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TOOL FOR DESIGN OF STP BASED ON ANAEROBIC AND FACULTATIVE PONDS

Capacity Average Flow 25 MLD

Guidance: Yellow cells are the input information to be suitably filled. Green cells are to be reviewed and modified/updated if need be. Red letters to be suitably corrected.
Ground level at STP Site at Inlet chamber Drain level at outlet at chainage 11325 IL of Out fall Sewer(1000 mm) with slope 1 in 1100 at STP Average Flow Average Flow Peak Flow : Peak Flow : Minimum Flow Minimum Flow Peak Factor Factor 2.25 2 209.5 Mtr 206.2 Mtr 215.68 Mtr 25 MLD 0.29 M3/sec 56.25 MLD 0.65 M3/sec 12.5 MLD 0.14 M3/sec 56.25 MLD 0.65 M3/sec 15 Sec 9.77 cum 0.8 Mtr 12.21 M2 3.5 Mtr 3.5 Mtr

DESIGN OF INLET CHAMBER


Peak Flow Peak Flow Detention time Volume required Liquid depth taken Area Width taken Length Provide free board to ensure that raw sewage will not overflow even when the 1000 mm out fall sewer run full

0.8 Mtr 0.65 M3/sec 50 0.9 0.7 0.93 mm Mtr. M/sec M2

DESIGN OF COARSE SCREEN


Peak Flow Coarse Screen Opening Depth of water in screen velocity through screen Area of screen Angle of inclination with the horizontal Sin (Angle of Inclination) Free Board Length of screen Width of opening No of opening Number of bars Let width of each bar be Total width of channel Let width of each side be

45 degree 0.71 0.60 m 2.12 1.03 mtr 21 nos 20 nos 10 mmx75 mm 1230 mm 50 mm

Total width of channel: Provide Openings No of bars Size of Coarse Screen-Width Size of Coarse Screen-Length Velocity in Channal u/s of Screen Velocity through Screen Head Loss No Clogging Velocity when 50% clogging Head Loss when 50% clogging

1331 22 21 1.3 4 0.54 0.65 0.006 1.29 0.070

mm

m m

m m/sec m

DESIGN OF FINE SCREEN


Peak Flow Nos of screen(Each for handling peak flow) Velocity(taking) through screen, Assume Area Depth of flow taken Hence width of opening No of Openings No of Bars Width of Channal Angle of inclination with the horizontal Clear opening between adjacent bars of screen Bars thickness of screen Taking width of screen Nos of opening will be Nos of bars(10 mm thickness) Free Board Sin (Angle of Inclination with horizontal) Inclined length of Screen Length of chamber before screen Total Length of chamber Total width of channel Velocity in Channal u/s of Screen Velocity through Screen Head Loss through screen Velocity through screen when 50% clogged Head Loss when 50% clogging Size-2.85 (L)x2(W)x1.7(D) 0.65 M3/sec 2 Nos 0.8 M/sec 0.81 M2 0.7 Mtr. 1.16 Mtr. 78 77 1928 75 degree 15 mm 10 mm x50mm 2000 80 79 0.6 0.966 1.35 1.5 2.85 2 0.47 0.77 0.019 1.542 0.110 mm Nos Nos m m m Mtr. m/sec m/sec m

DESIGN OF GRIT CHAMBER


GRIT REMOVAL SYSTEM

Two grit removal tank (1 w +1 S) each capable of handling peak flow, will be provided. They are designed to remove grit particle of size of 0.15 mm size and above with a specific gravity of 2.3 Q/A=VS x n/(1-)-n-1

Where--Desired efficiency of removal of grit particle VS -settling velocity of minimum size of grit particle to be removed Q/A--Design surface overflow rate applicable for grit chamber to be designed n-an index which a measure of the basin performance Here value taken Say Here VS value taken Here n value taken-1/8(for very good performance) Hence surface over flow rate(Q/A)=(Vs*n)/(((1-)^-n)-1) Say This Q/A value has to be reduced to allow for deposition of sand during sand strom by Then design overflow rate Peak flow(m day) Hence area required for peak flow
3/

75 % 0.75 1225 m3/m2/day 0.13 806.42 m3/m2/day 810 m3/m2/day 10.00% % 729 m3/m2/day 56250 (m3/day) 77.16 m2

Each side of square grit chamber 8.78 mtr. Hence provide tank length 9.00 mtr. Hence provide tank Width 9 mtr. Detention time taken is 1 minute Depth of tank will be 0.48 mtr. However in order to provide adequate depth for the grit 0.9 mtr. scraping mechanism, increase to This gives detention time is 1.87 minute the detention time of 1.87(slightly higher) minute is immaterial for mechanically cleaned grit removal tank Hence size of grit removal chamber is 9 x9x0.9 Flow height above, H 0.12 m weir,Q=(2/3)*Cd*L*H^1.5*((2g)^.5),Cd=.6,L=9 DESIGN OF CHANNEL FROM GRIT CHAMBER TO DISTRIBUTION CHAMBER
Peak flow velocity taken Area required Depth taken Then width of channel will be 0.65 0.8 0.81 0.7 1.16 M3/sec M/sec m mtr. mtr.
2

