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Exploring the Effects of Surface Area of Aluminum foil on Amount of Gas Created

Question

What is the effect of surface area on rate of reaction?

Hypothesis

If we increase the surface area of the aluminum foil then the amount of gas created will
increase. I think this because a larger surface area allows more aluminum foil to be corroded by
the acid resulting in a longer chemical reaction that gives off a greater amount of gas.

Experimental Design

Control Experimental Experimental Experimental Experimental

Group Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Level 4

6x2 Aluminum Foil 5x2 Aluminum Foil 4x2 Aluminum Foil 3x2 Aluminum Foil 2x2 Aluminum Foil

6 M HCl 6 M HCl 6 M HCl 6 M HCl 6 M HCl

1 Beaker 1 Beaker 1 Beaker 1 Beaker 1 Beaker

1 Graduated Cylinder 1 Graduated Cylinder 1 Graduated Cylinder 1 Graduated Cylinder 1 Graduated Cylinder

Rubber Tubing Rubber Tubing Rubber Tubing Rubber Tubing Rubber Tubing

Test Tube Test Tube Test Tube Test Tube Test Tube

Stopwatch (30 sec) Stopwatch (30 sec) Stopwatch (30 sec) Stopwatch (30 sec) Stopwatch (30 sec)

Water Water Water Water Water

Manipulated Variable: Surface area of the aluminum foil

Responding Variable: Gas produced in ml/sec

Controlled Variable: Mass of aluminum foil, type of aluminum foil, 30 seconds amount of time, type of
materials
Data

Trial 1
Surface Time Gas Produced
Area (sec) (ml/sec)
Control 6x2 30 8ml/30
Level 1 5x2 30 6ml/30
Level 2 4x2 30 4ml/30
Level 3 3x2 30 3ml/30
Level 4 2x2 30 2ml/30
Trial 2
Surface Time Gas Produced
Area (sec) (ml/sec)
Control 6x2 30 8ml/30
Level 1 5x2 30 6ml/30
Level 2 4x2 30 4ml/30
Level 3 3x2 30 2ml/30
Level 4 2x2 30 1ml/30
Trial 3
Surface Time Gas Produced
Area (sec) (ml/sec)
Control 6x2 30 7ml/30
Level 1 5x2 30 6ml/30
Level 2 4x2 30 5ml/30
Level 3 3x2 30 2ml/30
Level 4 2x2 30 2ml/30
Trial 4
Surface Time Gas Produced
Area (sec) (ml/sec)
Control 6x2 30 8ml/30
Level 1 5x2 30 6ml/30
Level 2 4x2 30 5ml/30
Level 3 3x2 30 3ml/30
Level 4 2x2 30 2ml/30
Trial 5
Surface Time Gas Produced
Area (sec) (ml/sec)
Control 6x2 30 7ml/30
Level 1 5x2 30 6ml/30
Level 2 4x2 30 4ml/30
Level 3 3x2 30 3ml/30
Level 4 2x2 30 2ml/30
Averages
Surface Time Gas Produced
Area (sec) (ml/sec)
Control 6x2 30 7.6ml/30 sec
Level 1 5x2 30 6ml/30 sec
Level 2 4x2 30 4.4ml/30 sec
Level 3 3x2 30 2.6ml/30 sec
Level 4 2x2 30 1.8ml/30 sec

Graph

Gas Produced

14
12
Surface Area

10
8
6
4
2
0
1 2 3 4 5
Gas Produced

Gas Produced Surface Area


Conclusion

In conclusion my hypothesis was supported. If we increase the surface area of the aluminum foil then the
gas produced will increase. The highest point of data on our data chart was 7.6 ml of gas produced in 30 seconds
for a surface area of 6x2. The lowest data point on my graph was 1.8ml of gas produced in 30 seconds for a 2x2
surface area. These data points show that the larger surface area was able to produce more gas than the smaller
surface area. Sources of error that could’ve occurred are that the gas produced was measured incorrectly because
the test tube wasn’t filled with enough water and had air gaps in it when it was submersed into the beaker. This
could affect our data because the measurements of total gas produced would be greater than the actual amount of
gas produced. Another source of error is that when the gas was being produced, a few ml of gas could have
escaped into the beaker instead of going into the test tube, this would affect our data because our measurements of
gas produced would be less than the actual amount. Lastly, when changing the surface area of the aluminum foil,
our measurements could’ve not been exact and this would affect how much gas would be produced.