle zero? 6. The SI unit of energy is the joule. A new system of units is suggested. In the new system, the unit of mass is 300 gram, the unit of time is 2 min and the unit of length is 4 cm. Express 30 J in the new system of units. 7. For a particle moving in a straight line, the velocity time graph is as shown. (a) At which points is the acceleration of the particle positive? (b) At which points is the acceleration of the particle negative? (c) At which points is the acceleration of the particle zero?

## 8. Fill up the following table: Physical Quantity Momentum Force

Formula

Dimensional Formula

Impulse

Work

Power

Kinetic energy

Surface tension

Frequency

Torque

## (volume) density (areal) density (linear) density

9. Find the derivative of the following: (a) y = (ax + b)3 (b) y = sin3x (c) y = tan x (d) y = tan2x (e) y = tan3x (f) y = cos2(ax + b) (g) y = cos(ax2 + b) (h) y = (4x2 - 7)1/2 (i) y = x. sinx . cosx 10. The graph below is a sketch of displacement vs time for a particle moving in a straight line. Three equal time intervals 1, 2 and 3 are shown shaded.

(a) State the interval in which the average velocity is greatest (b) State the interval in which the average velocity is close to zero (c) State the interval in which the average velocity is negative 11. The graph below is a sketch of velocity vs time for a particle moving in a straight line. Three equal time intervals 1, 2 and 3 are shown shaded.

(a) State the interval in which the average acceleration is greatest (b) State the interval in which the average acceleration is close to zero (c) State the interval in which the average acceleration is negative 12. In the graph shown, (a) determine the average velocity in the time interval t = 3 to t = 4 sec. (b) determine the average velocity in the time interval t = 5.5 to t = 6 sec.

13. For a particle moving along a circle, the centripetal force F depends on (a) the mass m of the particle (b) the speed v of the particle (c) the radius r of the circle Obtain an expression for the force on the particle in terms of m, v and r 14. For a particle in SHM, the energy E of the particle depends on (a) the mass m of the particle (b) the amplitude A of the oscillation (c) the frequency f of the oscillation Obtain a formula for E in terms of given parameters 15. A gas bubble, from an explosion under water, oscillates with a time period tp that depends on (a) the pressure p inside the bubble (b) the density d of the surrounding liquid and (c) the energy E of the explosion Obtain an expression for tp by the method of dimensions 16. Determine the dimensional formula for (a) Planks constant h (b) Gravitation constant G 17. List a few fundamental constants with dimensions 18. List a few constants without dimensions 19. List a few variable without dimensions 20. List a few pairs of quantities with the same dimensional formula 21. If the units of force, energy and velocity are 20 N, 200 J and 5 m/s respectively, determine the units of length, mass and time 22. If density d, acceleration due to gravity g and frequency f are the fundamental quantities, determine the dimensional formula for force 23. A car travelling southward at 20 m/s takes a quick turn (without change in speed) in 0.2 sec and heads west. Determine the average acceleration of the car.