DESIGN OF ANAEROBIC POND


No of Anaerobic ponds to provide flexibility in O&M of these ponds Each handling flow of(25000m3 per day/3) say Volume of anaerobic pond V=Li xQ/ Li-Raw sewage BOD(1000 XB/q) 3 Nos 8333 (m3/day) 8333 (m3/day) 300 mg/l

Q- average flow - volumetric BOD loading(Range between 100-400 gm/m3/day) =20T-100(as per MEAFNRCD) T=mean temperature in coldest month in 0C (The manual by DANIDA ENRECA suggests T as mean in coldest month or quarter. In quarter it is 15.55) hence is Hence Volume of tank(V) Detention time Detention time of 2 days or more is desirable to achieve sufficient BOD removal Hence Volume of each tank (V) Hence Volumetric BOD loading() is BOD removal efficiency(in %)=2T+20 For liquid depth Area at mid depth Length shall be L=2B Hence mid depth width B=(area/2)1/2 Hence mid length LSide slope of pond is 1V :2.5 H Depth for Sludge bottom below Mid depth Free Board Top of embankment above mid depth Hence total top length(L) Hence total top width(W) Area at top Hence total bottom length (L) Hence total bottom width(W) Area at Bottom Provide three anaerobic pond each of 108.8mx63.1m at top surface and 78.8mx33.1 m surface at bottom

8333 (m3/day)

13.89

177.8 kg/ha/day 14061 m3 1.69 day 2.00 day 16667 m3 150 gm/m3/day 47.78 % 4 mtr. 4167 m2 45.6 mtr. 91.3 2.5 1 2.5 1 3.5 108.8 6869 78.8 33.1 2611 mtr. mtr. mtr. mtr. mtr. mtr. m2 mtr. mtr. m2

63.1 mtr.

DESIGN OF FACULTATIVE POND


Nomber of Tanks Average flow in each tank BOD enter at Facultative pond after 2 days detention period at anaerobic pond Minimum mean monthly temperature 0c Volumetric BoD loading:s=350 x(1.107-0.002T)(T-20) this value of BOD loading rate recommended as MEAFNRCD( Refer DANIDA) s=60(1.099)^T (Refer Jodhpur design) s=20 T-120 s=20T-60 s=375-6.25L, where L-latitude(28.73), Refer manual Correction for above MSL=(1+(3 x10-5)xE) 2 No 12500 cum/sec 156.66 mg/l 13.89 219.67 kg/ha/day 222.64 157.80 217.80 195.44 kg/ha/day

where E is elevation in meters= then s is Influent BOD to facultative pond value of s is considered recommended as MEAFNRCD

210

1.0063 194.21 kg/ha/day 156.66 mg/l 219.67 kg/ha/day

From equation (as per world bank paper) facultative mid depth area can be calculated as(A) A=10 x Li x Q/s A-facultative area at mid depth in m2 Li-influent BOD concentration in mg/l, Li is BOD to be removed Effluent to be used for restricted irrigation as such 100 effluent BOD is ok however on safe side design for effluent BOD of Li= then A is Divide the area in two ponds(area of each facultative pond) at middle of tank Take L=2B Then width B=(A/2)1/2 Then L is at mid depth Hence area at mid depth is Adopt liquid depth Adopt depth for sludge Adopt Free Board Total Depth of tank Area at bottom embankment slope H/V Length at bottom width at bottom Hence area at bottom is Length at top including 1.0 mt free board width at top including 1.0 mt free board Area at top including 1.0 mtr free boardVolume of pond V=h/6(S0+4S1+S2) h-height(liquid depth) S0-area at top S1-area at mid water depth S2-area at bottom Hence V of each tank is Then detention time of each tank is Total detention time of anaerobic + facultative pond is Total area of ll afacultative ponds at top Total area of all anaerobic ponds at top Total area Assuming footprint area of units as % of total area Hence total area is1.5 m 45456 m2 42678 m2 39978 m2 64037 m3 5.12 days 7.12 days 90912 m2 20608 m2 111520 m2 60.00% % 185867 sqm 75

81.66 85356 M2 42678 M2

146 M 292 M 42678 M2 1m 0.5 m 1m 2.5 2.5 285.9 m 139.8 m 39978 m2 298.4 m 152.3 m 45456 m2

Hence total area in hectare taken as Total BOD removal in facultative pond Hence Effluent BOD is

18.59 hactare 19 81.66 mg/l 75 mg/l 231481 0.04 9259.26 8692.08 1.07 1
cum per capita/year cum/year

Sludge Storage andCleaning requirement


Population equivalent at 108 LPCD waste For anaerobic pond sludge volume For anaerobic pond sludge volume Sludge volume provided in all anaerobic ponds Cleaning required period say

cum
years

years

Distribution tank for Anaerobic Pond


Consider one anerobic pond not working, Flow height above weir, H ,Q=(2/3)*Cd*L*H^1.5*((2g)^.5),Cd=.6,L=1.2 Q per tank Assume weir length H Allow free fall of Total Head loss Free Board Flow when one tank not working Pipe dia velocity of flow Length of pipe head loss flq^2/10*d^5 entry/exit loss Total Losses

0.325520833 1.5 0.24 0.1 0.34 0.30 0.33 0.75 0.74 60.00 0.027 0.042 0.068

cum/sec m m m m m cum/sec m m/sec m m m m

Pipe from distribution tank to anaerobic pond inlet

Overflow Weir for Inlet to Anaerobic Pond


Flow when one tank not working Length of weir Flow height above weir, H ,Q=(2/3)*Cd*L*H^1.5*((2g)^.5),Cd=.6 Allow free fall Total Head loss 0.326 cum/sec 3m 0.15 m 0.1 m 0.25 m 0.326 0.750 0.74 40.00 0.018 0.042 0.059 cum/sec m m/sec m m m m

Pipe from Anaerobic Pond Inlet to Anaerobic Pond


Peak Flow when one tank not working Pipe dia velocity in pipe Length of pipe head loss flq^2/10*d^5 entry/exit loss Total Losses

Overflow Weir for Inlet to Facultative Pond


Average flow when one tank not working Length of weir Flow height above weir, H 0.145 cum/sec 3m 0.09 m

Allow free fall Total Head loss Half flow from one anaerobic pond, Length of weir

0.1 m 0.19 m 1.50 m 0.145 0.600 0.51 40.00 0.011 0.020 0.031 0.145 3 0.09 0.1 0.19 0.145 0.600 0.51 40.00 0.011 0.020 0.031 0.145 0.600 0.51 40.00 0.011 0.020 0.031 0.289 0.80 0.58 160.00 0.041 0.025 0.066 1.0 0.289 0.4 0.8 0.000090 0.1 cum/sec m m/sec m m m m cum/sec m m m m cum/sec m m/sec m m m m cum/sec m m/sec m m m m cum/sec m m m m m m/sec sqm m m in 1000

Pipe from Facultative Pond Inlet to Facultative Pond


Average flow when one tank not working Pipe Dia velocity of flow Length of pipe head loss flq^2/10*d^5 entry/exit loss Total Losses

Overflow Weir for Outlet to Facultative Pond


Average flow Length of weir Flow height above weir, H Allow free fall Total Head loss

Pipe from Facultative Pond outlet to Outlet Chamber 1


Average flow Assume pipe dia velocity of flow Length of pipe head loss flq^2/10*d^5 entry/exit loss Total Losses

Pipe from outlet Chamber 1to outlet Chamber 2


Flow Assume pipe dia velocity of flow Length of pipe head loss flq^2/10*d^5 entry/exit loss Total Losses

Pipe from Outlet Chamber 2 to Sewage Pump House


Flow Pipe dia velocity Length of pipe head loss flq^2/10*d^5 entry/exit loss Total Losses Alternately Provide channal Velocity Area Taking, Width=2*Height, H= Width Slope required, V=1/n*R^.67*S*.5, n=0.013, S= say

Sewage pumping for Irrigation and Disposal

Flow Flow in LPS say Head Pump working Pump stand bye Flow in each pump pump efficiency Pump KW Motor KW Say Total No of pumps working + stand by Delivery Pipe velocity Pipe Area for combined flow of two pumps Pipe dia Say Pipe dia of delivery for each pump, velocity Pipe Dia Say Suction Pipe dia

0.289 289.35 290.00 15.00 2.00 2.00 145.00 60.00 35.54 39.09 40.00 4.00 0.75 0.387 0.702 750 2.25 0.29 300 250 25 30 521 4 12.88 13.00 531 1.16 0.06 2798412.9 0.898

cum/sec LPS LPS m No No lps % KW

m/sec sqm m mm m/sec m mm mm MLD minutes cum m m m cum

Sump for Effluent pumping station


flow Sump storage Sump Capacity Sump depth Sump Dia Provide Sump Dia Sump Capacity Provided

Free Board
F=(log10 A)^.5-1, F= Wave height,H, (g*H)/V^2=.0026((gFe/V^2)^0.47, Fe is fetch,V is wind velocity, H=

Faecal Coliform Removal


Ne/Ni=1/(1+kta)(1+Ktf), Ni=5*10^7, Ne= Kt=2.6(1.19)^(T-20), T=13.89, kt=

Helminth Removal
R % removal=100(1-0.14 Exp(-0.38)) R % removal as per the table in book by DANIDA 99.33 % 98.6 %